Summary: Immunologic tests for identification of HIV (HTLV-III/LAV) antibodies. They include assays for HIV SEROPOSITIVITY and HIV SERONEGATIVITY; (ELISA, immunofluorescence, immunoblot, etc.) that have been developed for screening persons carrying the viral antibody from patients with overt symptoms of AIDS or AIDS-RELATED COMPLEX.
Publications245 found, 100 shown here
- Quantitative detection of increasing HIV type 1 antibodies after seroconversion: a simple assay for detecting recent HIV infection and estimating incidenceBharat S Parekh
Division of AIDS, STD, TB Laboratory Research, and Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 18:295-307. 2002..This assay should be useful for detecting recent HIV-1 infection and for estimating incidence among diverse HIV-1 subtypes worldwide...
- High HIV incidence during pregnancy: compelling reason for repeat HIV testingDhayendre Moodley
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of KwaZulu Natal, Congella, South Africa
AIDS 23:1255-9. 2009..To determine the incidence of HIV during pregnancy as defined by seroconversion using a repeat HIV rapid testing strategy during late pregnancy...
- The uptake and accuracy of oral kits for HIV self-testing in high HIV prevalence setting: a cross-sectional feasibility study in Blantyre, MalawiAugustine Talumba Choko
Malawi Liverpool Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Programme, Blantyre, Malawi
PLoS Med 8:e1001102. 2011..We investigated the potential of supervised oral HIV self-testing from this perspective...
- The clinical impact and cost-effectiveness of routine, voluntary HIV screening in South AfricaRochelle P Walensky
Division of Infectious Disease, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 56:26-35. 2011..Although 900,000 HIV-infected South Africans receive antiretroviral therapy, the majority of South Africans with HIV remain undiagnosed...
- Changing the paradigm for HIV testing--the end of exceptionalismRonald Bayer
Center for the History and Ethics of Public Health, Department of Sociomedical Sciences, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, USA
N Engl J Med 355:647-9. 2006
- Voluntary counselling and testing: uptake, impact on sexual behaviour, and HIV incidence in a rural Zimbabwean cohortLorraine Sherr
Royal Free Hospital, University College London, UK
AIDS 21:851-60. 2007..To examine the determinants of uptake of voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) services, to assess changes in sexual risk behaviour following VCT, and to compare HIV incidence amongst testers and non-testers...
- The costs and effectiveness of four HIV counseling and testing strategies in UgandaNick Menzies
US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for HIV, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
AIDS 23:395-401. 2009..HIV counseling and testing (HCT) is a key intervention for HIV/AIDS control, and new strategies have been developed for expanding coverage in developing countries. We compared costs and outcomes of four HCT strategies in Uganda...
- Why don't physicians test for HIV? A review of the US literatureRyan C Burke
Bureau of HIV AIDS Prevention and Control, New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, 346 Broadway, New York, NY 10013, USA
AIDS 21:1617-24. 2007..Given that many physicians do not routinely test for HIV, the objective of this study was to summarize our current understanding of why US physicians do not offer HIV testing...
- A meta-analysis of the effectiveness of alternative HIV counseling and testing methods to increase knowledge of HIV statusAngela B Hutchinson
Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30306, USA
AIDS 20:1597-604. 2006..Alternatives to conventional HIV counseling and testing (HIV-CT) have been used to improve receipt of HIV test results...
- Risk factors for recent HIV infection in UgandaJonathan Mermin
Global AIDS Program, National Center for HIV, Viral Hepatitis, STD and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Uganda, Entebbe, Uganda
JAMA 300:540-9. 2008..Studies of factors associated with acquiring human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are often based on prevalence data that might not reflect recent infections...
- The Rakai Project counselling programme experienceJoseph K B Matovu
Rakai Project Uganda Virus Research Institute, Ministry of Health, Rakai district, Uganda
Trop Med Int Health 7:1064-7. 2002....
- Revised recommendations for HIV testing of adults, adolescents, and pregnant women in health-care settingsBernard M Branson
Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention proposed, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
MMWR Recomm Rep 55:1-17; quiz CE1-4. 2006..Repeat screening in the third trimester is recommended in certain jurisdictions with elevated rates of HIV infection among pregnant women...
- Predictors of HIV-1 serostatus disclosure: a prospective study among HIV-infected pregnant women in Dar es Salaam, TanzaniaG Antelman
Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
AIDS 15:1865-74. 2001..Lack of disclosure may have limited their ability to engage in preventive behaviors or to obtain the necessary emotional support for coping with their serostatus or illness...
- Acceptability of routine HIV testing ("opt-out") in antenatal services in two rural districts of ZimbabweFreddy Perez
Institut de Santé Publique, d Epidémiologie et de Développement ISPED, Universite Victor Segalen, Bordeaux 2, France
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 41:514-20. 2006..Issues regarding, stigma, quality of post-testing counseling and staffing must be considered, however...
- Determinants of knowledge of HIV status in South Africa: results from a population-based HIV surveyKarl Peltzer
Health Promotion Research Unit, Social Aspect of HIV AIDS and Health, Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa
BMC Public Health 9:174. 2009..This paper seeks to describe the associations between socio-demographic, behavioural and social characteristics and knowledge of HIV status among a nationally representative population in South Africa...
- Acceptance of and barriers to voluntary HIV counselling and testing among adults in Guizhou province, ChinaWei Ma
National Center for AIDS STD Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China
AIDS 21:S129-35. 2007....
