Genomes and Genes
Summary: Oils which evaporate readily. The volatile oils occur in aromatic plants, to which they give odor and other characteristics. Most volatile oils consist of a mixture of two or more TERPENES or of a mixture of an eleoptene (the more volatile constituent of a volatile oil) with a stearopten (the more solid constituent). The synonym essential oils refers to the essence of a plant, as its perfume or scent, and not to its indispensability.
Publications214 found, 100 shown here
- Activity of essential oils from Brazilian medicinal plants on Escherichia coliMarta Cristina Teixeira Duarte
Research Center for Chemistry, Biology and Agriculture, State University of Campinas, P O Box 6171, CEP 13083 970 Campinas, SP, Brazil
J Ethnopharmacol 111:197-201. 2007..The significant antibacterial activity of Cymbopogon martinii oil suggests that they could serve as a source for compounds with therapeutic potential...
- Effect of oil extracted from some medicinal plants on different mycotoxigenic fungiK M Soliman
Food Technology and Dairy Departments, National Research Center, Dokki, Cairo, Egypt
Food Chem Toxicol 40:1669-75. 2002..The extent of inhibition of fungal growth and mycotoxin production was dependent on the concentration of essential oils used...
- Biological activities of lavender essential oilH M A Cavanagh
School of Biomedical Sciences, Charles Sturt University, Wagga Wagga, NSW 2678, Australia
Phytother Res 16:301-8. 2002..These issues need to be resolved before we have a true picture of the biological activities of lavender essential oil...
- A comparison of chemical, antioxidant and antimicrobial studies of cinnamon leaf and bark volatile oils, oleoresins and their constituentsGurdip Singh
Chemistry Department, DDU Gorakhpur University, Gorakhpur 273 009, India
Food Chem Toxicol 45:1650-61. 2007The antioxidant, antifungal and antibacterial potentials of volatile oils and oleoresin of Cinnamomum zeylanicum Blume (leaf and bark) were investigated in the present study...
- Effects of Cymbopogon nardus (L.) W. Watson essential oil on the growth and morphogenesis of Aspergillus nigerV G de Billerbeck
Laboratoire de Bactériologie Virologie et Microbiologie Industrielle, Faculte de Pharmacie, 35, chemin des Maraichers, 31062 Toulouse Cedex, France
Can J Microbiol 47:9-17. 2001..The findings thus indicate the possibility of exploiting Cymbopogon nardus essential oil as an effective inhibitor of biodegrading and storage-contaminating fungi...
- Pharmacological properties of citrus and their ancient and medieval uses in the Mediterranean regionBeatriz Alvarez Arias
Real Jardín Botánico de Madrid, Spain
J Ethnopharmacol 97:89-95. 2005..Lemons might even ease hangover symptoms. Research is required to confirm these properties...
- Effect of some volatile oils on the affinity of intact and oxidized low-density lipoproteins for adrenal cell surface receptorsGholam Ali Naderi
Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Center Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
Mol Cell Biochem 267:59-66. 2004..Further research may prove that these compounds can be used clinically, especially in atherosclerotic and hypercholesterolemic cases...
- Suppression of neutrophil recruitment in mice by geranium essential oilShigeru Abe
Teikyo University Institute of Medical Mycology, Hachioji, Tokyo, Japan
Mediators Inflamm 13:21-4. 2004..In aromatherapy, essential oils are used as anti-inflammatory remedies, but experimental studies on their action mechanisms are very limited...
- Metabolic engineering of essential oil yield and composition in mint by altering expression of deoxyxylulose phosphate reductoisomerase and menthofuran synthaseS S Mahmoud
Institute of Biological Chemistry, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164-6340
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98:8915-20. 2001....
- Determination of radix ginseng volatile oils at different ages by comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography/time-of-flight mass spectrometryYaqiong Qiu
Key Laboratory of Separation Science for Analytical Chemistry, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian, China
J Sep Sci 31:3451-7. 2008..It was found that the relative abundances of alpha-cadinol, alpha-bisabolol, thujopsene, and n-hexadecanoic acid significantly rise with the increase in age...
- Study of traditional Chinese medicine volatile oils from different geographical origins by comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GCxGC-TOFMS) in combination with multivariate analysisYaqiong Qiu
National Chromatographic R and A Center, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, The Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023, China
J Pharm Biomed Anal 43:1721-7. 2007..The abundances of monoterpenes and oxygenated sesquiterpenes were responsible for the differentiation, which is in good agreement with the group quantitative results of GC x GC analysis...
- [Comparative study on volatile oils in flower and stem of Lonicera japonica]Huijun Li
China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing 210038
Zhong Yao Cai 25:476-7. 2002To study the volatile oils in flower and stem of Lonicera japonica. Thunb.
- Antibacterial, antifungal, and anticancer activities of volatile oils and extracts from stems, leaves, and flowers of Eucalyptus sideroxylon and Eucalyptus torquataHossam M Ashour
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Cairo University, Egypt
Cancer Biol Ther 7:399-403. 2008..This is the first report of antimicrobial and antitumor properties of E sideroxylon and E torquata. Results suggest a wider use of Eucalyptus species products in pharmaceutical, cosmetic, and food preparations...
- Chemical composition and insecticidal activity of the volatile oils of leaves and flowers of Lantana camara L. cultivated in EgyptNevein M Abdel-Hady
Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy Girls, Al Azhar University, Nasr City, Cairo, Egypt
J Egypt Soc Parasitol 35:687-98. 2005GC and GC/MS analysis of the hydrodistilled volatile oils of the leaves and flowers of Lantana camara L. cv. flava (Verbenaceae) cultivated in Egypt revealed both qualitative and quantitative variations...
- Characterization of the volatile composition of essential oils of some lamiaceae spices and the antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of the entire oilsBiljana Bozin
Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Novi Sad, Serbia and Montenegro
J Agric Food Chem 54:1822-8. 2006..A significant rate of antifungal activity of all of the examined essential oils was also exhibited...
