Summary: Examination of urine by chemical, physical, or microscopic means. Routine urinalysis usually includes performing chemical screening tests, determining specific gravity, observing any unusual color or odor, screening for bacteriuria, and examining the sediment microscopically.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Capillary electrophoresis-mass spectrometry as a powerful tool in clinical diagnosis and biomarker discovery
    Walter Kolch
    The Beatson Institute for Cancer Research, Garscube Estate, Switchback Road, Bearsden, Glasgow G61 1BD, United Kingdom
    Mass Spectrom Rev 24:959-77. 2005
  2. ncbi Urine for the diagnosis of tuberculosis: current approaches, clinical applicability, and new developments
    Jonathan Peter
    Lung Infection and Immunity Unit, Division of Pulmonology and Clinical Immunology and UCT Lung Institute, Department of Medicine, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
    Curr Opin Pulm Med 16:262-70. 2010
  3. ncbi Urinalysis: a comprehensive review
    Jeff A Simerville
    Georgetown University School of Medicine, Washington, DC, USA
    Am Fam Physician 71:1153-62. 2005
  4. ncbi Chronic kidney disease perspectives in Japan and the importance of urinalysis screening
    Kunihiro Yamagata
    Department of Nephrology, Institute of Clinical Medicine, Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Science, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Japan
    Clin Exp Nephrol 12:1-8. 2008
  5. ncbi ¹H nuclear magnetic resonance based metabolic urinary profiling of patients with ischemic heart failure
    Seok Min Kang
    Cardiology Division, Yonsei Cardiovascular Hospital and Cardiovascular Research Institute, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul 120 752, Republic of Korea
    Clin Biochem 44:293-9. 2011
  6. ncbi Role of urinary screening programmes in children in the prevention of chronic kidney disease
    H K Yap
    Shaw NKF Children s Kidney Centre, The Children s Medical Institute, National University Hospital, Singapore
    Ann Acad Med Singapore 34:3-7. 2005
  7. ncbi The value of urine testing for verifying adherence to anti-tuberculosis chemotherapy in children and adults in Uganda
    P E Meissner
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, UK
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 6:903-8. 2002
  8. pmc Interobserver reliability of urine sediment interpretation
    Ron Wald
    Department of Medicine, Division of Nephrology, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 4:567-71. 2009
  9. ncbi A review of the methods, interpretation, and limitations of the urine drug screen
    E Claire Markway
    Department of Pharmacy Services, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, USA
    Orthopedics 34:877-81. 2011
  10. pmc Diagnostic accuracy of urinary spot protein:creatinine ratio for proteinuria in hypertensive pregnant women: systematic review
    Anne Marie Côté
    BC Women s Hospital and Health Centre, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    BMJ 336:1003-6. 2008

Detail Information

Publications259 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Capillary electrophoresis-mass spectrometry as a powerful tool in clinical diagnosis and biomarker discovery
    Walter Kolch
    The Beatson Institute for Cancer Research, Garscube Estate, Switchback Road, Bearsden, Glasgow G61 1BD, United Kingdom
    Mass Spectrom Rev 24:959-77. 2005
    ..Finally, the benefits and limitations of CE-MS for the analysis of proteins in clinical samples are discussed against the background of alternative technologies...
  2. ncbi Urine for the diagnosis of tuberculosis: current approaches, clinical applicability, and new developments
    Jonathan Peter
    Lung Infection and Immunity Unit, Division of Pulmonology and Clinical Immunology and UCT Lung Institute, Department of Medicine, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
    Curr Opin Pulm Med 16:262-70. 2010
    ..The available literature on mycobacterial lipoarabinomannan (LAM) and urine mycobacterial DNA is reviewed...
  3. ncbi Urinalysis: a comprehensive review
    Jeff A Simerville
    Georgetown University School of Medicine, Washington, DC, USA
    Am Fam Physician 71:1153-62. 2005
    A complete urinalysis includes physical, chemical, and microscopic examinations. Midstream clean collection is acceptable in most situations, but the specimen should be examined within two hours of collection...
  4. ncbi Chronic kidney disease perspectives in Japan and the importance of urinalysis screening
    Kunihiro Yamagata
    Department of Nephrology, Institute of Clinical Medicine, Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Science, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Japan
    Clin Exp Nephrol 12:1-8. 2008
    ..and incidence of glomerulonephritis, especially IgA nephropathy, are high in the Japanese and Asian races, and urinalysis is the only method for early detection of chronic glomerulonephritis...
  5. ncbi ¹H nuclear magnetic resonance based metabolic urinary profiling of patients with ischemic heart failure
    Seok Min Kang
    Cardiology Division, Yonsei Cardiovascular Hospital and Cardiovascular Research Institute, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul 120 752, Republic of Korea
    Clin Biochem 44:293-9. 2011
    ..We sought to identify metabolic pathways characterizing human heart failure (HF) using ¹NMR based urinary metabolomic analysis in conjunction with multivariate statistics...
  6. ncbi Role of urinary screening programmes in children in the prevention of chronic kidney disease
    H K Yap
    Shaw NKF Children s Kidney Centre, The Children s Medical Institute, National University Hospital, Singapore
    Ann Acad Med Singapore 34:3-7. 2005
    ..This article reviews published literature on the usefulness of population-based urinary screening in the Asian paediatric population...
  7. ncbi The value of urine testing for verifying adherence to anti-tuberculosis chemotherapy in children and adults in Uganda
    P E Meissner
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, UK
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 6:903-8. 2002
    ..Mulago Hospital, Kampala, Uganda...
  8. pmc Interobserver reliability of urine sediment interpretation
    Ron Wald
    Department of Medicine, Division of Nephrology, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 4:567-71. 2009
    ..Urine sediment interpretation is frequently used in the evaluation of patients with kidney disease. There has been no systematic evaluation of the reliability of this diagnostic maneuver...
  9. ncbi A review of the methods, interpretation, and limitations of the urine drug screen
    E Claire Markway
    Department of Pharmacy Services, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, USA
    Orthopedics 34:877-81. 2011
    ..Either gas chromatography or high-performance liquid chromatography can be used to confirm positive results...
  10. pmc Diagnostic accuracy of urinary spot protein:creatinine ratio for proteinuria in hypertensive pregnant women: systematic review
    Anne Marie Côté
    BC Women s Hospital and Health Centre, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    BMJ 336:1003-6. 2008
    ..To review the spot protein:creatinine ratio and albumin:creatinine ratio as diagnostic tests for significant proteinuria in hypertensive pregnant women...
  11. ncbi Epidemiology of school urinary screening over a 30 year period in Tokyo
    Takeshi Yanagihara
    Department of Pediatrics, Nippon Medical School, Tokyo, Japan
    Pediatr Int 49:570-6. 2007
    ..A school urinary screening (SUS) system has been conducted for 30 years in Japan, but the cross-sectional data have never been reported or analyzed. The purpose of the present study was to analyze the data epidemiologically...
