parity

Summary

Summary: The number of offspring a female has borne. It is contrasted with GRAVIDITY, which refers to the number of pregnancies, regardless of outcome.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Risk factors for pre-eclampsia at antenatal booking: systematic review of controlled studies
    Kirsten Duckitt
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford OX3 9DU
    BMJ 330:565. 2005
  2. ncbi Size at birth and early childhood growth in relation to maternal smoking, parity and infant breast-feeding: longitudinal birth cohort study and analysis
    Ken K L Ong
    Department of Paediatrics, University of Cambridge, Addenbrookes Hospital, Cambridge, UK
    Pediatr Res 52:863-7. 2002
  3. pmc Clinical risk prediction for pre-eclampsia in nulliparous women: development of model in international prospective cohort
    Robyn A North
    Division of Women s Health, King s College London, London, United Kingdom
    BMJ 342:d1875. 2011
  4. ncbi Obesity as an independent risk factor for elective and emergency caesarean delivery in nulliparous women--systematic review and meta-analysis of cohort studies
    A S Poobalan
    Department of Public Health, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK
    Obes Rev 10:28-35. 2009
  5. pmc Reproductive history and oral contraceptive use in relation to risk of triple-negative breast cancer
    Amanda I Phipps
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA 98109 1024, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 103:470-7. 2011
  6. pmc Excess gains in weight and waist circumference associated with childbearing: The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults Study (CARDIA)
    E P Gunderson
    Kaiser Permanente Foundation Hospitals, Division of Research, 2000 Broadway, Oakland, CA 94612, USA
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 28:525-35. 2004
  7. ncbi Maternal BMI, parity, and pregnancy weight gain: influences on offspring adiposity in young adulthood
    R M Reynolds
    Endocrinology Unit, Centre for Cardiovascular Science, Queen s Medical Research Institute, 47 Little France Crescent, Edinburgh EH16 4TJ, United Kingdom
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 95:5365-9. 2010
  8. ncbi The effects and mechanisms of primiparity on the risk of pre-eclampsia: a systematic review
    Zhong Cheng Luo
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sainte Justine Hospital, University of Montreal, Montreal, QC, Canada
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 21:36-45. 2007
  9. ncbi Triple-negative breast cancer in Hispanic patients: high prevalence, poor prognosis, and association with menopausal status, body mass index, and parity
    Fernando Lara-Medina
    Breast Cancer Clinic, National Cancer Institute INCan, Mexico City, Mexico
    Cancer 117:3658-69. 2011
  10. ncbi Does a traumatic birth experience have an impact on future reproduction?
    Karin Gottvall
    Department of Nursing, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
    BJOG 109:254-60. 2002

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications323 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Risk factors for pre-eclampsia at antenatal booking: systematic review of controlled studies
    Kirsten Duckitt
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford OX3 9DU
    BMJ 330:565. 2005
    ..To determine the risk of pre-eclampsia associated with factors that may be present at antenatal booking...
  2. ncbi Size at birth and early childhood growth in relation to maternal smoking, parity and infant breast-feeding: longitudinal birth cohort study and analysis
    Ken K L Ong
    Department of Paediatrics, University of Cambridge, Addenbrookes Hospital, Cambridge, UK
    Pediatr Res 52:863-7. 2002
    ..We examined the relationship between maternal smoking, parity, and breast- or bottle-feeding to size at birth and childhood growth between 0 and 5 y in a large representative ..
  3. pmc Clinical risk prediction for pre-eclampsia in nulliparous women: development of model in international prospective cohort
    Robyn A North
    Division of Women s Health, King s College London, London, United Kingdom
    BMJ 342:d1875. 2011
    ..To develop a predictive model for pre-eclampsia based on clinical risk factors for nulliparous women and to identify a subgroup at increased risk, in whom specialist referral might be indicated...
  4. ncbi Obesity as an independent risk factor for elective and emergency caesarean delivery in nulliparous women--systematic review and meta-analysis of cohort studies
    A S Poobalan
    Department of Public Health, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK
    Obes Rev 10:28-35. 2009
    ..64 (95% confidence intervals 1.55, 1.73) in overweight and 2.23 (2.07, 2.42) in obese women. Caesarean delivery risk is increased by 50% in overweight women and is more than double for obese women compared with women with normal BMI...
  5. pmc Reproductive history and oral contraceptive use in relation to risk of triple-negative breast cancer
    Amanda I Phipps
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA 98109 1024, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 103:470-7. 2011
    ..Hormonally mediated risk factors may be differentially related to risk of triple-negative and ER+ breast cancers...
  6. pmc Excess gains in weight and waist circumference associated with childbearing: The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults Study (CARDIA)
    E P Gunderson
    Kaiser Permanente Foundation Hospitals, Division of Research, 2000 Broadway, Oakland, CA 94612, USA
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 28:525-35. 2004
    ..To examine the association of childbearing with weight and waist circumference (WC) changes, we compared women with and without pregnancies or births during follow-up...
  7. ncbi Maternal BMI, parity, and pregnancy weight gain: influences on offspring adiposity in young adulthood
    R M Reynolds
    Endocrinology Unit, Centre for Cardiovascular Science, Queen s Medical Research Institute, 47 Little France Crescent, Edinburgh EH16 4TJ, United Kingdom
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 95:5365-9. 2010
    ..The prevalence of obesity among women of childbearing age is increasing. Emerging evidence suggests that this has long-term adverse influences on offspring health...
  8. ncbi The effects and mechanisms of primiparity on the risk of pre-eclampsia: a systematic review
    Zhong Cheng Luo
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sainte Justine Hospital, University of Montreal, Montreal, QC, Canada
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 21:36-45. 2007
    ..multiparous pregnancies. Available data are insufficient to interpret the mechanisms of such primiparity-associated excess risk of pre-eclampsia...
  9. ncbi Triple-negative breast cancer in Hispanic patients: high prevalence, poor prognosis, and association with menopausal status, body mass index, and parity
    Fernando Lara-Medina
    Breast Cancer Clinic, National Cancer Institute INCan, Mexico City, Mexico
    Cancer 117:3658-69. 2011
    ..To the authors' knowledge, no previous studies have determined the prevalence of TNBC and its risk factors among Hispanic women...
  10. ncbi Does a traumatic birth experience have an impact on future reproduction?
    Karin Gottvall
    Department of Nursing, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
    BJOG 109:254-60. 2002
    ..To investigate whether women's experiences of their first birth affects future reproduction...
  11. ncbi The perinatal effects of delayed childbearing
    K S Joseph
    Perinatal Epidemiology Research Unit, Departments of Obstetrics and Gynaecology and Pediatrics, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    Obstet Gynecol 105:1410-8. 2005
    ....
  12. ncbi Can we reduce the caesarean section rate?
    M S Robson
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Wycombe General Hospital, High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, HP11 2TT, UK
    Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol 15:179-94. 2001
    ..Finally, caesarean section rates must no longer be considered in isolation from other changes taking place in society...
  13. pmc Risk of pre-eclampsia in first and subsequent pregnancies: prospective cohort study
    Sonia Hernandez-Diaz
    Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    BMJ 338:b2255. 2009
    ..To investigate whether pre-eclampsia is more common in first pregnancies solely because fewer affected women, who presumably have a higher risk of recurrence, go on to have subsequent pregnancies...
