eye movements

Summary

Summary: Voluntary or reflex-controlled movements of the eye.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi The role of fixational eye movements in visual perception
    Susana Martinez-Conde
    Barrow Neurological Institute, St Joseph s Hospital, 350 W Thomas Road, Phoenix, Arizona 85013, USA
    Nat Rev Neurosci 5:229-40. 2004
  2. pmc Capture of the eyes by relevant and irrelevant onsets
    Manon Mulckhuyse
    Cognitive Psychology, Vrije Universiteit, Van der Boechorststraat 1, 1081 BT, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Exp Brain Res 186:225-35. 2008
  3. ncbi The roles of vision and eye movements in the control of activities of daily living
    M Land
    Sussex Centre for Neuroscience, School of Biological Sciences, University of Sussex, Brighton, UK
    Perception 28:1311-28. 1999
  4. ncbi Recruitment of an area involved in eye movements during mental arithmetic
    Andre Knops
    INSERM, Cognitive Neuroimaging Unit, F 91191 Gif sur Yvette, France
    Science 324:1583-5. 2009
  5. ncbi Look away: the anti-saccade task and the voluntary control of eye movement
    Douglas P Munoz
    Centre for Neuroscience Studies, Department of Physiology, CIHR Group in Sensory Motor Systems, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6, Canada
    Nat Rev Neurosci 5:218-28. 2004
  6. pmc Eye movements: the past 25 years
    Eileen Kowler
    Department of Psychology, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 08854, United States
    Vision Res 51:1457-83. 2011
  7. ncbi Modeling the role of salience in the allocation of overt visual attention
    Derrick Parkhurst
    The Department of Psychology, The Johns Hopkins University, 3400 N Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA
    Vision Res 42:107-23. 2002
  8. ncbi Binocular coordination of eye movements during reading
    Simon P Liversedge
    Department of Psychology, University of Durham, UK
    Vision Res 46:2363-74. 2006
  9. ncbi Contextual guidance of eye movements and attention in real-world scenes: the role of global features in object search
    Antonio Torralba
    Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Psychol Rev 113:766-86. 2006
  10. ncbi Neural activity in macaque parietal cortex reflects temporal integration of visual motion signals during perceptual decision making
    Alexander C Huk
    Center for Perceptual Systems, Department of Psychology, University of Texas, Austin, Texas 78712, USA
    J Neurosci 25:10420-36. 2005

Detail Information

Publications383 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi The role of fixational eye movements in visual perception
    Susana Martinez-Conde
    Barrow Neurological Institute, St Joseph s Hospital, 350 W Thomas Road, Phoenix, Arizona 85013, USA
    Nat Rev Neurosci 5:229-40. 2004
  2. pmc Capture of the eyes by relevant and irrelevant onsets
    Manon Mulckhuyse
    Cognitive Psychology, Vrije Universiteit, Van der Boechorststraat 1, 1081 BT, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Exp Brain Res 186:225-35. 2008
    ..We conclude that the task relevance of a salient event is not crucial for capture of the eyes to occur. Moreover, task-relevant information may integrate with saliency information to initiate saccades, but only later in time...
  3. ncbi The roles of vision and eye movements in the control of activities of daily living
    M Land
    Sussex Centre for Neuroscience, School of Biological Sciences, University of Sussex, Brighton, UK
    Perception 28:1311-28. 1999
    ..This type of unconscious attention must be a common phenomenon in everyday life...
  4. ncbi Recruitment of an area involved in eye movements during mental arithmetic
    Andre Knops
    INSERM, Cognitive Neuroimaging Unit, F 91191 Gif sur Yvette, France
    Science 324:1583-5. 2009
    ..These findings are consistent with the suggestion that mental arithmetic co-opts parietal circuitry associated with spatial coding...
  5. ncbi Look away: the anti-saccade task and the voluntary control of eye movement
    Douglas P Munoz
    Centre for Neuroscience Studies, Department of Physiology, CIHR Group in Sensory Motor Systems, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6, Canada
    Nat Rev Neurosci 5:218-28. 2004
  6. pmc Eye movements: the past 25 years
    Eileen Kowler
    Department of Psychology, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 08854, United States
    Vision Res 51:1457-83. 2011
    This article reviews the past 25 years of research on eye movements (1986-2011). Emphasis is on three oculomotor behaviors: gaze control, smooth pursuit and saccades, and on their interactions with vision...
  7. ncbi Modeling the role of salience in the allocation of overt visual attention
    Derrick Parkhurst
    The Department of Psychology, The Johns Hopkins University, 3400 N Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA
    Vision Res 42:107-23. 2002
    ..Human eye movements were recorded while participants viewed a series of digitized images of complex natural and artificial scenes...
  8. ncbi Binocular coordination of eye movements during reading
    Simon P Liversedge
    Department of Psychology, University of Durham, UK
    Vision Res 46:2363-74. 2006
    ..Finally, eye dominance did not modulate fixation disparity magnitude or the proportion of disparate fixations...
  9. ncbi Contextual guidance of eye movements and attention in real-world scenes: the role of global features in object search
    Antonio Torralba
    Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Psychol Rev 113:766-86. 2006
    ....
  10. ncbi Neural activity in macaque parietal cortex reflects temporal integration of visual motion signals during perceptual decision making
    Alexander C Huk
    Center for Perceptual Systems, Department of Psychology, University of Texas, Austin, Texas 78712, USA
    J Neurosci 25:10420-36. 2005
    ..Temporal integration may be a fundamental computation underlying higher cognitive functions that are dissociated from immediate sensory inputs or motor outputs...
  11. ncbi Supplementary eye field as defined by intracortical microstimulation: connections in macaques
    M F Huerta
    Department of BioStructure and Function, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, Connecticut 06032, USA
    J Comp Neurol 293:299-330. 1990
    ..the frontal eye field and the recently defined supplementary eye field play a role in the production of eye movements. Whereas the structure and function of the frontal eye field are well understood, little is known about the ..
  12. ncbi Cultural confusions show that facial expressions are not universal
    Rachael E Jack
    Department of Psychology, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QB, Scotland, UK
    Curr Biol 19:1543-8. 2009
    ..expression signals, we merge behavioral and computational analyses with novel spatiotemporal analyses of eye movements, showing that Eastern observers use a culture-specific decoding strategy that is inadequate to reliably ..
  13. ncbi From thought to action: the parietal cortex as a bridge between perception, action, and cognition
    Jacqueline Gottlieb
    Center for Neurobiology and Behavior and Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Neuron 53:9-16. 2007
    ..By specifying attentional priority as a synthesis of multiple task demands, LIP operates at the interface of perception, action, and cognition...
  14. ncbi Saccade target selection and object recognition: evidence for a common attentional mechanism
    H Deubel
    Max Planck Institut für Psychologische Forschung, Munchen, Germany
    Vision Res 36:1827-37. 1996
    The spatial interaction of visual attention and saccadic eye movements was investigated in a dual-task paradigm that required a target-directed saccade in combination with a letter discrimination task...