  12. ncbi Urinalysis is more specific and urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin is more sensitive for early detection of acute kidney injury
    Carrie A Schinstock
    Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic Rochester, Rochester, MN, USA
    Nephrol Dial Transplant 28:1175-85. 2013
    ..Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) protein is a promising biomarker to detect acute kidney injury (AKI). Earlier detection of AKI could facilitate evaluation of novel therapeutic strategies...
  13. ncbi Quantitation of folates and their catabolites in blood plasma, erythrocytes, and urine by stable isotope dilution assays
    Sabine Mönch
    Lehrstuhl fur Lebensmittelchemie, Technische Universitat Munchen, Garching, Germany
    Anal Biochem 398:150-60. 2010
    ..The sum of folate catabolites increased by a factor of 2 in the urine of the latter volunteer, compared with that resulting when only water was dosed...
  14. ncbi Exploring the human urine metabolomic potentialities by comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography coupled to time of flight mass spectrometry
    Sílvia M Rocha
    QOPNA, Departamento de Quimica, Universidade de Aveiro, 3810 193 Aveiro, Portugal
    J Chromatogr A 1252:155-63. 2012
  15. ncbi Does this woman have an acute uncomplicated urinary tract infection?
    Stephen Bent
    University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco VAMC, 94121, USA
    JAMA 287:2701-10. 2002
    ..Although the clinical encounter typically involves taking a history and performing a physical examination, the diagnostic accuracy of the clinical assessment for UTI remains uncertain...
  16. ncbi Role of routine urinalysis in asymptomatic pediatric patients
    Jayanthi Chandar
    Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Nephrology, University of Miami Jackson Children s Hospital, Miami, Florida 33101, USA
    Clin Pediatr (Phila) 44:43-8. 2005
    ..significant kidney disease in asymptomatic children with proteinuria and/or microhematuria detected by routine urinalysis. Clinical and laboratory data were obtained by retrospective chart review of 239 patients referred to a tertiary ..
  17. pmc A prospective comparison of random urine protein-creatinine ratio vs 24-hour urine protein in women with preeclampsia
    N Aggarwal
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, PGIMER, Chandigarh, India
    Medscape J Med 10:98. 2008
    ..To assess the diagnostic accuracy of random urine protein-creatinine ratio for the prediction of significant proteinuria in patients with preeclampsia...
  18. ncbi Metabolomics: the "new clinical chemistry" for personalized neonatal medicine
    R Antonucci
    Division of Neonatology and Pediatrics, Ospedale Nostra Signora di Bonaria, San Gavino Monreale, Italy
    Minerva Pediatr 62:145-8. 2010
  19. ncbi School urinalysis screening in Korea
    Byoung Soo Cho
    East West Kidney Diseases Research Institute, Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Kyunghee University, Seoul, Korea
    Nephrology (Carlton) 12:S3-7. 2007
    Since 1998, by law, all school children in Korea must have an annual urinalysis. The first early morning urine specimen is examined by a simple dipstick method for the detection of proteinuria, haematuria and glucose...
  20. ncbi Urinary arsenic concentration adjustment factors and malnutrition
    Barbro Nermell
    Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Environ Res 106:212-8. 2008
    ..Furthermore, urinary creatinine was found to be significantly associated with urinary arsenic, which further disqualifies the creatinine adjustment...
  21. ncbi Scaling and normalization effects in NMR spectroscopic metabonomic data sets
    Andrew Craig
    Biological Chemistry, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Imperial College London, Sir Alexander Fleming Building, South Kensington, London SW7 2AZ U K
    Anal Chem 78:2262-7. 2006
    ..e., transcriptomics or proteomics) and for integrated studies with "fused" data sets. It is concluded that data preprocessing is context dependent and there can be no single method for general use...
  22. ncbi Meta-analysis of the quantity of calcium excretion associated with the net acid excretion of the modern diet under the acid-ash diet hypothesis
    Tanis R Fenton
    Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada
    Am J Clin Nutr 88:1159-66. 2008
    ..A systematic approach has not been used to summarize the findings of the numerous studies about the hypothesis...
  23. ncbi Identification of a unique urinary biomarker profile in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease
    Andreas D Kistler
    Department of Nephrology, University Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland
    Kidney Int 76:89-96. 2009
    ..These findings present a potential hypothesis for the mechanisms of disease progression in ADPKD which will need to be confirmed by further studies...
  24. ncbi A comparison of spot urine protein-creatinine ratio with 24-hour urine protein excretion in women with preeclampsia
    Nahid Shahbazian
    Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Imam Khomeini Hospital, Ahwaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahwaz, Iran
    Iran J Kidney Dis 2:127-31. 2008
    ..Proteinuria is an important diagnostic component of preeclampsia. We prospectively compared the results of spot urine protein-creatinine (P/C) ratio with 24-hour urine protein excretion in women with preeclampsia...
  25. ncbi Use of a random urinary protein-to-creatinine ratio for the diagnosis of significant proteinuria during pregnancy
    D Rodriguez-Thompson
    Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 185:808-11. 2001
    ..The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether a random urinary protein-to-creatinine ratio is a clinically useful predictor of significant proteinuria (300 mg/24 hour)...
  26. ncbi Accuracy of dipstick urinalysis as a screening method for detection of glucose, protein, nitrites and blood
    B Zamanzad
    Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Shahre kord University of Medical Sciences, Shahre Kord, Islamic Republic of Iran
    East Mediterr Health J 15:1323-8. 2009
    This study determined the reliability of dipstick urinalysis for detection of protein, glucose, blood and nitrites in non-random urine samples from 300 people aged > 50 years attending a health centre for check-up...
  27. ncbi Urine sediment analysis: Analytical and diagnostic performance of sediMAX - a new automated microscopy image-based urine sediment analyser
    Zahur Zaman
    Department of Laboratory Medicine, University Hospital Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    Clin Chim Acta 411:147-54. 2010
  28. ncbi [Urinalysis: what a primary care physician needs to know]
    V Latini Keller
    Service de medecine de premier recours, Département de médecine communautaire et de premier recours, HUG, 1211 Geneve 14
    Rev Med Suisse 5:1870-5. 2009
    Dipstick urinalysis is a very useful diagnostic tool in primary care when used in a specific context (urinary complaints, follow-up of systemic diseases, or pregnancy), but not as a screening instrument...
  29. ncbi Urinalysis and hair analysis for illicit drugs of driver applicants and drivers in the trucking industry
    Tom Mieczkowski
    Department of Criminology, The University of South Florida, 4202 East Fowler Avenue SOC 107, Tampa, FL 33702, USA
    J Forensic Leg Med 17:254-60. 2010
    ..Applicants are more frequently positive for a drug by a factor of 3 for both urinalysis and hair analysis when compared to currently employed drivers...
  30. ncbi The pre-analytical challenges of routine urinalysis
    A Coppens
    Department of Clinical Chemistry, Ghent University Hospital, Belgium
    Acta Clin Belg 65:182-9. 2010
    An effective diagnostic strategy for urinalysis should be based on standard procedures for collection, transport, sample preparation and analysis...