- Screening chemical composition and in vitro antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of the essential oils from Origanum syriacum L. growing in TurkeyMehmet Hakki Alma
Department of Industrial Engineering of Forestry, Faculty of Forestry, University of Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam, Turkey
Biol Pharm Bull 26:1725-9. 2003..Antimicrobial activities of the essential oil from the leaves of Origanum syriacum was also determined on 16 microorganisms tested using the agar-disc diffusion method, and showed antimicrobial activity against 13 of these...
- Chemistry, antioxidant, antibacterial and antifungal activities of volatile oils and their componentsLaura De Martino
Dipartimento di Scienze Farmaceutiche, Universita degli Studi di Salerno, Via Ponte Don Melillo, 84084 Fisciano, Salerno, Italy
Nat Prod Commun 4:1741-50. 2009..The oils proved inactive towards some Lactobacilli strains, whereas single components showed an appreciable activity. These results may be important for use of the essential oils as natural preservatives for food products...
- Determination of the chemical composition and antioxidant activity of the essential oil of Artemisia dracunculus and of the antifungal and antibacterial activities of Turkish Artemisia absinthium, A. dracunculus, Artemisia santonicum, and Artemisia spicigSaban Kordali
Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, and Department of Chemistry, Kazim Karabekir Education Faculty, Ataturk University, Campus, 25240 Erzurum, Turkey
J Agric Food Chem 53:9452-8. 2005....
- Anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties of the leaf extracts and essential oil of Lavandula angustifolia MillValiollah Hajhashemi
Department of Pharmacology, School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
J Ethnopharmacol 89:67-71. 2003..Results of the present study confirm the traditional use of Lavandula angustifolia for the treatment of painful and inflammatory conditions and calls for further investigations to determine the active chemical constituent(s)...
- Composition and acaricidal activity of Lippia sidoides essential oil against two-spotted spider mite (Tetranychus urticae Koch)S C H Cavalcanti
Departamento de Fisiologia, Universidade Federal de Sergipe, Av Marechal Rondon s n, CEP 49100 000, São Cristóvão SE, Brazil
Bioresour Technol 101:829-32. 2010..Exposure periods were 24, 48, and 72 h. Data obtained in these experiments were submitted to probit analysis. The essential oil of L. sidoides, thymol and carvacrol exhibited potent acaricidal activity against T. urticae...
- Antiviral activity of the volatile oils of Melissa officinalis L. against Herpes simplex virus type-2A Allahverdiyev
Tropical Diseases Center, Faculty of Medicine, Cukurova University, Adana, Turkey
Phytomedicine 11:657-61. 2004..Four different concentrations (25, 50, 100, 150 and 200 microg/ml) of volatile oils were examined. Experiments were carried out using HEp-2 cells. M...
- Essential oil analysis and anticancer activity of leaf essential oil of Croton flavens L. from GuadeloupeMuriel Sylvestre
Laboratoire d Analyse et de Séparation des Essences Végétales, Departement des Sciences Fondamentales, Universite du Quebec a Chicoutimi, Que, Canada
J Ethnopharmacol 103:99-102. 2006..Three compounds identified in the leaf essential oil, alpha-cadinol (3.97%), beta-elemene (1.53%) and alpha-humulene (1.06%) are cytotoxic against tumor cell lines...
- Inhibitory effect of essential oils against herpes simplex virus type 2C Koch
Department of Virology, Hygiene Institute, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany
Phytomedicine 15:71-8. 2008..Camomile oil exhibited a high selectivity index and seems to be a promising candidate for topical therapeutic application as virucidal agents for treatment of herpes genitalis...
- Repellency of essential oils of some Kenyan plants against Anopheles gambiaeMaurice O Omolo
Chemistry Department, School of Pure and Applied Sciences, Kenyatta University, PO Box 43844, GPO 00100, Nairobi, Kenya
Phytochemistry 65:2797-802. 2004..Four synthetic blends of the major components (present in > or = 1.5%) of the essential oils were found to exhibit comparable repellent activity to the parent oils...
- Chemistry and immunomodulatory activity of frankincense oilBotros R Mikhaeil
Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mansoura University, Mansoura 35516, Egypt
Z Naturforsch C 58:230-8. 2003..Biologically, the oil exhibited a strong immunostimulant activity (90% lymphocyte transformation) when assessed by a lymphocyte proliferation assay...
- Toxicity of plant essential oils to Trialeurodes vaporariorum (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae)Won Il Choi
School of Agricultural Biotechnology, Seoul National University, Suwon 441 744, Republic of Korea
J Econ Entomol 96:1479-84. 2003..Significant correlations among adulticidal, nymphicidal, and ovicidal activities of the test oils were observed. The essential oils described herein merit further study as potential fumigants for T. vaporariorum control...
- (-)-Menthol biosynthesis and molecular geneticsRodney B Croteau
Institute of Biological Chemistry, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164 6340, USA
Naturwissenschaften 92:562-77. 2005..Genetic engineering to up-regulate a flux-limiting step and down-regulate a side route reaction has led to improvement in the composition and yield of peppermint oil...
- Acaricidal properties of Artemisia absinthium and Tanacetum vulgare (Asteraceae) essential oils obtained by three methods of extractionH Chiasson
, Saint-Charles-sur-Richelieu, QC, Canada
J Econ Entomol 94:167-71. 2001..Chemical analysis of the T. vulgare extracts indicated that beta-thujone is by far the major compound of the oil (>87.6%) and probably contributes significantly to the acaricidal activity of the oil...
- Herbivore-induced, indirect plant defencesGen Ichiro Arimura
Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology, Department of Bioorganic Chemistry, Hans Knoll Strasse 8, D 07745 Jena, Germany
Biochim Biophys Acta 1734:91-111. 2005..Finally, ecological aspects of these two indirect defences such as their variability, specificity, evolution as well as their ecological relevance in nature are discussed...
