mandatory testing

Summary

Summary: Testing or screening required by federal, state, or local law or other agencies for the diagnosis of specified conditions. It is usually limited to specific populations such as categories of health care providers, members of the military, and prisoners or to specific situations such as premarital examinations or donor screening.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi The feasibility of mandatory HIV testing for health professionals and other special populations
    K G Smallwood
    Adult Medicine Clinic, OUHSC, Tulsa 74129
    J Okla State Med Assoc 85:74-80. 1992
  2. ncbi Legislation requiring monthly testing of sex workers with low rates of sexually transmitted infections restricts access to services for higher-risk individuals
    A Samaranayake
    Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, Alfred Hospital, Carlton, Australia
    Sex Transm Infect 85:540-2. 2009
  3. ncbi Ethical and public health considerations in HIV counseling and testing: policy implications
    Sara E Yeatman
    Department of Sociology, Population Research Center, 1 University Station, G1800, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712, USA
    Stud Fam Plann 38:271-8. 2007
  4. ncbi Antenatal HIV screening in Europe: a review of policies
    Jessika Deblonde
    International Centre for Reproductive Health, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    Eur J Public Health 17:414-8. 2007
  5. pmc Rethinking mandatory HIV testing during pregnancy in areas with high HIV prevalence rates: ethical and policy issues
    Udo Schuklenk
    Centre for Ethics in Public Policy and Corporate Governance, Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow, Scotland
    Am J Public Health 97:1179-83. 2007
  6. ncbi Mother-to-child transmission of HIV in Botswana: an ethical perspective on mandatory testing
    Peter A Clark
    Dev World Bioeth 6:1-12. 2006
  7. ncbi HIV-infected healthcare workers and practice modification
    Joe Zopolsky
    Henslee, Fowler, Hepworth and Schwartz, Dallas, Texas, USA
    N D Law Rev 78:77-98. 2002
  8. ncbi HIV care in the U.S. Navy: a multidisciplinary approach
    Nancy F Crum
    Infectious Disease Division, Naval Medical Center San Diego, San Diego, CA 92134, USA
    Mil Med 170:1019-25. 2005
  9. ncbi India: Military recruits to undergo HIV testing
    Tim Franklin
    HIV AIDS Policy Law Rev 10:30, 32-3. 2005
  10. ncbi 'Patients may delay going to A&E for fear of being made to have an HIV test'
    Paul Cornforth
    Wandsworth Teaching PCT, London
    Nurs Times 103:12. 2007

Detail Information

Publications179 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi The feasibility of mandatory HIV testing for health professionals and other special populations
    K G Smallwood
    Adult Medicine Clinic, OUHSC, Tulsa 74129
    J Okla State Med Assoc 85:74-80. 1992
    ..b>Mandatory testing has been implemented for several groups such as the United States military...
  2. ncbi Legislation requiring monthly testing of sex workers with low rates of sexually transmitted infections restricts access to services for higher-risk individuals
    A Samaranayake
    Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, Alfred Hospital, Carlton, Australia
    Sex Transm Infect 85:540-2. 2009
    ..The aim of this study was to quantify the resources and opportunities lost from this screening...
  3. ncbi Ethical and public health considerations in HIV counseling and testing: policy implications
    Sara E Yeatman
    Department of Sociology, Population Research Center, 1 University Station, G1800, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712, USA
    Stud Fam Plann 38:271-8. 2007
    ..It concludes with a discussion of the implications for HIV counseling and testing policies and proposes alternatives to routine testing that have the potential to be effective while preserving the right to know one's HIV status...
  4. ncbi Antenatal HIV screening in Europe: a review of policies
    Jessika Deblonde
    International Centre for Reproductive Health, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    Eur J Public Health 17:414-8. 2007
    ..Therapeutic protocols are being updated and increasingly applied in most European countries, but there is no structured information on policies and strategies with regard to antenatal HIV screening as such...
  5. pmc Rethinking mandatory HIV testing during pregnancy in areas with high HIV prevalence rates: ethical and policy issues
    Udo Schuklenk
    Centre for Ethics in Public Policy and Corporate Governance, Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow, Scotland
    Am J Public Health 97:1179-83. 2007
    ..treatment has the potential to significantly reduce perinatal transmission of HIV and defend the view that mandatory testing is morally required if a number of conditions can be met...
  6. ncbi Mother-to-child transmission of HIV in Botswana: an ethical perspective on mandatory testing
    Peter A Clark
    Dev World Bioeth 6:1-12. 2006
    ..To do less would be medically inappropriate and ethically irresponsible...
  7. ncbi HIV-infected healthcare workers and practice modification
    Joe Zopolsky
    Henslee, Fowler, Hepworth and Schwartz, Dallas, Texas, USA
    N D Law Rev 78:77-98. 2002
  8. ncbi HIV care in the U.S. Navy: a multidisciplinary approach
    Nancy F Crum
    Infectious Disease Division, Naval Medical Center San Diego, San Diego, CA 92134, USA
    Mil Med 170:1019-25. 2005
    ..We specifically describe the multidisciplinary HIV medical care provided at Naval Medical Center San Diego, which is one of three HIV specialty clinics within the U.S. Navy...
