condoms

Summary

Summary: A sheath that is worn over the penis during sexual behavior in order to prevent pregnancy or spread of sexually transmitted disease.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Sexual behaviour in Britain: partnerships, practices, and HIV risk behaviours
    A M Johnson
    Centre for Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Department of Primary Care and Population Sciences, Royal Free and University College Medical School, Mortimer Market Centre, WC1E 6AU, London, UK
    Lancet 358:1835-42. 2001
  2. pmc Randomized, controlled intervention trial of male circumcision for reduction of HIV infection risk: the ANRS 1265 Trial
    Bertran Auvert
    Hopital Ambroise Pare, Assitance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris, Boulogne, France
    PLoS Med 2:e298. 2005
  3. ncbi Changes in sexual behavior and risk of HIV transmission after antiretroviral therapy and prevention interventions in rural Uganda
    Rebecca Bunnell
    CDC Uganda, Global AIDS Program, National Center for HIV, STD and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    AIDS 20:85-92. 2006
  4. ncbi New heterosexually transmitted HIV infections in married or cohabiting couples in urban Zambia and Rwanda: an analysis of survey and clinical data
    Kristin L Dunkle
    Department of Behavioral Sciences and Health Education and Emory Center for AIDS Research, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Lancet 371:2183-91. 2008
  5. pmc Changes in risk behaviours and prevalence of sexually transmitted infections following HIV preventive interventions among female sex workers in five districts in Karnataka state, south India
    B M Ramesh
    Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada
    Sex Transm Infect 86:i17-24. 2010
  6. ncbi Declines in risk behaviour and sexually transmitted infection prevalence following a community-led HIV preventive intervention among female sex workers in Mysore, India
    Sushena Reza-Paul
    Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada
    AIDS 22:S91-100. 2008
  7. pmc Environmental-structural interventions to reduce HIV/STI risk among female sex workers in the Dominican Republic
    Deanna Kerrigan
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe St, Room 5523A, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am J Public Health 96:120-5. 2006
  8. pmc Empowering sex workers in India to reduce vulnerability to HIV and sexually transmitted diseases
    Dallas Swendeman
    Center for Community Health, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Soc Sci Med 69:1157-66. 2009
  9. pmc Violence against female sex workers in Karnataka state, south India: impact on health, and reductions in violence following an intervention program
    Tara S H Beattie
    Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    BMC Public Health 10:476. 2010
  10. ncbi Female sex workers and unsafe sex in urban and rural Nyanza, Kenya: regular partners may contribute more to HIV transmission than clients
    H A C M Voeten
    Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Trop Med Int Health 12:174-82. 2007

Detail Information

Publications393 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Sexual behaviour in Britain: partnerships, practices, and HIV risk behaviours
    A M Johnson
    Centre for Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Department of Primary Care and Population Sciences, Royal Free and University College Medical School, Mortimer Market Centre, WC1E 6AU, London, UK
    Lancet 358:1835-42. 2001
    ....
  2. pmc Randomized, controlled intervention trial of male circumcision for reduction of HIV infection risk: the ANRS 1265 Trial
    Bertran Auvert
    Hopital Ambroise Pare, Assitance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris, Boulogne, France
    PLoS Med 2:e298. 2005
    ..Observational studies suggest that male circumcision may provide protection against HIV-1 infection. A randomized, controlled intervention trial was conducted in a general population of South Africa to test this hypothesis...
  3. ncbi Changes in sexual behavior and risk of HIV transmission after antiretroviral therapy and prevention interventions in rural Uganda
    Rebecca Bunnell
    CDC Uganda, Global AIDS Program, National Center for HIV, STD and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    AIDS 20:85-92. 2006
    ..The impact of antiretroviral therapy (ART) on sexual risk behavior and HIV transmission among HIV-infected persons in Africa is unknown...
  4. ncbi New heterosexually transmitted HIV infections in married or cohabiting couples in urban Zambia and Rwanda: an analysis of survey and clinical data
    Kristin L Dunkle
    Department of Behavioral Sciences and Health Education and Emory Center for AIDS Research, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Lancet 371:2183-91. 2008
    ..We aimed to estimate the proportion of heterosexual transmission of HIV which occurs within married or cohabiting couples in urban Zambia and Rwanda each year...
  5. pmc Changes in risk behaviours and prevalence of sexually transmitted infections following HIV preventive interventions among female sex workers in five districts in Karnataka state, south India
    B M Ramesh
    Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada
    Sex Transm Infect 86:i17-24. 2010
    ..To examine the impact of a large-scale HIV prevention programme for female sex workers (FSW) in Karnataka state, south India, on the prevalence of HIV/sexually transmitted infections (STI), condom use and programme coverage...
  6. ncbi Declines in risk behaviour and sexually transmitted infection prevalence following a community-led HIV preventive intervention among female sex workers in Mysore, India
    Sushena Reza-Paul
    Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada
    AIDS 22:S91-100. 2008
    ..The key programme components were: community mobilization and peer-mediated outreach; increasing access to and utilization of sexual health services; and enhancing the enabling environment to support programme activities...
  7. pmc Environmental-structural interventions to reduce HIV/STI risk among female sex workers in the Dominican Republic
    Deanna Kerrigan
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe St, Room 5523A, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am J Public Health 96:120-5. 2006
    ..We assessed the effectiveness of 2 environmental-structural interventions in reducing risks of HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among female sex workers in the Dominican Republic...
  8. pmc Empowering sex workers in India to reduce vulnerability to HIV and sexually transmitted diseases
    Dallas Swendeman
    Center for Community Health, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Soc Sci Med 69:1157-66. 2009
    ..This study's results demonstrate that, compared to narrowcast clinical and prevention services alone, empowerment strategies can significantly impact a broader range of factors to reduce vulnerability to HIV/STDs...
  9. pmc Violence against female sex workers in Karnataka state, south India: impact on health, and reductions in violence following an intervention program
    Tara S H Beattie
    Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    BMC Public Health 10:476. 2010
    ....
  10. ncbi Female sex workers and unsafe sex in urban and rural Nyanza, Kenya: regular partners may contribute more to HIV transmission than clients
    H A C M Voeten
    Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Trop Med Int Health 12:174-82. 2007
    ..To compare the sexual behaviour of female sex workers in urban and rural areas in Nyanza province in Kenya, and to compare their unsafe sex with clients and with regular partners...
  11. pmc Scale-up and coverage of Avahan: a large-scale HIV-prevention programme among female sex workers and men who have sex with men in four Indian states
    Ruchi Verma
    Family Health International, New Delhi, India
    Sex Transm Infect 86:i76-82. 2010
    ....
  12. ncbi Structural approaches to HIV prevention
    Geeta Rao Gupta
    International Center for Research on Women, Washington, DC, USA
    Lancet 372:764-75. 2008
    ..We identify core principles for implementing this kind of work. We also provide recommendations for ensuring the integration of structural approaches as part of combined prevention strategies...
  13. ncbi Power, community mobilization, and condom use practices among female sex workers in Andhra Pradesh, India
    Kim M Blankenship
    Department of Sociology, Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708, USA
    AIDS 22:S109-16. 2008
    ....