  14. ncbi Parity, age at first birth, and risk of death from pancreatic cancer: evidence from a cohort in Taiwan
    Chih Ching Chang
    Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan
    Pancreas 39:567-71. 2010
    This study was undertaken to examine whether there is an association between parity and age at first birth and risk of pancreatic cancer.
  15. ncbi Parity, other reproductive factors, and risk of pancreatic cancer mortality in a large cohort of U.S. women (United States)
    Lauren R Teras
    Department of Epidemiology and Surveillance Research, American Cancer Society, National Home Office, Atlanta, GA 30329 4251, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 16:1035-40. 2005
    Several studies have found an inverse relationship between parity and risk of pancreatic cancer...
  16. ncbi The value of customised centiles in assessing perinatal mortality risk associated with parity and maternal size
    J Gardosi
    Perinatal Institute, Birmingham, UK
    BJOG 116:1356-63. 2009
    We wanted to compare customised and population standards for defining smallness for gestational age (SGA) in the assessment of perinatal mortality risk associated with parity and maternal size.
  17. ncbi Cesarean delivery: background, trends, and epidemiology
    Fay Menacker
    Division of Vital Statistics, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Hyattsville, MD 20782, USA
    Semin Perinatol 30:235-41. 2006
    ..To examine trends in cesarean delivery for the overall population and for women with "no indicated risk" for cesarean section, and to summarize the available literature on "maternal request" cesarean deliveries...
  18. pmc Parity and breastfeeding are protective against breast cancer in Nigerian women
    D Huo
    Department of Health Studies, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Br J Cancer 98:992-6. 2008
    ..72 (95% CI: 0.54-0.95, P=0.02). Parity was negatively associated with risk (P-trend=0.02) but age at first live birth was not significant (P=0.16)...
  19. pmc Parity and placental infection affect antibody responses against Plasmodium falciparum during pregnancy
    Alfredo Mayor
    Barcelona Centre for International Health Research CRESIB, Hospital Clínic Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Infect Immun 79:1654-9. 2011
    ..The decreasing risk of malaria with subsequent pregnancies is attributed to parity-dependent acquisition of antibodies against placental parasites expressing variant surface antigens, VAR2CSA, that ..
  20. pmc Maternal obesity in early pregnancy and risk of spontaneous and elective preterm deliveries: a retrospective cohort study
    Gordon C S Smith
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Cambridge University, Rosie Maternity Hospital, Cambridge, England
    Am J Public Health 97:157-62. 2007
    ..We sought to determine the association between maternal body mass index and risk of preterm delivery...
  21. ncbi Pregnancy outcomes related to gestational weight gain in women defined by their body mass index, parity, height, and smoking status
    Ellen A Nohr
    Department of Epidemiology, Institute of Public Health, University of Aarhus, Aarhus, Denmark
    Am J Clin Nutr 90:1288-94. 2009
    ..Recommendations for gestational weight gain (GWG) account for a woman's prepregnancy body mass index (BMI), but other factors may be important...
  22. ncbi Labor induction and the risk of a cesarean delivery among nulliparous women at term
    Deborah B Ehrenthal
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Internal Medicine Christiana Care Health System, Newark, Delaware, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 116:35-42. 2010
    ..To estimate the association of labor induction with the risk of a cesarean delivery for nulliparous women presenting at term at a regional hospital...
  23. ncbi Parity and age at first childbirth in relation to the risk of different breast cancer subgroups
    Salma Butt
    Department of Surgery, Malmo University Hospital, 205 02 Malmo, Sweden
    Int J Cancer 125:1926-34. 2009
    The aim of the present study was to examine parity and age at first childbirth, in relation to the risk of specific breast cancer subgroups...
  24. ncbi Young maternal age and preterm birth
    Antônio A M da Silva
    Department of Public Health, University of Maranhão, and Department of Paediatrics, Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirao Preto, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 17:332-9. 2003
    ..calculated with and without adjustment for confounding factors (family income, marital status, mode of delivery, parity, health insurance, and short maternal stature) in a logistic regression model, using mothers 25-29 years of age as ..
  25. ncbi Effects of birth spacing on maternal health: a systematic review
    Agustin Conde-Agudelo
    Centro de Estudios e Investigación en Salud and Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Fundacion Santa Fe de Bogota, Bogota, Colombia
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 196:297-308. 2007
    ..Long interpregnancy intervals are independently associated with an increased risk of preeclampsia. Both short and long interpregnancy intervals seem to be related to other adverse maternal outcomes, but more research is needed...
  26. pmc A dietary pattern characterized by high intake of vegetables, fruits, and vegetable oils is associated with reduced risk of preeclampsia in nulliparous pregnant Norwegian women
    Anne Lise Brantsaeter
    Division of Environmental Medicine, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, NO 0403 Oslo, Norway
    J Nutr 139:1162-8. 2009
    ....
  27. ncbi Parity and risk of later-life maternal cardiovascular disease
    Nisha I Parikh
    Cardiovascular Division and Cardiovascular Epidemiology and Research Unit, Department of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA
    Am Heart J 159:215-221.e6. 2010
    Prior studies relating parity with maternal cardiovascular disease (CVD) have been performed in relatively small study samples without accounting for pregnancy-related complications associated with CVD.
  28. ncbi Fear of childbirth: predictors and temporal changes among nulliparous women in the Danish National Birth Cohort
    M Laursen
    Department of Obstetrics, Rigshospitalet, University Hospital of Copenhagen, Copenhagen Ø, Denmark
    BJOG 115:354-60. 2008
    ..To describe the association between fear of childbirth and social, demographic and psychological factors in a cohort of 30 480 healthy nulliparous women with uncomplicated singleton pregnancies...
  29. ncbi Power over parity: intimate partner violence and issues of fertility control
    Rebekah E Gee
    Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Clinical Scholars Program, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 201:148.e1-7. 2009
    The purpose of this study was to examine the association between intimate partner violence (IPV), abortion, parity, and contraception use.
  30. pmc Parity, breastfeeding, and the subsequent risk of maternal type 2 diabetes
    Bette Liu
    School of Medicine, University of Western Sydney, Sydney, Australia
    Diabetes Care 33:1239-41. 2010
    ..To examine the effect of childbearing and maternal breastfeeding on a woman's subsequent risk of developing type 2 diabetes...
  31. pmc Reduced birthweight in short or primiparous mothers: physiological or pathological?
    X Zhang
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University, Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, QC, Canada
    BJOG 117:1248-54. 2010
    ..Maternal height and parity are among the characteristics widely assumed to be physiological...
  32. pmc Effect of high parity on occurrence of anemia in pregnancy: a cohort study
    Yahya M Al-Farsi
    Department of Family Medicine and Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Sultan Qaboos University, Oman
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 11:7. 2011
    Studies that explore the controversial association between parity and anaemia-in-pregnancy (AIP) were often hampered by not distinguishing incident cases caused by pregnancy from prevalent cases complicated by pregnancy...
  33. ncbi Characteristics of women who are pregnant with their first baby at an advanced age
    Anne Britt Vika Nilsen
    Department of Women s and Children s Health, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 91:353-362x. 2012
    ....
