rubber

Summary

Summary: A high-molecular-weight polymeric elastomer derived from the milk juice (LATEX) of HEVEA brasiliensis and other trees and plants. It is a substance that can be stretched at room temperature to at least twice its original length and after releasing the stress, retractrapidly, and recover its original dimensions fully. Synthetic rubber is made from many different chemicals, including STYRENE; ACRYLONITRILE; ethylene; propylene; and isoprene.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Transcriptome analysis reveals novel features of the molecular events occurring in the laticifers of Hevea brasiliensis (para rubber tree)
    Jae Heung Ko
    Department of Forestry, 126 Natural Resources, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 1222, USA
    Plant Mol Biol 53:479-92. 2003
  2. pmc Seasonal prevalence of malaria vectors and entomological inoculation rates in the rubber cultivated area of Niete, South Region of Cameroon
    Jude D Bigoga
    Laboratory for Vector Biology and control, National Reference Unit for Vector Control, The Biotechnology Center, Nkolbisson University of Yaounde I, P O Box 3851 Messa, Yaounde, Cameroon
    Parasit Vectors 5:197. 2012
  3. pmc Metabolic routes affecting rubber biosynthesis in Hevea brasiliensis latex
    Keng See Chow
    Malaysian Rubber Board, Rubber Research Institute of Malaysia, Experiment Station, Selangor, Malaysia
    J Exp Bot 63:1863-71. 2012
  4. pmc Draft genome sequence of the rubber tree Hevea brasiliensis
    Ahmad Yamin Abdul Rahman
    Centre for Chemical Biology, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia
    BMC Genomics 14:75. 2013
  5. ncbi Piezoelectric ribbons printed onto rubber for flexible energy conversion
    Yi Qi
    Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Princeton University, New Jersey 08544, USA
    Nano Lett 10:524-8. 2010
  6. pmc No pain relief with the rubber hand illusion
    Rahul Mohan
    Neuroscience Research Australia, Sydney, Australia
    PLoS ONE 7:e52400. 2012
  7. ncbi Pyrethroid resistance in Anopheles gambiae from the rubber cultivated area of Niete, South Region of Cameroon
    Jude D Bigoga
    Biotechnology Center, Nkolbisson, Laboratory for Vector Biology and control, National Reference Unit for Vector Control, Yaounde, Cameroon
    Acta Trop 124:210-4. 2012
  8. pmc Upper limb amputees can be induced to experience a rubber hand as their own
    H Henrik Ehrsson
    Department of Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Brain 131:3443-52. 2008
  9. ncbi Insights into rubber biosynthesis from transcriptome analysis of Hevea brasiliensis latex
    Keng See Chow
    Biotechnology Unit, Rubber Research Institute of Malaysia, Malaysian Rubber Board, RRIM Experiment Station, 47000 Sungai Buloh, Selangor, Malaysia
    J Exp Bot 58:2429-40. 2007
  10. pmc Explaining away the body: experiences of supernaturally caused touch and touch on non-hand objects within the rubber hand illusion
    Jakob Hohwy
    Philosophy Program, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, Australia
    PLoS ONE 5:e9416. 2010

Detail Information

Publications270 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Transcriptome analysis reveals novel features of the molecular events occurring in the laticifers of Hevea brasiliensis (para rubber tree)
    Jae Heung Ko
    Department of Forestry, 126 Natural Resources, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 1222, USA
    Plant Mol Biol 53:479-92. 2003
    Latex of Hevea brasiliensis (Willd. ex A, Juss.) Mull. Arg. (Brazilian rubber tree) contains 30-50% (w/w) of natural rubber (cis-1,4-polyisoprene), which is an important raw material for many industrial uses...
  2. pmc Seasonal prevalence of malaria vectors and entomological inoculation rates in the rubber cultivated area of Niete, South Region of Cameroon
    Jude D Bigoga
    Laboratory for Vector Biology and control, National Reference Unit for Vector Control, The Biotechnology Center, Nkolbisson University of Yaounde I, P O Box 3851 Messa, Yaounde, Cameroon
    Parasit Vectors 5:197. 2012
    ..the Anopheles fauna and their entomological inoculation rates were conducted during May 2010 (peak rainy season) and December 2010 (peak dry season) in the intense rubber cultivated area of Niete in southern forested Cameroon.
  3. pmc Metabolic routes affecting rubber biosynthesis in Hevea brasiliensis latex
    Keng See Chow
    Malaysian Rubber Board, Rubber Research Institute of Malaysia, Experiment Station, Selangor, Malaysia
    J Exp Bot 63:1863-71. 2012
    ..latex is the conventionally accepted pathway which provides isopentenyl diphosphate (IPP) for cis-polyisoprene (rubber) biosynthesis...
  4. pmc Draft genome sequence of the rubber tree Hevea brasiliensis
    Ahmad Yamin Abdul Rahman
    Centre for Chemical Biology, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia
    BMC Genomics 14:75. 2013
    Hevea brasiliensis, a member of the Euphorbiaceae family, is the major commercial source of natural rubber (NR)...
  5. ncbi Piezoelectric ribbons printed onto rubber for flexible energy conversion
    Yi Qi
    Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Princeton University, New Jersey 08544, USA
    Nano Lett 10:524-8. 2010
    ..The excellent performance of the piezo-ribbon assemblies coupled with stretchable, biocompatible rubber may enable a host of exciting avenues in fundamental research and novel applications.
  6. pmc No pain relief with the rubber hand illusion
    Rahul Mohan
    Neuroscience Research Australia, Sydney, Australia
    PLoS ONE 7:e52400. 2012
    The sense of body ownership can be easily disrupted during illusions and the most common illusion is the rubber hand illusion...
  7. ncbi Pyrethroid resistance in Anopheles gambiae from the rubber cultivated area of Niete, South Region of Cameroon
    Jude D Bigoga
    Biotechnology Center, Nkolbisson, Laboratory for Vector Biology and control, National Reference Unit for Vector Control, Yaounde, Cameroon
    Acta Trop 124:210-4. 2012
    ..to four classes (organochlorine, organophosphate, carbamate and pyrethroids) in Niete, an area of intense rubber cultivation in southern forested Cameroon. Species and molecular forms of An. gambiae s.l...
  8. pmc Upper limb amputees can be induced to experience a rubber hand as their own
    H Henrik Ehrsson
    Department of Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Brain 131:3443-52. 2008
    We describe how upper limb amputees can be made to experience a rubber hand as part of their own body...
  9. ncbi Insights into rubber biosynthesis from transcriptome analysis of Hevea brasiliensis latex
    Keng See Chow
    Biotechnology Unit, Rubber Research Institute of Malaysia, Malaysian Rubber Board, RRIM Experiment Station, 47000 Sungai Buloh, Selangor, Malaysia
    J Exp Bot 58:2429-40. 2007
    Hevea brasiliensis is the most widely cultivated species for commercial production of natural rubber (cis-polyisoprene)...
  10. pmc Explaining away the body: experiences of supernaturally caused touch and touch on non-hand objects within the rubber hand illusion
    Jakob Hohwy
    Philosophy Program, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, Australia
    PLoS ONE 5:e9416. 2010
    In rubber hand illusions and full body illusions, touch sensations are projected to non-body objects such as rubber hands, dolls or virtual bodies...
  11. pmc Disturbances in body ownership in schizophrenia: evidence from the rubber hand illusion and case study of a spontaneous out-of-body experience
    Katharine N Thakkar
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e27089. 2011
    ..Body ownership, one component of self-awareness, can be studied with the rubber hand illusion (RHI)...
  12. ncbi Self-healing and thermoreversible rubber from supramolecular assembly
    Philippe Cordier
    Matiere Molle et Chimie, UMR 7167 CNRS ESPCI, Ecole Superieure de Physique et Chimie Industrielles, 10 rue Vauquelin, 75005 Paris, France
    Nature 451:977-80. 2008
    ..b>Rubber elasticity is a property of macromolecules that are either covalently cross-linked or connected in a network by ..