  31. ncbi Accuracy of urinalysis dipstick techniques in predicting significant proteinuria in pregnancy
    Jason J S Waugh
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Leicester Warwick Medical School, University of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom
    Obstet Gynecol 103:769-77. 2004
    To estimate the accuracy of point-of-care dipstick urinalysis in predicting significant proteinuria in pregnancy.
  32. ncbi New screening diagnostic techniques in urinalysis
    J Delanghe
    Deaprtment of Clinical Chemistry, University Hospital Ghent, 2P8 De Pintelaan 185 2P8, 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    Acta Clin Belg 62:155-61. 2007
    New technological evolutions have enabled new diagnostic approaches in urinalysis. Urinary flow cytometry and automated microscopic pattern recognition are two new techniques that are characterised by a much better imprecision and a ..
  33. ncbi Limits of preservation of samples for urine strip tests and particle counting
    Timo Kouri
    Department of Clinical Chemistry, Oulu University, Oulu, Finland
    Clin Chem Lab Med 46:703-13. 2008
    ..Preservation of urine samples is important for centralised laboratory services with automated instruments...
  34. ncbi Introduction to urinalysis: historical perspectives and clinical application
    German Echeverry
    Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA
    Methods Mol Biol 641:1-12. 2010
    b>Urinalysis was the first laboratory test performed in medicine and has been used for several thousand years. Today urinalysis continues to be a powerful tool in obtaining crucial information for diagnostic purposes in medicine...
  35. ncbi The efficacy of urinalysis, plain films, and spiral CT in ED patients with suspected renal colic
    Oktay Eray
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Akdeniz University School of Medicine, Antalya, Turkey
    Am J Emerg Med 21:152-4. 2003
    We determined the diagnostic value of urinalysis and plain films in patients with suspected renal colic presenting to an emergency department (ED)...
  36. ncbi Increasing thyroxine requirements in primary hypothyroidism: don't forget the urinalysis!
    N A Junglee
    Centre for Endocrine and Diabetes Sciences, University Hospital of Wales, Heath Park, Cardiff, CF14 4XW, UK
    J Postgrad Med 52:201-3. 2006
    ..Dipstick urine testing should be considered in all hypothyroid patients with rising TSH levels, where good compliance with thyroxine therapy is likely...
  37. ncbi A cost-effectiveness analysis of screening urine dipsticks in well-child care
    Deepa L Sekhar
    Penn State Hershey Children s Hospital, Department of Pediatrics, HS83, 500 University Dr, Hershey, PA 17033, USA
    Pediatrics 125:660-3. 2010
    ..Because the new recommendation marks a major alteration in the practice guidelines, we sought to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of dipstick urinalysis for detection of CKD from the primary care practitioner's perspective.
  38. ncbi Analytical performance of the Iris iQ200 automated urine microscopy analyzer
    Solveig Linko
    Hospital District of Helsinki and Uusimaa, Helsinki University Central Hospital, HUSLAB, Helsinki, Finland
    Clin Chim Acta 372:54-64. 2006
  39. ncbi Preservation of urine for flow cytometric and visual microscopic testing
    Timo Kouri
    Oulu University Hospital, Laboratory Administration, PO Box 50, FIN 90029 OYS, Finland
    Clin Chem 48:900-5. 2002
    ..We compared two in-house mixtures and one commercial solution, as well as refrigeration, for their ability to preserve urine for both automated analysis (flow cytometry) and visual microscopy...
  40. ncbi Evaluation of an automated urinalysis system for testing urine chemistry, microscopy and culture
    Wayne Dimech
    Gribbles Pathology, Clayton, Victoria, Australia
    Pathology 34:170-7. 2002
    This study was designed to evaluate the performance of an automated urinalysis system that utilised three commercially available instruments, the Clinitek Atlas, Sysmex UF-100 and the Alifax Uro-Quick.
  41. ncbi Quality improvements in the preanalytical phase: focus on urine specimen workflow
    Ana K Stankovic
    Medical and Clinical Affairs, BD Diagnostics, Preanalytical Systems, Franklin Lakes, NJ 07417, USA
    Clin Lab Med 28:339-50, viii. 2008
    ..Means of achieving them through application of various Lean techniques are also discussed...
  42. ncbi Development and validation of an open screening method for diuretics, stimulants and selected compounds in human urine by UHPLC-HRMS for doping control
    A Jiménez Girón
    Department of Analytical Chemistry, University of Extremadura, Badajoz, Spain
    Anal Chim Acta 721:137-46. 2012
    ..Validation of the method yielded detection limits for diuretics between 25 and 250 ng mL(-1) and for stimulants between 5 and 500 ng mL(-1). The screening method has been implemented in routine doping control...
  43. pmc Does self monitoring of blood glucose as opposed to urinalysis provide additional benefit in patients newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes receiving structured education? The DESMOND SMBG randomised controlled trial protocol
    Helen M Dallosso
    Diabetes Research Department, University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust, Leicester, UK
    BMC Fam Pract 13:18. 2012
    ..However, what was unclear was whether a cheaper method of self-monitoring (such as urine glucose monitoring) could produce comparable benefit and patient acceptability for less cost...
  44. ncbi Mid-stream vs. first-voided urine collection by using automated analyzers for particle examination in healthy subjects: an Italian multicenter study
    Fabio Manoni
    Servizio di Medicina di Laboratorio, Ospedali di Este e Monselice, Padova, Italy
    Clin Chem Lab Med 50:679-84. 2012
    ..other areas of laboratory diagnostics, the pre-analytical phase is the leading source of variability also in urinalysis. We carried out a multicentric study for comparing results obtained from first-voided and mid-stream urine ..
  45. ncbi Evaluation of the Sysmex UF-100 automated urinalysis analyzer
    J Ben-Ezra
    Department of Pathology, Virginia Commonwealth University Medical College of Virginia, Richmond 23298 0250, USA
    Clin Chem 44:92-5. 1998
    b>Urinalysis is a high-volume procedure that currently requires significant labor to examine microscopic sediment. We evaluated the Sysmex UF-100 automated urinalysis analyzer for performing this task...
  46. ncbi SPE-NMR metabolite sub-profiling of urine
    Doris M Jacobs
    Unilever R and D, Olivier van Noortlaan 120, 3130 AC, Vlaardingen, The Netherlands
    Anal Bioanal Chem 404:2349-61. 2012
    ..In conclusion, SPE-NMR metabolite sub-profiling is a reliable and improved method for quantification and identification of metabolites in urine to discover dietary effects and markers of phytochemical exposure...
  47. pmc National trends in emergency department use of urinalysis, complete blood count, and blood culture for fever without a source among children aged 2 to 24 months in the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine 7 era
    Alan E Simon
    Infant, Child, and Women s Health Statistics Branch, Office of Analysis and Epidemiology, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Hyattsville, MD 20782 USA
    Pediatr Emerg Care 29:560-7. 2013
    ..We examine trends in rates of complete blood count (CBC), urinalysis (UA), and blood cultures among 2- to 24-month-old children with FWS since the introduction of PCV-7.
