street drugs

Summary

Summary: Drugs obtained and often manufactured illegally for the subjective effects they are said to produce. They are often distributed in urban areas, but are also available in suburban and rural areas, and tend to be grossly impure and may cause unexpected toxicity.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Party drugs: properties, prevalence, patterns, and problems
    Jane Carlisle Maxwell
    The Gulf Coast Addiction Technology Transfer Center, The School of Social Work, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78703, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 40:1203-40. 2005
  2. ncbi Misuse and diversion of stimulants prescribed for ADHD: a systematic review of the literature
    Timothy E Wilens
    Pediatric Psychopharmacology Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 47:21-31. 2008
  3. ncbi Non-medical use of prescription stimulants and illicit use of stimulants for cognitive enhancement in pupils and students in Germany
    A G Franke
    Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University Medical Centre, Mainz, Germany
    Pharmacopsychiatry 44:60-6. 2011
  4. pmc Social determinants and the health of drug users: socioeconomic status, homelessness, and incarceration
    Sandro Galea
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, 1216 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY, 10029 5293, USA
    Public Health Rep 117:S135-45. 2002
  5. ncbi The prevalence and natural history of urinary symptoms among recreational ketamine users
    Adam R Winstock
    Addiction CAG, South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust St George s Hospital Medical School, London, UK
    BJU Int 110:1762-6. 2012
  6. ncbi Phenomenon of new drugs on the Internet: the case of ketamine derivative methoxetamine
    Ornella Corazza
    School of Pharmacy, University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield, UK
    Hum Psychopharmacol 27:145-9. 2012
  7. pmc Drug use and dependence in cocaine dependent subjects, community-based individuals, and their siblings
    Laura Jean Bierut
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 95:14-22. 2008
  8. ncbi Basing drug scheduling decisions on scientific ranking of harmfulness: false promise from false premises
    Jonathan P Caulkins
    Carnegie Mellon University Heinz College and Qatar Campus, Pittsburgh, PA 15237, USA
    Addiction 106:1886-90. 2011
  9. ncbi Modelling crack cocaine use trends over 10 years in a Canadian setting
    Dan Werb
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, Canada
    Drug Alcohol Rev 29:271-7. 2010
  10. ncbi Ketamine-like effects after recreational use of methoxetamine
    Katharina E Hofer
    Swiss Toxicological Information Centre, Associated Institute of the University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    Ann Emerg Med 60:97-9. 2012

Detail Information

Publications260 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Party drugs: properties, prevalence, patterns, and problems
    Jane Carlisle Maxwell
    The Gulf Coast Addiction Technology Transfer Center, The School of Social Work, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78703, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 40:1203-40. 2005
    ..Evaluated chemical dependency treatment protocols using the latest research for each of these different drugs are needed...
  2. ncbi Misuse and diversion of stimulants prescribed for ADHD: a systematic review of the literature
    Timothy E Wilens
    Pediatric Psychopharmacology Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 47:21-31. 2008
    ..The purpose of this systematic review of the literature is to evaluate the extent and characteristics of stimulant misuse and diversion in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and non-ADHD individuals...
  3. ncbi Non-medical use of prescription stimulants and illicit use of stimulants for cognitive enhancement in pupils and students in Germany
    A G Franke
    Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University Medical Centre, Mainz, Germany
    Pharmacopsychiatry 44:60-6. 2011
    ..The aim of this study was to assess for the first time the prevalence and factors associated with stimulant use exclusively for cognitive enhancement among pupils and university students in Germany...
  4. pmc Social determinants and the health of drug users: socioeconomic status, homelessness, and incarceration
    Sandro Galea
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, 1216 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY, 10029 5293, USA
    Public Health Rep 117:S135-45. 2002
    ..This article reviews the evidence on the adverse health consequences of low socioeconomic status, homelessness, and incarceration among drug users...
  5. ncbi The prevalence and natural history of urinary symptoms among recreational ketamine users
    Adam R Winstock
    Addiction CAG, South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust St George s Hospital Medical School, London, UK
    BJU Int 110:1762-6. 2012
    ..It shows that symptoms may improve once ketamine use is decreased...
  6. ncbi Phenomenon of new drugs on the Internet: the case of ketamine derivative methoxetamine
    Ornella Corazza
    School of Pharmacy, University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield, UK
    Hum Psychopharmacol 27:145-9. 2012
    ..Better international collaboration levels and novel forms of intervention are necessary to tackle this fast-growing phenomenon...
  7. pmc Drug use and dependence in cocaine dependent subjects, community-based individuals, and their siblings
    Laura Jean Bierut
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 95:14-22. 2008
    ....
  8. ncbi Basing drug scheduling decisions on scientific ranking of harmfulness: false promise from false premises
    Jonathan P Caulkins
    Carnegie Mellon University Heinz College and Qatar Campus, Pittsburgh, PA 15237, USA
    Addiction 106:1886-90. 2011
    ..Harm is not usefully reducible to a single dimension, and even perfect rankings would not constitute a 'sufficient statistic' for determining scheduling decisions...
  9. ncbi Modelling crack cocaine use trends over 10 years in a Canadian setting
    Dan Werb
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, Canada
    Drug Alcohol Rev 29:271-7. 2010
    ..We investigated longitudinal patterns of crack cocaine use among polydrug users in Vancouver, Canada...
  10. ncbi Ketamine-like effects after recreational use of methoxetamine
    Katharina E Hofer
    Swiss Toxicological Information Centre, Associated Institute of the University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    Ann Emerg Med 60:97-9. 2012
    ..According to this case report, user Web reports, and the chemical structure, methoxetamine produces ketamine-like effects. Complete recovery can be expected with supportive care...
  11. ncbi Illicit drug use and educational attainment
    Pinka Chatterji
    Center for Multicultural Mental Health Research, Cambridge Health Alliance Harvard Medical School, Somerville, MA 02143, USA
    Health Econ 15:489-511. 2006
    ..Findings suggest that marijuana use and cocaine use in high school are associated with reductions in the number of years of schooling completed...
  12. ncbi Heaven and hell--a phenomenological study of recreational use of 4-HO-MET in Sweden
    Anette Kjellgren
    Department of Psychology, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden
    J Psychoactive Drugs 43:211-9. 2011
    ..The experiences described show great similarity with classic psychedelic substances as LSD or psilocybin. More research is needed about health hazards or possible therapeutic potentials...