- Comparison of home and clinic-based HIV testing among household members of persons taking antiretroviral therapy in Uganda: results from a randomized trialEric Lugada
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Uganda, Global AIDS Program, National Center for HIV, STD and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Entebbe, Uganda
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 55:245-52. 2010..Due to high rates of undiagnosed and untreated HIV infection in Africa, we compared HIV counseling and testing (VCT) uptake among household members of patients receiving antiretroviral therapy...
- Routine HIV testing in Botswana: a population-based study on attitudes, practices, and human rights concernsSheri D Weiser
Physicians for Human Rights, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America
PLoS Med 3:e261. 2006..The Botswana government recently implemented a policy of routine or "opt-out" HIV testing in response to the high prevalence of HIV infection, estimated at 37% of adults...
- Choosing HIV Counseling and Testing Strategies for Outreach Settings: A Randomized TrialFreya Spielberg
University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 38:348-55. 2005..In surveys, clients have expressed preferences for alternatives to traditional HIV counseling and testing. Few data exist to document how offering such alternatives affects acceptance of HIV testing and receipt of test results...
- User acceptability and feasibility of self-testing with HIV rapid testsVernon J Lee
Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Communicable Disease Centre, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, 802 Moulmein Road, Singapore
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 45:449-53. 2007..Because HIV rapid tests are considered for self-testing, this study aims to determine the user acceptability and feasibility of self-testing...
- Factors associated with self-reported HIV testing among men in UgandaA J Gage
School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Dept of International Health and Development, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
AIDS Care 17:153-65. 2005....
- Performance of a rapid and simple HIV testing algorithm in a multicenter phase III microbicide clinical trialTania Crucitti
HIV STI Reference Laboratory, Institute of Tropical Medicine, 155 Nationalestraat, 2000 Antwerp, Belgium
Clin Vaccine Immunol 18:1480-5. 2011..We conclude that HIV testing algorithms, including only R/S assays, are suitable for use in clinical trials, provided that adequate quality assurance procedures are in place...
- Patterns of self-reported behaviour change associated with receiving voluntary counselling and testing in a longitudinal study from Manicaland, ZimbabweIde Cremin
Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, St Marys Campus, Norfolk Place, Paddington, London, W2 1PG, UK
AIDS Behav 14:708-15. 2010..This study suggests that, among women, particularly those who are infected, behavioural risk reduction does occur following VCT...
- Dramatic and sustained increase in HIV-testing rates among antenatal attendees in Eastern Uganda after a policy change from voluntary counselling and testing to routine counselling and testing for HIV: a retrospective analysis of hospital records, 2002-20Robert Byamugisha
Referral Hospital, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Mbale Regional Referral Hospital, Mbale, Uganda
BMC Health Serv Res 10:290. 2010....
- Earlier testing for HIV--how do we prevent late presentation?Yazdan Yazdanpanah
Service Universitaire des Maladies Infectieuses et du Voyageur, Centre Hospitalier de Tourcoing, Tourcoing, France
Antivir Ther 15:17-24. 2010..They should also take advantage of rapid testing technologies and be aware of barriers to HIV testing among specific groups to provide opportunities for testing that are relevant to local communities...
- Removing barriers to knowing HIV status: same-day mobile HIV testing in ZimbabweStephen F Morin
AIDS Policy Research Center, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94105, USA
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 41:218-24. 2006....
- A successful workplace program for voluntary counseling and testing and treatment of HIV/AIDS at Heineken, RwandaAlizanne C Collier
Center for International Health and Development, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02118, USA
Int J Occup Environ Health 13:99-106. 2007..In November 2003 a qualitative study of awareness and health-seeking behavior of the Heineken Rwanda beneficiaries identified key principles contributing to the success of this program...
- Antenatal couple counseling increases uptake of interventions to prevent HIV-1 transmissionCarey Farquhar
Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98104 249, USA
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 37:1620-6. 2004..004). Partner participation in VCT and couple counseling increased uptake of nevirapine and formula feeding. Antenatal couple counseling may be a useful strategy to promote HIV-1 prevention interventions...
- Provider-initiated HIV testing and counselling for TB patients and suspects in Nairobi, KenyaJ Odhiambo
United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Nairobi, Kenya
Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 12:63-8. 2008..Integrated tuberculosis (TB) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) services in a resource-constrained setting...
- Patient perceptions and acceptance of routine emergency department HIV testingJeremy Brown
Department of Emergency Medicine, The George Washington University Medical Center, Medical Faculty Associates, 2150 Pennsylvania Ave NW, Washington, DC 20037, USA
Public Health Rep 123:21-6. 2008..We report on the rates of patient acceptance and their perceptions of routine emergency department (ED) human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing in a high-prevalence area...
- Assessment of recent HIV-1 infection by a line immunoassay for HIV-1/2 confirmationJorg Schupbach
University of Zurich, Swiss National Center for Retroviruses, Zurich, Switzerland
PLoS Med 4:e343. 2007..We have investigated whether this "recency" information can also be gained from an HIV confirmatory assay...
- Sensitivity of five rapid HIV tests on oral fluid or finger-stick whole blood: a real-time comparison in a healthcare settingJuliette Pavie
Service des Maladies Infectieuses et Tropicales, Hopital Saint Louis, Universite Paris Diderot, Paris, France
PLoS ONE 5:e11581. 2010..Several HIV rapid tests are now licensed in Europe but their sensitivity on total blood and/or oral fluid in routine healthcare settings is not known...
