- The effectiveness of electronic dental anesthesia in children
University of Iowa College of Dentistry, Iowa City
Pediatr Dent 15:191-6. 1993
..local anesthesia with a Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation unit that controls pain via electronic dental anesthesia for restorative dental procedures in 6- to 12-year-old children...
- Cardiovascular response to epinephrine-containing local anesthesia in patients with cardiovascular disease
Department of Dental Anesthesiology, Osaka University, Suita, Japan
Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 92:610-6. 2001
..The purpose of the present study was to examine the safety of epinephrine-containing local anesthesia for use on patients with cardiovascular disease...
- Questions over GA
Br Dent J 193:547; author reply 547. 2002
- Paradoxical reactions to benzodiazepines in intravenous sedation: a report of 2 cases and review of the literature
Montefiore Medical Center, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Larchmont, New York 10538, USA
Anesth Prog 49:128-32. 2002
..The relationship of the paradoxical reaction to alteration of the cholinergic homeostasis, serotonin levels, the role of genetics, and gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor configuration is discussed...
- Is intravenous conscious sedation for surgical orthodontics in children a viable alternative to general anaesthesia?--a case review
M L Dorman
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Sunderland Royal Hospital, Sunderland, UK
Br Dent J 202:E30. 2007
- Modification of behavior with 50% nitrous oxide/oxygen conscious sedation over repeated visits for dental treatment a 3-year prospective study
Univ Clermont1, UFR d Odontologie, Clermont Ferrand, France
J Clin Psychopharmacol 26:474-81. 2006
..3% to 8.5% on application of the mask. Experience of reiterated dental treatment under sedation with 50% N2O/O2 premix helps uncooperative patients to cope with dental treatment in the long term...
- Acceptance and side effects of nitrous oxide oxygen sedation for oral surgical procedures
T I Berge
Institute of Odontology Oral Surgery and Oral Medicine, Faculty of Odontology, University of Bergen, Norway
Acta Odontol Scand 57:201-6. 1999
..Nitrous oxide oxygen sedation is a reliable, efficient and safe adjunct to local anesthesia in both healthy children and adults undergoing ambulatory oral surgery procedures...
- Illinois dental anesthesia and sedation survey for 2006
William G Flick
Oral Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Illinois, Chicago, Illinois, USA
Anesth Prog 54:52-8. 2007
..Respondents reported that 30 patients required transfer to a hospital but suffered no long-term morbidity. Other practice characteristics were detailed...
- Effects of dental local anaesthetics in cardiac transplant recipients
J G Meechan
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Dental School, University of Newcastle upon Tyne
Br Dent J 192:161-3. 2002
..To investigate the cardiovascular responses of cardiac transplant recipients to dental local anaesthetic solutions with and without epinephrine (adrenaline)...
- The effect of electronic dental anesthesia on behavior during local anesthetic injection in the young, sedated dental patient
Ohio State University College of Dentistry, Columbus, USA
Pediatr Dent 21:12-7. 1999
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the 3M Electronic Dental Anesthesia (EDA) finger electrode on reducing sedated patient responsiveness during local anesthesia administration.
- Effects of epinephrine in local dental anesthesia in patients with coronary artery disease
Ricardo Simões Neves
Instituto do Coracao, Hospital das Clinicas, FM, USPSão Paulo, SP, Brazil
Arq Bras Cardiol 88:545-51. 2007
..The use of vasoconstrictors for local anesthesia in patients with coronary heart disease is controversial in the literature, and there is concern regarding risk of cardiac decompensation...
- A comparative study of sevoflurane sedation with nitrous oxide sedation for dental surgery
C Y Wang
Department of Anaesthesia, Faculty of Medicine, University Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 31:506-10. 2002
..There was high acceptance of both methods and the patients rated the technique as equally satisfactory. We conclude that inhalation sedation with sevoflurane is a suitable alternative method to nitrous oxide sedation...
- The cardiovascular effect of local anesthesia with articaine plus 1:200,000 adrenalin versus lidocaine plus 1:100,000 adrenalin in medically compromised cardiac patients: a prospective, randomized, double blinded study
Oral Medicine Service, Hadassah University Hospital, Department of Oral Medicine, Hebrew University Hadassah School of Dental Medicine, Jerusalem, Israel
Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 105:725-30. 2008
..This study compared cardiovascular safety profiles of 2 local anesthetics (LA): articaine (Ubistesine) versus standard lidocaine solution in cardiovascular patients...