  13. ncbi Feeling pain in the rubber hand: integration of visual, proprioceptive, and painful stimuli
    Edla D P Capelari
    Campus Darcy Ribeiro, Laboratório de Neurociências e Comportamento, Departamento de Ciencias Fisiologicas, Instituto de Ciencias Biologicas, Universidade de Brasilia UnB, ICC sul módulo 8, CEP 70910 900, Brasília DF Brazil
    Perception 38:92-9. 2009
    The visual capture phenomenon has recently been explored, especially in the context of the rubber-hand illusion (RHI)--an illusion in which tactile sensations are referred to an illusory limb...
  14. ncbi Rubber and pulp plantations represent a double threat to Hainan's natural tropical forests
    De Li Zhai
    Key Lab of Tropical Forest Ecology, Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Menglun, Yunnan 666303, China
    J Environ Manage 96:64-73. 2012
    ..The watershed contains great habitat diversity and is an important conservation area. We analyzed the impact of rubber and pulp plantations on the distribution and area of tropical forest in the watershed, using remote sensing ..
  15. ncbi Transcriptome and gene expression analysis in cold-acclimated guayule (Parthenium argentatum) rubber-producing tissue
    Grisel Ponciano
    Western Regional Research Center, USDA ARS, 800 Buchanan Street, Albany, CA 94710, USA
    Phytochemistry 79:57-66. 2012
    Natural rubber biosynthesis in guayule (Parthenium argentatum Gray) is associated with moderately cold night temperatures...
  16. ncbi Alternative sources of natural rubber
    H Mooibroek
    Agrotechnological Research Institute ATO DLO, Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 53:355-65. 2000
    b>Rubber (cis-1,4-polyisoprene) is one of the most important polymers naturally produced by plants because it is a strategic raw material used in more than 40,000 products, including more than 400 medical devices...
  17. ncbi Effect of follow-up time on risk estimates: a longitudinal examination of the relative risks of leukemia and multiple myeloma in a rubber hydrochloride cohort
    S R Silver
    Division of Surveillance, Hazard Evaluations, and Field Studies, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4676 Columbia Parkway, MS R 44, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
    Am J Ind Med 42:481-9. 2002
    Choice of follow-up time for an occupational cohort can influence risk estimates. We examined the effects of follow-up time on relative risk estimates for leukemia and multiple myeloma in a cohort of 1,845 rubber hydrochloride workers.
  18. ncbi A follow-up study of mortality among women in the North American synthetic rubber industry
    Nalini Sathiakumar
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, The University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Ala, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 51:1314-25. 2009
    To evaluate mortality from cancer and other diseases among 4863 women employed at eight North American styrene-butadiene rubber plants. Cancers of the lymphohematopoietic tissues, breast, and ovary were of strongest a priori interest.
  19. pmc Predictors of malaria-association with rubber plantations in Thailand
    Pratana Satitvipawee
    Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Public Health, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10400, Thailand
    BMC Public Health 12:1115. 2012
    ..and practiced preventive measures, this study investigated the predictors for malaria that are associated with rubber plantations in an area of high household-level implementation coverage of IRS (2007-2010) and ITNs/LLINs (2008-..
  20. ncbi Stretchable, transparent graphene interconnects for arrays of microscale inorganic light emitting diodes on rubber substrates
    Rak Hwan Kim
    Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology and Frederick Seitz Materials Research Laboratory, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, United States
    Nano Lett 11:3881-6. 2011
    ..transparent graphene interconnects in stretchable arrays of microscale inorganic light emitting diodes (LEDs) on rubber substrates...
  21. ncbi Ultrafine particle characteristics in a rubber manufacturing factory
    Boowook Kim
    Occupational Lung Diseases Institute, Korea Workers Compensation and Welfare Service, Ansan, South Korea
    Ann Occup Hyg 57:728-39. 2013
    According to epidemiological research, exposure to rubber fumes can cause various types of cancer and can lead to an increase in death rate because of cardiovascular diseases.
  22. ncbi A follow-up study of women in the synthetic rubber industry: study methods
    Nalini Sathiakumar
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, The University of Alabama at Birmingham, AL, USA
    Chem Biol Interact 166:25-8. 2007
    Concerns about the possible toxic effects of workplace exposures in the synthetic rubber industry have centered on 1,3-butadiene (BD), styrene and dimethyldithiocarbamate (DMDTC)...
  23. pmc Rubber hands feel touch, but not in blind individuals
    Valeria I Petkova
    Brain, Body and Self Laboratory, Department of Neuroscience, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
    PLoS ONE 7:e35912. 2012
    ..we study how blind people experience their own body by exposing them to a multisensory body illusion: the somatic rubber hand illusion...
  24. ncbi A novel cDNA from Parthenium argentatum Gray enhances the rubber biosynthetic activity in vitro
    In Jeong Kim
    Kumho Life and Environmental Science Laboratory, 1 Oryong dong, Buk Gu, Gwangju, 500 712, Korea
    J Exp Bot 55:377-85. 2004
    Natural rubber (cis-1,4-polyisoprene) is an isoprenoid compound produced exclusively in plants by the action of rubber transferase...
  25. ncbi Histochemical study of detailed laticifer structure and rubber biosynthesis-related protein localization in Hevea brasiliensis using spectral confocal laser scanning microscopy
    Tomoki Sando
    Department of Biotechnology, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, 2 1 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565 0871, Japan
    Planta 230:215-25. 2009
    In Hevea brasiliensis, laticifers produce and accumulate rubber particles. Despite observation using histochemical methods, development stage structure and structures with ceasing functions have rarely been described...
  26. ncbi Rubber hands feel the touch of light
    Frank H Durgin
    Swarthmore College, PA 19081, USA
    Psychol Sci 18:152-7. 2007
    ..The illusion may be experienced on one's real hand as well. The results are discussed in terms of multisensory integration...
  27. ncbi Visual capture of action, experience of ownership, and the illusion of self-touch: a new rubber hand paradigm
    Anne M Aimola Davies
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3UD, UK
    Perception 39:830-8. 2010
    A new rubber hand paradigm evokes an illusion with three conceptually distinct components: (i) the participant experiences her/his hidden right hand as administering touch at the location of the examiner's viewed administering hand (..
  28. ncbi Allergen concentration in natural rubber latex
    H Y Yeang
    Biotechnology and Strategic Research Unit, Rubber Research Institute of Malaysia, Malaysian Rubber Board, Malaysia
    Clin Exp Allergy 36:1078-86. 2006
    ..Hevea brasiliensis latex serum is commonly used as the in vivo and in vitro reference antigen for latex allergy diagnosis as it contains the full complement of latex allergens...
  29. ncbi A 'rubber-hand' illusion reveals a relationship between perceptual body image and unhealthy body change
    Alexander J Mussap
    School of Psychology, Deakin University, Australia
    J Health Psychol 11:627-39. 2006
    The 'rubber-hand' illusion, in which individuals misattribute tactile sensations felt by their hand to a rubber prosthetic hand that they see being stimulated, was employed to examine the relationship between perceptual body image and ..
  30. ncbi The sucrose transporter HbSUT3 plays an active role in sucrose loading to laticifer and rubber productivity in exploited trees of Hevea brasiliensis (para rubber tree)
    Chaorong Tang
    Key Lab of Rubber Biology, Ministry of Agriculture and Rubber Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences, College of Agronomy, Hainan University, Danzhou, Hainan 571737, China
    Plant Cell Environ 33:1708-20. 2010
    Efficient sucrose loading in rubber-producing cells (laticifer cells) is essential for retaining rubber productivity in Hevea brasiliensis, but the molecular mechanisms underlying the regulation of this process remain unknown...