  48. ncbi Urine sediment examination: a comparison of automated urinalysis systems and manual microscopy
    Tzu I Chien
    Department of Laboratory Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taiwan
    Clin Chim Acta 384:28-34. 2007
    ..Several automated instruments examining urine sediment have been introduced. We compared the performance of Sysmex UF-100 and Iris iQ200 with manual microscopy in urine sediment testing...
  49. ncbi Implementation of point-of-care rapid urine testing for drugs of abuse in the emergency department of an academic medical center: impact on test utilization and ED length of stay
    Kent Lewandrowski
    Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    Am J Clin Pathol 129:796-801. 2008
    ..Differences in sensitivity and specificity between POC and central laboratory results require provision of interpretive comments with results...
  50. ncbi Metabonomics investigation of human urine after ingestion of green tea with gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry and (1)H NMR spectroscopy
    Wai Siang Law
    Department of Chemistry, National University of Singapore, 3 Science Drive 3, Republic of Singapore 117543
    Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom 22:2436-46. 2008
    ..The multiple analytical approach together with pattern recognition tools is a useful platform to study metabolic profiles after ingestion of botanicals and medicinal plants...
  51. ncbi Comparison of three automated systems for urine chemistry and sediment analysis in routine laboratory practice
    Yasemin U Budak
    Department of Clinical Laboratory, Sevket Yilmaz Training Hospital, Bursa, Turkey
    Clin Lab 57:47-52. 2011
    ..Automated urinalysis systems can save labor and time, and are valuable in high-volume laboratories...
  52. ncbi School urinalysis screening in Korea: prevalence of chronic renal disease
    B S Cho
    Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Kyung Hee University Hospital, 1 Hoegi dong Dongdaemun ku, Seoul, Korea
    Pediatr Nephrol 16:1126-8. 2001
    ..Results of initial urinalysis are divided into three groups: solely hematuria group (228 cases, 50.4%), solely proteinuria group (98 cases, 21...
  53. ncbi Clinical laboratory automated urinalysis: comparison among automated microscopy, flow cytometry, two test strips analyzers, and manual microscopic examination of the urine sediments
    S Mayo
    Departamento de Bioquimica, Servicio de Analisis Clinicos, Hospital Universitario Dr Peset, Valencia, Spain
    J Clin Lab Anal 22:262-70. 2008
    b>Urinalysis is one of the habitual clinical laboratory procedures, which implies that one of the largest sample volumes currently requires significant labor to examine microscopic sediments...
  54. ncbi Proline betaine and its biotransformation products in fasting urine samples are potential biomarkers of habitual citrus fruit consumption
    Amanda J Lloyd
    Institute of Biological Environmental and Rural Sciences, Aberystwyth University, Aberystwyth SY23 3DA, UK
    Br J Nutr 106:812-24. 2011
    ..Targeted screening for the presence of biotransformation products of hesperidin and narirutin, known to be abundant in oranges, revealed that they were relatively poor indicators of citrus exposure...
  55. ncbi Evaluation of urinalysis parameters to predict urinary-tract infection
    Juliana Conrad dos Santos
    Laboratory of Clinical Analysis, Faculty of Pharmacy, Caxias do Sul University, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
    Braz J Infect Dis 11:479-81. 2007
    We evaluated the performance of automated-flow cytometry, urinalysis dipsticks and microscopic urine sediment analysis as predictors of urinary tract infection. Urine cultures were used as a reference method for comparison...
  56. doi Urinalysis: core curriculum 2008
    Giovanni B Fogazzi
    Research Laboratory on Urine, Nephrology Unit, Fondazione IRCCS, Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico Mangiagalli e Regina Elena, Milano, Italy
    Am J Kidney Dis 51:1052-67. 2008
  57. ncbi Comparison of fully automated urine sediment analyzers H800-FUS100 and LabUMat-UriSed with manual microscopy
    Hatice Yuksel
    Department of Medical Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Dicle University, Diyarbakir, Turkey
    J Clin Lab Anal 27:312-6. 2013
    ..The aim of this study was to compare the performances of the LabUMat-UriSed and the H800-FUS100 with manual microscopy, and with each other...
  58. ncbi Analytic performance of bacteriuria and leukocyturia obtained by UriSed in culture positive urinary tract infections
    C Karakukcu
    Training and Research Hospital, Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Kayseri, Turkey
    Clin Lab 58:107-11. 2012
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate the analytical and diagnostic performance of a new urinalysis system LabUMat with UriSed (77 Elektronika, Budapest, Hungary) in comparison to urine culture as the reference ..
  59. ncbi Methylational urinalysis: a prospective study of bladder cancer patients and age stratified benign controls
    D R Yates
    Institute for Cancer Studies, University of Sheffield, Royal Hallamshire Hospital, Sheffield, UK
    Oncogene 25:1984-8. 2006
    ..The frequency and extent of methylation appears to increase with age and malignancy. The lack of tumour specificity suggests that further investigation is required before this test is introduced into clinical practice...
  60. pmc The validity of drug use responses in a household survey in Puerto Rico: comparison of survey responses with urinalysis
    H M Colon
    Center for Sociomedical Research and Evaluation, Graduate School of Public Health, Medical Sciences Campus, University of Puerto Rico, P O Box 365067, San Juan 00936 5067, Puerto Rico
    Addict Behav 35:667-72. 2010
  61. ncbi Accuracy of the spot urinary microalbumin:creatinine ratio and visual dipsticks in hypertensive pregnant women
    Rajesh Gangaram
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu Natal, Private Bag 7, Congella 4013, South Africa
    Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 144:146-8. 2009
  62. pmc Detection of significant bacteriuria by automated urinalysis using flow cytometry
    H Okada
    Department of Urology, Kobe University School of Medicine, Kobe, Japan
    J Clin Microbiol 38:2870-2. 2000
    ..Besides detecting significant bacteriuria, the UF-50 can also perform routine urinalysis, including measurement of concentrations of red blood cells, white blood cells, epithelial cells, and casts, ..
  63. ncbi Occult bacterial lower urinary tract infections in cats-urinalysis and culture findings
    Annette Litster
    The School of Veterinary Science, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
    Vet Microbiol 136:130-4. 2009
    Bacterial urinary tract infections (UTIs) can be detected in feline urine submitted for urinalysis and culture as part of the diagnostic workup for a variety of conditions...
  64. ncbi Diagnostic accuracy of urine dipsticks for detection of albuminuria in the general community
    Sarah L White
    George Institute For Global Health, Sydney, Australia
    Am J Kidney Dis 58:19-28. 2011
    ..Urine dipsticks, an inexpensive accessible test for proteinuria, are widely advocated for mass screening; however, their diagnostic accuracy in the general community is largely unknown...
