hydrocarbons

Summary

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Deep-sea oil plume enriches indigenous oil-degrading bacteria
    Terry C Hazen
    MS 70A 3317, One Cyclotron Road, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Science 330:204-8. 2010
  2. pmc Hydrocarbons (jet fuel JP-8) induce epigenetic transgenerational inheritance of obesity, reproductive disease and sperm epimutations
    Rebecca Tracey
    Center for Reproductive Biology, School of Biological Sciences, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164 4236, United States
    Reprod Toxicol 36:104-16. 2013
  3. ncbi Photosynthesis driven conversion of carbon dioxide to fatty alcohols and hydrocarbons in cyanobacteria
    Xiaoming Tan
    Key Laboratory of Biofuels, Qingdao Institute of Bioenergy and Bioprocess Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao, China
    Metab Eng 13:169-76. 2011
  4. ncbi Tracking hydrocarbon plume transport and biodegradation at Deepwater Horizon
    Richard Camilli
    Applied Ocean Physics and Engineering Department, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
    Science 330:201-4. 2010
  5. ncbi A persistent oxygen anomaly reveals the fate of spilled methane in the deep Gulf of Mexico
    John D Kessler
    Department of Oceanography, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843 3146, USA
    Science 331:312-5. 2011
  6. pmc Hydrocarbon-degrading bacteria and the bacterial community response in gulf of Mexico beach sands impacted by the deepwater horizon oil spill
    Joel E Kostka
    Georgia Institute of Technology, Schools of Biology and Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, Room 225, Cherry Emerson Bldg, 310 Ferst Dr, Atlanta, GA 30332 0230, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 77:7962-74. 2011
  7. ncbi Propane respiration jump-starts microbial response to a deep oil spill
    David L Valentine
    Department of Earth Science and Marine Science Institute, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106, USA
    Science 330:208-11. 2010
  8. pmc Drosophila cuticular hydrocarbons revisited: mating status alters cuticular profiles
    Claude Everaerts
    Centre des Sciences du Gout et de l Alimentation, UMR 6265 CNRS, UMR 1324 INRA, Universite de Bourgogne, Agrosup, Dijon, France
    PLoS ONE 5:e9607. 2010
  9. pmc CYP63A2, a catalytically versatile fungal P450 monooxygenase capable of oxidizing higher-molecular-weight polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, alkylphenols, and alkanes
    Khajamohiddin Syed
    Department of Environmental Health, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 79:2692-702. 2013
  10. pmc Aging modulates cuticular hydrocarbons and sexual attractiveness in Drosophila melanogaster
    Tsung Han Kuo
    Huffington Center on Aging, Baylor College of Medicine, One Baylor Plaza, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    J Exp Biol 215:814-21. 2012

Detail Information

Publications363 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Deep-sea oil plume enriches indigenous oil-degrading bacteria
    Terry C Hazen
    MS 70A 3317, One Cyclotron Road, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Science 330:204-8. 2010
    ..Based on these results, the potential exists for intrinsic bioremediation of the oil plume in the deep-water column without substantial oxygen drawdown...
  2. pmc Hydrocarbons (jet fuel JP-8) induce epigenetic transgenerational inheritance of obesity, reproductive disease and sperm epimutations
    Rebecca Tracey
    Center for Reproductive Biology, School of Biological Sciences, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164 4236, United States
    Reprod Toxicol 36:104-16. 2013
    ..Observations demonstrate hydrocarbons can promote epigenetic transgenerational inheritance of disease and sperm epimutations, potential biomarkers ..
  3. ncbi Photosynthesis driven conversion of carbon dioxide to fatty alcohols and hydrocarbons in cyanobacteria
    Xiaoming Tan
    Key Laboratory of Biofuels, Qingdao Institute of Bioenergy and Bioprocess Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao, China
    Metab Eng 13:169-76. 2011
    ....
  4. ncbi Tracking hydrocarbon plume transport and biodegradation at Deepwater Horizon
    Richard Camilli
    Applied Ocean Physics and Engineering Department, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
    Science 330:201-4. 2010
    ..per day, which is more than double the total source rate of all natural seeps of the monoaromatic petroleum hydrocarbons in the northern Gulf of Mexico...
  5. ncbi A persistent oxygen anomaly reveals the fate of spilled methane in the deep Gulf of Mexico
    John D Kessler
    Department of Oceanography, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843 3146, USA
    Science 331:312-5. 2011
    ....
  6. pmc Hydrocarbon-degrading bacteria and the bacterial community response in gulf of Mexico beach sands impacted by the deepwater horizon oil spill
    Joel E Kostka
    Georgia Institute of Technology, Schools of Biology and Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, Room 225, Cherry Emerson Bldg, 310 Ferst Dr, Atlanta, GA 30332 0230, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 77:7962-74. 2011
    ....
  7. ncbi Propane respiration jump-starts microbial response to a deep oil spill
    David L Valentine
    Department of Earth Science and Marine Science Institute, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106, USA
    Science 330:208-11. 2010
    ..Propane and ethane trapped in the deep water may therefore promote rapid hydrocarbon respiration by low-diversity bacterial blooms, priming bacterial populations for degradation of other hydrocarbons in the aging plume.
  8. pmc Drosophila cuticular hydrocarbons revisited: mating status alters cuticular profiles
    Claude Everaerts
    Centre des Sciences du Gout et de l Alimentation, UMR 6265 CNRS, UMR 1324 INRA, Universite de Bourgogne, Agrosup, Dijon, France
    PLoS ONE 5:e9607. 2010
    ..In Drosophila melanogaster flies, several pheromones perceived either by contact/at a short distance (cuticular hydrocarbons, CHs), or at a longer distance (cis-vaccenyl acetate, cVA), affect courtship and mating behaviours...
  9. pmc CYP63A2, a catalytically versatile fungal P450 monooxygenase capable of oxidizing higher-molecular-weight polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, alkylphenols, and alkanes
    Khajamohiddin Syed
    Department of Environmental Health, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 79:2692-702. 2013
    Cytochrome P450 monooxygenases (P450s) are known to oxidize hydrocarbons, albeit with limited substrate specificity across classes of these compounds...
  10. pmc Aging modulates cuticular hydrocarbons and sexual attractiveness in Drosophila melanogaster
    Tsung Han Kuo
    Huffington Center on Aging, Baylor College of Medicine, One Baylor Plaza, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    J Exp Biol 215:814-21. 2012
    ..Evidence suggests that key pheromones in Drosophila are produced as cuticular hydrocarbons (CHC), whose functions in attracting mates and influencing behavior have been widely studied...
  11. ncbi A review of ant cuticular hydrocarbons
    Stephen Martin
    Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK
    J Chem Ecol 35:1151-61. 2009
    ..Unlike the ubiquitous n-alkanes and monomethylalkanes, there is a huge diversity of species-specific dimethylalkanes that makes them likely candidates for species and nest-mate discrimination signals...
  12. ncbi Genetics of incipient speciation in Drosophila mojavensis: II. Host plants and mating status influence cuticular hydrocarbon QTL expression and G x E interactions
    William J Etges
    Program in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Dept of Biological Sciences, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arizona 72701, USA
    Evolution 63:1712-30. 2009
    ..is therefore a multigenic trait with some epistasis, multiple QTLs exhibited pleiotropy, correlated groups of hydrocarbons and cactus substrates determined courtship success, and males altered their hydrocarbon profiles in response to ..
  13. ncbi Marine microorganisms make a meal of oil
    Ian M Head
    School of Civil Engineering and Geosciences, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 7RU, UK
    Nat Rev Microbiol 4:173-82. 2006
    ..swamped with oil is testament to the efficiency and versatility of the networks of microorganisms that degrade hydrocarbons, some of which have recently begun to reveal the secrets of when and how they exploit hydrocarbons as a source ..