  9. ncbi India: Military recruits to undergo HIV testing
    Tim Franklin
    HIV AIDS Policy Law Rev 10:30, 32-3. 2005
  10. ncbi 'Patients may delay going to A&E for fear of being made to have an HIV test'
    Paul Cornforth
    Wandsworth Teaching PCT, London
    Nurs Times 103:12. 2007
  11. pmc Male prisoners and HIV prevention: a call for action ignored
    Ronald L Braithwaite
    Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, 1518 Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Am J Public Health 93:759-63. 2003
    ....
  12. ncbi HIV testing for all nurses is unlikely
    Helen Mulholland
    Nurs Times 98:3. 2002
  13. ncbi Increasing access to HIV testing and counselling while respecting human rights
    Ralf Jürgens
    HIV AIDS Policy Law Rev 12:63-6. 2007
    ..3 In addition, it has helped inform guidance currently being developed by WHO and the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) on HIV testing for prisoners and for people who use drugs...
  14. ncbi AMA unit says 'no' to mandatory HIV testing
    Ed Sussman
    AIDS 16:N5. 2002
  15. ncbi Implementation of expedited human immunodeficiency virus testing of women delivering infants in a large New York city hospital
    Mayris P Webber
    AIDS Research Program, Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, New York 10457, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 101:982-6. 2003
    ..We documented the frequency and circumstances of expedited HIV testing, the time required for a result to be available, and hospital factors associated with different intervals...
  16. ncbi Mandatory HIV testing used to bar potential immigrants
    David Garmaise
    Can HIV AIDS Policy Law Rev 8:20-1. 2003
    ..HIV/AIDS organizations have objected to the government's policy of mandatory HIV-antibody testing of potential immigrants and have expressed concerns about the way in which excessive demand is calculated...
  17. pmc HIV/AIDS and other infectious diseases among correctional inmates: transmission, burden, and an appropriate response
    Theodore M Hammett
    Abt Associates Inc, 55 Wheeler St, Cambridge, MA 02138 1168, USA
    Am J Public Health 96:974-8. 2006
    ....
  18. ncbi Barcelona 2002: law, ethics, and human rights. HIV testing for peacekeeping forces: legal and human rights issues
    Ralf Jürgens
    Can HIV AIDS Policy Law Rev 7:111-4. 2002
    ..In the end, the Expert Panel unanimously rejected mandatory testing and instead endorsed voluntary HIV counselling and testing for UN peacekeeping personnel.
  19. ncbi Canadian news. Concerns raised about new immigration rules
    Alana Klein
    Can HIV AIDS Policy Law Rev 6:32-3. 2002
    ..Meanwhile, the federal government has instituted mandatory HIV testing of potential immigrants. Concerns have been voiced about how this testing will be carried out...
  20. ncbi Understanding newborn screening system issues with emphasis on cystic fibrosis screening
    Bradford L Therrell
    National Newborn Screening and Genetics Resource Center, Austin, TX 78757, USA
    J Pediatr 147:S6-10. 2005
    ..For effective CF NBS, CF care centers will need to partner with NBS programs to ensure optimal health benefits, and programs will need to continually evaluate diagnostic and outcome data in order to refine their screening protocols...
  21. ncbi Talking with parents before newborn screening
    Ellen Wright Clayton
    Center for Genetics and Health Policy, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37232 0165, USA
    J Pediatr 147:S26-9. 2005
  22. ncbi Balancing benefits and risks for cystic fibrosis newborn screening: implications for policy decisions
    Benjamin S Wilfond
    Social and Behavioral Research Branch, National Human Genome Research Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA
    J Pediatr 147:S109-13. 2005
    ..When this is the case, as with cystic fibrosis (CF), the traditional approach of mandatory testing of all newborns in all states may not be appropriate...
  23. ncbi Nova Scotia: "blood samples" legislation passed
    Glenn Betteridge
    HIV AIDS Policy Law Rev 9:26. 2004
    On 18 October 2004 the Nova Scotia legislature passed the Mandatory Testing and Disclosure Act, thus becoming the third Canadian province or territory to pass similar legislation.
  24. ncbi Botswana: Industrial Court tackles HIV testing in the workplace
    Elizabeth Maxwell
    Can HIV AIDS Policy Law Rev 9:60-1. 2004
    ..Both cases highlight the glaring need for HIV-related legislation in Botswana...
  25. ncbi UN agencies issue new guidelines for HIV testing
    Madhavi Swamy
    HIV AIDS Policy Law Rev 12:39-40. 2007
    ....
  26. ncbi Should nurses new to the NHS be tested for HIV?