  14. ncbi Behavioral interventions to reduce the transmission of HIV infection among sex workers and their clients in low- and middle-income countries
    Windy M V Wariki
    Department of Global Health Policy, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2:CD005272. 2012
    ..Various interventions have been adopted to reduce HIV transmission among sex workers and their clients but the effectiveness of these strategies has yet to be investigated using meta-analytic techniques...
  15. ncbi Sexual behavior of female sex workers and access to condoms in Kenya and Uganda on the Trans-Africa highway
    Chester N Morris
    Department of Medical Microbiology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, Canada
    AIDS Behav 13:860-5. 2009
    ..FSW) along the Trans Africa highway from Mombasa, Kenya to Kampala, Uganda and surveyed the availability of male condoms at 1,007 bars and lodgings in Kenya along the highway trucking stops where transactional sex occurs...
  16. pmc Trends in condom use among female sex workers in Andhra Pradesh, India: the impact of a community mobilisation intervention
    Jennifer Toller Erausquin
    Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 66:ii49-54. 2012
    ..In this paper, the authors examine changes over time in consistent condom use among FSWs in Rajahmundry, Andhra Pradesh, the location of a long-standing community mobilisation intervention...
  17. ncbi To what extent is the HIV epidemic in southern India driven by commercial sex? A modelling analysis
    Peter Vickerman
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    AIDS 24:2563-72. 2010
    ..In south India, general population HIV prevalence estimates range from 0.5 to 3%. To focus HIV prevention efforts, it is important to understand whether HIV transmission is driven by commercial sex...
  18. ncbi HIV transmission risk behavior among HIV-infected adults in Uganda: results of a nationally representative survey
    Rebecca Bunnell
    Global AIDS Program, National Center for HIV, Hepatitis, STD and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Entebbe, Uganda
    AIDS 22:617-24. 2008
    ..Evaluate factors associated with HIV transmission risk behavior among HIV-infected adults in Uganda...
  19. pmc HIV/STD prevalence among men who have sex with men in Chengdu, China and associated risk factors for HIV infection
    Yuji Feng
    Department of Epidemiology, University of California, Los Angeles, 90095 1772, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 53:S74-80. 2010
    ..To assess the prevalence of HIV and selected sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Chengdu, China, and the risk factors associated with HIV infection...
  20. ncbi Systematic review of the effectiveness of mass communication programs to change HIV/AIDS-related behaviors in developing countries
    Jane T Bertrand
    Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Center for Communication Programs, Baltimore, MD 21202, USA
    Health Educ Res 21:567-97. 2006
    ..Further rigorous evaluation on comprehensive programs is required to provide a more definitive answer to the question of media effects on HIV/AIDS-related behavior in developing countries...
  21. ncbi What makes a structural intervention? Reducing vulnerability to HIV in community settings, with particular reference to sex work
    C Evans
    Queens Medical Centre, School of Nursing, Nottingham University, Nottingham, UK
    Glob Public Health 5:449-61. 2010
    ..The paper draws attention to the dual importance of (1) attending to local complexities in the micro and macro-level structures that produce vulnerability; and (2) clarifying the meaning and role of communities within SIs...
  22. ncbi Factors associated with unprotected anal intercourse among men who have sex with men in Douala, Cameroon
    E Henry
    Coalition PLUS, Pantin, France
    Sex Transm Infect 86:136-40. 2010
    ..The objective of this study was to understand factors associated with unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) with male partners among a group of MSM living in the city of Douala, Cameroon...
  23. ncbi How effective is community mobilisation in HIV prevention among highly diverse sex workers in urban settings? The Aastha intervention experience in Mumbai and Thane districts, India
    Sanjeev Singh Gaikwad
    FHI 360 Maharashtra, 501 505 Balarama Building, Bandra Kurla Complex, Bandra East, Mumbai 400 051, India
    J Epidemiol Community Health 66:ii69-77. 2012
    ....
  24. ncbi Sex behaviour of men who have sex with men and risk of HIV in Andhra Pradesh, India
    Lalit Dandona
    Centre for Public Health Research, Administrative Staff College of India, Hyderabad, India
    AIDS 19:611-9. 2005
    ..To obtain information on sex behaviour of a large sample of men who have sex with men (MSM) in India that would assist in planning HIV prevention...
  25. pmc Condom use within non-commercial partnerships of female sex workers in southern India
    Kathleen N Deering
    Division of AIDS, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    BMC Public Health 11:S11. 2011
    ....
  26. pmc Assessment of the scale, coverage and outcomes of the Avahan HIV prevention program for female sex workers in Tamil Nadu, India: is there evidence of an effect?
    S Thilakavathi
    National Institute of Epidemiology ICMR, Second Main Road, TNHB, Ayapakkam, Chennai 600 077, India
    BMC Public Health 11:S3. 2011
    ..This paper describes the assessment of the program among female sex workers (FSWs) in the southern state of Tamil Nadu...
  27. ncbi Sexual risk behaviour and HAART: a comparative study of HIV-infected persons on HAART and on preventive therapy in Kenya
    A Sarna
    Population Council, India Habitat Centre, New Delhi, India
    Int J STD AIDS 19:85-9. 2008
    ..Therefore, HAART was not associated with increased sexual risk behaviours though considerable risk of HIV-transmission remains. HIV-care services need to emphasize partner testing and consistent condom use with all partners...
  28. ncbi High levels of unprotected sex with men and women among men who have sex with men: a potential bridge of HIV transmission in Beijing, China
    Kyung Hee Choi
    Center for AIDS Prevention Studies, University of California, San Francisco 94105, USA
    AIDS Educ Prev 16:19-30. 2004
    ..they are at risk for HIV and many had misconceptions about HIV transmission routes and limited knowledge about condoms. Less than one quarter obtained free condoms (24%) and condom lubricants (19%) in the past 2 years...
  29. ncbi Skinning the goat and pulling the load: transactional sex among youth in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    R K Maganja
    Muhimbili University College of Health Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    AIDS Care 19:974-81. 2007
    ..Programs designed to reduce HIV risk among Tanzanian youth need to take into account the transactional component of sexual relationships and how such exchanges differ according to partner type...
  30. pmc A systematic review of published evidence on intervention impact on condom use in sub-Saharan Africa and Asia
    A M Foss
    Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Sex Transm Infect 83:510-6. 2007
    There has been much debate about the value of condoms in HIV/STI programming. This should be informed by evidence about intervention impact on condom use, but there is limited compiled literature...
  31. ncbi Decline in the prevalence of HIV and sexually transmitted diseases among female sex workers in Cotonou, Benin, 1993-1999
    Michel Alary
    Epidemiology Research Group, Centre Hospitalier Affilié Universitaire de Québec CHA and Université Laval, Hôpital du Saint Sacrement du CHA 1050, Chemin Sainte Foy, Quebec, Quebec G1S 4L8, Canada
    AIDS 16:463-70. 2002
    ..Within an ongoing HIV/STD prevention project aimed at female sex workers (FSW) in Cotonou, Benin, we evaluated time trends in HIV and STD prevalences from 1993 to 1999...
  32. pmc Interventions among male clients of female sex workers in Benin, West Africa: an essential component of targeted HIV preventive interventions
    C M Lowndes
    Department of HIV and Sexually Transmitted Infections, Centre for Infections CfI, Health Protection Agency, 61 Colindale Avenue, Colindale, London NW9 5EQ, UK
    Sex Transm Infect 83:577-81. 2007
    ..To assess the impact of interventions targeted towards female sex workers (FSWs) and their male clients on client HIV/STI prevalence and sexual behaviour...