  31. ncbi Molecular cloning, expression and characterization of cDNA encoding cis-prenyltransferases from Hevea brasiliensis. A key factor participating in natural rubber biosynthesis
    Kasem Asawatreratanakul
    Institute of Multidisciplinary Research for Advanced Materials, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan
    Eur J Biochem 270:4671-80. 2003
    Natural rubber from Hevea brasiliensis is a high molecular mass polymer of isoprene units with cis-configuration...
  32. ncbi Meta-analysis of mortality and cancer incidence among workers in the synthetic rubber-producing industry
    N Alder
    Centre for Statistics in Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Epidemiol 164:405-20. 2006
    Production of synthetic rubber involves exposure to several potentially harmful chemicals. The authors carried out a systematic review and meta-analysis of cohort studies of workers in the rubber-producing industry...
  33. ncbi The micromorphology and protein characterization of rubber particles in Ficus carica, Ficus benghalensis and Hevea brasiliensis
    Adya P Singh
    Department of Forest Products and Technology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Chonnam National University, 300 Yongbong Dong, Buk Gu, Gwangju, 500 757 Korea
    J Exp Bot 54:985-92. 2003
    b>Rubber biosynthesis takes place on the surface of rubber particles. These particles are surrounded by a monolayer membrane in which the rubber transferase is anchored...
  34. ncbi Cloning and characterization of the 2-C-methyl-D-erythritol 4-phosphate (MEP) pathway genes of a natural-rubber producing plant, Hevea brasiliensis
    Tomoki Sando
    Department of Biotechnology, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, Japan
    Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 72:2903-17. 2008
    Natural rubber is synthesized as rubber particles in the latex, the fluid cytoplasm of laticifers, of Hevea brasiliensis...
  35. ncbi Roughness perception during the rubber hand illusion
    Simone Schütz-Bosbach
    Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Stephanstr 1a, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
    Brain Cogn 70:136-44. 2009
    Watching a rubber hand being stroked by a paintbrush while feeling identical stroking of one's own occluded hand can create a compelling illusion that the seen hand becomes part of one's own body...
  36. ncbi Similarities and differences in rubber biochemistry among plant species
    K Cornish
    USDA ARS, Western Regional Research Center, 800 Buchanan Street, Albany, CA 94710, USA
    Phytochemistry 57:1123-34. 2001
    This report reviews aspects of the biochemical regulation of rubber yield and rubber quality in three contrasting rubber-producing species, Hevea brasiliensis, Parthenium argentatum and Ficus elastica...
  37. ncbi Functional buckling behavior of silicone rubber shells for biomedical use
    E B van der Houwen
    DQI group, Department of Industrial Design, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands Electronic address
    J Mech Behav Biomed Mater 28:47-54. 2013
    ..There is little or no literature about the functional elastic buckling of small-sized silicone rubber shells, and it is unknown whether or not theory can predict their behavior...
  38. ncbi A proteomic investigation of B lymphocytes in an autistic family: a pilot study of exposure to natural rubber latex (NRL) may lead to autism
    Chen Shen
    Peking University Center of Medical Genetics, Beijing, 100191, China
    J Mol Neurosci 43:443-52. 2011
    ..Considering the fact that the family members were in close contact with natural rubber latex (NRL) and that IgE-mediated cross-reactions could be triggered by Hevea brasiliensis (Hev-b) proteins in NRL,..
  39. ncbi Sensitivity and specificity of different skin prick tests with latex extracts in pediatric patients with suspected natural rubber latex allergy--a cohort study
    Roberto Bernardini
    Paediatric Allergy and Pneumology Centre, Anna Meyer Children s Hospital, Florence, Italy
    Pediatr Allergy Immunol 19:315-8. 2008
    Skin prick tests (SPT) with latex extracts are commonly used in the diagnostic approach of natural rubber latex (NRL) allergy. Non-ammoniated latex extracts are commonly utilized for this purpose...
  40. ncbi Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon exposure, urinary mutagenicity, and DNA adducts in rubber manufacturing workers
    Susan Peters
    Environmental Epidemiology Division, Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 17:1452-9. 2008
    Several studies have suggested that genotoxic risks might still be present in the contemporary rubber manufacturing industry. Previously, we observed elevated levels of urinary mutagenicity and bladder DNA adducts in rubber workers...
  41. ncbi Short-term and long-term results of combined sclerotherapy and rubber band ligation of hemorrhoids and mucosal prolapse
    Simon S B Chew
    Colorectal Unit, Department of Surgery, Prince of Wales Hospital, Sydney, Australia
    Dis Colon Rectum 46:1232-7. 2003
    b>Rubber band ligation is a common office procedure for symptomatic hemorrhoids...
  42. ncbi Treatment of screened dairy manure by upflow anaerobic fixed bed reactors packed with waste tyre rubber and a combination of waste tyre rubber and zeolite: effect of the hydraulic retention time
    Oscar Umaña
    Laboratorio de Materiales Industriales LAMI, Universidad Nacional de Costa Rica UNA, P O Box 86 3000, Heredia, Costa Rica
    Bioresour Technol 99:7412-7. 2008
    ..One reactor was packed with a combination of waste tyre rubber and zeolite (R1) while the other had only waste tyre rubber as a microorganism immobilization support (R2)...
  43. ncbi Establishment of new crops for the production of natural rubber
    Jan B van Beilen
    Département de Biologie Moléculaire Végétale, Biophore, Universite de Lausanne, CH 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
    Trends Biotechnol 25:522-9. 2007
    Natural rubber is a unique biopolymer of strategic importance that, in many of its most significant applications, cannot be replaced by synthetic alternatives...
  44. ncbi 1,3-Butadiene and leukemia among synthetic rubber industry workers: exposure-response relationships
    Hong Cheng
    University of Alabama at Birmingham, Ryals School of Public Health, Department of Epidemiology, Birmingham, AL, USA
    Chem Biol Interact 166:15-24. 2007
    Previous research updated the mortality experience of North American synthetic rubber industry workers during the period 1944-1998, determined if leukemia and other cancers were associated with several employment factors and carried out ..
  45. ncbi Production of rubber-like polymers by microorganisms
    Alexander Steinbüchel
    Institut fur Molekulare Mikrobiologie und Biotechnologie, Westfalische Wilhelms Universitat Munster, Corrensstrasse 3, D 48149 Munster, Germany
    Curr Opin Microbiol 6:261-70. 2003
    Biopolymers with true rubber properties are exceptionally rare in prokaryotic microorganisms. Only some polyhydroxyalkanoic acids are thermoplastic elastomers within a narrow temperature range that can be extended by crosslinking...
  46. ncbi 2-Naphthol levels and genotoxicity in rubber workers
    Glenn Talaska
    Department of Environmental Health, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, 3223 Eden Ave, Cincinnati, OH 45267 0056, USA
    Toxicol Lett 213:45-8. 2012
    Urinary bladder cancer is a historical disease of rubber workers often been associated with exposure to aromatic amines such as 2-naphthylamine...
  47. ncbi Evaluating interventions aimed at reducing occupational exposure to latex and rubber glove allergens
    Susan Turner
    Centre for Occupational and Environmental Health, The University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PL, UK
    Occup Environ Med 69:925-31. 2012
    ..whether the incidence of occupational dermatoses fell after interventions aiming to reduce exposure to 'latex and rubber glove allergens' ('latex') were introduced, and whether these interventions were more effective for healthcare ..
  48. ncbi Stress-induced stabilization of crystals in shape memory natural rubber
    Benjamin Heuwers
    Biomaterials and Polymer Science, Department of Biochemical and Chemical Engineering, TU Dortmund, Dortmund, Germany
    Macromol Rapid Commun 34:180-4. 2013
    In contrast to all known shape memory polymers, the melting temperature of crystals in shape memory natural rubber (SMNR) can be greatly manipulated by the application of external mechanical stress...
