intrauterine devices

Summary

Summary: Contraceptive devices placed high in the uterine fundus with a string extending from the device through the cervical as into the vagina. (UMDNS, 1999)

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Effectiveness of long-acting reversible contraception
    Brooke Winner
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    N Engl J Med 366:1998-2007. 2012
  2. pmc The Contraceptive CHOICE Project: reducing barriers to long-acting reversible contraception
    Gina M Secura
    Division of Clinical Research, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington University in St Louis School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 203:115.e1-7. 2010
  3. ncbi Experience of IUD/IUS insertions and clinical performance in nulliparous women--a pilot study
    Andrea Brockmeyer
    Abacus Clinics, Liverpool, UK
    Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care 13:248-54. 2008
  4. ncbi Vaginal misoprostol prior to insertion of an intrauterine device: an RCT
    Kirsten Dijkhuizen
    Department of Gynaecology, Leiden University Medical Center, PO Box 9600, 2300 RC Leiden, The Netherlands
    Hum Reprod 26:323-9. 2011
  5. ncbi Long-acting reversible contraceptives: intrauterine devices and the contraceptive implant
    Eve Espey
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 117:705-19. 2011
  6. ncbi Intracervical lidocaine gel for intrauterine device insertion: a randomized controlled trial
    Karla Maguire
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL 33136, USA
    Contraception 86:214-9. 2012
  7. ncbi Use and effectiveness of oral analgesia when fitting an intrauterine device
    Judy Murty
    Contraception and Sexual Health Services, Leeds South Primary Care NHS Trust, Burmantofts Health Centre, Leeds, UK
    J Fam Plann Reprod Health Care 29:150-1. 2003
  8. pmc Cervical lidocaine for IUD insertional pain: a randomized controlled trial
    Colleen P McNicholas
    Division of Clinical Research, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington University in St Louis School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 207:384.e1-6. 2012
  9. pmc Rates of IUCD discontinuation and its associated factors among the clients of a social franchising network in Pakistan
    Syed Khurram Azmat
    Marie Stopes Society, 21 C, Commercial Area, Old Sunset Boulevard, Phase II, Defense Housing Authority, 75500 Karachi, Pakistan
    BMC Womens Health 12:8. 2012
  10. pmc Continuation and satisfaction of reversible contraception
    Jeffrey F Peipert
    Division of Clinical Research, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington University in St Louis School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 117:1105-13. 2011

Detail Information

Publications254 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Effectiveness of long-acting reversible contraception
    Brooke Winner
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    N Engl J Med 366:1998-2007. 2012
    ..The rate of unintended pregnancy in the United States is much higher than in other developed nations. Approximately half of unintended pregnancies are due to contraceptive failure, largely owing to inconsistent or incorrect use...
  2. pmc The Contraceptive CHOICE Project: reducing barriers to long-acting reversible contraception
    Gina M Secura
    Division of Clinical Research, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington University in St Louis School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 203:115.e1-7. 2010
    ..To introduce and promote the use of long-acting reversible methods of contraception (LARC; intrauterine contraceptives and subdermal implant) by removing financial and knowledge barriers...
  3. ncbi Experience of IUD/IUS insertions and clinical performance in nulliparous women--a pilot study
    Andrea Brockmeyer
    Abacus Clinics, Liverpool, UK
    Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care 13:248-54. 2008
    To assess experience of insertion and use, by nulliparous women, of intrauterine devices (IUDs) and intrauterine systems (IUSs) and the feasibility of a large comparative study.
  4. ncbi Vaginal misoprostol prior to insertion of an intrauterine device: an RCT
    Kirsten Dijkhuizen
    Department of Gynaecology, Leiden University Medical Center, PO Box 9600, 2300 RC Leiden, The Netherlands
    Hum Reprod 26:323-9. 2011
    ..Here, we investigate whether vaginal misoprostol administered prior to intrauterine device (IUD) insertion reduces the number of failed insertions, insertion-related complications and pain during insertion...
  5. ncbi Long-acting reversible contraceptives: intrauterine devices and the contraceptive implant
    Eve Espey
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 117:705-19. 2011
    ..most effective methods of reversible contraception are the so-called long-acting reversible contraceptives, intrauterine devices and implants. These methods have multiple advantages over other reversible methods...
  6. ncbi Intracervical lidocaine gel for intrauterine device insertion: a randomized controlled trial
    Karla Maguire
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL 33136, USA
    Contraception 86:214-9. 2012
    ..We tested whether intracervical 2% lidocaine gel decreased insertion pain compared to placebo...
  7. ncbi Use and effectiveness of oral analgesia when fitting an intrauterine device
    Judy Murty
    Contraception and Sexual Health Services, Leeds South Primary Care NHS Trust, Burmantofts Health Centre, Leeds, UK
    J Fam Plann Reprod Health Care 29:150-1. 2003
    ..To explore (a). if analgesia taken before an intrauterine device (IUD) fitting actually lessens the discomfort of the fitting and (b). whether there is a relationship between anxiety and choosing to take pain relief before an IUD fitting...
  8. pmc Cervical lidocaine for IUD insertional pain: a randomized controlled trial
    Colleen P McNicholas
    Division of Clinical Research, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington University in St Louis School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 207:384.e1-6. 2012
    ..Anticipated pain with intrauterine device (IUD) insertion may be a barrier to widespread use. Our objective was to evaluate the efficacy of intracervical 2% lidocaine gel for pain relief with IUD insertion...
  9. pmc Rates of IUCD discontinuation and its associated factors among the clients of a social franchising network in Pakistan
    Syed Khurram Azmat
    Marie Stopes Society, 21 C, Commercial Area, Old Sunset Boulevard, Phase II, Defense Housing Authority, 75500 Karachi, Pakistan
    BMC Womens Health 12:8. 2012
    ..Data were analyzed in SPSS 17.0; adjusted prevalence ratios were calculated to see associations between discontinuation and its risk factors...
  10. pmc Continuation and satisfaction of reversible contraception
    Jeffrey F Peipert
    Division of Clinical Research, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington University in St Louis School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 117:1105-13. 2011
    ..To estimate 12-month satisfaction and continuation rates of intrauterine device (IUD) and implant users enrolled in the Contraceptive CHOICE Project and compare these measures with women using the oral contraceptive pills (OCPs)...