  33. ncbi HIV-1 infection in high risk men who have sex with men in Mombasa, Kenya
    Eduard J Sanders
    Centre for Geographic Medicine Research Coast, Kenya Medical Research Institute KEMRI Kilifi, Kilifi, Kenya
    AIDS 21:2513-20. 2007
    ..We aimed to assess the risk factors for prevalent HIV-1 infection among men who have sex with men (MSM) to guide HIV-1 prevention efforts...
  34. pmc The dilemma of safe sex and having children: challenges facing HIV sero-discordant couples in Uganda
    Jolly Beyeza-Kashesya
    Department of Obstetrics Gynaecology, Makerere University, Kampala Uganda
    Afr Health Sci 9:2-12. 2009
    ..Thus, we explored sexual practices to understand to what extent these are influenced by the desire to have children and the implications for HIV transmission among discordant couples...
  35. ncbi The role of collectives in STI and HIV/AIDS prevention among female sex workers in Karnataka, India
    S S Halli
    Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
    AIDS Care 18:739-49. 2006
    ..More longitudinal and qualitative studies are required to better understand the nature of sex worker collectives and the benefits that they can provide...
  36. ncbi Variations in the population size, distribution and client volume among female sex workers in seven cities of Pakistan
    J F Blanchard
    Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, 750 Bannatyne Avenue, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
    Sex Transm Infect 84:ii24-7. 2008
    ..To describe the size and distribution of female sex worker (FSW) populations and the distribution of client-FSW encounters in seven major cities of Pakistan...
  37. pmc Assessment of intervention outcome in the absence of baseline data: 'reconstruction' of condom use time trends using retrospective analysis of survey data
    C M Lowndes
    Department HIV and Sexually Transmitted Infections, Centre for Infections, Health Protection Agency, London, UK
    Sex Transm Infect 86:i49-55. 2010
    ..The authors used a novel method of analysing cross-sectional survey data to 'reconstruct' condom use rates in presurvey years, and to assess the relationship between Avahan and time trends in condom use among female sex workers (FSWs)...
  38. pmc HIV prevalence, previous HIV testing, and condom use with clients and regular partners among Senegalese commercial sex workers
    C Wang
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98103, USA
    Sex Transm Infect 83:534-40. 2007
    ....
  39. ncbi Sexual practices, HIV and sexually transmitted infections among self-identified men who have sex with men in four high HIV prevalence states of India
    Ginnela N V Brahmam
    Division of Community Studies, National Institute of Nutrition NIN, Hyderabad, India
    AIDS 22:S45-57. 2008
    ..To describe the sociodemographic characteristics, prevalence of high-risk sexual behaviours, HIV, sexually transmitted infections (STI), and perception of risk in self-identified men who have sex with men (MSM) in four south Indian states...
  40. pmc HIV prevention among sex workers in India
    Ishika Basu
    STD HIV Intervention Programme, Calcutta, India
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 36:845-52. 2004
    ..This study supports the efficacy of the Sonagachi model intervention in increasing condom use and maintaining low HIV prevalence among sex workers...
  41. ncbi Associations between recent gender-based violence and pregnancy, sexually transmitted infections, condom use practices, and negotiation of sexual practices among HIV-positive women
    Delia L Lang
    Department of Behavioral Sciences and Health Education, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 46:216-21. 2007
    ....
  42. pmc The impact of HIV epidemic phases on the effectiveness of core group interventions: insights from mathematical models
    M C Boily
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Division of Sextually Transmitted Diseases Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Sex Transm Infect 78:i78-90. 2002
    ..A more general population approach is also needed early in the epidemic. Epidemic phases are also important in the evaluation of prevention strategies...
  43. ncbi Global perspectives on the sexual and reproductive health of adolescents: patterns, prevention, and potential
    Linda H Bearinger
    Center for Adolescent Nursing, School of Nursing, Department of Pediatrics, Medical School, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Lancet 369:1220-31. 2007
    ..Although progress has been made since the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development, adolescents continue to be disproportionately burdened by threats to their sexual and reproductive health...
  44. pmc Alcohol and sexual risk behavior among migrant female sex workers and male workers in districts with high in-migration from four high HIV prevalence states in India
    Ravi K Verma
    International Center for Research on Women, C 139, Defence Colony, New Delhi 110024, India
    AIDS Behav 14:S31-9. 2010
    ..The results suggest a need for developing an in-depth understanding of the role of alcohol in accentuating HIV risk particularly among migrant populations who move frequently from one place another...
  45. ncbi Risk perception and condom use among married or cohabiting couples in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
    Pranitha Maharaj
    School of Development Studies, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa
    Int Fam Plan Perspect 31:24-9. 2005
    ..Condom use by these couples is generally low, with resistance from men and cultural norms commonly cited as barriers to increased use...
  46. pmc Condom use within marriage: a neglected HIV intervention
    Mohamed M Ali
    Department of Reproductive Health and Research, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Bull World Health Organ 82:180-6. 2004
    To assess the contraceptive effectiveness of condoms versus oral contraceptive pills and estimate the reproductive consequences of a major shift from pill to condom use.
  47. ncbi Access to antiretroviral treatment and sexual behaviours of HIV-infected patients aware of their serostatus in Côte d'Ivoire
    Jean Paul Moatti
    INSERM U 379, University of the Mediterranean, Marseille France
    AIDS 17:S69-77. 2003
    ..To compare sexual behaviours of HIV-infected patients in Côte d'Ivoire whether or not they had access to antiretroviral treatment (ARV)...
  48. ncbi Prevalence of unsafe sex with one's steady partner either HIV-negative or of unknown HIV status and associated determinants in Cameroon (EVAL ANRS12-116 survey)
    Aissata Dia
    INSERM UMR912 SE4S, Marseille 13006, France
    Sex Transm Infect 86:148-54. 2010
    ..Our study aimed at estimating the prevalence of inconsistent condom use and at identifying its determinants in steady partnerships among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in Cameroon...
  49. pmc Intimate partner violence is as important as client violence in increasing street-based female sex workers' vulnerability to HIV in India
    Subadra Panchanadeswaran
    Adelphi University School of Social Work, Garden City, New York, NY, USA
    Int J Drug Policy 19:106-12. 2008
    ..This study documents street-based female sex workers' experiences of client and intimate partners, examines the intersections of violence, alcohol use in condom use, and highlights survival strategies used to avert harm...
  50. pmc Condoms for dual protection: patterns of use with highly effective contraceptive methods
    Karen Pazol
    Department of Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30341 3724, USA
    Public Health Rep 125:208-17. 2010
    ..experience high rates of unplanned pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs), yet they seldom combine condoms with highly effective contraceptives for optimal protection...
  51. ncbi Correlates of using dual methods for sexually transmitted diseases and pregnancy prevention among high-risk African-American female teens
    R A Crosby
    Rollins School of Public Health, Department of Behavioral Sciences and Health Education, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    J Adolesc Health 28:410-4. 2001
    ..To identify correlates of consistent dual-method use among African-American female adolescents at risk of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and pregnancy...