  49. ncbi Pesticides removal from waste water by activated carbon prepared from waste rubber tire
    V K Gupta
    Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee 247667, India
    Water Res 45:4047-55. 2011
    Waste rubber tire has been used for the removal of pesticides from waste water by adsorption phenomenon...
  50. ncbi Mortality among rubber chemical manufacturing workers
    M M Prince
    National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health NIOSH, Division of Surveillance, Hazard Evaluation, and Field Studies, Industrywide Studies Branch, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, Ohio 45226, USA
    Am J Ind Med 37:590-8. 2000
    A retrospective cohort mortality study evaluated ischemic heart disease (IHD) among workers in the "rubber chemicals" manufacturing department of a Western New York plant...
  51. ncbi Force extension relaxation of medium force orthodontic latex elastics
    Daniel J Fernandes
    Othodontics and in Materials Science, State University of Rio de Janeiro and Military Institute of Engineering, Rio Janeiro, Brazil
    Angle Orthod 81:812-9. 2011
    ..To evaluate the force extension relaxation of different manufacturers and diameters of latex elastics subjected to static tensile testing under dry and wet conditions...
  52. pmc A further cohort study of workers employed at a factory manufacturing chemicals for the rubber industry, with special reference to the chemicals 2-mercaptobenzothiazole (MBT), aniline, phenyl-beta-naphthylamine and o-toluidine
    T Sorahan
    Institute of Occupational Health, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, UK
    Occup Environ Med 57:106-15. 2000
    To investigate mortality and cancer morbidity in workers from a factory manufacturing chemicals for the rubber industry.
  53. ncbi Psychosis-proneness and the rubber hand illusion of body ownership
    Laura Germine
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, 33 Kirkland Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Psychiatry Res 207:45-52. 2013
    ..we assessed the relationship between self-reported psychosis-like characteristics and susceptibility to the rubber hand illusion of body ownership...
  54. ncbi The role of distance from the body and distance from the real hand in ownership and disownership during the rubber hand illusion
    Catherine Preston
    Division of Psychology, School of Social Sciences, Chaucer Building, Nottingham Trent University, Goldsmith Street, Nottingham NG1 5LT, UK
    Acta Psychol (Amst) 142:177-83. 2013
    A key tool for investigating body ownership is the rubber hand illusion, in which synchronous multisensory feedback can induce feelings of ownership over a fake hand...
  55. ncbi Leukemia and exposure to 1,3-butadiene, styrene and dimethyldithiocarbamate among workers in the synthetic rubber industry
    E Delzell
    Department of Epidemiology and International Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Public Health, 517 Ryals Building, 1665 University Blvd, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    Chem Biol Interact 135:515-34. 2001
    ..1,3-butadiene (BD), styrene (STY) and dimethyldithiocarbamate (DMDTC) and mortality from leukemia among synthetic rubber industry workers...
  56. ncbi Wastewater from the manufacture of rubber vulcanization accelerators: characterization, downstream monitoring and chemical treatment
    A Puig
    , Zaragoza, Spain
    J Chromatogr A 733:511-22. 1996
    The content of wastewater resulting from the manufacture of rubber antioxidants and accelerators by a factory situated in the Ebro basin (Spain) has been determined using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and gas chromatography-..
  57. ncbi Urothelial cell DNA adducts in rubber workers
    Roel Vermeulen
    Environmental and Occupational Health Group, Institute of Risk Assessment Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Environ Mol Mutagen 39:306-13. 2002
    Workers employed in the rubber industry appear to have a significant excess cancer risk in a variety of sites, including cancer of the urinary bladder...
  58. ncbi Longitudinal study on specific IgE against natural rubber latex, banana and kiwi in patients with spina bifida
    R Cremer
    Kliniken der Stadt Köln gGmbH, Kinderkrankenhaus, Klinik fur Kinder und Jugendmedizin, Koln, Germany
    Klin Padiatr 223:352-5. 2011
    Up to 2 out of 3 spina bifida (sb) patients with natural rubber latex (NRL) antibodies (ab) have crossreacting IgE-ab against tropical fruit, due to structural homologies between several NRL antigens and allergenic fruit proteins...
  59. ncbi Significant role of bacterial undecaprenyl diphosphate (C55-UPP) for rubber synthesis by Hevea latex enzymes
    Atiya Rattanapittayaporn
    Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Songkla 90112, Thailand
    Macromol Biosci 4:1039-52. 2004
    ..bottom fraction (BF) membrane-bound particles of centrifuged fresh Hevea latex were found to be very active in rubber biosynthesis (RB)...
  60. ncbi Characterization of associated proteins and phospholipids in natural rubber latex
    Jitlada Sansatsadeekul
    Department of Chemistry and Center of Excellence for Innovation in Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, Rama VI Rd, Phayathai, Bangkok 10400, Thailand
    J Biosci Bioeng 111:628-34. 2011
    Non-rubber components present in natural rubber (NR) latex, such as proteins and phospholipids, are presumed to be distributed in the serum fraction as well as surrounding the rubber particle surface...
  61. ncbi Physical and chemical characterization of tire-related particles: comparison of particles generated using different methodologies
    Marisa L Kreider
    ChemRisk, Inc, 20 Stanwix Street, Suite 505, Pittsburgh, PA 15222, USA
    Sci Total Environ 408:652-9. 2010
    ..on-road collection, laboratory generation under simulated driving conditions, and cryogenic breaking of tread rubber. Both on-road collected and laboratory generated particles exhibited the elongated shape typical of tire wear ..
  62. ncbi Occurrence and effects of tire wear particles in the environment--a critical review and an initial risk assessment
    Anna Wik
    Department of Plant and Environmental Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Box 461, 405 30 Gothenburg, Sweden
    Environ Pollut 157:1-11. 2009
    ..We suggest that management should be directed towards development and production of more environmentally friendly tires and improved road runoff treatment...
  63. ncbi [Endoscopic rubber band ligation in treatment of esophageal varices bleeding. Personal experience]
    G Geraci
    Universita degli Studi di Palermo, Italy
    G Chir 32:113-7. 2011
    ..Aim of our manuscript is to report our experience about hemostasis bleeding esophageal varices with endoscopic rubber band ligation.
  64. ncbi Quantitative analysis of immunoglobulin E reactivity profiles in patients allergic or sensitized to natural rubber latex (Hevea brasiliensis)
    M Raulf-Heimsoth
    BGFA Research Institute of Occupational Medicine German Social Accident Insurance, Ruhr University Bochum, Bochum, Germany
    Clin Exp Allergy 37:1657-67. 2007
    Characterized native and recombinant Hevea brasiliensis (rHev b) natural rubber latex (NRL) allergens are available to assess patient allergen sensitization profiles.
  65. ncbi Type I allergy to natural rubber latex and type IV allergy to rubber chemicals in health care workers with glove-related skin symptoms
    E Nettis
    Department of Medicine Clinic, Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Division of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, University of Bari, Italy
    Clin Exp Allergy 32:441-7. 2002
    ..It has been established that there are type I and type IV allergens in latex gloves...
  66. ncbi Use of rubber and bentonite added fly ash as a liner material
    Erdal Cokca
    Department of Civil Engineering, Middle East Technical University, 06531, Ankara, Turkey
    Waste Manag 24:153-64. 2004
    ..In this study, a series of laboratory tests on rubber and bentonite added fly ash were conducted...
  67. ncbi Exposure to rubber fume and rubber process dust in the general rubber goods, tyre manufacturing and retread industries
    A A Dost
    Health and Safety Executive, Woodside House, 261 Low Lane, Horsforth, Leeds LS18 5TW, UK
    Ann Occup Hyg 44:329-42. 2000
    This study assesses the current patterns and levels of exposure to rubber fume and rubber process dust in the British rubber industry and compares and contrasts the data obtained from the general rubber goods (GRG), retread tire (RT) and ..