- Dental sedation
J A Clewett
Br Dent J 197:113. 2004
- Sedation with 50% nitrous oxide/oxygen for outpatient dental treatment in individuals with intellectual disability
Service d Odontologie, centre hospitalier universitaire de Clermont Ferrand, Clermont Ferrand, France
Dev Med Child Neurol 49:621-5. 2007
..No serious adverse effects occurred. Minor adverse events (such as nausea) occurred in 10.1% of sessions. We conclude that the use of safe and effective conscious sedation may reduce the indications for general anaesthesia...
- Conscious sedation guidance
Unit of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
Evid Based Dent 7:90-1. 2006
..The interaction of pharmacological and nonpharmacological anxiety management techniques. The complete guidance is available for download at www.scottishdental.org/cep/guidance/dentalsedation.htm...
- Competency in sedation
N M Girdler
Newcastle Dental School and Hospital
Br Dent J 191:119. 2001
..It is important that students receive appropriate theoretical and practical training which must include hands-on clinical experience in sedation techniques...
- Cardiovascular effects of local anesthesia with vasoconstrictor during dental extraction in coronary patients
Valeria C L S Conrado
Instituto Dante Pazzanese de Cardiologia, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
Arq Bras Cardiol 88:507-13. 2007
..To evaluate the occurrence of variables detecting myocardial ischemia during or after dental treatment under anesthesia with vasoconstrictor (epinephrine)...
- An overview of outpatient sedation and general anesthesia for dental care in California
J Calif Dent Assoc 31:405-12. 2003
..This paper reviews the principal pharmacologic interventions for the management of pain and anxiety in the apprehensive dental patient, including oral sedation, intravenous sedation, and general anesthesia...
- Anesthetic management of a patient with Sturge-Weber syndrome undergoing oral surgery
Department of Anesthesiology, The Nippon Dental University, School of Dentistry at Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
Anesth Prog 53:17-9. 2006
..Periodontal ligament injection as a local anesthetic also prevented bleeding from the injection site...
- Preschool children and relative analgesia: satisfaction grading through a verbal questionnaire
Dental Surgery Unit, AUlss n 15 Regional Centre for the Study, Prevention and Treatment of Dental Diseases of Veneto Region, Italy
Eur J Paediatr Dent 9:18-22. 2008
..The aim of the study was to assess 100 preschool children's satisfaction grading of relative analgesia (RA) after completing dental treatment by collecting their opinion on this technique through a verbal questionnaire...
- Elevation of a periosteal flap with irrigation of the bone for minor oral surgery reduces the duration of action of infiltration anesthesia
Department of Dental Anesthesiology, Dental School, Ohu University, Fukushima, Japan
Anesth Prog 53:8-12. 2006
..Elevation of a periosteal flap reduces the effect of infiltration anesthetics...
- Paediatric minor oral surgical procedures under inhalation sedation and general anaesthetic: a comparison of variety and duration of treatment
Dept Paediatric Dentistry, Dundee Dental Hospital, Dundee, UK
Eur Arch Paediatr Dent 9:46-50. 2008
..To develop baseline data in relation to paediatric minor oral surgical procedures undertaken with both general anaesthesia and nitrous oxide inhalation sedation within a Hospital Dental Service...
- Pain control and anxiety management for periodontal therapies
Katherine E Wilson
Department of Sedation, School of Dental Sciences, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
Periodontol 2000 46:42-55. 2008
- A comparison of oral midazolam and nitrous oxide sedation for dental extractions in children
K E Wilson
Department of Sedation, Newcastle School of Dental Sciences and Dental Hospital, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
Anaesthesia 61:1138-44. 2006
..Oral midazolam sedation in 5 to 10-year-old children was shown to be as safe and effective as nitrous oxide in oxygen sedation for extraction of primary teeth but would not be the method of choice for all patients...
- The success of inhalation sedation for comprehensive dental care within the Community Dental Service
R A E Bryan
Senior Clinician in Paediatric Dentistry, Harrow and Hillingdon Healthcare NHS Trust, Ruislip, UK
Int J Paediatr Dent 12:410-4. 2002
..To relate these to the age and previous dental experience of the child and the experience of the operator. To provide base-line information and identify training needs...