  52. ncbi Condom use, power and HIV/AIDS risk: sex-workers bargain for survival in Hillbrow/Joubert Park/Berea, Johannesburg
    J M Wojcicki
    Department of Social Anthropology, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa
    Soc Sci Med 53:99-121. 2001
    ..in sexual negotiation, this article focuses on ways in which sex-workers capitalize on clients' reluctance to use condoms in sexual exchanges...
  53. pmc Food insufficiency is associated with high-risk sexual behavior among women in Botswana and Swaziland
    Sheri D Weiser
    Physicians for Human Rights, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
    PLoS Med 4:1589-97; discussion 1598. 2007
    ..We tested the hypothesis that food insufficiency is associated with HIV transmission behavior...
  54. ncbi HIV risks among two types of male migrants in Shanghai, China: money boys vs. general male migrants
    Na He
    Department of Epidemiology, Fudan University School of Public Health, Shanghai, China
    AIDS 21:S73-9. 2007
    ..To examine HIV/AIDS-related knowledge, attitudes and behaviours among 'money boys' and general male migrants in Shanghai, China...
  55. ncbi Effect of interventions to control sexually transmitted disease on the incidence of HIV infection in female sex workers
    P D Ghys
    Projet RETRO-CI Abidjan,
    AIDS 15:1421-31. 2001
    ..study in which participants reported once a month to a confidential clinic where they received health education, condoms and STD treatment if indicated...
  56. pmc Estimation of the sexual transmission of HIV in Kenya and Uganda on the trans-Africa highway: the continuing role for prevention in high risk groups
    C N Morris
    University of Manitoba, Manitoba, Canada
    Sex Transm Infect 82:368-71. 2006
    ..To explore the effect of transactional sex on the trans-Africa highway from Mombasa-Kampala in contributing to the HIV epidemic and the impact that an effective prevention intervention could have...
  57. ncbi Antiretroviral therapy and sexual behavior: a comparative study between antiretroviral- naive and -experienced patients at an urban HIV/AIDS care and research center in Kampala, Uganda
    Moses Bateganya
    Makerere University Institute of Public Health Centers for Disease Control and Prevention IPHCDC HIV AIDS Fellowship Program, Kampala, Uganda
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 19:760-8. 2005
    ..Still, recall and social desirability biases remain important limitations in interpreting these conclusions...
  58. ncbi The role of partnership dynamics in determining the acceptability of condoms and microbicides
    C M Montgomery
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    AIDS Care 20:733-40. 2008
    ..Whilst preferences relating to product characteristics are largely individual, use itself is dependent on partnership dynamics and the broader social context in which sexual risk management occurs...
  59. ncbi Alcohol use before sex and HIV risk: situational characteristics of protected and unprotected encounters among high-risk African women
    Joseph C Fisher
    Interdata Inc, Sanibel, FL 33957, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 37:571-8. 2010
    ..To compare the situational characteristics of protected and unprotected sexual encounters that involved alcohol use 2 hours prior with ones that did not...
  60. pmc Pursuing scale and quality in STI interventions with sex workers: initial results from Avahan India AIDS Initiative
    R Steen
    World Health Organization, Regional Office for South East Asia, Indraprastha Estate, Mahatma Gandhi Marg, New Delhi 110 002, India
    Sex Transm Infect 82:381-5. 2006
    ..India AIDS Initiative (Avahan), funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, is scaling up interventions with sex workers (SWs) and other high risk populations in India's six highest HIV prevalence states...
  61. ncbi Confronting the 'sugar daddy' stereotype: age and economic asymmetries and risky sexual behavior in urban Kenya
    Nancy Luke
    Population Studies and Training Center, Brown University, Providence, RI, USA
    Int Fam Plan Perspect 31:6-14. 2005
    ..Information is needed about sugar daddy partnerships-and about age and economic asymmetries more generally-to determine how common they are and whether they are related to unsafe sexual behavior...
  62. ncbi Theories of reasoned action and planned behavior as models of condom use: a meta-analysis
    D Albarracin
    Department of Psychology, University of Florida, Gainesville 32611, USA
    Psychol Bull 127:142-61. 2001
    ..The strength of these associations, however, was influenced by the consideration of past behavior. Implications of these results for HIV prevention efforts are discussed...
  63. ncbi Behavioral studies of female sex workers in China: a literature review and recommendation for future research
    Yan Hong
    Department of Social and Behavioral Health, School of Rural Public Health, Texas A and M Health Science Center, 1266 TAMU, College Station, TX 77843 1266, USA
    AIDS Behav 12:623-36. 2008
    ..Future behavioral intervention programs need to be multi-faceted and incorporate environmental and structural factors for different groups of FSWs...
  64. ncbi Environmental-structural factors significantly associated with consistent condom use among female sex workers in the Dominican Republic
    Deanna Kerrigan
    Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe Street, Room E7141, Baltimore, MD 21245, USA
    AIDS 17:415-23. 2003
    ..To examine the influence of environmental-structural factors in promoting consistent condom use (CCU) among female sex workers (FSW) and their regular paying partners in the Dominican Republic...
  65. pmc Prevalence and contexts of inconsistent condom use among heterosexual men and women living with HIV in India: implications for prevention
    Venkatesan Chakrapani
    Indian Network for People Living with HIV AIDS, Chennai, India
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 24:49-58. 2010
    ..desire to prevent acquisition and/or transmission of sexually transmitted infections, and the belief that condoms are needed for antiretroviral therapy to be effective...
  66. pmc Condom use with female sex workers among male clients in Sichuan Province, China: the role of interpersonal and venue-level factors
    Cui Yang
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Urban Health 87:292-303. 2010
    ..interpersonal factor was measured by the frequency of FSWs taking the initiative in condom use and providing condoms. Venue-level factor was assessed by the frequency of the managers of commercial sex venues communicating condom ..
  67. pmc Uganda's HIV prevention success: the role of sexual behavior change and the national response
    Edward C Green
    Harvard University School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    AIDS Behav 10:335-46; discussion 347-50. 2006
    ..Yet the debate over "what happened in Uganda" continues, often involving divisive abstinence-versus-condoms rhetoric, which appears more related to the culture wars in the USA than to African social reality.
  68. pmc Interim modelling analysis to validate reported increases in condom use and assess HIV infections averted among female sex workers and clients in southern India following a targeted HIV prevention programme
    Michael Pickles
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College, St Mary s Campus, London, UK
    Sex Transm Infect 86:i33-43. 2010
    ....
  69. ncbi HIV knowledge and risk behaviour of female sex workers in Yunnan Province, China: potential as bridging groups to the general population
    T Hesketh
    Institute of Child Health, University College, London
    AIDS Care 17:958-66. 2005
    ..Awareness of HIV, STIs and condom use was generally good, but only 32% always used condoms and 18% never did. Fifty-five percent had had a health check...
  70. ncbi A quasi-experimental evaluation of parents as sexual health educators resulting in delayed sexual initiation and increased access to condoms
    Lourdes Campero
    Division of Reproductive Health, Centre for Research on Population Health, National Institute of Public Health, Cuernavaca, México Ave Universidad 655, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico
    J Adolesc 34:215-23. 2011
    ..To evaluate the effectiveness of an educational intervention for parents of first year high school students in the State of Morelos, Mexico, whose aim was to impact adolescents' sexual behavior, knowledge and access to contraception...
