diuron

Summary

Summary: A pre-emergent herbicide.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Degradation of contrasting pesticides by white rot fungi and its relationship with ligninolytic potential
    Gary D Bending
    Horticulture Research International, Wellesbourne, Warwick CV35 9EF, UK
    FEMS Microbiol Lett 212:59-63. 2002
  2. ncbi Environmental impact of diuron transformation: a review
    S Giacomazzi
    Equipe de Physiologie Microbienne, UMR 6067, CNRS, Génie des Procédés Industriels, Universite de Technologie de Compiegne, BP 20529, Compiègne Cedex 60205, France
    Chemosphere 56:1021-32. 2004
  3. ncbi Symbiont-specific responses in foraminifera to the herbicide diuron
    Joost W van Dam
    The University of Queensland, Centre for Marine Studies, St Lucia, QLD 4072, Australia
    Mar Pollut Bull 65:373-83. 2012
  4. ncbi Diuron sorbed to carbon nanotubes exhibits enhanced toxicity to Chlorella vulgaris
    Fabienne Schwab
    Empa Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology, CH 9014 St Gallen, Switzerland
    Environ Sci Technol 47:7012-9. 2013
  5. pmc Interaction of diuron and related substituted phenylureas with the Ah receptor pathway
    Bin Zhao
    Department of Environmental Toxicology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616 8588, USA
    J Biochem Mol Toxicol 20:103-13. 2006
  6. ncbi Occurrence of antifouling paint booster biocides in selected harbors and marinas inside the Gulf of Napoli: a preliminary survey
    Giuseppe Di Landa
    PROT CHIM, Environmental Analytical Chemistry Laboratory, ENEA, C R Portici, Via Vecchio Macello, 80055 Portici Na, Italy
    Mar Pollut Bull 52:1541-6. 2006
  7. ncbi Metabolites of the phenylurea herbicides chlorotoluron, diuron, isoproturon and linuron produced by the soil fungus Mortierella sp
    Nora Badawi
    Department of Geochemistry, Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland GEUS, Østervoldgade 10, DK 1350 Copenhagen K, Denmark
    Environ Pollut 157:2806-12. 2009
  8. ncbi Direct comparison between visible near- and mid-infrared spectroscopy for describing diuron sorption in soils
    Mohsen Forouzangohar
    School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Adelaide, PMB 1, Glen Osmond 5064, Australia
    Environ Sci Technol 43:4049-55. 2009
  9. ncbi Diuron biotransformation and its effects on biofilm bacterial community structure
    Marion Vercraene-Eairmal
    Equipe Environnement et Microbiologie, UMR IPREM 5254, IBEAS, Universite de Pau et des Pays de l Adour, Avenue de l Universite, BP 1155, Pau cedex 64013, France
    Chemosphere 81:837-43. 2010
  10. ncbi Midinfrared spectroscopy and chemometrics to predict diuron sorption coefficients in soils
    Mohsen Forouzangohar
    School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Adelaide, PMB 1, Glen Osmond 5064, Australia
    Environ Sci Technol 42:3283-8. 2008

Detail Information

Publications224 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Degradation of contrasting pesticides by white rot fungi and its relationship with ligninolytic potential
    Gary D Bending
    Horticulture Research International, Wellesbourne, Warwick CV35 9EF, UK
    FEMS Microbiol Lett 212:59-63. 2002
    ..dye Poly R-478, a presumptive test for ligninolytic potential, and degradation of the highly available pesticides diuron, metalaxyl, atrazine or terbuthylazine in liquid culture...
  2. ncbi Environmental impact of diuron transformation: a review
    S Giacomazzi
    Equipe de Physiologie Microbienne, UMR 6067, CNRS, Génie des Procédés Industriels, Universite de Technologie de Compiegne, BP 20529, Compiègne Cedex 60205, France
    Chemosphere 56:1021-32. 2004
    b>Diuron is a biologically active pollutant present in soil, water and sediments...
  3. ncbi Symbiont-specific responses in foraminifera to the herbicide diuron
    Joost W van Dam
    The University of Queensland, Centre for Marine Studies, St Lucia, QLD 4072, Australia
    Mar Pollut Bull 65:373-83. 2012
    The effects of the photosystem II (PSII) herbicide diuron was assessed on thirteen tropical foraminifera hosting diatom, dinoflagellate, red or green algae endosymbionts...
  4. ncbi Diuron sorbed to carbon nanotubes exhibits enhanced toxicity to Chlorella vulgaris
    Fabienne Schwab
    Empa Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology, CH 9014 St Gallen, Switzerland
    Environ Sci Technol 47:7012-9. 2013
    ..Here, we systematically quantified the effects of the herbicide diuron on the photosynthetic activity of the green alga Chlorella vulgaris in presence of different multiwalled CNT (..
  5. pmc Interaction of diuron and related substituted phenylureas with the Ah receptor pathway
    Bin Zhao
    Department of Environmental Toxicology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616 8588, USA
    J Biochem Mol Toxicol 20:103-13. 2006
    ..Here, we have examined the ability of diuron, a widely used herbicide, and several structurally related substituted phenylureas to bind to and activate/inhibit ..
  6. ncbi Occurrence of antifouling paint booster biocides in selected harbors and marinas inside the Gulf of Napoli: a preliminary survey
    Giuseppe Di Landa
    PROT CHIM, Environmental Analytical Chemistry Laboratory, ENEA, C R Portici, Via Vecchio Macello, 80055 Portici Na, Italy
    Mar Pollut Bull 52:1541-6. 2006
  7. ncbi Metabolites of the phenylurea herbicides chlorotoluron, diuron, isoproturon and linuron produced by the soil fungus Mortierella sp
    Nora Badawi
    Department of Geochemistry, Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland GEUS, Østervoldgade 10, DK 1350 Copenhagen K, Denmark
    Environ Pollut 157:2806-12. 2009
    ..Little is known about the corresponding fungal pathways, however. We here report degradation of chlorotoluron, diuron, isoproturon and linuron by the soil fungus Mortierella sp. Gr4...