  65. ncbi Measurement of urine pH for epidemiological studies on bladder cancer
    Juan Alguacil
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Eur J Epidemiol 22:91-8. 2007
  66. ncbi A metabonomic study of biochemical changes characteristic of genetically hypertensive rats based on (1)H NMR spectroscopic urinalysis
    Kazuki Akira
    Department of Pharmaceutical Analytical Chemistry, College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Matsuyama University, Matsuyama, Japan
    Hypertens Res 35:404-12. 2012
    ..In addition, the intestinal microfloral populations in the SHR were suggested to be altered in the developmental phase of hypertension...
  67. ncbi The underlying diseases and follow-up in Taiwanese children screened by urinalysis
    C Y Lin
    Department of Pediatrics, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Shih Pai, Taiwan, Republic of China
    Pediatr Nephrol 16:232-7. 2001
    To date, the underlying diseases and follow-up of Taiwanese children screened by urinalysis have not been reported...
  68. ncbi Enhanced urinalysis improves identification of febrile infants ages 60 days and younger at low risk for serious bacterial illness
    S M Herr
    Department of Pediatrics, Children s Hospital of Pittsburgh, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    Pediatrics 108:866-71. 2001
    ..Previous studies have used criteria for standard urinalysis to identify suspected urinary tract infection; however, cases of urinary tract infection have been missed...
  69. ncbi Assessment of a four hour delay for urine samples stored without preservatives at room temperature for urinalysis
    Kika Veljkovic
    McMaster University, Department of Pathology and Molecular Medicine, 1200 Main Street West, Hamilton, ON, Canada L8N 3Z5
    Clin Biochem 45:856-8. 2012
    To determine whether urine storage at room temperature for up to 2h versus 4h changes urinalysis results.
  70. pmc The reliability and practicality of the Arkansas method assay of isoniazid adherence
    Katharine E Schmitz
    The Center for Behavioral Epidemiology and Community Health, Graduate School of Public Health, San Diego State University, 9245 Sky Park Court, San Diego, CA 92123, USA
    Clin Nurs Res 19:131-43. 2010
    ..These findings have important implications for providers of treatment and researchers and provide the impetus for both to examine the potential of using the AM of INH metabolite testing as a measure of medication adherence...
  71. ncbi The molecular signature for urothelial carcinoma of the upper urinary tract
    Chung Liang Ho
    Department of Pathology, National Cheng Kung University Hospital, Tainan, Taiwan, Republic of China
    J Urol 179:1155-9. 2008
    ..The same loss of heterozygosity has also been identified in matched serum or urine DNA. We determined a urine microsatellite marker profile specific to urothelial carcinoma of the upper urinary tract...
  72. ncbi The prevalence of asymptomatic pyuria in diabetic patients: comparison of the Sysmex UF-100 automated urinalysis analyzer with Fuchs-Rosenthal hemacytometer
    Sebahat Ozdem
    Akdeniz University, Medical Faculty, Department of Central Lab Clinical Biochemistry, Antalya, Turkey
    Clin Biochem 39:873-8. 2006
    ..We investigated the prevalence of asymptomatic pyuria (ASP) in diabetic patients and compared the Sysmex UF-100 with Fuchs-Rosenthal hemacytometer...
  73. ncbi Evaluation of the reproducibility and accuracy of pH-determining devices used to measure urine pH in dogs
    Kristen Y Johnson
    Minnesota Urolith Center, Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, MN 55108, USA
    J Am Vet Med Assoc 230:364-9. 2007
    ..To evaluate the reproducibility and accuracy of 4 portable pH meters, a reagent strip, and pH paper for measuring urine pH in dogs...
  74. ncbi Alternate evaluations of proteinuria in the gravid hypertensive patient
    Frank P Schubert
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Indiana University, Indianapolis, USA
    J Reprod Med 51:709-14. 2006
  75. ncbi Urine albumin/creatinine ratio for the assessment of albuminuria in pregnancy hypertension
    Henry Nisell
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Karolinska University Hospital, Huddinge, Sweden
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 85:1327-30. 2006
    ..This is, however, a cumbersome and inconvenient method. Therefore, the present study aimed at assessing the accuracy of a spot urine albumin/creatinine ratio in pregnant women with hypertension...
  76. ncbi Urinalysis in children with epididymitis
    L A Graumann
    Department of Pediatric Surgery, University Hospital, Philipps University Marburg, Germany
    Eur J Pediatr Surg 20:247-9. 2010
    ..Yet, although urine cultures are often sterile, in clinical practice prepubertal boys with epididymitis are often treated with antibiotics...
  77. ncbi Comparison and interpretation of urinalysis performed by a nephrologist versus a hospital-based clinical laboratory
    Jason J Tsai
    Division of Nephrology, University of California Davis Medical Center, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA
    Am J Kidney Dis 46:820-9. 2005
    b>Urinalysis (UA) is considered the most important laboratory test in evaluating patients with kidney disease...
  78. ncbi Evaluation of the asymptomatic athlete with hepatic and urinalysis abnormalities
    Shawn F Kane
    Womack Army Medical Center, Ft Bragg, NC 28310, USA
    Curr Sports Med Rep 8:77-84. 2009
    In general, there is no reason to evaluate either liver function tests or a urinalysis in asymptomatic athletes. However, at times they are ordered inadvertently, and when abnormal, the provider faces a quandary - ignore or evaluate them...
  79. ncbi ASVCP quality assurance guidelines: control of preanalytical, analytical, and postanalytical factors for urinalysis, cytology, and clinical chemistry in veterinary laboratories
    Rebekah G Gunn-Christie
    Antech Diagnostics, Inc, Cary, NC 27518, USA
    Vet Clin Pathol 41:18-26. 2012
    ..and comparisons; (2) hematology, hemostasis, and crossmatching; and (3) clinical chemistry, cytology, and urinalysis. This particular report is one of 3 reports and documents recommendations for control of preanalytical, ..
  80. ncbi Dipstick urinalysis and the accuracy of the clinical diagnosis of urinary tract infection
    R V Sultana
    Department of Emergency Medicine, The Royal Melbourne Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, Australia
    J Emerg Med 20:13-9. 2001
    The aim of this study was to determine whether dipstick urinalysis (DU) augmented the accuracy of clinical assessment in the diagnosis of urinary tract infection (UTI)...
  81. ncbi Quantitative evaluation of urinalysis test strips
    Joris Penders
    Department of Clinical Chemistry University Hospital Ghent, De Pintelaan 185, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    Clin Chem 48:2236-41. 2002
    ..We investigated the possible use of these meters to complement flow cytometry of urine and compared reflectance readings with quantitative determinations of urinary glucose and microalbumin...
  82. ncbi To pee or not to pee: reconsidering the need for urinalysis
    George S Yacoubian
    McFarland and Associates, Silver Spring, Maryland 20910, USA
    J Drug Educ 32:261-70. 2002
    While urinalysis is used regularly as a tool to validate self-reported recent drug use, past research has been inconclusive in evaluating concordance between the two measures...