  15. pmc Pharmacological treatment effects on eye movement control
    James L Reilly
    Center for Cognitive Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
    Brain Cogn 68:415-35. 2008
    ..In this review, studies of pharmacologic treatment effects on eye movements in healthy individuals are summarized and the sensitivity of eye movements to a variety of pharmacological ..
  16. ncbi What you learn is what you see: using eye movements to study infant cross-situational word learning
    Chen Yu
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA
    Dev Sci 14:165-80. 2011
    ..The work represents the first steps in using eye movement data to infer underlying real-time processes in statistical word learning...
  17. ncbi Miniature eye movements enhance fine spatial detail
    Michele Rucci
    Department of Cognitive and Neural Systems, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    Nature 447:851-4. 2007
    Our eyes are constantly in motion. Even during visual fixation, small eye movements continually jitter the location of gaze. It is known that visual percepts tend to fade when retinal image motion is eliminated in the laboratory...
  18. ncbi Tracing attention and the activation flow of spoken word planning using eye movements
    Ardi Roelofs
    Nijmegen Institute for Cognition and Information, Radboud University, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 34:353-68. 2008
    ..b>Eye movements and naming latencies were recorded...
  19. ncbi Neural correlates of decision variables in parietal cortex
    M L Platt
    Center for Neural Science, New York University, New York 10003, USA
    Nature 400:233-8. 1999
    ..Our data indicate that a decision-theoretic model may provide a powerful new framework for studying the neural processes that intervene between sensation and action...
  20. ncbi Probabilistic reasoning by neurons
    Tianming Yang
    Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Department of Physiology and Biophysics, National Primate Research Center, University of Washington, Box 357290, Seattle, Washington 98195 7290, USA
    Nature 447:1075-80. 2007
    ..Monkeys learned to combine probabilistic information from the shape combinations. Moreover, neurons in the parietal cortex reveal the addition and subtraction of probabilistic quantities that underlie decision-making on this task...
  21. ncbi Cortico-cortical networks and cortico-subcortical loops for the higher control of eye movements
    J C Lynch
    Department of Anatomy, University of Mississippi Medical Center, 2500 N State Street, Jackson, MS 39216, USA
    Prog Brain Res 151:461-501. 2006
    ..or eye fields, in the cerebral cortex that contribute directly to the initiation and control of voluntary eye movements. We concentrate on six of these: the frontal eye field, parietal eye field, supplementary eye field, middle ..
  22. pmc Neural bases of eye and gaze processing: the core of social cognition
    Roxane J Itier
    Psychology Department, University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Neurosci Biobehav Rev 33:843-63. 2009
    ..We suggest impairments in processing eyes and gaze may represent a core deficiency in several other brain pathologies and may be central to abnormal social cognition...
  23. ncbi Eye movements in natural behavior
    Mary Hayhoe
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Science, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 9:188-94. 2005
    The classic experiments of Yarbus over 50 years ago revealed that saccadic eye movements reflect cognitive processes...
  24. ncbi The art of conversation is coordination: common ground and the coupling of eye movements during dialogue
    Daniel C Richardson
    University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA
    Psychol Sci 18:407-13. 2007
    When two people discuss something they can see in front of them, what is the relationship between their eye movements? We recorded the gaze of pairs of subjects engaged in live, spontaneous dialogue...
  25. ncbi Cognitive processes involved in smooth pursuit eye movements
    G R Barnes
    Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Manchester, Moffat Building, Sackville St, Manchester M60 1QD, United Kingdom
    Brain Cogn 68:309-26. 2008
    ..are often portrayed as voluntary but their basis lies in processes that sense retinal motion and can induce eye movements without active participation...
  26. ncbi Functional organization of human intraparietal and frontal cortex for attending, looking, and pointing
    Serguei V Astafiev
    Department of Radiology, Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    J Neurosci 23:4689-99. 2003
    ..In contrast, large interspecies differences were noted in the topography of frontal areas...
  27. pmc Cerebellar contributions to adaptive control of saccades in humans
    Minnan Xu-Wilson
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    J Neurosci 29:12930-9. 2009
    ....
  28. ncbi Change detection
    Ronald A Rensink
    Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6T 1Z4 Canada
    Annu Rev Psychol 53:245-77. 2002
    ..Finally, a brief discussion is presented concerning the limits to our current understanding of change detection...
  29. ncbi Variability of eye movements when viewing dynamic natural scenes
    Michael Dorr
    Institute for Neuro and Bioinformatics, University of Lubeck, Lubeck, Germany
    J Vis 10:28. 2010
    ..patterns of different subjects when free viewing dynamic natural scenes? We collected a large database of eye movements from 54 subjects on 18 high-resolution videos of outdoor scenes and measured their variability using the ..
  30. ncbi Sex differences in viewing sexual stimuli: an eye-tracking study in men and women
    Heather A Rupp
    Department of Psychology and Center for Behavioral Neuroscience, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Horm Behav 51:524-33. 2007
    ..Our finding that men and women attend to different aspects of the same visual sexual stimuli could reflect pre-existing cognitive biases that possibly contribute to sex differences in neural, subjective, and physiological arousal...
  31. ncbi Eye movements when observing predictable and unpredictable actions
    Gerben Rotman
    Department of Psychology and Centre for Neuroscience Studies, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6, Canada
    J Neurophysiol 96:1358-69. 2006
    ..This in turn suggests that they implement representations of the manual actions required in the task and representations that direct task-specific eye movements.
  32. ncbi Visual selectivity for heading in monkey area MST
    Frank Bremmer
    Allg Zoologie und Neurobiologie, Ruhr Universitat Bochum, 44780 Bochum, Germany
    Exp Brain Res 200:51-60. 2010
    ..About half of the cells compensated for such distortion and kept the same heading selectivity in both cases. Our results strongly support the notion of an involvement of area MST in the computation of heading...
  33. pmc Shedding new light on the role of the basal ganglia-superior colliculus pathway in eye movements
    Joel Shires
    Neuroscience Training Program, University of Wisconsin, Madison, 1300 University Avenue, Room 125 SMI, Madison, WI 53706 1510, USA
    Curr Opin Neurobiol 20:717-25. 2010
    ....
  34. ncbi Looking at the rope when looking for the snake: conceptually mediated eye movements during spoken-word recognition
    Delphine Dahan
    Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Psychon Bull Rev 12:453-9. 2005
    Participants' eye movements to four objects displayed on a computer screen were monitored as the participants clicked on the object named in a spoken instruction. The display contained pictures of the referent (e.g...
