oils

Summary

Summary: Unctuous combustible substances that are liquid or easily liquefiable on warming, and are soluble in ether but insoluble in water. Such substances, depending on their origin, are classified as animal, mineral, or vegetable oils. Depending on their behavior on heating, they are volatile or fixed. (Dorland, 28th ed)

Top Publications

  1. pmc Metabolic effects of krill oil are essentially similar to those of fish oil but at lower dose of EPA and DHA, in healthy volunteers
    Stine M Ulven
    Faculty of Health, Nutrition, and Management, Akershus University College, Lillestrøm, Norway
    Lipids 46:37-46. 2011
  2. ncbi Biodiscovery of new Australian thraustochytrids for production of biodiesel and long-chain omega-3 oils
    Kim Jye Lee Chang
    Energy Transformed National Research Flagship, CSIRO, GPO Box 1538, Hobart, TAS 7001, Australia
    Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 93:2215-31. 2012
  3. ncbi Acaricidal effect and chemical composition of essential oils extracted from Cuminum cyminum, Pimenta dioica and Ocimum basilicum against the cattle tick Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus (Acari: Ixodidae)
    Moises Martinez-Velazquez
    Centro de Investigación y Asistencia en Tecnología y Diseño del Estado de Jalisco, AC, Av Normalistas 800, Col Colinas de la Normal, 44270, Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico
    Parasitol Res 108:481-7. 2011
  4. ncbi The influence of cosurfactants and oils on the formation of pharmaceutical microemulsions based on PEG-8 caprylic/capric glycerides
    Ljiljana Djekic
    Department of Pharmaceutical Technology and Cosmetology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Vojvode Stepe 450, P O Box 146, 11221 Belgrade, Serbia
    Int J Pharm 352:231-9. 2008
  5. ncbi Effect of sex and genotype on cardiovascular biomarker response to fish oils: the FINGEN Study
    Muriel J Caslake
    Department of Vascular Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 88:618-29. 2008
  6. ncbi Enhanced oral bioavailability of Coenzyme Q10 by self-emulsifying drug delivery systems
    Prabagar Balakrishnan
    College of Pharmacy, Yeungnam University, 214 1 Dae Dong, Gyongsan, South Korea
    Int J Pharm 374:66-72. 2009
  7. ncbi Superwetting nanowire membranes for selective absorption
    Jikang Yuan
    Department of Electrical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA
    Nat Nanotechnol 3:332-6. 2008
  8. ncbi Yarrowia lipolytica as a model for bio-oil production
    Athanasios Beopoulos
    Microbiology and Molecular Genetic Laboratory, CNRS UMR2585, INRA UMR1238, AgroParisTech, INRA centre de Versailles Grignon BP 01, F 78850 Thiverval Grignon, France
    Prog Lipid Res 48:375-87. 2009
  9. ncbi Characterization of water-in-oil microemulsion for oral delivery of earthworm fibrinolytic enzyme
    Mao Bo Cheng
    Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100083, China
    J Control Release 129:41-8. 2008
  10. ncbi Differential regulation of fatty acid biosynthesis in two Chlorella species in response to nitrate treatments and the potential of binary blending microalgae oils for biodiesel application
    Thye San Cha
    Institute of Marine Biotechnology, Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, 21030 Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia
    Bioresour Technol 102:10633-40. 2011

Detail Information

Publications255 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Metabolic effects of krill oil are essentially similar to those of fish oil but at lower dose of EPA and DHA, in healthy volunteers
    Stine M Ulven
    Faculty of Health, Nutrition, and Management, Akershus University College, Lillestrøm, Norway
    Lipids 46:37-46. 2011
    ..Krill oil and fish oil thus represent comparable dietary sources of n-3 PUFAs, even if the EPA + DHA dose in the krill oil was 62.8% of that in the fish oil...
  2. ncbi Biodiscovery of new Australian thraustochytrids for production of biodiesel and long-chain omega-3 oils
    Kim Jye Lee Chang
    Energy Transformed National Research Flagship, CSIRO, GPO Box 1538, Hobart, TAS 7001, Australia
    Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 93:2215-31. 2012
    ..of thraustochytrids has potential in co-producing a feedstock for biodiesel and long-chain (LC, ≥C(20)) omega-3 oils. Biodiscovery of thraustochytrids from Tasmania (temperate) and Queensland (tropical), Australia, covered a ..
  3. ncbi Acaricidal effect and chemical composition of essential oils extracted from Cuminum cyminum, Pimenta dioica and Ocimum basilicum against the cattle tick Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus (Acari: Ixodidae)
    Moises Martinez-Velazquez
    Centro de Investigación y Asistencia en Tecnología y Diseño del Estado de Jalisco, AC, Av Normalistas 800, Col Colinas de la Normal, 44270, Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico
    Parasitol Res 108:481-7. 2011
    Acaricidal activity of essential oils extracted from cumin seeds (Cuminum cyminum), allspice berries (Pimenta dioica) and basil leaves (Ocimum basilicum) were tested on 10-day-old Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus tick larvae using the ..
  4. ncbi The influence of cosurfactants and oils on the formation of pharmaceutical microemulsions based on PEG-8 caprylic/capric glycerides
    Ljiljana Djekic
    Department of Pharmaceutical Technology and Cosmetology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Vojvode Stepe 450, P O Box 146, 11221 Belgrade, Serbia
    Int J Pharm 352:231-9. 2008
    ..PEG-40 hydrogenated castor oil (Cremophor) RH 40) (CRH40) and diethyleneglycol monoethyl ether (Transcutol) and six oils (isopropyl myristate, ethyl oleate, decyl oleate, medium chain triglycerides, mineral oil and olive oil) were used ..
  5. ncbi Effect of sex and genotype on cardiovascular biomarker response to fish oils: the FINGEN Study
    Muriel J Caslake
    Department of Vascular Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 88:618-29. 2008
    ..The lipid-modulatory effects of high intakes of the fish-oil fatty acids eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) are well established and likely to contribute to cardioprotective benefits...
  6. ncbi Enhanced oral bioavailability of Coenzyme Q10 by self-emulsifying drug delivery systems
    Prabagar Balakrishnan
    College of Pharmacy, Yeungnam University, 214 1 Dae Dong, Gyongsan, South Korea
    Int J Pharm 374:66-72. 2009
    ..The solubility of CoQ(10) was determined in various oils and surfactants...
  7. ncbi Superwetting nanowire membranes for selective absorption
    Jikang Yuan
    Department of Electrical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA
    Nat Nanotechnol 3:332-6. 2008
    ..These membranes can selectively absorb oils up to 20 times the material's weight in preference to water, through a combination of superhydrophobicity and ..