  13. ncbi Acute toxicity associated with the recreational use of the ketamine derivative methoxetamine
    David M Wood
    Clinical Toxicology, Guy s and St Thomas NHS Foundation Trust and Kings Health Partners, London, UK
    Eur J Clin Pharmacol 68:853-6. 2012
    ..We report here a case series of three individuals with acute toxicity related to the analytically confirmed use of methoxetamine...
  14. pmc Medical use, illicit use and diversion of prescription stimulant medication
    Sean Esteban McCabe
    Substance Abuse Research Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48105 2194, USA
    J Psychoactive Drugs 38:43-56. 2006
    ..The present study provides evidence that the illicit use of prescription stimulants is a problem among undergraduate college students, and certain subgroups appear to be at heightened risk...
  15. pmc A combined approach using transporter-flux assays and mass spectrometry to examine psychostimulant street drugs of unknown content
    Rudolf Rosenauer
    Institute of Pharmacology, Center for Physiology and Pharmacology, Medical University of Vienna, Waehringer Strasse 13a, A 1090 Vienna, Austria
    ACS Chem Neurosci 4:182-90. 2013
    ..Here, we tested a combined approach by examining the composition of street drugs using mass spectrometry and by assessing the functional activity of their constituents at the neuronal ..
  16. ncbi Methoxetamine associated reversible cerebellar toxicity: three cases with analytical confirmation
    Jennifer E Shields
    Acute Medical Unit, York Teaching Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, York, UK
    Clin Toxicol (Phila) 50:438-40. 2012
    ..We report three cases that presented to hospital with acute neurological toxicity associated with analytically confirmed methoxetamine exposure...
  17. ncbi Determinants of sexual risk-taking among young HIV-negative gay and bisexual men
    S A Strathdee
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol 19:61-6. 1998
    ..HIV prevention programs aimed at young gay/bisexual men should include sexual abuse counselling and foster community norms supporting safer sex practices...
  18. ncbi Designer drugs: a medicinal chemistry perspective
    F Ivy Carroll
    Center for Organic and Medicinal Chemistry, Research Triangle Institute, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709 2194, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1248:18-38. 2012
    ....
  19. ncbi 'Legal highs'--novel and emerging psychoactive drugs: a chemical overview for the toxicologist
    Simon Gibbons
    Department of Pharmaceutical and Biological Chemistry, UCL School of Pharmacy, London, UK
    Clin Toxicol (Phila) 50:15-24. 2012
    ..This review covers the basic chemistry of these novel psychoactive compounds and relates them to endogenous neurotransmitters and existing drugs of abuse...
  20. ncbi Delivering prevention for alcohol and cannabis using the Internet: a cluster randomised controlled trial
    Nicola C Newton
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Australia
    Prev Med 48:579-84. 2009
    ..To establish the efficacy of an internet based prevention program to reduce alcohol and cannabis use in adolescents...
  21. pmc What users think about the differences between caffeine and illicit/prescription stimulants for cognitive enhancement
    Andreas G Franke
    Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University Medical Centre, Mainz, Germany
    PLoS ONE 7:e40047. 2012
    ..This result shows the need for well-directed and differentiated information to prevent the potentially harmful use of illicit or prescription stimulants for CE...
  22. ncbi A systematic review of the effectiveness of brief interventions with substance using adolescents by type of drug
    Robert J Tait
    School of Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, University of Western Australia, Nedlands, WA 6009, Australia
    Drug Alcohol Rev 22:337-46. 2003
    ..The effect of BI with multiple substances appears substantial but the small sample cautions against expansive generalization...
  23. ncbi Ranking the harm of alcohol, tobacco and illicit drugs for the individual and the population
    Jan van Amsterdam
    Laboratory for Health Protection Research, RIVM, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
    Eur Addict Res 16:202-7. 2010
    ..Based on the results, recommendations are formulated about the legal classification of recreational drugs at national and international level which serves a rational approach for drug control...
  24. ncbi The health effects of ecstasy: a literature review
    Linda R Gowing
    Evidence Based Practice Unit, Drug and Alcohol Services Council, University of Adelaide, Parkside, South Australia, Australia
    Drug Alcohol Rev 21:53-63. 2002
    ..Neurotoxicity is potentially the most significant long-term effect of ecstasy. The clinical implications of neurotoxicity are uncertain at this time, but short-term memory impairment may be significant...
  25. ncbi Closure of an open drug scene--a case register-based analysis of the impact on the demand for methadone maintenance treatment
    L Falcato
    Social Psychiatric Research Unit, Psychiatric University Hospital Zurich, Switzerland
    Addiction 96:623-8. 2001
    ..To assess the impact of the closure of an open drug scene on the demand for methadone maintenance treatment (MMT)...
  26. ncbi Self-admitted behavior and perceived use of performance-enhancing vs psychoactive drugs among competitive athletes
    M Uvacsek
    Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary
    Scand J Med Sci Sports 21:224-34. 2011
    ..The reasons for elevated in-group projection are discussed, along with the potential application of this phenomenon in doping epidemiology studies...
  27. ncbi Cognitive performance in recreational ecstasy polydrug users: a two-year follow-up study
    S de Sola Llopis
    Behavioral Neurology and Dementia Research Group, Neuropsychopharmacology Program, IMIM Hospital del Mar, Barcelona, Spain
    J Psychopharmacol 22:498-510. 2008
    ....
  28. ncbi Illicit methylphenidate use in an undergraduate student sample: prevalence and risk factors
    Christian J Teter
    College of Pharmacy, Substance Abuse Research Center, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 1065, USA
    Pharmacotherapy 23:609-17. 2003
    ....
  29. ncbi Increased intensity of Ecstasy and polydrug usage in the more experienced recreational Ecstasy/MDMA users: a WWW study
    Andrew B Scholey
    Human Cognitive Neuroscience Unit, Psychology Division, Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 8ST, UK
    Addict Behav 29:743-52. 2004
    ..These results are discussed in the context of cross-tolerance and drug predisposition/preference...
  30. ncbi Medical and legal confusion surrounding gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) and its precursors gamma-butyrolactone (GBL) and 1,4-butanediol (1,4BD)
    D M Wood
    Guy s and St Thomas Poisons Unit, Guy s and St Thomas NHS Foundation Trust, Avonley Road, London, UK
    QJM 101:23-9. 2008
    ..However, its precursors gamma-butyrolactone (GBL) and 1,4-butanediol (1,4BD) remain legally available despite having similar clinical effects...