  35. pmc Visual guidance of smooth-pursuit eye movements: sensation, action, and what happens in between
    Stephen G Lisberger
    Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Department of Physiology, and W M Keck Foundation Center for Integrative Neuroscience, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143 0444, USA
    Neuron 66:477-91. 2010
    Smooth-pursuit eye movements transform 100 ms of visual motion into a rapid initiation of smooth eye movement followed by sustained accurate tracking...
  36. ncbi The binocular coordination of eye movements during reading in children and adults
    Hazel I Blythe
    Centre for Vision and Visual Cognition, Department of Psychology, University of Durham, Science Laboratories, South Road, Durham DH1 3LE, UK
    Vision Res 46:3898-908. 2006
    ..We recorded binocular eye movements from children and adults reading sentences containing a word frequency manipulation...
  37. ncbi Vision, eye movements, and natural behavior
    Michael F Land
    Department of Biology and Environmental Science, University of Sussex, Brighton, UK
    Vis Neurosci 26:51-62. 2009
    ....
  38. ncbi Language-mediated eye movements in the absence of a visual world: the 'blank screen paradigm'
    Gerry T M Altmann
    Department of Psychology, University of York, Heslington, York YO10 5DD, UK
    Cognition 93:B79-87. 2004
    The 'visual world paradigm' typically involves presenting participants with a visual scene and recording eye movements as they either hear an instruction to manipulate objects in the scene or as they listen to a description of what may ..
  39. ncbi Gaze allocation in a dynamic situation: effects of social status and speaking
    Tom Foulsham
    Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, Canada
    Cognition 117:319-31. 2010
    ..decision-making task and then showed video clips of these situations to new participants while tracking their eye movements. Observers spent the majority of time looking at the people in the videos, and in particular at their eyes and ..
  40. ncbi Visuomotor behaviors in larval zebrafish after GFP-guided laser ablation of the optic tectum
    Tobias Roeser
    Department of Physiology and Programs in Neuroscience, Genetics, Developmental Biology, and Human Genetics, University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94143 0444, USA
    J Neurosci 23:3726-34. 2003
    ....
  41. ncbi Eye movement control by the cerebral cortex
    Charles Pierrot-Deseilligny
    INSERM 289 and Neurology Department 1, Salpetriere Hospital, Assistance Publique Hopitaux de Paris, Paris, France
    Curr Opin Neurol 17:17-25. 2004
    ....
  42. pmc Topographic maps of visual spatial attention in human parietal cortex
    Michael A Silver
    Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
    J Neurophysiol 94:1358-71. 2005
    ..were observed in posterior parietal cortex consistent with shifts in covert attention in the absence of eye movements. The temporal phase of the fMRI signal in each voxel indicated the corresponding visual field location...
  43. ncbi Eye movements of dyslexic children when reading in a regular orthography
    Florian Hutzler
    Department of Psychology, University of Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria
    Brain Lang 89:235-42. 2004
    ..The eye movements of eleven dyslexic boys and age-matched controls were recorded during reading of text passages and pseudoword ..
  44. ncbi The E-Z reader model of eye-movement control in reading: comparisons to other models
    Erik D Reichle
    Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Behav Brain Sci 26:445-76; discussion 477-526. 2003
    ..In this article, we first review what is known about eye movements during reading...
  45. ncbi Components of bottom-up gaze allocation in natural images
    Robert J Peters
    Computation and Neural Systems, California Institute of Technology, Mail Code 139 74, Caltech, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
    Vision Res 45:2397-416. 2005
    ..Subjects free-viewed naturalistic and artificial images while their eye movements were recorded, and the resulting fixation locations were compared with the models' predicted salience maps...
  46. pmc The eyes have it: hippocampal activity predicts expression of memory in eye movements
    Deborah E Hannula
    Center for Neuroscience, University of California, Davis, 1544 Newton Court, Davis, CA 95618, USA
    Neuron 63:592-9. 2009
    ....
  47. ncbi Viewing and naming objects: eye movements during noun phrase production
    A S Meyer
    Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Cognition 66:B25-33. 1998
    b>Eye movements have been shown to reflect word recognition and language comprehension processes occurring during reading and auditory language comprehension...
  48. ncbi Target selection and the superior colliculus: goals, choices and hypotheses
    Richard J Krauzlis
    Systems Neurobiology Laboratory, Salk Institute for Biological Studies, 10010 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Vision Res 44:1445-51. 2004
    ..SC) compose a retinotopically organized motor map and are known to be important for the control of saccadic eye movements. However, recent studies have shown that the functions of the SC are not restricted to the motor control of ..
  49. ncbi Direct visuomotor transformations for reaching
    Christopher A Buneo
    Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
    Nature 416:632-6. 2002
    ..Data obtained in the adjacent parietal reach region (PRR) indicate that this transformation may be achieved by vectorially subtracting hand location from target location, with both locations represented in eye-centred coordinates...
  50. pmc Exploring eye movements in patients with glaucoma when viewing a driving scene
    David P Crabb
    Department of Optometry and Visual Science, City University London, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 5:e9710. 2010
    ..Hence, this study investigated eye movements in glaucomatous patients when viewing driving scenes in a hazard perception test (HPT).
  51. ncbi Scan path differences and similarities during emotion perception in those with and without autism spectrum disorders
    M D Rutherford
    Department of Psychology, Neuroscience and Behaviour, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, ON, Canada, L8S 4K1
    J Autism Dev Disord 38:1371-81. 2008
    ..However, those with ASD looked at the eyes less than the control group when viewing complex emotions...
  52. pmc Control of eye movements and spatial attention
    T Moore
    Department of Psychology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 1010, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98:1273-6. 2001
    Several lines of evidence suggest that planning eye movements and directing visuospatial attention share overlapping brain mechanisms...
  53. ncbi Do faces capture the attention of individuals with Williams syndrome or autism? Evidence from tracking eye movements
    Deborah M Riby
    School of Psychology, Newcastle University, Ridley Building 1, Framlington Place, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 7RU, UK
    J Autism Dev Disord 39:421-31. 2009
    ..Participants with autism exhibited reduced face gaze, linking to a lack of interest in socially relevant information. The findings are interpreted in terms of wider issues regarding socio-cognition and attention mechanisms...
  54. pmc Bayesian surprise attracts human attention
    Laurent Itti
    Computer Science Department, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, 90089, USA
    Vision Res 49:1295-306. 2009
    ..The proposed theory of surprise is applicable across different spatio-temporal scales, modalities, and levels of abstraction...
  55. ncbi Early interactions between neuronal adaptation and voluntary control determine perceptual choices in bistable vision
    P C Klink
    Functional Neurobiology and Helmholtz Institute, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    J Vis 8:16.1-18. 2008
    ....
  56. ncbi In what ways do eye movements contribute to everyday activities?
    M F Land
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Sussex, BN1 9QG, Brighton, UK
    Vision Res 41:3559-65. 2001
    ..eyes usually reached the next object in the sequence before any sign of manipulative action, indicating that eye movements are planned into the motor pattern and lead each action...