  11. ncbi Immediate versus delayed IUD insertion after uterine aspiration
    Paula H Bednarek
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR 97239, USA
    N Engl J Med 364:2208-17. 2011
    b>Intrauterine devices (IUDs) provide highly effective, reversible, long-term contraception that is appropriate for many women after first-trimester uterine aspiration...
  12. ncbi High rate of bacterial vaginosis among women with intrauterine devices in Manado, Indonesia
    M R Joesoef
    Division of STD Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Contraception 64:169-72. 2001
    ..1-2.9). Because we found that BV was associated with IUDs and that other studies reported that both BV and IUDs were associated with pelvic inflammatory disease, a Gram stain evaluation of BV may be considered prior to IUD insertion..
  13. ncbi Perpetuating negative attitudes about the intrauterine device: textbooks lag behind the evidence
    Eve Espey
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131 5286, USA
    Contraception 65:389-95. 2002
    ..Texts commonly used by medical students on women's health rotations may not be evidence-based in the information presented about the intrauterine device...
  14. ncbi Feasibility of training Zambian nurse-midwives to perform postplacental and postpartum insertions of intrauterine devices
    Sarah Prager
    University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, USA
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 117:243-7. 2012
    ..To explore the feasibility of competency-based training of Zambian nurse-midwives in postplacental and postpartum intrauterine device (PPIUD) insertion and to estimate learning curves for this procedure...
  15. pmc Management of pain associated with the insertion of intrauterine contraceptives
    K Gemzell-Danielsson
    Department of Women s and Children s Health, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital, SE 17176 Stockholm, Sweden
    Hum Reprod Update 19:419-27. 2013
    ..This review critically evaluates the evidence for pain management strategies, formulates evidence-based recommendations and identifies data gaps and areas for further research...
  16. ncbi Self-administered misoprostol or placebo before intrauterine device insertion in nulliparous women: a randomized controlled trial
    Carolyn Swenson
    Department of Obstetrics, University of Utah, and University of Utah College of Nursing, Salt Lake City, Utah 84132, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 120:341-7. 2012
    ..To estimate the effects of self-administered misoprostol compared with placebo before intrauterine device (IUD) insertion in nulliparous women...
  17. ncbi Diagnosis and management of intra-abdominal, mislocated intrauterine devices
    Osman Balci
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Meram Medicine Faculty, Selcuk University, 42080, Konya, Meram, Turkey
    Arch Gynecol Obstet 281:1019-22. 2010
    To evaluate the predisposing factors, diagnosis and surgical treatment options of patients with intra-abdominal, mislocated intrauterine devices (IUDs).
  18. pmc Laparoscopic removal of an intrauterine device following colon perforation
    Arie Bitterman
    Department of Surgery A, Carmel Medical Center, Haifa, Israel
    JSLS 14:456-8. 2010
    ..Intrauterine device (IUD) migration and colon perforation is a rare but serious complication occurring sometimes years after insertion. Laparoscopic removal of a colon-perforating device is a seldom-used approach...
  19. ncbi A survey of provider experience with misoprostol to facilitate intrauterine device insertion in nulliparous women
    Katherine Ward
    University of Utah, College of Nursing, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA
    Contraception 84:594-9. 2011
    ..This survey evaluated how providers who perform IUD insertion in nulliparous women report using misoprostol to facilitate the procedure...
  20. ncbi Case-series report: management of post-menopausal bleeding in the presence of an intrauterine device
    Narendra Pisal
    Department of Women s Health, Whittington Hospital, N19 5NF, London, United Kingdom
    Contraception 66:383-4. 2002
    ..Here, we present two cases of prolonged use of intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD), both associated with endometrial pathology, to illustrate the importance of these investigations...
  21. ncbi Comparison of the analgesic effects of oral tramadol and naproxen sodium on pain relief during IUD insertion
    Safinaz Karabayirli
    Department of Anesthesiology, Fatih University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey
    J Minim Invasive Gynecol 19:581-4. 2012
    ..To compare the analgesic efficacy of oral tramadol and naproxen sodium on pain during insertion of an intrauterine device (IUD)...
  22. ncbi Intrauterine devices and uterine peristalsis: evaluation with MRI
    Aki Kido
    Department of Nuclear Medicine and Diagnostic Imaging, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan
    Magn Reson Imaging 26:54-8. 2008
    b>Intrauterine devices (IUDs) have been viewed as an effective form of contraception. However, the mechanism by which IUDs disturb fertility remains controversial...
  23. ncbi Can the outcome of the next pregnancy be predicted at the time of induced abortion?
    Oskari Heikinheimo
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Helsinki, PO Box 140, SF 00029, HUS, Finland
    Hum Reprod 24:820-6. 2009
    ..Factors predicting the outcome of the next pregnancy following termination of pregnancy (TOP) are poorly known...
  24. ncbi Effects of prophylactic misoprostol administration prior to intrauterine device insertion in nulliparous women
    Alison B Edelman
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR 97239, USA
    Contraception 84:234-9. 2011
    ..This study was conducted to examine the effects of prophylactic misoprostol prior to intrauterine device (IUD) placement in nulliparous women...
  25. pmc The efficacy of intrauterine devices for emergency contraception: a systematic review of 35 years of experience
    Kelly Cleland
    Office of Population Research, Princeton University, 218 Wallace Hall, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
    Hum Reprod 27:1994-2000. 2012
    b>Intrauterine devices (IUDs) have been studied for use for emergency contraception for at least 35 years...
  26. pmc HIV disease progression by hormonal contraceptive method: secondary analysis of a randomized trial
    Elizabeth M Stringer
    Centre for Infectious Disease Research, Lusaka, Zambia
    AIDS 23:1377-82. 2009
    ..We hypothesized that women using depomedroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) contraception would have faster HIV disease progression than women using oral contraceptive pills (OCPs) and nonhormonal methods...
  27. ncbi Hormonal contraception and the risks of STI acquisition: results of a feasibility study to plan a future randomized trial
    David Hubacher
    Family Health International, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
    Contraception 77:366-70. 2008
    ..However, the feasibility of such a trial is uncertain...