  8. ncbi Direct comparison between visible near- and mid-infrared spectroscopy for describing diuron sorption in soils
    Mohsen Forouzangohar
    School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Adelaide, PMB 1, Glen Osmond 5064, Australia
    Environ Sci Technol 43:4049-55. 2009
    ..of VNIR and MIR spectroscopy for predicting both organic carbon content (foc) and the sorption affinity (Kd) of diuron in 112 surface soils from South Australia...
  9. ncbi Diuron biotransformation and its effects on biofilm bacterial community structure
    Marion Vercraene-Eairmal
    Equipe Environnement et Microbiologie, UMR IPREM 5254, IBEAS, Universite de Pau et des Pays de l Adour, Avenue de l Universite, BP 1155, Pau cedex 64013, France
    Chemosphere 81:837-43. 2010
    The effect of realistic environmental contamination of diuron on natural epilithic biofilms dwelling bacterial communities and their transformation capacities were investigated by using microcosm experiments...
  10. ncbi Midinfrared spectroscopy and chemometrics to predict diuron sorption coefficients in soils
    Mohsen Forouzangohar
    School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Adelaide, PMB 1, Glen Osmond 5064, Australia
    Environ Sci Technol 42:3283-8. 2008
    ..was investigated to predict the soil sorption (distribution) coefficient (K(d)) of a nonionic pesticide (diuron)...
  11. ncbi Biotransformation and biomonitoring of phenylurea herbicide diuron
    Priyanka Sharma
    Institute of Microbial Technology CSIR, Chandigarh, India
    Bioresour Technol 102:3119-25. 2011
    A Gram-positive, Micrococcus sp. strain PS-1 isolated from diuron storage site was studied for its capability of biotransformation of phenylurea herbicide diuron to a secondary metabolite, 1-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)urea (DCPU) for ..
  12. ncbi Synergistic effects of diuron and sedimentation on photosynthesis and survival of crustose coralline algae
    Lindsay Harrington
    Australian Institute of Marine Science, Townsville, Qld 4810, Australia
    Mar Pollut Bull 51:415-27. 2005
    Effects of short-term exposure to sedimentation and diuron, separately and in combination, on the photophysiology and survival of crustose coralline algae (CCA) were examined in controlled time-course experiments, using pulse-amplitude ..
  13. ncbi Strains of the soil fungus Mortierella show different degradation potentials for the phenylurea herbicide diuron
    Lea Ellegaard-Jensen
    Department of Biology, Copenhagen University, Universitetsparken 15, 2100, Copenhagen Ø, Denmark
    Biodegradation 24:765-74. 2013
    ..clarify the background for the ability of the common soil fungus Mortierella to degrade the phenylurea herbicide diuron. Diuron degradation potentials of five Mortierella strains were compared, and the role of carbon and nitrogen for ..
  14. ncbi Diuron occurrence and distribution in soil and surface and ground water associated with grass seed production
    Jennifer A Field
    Department of Environmental and Molecular Toxicology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA
    J Environ Qual 32:171-9. 2003
    Little is known about the occurrence and distribution of the herbicide diuron [3-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-1,1-dimethyl urea] in soil, ground water, and surface water in areas affected by grass-seed production...
  15. pmc Rapid mineralization of the phenylurea herbicide diuron by Variovorax sp. strain SRS16 in pure culture and within a two-member consortium
    Sebastian R Sørensen
    Department of Geochemistry, Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland, Øster Voldgade 10, DK 1350 Copenhagen K, Denmark
    Appl Environ Microbiol 74:2332-40. 2008
    The phenylurea herbicide diuron [N-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-N,N-dimethylurea] is widely used in a broad range of herbicide formulations, and consequently, it is frequently detected as a major water contaminant in areas where there is ..
  16. ncbi A review of endosulfan, dichlorvos, diazinon, and diuron--pesticides used in Jamaica
    Kayon Barrett
    Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, College of Public Health, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA
    Int J Environ Health Res 22:481-99. 2012
    ..review discusses four pesticides extensively applied in agricultural practices in Jamaica - endosulfan, diazinon, diuron, and dichlorvos...
  17. ncbi Adsorption of diuron, fluridone and norflurazon on single-walled and multi-walled carbon nanotubes
    Ke Sun
    State Key Laboratory of Water Simulation, School of Environment, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
    Sci Total Environ 439:1-7. 2012
    The sorption behaviors of diuron (DIU), fluridone (FLU) and norflurazon (NOR) by a single-walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT) and three multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) samples including MWCNT10 (<10nm, outer diameter), MWCNT20 (10-20 ..
  18. ncbi Sorption kinetics of diuron on volcanic ash derived soils
    Lizethly Cáceres-Jensen
    Laboratorio de Fisicoquímica and Analítica, Departamento de Quimica, Facultad de Ciencias Basicas, Universidad Metropolitana de Ciencias de la Educación, Avenida José Pedro Alessandri 540, Santiago, Chile Electronic address
    J Hazard Mater 261:602-13. 2013
    b>Diuron sorption kinetic was studied in Andisols, Inceptisol and Ultisols soils in view of their distinctive physical and chemical properties: acidic pH and variable surface charge...
  19. ncbi Fluoroimmunoassay based on suppression of fluorescence self-quenching for ultra-sensitive detection of herbicide diuron
    Priyanka Sharma
    Institute of Microbial Technology CSIR, Sector 39 A, Chandigarh 160036, India
    Anal Chim Acta 676:87-92. 2010
    A highly sensitive heterogeneous fluoroimmunoassay has been developed for monitoring phenylurea herbicide diuron on the basis of suppression of fluorescence self-quenching...
  20. ncbi Coupled solar photo-Fenton and biological treatment for the degradation of diuron and linuron herbicides at pilot scale
    Maria José Farré
    Departament de Quimica, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain
    Chemosphere 72:622-9. 2008
    A coupled solar photo-Fenton (chemical) and biological treatment has been used to remove biorecalcitrant diuron (42 mg l(-1)) and linuron (75 mg l(-1)) herbicides from water at pilot plant scale...
  21. ncbi Kinetics of the chemical degradation of diuron
    Stefano Salvestrini
    Dipartimento di Scienze Ambientali, Seconda Universita di Napoli, Caserta, Italy
    Chemosphere 48:69-73. 2002
    The influence of pH and buffer concentration on the chemical degradation of diuron in water has been analysed over a wide temperature range. The process irreversibly gives 3,4-dichloroaniline as the only product containing the phenyl ring...