- Improved HIV-1 incidence estimates using the BED capture enzyme immunoassayJohn W Hargrove
ZVITAMBO Project, Harare, Zimbabwe
AIDS 22:511-8. 2008..To validate the BED capture enzyme immunoassay for HIV-1 subtype C and to derive adjustments facilitating estimation of HIV-1 incidence from cross-sectional surveys...
- Assessing missed opportunities for HIV testing in medical settingsRebecca V Liddicoat
Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
J Gen Intern Med 19:349-56. 2004..Many HIV-infected persons learn about their diagnosis years after initial infection. The extent to which missed opportunities for HIV testing occur in medical evaluations prior to one's HIV diagnosis is not known...
- HIV incidence in rural South Africa: comparison of estimates from longitudinal surveillance and cross-sectional cBED assay testingTill Barnighausen
Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa
PLoS ONE 3:e3640. 2008....
- Detecting acute human immunodeficiency virus infection using 3 different screening immunoassays and nucleic acid amplification testing for human immunodeficiency virus RNA, 2006-2008Pragna Patel
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
Arch Intern Med 170:66-74. 2010..The yield of nucleic acid amplification testing (NAAT) after routine screening for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antibody to detect acute HIV infection (AHI) may vary with different HIV-antibody assays...
- Improving HIV screening and receipt of results by nurse-initiated streamlined counseling and rapid testingHenry D Anaya
Center for the Study of Healthcare Provider Behavior, VA Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System, Los Angeles, CA 90073, USA
J Gen Intern Med 23:800-7. 2008..HIV rapid testing is effective in many healthcare settings, but scant research has been done within primary care settings or within the US Department of Veteran's Affairs Healthcare System...
- Uptake of workplace HIV counselling and testing: a cluster-randomised trial in ZimbabweElizabeth L Corbett
Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
PLoS Med 3:e238. 2006..HIV counselling and testing is a key component of both HIV care and HIV prevention, but uptake is currently low. We investigated the impact of rapid HIV testing at the workplace on uptake of voluntary counselling and testing (VCT)...
- Successful introduction of routine opt-out HIV testing in antenatal care in BotswanaTracy L Creek
Global AIDS Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 45:102-7. 2007..Uptake of antenatal HIV testing was low from 1999 through 2003. In 2004, Botswana's President declared that HIV testing should be "routine but not compulsory" in medical settings...
- Evaluation of a sensitive/less sensitive testing algorithm using the bioMérieux Vironostika-LS assay for detecting recent HIV-1 subtype B' or E infection in ThailandCarrie L Young
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 19:481-6. 2003....
- HIV testing men in the antenatal setting: understanding male non-disclosureD A Katz
Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
Int J STD AIDS 20:765-7. 2009..Couple counselling models that incorporate disclosure may yield greater HIV prevention benefits than offering individual partner HIV testing services at ANC...
- Factors associated with HIV testing, condom use, and sexually transmitted infections among female sex workers in Nha Trang, VietnamJesse H Grayman
Northrup Grumman, Harvard University, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
AIDS Behav 9:41-51. 2005..Our results suggest the need for voluntary HIV counseling and testing, further promotion of condom use among FSW populations, and better use of rehabilitation sites to promote HIV prevention...
- The feasibility of voluntary counselling and HIV testing for pregnant women using community volunteers in ZimbabweAvinash K Shetty
Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, CA, USA
Int J STD AIDS 16:755-9. 2005..This programme is being implemented at several urban and rural MTCT sites in Zimbabwe and can serve as a model for other resource-poor countries...
- Assessment of the decision support needs of women from HIV endemic countries regarding voluntary HIV testing in CanadaDebjani Mitra
Department of Epidemiology, University of Ottawa, Roger Guindon, 451 Smyth Road, Ottawa, ON, Canada
Patient Educ Couns 63:292-300. 2006....
- Costs and consequences of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's recommendations for opt-out HIV testingDavid R Holtgrave
Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
PLoS Med 4:e194. 2007..In this paper, I estimate the costs and public health impact of opt-out HIV testing relative to testing accompanied by client-centered counseling, and relative to a more targeted counseling and testing strategy...
- Acceptability of HIV/AIDS counseling and testing among premarital couples in ChinaZunyou Wu
National Center for AIDS STD Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China
AIDS Educ Prev 17:12-21. 2005..Acceptance of HIV testing was disappointingly low. Implementing strategies to reduce stigmatization and increase knowledge of HIV/AIDS, in addition to not charging for testing, may increase the acceptance of HIV testing...
- Impact of round-the-clock, rapid oral fluid HIV testing of women in labor in rural IndiaNitika Pant Pai
Division of Infectious Diseases and Immunodeficiency Service, Montreal Chest Institute, McGill University Health Center, Montreal, Canada
PLoS Med 5:e92. 2008..In this context, we investigated the impact of introducing round-the-clock, rapid, point-of-care HIV testing and counseling in a busy labor ward at a tertiary care hospital in rural India...
- Living with HIV: women's experience in Burkina Faso, West AfricaS Issiaka
Centre Muraz, OCCGE, Burkina Faso
AIDS Care 13:123-8. 2001..These community-based organizations, lead by qualified and highly motivated volunteers, could facilitate a better social integration of HIV infected women in Burkina Faso...