  34. ncbi Serial plotting on customised fundal height charts results in doubling of the antenatal detection of small for gestational age fetuses in nulliparous women
    Alphonse Roex
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Lyell McEwin Hospital, The University of Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol 52:78-82. 2012
    ..The antenatal detection of fetal growth restriction is a focus point of antenatal care. If detected fetal demise may be prevented and perinatal complications could be managed more appropriately...
  35. pmc Reproductive factors and breast cancer risk according to joint estrogen and progesterone receptor status: a meta-analysis of epidemiological studies
    Huiyan Ma
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, 1441 Eastlake Avenue 4407, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA
    Breast Cancer Res 8:R43. 2006
    ..This report presents the first meta-analysis of results from epidemiological studies that have investigated parity, age at first birth, breastfeeding, and age at menarche in relation to ER+PR+ and ER-PR- cancer risk.
  36. ncbi Is maternal parity an independent risk factor for birth defects?
    Hao T Duong
    The University of Texas, Houston Health Science Center, School of Public Health, USA
    Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol 94:230-6. 2012
    Although associations between maternal parity and birth defects have been observed previously, few studies have focused on the possibility that parity is an independent risk factor for birth defects...
  37. ncbi Pregnancy outcomes for nulliparous women of advanced maternal age in South Australia, 1998-2008
    Isobel Ludford
    Office of Public Health, Department for Health and Ageing, 11 Hindmarsh Square, Adelaide, SA 5000, Australia
    Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol 52:235-41. 2012
    ..Child bearing in the later reproductive years has become increasingly common in Australia with potential implications for clinical practice...
  38. pmc Subfertility and risk of later life maternal cardiovascular disease
    Nisha I Parikh
    Division of Cardiology, Queen s Medical Center, John A Burns School of Medicine, 1301 Punchbowl Street, Honolulu, HI 96813, USA
    Hum Reprod 27:568-75. 2012
    ..Women with prior 0-1 pregnancies are at an increased risk of incident CVD when compared with women with two pregnancies. It is uncertain whether history of subfertility among women eventually giving birth is a risk factor for CVD...
  39. pmc Parity and lactation in relation to estrogen receptor negative breast cancer in African American women
    Julie R Palmer
    Slone Epidemiology Center at Boston University, 1010 Commonwealth Avenue, Boston, MA, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 20:1883-91. 2011
    ..We assessed the relation of parity and lactation to incidence of ER(-)/PR(-) and ER(+)/PR(+) breast cancer in a cohort of African American women.
  40. pmc Prevalence of smoking during pregnancy and associated risk factors among Canadian women: a national survey
    Ban Al-Sahab
    School of Kinesiology and Health Science, York University, Toronto, ON Canada M3J 1P3
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 10:24. 2010
    ..Therefore, the study aims to assess the prevalence of smoking during pregnancy and its associated risk factors throughout the Canadian provinces and territories...
  41. ncbi Parity and sleep patterns during and after pregnancy
    K A Lee
    Department of Family Health Care Nursing, School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco, 94143 0606, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 95:14-8. 2000
    ..To describe changes in women's sleep patterns from prepregnancy to postpartum...
  42. ncbi Risk factors for pelvic organ prolapse
    C M Kim
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 98:248-51. 2007
    ..To evaluate the risk factors for pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and to determine the relationship between these risk factors and stage or other components of POP...
  43. pmc Lameness and claw lesions of the Norwegian red dairy cattle housed in free stalls in relation to environment, parity and stage of lactation
    A M Sogstad
    Norwegian School of Veterinary Science, P O Box 8146 Dep 0033 Oslo, Norway
    Acta Vet Scand 46:203-17. 2005
    ..Detected risk factors for lameness were: parity three and above and narrow cubicles; for heel horn erosions: lactation stage around 5-7 months after calving and ..
  44. pmc Utilization of maternal health services among young women in Kenya: insights from the Kenya Demographic and Health Survey, 2003
    Rhoune Ochako
    African Population and Health Research Center APHRC, P, O, Box 10787, 00100 Nairobi, Kenya
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 11:1. 2011
    ....
  45. ncbi Parity and the risk of autoimmune thyroid disease: a community-based study
    John P Walsh
    Department of Endocrinology and Diabetes, Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital, Nedlands, Western Australia 6009, Australia
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 90:5309-12. 2005
    ..If that is true, then parity should be a risk factor for autoimmune thyroid disease.
  46. ncbi Pre-pregnancy weight and the risk of stillbirth and neonatal death
    Janni Kristensen
    Perinatal Epidemiological Research Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Aarhus University Hospital, 8200 Aarhus N, Denmark
    BJOG 112:403-8. 2005
    ..To evaluate the association between maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and the risk of stillbirth and neonatal death and to study the causes of death among the children...
  47. ncbi Risk factors for anal sphincter tears: the importance of maternal position at birth
    K Gottvall
    Department of Women and Child Health, Division of Reproductive and Perinatal Health, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    BJOG 114:1266-72. 2007
    ..To assess the role of birth position in the occurrence of anal sphincter tears (AST)...
  48. ncbi Prevalence and risk factors for gestational diabetes assessed by universal screening
    Graziano Di Cianni
    Section of Diabetes, Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, University of Pisa and Diabetes and Metabolic Disease Unit, Azienda Ospedaliera Pisana, Ospedale Cisanello, Via Paradisa, 2, 56124 Pisa, Italy
    Diabetes Res Clin Pract 62:131-7. 2003
    ..After logistic regression analysis, GDM diagnosis was significantly correlated with age (P<0.0001), pre-pregnancy BMI (P<0.0001), weight gain (P<0.0001) and family history of diabetes (P<0.01)...
  49. ncbi Evidence for a secular trend in menopausal age: a population study of women in Gothenburg
    Kerstin Rödström
    Department of Primary Health Care, Sahlgrenska Academy at Goteborg University, Sweden
    Menopause 10:538-43. 2003
    ..To describe secular trends in age of natural menopause...
  50. pmc HPV co-factors related to the development of cervical cancer: results from a population-based study in Costa Rica
    A Hildesheim
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Br J Cancer 84:1219-26. 2001
    ..Among HPV-positive women, multiparity and smoking are risk factors for HSIL/CA. Oral contraceptive use may be associated with HSIL/CA in subgroups of women...
  51. pmc Differential fitness costs of reproduction between the sexes
    Dustin J Penn
    Konrad Lorenz Institute for Ethology, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Savoyenstrasse 1a, A 1160 Vienna, Austria
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:553-8. 2007
    ..We found that increasing number of offspring (parity) and rates of reproduction were associated with reduced parental survivorship, and significantly more for mothers ..
  52. pmc Pregnancy complications and outcomes among overweight and obese nulliparous women
    J M Baeten
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, 325 Ninth Ave, Box 359909, Seattle, WA 98104 2499, USA
    Am J Public Health 91:436-40. 2001
    ..This study examined the associations between prepregnancy weight and the risk of pregnancy complications and adverse outcomes among nulliparous women...
  53. ncbi A prospective study of the effect of childbearing on weight gain in African-American women
    Lynn Rosenberg
    Slone Epidemiology Center, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    Obes Res 11:1526-35. 2003
    ..To prospectively assess the influence of bearing a first, second, or later child on weight gain among African-American women in the context of other risk factors...