  57. pmc Cultural variation in eye movements during scene perception
    Hannah Faye Chua
    Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 1043, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:12629-33. 2005
    ..We measured the eye movements of American and Chinese participants while they viewed photographs with a focal object on a complex background...
  58. ncbi Motion and vision: why animals move their eyes
    M F Land
    Sussex Centre for Neuroscience, School of Biological Sciences, University of Sussex, Brighton, UK
    J Comp Physiol A 185:341-52. 1999
    Nearly all animals with good vision have a repertoire of eye movements. The majority show a pattern of stable fixations with fast saccades that shift the direction of gaze...
  59. ncbi Visual correlates of fixation selection: effects of scale and time
    Benjamin W Tatler
    Sussex Centre for Neuroscience, School of Life Sciences, University of Sussex, Brighton BN1 9QG, United Kingdom
    Vision Res 45:643-59. 2005
    What distinguishes the locations that we fixate from those that we do not? To answer this question we recorded eye movements while observers viewed natural scenes, and recorded image characteristics centred at the locations that ..
  60. ncbi Detection of emotional faces: salient physical features guide effective visual search
    Manuel G Calvo
    Department of Cognitive Psychology, University of La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
    J Exp Psychol Gen 137:471-94. 2008
    ..PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2008 APA, all rights reserved)...
  61. ncbi The mammalian superior colliculus: laminar structure and connections
    Paul J May
    Department of Anatomy, University of Mississippi Medical Center, 2500 North State Street, Jackson, MS 39216, USA
    Prog Brain Res 151:321-78. 2006
    ....
  62. ncbi Prioritization of new objects in real-world scenes: evidence from eye movements
    James R Brockmole
    Department of Psychology and Cognitive Science Program, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 31:857-68. 2005
    ..These effects were not modulated by observers' expectations concerning the appearance of new objects, suggesting the prioritization of a transient is automatic and that memory-guided prioritization is implicit...
  63. pmc Visual search in scenes involves selective and nonselective pathways
    Jeremy M Wolfe
    Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 64 Sidney St Suite 170, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 15:77-84. 2011
    ....
  64. ncbi Eye movement patterns in linguistic and non-linguistic tasks in developmental surface dyslexia
    M De Luca
    Neuropsychological Research Unit, IRCCS Ospedale S Lucia, Rome, Italy
    Neuropsychologia 37:1407-20. 1999
    ..b>Eye movements in non-linguistic and linguistic tasks were studied in these subjects...
  65. ncbi Current visual scanpath research: a review of investigations into the psychotic, anxiety, and mood disorders
    Wei Lin Toh
    Department of Behavioural Science and Psychiatry, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Vic, Australia
    Compr Psychiatry 52:567-79. 2011
    ..The study of visual scanpaths transpired in a bid to enhance our understanding of the role of eye movements underpinning adaptive functioning as well as psychopathology and was further aided by the advent of modern eye-..
  66. pmc Atypical scanpaths in schizophrenia: evidence of a trait- or state-dependent phenomenon?
    Sara A Beedie
    School of Psychology, College of Life Sciences and Medicine, University of Aberdeen, King s College, Aberdeen, Scotland
    J Psychiatry Neurosci 36:150-64. 2011
    ..This research is in its early stages, and further investigation regarding patterns of inheritance is required. Our findings support scanpath measures as a favourable topic for further investigation as a trait marker...
  67. ncbi Prevention of coordinated eye movements and steering impairs driving performance
    D E Marple-Horvat
    Institute for Biophysical and Clinical Research into Human Movement IRM, Manchester Metropolitan University, Alsager, Cheshire ST7 2HL, UK
    Exp Brain Res 163:411-20. 2005
    ..When approaching a bend in the road, a driver looks across to the inside kerb before turning the steering wheel. Eye movements and steering are tightly linked, with the eyes leading, which means that the oculomotor controller can assist ..
  68. pmc Informatics in radiology: what can you see in a single glance and how might this guide visual search in medical images?
    Trafton Drew
    Visual Attention Laboratory, Department of Surgery, Brigham and Women s Hospital, 64 Sidney St, Suite 170, Cambridge, MA 02139 4170, USA
    Radiographics 33:263-74. 2013
    ....
  69. pmc When art moves the eyes: a behavioral and eye-tracking study
    Davide Massaro
    Research Unit on Theory of Mind, Department of Psychology, Universita Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Milan, Italy
    PLoS ONE 7:e37285. 2012
    ..We discuss our results proposing a reconsideration of the definition of content-related top-down processes in accordance with the concept of embodied simulation in art perception...
  70. pmc Eye movement impairments in Parkinson's disease: possible role of extradopaminergic mechanisms
    Elmar H Pinkhardt
    Department of Neurology, University of Ulm, Oberer Eselsberg 45, 89081 Ulm, Germany
    BMC Neurol 12:5. 2012
    The basal ganglia (BG) are thought to play an important role in the control of eye movements. Accordingly, the broad variety of subtle oculomotor alterations that has been described in Parkinson's disease (PD) are generally attributed to ..
  71. ncbi The Premotor theory of attention: time to move on?
    Daniel T Smith
    Department of Psychology, Durham University, Queens Campus, Stockton on Tees TS176BH, UK
    Neuropsychologia 50:1104-14. 2012
    ..A plausible alternative account is that activity in the motor system contributes to biased competition between different sensory representations with the winner of the competition becoming the attended item...
  72. ncbi Precursors to social and communication difficulties in infants at-risk for autism: gaze following and attentional engagement
    Rachael Bedford
    Centre for Research in Autism and Education, Institute of Education, University of London, 25 Woburn Square, London, UK
    J Autism Dev Disord 42:2208-18. 2012
    ..The findings suggest that the subtle emergence of difficulties in JA in infancy may be related to ASD and other atypical outcomes...
  73. ncbi Using E-Z Reader to simulate eye movements in nonreading tasks: a unified framework for understanding the eye-mind link
    Erik D Reichle
    Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Psychol Rev 119:155-85. 2012
    ..These simulations demonstrate that a single computational framework is sufficient to simulate eye movements in both reading and nonreading tasks but also suggest that there are task-specific differences in both ..
  74. pmc Exploring the role of the substantia nigra pars reticulata in eye movements
    M A Basso
    Department of Neuroscience, Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    Neuroscience 198:205-12. 2011
    Experiments that demonstrated a role for the substantia nigra in eye movements have played an important role in our understanding of the function of the basal ganglia in behavior more broadly...
  75. ncbi The where, what and when of gaze allocation in the lab and the natural environment
    Tom Foulsham
    Department of Psychology, University of Essex, UK
    Vision Res 51:1920-31. 2011
    ..pictures, photographs or videos of natural scenes under controlled conditions and recording participants' eye movements as they view them...