  28. pmc A randomized trial of the intrauterine contraceptive device vs hormonal contraception in women who are infected with the human immunodeficiency virus
    Elizabeth M Stringer
    Centre for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 197:144.e1-8. 2007
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine whether the intrauterine contraceptive device (IUD) is effective and safe among women who are infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)...
  29. ncbi Impact of immediate postabortal insertion of intrauterine contraception on repeat abortion
    Suzan Goodman
    University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94110, USA
    Contraception 78:143-8. 2008
    ..Immediate postabortal intrauterine device (IUD) insertion is a safe, effective, practical and underutilized intervention that we hypothesize will significantly decrease repeat unintended pregnancy and abortion...
  30. ncbi Laparoscopic retrieval of perforated intrauterine device
    J I Ikechebelu
    Department of Obstetrics Gynaecology, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi, Nigeria
    Niger J Clin Pract 11:394-5. 2008
    ..Double puncture laparoscopic technique under ketamine general anaesthesia was performed to remove the IUD without complication and patient went home the same day...
  31. ncbi A survey to assess knowledge and acceptability of the intrauterine device in the Family Planning Services in Cape Town, South Africa
    Shelsley van Zijl
    Reproductive Medicine Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town Groote Schuur Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa
    J Fam Plann Reprod Health Care 36:73-8. 2010
    Despite reliable evidence of the safety and effectiveness of intrauterine devices (IUDs), this contraceptive method remains under-utilised in many countries due to persistent fears that it causes pelvic infection...
  32. ncbi Is the intrauterine device appropriate contraception for HIV-1-infected women?
    C S Morrison
    Family Health International, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709, USA
    BJOG 108:784-90. 2001
    ..To assess whether the risk of complications is higher in HIV-1-infected women compared with non-infected women in the two years following insertion of the intrauterine contraceptive device...
  33. ncbi Follow-up visits after IUD-insertion: sense or nonsense? A technology assessment study to analyze the effectiveness of follow-up visits after IUD insertion
    Karlijn Neuteboom
    Leiden University Medical Center, Department of Gynecology, 2300 RC Leiden, The Netherlands
    Contraception 68:101-4. 2003
    ..01). We conclude that regular follow-up after the insertion of an IUD is not effective...
  34. ncbi Intrauterine contraceptives: a review of uses, side effects, and candidates
    Noa a Shimoni
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York 10032, USA
    Semin Reprod Med 28:118-25. 2010
    This article reviews the two intrauterine devices (IUDs) available in the United States: the TCu380A, marketed as ParaGard (Duramed Pharmaceuticals, Inc...
  35. ncbi Extrauterine translocated contraceptive device: a presentation of five cases and revisit of the enigmatic issues of iatrogenic perforation and migration
    N Eke
    Department of Surgery, College of Health Sciences, University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt, Nigeria
    Afr J Reprod Health 7:117-23. 2003
    ..Other possible translocatory mechanisms include spontaneous uterine contractions, urinary bladder contractions, gut peristalsis and movement of peritoneal fluid...
  36. ncbi Insertion of intrauterine contraceptives immediately following first- and second-trimester abortions
    Eleanor A Drey
    Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94110, USA
    Contraception 79:397-402. 2009
    ..The study was conducted to assess the continuation and patient satisfaction with intrauterine contraception (IUC) insertion immediately after elective abortion in the first and second trimesters in an urban, public hospital-based clinic...
  37. ncbi Forgettable contraception
    David A Grimes
    Family Health International, PO Box 13952, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
    Contraception 80:497-9. 2009
    ..no more often than every 3 years, forgettable contraception includes sterilization (female or male), intrauterine devices, and implants...
  38. ncbi Barriers associated with the failure to return for intrauterine device insertion following first-trimester abortion
    Ann M Stanek
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR 97239, USA
    Contraception 79:216-20. 2009
    ..The aim of the study was to identify barriers associated with the failure to return for delayed intrauterine device (IUD) insertion postabortion...
  39. ncbi Imaging of intrauterine contraceptive devices
    Nagamani Peri
    Department of Radiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, 330 Brookline Ave, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    J Ultrasound Med 26:1389-401. 2007
    ..Imaging, especially sonography, has an important role in their evaluation. This review illustrates the normal and abnormal imaging appearances of IUDs...
  40. ncbi IUD-related knowledge, attitudes and practices among Navajo Area Indian Health Service providers
    Eve Espey
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, USA
    Perspect Sex Reprod Health 35:169-73. 2003
    ..Identifying barriers to use--including those stemming from providers' IUD-related knowledge, attitudes and practices--could help expand use of the method...
  41. ncbi Intrauterine devices and adolescents
    Melanie A Gold
    Division of Adolescent Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, PA 15213, USA
    Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol 20:464-9. 2008
    The purpose of this review is to inform the reader of new information published on intrauterine devices (IUDs) and adolescents.
  42. ncbi Ectopic IUD complicating pregnancy. A case report
    James S Dunn
    Division of Urogynecology, Department of Gynecology, Greater Baltimore Medical Center, 6569 North Charles Street, PPW, Suite 307, Baltimore, MD 21204, USA
    J Reprod Med 47:57-9. 2002
    For the most part, intrauterine devices (IUDs) have a low complication rate and minimal side effects. However, one of the most common reasons for contraceptive failure while using an IUD is its translocation or extrauterine migration...
  43. ncbi Review of non-hormonal contraception (condoms, intrauterine devices, nonoxynol-9 and combos) on HIV acquisition
    Willard Cates
    Family Health International, Durham, NC, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 38:S8-10. 2005
  44. ncbi Contraceptive efficacy of intrauterine devices
    Patrick F Thonneau
    Human Fertility Research Group, Toulouse University Hospital, France
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 198:248-53. 2008
    To compare the contraceptive efficacy of various types of intrauterine devices (IUD; copper devices, Nova-T, intrauterine contraceptive systems, levonorgestrel-releasing devices), we reviewed all relevant publications on this subject that ..
  45. ncbi Intrauterine device and upper-genital-tract infection
    D A Grimes
    Family Health International, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709, USA
    Lancet 356:1013-9. 2000
    Concern about upper-genital-tract infection related to intrauterine devices (IUDs) limits their wider use. In this systematic review I summarise the evidence concerning IUD-associated infection and infertility...