  54. ncbi Parity-induced mammary epithelial cells facilitate tumorigenesis in MMTV-neu transgenic mice
    MaLinda D Henry
    Eppley Institute for Research in Cancer and Allied Diseases and the Department of Pathology and Microbiology, University of Nebraska Medical Center, 986805 Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198 6805, USA
    Oncogene 23:6980-5. 2004
    Using a Cre-lox-based genetic labeling technique, we have recently discovered a parity-induced mammary epithelial subtype that is abundant in nonlactating and nonpregnant, parous females...
  55. pmc Duration of lactation and incidence of the metabolic syndrome in women of reproductive age according to gestational diabetes mellitus status: a 20-Year prospective study in CARDIA (Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults)
    Erica P Gunderson
    Division of Research, Epidemiology, and Prevention Section, Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, California, USA
    Diabetes 59:495-504. 2010
    ..The objective of the study was to prospectively assess the association between lactation duration and incidence of the metabolic syndrome among women of reproductive age...
  56. ncbi Factors associated with very early weaning among primiparas intending to breastfeed
    M Avery
    University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55455 0342, USA
    Matern Child Health J 2:167-79. 1998
    ..Predictors were demographic variables, Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) variables, breastfeeding knowledge, and difficulties experienced during the first month...
  57. pmc The protective role of pregnancy in breast cancer
    Jose Russo
    Breast Cancer Research Laboratory, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    Breast Cancer Res 7:131-42. 2005
    ..the ovary and on endocrine conditions modulated by ovarian function, such as early menarche, late menopause, and parity. Women who gave birth to a child when they were younger than 24 years of age exhibit a decrease in their lifetime ..
  58. ncbi A customised birthweight centile calculator developed for a New Zealand population
    Lesley McCowan
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, National Women s Hospital, Private Bag 92 189, Auckland, New Zealand
    Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol 44:428-31. 2004
    Traditionally, small for gestational age is defined as birthweight <10th percentile using sex-adjusted centile charts. However, this criterion includes constitutional variation due to maternal height, weight, ethnic group and parity.
  59. ncbi Parity-induced mouse mammary epithelial cells are pluripotent, self-renewing and sensitive to TGF-beta1 expression
    Corinne A Boulanger
    Mammary Biology and Tumorigenesis Laboratory, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Oncogene 24:552-60. 2005
    A parity-induced mammary population, marked by beta-galactosidase expression conditionally activated through cre-lox recombinase originates in WAP-Cre/Rosa-lox-STOP-lox-LacZ (WAP-Cre/Rosa-LacZ) female mice during pregnancy, lactation and ..
  60. ncbi Is the association between parity and coronary heart disease due to biological effects of pregnancy or adverse lifestyle risk factors associated with child-rearing? Findings from the British Women's Heart and Health Study and the British Regional Heart St
    Debbie A Lawlor
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Circulation 107:1260-4. 2003
    b>Parity is associated with coronary heart disease (CHD) risk. In the present study, we assessed the associations between number of children and CHD in both women and men.
  61. ncbi Trends in mode of delivery during 1984-2003: can they be explained by pregnancy and delivery complications?
    C M O'Leary
    Telethon Institute for Child Health Research, Centre for Child Health Research, The University of Western Australia, West Perth, Western Australia, Australia
    BJOG 114:855-64. 2007
    ..To describe trends in mode of delivery, to identify significant factors which affected mode of delivery, and to describe how these factors and their impact have changed over time...
  62. ncbi Risk of cesarean delivery with elective induction of labor at term in nulliparous women
    S T Seyb
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Northwestern University Medical School, Northwestern Memorial Hospital, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 94:600-7. 1999
    ..To quantify the risk of cesarean delivery associated with elective induction of labor in nulliparous women at term...
  63. ncbi Parity and low birth weight and preterm birth: a systematic review and meta-analyses
    Prakesh S Shah
    Department of Paediatrics, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 89:862-75. 2010
    To systematically review the risks of pregnancy outcomes among women of different parity.
  64. pmc Cancer incidence and mortality in relation to body mass index in the Million Women Study: cohort study
    Gillian K Reeves
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7LF
    BMJ 335:1134. 2007
    ..To examine the relation between body mass index (kg/m2) and cancer incidence and mortality...
  65. ncbi An adjunct mammary epithelial cell population in parous females: its role in functional adaptation and tissue renewal
    Kay Uwe Wagner
    Eppley Institute for Research in Cancer and Allied Diseases, University of Nebraska Medical Center, 986805 Nebraska Medical Center, Rm 8009, Omaha, NE 68198 6805, USA
    Development 129:1377-86. 2002
    ..In transplantation studies, this parity-induced epithelial population shows the capacity for self-renewal and contributes significantly to the ..
  66. ncbi Experience of labor and birth in 1111 women
    U Waldenström
    Department of Nursing, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    J Psychosom Res 47:471-82. 1999
    ..Data were collected by a questionnaire in early pregnancy (demographic background, parity, personality traits, and expectations), hospital records (pharmacological pain relief, induction, augmentation of ..
  67. ncbi Risk factors for malaria infection and anemia for pregnant women in the Sahel area of Bandiagara, Mali
    Alassane Dicko
    Department of Epidemiology of Parasitic Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Odonto Stomatology, Malaria Research and Training Center, Bamako, Mali
    Acta Trop 89:17-23. 2003
    ..In conclusion, the data suggest, that earlier gestation age, living in the rural area, and young age rather than parity are important risk factors for malaria infection in pregnant women...
  68. ncbi Comparison of maternal risk factors between placental abruption and placenta previa
    Qiuying Yang
    OMNI Research Group, Clinical Epidemiology Program, Ottawa Health Research Institute, University of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Am J Perinatol 26:279-86. 2009
    ..9 per 1000 multiparous singleton pregnancies. The effects of maternal age, race, parity, and previous cesarean section were stronger on placenta previa than on placental abruption, and the effects of ..
  69. ncbi Birth preparedness and emergency readiness plans of antenatal clinic attendees in Ile-ife, Nigeria
    A A Onayade
    Department of Community Health, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife Nigeria
    Niger Postgrad Med J 17:30-9. 2010
    ..The study assessed adequacy of BP/CR plans of antenatal clinic attendees in Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria...
  70. ncbi Fear of childbirth: a neglected dilemma
    Terhi Saisto
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 82:201-8. 2003
    ....
  71. ncbi Feeling in control during labor: concepts, correlates, and consequences
    Josephine M Green
    Mother and Infant Research Unit, University of Leeds, Leeds, England
    Birth 30:235-47. 2003
    ....
  72. ncbi Fear of childbirth according to parity, gestational age, and obstetric history
    H Rouhe
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland
    BJOG 116:67-73. 2009
    To examine fear of childbirth according to parity, gestational age, and obstetric history.
  73. ncbi Parity and pregnancy outcomes
    Jun Bai
    Division of Women s and Child Health, Liverpool Health Service, South Western Sydney Area Health Service, New South Wales, Australia
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 186:274-8. 2002
    The issue of parity and risk of pregnancy outcomes has been controversial for many decades...