  31. ncbi Use of crystal methamphetamine among gay men in London
    Graham Bolding
    City University, London, UK, MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Glasgow, UK
    Addiction 101:1622-30. 2006
    ..To examine the use of crystal methamphetamine (crystal meth) and its association with high-risk sexual behaviour among gay men in London...
  32. ncbi Detection times of drugs of abuse in blood, urine, and oral fluid
    Alain G Verstraete
    Clinical Biology Laboratory, Ghent University Hospital, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    Ther Drug Monit 26:200-5. 2004
    ..The duration of detection of GHB is much shorter. After a single dose of 1 or 2 ng of flunitrazepam, the most sensitive methods can detect 7-aminoflunitrazepam for up to 4 weeks in urine...
  33. ncbi Detecting alcohol and illicit drugs in oral fluid samples collected from truck drivers in the state of São Paulo, Brazil
    Mauricio Yonamine
    Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
    Traffic Inj Prev 14:127-31. 2013
    ..São Paulo is the most populous state in Brazil and has the largest industrial park and economic production in the country...
  34. ncbi Is there a case for MDMA-assisted psychotherapy in the UK?
    Ben Sessa
    Psychopharmacology Unit, Dorothy Hodgkin Building, Bristol, UK
    J Psychopharmacol 21:220-4. 2007
    ....
  35. ncbi Ultraperformance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry analysis of stimulatory drugs of abuse in wastewater and surface waters
    Maria Huerta-Fontela
    AGBAR Aigües de Barcelona, Avinguda Diagonal 211, 08018 Barcelona, Spain
    Anal Chem 79:3821-9. 2007
    ..The results obtained demonstrate that the presence of these drugs in the aquatic media must be considered a matter of environmental concern...
  36. ncbi Surgery for body packing in the Caribbean: a retrospective study of 70 patients
    S A de Beer
    Rijnstate Hospital, Wagnerlaan 55, Arnhem, The Netherlands
    World J Surg 32:281-5; discussion 286-7. 2008
    ..The objective of this retrospective study is to evaluate pre-, per- and postoperative characteristics of body packing and its complications and prognosis after surgery...
  37. ncbi A web-based survey on mephedrone
    R L Carhart-Harris
    Imperial College London, Neuropsychopharmacology Unit, UK
    Drug Alcohol Depend 118:19-22. 2011
    ..This study sought to collect information on the former legal-high 'mephedrone' using a web-based survey targeted at mephedrone users...
  38. ncbi Familial transmission of substance use disorders
    K R Merikangas
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Conn 06510, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 55:973-9. 1998
    ..To perform a controlled family study of probands with several different predominant drugs of abuse, including opioids, cocaine, cannabis, and/or alcohol...
  39. ncbi Prevalence of drug use in commercial tractor-trailer drivers
    Fiona J Couper
    Washington State Toxicology Laboratory, University of Washington, Seattle 98134, USA
    J Forensic Sci 47:562-7. 2002
    ..On the other hand, only a few drivers were, in fact, deemed to be under the influence of drugs at the time of driving when evaluated by DRE officers...
  40. pmc Methamphetamine-using HIV-positive men who have sex with men: correlates of polydrug use
    Thomas L Patterson
    Department of Psychiatry 0680, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093 0680, USA
    J Urban Health 82:i120-6. 2005
    ....
  41. ncbi Urinalysis and hair analysis for illicit drugs of driver applicants and drivers in the trucking industry
    Tom Mieczkowski
    Department of Criminology, The University of South Florida, 4202 East Fowler Avenue SOC 107, Tampa, FL 33702, USA
    J Forensic Leg Med 17:254-60. 2010
    ..It is concluded that hair assays detect more drug use than urinalysis. It is also concluded that when urine and hair assay outcomes are non-concordant the typical case is a positive hair analysis with a negative urinalysis...
  42. ncbi Drug classification: science, politics, both or neither?
    Harold Kalant
    Department of Pharmacology, University of Toronto, and Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Canada
    Addiction 105:1146-9. 2010
    ..The problems inherent in such drug classification are illustrated by the examples of cannabis and of salvinorin A. They raise the question as to whether the classification process really serves any socially beneficial purpose...
  43. ncbi Risk and protective factors for methamphetamine use and nonmedical use of prescription stimulants among young adults aged 18 to 25
    Mindy A Herman-Stahl
    RTI International, 3040 Cornwallis Road, P O Box 12194, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 2194, USA
    Addict Behav 32:1003-15. 2007
    ..Different intervention strategies are needed to prevent methamphetamine use versus nonmedical prescription stimulant use...
  44. ncbi Harms associated with psychoactive substances: findings of the UK National Drug Survey
    Celia J A Morgan
    Clinical Psychopharmacology Unit, University College London, London, UK
    J Psychopharmacol 24:147-53. 2010
    ..They also suggest that the current UK legal classification system is not acting to inform users of the harms of psychoactive substances...
  45. ncbi Prevalence of illicit drug use among the Italian athlete population with special attention on drugs of abuse: a 10-year review
    Sabina Strano Rossi
    Laboratorio Antidoping, Federazione Medico Sportiva Italiana, Rome, Italy
    J Sports Sci 29:471-6. 2011
    ..However, due to the particular population studied, it must be considered an underestimation of the phenomenon among elite athletes with respect to the general population...
  46. ncbi The addicted human brain viewed in the light of imaging studies: brain circuits and treatment strategies
    Nora D Volkow
    Office of the Director, National Institute on Drug Abuse, 6001 Executive Boulevard, Room 5274, MSC 9581, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Neuropharmacology 47:3-13. 2004
    ....
  47. pmc The "Clubs against Drugs" program in Stockholm, Sweden: two cross-sectional surveys examining drug use among staff at licensed premises
    Johanna Gripenberg Abdon
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 6:2. 2011
    ..This study was carried out within the framework of the "Clubs against Drugs" program, which is a community-based multi-component intervention targeting licensed premises in Stockholm, Sweden...
  48. ncbi Analytical techniques for drug detection in oral fluid
    Pirjo Lillsunde
    National Public Health Institute, Drug Research Unit, Helsinki, Finland
    Ther Drug Monit 30:181-7. 2008
    ..Several sensitive methods for drug testing in OF have been developed during the last years...