  22. ncbi Effects of the phenylurea herbicide diuron on natural riverine microbial communities in an experimental study
    Stéphane Pesce
    Laboratoire de Biologie des Protistes, UMR CNRS 6023, Universite Blaise Pascal, 63177 Aubiere Cedex, France
    Aquat Toxicol 78:303-14. 2006
    The effects of the phenylurea herbicide diuron (10 microgl(-1)) on natural riverine microbial communities were investigated using a three-week laboratory microcosm study...
  23. ncbi Developmental exposure to diuron causes splenotoxicity in male Sprague-Dawley rat pups
    Alexandre Domingues
    School of Medicine, UNESP Universidade Estadual Paulista, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    J Environ Sci Health B 47:420-6. 2012
    This study investigated whether perinatal exposure to diuron [3-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-1-1-dimethylurea] might exert adverse effects on rat lymphoid organs...
  24. ncbi Evaluation of carcinogenic potential of diuron in a rat mammary two-stage carcinogenesis model
    Tony Fernando Grassi
    Medical School, UNESP Sao Paulo State University, Department of Pathology, Botucatu SP, Brazil
    Toxicol Pathol 39:486-95. 2011
    This study aimed to evaluate the carcinogenic potential of the herbicide Diuron in a two-stage rat medium-term mammary carcinogenesis model initiated by 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA)...
  25. ncbi Biotransformation of phenylurea herbicides by a soil bacterial strain, Arthrobacter sp. N2: structure, ecotoxicity and fate of diuron metabolite with soil fungi
    Celine Tixier
    Synthèse et Etude de Systèmes à Intérêt Biologique, UMR 6504, Universite Blaise Pascal, 63177 Aubiere, France
    Chemosphere 46:519-26. 2002
    ..were performed in mineral medium with resting cells of this soil bacterial strain on three phenylurea herbicides (diuron, chlorotoluron and isoproturon)...
  26. ncbi Degradation products of a phenylurea herbicide, diuron: synthesis, ecotoxicity, and biotransformation
    C Tixier
    , UMR 6504, , , France
    Environ Toxicol Chem 20:1381-9. 2001
    The degradation products of diuron (photoproducts and metabolites), already described in the literature, were synthesized in order to carry out further investigations...
  27. ncbi The interactive effects of the antifouling herbicides Irgarol 1051 and Diuron on the seagrass Zostera marina (L.)
    J C Chesworth
    European Commission, Joint Research Centre CCR, IPSC, TP 267, I 21020 Ispra VA, Italy
    Aquat Toxicol 66:293-305. 2004
    The herbicides Irgarol 1051 (2-(tert-butylamino)-4-cyclopropylamino)-6-(methylthio)-1,3,5-triazine) and Diuron (3-(3',4'-dichlorophenyl)-1,1-dimethylurea) are commonly incorporated into antifouling paints to boost the efficacy of the ..
  28. ncbi A new, versatile field immunosensor for environmental pollutants: development and proof of principle with TNT, diuron, and atrazine
    Ioan M Ciumasu
    Technical University Munich, Chair of Ecological Chemistry and Environmental Analysis, Weihenstephaner Steig 23, 85350 Freising Weihenstephan, Germany
    Biosens Bioelectron 21:354-64. 2005
    ..1 microg l(-1) for 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT), and about 0.2 microg l(-1) for diuron and atrazine, respectively...
  29. ncbi Reproductive effects in male rats exposed to diuron
    Glaura S A Fernandes
    Departamento de Biologia Celular, Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Estadual de Campinas UNICAMP, Campinas, SP, Brazil
    Reprod Toxicol 23:106-12. 2007
    b>Diuron is a ureic herbicide considered to have very low toxicity. The present study evaluated several aspects of reproductive toxicity of diuron in adult male rats...
  30. ncbi Determination of diuron and the antifouling paint biocide irgarol 1051 in Dutch marinas and coastal waters
    M H Lamoree
    Institute for Environmental Studies, Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Chromatogr A 970:183-90. 2002
    A sensitive LC-electrospray MS-MS method using off-line solid-phase extraction for the determination of diuron and Irgarol 1051 has been developed, enabling determination of both compounds at sub-ppt levels...
  31. ncbi Synchronous-scan fluorescence of algal cells for toxicity assessment of heavy metals and herbicides
    Hanh Nguyen-Ngoc
    University of Technology HCM, 268 rue Ly Thuong Kiet, Ho Chi Minh, Viet Nam
    Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 72:316-20. 2009
    ..The influence of toxic chemicals was tested with cadmium as a heavy metal and with atrazine, diuron, DNOC and paraquat as herbicides...
  32. ncbi Fluorescent biosensor using whole cells in an inorganic translucent matrix
    Hanh Nguyen-Ngoc
    University of Technology HCM, 268 rue Ly Thuong Kiet, Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam
    Anal Chim Acta 583:161-5. 2007
    ..This reagentless biosensor allows determination of diuron as an anti-PSII herbicide and its long term activity is assessed.
  33. ncbi Isolation and characterization of diuron-degrading bacteria from lotic surface water
    Isabelle Batisson
    Laboratoire de Biologie des Protistes, UMR CNRS 6023, Universite Blaise Pascal, Aubiere Cedex, 63177, France
    Microb Ecol 54:761-70. 2007
    The bacterial community structure of a diuron-degrading enrichment culture from lotic surface water samples was analyzed and the diuron-degrading strains were selected using a series of techniques combining temporal temperature gradient ..
  34. ncbi Effects of the herbicide diuron on the early life history stages of coral
    Andrew Negri
    Australian Institute of Marine Science, PMB 3 Townsville, Qld 4810, Australia
    Mar Pollut Bull 51:370-83. 2005
    The effects of the herbicide diuron on the early life history stages of broadcast spawning and brooding corals were examined in laboratory experiments...
  35. ncbi Transplantation of microbenthic algal assemblages to assess structural and functional recovery after diuron exposure
    Ursula Dorigo
    Cemagref, UR MALY, 3 Quai Chauveau, Lyon Cedex, France
    Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 59:555-63. 2010
    The potential of microbenthic algal assemblages to recover after diuron exposure was investigated...