  68. ncbi Malaria-associated rubber plantations in Thailand
    Adisak Bhumiratana
    Department of Parasitology and Entomology, Faculty of Public Health, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10400, Thailand
    Travel Med Infect Dis 11:37-50. 2013
    b>Rubber forestry is intentionally used as a land management strategy...
  69. ncbi Long-term result after rubber band ligation for haemorrhoids
    Antonio Forlini
    Department of Surgery, General Surgery Division, Tor Vergata University Hospital, Tor Vergata University, Rome 00133, Italy
    Int J Colorectal Dis 24:1007-10. 2009
    b>Rubber band ligation (RBL) is a well-known and recognised outpatient procedure utilised for the treatment of symptomatic internal haemorrhoids...
  70. ncbi Mutagenic exposure in the rubber manufacturing industry: an industry wide survey
    R Vermeulen
    Environmental and Occupational Health Group, Institute of Risk Assessment Sciences, Utrecht University, P.O. Box 238, 6700 AE, Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Mutat Res 490:27-34. 2001
    Mutagenic exposure conditions in several rubber manufacturing companies (n=9) in The Netherlands were studied...
  71. ncbi Cross-reactivity between obeche wood (Triplochiton scleroxylon) and natural rubber latex
    M Venturini
    Dept of Allergy and Immunology, Santiago Apostol Hospital, Vitoria Gasteiz, Spain
    Allergy 59:225-8. 2004
    Several studies have shown that allergy to natural rubber latex is associated with cross reactivity to other plants...
  72. ncbi An epidemiological study of talc-related respiratory morbidity among employees of a rubber industry in Shiraz-Iran
    M Neghab
    Occupational Health Department, School of Health, Shiraz University of Medical Science, Shiraz, Iran
    Int Arch Occup Environ Health 80:539-46. 2007
    ..The main purpose of this study was to assess and characterize the pulmonary reactions associated with occupational exposure to talc dust...
  73. ncbi Long-term outcome of 160 adult patients with natural rubber latex allergy
    Kristiina Turjanmaa
    Department of Dermatology, Tampere University Hospital and University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland
    J Allergy Clin Immunol 110:S70-4. 2002
    Allergy to natural rubber latex is a major occupational problem in the health care sector and a problem even in other occupations in which protective gloves are used...
  74. ncbi Intradermal cytosine-phosphate-guanosine treatment reduces lung inflammation but induces IFN-γ-mediated airway hyperreactivity in a murine model of natural rubber latex allergy
    Rita Haapakoski
    Unit of Excellence for Immunotoxicology, Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland
    Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol 44:639-47. 2011
    ..Using natural rubber latex (NRL)-induced murine model of asthma, we demonstrated that intradermal CpG administration with allergen ..
  75. pmc Heme-dependent rubber oxygenase RoxA of Xanthomonas sp. cleaves the carbon backbone of poly(cis-1,4-Isoprene) by a dioxygenase mechanism
    Reinhard Braaz
    Institut fur Mikrobiologie, Universitat Stuttgart, Allmandring 31, 70550 Stuttgart, Germany
    Appl Environ Microbiol 71:2473-8. 2005
    Oxidative cleavage of poly(cis-1,4-isoprene) by rubber oxygenase RoxA purified from Xanthomonas sp. was investigated in the presence of different combinations of (16)O(2), (18)O(2), H(2)(16)O, and H(2)(18)O...
  76. ncbi Systematic review of randomized trials comparing rubber band ligation with excisional haemorrhoidectomy
    V Shanmugam
    Department of Surgery, Aberdeen Royal Infirmary, Aberdeen, Scotland, UK
    Br J Surg 92:1481-7. 2005
    This review compares the two most popular treatments for haemorrhoids, namely rubber band ligation (RBL) and excisional haemorrhoidectomy. Randomized trials were identified from the major electronic databases...
  77. ncbi Exposure to inhalable dust and its cyclohexane soluble fraction since the 1970s in the rubber manufacturing industry in the European Union
    F de Vocht
    Environmental Epidemiology Division, Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Occup Environ Med 65:384-91. 2008
    As exposures to airborne particulates in the European rubber industry might still be causing genotoxic risks, it is important to assess trends in levels of inhalable dust and its cyclohexane soluble fraction (CSF) between the 1970s and ..
  78. ncbi Alkylphenol and bisphenol A levels in rubber products
    A Ozaki
    Osaka City Institute of Public Health and Environmental Sciences, 8 34 Tojo cho, Tennouji ku, Osaka 543 0026, Japan
    Food Addit Contam 20:92-8. 2003
    Levels of p-t-butylphenol (PTBP), p-t-octylphenol (PTOP), p-nonylphenol (NP) and bisphenol A (BPA) in rubber products in food-contact use, infant-related use and other uses are reported...
  79. ncbi Acute aquatic toxicity of tire and road wear particles to alga, daphnid, and fish
    Christopher Marwood
    ChemRisk Canada, 291 Woodlawn Road West, Guelph, ON, N1H 7L6, Canada
    Ecotoxicology 20:2079-89. 2011
    ..sediment in elutriates collected under heated conditions designed to promote the release of chemicals from the rubber matrix to understand what environmental factors may influence the toxicity of TRWP...
  80. ncbi Environmental exposure of road borders to zinc
    J Blok
    Royal Haskoning, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Sci Total Environ 348:173-90. 2005
    ..The emission from safety fence corrosion does not enter the target zone. Only in special cases, such as bridges, crossings and squares the release of zinc from these sources may enter the aquatic environment by the discharge of run-off...
  81. ncbi Cloning and characterization of farnesyl diphosphate synthase from the rubber-producing mushroom Lactarius chrysorrheus
    Dararat Mekkriengkrai
    Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
    Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 68:2360-8. 2004
    Farnesyl diphosphate is involved in rubber biosynthesis as an initiating substrate for both polyprenol and mushroom rubber...
  82. pmc Novel type of heme-dependent oxygenase catalyzes oxidative cleavage of rubber (poly-cis-1,4-isoprene)
    Reinhard Braaz
    Institut fur Mikrobiologie, Universitat Stuttgart, Stuttgart, Germany
    Appl Environ Microbiol 70:7388-95. 2004
    ..The purified protein degraded both natural rubber latex and chemosynthetic poly(cis-1,4-isoprene) in vitro by oxidative cleavage of the double bonds of poly(cis-1,4-..
  83. ncbi Efficacy of silver-releasing rubber for the prevention of Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm formation in water
    Kristof De Prijck
    Laboratorium voor Farmaceutische Microbiologie, Universiteit Gent, Gent, Belgium
    Biofouling 23:405-11. 2007
    The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of Elastoguard silver-releasing rubber in preventing Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm formation in water. Biofilm formation by P...
  84. ncbi [Is there any point to eradicate Phragmanthera capitata parasitizing African rubber trees?]
    Nestor Laurier Engone Obiang
    Laboratoire de Parasitologie Végétale, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, 4, place Jussieu, case courrier 155, 75252 Paris Cedex 05, France
    C R Biol 329:185-95. 2006
    ..of Phragmanthera capitata (Sprengel) Balle, an epiphytic Loranthaceae, on latex production of three clones of rubber tree, Hevea brasiliensis (Müll. Arg.), was studied in the industrial plantation of Mitzic, in Gabon...
  85. ncbi Rubber additives induce oxidative stress in rainbow trout
    Eirikur Stephensen
    Department of Zoology Zoophysiology, Goteborg University, Box 463, SE 405 30 Goteborg, Sweden
    Aquat Toxicol 75:136-43. 2005
    Several studies have demonstrated the toxicity of rubber leachate, mainly from rubber tires, to aquatic organisms. In the present study rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) were exposed to water provided to aquaria through a rubber hose...