  8. ncbi Yarrowia lipolytica as a model for bio-oil production
    Athanasios Beopoulos
    Microbiology and Molecular Genetic Laboratory, CNRS UMR2585, INRA UMR1238, AgroParisTech, INRA centre de Versailles Grignon BP 01, F 78850 Thiverval Grignon, France
    Prog Lipid Res 48:375-87. 2009
    ....
  9. ncbi Characterization of water-in-oil microemulsion for oral delivery of earthworm fibrinolytic enzyme
    Mao Bo Cheng
    Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100083, China
    J Control Release 129:41-8. 2008
    ..These findings indicated that the w/o microemulsion may represent a safe and effective oral delivery system for hydrophilic bioactivity macromolecules...
  10. ncbi Differential regulation of fatty acid biosynthesis in two Chlorella species in response to nitrate treatments and the potential of binary blending microalgae oils for biodiesel application
    Thye San Cha
    Institute of Marine Biotechnology, Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, 21030 Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia
    Bioresour Technol 102:10633-40. 2011
    ..use for biodiesel application could be enhanced by exploring the concept of binary blending of the two microalgae oils using developed mathematical equations to calculate the oil mass blending ratio and simultaneously estimated the ..
  11. ncbi Single cell oil production by Yarrowia lipolytica growing on an industrial derivative of animal fat in batch cultures
    S Papanikolaou
    Laboratoire des Sciences du Génie Chimique CNRS, ENSIC, UPR 6811, Vandoeuvre les Nancy, France
    Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 58:308-12. 2002
    ..When industrial glycerol was used as co-substrate, together with stearin, unsaturated fatty acid concentration in the reserve lipid increased...
  12. ncbi Preparing polymer-based sustained-release systems without exposing proteins to water-oil or water-air interfaces and cross-linking reagents
    Tuo Jin
    Shanghai JiaoTong University School of Pharmacy, China
    J Control Release 128:50-9. 2008
    ....
  13. pmc Different sources of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids affects apparent digestibility, tissue deposition, and tissue oxidative stability in growing female rats
    Janet C Tou
    Division of Animal and Nutritional Sciences, West Virginia University, P O Box 6108, Morgantown, WV 26506, USA
    Lipids Health Dis 10:179. 2011
    ..Therefore, the objective of this study was to determine the effect of different sources of ω-3 PUFAs on digestibility, tissue deposition, eicosanoid metabolism, and oxidative stability...
  14. ncbi Perspectives of microbial oils for biodiesel production
    Qiang Li
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, People s Republic of China
    Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 80:749-56. 2008
    ..Generally speaking, biodiesel is prepared through transesterification of vegetable oils or animal fats with short chain alcohols...
  15. pmc Food groups, oils and butter, and cancer of the oral cavity and pharynx
    S Franceschi
    Servizio di Epidemiologia, Centro di Riferimento Oncologico, Aviano PN, Italy
    Br J Cancer 80:614-20. 1999
    ..The inverse association with oils, especially olive oil, was only slightly attenuated by allowance for vegetable intake...
  16. ncbi Quantitative analysis of triacylglycerol regioisomers in fats and oils using reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography and atmospheric pressure chemical ionization mass spectrometry
    Laetitia Fauconnot
    Nestle Research Center, Nestec Ltd Vers chez les Blanc, P O Box 44, CH 1000 Lausanne 26, Switzerland
    Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom 18:218-24. 2004
    Positional distribution of fatty acyl chains of triacylglycerols (TGs) in vegetable oils and fats (palm oil, cocoa butter) and animal fats (beef, pork and chicken fats) was examined by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography ..
  17. ncbi Biosynthesis of monomers for plastics from renewable oils
    Wenhua Lu
    Polytechnic Institute of New York University, 6 Metrotech Center, Brooklyn, New York 11201, United States
    J Am Chem Soc 132:15451-5. 2010
    ..Biocatalysis using engineered C. tropicalis is thus a potentially attractive biocatalytic platform for producing commodity chemicals from renewable resources...
  18. ncbi Trimethylsulfonium hydroxide as derivatization reagent for the chemical investigation of drying oils in works of art by gas chromatography
    Julien Dron
    Institute of Sciences and Technology in Art, Academy of Fine Arts Vienna, Schillerplatz 3, A 1010 Vienna, Austria
    J Chromatogr A 1047:111-6. 2004
    A procedure for the determination of fatty acids (FA) and glycerol in oils has been developed...
  19. ncbi Modelling oil droplet absorption spectra and spectral sensitivities of bird cone photoreceptors
    Nathan S Hart
    Vision, Touch and Hearing Research Centre, School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia
    J Comp Physiol A Neuroethol Sens Neural Behav Physiol 191:381-92. 2005
    ....
  20. ncbi Improved intestinal delivery of salmon calcitonin by water-in-oil microemulsions
    Yating Fan
    Department of Pharmaceutics, Peking University, Beijing 100191, China
    Int J Pharm 416:323-30. 2011
    ..This indicated that the w/o microemulsions could offer the potential to significantly improve intestinal absorption of sCT...
  21. pmc Preparation, characterization and relative bioavailability of oral elemene o/w microemulsion
    Zhaowu Zeng
    Research Center for Biomedicine and Health, Hangzhou Normal University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China
    Int J Nanomedicine 5:567-72. 2010
    ..1%. The present study demonstrates the elemene microemulsion as a new formulation with ease of preparation, high entrapment efficiency, excellent clarity, good stability, and improved bioavailability...
  22. ncbi Toxicity and biodegradation in sandy soil contaminated by lubricant oils
    Paulo Renato Matos Lopes
    Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, IB, Sao Paulo State University, UNESP, Av 24 A, no 1515, Rio Claro, Sao Paulo 13506 900, Brazil
    Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 84:454-8. 2010
    The objective of this study was to evaluate the environmental behavior of different types of automotive lubricant oils. Based on respirometry assays the biodegradability was monitored, and toxicological tests were executed to assess the ..
  23. ncbi Choice of oils for essential fat supplements can enhance production of abnormal metabolites in fat oxidation disorders
    Charles R Roe
    Institute of Metabolic Disease, Baylor University Medical Center, 3812 Elm Street, Dallas, TX 75226, USA
    Mol Genet Metab 92:346-50. 2007
    ..adequate intake of essential fatty acids, supplements are provided to their diets using commercially available oils. These oils contain large quantities of non-essential fats that are preferentially oxidized and produce disease-..