  36. ncbi Laboratory leaching studies of oryzalin and diuron through three undisturbed vineyard soil columns
    David Landry
    Centre des Sciences de la Terre, Universite de Bourgogne, UMR GéoSol Microbiologie des Sols INRA A111, 6, Boulevard Gabriel, 21000 Dijon, France
    Chemosphere 54:735-42. 2004
    The leaching of diuron and oryzalin through undisturbed soil columns was studied in the laboratory using three vineyard soils from Vosne-Romanée (Burgundy): a rendosol, a calcosol and a vegetated calcosol...
  37. ncbi Immunotoxicity in ascidians: antifouling compounds alternative to organotins - II. The case of Diuron and TCMS pyridine
    Adams Menin
    Department of Biology, University of Padova, Padova, Italy
    J Environ Sci Health B 43:644-54. 2008
    ..hemocyte cultures of the colonial ascidian Botryllus schlosseri exposed to various sublethal concentrations of Diuron (3-(3,4-diclorophenyl)-1,1-dimethylurea) and TCMS pyridine (2,3,5,6-tetrachloro-4-(metylsulphonyl)pyridine), we ..
  38. ncbi In vitro screening for aryl hydrocarbon receptor agonistic activity in 200 pesticides using a highly sensitive reporter cell line, DR-EcoScreen cells, and in vivo mouse liver cytochrome P450-1A induction by propanil, diuron and linuron
    Shinji Takeuchi
    Hokkaido Institute of Public Health, Sapporo, Japan
    Chemosphere 74:155-65. 2008
    ..acifluorfen-methyl, bifenox, chlorpyrifos, isoxathion, quinalphos, chlorpropham, diethofencarb, propanil, diuron, linuron, and prochloraz) showed AhR-mediated transcriptional activity...
  39. ncbi A novel disposable electrochemical immunosensor for phenyl urea herbicide diuron
    Priyanka Sharma
    Institute of Microbial Technology CSIR, Sector 39 A, Chandigarh 160036, India
    Biosens Bioelectron 26:4209-12. 2011
    A disposable electrochemical immunosensor has been developed for the determination of phenyl urea herbicide-diuron using a low cost laser ablated gold electrodes (LC-LAGE) fabricated on polystyrene substrate...
  40. ncbi Leaching of oryzalin and diuron through undisturbed vineyard soil columns under outdoor conditions
    David Landry
    UMR 1229 Microbiologie et Géochimie des Sols, INRA Université de Bourgogne, Centre des Sciences de la Terre, 6, Boulevard Gabriel, 21 000 Dijon, France
    Chemosphere 62:1736-47. 2006
    ..An assessment of the leaching of two such herbicides, diuron and oryzalin, was therefore performed using lysimeters, under outdoor conditions, from May 2001 to May 2002...
  41. ncbi Mixture toxicity of three photosystem II inhibitors (atrazine, isoproturon, and diuron) toward photosynthesis of freshwater phytoplankton studied in outdoor mesocosms
    Stefanie Knauert
    Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Basel, 4056 Basel, Switzerland
    Environ Sci Technol 42:6424-30. 2008
    ..The three photosystem II (PSII) inhibitors atrazine, isoproturon, and diuron were applied as 30% hazardous concentrations (HC30), which we derived from species sensitivity distributions ..
  42. ncbi Photosynthetic electron transport differentially regulates the expression of superoxide dismutase genes in liverwort, Marchantia paleacea var. diptera
    Shiho Sakaguchi
    Graduate School of Science and Technology, Kumamoto University, Kurokami 2 39 1, Kumamoto, 860 8555 Japan
    Plant Cell Physiol 45:318-24. 2004
    ....
  43. ncbi Differing involvement of sulfoquinovosyl diacylglycerol in photosystem II in two species of unicellular cyanobacteria
    Motohide Aoki
    School of Life Science, Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Science, Horinouchi, Hachioji, Tokyo, Japan
    Eur J Biochem 271:685-93. 2004
    ..Therefore, the difference in the SQDG requirement for PSII is species-specific in cyanobacteria; this could be of use when investigating the molecular evolution of the PSII complex...
  44. ncbi Reduced toxicity of diuron to the freshwater green alga Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata in the presence of black carbon
    Katja Knauer
    Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    Aquat Toxicol 83:143-8. 2007
    ..Photosynthesis-inhibiting phenyl urea derivatives, such as diuron, are widely used as herbicides and diuron is regularly measured in European freshwater systems...
  45. ncbi Molecular identification and expression of differentially regulated genes of the European flounder, Platichthys flesus, submitted to pesticide exposure
    J Marchand
    Laboratoire des Sciences de l Environnement Marin LEMAR, UMR CNRS 6539, Institut Universitaire Europeen de la Mer, Universite de Bretagne Occidentale, 29280, Plouzane, France
    Mar Biotechnol (NY) 8:275-94. 2006
    ..SSH) to identify up- and down-regulated genes after a 30-day exposure to herbicides (a cocktail of atrazine, diuron, and isoproturon, and a single herbicide, glyphosate)...
  46. ncbi Application of the IAS theory combining to a three compartments description of natural organic matter to the adsorption of atrazine or diuron on activated carbon
    M Baudu
    Laboratoire des Sciences de l Eau et de l Environnement, Universite de Limoges, 123 Avenue Albert Thomas, 87060 Limoges, France
    Environ Technol 25:763-73. 2004
    ..Therefore, it was noted that the model simulated with good precision the competition between atrazine or diuron and natural organic matter in aqueous solution for two activated carbons (A and B)...
  47. ncbi [On the possibilities of diagnosis of the state of the phytoplankton photosynthetic apparatus by the method of nonlinear laser fluorimetry]
    D V Maslov
    Biofizika 50:843-50. 2005
    ....
  48. ncbi Acetamiprid, carbendazim, diuron and thiamethoxam sorption in two Brazilian tropical soils
    Leandro Carbo
    LARB Laboratório de Análises de Resíduos de Biocidas, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso, Cuiaba, MT, Brazil
    J Environ Sci Health B 42:499-507. 2007
    ..carbendazim (methyl benzimidazol-2-ylcarbamate), diuron (N-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-N, N-dimethyl urea) and thiamethoxam (3-(2-chloro-thiazol-5-ylmethyl)-5-methyl-[1,3,5]..
