plastics

Summary

Summary: Polymeric materials (usually organic) of large molecular weight which can be shaped by flow. Plastic usually refers to the final product with fillers, plasticizers, pigments, and stabilizers included (versus the resin, the homogeneous polymeric starting material). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Plastics and health risks
    Rolf U Halden
    Center for Environmental Biotechnology, The Biodesign Institute at Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287 5701, USA
    Annu Rev Public Health 31:179-94. 2010
  2. pmc Plastics derived endocrine disruptors (BPA, DEHP and DBP) induce epigenetic transgenerational inheritance of obesity, reproductive disease and sperm epimutations
    Mohan Manikkam
    Center for Reproductive Biology, School of Biological Sciences, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington, USA
    PLoS ONE 8:e55387. 2013
  3. pmc Components of plastic: experimental studies in animals and relevance for human health
    Chris E Talsness
    Department of Toxicology, Institute of Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, Charité University Medical School Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 364:2079-96. 2009
  4. ncbi Marine debris ingestion in loggerhead sea turtles, Caretta caretta, from the Western Mediterranean
    J Tomas
    Marine Zoology Unit, Cavanilles Research Institute of Biodiversity and Evolutionary Biology, University of Valencia, Spain
    Mar Pollut Bull 44:211-6. 2002
  5. pmc Transport and release of chemicals from plastics to the environment and to wildlife
    Emma L Teuten
    Marine Biology and Ecology Research Centre, Marine Institute University of Plymouth, Drake Circus, Plymouth, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 364:2027-45. 2009
  6. ncbi Biological degradation of plastics: a comprehensive review
    Aamer Ali Shah
    Department of Microbiology, Quaid i Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan
    Biotechnol Adv 26:246-65. 2008
  7. ncbi The indoor use of plastic sheeting pre-impregnated with insecticide for control of malaria vectors
    A Diabate
    Institut de recherche en sciences de la sante, Centre Muraz, Bobo Dioulasso, Burkina Faso
    Trop Med Int Health 11:597-603. 2006
  8. pmc Accumulation and fragmentation of plastic debris in global environments
    David K A Barnes
    British Antarctic Survey, NERC, High Cross, Cambridge, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 364:1985-98. 2009
  9. pmc Phthalates and other additives in plastics: human exposure and associated health outcomes
    John D Meeker
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 364:2097-113. 2009
  10. ncbi Is marine debris ingestion still a problem for the coastal marine biota of southern Brazil?
    Paula S Tourinho
    Laboratório de Microcontaminantes Orgânicos e Ecotoxicologia Aquática, Instituto de Oceanografia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande FURG, C P 474, CEP 96201 900, Rio Grande, RS, Brazil
    Mar Pollut Bull 60:396-401. 2010

Detail Information

Publications271 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Plastics and health risks
    Rolf U Halden
    Center for Environmental Biotechnology, The Biodesign Institute at Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287 5701, USA
    Annu Rev Public Health 31:179-94. 2010
    By 2010, the worldwide annual production of plastics will surpass 300 million tons. Plastics are indispensable materials in modern society, and many products manufactured from plastics are a boon to public health (e.g...
  2. pmc Plastics derived endocrine disruptors (BPA, DEHP and DBP) induce epigenetic transgenerational inheritance of obesity, reproductive disease and sperm epimutations
    Mohan Manikkam
    Center for Reproductive Biology, School of Biological Sciences, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington, USA
    PLoS ONE 8:e55387. 2013
    ..Gestating F0 generation females were exposed to either the "plastics" or "lower dose plastics" mixture during embryonic days 8 to 14 of gonadal sex determination and the incidence of ..
  3. pmc Components of plastic: experimental studies in animals and relevance for human health
    Chris E Talsness
    Department of Toxicology, Institute of Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, Charité University Medical School Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 364:2079-96. 2009
    Components used in plastics, such as phthalates, bisphenol A (BPA), polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE) and tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA), are detected in humans...
  4. ncbi Marine debris ingestion in loggerhead sea turtles, Caretta caretta, from the Western Mediterranean
    J Tomas
    Marine Zoology Unit, Cavanilles Research Institute of Biodiversity and Evolutionary Biology, University of Valencia, Spain
    Mar Pollut Bull 44:211-6. 2002
    ..Different types of debris appeared in the gastrointestinal tract of 43 turtles (79.6%), being plastics the most frequent (75.9%)...
  5. pmc Transport and release of chemicals from plastics to the environment and to wildlife
    Emma L Teuten
    Marine Biology and Ecology Research Centre, Marine Institute University of Plymouth, Drake Circus, Plymouth, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 364:2027-45. 2009
    b>Plastics debris in the marine environment, including resin pellets, fragments and microscopic plastic fragments, contain organic contaminants, including polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, petroleum ..
  6. ncbi Biological degradation of plastics: a comprehensive review
    Aamer Ali Shah
    Department of Microbiology, Quaid i Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan
    Biotechnol Adv 26:246-65. 2008
    ..and the closing of landfill sites as well as growing water and land pollution problems have led to concern about plastics. With the excessive use of plastics and increasing pressure being placed on capacities available for plastic ..
  7. ncbi The indoor use of plastic sheeting pre-impregnated with insecticide for control of malaria vectors
    A Diabate
    Institut de recherche en sciences de la sante, Centre Muraz, Bobo Dioulasso, Burkina Faso
    Trop Med Int Health 11:597-603. 2006
    ..To evaluate the efficacy of permethrin-treated plastic sheeting (ITPS) applied as a lining to the ceiling or walls of rooms against pyrethroid-susceptible and pyrethroid-resistant Anopheles gambiae...
  8. pmc Accumulation and fragmentation of plastic debris in global environments
    David K A Barnes
    British Antarctic Survey, NERC, High Cross, Cambridge, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 364:1985-98. 2009
    ..ubiquitous and long-lasting recent changes to the surface of our planet is the accumulation and fragmentation of plastics. Within just a few decades since mass production of plastic products commenced in the 1950s, plastic debris has ..
  9. pmc Phthalates and other additives in plastics: human exposure and associated health outcomes
    John D Meeker
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 364:2097-113. 2009
    Concern exists over whether additives in plastics to which most people are exposed, such as phthalates, bisphenol A or polybrominated diphenyl ethers, may cause harm to human health by altering endocrine function or through other ..
  10. ncbi Is marine debris ingestion still a problem for the coastal marine biota of southern Brazil?
    Paula S Tourinho
    Laboratório de Microcontaminantes Orgânicos e Ecotoxicologia Aquática, Instituto de Oceanografia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande FURG, C P 474, CEP 96201 900, Rio Grande, RS, Brazil
    Mar Pollut Bull 60:396-401. 2010
    ..The ingestion of debris by turtles is probably an increasing problem on southern Brazilian coast. Seabirds feeding by diverse methods are contaminated, highlighting plastic hazard to these biota...
  11. pmc Most plastic products release estrogenic chemicals: a potential health problem that can be solved
    Chun Z Yang
    CertiChem Inc, Austin, Texas 78758, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 119:989-96. 2011
    ..Chemicals having estrogenic activity (EA) reportedly cause many adverse health effects, especially at low (picomolar to nanomolar) doses in fetal and juvenile mammals...
  12. ncbi Early microbial biofilm formation on marine plastic debris
    Delphine Lobelle
    Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, The Laboratory, Citadel Hill, Plymouth PL1 2PB, UK
    Mar Pollut Bull 62:197-200. 2011
    ..Bacteria readily colonised the plastic but there was no indication that plastic-degrading microorganisms were present. This study contributes to improved understanding of the fate of plastic debris in the marine environment...