  14. ncbi Influence of adhesion on aerobic biodegradation and bioremediation of liquid hydrocarbons
    Hassan Abbasnezhad
    Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada
    Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 92:653-75. 2011
    Biodegradation of poorly water-soluble liquid hydrocarbons is often limited by low availability of the substrate to microbes...
  15. ncbi Cuticular hydrocarbons of Triatoma dimidiata (Hemiptera: Reduviidae): intraspecific variation and chemotaxonomy
    Gustavo M Calderón-Fernández
    Instituto de Investigaciones Bioquímicas de La Plata Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Facultad de Ciencias Medicas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, La Plata, Argentina
    J Med Entomol 48:262-71. 2011
    ..The analysis revalidates the earlier division of T dimidiata into three subspecies, T. d. maculipennis, T. d. dimidiata, and T. d. capitata; and an additional subspecies and a distinct species are proposed...
  16. ncbi Methanogenesis, sulfate reduction and crude oil biodegradation in hot Alaskan oilfields
    Lisa M Gieg
    Institute for Energy and Environment, Department of Botany and Microbiology, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019, USA
    Environ Microbiol 12:3074-86. 2010
    ..methane production in the presence of crude oil that correlated with ≥ 50% depletion of several component hydrocarbons. Molecular-based microbial community analysis of the methanogenic oil-utilizing consortium revealed five ..
  17. pmc Microarray and real-time PCR analyses of the responses of high-arctic soil bacteria to hydrocarbon pollution and bioremediation treatments
    Etienne Yergeau
    Biotechnology Research Institute, National Research Council of Canada, Montreal, QC, Canada
    Appl Environ Microbiol 75:6258-67. 2009
    ..e., ex situ versus in situ), weathering of the hydrocarbons, indigenous microbial communities, and environmental factors such as soil humidity and temperature...
  18. pmc Field metabolomics and laboratory assessments of anaerobic intrinsic bioremediation of hydrocarbons at a petroleum-contaminated site
    Victoria A Parisi
    Department of Botany and Microbiology and Institute for Energy and Environment, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma 73019, USA
    Microb Biotechnol 2:202-12. 2009
    Field metabolomics and laboratory assays were used to assess the in situ anaerobic attenuation of hydrocarbons in a contaminated aquifer underlying a former refinery...
  19. ncbi Identification and composition of cuticular hydrocarbons of the major Afrotropical malaria vector Anopheles gambiae s.s. (Diptera: Culicidae): analysis of sexual dimorphism and age-related changes
    Beniamino Caputo
    Sezione di Parassitologia, Dipartimento di Scienze di Sanità Pubblica, Universita La Sapienza, Roma, Italy
    J Mass Spectrom 40:1595-604. 2005
    Forty-eight cuticular hydrocarbons (CHCs) were characterized by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry from the epicuticular surface of the major Afrotropical malaria vector Anopheles gambiae...
  20. ncbi Biodegradation of petroleum hydrocarbons in seawater at low temperatures (0-5 degrees C) and bacterial communities associated with degradation
    Odd G Brakstad
    SINTEF Materials and Chemistry, Division of Marine Environmental Technology, Trondheim, Norway
    Biodegradation 17:71-82. 2006
    In this study biodegradation of hydrocarbons in thin oil films was investigated in seawater at low temperatures, 0 and 5 degrees C...
  21. ncbi Genotype-by-environment interactions for cuticular hydrocarbon expression in Drosophila simulans
    F C Ingleby
    Centre for Ecology and Conservation, School of Biosciences, University of Exeter, Tremough, Penryn, UK
    J Evol Biol 26:94-107. 2013
    ..diet and temperature) in a fully factorial design and tested for G × Es in the expression of cuticular hydrocarbons (CHCs), a multivariate sexual trait in this species...
  22. pmc Insulin signaling mediates sexual attractiveness in Drosophila
    Tsung Han Kuo
    Huffington Center on Aging, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, United States of America
    PLoS Genet 8:e1002684. 2012
    ..in Drosophila through transcriptional regulation of genes involved in the production of cuticular hydrocarbons (CHC), many of which function as pheromones...
  23. ncbi Ecological, behavioral, and biochemical aspects of insect hydrocarbons
    Ralph W Howard
    USDA ARS, Manhattan, Kansas 66502, USA
    Annu Rev Entomol 50:371-93. 2005
    ..In addition, a section is devoted to future research needs in this rapidly growing area of science...
  24. ncbi Genome sequence of the ubiquitous hydrocarbon-degrading marine bacterium Alcanivorax borkumensis
    Susanne Schneiker
    Lehrstuhl fur Genetik, Fakultat fur Biologie, Universitat Bielefeld, D 33594 Bielefeld, Germany
    Nat Biotechnol 24:997-1004. 2006
    Alcanivorax borkumensis is a cosmopolitan marine bacterium that uses oil hydrocarbons as its exclusive source of carbon and energy. Although barely detectable in unpolluted environments, A...
  25. pmc Colony organization in the green alga Botryococcus braunii (Race B) is specified by a complex extracellular matrix
    Taylor L Weiss
    Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas, USA
    Eukaryot Cell 11:1424-40. 2012
    ..alga whose cells associate via a complex extracellular matrix (ECM) and produce prodigious amounts of liquid hydrocarbons that can be readily converted into conventional combustion engine fuels...
  26. ncbi Ant nestmate and non-nestmate discrimination by a chemosensory sensillum
    Mamiko Ozaki
    Department of Applied Biology, Faculty of Textile Science, Kyoto Institute of Technology, Matsugasaki, Sakyo ku, Kyoto 606 8585, Japan
    Science 309:311-4. 2005
    ..This sensillum is multiporous and responds only to non-nestmate CHC blends. This suggests a role for a peripheral recognition mechanism in detecting colony-specific chemical signals...
  27. ncbi Antagonistic responses to natural and sexual selection and the sex-specific evolution of cuticular hydrocarbons in Drosophila simulans
    Manmohan D Sharma
    Centre for Ecology and Conservation, School of Biosciences, University of Exeter, Cornwall Campus, Penryn TR10 9EZ, United Kingdom
    Evolution 66:665-77. 2012
    ..Here, we assessed the effects of sexual and natural selection on the evolution of cuticular hydrocarbons (CHCs), a character subject to both modes of selection, in Drosophila simulans...
  28. ncbi Biodegradation of petroleum hydrocarbons at low temperature in the presence of the dispersant Corexit 9500
    Jon E Lindstrom
    Institute of Arctic Biology and Department of Biology and Wildlife, University of Alaska Fairbanks, 99775, USA
    Mar Pollut Bull 44:739-47. 2002
    ..the effects of Corexit 9500 and sediment on microbial mineralization of specific aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons found in crude oil...
  29. ncbi Biological and health effects of exposure to kerosene-based jet fuels and performance additives
    Glenn Ritchie
    Geo Centers, Inc, Wright Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio 45433, USA
    J Toxicol Environ Health B Crit Rev 6:357-451. 2003
    ..n-hexane, toluene, xylenes, trimethylpentane, methoxyethanol, naphthalenes (including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons [PAHs], and certain other C(9)-C(12) fractions (i.e., n-propylbenzene, trimethylbenzene isomers)...
  30. ncbi Biosurfactant-enhanced removal of total petroleum hydrocarbons from contaminated soil
    Chin Chi Lai
    Department of Chemical Engineering, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 701, Taiwan
    J Hazard Mater 167:609-14. 2009
    ..9000 mg TPH/kg dry soil. The TPH removal efficiency also increased with an increase in biosurfactant concentration (from 0 to 0.2 mass%) but it did not vary significantly for the contact time of 1 and 7 days...