  74. ncbi Pregnancy outcome in primiparae of advanced maternal age
    Ilse Delbaere
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University Hospital, De Pintelaan 185, 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 135:41-6. 2007
    ..To investigate the impact of maternal age on singleton pregnancy outcome, taking into account intermediate and confounding factors...
  75. ncbi Elective induction of labor as a risk factor for cesarean delivery among low-risk women at term
    A S Maslow
    Department of Clinical Outcomes and Quality Improvement, Franciscan Health System, Tacoma, Washington, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 95:917-22. 2000
    ..To determine the effects of elective induction on the risk of cesarean delivery in a cohort of women with low-risk term pregnancies and to evaluate the costs of elective induction services within our hospital system...
  76. pmc Primary cesarean delivery among parous women in the United States, 1990-2003
    Jessie Ford
    Epidemiology and Contraception and Reproductive Health Branches, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20852, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 112:1235-41. 2008
    ..To explore trends in primary cesarean delivery rates among parous women with singleton pregnancies in the United States between 1990 and 2003...
  77. ncbi Pelvic floor function in nulliparous women using three-dimensional ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging
    J A Kruger
    Department of Sport and Exercise Science, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
    Obstet Gynecol 111:631-8. 2008
    ..To compare biometric measures of pelvic floor function obtained using three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in a group of nulliparous asymptomatic young women...
  78. ncbi Women's experiences and preferences following Caesarean birth
    Jodie Dodd
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia
    Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol 44:521-4. 2004
    ..To seek women's views on their planned mode of birth in a subsequent pregnancy when they had a single prior Caesarean birth in the immediately preceding pregnancy...
  79. ncbi Reproductive history and mortality after breast cancer diagnosis
    Maura K Whiteman
    Division of Applied Public Health Training, Epidemiology Program Office, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 104:146-54. 2004
    ..To assess whether reproductive factors are associated with mortality after breast cancer diagnosis...
  80. ncbi Obstetric fistula in 14,928 Ethiopian women
    Mulu Muleta
    Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 89:945-51. 2010
    ..Here, we characterize women with obstetric fistula, test the hypothesis that primi- and multipara represent different profiles and that fetal size is an important factor in developing fistula...
  81. ncbi Prevalence of pelvic floor disorders in the female population and the impact of age, mode of delivery, and parity
    Ilknur Kepenekci
    Department of General Surgery, Ankara University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey
    Dis Colon Rectum 54:85-94. 2011
    ..The purposes of the present study were to determine prevalence of pelvic floor disorders among the female population and to evaluate the impact of age, parity, and mode of delivery on these disorders.
  82. pmc Children who were vaccinated, breast fed and from low parity mothers live longer: a community based case-control study in Jimma, Ethiopia
    Belaineh Girma
    Department of Public Health and Social Science, Addis Continental Institute of Public Health, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    BMC Public Health 11:197. 2011
    ..The purpose of this study is to identify determinants and causes of child mortality...
  83. ncbi Case-control study of risk factors associated with hepatitis C virus infection among pregnant women in hospitals of Karachi-Pakistan
    Uzma R Khan
    Department of Community Health Sciences, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
    Trop Med Int Health 13:754-61. 2008
    ..To identify risk factors for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection among pregnant women seeking antenatal care in tertiary care hospitals of Karachi, Pakistan...
  84. pmc Effects of parity on blood pressure among West African Dogon women
    Jacquelyn Y Taylor
    School of Nursing, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06536, USA
    Ethn Dis 22:360-6. 2012
    This study examined the effect of parity on blood pressure (BP) readings and BMI among rural West African Dogon women.
  85. pmc No reduction in instrumental vaginal births and no increased risk for adverse perineal outcome in nulliparous women giving birth on a birth seat: results of a Swedish randomized controlled trial
    Li Thies-Lagergren
    Department of Women s and Children s Health, Division of Reproductive and Perinatal Health Care, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm SE 171 76, Sweden
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 11:22. 2011
    ....
  86. ncbi Induction of labor and the risk for emergency cesarean section in nulliparous and multiparous women
    Malin Thorsell
    Division of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Department of Clinical Sciences, Karolinska Institute, Danderyd Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 90:1094-9. 2011
    To assess the risk for emergency cesarean section among women in whom labor was induced in gestational week ≥41 and to evaluate if parity and mode of induction affected this association.
  87. ncbi Rising trend and indications of caesarean section at the university of Maiduguri teaching hospital, Nigeria
    Ado D Geidam
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University Of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital Maiduguri, Borno, Nigeria
    Ann Afr Med 8:127-32. 2009
    ..To determine the trend and indications for the use of caesarean delivery in our environment...
  88. ncbi Behind the myth--few women prefer caesarean section in the absence of medical or obstetrical factors
    Annika Karlström
    Mid Sweden Research and Development Centre, Vasternorrland County Council, Sundsvall SE 851 86, Sweden
    Midwifery 27:620-7. 2011
    ..to describe the prevalence of women's preference for caesarean section as expressed in mid pregnancy, late pregnancy and one year post partum. An additional aim was to identify associated factors and investigate reasons for the preference...
  89. ncbi Parity, mode of delivery, and pelvic floor disorders
    Emily S Lukacz
    Women s Pelvic Medicine Center, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92037, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 107:1253-60. 2006
    This study aimed to assess the associations between parity, mode of delivery, and pelvic floor disorders.
  90. pmc Use of four biomarkers to evaluate the risk of breast cancer subtypes in the women's contraceptive and reproductive experiences study
    Huiyan Ma
    Division of Cancer Etiology, Department of Population Sciences, City of Hope Medical Center, Duarte, California 91010, USA
    Cancer Res 70:575-87. 2010
    ..b>Parity was associated with a decreased risk of luminal A (ER(+) or PR(+), HER2(-)), luminal B (ER(+) or PR(+)/HER2(+)), ..
  91. ncbi Women's views on elective primary caesarean section
    Susan Pakenham
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Queen s University, Kingston, ON
    J Obstet Gynaecol Can 28:1089-94. 2006
    ..Recent articles and opinions in both the medical and lay press have polarized this issue. The purpose of this study was to determine the opinions and choices of nulliparous and multiparous women with respect to mode of delivery...
  92. ncbi Fecal and urinary incontinence in primiparous women
    Diane Borello-France
    Duquesne University, Department of Physical Therapy, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15282, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 108:863-72. 2006
    ..To prospectively investigate the relationship between anal sphincter tears and postpartum fecal and urinary incontinence...
  93. ncbi Effects of parity on pelvic size and shape dimorphism in Mus
    Heidi Schutz
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, 334 UCB, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309, USA
    J Morphol 270:834-42. 2009
    ..Pelvic shape differences between males and females were consistent with previous findings in other taxa which identify the pubo-ischial complex as the primary region of dimorphism...
  94. ncbi Parity and the risk of breast and ovarian cancer in BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers
    Roger L Milne
    Grupo de Epidemiología Genética y Molecular, Programa de Genética del Cáncer Humano, Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Oncologicas CNIO, C Melchor Fernández Almagro, Madrid, Spain
    Breast Cancer Res Treat 119:221-32. 2010
    ..We assessed parity as a risk modifier in 515 and 503 Spanish female carriers of mutations in BRCA1 and BRCA2, respectively...