  83. ncbi Arsenic exposure in pregnancy: a population-based study in Matlab, Bangladesh
    Marie E Vahter
    Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    J Health Popul Nutr 24:236-45. 2006
    ..There were marked geographical variations in exposure. The results emphasize the urgent need for efficient mitigation activities and investigations of arsenic-related reproductive effects...
  84. ncbi Imaging studies after a first febrile urinary tract infection in young children
    Alejandro Hoberman
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and Children s Hospital of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh 15213 2583, USA
    N Engl J Med 348:195-202. 2003
    ..We investigated whether imaging studies altered management or improved outcomes in young children with a first febrile urinary tract infection...
  85. ncbi NMR-based metabonomic approaches for evaluating physiological influences on biofluid composition
    Mary E Bollard
    Biological Chemistry, Biomedical Sciences Division, Sir Alexander Fleming Building, Imperial College, South Kensington, London SW7 2AZ, UK
    NMR Biomed 18:143-62. 2005
    ..Thus metabonomic approaches based on information-rich spectroscopic data sets can be used to evaluate normal physiological variation and for investigation of drug safety issues...
  86. ncbi Hepcidin: from discovery to differential diagnosis
    Erwin H J M Kemna
    Department of Clinical Chemistry, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, P O Box 9101 6500 HB Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Haematologica 93:90-7. 2008
    ..Ongoing studies in humans should provide us with more information on the etiology of iron metabolism disorders in order to create new therapeutic strategies and improve differential diagnosis protocols for these diseases...
  87. ncbi Rapid urinalysis assays for the diagnosis of urinary tract infection
    K N Moore
    Faculty of Nursing and Faculty of Medicine, University of Alberta, Canada
    Br J Nurs 10:995-1001. 2001
    ..on the basis of clinical symptoms and the use of one or more laboratory tests, the most common being rapid urinalysis reagent assays (urine dip) or midstream urine culture...
  88. ncbi Screening tests for urinary tract infection in children: A meta-analysis
    M H Gorelick
    Division of Emergency Medicine, A I duPont Hospital for Children, Wilmington, Delaware 19899, USA
    Pediatrics 104:e54. 1999
    ..To review systematically and to summarize the existing literature regarding performance of rapid diagnostic tests for urinary tract infection (UTI) in children...
  89. ncbi Idiopathic recurrent calcium urolithiasis (IRCU): an acid meal challenge uncovers inappropriate pH of postprandial, fasting and daily urine: a cross-sectional study of male patients providing insight into post- and pre-load urinary stone substances, cryst
    Paul O Schwille
    Mineral Metabolism and Endocrine Research Laboratory, Department of Surgery, University of Erlangen Nurnberg, Germany
    Eur J Med Res 13:332-42. 2008
    ..In IRCU the possible role of urinary pH (U-pH) as risk factor of calcium (Ca) stones is poorly understood...
  90. pmc Reproducibility of urinary phthalate metabolites in first morning urine samples
    Jane A Hoppin
    Epidemiology Branch, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709 2233, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 110:515-8. 2002
    ..5 for mBzP. These results suggest that even with the short half-lives of phthalates, women's patterns of exposure may be sufficiently stable to assign an exposure level based on a single first morning void urine measurement...
  91. ncbi Specific gravity as an alternative to creatinine for estimating urine concentration in captive and wild chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) Samples
    Stephanie F Anestis
    Department of Anthropology, Reproductive Ecology Laboratory, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520 8277, USA
    Am J Primatol 71:130-5. 2009
    ..We recommend that researchers consider specific gravity measurement as a preferable alternative to creatinine measurement in their studies of primate endocrinology...
  92. ncbi Urinalysis in free-living chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) in Uganda
    T R Kelly
    Environmental Medicine Consortium and Department of Clinical Sciences, North Carolina State University, 4700 Hillsborough Street, Raleigh, North Carolina 27606, USA
    Vet Rec 154:729-30. 2004
  93. ncbi Ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled to time of flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-TOF): a novel tool for multiresidue screening of veterinary drugs in urine
    Anton Kaufmann
    Official Food Control Authority of the Canton of Zurich Kantonales Labor Zürich, Postfach, CH 8030 Zurich, Switzerland
    Anal Chim Acta 586:13-21. 2007
    ..The proposed multiresidue approach was further broadened by monitoring drug group specific collision induced fragments (CID). Examples show the monitoring of generic CID fragments typical for sulfonamides and penicillins...
  94. ncbi Analytical reproducibility in (1)H NMR-based metabonomic urinalysis
    Hector C Keun
    Biological Chemistry, Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, London, SW7 2AZ, UK
    Chem Res Toxicol 15:1380-6. 2002
    ..These results have implications for the quantitative interpretation of metabonomic data, and the establishment of quality control criteria for both regulatory agencies and for integrating data obtained at different sites...
  95. ncbi Clinical management of urinary tract infection in women: a prospective cohort study
    Tom Fahey
    Tayside Centre for General Practice, University of Dundee, Kirsty Semple Way, Dundee DD2 4AD, UK
    Fam Pract 20:1-6. 2003
    ..It is unclear how symptoms of urinary tract infection (UTI) influence clinical management in terms of diagnostic testing and treatment with antibiotics...
  96. ncbi What is the predictive value of urinary symptoms for diagnosing urinary tract infection in women?
    D Medina-Bombardó
    EAP, Mallorca, Ib Salut, Palma, Spain
    Fam Pract 20:103-7. 2003
  97. ncbi Optimal bedside urinalysis for the detection of proteinuria in hypertensive pregnancy: a study of diagnostic accuracy
    Jason J S Waugh
    Reproductive Science Section, Department of Cancer Studies and Molecular Medicine, University of Leicester, Leicester Royal Infirmary, Infirmary Square, Leicester LEI SWW, UK
    BJOG 112:412-7. 2005
    To compare semi-quantitative visual and automated methods of urine testing with fully quantitative point of care urinalysis for the detection of significant proteinuria (0.3 g/24 hours) in pregnancy complicated by hypertension.
  98. ncbi Vapor-phase infrared laser spectroscopy: from gas sensing to forensic urinalysis
    Richard Bartlome
    Institute for Quantum Electronics, ETH Zurich, Schafmattstrasse 16, 8093 Zurich, Switzerland
    Anal Chem 80:5334-41. 2008
    ..In this paper, the technique is further developed and, for the first time, applied to forensic urinalysis. For this purpose, a difference frequency generation laser was coupled to an in-house-built, high-temperature ..
  99. ncbi The prevalence of urinary tract infections and sexually transmitted disease in women with symptoms of a simple urinary tract infection stratified by low colony count criteria
    Tara Shapiro
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Bronx Lebanon Hospital, 1276 Fulton Avenue, Bronx, NY 10456, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 12:38-44. 2005
  100. ncbi A general screening method for doping agents in human urine by solid phase extraction and liquid chromatography/time-of-flight mass spectrometry
    Marjo Kolmonen
    Forensic Toxicology Division, Department of Forensic Medicine, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Anal Chim Acta 585:94-102. 2007
    ..The suitability of the LC/TOFMS method for doping control was demonstrated with authentic urine samples...