- Intraoperative local anaesthesia for paediatric postoperative oral surgery pain--a randomized controlled trial
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, The University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 35:1114-9. 2006
..Reasons may include unfamiliarity with altered orofacial sensation...
- Need and demand for sedation or general anesthesia in dentistry: a national survey of the Canadian population
Faculty of Dentistry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
Anesth Prog 52:3-11. 2005
..001). In conclusion, this study demonstrates that there is significant need and demand for sedation and GA in the Canadian adult population...
- The sagittal mandibular osteotomy under local anesthesia and intravenous sedation: four years of multicenter experience
Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Florence, Italy
Int J Adult Orthodon Orthognath Surg 17:267-71. 2002
- Pain relief for paediatric dental chair anaesthesia: current practice in a community dental clinic
North Tees General Hospital, Hardwick Dental Clinic, Hardwick Road, Stockton, UK
Int J Paediatr Dent 13:93-7. 2003
..A review of different modes of pain relief for simple dental extractions under general anaesthesia in a community dental setting...
- A comparison of target-controlled therapy with patient-controlled administration of propofol combined with midazolam for sedation during dental surgery
Department of Anaesthetics, Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, UK
Anaesthesia 58:170-6. 2003
..Only one of the three tests of performance showed that the target-controlled patients were more sedated. Patient satisfaction was high in both groups despite a greater recollection of events in the patient-controlled group...
- Conscious sedation
J F Roberts
Br Dent J 196:731; discussion 732-3. 2004
- Randomized, controlled, cross-over clinical trial comparing intravenous midazolam sedation with nitrous oxide sedation in children undergoing dental extractions
K E Wilson
Department of Sedation, Newcastle Dental School and Hospital, Framlington Place, Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4BW, UK
Br J Anaesth 91:850-6. 2003
..A study was therefore designed to investigate the use of midazolam, for i.v. sedation in paediatric dental patients...
- Factors influencing referral of children for dental extractions under general and local anaesthesia
L M D Macpherson
Dental Public Health Unit, University of Glasgow Dental School, UK
Community Dent Health 22:282-8. 2005
..To investigate the relative importance of a range of explanatory variables concerning why child patients in Scotland enter pathways for tooth extractions under either Dental General Anaesthesia (DGA) or local anaesthesia (LA)...
- A study to assess the validity of clinical judgement in determining paediatric dental anxiety and related outcomes of management
R D Holmes
Department of Sedation, School of Dental Sciences, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
Int J Paediatr Dent 15:169-76. 2005
..The aim of the present study was to determine the validity of subjective anxiety assessment and the outcomes of management of children receiving operative dental treatment...
- Hypertension: classification, pathophysiology, and management during outpatient sedation and local anesthesia
Stephen Wilford Holm
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Carle Foundation Hospital, Urbana, IL, USA
J Oral Maxillofac Surg 64:111-21. 2006
- Effects of lidocaine with and without epinephrine on plasma epinephrine and lidocaine concentrations and hemodynamic values during third molar surgery
Department of Oral Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey
Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 100:e25-30. 2005
..We concluded that lidocaine-epinephrine is effective local anesthetic and had no important adverse events in healthy patients during the third molar surgery...
- Midazolam premedication in children: a pilot study comparing intramuscular and intranasal administration
Advanced Pediatric Dentistry Program, University of Southern California School of Dentistry, 925 W 34th St, Los Angeles, CA 90089 0641, USA
Anesth Prog 52:56-61. 2005
..Our findings indicate a tendency for intramuscular midazolam to be more effective as a premedication before intravenous sedation...
- Computerized anesthesia delivery system vs. traditional syringe: comparing pain and pain-related behavior in children
Academic Centre for Dentistry Amsterdam ACTA, Universiteit van Amsterdam and Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Eur J Oral Sci 113:488-93. 2005
..Within the high-anxious group no differences were found. It was concluded that low-anxious children seem to benefit from the use of the Wand instead of the traditional syringe in receiving local anesthesia...
- Plasma catecholamine concentrations and hemodynamic responses to vasoconstrictor during conventional or Gow-Gates mandibular anesthesia
Adriana M Viana
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 100:415-9. 2005
..Thus, the influence of mandibular anesthesia technique on hemodynamic and plasma responses to epinephrine-containing local anesthetics was investigated...