  76. ncbi Causes of cross-over in unilateral neglect: between-group comparisons, within-patient dissociations and eye movements
    F Doricchi
    Fondazione Santa Lucia IRCCS, Universita degli Studi di Roma La Sapienza, Rome, Italy
    Brain 128:1386-406. 2005
    ..Recording of eye movements showed that at the moment of bisection left eye fixations shifted towards the contralesional line endpoint ..
  77. ncbi Developing cultural differences in face processing
    David J Kelly
    Department of Psychology, Royal Holloway, University of London, UK
    Dev Sci 14:1176-84. 2011
    Perception and eye movements are affected by culture. Adults from Eastern societies (e.g. China) display a disposition to process information holistically, whereas individuals from Western societies (e.g...
  78. ncbi Spectral characteristics of longitudinal corneal apex velocities and their relation to the cardiopulmonary system
    H T Kasprzak
    Faculty of Health, School of Optometry, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    Eye (Lond) 21:1212-9. 2007
    ..To study the naturally occurring kinetic characteristics of corneal surface...
  79. ncbi Target acceleration can be extracted and represented within the predictive drive to ocular pursuit
    Simon J Bennett
    Research Institute for Exercise and Sport Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Henry Cotton Campus, L3 2ET, Liverpool, UK
    J Neurophysiol 98:1405-14. 2007
    ..However, smooth and saccadic eye movements did discriminate between the different levels of acceleration after an initial 500- or 800-ms exposure...
  80. ncbi Receptive field shift and shrinkage in macaque middle temporal area through attentional gain modulation
    Thilo Womelsdorf
    F C Donders Centre for Cognitive Neuroimaging, Radboud University Nijmegen, 6525 EN Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    J Neurosci 28:8934-44. 2008
    ....
  81. pmc Eye orientation during static tilts and its relationship to spontaneous head pitch in the laboratory mouse
    Brian S Oommen
    Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH 44106 5040, USA
    Brain Res 1193:57-66. 2008
    ..The vertical position is near the center of the range of eye movements produced by the pitch tiltMOR...
  82. ncbi Detection of differential viewing patterns to erotic and non-erotic stimuli using eye-tracking methodology
    Amy D Lykins
    Department of Psychology, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, Box 455030, Las Vegas, Nevada 89154 5030, USA
    Arch Sex Behav 35:569-75. 2006
    ..role of visual attention in the processing of erotic stimuli, eye-tracking methodology was employed to measure eye movements during erotic scene presentation...
  83. ncbi In the eye of the beholder: a survey of models for eyes and gaze
    Dan Witzner Hansen
    IT University, Copenhagen, Denmark
    IEEE Trans Pattern Anal Mach Intell 32:478-500. 2010
    ..Data on eye location and details of eye movements have numerous applications and are essential in face detection, biometric identification, and particular human-..
  84. ncbi Eye movements and visible persistence explain the mislocalization of the final position of a moving target
    D Kerzel
    Unit for Cognition and Action, Max Planck Institute for Psychological Research, Amalienstr 33, 80799, Munich, Germany
    Vision Res 40:3703-15. 2000
    ..It is argued that the shift results from eye movements after target offset that move the target's persisting image in the direction of motion.
  85. ncbi The effects of eye movements, age, and expertise on inattentional blindness
    Daniel Memmert
    University of Heidelberg, Institute of Sports Science, Germany
    Conscious Cogn 15:620-7. 2006
    ..The results in the same task indicate significant differences between basketball experts and basketball novices. The ages of the subjects in both experiments are discussed in connection with the inattentional blindness paradigm...
  86. pmc Development of eye-movement control
    Beatriz Luna
    Laboratory of Neurocognitive Development, Department of Psychology and the Center for the Neural Basis of Cognition, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Brain Cogn 68:293-308. 2008
    ..In this review, we first describe the development of pursuit, fixation, and visually-guided saccadic eye movements, which collectively indicate early maturation of basic sensorimotor processes supporting reflexive, ..
  87. pmc Prioritized maps of space in human frontoparietal cortex
    Trenton A Jerde
    Department of Psychology and Center for Neural Science, New York University, New York, New York 10003, USA
    J Neurosci 32:17382-90. 2012
    ..g., attention) in superior PCS and IPS2, suggesting that these patterns of maintenance activity may be interchangeable across the tasks. Such properties make these two areas in frontal and parietal cortex viable priority map candidates...
  88. ncbi High frequency edges (but not contrast) predict where we fixate: A Bayesian system identification analysis
    Roland J Baddeley
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol 8, Woodland Road, Bristol, UK
    Vision Res 46:2824-33. 2006
    ..It was found that rather than centre surround inhibition, the weightings simply averaged over an area of about 2 degrees...
  89. pmc Quantification of vestibular-induced eye movements in zebrafish larvae
    Weike Mo
    Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Oregon Hearing Research Center and Vollum Institute, Oregon Health and Science University, 3181 SW Sam Jackson Park Road, Portland, OR 97239, USA
    BMC Neurosci 11:110. 2010
    ..was reported to be absent in free-swimming zebrafish larvae, recent studies reveal that vestibular-induced eye movements can be evoked in zebrafish larvae by both static tilts and dynamic rotations that tilt the head with respect ..
  90. ncbi Zonal organization of the mouse flocculus: physiology, input, and output
    Martijn Schonewille
    Department of Neuroscience, Erasmus MC, 3000 DR Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    J Comp Neurol 497:670-82. 2006
    ..The present study illustrates that Purkinje cells in the murine flocculus are organized in discrete zones with specific functions, specific input - output relations, and a specific histochemical signature...
  91. ncbi No two cues are alike: Depth of learning during infancy is dependent on what orients attention
    Rachel Wu
    Centre for Brain and Cognitive Development, Birkbeck College, University of London, London WC1E 7HX, UK
    J Exp Child Psychol 107:118-36. 2010
    ..We discuss these findings in terms of the perceptual differences and relevance of the cues...
  92. ncbi Eye movements are functional during face learning
    John M Henderson
    Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 1116, USA
    Mem Cognit 33:98-106. 2005
    ..Recognition of the learned faces was then tested following the two learning conditions. Eye movements were recorded during the free viewing learning condition, as well as during recognition...
  93. pmc Cerebellar inputs to intraparietal cortex areas LIP and MIP: functional frameworks for adaptive control of eye movements, reaching, and arm/eye/head movement coordination
    Vincent Prevosto
    Laboratoire de Neurobiologie Cellulaire et Moleculaire, UPR9040 CNRS, 1 Av de la Terrasse, Gif sur Yvette, France
    Cereb Cortex 20:214-28. 2010
    ..They also have potential implications for clinical approaches to optic ataxia and neglect rehabilitation...
  94. ncbi Bilingual lexical access in context: evidence from eye movements during reading
    Maya R Libben
    Department of Psychology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 35:381-90. 2009
    ..g., A. I. Schwartz & J. F. Kroll, 2006). Eye movements were recorded as French-English bilinguals read English sentences containing cognates (e.g...