  49. ncbi Combined effect of diuron and simazine on photosystem II photochemistry in a sandy soil and soil amended with solid olive-mill waste
    Susana Redondo-Gómez
    Departamento de Biología Vegetal y Ecología, Sevilla, Spain
    J Environ Sci Health B 42:249-54. 2007
    b>Diuron (3-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)- = 1,1-dimethylurea) and simazine (6-chloro-N(2), N(4)-diethyl-1,3,5-triazine-2,4-diamine) are soil-applied herbicides used in olive crops...
  50. ncbi Analysis of herbicide Krovar I by liquid chromatography with atmospheric pressure chemical ionization mass spectrometry
    Vesna Furtula
    Pacific Environmental Science Centre, Environment Canada, North Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    J Environ Sci Health B 39:249-61. 2004
    ..very efficient method is presented for routine analysis of herbicide Krovar I (active components bromacil and diuron) in water and soil samples...
  51. ncbi Insights into the function of PsbR protein in Arabidopsis thaliana
    Yagut Allahverdiyeva
    Department of Biology, Plant Physiology and Molecular Biology, University of Turku, FIN 20014 Turku, Finland
    Biochim Biophys Acta 1767:677-85. 2007
    ..It is concluded that the lack of the PsbR protein modifies both the donor and the acceptor side of the PSII complex...
  52. ncbi Two reaction pathways for transformation of high potential cytochrome b559 of PS II into the intermediate potential form
    Olga Kaminskaya
    Institute of Basic Biological Problems, Russian Academy of Sciences, Pushchino, Moscow Region 142292, Russia
    Biochim Biophys Acta 1767:550-8. 2007
    ....
  53. ncbi Reorganized actin filaments anchor chloroplasts along the anticlinal walls of Vallisneria epidermal cells under high-intensity blue light
    Yuuki Sakai
    Department of Biology, Graduate School of Science, Osaka University, Machikaneyama 1 1, Toyonaka, Osaka, 560 0043, Japan
    Planta 221:823-30. 2005
    ..These results strongly suggest that the BL-induced avoidance response of chloroplasts includes photosynthesis-dependent and actin-dependent anchorage of chloroplasts on the A side of epidermal cells...
  54. ncbi Phototropin involvement in the expression of genes encoding chlorophyll and carotenoid biosynthesis enzymes and LHC apoproteins in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii
    Chung Soon Im
    Department of Plant Biology, Carnegie Institution, Stanford, CA 94306, USA
    Plant J 48:1-16. 2006
    ....
  55. ncbi Changes in photosynthetic electron transfer and state transitions in an herbicide-resistant D1 mutant from soybean cell cultures
    Mercedes Roncel
    Instituto de Bioquimica Vegetal y Fotosintesis, Universidad de Sevilla CSIC, Americo Vespucio 49, 41092 Seville, Spain
    Biochim Biophys Acta 1767:694-702. 2007
    ..We also propose that the impaired state transitions in the STR7 cells may be due to alterations in thylakoid membrane properties induced by a low content of unsaturated lipids...
  56. ncbi Chlorophyll fluorescence imaging of individual algal cells: effects of herbicide on Spirogyra distenta at different growth stages
    Ryosuke Endo
    Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Science, The University of Tokyo, 1 1 1 Yayoi Bunkyo, Tokyo 113 8657, Japan
    Environ Sci Technol 38:4165-8. 2004
    ..Thus, measurement of chlorophyll fluorescence from young and mature chloroplasts with a microscopic imaging system makes it possible to improve the sensitivity for monitoring the environmental degradation of aquatic ecosystems...
  57. ncbi Herbicide impact on Hormosira banksii gametes measured by fluorescence and germination bioassays
    Cliff R Seery
    Institute for Water and Environmental Resource Management, Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Technology, Sydney, Westbourne Street, Gore Hill, 2065 NSW, Australia
    Environ Pollut 140:43-51. 2006
    ..fluorescence measurements of gametes from the macroalgae, Hormosira banksii, where gametes (eggs) were exposed to Diuron, Irgarol and Bromacil...
  58. ncbi Photosynthetic electron transport controls expression of the high light inducible gene in the cyanobacterium Synechococcus elongatus strain PCC 7942
    Kavitha Salem
    Department of Biology and the Converging Biotechnology Center, Box 19498, The University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, TX 76019, USA
    Plant Cell Physiol 45:651-8. 2004
    ..Modest up-regulation occurs in LL by treatment with 3-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-1,1-dimethylurea, but this is related to effects on hliA mRNA stability rather than on transcription...
  59. ncbi Effect of herbicide and soil amendment on growth and photosynthetic responses in olive crops
    Susana Redondo-Gómez
    Departamento de Biología Vegetal y Ecología, Universidad de Sevilla, Sevilla, Spain
    J Environ Sci Health B 42:523-8. 2007
    b>Diuron [3-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)- = 1,1-dimethylurea] and simazine (6-chloro-N(2), N(4)-diethyl-1,3,5-triazine-2,4-diamine) are soil-applied herbicides used in olive crops...
  60. ncbi Light regulation of ascorbate biosynthesis is dependent on the photosynthetic electron transport chain but independent of sugars in Arabidopsis
    Yukinori Yabuta
    Department of Advanced Bioscience, Faculty of Agriculture, Kinki University, 3327 204 Nakamachi, Nara, Japan
    J Exp Bot 58:2661-71. 2007
    ..The results suggest that photosynthetic electron transport of chloroplasts is closely related to AsA pool size regulation in leaves...
  61. ncbi Seasonal responses of photosynthetic electron transport in Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) studied by thermoluminescence
    A G Ivanov
    Umeå Plant Center, Department of Plant Sciences, University of Umea, Sweden
    Planta 215:457-65. 2002
    ..This is suggested to enhance the radiationless dissipation of excess light within the PSII reaction center during cold acclimation and during cold winter periods...