- Better but not ideal acceptance of routine inpatient HIV point-of-care testing among veterans in a high prevalence areaMarc Siegel
Infectious Diseases Section, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Washington, DC, USA
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 55:205-10. 2010..Inpatient HIV testing at the Vetarns Affairs Medical Center in Washington, DC has been predominantly targeted at patients with disclosed risk factors...
- Provider-initiated HIV testing and counseling: increased uptake in two public community health centers in South Africa and implications for scale-upShona Dalal
Epidemic Intelligence Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
PLoS ONE 6:e27293. 2011..We compared HIV test uptake under PITC to provider-referral to voluntary counseling and testing (VCT referral) in two primary health centers in South Africa...
- Opt-out testing for human immunodeficiency virus in the United States: progress and challengesJohn G Bartlett
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 1830 E Monument St, Room 447, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
JAMA 300:945-51. 2008....
- Deciding where and how to be tested for HIV: what matters most?H S Skolnik
California State University, San Francisco, California, USA
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 27:292-300. 2001..There was also substantial interest in home self-tests. The results suggest specific attributes of testing that may be particularly important to individuals from diverse demographic and risk backgrounds...
- Development of a measure of barriers to HIV testing among individuals at high riskGermine H Awad
Department of Psychology, Southern Illinois University Carbondale, 62901 6502, USA
AIDS Educ Prev 16:115-25. 2004..Three factors--Structural Barriers, Fatalism/Confidentiality Concerns, and Fear--emerged for both years. The reliabilities ranged from .75 to .87, indicating moderate to high internal consistency...
- HIV testing strategies across European countriesS Mounier-Jack
Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
HIV Med 9:13-9. 2008..This is likely to have serious public health implications...
- Knowledge, attitudes, and practices of voluntary HIV counseling and testing among rural migrants in Shanghai, ChinaNa He
Department of Epidemiology, School of Public, Health, Fudan University, Shanghai, China
AIDS Educ Prev 21:570-81. 2009..This study suggests that a much greater effort is needed to promote safer sex and to improve VCT knowledge and services among rural migrants particularly those who are engaging in risky behaviors...
- Emergency provider attitudes and barriers to universal HIV testing in the emergency departmentChristian Arbelaez
Department of Emergency Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
J Emerg Med 42:7-14. 2012..The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recently published recommendations for routine, voluntary human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing of adults in all health care settings, including the emergency department (ED)...
- Risk behaviors and HIV incidence among repeat testers at publicly funded HIV testing sites in San FranciscoSusan E Fernyak
San Francisco Department of Public Health, Communicable Disease Prevention Unit, USA
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 31:63-70. 2002..To characterize repeat testers, we 1) estimated the seroincidence of HIV infection, stratified by risk behavior, and examined the association between 2) testing rates and risk level and 3) repeat testing and tester characteristics...
- Emergency department HIV screening with rapid tests: a cost comparison of alternative modelsAngela B Hutchinson
Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd NE, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
AIDS Educ Prev 23:58-69. 2011..Our findings suggest that a hybrid model should be favored over either a supplemental staff or existing staff model in terms of cost per outcome achieved...
- HIV/AIDS and maternity care in Kenya: how fears of stigma and discrimination affect uptake and provision of labor and delivery servicesJ M Turan
Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences and Center for AIDS Prevention Studies, University of California, San Francisco, US
AIDS Care 20:938-45. 2008..Such interventions may improve the quality of maternity care, increase utilization and contribute to overall improvements in maternal health, while also enhancing prevention of mother-to-child-transmission and HIV care...
- [Changes in HIV testing in Brazil between 1998 and 2005]Ivan França Junior
Departamento de Saúde Materno Infantil, Faculdade de Saúde Públic, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
Rev Saude Publica 42:84-97. 2008..To analyze changes in HIV testing, reasons reported by those who were tested or not and received counseling...
- Impact of counseling in voluntary counseling and testing programs for persons at risk for or living with HIV infectionDavid Holtgrave
Department of Health, Behavior, and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205 1996, USA
Clin Infect Dis 45:S240-3. 2007....
- Utilizing HIV transmission rates to assist in prioritizing HIV prevention servicesD R Holtgrave
Department of Behavioral Science and Health Education, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, 1518 Clifton Road NE, 5th Floor, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
Int J STD AIDS 15:789-92. 2004....
- Knowledge, attitudes and practices of voluntary HIV counselling and testing among rural migrants in central China: a cross-sectional studyTiejun Zhang
Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Fudan University, Shanghai, China
Eur J Public Health 22:192-7. 2012..To document knowledge, attitudes and practices of voluntary HIV counselling and testing (VCT) among rural migrants in central China...
- Acceptance of rapid HIV testing among medical inpatients in New York CityCharu L Jain
Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York 10013, USA
AIDS Patient Care STDS 22:657-62. 2008..In order to fully implement the new Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommendations for routine, voluntary testing, the optimal timing to offer HIV testing to acutely ill inpatients warrants further investigation...
- Barriers to targeted HIV testing on an acute admissions unit: evaluation of the UK guidelineL Peck
Acute Admissions Unit, University College Hospital, London NW1 2BU, UK
QJM 103:147-51. 2010..There are limited seroprevalence data to support this recommendation, and acute medical settings present operational difficulties that may limit its feasibility...