- The inhibitory effect of essential oils on herpes simplex virus type-1 replication in vitroMasato Minami
Department of Microbiology, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, Kyoto 602 8566, Japan
Microbiol Immunol 47:681-4. 2003....
- The efficacy of the volatile oils of three plants for controlling Lucilia sericataS A Mazyad
Ain Shams Research and Training Center on Vectors of Diseases, Cairo 11566, Egypt
J Egypt Soc Parasitol 29:91-100. 1999Myiasis is one of the most important parasitic diseases, which affects the human welfare. The volatile oils of three plants were tested against adult Lucilia sericata...
- Analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects of essential oils of EucalyptusJeane Silva
Departamento de Biologia, Centro de Ciencias, Universidade Federal do Ceara, Fortaleza, Ceara, Brazil
J Ethnopharmacol 89:277-83. 2003..Further investigation is warranted for possible development of new classes of analgesic and anti-inflammatory drugs from components of the essential oils of the Eucalyptus species...
- Virucidal activity of a beta-triketone-rich essential oil of Leptospermum scoparium (manuka oil) against HSV-1 and HSV-2 in cell cultureJürgen Reichling
Institute of Pharmacy and Molecular Biotechnology, Department of Biology, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany
Planta Med 71:1123-7. 2005..When added at non-cytotoxic concentrations to the virus 1 h prior to cell infection, plaque formation was reduced by 99.1 % and 79.7 % for flavesone and leptospermone, respectively...
- Antimicrobial activity of cinnamon and clove oils under modified atmosphere conditionsN Matan
Faculty of Agro Industry, Department of Product Development, Kasetsart University, Bangkok 10900, Thailand
Int J Food Microbiol 107:180-5. 2006..roqueforti, M. plumbeus, Eurotium sp., D. hansenii, and Z. rouxii, while inhibition of A. flavus required the addition of 4000 microL. Higher ratios of cinnamon oil/clove oil were more effective for inhibiting the growth of A. flavus...
- Acaricidal activity of pine essential oils and their main components against Tyrophagus putrescentiae, a stored food miteF Macchioni
Dipartimento di Chimica Biorganica e Biofarmacia, Universita di Pisa, Viale delle Piagge 2, Pisa 56124, Italy
J Agric Food Chem 50:4586-8. 2002..pinea oil and its two constituents 1,8-cineole and limonene were the most effective compounds, showing 100% acaricidal activity at 8 microL; 1,8-cineole showed the same activity at 6 microL...
- Suppression of tumor necrosis factor-alpha-induced neutrophil adherence responses by essential oilsShigeru Abe
Teikyo University Institute of Medical Mycology, 350 Otsuka, Hachioji, Tokyo 192 0395, Japan
Mediators Inflamm 12:323-8. 2003..In aromatherapy, essential oils are used as anti-inflammatory remedies, but experimental studies on their action mechanisms are very limited...
- Cosuppression of limonene-3-hydroxylase in peppermint promotes accumulation of limonene in the essential oilSoheil S Mahmoud
Institute of Biological Chemistry, Washington State University, PO Box 646340, Pullman, WA 99164 6340, USA
Phytochemistry 65:547-54. 2004....
- Acaricidal properties of the essential oil from Hesperozygis ringens (Lamiaceae) on the cattle tick Riphicephalus (Boophilus) microplusVera Lucia Sardá Ribeiro
Laboratorio de Entomologia, Faculdade de Veterinaria, UFRGS, 91540 000 Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
Bioresour Technol 101:2506-9. 2010..9), LC(50) and LC(1) was 0.541 microL/mL, 0.260 microL/mL and 0.015 microL/mL, respectively. Pulegone, isolated from the oil, showed similar effect on the females and on the larvae, indicating that it is responsible for the oil activity...
- The battle against multi-resistant strains: Renaissance of antimicrobial essential oils as a promising force to fight hospital-acquired infectionsPatrick H Warnke
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Kiel, Germany
J Craniomaxillofac Surg 37:392-7. 2009..As proven in vitro, essential oils represent a cheap and effective antiseptic topical treatment option even for antibiotic-resistant strains as MRSA and antimycotic-resistant Candida species...
- In vitro efficacy of 75 essential oils against Aspergillus nigerV C Pawar
Department of Biosciences, Saurashtra University, Rajkot, Gujarat, India
Mycoses 49:316-23. 2006..Most of the other essential oils were found challenging to combat A. niger, suggesting their use as strong aroma therapeutic agents...
- A study of the larvicidal activity of Origanum (Labiatae) species from southwest TurkeyHuseyin Cetin-
Akdeniz University, Faculty ofArts and Science, Biology Department, Antalya, 07058 Turkey
J Vector Ecol 31:118-22. 2006..Diptera: Culicidae). The LC50 and LC90 values were 24.8 and 61.3 ppm, and 73.8 and 118.9 ppm, respectively. This activity was attributed to the carvacrol, the major constituent of these oils...
- A comparison of the antibacterial efficacies of essential oils against oral pathogensK Takarada
Department of Microbiology, Tokyo Dental College, 1 2 2 Masago, Mihama ku, Chiba 261 8502, Japan
Oral Microbiol Immunol 19:61-4. 2004..From the viewpoint of safety, we also examined the effects of these essential oils on cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells and found that, at a concentration of 0.2%, they had little effect on cultured cells...
- [Pharmacognostic research of some species of Achillea. Note 1. Volatile oils analysis]Florenţa Gherase
Disciplina de Farmacodinamie, Facultatea de Farmacie, Universitatea de Medicină si Farmacie Gr T Popa Iaşi
Rev Med Chir Soc Med Nat Iasi 107:188-91. 2003..collina collected in Austria. The results obtained for a mixture of some species (Plafar Botoşani) differ from literature data in the presence of bisabolol, which have not been found so far in Achillea species...