  95. ncbi The effect of pregnancy and parity on headache prevalence: the Head-HUNT study
    Karen Aegidius
    Norwegian National Headache Centre, Department of Neurology and Clinical Neurophysiology Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
    Headache 49:851-9. 2009
    In previous studies, pregnancy has been associated with less headache, but the influence of parity on this association is largely unknown.
  96. ncbi Do pregnant women still smoke? A study of smoking patterns among 261,029 primiparous women in Denmark 1997-2005
    Kirsten Egebjerg Jensen
    Institute of Cancer Epidemiology, Danish Cancer Society, Strandboulevarden 49, DK 2100 Copenhagen O, Denmark
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 87:760-7. 2008
    ..Describe smoking patterns in pregnancy in Denmark from 1997 to 2005 and make comparisons with the other Nordic countries, and further to analyze the influence of socio-demographic factors on smoking patterns in pregnancy...
  97. ncbi Parity is not related to autoimmune thyroid disease in a population-based study of Japanese-Brazilians
    José A Sgarbi
    Laboratory of Molecular Endocrinology, Division of Endocrinology, Department of Medicine, Escola Paulista de Medicina, Federal University of Sao Paulo, Rua Pedro de Toledo 669, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Thyroid 20:1151-6. 2010
    ..In this study, we investigated the hypothesis whether parity, abortion, and the use of estrogens are associated with a higher risk for thyroid autoimmunity.
  98. ncbi Zinc, parity, infection, and severe anemia among pregnant women in Kassla, eastern Sudan
    Ayoub A Mohamed
    Faculty of Medicine, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan
    Biol Trace Elem Res 140:284-90. 2011
    ..169, P = 0.007). Thus, the role of chronic inflammation and zinc as possible contributing factors to anemia in pregnancy has important implications for the clinical evaluation and treatment of these women...
  99. pmc Estrous cycle, pregnancy, and parity enhance performance of rats in object recognition or object placement tasks
    Jason J Paris
    The University at Albany, SUNY, 1400 Washington Avenue, Albany, New York 12222, USA
    Reproduction 136:105-15. 2008
    ..Given evidence that progestins and/or parity may influence cognition, we investigated how natural alterations in the progestin milieu influence cognitive ..
  100. ncbi Association between parity and autoimmune thyroiditis in a general female population
    Nele Friedrich
    Institute of Community Medicine Unit SHIP, Ernst Moritz Arndt University of Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany
    Autoimmunity 41:174-80. 2008
    ..The objective of the present study was to analyse the association between parity and AIT by using ultrasound and serological data.
  101. ncbi Is there a relationship between parity, pregnancy, back pain and incontinence?
    Michelle D Smith
    Division of Physiotherapy, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD 4072, Australia
    Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct 19:205-11. 2008
    ..Associations between back pain, pregnancy, parity and incontinence were assessed in 14,779 younger and 14,099 mid-age women using chi-squared analysis...

Research Grants75

  1. NEURAL AND ENDOCRINE CONSEQUENCES OF PARITY
    ROBERT STAFFORD BRIDGES; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Overall, reproductive experience-induced shifts in endocrine activities may affect endocrine-related diseases and behaviors later in adulthood, i.e. breast cancer, autoimmune diseases, and postpartum mood disorders. ..
  2. Genetics of Spontaneous Pelvic Organ Prolapse in the Mouse
    Jay E Reeder; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Current literature has correlated the development of pelvic organ prolapse with age, vaginal parity, increased infant birth weight, menopausal status, and genetic susceptibility...
  3. Visualization of Pelvic Floor Reflexes
    CHRISTOS EURIPIDES CONSTANTINOU; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..responses prevent stress urinary incontinence during fast and stressful maneuvers such as coughing are age and parity dependent. Before generalizing this hypothesis we propose to first obtain evidence that spans the age and parity...
  4. GWA Mapping: Maternal Metabolism-Birth Weight Interactions
    WILLIAM LOWE; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..ponderal index, head circumference and adiposity) allowing for other known influences such as gestational age, parity, and maternal weight gain...
  5. An internet based prospective study of time to pregnancy
    Elizabeth E Hatch; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We will collect potential confounder data on frequency of intercourse, smoking, parity, cycle regularity, cycle length, last method of contraception, occupation, education, stress and depressive ..
  6. Traffic-Related Air Pollution and Ultrasound Measures of Fetal Growth
    MICHELLE WILHELM TURNER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..g., maternal race/ethnicity, education level and stature, marital status, parity, smoking, infections)...
  7. Metabolic and Energetic Consequences of Fatherhood
    Wendy Saltzman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..these energetic and metabolic effects (Aim 3);and that these consequences of fatherhood are modulated by paternal parity/age, offspring age, and stress...
  8. Maternal Stress, Obesity, and Influenza Virus Vaccine Immunogenicity in Pregnancy
    LISA MICHELLE CHRISTIAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In each season, 60 women will be assessed;30 obese and 30 non-obese who will be similar in age, race, parity, and socioeconomic status...
  9. Genetic conflict shapes centromeres and heterochromatin
    Harmit S Malik; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..These essential functions range from segregating chromosomes to ensuring transcriptional parity at sex chromosomes via dosage compensation and defending the germline against transposons...
  10. Is Maternal Iron Status a Risk Factor in Fetal Alcohol Syndrome?
    Susan M Smith; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Its severity increases with parity, prompting suggestions that parity depletes some maternal factor/s that otherwise attenuate alcohol's effects ..
  11. Gene-Environment Interactions in Glaucoma
    LOUIS ROBERT PASQUALE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..a prospective cohort study to assess the relationship between female reproductive attributes (age at menarche, parity and oral contraceptive use) and POAG risk among NHS participants...
  12. NSAIDs During Postpartum Involution for Breast Cancer Chemoprevention
    Pepper J Schedin; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..b>Parity influences the outcome of breast cancer in young women, with 34% mortality at 5 years for women within 5 years of ..
  13. Elective Induction of Labor and Pregnancy Outcomes
    Darios Getahun; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Apgar score, stillbirth, and neonatal death;and Aim 2: Examine how risks vary by the mother's race/ethnicity, parity, and pre-pregnancy obesity...
  14. Sterilization Patterns In the United States
    Mieke C W Eeckhaut; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..disadvantaged women appear to be primarily an artifact of an accelerated childbearing schedule, higher achieved parity, and less stable union histories? In addition, we will consider if these individual correlates of contraceptive ..
  15. Prevention of Menopause-Related Ovarian Epithelial Cancer
    Elizabeth R Smith; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..ovarian cancer is well linked with reproductive history, where uninterrupted ovulation frequency and non-parity increase the risk, and parity and the use of oral contraceptives clearly reduce the risk...
  16. Sleep-Related Determinants of Gestational Diabetes
    Bilgay Izci-Balserak; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..disturbances and sleep characteristics with GDM, recruiting 140 cases and 280 controls (1:2 match for age, race, parity and body mass index (BMI)) from the obstetrics services at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania (HUP) ..
  17. 2011 Multidrug Efflux Systems GRC
    Olga Lomovskaya; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Every effort will be made to encourage participation by postgraduate students and postdocs, to have parity in the numbers of women, and to include minorities and persons with disabilities...