  31. ncbi Biosurfactants and oil bioremediation
    Eliora Z Ron
    Department of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology, Tel Aviv University, Ramat Aviv, Israel 69978
    Curr Opin Biotechnol 13:249-52. 2002
    ..These surface-active materials increase the surface area of hydrophobic water-insoluble substrates and increase their bioavailability, thereby enhancing the growth of bacteria and the rate of bioremediation...
  32. ncbi Premating isolation is determined by larval rearing substrates in cactophilic Drosophila mojavensis. VIII. Mating success mediated by epicuticular hydrocarbons within and between isolated populations
    W J Etges
    Department of Biological Sciences, Program in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701, USA
    J Evol Biol 21:1641-52. 2008
    ..of geographically isolated populations of cactophilic Drosophila mojavensis, and was mediated by epicuticular hydrocarbons (EHCs), contact pheromones in this system...
  33. pmc Raman spectroscopy analysis of botryococcene hydrocarbons from the green microalga Botryococcus braunii
    Taylor L Weiss
    Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 77843 2128, USA
    J Biol Chem 285:32458-66. 2010
    Botryococcus braunii, B race is a unique green microalga that produces large amounts of liquid hydrocarbons known as botryococcenes that can be used as a fuel for internal combustion engines...
  34. ncbi Botryococcus braunii: a rich source for hydrocarbons and related ether lipids
    P Metzger
    Laboratoire de Chimie Bioorganique et Organique Physique, Ecole Nationale Superieure de Chimie de Paris, 11 rue Pierre et Marie Curie, 75231 Cedex 05 Paris, France
    Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 66:486-96. 2005
    ..braunii, a cosmopolitan green colonial microalga characterised by a considerable production of lipids, notably hydrocarbons. Strains like wild populations of this alga differ in the type of hydrocarbons they synthesise and accumulate: (..
  35. ncbi A mosaic of chemical coevolution in a large blue butterfly
    David R Nash
    Institute of Biology, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 15, DK 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
    Science 319:88-90. 2008
    ..Alternative hosts may therefore provide an evolutionary refuge for a parasite during periods of counteradaptation by their preferred hosts...
  36. ncbi Social insects: Cuticular hydrocarbons inform task decisions
    Michael J Greene
    Department of Biological Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA
    Nature 423:32. 2003
  37. pmc A mutation with major effects on Drosophila melanogaster sex pheromones
    Fabrice Marcillac
    Unité de Recherche 5548 Associée au Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Faculte des Sciences, Universite de Bourgogne, 6 Boulevard Gabriel, 21000 Dijon, France
    Genetics 171:1617-28. 2005
    ..In Drosophila melanogaster, the predominant hydrocarbons on the cuticle of mature female and male flies are radically different and tend to stimulate or inhibit male ..
  38. ncbi The contribution of surface waxes to pre-penetration growth of an entomopathogenic fungus on host cuticle
    Samantha L Jarrold
    Department of Biology and Biochemistry, University of Bath, Bath, UK
    Mycol Res 111:240-9. 2007
    ..Thus simple polar compounds, also present on the surface, may be required to stimulate germination before the fungus can make use of a complex mixture of non-polar lipids...
  39. pmc A quantitative threshold for nest-mate recognition in a paper social wasp
    Alessandro Cini
    Dipartimento di Biologia Evoluzionistica Leo Pardi, Universita di Firenze, Florence, Italy
    Biol Lett 5:459-61. 2009
    ..We discovered that different amounts of cuticular hydrocarbons (CHC) of a foreign female evoke quantitatively different behavioural reactions in the resident foundress...
  40. pmc A new male sex pheromone and novel cuticular cues for chemical communication in Drosophila
    Joanne Y Yew
    Department of Neurobiology, Harvard Medical School, 220 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Curr Biol 19:1245-54. 2009
    In many insect species, cuticular hydrocarbons serve as pheromones that can mediate complex social behaviors...
  41. ncbi Anaerobic oxidation of short-chain hydrocarbons by marine sulphate-reducing bacteria
    Olaf Kniemeyer
    Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology, Celsiusstrasse 1, D 28359 Bremen, Germany
    Nature 449:898-901. 2007
    The short-chain hydrocarbons ethane, propane and butane are constituents of natural gas. They are usually assumed to be of thermochemical origin, but biological formation of ethane and propane has been also observed...
  42. ncbi Metabolism of alkylbenzenes, alkanes, and other hydrocarbons in anaerobic bacteria
    A M Spormann
    Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Stanford University, CA 94305 4020, USA
    Biodegradation 11:85-105. 2000
    Aromatic and aliphatic hydrocarbons are the main constituents of petroleum and its refined products...
  43. ncbi Cuticular hydrocarbons: their evolution and roles in Drosophila pheromonal communication
    Jean François Ferveur
    Unité de Recherche 5548 Associée au Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Faculte des Sciences, Universite de Bourgogne, 6 Bd Gabriel, 21000, Dijon, France
    Behav Genet 35:279-95. 2005
    I review the recent literature on cuticular hydrocarbons (CHs) in Drosophila. First, the major structural features of CHs are examined in a variety of species with regard to phylogeny...
  44. ncbi Thalassolituus oleivorans gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel marine bacterium that obligately utilizes hydrocarbons
    Michail M Yakimov
    Istituto per l Ambiente Marino Costiero, CNR Consiglio Nazionale Ricerche, Spianata San Raineri 86, 98122 Messina, Italy
    Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 54:141-8. 2004
    ..7% NaCl. Only a narrow spectrum of organic compounds, including aliphatic hydrocarbons (C7-C20), their oxidized derivatives and acetate, were used as growth substrates...
  45. ncbi Concealing identity and mimicking hosts: a dual chemical strategy for a single social parasite? (Polistes atrimandibularis, Hymenoptera: Vespidae)
    M C Lorenzi
    Dipartimento di Biologia Animale e dell Uomo, Universita di Torino, Via Accademia Albertina 17, 10123 Torino, Italy
    Parasitology 125:507-12. 2002
    ..Wasps of the host species discriminate between nestmates and non-nestmates by means of their epicuticular hydrocarbons. To overcome the host recognition systems, parasites have to modify their epicuticular recognition cues...
  46. ncbi Immunotoxicity evaluation of jet a jet fuel in female rats after 28-day dermal exposure
    Cynthia M Mann
    ExxonMobil Biomedical Sciences, Inc, Annandale, New Jersey 08801 0971, USA
    J Toxicol Environ Health A 71:495-504. 2008
    ..It remains to be determined whether the observed difference between this study and some other studies reflects a difference in the immunological response of rats and mice or is the result of other factors...
  47. pmc Cuticular hydrocarbon divergence in the jewel wasp Nasonia: evolutionary shifts in chemical communication channels?
    J Buellesbach
    Department of Evolutionary Biology and Animal Ecology, Faculty of Biology, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany Spemann Graduate School of Biology and Medicine SGBM, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany
    J Evol Biol 26:2467-78. 2013
    ..giraulti CHC profiles, which are no longer used as conspecific recognition cues. Our study constitutes the first report of an apparent abandonment of a sexual recognition cue that the receiver did not adapt to. ..
  48. pmc Learning and discrimination of cuticular hydrocarbons in a social insect
    Ellen van Wilgenburg
    Department of Zoology, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Biol Lett 8:17-20. 2012
    ..In addition, we reveal that Argentine ants can discriminate between hydrocarbons with different branching patterns and the same chain length, but not always between hydrocarbons with the same ..
  49. ncbi Characterization of inhalation exposure to jet fuel among U.S. Air Force personnel
    Kian Merchant-Borna
    Department of Environmental Medicine, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, NY 14642, USA
    Ann Occup Hyg 56:736-45. 2012
    ....