  13. ncbi Ingestion of marine debris by loggerhead sea turtles, Caretta caretta, in the Adriatic Sea
    Bojan Lazar
    Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Zagreb, 6 Roosevelt Sq, HR 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
    Mar Pollut Bull 62:43-7. 2011
    ..Considering the relatively high occurrence of debris intake and possible sub-lethal effects of even small quantities of marine debris, this can be an additional factor of concern for loggerheads in the Adriatic Sea...
  14. ncbi Plastic versus self-expanding metallic stents for malignant hilar biliary obstruction: a prospective multicenter observational cohort study
    David G Perdue
    University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA
    J Clin Gastroenterol 42:1040-6. 2008
    ..There are few comparative data as to whether plastic or self-expanding metallic stents are preferable for palliating malignant hilar biliary obstruction...
  15. ncbi Plastic resin pellets as a transport medium for toxic chemicals in the marine environment
    Y Mato
    Faculty of Agriculture, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Fuchu, Japan
    Environ Sci Technol 35:318-24. 2001
    ..The major source of NP in the marine PP resin pellets was thought to be plastic additives and/or their degradation products. Comparison of PCBs and DDE concentrations in mari..
  16. ncbi A review of separation methods for the determination of estrogens and plastics-derived estrogen mimics from aqueous systems
    Alesha D Lafleur
    Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, The University of Texas at Arlington, USA
    Anal Chim Acta 696:6-26. 2011
    ..A brief introduction of the selected EDCs (natural and synthetic estrogens and plastics-derived xenoestrogens), including their characteristics and importance, is presented...
  17. pmc Low cost sensors based on SPR in a plastic optical fiber for biosensor implementation
    Nunzio Cennamo
    Department of Information Engineering, Second University of Naples, Via Roma 29, 81031 Aversa, Italy
    Sensors (Basel) 11:11752-60. 2011
    ..35. Furthermore, the proposed sensing head, being low cost and relatively easy to realize, may be very attractive for biosensor implementation...
  18. ncbi A comparison of neustonic plastic and zooplankton at different depths near the southern California shore
    G L Lattin
    Algalita Marine Research Foundation, 345 Bay Shore Avenue, Long Beach, CA 90803 1956, USA
    Mar Pollut Bull 49:291-4. 2004
    ..The mass of plastic collected exceeded that of zooplankton, though when the comparison was limited to plastic debris similar to the size of most zooplankton, zooplankton mass was three times that of debris...
  19. ncbi Organic micropollutants in marine plastics debris from the open ocean and remote and urban beaches
    Hisashi Hirai
    Laboratory of Organic Geochemistry LOG, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Japan
    Mar Pollut Bull 62:1683-92. 2011
    ..Nonylphenol, bisphenol A, and PBDEs came mainly from additives and were detected at high concentrations in some fragments both from remote and urban beaches and the open ocean...
  20. ncbi Ecology of Listeria monocytogenes in the environment of raw poultry meat and raw pork meat processing plants
    Elise Chasseignaux
    AFSSA Ploufragan, Research Unit of Hygiene and Quality of Poultry and Pork Products, Zoopole Beaucemaine, BP 53, 22 440, Ploufragan, France
    FEMS Microbiol Lett 210:271-5. 2002
    ..The physicochemical risk profiles showed that a surface in resin or plastic, rather than uneven, with organic residues, with a neutral pH, a low temperature and a high hygrometry was associated with L. monocytogenes contamination...
  21. ncbi Plastics and beaches: a degrading relationship
    Patricia L Corcoran
    Department of Earth Sciences, University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada
    Mar Pollut Bull 58:80-4. 2009
    ..particles from Kauai's beaches were sampled to determine relationships between composition, surface textures, and plastics degradation...
  22. pmc Plastic wall materials in the home and respiratory health in young children
    J J Jaakkola
    Nordic School of Public Health, Goteborg, Sweden
    Am J Public Health 90:797-9. 2000
    ..The relation between the presence of plastic wall materials in the home and respiratory health in children was assessed...
  23. ncbi Plastics in the marine environment: the dark side of a modern gift
    Jort Hammer
    Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics, Sciencepark 904, Amsterdam, 1098 XH, The Netherlands
    Rev Environ Contam Toxicol 220:1-44. 2012
    b>Plastics are cheap, strong, and durable and offer considerable benefits to humanity. They potentially can enhance the benefits that both medical and scientific technology will bestow to humankind...
  24. ncbi Origin and abundance of marine litter along sandy beaches of the Turkish Western Black Sea Coast
    Eda N Topçu
    Istanbul University Fisheries Faculty, Ordu Cad No 200, 34130 Laleli Istanbul, Turkey
    Mar Environ Res 85:21-8. 2013
    ..Standardized methodology and indicators need to be designated all over the Black Sea basin in order to quantify and qualify coastal litter pollution, monitor compliance with MARPOL and develop regionally effective mitigation measures...
  25. ncbi Accumulation of plastic-derived chemicals in tissues of seabirds ingesting marine plastics
    Kosuke Tanaka
    Laboratory of Organic Geochemistry LOG, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Fuchu, Tokyo 183 8509, Japan
    Mar Pollut Bull 69:219-22. 2013
    ..The same compounds were present in plastic found in the stomachs of the 3 birds. These data suggested the transfer of plastic-derived chemicals from ingested plastics to the tissues of marine-based organisms.
  26. ncbi Leatherback turtles: the menace of plastic
    N Mrosovsky
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5S 3G5
    Mar Pollut Bull 58:287-9. 2009
    ..Blockage of the gut by plastic was mentioned in some accounts. These findings are discussed in the context of removal of top predators from poorly understood food chains...
  27. ncbi Potential for plastics to transport hydrophobic contaminants
    Emma L Teuten
    School of Biological Sciences and School of Earth, Ocean, and Environmental Sciences, University of Plymouth, Plymouth PL4 8AA, United Kingdom
    Environ Sci Technol 41:7759-64. 2007
    ..Here, we examine the uptake and subsequent release of phenanthrene by three plastics. Equilibrium distribution coefficients for sorption of phenanthrene from seawater onto the plastics varied by ..
  28. ncbi The pollution of the marine environment by plastic debris: a review
    Jose G B Derraik
    Ecology and Health Research Centre, Department of Public Health, Wellington School of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Otago, New Zealand
    Mar Pollut Bull 44:842-52. 2002
    ..the use of plastic debris by "invader" species and the absorption of polychlorinated biphenyls from ingested plastics. Less conspicuous forms, such as plastic pellets and "scrubbers" are also hazardous...
  29. ncbi Management of postoperative esophageal leaks with the Polyflex self-expanding covered plastic stent
    Felix B Langer
    Department of Surgery, Division of General Surgery, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
    Ann Thorac Surg 79:398-403; discussion 404. 2005
    ..Esophageal anastomotic leaks can lead to prolonged hospitalization. In this article we present our experience with the placement of the Polyflex self-expanding plastic stent (Willy Ruesch GMBH, Kernen, Germany) for leak occlusion...
  30. ncbi The degradability of biodegradable plastics in aerobic and anaerobic waste landfill model reactors
    Tomonori Ishigaki
    Research Center for Material Cycles and Waste Management, National Institute for Environmental Studies, 16 2, Onogawa, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 8506, Japan
    Chemosphere 54:225-33. 2004
    Degradabilities of four kinds of commercial biodegradable plastics (BPs), polyhydroxybutyrate and hydroxyvalerate (PHBV) plastic, polycaprolactone plastic (PCL), blend of starch and polyvinyl alcohol (SPVA) plastic and cellulose acetate (..