  24. pmc Carbon tetrachloride-induced liver disease in rats: the potential effect of supplement oils with vitamins E and C on the nutritional status
    Rasha S A Ismail
    Nutrition and Food Science Department, Faculty of Home Economics, Helwan University, Cairo, Egypt
    Ger Med Sci 7:Doc05. 2009
    ..The group was then divided into six subgroups, three of which were fed on 4% unsupplemented oils (CO, FO, and OO) as positive control for the three oils used...
  25. ncbi Structural characterization of novel extracellular liamocins (mannitol oils) produced by Aureobasidium pullulans strain NRRL 50380
    Neil P J Price
    Renewable Product Technology, National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research, Agricultural Research Service, US Department of Agriculture, Peoria, IL 61604, USA
    Carbohydr Res 370:24-32. 2013
    ..We have previously shown that A. pullulans produces various heavier-than-water oils, first named here as liamocins, that accumulate in fermentations...
  26. ncbi Influence of polyol and oil concentration in cosmetic products on skin moisturization and skin surface roughness
    Eunjoo Kim
    Skin Research Institute, Amore Pacific Corporation R and D Center, Yongin si, Korea
    Skin Res Technol 13:417-24. 2007
    The purpose of this study is to investigate the optimum combination of polyols and oils in moisturizing cosmetic products to improve the human skin moisturization and skin surface roughness...
  27. ncbi Total synchronous fluorescence spectroscopy combined with multivariate analysis: method for the classification of selected resins, oils, and protein-based media used in paintings
    Austin Nevin
    Dipartimento di Fisica, Politecnico di Milano, Piazza Leonardo da Vinci 32, Milano, 20133, Italy
    Anal Chem 81:1784-91. 2009
    Recent interest in the fluorescence of binding media and varnishes (proteins, oils, and resins) commonly used in paintings is based on the potential for discriminating these organic materials...
  28. ncbi Structural determination of zinc dithiophosphates in lubricating oils by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry with electron impact and electron-capture negative ion chemical ionization
    M Becchi
    Service Central d Analyse, CNRS, Vernaison, France
    J Chromatogr A 905:207-22. 2001
    ..The diastereoisomer mixtures of 2-hydroxy-sec.-alkyl radicals were completely separated on GC analysis...
  29. ncbi A study of the efficiency of edible oils degraded in alkaline conditions by Pseudomonas aeruginosa SS-219 and Acinetobacter sp. SS-192 bacteria isolated from Japanese soil
    Daisuke Sugimori
    Department of Industrial System, Faculty of Symbiotic Systems Science, Fukushima University, 1 Kanayagawa, Fukushima 960 1296, Japan
    World J Microbiol Biotechnol 28:841-8. 2012
    ..To reduce the inhibitory effects, microorganisms capable of efficiently degrading edible oils were screened from various environmental sources...
  30. ncbi Studies on water-in-oil products from crude oils and petroleum products
    Merv Fingas
    Spill Science, 1717 Rutherford Point, S W Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6W 1J6
    Mar Pollut Bull 64:272-83. 2012
    ..The formation of water-in-oil mixtures was studied using more than 300 crude oils and petroleum products...
  31. ncbi Oils and fats as renewable raw materials in chemistry
    Ursula Biermann
    Universitat Oldenburg, Institut fur Reine und Angewandte Chemie, Carl von Ossietzky Strasse 9 11, 26129 Oldenburg, Germany
    Angew Chem Int Ed Engl 50:3854-71. 2011
    b>Oils and fats of vegetable and animal origin have been the most important renewable feedstock of the chemical industry in the past and in the present...
  32. ncbi Serum albumins as differential receptors for the discrimination of fatty acids and oils
    Colin J Kubarych
    Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, The University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station A5300, Austin, Texas 78712, United States
    Org Lett 12:4780-3. 2010
    ..A sensing ensemble was then applied to study complex mixtures of triglycerides, namely, edible oils. The oils, with different fatty acid compositions, were successfully differentiated using principal component ..
  33. ncbi Combining chromatography and chemometrics for the characterization and authentication of fats and oils from triacylglycerol compositional data--a review
    Juan M Bosque-Sendra
    Department of Analytical Chemistry, University of Granada, Av Fuentenueva S N, E 18071 Granada, Spain
    Anal Chim Acta 724:1-11. 2012
    The characterization and authentication of fats and oils is a subject of great importance for market and health aspects...
  34. pmc Sustained-release G-CSF microspheres using a novel solid-in-oil-in-oil-in-water emulsion method
    Guang Liu
    Department of Vascular Surgery, Shanghai Ninth People s Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China
    Int J Nanomedicine 7:4559-69. 2012
    ....
  35. ncbi Superhydrophobic and superoleophilic PVDF membranes for effective separation of water-in-oil emulsions with high flux
    Wenbin Zhang
    i LAB and Nano bionics Division, Suzhou Institute of Nano tech and Nano bionics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Suzhou 215123, China
    Adv Mater 25:2071-6. 2013
    ..95 wt%) and high flux, which is several times higher than those of commercial filtration membranes and reported materials with similar permeation properties...
  36. ncbi Design and production of nanoparticles formulated from nano-emulsion templates-a review
    Nicolas Anton
    Inserm U646, Ingenierie de la Vectorisation Particulaire, 10 rue A Boquel, F 49100 Angers, France
    J Control Release 128:185-99. 2008
    ..e. polymeric or lipid nanospheres and nanocapsules) highlighting the links (or potential links) between these nanoparticles and the different nano-emulsion formulation methods upon which they are based...
  37. ncbi Monitoring the quality of frying oils using a nanolayer coated optical fiber refractometer
    I Abe
    Department of Physics I3N, University of Aveiro, 3810 193 Aveiro, Portugal
    Talanta 83:291-3. 2010
    The analysis of the quality of food oils is of paramount importance, because the degradation of oils can lead to formation of harmful substances to the human organism...
  38. ncbi Irritation potential of bath and shower oils before and after use: a double-blind randomized study
    M Loden
    ACO HUD AB, SE 194 26 Upplands Väsby, Sweden
    Br J Dermatol 150:1142-7. 2004
    ..A large variety of shower and bath oils are claimed to be suitable for use on dry skin because of their mildness and because they deposit a protective oil ..
  39. ncbi The effects of serum on the stability and the transfection activity of the cationic lipid emulsion with various oils
    Young Jin Kim
    Biomedical Research Center, Korea Institute of Science and Technology, 39 1, Hawolkok dong, Sungbuk Ku, 136 791, Seoul, South Korea
    Int J Pharm 252:241-52. 2003
    The emulsions with various oils such as linseed oil, soybean oil and squalene were prepared to obtain the relationship between the stability and the transfection activity of the emulsions...