  49. pmc Risk factors associated with problem use of prescription drugs
    Linda Simoni-Wastila
    Department of Pharmaceutical Health Services Research, School of Pharmacy, University of Maryland, Baltimore, 21201, UA
    Am J Public Health 94:266-8. 2004
    ..Those at greatest risk include older adults, females, those in poor/fair health, and daily alcohol drinkers...
  50. ncbi Long-term effects of a community-based intervention: 5-year follow-up of 'Clubs against Drugs'
    Johanna Gripenberg Abdon
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Addiction 106:1997-2004. 2011
    ..To evaluate long-term effects of a multi-component community-based club drug prevention programme...
  51. pmc Sources of prescription drugs for illicit use
    Sean Esteban McCabe
    University of Michigan, Substance Abuse Research Center, 2025 Traverwood Dr, Suite C, Ann Arbor, MI 48105 2194, United States
    Addict Behav 30:1342-50. 2005
    ..The relationship between these sources and other substance use was examined...
  52. pmc HIV risk associated with gay bathhouses and sex clubs: findings from 2 seattle surveys of factors related to HIV and sexually transmitted infections
    William J Reidy
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Seattle, USA
    Am J Public Health 99:S165-72. 2009
    ..We studied the HIV risk behaviors of patrons of the 3 commercial sex venues for men in Seattle, Washington...
  53. ncbi Social capital influence in illicit drug use among racial/ethnic groups in the United States
    Humberto Reynoso-Vallejo
    Department of Social Welfare Policy and Human Behavior, Boston University School of Social Work, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    J Ethn Subst Abuse 10:91-111. 2011
    ..Rather than an individual-level measure of social capital, future research should employ a neighborhood-level measure of social capital that aggregates neighborhood cohesion, trust, norms of reciprocity, and social participation...
  54. ncbi Pill-poppers and dopers: a comparison of non-medical prescription drug use and illicit/street drug use among college students
    Jason A Ford
    Department of Sociology, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL 32816 1360, USA
    Addict Behav 33:934-41. 2008
    ..Important implications, limitations, and future research needs were discussed...
  55. ncbi Surgery for "body packers"--a 15-year experience
    Daniel Silverberg
    Department of Surgery, Mount Sinai Medical Center, One Gustave L Levy Place, New York, NY 10029, USA
    World J Surg 30:541-6. 2006
    ..We examined the characteristics and outcomes of patients who required surgical intervention...
  56. ncbi The risky business of body packers and body stuffers
    Sheila Goertemoeller
    Cincinnati Drug and Poison Information Center, Cincinnati, Ohio 45219, USA
    J Emerg Nurs 32:541-4. 2006
  57. pmc Assessing addiction: concepts and instruments
    Sharon Samet
    New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, New York 10032, USA
    Addict Sci Clin Pract 4:19-31. 2007
    ..Our aim is to help researchers and clinical programs identify the instruments that best suit their particular situations and purposes...
  58. ncbi Level of use of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA or Ecstasy) in humans correlates with EEG power and coherence
    R I Dafters
    Psychology Department, Glasgow University, UK
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 145:82-90. 1999
    ..Despite animal studies implicating 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA or Ecstasy) in serotonergic neurotoxicity, there is little direct evidence of changes in neural function in humans who use MDMA as a recreational drug...
  59. ncbi Maternal exposures to cigarette smoke, alcohol, and street drugs and neural tube defect occurrence in offspring
    Lucina Suarez
    Epidemiology and Disease Surveillance Unit T 711, Texas Department of State Health Services, Austin, TX 78756, USA
    Matern Child Health J 12:394-401. 2008
    Cigarettes, alcoholic beverages, and street drugs contain substances potentially toxic to the developing embryo...
  60. ncbi The impact of street drugs on trauma care
    Charles E Lucas
    Department of Surgery, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48201, USA
    J Trauma 59:S57-60; discussion S67-75. 2005
    ..We also conclude that legislative change may be the answer in reducing or preventing the horrendous problems caused by illicit drugs...
  61. ncbi A brief overview of the clinical pharmacology of "club drugs"
    Gena Covell Britt
    Division of Addiction Psychiatry, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia 23219, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 40:1189-201. 2005
    ..The neurobiology, clinical pharmacology, and treatment issues for each are discussed...
  62. ncbi Dutch coffee shops and trends in cannabis use
    Dirk J Korf
    Bonger Institute of Criminology, University of Amsterdam, P O Box 1030, 1000 Amsterdam BA, The Netherlands
    Addict Behav 27:851-66. 2002
    ..Cannabis use also developed in waves in other European countries that did not decriminalize cannabis, as well as in the US. Consequently, trends in cannabis use seem to develop rather independently of cannabis policy...
  63. ncbi The influence of age and gender on party drug use among young adults attending dance events, clubs, and rock festivals in Belgium
    Tina Van Havere
    Vereniging voor Alcohol en andere Drugproblemen Association for Alcohol and Other Drug problems, Brussels, Belgium
    Subst Use Misuse 44:1899-915. 2009
    ..Men still use drugs more often than women, but the gender differences seem to decrease. The changing role of women in society could be an explanation for this evolution. Limitations and implications of this research are discussed...
  64. ncbi Poisonings with street drugs:a review of 1993-2008 data from the toxicology unit in Poland
    Anna Krakowiak
    Toxicology Unit, Department of Occupational Diseases and Toxicology, Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Łódź, Poland
    Int J Occup Med Environ Health 23:357-65. 2010
    ..Drugs of abuse have been known in many cultures and geographical zones, and also in Poland the extent of substance abuse has been increasing...
  65. ncbi Music, substance use, and aggression
    Meng Jinn Chen
    Prevention Research Center, Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, 1995 University Avenue, Suite 450, Berkeley, California 94704, USA
    J Stud Alcohol 67:373-81. 2006
    ..This study investigated whether young people's substance use and aggressive behaviors are related to their listening to music containing messages of substance use and violence...
  66. ncbi Forensic cases involving the use of GHB in The Netherlands
    Ingrid J Bosman
    Department of Toxicology, Netherlands Forensic Institute, P O Box 3110, 2280 GC Rijswijk, The Netherlands
    Forensic Sci Int 133:17-21. 2003
    ..As GHB is not routinely found during systematical toxicological analyses, these data may seriously underestimate the use of GHB. Therefore, information from the police to the forensic institute is essential...