- Repellency of essential oils of some plants from the Kenyan coast against Anopheles gambiaeJosiah O Odalo
Chemistry Department, School of Pure and Applied Sciences, Kenyatta University, Nairobi 00100, Kenya
Acta Trop 95:210-8. 2005b>Volatile oils extracted by hydrodistillation from six plant species growing in the Kenyan coast, Croton pseudopulchellus Pax, Mkilua fragrans Verdc. (Annonaceae), Endostemon tereticaulis (poir.) Ashby, Ocimum forskolei Benth...
- Essential oils--their antimicrobial activity against Escherichia coli and effect on intestinal cell viabilityDusan Fabian
Institute of Animal Physiology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Soltesovej 4 6, 04001 Kosice, Slovakia
Toxicol In Vitro 20:1435-45. 2006..coli on Caco-2 cells after 1h culture. In conclusion, it is possible to find appropriate doses of essential oils showing both antimicrobial activity and very low detrimental effect on intestinal cells...
- Insecticidal activity and chemical composition of volatile oils from Hyptis martiusii BenthEdigênia C C Araújo
Curso de Pós Graduação em Química Orgânica, Departamento de Quimica Organica e Inorganica, Centro de Ciencias, Universidade Federal do Ceara, Caixa Postal 12 200, Fortaleza CE 60021 940, Brazil
J Agric Food Chem 51:3760-2. 2003..25%), and germacrene B (5.21%). The essential oil of leaves and 1,8-cineole showed pronounced insecticidal effect against Aedes aegypti larvae and Bemisia argentifolii, the vectors of dengue fever and white fly fruit plague, respectively...
- Acaricidal activity against Tetranychus urticae and chemical composition of peel essential oils of three Citrus species cultivated in NE BrazilClaudio Pereira Araújo
Laboratório de Produtos Naturais Bioativos, Departamento de Quimica, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Recife Pernambuco 52171 900 Recife PE, Brazil
Nat Prod Commun 5:471-6. 2010..63 microL/L air, respectively. The associated fumigant and repellent properties of these Citrus peel oils, particularly those of C. aurantium and C. senensis var. mimo, could be used to advantage for the control of T. urticae...
- Monoterpene composition of essential oil from peppermint (Mentha x piperita L.) with regard to leaf position using solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry analysisJ Rohloff
The Plant Biocentre, Department of Botany, Norwegian University of Science and Technology NTNU, 7491 Trondheim, Norway
J Agric Food Chem 47:3782-6. 1999..SPME sampling resulted in relatively higher amounts of high-volatile monoterpenes and lower detection of less volatile compounds such as menthol and menthone, compared to solvent-based samples from essential oil distillation...
- Fumigant toxicity of cassia bark and cassia and cinnamon oil compounds to Dermatophagoides farinae and Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (Acari: Pyroglyphidae)Hyun Kyung Kim
Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Seoul National University, Seoul 151 921, Republic of Korea
Exp Appl Acarol 44:1-9. 2008..farinae, the test compounds described were much more effective in closed--but not in open--containers, indicating that the effect of these compounds was largely a result of action in the vapour phase...
- Acaricidal activity of triketone analogues derived from Leptospermum scoparium oil against house-dust and stored-food mitesEun Young Jeong
Environmental Science Major and Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology, College of Agriculture and Life Science, Chonbuk National University, Chonju 561 756, South Korea
Pest Manag Sci 65:327-31. 2009..which may affect the overall biological activity of a mite without adverse effects. Results were compared with those from using benzyl benzoate and N,N-diethyl-3-methylbenzamide (DEET)...
- [Analysis on the volatile oil in Origanum vulgare]Hui Tian
Guangxi College of TCM, Nanning 530001, China
Zhong Yao Cai 29:920-1. 2006..To analysis compositions of the volatile oil in Origanum vulgare...
- Antinociceptive activity of the volatile oils of Hyptis pectinata L. Poit. (Lamiaceae) genotypesM F Arrigoni-Blank
Núcleo de Ciências Biológicas, Campus Prof Alberto Carvalho, Universidade Federal de Sergipe, Itabaiana, Av Vereador Olímpio Grande s n, 49500 000 Sergipe, Brazil
Phytomedicine 15:334-9. 2008..The antinociceptive activity of the volatile oils of six genotypes, at doses of 100, 200 and 400mg/kg body wt...
- Constituents of aromatic plants: eucalyptolM De Vincenzi
Department of Metabolism and Pathological Biochemistry ISS, Rome, Italy
Fitoterapia 73:269-75. 2002..Following the accidental exposure of human beings, death was reported in two cases after ingestion of 3.5-5 ml of essential eucalyptus oil, but a number of recoveries have also been described for much higher amounts of oil...
- Variation in chemical composition and acaricidal activity against Dermanyssus gallinae of four eucalyptus essential oilsDavid R George
School of Agriculture, Food and Rural Development, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 7RU, UK
Exp Appl Acarol 48:43-50. 2009..gallinae. It may therefore be the case that the complexity of an essential oil's chemical make up plays an important role in dictating the toxicity of that oil to pests such as D. gallinae...
- Interactions between components of the essential oil of Melaleuca alternifoliaS D Cox
Centre for Biostructural and Biomolecular Research, University of Western Sydney, Hawkesbury, New South Wales, Australia
J Appl Microbiol 91:492-7. 2001..This study compared the antimicrobial activity of Melaleuca alternifolia (tea tree) oil with that of some of its components, both individually and in two-component combinations...
- Supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of compounds with antimicrobial activity from Origanum vulgare L.: determination of optimal extraction parametersS Santoyo
Sección Department de Ciencias de la Alimentación, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Ciudad Universitaria de Cantoblanco, Madrid, Spain
J Food Prot 69:369-75. 2006..Consequently, it was confirmed that essential oil from experiment 5, with the best antimicrobial activity, also presented the highest quantity of carvacrol...