  50. pmc Incipient speciation in Drosophila melanogaster involves chemical signals
    Micheline Grillet
    Centre des Sciences du Gout et de l Alimentation, UMR6265 CNRS, UMR1324 INRA, Universite de Bourgogne, AgroSup Dijon, 6, Bd Gabriel, 21000 Dijon, France
    Sci Rep 2:224. 2012
    ..Our results show that flies' cuticular hydrocarbons (CHs) were involved in this sexual isolation, but that visual and acoustic signals were not...
  51. pmc Variations on a theme: diversification of cuticular hydrocarbons in a clade of cactophilic Drosophila
    Cássia C de Oliveira
    Program in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Department of Biological Sciences, SCEN 632, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701, USA
    BMC Evol Biol 11:179. 2011
    We characterized variation and chemical composition of epicuticular hydrocarbons (CHCs) in the seven species of the Drosophila buzzatii cluster with gas chromatography/mass spectrometry...
  52. ncbi Premating isolation is determined by larval rearing substrates in cactophilic Drosophila mojavensis. IX. Host plant and population specific epicuticular hydrocarbon expression influences mate choice and sexual selection
    J A Havens
    Program in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Department of Biological Sciences, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR, USA
    J Evol Biol 26:562-76. 2013
    Sexual signals in cactophilic Drosophila mojavensis include cuticular hydrocarbons (CHCs), contact pheromones that mediate female discrimination of males during courtship...
  53. ncbi Evolution of cuticular hydrocarbons of Hawaiian Drosophilidae
    Helena Alves
    Faculté des Sciences d Orsay, CNPS, UMR UPS CNRS, Universite Paris Sud, 91405 Orsay Cedex, France
    Behav Genet 40:694-705. 2010
    ..In this study qualitative and quantitative chemical compositions of cuticular hydrocarbons (CHCs) in 138 flies belonging to 27 Hawaiian Drosophila species, picture-winged and non picture-winged, were ..
  54. pmc Recent advances in petroleum microbiology
    Jonathan D Van Hamme
    Department of Biological Sciences, The University College of the Cariboo, Kamloops, British Columbia V2C 5N3
    Microbiol Mol Biol Rev 67:503-49. 2003
    ..have extended our understanding of the metabolic processes related to microbial transformation of petroleum hydrocarbons. The physiological responses of microorganisms to the presence of hydrocarbons, including cell surface ..
  55. pmc JP-8 induces immune suppression via a reactive oxygen species NF-kappabeta-dependent mechanism
    Gerardo Ramos
    The Department of Immunology and the Center for Cancer Immunology Research, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
    Toxicol Sci 108:100-9. 2009
    ..These data indicate that ROS and NF-kappabeta are activated by JP-8, and these pathways are involved in COX-2 expression and the induction of immune suppression by jet fuel...
  56. ncbi Sexual dimorphism in cuticular hydrocarbons of the Australian field cricket Teleogryllus oceanicus (Orthoptera: Gryllidae)
    Melissa L Thomas
    Centre for Evolutionary Biology, School of Animal Biology, The University of Western Australia, Australia
    J Insect Physiol 54:1081-9. 2008
    ..Here, we analyse patterns of sexual dimorphism in the cuticular hydrocarbons of the Australian field cricket Teleogryllus oceanicus using gas chromatography...
  57. ncbi Are you my mother? Kin recognition in the ant Formica fusca
    S El-Showk
    Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    J Evol Biol 23:397-406. 2010
    ..This indicates that recognition entails environmental and genetic components, which allow both discrimination of kin in the absence of prior contact and learning of recognition cues based on group membership...
  58. ncbi Anaerobic hydrocarbon biodegradation in deep subsurface oil reservoirs
    Carolyn M Aitken
    School of Civil Engineering and Geosciences, University of Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 7RU, UK
    Nature 431:291-4. 2004
    ..Aerobic degradation of petroleum hydrocarbons at the surface is well documented and it has long been thought that the flow of oxygen- and nutrient-bearing ..
  59. ncbi Dual biomarkers of anaerobic hydrocarbon degradation in historically contaminated groundwater
    Amita R Oka
    Department of Environmental Sciences, School of Environmental and Biological Sciences, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, New Jersey 08901, United States
    Environ Sci Technol 45:3407-14. 2011
    ..The distribution of two independent biomarkers indicates that the site is enriched for anaerobic hydrocarbon biodegradation and provides strong evidence in support of natural attenuation...
  60. pmc Proteomic analysis reveals the participation of energy- and stress-related proteins in the response of Pseudomonas putida DOT-T1E to toluene
    Ana Segura
    EEZ CSIC, C Prof Albareda, 1, E 18008 Granada, Spain
    J Bacteriol 187:5937-45. 2005
    Pseudomonas putida DOT-T1E is tolerant to toluene and other toxic hydrocarbons through extrusion of the toxic compounds from the cell by means of three efflux pumps, TtgABC, TtgDEF, and TtgGHI...
  61. ncbi Heritability of male attractiveness persists despite evidence for unreliable sexual signals in Drosophila simulans
    F C Ingleby
    Centre for Ecology and Conservation, School of Biosciences, University of Exeter, Cornwall, Tremough, Penryn, UK
    J Evol Biol 26:311-24. 2013
    ..Here, we test the reliability of cuticular hydrocarbons (CHCs) as signals of heritable aspects of male attractiveness in Drosophila simulans...
  62. ncbi Microbial communities involved in methane production from hydrocarbons in oil sands tailings
    Tariq Siddique
    Department of Renewable Resources, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada
    Environ Sci Technol 46:9802-10. 2012
    Microbial metabolism of residual hydrocarbons, primarily short-chain n-alkanes and certain monoaromatic hydrocarbons, in oil sands tailings ponds produces large volumes of CH(4) in situ...
  63. ncbi Mating alters the cuticular hydrocarbons of female Anopheles gambiae sensu stricto and aedes Aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae)
    Addie R Polerstock
    Division of Entomology, University of Idaho, Moscow 83844 2339, USA
    J Med Entomol 39:545-52. 2002
    The cuticular hydrocarbons of female Anopheles gambiae Giles sensu stricto and Aedes aegypti (L.) mosquitoes were analyzed before and after they mated. In An...
  64. ncbi Nestmate recognition in social wasps: manipulation of hydrocarbon profiles induces aggression in the European hornet
    Joachim Ruther
    Freie Universitat Berlin, Institut fur Biologie, Angewandte Zoologie Okologie der Tiere, Germany
    Naturwissenschaften 89:111-4. 2002
    The influence of individual cuticular hydrocarbons on nestmate recognition in the European hornet, Vespa crabro L., was investigated...
  65. ncbi Cuticular hydrocarbon dynamics in young adult Polistes dominulus (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) and the role of linear hydrocarbons in nestmate recognition systems
    M Cristina Lorenzi
    Dipartimento di Biologia Animale e dell Uomo, Universita di Torino, Via Accademia Albertina 17, 10123 Torino, Italy
    J Insect Physiol 50:935-41. 2004
    In social insects, cuticular hydrocarbons (CHCs) play an important role in nestmate discrimination processes, but young individuals are usually not discriminated...
  66. ncbi The biosynthesis of mycolic acids in Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Enzymatic methyl(ene) transfer to acyl carrier protein bound meromycolic acid in vitro
    Y Yuan
    Tuberculosis Research Section, Laboratory of Intracellular Parasites, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, NIAID, NIH, Hamilton, Montana 59840, USA
    J Biol Chem 273:21282-90. 1998
    ..These results suggest that mycolate modification reactions occur parallel with the synthesis of the AcpM-bound meromycolate chain...