  67. ncbi Avoiding counterproductive results: an experimental pretest of a harm reduction intervention on attitude toward party drugs among users and nonusers
    Jill R D Whittingham
    Maastricht University, Faculty of Psychology, Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Subst Use Misuse 44:532-47. 2009
    ..The study's limitations and implications are discussed, including the need for experimental pretesting...
  68. ncbi The epidemiology of ecstasy use and harms in Australia
    Louisa Degenhardt
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, N S W 2052, Australia
    Neuropsychobiology 60:176-87. 2009
    ..This paper examines the epidemiology of ecstasy use and harm in Australia using multiple data sources...
  69. ncbi It's a rave new world: rave culture and illicit drug use in the young
    E S Rome
    Section of Adolescent Medicine, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, OH 44195, USA
    Cleve Clin J Med 68:541-50. 2001
    ..Today's widely used drugs, their street names, their effects, and how to manage overdoses are reviewed...
  70. ncbi Trends, motivations and settings of recreational cocaine use by adolescents and young adults in the Netherlands
    Agnes van der Poel
    The IVO Addiction Research Institute Rotterdam, Heemraadssingel 194, 3021 DM Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Int J Drug Policy 20:143-51. 2009
    ..It is no longer an extraordinary drug to use in trendy/innovative as well as mainstreams clubs. Not much research has been done on motivations for and settings in which this cocaine use takes place...
  71. ncbi Longitudinal changes in methamphetamine and cocaine use in untreated rural stimulant users: racial differences and the impact of methamphetamine legislation
    Tyrone F Borders
    Department of Health Policy and Management, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR 72205 7199, USA
    Addiction 103:800-8. 2008
    ..To examine how race and methamphetamine legislation are associated with changes in cocaine and methamphetamine use among untreated rural stimulant users...
  72. ncbi The developmental antecedents of illicit drug use: evidence from a 25-year longitudinal study
    David M Fergusson
    Department of Psychological Medicine, University of Otago, Christchurch School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Christchurch 8140, New Zealand
    Drug Alcohol Depend 96:165-77. 2008
    ..The present study examined the developmental antecedents of illicit drug use and abuse/dependence...
  73. ncbi Development of a rational scale to assess the harm of drugs of potential misuse
    David Nutt
    Psychopharmacology Unit, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Lancet 369:1047-53. 2007
    ..Our methodology offers a systematic framework and process that could be used by national and international regulatory bodies to assess the harm of current and future drugs of abuse...
  74. ncbi Prevalence and motives for illicit use of prescription stimulants in an undergraduate student sample
    Christian J Teter
    National Institute on Drug Abuse, College of Pharmacy and Substance Abuse Research Center at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
    J Am Coll Health 53:253-62. 2005
    ..Students appear to be using these prescription drugs non-medically, mainly to enhance performance or get high...
  75. pmc Displacement of Canada's largest public illicit drug market in response to a police crackdown
    Evan Wood
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital and the Department of Health Care and Epidemiology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC
    CMAJ 170:1551-6. 2004
    ..A large-scale police "crackdown" to control illicit drug use in Vancouver's Downtown Eastside provided us with an opportunity to evaluate the effect...
  76. ncbi Psychosocial correlates of substance use in adolescence: a cross-national study in six European countries
    Anna Kokkevi
    Department of Psychiatry, Medical School, University of Athens, Greece
    Drug Alcohol Depend 86:67-74. 2007
    ..To examine the psychosocial correlates of substance use among adolescents in six European countries...
  77. ncbi What are the specific vs. generalized effects of drugs of abuse on neuropsychological performance?
    María José Fernández-Serrano
    Departamento de Personalidad, Evaluacion y Tratamiento Psicologico, Universidad de Granada, Campus de Cartuja, S N, 18071 Granada, Spain
    Neurosci Biobehav Rev 35:377-406. 2011
    ....
  78. ncbi Decision rule and utility of routine urine toxicology screening of trauma patients
    M I Langdorf
    University of California Irvine, Division of Emergency Medicine, 101 The City Drive South, Route 128, Orange, CA 92868 3298, USA
    Eur J Emerg Med 9:115-21. 2002
    ..Urine drug screening infrequently affected patient management or resulted in drug treatment referral in our sample. We call for increased vigilance in recording results and referring patients for treatment...
  79. ncbi "Spice" girls: synthetic cannabinoid intoxication
    Aaron B Schneir
    Division of Medical Toxicology, University of California, San Diego Medical Center, San Diego, California 92103 8925, USA
    J Emerg Med 40:296-9. 2011
    ..Very little medical literature currently exists detailing the adverse effects and emergency department (ED) presentations associated with "spice" use...
  80. ncbi Recreational substance use among elite Australian athletes
    Matthew Dunn
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    Drug Alcohol Rev 30:63-8. 2011
    ....
  81. ncbi Current trends in illegal drug use and drug related health problems in Switzerland
    Elisabeth De Preux
    Institut Universitaire de Medecine Sociale et Preventive, Lausanne
    Swiss Med Wkly 134:313-21. 2004
    ....
  82. ncbi Toxicological findings in cases of alleged drug-facilitated sexual assault in the United Kingdom over a 3-year period
    Michael Scott-Ham
    The Forensic Science Service, London Laboratory, 109 Lambeth Road, London, SE1 7LP, UK
    J Clin Forensic Med 12:175-86. 2005
    ..Another nine cases (1%) involved the complainant being either given or forced to ingest pharmaceutical tablets or an illicit drug...
  83. ncbi Ecstasy/MDMA attributed problems reported by novice, moderate and heavy recreational users
    A C Parrott
    Recreational Drugs Research Group, School of Psychology, University of East London, London E15 4LZ, UK
    Hum Psychopharmacol 17:309-12. 2002
    ..The recreational use of MDMA/Ecstasy (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine) is associated with many psychobiological problems, but there is a paucity of data on how these relate to the level of past use...
  84. ncbi Ecstasy pill testing: harm minimization gone too far?
    A R Winstock
    National Addiction Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, Kings College London, UK
    Addiction 96:1139-48. 2001
    ..At best it gives an artificial 'shine of safety' to a group of diverse drugs that remain both illicit and potentially harmful. Other simpler harm reduction mechanisms are likely to be more effective...