- HIV testing rates and outcomes in a South African community, 2001-2006: implications for expanded screening policiesMichael D April
Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 51:310-6. 2009..Revised World Health Organization recommendations seek to increase HIV testing. We assessed the need for expanded testing in South Africa by examining current testing and treatment trends among a high prevalence population...
- Pitfalls with rapid HIV antibody testing in HIV-infected children in the Western Cape, South AfricaM Claassen
Discipline of Medical Virology, Department of Pathology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Stellenbosch and NHLS, Tygerberg 7505, South Africa
J Clin Virol 37:68-71. 2006..Rapid HIV antibody tests are commonly used for HIV diagnosis in the developing world. These tests are generally reported as sensitive, despite paucity of evaluations in paediatric populations...
- Ensuring a public health impact of programs to reduce HIV transmission from mothers to infants: the place of voluntary counseling and testingMary Travis Bassett
The Rockefeller Foundation Southern Africa Office, Kopje Plaza, 1 Jason Moya Avenue, Harare, Zimbabwe
Am J Public Health 92:347-51. 2002....
- Accuracy of serological assays for detection of recent infection with HIV and estimation of population incidence: a systematic reviewRebecca Guy
Centre for Population Health, Burnet Institute, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Lancet Infect Dis 9:747-59. 2009..This conclusion is highly qualified by the apparent absence of a standardised approach to assay evaluation. There is an urgent need for an internationally agreed framework for evaluating and comparing these tests...
- Scale-up of voluntary HIV counseling and testing in KenyaElizabeth Marum
US Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Global AIDS Program, Nairobi, Kenya
JAMA 296:859-62. 2006
- Availability of rapid human immunodeficiency virus testing in academic emergency departmentsPeter D Ehrenkranz
Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars Program, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Acad Emerg Med 15:144-50. 2008..The study objectives were to determine the accessibility of rapid HIV testing in academic EDs, to identify factors that influence an ED's adoption of testing, and to describe current HIV testing practices...
- The nursing implications of routine provider-initiated HIV testing and counselling in sub-Saharan Africa: a critical review of new policy guidance from WHO/UNAIDSCatrin Evans
School of Nursing, Nottingham University, B Floor, Queens Medical Centre, Nottingham NG7 2UH, UK
Int J Nurs Stud 46:723-31. 2009..Nurses in this region work on the frontlines of HIV testing but have been neglected in related policy development...
- Legal and ethical implications of opt-out HIV testingCatherine Hanssens
Center for HIV Law and Policy, New York, New York 10006, USA
Clin Infect Dis 45:S232-9. 2007....
- Surveillance for HIV-1 incidence using tests for recent infection in resource-constrained countriesJ Steven McDougal
National Center for HIV AIDS, STD, TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, US Public Health Service, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
AIDS 19:S25-30. 2005....
- Refusing HIV testing in an urgent care setting: results from the "Think HIV" programRebecca V Liddicoat
Department of Medicine, Greater Los Angeles Veterans Affairs, Los Angeles, California 90073, USA
AIDS Patient Care STDS 20:84-92. 2006..If routine HIV testing programs are to be successful, strategies must be developed to increase HIV test acceptance among patients most likely to refrain from testing...
- Barriers to HIV-testing among Hispanics in the United States: analysis of the National Health Interview Survey, 2000Catalina Lopez-Quintero
Braun School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Hebrew University Hadassah, Jerusalem, Israel
AIDS Patient Care STDS 19:672-83. 2005..Recognition of the HIV testing barriers identified in this study is valuable for the development and refinement of current strategies that aim to increase HIV testing practices in the heterogeneous U.S. Hispanic population...
- Effect of serotesting with counselling on condom use and seroconversion among HIV discordant couples in AfricaS Allen
Department of Pathology, University of California, San Francisco
BMJ 304:1605-9. 1992..Confidential HIV serotesting with counselling caused a large increase in condom use and was associated with a lower rate of new HIV infections. HIV testing is a promising intervention for preventing the spread of HIV in African cities...
- New testing strategy to detect early HIV-1 infection for use in incidence estimates and for clinical and prevention purposesR S Janssen
Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
JAMA 280:42-8. 1998..Differentiating individuals with early human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1) infection from those infected for longer periods is difficult but important for estimating HIV incidence and for purposes of clinical care and prevention...
- Understanding the patient's perspective on rapid and routine HIV testing in an inner-city urgent care centerAngela B Hutchinson
Grady Memorial Hospital, Georgia State University, and Georgia Institute of Technology, School of Public Policy, USA
AIDS Educ Prev 16:101-14. 2004..Fear and stigma were common reasons for refusing testing and not returning for results. Distrust and misconceptions about HIV, particularly regarding the importance of testing, were very common...
- Do tests devised to detect recent HIV-1 infection provide reliable estimates of incidence in Africa?Charlotte Sakarovitch
INSERM EMI 03 38, Institut de Santé Publique, Epidemiologie, et Développement ISPED, Universite Victor Segalen Bordeaux 2, Bordeaux, France
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 45:115-22. 2007..The authors conclude that none of the 4 methods could currently be used to estimate HIV-1 incidence routinely in Côte d'Ivoire but that further adaptations might enhance their accuracy...
- Explosive spread and high prevalence of HIV infection among injecting drug users in Togliatti City, RussiaTim Rhodes
Department of Social Science and Medicine, Imperial College Faculty of Medicine, University of London, London, UK
AIDS 16:F25-31. 2002..To establish the prevalence of antibodies to HIV (anti-HIV) and associated risk factors among injecting drug users (IDU) in Togliatti City, Samara Oblast, Russian Federation...