  31. ncbi Synthetic polymers in the marine environment: a rapidly increasing, long-term threat
    Charles James Moore
    Algalita Marine Research Foundation, 148 N Marina Drive, Long Beach, CA 90803, USA
    Environ Res 108:131-9. 2008
    Synthetic polymers, commonly known as plastics, have been entering the marine environment in quantities paralleling their level of production over the last half century...
  32. ncbi Use of a temporary plastic stent to facilitate the placement of multiple self-expanding metal stents in malignant biliary hilar strictures
    Lawrence C Hookey
    Department of Gastroenterology, Erasmus University Hospital, Brussels, Belgium
    Gastrointest Endosc 62:605-9. 2005
    ..We have devised a method of deploying multiple metal stents by using a temporary plastic stent, which makes deployment of the second stent much easier...
  33. ncbi Environmental and health hazard ranking and assessment of plastic polymers based on chemical composition
    Delilah Lithner
    Department of Plant and Environmental Sciences, University of Gothenburg, P O Box 461, 405 30 Goteborg, Sweden
    Sci Total Environ 409:3309-24. 2011
    b>Plastics constitute a large material group with a global annual production that has doubled in 15 years (245 million tonnes in 2008)...
  34. ncbi Optimum palliation of inoperable hilar cholangiocarcinoma: comparative assessment of the efficacy of plastic and self-expanding metal stents
    Ramu P Raju
    Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, MD Anderson Cancer Center, 1515 Holcombe Boulevard, Unit 1466, Houston, TX 77030 4009, USA
    Dig Dis Sci 56:1557-64. 2011
    ..Endoscopic retrograde biliary drainage (ERBD) with plastic or self-expanding metal stents (SEMS) is often performed for palliative care for cholangiocarcinoma...
  35. pmc The politics of plastics: the making and unmaking of bisphenol a "safety"
    Sarah A Vogel
    Chemical Heritage Foundation, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Am J Public Health 99:S559-66. 2009
    Bisphenol A (BPA), a synthetic chemical used in the production of plastics since the 1950s and a known endocrine disruptor, is a ubiquitous component of the material environment and human body...
  36. ncbi Evaluation of migration models that might be used in support of regulations for food-contact plastics
    T Begley
    Food and Drug Administration, College Park, MD 20740, USA
    Food Addit Contam 22:73-90. 2005
    ..valid and reliable tool to calculate 'reasonable worst-case' migration rates from the most important food-contact plastics into the European Union official food simulants...
  37. ncbi Use of self-expandable plastic stents for the treatment of esophageal perforations and symptomatic anastomotic leaks
    C M Gelbmann
    Department of Internal Medicine I, University of Regensburg, Germany
    Endoscopy 36:695-9. 2004
    ..The aim of the present study was to assess the potential of the self-expandable Polyflex plastic stent for the treatment of these conditions...
  38. ncbi As main meal for sperm whales: plastics debris
    Renaud De Stephanis
    GEMA, Department of Conservation Biology, Estacion Biologica de Donana CSIC, Américo Vespuccio s n, Isla Cartuja, 41013 Sevilla, Spain
    Mar Pollut Bull 69:206-14. 2013
    ..The problem of plastics arising from greenhouse agriculture should have a relevant section in the conservation plans and should be a ..
  39. ncbi Biosynthesis of monomers for plastics from renewable oils
    Wenhua Lu
    Polytechnic Institute of New York University, 6 Metrotech Center, Brooklyn, New York 11201, United States
    J Am Chem Soc 132:15451-5. 2010
    Omega-hydroxyfatty acids are excellent monomers for synthesizing a unique family of polyethylene-like biobased plastics. However, ω-hydroxyfatty acids are difficult and expensive to prepare by traditional organic synthesis, precluding ..
  40. ncbi Biodegradable plastics from renewable sources
    M Flieger
    Institute of Microbiology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, 142 20 Prague, Czechia
    Folia Microbiol (Praha) 48:27-44. 2003
    ..ecotechnological problem and one of the approaches to solving this problem is the development of biodegradable plastics. This review summarizes data on their use, biodegradability, commercial reliability and production from renewable ..
  41. ncbi Comparative study on cardiotoxic effect of Tinuvin 770: a light stabilizer of medical plastics in rat model
    Peter Sotonyi
    Department of Transplantation and Surgery, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary, 1082
    Toxicol Sci 77:368-74. 2004
    ..Current literature, as well as our study, indicates that more detailed toxicological analysis of Tinuvin 770 should be required, and current regulations in medical and food industries should adopt the new results...
  42. ncbi Functional analysis of FarA transcription factor in the regulation of the genes encoding lipolytic enzymes and hydrophobic surface binding protein for the degradation of biodegradable plastics in Aspergillus oryzae
    Sharon Marie Garrido
    Laboratory of Bioindustrial Genomics, Graduate School of Agricultural Science, Tohoku University, 1 1 Tsutsumidori Amamiyamachi, Aoba ku, Sendai 981 8555, Japan
    J Biosci Bioeng 113:549-55. 2012
    ....
  43. pmc Plastics and environmental health: the road ahead
    Emily J North
    Center for Environmental Security, Biodesign Institute, Arizona State University, Temple, AZ 85287 5904, USA
    Rev Environ Health 28:1-8. 2013
    b>Plastics continue to benefit society in innumerable ways, even though recent public focus on plastics has centered mostly on human health and environmental concerns, including their endocrine-disrupting properties and the long-term ..
  44. ncbi Evaluation of blood collection tubes
    Benoit Polack
    Thromb Res 119:133-4. 2007
  45. ncbi Estrogenic activities of chemicals related to food contact plastics and rubbers tested by the yeast two-hybrid assay
    Yuko Ogawa
    National Institute of Health Sciences, Japan
    Food Addit Contam 23:422-30. 2006
    Food contact plastics and rubbers possibly contain many kinds of chemicals such as monomers, oligomers, additives, degradation products of polymers and additives, and impurities...
  46. ncbi The second green revolution? Production of plant-based biodegradable plastics
    Brian P Mooney
    University of Missouri, Interdisciplinary Plant Group, Division of Biochemistry, and Charles W Gehrke Proteomics Center, 214 Christopher S Bond Life Sciences Center, 1201 Rollins St, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    Biochem J 418:219-32. 2009
    Biodegradable plastics are those that can be completely degraded in landfills, composters or sewage treatment plants by the action of naturally occurring micro-organisms...
  47. ncbi Creating "living" polymer surfaces to pattern biomolecules and cells on common plastics
    Chunyan Li
    State Key Laboratory of Chemical Resource Engineering, Key Laboratory of Carbon Fiber and Functional Polymers, Ministry of Education, College of Materials Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing, China 100029
    Biomacromolecules 14:1278-86. 2013
    ....
  48. pmc Polyester synthases: natural catalysts for plastics
    Bernd H A Rehm
    Institut für Molekulare Mikrobiologie und Biotechnologie der Westfälischen Wilhelms Universität Münster, Corrensstrasse 3, 48149 Munster, Germany
    Biochem J 376:15-33. 2003
    ..This review provides a survey of the known biochemical features of these unique enzymes and their proposed catalytic mechanism...
  49. ncbi Migration modelling from food-contact plastics into foodstuffs as a new tool for consumer exposure estimation
    R Franz
    Fraunhofer Institut Verfahrenstechnik und Verpackung, Freising, Germany
    Food Addit Contam 22:920-37. 2005
    ..amendments of European Union Directive 85/572/EEC as well as to support further developments with the so-called Plastics Directive 2002/72/EC. The paper introduces the project and presents an overview of the project work progress.