  71. pmc Concurrent sexual partnerships and human immunodeficiency virus risk among South African youth
    Annie E Steffenson
    Independent Researcher, San Carlos, CA, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 38:459-66. 2011
    ....
  72. ncbi Inconsistent condom use with steady and casual partners and associated factors among sexually-active men who have sex with men in Bangkok, Thailand
    Gordon Mansergh
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, Mailstop E 37, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    AIDS Behav 10:743-51. 2006
    ..18-24 years) was associated with more consistent condom use. HIV/STD risk-reduction strategies for MSM in Bangkok should clearly state sexual risk to individuals in this population...
  73. pmc Effectiveness of condoms in preventing sexually transmitted infections
    King K Holmes
    Department of Medicine, and Director, Center for AIDS and STD, University of Washington, 325 9th Avenue, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 82:454-61. 2004
    ..States National Institutes of Health (NIH) organized a review of the scientific evidence on the effectiveness of condoms in preventing sexually transmitted infections (STIs)...
  74. ncbi Condom use among antiretroviral therapy patients in Ibadan, Nigeria
    Joshua O Akinyemi
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
    J Infect Dev Ctries 4:495-502. 2010
    ..This study aimed to determine the level and factors that affect condom use among ART-experienced patients at the premier teaching hospital in Nigeria...
  75. ncbi Parent-adolescent communication and sexual risk behaviors among African American adolescent females
    R J Diclemente
    Rollins School of Public Health, Department of Behavioral Sciences and Health Education, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    J Pediatr 139:407-12. 2001
    ..6). Less communication increased the odds of never using condoms in the past month (AOR = 1.6), during the last 5 sexual encounters (AOR = 1.7), and at last intercourse (AOR = 1...
  76. pmc Condom negotiations among female sex workers in the Philippines: environmental influences
    Lianne A Urada
    Division of Global Public Health, Department of Medicine, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e33282. 2012
    ..This study assesses environmental and individual factors associated with condom negotiation among FSWs at high risk for acquiring HIV in a large urban setting of Metro Manila, Philippines...
  77. ncbi Proximate context of gender-unequal norms and women's HIV risk in sub-Saharan Africa
    Alexander C Tsai
    Robert Wood Johnson Health and Society Scholars Program, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
    AIDS 26:381-6. 2012
    ..To determine whether the proximate context of gender-unequal norms about violence against women undermines women's ability to negotiate condom use in sexual relationships...
  78. pmc Assessing the accuracy of adherence and sexual behaviour data in the MDP301 vaginal microbicides trial using a mixed methods and triangulation model
    Robert Pool
    Centre for International Health Research CRESIB, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    PLoS ONE 5:e11632. 2010
    ..The Microbicides Development Programme has developed a mixed method/triangulation model for generating more accurate data on adherence and sexual behaviour...
  79. ncbi Trends in HIV-related behaviors and knowledge in Uganda, 1989-2005: evidence of a shift toward more risk-taking behaviors
    Alex Opio
    Ministry of Health, Kampala, Uganda
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 49:320-6. 2008
    ..To describe recent trends in HIV-related behaviors and knowledge in Uganda between 1989 and 2005...
  80. pmc Factors associated with self-efficacy for condom use and sexual negotiation among South african youth
    Jennifer N Sayles
    Division of General Internal Medicine and Health Services Research, Department of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1736, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 43:226-33. 2006
    ..To use logistic regression modeling to identify factors associated with high self-efficacy for sexual negotiation and condom use in a sample of South African youth...
  81. pmc A pooled analysis of the effect of condoms in preventing HSV-2 acquisition
    Emily T Martin
    Departments of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
    Arch Intern Med 169:1233-40. 2009
    ..The degree of effectiveness of condom use in preventing the transmission of herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV-2) is uncertain. To address this issue, we performed a large pooled analysis...
  82. pmc Organizational policy recommendations for control of STI/HIV among female sex workers in China: regular examination of workers in social hygiene clinics
    Donald E Morisky
    Department of Community Health Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    AIDS Care 23:83-95. 2011
    ....
  83. ncbi Condom effectiveness: factors that influence risk reduction
    J Thomas Fitch
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Texas Health Sciences Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas 78209, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 29:811-7. 2002
  84. ncbi Participatory communication and HIV/AIDS prevention in a Chinese marginalized (MSM) population
    M Yun Gao
    The University of Newcastle, Australia
    AIDS Care 19:799-810. 2007
    ..It indicates that participatory involvement is the major driving force for HIV-related safer sex behaviour change and can be recommended to promote safer sex practice among gay men and MSM in their broad contexts...
  85. pmc Reasons for non- use of condoms and self- efficacy among female sex workers: a qualitative study in Nepal
    Laxmi Ghimire
    School of Medicine, Public Health Department, University of Aberdeen, Scotland, UK
    BMC Womens Health 11:42. 2011
    ..We assessed the non-use of condoms in sex work with intimate sex partners by female sex workers (FSWs) and the associated self-efficacy to inform ..
  86. pmc Alcohol use and sex risk behaviors among HIV-infected female sex workers (FSWs) and HIV-infected male clients of FSWs in India
    Jeffrey H Samet
    Department of Medicine, Section of General Internal Medicine, Clinical Addiction Research and Education Unit, Boston University School of Medicine Boston Medical Center, 801 Massachusetts Ave, 2nd Floor, Boston, MA 02118, USA
    AIDS Behav 14:S74-83. 2010
    ..Such efforts to reduce drinking will be an important dimension to secondary HIV prevention in India...
  87. ncbi Determinants of condom use in Zambia: a multilevel analysis
    Kofi D Benefo
    Department of Sociology, Lehman College, City University of New York, 250 Bedford Park Boulevard West, Bronx, NY 10468, USA
    Stud Fam Plann 41:19-30. 2010
    ..with interpersonal communication concerning HIV/ AIDS, community infrastructural development, and access to condoms, and decreases with population growth rate and density...
  88. ncbi Correlates of HIV risk among Ecuadorian adolescents
    Ina U Park
    School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles 90095 1772, USA
    AIDS Educ Prev 14:73-83. 2002
    ..Of the sexually experienced participants, 50% reported never using condoms for intercourse, and 70% did not use condoms at last intercourse...
  89. ncbi Differences between Internet and community samples of MSM: implications for behavioral surveillance among MSM in China
    Dapeng Zhang
    Discipline of Public Health, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia
    AIDS Care 20:1128-37. 2008
    ..Using the Internet as a data collection method may serve as an additional mechanism for the existing gay venue-based behavioral surveillance system in China...
  90. pmc Behavioural interventions for HIV positive prevention in developing countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Caitlin E Kennedy
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205 1996, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 88:615-23. 2010
    ....
  91. ncbi HIV-1, sexually transmitted infections, and sexual behavior trends among men who have sex with men in Lima, Peru
    Jorge Sanchez
    Asociation Civil Impacta Salud y Educacion, Av Grimaldo Del Solar 805, Lima 18, Peru
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 44:578-85. 2007
    ..To assess and estimate trends in HIV, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and sexual behavior among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Lima, Peru...
  92. ncbi Relationship power, condom use and HIV risk among women in the USA
    J Pulerwitz
    Horizons Program, PATH Population Council, Washington, DC 20008, USA
    AIDS Care 14:789-800. 2002
    ..These findings underscore the importance of including the issue of relationship power in the design and implementation of programmes that promote sexual and reproductive health, as well as research investigating condom use and HIV risk...