  18. Nested case-control study of maternal herpes viruses in relation to gastroschisis
    Martha M Werler; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..develops) will be compared between cases and controls, taking the matching factors, birth year, geographic region, parity, body mass index, smoking, and vitamin D into account...
  19. Novel Determination of Microbicide PK in Women's Reproductive Health
    DAVID FRANK KATZ; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..They vary with menstrual cycle phase, parity, microbiology, menopause and other factors in reproductive health...
  20. Adoption of Innovations in Private A &D Treatment Centers
    Paul M Roman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The federal parity law and forthcoming health care reform are likely to dramatically affect demand for SUDs treatment in two ways: ..
  21. Expanding Treatment of Opioid Dependence Among the Privately Insured
    Susan H Busch; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The aim of the newly-enacted federal substance abuse parity law is to equalize private coverage for behavioral and physical illnesses...
  22. Racial disparities in human endogenous retrovirus and breast cancer
    Li Tang; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..known hormone-related exposures that are risk factors for breast cancer (such as age at first full-term pregnancy, parity, early menarche, and late menopause), may interact with HERVs to contribute to breast cancer...
  23. Increasing Colorectal Cancer Screening among African American
    Richard C Palmer; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Interventions to increase screening rates for African Americans are needed if parity is to be achieved...
  24. Health of Children Born by Mothers with Pheumatoid Arthritis
    Jorn Olsen; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Several potential confounders will be taken into consideration such as age, parity, cohabitation, social conditions and place of living...
  25. Pregnancy, Obesogenic Environments, and Basal-like Breast Cancer
    Melissa A Troester; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..There are complex relationships between age, race, parity, and obesity in observational human datasets making it difficult to translate these findings into public health ..
  26. A link between parity, trunk muscle function, and degenerative spondylolisthesis
    Lawrence W Mysliwiec; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Three specific aims are to determine whether: (1) parity/CS/other abdominal surgeries are associated with DS, (2) trunk muscle deficiency is associated with DS, and (3) ..
  27. Measuring and Explaining Unintended Pregnancy in the United States, 1987-2009
    Lawrence B Finer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..sociodemographic subgroups, including age, marriage and union status, poverty status race/ethnicity, education, parity, religious affiliation, and (for the most recent period) immigration status...
  28. Identifying Ovarian Cancer Susceptibility Alleles using Genome-Wide Scan Data
    Celeste Leigh Pearce; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..cancer have been identified, including menopausal hormone therapy use, perineal talc use, obesity, infertility, parity, breast-feeding, oral contraceptive use, and tubal ligation, In this proposal we have the opportunity to explore ..
  29. Effects of Ethanol Exposure During Involution on Post-Partum Breast Cancer"
    PATRICIA ANN MASSO WELCH; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Although parity in general induces a long-term protective effect on life-long breast cancer risk, the mammary gland remodeling of ..
  30. Advancement of Women in STEMM: A Multi-level Research and Action Project
    Molly L Carnes; Fiscal Year: 2012
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Although women and men are near parity at early career levels in many research fields, women are underrepresented in senior ranks, leaving unrealized the full potential of their vital contributions to ..
  31. Role of p53 polymorphisms in disparities in breast carcinogenesis and outcome .
    ROBIN S FUCHS-YOUNG; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..that the risks of pre- menopausal breast cancer and more aggressive forms of the disease are actually increased by parity and early pregnancy in AA women...
  32. Intergenerational Obesity: Do Early Adversity and Pregnancy Explain Disparities?
    BARBARA FAYE ABRAMS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..S. women and their children provide a unique opportunity to assess parity- related weight, socioeconomic and psychological factors, and BMI across one generation of mothers and their ..
  33. Natural History of Stress, Urge and Mixed Urinary Incontinence in Women
    XIAOWEI SHERRY YAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Risk factors common to stress and urge UI include obesity, parity, hormone replacement therapy, prolapse and others...
  34. Social Networks and Pathways to Transplant Parity for Black Hemodialysis Patients
    TERI MARIE BROWNE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..of Social Work by establishing a funded program of meritorious research on the pathways to kidney transplant parity and including students in all aspects of the research...
  35. Growth Hormones and Breast Cancer Risk
    Shelley S Tworoger; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g., parity, shift work)...
  36. IDEAS for a Healthy Baby: Reducing Disparities in Consumer Use of Quality Data
    Sarah L Goff; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..data to select a pediatric care provider;2) to assess the efficacy of the intervention in subgroups defined by parity, race/ethnicity, and health literacy;3) to evaluate th importance of publicly reported information about quality ..
  37. MOLECULAR AND BIOCHEMICAL STUDY OF COLLAGEN IN PROLAPSE
    Anthony Visco; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Several studies have identified pregnancy related risk factors for pelvic floor dysfunction including vaginal parity, increased infant birth weight, forceps and vacuum assisted vaginal delivery, episiotomy and prolonged second ..
  38. Effects of Mental Parity on High-Cost and Severely-Ill Individuals
    Haiden A Huskamp; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..b>Parity policies aim to protect individuals with severe mental illnesses against the catastrophic costs of seeking ..
  39. The Effects of State and Federal Insurance Policies on Quality of Care for Autism
    Douglas L Leslie; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In addition to informing futue Medicaid HCBS waivers and insurance coverage mandates, the results of the study will be instrumental in implementing the Federal Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act and health care reform.
  40. Parity, child mental health, and substance abuse
    ELLEN R MEARA; Fiscal Year: 2010
    The recent passage of the Paul Wellstone and Pete Domenici Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act of 2008, which requires private health plans to provide equal coverage of behavioral and medical/surgical services, also known as ..
  41. Risk Factors Associated with Unintended Pregnancies
    Evelyn Angel James; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g. intent of previous pregnancies, parity, elective termination history), stressful life events (e.g...
  42. The Role of Immune Cells in Breast Development and Cancer
    Sung Jin Huh; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..populations will be isolated from organoids and stroma of normal breast tissue samples with different parity status to dissect their role in normal breast development using immunofluorescence, FACS, and molecular profiling ..
  43. Comparing ankle arthrodesis to ankle arthroplasty
    Bruce Sangeorzan; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..To assure parity in surgical skill in both treatments, we employ only surgeons with a minimum 5 years experience and performance of ..
  44. Congenital Transmission of Lineages I and II of Trypanasoma cruzi
    Pierre Buekens; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Our secondary hypothesis is that the characteristics of T. cruzi infected mothers (e.g., age, parity, transmission in previous pregnancies) and their exposure to vectors are different in regions where TcI is ..
  45. 2012 Cornea, Biology &Pathobiology GRC
    SUZANNE MARIANE JANETE FLEISZIG; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Every effort will be made to encourage participation by graduate students and postdoctoral fellows, to have parity in the numbers of women, and to include minorities and persons with disabilities...
  46. Mental Health Coverage in Health Care Reform
    Thomas G McGuire; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Plans offered through the Exchanges will cover a federally defined "essential benefit package," which includes parity in coverage for mental health care...
  47. 8th International Conference on Cryptococcus and Cryptococcosis
    Maurizio Del Poeta; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Every effort will be made to encourage participation by graduate students and postdocs and we will see parity with respect to women, minorities, and persons with disabilities. Childcare will be provided as needed...