  50. ncbi Removable self-expanding plastic esophageal stent as a continuous, non-permanent dilator in treating refractory benign esophageal strictures: a prospective two-center study
    Kulwinder S Dua
    Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA
    Am J Gastroenterol 103:2988-94. 2008
    ..An expandable esophageal stent will be ideal in achieving the above. Preliminary results on using a removable self-expanding plastic esophageal stent, Polyflex stent (PS), for treating RBES have been mixed...
  51. ncbi Efficacy of metal and plastic stents in unresectable complex hilar cholangiocarcinoma: a randomized controlled trial
    Apichat Sangchan
    Department of Medicine, Khonkaen University, Khonkaen, Thailand
    Gastrointest Endosc 76:93-9. 2012
    ..However, no randomized controlled trial comparing the efficacy of the self-expandable metal stent (SEMS) and the plastic stent (PS) in patients with unresectable complex HCA is available...
  52. ncbi Plastic biliary stents for benign biliary diseases
    Vincenzo Perri
    Digestive Endoscopy Unit, Gemelli University Hospital, Universita Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Largo Gemelli 8, Roma 00168, Italy
    Gastrointest Endosc Clin N Am 21:405-33, viii. 2011
    ..There is a role for plastic stent placement in nonoperative candidates with acute cholecystitis and in patients with irretrievable bile duct stones...
  53. ncbi Marine debris and human impacts on sea turtles in southern Brazil
    L Bugoni
    Departamento de Zoologia, Instituto de Biociencias, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil
    Mar Pollut Bull 42:1330-4. 2001
    ..Other sources of plastic debris should be investigated as well as the direct impact of fisheries, especially bottom trawl and gill nets, in order to establish effective conservation action...
  54. ncbi Identification and quantification of the migration of chemicals from plastic baby bottles used as substitutes for polycarbonate
    C Simoneau
    European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Health and Consumer Protection, Unit Chemical Assessment and Testing, Ispra Va, Italy
    Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess 29:469-80. 2012
    The results of a study on the analytical identification and quantification of migration of chemicals from plastics baby bottles found in the European Union market made of materials that are now present as substitutes for polycarbonate (PC)..
  55. ncbi Why do bilioduodenal plastic stents become occluded? A clinical and pathological investigation on 100 consecutive patients
    U Weickert
    Dept of Medicine II Gastroenterology, Wuppertal Clinical Center, University of Witten Herdecke, Germany
    Endoscopy 33:786-90. 2001
    ..The main complication associated with biliary stenting is stent occlusion. This study tested the hypothesis that bilioduodenal reflux may play a crucial role in stent clogging...
  56. ncbi A comparison of temporary self-expanding plastic and biodegradable stents for refractory benign esophageal strictures
    Petra G A van Boeckel
    Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University Medical Center Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 9:653-9. 2011
    ..It is a challenge to manage refractory benign esophageal strictures (RBES). We compared the efficacy and safety of self-expanding plastic stents (SEPSs) with placement of biodegradable stents for the treatment of RBES...
  57. ncbi Effects of adsorption to plastics and solvent conditions in the analysis of the cyanobacterial toxin microcystin-LR by high performance liquid chromatography
    P Hyenstrand
    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Dundee, UK
    Water Res 35:3508-11. 2001
    Effects of adsorption to plastics and solvent conditions in the high performance liquid chromatographic analysis of the cyanobacterial toxin microcystin-LR were investigated...
  58. ncbi Clinical outcomes after self-expanding plastic stent placement for refractory benign esophageal strictures
    Young S Oh
    Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Medical College of Wisconsin, 9200 W Wisconsin Ave, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA
    Dig Dis Sci 55:1344-8. 2010
    ..Small series have reported favorable outcomes after placement and subsequent removal of Polyflex self-expanding plastic stents (SEPS)...
  59. ncbi Morbidity in a juvenile green sea turtle (Chelonia mydas) due to ocean-borne plastic
    M Andrew Stamper
    Disney s Animal Programs, Walt Disney World Resort, EC Trl W 251, 2016 North Avenue of the Stars, Lake Buena Vista, Florida 32830 1000, USA
    J Zoo Wildl Med 40:196-8. 2009
    ....
  60. ncbi Evaluation of the effects of processing delays and protective plastic cases on image quality of a photostimulable phosphor plate system
    Clovis Monteiro Bramante
    Department of Operative Dentistry, Endodontics and Dental Materials, Bauru School of Dentistry, University of Sao Paulo, Bauru, SP, Brazil
    J Appl Oral Sci 16:350-4. 2008
    ..The opaque case supplied by the system's manufacturer provided better protection to the optical plate than the transparent case...
  61. ncbi One-step immobilization of poly(dT)-modified DNA onto non-modified plastic substrates by UV irradiation for microarrays
    Naoki Kimura
    Research and Development Center, Nisshinbo Industries Inc, 1 2 3 Onodai, Chiba shi, Chiba 267 0056, Japan
    Biochem Biophys Res Commun 347:477-84. 2006
    ..Furthermore, it has been shown that probe concentrations of only 1-5 microM are sufficient for hybridization and that this immobilization method provides hybridization signals greater than those of conventional immobilization techniques...
  62. ncbi One-step immobilization of aminated and thiolated DNA onto poly(methylmethacrylate) (PMMA) substrates
    F Fixe
    INESC, Microsistemas e Nanotecnologias INESC MN, Rua Alves Redol, 9, 1000 029 Lisboa, Portugal
    Lab Chip 4:191-5. 2004
    ..Furthermore, the chemical bond between the immobilized DNA and the PMMA could endure repeated heat cycling with only 50% probe loss after 20 cycles, indicating that the chemistry could be used in integrated PCR/microarray devices...
  63. pmc Plastic polymers for efficient DNA microarray hybridization: application to microbiological diagnostics
    Zhengshan Zhao
    Centre de recherche en infectiologie de l Université Laval, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Pavillon CHUL, 2705 Boul Laurier, Quebec, Quebec, Canada
    J Clin Microbiol 46:3752-8. 2008
    ..In conclusion, PMMA-VSUVT and Zeonor 1060R are both suitable for highly sensitive microarray hybridizations...
  64. ncbi DNA detection on plastic: surface activation protocol to convert polycarbonate substrates to biochip platforms
    Yunchao Li
    Department of Chemistry, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia V5A 1S6, Canada
    Anal Chem 79:426-33. 2007
    ..The surface chemistry described herein will facilitate the development of disposable plastic biochips (not limited to DNA microarrays) and the fabrication of biomedical devices that are readable with conventional optical drives...
  65. ncbi Gold nanoparticle-based simple colorimetric and ultrasensitive dynamic light scattering assay for the selective detection of Pb(II) from paints, plastics, and water samples
    Lule Beqa
    Department of Chemistry, Jackson State University, Jackson, Mississippi, United States
    ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 3:668-73. 2011
    ..A possible mechanism and operating principles of our DLS assay have been discussed. Ultimately, this nanotechnology driven assay could have enormous potential applications in rapid, on-site monitoring of Pb(II) from day-to-day sample...
  66. ncbi Roles for Fis and YafK in biofilm formation by enteroaggregative Escherichia coli
    J Sheikh
    Center for Vaccine Development, Department of Pediatrics, University of Maryland School of Medicine, 685 W Baltimore St, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    Mol Microbiol 41:983-97. 2001
    ..Our data do not suggest a role for type 1 fimbriae or motility in biofilm formation. EAEC appears to form a novel biofilm, which may be mediated solely by AAF and may reflect its interactions with the intestinal mucosa...