  93. pmc Predictors of consistent condom use based on the Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills (IMB) model among female sex workers in Jinan, China
    Hua Zhang
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong Province, China
    BMC Public Health 11:113. 2011
    ....
  94. ncbi Computer technology-based interventions in HIV prevention: state of the evidence and future directions for research
    Seth M Noar
    Department of Communication, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA
    AIDS Care 23:525-33. 2011
    ....
  95. pmc Social influence and individual risk factors of HIV unsafe sex among female entertainment workers in China
    Xiushi Yang
    Department of Sociology and Criminal Justice, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA 23529, USA
    AIDS Educ Prev 22:69-86. 2010
    ..Behavioral intervention is urgently needed and should take a multilevel approach, emphasizing behavioral skills training and promoting a supportive social/working environment...
  96. ncbi Effects of structural intervention on increasing condom availability and reducing risky sexual behaviours in gay bathhouse attendees
    Nai Ying Ko
    Department of Nursing, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan
    AIDS Care 21:1499-507. 2009
    ..data, patrons attending bathhouses for which intervention was performed were more likely to report accessing condoms inside bathhouses than those attending control bathhouses (92.6% versus 81.3%, P = 0...
  97. ncbi Social networks and concurrent sexual relationships--a qualitative study among men in an urban South African community
    Anders Ragnarsson
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Division of International Health IHCAR, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    AIDS Care 21:1253-8. 2009
    ..Such strategies should go beyond increasing condom use, to include a reduction in the number of concurrent sexual partners...
  98. pmc A profile of HIV risk factors in the context of sex work environments among migrant female sex workers in Beijing, China
    Huso Yi
    HIV Center for Clinical and Behavioral Studies, Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University and New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, NY, USA
    Psychol Health Med 15:172-87. 2010
    ..Participants reported high rates of clients' refusal to use condoms (76%), unsafe sex with both clients (32%), non-paid regular partners (e.g...
  99. pmc Peer-delivered interventions reduce HIV risk behaviors among out-of-treatment drug abusers
    L B Cottler
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63108, USA
    Public Health Rep 113:31-41. 1998
    ....
  100. pmc Differences between dual-method and non-dual-method protection use in a sample of young African American women residing in the Southeastern United States
    Jessica M Sales
    Department of Behavioral Science and Health Education, Emory University, Rollins School of Public Health, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 164:1125-31. 2010
    ..To characterize dual-method protection users and report the prevalence of dual-method use among young adult African American women residing in the Southeastern United States...
  101. ncbi Men who have sex with men and women in Bangalore, South India, and potential impact on the HIV epidemic
    A E Phillips
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, St Mary s Campus, Imperial College, London, UK
    Sex Transm Infect 86:187-92. 2010
    ....

Research Grants84

  1. PS11-003 Minority AIDS Research Initiative
    BRIDGETTE MERCEDEZ BRAWNER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Given that adolescent health is imperative to public health, the proposed research is timely, innovative and bears great significance. ..
  2. Effectivenss of a New Non-Invasive Erectile Support System in Aging Populations
    S ALEXANDER WEINSTOCK; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The research also compares and contrasts this New I-RECT System to conventionally packaged condoms alone to establish the feasibility in function and the measure the satisfaction achieved as reported by both ..
  3. Innate immunity predictors of HIV: the role of contraception, pregnancy and HSV-2
    Charles Morrison; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..injectable contraception and seek to prevent unintended pregnancy and HIV should be strongly advised to also use condoms for dual protection...
  4. Violence Exposure, Immune Function &HIV/AIDS Risks in African American Young Ad
    FROUGH SAADATMAND; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g., multiple partners;failure to use condoms) that increase the probability f exposure to HIV. Chronic exposure to violence in multiple contexts (e.g...
  5. Development of an HIV Risk Reduction Intervention Protocol for Adolescent Africn-
    GWENDOLYN D CHILDS; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..With a growing HIV epidemic in the Southern part of the United States, it is imperative to develop HIV risk reduction programs for African American adolescent girls prior to sexual debut or onset of high-risk sexual behavior. ..
  6. The Role of Uncultivated Bacteria in Bacterial Vaginosis
    DAVID NEAL FREDRICKS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..If biofilms are shown to be important in BV, this would open many new avenues for treatment and prevention based on disruption of biofilm formation and cell signaling. ..
  7. Intratesticular Sex Steroids and Spermatogenesis in Man
    MARA YVONNE ROTH; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In addition, male contraceptive options have scarcely advanced beyond the development of condoms centuries ago, and the development of the vasectomy procedure in the early 20th century...
  8. HIV Prevention Intervention for Young Transgender Women
    MATTHEW JAMES MIMIAGA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..for safer sex), and behavioral skills (discussing sex and condom use with sexual partners, acquiring and using condoms);and to explore whether reductions in sexual risk are associated with epidemiologically-linked moderators of ..
  9. Reducing HIV Risk in Adult Women with Intellectual Disabilities
    JENNIFER J WELLS; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..negotiations will include messages tailored for women who are both pre- and postmenopausal as they seldom use condoms due to lack of pregnancy risk...
  10. Peer groups for healthy pregnancy &HIV prevention for young Malawian women
    Kathleen F Norr; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Optimal reproductive health requires these preconceptual behaviors: safer sex (abstaining or using condoms) to prevent STIs, including HIV infection; treatment for STIs;maintaining good health habits such as diet, ..
  11. IUD, implant, and condoms: sexual and perinatal HIV prevention in Rwandan couples
    Susan A Allen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  12. Sexual Health among Low-Income Female CSWs in China
    JENNIFER ZHIHUAN HUANG BOUEY; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..The findings from this study will be used to guide the development of a future longitudinal sexual health risk reduction study targeting street walkers. ..
  13. Acceptability and feasbility of the HPV vaccine schedule in female sex workers
    BRANDON JOHN BROWN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..My current desire is to conduct unique research and be the member of a team as a public health advisor at the World Health Organization, but I understand there will be several opportunities open to me at the completion of my degree. ..
  14. Prevenitng HIV/STIs in Central Indian High Risk Women: A Pilot Intervention
    Thomas L Patterson; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..either to a theory-based, 60-minute intervention that focuses on improving motivations for safer sex, use of condoms, and negotiation of safer sex, or to a time- equivalent didactic safer sex program...
  15. Tailoring a HIV prevention intervention for college-aged black women
    Rasheeta Chandler; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..appropriate, focus on behavior skills for negotiating safer sex, and should include training on the proper use of condoms. An efficacious HIV prevention intervention developed for females 15-19 years old (HIP TEENS) will be modified ..
  16. HIV risk and venues for meeting sex partners
    Christian Grov; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Consistent with the SC2 mechanism, the pilot data generated from this study will serve as the basis for developing and testing a venue-based intervention to reduce HIV transmission risks among MSM. ..
  17. Self-Regulation &Attentional Mechanisms of Sexual Risk Taking in Young Drinkers
    KATHRYN ROSE MACAPAGAL; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  18. Quantification of Immune Cells in Women Using Contraception
    SHARON LYNELLE ACHILLES; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..intrauterine device (Mirena(R)), or (4) a copper intrauterine device (ParaGard(R)), plus 25 women using condoms alone...