  40. ncbi Fingerprint analysis of thermolytic decarboxylation of tryptophan to tryptamine catalyzed by natural oils
    Claudia P B Martins
    School of Chemical Engineering and Analytical Science, The University of Manchester, Sackville Street, P O Box 88, Manchester M60 1QD, UK
    J Chromatogr A 1210:115-20. 2008
    ..Discussions on websites also suggested the catalytic use of natural oils in order to accelerate these reactions...
  41. ncbi A simple methodology for the determination of fatty acid composition in edible oils through 1H NMR spectroscopy
    Andersson Barison
    Laboratório de Ressonância Magnética Nuclear Departamento de Química, Centro Politecnico, Universidade Federal do Parana, C P 19081, CEP 81530 900, Curitiba, PR, Brazil
    Magn Reson Chem 48:642-50. 2010
    A simple methodology for the determination of the fatty acid composition of edible oils through (1)H NMR is proposed...
  42. pmc Altered orosensory sensitivity to oils in CCK-1 receptor deficient rats
    T D Swartz
    Interdepartmental Graduate Degree Program in Physiology, Huck Institute of the Life Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    Physiol Behav 99:109-17. 2010
    ..5, 25, 50, 75, and 100%) in rats that were fed ad libitum. Secondly, to isolate the orosensory compontent of oils from post-ingestive consequences, as well as determine the contribution of energy status, we measured sham feeding ..
  43. ncbi Evaluation of cytotoxicity of oils used in coenzyme Q10 Self-emulsifying Drug Delivery Systems (SEDDS)
    Anitha Palamakula
    School of Pharmacy, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, 1300 Coulter, Amarillo, TX 79106, USA
    Int J Pharm 273:63-73. 2004
    The objective of the present study was to develop a suitable method for evaluation of cytotoxicity of the oils used in Self-Emulsified Drug Delivery Systems (SEDDS) using Coenzyme Q10 (Co Q10) as a model compound...
  44. ncbi Docetaxel microemulsion for enhanced oral bioavailability: preparation and in vitro and in vivo evaluation
    Yong Mei Yin
    College of Pharmacy, Shenyang Pharmaceutical University, Shenyang 110016, China
    J Control Release 140:86-94. 2009
    ..These results encourage further development of docetaxel microemulsions as an oral drug delivery system...
  45. ncbi XRCC1 polymorphisms, cooking oil fume and lung cancer in Chinese women nonsmokers
    Mingchuan Li
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, China Medical University, Shenyang 110001, Liaoning Province, People s Republic of China
    Lung Cancer 62:145-51. 2008
    ..In conclusion, XRCC1 Arg399Gln and T-77C polymorphisms may alter the risk of lung cancer in women nonsmokers in China...
  46. ncbi Acinetobacter sp. Ud-4 efficiently degrades both edible and mineral oils: isolation and characterization
    Daisuke Tanaka
    Graduate School of Science and Engineering, University of Toyama, Toyama, Japan
    Curr Microbiol 60:203-9. 2010
    ..This strain could utilize five types of edible oils (canola oil, olive oil, sesame oil, soybean oil, and lard), lubricating oil, and C-heavy oil as the sole carbon ..
  47. ncbi Preparation of protein-loaded sustained-release microspheres via 'solid-in-oil-in-hydrophilic oil-in-ethanol (S/O/hO/E)' emulsification
    Weien Yuan
    School of Pharmacy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China
    Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces 79:326-33. 2010
    ..The assay of enzymatic activity of beta-galactosidase in hydrolysis of o-nitrophenyl-beta-d-galactopyranoside (ONPG) indicated that over 90% of the protein recovered from the microspheres was active...
  48. ncbi Formulation and immunological evaluation of novel vaccine delivery systems based on bioresorbable poly(ethylene glycol)-block-poly(lactide-co-epsilon-caprolactone)
    Ming Hsi Huang
    Vaccine Research and Development Center, National Health Research Institutes, Zhunan, Miaoli 35053, Taiwan
    J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater 90:832-41. 2009
    ..bioresorbable polymer poly(ethylene glycol)-block-poly(lactide-co-epsilon-caprolactone) (PEG-b-PLACL) and selected oils were developed here...
  49. pmc Effects of krill oil on serum lipids of hyperlipidemic rats and human SW480 cells
    Jia Jin Zhu
    Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, PR China
    Lipids Health Dis 7:30. 2008
    ..Serum lipids of rats fed with high fat diet (HFD) and different doses of KO were measured by automatic analyzer. Effect of KO on viability of cells was determined by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay...
  50. ncbi Microbial oil production from rice straw hydrolysate by Trichosporon fermentans
    Chao Huang
    State Key Laboratory of Pulp and Paper Engineering, College of Light Industry and Food Sciences, South China University of Technology, Tianhe District, Guangzhou, PR China
    Bioresour Technol 100:4535-8. 2009
    ..4 g/l). Hence, it is a promising strain for microbial oil production and thus biodiesel preparation from agro-industrial residues, especially lignocellulosic materials...
  51. ncbi Mechanism exploration during lipase-mediated methanolysis of renewable oils for biodiesel production in a tert-butanol system
    Wei Du
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, PR China
    Biotechnol Prog 23:1087-90. 2007
    tert-Butanol has been developed as a novel reaction medium for lipase-mediated methanolysis of renewable oils for biodiesel production, in which lipase could maintain high catalytic activity, although the log P value of tert-butanol was ..
  52. ncbi Investigation of natural phosphatidylcholine sources: separation and identification by liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS2) of molecular species
    Julie Le Grandois
    Laboratoire de Chimie Analytique et Sciences de l Aliment, IPHC DSA, Universite de Strasbourg, CNRS, 67400 Illkirch, France
    J Agric Food Chem 57:6014-20. 2009
    ....
  53. ncbi Fuzzy-oil-drop hydrophobic force field--a model to represent late-stage folding (in silico) of lysozyme
    Michal Brylinski
    Department of Bioinformatics and Telemedicine, Collegium Medicum Jagiellonian University, Kopernika 17, 31 501 Krakow, Poland
    J Biomol Struct Dyn 23:519-28. 2006
    ..The results of simulation were found to be promising, although additional improvements for the formation of beta-structure and disulfide bonds as well as the participation of natural ligand in folding process seem to be necessary...
  54. ncbi Antioxidant protection of edible oils
    Sabrina Ching Man Cheung
    Department of Health Technology and Informatics, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China
    Plant Foods Hum Nutr 62:39-42. 2007
    The ability of different cooking oils to withstand oxidation was investigated in relation to their native antioxidant capacity [measured as the Ferric Reducing/Antioxidant Power (FRAP) value]...