- A prospective study of the use of nitrous oxide inhalation sedation for dental treatment in anxious children
Department of Paediatric Dentistry, Dundee Dental Hospital, UK
Eur J Paediatr Dent 6:121-8. 2005
..To determine baseline data in relation to procedures undertaken during nitrous oxide inhalation sedation sessions within the Hospital Dental Service...
- Pain behaviour and distress in children during two sequential dental visits: comparing a computerised anaesthesia delivery system and a traditional syringe
University of British Columbia, Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, 2136 West Mall, Vancouver, BC, Canada
Br Dent J 205:E2; discussion 30-1. 2008
- Recent developments in local anesthesia and oral sedation
John A Yagiela
Division of Diagnostic and Surgical Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles School of Dentistry, Los Angeles, California, USA
Compend Contin Educ Dent 25:697-706; quiz 708. 2004
..The recent administration of triazolam in multiple doses has extended the availability of anxiety control to many dental patients, but unknowns about the safety of the technique as practiced by some dentists remains a concern...
- Propofol intravenous conscious sedation for anxious children in a specialist paediatric dentistry unit
M T Hosey
Glasgow Dental Hospital and School, 378 Sauchiehall Street, Glasgow, Scotland, UK
Int J Paediatr Dent 14:2-8. 2004
..To report on both the use and dosage of propofol, as a new intravenous (IV) conscious sedative agent, for anxious children referred to a specialist paediatric dentistry service...
- Comparison of transmucosal midazolam with inhalation sedation for dental extractions in children. A randomized, cross-over, clinical trial
K E Wilson
Department of Sedation, Newcastle University School of Dental Sciences and Dental Hospital, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 51:1062-7. 2007
..2 mg/kg) administered by the buccal transmucosal route, in comparison with nitrous oxide/oxygen inhalation sedation, for orthodontic extractions in 10-16-year-old dental patients...
- A UK perspective
M C G Manley
Canterbury Health Centre, Dental Department, 26 Old Dover Rd, Canterbury CT1 3JH
Br Dent J 196:138-9. 2004
- [A strategy for treating the anxious patient]
K U Leuven Ecole de Médecine Dentaire, de Stomatologie et Chirurgie maxillo faciale Kapucijnenvoer 7 B 3000 Louvain
Rev Belge Med Dent (1984) 58:209-20. 2003
..One more option to achieve sedation is nitrous oxide inhalation. As a last resort we have general anaesthesia. Indications and procedures are outlined...
- Should dentists do oral sedation?
Dent Today 23:16-8. 2004
- A randomized controlled trial comparing mandibular local anesthesia techniques in children receiving nitrous oxide-oxygen sedation
Department of Dental Public Health Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 7475, USA
Anesth Prog 51:19-23. 2004
- Dental therapeutic practice patterns in the U.S. I. Anesthesia and sedation
Paul A Moore
Oral Health Science Institute, University of Pittsburgh School of Dental Medicine, USA
Gen Dent 54:92-8. 2006
..The most frequently selected local anesthetic formulations were 2% lidocaine, 1:100,000 epinephrine for surgical anesthesia and 0.5% bupivacaine, 1:200,000 epinephrine for postoperative pain management...
- Effectiveness of various modes of computerized delivery of local anesthesia in primary maxillary molars
Department of Pediatric Dentistry, The Maurice and Gabriela Goldschleger School of Dental Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
Pediatr Dent 28:29-38. 2006
..The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of infiltration and intrasulcular injection, delivered by a computerized delivery system (CDS), to primary maxillary molars...
- Effectiveness of computerized delivery of intrasulcular anesthetic in primary molars
Department of Pediatric Dentistry, The Maurice and Gabriela Goldschleger, School of Dental Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Ramat Aviv, 69978 Tel Aviv, Israel
J Am Dent Assoc 136:1418-25. 2005
- Strap him down or knock him out: Is conscious sedation with restraint an alternative to general anaesthesia?
Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Hebrew University Hadassah School of Dental Medicine, Jerusalem, Israel
Br Dent J 196:133-8. 2004
- Assessing the pain reaction of children receiving periodontal ligament anesthesia using a computerized device (Wand)
Department of Pediatric Dentistry, The Hebrew University Hadassah School of Dental Medicine, Jerusalem, Israel
J Clin Pediatr Dent 27:247-50. 2003
..The same efficacy of anesthesia was achieved with both techniques. Children did not show signs of discomfort after treatment with the Wand, whereas they did while receiving conventional injections...