  19. Interventions to decrease HIV infectiousness in Uganda
    Connie L Celum; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..5) Determine the incremental costs of HBCT and additional components in HBCT-plus for facilitated HIV care and counseling, and estimate the cost-benefit of community viral load reduction. ..
  20. An HIV Prevention Program for Mochudi, Botswana
    Myron E Essex; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The ultimate goal is to evaluate prevention interventions that could be scaled up as public health policy in Botswana and southern Africa. ..
  21. Preventing HIV/AIDS Among Teens in Juvenile Justice
    Geri R Donenberg; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  22. An Integrated HIV Prevention Model for African American Mothers and Daughters
    Geri R Donenberg; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..mediators (increased parental monitoring, more open mother-daughter communication, greater intentions to use condoms, more relationship power) and sexual risk (increased condom use, fewer partners) separately for mothers and ..
  23. Factors That Affect Endometrial Immunity: Implications for HIV Infection
    Joseph C Chen; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Since it can be difficult culturally for certain women to negotiate the use of condoms and other forms of birth control, HIV infection continues to be an unresolved health issue for women all over the ..
  24. Violence, Drug Use &AIDS in South African Youth: A U.S./South Africa Research Co
    FROUGH SAADATMAND; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..abstract_text> ..
  25. Examining the Geographies of Immigrant Sex Work: An Exploratory Study of HIV Risk
    Lois Takahashi; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Findings will form the foundation for future studies to develop and test geographically targeted risk reduction interventions aimed at high-risk indoor sex work venues and venue clusters. ..
  26. The Problem With Male Sexual/Repro Health:Qualitative/Quantitative Study, Uganda
    Maria J Wawer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..future intervention studies of community and clinic-based strategies to improve male uptake of services such as condoms, MC, family planning, and for HIV+ men, ART...
  27. Television and International Family Change: A Randomized Experiment
    Rukmalie Jayakody; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  28. HIV/AIDS Prevention for Men with Intellectual Disabilities
    JENNIFER J WELLS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..There is a significant need to assure all men with ID have the tools to make safer sexual decisions and avoid contracting HIV/AIDS. ..
  29. Impact of Violence and Power on a HIV Behavioral Intervention for Female MA Users
    JAMILA KINSHASA STOCKMAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  30. Integrated Care Clinics for IDUs in India: a cluster randomized trial
    Shruti H Mehta; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..While our proposed study will be conducted in India, its results may be applicable to IDU-prevalent areas worldwide as fragmented delivery of these services is the norm in both developed and developing countries. ..
  31. Safer sex intervention for male clients of female sex workers in Tijuana, Mexico
    Thomas L Patterson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..that uses Motivational Interviewing, active participation, and problem solving to increase clients'use of condoms with FSWs...
  32. Adapting the Women's CoOp for At-Risk Teens
    Wendee M Wechsberg; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..g., age, relationships with males, changes in knowledge about HIV risk behaviors, and competency in active refusal, negotiation, and condom skills). ..
  33. Live Smart Live Safe: HIV Prevention for Youth with Intellectual Disabilities
    JENNIFER J WELLS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The Phase II product will be a downloadable web-based program for use on personal computers, iPad(R), and other tablet based technologies, suitable for use by adolescents with ID. ..
  34. Social network and sexual risk for HIV/STIs among older female sex workers
    Hongjie Liu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  35. Rakai Adolescent Project (RAP)
    John S Santelli; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..a variety of prevention approaches including partner reduction, promotion of ABC (Abstinence, Be Faithful, Use Condoms), and openness regarding HIV...
  36. Barbershop-Based HIV/STD Risk Reduction for African American Young Men
    Loretta Sweet Jemmott; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Moreover, the population this research targets, African American young men, has some of the highest rates of HIV and STDs in the US. ..
  37. HIV/AIDS Prevention with African American heterosexual men attending college: A
    Robert E Aronson; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..group, are anticipated to demonstrate (a) greater self-reported abstinence, (b) greater self-reported use of condoms during sexual intercourse;(c) fewer self-reports of multiple sexual partners;(d) greater self-reported ..
  38. Reproductive health decisions and HIV infection risk
    Ann Elizabeth Kurth; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..pandemic primarily affects those in peak years of childbearing, who may not be aware of their HIV status or use condoms. Intentional childbearing may place heterosexual couples at risk of HIV infection in resource-limited settings ..
  39. Couples-Based HIV/STI Prevention for Injecting Drug Users in Kazakhstan
    Nabila El-Bassel; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..There is a race to develop and implement effective HIV preventive interventions for IDUs and their sexual partners to stem the spread of HIV, HCV and other STIs in Shu and other Central Asian towns along drug trafficking routes. ..
  40. Injectable Contraception and HIV/HSV-2 Incidence in Young South African Women
    Sinead Delany-Moretlwe; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..cohort study among 600 sexually active women aged 16 to 24 years based on current use of ICs or non-HCs (condoms, IUD) so as to assess: Aim 1: the impact of IC on incidence of HIV and HSV-2 and point prevalence of HPV and ..
  41. Web-Based Substance Abuse STD/HIV Prevention
    W Gill Woodall; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..to remain abstinent from sexual intercourse, to avoid the use of drugs before sex and to use condoms for vaginal or anal intercourse...
  42. HIV Prevention Messages Targeting Latino MSM
    Maria Rosa Solorio; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  43. Rapid HIV Testing and Counseling in High Risk Women in Shelters
    Caron Zlotnick; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Our primary hypotheses are that RESPECT-IPV will be associated with reduced unprotected vaginal or anal sex occasions at 1-week and 3-months post-shelter and fewer cases of vaginal trichomoniasis 3-months after leaving shelter. ..
  44. Reducing Sexual Risk Behaviors among Rural African-American Cocaine Users
    Katharine E Stewart; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ....
  45. Disclosure of HIV Status to Partners of IDU in Hunan, China
    Kristopher Fennie; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  46. Improving Women's Sexual Health While in Drug Addiction Treatment
    Hendree E Jones; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  47. Antiretroviral periconception HIV prevention for HIV discordant couples
    RENEE ANNETTE HEFFRON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..that would also include restricting unprotected sex to the most fertile days and the continued use of condoms during less fertile periods and once pregnancy is achieved...
  48. Fertility desire and pregnancy in a cohort of discordant Ugandan couples on ART
    ANGELA KANANA KAIDA; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Among those couples who want to have children, promoting abstinence and condoms may not be viable or acceptable options for reducing sexual HIV transmission risk...
  49. Surveillance of HIV Risk Behaviors in Four Populations: National HIV Behavioral S
    DEANN MARIE GRUBER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  50. Four-Arm RCT of Brief MI vs. Couples-Based HIV/STI Prevention in South Africa
    William W Latimer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  51. Venue-based HIV and alcohol use risk reduction among female sex workers in China
    Xiaoming Li; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Serial behavioral and biomedical data from both gatekeepers and FSWs will be collected every 6 months over a 2-year period to assess the long-term impact of the intervention. ..
  52. Reducing drug use and HIV risk in drug-dependent adults arrested for prostitution
    Anthony DeFulio; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Overall, this treatment could serve as a novel and ideal intervention for drug-dependent adults arrested for prostitution while reducing criminal justice costs. ..