  55. ncbi New opportunity for enzymatic modification of fats and oils with industrial potentials
    Zheng Guo
    BioCentrum DTU, Technical University of Denmark, Building 221, DK 2800 Kgs Lyngby, Denmark
    Org Biomol Chem 3:2615-9. 2005
    Novozym 435 (Candida antarctica lipase)-catalyzed glycerolysis of commercial oils and fats to produce monoglycerides (MGs) was investigated using a tetraammonium-based ionic liquid (IL) as a reaction medium...
  56. ncbi Structure and phase equilibria of mixtures of the complex salt hexadecyltrimethylammonium polymethacrylate, water and different oils
    Juliana Silva Bernardes
    Institute of Chemistry, Universidade Estadual de Campinas UNICAMP, Caixa Postal 6154, 13083 970, Campinas, SP, Brazil
    J Colloid Interface Sci 318:411-20. 2008
    ..in binary mixtures with water and in ternary mixtures containing water and organic solvents of different polarity ('oils'): decanol, octanol, p-xylene and cyclohexane...
  57. pmc Ozone and ozonated oils in skin diseases: a review
    V Travagli
    Dipartimento Farmaco Chimico Tecnologico, Universita degli Studi di Siena, Viale Aldo Moro 2, 53100 Siena, Italy
    Mediators Inflamm 2010:610418. 2010
    ..Today the stability and efficacy of the ozonated oils have been already demonstrated, but owing to a plethora of commercial products, the present paper aims to analyze ..
  58. ncbi On-demand generation of monodisperse femtolitre droplets by shape-induced shear
    Seung Yong Jung
    Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, P O Box 2008, MS 6493, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831, USA
    Lab Chip 10:2688-94. 2010
    ....
  59. ncbi In vitro efficacies of oils, silicas and plant preparations against the poultry red mite Dermanyssus gallinae
    Veronika Maurer
    Research Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL, Ackerstrasse, 5070, Frick, Switzerland
    Exp Appl Acarol 48:31-41. 2009
    The aim of this study was to test the effectiveness of physically acting substances (oils and silicas) and plant preparations for the control of the poultry red mite Dermanyssus gallinae (De Geer 1778). Reproduction and survival of fed D...
  60. ncbi Differential lipid and fatty acid profiles of photoautotrophic and heterotrophic Chlorella zofingiensis: assessment of algal oils for biodiesel production
    Jin Liu
    School of Biological Sciences, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
    Bioresour Technol 102:106-10. 2011
    ..Together with the much higher content of oleic acid (C18:1) (35.2% of total fatty acids), oils from heterotrophic C. zofingiensis appear to be more feasible for biodiesel production...
  61. ncbi Genotoxicity of environmentally relevant concentrations of water-soluble oil components in cod (Gadus morhua)
    Tor F Holth
    Norwegian Institute for Water Research NIVA, CIENS, Gaustadalleen 21, NO 0349 Oslo, Norway
    Environ Sci Technol 43:3329-34. 2009
    ..The quantification of PAH metabolites in bile and hepatic DNA adduct formation appear to be suitable for environmental monitoring of chronic oil pollution...
  62. ncbi G-CSF loaded biodegradable PLGA nanoparticles prepared by a single oil-in-water emulsion method
    Seung Ho Choi
    Department of Biological Sciences, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Daejeon 305 701, South Korea
    Int J Pharm 311:223-8. 2006
    ..Reversed phase and size exclusion chromatograms revealed that the structural integrity of released rhG-CSF from nanoparticles was nearly intact, compared to that of native rhG-CSF...
  63. ncbi Bioavailability of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from buried shoreline oil residues thirteen years after the Exxon Valdez oil spill: a multispecies assessment
    Jerry M Neff
    Battelle, 397 Washington Street, Duxbury, Massachusetts 02332, USA
    Environ Toxicol Chem 25:947-61. 2006
    ..The low concentrations of EVOS PAH found in some intertidal organisms at some oiled shoreline sites in PWS do not represent a health risk to populations of marine birds and mammals that forage in the intertidal zone...
  64. pmc Coloured oil droplets enhance colour discrimination
    Misha Vorobyev
    Vision, Touch and Hearing Research Centre, University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia
    Proc Biol Sci 270:1255-61. 2003
    ..Calculations show that coloured oil droplets increase the number of object colours that can be discriminated, and thus are beneficial for colour vision...
  65. ncbi Microwave-integrated extraction of total fats and oils
    Matthieu Virot
    UMR408, Sécurité et Qualité des Produits d Origine Végétale, INRA, University Avignon et Pays de Vaucluse, F 84000 Avignon, France
    J Chromatogr A 1196:57-64. 2008
    ..extraction assisted by microwave, called microwave-integrated Soxhlet (MIS) is proposed for the extraction of oils and fats from different food matrixes such as oleaginous seeds, meat and bakery products...
  66. ncbi Variations in cone photoreceptor abundance and the visual ecology of birds
    N S Hart
    Vision, Touch and Hearing Research Centre, School of Biomedical Sciences, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, Brisbane, Australia
    J Comp Physiol A 187:685-97. 2001
    ..e. to give a measure of the variation about the mean, resulted in clusters that reflected diet, feeding behaviour and habitat to a greater extent than phylogeny...
  67. ncbi Corn steep liquor as a nutrition adjunct for the production of Aspergillus niger lipase and hydrolysis of oils thereof
    N G Edwinoliver
    Department of Biotechnology, Central Leather Research Institute, Adyar, Chennai 600 020, India
    J Agric Food Chem 57:10658-63. 2009
    ..Furthermore, the enzyme has good potential for the hydrolysis of vegetable oils and fish oils, and a hydrolytic ratio of 88.73% was obtained with palm oil at 48 h...
  68. ncbi Molecular analysis of native tissue and whole oils by infrared laser mass spectrometry
    Klaus Dreisewerd
    Institute of Medical Physics and Biophysics, Westfalische Wilhelms Universitat Munster, Germany
    Anal Chem 79:4514-20. 2007
    ..mass spectrometry (IR-LDI-o-TOF-MS) to generate molecular ion profiles directly from native tissue and from whole oils. The method requires little sample preparation besides an eventual dissection of the areas of interest and drying ..
  69. ncbi Effects of long-term feeding of marine oils with different positional distribution of eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids on lipid metabolism, eicosanoid production, and platelet aggregation in hypercholesterolemic rats
    I Ikeda
    Laboratory of Nutrition Chemistry, Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan
    Lipids 33:897-904. 1998
    ..thromboxane (TX) A2 production induced by collagen or thrombin was markedly reduced by feeding seal or squid oils, the reduction being more pronounced in the seal oil than in the squid oil group...