- Precision and accuracy of a procedure for detecting recent human immunodeficiency virus infections by calculating the antibody avidity index by an automated immunoassay-based methodBarbara Suligoi
Reparto AIDS e MST, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Ospedale S Giovanni Addolorata, Rome, Italy
J Clin Microbiol 40:4015-20. 2002....
- A serostatus-based approach to HIV/AIDS prevention and care in AfricaKevin M De Cock
US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya
Lancet 362:1847-9. 2003
- Laboratory diagnostics for HIV infectionStefano Butto
Centro Nazionale AIDS, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
Ann Ist Super Sanita 46:24-33. 2010..In this short review, we summarize the common and new methodologies that are being used in laboratories, from the HIV antibody-based assays to the new tests for the detection of HIV nucleic acids...
- Unfinished business--expanding HIV testing in developing countriesKevin M De Cock
N Engl J Med 354:440-2. 2006
- Dynamics of care, situations of choice: HIV tests in times of ARTAnita Hardon
Amsterdam Institute for Social Science Research AISSR, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Med Anthropol 30:183-201. 2011..We argue that the medical context inherent in PITC provides an attractive moral space for people to undergo HIV tests...
- The future of HIV testingBernard M Branson
Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 55:S102-5. 2010....
- Factors associated with refusal of rapid HIV testing in an emergency departmentMary L Pisculli
Division of Infectious Disease, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA, USA
AIDS Behav 15:734-42. 2011..Enrollment during morning hours was also associated with an increased risk of refusal. Increased educational efforts to convey the rationale and benefits of universal screening may improve testing uptake among these groups...
- Ethnic differences in stage of presentation of adults newly diagnosed with HIV-1 infection in south LondonA E Boyd
Department of HIV Genitourinary Medicine, King s College Hospital, London, UK
HIV Med 6:59-65. 2005....
- Factors determining prenatal HIV testing for prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV in Mpumalanga, South AfricaKarl Peltzer
Social Aspects of HIV AIDS and Health, Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria 0001, South Africa
AIDS Behav 14:1115-23. 2010..These findings suggest mistrust towards HCT providers should be reduced and screening and brief intervention for alcohol problems provided...
- HIV screening in health care settings: public health and civil liberties in conflict?Lawrence O Gostin
Center for Law and the Public s Health, Georgetown University, Washington, DC 20001, USA
JAMA 296:2023-5. 2006
- Knowledge of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's 2006 routine HIV testing recommendations among New York City internal medicine residentsCharu L Jain
Bureau of HIV AIDS Prevention and Control, New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, 346 Broadway, Room 701, New York, NY 10013, USA
AIDS Patient Care STDS 23:167-76. 2009..Most identified institutional and policy barriers to routine testing. Efforts should be made to improve dissemination of guidelines and address institutional and policy barriers to allow more people to learn their HIV status...
- Knowledge of HIV/AIDS and attitude towards voluntary counseling and testing among adultsZubairu Iliyasu
Department of Community Medicine, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Nigeria
J Natl Med Assoc 98:1917-22. 2006..This study assessed knowledge of HIV/AIDS and attitude towards VCT among adults in a rural community in northern Nigeria...
- HIV testing within at-risk populations in the United States and the reasons for seeking or avoiding HIV testingScott E Kellerman
National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Division of HIV AIDS Prevention Surveillance and Epidemiology, Surveillance Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 31:202-10. 2002..We determined proportions of high-risk persons tested for HIV, the reasons for testing and not testing, and attitudes and perceptions regarding HIV testing, information that is critical for planning prevention programs...
- The cost-effectiveness of expanded testing for primary HIV infectionAndrew Coco
Healthcare Research Center, Lancaster General Hospital, Lancaster, PA 17604 3555, USA
Ann Fam Med 3:391-9. 2005..The objectives of this study are to determine whether it is cost-effective to expand testing for primary HIV infection to a larger cohort of patients, and, if so, which diagnostic assay is most cost-effective...
- Unrecognized HIV infection among patients attending sexually transmitted disease clinicsHillard Weinstock
Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, Surveillance and Epidemiology, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
Am J Public Health 92:280-3. 2002..This study examined voluntary HIV testing rates in sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinics...
- HIV testing frequency among men who have sex with men attending sexually transmitted disease clinics: implications for HIV prevention and surveillanceDonna J Helms
Division of Sexually Transmitted Diseases Prevention, Coordinating Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 50:320-6. 2009....
- Should biomarker estimates of HIV incidence be adjusted?Ron Brookmeyer
Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, USA
AIDS 23:485-91. 2009..g. BED capture enzyme immunoassay). These procedures were motivated by some reports that the biomarker BED approach overestimates incidence when compared to cohort studies...
- HIV testing in patients with TBKevin M De Cock
US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Nairobi, Kenya, East Africa
Trop Doct 36:71-3. 2006
- Emergency department patient acceptance of opt-in, universal, rapid HIV screeningRoland C Merchant
Department of Emergency Medicine, Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI, USA
Public Health Rep 123:27-40. 2008..We assessed emergency department (ED) patient acceptance of opt-in, rapid human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) screening and identified demographic characteristics and HIV testing-history factors associated with acceptance of screening...