- In-vitro anti-inflammatory effect of Eucalyptus globulus and Thymus vulgaris: nitric oxide inhibition in J774A.1 murine macrophagesE Vigo
Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, University of Santiago de Compostela, 15782 Santiago de Compostela, Spain
J Pharm Pharmacol 56:257-63. 2004..This study thus suggests that the inhibition of net NO production by these two extracts may be due to their NO scavenging activity and/or their inhibitory effects on iNOS gene expression...
- A combination of peppermint oil and caraway oil attenuates the post-inflammatory visceral hyperalgesia in a rat modelBirgit Adam
Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and General Medicine, University of Adelaide, Royal Adelaide Hospital, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
Scand J Gastroenterol 41:155-60. 2006..Thus, the aim of this study was to characterize the effects of peppermint- and caraway oil, individually and in combination, on visceral nociception in a rat model of post-inflammatory visceral hyperalgesia...
- Acaricidal and insecticidal activity of essential oils on Varroa destructor (Acari: Varroidae) and Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera: Apidae)Natalia Damiani
Laboratorio de Artrópodos Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Parasitol Res 106:145-52. 2009....
- Effects of three AM fungi on growth, distribution of glandular hairs, and essential oil production in Ocimum basilicum L. var. GenoveseAndrea Copetta
Dipartimento di Scienze dell Ambiente e della Vita, Universita del Piemonte Orientale Amedeo Avogadro, Via Bellini 25 G, Alessandria, I 15100, Italy
Mycorrhiza 16:485-94. 2006..Results showed that different fungi can induce different effects in the same plant and that the essential oil yield can be modulated according to the colonizing AM fungus...
- Efficacy of spray formulations containing binary mixtures of clove and eucalyptus oils against susceptible and pyrethroid/ malathion-resistant head lice (Anoplura: Pediculidae)Han Young Choi
School of Human and Environmental Sciences, Eulji University, Seoungnam 461 713, Republic of Korea
J Med Entomol 47:387-91. 2010..Once the safety issues resolved, covering the treated hair and scalp with bath shower cap or hat would ensure the fumigant action of the essential oil...
- Chemical composition and insecticidal activity against Sitophilus zeamais of the essential oils of Artemisia capillaris and Artemisia mongolicaZhi Long Liu
Department of Entomology, China Agricultural University, Haidian District, Beijing, China
Molecules 15:2600-8. 2010..zeamais adults with LC50 values of 5.31 and 7.35 mg/L respectively. The essential oils also show contact toxicity against S. zeamais adults with LD50 values of 105.95 and 87.92 microg/adult, respectively...
- In vitro antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of the essential oils and various extracts of Thymus eigii M. Zohary et P.H. DavisBektas Tepe
Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Literature, Cumhuriyet University, Sivas, Turkey
J Agric Food Chem 52:1132-7. 2004..These data were further supported by total phenolics analysis, indicating that the antioxidative potential of the extracts was closely related to their phenolic constituents...
- Correlation between chemical composition and antibacterial activity of essential oils of some aromatic medicinal plants growing in the Democratic Republic of CongoK Cimanga
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Antwerp U I A, Universiteitsplein 1, B 2610, Wilrijk, Antwerp, Belgium
J Ethnopharmacol 79:213-20. 2002..No correlation between the amount of major constituents such as 1,8-cineol, alpha-pinene, p-cymene, cryptone or thymol and the antibacterial activity was observed...
- Perilla frutescens var. frutescens in northern LaosMichiho Ito
Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kyoto University, 46 29 Yoshida Shimoadachi, Sakyo, Kyoto, 606 8501, Japan
J Nat Med 62:251-8. 2008..The farmers' indifference to the oil type of the leaf seems to leave Laotian perilla as a good genetic resource for studies of the biosynthesis of oil compounds...
- Gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric analysis of essential oils from Pimpinella aurea, Pimpinella corymbosa, Pimpinella peregrina and Pimpinella puberula gathered from Eastern and Southern TurkeyNurhayat Tabanca
USDA ARS NPURU, The University of Mississippi, University, MS 38677, USA
J Chromatogr A 1097:192-8. 2005..8-42.8%). The other fractions were dominated by different sesquiterpene compounds although in three of them, P. aurea stem and leaves, P. puberula fruits and P. puberula stems and leaves, monoterpene constituents also appear as main ones...
- Chemical composition and anti-inflammatory activity of the volatile fractions from the bark of eight Mexican Bursera speciesBeatriz Zúñiga
Laboratorio de Quimica, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Mexico
Planta Med 71:825-8. 2005..Some volatiles were assayed for anti-inflammatory activity using the TPA-induced ear edema bioassay in mice. The volatile fraction from Bursera lancifolia was about half as active as indomethacin...
- [Analysis of volatile oil in herb of pimpinella candolleana by SPME-GC-MS]Chao Zhao
Research Center of the Quality Control of Natural Medicines, Guizhou Normal University, Guiyang 550001, China
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 32:1759-62. 2007..To analyze components of volatile oil from the herb of Pimpinella candolleana. Method: The components of volatile oil were investigated by SPME-GC-MS...
- In vitro propagation and chemical and biological studies of the essential oil of Salvia przewalskii MaximEwa Skala
Department of Biology and Pharmaceutical Botany, Medical University of Łódź, Poland
Z Naturforsch C 62:839-48. 2007..epidermidis strains) of oils isolated from in vitro plants were higher than those for oils from in vivo S. przewalskii plants...
- [GC-MS analysis of essential oil from nutmeg processed by different traditional methods]Xin Hang
Department of Natural Medicines and State Key Laboratory of Natural and Biomimetic Drugs, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100083, China
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 32:1669-75. 2007....