  62. ncbi Photosynthetic electron transport regulates the stability of the transcript for the protochlorophyllide oxidoreductase gene in the liverwort, Marchantia paleacea var. diptera
    Saeko Eguchi
    Graduate School of Science and Technology, Kumamoto University, Kurokami, Kumamoto, 860 8555 Japan
    Plant Cell Physiol 43:573-7. 2002
    ..These findings suggest that photosynthetic electron transport is involved in regulating the stability of the por transcript...
  63. ncbi Silencing of a gene encoding a protein component of the oxygen-evolving complex of photosystem II enhances virus replication in plants
    Truus E M Abbink
    Institute of Molecular Plant Sciences, Gorlaeus Laboratories, Leiden University, 2300 RA, The Netherlands
    Virology 295:307-19. 2002
    ..Silencing of gene #13 may reflect a novel strategy of TMV to suppress basal host defense mechanisms. The two-hybrid screenings did not identify tobacco proteins involved in helicase domain-induced N-mediated resistance...
  64. ncbi The energy source for CO2 transport in the marine microalga Nannochloris atomus
    I EmmaI Huertas
    Department of Biology, York University, 4700 Keele St, Toronto, Ontario, M3J 1P3, Canada
    Planta 214:947-53. 2002
    ..These results demonstrate that active CO2 transport in N. atomus is supported by photosynthetic linear electron transport...
  65. pmc Novel psbA1 gene from a naturally occurring atrazine-resistant cyanobacterial isolate
    Kannika Sajjaphan
    Department of Soil, Water, and Climate, University of Minnesota, 1991 Upper Buford Circle, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 68:1358-66. 2002
    ..Gabriel, La. Strain SG2 was resistant to 1,000 microg of atrazine per ml but showed relatively low resistance to diuron [3-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-1,1-dimethyl urea]...
  66. ncbi Anacystis mutants with different tolerances to DCMU-type herbicides show differences in architecture and dynamics of the photosynthetic apparatus, depending on site and mode of the amino acid exchanges in the D 1 protein
    F Koenig
    , Frankfurt am Main, Bundesrepublik Deutschland
    Z Naturforsch C 45:446-51. 1990
    ..Degradation of the D 1 protein remains to be thoroughly studied in this context. No reproducible differences in whole chain electron transport were observed between mutants and wild type...
  67. ncbi Light modulation of the gravitropic set-point angle (GSA)
    J Digby
    Department of Biology, University of York, PO Box 373, York YO1 5YW, UK
    J Exp Bot 53:377-81. 2002
    ..The implication of these findings to the study of gravitropism is discussed...
  68. pmc Photosystem II peripheral accessory chlorophyll mutants in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Biochemical characterization and sensitivity to photo-inhibition
    S V Ruffle
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter EX4 4PS, United Kingdom
    Plant Physiol 127:633-44. 2001
    ..Finally, it is noted that the PSII peripheral accessory Chls have similarities to a to a pair of Chls also present in the PSI reaction center complex...
  69. ncbi New results on the properties of photosystem II centers blocked by 3-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-1,1-dimethylurea in their different photoactive states
    A L Etienne
    , C.N.R.S. 91190 Gif-sur-Yvette, France
    Biochim Biophys Acta 333:320-30. 1974
    ..The equilibrium constant depends on the number of positive charges stored and DCMU changes the characteristics of this equilibrium...
  70. pmc Design of functionalized lipids and evidence for their binding to photosystem II core complex by oxygen evolution measurements, atomic force microscopy, and scanning near-field optical microscopy
    E Trudel
    , , , , Canada
    Biophys J 81:563-71. 2001
    ..Electron microscopy of these domains, however, has shown that the bound PSII CC was not crystalline...
  71. ncbi Energy dissipation in photosynthesis: does the quenching of chlorophyll fluorescence originate from antenna complexes of photosystem II or from the reaction center?
    N G Bukhov
    Julius von Sachs Institut fur Biowissenschaften, Universitat Wurzburg, 97082 Wurzburg, Germany
    Planta 212:749-58. 2001
    ..More slowly reversible quenching, tentatively identified as so-called qI or photoinhibitory quenching, required protonation but persisted for prolonged times after de-protonation. It appeared to originate in reaction centers...
  72. ncbi Electron transport controls transcription of the glutamine synthetase gene (glnA) from the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803
    J C Reyes
    Departamento de Bioquimica Vegetal y Biologia Molecular, Universidad de Sevilla CSIC, Spain
    Plant Mol Biol 27:789-99. 1995
    ..Finally, nitrogen starvation provoked a delay in the decrease of glnA transcript in darkness, suggesting a connection between nitrogen and redox controls of glnA transcript levels...
  73. pmc Two diarylurea electron transport inhibitors reduce Staphylococcus aureus hemolytic activity and protect cultured endothelial cells from lysis
    R A Proctor
    Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, University of Wisconsin Medical School, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 46:2333-6. 2002
    ..aureus when cocultured with the endothelial cells. This raises the possibility that compounds that inhibit bacterial respiration might be prove valuable for the prevention of toxin production in S. aureus...
  74. ncbi Monoclonal anti-diuron antibodies prevent inhibition of photosynthesis by diuron
    Deljana Werner
    University of Potsdam, Institute of Biochemistry and Biology, Biotechnology, Karl Liebknecht Strasse 24 25, Building 25, D 14476, Golm, Germany
    FEBS Lett 523:95-8. 2002
    Two monoclonal anti-diuron antibodies were generated that bind to diuron with an extremely low equilibrium dissociation constant. The antibodies prevented and restored in vitro and in vivo the diuron-dependent inhibition of photosynthesis...
  75. ncbi Rapid exposure assessment of PSII herbicides in surface water using a novel chlorophyll a fluorescence imaging assay
    Renee Muller
    The National Research Centre for Environmental Toxicology EnTOX, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4108, Australia
    Sci Total Environ 401:51-9. 2008
    ..The technique was found to be sensitive, with a detection limit of 2.3 ng l(-1) for the herbicide diuron when testing solid phase extracts (SPE) of 1000 ml water samples, and reproducible both between experiments (..