- Population and antenatal-based HIV prevalence estimates in a high contracepting female population in rural South AfricaBrian D Rice
Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies, KwaZulu Natal, South Africa
BMC Public Health 7:160. 2007..There is particular emphasis on unrepresentative selection of ANC clinics and unrepresentative testing in the population...
- ECTOPY, HORMONAL CONTRACEPTION AND STD'S IN ADOLESCENTSLigia Peralta; Fiscal Year: 2004..They have collaborated on the preliminary study and have experience in planning, implementing and managing successful longitudinal studies on high-risk youth. ..
- Optimizing strategies for universal HIV testingRochelle P Walensky; Fiscal Year: 2010..The scientific basis for early detection of HIV infection and aggressive linkage to care has been successfully laid. The challenge now is to identify effective, affordable, and cost-effective implementation mechanisms. ..
- Community Influences on Young People's HIV/AIDS Knowledge, Attitudes & PracticesRobert Stephenson; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Community factors shaping the sexual behavior of malesRobert Stephenson; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- PS06-003, Opt-out HIV Testing in Emergency Dept settingsJason Haukoos; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- HIV Testing as a Structural InterventionWilliam Woods; Fiscal Year: 2005..The results could support designing a controlled clinical trial to test the efficacy of an on-site HIV testing program as a structural intervention to reduce high-risk behavior in clubs. ..
- Community Prevention Policy & Programs in Risk SettingsWilliam Woods; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Social Setting & HIV Risk: Opportunities for PreventionWilliam Woods; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- A community-level RCT of expedited partner treatment for gonorrhea and chlamydiaMatthew R Golden; Fiscal Year: 2010..abstract_text> ..
- Treatment Models for Primary and Chronic HIV InfectionRochelle Walensky; Fiscal Year: 2005..Rochelle Walensky with a firm basis for career development as an independent, patient-oriented clinical researcher at the interface of these critical areas. ..
- Integrating Prenatal Care to Reduce HIV/STDs Among Teens: A Translational StudyJeannette R Ickovics; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- A Network & Dyad HIV Prevention Intervention for Intravenous Drug UserCarl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2007..Main outcome measures will be self-reported sex and injection risk behaviors. Self-reports will be cross-validated by urinalysis of STIs. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- MOTHERS LIVING WITH HIV AND THEIR ADOLESCENT CHILDRENMARY ROTHERAM BORUS; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- UAB-ZAMBIA-HAITI HIV PREVENTION TRIALS UNITJeffrey Stringer; Fiscal Year: 2006..Since other research and service funding supports these cohorts, the costs to maintain them prior to trials beginning are minimal. ..
- Simple Test for Identifying Recent HIV InfectionNiel Constantine; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Innovative Venue-Based Strategies to Identify STI Core TransmittersJonathan Ellen; Fiscal Year: 2007..We will also examine the electronic patient records of 1000 individuals, 18-35 years old, seeking GC/CT testing at the Baltimore City Health Department STI Clinic. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- NIMH Collaboration HIV/STD Intervention Trial in ChinaMARY ROTHERAM BORUS; Fiscal Year: 2007..We will initiate the intervention in the control markets from 12/06-12/07. We will participate in publishing cross-site papers throughout the next three years. ..
- Medication Reconciliation: A Team ApproachJeffrey Greenwald; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- TEA for Families & Children: Preparation for a Randomized TrialLi Li; Fiscal Year: 2010..The goal of this study is to develop and pilot an intervention for PLH and their family members in order to improve the long term health, mental health and behavioral adjustment of the children in poor, rural areas in China. ..
- Pediatric HIV-encephalopathy in DRC: effect of ART & role of compartmentalizationAnnelies Van Rie; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Mentor Mothers: A Sustainable Family Intervention in South African TownshipsMary J Rotheram Borus; Fiscal Year: 2010..The intervention's impact will be assessed over 15 months in a design that is a blend of an efficacy and effectiveness trial. ..
- HIV Prevention and Adherence Intervention for HIV Positives and Partners in IndiaCARL A contact LATKIN; Fiscal Year: 2010..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: This proposal has high public relevance due to the low rates of HIV medication adherence found in many impoverished communities domestically and internationally. ..
- INTERVENTION TO REDUCE HIV/STD RISK IN TEEN PREGNANCYJeannette Ickovics; Fiscal Year: 2005..e. ease of technology transfer). ..
- Drug Use and HIV Infected Female Adolescents' Care UseJonathan Ellen; Fiscal Year: 2004..Interviews with index participants will be conducted every six months for 18 months and with kin and peer network participants at baseline and one year. ..
- Mentored Patient-Oriented Research Career Development AwRichard Rothman; Fiscal Year: 2004..Findings from this research will provide valuable information that can be used to guide and improve evaluation and management of the growing number of febrile IDUs. ..
- KNEE SURGERY: MECHANISMS OF RECOVERY AFTER SPORT INJURYJeannette Ickovics; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- PERCEIVED RISK FOR SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASESJonathan Ellen; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- HEALTH RELATED INTERVENTIONS FOR PERSONS LIVING WITH HIVMARY ROTHERAM BORUS; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- INTERVENTIONS FOR SUBSTANCE USING YOUTH LIVING WITH HIVMARY ROTHERAM BORUS; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- Ecological Risk for STDs in Adolescents and Young AdultsJonathan Ellen; Fiscal Year: 2005..We will also interview locatable sex partners. In addition, we will conduct a qualitative sub-study, which will provide formative data for survey development and explanatory data to supplement survey findings. ..