- Effect of different locations on the chemical composition of essential oils of laurel (Laurus nobilis L.) leaves growing wild in TurkeyMusa Ozcan
Department of Food Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Selcuk, Konya, Turkey
J Med Food 8:408-11. 2005..As a result, the 1,8-cineole content of these oils was significantly higher than those of other constituents of L. nobilis. Laurel is usually considered as the natural source of this compound, used in the flavor and fragrance industry...
- [Studies on the chemical constituents of the essential oil of Artemisia dracunculus]Yan Zhang
Department of Biology and Chemistry, Kashi Normal College, Kashi 844007, China
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 30:594-6. 2005..To analyse the chemical constituents of Artemisia dracunculus...
- Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry analysis of Laurus nobilis essential oil composition of northern CyprusHasan Yalçin
Food Technology Department, Vocational High School of Technical Science, Selcuk University, Konya, Turkey
J Med Food 10:715-9. 2007..o-Cymene (1.30%) and p-cymene (1.83%) were the main, while cumin aldehyde (0.24%), dimethylstyrene (0.08%), eugenol (0.16%), methyl eugenol (0.05%), and carvacrol (0.05%) were found as minor, aromatic compounds of laurel oil...
- Essential oil composition of Teucrium scordium LKatayoun Morteza-Semnani
Department of Medicinal Chemistry Faculty of Pharmacy, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
Acta Pharm 57:499-504. 2007..scordium. The major constituents of the oil were beta-caryophyllene (22.8%), (E)-beta-farnesene (10.4%), caryophyllene oxide (8.6%), 1,8-cineole (6.1%) and beta-eudesmol (5.1%)...
- Analysis of pulegone and its enanthiomeric distribution in mint-flavoured food productsF Siano
Stazione Sperimentale per le Industrie delle Essenze e dei Derivati dagli Agrumi, via Gen Tommasini 2, I 89127 Reggio Calabria, Italy
Food Addit Contam 22:197-203. 2005..2%. The pulegone enanthiomers were separated and quantified by enanthioselective multidimensional gas chromatography. The results of analyses conducted on essential mint oils and mint-flavoured food products are reported...
- Chemical composition and antibacterial activity of essential oil from Artemisia feddeiJeong Dan Cha
Oral Cancer Research Institute, College of Dentistry, Yonsei University, Seoul 120 749, Korea
J Microbiol Biotechnol 17:2061-5. 2007..feddei had a considerable inhibitory effect on all the obligate anaerobic bacteria tested (MICs, 0.025 to 0.05 mg/ml; MBCs, 0.025 to 0.1mg/ml), whereas the major compounds demonstrated different degrees of growth inhibition...
- Characterization of steam volatiles in the essential oil of black currant buds and the antioxidant properties of different bud extractsAsta Dvaranauskaite
Kaunas University of Technology, Radvilenu pl 19, LT 50254, Kaunas, Lithuania
J Agric Food Chem 56:3279-86. 2008..The total amount of phenolic compounds expressed in gallic acid equivalents in FDWF varied in the range of 132-192 mg/g; in SDWF, 140-209 mg/g; in AE, 49-107 mg/g; and in ME extracts, 111-180 mg/g...
- Analysis of essential oil composition of Thymbra spicata var. spicata: antifungal, antibacterial and antimycobacterial activitiesTurgut Kilic
University of Balikesir, Art and Science Faculty, Department of Chemistry, 10100, Balikesir, Turkey
Z Naturforsch C 61:324-8. 2006..aeruginosa, trans-caryophyllene showed activity only against C. albicans. The essential oil and carvacrol also showed strong antimycobacterial activity...
- Antimicrobial activity of the essential oil from Lippia sidoides, carvacrol and thymol against oral pathogensM A Botelho
Programa de Pós Graduação em Ciências Médicas, Universidade Federal do Ceara, 60430 170 Fortaleza, Ceara CE, Brazil
Braz J Med Biol Res 40:349-56. 2007..albicans and Streptococcus mutans. The essential oil of L. sidoides and its major components exert promising antimicrobial effects against oral pathogens and suggest its likely usefulness to combat oral microbial growth...
- Extraction of Lantana camara essential oil by supercritical carbon dioxide: influence of the grinding and biological activityBruno Marongiu
Dipartimento di Scienze Chimiche, Universita di Cagliari, Cittadella Universitaria di Monserrato, Cagliari, Italy
Nat Prod Res 21:33-6. 2007..The extracts were analyzed by GC-MS. A comparison with the oil obtained by hydrodistillation is also given. Finally, the antibacterial and antifungal activity of the various extracts has been assayed...
- Seasonal variation of the chemical constituents of the essential oil of Santolina etrusca from ItalyGuido Flamini
Dipartimento di Chimica Bioorganica e Biofarmacia, Via Bonanno 33, I 56126 Pisa
Chem Biodivers 4:1008-19. 2007..Several compounds, as identified by GC and GC/MS, were found to prevail during the cold season...
- Composition and enantiomeric analysis of the essential oil of the fruits and the leaves of Pistacia vera from GreeceAnastasia Tsokou
Department of Pharmacognosy and Natural Products Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Athens, Panepistimiopolis Zografou, Athens 15771, Greece
Molecules 12:1233-9. 2007..Thirty three compounds were identified in the essential oil of the leaves and the major components were found to be alpha-pinene (30.0%), terpinolene (17.6%) and bornyl acetate (11.3%)...
- Chemical composition of volatiles in Sardinian myrtle (Myrtus communis L.) alcoholic extracts and essential oilsCarlo I G Tuberoso
Dipartimento di Tossicologia, Universita di Cagliari, Via Ospedale 72, 09124 Cagliari, Italy
J Agric Food Chem 54:1420-6. 2006..The major compounds in the essential oils were alpha-pinene (30.0 and 28.5%), 1,8-cineole (28.8 and 15.3%), and limonene (17.5 and 24.1%) in leaves and berries, respectively, and were characterized by the lack of myrtenyl acetate...