  48. A Public Health Program to Reduce Risk of Antepartum Depression
    DARLENE ELIZABETH JESSE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..mediators (stress, negative thoughts, self esteem, and social support) and moderators (ethnicity/race and parity) on antepartum depressive symptoms (APDS)...
  49. Genetic Regulatory Network in Mammary Gland Development and Tumorigenesis
    Wei Hsu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Many comprehensive studies have indicated that parity affects the chances of being inflicted with breast cancer...
  50. Endometrial cancer in black women
    Lauren A Wise; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..evidence from the Epidemiology of Endometrial Cancer Consortium (E2C2) suggests that oral contraceptive use, parity, and older age at first and last birth are not as protective against endometrial cancer in black women as they are ..
  51. Sleep Patterns and Depression in Mothers and Fathers of Twins
    ELIZABETH DAMATO; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..feeding method, consolability of the twins, post-menstrual age, sleeping arrangements, care-giving assistance, parity, and employment) on sleep patterns, and (4) identify strategies parents use to increase their sleep...
  52. Implementation of Federal Mental Health Parity
    Colleen L Barry; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): In October 2008, the Paul Wellstone and Pete Domenici Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity (MHPAE) Act was passed by the U.S. Congress...
  53. Maternal Morbidity and Mortality in Multiple Pregnancy
    Barbara Luke; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..by their small sample sizes and frequent failure to control for the confounding factors of maternal age and parity. The objective of the study proposed in this application is to fill this knowledge gap by using national vital ..
  54. Clinical Measures to Lower Genital Tract Trauma at Birth
    Leah Albers; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..on the likelihood of an intact perineum after birth, with control for confounding variables (maternal age and parity, birth position, style of pushing, size and position of baby at birth, length of second stage, and epidural ..
  55. Pivotal Career Decisions Guiding Potential Women Science Faculty
    Richard McGee; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..While parity with men has been achieved in the early stages of training for some fields, progress has been very uneven, with ..
  56. Mammographic Breast Density and Ovarian Cancer
    Karen J Wernli; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..mammographic breast density and incident ovarian cancer risk is modified by ovarian cancer risk factors, including parity, hormone therapy use, oral contraceptive use, family history of breast or ovarian cancer, and menopausal status...
  57. 2013 Multi-Drug Efflux Systems GRC
    Olga Lomovskaya; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Every effort will be mae to encourage participation by postgraduate students and postdocs, to have parity in the numbers of women, and to include minorities and persons with disabilities...
  58. Epigenetic Features of Pregnancy-Associated Breast Cancer in Hispanic Women
    Maria Elena Martinez; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Studies will be conducted in BC case series of Hispanic women, a population characterized by high parity. Our specific aims are to: 1) Define the risk factors, tumor sub-types, and clinicopathological characteristics ..
  59. An Automated System for Breast Cancer Biomarker Analysis
    John J Heine; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Compared to other risk factors, such as age, family history, hormone exposure, parity, etc...
  60. Plurality and Contemporary Infant Mortality Risks
    Barbara Luke; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..of multiple pregnancies, controlling for important maternal and fetal factors, including age, race and ethnicity, parity, smoking status, infant gender, birth weight, and gestational age, as well as factors unique to multiple ..
  61. 2012 Drug Resistance Gordon Research Conference
    Margaret A Riley; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Every effort will be made to encourage participation by postgraduate students and postdocs, to have parity in the numbers of women, and to include minorities and persons with disabilities...
  62. Epidemiologic Study of Placental Abruption
    Cande Ananth; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Controls will comprise women who do not develop abruption, and will be matched to cases (1:1) based on parity (0, 1, 2+) and race/ethnicity (Caucasian, African-American, Hispanic, other)...
  63. Parity and Addiction Act: Impact on Benefits, Use and Costs
    SUSAN LOUISE ETTNER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The Paul Wellstone and Pete Domenici Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act of 2008 (MHPAEA), which took effect for plans renewing from July 2010 on, significantly changed the law and ..
  64. Extended-Release vs. Oral Naltrexone Alcohol Treatment in Primary Care
    JOSHUA D LEE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..If the treatment of alcohol disorders is to meaningfully expand in the era of the medical home, addiction parity, and health insurance reform, primary care physicians and payers must be convinced that effective, simple-to-use, ..
  65. A Secular Change in Menstrual Characteristicis of Adult and Midlife Women?
    Sioban D Harlow; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Given the secular change in risk factors that influence menstrual function, including body size, smoking, parity and hormone use, evaluation of their impact on menstrual function is warranted...
  66. International Symposium on Collaterals to the Brain
    DAVID SIGMUND LIEBESKIND; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Every effort will be made to encourage participation by postgraduate students and postdocs, to have parity in the numbers of women, and to include minorities and persons with disabilities...
  67. NEIGHBORHOOD CHARACTERISTICS AND RISK OF GESTATIONAL DIABETES IN NEW YORK CITY
    Teresa Janevic; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..will be addressed using multilevel models controlling for potential individual-level (education, ethnicity, parity, age, Medicaid status) and neighborhood-level (deprivation) confounders: 1) Is a poor neighborhood food ..
  68. EFFECT OF LACTATION ON BONE
    MaryFran Sowers; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..on bone mass by prospectively measuring bone mass and biochemical markers of bone turnover in women of 0-1 parity who are breast- or bottle-feeding...
  69. MODEL FOR PELVIC FLOOR DISORDERS
    Amanda Clark; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The work proposed addresses the role of steroid hormones, aging and parity in the rhesus macaque vagina...
  70. Hormone markers during pregnancy and ovarian concer risk
    Sven Cnattingius; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Despite the evidence that risk of ovarian cancer is reduced with increasing parity, while incomplete pregnancies, such as spontaneous abortions, appear not to influence risk, studies of ..
  71. PARTURITION INDUCED PELVIC FLOOR NEUROPATHY
    KARL THOR; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Given the high correlation between parity and pelvic organ prolapse, it is our overarching hypothesis that damage to the innervation of the pelvic floor ..
  72. Impact of Intrauterine Tobacco Smoke Exposure on Umbilical Cord Blood Stem Cells
    JENNIFER KORNOSKY; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Regression models that control for potential confounders such as serum folate, maternal age, parity, race/ethnicity, body mass index status, previous IUGR/fetal death, and fetal gender will be developed to address ..
  73. Oregon's Parity Law: Comprehensive Parity in Today's Healthcare Environment
    KENNETH MCCONNELL; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..provided by applicant): On January 1, 2007, Oregon implemented its "Mental Health and Chemical Dependency Parity Legislation." Oregon's parity legislation differs in important ways from other parity expansions...
  74. PERINATAL FACTORS AND BREAST CANCER
    Dimitrios Trichopoulos; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..jaundice; and, to study the effect of other indicators of intrauterine environment, such as maternal overweight, parity, and age at time of birth as well as placenta characteristics, on the occurrence of breast cancer in the female ..
  75. ECONOMICS OF MANAGED BEHAVIORAL HEALTH CARE
    Richard Scheffler; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..study is an analysis of the policy-making underpinning the passage and implementation of the 1996 Mental Health Parity Act...