    Lisa Power
    Terrence Higgins Trust THT, London
    Nurs Times 98:16. 2002
  27. ncbi Routine testing for HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa: a philosopher's perspective
    George M Brockway
    Stud Fam Plann 38:279-83. 2007
    ..This article argues that the proposed solution would respect the rights to autonomy of the individual to a sufficient degree and stands a greater chance of being both practicable and effective than the alternatives...
  28. pmc Mandatory HIV testing in China: the perception of health-care providers
    Li Li
    Center for Community Health, Department of Psychiatry, Jane and Terry Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90024, USA
    Int J STD AIDS 18:476-81. 2007
    ..Over 43% of providers endorsed mandatory testing for anyone admitted to hospital...
  29. ncbi Editorial comment: HIV testing--where do we go from here?
    William M Valenti
    AIDS Read 15:41. 2005
  30. ncbi State-mandated HIV testing in Connecticut: personal perspectives of women found to be infected during pregnancy
    B Joyce Simpson
    Department of Surgery, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA
    J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care 18:34-46. 2007
    ..There was universal agreement by the study subjects that the law was of overriding and significant benefit...
  31. ncbi The political path to mandatory prenatal HIV testing in Connecticut
    B Joyce Simpson
    Department of Surgery, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA
    J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care 18:48-50. 2007
    ..Manuscript reviewers requested further information about the legislation. The authors provide an overview of the legislation in this commentary...
  32. ncbi Ontario passes new mandatory blood testing law: a preliminary review
    Glenn Betteridge
    HIV AIDS Policy Law Rev 12:22-3. 2007
    ..Responsibility for forced blood testing will shift from the Minister of Health and Long-Term Care to the Minister of Community Safety and Corrections...
  33. ncbi Do the ravages of the HIV/AIDS epidemic ethically justify mandatory HIV testing?
    Stuart Rennie
    Dev World Bioeth 7:48-9. 2007
  34. ncbi The economic impact of state restrictions on abortion: parental consent and notification laws and Medicaid funding restrictions
    D Haas-Wilson
    Smith College
    J Policy Anal Manage 12:498-511. 1993
    ..the involvement of public employees in the performance of abortions; states via this ruling may also enforce mandatory testing for viability after a specified point in the pregnancy...
  35. pmc Mandatory reporting of HIV infection and opt-out prenatal screening for HIV infection: effect on testing rates
    Gayatri C Jayaraman
    Centre for Infectious Disease Prevention and Control, Health Canada, Ottawa, Ont
    CMAJ 168:679-82. 2003
    ..We examined HIV testing frequency in Alberta before and after mandatory reporting was implemented. We also examined the effect on testing rates among pregnant women when Alberta adopted an opt-out approach to prenatal HIV screening...
  36. ncbi Sunglasses, the European directive and the European standard
    Stephen John Dain
    School of Optometry and Vision Science, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 30:253-6. 2010
    ..Since there is no mandatory testing in Europe (the sunglass industry is deemed self regulating), evaluating their performance will give an ..
  37. ncbi A cost-benefit analysis of blood donor vaccination as an alternative to additional DNA testing for reducing transfusion transmission of hepatitis B virus
    J M Fischinger
    St Josef Krankenhaus, Langenstrichstr 44, 66538 Neunkirchen, Germany
    Vaccine 28:7797-802. 2010
    ..using time-dependant (B1) or titre dependent booster vaccination solely (B2), or B2 in addition to current mandatory testing procedures (B3). Different cost models were applied using a 5% rate of discount...
  38. ncbi An ethical analysis of the mandatory exclusion of immigrants who test HIV-positive
    B Hoffmaster
    Departments of Philosophy and Family Medicine, University of Western Ontario
    Can HIV AIDS Policy Law Rev 5:1, 42-51. 2000
    ..There are sound ethical, legal, and public policy arguments against imposing mandatory testing and excluding those who test HIV-positive.
  39. ncbi Gastrointestinal involvement in polyarteritis nodosa
    Ellen C Ebert
    Department of Medicine, UMDNJ Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick, New Jersey 08901, USA
    Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 6:960-6. 2008
    ..It is associated with hepatitis B virus (HBV) in about 7% of cases, a decline from about 30% before the mandatory testing of blood products and the widespread vaccination programs. HBV PAN is an early postinfectious process...
  40. ncbi [Rejecting or prioritizing life? The ambiguities of AIDS biopolitics in Uruguay]
    Hanspeter Reihling
    Instituto de Antropologia Social, Departamento de Ciências Políticas e Sociais, Freie Universitat Berlin, Alemanha
    Cien Saude Colet 15:1159-68. 2010
    ..Except of some efforts of forced detention and mandatory testing, the public health system as well as NGOs show little interest in assisting adolescence infected or affected ..