  67. pmc Gene expression profiling in response to ultraviolet radiation in maize genotypes with varying flavonoid content
    Paula Casati
    Department of Biological Sciences, 385 Serra Mall, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 5020, USA
    Plant Physiol 132:1739-54. 2003
    ..Some pathways regulated by UV radiation are shared with defense, salt, and oxidative stresses; however, UV-B radiation can activate additional pathways not shared with other stresses...
  68. ncbi Polyflex stents for malignant oesophageal and oesophagogastric stricture: a prospective, multicentric study
    Rita Conigliaro
    Department of Digestive Endoscopy, General Hospital, Reggio Emilia, Italy
    Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 19:195-203. 2007
    ..This study reports an experience with a new self-expandable plastic stent (Polyflex) in patients with unresectable oesophageal and oesophagogastric junction cancer...
  69. ncbi Self-expanding plastic stents in treatment of benign esophageal conditions
    Adrian N Holm
    Rochester, Minnesota, USA
    Gastrointest Endosc 67:20-5. 2008
    ..Recently, self-expanding plastic stents (SEPSs) have been proposed for the treatment of benign esophageal disease...
  70. ncbi Surface modification of thermoplastics--towards the plastic biochip for high throughput screening devices
    Gerardo A Diaz-Quijada
    Industrial Materials Institute, National Research Council of Canada, 75 de Mortagne, Boucherville, QC, Canada
    Lab Chip 7:856-62. 2007
    ..In addition, we present proof-of-concept plastic-based microarrays with and without integration with microfluidics...
  71. ncbi Field evaluation of ZeroFly--an insecticide incorporated plastic sheeting against malaria vectors & its impact on malaria transmission in tribal area of northern Orissa
    S K Sharma
    National Institute of Malaria Research, Field Station, Rourkela, Orissa, India
    Indian J Med Res 130:458-66. 2009
    ..fluviatilis and its impact on malaria transmission in one of the highly endemic areas of Orissa...
  72. ncbi Air ionisation and colonisation/infection with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Acinetobacter species in an intensive care unit
    Kevin G Kerr
    Harrogate District Hospital, Department of Microbiology, Harrogate, UK
    Intensive Care Med 32:315-7. 2006
    ..To determine effect of negative air ions on colonisation/infection with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and Acinetobacter species in an intensive care unit...
  73. pmc Renal cancer risk and occupational exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and plastics
    Sara Karami
    National Cancer Institute, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, Occupational and Environmental Epidemiology Branch, 6120 Executive Blvd, EPS 8121, Rockville, MD 20852, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 53:218-23. 2011
    ..To investigate whether occupational exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and certain plastic monomers increased renal cell carcinoma (RCC) risk...
  74. ncbi Optimizing occupational exposure measurement strategies when estimating the log-scale arithmetic mean value--an example from the reinforced plastics industry
    Erik G Lampa
    Occupational Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umea University, 901 87 Umea, Sweden
    Ann Occup Hyg 50:371-7. 2006
    ..The results are illustrated graphically with an example from the reinforced plastics industry...
  75. pmc Managing insecticide resistance in malaria vectors by combining carbamate-treated plastic wall sheeting and pyrethroid-treated bed nets
    Armel Djènontin
    CREC IRD UR016, Cotonou, Benin
    Malar J 8:233. 2009
    ..In this context, a new tool for management of resistant mosquitoes based on the combination of a pyrethroid-treated bed net and carbamate-treated plastic sheeting was developed...
  76. pmc Plastic or metal stents for benign extrahepatic biliary strictures: a systematic review
    Petra G A van Boeckel
    Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    BMC Gastroenterol 9:96. 2009
    ..Stents are increasingly being used for this indication, however it is not completely clear which stent type should be preferred...
  77. ncbi Production of renewable polymers from crop plants
    Jan B van Beilen
    Département de Biologie Moléculaire Végétale, Universite de Lausanne, CH 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
    Plant J 54:684-701. 2008
    ..In this review, we focus on plant biopolymers that are used as materials in bulk applications, such as plastics and elastomers, in the context of depleting resources and climate change, and consider technical and scientific ..
  78. ncbi Bioinspired polymeric materials: in-between proteins and plastics
    A E Barron
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, USA
    Curr Opin Chem Biol 3:681-7. 1999
    ..Taken together, advances in molecular bioengineering, polymer chemistry, and bioorganic chemistry are converging towards the creation of useful bioinspired materials with defined molecular properties...
  79. ncbi DNA probe attachment on plastic surfaces and microfluidic hybridization array channel devices with sample oscillation
    Yingjie Liu
    Physical Sciences Research Laboratories, Motorola Labs, Motorola Inc, 7700 South River Parkway, MD ML34, Tempe, AZ 85284, USA
    Anal Biochem 317:76-84. 2003
    ..A limit of detection of 5pM has been achieved in MHAC devices with sample oscillation...
  80. pmc Our plastic age
    Richard C Thompson
    Marine Biology and Ecology Research Centre, Marine Institute, University of Plymouth, Drake Circus, Plymouth, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 364:1973-6. 2009
    Within the last few decades, plastics have revolutionized our daily lives. Globally we use in excess of 260 million tonnes of plastic per annum, accounting for approximately 8 per cent of world oil production...
  81. ncbi Antibacterial activity of plastics coated with silver-doped organic-inorganic hybrid coatings prepared by sol-gel processes
    M Marini
    Dipartimento di Ingegneria dei Materiali e dell Ambiente, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, 41100 Modena, Italy
    Biomacromolecules 8:1246-54. 2007
    ..Transparency and good adhesion of the coating to PE and PVC plastic substrates without any previous surface treatment are further interesting features...
  82. ncbi Printed arrays of aligned GaAs wires for flexible transistors, diodes, and circuits on plastic substrates
    Yugang Sun
    Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Frederick Seitz Materials Research Laboratory and Beckman Institute University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Small 2:1330-4. 2006
  83. ncbi Alcohols which have been in contact with any plastics may interfere in radioimmunoassays of progesterone
    Rok Ocvirk
    Department of Experimental Medicine, McGill University, 1110 Pine Avenue West, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3A 1A1 Department of Psychiatry, McGill University, 1033 Pine Avenue West, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3A 1A1
    J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol 113:150-4. 2009
    ..We conclude that alcohols which have had any contact with plastics are not safe to use in immunoassays of progesterone (or its metabolites as estimated according to cross-..
  84. ncbi Phthalates and food-contact materials: enforcing the 2008 European Union plastics legislation
    J H Petersen
    National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Mørkhøj Bygade 19, DK 2860 Søborg, Denmark
    Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess 27:1608-16. 2010
    ..All findings of phthalates were associated with the use of plasticized polyvinylchloride (PVC)...
  85. pmc Functionalization of poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) as a substrate for DNA microarrays
    F Fixe
    INESC, Microsistemas e Nanotecnologias INESC MN, Rua Alves Redol, 9, 1000 029 Lisboa, Portugal
    Nucleic Acids Res 32:e9. 2004
    ....
  86. pmc Environmental implications of plastic debris in marine settings--entanglement, ingestion, smothering, hangers-on, hitch-hiking and alien invasions
    Murray R Gregory
    School of Geography, Geology, Environmental Science, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 364:2013-25. 2009
    ..decades, contamination and pollution of the world's enclosed seas, coastal waters and the wider open oceans by plastics and other synthetic, non-biodegradable materials (generally known as 'marine debris') has been an ever-increasing ..