  70. ncbi Rapid discrimination of fatty acid composition in fats and oils by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry
    Shoji Kurata
    Criminal Investigation Laboratory, Metropolitan Police Department, Chiyoda, Tokyo 100 8929, Japan
    Anal Sci 21:1457-65. 2005
    Fatty acids in 42 types of saponified vegetable and animal oils were analyzed by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) for the development of their rapid discrimination...
  71. ncbi Solid-phase clean-up in the liquid chromatographic determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in edible oils
    A Barranco
    Department of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, University of the Basque Country, P O Box 644, E 48080 Bilbao, Spain
    J Chromatogr A 988:33-40. 2003
    ..with fluorescence detection is reported for the determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in edible oils. The effects of experimental variables, such as washing and elution solvents, sample solvent and drying time have ..
  72. ncbi Spatial and temporal patterns of growth and differentiation of cone oil droplets in the chick retina
    Rosario López
    Departamento de Fisiologia, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
    J Neurosci Res 79:401-11. 2005
    ..Our results show that growth and color differentiation of the droplets is regulated temporally and spatially, and the cones complete differentiation at P15 rather than at prenatal stages, as is thought generally...
  73. ncbi Adsorption of polar lipids at the water-oil interface
    P Reis
    Nestle Research Center, CH 1000 Lausanne 26, Switzerland
    Langmuir 24:5781-6. 2008
    ..The pH dependency of the interfacial activity of fatty acids is also explored in the current work. We believe that our results can contribute to a better understanding of the complex interfacial phenomena occurring during fat digestion...
  74. ncbi [Study on the effects of cooking oil fume condensate on the DNA integrity]
    Hui Zhang
    Department of Environmental Health, College of Public Health, Southeast University, Nanjing 210009, China
    Wei Sheng Yan Jiu 31:238-40. 2002
    ..963, P < 0.01). The above results suggested that cooking oil fume condensate could induce DNA damage at much lower dosage and result in the increase of DNA cross-links in a certain concentration...
  75. ncbi Effects of two lubricant oils on marine nematode assemblages in a laboratory microcosm experiment
    H Beyrem
    Laboratoire de Biosurveillance de l Environnement, Faculte des Sciences de Bizerte, 7021 Zarzouna, Tunisia
    Mar Environ Res 69:248-53. 2010
    The effects of two lubricating oils on nematode assemblages of a Tunisian lagoon were investigated in a microcosm experiment...
  76. ncbi A randomized double blind comparison of short-term duodenally administrated whale and seal blubber oils in patients with inflammatory bowel disease and joint pain
    Tormod Bjørkkjaer
    National Institute of Nutrition and Seafood Research NIFES, P O Box 2029 Nordnes, N 5817 Bergen, Norway
    Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids 81:425-32. 2009
    ..These changes were not significantly different between SO and WO groups. Inhibition of cyclooxygenase is consistent with amelioration of IBD-related joint pain, but, as active control was used, effects need confirmation...
  77. ncbi Lipid uptake and skin occlusion following topical application of oils on adult and infant skin
    Georgios N Stamatas
    Johnson and Johnson Consumer France SAS, 1 rue Camille Desmoulins, Issy les Moulineaux 92787, France
    J Dermatol Sci 50:135-42. 2008
    Topical application of oils and oil-based formulations is common practice in skin care for both adults and infants...
  78. ncbi A comparative immunopathological study of injection site reactions in salmonids following intraperitoneal injection with oil-adjuvanted vaccines
    Stephen Mutoloki
    Norwegian School of Veterinary Science, Institute of Basic Science and Aquatic Medicine, P O Box 8146 Dep, Ullevaalsveien 72, N 0033 Oslo, Norway
    Vaccine 24:578-88. 2006
    ..The strong onset in rainbow trout leads to rapid breakdown and removal of antigens resulting in early resolution...
  79. ncbi Effects of triacylglycerol and diacylglycerol oils on blood clearance, tissue uptake, and hepatic apolipoprotein B secretion in mice
    Koichi Yasunaga
    Department of Medicine, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY 10032, USA
    J Lipid Res 48:1108-21. 2007
    ..DAG emulsions may by useful for intravenous nutrition in people with preexisting hypertriglyceridemia...
  80. ncbi Biodegradabilities of some chain oils in groundwater as determined by the respirometric BOD OxiTop method
    Pekka Vähäoja
    Department of Chemistry, University of Oulu, P O Box 3000, 90014 Oulu, Finland
    Anal Bioanal Chem 381:445-50. 2005
    The respirometric BOD OxiTop method was used to monitor the biodegradation of different chain oils (mineral, rapeseed and tall oils) over 28 days in groundwater, as well as in standard conditions described by OECD 301 F...
  81. ncbi Effect of dietary oils on the production of n-3 and n-6 metabolites of leukocyte 5-lipoxygenase in five rat strains
    L G Cleland
    Morialta Trust Bone and Joint Research Laboratory, Royal Adelaide Hospital, Australia
    Biochim Biophys Acta 1043:253-8. 1990
    We examined the influence of various dietary oils, including linseed and fish oil on the relative rates of leukotriene B4 (LTB4) and LTB5 production by rat peritoneal exudate cells in five rat strains...
  82. ncbi Fatty acids in Chinese edible oils: value of direct analysis as a basis for labeling
    John C Wallingford
    Wyeth Ayerst Global Pharmaceuticals
    Food Nutr Bull 25:330-6. 2004
    ..in the diet of most transitional countries; nevertheless, little is known about the fatty acid composition of these oils. We examined the consumption of edible oils and the fatty acid composition of these oils obtained from a market ..
  83. ncbi Liquid spray formulations of xibornol by using self-microemulsifying drug delivery systems
    M Cirri
    Dip Scienze Farmaceutiche, Polo Scientifico di Sesto Fiorentino, via U Schiff 6, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino, Firenze, Italy
    Int J Pharm 340:84-91. 2007
    ....
  84. ncbi Fabrication of novel multihollow superparamagnetic magnetite/polystyrene nanocomposite microspheres via water-in-oil-in-water double emulsions
    Song Yang
    Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, Key Laboratory of Soft Matter Chemistry, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui, People s Republic of China
    Langmuir 24:10395-401. 2008
    ..The effect of the content of amphipathic magnetite nanoparticles on the morphology of nanocomposite microspheres was studied. Furthermore, the mechanism of formation of multihollow magnetic nanocomposite microspheres was also discussed...