  41. ncbi Attitude and practice of antenatal HIV screening among pregnant women attending a secondary health facility in Benin-city
    V O Omuemu
    Department of Community Health, College of Medicine, University of Benin, P M B 1154, Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria
    Niger J Clin Pract 11:324-9. 2008
    ..To assess the awareness, attitude and practice of HIV testing among antenatal clients in Benin-city...
  42. ncbi Validation and standardisation of nucleic acid amplification technology (NAT) assays for the detection of viral contamination of blood and blood products
    J Saldanha
    Division of Virology, National Institute for Biological Standards and Control, Blanche Lane, South Mimms, Hertshire, EN6 3QG, UK
    J Clin Virol 20:7-13. 2001
    ..The establishment of the HCV International Standard has been critical in the introduction of mandatory testing. Since 1st July 1999, all batches of blood products marketed in Europe have to be prepared from plasma pools ..
  43. ncbi Radon mitigation in domestic properties and its health implications--a comparison between during-construction and post-construction radon reduction
    C J Groves-Kirkby
    Medical Physics Department, Northampton General Hospital NHS Trust, Cliftonville, Northampton NN1 5BD, UK
    Environ Int 32:435-43. 2006
    ..It is therefore recommended that mandatory testing be introduced for all new houses in Radon Affected Areas.
  44. ncbi The ethics of HIV testing and disclosure for healthcare professionals: what do our future doctors think?
    Julie M Aultman
    Department of Behavioral and Community Health Sciences, Northeastern Ohio Universities College of Medicine, Rootstown, OH 44272 0095, USA
    Med Teach 33:e50-6. 2011
    ..This study examined future medical professionals' attitudes and beliefs regarding mandatory human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing and disclosure...
  45. ncbi Knowledge, attitudes, and practices among physicians on HIV/AIDS in Quang Ninh, Vietnam
    Lien Quach
    Department of Medicine, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island 02903, USA
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 19:335-46. 2005
    ..reported positive attitudes regarding their interaction with HIV/AIDS patients were less likely to support mandatory testing or to exclude HIV/AIDS patients from their practices...
  46. ncbi HIV antibody testing: who benefits and who loses?
    C L Chng
    University of North Texas, Denton 76203
    J Health Soc Policy 1:19-27. 1989
    ..The whole question of HIV antibody testing essentially raises the need for a balance between voluntary and mandatory testing; and society's commitment to protect public health as well as safeguard individual civil rights.
  47. ncbi Voluntary HIV testing among inmates: sociodemographic, behavioral risk, and attitudinal correlates
    Ann N Burchell
    HIV Social, Behavioral, and Epidemiological Studies Unit, Department of Public Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Third Floor, 12 Queen s Park Crescent West, Toronto, Ontario M5S 1A8, Canada
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 32:534-41. 2003
    ..7), a perceived chance of being infected during incarceration (OR = 2.2), and support of mandatory testing (OR = 2.0)...
  48. ncbi Training of obstetric nurses and HIV testing in pregnancy at a managed care organization
    M L Garcia
    University of Texas Houston Health Science Center, School of Public Health 77225, USA
    AIDS Care 12:137-47. 2000
    ..There was no evidence that mandatory testing with right of refusal would deter pregnant women from being tested for HIV...
  49. ncbi Potentially life-threatening sleep apnea is unrecognized without aggressive evaluation
    Peter T Hallowell
    Department of Surgery Case Medical School and Bariatric Surgery Program, University Hospitals Case Medical Center, 11100 Euclid Ave, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA
    Am J Surg 193:364-7; discussion 367. 2007
    ..Many patients undergoing bariatric surgery have severe comorbidities, including obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). We suspected that sleep apnea was underdiagnosed in our study population...
  50. ncbi Optimal HIV testing and earlier care: the way forward in Europe
    T Coenen
    AIDS Fonds and STI AIDS Netherlands, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    HIV Med 9:1-5. 2008
    ..We hope that consideration of the issues discussed in this supplement will help to shift the HIV field closer towards our ultimate goal: provision of optimal HIV testing and earlier care across the whole of the European region...
  51. ncbi HIV testing of junior doctors: exploring their experiences, perspectives and accounts
    L R Salkeld
    North Bristol NHS Trust, Frenchay Hospital, Bristol, UK
    J Med Ethics 35:402-6. 2009
    ..To explore the accounts and perspectives of junior doctors who were offered an HIV test by their employing National Health Service (NHS) trust and discuss ethical issues posed by this new policy...
  52. ncbi The impact of premarital HIV testing: a perspective from selected countries from the Arabian Peninsula
    Maria Ganczak
    Department of Hygiene, Epidemiology and Public Health, The Pomeranian Medical University, Szczecin, Poland
    AIDS Care 22:1428-33. 2010
    ..A PHT program could benefit from adequate legislation acts followed by education and counseling based on government policy, religious body support, and an involvement of NGOs and international agencies...