  67. ncbi Metabolic and bacterial diversity in soils historically contaminated by heavy metals and hydrocarbons
    Astrid Vivas
    Department of Environmental Protection, Estacion Experimental del Zaidin, CSIC, C Profesor Albareda 1, 18008, Granada, Spain
    J Environ Monit 10:1287-96. 2008
    The aim of this study was to characterize soils contaminated by different levels of heavy metals and hydrocarbons (Madonna Dell'Acqua, Pisa, Italy)...
  68. ncbi Degradation of petroleum hydrocarbons (C6-C40) and crude oil by a novel Dietzia strain
    Xing Biao Wang
    Department of Energy and Resources Engineering, College of Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871, PR China
    Bioresour Technol 102:7755-61. 2011
    ..In addition, it preferentially degraded short-chain hydrocarbons (≤C25) in the early cultivation phase and accumulated hydrocarbons with chain-lengths from C23 to C27 during ..
  69. ncbi The production of myco-diesel hydrocarbons and their derivatives by the endophytic fungus Gliocladium roseum (NRRL 50072)
    Gary A Strobel
    Department of Plant Sciences, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59717, USA
    Microbiology 154:3319-28. 2008
    An endophytic fungus, Gliocladium roseum (NRRL 50072), produced a series of volatile hydrocarbons and hydrocarbon derivatives on an oatmeal-based agar under microaerophilic conditions as analysed by solid-phase micro-extraction (SPME)-GC/..
  70. ncbi On the evolution of heightened condition dependence of male sexual displays
    T P Gosden
    School of Biological Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
    J Evol Biol 24:685-92. 2011
    ..We set out to test how a suite of cuticular hydrocarbons (CHCs) used in sexual displays are affected by adult diet and the potential for any condition-dependent ..
  71. ncbi Biodegradation and bioremediation of hydrocarbons in extreme environments
    R Margesin
    Institute of Microbiology NF, University of Innsbruck, Austria
    Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 56:650-63. 2001
    ..The biodegradation (transformation or mineralization) of a wide range of hydrocarbons, including aliphatic, aromatic, halogenated and nitrated compounds, has been shown to occur in various extreme ..
  72. ncbi Oleispira antarctica gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel hydrocarbonoclastic marine bacterium isolated from Antarctic coastal sea water
    Michail M Yakimov
    Istituto Sperimentale Talassografico, CNR, Spianata San Raineri 86, 98122 Messina, Italy
    Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 53:779-85. 2003
    ..Both isolates exhibited a restricted substrate profile, with a preference for aliphatic hydrocarbons, that is typical of marine hydrocarbonoclastic micro-organisms such as Alcanivorax, Marinobacter and Oleiphilus...
  73. ncbi Source apportionment of urban particulate aliphatic and polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) using multivariate methods
    I G Kavouras
    Environmental Science and Engineering Program, Harvard School of Public Health, 665 Huntington Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 35:2288-94. 2001
    ..Both polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and aliphatic hydrocarbons were determined using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS)...
  74. ncbi Microbial community response to a simulated hydrocarbon spill in mangrove sediments
    Rodrigo Gouvêa Taketani
    Instituto de Microbiologia, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
    J Microbiol 48:7-15. 2010
    ..These results hint at a role of environmental history that is not obvious from community diversity indicators, but is apparent from the response to the applied stress...
  75. ncbi Effect of the Prestige oil spill on salt marsh soils on the coast of Galicia (northwestern Spain)
    M L Andrade
    Department of Vegetable Biology and Soil Science, Ap 874, 36200 Vigo, Spain
    J Environ Qual 33:2103-10. 2004
    ..01). The low values in the polluted soils explain why the soluble fractions of their total heavy metal contents were very small (generally less than 3%, and in many cases undetectable)...
  76. ncbi Burial, exportation and degradation of acyclic petroleum hydrocarbons following a simulated oil spill in bioturbated Mediterranean coastal sediments
    V Grossi
    Laboratoire d Océanographie et de Biogéochimie, UMR CNRS 6535, Faculte des Sciences de Luminy, France
    Chemosphere 48:947-54. 2002
    ..After incubation, luminophores and hydrocarbons presented roughly similar depth distributions in the sediment, showing a continuous burial of material until 55 ..
  77. ncbi Oleiphilaceae fam. nov., to include Oleiphilus messinensis gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel marine bacterium that obligately utilizes hydrocarbons
    Peter N Golyshin
    Division of Microbiology, GBF German Research Centre for Biotechnology, Braunschweig
    Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 52:901-11. 2002
    ..aerobic, motile, rod-shaped bacterium used a narrow spectrum of organic compounds, including aliphatic hydrocarbons, alkanoates and alkanoles, as carbon and energy sources...
  78. ncbi Unregulated emissions from a heavy-duty diesel engine with various fuels and emission control systems
    Shida Tang
    Bureau of Mobile Sources and Technology Development, Division of Air Resources, New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, 625 Broadway, Albany, New York 12233, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 41:5037-43. 2007
    ..xylene (BTEX), and 1,3-butadiene, elemental carbon and organic carbon (EC/OC), carbonyls, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), and nitro-PAHs (n-PAHs) are presented in this paper...
  79. ncbi Biodegradation of crude oil and pure hydrocarbons by extreme halophilic archaea from hypersaline coasts of the Arabian Gulf
    D M Al-Mailem
    Microbiology Program, Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, Kuwait University, PO Box 5969, 13060, Safat, Kuwait
    Extremophiles 14:321-8. 2010
    ..The strains could grow on a wide scope of aliphatic and aromatic (both mono-and polynuclear) hydrocarbons, as sole sources of carbon and energy...
  80. ncbi Biological origins of normal-chain hydrocarbons: a pathway model based on cuticular wax analyses of maize silks
    M Ann D N Perera
    Department of Biochemistry, Biophysics and Molecular Biology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA, 50011, USA
    Plant J 64:618-32. 2010
    Long-chain normal hydrocarbons (e.g. alkanes, alkenes and dienes) are rare biological molecules and their biosynthetic origins are obscure...
  81. ncbi Ontogeny of Drosophila melanogaster female sex-appeal and cuticular hydrocarbons
    Marisa Arienti
    University of Paris South 11, Center of Neurosciences of Paris South, Orsay, France
    Integr Zool 5:272-82. 2010
    ..courtship and consists of the male-specific cis-Vaccenyl acetate and sex-specific contact pheromones, cuticular hydrocarbons (CHC), which build up during ontogeny (first 4 days)...
  82. pmc Dermal exposure to jet fuel JP-8 significantly contributes to the production of urinary naphthols in fuel-cell maintenance workers
    Yi Chun E Chao
    Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 7400, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 114:182-5. 2006
    ..Future work on dermal xenobiotic metabolism and toxicokinetic studies are warranted in order to gain additional knowledge on naphthalene metabolism in the skin and the contribution to systemic exposure...
  83. pmc The consequences of regulation of desat1 expression for pheromone emission and detection in Drosophila melanogaster
    Benjamin Houot
    Centre des Sciences du Gout et de l Alimentation, UMR6265 Centre National de Recherche Scientifique, UMR1324 Institut National de Recherche Agronomique, Universite de Bourgogne, AgroSup Dijon, F 21000 Dijon, France
    Genetics 185:1297-309. 2010
    ..This suggests that the pleiotropic action of desat1 on pheromonal communication depends on the fine regulation of its transcriptional activity...
  84. pmc Genetics of a difference in male cuticular hydrocarbons between two sibling species, Drosophila simulans and D. sechellia
    J A Coyne
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, University of Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA
    Genetics 143:1689-98. 1996
    ..Observations of courtship by males who have been coated with foreign hydrocarbons suggest that a male's hydrocarbon profile may slightly affect the degree of sexual isolation in one of the ..
  85. ncbi Are traits that experience reinforcement also under sexual selection?