  76. ncbi Characterization of the stimulating effect of low-dose stressors in maize and bean seedlings
    Péter Nyitrai
    Department of Plant Physiology, Eotvos University, H 1518, Budapest, P O B 120, Hungary
    J Plant Physiol 160:1175-83. 2003
    ..Results showed the expression of a cytokinin-like effect on the development of chloroplasts. It is assumed, that these low-dose stressors generate non-specific alarm reactions in plants, which may involve changes of the hormonal balance...
  77. ncbi Aging effects on the availability of herbicides to runoff transfer
    Xavier Louchart
    INRA, Laboratoire d etude des Interactions Sol Agrosysteme Hydrosysteme, UMR LISAH Agro M INRA IRD, 2 place Viala, 34060 Montpellier, France
    Environ Sci Technol 41:1137-44. 2007
    ..This study examined the temporal change of an effective partition coefficient Kd(eff) for the herbicides simazine, diuron, and oryzalin from a 0.12 ha field experiment during 7 vineyard growing seasons...
  78. ncbi The role of PGR5 in the redox poising of photosynthetic electron transport
    Beena Nandha
    Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Manchester, 3 614 Stopford Building Oxford Road, Manchester, UK
    Biochim Biophys Acta 1767:1252-9. 2007
    ..This may result in defective feedback regulation of photosynthetic electron transport under some conditions, thus providing a rationale for the reduced efficiency of cyclic electron flow...
  79. ncbi Effects of the herbicide bentazon on growth and photosystem II maximum quantum yield of the marine diatom Skeletonema costatum
    R S Macedo
    Programa de Pós Graduação em Ecologia e Conservação, Universidade Federal do Parana, Centro Politecnico, Curitiba, Parana, Brazil
    Toxicol In Vitro 22:716-22. 2008
    ....
  80. ncbi Environmental risk assessment: a critical approach of the European TGD in an in situ application
    I Guérit
    Département Biogéochimie et Ecotoxicologie, IFREMER, Cellule d Analyse des Risques Chimiques, Nantes Cedex 03, France
    Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 71:291-300. 2008
    ..goal, an environmental risk assessment was performed according to the TGD for two major contaminants, atrazine and diuron, that are present in the Seine River estuary (France) and listed in the EU Water Framework Directive (Directive ..
  81. ncbi Different kinetics of photoinactivation of photosystem I-mediated electron transport and P700 in isolated thylakoid membranes
    Maya Velitchkova
    Estacion Experimental de Aula Dei, CSIC, Apdo 202, 50080 Zaragoza, Spain
    J Photochem Photobiol B 69:41-8. 2003
    ..In the presence of linear electron transport at 22 degrees C correlation between formation of toxic hydroxyl radicals and inhibition of oxygen uptake was observed...
  82. pmc Blue light activates calcium-permeable channels in Arabidopsis mesophyll cells via the phototropin signaling pathway
    Sonja Stoelzle
    Department of Molecular Plant Physiology and Biophysics, Julius von Sachs Institute of Biosciences, Julius von Sachs Platz 2, 97082 Wurzburg, Germany
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:1456-61. 2003
    ..We thus conclude that blue light triggers calcium fluxes via the phototropin-activated calcium-permeable channel...
  83. ncbi Cyclic, pseudocyclic and noncyclic photophosphorylation: new links in the chain
    John F Allen
    Department of Plant Biochemistry, Centre for Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Lund University, Box 124, Sweden
    Trends Plant Sci 8:15-9. 2003
    ..Recent results from structural biology and genomics suggest that the answer is 'All of them'. The interplay between the pathways might explain the flexibility of photosynthesis in meeting different metabolic demands for ATP...
  84. ncbi Singlet oxygen production in herbicide-treated photosystem II
    Christian Fufezan
    Institut fur Biologie II, Biochemie der Pflanzen, Universitat Freiburg, Schänzlestr 1, 79104, Freiburg, Germany
    FEBS Lett 532:407-10. 2002
    ..When phenolic herbicides are bound, charge recombination at the level of P+*Pheo-* is thermodynamically favoured forming a chlorophyll triplet and hence 1O2. With urea herbicides this pathway is less favourable...
  85. ncbi Dual roles of photosynthetic electron transport in photosystem I biogenesis: light induction of mRNAs and chromatic regulation at post-mRNA level
    Mitsuhiro Matsuo
    Center for Gene Research, Nagoya University, Nagoya, 464 8602 Japan
    Plant Cell Physiol 43:1189-97. 2002
    ....
  86. ncbi A field study to assess the degradation and transport of diuron and its metabolites in a calcareous soil
    Daren C Gooddy
    British Geological Survey, Wallingford, Oxfordshire, UK
    Sci Total Environ 297:67-83. 2002
    ..plot has been established on a calcareous soil in southern England to investigate the fate and transport of diuron (N'-[3,4-dichlorophenyl]-N,N-dimethylurea), a commonly used phenylurea herbicide...
  87. ncbi Molecular analysis of psbA mutations responsible for various herbicide resistance phenotypes in Synechocystis 6714
    G Ajlani
    UPR 407, CNRS, Gif sur Yvette, France
    Plant Mol Biol 13:469-79. 1989
    ..Az-V contains two changes at codons 211 (Phe----Ser) and 251 (Ala----Val) resulting in high atrazine resistance but only slight DCMU resistance...
  88. ncbi Pesticides removal in the process of drinking water production
    M P Ormad
    Department of Chemical Engineering and Environmental Technologies, University of Zaragoza, Pedro Cerbuna, 12, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
    Chemosphere 71:97-106. 2008
    ..op'-DDT, pp'-DDT, desethylatrazine, 3,4-dichloroaniline, 4,4'-dichlorobenzophenone, dicofol, dieldrin, dimethoate, diuron, alpha-endosulphan, endosulphan-sulphate, endrin, alpha-HCH, beta-HCH, gamma-HCH, delta-HCH, heptachlor, ..
  89. ncbi Screening of selected pesticides for inhibition of CYP19 aromatase activity in vitro
    A M Vinggaard
    Institute of Food Safety and Toxicology, Division of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Danish Veterinary and Food Administration, Morkhoj Bygade 19, DK 2860 Soborg, Denmark
    Toxicol In Vitro 14:227-34. 2000
    ..which did not affect the aromatase activity, were bromopropylate, chlorfenvinphos, chlorobenzilate, chlorpyrifos, diuron, heptachlor, iprodion, linuron, pentachlorphenol, procymidon, propyzamide, quintozen, tetrachlorvinphos and ..