- Children choosing between general anaesthesia or inhalation sedation for dental extractions: the effect on dental anxiety
L M Arch
Chester and Halton Community NHS Trust, Moston Lodge, Countess of Chester Health Park, Liverpool Road, Chester CH2 1UL, UK
Int J Paediatr Dent 11:41-8. 2001
..05). Dental anxiety remained unchanged in the group who chose to have their extractions under GA. CONCLUSION: Children and their parents who select IHS as opposed to GA to assist in extractions demonstrate less psychological distress...
- Conscious sedation in the 21st century
Tufts University School of Dental Medicine, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Boston, MA 02111, USA
J Clin Pediatr Dent 26:179-80. 2002
..Those who needed nitrous oxide / oxygen ranged in age from 8 to 18 years and were later treated without any sort of conscious sedation after one or two sessions of nitrous oxide / oxygen sedation...
- Clinical evaluation of the efficacy of anesthesia and patient preference using the needle-less jet syringe in pediatric dental practice
A K Munshi
Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, A.B. Shetty Memorial Institute of Dental Sciences, Derlakatte, Mangalore, Karnataka 574 160, India
J Clin Pediatr Dent 25:131-6. 2001
..There was a statistically significant difference in favor of the instrument. The instrument was completely successful in providing anesthesia...
- A randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, comparative study of topical skin analgesics and the anxiety and discomfort associated with venous cannulation
A F Speirs
Division of Restorative Dentistry, Leeds Dental Institute, University of Leeds, UK
Br Dent J 190:444-9. 2001
..This has application in the management of anxious patients undergoing intravenous sedation, suggesting that topical analgesia prior to venous cannulation may significantly aid anxiolysis...
- The use of intranasal midazolam in the treatment of paediatric dental patients
Department of Oral Health and Development, School of Clinical Dentistry, Claremont Crescent, Sheffield, UK
Anaesthesia 62:1262-5. 2007
..One patient vomited at home postoperatively. Midazolam in a dose of 0.25 mg.kg(-1) administered intranasally provided adequate anxiolysis for the majority of children, allowing them to complete their treatment...
- The use of general anaesthesia for orthodontic extractions
Orthodontic Department, University Dental Hospital, Manchester, UK
Community Dent Health 18:47-8. 2001
..The majority of patients were not given a choice of anaesthesia for routine extractions. Previous exposure to general anaesthesia and removal of more than four teeth increased the likelihood of a patient receiving general anaesthesia...
- Randomized controlled trial of the intraligamental use of a local anaesthetic (lignocaine 2%) versus controls in paediatric tooth extraction
Helen M Sammons
Academic Division of Child Health, The Medical School, University of Nottingham, Derbyshire Children s Hospital, Derby, UK
Int J Paediatr Dent 17:297-303. 2007
..Local anaesthetic has been shown to reduce this pain, but needs to be administered via a method that causes minimum injury or distress to the child...
- Dental caries, age and anxiety: factors influencing sedation choice for children attending for emergency dental care
Ulster Community and Hospitals Trust, The Queen's University of Belfast, Northern Ireland
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 29:30-6. 2001
..By doing so, parents who have only brought their children when in pain may take advantage of RDC and the treatments offered to prevent and control dental caries and anxiety in their children...
- Administering local anaesthesia to paediatric dental patients -- current status and prospects for the future
Department of Paediatric Dentistry, The Hebrew University Hadassah School of Dental Medicine, Jerusalem, Israel
Int J Paediatr Dent 12:80-9. 2002
..There is a constant search for ways to avoid the invasive, and often painful, nature of the injection, and to find more comfortable and pleasant means for anaesthesia before dental procedures...
- Painless pediatric local anesthesia
Department of Pediatric Dentistry, University of the Pacific School of Dentistry, San Francisco, California, USA
Gen Dent 49:174-6. 2001
..However, achieving profound anesthesia painlessly in the palatal and lingual aspects is difficult...