  86. ncbi Periploca sepium Bunge as a model plant for rubber biosynthesis study
    Takeshi Bamba
    Department of Biotechnology, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, 2 1 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565 0871, Japan
    Z Naturforsch C 62:579-82. 2007
    ..It originally comes from Northwest China. Periploca resembles the Para-rubber tree, Hevea brasiliensis, regarding a similar body plan to produce a milky exudate containing rubber latex...
  87. ncbi Bacterial endocarditis following rubber band ligation in a patient with a ventricular septal defect: report of a case and guideline analysis
    Talar Tejirian
    Department of Surgery, Colon and Rectal Surgery Section, Kaiser Permanente, 4760 Sunset Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90027, USA
    Dis Colon Rectum 49:1931-3. 2006
    b>Rubber band ligation is a common option used to treat symptomatic internal hemorrhoids. Severe complications such as pelvic sepsis are a rare occurrence...
  88. ncbi Patterns of latex allergen recognition in children sensitized to natural rubber latex
    Rafael Pamies
    Pediatric Allergy Unit, Children s Hospital La Fe, Av Campanar 21, 46009 Valencia, Spain
    Pediatr Allergy Immunol 17:55-9. 2006
    ..01. The three groups had the same profile of clinical features. Hev b 5 induces the quantitatively higher IgE responses in children with multiple surgeries sensitized to latex. Responses to Hev b 6.01 equal those of Hev b 1...
  89. ncbi Management of occupational allergy to natural rubber latex in a medical center: the importance of quantitative latex allergen measurement and objective follow-up
    Loren W Hunt
    Allergic Diseases Research Laboratory and the Departments of Pediatrics and Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic and Foundation, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
    J Allergy Clin Immunol 110:S96-106. 2002
    ..began coming to the Occupational Health Service, Dermatology, and Allergy Clinics with symptoms of allergy to rubber gloves 12 years ago, the Mayo Clinic initiated 3 responses...
  90. ncbi Bacterial degradation of natural rubber: a privilege of actinomycetes?
    D Jendrossek
    Institut fur Mikrobiologie, Georg August Universitat Gottingen, Germany
    FEMS Microbiol Lett 150:179-88. 1997
    Using natural rubber latex as the sole source of carbon and energy 50 rubber-degrading bacteria were isolated. Out of those 50 isolates, 33 were identified as Streptomyces species and 8 as Micromonospora species...
  91. pmc Laticifer-specific cis-prenyltransferase silencing affects the rubber, triterpene, and inulin content of Taraxacum brevicorniculatum
    Janina Post
    Westphalian Wilhelms University of Munster, Institute of Plant Biology and Biotechnology, 48143 Münster, Germany
    Plant Physiol 158:1406-17. 2012
    ..such as Taraxacum koksaghyz and Taraxacum brevicorniculatum, produce large amounts of high-quality natural rubber in their latex, the milky cytoplasm of specialized cells known as laticifers...
  92. pmc Characterization of rubber particles and rubber chain elongation in Taraxacum koksaghyz
    Thomas Schmidt
    Fraunhofer Institut für Molekularbiologie und Angewandte Ökologie, Forckenbeckstr, 6, 52074 Aachen, Germany
    BMC Biochem 11:11. 2010
    Natural rubber is a biopolymer with exceptional qualities that cannot be completely replaced using synthetic alternatives...
  93. ncbi In-situ chemical analyses of trans-polyisoprene by histochemical staining and Fourier transform infrared microspectroscopy in a rubber-producing plant, Eucommia ulmoides Oliver
    Takeshi Bamba
    Department of Biotechnology, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, 2 1 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565 0871, Japan
    Planta 215:934-9. 2002
    ..and our histological investigation allowed us to presume the main sites of biosynthesis and accumulation of trans-rubber. Furthermore, a new technical approach, the preparation of sections using an electronic freezing unit and the in ..
  94. ncbi Green synthesis of colloidal silver nanoparticles using natural rubber latex extracted from Hevea brasiliensis
    Eder José Guidelli
    Departamento de Fisica, Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciencias e Letras de Ribeirao Preto, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Av Bandeirantes, 3900, 14040 901, Ribeirao Preto, SP, Brazil
    Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 82:140-5. 2011
    ..synthesized by an easy green method using thermal treatment of aqueous solutions of silver nitrate and natural rubber latex (NRL) extracted from Hevea brasiliensis...
  95. ncbi 1,3-butadiene, styrene and lung cancer among synthetic rubber industry workers
    Nalini Sathiakumar
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Ala, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 51:1326-32. 2009
    To evaluate the association between cumulative exposure to 1,3-butadiene (BD) or styrene (STY) and lung cancer among synthetic rubber industry workers.
  96. ncbi Mortality in a Swedish rubber tire manufacturing plant: occupational risks or an "unhealthy worker" effect?
    Gun Wingren
    Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Linkoping University, Linkoping, Sweden
    Am J Ind Med 49:617-23. 2006
    In this cohort study a classification of 12 work categories, with specified common exposures, is used to evaluate the mortality among workers in a Swedish rubber tire plant.
  97. ncbi Rubber bullet injury: case report with autopsy observation and literature review
    Masahiko Kobayashi
    Department of Pathology, Ball Memorial Hospital, Muncie, Ind, USA
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 30:262-7. 2009
    b>Rubber bullets are one of the less-lethal (nonlethal) weapons, which are increasingly used to incapacitate dangerous individuals, avoiding use of firearms...
  98. ncbi Allergenicity of Hev b 13, a major esterase allergen in natural rubber latex (Hevea brasiliensis) allergy, does not only depend on its carbohydrate moiety
    Pierre Rouge
    Surfaces Cellulaires et Signalisation chez les Végétaux, UMR Université Paul Sabatier CNRS 5546, 24 Chemin de Borde Rouge, 31326 Castanet Tolosan, France
    Mol Immunol 47:871-7. 2010
    ..Accordingly, the allergenicity of Hev b 13 does not primarily depends on its carbohydrate moiety...
  99. ncbi Migration of nitrosamines from rubber products--are balloons and condoms harmful to the human health?
    Werner Altkofer
    Chemisches und Veterinaeruntersuchungsamt Stuttgart, Fellbach, Germany
    Mol Nutr Food Res 49:235-8. 2005
    ..performed in 2001 and 2003 surveyed the release of carcinogenic nitrosamines and nitrosatable substances from rubber toy balloons by extraction with artificial saliva and gas chromatography-thermal energy analysis (GC-TEA)...
  100. ncbi Percutaneous reactivity to natural rubber latex proteins persists in health-care workers following avoidance of natural rubber latex
    A M Smith
    Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Allergy Immunology, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, USA
    Clin Exp Allergy 37:1349-56. 2007
    Long-term avoidance of natural rubber latex [Hevea brasiliensis (Hev b)] is currently recommended for health-care workers (HCWs) with established natural rubber latex (NRL) allergy...
  101. ncbi Diphenylthiourea, a common rubber chemical, is bioactivated to potent skin sensitizers
    Kristin Samuelsson
    Dermatochemistry and Skin Allergy, Department of Chemistry, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden
    Chem Res Toxicol 24:35-44. 2011
    ..DPTU) is a known skin sensitizer commonly used as a vulcanization accelerator in the production of synthetic rubber, for example, neoprene...

Research Grants63

  1. ABSORPTION, DISTRIBUTION, METABOLISM, AND EXCRETION (ADME) IN MAMMALS
    Jacob McDonald; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..DTBBA is a high-production-volume chemical used as a peptizing agent for rubber. DTBBA is mostly consumed by the tire industry, but is also present in other products such as belts, cables, hoses,..
  2. Human Pluripotent Stem Cell Differentiation with Defined O2 & Protein Engagement
    ROBERT SAMUEL LANGER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Membranes of silicone rubber, which have very high oxygen permeability, will be used as a culture substrate so that cells are exposed to the ..