  95. ncbi Do gaze cues in complex scenes capture and direct the attention of high functioning adolescents with ASD? Evidence from eye-tracking
    M Freeth
    University of Nottingham, University Park, UK
    J Autism Dev Disord 40:534-47. 2010
    ....
  96. pmc Does the middle temporal area carry vestibular signals related to self-motion?
    Syed A Chowdhury
    Department of Neurobiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    J Neurosci 29:12020-30. 2009
    ..Thus, the robust vestibular signals observed in area MSTd do not arise through inputs from area MT...
  97. pmc Interactions dominate the dynamics of visual cognition
    Damian G Stephen
    University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA
    Cognition 115:154-65. 2010
    ..a statistical approach to distinguishing additive and multiplicative processes and apply it to the dynamics of eye movements during classic visual cognitive tasks...
  98. pmc Superior colliculus inactivation causes stable offsets in eye position during tracking
    Ziad M Hafed
    Systems Neurobiology Laboratory, Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, California 92037, USA
    J Neurosci 28:8124-37. 2008
    ....
  99. ncbi Influences of state anxiety on gaze behavior and stepping accuracy in older adults during adaptive locomotion
    William R Young
    School of Psychology, Queen s University Belfast, Belfast, UK
    J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 67:43-51. 2012
    ..e., looking away from a target box prior to completing the step on it in order to fixate future constraints in the walkway) and (b) reduced stepping accuracy on the target in older adults...
  100. ncbi Predictive remapping of attention across eye movements
    Martin Rolfs
    Universite Paris Descartes, Laboratoire Psychologie de la Perception, Paris, France
    Nat Neurosci 14:252-6. 2011
    Many cells in retinotopic brain areas increase their activity when saccades (rapid eye movements) are about to bring stimuli into their receptive fields...
  101. ncbi Activity of vestibular nuclei neurons during vestibular and optokinetic stimulation in the alert mouse
    M Beraneck
    Department of Physiology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    J Neurophysiol 98:1549-65. 2007
    As a result of the availability of genetic mutant strains and development of noninvasive eye movements recording techniques, the mouse stands as a very interesting model for bridging the gap among behavioral responses, neuronal response ..

Research Grants75

  1. FUNCTION OF MIDBRAIN STRUCTURES IN EYE MOVEMENT CONTROL
    DAVID WAITZMAN; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Patients with PSP experience severe difficulty with balance, voluntary (vertical greater than horizontal) eye movements, fixation, and visual attention, however initially intellect is preserved...
  2. NEURONAL PLASTICITY AND THE CONTROL OF EYE POSITION
    NEAL BARMACK; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..discharge of Purkinje neurons in the cerebellar uvula-nodulus and contribute to plastic changes in reflexive eye movements. We will relate these changes in Purkinje cell discharge to the micro circuitry of the cerebellum...
  3. STATISITICAL DESIGN, MONITORING &COORD. OF VISION CLINICAL TRIALS &EPIDEMIOLOGY
    Keri Hammel; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Other research has indicated that patients with schizophrenia might have difficulty monitoring their eye movements. The corollary discharge process may be defective in patients with schizophrenia, and perhaps delayed in time...
  4. STATISITICAL DESIGN, MONITORING &COORD. OF VISION CLINICAL TRIALS &EPIDEMIOLOGY
    Keri Hammel; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Other research has indicated that patients with schizophrenia might have difficulty monitoring their eye movements. The corollary discharge process may be defective in patients with schizophrenia, and perhaps delayed in time...
  5. Principles of Therapy in Cerebellar Disease: Explorations in Ion Channel Mutants
    JOHN SAMUEL STAHL; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We will record eye movements in tottering following systemic and intrafloccular injections of 4- aminopyridine...
  6. Computer/Electrical Engineering
    Theodore Raphan; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..4. Generate analysis techniques for establishing eye movements relative to head coordinates of the mouse. 5...
  7. Cytokine and neurotransmitter interactions in sleep regulation
    Mark R Opp; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Most infections increase non-rapid eye movements sleep (NREMS) and decrease rapid eye movements sleep (REMS)...
  8. Genetic Etiologies of Horizontal Strabismus
    Elizabeth C Engle; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Incomitant forms account for 2% of cases, and affected individuals have limited eye movements such that the angle varies with gaze direction...
  9. MIDBRAIN CIRCUITRY FOR NEURONAL CONTROL OF GAZE
    Paul J May; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..triad responses in an adaptive manner, and the superior colliculus, which has a well known role in saccadic eye movements, but might play a role in the near response, as well...
  10. Visual Processing and Smooth Eye Movements
    Michael J Mustari; Fiscal Year: 2012
    Full visual function depends on the coordinated action of vision and eye movements. We must direct our line of sight on an object of interest so that it will be imaged on the fovea of each eye...
  11. Myogenic stem cells in extraocular muscles
    Zipora Yablonka-Reuveni; Fiscal Year: 2013
    PROJECT SUMMARY Extraocular muscles (EOMs) are a group of highly specialized skeletal muscles that control eye movements. They develop from the head mesoderm and are molecularly, anatomically and physiologically distinct from other ..
  12. Eye Movements: The Motor System that Sees the World
    Paul J May; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Moreover, the field has begun to utilize approaches developed to study eye movements as a tool to understand CNS decision making processes...
  13. SYNAPTIC TRANSMISSION DURING NEURONAL DIFFERENTIATION
    Kenna D Peusner; Fiscal Year: 2010
    Unilateral peripheral vestibular lesions result in deficits in eye movements, posture, and balance, but the static symptoms usually diminish rapidly due to the process of vestibular compensation...
  14. Vestibular control of head movements
    Natela M Shanidze; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In previous research, eye movements were often used to study vestibular responses (vestibulo-ocular reflex or VOR);experiments were performed in ..
  15. fMRI of Cholinergic Mechanisms in Schizophrenia
    Jason R Tregellas; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This Renewal Application proposes the use of an fMRI measure of hippocampal response during eye movements and a measure of the more general resting state response, or "default network," to explore key therapeutic ..
  16. Cerebellar Microcircuits: Organization &Development
    Marco Martina; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..forward that these unique neurons are important for regulating head position in space, influencing posture and eye movements and improving auditory performance...
  17. TROPHIC MANIPULATIONS OF THE OCULOMOTOR SYSTEM
    Christopher S von Bartheld; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..of trophic factors into selected eye muscles during a critical period of development may restore balanced eye movements by mimicking intrinsic trophic mechanisms...
  18. Visual Target Selection for Saccadic Eye Movements
    Michele A Basso; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..to understand the role of the basal ganglia (BG) and superior colliculus (SC) in target selection for saccadic eye movements. In this application we are focused on the relationship of one output nucleus of the BG, the substantia nigra ..
  19. CORE GRANT FOR VISION RESEARCH
    Eric A Newman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and analyzing EEG data, and (4) equipment for monitoring subjects'direction of gaze and patterns of eye movements during experiments...