- Perioperative local anaesthetic in young paediatric patients undergoing extractions under outpatient 'short-case' general anaesthesia. A double-blind randomised controlled trial
K J Leong
MClinDent Paediatric Dentistry Graduate, Unit of Paediatric Dentistry, Eastman Dental Institute and Hospital, University College London, University of London, 256 Gray s Inn Road, London, WC1X 8LD
Br Dent J 203:E11; discussion 334-5. 2007
..To investigate if postoperative pain/discomfort and anxiety experienced by young children who had extractions under general anaesthesia (GA) were affected by perioperative injection techniques of local anaesthetic (LA)...
- The management of porphyria in dental practice
G J Brown
Tees and North EastYorkshire NHS Trust
Br Dent J 193:145-6. 2002
..This paper describes one such systemic condition, porphyria, and its dental management. This paper also describes the use of relative analgesia as an aid to anxiety management in porphyria...
- A randomised, controlled, crossover trial of oral midazolam and nitrous oxide for paediatric dental sedation
K E Wilson
Honorary Staff Grade and Consuktant Senior Lecturer, Department of Sedation, Newcastle Dental School and Hospital, Richardson Road, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE2 4BW, UK
Anaesthesia 57:860-7. 2002
..Seventy-four per cent of subjects were prepared to have oral midazolam sedation again, 54% preferring it. Oral midazolam appears to be a safe and acceptable form of sedation for 10-16-year-old paediatric dental patients...
- Is permanent maxillary tooth removal without palatal injection possible?
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Baskent University, Faculty of Dentistry, Ankara, Turkey
Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 102:733-5. 2006
..The aim of the present study was to demonstrate if articaine HCl could provide palatal anesthesia in maxillary tooth removal without the need for a second palatal injection...
- Links between anaesthetic modality and nerve damage during lower third molar surgery
University of Birmingham
Br Dent J 193:43-5. 2002
..To investigate the relationships between eruption status, gender, social class, grade of operator, anaesthetic modality and nerve damage during third molar surgery...
- Pain perception and utility: a comparison of the syringe and computerized local injection techniques
J W Nicholson
Department of Restorative Dentistry, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, USA
Gen Dent 49:167-73. 2001
..Reduced postoperative discomfort using the Wand for the inferior alveolar nerve block was significant. Both of the dentists in the study and those patients who stated a preference favored the Wand system...
- Short communication: dental anxiety levels and outcomes of care: a preliminary report on experiences of a sedation assessment clinic
Dept Child Dental Health and Orthodontics, Glasgow Dental Hospital and School, Glasgow, Scotland
Eur Arch Paediatr Dent 8:211-4. 2007
..This was twofold: (1) to report on the type of paediatric patient referred to the sedation assessment clinic at the Glasgow Dental Hospital and School, and (2) to report on the level of anxiety...
- [Comparison of the systems used for providing local anesthesia in dentistry--the Wand (Milestone Scientific) and Injex (Rosch)]
Pracownia Stomatologii Zachowawczej z Endodoncja, Instytut Stomatologii Uniwersytetu Jagiellolńskiego Collegium Medicum, Krakow
Przegl Lek 63:1304-9. 2006
..This procedure is very stressful for the patients because it is combined with pain. The new systems for delivering local anesthesia in dentistry have revolutionized the technique considerably by its simplify as well as reduction in pain...
- A comparison of two oral ketamine-diazepam regimens for the sedation of anxious pediatric dental patients
D C Sullivan
Baylor College of Dentistry, Texas A and M University System Health Science Center, Dallas, Texas, USA
Pediatr Dent 23:223-31. 2001
..There were statistically but no clinically significant changes in physiological parameters in either group. This study does not support the use of either 8 mg/kg or 10 mg/kg oral ketamine for the sedation of uncooperative children...
- Cardiovascular influence of dental anxiety during local anesthesia for tooth extraction
Fanny Liliani Liau
Division of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Department of Dentistry, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan
Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 105:16-26. 2008
..The present study evaluated whether dental patient anxiety has an effect on the cardiovascular response to the delivery of anesthetic to achieve mandibular anesthesia...
- Maternal-fetal monitoring during dental procedure in patients with heart valve disease
Itamara Lucia Itagiba Neves
Instituto do Coracao, Hospital das Clinicas, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, Brasil
Arq Bras Cardiol 93:463-742. 2009
The effects of local dental anesthesia with lidocaine and epinephrine on cardiovascular parameters of pregnant women with heart valve diseases and their fetuses are not fully understood.