  85. pmc Exemestane loaded self-microemulsifying drug delivery system (SMEDDS): development and optimization
    Ajeet K Singh
    Dabur Research Foundation, Plot No 22, Site IV, Sahibabad, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh 201010, India
    AAPS PharmSciTech 9:628-34. 2008
    ..Thus this study indicates that the SMEDDS can be used as a potential drug carrier for dissolution enhancement of exemestane and other lipophilic drug(s)...
  86. ncbi The release and analgesic activities of morphine and its ester prodrug, morphine propionate, formulated by water-in-oil nanoemulsions
    Jhi Joung Wang
    Department of Medical Research, Chi Mei Medical Center, Tainan, Taiwan
    J Drug Target 16:294-301. 2008
    ..These results suggest that w/o nanoemulsions are well suited to provide sustained morphine delivery for therapeutic purposes...
  87. pmc Bioerodible devices for intermittent release of simvastatin acid
    Ju Hyeong Jeon
    Center for Biomedical Engineering, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506 0070, USA
    Int J Pharm 340:6-12. 2007
    ..These results imply that devices intermittently releasing simvastatin acid warrant further study for locally promoting osteogenesis...
  88. ncbi Formulation of a cosurfactant-free O/W microemulsion using nonionic surfactant mixtures
    Y H Cho
    Department of Biotechnology, Yonsei University, Seoul, 120 749, South Korea
    J Food Sci 73:E115-21. 2008
    ..Dilution with a different aqueous medium, either water or acidic fluid, did not significantly change the microemulsion turbidity. DHA oil incorporated in microemulsion showed higher oxidation stability than free DHA oil...
  89. ncbi Effect of long-chain alcohols on SDS partitioning to the oil/water interface of emulsions and on droplet size
    Monica A James-Smith
    Center for Surface Science and Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611 6005, USA
    J Colloid Interface Sci 315:307-12. 2007
    ..Possible explanations for this disparity are discussed...
  90. ncbi Preparation and characterization of quercetin-loaded polymethyl methacrylate microcapsules using a polyol-in-oil-in-polyol emulsion solvent evaporation method
    Dong Hwan Lee
    R and D Center, Hanbul Cosmetics Co, 72 7, Yongsung ri, Samsung myun, Umsung kun, Chungbuk 369 834, Republic of Korea
    J Pharm Pharmacol 59:1611-20. 2007
    ..This study suggests that the novel P/O/P emulsion solvent evaporation method can be applied to the encapsulation of flavonoids...
  91. ncbi Confinement of DNA in water-in-oil microemulsions
    Anita Swami
    Laboratoire de Physique des Solides, UMR 8502 Universite Paris Sud, 91405 Orsay, France
    Langmuir 24:11828-33. 2008
    ..The local DNA concentration is very high (>100 mg/mL). The large drops coexist with small empty drops (not containing DNA), similar to those found in the DNA-free microemulsion...
  92. pmc Nanoemulsions as vehicles for transdermal delivery of aceclofenac
    Faiyaz Shakeel
    Department of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, Jamia Hamdard Hamdard University, Hamdard Nagar, New Delhi 110062, India
    AAPS PharmSciTech 8:E104. 2007
    ..These results suggested that nanoemulsions are potential vehicles for improved transdermal delivery of aceclofenac...
  93. ncbi Preparation, characterization and optimization of probucol self-emulsified drug delivery system to enhance solubility and dissolution
    A Zaghloul
    Department of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, Kuwait University, Safat, Kuwait
    Pharmazie 63:654-60. 2008
    ..The methods included determination of the solubility of probucol in different oils, surfactants and co-surfactants using saturation solubility method and HPLC for drug analysis...
  94. ncbi Formulation design of microemulsion for dermal delivery of penciclovir
    Weiwei Zhu
    Department of Pharmaceutics, College of Pharmacy, Shandong University, Jinan 250012, China
    Int J Pharm 360:184-90. 2008
    ..5 times that of the commercial cream. The conclusion was that the permeating ability of penciclovir was significantly increased from the microemulsion formulation compared with commercial cream...
  95. ncbi Application of microemulsions in dermal and transdermal drug delivery
    P Santos
    Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy, London, UK
    Skin Pharmacol Physiol 21:246-59. 2008
    ..Finally, the issues which warrant further investigation by researchers in order to realize the full potential of the technology are discussed...
  96. ncbi Solid lipid nanoparticles prepared by solvent diffusion method in a nanoreactor system
    Hong Yuan
    College of Pharmaceutical Science, Zhejiang University, 388 Yuhangtang Road, Hangzhou 310058, PR China
    Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces 61:132-7. 2008
    ..The in vitro drug release tests indicated that the drug release rate was faster than that of SLN prepared by the conventional method, and the drug content in SLN did not affect the in vitro drug release profile...
  97. ncbi The advantage of polymer addition to a non-ionic oil in water microemulsion for the dermal delivery of progesterone
    Babette Biruss
    Department of Pharmaceutical Technology and Biopharmaceutics, University of Vienna, Althanstrasse 14, 1090 Vienna, Austria
    Int J Pharm 349:269-73. 2008
    ..24- and 1.63-fold and decreased the skin retention in relation to the pure microemulsion. The polymer-stabilized progesterone microemulsions are interesting vehicles for skin application of progesterone...
  98. ncbi The partitioning of emulsifiers in o/w emulsions: a comparative study of SANS, ultrafiltration and dialysis
    Kathleen Oehlke
    Institute of Human Nutrition and Food Science, University of Kiel, 24118 Kiel, Germany
    J Colloid Interface Sci 322:294-303. 2008
    ..In emulsions with CTAB, saturation of the interface was not achieved. The minimum headgroup area was determined by UF to be 33 A2 at a concentration of 30 mM CTAB in a 10% o/w emulsion...
  99. ncbi Acidic microclimate pH distribution in PLGA microspheres monitored by confocal laser scanning microscopy
    Amy G Ding
    Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 1065, USA
    Pharm Res 25:2041-52. 2008
    ..The acidic microclimate pH (micropH) distribution inside poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) microspheres was monitored quantitatively as a function of several formulation variables...
  100. ncbi Oil-in-water emulsions stabilized by hydrophobically modified hydroxyethyl cellulose: adsorption and thickening effect
    Wenbin Sun
    Key Laboratory for Colloid and Interface Chemistry of Education Ministry, Shangdong University, Jinan, Shangdong 250100, People s Republic of China
    J Colloid Interface Sci 311:228-36. 2007
    ....
  101. ncbi Formulation of epichlorohydrin cross-linked starch microspheres
    G Hamdi
    Laboratoire de Pharmacotechnie et Biopharmacie, , , , France
    J Microencapsul 18:373-83. 2001
    ....