  46. ncbi Mechanisms of action of intrauterine devices: update and estimation of postfertilization effects
    Joseph B Stanford
    Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of Utah Health Research Center, Salt Lake City 84108, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 187:1699-708. 2002
    ..indicate that, although prefertilization effects are more prominent for the copper IUD, both prefertilization and postfertilization mechanisms of action contribute significantly to the effectiveness of all types of intrauterine devices.
  47. pmc The perforated intrauterine device: endoscopic retrieval
    Eric M Heinberg
    Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Women s Health, Division of Advanced Gynecologic Endoscopy, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, Kentucky, USA
    JSLS 12:97-100. 2008
    ..Minimally invasive techniques, such as hysteroscopy and advanced laparoscopy, are ideally suited to the diagnosis and surgical management of the perforated IUD...
  48. ncbi Worldwide use of intrauterine devices for contraception
    Catherine d'Arcangues
    UNDP UNFPA WHO World Bank Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction, World Health Organization, CH 1211 Geneva, Switzerland
    Contraception 75:S2-7. 2007
    ....
  49. ncbi Noncontraceptive health benefits of intrauterine devices: a systematic review
    David Hubacher
    Family Health International, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709, USA
    Obstet Gynecol Surv 57:120-8. 2002
    ..Like oral contraceptives, intrauterine contraceptives confer important noncontraceptive health benefits...
  50. ncbi Immediate post-partum insertion of intrauterine devices: a Cochrane review
    D Grimes
    Family Health International, P O Box 13950, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709, USA
    Hum Reprod 17:549-54. 2002
    ..Our a priori hypothesis was that this practice is safe, but associated with higher expulsion rates than interval IUD insertion...
  51. ncbi Pessaries for the treatment of incompetent cervix and premature delivery
    J Newcomer
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee 53226, USA
    Obstet Gynecol Surv 55:443-8. 2000
    ..This article reviews the published literature concerning the use of pessaries in women with an incompetent cervix or at risk for early delivery...
  52. ncbi Urinary complications of migrated intrauterine contraceptive device
    Ahmed S El-Hefnawy
    Urology and Nephrology Center, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt
    Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct 19:241-5. 2008
    ..Noncontrast CT permitted excellent depiction of the site of migrated IUD for selection of proper management. Endoscopic retrieval is feasible and safe in cases with intravesical migrated IUD...
  53. ncbi Intravesical stone formation on intrauterine contraceptive device
    Abdurrahman Ozgur
    Department of Urology, Marmara University School of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey
    Int Urol Nephrol 36:345-8. 2004
    ..In the literature all of the cases were reported as IUCD migration, but although it seems technically impossible, IUCD placement into the bladder should also be considered in misplaced IUCDs...
  54. ncbi Intrauterine devices for adolescents: a systematic review
    Elizabeth I Deans
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7570, USA
    Contraception 79:418-23. 2009
    ..Unplanned pregnancy among teenagers remains epidemic, and long-acting methods, such as IUDs, offer the promise of top-tier effectiveness...
  55. ncbi Surgical removal of an intrauterine device perforating the sigmoid colon: a case report
    Raul Mederos
    Department of General Surgery, Mount Sinai Medical Center, 4300 Alton Road, Miami Beach, FL 33140, USA
    Int J Surg 6:e60-2. 2008
    b>Intrauterine devices (IUDs) are among the most common contraceptive methods in the world, but have been associated with extrauterine dislocation and bowel perforation. We report a case of an IUD perforation of the sigmoid colon.
  56. ncbi Reduced expression and concomitant promoter hypermethylation of HOXA10 in endometrium from women wearing intrauterine devices
    Yuan Lu
    Department of Gynecology, Shanghai OB GYN Hospital, Shanghai Medical School, Fudan University, Shanghai, People s Republic of China
    Fertil Steril 94:1583-8. 2010
    ..To determine whether prolonged intrauterine device (IUD) usage is associated with decreased HOXA10 expression and increased methylation in the endometrium...
  57. ncbi Intrauterine contraceptive device appendicitis: a case report
    Hao Ming Chang
    Division of General Surgery, Department of Surgery, Tri Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan 325, Sec 2, Cheng Kung Road, Taipei, Taiwan, China
    World J Gastroenterol 11:5414-5. 2005
    ..A case of acute appendicitis was caused by a Multiload Cu 375 IUD inserted previously. This is a rare complication and only fourteen previous cases were recorded in the literature...
  58. doi Far-migrated intra-abdominal intrauterine device with abdominal pain
    Cheng Chian Sun
    Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol 47:244-6. 2008
  59. ncbi Symptomatic cecal perforation by an intrauterine device with appendectomy removal
    Ashley Stuckey
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, Louisiana 70112, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 105:1239-41. 2005
    ..The intrauterine device is the most used contraceptive in the world, but it is not without risk of perforation of intra-abdominal organs. We report a perforation of the cecum and removal via appendectomy...
  60. ncbi Postmenopausal bleeding secondary to a Dalkon Shield retained for 33 years: a case report
    Ibrahim Sozen
    Department of Obstetrics and Family Medicine, Penobscot Valley Hospital, Lincoln, Maine 04457, USA
    J Reprod Med 50:216-8. 2005
    ..An IUD retained for a long time is very rare but can be a cause of postmenopausal bleeding...
  61. ncbi Age, parity, history of abortion and contraceptive choices affect the risk of repeat abortion
    Oskari Heikinheimo
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Helsinki, SF 00029 Helsinki, Finland
    Contraception 78:149-54. 2008
    ..However, risk factors as regards repeat abortion are poorly understood. We characterized risk factors related to sociodemographic characteristics, history of abortion and post-abortal contraception...
  62. pmc Use of oral contraceptives, intrauterine devices and tubal sterilization and cancer risk in a large prospective study, from 1996 to 2006
    Tsogzolmaa Dorjgochoo
    Vanderbilt Epidemiology Center, Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203 1738, USA
    Int J Cancer 124:2442-9. 2009
    The association of contraceptive methods, including oral contraceptives (OC), intrauterine devices (IUD) and tubal sterilization (TS), with overall and site-specific cancer were prospectively investigated in a cohort of 66,661 Chinese ..