- Ropivacaine for dental anesthesia: a dose-finding study
Department of Clinical Oral Physiology, Institute of Odontology, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden
J Oral Maxillofac Surg 60:1004-10; discussion 1010-11. 2002
The purpose of this study was to determine the optimal concentration and volumes of ropivacaine for dental anesthesia as regards onset and duration of action.
- Clinical evaluation of cell demodulated targeted electronic anesthesia
D J Estafan
College of Dentistry, New York University, New York, USA
J Clin Dent 9:34-8. 1998
..would be able to eliminate the pain from the dental procedure by maintaining control of the electronic dental anesthesia unit (reaching a therapeutic level)...
- Severe methemoglobinemia after dental anesthesia: a warning about propitocaine-induced methemoglobinemia in neonates
Department of Anesthesiology, Japanese Red Cross Society Wakayama Medical Center, 4 20 Komatsubara dori, Wakayama, Wakayama 640 8558, Japan
J Anesth 24:935-7. 2010
..However, this case may serve as a warning when using Citanest-Octapressin(®), which is still commercially available for neonatal patients...
- Peroxynitrite affects lidocaine by acting on membrane-constituting lipids
Department of Anesthesiology, Asahi University School of Dentistry, Gifu, Japan
J Anesth 22:475-8. 2008
Inflammation frequently decreases local anesthetic effects, especially in dental anesthesia in patients with pulpitis and periodontitis...
- Dental anesthesia management of methemoglobinemia-susceptible patients: a case report and review of literature
David L Hall
Section of Primary Care, The Ohio State University College of Dentistry, Columbus, Ohio 43218 2357, USA
Anesth Prog 51:24-7. 2004
..The patient experienced no postoperative complications. This case report provides a review of literature and clinical guidelines for management of methemoglobinemia-susceptible patients...
- A comparison of injectable local anesthesia and electronic dental anesthesia in restorative dentistry
A C Mellor
Department of Restorative Dentistry, University Dental Hospital of Manchester, England, United Kingdom
Anesth Pain Control Dent 2:177-9. 1993
This study compares patient satisfaction and subjective pain levels with either electronic dental anesthesia (EDA) or injectable local anesthesia (LA) during the placement of direct restorations...
- Complications and management of septoplasty
Amy S Ketcham
Department of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, Eastern Virginia Medical School, 600 Gresham Drive, Suite 1100, Norfolk, VA 23507, USA
Otolaryngol Clin North Am 43:897-904. 2010
..septal perforation; saddle nose deformity; nasal tip depression; and sensory changes, such as anosmia or dental anesthesia. Local and general anesthetics have been used to successfully perform septoplasty and the operation may be ..
- Evaluation of audio analgesia for restorative care in children treated using electronic dental anesthesia
Z D Baghdadi
Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Damascus University School of Dentistry, Damascus, Syria
J Clin Pediatr Dent 25:9-12. 2000
..the effectiveness of music and white noise in the management of sensitive children treated using electronic dental anesthesia for restorative care...
- Infection of proplast malar implants following dental injections
S R Cohen
Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor
Plast Reconstr Surg 89:1148-51. 1992
..Inadvertent inoculation of the implants by mouth organisms during injections for local dental anesthesia is implicated as the causative factor...
- Electronic dental anesthesia: a pilot study
C J Esposito
Department of Reconstructive Dentistry, University of Louisville, School of Dentistry, Kentucky 40292
Quintessence Int 24:167-70. 1993
Electronic dental anesthesia uses the Gate Control Theory of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation...
- [General complications in dental local anesthesia]
Klinik und Poliklinik für Mund und Kiefer Gesichtschirurgie, Westf Wilhelms Universität Münster
Dtsch Zahnarztl Z 46:834-6. 1991
In a prospective, randomised double blind study we recorded the rate of complications in dental anesthesia in more than 1500 patients using 4 commonly known anesthetic solutions. 228 of our patients (18...
- [Electrical dental anesthesia (EDA), an alternative to local anesthesia?]
Universite de Montreal
J Dent Que 28:433-8. 1991
Electrical dental anesthesia has recently been suggested as an alternative to local anesthetics for the control of pain related to certain dental acts...