  87. ncbi Change in semen quality and sperm chromatin structure following occupational styrene exposure. ASCLEPIOS
    H A Kolstad
    Aarhus University Hospital, Department of Occupational Medicine, Denmark
    Int Arch Occup Environ Health 72:135-41. 1999
    ..Styrene, which is both mutagenic and neurotoxic, was selected as a suitable organic solvent for further assessment of a possible effect on semen quality and sperm DNA damage...
  88. ncbi Novel biodegradable aromatic plastics from a bacterial source. Genetic and biochemical studies on a route of the phenylacetyl-coa catabolon
    B Garcia
    Departamento de Bioquimica y Biologia Molecular, Facultades de Biologia y Veterinaria, Campus de Vegazana s n, Universidad de Leon, 24007 Leon, Espana
    J Biol Chem 274:29228-41. 1999
    Novel biodegradable bacterial plastics, made up of units of 3-hydroxy-n-phenylalkanoic acids, are accumulated intracellularly by Pseudomonas putida U due to the existence in this bacterium of (i) an acyl-CoA synthetase (encoded by the ..
  89. ncbi An investigation of factors contributing to styrene and styrene-7,8-oxide exposures in the reinforced-plastics industry
    L A Nylander-French
    Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill 27599 7400, USA
    Ann Occup Hyg 43:99-105. 1999
    During the manufacturing of reinforced plastics, large amounts of styrene and trace quantities of styrene-7,8-oxide (SO) are released...
  90. pmc Biodegradable and compostable alternatives to conventional plastics
    J H Song
    Mechanical Engineering, Brunel University, Uxbridge, Middlesex, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 364:2127-39. 2009
    ..Recently, significant progress has been made in the development of biodegradable plastics, largely from renewable natural resources, to produce biodegradable materials with similar functionality to that ..
  91. pmc Applications and societal benefits of plastics
    Anthony L Andrady
    Research Triangle Institute, Durham, NC 27709, USA
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 364:1977-84. 2009
    This article explains the history, from 1600 BC to 2008, of materials that are today termed 'plastics'...
  92. pmc Plastics, the environment and human health: current consensus and future trends
    Richard C Thompson
    Marine Biology and Ecology Research Centre, Marine Institute, University of Plymouth, Drake Circus, Plymouth, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 364:2153-66. 2009
    b>Plastics have transformed everyday life; usage is increasing and annual production is likely to exceed 300 million tonnes by 2010...
  93. ncbi Endoscopic treatment of sphincterotomy-associated distal common bile duct strictures by using sequential insertion of multiple plastic stents
    József Pozsár
    Second Department of Medicine, Szent Imre Hosital, H 1115 Budapest, Hungary
    Gastrointest Endosc 62:85-91. 2005
    ..A rare, late complication of endoscopic biliary sphincterotomy is the occurrence of short strictures extending from the papillary orifice to the distal parts of the extraduodenal common bile duct...
  94. pmc Structuring policy problems for plastics, the environment and human health: reflections from the UK
    Louise Shaxson
    Delta Partnership, Central Hall Westminster, Storey s Gate, London, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 364:2141-51. 2009
    How can we strengthen the science-policy interface for plastics, the environment and human health? In a complex policy area with multiple stakeholders, it is important to clarify the nature of the particular plastics-related issue before ..
  95. ncbi Polymers from plants to develop biodegradable plastics
    Udo Conrad
    Institut für Pflanzengegentik und Kulturpflanzenforschung Gatersleben IPK, Corrensstrasse 3, D 06466 Gatersleben, Germany
    Trends Plant Sci 10:511-2. 2005
    ..This work opens the way to the future production of biodegradable plastics using a plant-based production system...
  96. pmc Plastics recycling: challenges and opportunities
    Jefferson Hopewell
    Eco Products Agency, Fitzroy North, Australia
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 364:2115-26. 2009
    b>Plastics are inexpensive, lightweight and durable materials, which can readily be moulded into a variety of products that find use in a wide range of applications...
  97. pmc Monitoring the abundance of plastic debris in the marine environment
    Peter G Ryan
    Percy FitzPatrick Institute, DST NRF Centre of Excellence, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch, South Africa
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 364:1999-2012. 2009
    ..To date, most monitoring has focused on beach surveys of stranded plastics and other litter...
  98. pmc Cutinase-like enzyme from the yeast Cryptococcus sp. strain S-2 hydrolyzes polylactic acid and other biodegradable plastics
    Kazuo Masaki
    Environmental Research Division, National Research Institute of Brewing, 3 7 1 Kagamiyama, Higashi Hiroshima 739 0046, Japan
    Appl Environ Microbiol 71:7548-50. 2005
    ..This enzyme could effectively degrade the high-molecular-weight compound polylactic acid, as well as other biodegradable plastics, including polybutylene succinate, poly (epsilon-caprolactone), and poly(3-hydroxybutyrate).
  99. ncbi Leaching characteristics of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) from flame-retardant plastics
    Yong Jin Kim
    Department of Marine Environmental Engineering, Division of Ocean System Engineering, Mokpo National Maritime University, 571 2 Chukkyo dong, Mokpo, Jeonnam 530 729, Republic of Korea
    Chemosphere 65:506-13. 2006
    ....
  100. ncbi Severe lead poisoning in the plastics industry: a report of three cases
    Patricia Coyle
    Occupational Health Branch, California Department of Health Services, Oakland, California 94612, USA
    Am J Ind Med 47:172-5. 2005
    Lead stabilizers (e.g., lead sulfate, lead stearate) are common additives in plastics used in electrical devices. In 1997, three plastics compounders at one California company were severely lead-poisoned.
  101. ncbi An unusual intraorbital foreign body
    Vinita Singh
    Department of Ophthalmology, King George s Medical College, Lucknow, India
    Indian J Ophthalmol 52:64-5. 2004
    ..A plastic foreign body penetrating the anterior base of skull through the orbit in a 10-year-old male child is reported...

Research Grants64

  1. MICRO-INSTRUMENT PLATFORMS FOR GENETIC-BASED ANALYSES
    Steven Soper; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The devices proposed in this application will be fabricated using high aspect ratio micromachining in plastics (polymethylmethacrylate, PMMA) via LIGA processing...
  2. Transgenerational effects of endocrine disruptors: epigenetics and physiology
    Rebecca A Simmons; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Bisphenol-A (BPA) is a chemical plasticizer and xenoestrogen used in the production of polycarbonate plastics and epoxy resins. Human exposure to BPA is ubiquitous at low levels and occurs primarily through the diet...
  3. Effect of bisphenol A exposure on mammary stem cell function and transformation
    Luzhe Sun; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Bisphenol A is a most pervasive chemical in modern life as a component of polycarbonate plastics and epoxy resins used widely for food and beverage containers and dental sealants...
  4. Tie2 Activation for the Treatment of Chemical-Induced Acute Lung Injury
    Christopher D Kontos; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ABSTRACT Phosgene is a common toxic industrial chemical used in the manufacture of plastics and industrial materials...
  5. Design of a high-throughput screen for chemicals that cause meiotic aneuploidy
    Patrick Allard; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..environmental contribution in the etiology of meiotic chromosome segregation errors as compounds as diverse as plastics, pesticides and anti-anxiety drugs have been shown to cause meiotic aneuploidies in mammals...
  6. Effects of Bisphenol A Exposure on Genomic Imprinting in the Mouse
    Martha Susiarjo; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..BPA is one of the most highly produced chemicals worldwide used in the production of polycarbonate plastics, food and beverage packaging, resin-based products and dental sealant...