  63. ncbi Extrauterine mislocated IUD: is surgical removal mandatory?
    Ofer Markovitch
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sapir Medical Center, Kfar Saba, affiliated with Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Ramat Aviv, Israel
    Contraception 66:105-8. 2002
    ..Whilst surgical procedures to remove a misplaced IUD must be performed on symptomatic patients, asymptomatic patients, under certain circumstances, may benefit from conservative management...
  64. ncbi Preventing repeat abortion in Canada: is the immediate insertion of intrauterine devices postabortion a cost-effective option associated with fewer repeat abortions?
    Christina M Ames
    McGill University, Montreal, QC, H3T 1E2 Canada
    Contraception 85:51-5. 2012
    ..The objective of this research was to determine if provision of free intrauterine devices (IUDs) postabortion is associated with a reduction in health-care costs and repeat abortions in a Canadian ..
  65. ncbi Obstetrician-gynecologists and the intrauterine device: a survey of attitudes and practice
    Nancy L Stanwood
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Cecil G Sheps Center for Health Services Research, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 99:275-80. 2002
    ....
  66. ncbi Use of intrauterine devices (IUDs) for contraception in the common chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes)
    K G Gould
    Yerkes Regional Primate Research Center of Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    J Med Primatol 29:63-9. 2000
    ..This situation has prompted the use of intrauterine devices (IUDs) as a method of fertility control...
  67. ncbi Immediate postabortal contraception with the levonorgestrel intrauterine device, Norplant, and traditional methods
    N Ortayli
    Woman and Child Health Training and Research Unit, Medical School of Istanbul, Istanbul, Turkey
    Contraception 63:309-14. 2001
    ..The women found the levonorgestrel implants and IUDs easy and safe to use and highly effective. Bleeding disturbances, including amenorrhea, were the principal features the women disliked...
  68. pmc Laparoscopic removal of a perforated intrauterine device from the perirectal fat
    P D Silva
    Gundersen Luthern, La Crosse, Wisconsin, USA
    JSLS 4:159-62. 2000
    ..The recommended treatment is removal of the perforating IUD. This can usually be managed laparoscopically unless bowel perforation or other severe sepsis is present...
  69. ncbi Post abortion contraception and its effect on repeat abortions in Auckland, New Zealand
    Helen Roberts
    Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
    Contraception 82:260-5. 2010
    ..It then examines the effect of type of post abortion contraception with the likelihood of seeking subsequent abortions...
  70. ncbi Women's satisfaction with birth control: a population survey of physical and psychological effects of oral contraceptives, intrauterine devices, condoms, natural family planning, and sterilization among 1466 women
    B J Oddens
    International Health Foundation, Geneva, Switzerland
    Contraception 59:277-86. 1999
    ..their current or past use of oral contraceptives (OC), 996 regarding condoms, 342 with respect to intrauterine devices (IUD), 428 in regard to natural family planning (NFP), and 139 in relation to sterilization (respondents ..
  71. ncbi Biofilm formation on intrauterine devices in patients with recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis
    Marcos E Auler
    Institute of Biomedical Science, Department Microbiology, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Med Mycol 48:211-6. 2010
    ..form biofilms on the inert surfaces of implanted devices such as catheters, prosthetic cardiac valves and intrauterine devices (IUDs)...
  72. ncbi Abdominopelvic actinomycosis: a serious complication in intrauterine device users
    Victor Soria-Aledo
    Servicio de Cirugia General, Hospital General Universitario J M Morales Meseguer, Calle Marqués de los Vélez, Murcia, Spain
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 83:863-5. 2004
  73. ncbi [Tuboovaric actinomycosis. A report of a case]
    Yelenys Reyna Mejía Salazar
    División de Ginecología y Obstetricia, Hospital General de Atizapán, Instituto de Salud del Estado de México
    Ginecol Obstet Mex 72:162-5. 2004
    ..Tuboovaric actinomycosis case report...
  74. ncbi A trial of contraceptive methods in women with systemic lupus erythematosus
    Jorge Sanchez-Guerrero
    Department of Immunology and Rheumatology, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Medicas y Nutricion Salvador Zubiran, Mexico City, Mexico
    N Engl J Med 353:2539-49. 2005
    ..The effects of estrogen-containing contraceptives on disease activity in women with systemic lupus erythematosus have not been determined...
  75. ncbi Compliance and user satisfaction with the intra-uterine contraceptive device in Family Planning Service: the results of a survey in Fife, Scotland, August 2004
    Rupa Tewari
    Carnegie Clinic, Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland
    Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care 11:28-37. 2006
    ..The study was designed to assess user satisfaction and duration of use of intrauterine contraceptive device (IUD) in Fife...
  76. ncbi A quality of care issue: appropriate use and efficacy knowledge of five contraceptive methods: views of men and women living in low socioeconomic settlements of Karachi, Pakistan
    Fariyal F Fikree
    Population Council, USA
    J Pak Med Assoc 55:363-8. 2005
    ..To assess knowledge regarding availability, affordability, appropriate use and efficacy for five non-permanent contraceptive methods...
  77. ncbi [Postpartum birth control: state-of-the-art]
    G Robin
    Service de Gynecologie Obstetrique, Centre hospitalier d Armentières, rue Sadi Carnot, 59280 Armentières, France
    Gynecol Obstet Fertil 36:603-15. 2008
    ..The main purpose of these recent references is to simplify the contraceptive outline in order to ease its prescription and to avoid unwanted pregnancies...
  78. ncbi Contraception continuation rates and reasons for discontinuation in Zahedan, Islamic Republic of Iran
    F Rakhshani
    Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health, Zahedan Medical Sciences University, Zahedan, Islamic Republic of Iran
    East Mediterr Health J 10:260-7. 2004
    ..low dose combined hormonal oral contraceptives (OC), 86% for a levonorgestrel-releasing implant, 82% for intrauterine devices (IUD) and 53% for medroxyprogesterone acetate at the first year...
  79. ncbi Factors influencing women's satisfaction with birth control methods
    D den Tonkelaar
    International Health Foundation, Geneva, Switzerland
    Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care 6:153-8. 2001
    ..overall sample, 1303 women had ever used oral contraceptives, 996 had relied on condoms, 342 had ever used intrauterine devices (IUD), 428 had used natural family planning and 139 women were sterilized...