- Evaluation of characteristic aroma compounds of Citrus natsudaidai Hayata (Natsudaidai) cold-pressed peel oilNguyen Thi Lan Phi
Department of Bioresources Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Kochi University, Japan
Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 70:1832-8. 2006..The results indicate that 1-octanol was the aroma impact compound of C. natsudaidai Hayata peel oil...
- Antimicrobial activities of the essential oils of various plants against tomato late blight disease agent Phytophthora infestansE Mine Soylu
Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Mustafa Kemal University, 31034, Antakya Hatay, Turkey
Mycopathologia 161:119-28. 2006....
- Chemical composition, antioxidant and antimicrobial properties of the essential oils of three Salvia species from Turkish floraMustafa Kelen
Suleyman Demirel University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Horticulture, 32260 Isparta, Turkey
Bioresour Technol 99:4096-104. 2008..Antimicrobial activity of S. aramiensis was followed by S. aucheri var. aucheri and S. pilifera, respectively. In these experiments, the most sensitive microorganism Acinetobacter lwoffii was followed by Candida albicans...
- Phytochemical analysis and biological screening of leaf and twig extracts from Kunzea ericoidesRebecca M Wyatt
Natural Products Research Group, School of Medical Sciences, RMIT University, Bundoora, Victoria, Australia
Phytother Res 19:963-70. 2005..Thin layer chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy analysis of each extract revealed previously identified phytochemicals that may be responsible for the observed bioactivities...
- Comparative analysis of essential oil components in Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae Viride and Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae by GC-MS combined with chemometric resolution methodYamin Wang
Research Center of Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drug Modernization, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China
J Pharm Biomed Anal 46:66-74. 2008..The results obtained may be helpful to find out the possibly bioactive compounds of PCRV and PCR...
- [Analysis of constituents of essential oils from fresh and dried pericarp of citrus sinensis by GC-MS]Li Ji
China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Institute of Chinese Materia Medica, Beijing 100700, China
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 32:506-8. 2007..To analyze and compare the constituents of the essential oils from the fresh and dried pericarps of Citrus sinensis...
- Antimicrobial activity of the essential oil and extracts of Cordia curassavica (Boraginaceae)Tzasna Hernandez
Laboratorio de Fitoquimica, UBIPRO, Facultad de Estudios Superiores Iztacala, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Tlalnepantla 54090, Edo de Mexico, Mexico
J Ethnopharmacol 111:137-41. 2007..25%) and cadina 4(5), 10(14) diene (7.93%) were found to be the major components. The present study tends to confirm the use in the folk medicine of Cordia curassavica in gastrointestinal, respiratory and dermatological diseases...
- The influence of essential oils on human attention. I: alertnessJ Ilmberger
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Klinikum Grosshadern, , Marchioninistrasse 15, D-81377 Munich, Germany
Chem Senses 26:239-45. 2001....
- Supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of essential oils from Perovskia atriplicifolia BenthSeied Mahdi Pourmortazavi
Material and Chemical Engineering Excellency Center, Malek Ashtar University of Technology, P O Box 16765 3454, Tehran, Iran
J Agric Food Chem 51:5414-9. 2003..Using different modifiers (e.g., methanol, ethanol, dichloromethane, and hexane) for the extraction of the plant at low pressure (100 atm) and temperature (35 degrees C) showed that hexane was more selective than the other modifiers...
- [Supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of essential oil from Cinnamomum migao H. W. Li]Tianxiang Li
School of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072
Zhong Yao Cai 26:178-80. 2003..The influence of the process parameters were discussed. The GC-MS method was applied to analyze the components of these oils obtained by SFE. The result by SFE was better than that by stream distillation...
- Composition, quality control, and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil of long-time stored dill (Anethum graveolens L.) seeds from BulgariaLeopold Jirovetz
Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University of Vienna, Althanstrasse 14, Austria
J Agric Food Chem 51:3854-7. 2003..1%) and D-limonene (44.1%) were found. Antimicrobial testings showed high activity of the essential A. graveolens oil against the mold Aspergillus niger and the yeasts Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Candida albicans...
- Induced volatiles in elicitor-treated and rice blast fungus-inoculated rice leavesNaomi Obara
United Graduate School of Agricultural Science, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, 3 5 8 Saiwai cho, Fuchu City, Tokyo 183 8509, Japan
Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 66:2549-59. 2002..The different elicitors resulted in some qualitative and quantitative differences in the production of volatiles. Monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes were identified as the rice blast fungus-induced volatiles...
- Gas chromatography: an investigative tool in multiple allergies to essential oilsB Dharmagunawardena
Department of Dermatology, University Hospitals Coventry and Warwickshire NHS Trust, UK
Contact Dermatitis 47:288-92. 2002..12 controls tested were negative for the same. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry was found to be an extremely useful tool that could be utilized in investigating multiple allergies to essential oils...
- Antimicrobial and antioxidant activity of the essential oil and methanol extracts of Thymus pectinatus Fisch. et Mey. Var. pectinatus (Lamiaceae)Gulhan Vardar-Unlu
Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Cumhuriyet University, Sivas, 58140 Turkey
J Agric Food Chem 51:63-7. 2003..In conclusion, the results presented here show that T. pectinatus essential oil could be considered as a natural antimicrobial and antioxidant source...
- High-speed characterization and analysis of orange oils with tandem-column stop-flow GC and time-of-flight MSTincuta Veriotti
Department of Chemistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48109, USA
Anal Chem 74:5635-40. 2002....
- Antifungal activities of selected aromatic plants growing wild in GreeceM Sokovic
Department of Plant Physiology, Institute for Biological Research, Belgrade, Yugoslavia
Nahrung 46:317-20. 2002..onites and S. thymbra), while the oil of sage was the least effective. Carvacrol exhibited the highest and 1,8-cineole the lowest level of antifungal activity among the components tested...