  101. ncbi Multi-detection of corticosteroids in sports doping and veterinary control using high-resolution liquid chromatography/time-of-flight mass spectrometry
    M E Touber
    RIKILT Institute of Food Safety, P O Box 230, Wageningen, 6700 AE, The Netherlands
    Anal Chim Acta 586:137-46. 2007
    ..4 microg L(-1), respectively. The method can be easily extended with other banned substances of interest, as demonstrated by the addition of 21 beta2-agonists to the original analyte mixture in urine, without causing any interferences...

Research Grants62

  1. Improved Automated Urinalysis
    Fatima Merchant; Fiscal Year: 2007
    unreadable] DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Current automated urinalysis instruments are unable to recognize crystals, casts, and their subtypes in urine sediment samples...
  2. Building Mouse Models of Metabolic Syndrome
    Karen L Svenson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of plasma lipids and glucose (including glucose and insulin tolerance testing), total body fat content, urinalysis and blood pressure...
  3. Rapid Point-of-Care Test Kit for the Detection of Bacteriuria Calibrated for Imme
    MARK GEISBERG; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..UTI diagnosis is aided by other in-office urinalysis dipsticks, but studies have shown that there is a high rate of misdiagnosis and consequent overtreatment with ..
  4. Prostate Cancer Detection by Molecular Urinalysis
    Christian P Pavlovich; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Hopefully, useful biomarker information for prostate cancer will also result from my period of study. ..
    IRIS G UDASIN; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..history, physical examination, pulmonary function testing with and without bronchodilators, routine blood tests, urinalysis, and chest x-ray...
  6. Zonisamide Augmentation of Varenicline for Smoking Cessation
    Annie Umbricht; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Smoking status will be assessed via urinalysis testing for the nicotine metabolite cotinine (<200ng/ml will be considered abstinent) from specimens obtained ..
  7. Behavioral Economic Analysis of Medical Marijuana Use in HIV+ Patients
    Mark K Greenwald; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Aim 3. In the same 120 marijuana-using PLWHAs as Aim 1, use chart review, urinalysis, and interviews to measure prospectively at baseline, and at quarterly intervals for one year, clinical factors ..
  8. Rapid Point-of-Care Test to Detect Bacteriuria &Confirm Urinary Tract Infection
    MARK GEISBERG; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..UTI diagnosis is aided by other in-office urinalysis dipsticks, but studies have shown that there is a high rate of misdiagnosis and consequent overtreatment with ..
  9. Intensive Motivational Interviewing for Methamphetamine Dependence
    Douglas L Polcin; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Primary outcome measures will be the Timeline Follow Back (TLFB) for MA use, MA urinalysis results, and retention in treatment...
  10. Pharmacotherapy for Cocaine Dependence: d-cycloserine with Contingency Management
    MATTHEW WAYNE JOHNSON; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..at 1 week, 1 month, and 3 months post-CM completion, during which time measures of drug use (self-reported and urinalysis), craving, mood, and withdrawal will be obtained...
  11. iMStrong, an innovative remote monitoring system for detecting cocaine use
    Edward W Boyer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Three times a week we will obtain a quantitative urinalysis for cocaine...
  12. Clinical Trial of Topiramate for Cocaine Addiction
    Annie Umbricht; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstinent from cocaine, as determined by a combination of self-report and objective confirmation by quantitative urinalysis toxicology of cocaine metabolite levels and application of the "Preston" rule for determining abstinence...
  13. Drug Screening with Nano-Porous Silicon Optical Biosensors
    LISA BONANNO; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Using PSi sensors in such different formats as urinalysis and sweat patch screening highlights its versatility as a drug biosensing methodology...
  14. Employment-Based Depot Naltrexone Clinical Trial
    Kenneth Silverman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The study will assess the effects of the interventions on weekly opiate urinalysis results, and on measures of injection drug use and cocaine use...
  15. Dose-response of cranberry in women with recurrent UTIs
    Lynn Stothers; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..All participants will have a complete history, physical examination, urinalysis, urine culture, and renal ultrasound prior to enrolment in the study...
  16. Phase 2 Study of Magnesium Supplements in the Treatment of PXE
    Mark Lebwohl; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of blood chemistry panel, serum magnesium, calcium and phosphorus levels, complete blood count testing, urinalysis, clinical evaluations, punch biopsy of target lesion, ophthalmologic evaluations, photographs of skin lesions, ..
  17. Novel EtG based Contingency Management for Alcohol in the Severely Mentally Ill
    Michael G McDonell; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We propose to conduct a randomized clinical trial investigating the effect of a 12-week ethyl glucuronide (EtG) urinalysis based contingency management (CM) intervention on decreasing alcohol use and increasing alcohol treatment ..
  18. Delivering HIV Risk Reduction Services in Drug Court
    David S Festinger; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of the intervention on drug court related outcomes including case management attendance, graduation rates, and urinalysis confirmed drug use...
  19. Community-Based Intervention at Needle Exchange Sites
    Michael S Kidorf; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Retention, drug use (urinalysis and self-report), and other risk behaviors are the primary outcome measures...
  20. Towards a non-invasive molecular test for bladder cancer
    Steve Goodison; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Consequently, the development of urinalysis assays using reliable diagnostic markers would be of tremendous benefit to both patients and healthcare systems...
    Kenneth Johnson; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Cats will be categorized by evaluations of fasting blood glucose, RIA insulin/glucagon levels and urinalysis prior to IV glucose tolerance test...
  22. Development of molecular assays for non-invasive bladder cancer detection
    Steve Goodison; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..goal of this project is to develop assays that can achieve the accurate, non-invasive detection of BCa via urinalysis. Phase I of the project will define optimal combinations of candidate protein biomarkers for the development of ..
    JOSE STRAUSS; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..Labstix (registered trademark) for screening; those with abnormal findings will be studied (as indicated) by urinalysis, CBC, serum electrolytes and creatinine, renal ultrasound, urine culture, renal scan, voiding cystourethrogram, ..
    Rama Ramanujam; Fiscal Year: 2006
    unreadable] DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): URINALYSIS FOR PATIENT COMPLIANCE TO CAM THERAPY: In recent years, with increasing dissatisfaction with modern medicines coupled with a desire for healthy living, there has been a ..
  25. Examining the Use of Visual Performance Feedback in Drug Treatment Court
    David S Festinger; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..e., urinalysis-confirmed abstinence and treatment attendance) and greater perceptions of fairness (procedural justice), ..
  26. Brief Intervention for Marijuana Use among Latino Youth
    Eric F Wagner; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..At the 6-month followup assessment, 15% of participants will be randomly selected for urinalysis in order to examine the correspondence between self-report and biochemical indices of substance use...
  27. Chemoprevention of Duodenal Polyps in FAP
    James DiSario; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Drug is dispensed every three months and a pill count is recorded monthly. Chemistries, CBC and urinalysis is performed at baseline and at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months. A beta-HCG is performed initially on all fertile women...