  53. A South African Pilot Worksite Parenting Program to Prevent HIV Among Adolescents
    Laura M Bogart; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..g., greater self- efficacy for refusing sex and using condoms, and more perceived disadvantages of unprotected sex)...
  54. Alcohol and Energy Drink Use, Expectancies and Sexual Risk Taking
    Kathleen E Miller; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  55. Hope for the Future: A School-Based HIV Prevention Program for Youth in Malawi
    ABIGAIL KAZEMBE; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..self-efficacy to practice safer sex when sexually active;and (6) greater likelihood to report having used condoms consistently in the last two months if sexually active...
  56. Disparities in sexually transmitted infections among young women: Role of individ
    SARAH ELIZABETH WIEHE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..From a public health and health services perspective, this information will aid in guiding policy and individually-targeted action in STI treatment and prevention. ..
  57. Interpersonal and intrapersonal conflict and their association with substance use
    H Jonathon Rendina; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..e. sex without condoms) among HIV-positive gay and bisexual men. During sexual encounters with non-main (i.e...
  58. Pilot Study of Skills-Building as HIV Prevention for Male Sex Workers in Peru
    Thomas J Coates; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Results of this study will be used to develo an R01 for the implementation and assessment of a longer-term intervention with fletes. ..
  59. An innovative mobile-based game, named Sexually Active Adolescent Focused Educati
    TONY XUYEN MA; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  60. Substance Use and HIV Risk among Thai Women
    Tooru Nemoto; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  61. Synthesizing HIV Behavioral Intervention Effectiveness in Developing Countries
    Michael D Sweat; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The goal of this study is to provide needed policy and program advice on what is working in HIV prevention based on the strength of evidence from the scientific literature. ..
  62. Comparative Effectiveness of Web-based vs. Traditional Adolescent HIV Prevention
    Lisa A Marsch; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  63. ACCEPTABILITY AND SAFETY STUDY OF JANESWAY FEMALE CONDOM
    Ron Frezieres; Fiscal Year: 2000
    There is a compelling public health interest in perfecting female condoms that line the vagina and protect the female genital tract against exposure to semen and potentially infected genital secretions...
  64. HIV RISK REDUCTION FOR INCARCERATED WOMEN
    TED BRASFIELD; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ....
  65. Liberia School-Based HIV/STD Prevention Program
    Stephen Kennedy; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Working with our Liberian investigators to implement and evaluate this intervention, we expect to continually build the social and behavioral research capacities of Liberian researchers and their research institutions. ..
  66. Microbicide/Female Condom Acceptability for Sex Workers
    Margaret Weeks; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..2) identify contextual factors in the southern Chinese setting that affect acceptability of microbicides/female condoms, including ethnic/cultural beliefs, peer norms, personal risk context (prostitution, migration, abusive partners),..
  67. NON-ALLERGENIC SURGICAL GLOVES AND CONDOMS
    JOHN GARDON; Fiscal Year: 2000
    Surgical gloves and condoms are currently made from vulcanized natural rubber (VNR) latex. Its protein content causes severe Type I allergies in sensitized individuals, involving major occupational and medical hazards...
  68. Validating Sexual Behavior by Y-chromosome PCR
    Jonathan Zenilman; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..lavage fluid from 82 women reporting sex within 2 weeks and 100% condom use, and 322 who did not use condoms. These samples will be assayed for Yc and compared with demographic and behavioral data, and concomitant markers ..
  69. Encouraging Safe Dates: Reducing Intimate Partner Violence in South African Youth
    PAMELA KAY CUPP; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..High rates of rape and coerced sex are associated with early initiation of sex, failure to use condoms, and multiple, risky sexual partnerships, increasing risk of HIV transmission...
  70. DUAL METHODS OF PROTECTION FROM PREGNANCIES AND STDS/HIV
    Carol Roye; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..pregnancy requires that a young woman who uses a hormonal method of contraception has a male partner(s) who uses condoms consistently, regardless of the nature of the relationship between the two young people, e.g. long-term or casual...
  71. UNDERSTANDING THE DECISION TO USE CONDOMS--SUPPLEMENT
    Diane Morrison; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..model, the specific outcome and normative beliefs associated with condom use, attitudes and norms toward using condoms, and intention to use condoms will be measured...
  72. MENTAL HEALTH AND BEHAVIOR IN ADOLESCENT STD PREVENTION
    Lydia Shrier; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..studies to evaluate the hypothesis that depression, low self-esteem, negative mood, and low self-efficacy to use condoms are related to condom nonuse and STD acquisition among sexually active adolescents...
  73. USING SOCIAL NETWORKS TO REDUCE RISKY SEX IN HIV+ WOMEN
    Ralph DiClemente; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Evidence for the efficacy of consistent condom use is also compelling. Recent studies indicate that condoms, when used correctly and consistently, effectively prohibit the transmission of viral pathogens, including HIV...
  74. Dyadic Ecological Analysis of Adolescent HIV Risk
    M Hutchinson; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..are engaging in sexual intercourse at younger ages, having sex with multiple partners, and inconsistently using condoms. As a result, nearly 3 million sexually active teens become infected with STDs annually, and increasing numbers ..
  75. ALCOHOL USE AND HIV RISK AMONG ADOLESCENTS ON PROBATION
    Angela Bryan; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The first specific aim is to establish whether a previously tested mediational model of intentions to use condoms (Bryan, Aiken, & West, 2000) predicts actual condom use behavior six months later among criminally-involved ..
  76. PREVENTING HIV/AIDS IN TEEN MOTHERS AND THEIR PARTNERS
    Deborah Koniak Griffin; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  77. Assessing HIV in Hidden Populations: A Feasibility Study
    Patricia Case; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Unlinked anonymous HIV testing of semen in discarded condoms may be a way to assess HIV in an unselected sample of men in public sex environments or who are clients of sex ..
  78. New Condom: Feasibility Study
    DANIEL RESNIC; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The completed condoms will undergo laboratory testing for cytotoxicity, sensitization, irritation, and systemic toxicity...
  79. Effect of Suppressive Therapy on Behavioral Determinants of HSV-2 Transmission
    KAREN MARK; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..therapy to reduce the risk of transmission might be less likely to disclose their HSV status to a partner or use condoms, and/or have more frequent sexual encounters or more sexual partners...
  80. CONDOM USE AMONG DRUG USERS RECEIVING ANTIRETROVIRALS
    Mark Williams; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Data from the elicitation study will be used to develop interventions to increase condom use among drug users receiving treatments for HIV infection. The study will be conducted in Houston, Texas. ..
  81. Femininity Ideology and Adolescent Girls' Risk Behaviors
    EMILY IMPETT; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  82. Conditional Economic Incentives to Reduce HIV Risks: A Pilot in Mexico
    OMAR GALARRAGA; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..CEI are an innovative structural approach for HIV prevention, which so far has not been tested in concentrated epidemic settings. ..
  83. Alcohol, Gender, Power, and Condom use among Adults in Northern Tanzania
    SARAH WOOLF; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Finally, this project can be used as a model for experimental work that improves the effectiveness of HIV prevention interventions of other populations in Sub-Saharan Africa. ..
  84. CONDOM USE: DECISION-MAKING BY CALIFORNIA HISPANIC MEN
    KATHERINE FORREST; Fiscal Year: 1993
    Increasing the use of condoms is one of the key public health goals for controlling the spread of HIV/AIDS...