  53. ncbi India: proposal for mandatory testing of marriage couples withdrawn
    Liisa Seim
    HIV AIDS Policy Law Rev 11:38-9. 2006
  54. ncbi Putting law and human rights on the agenda: an introduction to the articles in this special section
    Jonathan Cohen
    HIV AIDS Policy Law Rev 12:59-61. 2007
  55. ncbi Should rapid tests for HIV infection now be mandatory during pregnancy? Global differences in scarcity and a dilemma of technological advance
    Charles B Smith
    University of Utah School of Medicine, USA
    Dev World Bioeth 7:86-103. 2007
    ..that when testing is accompanied by assured multi-drug therapy for the mother, the argument for opt-out or mandatory testing for HIV in pregnancy is strong, but that it is problematic where testing is accompanied by adverse events ..
  56. ncbi Rapid HIV testing on labor and delivery: lessons from the field
    Lisa Rahangdale
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 46:376-8. 2007
  57. ncbi A clinician's perspective
    Gregg E Gorton
    Temple University, USA
    Am J Bioeth 4:48-9. 2004
  58. pmc Patients can be made to have HIV test to protect doctor
    Tony Sheldon
    BMJ 328:304. 2004
  59. ncbi A feminist Fourth Amendment?: Consent, care, privacy, and social meaning in Ferguson v. City of Charleston
    Andrew E Taslitz
    Howard University School of Law, Washington, DC, USA
    Duke J Gend Law Policy 9:1-79. 2002
  60. pmc Blame, symbolic stigma and HIV misconceptions are associated with support for coercive measures in urban India
    MARIA L EKSTRAND
    Center for AIDS Prevention Studies, Department of Medicine, University of California, Suite 1300, 50 Beale Street, San Francisco, CA 94105, USA
    AIDS Behav 16:700-10. 2012
    ..The vast majority of participants supported mandatory testing for marginalized groups and coercive family policies for PLHA, stating that they "deserved" their infections ..
  61. ncbi Is there evidence for mandating electrocardiogram as part of the pre-participation examination?
    Mats Borjesson
    Department of Acute and Emergency Medicine, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Ostra, Sahgrenska Academy, Goteborg, Sweden
    Clin J Sport Med 21:13-7. 2011
    ..Alas, the current evidence, as presented here, suggests that the ECG should be mandatory in pre-participation screening of athletes...
  62. ncbi Hospital staff perceptions of a legislative mandate for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus screening
    Matthew E Wise
    Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 32:573-8. 2011
    ..In August 2007, Illinois passed legislation mandating methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) admission screening for intensive care unit patients. We assessed hospital staff perceptions of the implementation of this law...
  63. ncbi Gaps between HIV/AIDS policies and treatment in correctional facilities
    A A Amankwaa
    Albany State University, Albany, GA, USA
    J Health Hum Serv Adm 24:171-98. 2001
    ..Their analysis suggests that future changes in HIV/AIDS policy ib testing and treatment can contribute to improvement in health conditions of infected inmates...
  64. pmc Ethical issues with newborn screening in the genomics era
    Beth A Tarini
    Child Health Evaluation and Research CHEAR Unit, Department of Pediatrics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Annu Rev Genomics Hum Genet 13:381-93. 2012
    ..Assessment of the pressing ethical issues currently facing the newborn screening community will provide insight into the challenges that lie ahead in the genomics era...
  65. ncbi An inappropriate tool: criminal law and HIV in Asia
    Joanne Csete
    Department of Population and Family Health, Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health, New York, New York 10032, USA
    AIDS 24:S80-5. 2010
    ..This criminalization may impede universal access to HIV prevention and treatment services in Asia and undermine vulnerable people's ability to be part of the HIV response...
  66. ncbi Mandatory electrocardiographic screening of athletes to reduce their risk for sudden death proven fact or wishful thinking?
    Arie Steinvil
    Department of Internal Medicine D, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center and Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
    J Am Coll Cardiol 57:1291-6. 2011
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine if pre-participation screening of athletes with a strategy including resting and exercise electrocardiography (ECG) reduces their risk for sudden death...
  67. ncbi The history and evolution of immigration medical screening for tuberculosis
    Masoud Dara
    WHO Regional Office for Europe, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther 11:137-46. 2013
    ..The last section of this review discusses the latest public health developments in the context of TB screening in immigrant populations...
  68. ncbi Legal issues facing physicians: substance abuse in the workplace
    H Westley Clark
    Center for Substance Abuse Treatment, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Administration, US Department of Health and Human Services, Rockville, Maryland 20857, USA
    Occup Med 17:119-35, v. 2002
    ..It is important for the reader to recognize that this chapter is but a review of critical and crucial material. The reader is encouraged to pursue additional information if greater clarity and understanding are required...
  69. ncbi A model comprehensive psychiatric fitness-for-duty evaluation
    Norman T Reynolds
    Comprehensive Psychiatric Consulting Services, San Jose, California, USA
    Occup Med 17:105-18, v. 2002
    ..The author provides guidance for deciding when to refer, discusses issues of confidentiality, and lists indicators of substance abuse based on employee behavior/performance and medical signs and symptoms...