  85. ncbi Drug scene roles and HIV risk
    S R Friedman
    National Development and Research Institutes, Inc, New York 10048, USA
    Addiction 93:1403-16. 1998
    ..This paper aims to measure "role behaviors" of drug injectors; describe which drug injectors are more likely to engage in such role behaviors; and to determine whether roles are related to elements of HIV risk...
  86. pmc Clinical management of cocaine body packers: the Hillingdon experience
    Ian Beckley
    Department of Surgery, Charing Cross Hospital, Fulham Palace Road, London, UK
    Can J Surg 52:417-21. 2009
    ..To date, however, a consistent approach for the management of these patients has not been established...
  87. pmc Income and spending patterns among panhandlers
    Rohit Bose
    CMAJ 167:477-9. 2002
  88. ncbi Establishment of a definitive protocol for the diagnosis and management of body packers (drug mules)
    Nageswara Mandava
    Department of Surgery, Caritas Health Care, New York Medical College Brooklyn and Queens Program, New York, USA
    Emerg Med J 28:98-101. 2011
    ..These people are otherwise healthy and their management should maintain minimal morbidity. In this study, experience with body packers is presented and an algorithm for conservative and surgical management is provided...
  89. ncbi Using umbilical cord tissue to detect fetal exposure to illicit drugs: a multicentered study in Utah and New Jersey
    D P Montgomery
    Department of Women and Newborns, Intermountain Healthcare, Salt Lake City, UT 84403, USA
    J Perinatol 28:750-3. 2008
    ..We assessed umbilical cord tissue as a means of detecting fetal exposure to five classes of drugs of abuse...
  90. ncbi Relative contributions of holiday location and nationality to changes in recreational drug taking behaviour: a natural experiment in the Balearic Islands
    Mark A Bellis
    Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    Eur Addict Res 15:78-86. 2009
    ..To examine the contributions of international holiday resorts and visitors' nationality to recruitment, relapse into, and escalation in frequency of recreational drug use...
  91. ncbi Is ecstasy MDMA? A review of the proportion of ecstasy tablets containing MDMA, their dosage levels, and the changing perceptions of purity
    A C Parrott
    Department of Psychology, University of Wales Swansea, Swansea, SAZ 8PP, United Kingdom
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 173:234-41. 2004
    ..The historical origins and evolution of this mismatch will be reviewed, in order to estimate the proportions of ecstasy tablets containing MDMA at different periods over the past 30 years...
  92. ncbi Meta-analysis on drugs in people with eating disorders
    Ana Calero-Elvira
    Department of Psychology, Autonomous University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain
    Eur Eat Disord Rev 17:243-59. 2009
    ..The aim of this study was to examine whether drug use (DU) is higher in people with eating disorders (EDs) compared to a healthy control group and to perform a meta-analysis on the literature related to DU in people with EDs...
  93. ncbi Club drug use among youths in treatment for substance abuse
    Christian Hopfer
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, Colorado 80262, USA
    Am J Addict 15:94-9. 2006
    ..01). Youths reported using club drugs frequently outside of rave settings. Club drug use is common among youths in treatment for substance abuse and has spread beyond the rave culture...
  94. ncbi Vasopressin and oxytocin secretion in response to the consumption of ecstasy in a clubbing population
    Kim Wolff
    National Addiction Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, 4 Windsor Walk, London SE5 8AF, UK
    J Psychopharmacol 20:400-10. 2006
    ..This report demonstrates SIADH in ecstasy-using "clubbers", which has important clinical implications...
  95. pmc Biological markers of drug use in the club setting
    Brenda A Miller
    Prevention Research Center, Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation PIRE, 1995 University Avenue, Suite 450, Berkeley, California 94704, USA
    J Stud Alcohol Drugs 70:261-8. 2009
    ..The prevalence of drug and alcohol use among patrons of clubs featuring electronic music dance events was determined by using biological assays at entrance and exit...
  96. ncbi Healthy nightclubs and recreational substance use. From a harm minimisation to a healthy settings approach
    Mark A Bellis
    Birkenhead and Wallasey Primary Care Trust, St Catherine s Hospital, Church Road, Birkenhead, CH42 0LQ, UK
    Addict Behav 27:1025-35. 2002
    ....
  97. ncbi Club drugs: methylenedioxymethamphetamine, flunitrazepam, ketamine hydrochloride, and gamma-hydroxybutyrate
    Kelly M Smith
    Drug Information Center, University of Kentucky Chandler Medical Center UKCMC, Lexington, USA
    Am J Health Syst Pharm 59:1067-76. 2002
    ..The increasing abuse of MDMA, flunitrazepam, ketamine hydrochloride, and GHB, particularly by young people in social settings such as clubs, should put health care professionals on guard to recognize and manage serious reactions...
  98. ncbi Cocaine use in Europe - a multi-centre study: patterns of use in different groups
    Michael Prinzleve
    Zentrum für Interdisziplinäre Suchtforschung der Universität Hamburg, Germany
    Eur Addict Res 10:147-55. 2004
    ..The study investigates patterns of cocaine powder and crack cocaine use of different groups in nine European cities...
  99. ncbi It's a rave new world: estimating the prevalence and perceived harm of ecstasy and other drug use among club rave attendees
    George S Yacoubian
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, MD 20705 3102, USA
    J Drug Educ 33:187-96. 2003
    ..These findings suggest that rave attendees may be an important population for ecstasy-related prevention efforts...
  100. ncbi Drugs of abuse monitoring in blood for control of driving under the influence of drugs
    Manfred R Moeller
    Institute of Legal Medicine, Institute of Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Saarland, D 66421 Homburg Saar, Germany
    Ther Drug Monit 24:210-21. 2002
    ..Basic data about the biosample assayed, internal standard, workup, GC or LC column and mobile phase, detection mode, reference data, and validation data of each procedure are summarized in two tables...
  101. ncbi Heroin use among youths incarcerated for illicit drug use: psychosocial environment, substance use history, psychiatric comorbidity, and route of administration
    Shu Chuan Chiang
    Tao Yuan Psychiatric Center, Tao Yuan County, Taiwan
    Am J Addict 15:233-41. 2006
    ..This information may help guide future prevention programs to reduce heroin problems in youth...

Research Grants67

  1. Prevalence of DSM-IV Disorders in an Multi-Center HIV+ Women's Cohort
    Judith A Cook; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..has been limited to self- reported symptoms of depression and anxiety, and self-reported use of alcohol and street drugs. The purpose of this study is to administer to the WIHS cohort the gold standard in structured diagnostic ..