  80. ncbi Change in contraceptive choices and the effect of education on use of contraception at the family planning clinic of Sişli Etfal Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
    Alparslan Baksu
    1st Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinic, Sisli Etfal Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
    Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care 10:98-104. 2005
    ..To investigate change in contraceptive use and the effect of education on fertility and contraceptive attitudes at our family planning clinic...
  81. ncbi Use of various contraceptive methods and time of conception in a community-based population
    Boris Kaplan
    Shilo Women s Health Center, General Health Services, Dan Petah Tikva District, Israel
    Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 123:72-6. 2005
    ..To investigate the association between method of contraception and time to conception in a normal community-based population...
  82. ncbi Contraception during perimenopause
    N A Kailas
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Crete, Heraklion, Greece
    Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care 10:19-25. 2005
    ..options may be offered to perimenopausal women, including oral contraceptives, tubal ligation, intrauterine devices, barrier methods, hormonal injectables and implants...
  83. ncbi Family planning for obese women: challenges and opportunities
    David A Grimes
    Contraception 72:1-4. 2005
  84. ncbi The midwife and mature contraception
    Lindsay Reid
    Pract Midwife 11:14-6. 2008
  85. ncbi [Clinical study on women with amenorrhea after levonorgestrel intrauterine system]
    L Zhang
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, Capital University of Medical Science, Beijing 100020, China
    Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi 36:675-7. 2001
    ..Oligomenorrhea and amenorrhea caused by the local effects of LNG were reversible and did no harm to women's health. However, comprehensive consultation provided to women before insertion is of utmost importance for continuation use...
  86. ncbi [New trends in contraception]
    A G T Cozma
    Disciplina de Asistenţă Primară Stării de Sănätate si Epidemiologie, Facultatea de Medicina, Universitatea de Medicină şi Farmacie Gr T Popa, Lasi
    Rev Med Chir Soc Med Nat Iasi 109:861-5. 2005
    ..This article presents a synthesis of the latest contraceptive technologies available on the market, and the main areas of research in this field, separated by gender...
  87. ncbi Contraception use and probability of continuation: community-based survey of women in southern Jordan
    R M Youssef
    Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Mu tah University, Mu tah, Jordan
    East Mediterr Health J 11:545-58. 2005
    ..Pregnancy planning (74%) was the most frequently stated reason for discontinuation. Family planning programmes should focus on reducing discontinuation and recommending methods with a higher probability of continuation...
  88. ncbi Association of oral contraceptive use, other contraceptive methods, and infertility with ovarian cancer risk
    Shelley S Tworoger
    Channing Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 166:894-901. 2007
    ..Furthermore, tubal ligation, intrauterine device use, and infertility were associated with ovarian cancer risk...
  89. ncbi Therapy insight: guidelines for selection of contraception in women with rheumatic diseases
    Lisa R Sammaritano
    Weill Medical College of Cornell University, Hospital for Special Surgery, Department of Medicine, New York, NY, USA
    Nat Clin Pract Rheumatol 3:273-81; quiz 305-6. 2007
    ..Decisions should be individualized according to the patient's medical status, personal preference, and stage of reproductive life...
  90. pmc Safety and efficacy of fertility-regulating methods: a decade of research
    D C Skegg
    University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Bull World Health Organ 77:713-21. 1999
    ..stroke, and venous thromboembolism); and in establishing the long-term effectiveness and safety of intrauterine devices. The research has already made a significant impact on family planning policies and practice...
  91. ncbi Reasons and correlates of contraceptive discontinuation in Kuwait
    N M Shah
    Department of Community Medicine and Behavioural Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Kuwait University, Kuwait
    Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care 12:260-8. 2007
    ..1) To examine the probability of discontinuation of various methods within 1, 2, and three years of use and the reasons for discontinuation; 2) to analyse the socio-demographic correlates of discontinuation...
  92. ncbi Birth control within reach: a national survey on women's attitudes toward and interest in pharmacy access to hormonal contraception
    Sharon Cohen Landau
    Pharmacy Access Partnership, Oakland, CA 94610, USA
    Contraception 74:463-70. 2006
    ....
  93. ncbi Efficacy, acceptability and tolerability of the combined contraceptive ring, NuvaRing, compared with an oral contraceptive containing 30 microg of ethinyl estradiol and 3 mg of drospirenone
    Hans Joachim Ahrendt
    Halberstädter Strasse 122, D 39112 Magdeburg, Germany
    Contraception 74:451-7. 2006
    ..This randomized multicenter, open-label, trial compared efficacy, acceptability, tolerability and compliance of NuvaRing with a combined oral contraceptive (COC), containing 30 microg of ethinyl estradiol (EE) and 3 mg of drospirenone...
  94. ncbi Contraception for the transplant patient
    Christopher M Estes
    Division of Preventive and Ambulatory Care, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
    Semin Perinatol 31:372-7. 2007
    Patients who have had an organ transplant have a need for highly effective contraception. Intrauterine devices, depo-medroxyprogesterone acetate, and implantable etonorgestrel have the highest efficacy combined with the least chance of ..
  95. ncbi Laevonorgestrel intra-uterine system--a revolutionary intra-uterine device
    H P Gupta
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, KGMU, Lucknow
    J Indian Med Assoc 105:380, 382-5. 2007
    ..Moreover, it has been reported to be useful in patients with dysmenorrhoea, fibroids, endometriosis and adenomyosis and endometrial hyperplasia...
  96. ncbi The vaginal ring and transdermal patch: new methods of contraception
    Kathleen McNamee
    Family Planning Victoria, 901 Whitehorse Rd, Box Hill, VIC 3128, Australia
    Sex Health 3:135-42. 2006
    ..Both have been available internationally for some years and offer an alternative to the combined pill. This article reviews and summarises published data on these new methods...