- IMPACT OF AIDS ON ADOLESCENTS TRANSITION TO ADULTHOODMARY ROTHERAM BORUS; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- Community-based VCT for HIV in Rural Migrants in ChinaNa He; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- EVALUATION OF TREATMENT ADVOCACY IN INVOLVING PATIENTS IN HIV CARELaura Bogart; Fiscal Year: 2007..S., as well as policy efforts ultimately aimed at improving the health of people with HIV. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- DISCRIMINATION, HEALTH CARE ATTITUDES AND HIV TREATMENTLaura Bogart; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- Family-to-Family: Psychoeducation to Improve Children's Outcomes in HIV+ FamiliesLi Li; Fiscal Year: 2009..HIV+ parent's and family caregivers'health mental health, parenting skills, and family bonds are intermediate outcomes. ..
- HIV Related Stigma among Service Providers in ChinaLi Li; Fiscal Year: 2005..These data will prepare the team to conduct a randomized controlled trial across different levels of health care providers in China. ..
- Organizational Factors in the Early Detection of HIVOscar Grusky; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- RCT of Russian IDU Peer Network HIV Prevent InterventionCarl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Creating Digital Partnerships for HealthAlwyn Cohall; Fiscal Year: 2008..Additionally, Digital Partners will assist the HHPC and its community advisory board in developing, implementing, evaluating and disseminating research findings. ..
- Neurodevelopment and HIV/AIDSAnnelies Van Rie; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- Cost-Effectiveness of Preventing Acute-Phase HIV TransmissionSteven Pinkerton; Fiscal Year: 2009..The results will inform scientific and policy discussions on the importance of interventions to reduce acute-phase transmission. ..
- HIV/STD PREVENTION COST-EFFECTIVENESS: METHODS & APPLICSSteven Pinkerton; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- Simulation Tool for HIV/STD Cost-Effectiveness AnalysisSteven Pinkerton; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Network HIV Prevention Intervention for Drug UsersCarl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- THE LONG-TERM IMPACT OF A NETWORK OUTREACH INTERVENTIONCarl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2002..The data will also used to examine associations between characteristics of sex partners and personal networks to describe sexual mixing patterns of this population. ..
- COST-EFFECTIVENESS OF HIV PRIMARY PREVENTIONSteven Pinkerton; Fiscal Year: 2001..Upon completion of the analyses we will summarize and widely disseminate the results. ..
- Tamsulosin and steroids for urolithiasisJeremy Brown; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Development of Relationship Dynamics and STI/HIV RiskJ Fortenberry; Fiscal Year: 2007..Developmental trends in relationship formation, relationship quality, coital frequency and condom use will be assessed by latent growth curve analysis. ..
- Protective cellular immune responses in HIV-1 discordant couplesCarey Farquhar; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Identifying functional regulatory elements in RNASCOTT TENENBAUM; Fiscal Year: 2005..The aim of this project is to develop novel tiling array based ribonomic profiling methods including high-throughput RBP foot-printing, which will in turn, facilitate the comprehensive mapping of RNA regulatory elements. ..
- Alcohol Use Reduction in Methadone Individuals with HCVAdeline Nyamathi; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- MEDICATION ADHERENCE INTERVENTION FOR HIV+ PERSONSDebra Murphy; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- Sexuality, HIV/Drug in 3 Groups of Asian/Gay/Bi Men/MSMFrank Wong; Fiscal Year: 2007..S. experience/situationm) odeland methodologicadl esign,thethree (3) SpecificAimswillbe examinedby seven(7) researchquestionsagainsta selectedset of variables. ..
- Community-Based Approach to Designing an AIDS Program for HIV+ Mothers in IndiaAdeline Nyamathi; Fiscal Year: 2008..These findings will lead to future funding to actually develop and test a newly designed program. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Impact of GBV-C infection on perinatal HIV transmissionRobert Remis; Fiscal Year: 2005..A positive finding would add impetus to additional basic research to elucidate the biologic mechanisms and potentially develop new modatities of prophylaxis and treatment. ..
- Surveillance: The Ethics of Public Health ReportingRonald Bayer; Fiscal Year: 2004..The project will inform discussion of the ethics of public health surveillance and contribute to the development of public policy sensitive to privacy and confidentiality as well as the demands of research and public health. ..
- Changing Behavior in Repeat HIV TestersJames Dilley; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- Am Soc of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene Annual MeetingGeorge Hillyer; Fiscal Year: 2008..A critical need is to obtain financial support for graduate and postdoctoral students, our future specialists in the different areas of tropical medicine, to attend and be part of the annual meeting of this Society. ..
- NIMH Collaborative HIV/STD Prevention Trial -- IndiaDavid Celentano; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- A Test of Peer Delivered Self-Efficacy InterventionMark Williams; Fiscal Year: 2005..Outcomes of interest will be condom use, condom use self-efficacy beliefs, and the motivational and normative factors that have an impact on self-efficacy beliefs. ..
- Tanzania Injection Drug Use/HIV Prevention ProjectMark Williams; Fiscal Year: 2006....
- HIV PREVENTION TRIALS UNIT-THAILANDDavid Celentano; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- HIV Protective Immunity and Perinatal ExposureLouise Kuhn; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..