  2. Free Radicals and Methamphetamine Abuse
    Maria Cecilia Garibaldi Marcondes; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Meth is one of the most growing street drugs of abuse, exposing users to HIV infection, and potentially facilitating the penetration of virus across the ..
  3. Psychopharmacology of plants and their metabolites used as marijuana substitutes
    Jordan K Zjawiony; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..These plants are easily obtained on numerous internet sites and have a high potential of becoming street drugs in the near future...
  4. Chemistry and Pharmacology of Newly Emerging Psychoactive Plants
    Jordan K Zjawiony; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The plants are easily obtained on numerous internet sites and have a high potential of becoming street drugs in the near future...
  5. HIV, HCV and STI Risk Associated with Nonmedical Use of Prescription Opioids
    Travis Wendel; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..risks associated with such use, tending to view prescription drugs as relatively safe in comparison to illicit street drugs. Although the majority of NMU-POs begin ingesting POs orally, emerging research demonstrates that a significant ..
  6. Synthetic cathinones: a new class of illicit drugs affecting DAT &SERT
    SIDNEY S NEGUS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..b>Street drugs are invariably racemates, which we also study, but it is of interest to study right- and left-handed versions ..
  7. A Qualitative Study of Nonmedical Prescription Stimulant Use
    SHEIGLA BRIGHID MURPHY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We will examine the types of prescription stimulants and the use of other prescription drugs and/or street drugs or alcohol to counter or enhance the effects of prescription stimulants...
  8. NEUROTOXIN DISCOVERY PLATFORM - DRUGS OF ABUSE
    Frank Zemlan; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..studies will validate our C-tau neurotoxin biomarker by assessing the time course of neurotoxicity of three street drugs (MDMA, PMA and PCP dust']), an environmental neurotoxin (TMT) and a neurotoxicity 'Gold Standard'-kainic acid...
  9. PRECLINICAL MEDICATIONS DISCOVERY &ABUSE LIABILITY TESTING FOR NIDA
    Louis S Harris; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of potential drug addiction treatment medications and to conduct preclinical abuse liability studies of new street drugs, medications, or potential medications in rodents and primates...
  10. PRECLINICAL MEDICATIONS DISCOVERY &ABUSE LIABILITY TESTING FOR NIDA
    Louis S Harris; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..of potential drug addiction treatment medications and to conduct preclinical abuse liability studies of new street drugs, medications, or potential medications in rodents and primates...
  11. Participant Perspectives on Drug Use/HIV Research Ethics
    Celia Fisher; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..may suffer withdrawal symptoms during detoxification or side effects when experimental treatments interact with street drugs. Dissemination of research results may further stigmatize or sustain societal prejudices against historically ..
  12. CHEMICAL/BEHAVIORAL STUDIES ON HALLUCINOGENIC AGENTS
    RICHARD GLENNON; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..e., Schedule 1) substances are poorly understood; various novel street drugs (including their metabolites and synthetic by-products) are even less well understood...
  13. Club Drugs/Resource Inequity/Health Risk in Urban Youth
    Jean Schensul; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..after-hours, and other social activities, and describe the meaning of these drugs in relation to traditional street drugs (regular and high THC marijuana, leaves with formaldehyde, alcohol, dust, cocaine, crack and heroin), 2) ..
  14. ANABOLIC STEROIDS BY HPLC/FTIR
    James Willis; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..conditions for the easy, rapid and inexpensive qualitative identification of pure anabolic steroids and street drugs by HPLC/FTIR, 2) create a software library of IR spectra for known steroid compounds and metabolites, and 3) ..
  15. Expand the capability and capacity of the State of Colorado Chemistry Laboratorie
    LAURIE J PETERSON-WRIGHT; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The laboratory will also further method validation by augmenting the FERN GC/MS analyte list with the addition of common street drugs and adapting the FERN ICP/MS method to a similar but different instrument.
  16. Preclinical Medications Discovery and Abuse Liability Testing
    LOUIS HARRIS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..It also studies abuse liability-related testing of new street drugs and medications...
  17. Preclinical Medications Discovery and Abuse Liability Testing
    LOUIS HARRIS; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..It also studies abuse liability-related testing of new street drugs and medications...
  18. Preclinical Medications Discovery and Abuse Liability Testing
    LOUIS HARRIS; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..It also studies abuse liability-related testing of new street drugs and medications...
  19. Purification & Structural Analysis/Cannabinoid Receptor
    David Farrens; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..This is unfortunate since marijuana is one of the most widely used street drugs, and is increasingly being ascribed therapeutic properties...
  20. Nonmedical Prescription Drug Use among College Students
    SEAN MCCABE; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Findings from this research will have important implications for the understanding of the epidemiology, prevention and treatment of prescription drug abuse. ..
  21. Protective Influence of Residential Learning Communities
    SEAN MCCABE; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..At each measurement point, participants will complete a set of measures that assess substance use behaviors and constructs addressed by RLCs. ..
  22. Prescription Drug Abuse Among College Students
    SEAN MCCABE; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  23. Epidemiology of Prescription Drug Abuse in the United States
    SEAN MCCABE; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..It will help identify risk factors for substance abuse. Most importantly, the findings will provide guidance for the prevention, assessment, and treatment of prescription drug abuse. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  24. Sexual Orientation, Substance Use and Mental Health
    SEAN MCCABE; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  25. Inhalant Use/Dependence: Incidence and Comorbidity
    Li Tzy Wu; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Gaps in our knowledge of the natural course of inhalant use will be specified for future research. ..
  26. Treatment Utilization for Alcohol-Related Problems
    Li Tzy Wu; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  27. Epdemiology of Non-Medical Prescription Anagesic Use
    Li Tzy Wu; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Such findings will be vital to policy makers in predicting the potential burden of NMPAU-related problems. ..
  28. Club Drug Use in Young, Low Income Women
    Z Wu; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..These study methods and findings will be used to design a randomized controlled trial of these prevention strategies in our family I planning population of 27,000 patient visits annually. ..
  29. EFFECTS OF PARTNER VIOLENCE VICTIMIZATION IN DRUG USE
    Merrill Singer; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  30. SYRINGE ACCESS AND HIV RISK
    Merrill Singer; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..g., high or low availability of sterile syringes) and actual risk factors (e.g., frequency of infected syringes in circulation). ..