    Megan Higgie
    School of Integrative Biology, University of Queensland, St Lucia, Queensland 4072, Australia
    Am Nat 170:409-20. 2007
    ..serrata. The sympatric and allopatric populations display genetically based differences in male cuticular hydrocarbons (CHCs), while female CHCs changed with latitude across the contact...
  86. pmc In vivo comparison of epithelial responses for S-8 versus JP-8 jet fuels below permissible exposure limit
    Simon S Wong
    Department of Pediatrics, Southwest Environmental Health Sciences Center, The University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85274, USA
    Toxicology 254:106-11. 2008
    ..Collectively, our data suggest that both fuels may have partially different deposition patterns, which may possibly contribute to specific different adverse effects in lung ventilatory function...
  87. ncbi The mandible opening response: quantifying aggression elicited by chemical cues in ants
    Fernando J Guerrieri
    Centre for Social Evolution, Department of Biology, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 15, 2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark
    J Exp Biol 211:1109-13. 2008
    ..We thus introduce here a new procedure suitable for studying the chemical basis of aggression in ants...
  88. ncbi Monitoring of DNA damage in individuals exposed to petroleum hydrocarbons in Ecuador
    Cesar Paz-y-Mino
    Laboratorio de Genética Molecular y Citogenética Humana, Departamento de Ciencias Biologicas, Pontificia Universidad Catolica del Ecuador, Quito, Ecuador
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1140:121-8. 2008
    ..These methods were applied to determine the genotoxicity of hydrocarbons and their residue in human beings...
  89. ncbi Sexual isolation and cuticular hydrocarbons in Drosophila elegans
    K Ishii
    Graduate School of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Hokkaido 060-0810, Japan
    Heredity 87:392-9. 2001
    ..However, males did not respond to killed females at all, suggesting that cuticular hydrocarbons of females are not the only cue for the induction of male courtship behaviour...
  90. ncbi How a bacterial community originating from a contaminated coastal sediment responds to an oil input
    Sandrine Païssé
    Equipe Environnement et Microbiologie UMR CNRS IPREM 5254, Universite de Pau, BP1155, 64013 Pau Cedex, France
    Microb Ecol 60:394-405. 2010
    ..We concluded that "Etang-de-Berre" bacterial communities inhabiting oiled sediments for decades adopted a specific structure depending on oil presence and were able to face hydrocarbon contamination quickly and efficiently...
  91. pmc Identification of an ant queen pheromone regulating worker sterility
    Luke Holman
    Centre for Social Evolution, Department of Biology, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 15, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
    Proc Biol Sci 277:3793-800. 2010
    ..These results suggest that the pheromone has a central role in colony organization and support the hypothesis that worker sterility represents altruistic self-restraint in response to an honest quality signal...
  92. pmc Contribution of oenocytes and pheromones to courtship behaviour in Drosophila
    Claude Wicker-Thomas
    CNRS, UPR9034, LEGS and University Paris Sud, 91198 Gif sur Yvette Cedex, France
    BMC Biochem 10:21. 2009
    In Drosophila, cuticular sex pheromones are long-chain unsaturated hydrocarbons synthesized from fatty acid precursors in epidermal cells called oenocytes. The species D...
  93. ncbi Genetics of incipient speciation in Drosophila mojavensis. III. Life-history divergence in allopatry and reproductive isolation
    William J Etges
    Program in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Department of Biological Sciences, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arizona 72701, USA
    Evolution 64:3549-69. 2010
    ..Thus, the regional shifts in life histories that evolved once D. mojavensis invaded mainland Mexico from Baja California by shifting host plants were genetically correlated with variation in cuticular hydrocarbon-based mate preferences...
  94. pmc Surface hydrocarbons of queen eggs regulate worker reproduction in a social insect
    Annett Endler
    Lehrstuhl Verhaltensphysiologie und Soziobiologie, Universitat Wurzburg, 97074 Wuerzburg, Germany
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:2945-50. 2004
    ..Queen- and worker-laid eggs differ in their surface hydrocarbons in a way similar to the way fertile queens differ from workers in the composition of their cuticular ..
  95. ncbi Adaptation to desiccation fails to generate pre- and postmating isolation in replicate Drosophila melanogaster laboratory populations
    Lucia Kwan
    Department of Biology and Centre for Advanced Research in Environmental Genomics, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, K1N 6N5, Canada
    Evolution 64:710-23. 2010
    ..Substantial divergence of cuticular hydrocarbons occurred between the desiccation and starvation populations, key traits that have been implicated in sexual ..
  96. ncbi Utilization of petroleum hydrocarbons by Pseudomonas fluorescens isolated from a petroleum-contaminated soil
    S Barathi
    Centre for Environmental Studies, Anna University, Chennai 600025, India
    Environ Int 26:413-6. 2001
    ..The organism utilized both short and long chain n-alkanes. It emulsified a number of aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons.
  97. ncbi Identification of quantitative trait loci function through analysis of multiple cuticular hydrocarbons differing between Drosophila simulans and Drosophila sechellia females
    J M Gleason
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS, USA
    Heredity (Edinb) 103:416-24. 2009
    ..Drosophila cuticular hydrocarbons (CHCs) can function as pheromones and consequently affect mate recognition...
  98. pmc Mortality of aircraft maintenance workers exposed to trichloroethylene and other hydrocarbons and chemicals: extended follow-up
    Larry Radican
    Global Outcomes Research Department, Merck and Co, Inc, NJ 08889, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 50:1306-19. 2008
    ..To extend follow-up of 14,455 workers from 1990 to 2000, and evaluate mortality risk from exposure to trichloroethylene (TCE) and other chemicals...
  99. ncbi Bacterial biosurfactant in enhancing solubility and metabolism of petroleum hydrocarbons
    N K Bordoloi
    Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, ONGC Centre for Petroleum Biotechnology, Tezpur University, Tezpur 784028, India
    J Hazard Mater 170:495-505. 2009
    ..In the investigation, bacterial isolates capable of utilizing poly-cyclic aromatic hydrocarbons like phenanthrene, pyrene and fluorene were used...
  100. pmc Rapid decision-making with side-specific perceptual discrimination in ants
    Nathalie Stroeymeyt
    Department of Biology, Centre for Social Evolution, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
    PLoS ONE 5:e12377. 2010
    ..In mammals, there is mounting evidence that multiple systems of perceptual discrimination based on different neural circuits emphasize either fast responses or accurate treatment of stimuli depending on the context...
  101. ncbi Characteristics of bioemulsifier V2-7 synthesized in culture media added of hydrocarbons: chemical composition, emulsifying activity and rheological properties
    F Martínez-Checa
    Microbial Exopolysaccharide Research Group, Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Granada, Spain
    Bioresour Technol 98:3130-5. 2007
    ..EPS) synthesized by strain F2-7 of Halomonas eurihalina and it has the property of emulsifying a wide range of hydrocarbons i.e. n-tetradecane, n-hexadecane, n-octane, xylene mineral light and heavy oils, petrol and crude oil...

Research Grants66

  1. Prospective studies of cancer etiology and prevention in Shanghai and Singapore
    Jian Min Yuan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The primary scientific aims are: (1) to assess the independent role of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), 1,3-butadiene, acrolein, benzene, and ethylene oxide in the development of lung cancer among smokers;(2) ..
  2. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and birth outcomes in Mexico City
    MARIE SYLVIA O'NEILL; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  3. Comparison of Diesel and Biodiesel Emissions and Health Effects in Underground Mi
    Jefferey L Burgess; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..carbon, nitrogen dioxide (NO2), sulfur dioxide (SO2), carbon monoxide (CO), aldehydes, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) will be sampled from the mine...
  4. MOLECULAR MECHANISMS OF COMPLEX MIXTURE TOXICITY
    Alvaro Puga; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Frequently, these mixtures include a combination of carcinogenic metals and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH)...