  20. Advances in Oculomotor and Vestibular Systems
    Neeraj J Gandhi; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..system is an ideal model system for the study of internal models because of the accurate response of eye movements and because of the insights that can be gained from perturbing them...
  21. BINOCULAR COORDINATION OF EYE MOVEMENTS
    Vallabh E Das; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..An important finding in the previous cycle was that neural factors were responsible for generating cross-axis eye movements that lead to appearance of A/V patterns and DVD...
  22. VESTIBULAR AND VISUAL CONTROL OF EYE MOVEMENT
    Jennifer L Raymond; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This project capitalizes on the experimental tractability of eye movements, in particular the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR), to analyze the neural mechanisms of motor learning...
  23. Cortex Changes in Real/Imagined Movement in ALS
    Robert C Welsh; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..retaining their cognitive ability, but unable to perform any movement except possibly the most basic eye movements. Among people with such disabilities, there is a keen interest in technology that can be operated "just by ..
  24. 4/6 Psychosis and Affective Research Domains and Intermediate Phenotypes (PARDIP)
    Matcheri S Keshavan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We will obtain measures of neurophysiology, (smooth pursuit eye movements, antisaccades, auditory ERPs), cognition (cognitive battery, response inhibition, spatial working memory), ..
  25. 3/4-Psychosis &Affective Research Domains and Intermediate Phenotypes (PARDIP)
    Godfrey D Pearlson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We will obtain measures of neurophysiology, (smooth pursuit eye movements, antisaccades, auditory ERPs), cognition (cognitive battery, response inhibition, spatial working memory), ..
  26. Guiding the Treatment of Anterior Eye Disease with Optical Coherence Tomography
    David Huang; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Intrinsic eye movements effectively limit measurement of corneal shape by commercial OCT...
  27. Psychosis and Affective Research Domains and Intermediate Phenotypes (PARDIP)
    Carol A Tamminga; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We will obtain measures of neurophysiology, (smooth pursuit eye movements, antisaccades, auditory ERPs), cognition (cognitive battery, response inhibition, spatial working memory), ..
  28. INVESTIGATION AND TREATMENT OF OCULAR MOTOR DISORDERS
    RICHARD JOHN LEIGH; Fiscal Year: 2012
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Eye movements are now widely used as experimental tools in the neurosciences, including studies of memory and volition...
  29. The Neurophysiology of Visual Search: Oculomotor and Visual Mechanisms
    Michael E Goldberg; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Under ordinary circumstances humans and non-human primates explore their visual world using eye movements, and the efficiency of visual search in humans is related to the number of and accuracy of those eye movements...
  30. NEURAL CONTROL OF VISUAL-VESTIBULAR BEHAVIOR
    Michael J Mustari; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..designed to determine neural mechanisms responsible for converting visual motion information into commands for eye movements during different SP behaviors...
  31. Attention and Smooth Pursuit in Infants with a Family History of Psychosis
    Sharon K Hunter; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..While infants "track" moving stimuli across a video monitor, eye movements will be recorded using infrared eye-tracking technology...
  32. Optimal neural and behavioral markers for learning to learn during infancy
    Rachel Wu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..to the natural environment, and 4) to conduct microanalyses on and to develop computational models of infant eye movements. The training component focuses on learning to use two state-of-the-art methods in infancy research (a head-..
  33. Towards an Endophenotype for Amygdala Dysfunction
    Ralph Adolphs; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Aim 1 will investigate eye movements and emotional response during real social interactions (over live video and during face-to-face interactions)...
  34. Attention and Perceptual Learning
    Marisa Carrasco; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Covert attention - the selective processing of information at a given location without eye movements to that location - improves perceptual performance on many detection, discrimination and localization tasks in ..
  35. Effects of Outcome Cue Exposure on Alcohol-Related Cognition and Alcohol Use
    Denis M McCarthy; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..During free viewing of these images, participants'eye movements will be tracked using a computerized remote optics camera, enabling direct assessment of the extent and ..
  36. RECOVERY OF VESTIBULAR FUNCTION DURING REGENERATION
    J David Dickman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Previous studies have suggested that regular firing afferents are primarily involved in control of eye movements while irregular firing afferents are more involved in head stabilization...
  37. Consequences of uncertainty in visual perception and action
    LAURENCE THOMAS MALONEY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In three series of experiments, we track eye movements and hand movements and their interaction...
  38. Variation as a Neural Code
    Stephen G Lisberger; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The seven projects will ask these questions on six different behaviors: smooth pursuit eye movements, reaching arm movements, bird song, spatial behavior, auditory processing, and categorization of speech sounds...
  39. Developmental Influences on the Functional Organization of the Vestibular System
    David Schoppik; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of neurons involved, the models of population activity I had generated to explain variability in repeated eye movements were ultimately untestable...
  40. Short Term Research Training at the New England College of Optometry
    Jane E Gwiazda; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Outside speakers will present their latest research on topics such as ocular aberrations and eye movements. At the end of the ten-week program, all trainees will present their work to the group and submit a written ..
  41. Reward Processing in Adolescence
    Beatriz Luna; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..related to the effects of monetary incentives on the ability to suppress task inappropriate responses, using eye movements as a model system...
  42. Dynamic Basal Ganglia Saccade Networks
    Ann M Graybiel; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Clinical data strongly implicate the basal ganglia, including the striatum, in the control of saccadic eye movements. For example, saccade deficits occur both in Parkinson's disease and in Huntington's disease...
  43. Disparity Processing in Human Visual Cortex
    Anthony M Norcia; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..It is shown here for the first time, that these 3D motion cues provide an important input to vergence eye movements. The normal developmental sequence for sensitivity to these motion cues is currently unknown...
  44. THE ROLE OF THE PRIMATE AMYGDALA IN GAZE FOLLOWING AND FACIAL MIMICRY
    Katalin M Gothard; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The basolateral nuclei are connected to cortical areas involved the control of eye movements and in higher cognitive functions that might be necessary to determine where individuals are looking...
  45. Novel Immunotoxin and IGF Therapy for Strabismus
    Linda K McLoon; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Ultimately, eye alignment, gaze-holding and eye movements all depend on the quality of ocular motor innervation supplied to the EOM...
  46. Neural Activity in Guinea Pig Vestibular Nuclei During Volitional Head Movements
    William M King; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Rapid eye movements are shorter in duration than head movements necessitating compensatory ocular counter-rotation during head ..
  47. Pavlovian learning, attention and decisions
    Jacqueline Gottlieb; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Recently we discovered that Pavlovian learning strongly affects activity related to attention and eye movements in a cortical association area, the lateral intraparietal area (LIP) of the monkey...