  31. Effects of Stressors on Drug Use in Young, Poor Women
    Z Helen Wu; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Clarifying such relationship should help in the development of targeted, effective preventions and interventions to prevent transitions from drug use to abuse and dependence in adulthood. ..
  32. Effects of major changes in alcohol availability
    Robin Room; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  33. NEURAL BASIS OF BEHAVIORAL SENSITIZATION
    Terry Robinson; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..In summary, these studies should provide new insights into how drug-environment interactions can so dramatically alter drug effects, including liability to forms of drug-induced plasticity that may contribute to addiction. ..
  34. WEB-BASED DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE DEVELOPMENT
    J Walsh; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Furthermore, we intend to develop a mechanism to evaluate the use of the website and utilize the information to demonstrate the feasibility and commercial viability of the concept. ..
  35. HIV BEHAVIORS IN INJECTING AND NONINJECTING DRUG USERS
    Susan Sherman; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Additionally, we are complementing our research with the inclusion of NIUs of whom we will compare and contrast with our new injectors and, observe factors associated with the transition into an injecting career. ..
  36. Gordon Conference on Catecholamines (2003)
    Terry Robinson; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  37. Club Drug Initiation & HIV Risk of Mobile Suburban Youth
    Brian Kelly; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Determining the pathways to club drug initiation and transitions to later stages of use and abuse is, therefore, of utmost importance. ..
  38. " Evaluating a Microeconomic Intervention for High Risk Women in India"
    SUSAN GAIL SHERMAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Ultimately, the evaluation will provide the cost effectiveness of such an intervention as well as the impact on HIV/STI incidence and risky behaviors. ..
  39. Emerging Trends of Tryptamine Use: Contexts & Risks
    Brian Kelly; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  40. Crack & Health Service Use--A Natural History Approach
    Russel Falck; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  41. Influence of drugs of abuse on neuronal morphology
    Terry Robinson; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  42. Preventing Club Drug Use among Rave Attendees
    George Yacoubian; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  43. Sex-Specific Pathways Linking Stress and Drug Abuse
    Rajita Sinha; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Such an understanding will have important implications for the development of gender-specific treatments for cocaine dependence that will ultimately improve the health of cocaine-addicted women and their families. ..
  44. Lofexidine to Prevent Stress-Related Opiate Relapse
    Rajita Sinha; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  45. IMPROVING COMPLIANCE WITH ANTIRETROVIRAL MEDICATIONS
    Marc Rosen; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The primary outcome measure will be MEMS-measured adherence to correct dose-time. Secondary outcome measures will include cost-effectiveness and viral load. ..
  46. Reproductive Hormonal Effects of Weight Loss in Women
    Nanette Santoro; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Thus, this initial exploration, if positive, would provide the basis for a new line of investigation for the PI into the interactions between reproduction and metabolism. ..
  47. WORKPLACE SUBSTANCE USE--A NATIONAL PREVALENCE STUDY
    MICHAEL FRONE; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..It will also stimulate future research by developing and testing a systematic model of employee substance use and productivity. ..
  48. Women Bar Drinkers: Exploring Risks for HIV
    KATHLEEN PARKS MARSH; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..It also has the potential to provide information that can be used to develop effective prevention programs to reduce women's risk for HIV. ..
  49. Risk Reduction Intervention for Highly Vulnerable Emerging Adults Males
    Jeffrey T Parsons; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..If effective, the intervention will help minimize the negative physical and psychological effects associated with club drug use, and reduce HIV infections among emerging adult males. ..
  50. Naltrexone and CBT for problem drinking
    Jon Morgenstern; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Third, we will use new data collection technology to examine complex relationships among drinking, HIV risk, and psychological factors to better inform future interventions. ..
  51. Component Analysis of Motivational Interviewing
    Jon Morgenstern; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..If its aims are achieved, it will strengthen the efficacy of MI, which can be utilized and implemented in a variety of health\settings. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  52. Implementing Evidence-Based Drug Treatment in Criminal Justice Settings
    Steven Belenko; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  53. DOMS EARLY REINTERVENTION (ERI) EXPERIMENT
    Michael Dennis; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  54. EVALUATION OF EFFORTS TO REDUCE BORDER BINGE DRINKING
    Robert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..El Paso/Juarez, a border town with a similar border-binge drinking problem will, serve as a comparison site. ..
  55. Chronic Stress and MDMA Neurotoxicity
    Bryan Yamamoto; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..These studies have significant implications for the possible synergistic interactions between prior MDMA exposure, chronic stress, and the vulnerability to subsequent drug self-administration. ..
  56. Drivers with Alcohol Use Disorders: At high risk for crashes?
    Robert B Voas; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..It will determine the prevalence of drivers with alcohol use disorders in traffic crashes and provide information to policymakers concerned with treatment and prevention programs. ..
  57. Lowering the drinking age: The New Zealand example
    Robert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  58. An Intervention for Migrant Puerto Rican Drug Users
    Sherry Deren; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The results of this study will have implications for conducting interventions with migrant drug users, and will enhance our knowledge regarding multi-level interventions to reduce HIV risk. ..
  59. CLUB DRUG USE AND MEN'S HEALTH--A COMMUNITY STUDY
    Perry Halkitis; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  60. HIV PREVENTION TRIALS UNIT-THAILAND
    David Celentano; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  61. Work Stress and Alcohol Use: A National Study of Unresolved and Unexplored Issues
    Michael R Frone; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  62. Role of Tyrosine in MDMA Toxicity
    Bryan K Yamamoto; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The testing of this model in conjunction with in vivo microdialysis studies, provides a unique and powerful approach to address enigmatic issues previously related to MDMA-induced neurodegeneration of 5HT systems ..
  63. Central Mechanisms of Opiate Reinforcement and Dependence
    George Koob; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ....
  64. Computerized Assistance for Treatment Professionals in Assessment of Sexual Risk
    Donald Calsyn; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This project proposes to develop computer assisted procedures to assist patients and providers in getting needed discussions started regarding sexual risk behaviors. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  65. Service Use, ATI Program Outcomes, and Pro-Social Change
    Elwin Wu; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The proposed study will be conducted by Dr. Elwin Wu and Dr. Nabila EI-Bassel of the Social Intervention Group at the Columbia University School of Social Work. ..