  5. MOLECULAR MECHANISMS OF DIOXIN ACTION
    Alvaro Puga; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Our rationale is that mutations in the NKX2.5 gene and maternal exposure to halogenated hydrocarbons, dioxins and polychlorinated biphenyls during pregnancy are the main known risk factors for these human ..
  6. Role of Retroelements in Environmental Atherogenesis
    Kenneth S Ramos; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..exposures to air particulates and chemicals associated with particulate matter, such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, have been associated with development or exacerbation of atherosclerosis in rodents and primates...
  7. Mechanisms for Cardiovascular Effects of air pollutants: Effect of Age and Sex
    BRITT HOLMEN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..diesel fuel, and emission testing has shown that biodiesel emissions appear to contain reduced levels of hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide and particulate matter (PM) but a higher soluble organic fraction in the particulate phase...
  8. Host Defense Mechanisms in Polyaromatic Hydrogen Carcinogenesis
    Craig A Elmets; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Polyaromatic hydrocarbons are ubiquitous environmental compounds that are the major carcinogenic moiety in cigarette smoke and were present in the burning oilfield emissions in the Persian Gulf War...
  9. Biosynthesis of Microbial Isoprenoids
    David E Cane; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..catalytically novel oxygenases will be investigated that play key roles in the metabolic conversion of terpene hydrocarbons and alcohols to biosynthetic end-products...
  10. Exposure and biological response biomarkers of cigarette smoke
    IAN ALEXANDER BLAIR; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..smoke is an extremely complex mixture, which some 3800 constituents including numerous polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), in both the mainstream and sidestream (environmental) smoke fractions...
  11. The role of human DNA polymerase eta in the mutagenic response to oxidative stres
    SCOTT DAVID MCCULLOCH; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..by applicant): Oxidative stress is caused by a number of environmental agents such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons like dioxin, heavy metals, pesticides, and ultraviolet and ionizing radiation...
  12. Dioxins and Male Pubertal Growth and Development
    Russ B Hauser; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of particular concern for altered age of onset and progression of male puberty include chlorinated aromatic hydrocarbons, a family of highly toxic environmental contaminants that includes polychlorinated dibenzo-p- dioxins, ..
  13. Cancer induction in the ovary by an environmental pollutant, dibenzo[a,l]pyrene
    Kun Ming Chen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Diol-epoxides derived from polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) can covalently bind to DNA of ovarian cells from human exposed to cigarette smoke...
  14. Modulation of Neonatal Hyperoxic Lung Injury by the Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor
    Binoy Shivanna; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of cytochrome P450 1A enzymes in hyperoxic lung injury, and the regulation of AhR by the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. In addition to Dr. Moorthy, my advisory committee consists of Drs...
  15. Nonheme Diiron Centers and the Biological Oxidation of Hydrocarbons
    Stephen J Lippard; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..long-term goal of this research is to understand the activation of oxygen and subsequent selective oxidation of hydrocarbons that occurs at non-heme diiron centers in the hydroxylase enzymes of bacterial multicomponent monooxygenases (..
  16. Case-Cohort Study of Cancers in Excess in Poultry Workers
    Eric S Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Safety and Health Research program), but also to other occupational carcinogens, including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, heterocyclic amines, nitrosamines, benzene, etc...
  17. PHAHs and Thyroid Cancer Risk in DoDSR Cohort
    Yawei Zhang; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Emerging evidence indicates that polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and other polyhalogenated aromatic hydrocarbons (PHAHs), including polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and organochlorine pesticides, are able to alter thyroid ..
  18. Diagnostic Utility of mtDNA Content and Exercise Challenge in Veterans with GWI
    MICHAEL JOSEPH FALVO; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..mtDNA) damage is positively associated with exposure to particulate matter, benzene, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in humans...
  19. Transgenerational Inheritance of Epigenetic Effects of Polychlorinated Biphenyls
    Charles V Vorhees; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Similarly, maternal exposure during pregnancy to PCBs and other halogenated hydrocarbons has been associated with a higher incidence of congenital heart defects in the progeny and cardiac ..
  20. The Association of Chronic Exposure to Particulate Matter Air Pollutants, Inflamm
    RODRIGO XAVIER ARMIJOS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..To identify the elemental composition (e.g., hydrocarbons, quinines, light cations, heavy and transition metals) and sources of outdoor PM2...
  21. Aldo-Keto Reductases and PAH Metabolism/Activation
    Trevor M Penning; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..AKRs activate tobacco polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) to yield reactive and redox-active PAH o-quinones...
  22. Healthy Worker Effect, Occupational Exposure to PM and Cardiopulmonary Mortality
    ELLEN AURA EISEN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Oil-based MWF contain polyaromatic hydrocarbons and metals, constituents also present in the fine particulate mass (PM2...
  23. P53-dependent responses to toxicants in parous and nulliparous breast
    D Joseph Jerry; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..comes from mouse models showing that exposures such as ionizing radiation (IR) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) increase mammary tumor formation...
  24. Childhood Leukemia and Home Environmental Exposures
    Patricia A Buffler; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..indoor air, including pesticides, persistent organic compounds (polychlorinated biphenyls, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and nicotine, a surrogate for tobacco smoke), and volatile organic compounds...
  25. A Miniaturized GC with MEMS-Enabled Selective Preconcentration for Monitoring Exp
    Masoud Agah; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..to enable the identification of key compounds in three classes of HAPs: aromatic solvents;polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and non-aromatic hydrocarbons...
  26. TOXICOLOGICAL SIGNIFICANCE OF ALKYLBENZENE METABOLISM
    Wayne L Backes; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Alkylbenzenes are produced in extensive quantities throughout the world, with simple aromatic hydrocarbons being major components of gasoline and used in a wide variety of consumer products...
  27. Body Burden of PAHs and Cardiovascular Disease in the United States
    JOHN DAVIS CLARK; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are environmental and occupational carcinogens that are produced by the incomplete combustion of organic material, such as that from tobacco, coal, and ..
  28. Mutagenesis of p53 by reactive PAH and ROS
    JEFFREY M FIELD; Fiscal Year: 2012
    Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) are ubiquitous environmental air pollutants that result from fossil fuel combustion and cigarette smoking. PAH exposure is a major risk factor in human lung carcinogenesis...
  29. Understanding aromatic hydrocarbon uptake as the first step in biodegradation
    Bert van den Berg; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Aromatic hydrocarbons (AH) are widespread pollutants within the environment owing to natural, industrial and social activities...
  30. Biomarkers of toxic response to low nicotine cigarette smoke
    Andrew Strasser; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Cigarette smoke is an extremely complex mixture including numerous toxic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) such as benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) and nitrosamines such as 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (..
  31. AHR signaling in Mammalian and Non-Mammalian Models
    Mark E Hahn; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) and polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons are ubiquitous environmental contaminants with adverse effects on human health...
  32. Molecular mechanism of cytochrome P4501A1 expression.
    Bhagavatula Moorthy; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are present in cigarette smoke, particulate matter, and in charcoal broiled meats...
  33. Prophylactic Use of Vitamin E for Prevention of Occupational PAH-Induced Damage
    Debbie Mustacich; Fiscal Year: 2009
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), including benzo(a)pyrene (BP), form a major class of environmental pollutants suggested to be causative factors in a variety of disease susceptibilities, ..
  34. HOW ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMICALS IMPAIR IMMUNITY
    David Sherr; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..While many studies demonstrate that environmentally ubiquitous polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) suppress the mature immune system, relatively few have evaluated their effects on the developing immune ..
  35. Pathway Modeling of Complex Toxin Response and Energy Balance Systems in Cancer
    Nora L Nock; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Toxins such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), which are ubiquitous and can create direct (PAH-DNA adduct) and indirect oxidative (8-oxo-dG) DNA ..