  97. ncbi Adolescents and IUCDs--Not a contraindication
    Jenna McNaught
    Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology, St Boniface Hospital, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
    J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol 19:303-5. 2006
  98. ncbi [Imaging in pelvic inflammatory disease]
    I Thomassin-Naggara
    Service de Radiologie, Hopital Tenon, AP HP, 4 rue de la Chine, 75020 Paris, France
    J Radiol 89:134-41. 2008
    ..This is a review of evolutive aspects in pelvic inflammatory disease (salpingitis, endometritis, pyosalpinx, tubo ovarian abscess) assessed by different imaging modalities (Ultrasound, CT, MRI and hysterosalpingography)...
  99. ncbi Perception of efficacy and safety as determinants for use and discontinuation of birth control methods in Muslim Jordanian women
    A M Albsoul-Younes
    Clinical Pharmacy Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordon
    Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care 8:156-61. 2003
    ..This study was conducted to identify the perceptions of working Muslim Jordanian women regarding the efficacy and safety of their contraceptive methods, and whether these perceptions affected method choice or discontinuation...
  100. ncbi [Emergency contraception]
    C Bastianelli
    Dipartimento di Scienze Ginecologiche, Perinatologia e Puericultura, Universita degli Studi di Roma La Sapienza, Roma
    Minerva Ginecol 58:193-204. 2006
    ..In addition, this modality is truly interceptive, acting by preventing implantation. Pregnancy rates reported following EC using a device >300 mm2 of copper are consistently low (0.1-0.2%)...

Research Grants62

  1. Safety and Acceptability of Two IUDs among Cape Town HIV-positive Women: A RCT
    CATHERINE SUZANNE TODD; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  2. IUD, implant, and condoms: sexual and perinatal HIV prevention in Rwandan couples
    Susan A Allen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  3. Quantification of Immune Cells in Women Using Contraception
    SHARON LYNELLE ACHILLES; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  4. A Randomized Trial of the Copper IUD versus DMPA for HIV Prevention in Women
    Helen Rees; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  5. Modulation of Hormonal and Systemic Immunity by Hormonal Contraceptive Use
    Thomas L Cherpes; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..focuses on the immunomodulatory effects of DMPA, oral contraceptives (OC), and levonorgestrel-containng intrauterine devices (LNG-IUD) that may impair host responses against viral pathogens...
  6. Injectable Contraception and HIV/HSV-2 Incidence in Young South African Women
    Sinead Delany-Moretlwe; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  7. Improving long-acting reversible contraception access for adolescents
    SUSAN ELIZABETH RUBIN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Contraceptive methods that do not rely on the user (intrauterine devices and implants, collectively known as long-acting reversible contraception or LARC) are used more ..
  8. Inflamation and the Risk of Endometrial Cancer
    Akila Viswanathan; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This proposal will ensure that she will become an established independent investigator and a leading expert in gynecologic cancer epidemiology. ..
  9. EC Method: Determinants for Copper IUD Use and Future Unintended Pregnancy
    David Turok; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..This project will help family planning clinics meet the long term contraceptive needs of women presenting for emergency contraception and prevent unplanned pregnancies in this high risk group. ..
  10. Contraceptive Decision-Making: Women's Preferences for IUD-related Health States
    Bryna J Harwood; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..S. and result in large improvements in reproductive outcomes, health care costs and quality of life for women and families. ..
  11. Evaluation of a progesterone vaginal ring as a new contraceptive option in India
    REGINE SITRUK WARE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The ultimate goal of the project is to seek approval of this new product by the Health Authorities in India and permit access to a safe and effective user-controlled, long-acting method of contraception for women who are breastfeeding. ..
  12. Improving effective contraceptive use among opioid-maintained women
    Sarah H Heil; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  13. Prevention of HIV transmission/acquisition through informed contraceptive choice
    Danny J Schust; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  14. CLINICAL EVALUATION OF LEVONORGESTREL BUTANOATE FOR FEMALE CONTRACEPTION
    Jeffrey Jensen; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Levonorgestrel (LNG) has a long history of clinical use in a variety of contraceptives (pills, intrauterine devices, and implants) and its efficacy and safety are well recognized...
  15. CONTRACEPTION, BREASTFEEDING, AND THE USE OF HEALTH CARE
    JOSEPH POTTER; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..The results of the study will have implications for a number of controversies concerning the determinants and consequences of reproductive behavior in developing countries...
  16. PHARMACOKINETIC EVALUATION OF LEVONORGESTREL BUTANOATE FOR FEMALE CONTRACEPTION
    Jeffrey Jensen; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Levonorgestrel (LNG) has a long history of clinical use in a variety of contraceptives (pills, intrauterine devices, and implants) and its efficacy and safety are well recognized...
  17. Effect of Progesterone Contraceptives on the Vaginal Microbiome
    JASON DANIEL BELL; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Understanding the alterations to the vaginal microbiome may help to better understand the impact that these hormonal contraception's have on HIV acquisition. ..
  18. HORMONE ASSAYS FOR THE DOSE FINDING STUDY FOR LEVONORGESTREL BUTANOATE
    Jeffrey Jensen; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Levonorgestrel (LNG) has a long history of clinical use in a variety of contraceptives (pills, intrauterine devices, and implants) and its efficacy and safety are well recognized...
  19. PID IN IUD VS INJECTABLE CONTRACEPTIVE USERS PILOT STUDY
    Paul Feldblum; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..randomized controlled trial comparing the incidence of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) in users of copper intrauterine devices (IUDs) to the incidence in users of injectable depotmedroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA)...
  20. Family Planning Promotion in HIV Infected Zambians
    Susan Allen; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Cost- effectiveness will be determined with methods developed jointly by experts in the fields of HIV therapy in Africa and contraception. ..
  21. CCTN-CLINICAL EVALUATION OF LEVONORGESTREL BUTANOATE FOR FEMALE CONTRACEPTION
    Kurt Barnhart; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Levonorgestrel (LNG) has a long history of clinical use in a variety of contraceptives (pills, intrauterine devices, and implants) and its efficacy and safety are well recognized...
  22. CONTRACEPTIVE USE AND RISK OF CANCER IN SHANGHAI
    David Thomas; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ....
  23. CLINICAL EVALUATION OF LEVONORGESTREL BUTANOATE FOR FEMALE CONTRACEPTION
    Michael Thomas; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Levonorgestrel (LNG) has a long history of clinical use in a variety of contraceptives (pills, intrauterine devices, and implants) and its efficacy and safety are well recognized.