  28. An Interactive Text Messaging Intervention to Improve Drug Court Outcomes
    Hilary James Liberty; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Outcomes will consist of: proximal - 90 percent response rate to all messages, and distal - urinalysis, Drug Court daily attendance, absence, treatment length and cost...
  29. Complement Receptor 2 as a Biomarker for Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
    SUSAN BOACKLE; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Additional blood will be obtained for measurement of serologic parameters of disease activity. Urinalysis will be performed and urine collected for measurement of protein and creatinine...
    MILTON HEITMANCIK; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Special studies include hematology, clinical chemistries and urinalysis in rats, hematology in mice; SMVCE in rats and mice; toxicokinetic studies are to be conducted to establish ..
    Donald Calsyn; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..assigned to one of three treatment formats and within each level to one of two modes of managing positive urinalysis results...
    JAMES HALIKAS; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..major outcome variable for the proposed study is cocaine use as measured by self-report and confirmed by weekly urinalysis. Other outcome variables include other drug use (measured by self-report and urinalysis), subjective improvement,..
  33. Low Cost Automated Urinalysis using Spectral Data
    Fatima Merchant; Fiscal Year: 2005
    Clinical urinalysis is performed to examine the chemical and formed particle composition of urine...
    Kennith Culp; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Numerous physiological measures will be taken including serum electrolytes, CBC, and urinalysis. Serum specimens will be analyzed at a central laboratory...
    Rama Ramanujam; Fiscal Year: 2009
    NANCY HARRINGTON; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..behavioral intentions will be assessed through self-report, and behavior will be assessed via self-report and urinalysis. The second experiment with 40 additional young adults will be conducted in the Communication Laboratory, where ..
    Stephen Higgins; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..Duration for all treatments will be 3 months. Outcome will be measured by (1) urinalysis to validate abstinence during treatment and longer-term abstinence (6 months), (2) patient acceptability of ..
    ANWER KHURSHEED; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The treatment safety will be assessed from vital signs, hematology, clinical chemistries, urinalysis, ECG parameters, and chest X-Ray analyses...
    ROYER COOK; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..The research will contrast several subjective reports of drug use with objective assessments based on urinalysis, employing the cooperation of a large company (Westinghouse with its employees and applicants as subjects) to ..
  40. Detecting Crack and Other Cocaine Use With FastPatches
    HILARY LIBERTY; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Cocaine use was detected in sweat of 92.4 percent of subjects, comparable to 91 percent with EMIT urinalysis in a high prevalence sample. Crack metabolites were successfully detected in 54 percent of subjects...
    Howard Liddle; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..Instrumentation includes biochemical (urinalysis), self-report, perception of other, and family interaction tasks to measure change in individual, subsystem and ..
  42. Evaluation of Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT)
    M Rosenthal; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..2) a set of attachment strategies, 3) greater reliance on arbitrary reinforcers at treatment start, 4) weekly urinalysis, and, in the case of opiate addicts, 5) an opiate drug replacement program (suboxone, i.e...
    HARVEY RAGAN; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Hematology, clinical chemistry and urinalysis will be performed during each 2 wk study and 13 wk study with C and I...
    DONALD DANSEREAU; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Benefits during treatment will be measured by progress in aftercare and by urinalysis results...
    Jo Deweese; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..therapy, crisis intervention, AIDS treatment coordination, referral for prenatal support, followup, and periodic urinalysis. The supplementary program offers the traditional services plus extended psychological evaluation, enhanced ..
    Monica Justice; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..skeletal and limb dysmorphology and bone density, (2) tandem mass spectrometry for biochemical metabolites, (3) urinalysis for glucose, and (4) a complete blood or urogenital abnormalities will be further characterized by endocrine ..
    D Simpson; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..using during-treatment and followup outcomes, including length of retention, behavioral performance (including urinalysis and self-report information), and psychological functioning indicators during treatment, as well as 1 and 2 year ..
  48. Partner-Oriented Drug Treatment and HIV Risk Reduction
    Martin Iguchi; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Self-report, urinalysis records in the clinical charts, and other biological indicator data (hair samples) will be collected at baseline ..
    HILARY LIBERTY; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..The FastPatch avoids typical problems with urinalysis such as violations of privacy, dilution or substitution of specimens, possibility of disease transmission, and ..
  50. Evaluation of Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT)
    MARSHA LINEHAN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..2) a set of attachment strategies, 3) greater reliance on arbitrary reinforcers at treatment start, 4) weekly urinalysis, and 5) an opiate drug-replacement program (suboxone, i.e...
    BILLY ARANT; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..measurements from intravenous pyelograms at 1,3 and 5 years after diagnosis, to evaluate renal function by GFR, urinalysis and concentrating capacity, and to monitor blood pressure and measure plasma renin activity as predictors of ..
    Thelma Wells; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..The sample will be comprehensively evaluated via history, physical, intake/output diary, urinalysis, vaginal smear, urodynamic evaluation (uroflowmetry, cystometry, urethral/bladder pressures), pad test, and ..
    GERALD STAHLER; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..The groups will be assessed at baseline, and at 3, 6, 9, and 12 months post-entry on treatment retention, urinalysis-verified abstinence, HIV risk behaviors, treatment engagement, mood, self-esteem, motivation, social network, ..
    Stanley Kosanke; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..Procedures employed include necropsy, histopathol gy, serol gy, hematol gy, microbiol gy, parasitol gy, urinalysis and clinical chemistry...
  55. Improving Measurement of Child Psychopathology
    Christopher Lucas; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..reports will be examined by comparing reports of drug/alcohol usage to objective biological assays (hair and urinalysis) in a sample of 2,000 high-risk youth. 3...
    Stephen Magura; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Interview data will be collected at baseline, jail exit and 6-month follow-up (plus urinalysis at follow-up)...
  57. Services Research on Sanctions & Rewards in Drug Court
    DOUGLAS MARLOWE; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..treatment and case management services, the same schedule of judicial status hearings, and the same schedule of urinalysis monitoring...
    Andrea Fenaughty; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..A sample of women. confirmed by urinalysis to be current drug users, will be interviewed about their sexual behavior, drug use, and beliefs and experiences ..
  59. Motivational Enhancement for Drug Court Probationers
    TIMOTHY KINLOCK; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..the extent and quality of outpatient treatment engagement; retention 'in the drug court program; drug abuse (urinalysis and self-report); HIV-risk behaviors; criminal activity (self-report and official record data); psychological ..
    Howard Shaffer; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..Dependent measures include the results of the urinalysis and breathalyzer tests, the Addiction Severity Index Profile and recidivism rates on daily methadone, weekly ..
  61. Understanding Self-Reports of Drug Use in Pregnant Women
    HILARY LIBERTY; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..g., urinalysis) or collateral reports (e.g., spousal report), and 2083 individual comparisons...
    Martin Iguchi; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Nevertheless, such urinalysis (UA) contingency programs appear to work only for a subgroup of patients, and may not be practical in all ..