  90. ncbi Effects of various pesticides on human 5alpha-reductase activity in prostate and LNCaP cells
    Susan Lo
    Institut für Klinische Biochemie, Universitat Bonn, Sigmund Freud Strasse 25, D 53127 Bonn, Germany
    Toxicol In Vitro 21:502-8. 2007
    ..and industrial compounds were monobutyltin (MBT), dibutyltin (DBT), tributyltin (TBT), triphenyltin (TPT), diuron, fenarimol, linuron, p,p'DDE, prochloraz and vinclozolin...
  91. ncbi One step carbon nanotubes-based solid-phase extraction for the gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric multiclass pesticide control in virgin olive oils
    S López-Feria
    CIFA Venta del Llano, IFAPA, Ctra Bailén Motril km 18 5 Mengíbar, E 23620 Jaén, Spain
    J Chromatogr A 1216:7346-50. 2009
    This article presents a novel application of carbon nanotubes for the determination of pesticides (chlortoluron, diuron, atrazine, simazine, terbuthylazin-desethyl, dimetoathe, malathion and parathion) in virgin olive oil samples...
  92. ncbi Aquatic risk assessment of herbicides in freshwater ecosystems of South Florida
    Lance J Schuler
    Ecotoxicology and Risk Assessment, Southeast Environmental Research Center, Florida International University, North Miami, FL 33181, USA
    Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 54:571-83. 2008
    ..ametryn, atrazine, simazine, and prometryn; two triazinones: hexazinone and metribuzin; two substituted ureas: diuron and linuron; and a uracil: bromacil) and a pyridazinone herbicide (norflurazon) by comparing the overlap of the ..
  93. ncbi Trace determination of herbicides in estuarine waters by liquid chromatography-high-flow pneumatically assisted electrospray mass spectrometry
    C Molina
    Department of Environmental Chemistry, CID-CSIC, Bareclona, Spain
    J Chromatogr A 712:113-22. 1995
    ..simazine, ametryne, cyanazine, deethylatrazine and deisopropylatrazine), phenylurea (chlortoluron++, isoproturon, diuron, linuron and diflubenzuron) and other priority herbicides (alachlor, metolachlor)...
  94. ncbi Application of liquid chromatography with mass spectrometry combined with photodiode array detection and tandem mass spectrometry for monitoring pesticides in surface waters
    R Jeannot
    BRGM, Service Minier National, Analyse, Orleans, France
    J Chromatogr A 879:51-71. 2000
    ..desisopropylatrazine, atrazine, simazine, terbuthylazine, metolachlor, carbendazime, bentazone, penconazole, diuron and isoproturon) were detected by LC-MS at concentrations ranging from 20 to 900 ng/l in the surface waters from ..
  95. ncbi Risk assessment of representative and priority pesticides, in surface water of the Alqueva reservoir (South of Portugal) using on-line solid phase extraction-liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry
    P Palma
    Departamento de Ciências do Ambiente, Escola Superior Agrária de Beja, Apartado 6158, 7801 908 Beja, Portugal
    Environ Int 35:545-51. 2009
    ..The pesticides more frequently detected were atrazine, simazine, diuron and terbuthylazine...
  96. ncbi The significance of colloids in the transport of pesticides through Chalk
    D C Gooddy
    British Geological Survey, Wallingford, Oxfordshire, OX10 8BB, UK
    Sci Total Environ 385:262-71. 2007
    ..sampled a Chalk groundwater beneath a deep (30 m) unsaturated zone known to be contaminated with the pesticide diuron. Using a tangential flow filtration technique we have produced colloidal fractions from 0.45 microm to 1 kDa...
  97. ncbi Toxicity assessment of 40 herbicides to the green alga Raphidocelis subcapitata
    Jianyi Ma
    Department of Plant Protection, Henan Institute of Science and Technology, Xinxiang, 453003, People s Republic of China
    Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 63:456-62. 2006
    ..The most toxic herbicides were atrazine, ametryme, simazine, prometryne, cyanazine, isoproturon, chlorotoluron, diuron, methabenzthiazuron, and paraquat...
  98. ncbi Kinetics of the transformation of phenyl-urea herbicides during ozonation of natural waters: rate constants and model predictions
    F Javier Benitez
    Departamento de Ingenieria Quimica, Universidad de Extremadura, 06071 Badajoz, Spain
    Water Res 41:4073-84. 2007
    Oxidation of four phenyl-urea herbicides (isoproturon, chlortoluron, diuron, and linuron) was studied by ozone at pH=2, and by a combination of O3/H2O2 at pH=9...
  99. ncbi Screening of selected pesticides for oestrogen receptor activation in vitro
    A M Vinggaard
    Institute of Food Safety and Toxicology, Danish Veterinary and Food Administration, Soborg, Denmark
    Food Addit Contam 16:533-42. 1999
    ..did not have any effect on the proliferation response after 6 days of exposure, including: chlorpyrifos, diuron, iprodion, linuron, pentachlorphenol, prochloraz, propioconazol, propyzamine, quintozen, tetrachorvinphos and ..
  100. ncbi Analytical strategy based on the use of liquid chromatography and gas chromatography with triple-quadrupole and time-of-flight MS analyzers for investigating organic contaminants in wastewater
    E Pitarch
    Research Institute for Pesticides and Water, University Jaume I, 12071 Castellon, Spain
    Anal Bioanal Chem 397:2763-76. 2010
    ..most commonly detected pollutants were herbicides (simazine, terbuthylazine, terbutryn, terbumeton, terbacil, and diuron), fungicides (thiabendazole and carbendazim), and 4-t-octylphenol...
  101. ncbi Effect of pesticides on soil microbial community
    Chi Chu Lo
    Taiwan Agricultural Chemicals and Toxic Substances Research Institute, Council ofAgriculture, 11, Kuang Ming Road, Wufong, Taichung County, Taiwan, ROC
    J Environ Sci Health B 45:348-59. 2010
    ..b>Diuron and chlorotoluron showed no difference between treated and nontreated soil, and linuron showed a strong difference...