  7. BISPHENOL A EFFECTS ON THE PERIPHERAL MECHANISMS OF PENILE ERECTION
    Nestor F Gonzalez-Cadavid; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Bisphenol A (BPA), a key ingredient of polycarbonate plastics and epoxi resins, is a major endocrine disrupting chemical (EDC) present in urine...
  8. Endocrine Disruptors: Assessment of endocrine disruption activity, mechanism and
    Subhrangsu Mandal; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Sources of EDCs may include daily foods, drinking water, plastics, pesticides, synthetic hormones etc...
  9. Environmental PPAR Agonists Accelerate Aging of Bone and Impair Lymphopoiesis
    AMELIA RACHEL HAAS BAKER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..anti-fouling agent;however the use of TBT in agricultural pesticides, wood preservatives and the manufacturing of plastics has resulted in significant land-based sources of this contaminant such that organotins are even measurable in ..
  10. Long-Term Non-Enzymatic Glucose Sensors for an Artificial Pancreas
    NATALIE ANN WISNIEWSKI; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and under development are either bulky percutaneous probes or implantable devices encased in hard metals or plastics that become surrounded by an avascular tissue capsule over time or are taken up by immune cells (if nano-sized)...
  11. Factors Determining Bisphenol A Disposition in Human Infants
    D Gail McCarver; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Bisphenol A (BPA) is used in the manufacture of polycarbonate plastics and epoxy resins which are used in food containers and medical devices, as well as for multiple products in the automotive and ..
  12. Defining the role of BPA in promoting obesity and associated metabolic complicati
    BEVERLY SHARON contact RUBIN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Bisphenol A (BPA) is a ubiquitous estrogenic endocrine-disrupting chemical used in polycarbonate plastics and epoxy resins commonly found in food and beverage containers, and it is also present in countless other items ..
  13. Bisphenol A and Phthalate Exposure in Relation to Fetal Growth and Preterm Birth
    John D Meeker; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..There is recent preliminary evidence that human exposure to bisphenol A (BPA) and phthalates, chemicals used in plastics, personal care products, and other consumer goods may be associated with increased risk of preterm birth and ..
  14. Design of a high-throughput screen for chemicals that cause meiotic aneuploidy
    Patrick Allard; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..environmental contribution in the etiology of meiotic chromosome segregation errors as compounds as diverse as plastics, pesticides and anti-anxiety drugs have been shown to cause meiotic aneuploidies in mammals...
  15. Analysis of Polyhydroxyalkanoate Inclusion Biogenesis
    Douglas Dennis; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..is considerable commercial interest in PHAs because they comprise a family of polyesters that can be formed into plastics that are biodegradable...
  16. Viscoelastic Properties of Human Facial Skin
    MARK WILLIAM BEATTY; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..This information is critical for future research designed to improve polymers (plastics) and additives that will better replicate the appearance and feel of human facial skin...
  17. The Rosetta Enzyme ReDesign: Targeting PON1 as OP Scavenger
    Jennifer M Bui; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..inhibitors and have extensively been used as pesticides and insecticides in agriculture, as a flame retardant in plastics and rubbers, and even as a gasoline additive [1-3]...
  18. Baby bottles that release no chemicals having estrogenic activity
    STUART YANIGER; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..studies have also shown that bisphenol A (BPA) has EA and leaches from hard and clear polycarbonate (PC) plastics at nM-<M concentrations that have adverse health effects on fetal or juvenile mammals...
  19. The effect of phthalates on the heart: molecular pathways and clinical relevance
    Nikki Gillum Posnack; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..by applicant): Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) is used in a variety of medical products, as it allows stiff plastics, such as polyvinyl chloride, to become more flexible...
  20. Sexually dimorphic effects of endocrine disruptors on brain &behavior
    Andrea C Gore; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In addition, results on PCBs, used as a "model" EDC for decades, can help us better understand effects of other estrogenic EDCs still in common use such as those in plastics, pesticides, and beyond.
  21. Molecular Mechanisms of Obesity in Children Exposed to Phthalates in Utero
    Nina T Holland; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Evidence from animals and epidemiologic studies suggests that phthalates, components of plastics and cosmetics ubiquitously found in humans, may be obesogenic...
  22. Rapid Prototyping Method and Design Library for Universal POC Application
    VINCENT JEN JR GAU; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The wide variety of biocompatible surface properties of commercially available polymer/plastics provides a critical competitive advantage over conventional silicon or glass-based manufacturing method for the ..
  23. Estrogens/Xenoestrogens and Epigenetic Regulation of Gene Expression
    Wan Yee Tang; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Bisphenol A (BPA), a mimic of estrogen, is now used in the manufacture of polycarbonate plastics and epoxy resins contained in a variety of consumer products...
  24. Exposure to Bisphenol A: Inhibition of Adiponectin Release by Human Adipocytes
    Nira Ben Jonathan; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Bisphenol A (BPA) is a monomer of polycarbonate plastics used in many consumer products...
  25. Effects of Fetal Bisphenol A Exposure on Oogenesis in Primates
    CATHERINE A contact VANDEVOORT; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Bisphenol A (BPA) is a widely used compound found in plastics and the lining of cans used for food that has been shown to have deleterious effects on offspring of mice when ..
  26. EPIGENETIC TRANSGENERATIONAL ENDOCRINE DISRUPTOR ACTIONS
    Michael K Skinner; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Transgenerational effects of environmental factors, such as pesticides, plastics and fungicides, significantly amplify the impact and health hazards of these compounds...
  27. Chromosome Congression in Drosophila Female Meiosis
    WILLIAM DEAN GILLILAND; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..On the basis of this research, BPA is being phased out from consumer plastics. Therefore, increasing our understanding of the process of congression is a key component of the study of female ..
  28. TRAINING IN ORTHOPEDIC SKELETAL BIOLOGY
    D Rick Sumner; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..departments at Rush (Section of Rheumatology from the Department of Internal Medicine and the Department of Plastics &Reconstructive Surgery) are expected to participate as mentors or co-mentors...
  29. Estrogen Free Polymer Formulations for Food Packaging and Baby Products
    STUART YANIGER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Recent scientific investigations have shown that plastics often leach endocrine disruptor chemicals (EDCs) into the environment...
  30. Development of a High Performance Bioprocess for Eliminating 1,4-Dioxane in Water
    Joseph Salanitro; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..ingredient in pesticides and fumigants, (4), purifying agent in pharmaceuticals, and (5) solvent in resins, oils, plastics, adhesives, waxes, and cement...
  31. DNA Sequencing and Nanotechnology
    Nyoté J Oliver; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..enzymes and flight-time-based identification of single DNA monomers through a nanochannel sensor made from plastics by means of low-cost replication...
  32. Bisphenol A and Ovotoxicity
    Jodi A Flaws; Fiscal Year: 2013
    Bisphenol A (BPA) is an endocrine disrupting chemical that is widely used in polycarbonate plastics such as food packaging products, milk containers, baby bottles, liners for food cans, and dental materials...
  33. Immunotoxicology of Chronic Exposure to Estrogenic Bisphenol-A
    Norbert E Kaminski; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..BPA is also a constituent of plastics other than polycarbonates including polynil chloride and polyethylene terephthalate, which are also widely used...
  34. A Hard and Clear, Estrogen-Free Replacement for Bisphenol-A Based Polycarbonates
    DANIEL JAMES KLEIN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..publications show that Bisphenol A (BPA)-based polycarbonate (PC) and all other commonly used hard and clear (HC) plastics (e.g...
  35. Neurobehavioral effects of Bisphenol A Across age and sex
    CHERYL SUSAN ROSENFELD; Fiscal Year: 2013
    Human exposure to Bisphenol A (BPA), found in polycarbonate plastics, epoxy resins, and carbonless thermal receipts, among other products, is nearly ubiquitous...