  24. Prophylactic Ibuprofen: Effect on IUD Continuation Rates
    David Hubacher; Fiscal Year: 2003
    b>Intrauterine devices (IUDs) were once a very popular birth control method in the US; in the 1970s, nearly ten percent of contracepting women used them...
  25. Providers' perceptions of the diaphragm in Southern Afr*
    Cynthia Harper; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..As the diaphragm effectiveness results become available, data from this proposed study will position us to design counseling interventions and to address provider education and training needs. ..
  26. Effect of hormonal contraception on bone mineral density
    Abbey Berenson; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Ultimately, this study will determine which women, if any, are placed at increased risk of osteopenia or osteoporosis as a result of using these hormonal contraceptives during their reproductive years. ..
  27. A RCT of LNG-IUD vs. DMPA for young postpartum women
    Nancy Stanwood; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Such a study could provide evidence for the safe and effective use of LNG-IUD in young postpartum women, leading to fewer unintended pregnancies. ..
  28. ESTIMATING EFFICACY OF A MEDICAL INTERVENTION
    James Trussell; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  29. Improving contraceptive use/practices among young women
    Melissa Gilliam; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  30. PDE3 Inhibitors: Selective Blockers of Oocyte Maturation
    Jeffrey Jensen; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This approach is expected to provide a foundation for future Phase 1 trials of PDE3 inhibitors in humans. ..
  31. STAGE MATCHED INTERVENTION TO INCREASE DUAL METHOD USE
    Jeffrey Peipert; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..If found to be effective, the stage-matched intervention has potential for widespread dissemination in schools, clinics, offices, and community centers to prevent STIs/HIV and unintended pregnancy. ..
  32. Effects of Hypericum Perforatum on Oral Contraceptives
    Patricia Murphy; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..A concurrent aim is the development and refinement of a methodology for evaluating the risk of ovulation and unintended pregnancy from use of other herbs or medications during oral contraceptive use. ..
  33. DOUCHING, VAGINAL MICROBIOLOGY, AND PID
    Roberta Ness; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Given the paucity of information regarding the relationship between douching and reproductive outcomes, the proposed study is imperative in order to direct future public health recommendations. ..
  34. Behavioral factors and dietary change in WHTFSMP
    Alok Bhargava; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Overall, the results will facilitate the design of policies for improving health of especially minority women in the United States and will be useful for analyses of the Women's Health Initiative data. ..
  35. EFFECTIVENESS OF OUTPATIENT TREATMENT OF PID
    Roberta Ness; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..We gain great efficiency in the use of the extensive resources and excellent follow-up success within the PEACH cohort. ..
  36. HOME SCREENING FOR CHLAMYDIA SURVEILLANCE
    Roberta Ness; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This study will determine whether a home screening strategy for bacterial STD's would enhance compliance with screening recommendations; such a strategy could contribute to elimination of STD's at reduced societal cost. ..
  37. The Fertility Transition in Brazil: 1960-2000
    JOSEPH POTTER; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  38. HORMONAL CONTROL OF THE FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE TRACT
    Robert Brenner; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The VEGF family and MMPs during menstrual induction. 2. VEFG-HGF interactions in MMP regulation. 3. KGF-VEGF interactions in spiral artery growth. 4. HGF and VEGF antagonists during menstruation. ..
  39. Adherence Interventions for Drug Users
    Ann Williams; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Participants will be a multidisciplinary group of researchers and clinicians who are actively engaged in the study of adherence interventions among drug users and other vulnerable populations. ..
  40. St. John's Wort Effects on Levonorgestrel
    Patricia Murphy; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The study protocol will be refined for use in future studies of levonorgestrel and other emergency contraceptive regimens. ..
  41. Clinical Research in Human Fertility
    Joseph Stanford; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Standford to develop his skills and gain the expertise needed to accomplish his goals. ..
  42. Genes, Hormones & Environment in an Ovarian Cancer Model
    Daniel Cramer; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Our continued goal is to identify modifiable risk factors and chemo preventive agents for a common and lethal cancer in women. ..
  43. Obesity, Oral Contraception and Ovarian Suppression
    Carolyn Westhoff; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This study will have very good power to detect clinically important differences. Results could directly and immediately affect contraceptive practice. ..
  44. Contraceptive efficacy and body weight: Does obesity affect the risk of failure?
    Alison Edelman; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  45. The Role of Prolactin in the Etiology of Postmenopausal Breast Cancer
    Shelley Tworoger; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This potentially may affect public health by increasing our understanding of how breast cancer develops, which in turn can lead to a better understanding of how to prevent this disease. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  46. Risk for New onset of Depression in Perimenopausal Women
    Daniel Cramer; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  47. MUC-1 related cancer immunity: determinants and predictive significance
    Daniel Cramer; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The findings of our study could provide the basis for developing a safe cancer- preventing vaccine for ovarian cancer and perhaps other MUC1-expressing tumors. ..
  48. Fetal Growth Restriction & Maternal Cardiovascular Risk
    Roberta Ness; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The presence of risk markers at an early age, specifically an age wherein markers of cardiovascular risk are typically not measured, may allow for implementation of early preventative interventions. ..
  49. Do Statins Ameliorate Periodontal Disease?
    Barry Saver; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  50. Alcohol and HIV Risk Reduction in St. Petersburg, R.F.
    Nadia Abdala; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We propose to immediately develop and test a theory-based risk reduction intervention for men and women who drink alcohol, who are seeking VCT at STI clinics and are at risk for contracting and transmitting HIV in St Petersburg, Russia. ..
  51. Oral Contraceptive Use along the US-Mexico Border
    JOSEPH POTTER; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Additionally, it will add substantially to the slim literature on the increasingly important area of Hispanic fertility and contraceptive practice. ..
  52. Pelvic Floor Changes Before and After Birth
    REBECCA GLENN ROGERS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This project will provide fundamental data to guide future decisions about labor interventions to prevent PF changes as well as data-based decisions regarding maternal request cesarean. ..
  53. RCT of a Novel Oral Contraceptive Initiation Method
    Carolyn Westhoff; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..We will also assess dual method use for STD prevention in the study to adoption of and adherence to oral contraceptives. We will also assess dual method use for STD prevention in the study population. ..