  3. ABSORPTION, DISTRIBUTION, METABOLISM, AND EXCRETION (ADME) IN MAMMALS
    Jacob McDonald; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..DTBBA is a plasticizer for natural and synthetic rubber and is high production chemical with potential for occupational and consumer exposure...
  4. Stem Cell Based Therapy for Regenerative Endodontics
    George T J Huang; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..per year in the US-a procedure consisting of the removal of the entire pulp and replacing it with gutta percha (rubber-like material)...
  5. Hands-Free Assistive Reading Technology for Persons with Disabilities
    IRENE SANDRA SCHIPPER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We propose a novel approach that uses a rubber-tipped arm that rotates about a universal joint to fetch the topmost page and push it across the book in one ..
  6. Tissue Engineered Aortic Heart Valves: Scaffolds and Stem Cells
    DAN TEODOR SIMIONESCU; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..spongiosa / ventricularis) and shaped into constructs resembling native aortic roots by molding on silicone rubber casts...
  7. Cues for cell-mediated regeneration of elastin matrix in aortic aneurysms
    Anand Ramamurthi; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..This occurs due to breakdown and loss of rubber-like protein fibers (elastin) that normally help vessels restore their shape and form after deformation...
  8. Carbon Black Induced Activation of Lung APCs
    DAVID BRIAN CORRY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g., tobacco) and constitutes an important form of pollution (e.g., through coal mining, the wearing of rubber tires, diesel exhaust, etc...
  9. ABSORPTION, DISTRIBUTION, METABOLISM, AND EXCRETION (ADME) IN MAMMALS
    Jacob McDonald; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..DTBBA is a high production chemical used as a peptizing agent for rubber, particularly in the tire industry. HMB is used as a UV filter in cosmetic and sunscreen products...
  10. ABSORPTION, DISTRIBUTION, METABOLISM, AND EXCRETION (ADME) IN MAMMALS
    Jacob McDonald; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..DTBBA is a high production chemical used as a peptizing agent for rubber, particularly in the tire industry. HMB is used as a UV filter in cosmetic and sunscreen products...
  11. Engineering vascular replacements for strength and elasticity
    Thomas N Wight; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In native blood vessels, the rubber-like protein elastin provides resilience and limits vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation...
  12. Structure and Mechanisms of Styrene Monooxygenase
    George T Gassner; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Styrene is an important component of a wide array of plastic, rubber, and over the counter adhesive products...
  13. Novel Polymeric nanoparticles for drug delivery applications
    Anthony J McGoron; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..PGD is elastic like rubber, biodegradable, with mechanical and physical properties that can be tailored by adjusting its chemical composition ..
  14. Whole-Glove Integrity and Chemical Resistance of Disposable Nitrile Gloves
    BOB PHALEN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..the effect of glove movement and stretching on whole-glove integrity and chemical permeation of disposable nitrile rubber (NBR) gloves, and 2) investigate the influence of NBR material composition, uniformity, and mechanical properties ..
  15. Viscoelastic deformation of bone matrix in postmenopause
    Do Gyoon Kim; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..A good example of this effect is that it is much easier to cut a rubber band when it is stretched out...
  16. Measuring the effect of extracellular mechanics on smooth muscle contractility
    Patrick W Alford; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..called vascular muscular thin films (vMTFs), where we micropatterned cells into highly organized tissues on a thin rubber beam, and the cell stress was determined by measuring the curvature of the beam...
  17. Processing of Materials for Improved Biocompatibility
    Michael Matthews; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Year 2 research will focus on complex materials, namely flexible polymers (polyurethane and silicone rubber), as well as porous monoliths of titanium...
  18. Keratinocyte Costimulation and Th2-Cell Immune Deviation
    Anthony Gaspari; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..that is highly relevant to the understanding of development of type I allergic responses to haptens, natural rubber latex (NRL)-containing medical devices, and atopic diseases in general...
  19. Methylerythritol Phosphate Pathway Inhibitors Targeting Gram-Negative Infections
    CHARLES TESTA; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..products with a multitude of structural features and ranging in size from the ten-carbon monoterpenes to natural rubber with a molecular weight as high as 1.5 million...
  20. Novel Topical Treatment of Eczema
    Bakul Bhatt; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..of microorganisms on the skin and deter hand washing, and also provide a route for skin sensitization to natural rubber latex proteins...
  21. Methylerythritol Phosphate Pathway-Specific Natural Products as Antibacterials
    CHARLES TESTA; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..of the most diverse classes of natural products, isoprenoids range in size from ten-carbon monoterpenes to natural rubber (molecular weight 1...
  22. Compact Debridement and Treatment Delivery Device for Dermal Wound Care
    ANDREA WESSER; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..This pressure wound portable drip device utilizes several thin, imprinted layers of rubber silicone that allow a timely, continuous release of saline or other treatment solutions to the wound site...
  23. A DRUG RELEASING URINARY CATHETER
    Robert Whalen; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..of this program is the fabrication and evaluation of a new medicated urinary catheter manufactured from a silicone rubber material which is loaded with the antimicrobial agent chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG)...
  24. Serum Inhibin B Levels in Male Polymer Production Worker
    Richard Lewis; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Specimens from compounding workers (exposed to lead and phthalate esters) and synthetic rubber production workers (exposed to acrylonitrile, butadiene, and styrene) will be analyzed for Inhibin B and FSH ..
  25. Development of Extraocular Muscle Prosthesis for Paralytic Strabismus
    Yasushi Kato; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..eye rotations;the Extraocular Muscle Prosthesis is a novel prosthetic device comprised of a new polymeric biomaterial that is extremely biocompatible in the eye and has shown insignificant encapsulation compared to silicone rubber.
  26. METABOLIC BASIS OF CONJUGATED DIENES TOXICITY
    ADNAN ELFARRA; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..dienes such as 1,3-butadiene, 2-methyl-1,3-butadiene (isoprene), and cyclopentadiene are extensively used in the rubber, plastics and pesticide industries...
  27. NON-ALLERGENIC SURGICAL GLOVES AND CONDOMS
    JOHN GARDON; Fiscal Year: 2000
    Surgical gloves and condoms are currently made from vulcanized natural rubber (VNR) latex. Its protein content causes severe Type I allergies in sensitized individuals, involving major occupational and medical hazards...
  28. CARDIOPULMONARY GEOMETRY AND BLOOD FLOW
    Carol Lucas; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..C) In vitro studies in glass and silicone rubber models will be components of a sophisticated pulse duplicator system designed to match the pressure and flow ..
  29. CASE CONTROL STUDY OF CANCER IN SYNTHETIC RUBBER WORKER
    Genevieve Matanoski; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..S. (IARC 1986). It is used in the making of plastics, resins, rocket fuels and rubber and rubber products...
  30. GLUTATHIONE S-TRANSFERASE INDUCTION BY TOXICANTS
    Raymond Novak; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..extensively in research laboratories, chemical and pharmaceutical industries and in the manufacture of textiles, rubber, dyes and explosives...
  31. Enhanced Oxygenation of Bioreactors
    Stuart Nemser; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..To date, non-porous silicone rubber tubing provides limited oxygen enhancement while occupying much volume...
  32. ELIA Tactile Label Maker
    ANDREW CHEPAITIS; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The tactile labeling methods for distinguishing objects typically include varying the number or placement of rubber bands, dots made of glue, felt, nail polish, strands of yarn, safety pins, magnets, pieces of tape, or other ..
  33. STATISTICAL METHOD TO CONTROL THE HEALTHY WORKER EFFECT
    James Robins; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..disease, and/or lung cancer mortality in cohorts of arsenic-exposed copper smelter workers, solvent-exposed rubber workers, formaldehyde- exposed chemical workers, cobalt-exposed hard metal workers. Canadian asbestos miners, U.S...