  70. ncbi Rate of detection of unsuspected pregnancies after implementation of mandatory point-of-care urine pregnancy testing prior to hysterosalpingography
    Keith Herr
    Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    J Am Coll Radiol 10:533-7. 2013
    ..The aim of this study was to determine the rate of detection of unsuspected pregnancies after the implementation of mandatory point-of-care urine pregnancy testing before hysterosalpingography (HSG)...
  71. ncbi HIV testing for HIV prevention: a comparative analysis of policies in Britain, Hungary and Sweden
    R Danziger
    Health Services Research Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
    AIDS Care 10:563-70. 1998
    ..Although policy makers in all three countries appear convinced that their's is the right approach, there appears to be as yet a dearth of convincing evidence to support their arguments...
  72. ncbi Experience of mandatory nucleic acid test (NAT) screening across all blood organizations in Germany: NAT yield versus breakthrough transmissions
    C Micha Nübling
    Sections of Molecular Virology, Transfusion Medicine and Hemovigilance, Paul Ehrlich Institut, Langen, Germany
    Transfusion 49:1850-8. 2009
    ..The NAT yield obtained from all blood organizations is summarized. Transfusion-associated virus transmissions despite NAT screening ("breakthrough transmissions") are analyzed...
  73. ncbi Tuberculin testing and risk of tuberculosis infection among New York City schoolchildren
    Celine R Gounder
    Tuberculosis Control Program, New York City Department of Health, New York, New York 10007, USA
    Pediatrics 111:e309-15. 2003
    To assess adherence to a 1996 health policy change, which discontinued mandatory tuberculin skin testing (TST) of new entrants to NYC primary schools and continued mandatory testing of new entrants to secondary schools.
  74. ncbi State-mandated voluntary newborn human immunodeficiency virus screening in a New York City Hospital
    M Polaneczky
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, New York Hospital Cornell Medical Center, New York 10021, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 94:647-52. 1999
    ..To report the experience with state-mandated voluntary newborn human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) screening in a large university hospital...
  75. ncbi Technical, genetic, and ethical issues in screening and testing of African-Americans for hemochromatosis
    J E Bowman
    Department of Pathology, and MacLean Center for Clinical Medical Ethics, The University of Chicago, IL 60615, USA
    Genet Test 4:207-12. 2000
    ..African-Americans are then analyzed, including, discrimination by employers, life insurance, and selective mandatory testing. Discrimination and selective testing of African-American employees of the Lawrence Livermore Laboratory ..
  76. ncbi Ethics of mandatory premarital HIV testing in Africa: the case of Goma, Democratic Republic of Congo
    Stuart Rennie
    Department of Dental Ecology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7450, USA
    Dev World Bioeth 8:126-37. 2008
    ..worldwide, and offer a number of conceptual and factual distinctions to help distinguish different types of mandatory testing policies...
  77. ncbi Newborn screening: a national public health programme in Brazil
    T Marini de Carvalho
    Technical Advisory Committee in Newborn Screening, Attention Department, Health Ministry Rua Barão do Triunfo, 1415 1 andar, Campo Belo, Sao Paulo SP, 04602 005, Brazil
    J Inherit Metab Dis 30:615. 2007
    ..There has been significant evolution in the Newborn Screening as a Public Health Program in Brazil due to the government's commitment (federal and each component state)...
  78. ncbi Mandatory HIV testing in pregnancy: is there ever a time?
    Russell Armstrong
    South Africa
    Dev World Bioeth 8:1-10. 2008
    ..There have also been proposals for mandatory testing. Could mandatory testing ever be an option, even in high-prevalence settings? Many previous examinations of ..
  79. pmc A survey of compliance: Medicaid's mandated blood lead screenings for children age 12-18 months in Nebraska
    Marlene Wilken
    School of Nursing, Creighton University Medical Center, Nebraska 68178, USA
    BMC Public Health 4:4. 2004
    ..To determine the frequency of Medicaid mandated blood lead level (BLL) screening compliance rates by clinical site...
  80. ncbi Alberta: new bill will allow for mandatory HIV testing in emergency situations
    Rebecca Scheer
    Can HIV AIDS Policy Law Rev 9:20-1. 2004
    ..The bill will likely have strong support from within the ranks of the governing Conservatives...
  81. ncbi Is there a need to include HIV, HBV and HCV viruses in the Saudi premarital screening program on the basis of their prevalence and transmission risk factors?
    F M Alswaidi
    School of Translational Medicine, University of Manchester, Stopford Building, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PT, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 64:989-97. 2010
    In January 2008, the Saudi Arabian health authority included mandatory testing for HIV, HBV and HCV viruses in the premarital screening program...