  36. Effects of Endocrine Disruptors on Endometriosis Risk in Reproductive Age Women
    Kristen Upson; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..about the safety of phthalates, man-made chemicals used in the manufacturing of many household items including plastics and personal care products...
  37. Developmentally Programmed Hyperphagia and Obesity via BPA enhanced Neurogenesis
    MICHAEL GLENN ROSS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Bisphenol A (BPA) is a ubiquitous chemical widely used in plastics (e.g...
  38. Expressing bacterial bioluminescence in human cell lines: Engineering autobiolumi
    Dan Morrison; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Endocrine disruptor chemicals (EDCs) potentially originating from plastics, pesticides, and pharmaceutical and personal care products are under scrutiny due to implications that they cause ..
  39. Free Form Fabrication of Dental Copings and Restorations.
    Joseph Cesarano; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..In the future, additional inks will be developed for metals and plastics to further expanding the capability of the system to cover all aspects of dental therapy...
  40. MULTI IMAGER COMPATIBLE ROBOT FOR PROSTATE ACCESS
    Dan Stoianovici; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..For this, the system, including the motors, will be constructed of materials such as plastics, carbon fiber composites, ceramics, glasses, and rubbers...
  41. The Innovative Cut-to-Coat Process for Low Cost Manufacturing Digital Rx Lenses
    HAIXING ZHENG; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..and AR coating technologies and the pre-blocking semi-finished lens technology using environmentally benign plastics. The success of this proposed technology will not only increase production efficiency (saving on polishing time ..
  42. Enhanced Senior Design through Clinical Industrial Immersion and Entrepreneurship
    Alan W Eberhardt; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..where they will gain hands-on experience associated with state-of-the-art manufacturing methods for metals and plastics, quality assessment and control, and good manufacturing practices (GMP)...
  43. MULTI IMAGER COMPATIBLE ROBOT FOR PROSTATE ACCESS
    Dan Stoianovici; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..For this, the system, including the motors, will be constructed of materials such as plastics, carbon fiber composites, ceramics, glasses, and rubbers...
  44. Bone Targeting Peptides for the Prevention and Treatment of Infection
    HANNE GRON; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..to synthetic surfaces (metals, plastics, polymers, etc.) or tissues...
  45. Low-Cost Microfluidic System for Detection of CTC's
    Mateusz Hupert; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The technology consists of a fluidic cartridge made from conventional plastics, such as Plexiglas, through micro-replication that can select CTCs from blood in under 20 min with recoveries >..
  46. Impact of Environmental Pollutants on Breast Cancer and*
    Julia Brody; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..mammary carcinogens is common from sources such as air and water pollution, detergents, pesticides, cosmetics, plastics, building materials, and furnishings...
  47. A Hard and Clear, Estrogen-Free Replacement for Bisphenol-A Based Polycarbonates
    Daniel Klein; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Many scientific investigations have shown that polycarbonate (PC) plastics leach bisphenol- A (BPA), one of many hundreds of chemicals having estrogenic activity (EA) or anti-EA used to manufacture PC ..
  48. Studies of Chemical Disposition in Animals
    GLENN I SIPES; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..and TBBPA-DBPE are used as flame retardents in circuit boards and polycarbonate-acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene plastics. There is widespread worker exposure to these chemicals and possible consumer exposure...
  49. Development of a disposable shippable chip for high throughput ion channel screen
    JASON POULOS; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..We will use the materials and designs from Phase I to contract with a plastics manufacturer in Phase II to create an inexpensive, injection molded prototype...
  50. Array Confocal Fluorescence Microscope
    RONGGUANG LIANG; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..7) and large FOV ACFM with 5x5 confocal objectives. The objectives will be designed with optical plastics and fabricated using diamond turning techniques...
  51. ERADICATING BIOFILMS WITH AN ATMOSPHERIC GLOW PLASMA
    Kimberly Kelly Wintenberg; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Biofilms of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus will be formed on coupons of selected medical grade plastics and stainless steel simulating surfaces found in medical and dental instruments and devices...
  52. METABOLIC BASIS OF CONJUGATED DIENES TOXICITY
    ADNAN ELFARRA; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..such as 1,3-butadiene, 2-methyl-1,3-butadiene (isoprene), and cyclopentadiene are extensively used in the rubber, plastics and pesticide industries. Exposure of mice and rats to 1,3-butadiene results in lesions in gonads, lung and liver...
  53. NITRIC OXIDE, NEUROPEPTIDES, AND OVULATION
    Satya Kalra; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..estrogens and estrogen-like pollutants (pesticides, chlorinated hydrocarbons, the breakdown products of plastics) as well as improper levels of NO are also known to produce neurotoxicity...
  54. CASE CONTROL STUDY OF CANCER IN SYNTHETIC RUBBER WORKER
    Genevieve Matanoski; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Butadiene is the 36th most common chemical produced in the U.S. (IARC 1986). It is used in the making of plastics, resins, rocket fuels and rubber and rubber products...
  55. PERIPHERAL MARKERS OF STYRENE TOXICITY
    Harvey Checkoway; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..Exposed subjects will be workers exposed to styrene in the reinforced plastics industry and a comparison group will be workers, matched with respect to gender, age and race, from other ..
  56. Pb-Qdot Direct Gamma Detectors
    IRVING WEINBERG; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..builds on the substantial work generated by one group that has embedded quantum structures in semiconducting plastics, forming conducting polymer donor- acceptor bulk heterojunctions with favorable mobility-lifetime and band-gap ..
  57. Action of an endocrine disruptor on the Leydig cell
    Matthew Hardy; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..provided by applicant): The phthalate ester, diethylhexylphthalate (DEHP), is a constituent chemical of many plastics, conferring their flexibility...
  58. SIMPLE DEVICE FOR MEASURING PERSONAL EXPOSURES TO UV
    STANLEY ECHOLS; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..PROPOSED COMMERCIAL APPLICATION: Personal dosimetry in the following workplaces: Where plastics are cured with UV, around arc welding sites, around hospitals where UV is used for disinfection, at sites where ..
  59. Mechanistic studies of PHB biosynthesis
    Ping Li; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Thus, the desire to replace the conventional petrochemical-based plastics with biodegradable plastics in an environmentally friendly and economically competitive fashion has served an ..
  60. Dietary Intervention for Bisphenol A-induced Susceptibility to Prostate Neoplasia
    Gail Prins; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..life exposure to environmentally relevant levels of bisphenol A, a prevalent environmental estrogen found in plastics and epoxy resins, increases the susceptibility of the adult prostate to hormonal carcinogenesis...
  61. MICRO-INSTRUMENT PLATFORMS FOR GENETIC-BASED ANALYSES
    Steven Soper; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The devices proposed in this application will be fabricated using high aspect ratio micromachining in plastics (polymethylmethacrylate, PMMA) via LIGA processing...
  62. WET VACUUM UNITS FOR SAMPLING FOOD BORNE BACTERIA
    Bruce Bradley; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Continued partnering with U.S. plastics and filter manufacturers and a large U.S...
  63. An Integrated PET-MRI System for Molecular Imaging
    Bernd Pichler; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..in combination with preliminary results from tests of different materials, such as the LSO-APD PET detectors, plastics, and electronic boards in the 7 Tesla field indicate the feasibility of this project...
  64. Flexible Ribbon Guide - In-Vivo & Hand-Held THz Imaging
    PETER SIEGEL; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..A few plastics have very low dispersion and absorption but have a low refractive index that makes it difficult to confine single ..