  34. Novel Translucent Nanocomposite Biomaterials
    Judit E Puskas; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..of poly(isobutylene-b-(p-methylstyrene-co- isobutylene)) block copolymer (arbIB-MS), as an alternative to silicone rubber in a breast implant model...
  35. GLUCOSE SENSITIVE MEMBRANES IN THE DELIVERY OF INSULIN
    THOMAS HORBETT; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..of each concept will be analyzed with respect to expected performance: 1) The "drum" concept: a silicon rubber air sac,, replenishable from adjacent tissue, is created in intimate contact with the glucose sensitive membrane...
  36. SILICONE-FREE LOW FRICTION COATING FOR SYRINGES
    PAUL VERNON; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Lubricants are critical to the function of syringes and automated pharmaceutical filling lines using rubber components. Currently the only viable lubricant is a silicone oil, polydimethyl siloxane fluid...
  37. DISTRIBUTION OF LYMPHATICS IN THE DENTAL PULP
    Mark Bishop; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..We aim to do this by filling the pulp lymphatic vasculature with a colored silicone rubber based material (Microfil)...
  38. A DRUG RELEASING URINARY CATHETER
    Robert Whalen; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..is to continue the development and evaluation of a new, drug releasing urinary catheter fabricated from silicone rubber containing the antiseptic agent chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG)...
  39. NEURAL MECHANISMS FOR THE TACTUAL PERCEPTION OF SOFTNESS
    ROBERT LA MOTTE; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Psychophysical measurements of the magnitude of softness will be obtained when silicone rubber objects of differing compliance and shape are brought in direct contact with the fingerpad, thereby producing both ..
  40. BIOMEDICAL POLYMERS--CELL ACTIVATION AND INTERLEUKIN 1
    James Anderson; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..Significant biomedical polymers to be studied include polyethylene (NHLBI-DTB), PDMS (NHLBI-DTB), Silicone Rubber, woven Dacron, ePTFE, Biomer, Pellethanes, Polyurethaneurea Reference Materials (NHLBI-DTB) and Polyurethaneureas...
  41. ZYNPEPTIDES AS MODULATORS OF RESPONSES TO BIOMATERIALS
    Gregory Kopia; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..to peripheral blood cells and other biological cell-types, also adhere to artificial surfaces such as plastic, rubber, and stainless steel...
  42. Multicenter Trial of CPE for Maxillofacial Prosthetics
    Lawrence Gettleman; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Silicone rubber materials have been used for facial rehabilitation for more than 4 decades with few improvements...
  43. Developing a pocket neuromuscular evaluator
    Li Qun Zhang; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This history shows that the rubber-head tendon tapper meets the clinical need of quick and convenient evaluation...
  44. FLUID DYNAMICS OF RIGHT HEART BYPASS OPERATIONS
    Carol Lucas; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..The importance of respiration and atrial contractions to blood transport will be evaluated. (B) Silicone rubber casts of the vena cava connections, right heart and proximal pulmonary arteries will be made in situ...
  45. Latent-Reactive Reagents for Biomaterial Surface Coating
    PATRICK GUIRE; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..g., polypropylene, polyurethane, silicone rubber)...
  46. COMPUTER MAPPING OF INDUSTRIAL HYGIENE SAMPLING DATA
    Michael Symons; Fiscal Year: 1980
    The Occupational Health Studies Group is currently involved in developing a health surveillance system for the rubber industry...
  47. GENETIC SUSCEPTIBILITY TO AROMATIC AMINE TOXICITY
    CHARLENE MCQUEEN; Fiscal Year: 1992
    Aromatic amines are used as industrial intermediates in the rubber, dye and pharmaceutical industries. The major toxic responses to this class of chemicals are the production of methemoglobin and tumors...
  48. PREVENTION OF ALLERGIC RESPONSE TO LATEX RUBBER
    MELVIN KEYES; Fiscal Year: 1993
    Recently latex allergic hypersensitivity has emerged as a new and unexpected health care problem. Latex rubber is used in many products where tissue contact is possible for both the health care practitioner and the patient...
  49. SURFACE METALLIZATION OF POLYURETHANE: IMPROVED PACEMAKE
    Piran Sioshansi; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Spire has already used it in preliminary trials to coat silicone rubber with platinum, and results have been very encouraging...
  50. SURFACE MODIFICATION TO IMPROVE BREAST PROSTHESES
    DAVID CLAPPER; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..First, the prosthesis to be used will have a textured (porous) silicone rubber surface...
  51. Where the Rubber Meets the Road: Middle Managers Role in Innovation Implementatio
    SARAH ABIGAIL BIRKEN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Implementing innovations has the potential to improve health care quality, access, and costs. ..
  52. SCAR TISSUE INHIBITION AROUND SOFT TISSUE IMPLANTS
    Robert Whalen; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..The approach of this program is to use an integrally textured silicone rubber surface on the exterior of the implant...
  53. A NEW FINGER JOINT PROSTHESIS
    Robert Whalen; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..that, 6 prostheses will then be implanted in the knee joint of adult New Zealand white rabbits, with silicone rubber joint spacer prostheses contralaterally implanted as controls...
  54. SURFACE METALLIZATION OF DEFRIBRILLATOR LEADS
    Piran Sioshansi; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..Silicone rubber patches will be ion beam textured to promote tissue ingrowth and increase surface area...
  55. Elastomeric microeletrode array for in vitro brain
    Barclay Morrison; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..significantly encouraged by our recent discovery that nanometer thick metallic conductors patterned on silicone rubber remain conductive after stretch cycles >20%...
  56. METABOLIC BASIS OF CONJUGATED DIENES TOXICITY
    ADNAN ELFARRA; Fiscal Year: 2003
    1,3-Butadiene (BD) is a petrochemical diene used extensively in the manufacture of synthetic rubber and plastics...
  57. IMMUNOTHERAPY FOR LATEX RUBBER ALLERGY
    N Adkinson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    Allergic sensitivity to natural rubber latex has become a major occupational hazard of healthcare workers and some patients with frequent latex rubber exposures. Between 2.2 and 10...
  58. POROSITY PREVENTION IN PROPHYLACTIC MEMBRANES
    DON GRAY; Fiscal Year: 1993
    Latex rubber articles in the form of condoms and gloves are used as barriers against the transmission of infectious diseases...
  59. CONTROL OF BIAS WHEN RISK FACTORS DETERMINE EXPOSURE
    James Robins; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..and/or lung cancer mortality in cohorts of arsenic- and S02 -exposed copper smelter workers, solvent-exposed rubber workers, formaldehyde-exposed2 chemical workers, cobalt-exposed hard metal workers, Canadian asbestos miners, U.S...
  60. THE DEVELOPING KIDNEY IN HEALTH AND DISEASE
    Adrian Spitzer; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..18 and 50 Angstrom units are being used to assess the former and a new method, based on neutron activation of the rubber compound injected into the renal vasculature of the kidney fixed in vivo, has been used to assess the latter ..
  61. FABRICATION OF CUFF ELECTRODES FOR BOWEL AND BLADDER
    Piran Sioshansi; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..Ion beam assisted deposition (IBAD) will be used to place a thin, highly adherent, conducting film on silicone rubber substrates and standard semiconductor processing techniques (photolithography) used to define electrodes in it...
  62. PRINTED CIRCUIT MULTICHANNEL COCHLEAR IMPLANT
    CHARLES PARKINS; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..The prototype of this device consists of two multi-channel printed circuit teflon ribbons sandwiched in a silicone rubber carrier and will be inserted into the squirrel monkey's inner ear using current surgical techniques...
  63. BRAIN TUMORS AND N-NITROSO EXPOSURES
    Baruch Modan; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..The questionnaire asks about sources of NOC exposure such as diet, drugs, cosmetics, rubber products and parental occupational exposures...