- Composition and antimicrobial activity of essential oil and hexane-ether extract of Tanacetum santolinoides (dc.) Feinbr. and FertigAssem El-Shazly
Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Zagazig University, Egypt
Z Naturforsch C 57:620-3. 2002..The oil showed strong in vitro activity against E. coli, Bacillus subtilis and Candida albicans...
- Characterization of essential oils from lamiaceae species by fourier transform Raman spectroscopyDimitra J Daferera
Laboratory of General Chemistry, Agricultural University of Athens, 75 Iera Odos, Greece
J Agric Food Chem 50:5503-7. 2002..The results demonstrate that certain Raman intensities can be correlated to specific terpenes and therefore FT-Raman can discriminate between the essential oils of which main components belong to different classes of compounds...
- Attachment of Oral Actinobacillus to EpitheliumDaniel Fine; Fiscal Year: 2008..The longterm goal of this application is to use this information to identify targets for therapeutic agents that can interfere with attachment of Aa to oral tissues and thus prevent colonization leading to LAP. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Oral Immunology/Microbiology Annual MeetingDaniel Fine; Fiscal Year: 2003..Perpetuation of the OIMRG and its annual meetings greatly enhances the spirit of collegial interaction/collaboration among investigators with expertise in immunology and microbial pathogenesis as related to oral health and disease. ..
- Oral Immunology/Microbiology Research Group Annual MtgDaniel Fine; Fiscal Year: 2003..Perpetuation of the OIMRG and its annual meetings greatly enhances the spirit of collegial interaction/collaboration among investigators with expertise in immunology and microbial pathogenesis as related to oral health and disease. ..
- Microbial Markers for Periodontal Disease in ChildrenDaniel Fine; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- Anti-Trypanosomal Agents from a Neotropical CloudforestWILLIAM SETZER; Fiscal Year: 2004..The long-term benefit of this research project is the development of new medicines to treat patients with Chagas disease. ..
- Biomaterials (Mg/Zn/F-BCPs)for osteoporosis therapyRacquel LeGeros; Fiscal Year: 2006..Hypothesis: Biomaterials with Zn, Mg and F ions in a calcium phosphate matrix (used as dietary supplement and ion releasing injectible 'implants') will improve bone health. ..
- Psychoneuroimmunology and Mind-Body InterventionsJanice Kiecolt Glaser; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Neurohormonal Effects of Massage TherapyTiffany Field; Fiscal Year: 2007..The K05 would allow me to increase my research time including being mentored and mentoring students from 25 to 75% time. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- EFFECT OF ANTIBIOTICS ON ORAL BIOFILMS IN VIVOAnne Haffajee; Fiscal Year: 2001..abstract_text> ..
- Training Program in Molecular and Cellular ToxicologyJohn Reiners; Fiscal Year: 2008..It is envisioned that students with such training will be better equipped to pursue postdoctoral research at major research laboratories throughout the United States. ..
- Identification of Uncultivated and Unrecognized Pathogens of PeriodontitisANNE DENISE HAFFAJEE; Fiscal Year: 2010..The identification of such pathogens should, over time, lead to better diagnosis of disease, optimal treatment strategies for the individual patient, new therapeutic approaches and carefully targeted approaches to prevention. ..
- Prenatal Depression and a Yoga InterventionTiffany M Field; Fiscal Year: 2010..We would expect that yoga would decrease depression, increase vagal activity, decrease cortisol and increase gestational age (decrease prematurity). ..
- MICROBIAL ASSOCIATIONS IN PERIODONTAL HEALTH AND DISEASEAnne Haffajee; Fiscal Year: 2006..These data will provide a basis for understanding microbial community structure, ecological relationships and define desired microbiological end-point of therapy. ..
- Psychoneuroimmunology and Mind-Body MedicineJanice Kiecolt Glaser; Fiscal Year: 2005..Accordingly, a psychoneuroimmunology focus for these mechanistic studies will provide a way to clarify mechanisms while assessing clinical efficacy. ..
- Compositions for Prevention/Prophylactic Treatment of Poison Ivy DermatitisMahmoud Elsohly; Fiscal Year: 2006..This proposal addresses a major public health problem, namely contact allergic dermatitis and promises the development of an effective agent to address this problem. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Transmucosal Intra-Oral Drug Delivery System for THCMahmoud Elsohly; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- METABOLISM OF CARCINOGENIC TOBACCO SPECIFIC NITROSAMINESStephen Hecht; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- Lung Cancer Chemoprevention: Isothiocyanates, inositolStephen Hecht; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Quantification of Host Markers in GCF Using CBIBRicardo Teles; Fiscal Year: 2007..Moreover, this methodology is at the forefront of new approaches in proteomics, and carries enormous promise for translational applications in the near future. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Three Periodontal Therapies in Current & Non-SmokersAnne Haffajee; Fiscal Year: 2007..The proposed investigation should provide a model to examine methods that could be useful in treating compromised patients whether compromised by harmful habits such as smoking, systemic disease, or genetic background. ..
- ENZYMATIC CYCLIZATION TO TERPENOID NATURAL PRODUCTSRodney Croteau; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable]..
- Tobacco CarcinogenesisStephen Hecht; Fiscal Year: 2005..Steven Tannenbaum (MIT), Dr. Jack Henningfield (Johns Hopkins and Pinney Associates), Drs. Jeffrey Seeman and Anthony Tricker (Philip Morris), and Dr. John Lauterbach (an independent consultant, formerly with Brown and Williamson). ..
- Massaging Preterm Infants Enhances GrowthTiffany Field; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- CARCINOGENIC CYCLIC NITROSAMINE DNA ADDUCTSStephen S Hecht; Fiscal Year: 2010..The proposed research is significant because of the known human exposure to these carcinogens through the diet, tobacco products, and endogenous formation. ..