- Reaction of 5 and 6 year olds to dental injection after viewing the needle: pilot study
G M Maragakis
Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Louisiana State University School of Dentistry, USA
J Clin Pediatr Dent 31:28-31. 2006
The aim was to evaluate the practice of hiding the needle prior to dental anesthesia administration to children. Fourteen 5 and 6 year olds received dental treatment in two sessions...
- Inferior alveolar canal course: a radiographic study
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Hospital School of Stomatology, Zhejiang University, Zhejiang, China
Clin Oral Implants Res 20:1212-8. 2009
..To describe the morphology and course of the inferior alveolar canal (IAC) as it appears in digital panoramic radiographs...
- Cardiovascular diseases in dental practice. Practical considerations
Maria Margaix Muñoz
Valencia University Dental School, Valencia, Spain
Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal 13:E296-302. 2008
..center on the control of pain, the reduction of stress, and the use or avoidance of a vasoconstrictor in dental anesthesia. In turn, caution is required in relation to the antiplatelet, anticoagulant and antihypertensive medication ..
- [Survey of pediatric sedation in Japan--results of questionnaire to universities of dentistry]
Depertment of Anesthesiology, Saitama Medical University, Iruma 350 0451
Masui 59:1529-33. 2010
..We investigated here, the present situation of pediatric sedation by the questionnaire sent to the dental anesthesia departments of university hospitals in Japan.
- The effect of rubber dam placement on the arterial oxygen saturation in dental patients
Reginald H B Goodday
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Sciences, Faculty of Dentistry, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia
Oper Dent 31:176-9. 2006
..Also, there was no significant difference in Sp02 when comparing the rubber dam isolation technique. Although rubber dam placement has no effect on blood oxygen levels in healthy patients, its effects on unhealthy patients are unknown...
- Conscious sedation and special needs patients revisited
J Dent Child (Chic) 72:94. 2005
- Conscious sedation
Br Dent J 204:541; author reply 542-3. 2008
- Current state of sedation/analgesia care in dentistry
Oral Surgery Sedation, Glasgow Dental Hospital and School, Scotland bSpecial Care and Sedation Department, Lothian Salaried Primary Care Dental Service, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK
Curr Opin Anaesthesiol 20:384-7. 2007
..The development of pain and anxiety-control techniques has always been very closely aligned to the development of dentistry. The purpose of this review is to summarize the recent literature in this field...
- Teaching alternatives to the standard inferior alveolar nerve block in dental education: outcomes in clinical practice
Thomas M Johnson
US Army Peridontics Residency, Tingay Dental Clinic, Building 320, Fort Gordon, GA 30905, USA
J Dent Educ 71:1145-52. 2007
..No significant increase in current primary utilization of the Akinosi technique was found...
- Drug therapy in dental practice: general principles. Part 2 - pharmacodynamic considerations
Daniel E Becker
Sinclair Community College, General Dental Practice Residency, Miami Valley Hospital, Dayton, Ohio, USA
Anesth Prog 54:19-23; quiz 24-5. 2007
..These principles were addressed in the preceding issue of this journal. Pharmacodynamics deals with the actual mechanisms of action and effects a drug produces on the patient and is the topic for this continuing education article...
- Further dental treatment needs of children receiving exodontia under general anaesthesia at a teaching hospital in the UK
Department of Paediatric Dentistry, Leeds Dental Institute, Leeds, UK
Int J Paediatr Dent 16:263-9. 2006
- Office-based ambulatory sedation--the use of the airway protector system during oral surgery: a prospective audit of the first 100 patients
General Intensive Care Unit, Division of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, Soroka Medical Center, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel
J Oral Maxillofac Surg 66:858-63. 2008
..To evaluate the efficacy of the "Airway Protector System" (APS), a simple homemade device used for airway control during office-based dental sedation...
- An evidence-based approach to valid consent as applied to the pharmacological management of patients in the dental setting
SAAD Dig 23:18-23. 2007
- Office-based anesthesia
Department of Oral Surgery and Hospital Dentistry, Indiana University School of Dentistry, 1121 West Michigan Street, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA
Oral Maxillofac Surg Clin North Am 19:45-57, vi. 2007
..The topic is vast and too extensive to be fully discussed in this article. The intent of this article is to provide a discussion of some fundamental concepts that can optimize anesthetic safety and care...