  36. Excision of Carcinogen-DNA Adducts in Nucleosomes
    Nicholas E Geacintov; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) are byproducts of fossil fuel combustion and are present in our air, food and water;the presence of these genotoxic environmental carcinogens in our environment ..
  37. The role of heterocyclic aromatic amines in breast cancer
    Robert J Turesky; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..to environmental and dietary pollutants such as pesticides, polychlorinated biphenyls or polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and breast cancer...
  38. Modulation of PAH ovarian toxicity by biotransformation enzyme polymorphisms
    Ulrike Luderer; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are ubiquitous environmental contaminants, which are known to impair ovarian function and cause ovarian ..
  39. Antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, and antispore paints
    YUYU contact SUN; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..with no reported cases of microbial resistance, and have a much less tendency to generate halogenated hydrocarbons. In our technology, a new N-halamine monomer developed in our lab, N-chloro-2,2,6,6- tetramethyl-4-piperidinyl ..
  40. Exposure to mobile source air pollution and adverse birth outcomes in the Los Ang
    Jun Wu; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Outdoor concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), nitric oxide (NO), and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) at each residence will be estimated and summarized by ..
  41. Dual Mode Nanoemulsions for 19F MRI and Fluorescence Detection
    Jelena M Janjic; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..the synthetic modifications and formulations of these oils more difficult than traditional emulsification of hydrocarbons. In the synthesis issues such as PFPE conjugate blending, unconjugated dye removal and purification of final ..
  42. Early Life Exposures to Air Toxics and the Risk of Early Childhood Leukemia
    Elaine Symanski; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..using modeled estimates of census-tract ambient air levels of benzene, 1,3-butadiene and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) from the U.S. EPA's National-Scale Air Toxics Assessment...
  43. Role of calcium and reactive oxygen species in toxicant-induced immune failure
    Mohamed Trebak; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..In polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH)-induced lymphocyte immune suppression, enhanced ROS production is associated with increased basal levels ..
  44. Impact of proximal promoter polymorphisms on AHR gene expression in human lung
    David C Spink; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..recognized as an integral component of the carcinogenic process initiated by smoke-born polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and other carcinogens that result from incomplete combustion...
  45. PAH Exposure and DNA Damage in Roofers
    Berrin Serdar; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Exposure to the carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) has been a major concern in this industry, mainly in workers exposed to asphalt fumes and coal tar...
  46. Ah Receptor Dysregulation Alters Hematopoietic Stem Cells
    Thomas A Gasiewicz; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Human exposures to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and dioxins have been linked to the development of lymphomas and leukemias...
  47. ANALYSIS OF AH RECEPTOR LIGAND BINDING SPECIFICITY
    Michael Steven Denison; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..the toxic and biological effects of a variety of exogenous chemicals, such as the toxic halogenated aromatic hydrocarbons (HAHs) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), and these effects appear to result from AhR-dependent ..
  48. Jacksonville Racial and Ethnic Environmental Approaches to Community Health (REEA
    Cynthia M Harris; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..of health concerns for residents, particular concerns include contamination by lead, arsenic, polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and dioxins...
  49. The Nashville Breast Health Study
    Wei Zheng; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..meat intake, and thus exposures to the mammary carcinogens heterocyclic amines and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, may be related to an increased risk of breast cancer, particularly among women with certain genotypes of the ..
  50. Developmental Gene-Environment Interactions and Premature Ovarian Failure
    Ulrike Luderer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of ovarian follicles caused by withdrawal of gonadotropins or by chemical toxicants, like polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), and that supplementation of the major antioxidant glutathione (GSH) is protective...
  51. Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons And Male Reproductive Health
    HUEIWANG ANNA COOK JENG; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Male Reproductive Health Despite heightened concerns over reported declines in sperm quality;a lack of epidemiologic data exists regarding a link to job-related ..
  52. Halogenated Alkenes and Microsomal GSH-transferases
    Michael J Kelner; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Unlike other halogenated hydrocarbons, vicinal haloalkenes uniquely damage the kidney by destroying proximal tubule cells and induce renal carcinomas...
  53. MOLECULAR BASIS OF SELECTIVE P450 2B FUNCTION
    James R Halpert; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The goal of the proposed research is to determine how human hepatic CYP2B6 can bind and oxidize small hydrocarbons such as monoterpenes (C10H16) efficiently and selectively in the absence of any functional groups in the ..
  54. ARYL AND ALCOHOL SULFOTRANSFERASES IN DRUG METABOLISM
    Michael W Duffel; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..molecules from xenobiotics that include benzylic alcohols derived from alkyl-substituted polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, hydroxylamine metabolites of aromatic amines and nitroaromatics, and allylic alcohols...
  55. Carcinogen-DNA Adducts: Topology, Conformation and Repair (Renewal)
    Suse Broyde; Fiscal Year: 2013
    A category of non-planar, twisted polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), termed fjord region compounds, are extremely potent tumorigens;they include dibenzo[a,l]pyrene which has recently been cited as the most tumorigenic PAH yet ..
  56. Benzo[a]pyrene metabolism: phenotyping and genotyping
    Stephen S Hecht; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of carcinogens believed to play a significant role in lung cancer development in smokers: polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) and tobacco-specific nitrosamines, typified by 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK)...
  57. Phenotyping/Epigenetic studies of PAH-associated Treg impairment in asthma
    Kari C Nadeau; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..asthma outcomes by studying immune system changes in subjects exposed to elevated levels of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH)...
  58. Prenatal Exposures & Procarcinogenic Mutations
    Manuela Orjuela; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..in New York City, who are subject to varying levels of environmental exposures including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) and organophosphate pesticides such as chlorpyrifos...
  59. Does Anesthetic Solubility Determine Receptor Specificity?
    ROBERT JOSEPH BROSNAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Homologous hydrocarbons contain the same functional group, but differ by 1-2 carbons at the &-end of the hydrocarbon chain (e.g...
  60. Exposure To Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons And Male Sperm Quality
    HUEIWANG ANNA COOK JENG; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Exposure to Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Male Sperm Quality Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are one of the most ubiquitous environmental pollutants...
  61. Neurobehavioral and Neuroimaging Effects of Traffic Exposure in Children
    Patrick H Ryan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..evidence suggests that TRAP, a complex mixture of metals, elemental and organic carbon, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and fine and ultrafine particulate matter, is capable of inducing neuroinflammation and translocation across ..
  62. Target Organ DNA Damage in Coke Oven Workers
    Glenn Talaska; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Making accurate exposure measurements for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons remains one of the most vexing problems facing the occupational health professional...
  63. GENOTOXICITY IN CYP1A2 DEFICIENT TRANSGENIC MICE
    Daniel Nebert; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..include environmentally important heterocyclic amines, nitrosamines, aflatoxins, nitrated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and arylamines such as 4-aminobiphenyl (ABP)...
  64. Dense Medium Plasma Remediation of VOCs in Groundwater
    Yonghui Ma; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Compared to other existing AOTs that are often used to destroy saturated hydrocarbons in pump-and-treat groundwater remediation applications, the DMP technology requires less energy input, produces ..
  65. MODIFIERS OF CARCINOGENESIS--ENVIRONMENTAL PAH MIXTURES
    William Baird; Fiscal Year: 2005
    Humans are exposed to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in complex environmental mixtures and this exposure is linked to human cancer...
  66. VULNERABILITY OF THE FETUS/INFANT TO PAH, PM2.5 AND ETS.
    Frederica Perera; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..and young children from prenatal exposure to environmental air pollutants, including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), particulate matter (PM2.5), and environmental tobacco smoke (ETS)...