  48. STN Stimulation: Neural Control of Movement and Posture
    DANIEL MONTIE CORCOS; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Aim 1 will test the hypothesis that bilateral STN DBS improves the performance of visually guided eye movements (Aim 1A) and visually guided hand movements (Aim 1B) more than unilateral STN DBS or being off STN DBS...
  49. Motor unit diversity in horizontal eye movement control
    PAUL DOUGLAS GAMLIN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..It is currently assumed that these eye movements are produced through common pools of motor units (a "motor unit" is a motor neuron and its muscle fibers), ..
  50. ROC Studies of Visual Working Memory
    Weiwei Zhang; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..g., maintaining saccade targets across eye movements) and various cognitive functions (e.g...
  51. Studies of Three-Dimensional Ocular Kinematics
    Dora Angelaki; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..The long-term goal of these studies is to understand how the brain and the extraocular muscles generate eye movements in three-dimensions (3D)...
  52. Neural Basis of Self-Motion Perception
    Dora Angelaki; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Indeed, when tested in the laboratory, subjects are remarkably good at compensating for smooth pursuit eye movements and accuracy is little affected...
  53. Psychophysical Correlates of Neurodegeneration in Glaucoma
    PETER JOHN BEX; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..We examine binocular vision, filling-in and compensatory eye movements that may obscure detection of progressive visual impairment and prevent patients from self-diagnosing at an ..
  54. Online speech processing in pediatric and adult cochlear implant users
    ASHLEY WILSON FARRIS-TRIMBLE; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..As the listener does a basic word identification task on a computer, his or her eye movements are monitored as a measure of how strongly the listener is considering different words as a match to the ..
  55. The mutual influence of attention and learning during knowledge acquisition
    Michael L Mack; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..These models plan a course of action (e.g., eye movements) by looking ahead and evaluating future actions for expected profit...
  56. Eye-Hand Coordination in Elderly Stroke Victims: A Visuomotor Rehab Study
    JOHN ROSS RIZZO; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..During simple object retrieval tasks, eye movements or saccades are completed prior to arm movements or reaches...
  57. SENSORY MOTOR PROCESSING CARRIED OUT BY THE CEREBELLUM DURING OCULOMOTOR BEHAVIOR
    PABLO M BLAZQUEZ GAMEZ; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..is the ventral paraflocculus of the cerebellum (VPFL), a structure that participates in the generation of eye movements and helps stabilize images on the retina during visual behaviors...
  58. Eyetracking Comprehension Assessment System (ECAS): Improving Validity of Compreh
    Brooke Hallowell; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..existing, rapid- prototype ECAS software to a production quality;(3) develop real-time displays for monitoring eye movements superimposed on the visual stimuli;(4) develop displays to show intermediate scoring results during the test ..
  59. Linguistic Processes in Sentence Comprehension and Reading
    ROGER PHILIP LEVY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The study of eye movements in reading is an ideal setting for further developing such a theory, because it is well-known that moment-by-..
  60. A neuronal process of the error signal that drives saccade adaptation
    Yoshiko Kojima; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We have approached our goal by using monkey saccadic eye movements, which provide an ideal model because saccades are precise, use only a few muscles, the associated brainstem ..
  61. Paradigm and attentional manipulations to improve P300-based BCI
    Eric Sellers; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..that MMI will also increase P300 amplitude, decrease response latencies associated with BCI use, and reduce eye movements from the target that undermine BCI performance (which will be monitored via eye tracking hardware)...
  62. VISION IN NATURAL TASKS
    Mary M Hayhoe; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The pervasive effect of reward in the neural circuitry underlying saccadic eye movements, the development of the mathematics of Reinforcement Learning, and the application of statistical decision ..
  63. Neural mechanisms for smooth pursuit adaptation
    Seiji Ono; Fiscal Year: 2013
    Smooth pursuit (SP) eye movements are used to maintain the image of a moving object on or near the fovea. The SP system is able to adapt to challenges associated with development or injury to maintain pursuit accuracy and clear vision...
  64. Stereoscopic motion-in-depth perception: fMRI and neurophysiological studies
    PAUL DOUGLAS GAMLIN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..since visual field deficits in stereomotion processing are closely correlated with deficits in vergence eye movements, and the same defect in binocular interaction appears to underlie both abnormal behaviors...
  65. NEURONAL BASIS OF VISUAL PERCEPTION IN EYE MOVEMENTS
    Hitoshi Sato; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..is to contributed to a better understanding of the neural mechanisms subserving the cerebellar control of eye movements. The significance of the cerebellum as a part of oculomotor control system has long been suggested from the ..
  66. Human Spatial Disorientation and Misperception of Self-Motion in Three Dimensions
    JAN HOLLY; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Current diagnostic techniques for vestibular disorders rely heavily on eye movements, but perception appears to deviate from eye movements in many cases...
  67. AUTOSOMAL DOMINANT ATAXIA
    Christopher Gomez; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Clinical observations suggest that eye movements and postural stability are universally but differentially impaired in the SCAs, presumably due to regional ..
  68. The development of depth perception from motion parallax in human infants
    ELIZABETH SHANNON NAWROT; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..proposal has two specific aims: First, to determine the relationship between the development of smooth pursuit eye movements and depth perception from motion parallax...
  69. CEREBELLAR NUCLEI IN EYE MOVEMENT CONTROL AND ADAPTATION
    Farrel Robinson; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Lesions of the cerebellum severely impair all three of these voluntary eye movements and abolish the ability to adapt eye movements when they are repeatedly inaccurate...
  70. DEVELOPMENT OF SUSTAINED ATTENTION IN INFANTS
    John Richards; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..subject-controlled attention in infants from 8 to 26 weeks of age, and to study the control of saccadic eye movements during heart-rate-defined attention phases, in order to infer the neurodevelopmental systems controlling ..
  71. CORTICAL CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE CONTROL OF EYE MOVEMENTS
    Mark Segraves; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..experiments are focused on the role of the rhesus monkey's frontal eye field (FEF) in the generation of eye movements. The FEF is a cortical region that is closely tied to sensorimotor processing...
  72. FUNCTIONAL ORGANIZATION OF THE FRONTAL EYE FIELD
    Charles Bruce; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..organization of the primate frontal eye field (FEF) cortex and its role in the execution of voluntary eye movements. Previous studies of neurons in the saccadic region of FEF (FEFsac) find different combinations of activity ..
  73. CORTICAL CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE CONTROL OF EYE MOVEMENTS
    Mark Segraves; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..will focus upon the frontal eye field in the rhesus monkey's cerebral cortex and its role in the control of eye movements. Frontal eye field removal is detrimental to the initiation and performance of saccades in complex visuomotor ..
  74. THREE-AXIS OCULAR MOTOR CONTROL BY THE CEREBELLUM
    Mark Walker; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..an emphasis on the role of the cerebellum in the three-axis (horizontal, vertical, and torsional) control of eye movements. The research plan involves a combination of experimental and modeling approaches with parallel studies in ..