  82. pmc Contentious worker testing
    Rebecca Renner
    Environ Health Perspect 112:A345. 2004
  83. ncbi Mandatory testing of drivers on the basis of age and degenerative diseases: stakeholder opinions
    Geri Adler
    Mental Health Care Line, Michael E DeBakey Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Houston, Texas 77030 4211, USA
    J Aging Soc Policy 22:304-19. 2010
    ..Least endorsement was given for reassessment of 70-year-old drivers. Findings have implications for legislative changes to address drivers with AD and PD and at older ages...
  84. pmc Compulsory screening of immigrants for TB and HIV: broader focus is needed for immigration and health issues
    Shahid A Khan
    BMJ 328:897. 2004
  85. ncbi First transmission of human immunodeficiency virus Type 1 by a cellular blood product after mandatory nucleic acid screening in Germany
    Michael Schmidt
    Institute of Transfusion Medicine and Immunohematology, German Red Cross, and the Institute for Medical Virology, Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Frankfurt, Germany
    Transfusion 49:1836-44. 2009
    ..The transfusion-transmitted infection had been identified by a donor-related lookback started in April 2007 after anti-HIV seroconversion...
  86. ncbi Coercion, harm, and complicity in research integrated with mandatory public health programs
    Trisha Buchanan
    Rice University
    Am J Bioeth 4:57-9. 2004
  87. doi HIV/AIDS, pregnancy and reproductive autonomy: rights and duties
    Charles G Ngwena
    Dev World Bioeth 8:iii-vi. 2008
  88. ncbi Reform MP proposes compulsory testing
    R Elliott
    Can HIV AIDS Policy Law Newsl 5:25-7, 24-7. 2000
    ..On 21 March 2000, the Bill passed second reading unanimously. It now awaits committee hearings. This article sets out the concerns the Network raised about the proposal for compulsory HIV testing...
  89. ncbi Human rights consequences of mandatory HIV screening policy of newcomers to Canada
    Laura M Bisaillon
    Institution of Population Health, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada
    Health Hum Rights 12:119-34. 2010
    ..is no systematic documentation of the policy's implications on either the lives of persons who submit to mandatory testing or on health systems...
  90. ncbi [Demographic and clinical characterizations of newly diagnosed patients with HIV/AIDS above fifty years of age]
    Ilan Asher
    Clinical Immunology, Allergy and AIDS Center Kaplan Medical Center, affiliated with Hadassah Hebrew University Medical School Jerusalem, Rehovot Israel
    Harefuah 152:200-3, 248. 2013
    ..The disease is no longer limited to young age. Due to the effectiveness of HAART (Highly Active Anti-Retroviral Therapy) as well as new diagnosis in older age groups, many patients in AIDS centers are above 50 years of age...
  91. pmc HIV testing policy and serious mental illness
    James Walkup
    Institute for Health, Health Care Policy and Aging Research, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08903, USA
    Am J Public Health 92:1931-40. 2002
    Using opinion data from experts, we examined the context of the argument for mandatory testing of psychiatric patients.
  92. ncbi From mandatory to voluntary testing: balancing human rights, religious and cultural values, and HIV/AIDS prevention in Ghana
    Isaac N Luginaah
    Department of Geography, University of Western Ontario, London, Ont, Canada N6A 5C2
    Soc Sci Med 61:1689-700. 2005
    ..Practical solutions and programs for Ghana cannot be neutral to cultural values and need to be tailored for particular (ethnic) populations...
  93. ncbi The case against mandatory preoperative HIV screening in Africa
    E O Orji
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
    Niger J Med 10:162-4. 2001
    ..This paper reviewed available literature and made recommendations based on available scientific evidence with particular emphasis on the situation in Africa...
  94. ncbi Attitudes of family practice residency program directors toward mandatory preemployment drug testing
    H F Laufenburg
    University of Wisconsin Medical School, Madison, USA
    Fam Med 29:625-8. 1997
    ..This study attempted to learn what directors of family practice residency programs feel about mandatory preemployment drug testing and its effect on house staff recruitment...
  95. ncbi Attitudes toward and beliefs about prenatal HIV testing policies and mandatory HIV testing of newborns among drug users
    Odicie Fielder
    Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
    AIDS Public Policy J 20:74-91. 2005
    ..and health beliefs among drug users about mandatory HIV testing of newborns and about voluntary versus mandatory testing of pregnant women...
  96. ncbi Hepatitis C core antigen in Polish blood donors
    Magdalena Letowska
    Department for Transfusion Medicine, Institute of Hematology and Blood Transfusion, Warsaw, Poland
    Transfusion 44:1067-71. 2004
    ..The goal of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of adopting the HCV core antigen ELISA (HCVcAg) for routine screening of Polish blood donors...
  97. pmc Standardization of nomenclature and causality assessment in drug-induced liver injury: summary of a clinical research workshop
    Robert J Fontana
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48103, USA
    Hepatology 52:730-42. 2010
    ..and diagnostic criteria regarding the onset of DILI, evolution of liver injury, risk factors, and mandatory testing versus optional testing for competing causes were reviewed...
  98. ncbi Droperidol and the black box warning
    Krista van Zwieten
    Ann Emerg Med 43:139-40. 2004
  99. ncbi The current revolution in newborn screening: new technology, old controversies
    Beth A Tarini
    Division of General Pediatrics, Child Health Evaluation and Research Unit, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 0456, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 161:767-72. 2007
    ..This review highlights the challenges raised by this and future technological advances as we strive to maintain the success of newborn screening in the 21st century...
  100. pmc Grand rounds: nephrotoxicity in a young child exposed to uranium from contaminated well water
    H Sonali Magdo
    Western University of Health Sciences, College of Osteopathic Medicine of the Pacific, Pomona, California, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 115:1237-41. 2007
    ..exempt from federal drinking-water regulations, and in most states well water is not subject to much of the mandatory testing required of public water systems...
  101. ncbi Mandatory versus voluntary consent for newborn screening?
    Lainie Friedman Ross
    Department of Pediatrics, MacLean Center for Clinical Medical Ethics, University of Chicago, USA
    Kennedy Inst Ethics J 20:299-328. 2010
    ..These three changes support revising mandatory NBS with a tiered consent process to best balance respect for parental autonomy and the promotion of children's health...

Research Grants19

  1. RANDOMIZED SANCTIONS TO REDUCE DRUNK DRIVING RECIDIVISM
    Sandra Lapham; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Finally, the process will be evaluated to monitor the interventions and to enable replication of the protocol in other jurisdictions. ..
  2. IDU Access to HIV/HCV Prevention
    Grace Macalino; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..These analyses will provide important data regarding the implementation of a policy change and the need for targeted solutions in response to racial disparities. ..
  3. Novel Reagents and Methods for Rapid and High Throughput Detection of Aflatoxin C
    ALAN AI PING WEI; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In the U.S., mandatory testing is required by the 1990 Farm Bill that stipulates ".....
  4. PRENATAL PCB EXPOSURE AND COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT
    Paul Stewart; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..In addition, school records for each child's New York State mandatory testing of English Language Arts and Math will be obtained for comparative analysis.
  5. PHYSICIANS, NURSES AND AIDS: A NATIONAL STUDY
    JOHN COLOMBOTOS; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..to treat, duty to treat, gay men and IV drug users, precautionary guidelines, AIDS-related policy issues-- mandatory testing, Segregated facilities for AIDS patients, contact notification), perceptions of the risk of contagion as a ..
  6. STUDENT ATHLETE DRUG SURVEILLANCE TRIAL
    Linn Goldberg; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..All sports teams in 24 schools who agree to implement mandatory testing as school policy but have never implemented this policy, will be randomly assigned by school, to three years ..
  7. Context & Correlates of Health Behaviors in South India
    MARIA L EKSTRAND; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  8. Examining ART Adherence Issues in Bangalore India
    MARIA L EKSTRAND; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  9. AIDS Stigma & Gender: Health Consequences in Urban India
    Maria Ekstrand; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..4. Develop specific data-based program and policy recommendations to reduce AIDS-related stigma and discrimination in urban Indian health care settings and to disseminate these among regional stakeholders. ..
  10. TEA for Families & Children: Preparation for a Randomized Trial
    Li Li; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The goal of this study is to develop and pilot an intervention for PLH and their family members in order to improve the long term health, mental health and behavioral adjustment of the children in poor, rural areas in China. ..
  11. Family-to-Family: Psychoeducation to Improve Children's Outcomes in HIV+ Families
    Li Li; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..HIV+ parent's and family caregivers'health mental health, parenting skills, and family bonds are intermediate outcomes. ..
  12. Long Term Recovery Among Convicted Drunk Drivers
    Sandra Lapham; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ....
  13. BIOLOGY OF HUMAN INTRAEPITHELIAL LYMPHOCYTES
    Ellen Ebert; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..These studies will determine the mechanism of IEL chemotaxis toward secreted products of ECs, why IL-15 is more potent than IL-2 in inducing LAK activity by IELs, and how IL-10 and IL-12 augment this activity. ..
  14. COOPERATIVE MULTI CENTER REPRODUCTIVE MEDICINE NETWORK
    Evan Myers; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  15. HIV Related Stigma among Service Providers in China
    Li Li; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..These data will prepare the team to conduct a randomized controlled trial across different levels of health care providers in China. ..
  16. Cross-Border HIV Prevention Project: China and Vietnam
    Theodore Hammett; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  17. Testing explicit theoretical models of drinking/driving
    Sandra Lapham; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  18. Testing Pharmacological Therapies for Pregnant Smokers
    Kathryn Pollak; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Moreover, the study results have immediate potential to inform clinical recommendations for integrating nicotine replacement into prenatal care. ..