Research Grants62

  1. Vitamin D and Fish Oil for Autoimmune Disease, Inflammation and Joint Pain
    Karen H Costenbader; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The growing enthusiasm for supplemental vitamin D and fish oils underscores the urgent need for their timely testing, before their use becomes so prevalent as to render ..
  2. Metabolic Actions of Omega-3 Fatty Acids on Inflammation
    Michael Miller; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Therefore, this proposal will investigate how omega-3 fish oils affect inflammation, lipids and fat breakdown by comparing it to a non-fish oil omega-3 supplement (linolenic acid)...
  3. Prevention of high fat diet-induced vascular injury
    Ming Hui Zou; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..by applicant): Overwhelming data from epidemiological studies and clinical trials reveal that consumption of fish oils (omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids) reduces cardiovascular deaths (CVD) and retards the progression of ..
  4. Nutrition and Physical Activity Assessment Study (NPAAS)
    Ross L Prentice; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..nutritional measures, including carotenoids (fruits &vegetables), 1- and 3 -tocopherols (fats &oils), phospholipid fatty acids (fats &oils), and folate (fruits &vegetables) at the beginning and end of the 2-..
  5. Fatty acid desaturase activity, fish oil and colorectal cancer chemoprevention
    Harvey J Murff; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..it may be the relative proportion of n-3 to n-6 PUFAs that best determines the chemopreventive effects of fish oils. This ratio is important because the n-6 PUFA, arachidonic acid (ARA), is converted via the cyclo-oxygenase pathway ..
  6. Clinical Study of Disposition and Biological Activity of d-Limonene
    H H Sherry Chow; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): d-Limonene, a monocyclic monoterpene, is a major component in the essential oils of citrus fruits...
  7. Omega 3 Fatty Acid Supplementation in Diabetic Kidney Disease
    EDGAR RAYMOND MILLER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..plans for a randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial to test the benefits of daily omega-3 fatty acids (fish oils) supplements at reducing urine protein excretion and other biomarkers of kidney injury in adults with diabetes and ..
  8. Effects of fish oil on inflammation and metabolic syndrome
    Philip A Kern; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..In addition to their beneficial effects on serum lipids and heart disease, fish oils (&#969;-3 fatty acids) activate PPAR&#947;and demonstrate antiinflammatory properties...
  9. Healthy Worker Effect, Occupational Exposure to PM and Cardiopulmonary Mortality
    ELLEN AURA EISEN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..MWF are complex mixtures of oils and chemical additives widely used in industrial settings to cool and lubricate metal machining operations...
  10. Effect of Nutritional Factors on Macrophage Accumulation in Adipose Tissue
    Alan Chait; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Conversely, fish oils appear to have the opposite effect and may protect against macrophage accumulation in visceral fat...
  11. Chemopreventive effect of fish oil derived EPA in lung cancer
    Peiying Yang; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We will determine the chemopreventive role of EPA and fish oils using a urethane- induced mouse lung cancer model with and without expression of COX-2, as well as the K-ras ..
  12. Ginger Extracts in the Prevention of Metabolic Bone Disease
    LAURA ELIZABETH WRIGHT; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Finally, specific sub-fractions of crude ginger extract (gingerols and essential oils) will be tested to determine their relative efficacy and mechanism of action in inhibiting osteoclast ..
  13. The Effects of Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) on fetal cardiac outcomes
    Kathleen M Gustafson; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..algal oil capsules while the placebo group will be provided capsules containing a combination of soybean and corn oils. This proposal is novel in that: 1) it is the first longitudinal exploration to determine the effects of maternal ..
  14. Red Blood Cell Omega-3 Fatty Acids and Coronary Artery Disease
    Luc Djousse; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..examine whether omega-3 fatty acids - a type of polyunsaturated fats found mostly in fatty fish, flaxseed or canola oils - can lower the risk of fatal coronary events, cardiovascular death, or heart attack among US male physicians who ..
  15. Delaying the Hormone Refractory Prostate Cancer by a Dietary Triterpene Lupeol
    MOHAMMAD SALEEM BHAT; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Lupeol, (a non-nutrient and non-toxic natural agent present in olive, strawberry, grapes, mango, figs and vegetable oils) could be an ideal multi-target agent which could prevent or delay the onset of transition of hormone-dependent to ..
  16. Prevention of estrogen-mediated mammary carcinogenesis by mixtures of tocopherols
    Nanjoo Suh; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Tocopherols are commonly occurring in vegetable oils and readily available as dietary supplements...
  17. Stress and Proinflammatory Cytokines: Omega-3 Intervention
    Janice Kiecolt Glaser; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Arachidonic acid (AA) derived (omega-6 or n-6) eicosanoids (primarily from refined vegetable oils such as corn, sunflower, and safflower) increase the production of these cytokines...
  18. Cholestasis Reversal (Phase ll): Efficacy of lV Fish Oil
    Mark Puder; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..that discontinuing soybean based IFE and switching to a product comprised of omega-3 fatty acids derived from fish oils (Omegaven) may be effective in reversing preexisting PN associated liver disease through a combination of factors, ..
  19. Dual Mode Nanoemulsions for 19F MRI and Fluorescence Detection
    Jelena M Janjic; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Unusual physicochemical properties of PFPE oils, high hydrophobicity and significant lipophobicity, make the synthetic modifications and formulations of these oils ..
  20. The Wake Forest Center for Botanical Lipids and Inflammatory Disease Prevention
    Floyd H Chilton; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The overall goal of this Center is to delineate the molecular mechanisms by which botanical oils prevent or impact these diseases with a particular focus on immunity and inflammation...
  21. Tocopherol-mediated inhibition of breast carcinogenesis
    Nanjoo Suh; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Tocopherols are lipophilic phenolic antioxidants present in significant amounts in vegetable oils, such as soybean, corn, canola and cottonseed...
  22. Development of a Biomimetic Vitreous Substitute
    Nathan Ravi; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..while functional, are temporary and are either absorbed (gases) or require secondary surgery for removal (silicone oils)...
  23. Echium Oil Modulates Macrophage Inflammation by Promoting Alternative Activation
    AMANDA WIBLEY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..hypothesis is correct, the results will support the rationale for inclusion of stearidonic acid-enriched botanical oils, as from Echium plantagineum, in food products providing a source of n-3 PUFAs that could reduce inflammation in ..
  24. Innate Antimicrobial Nanotherapeutics for the Treatment of H. pylori Infection
    Liangfang Zhang; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..by applicant): The primary goal of this project is to combine linolenic acid (a natural compound from vegetable oils) with an innovative nano-delivery technology to develop a new nanotherapeutic for eradicating Helicobacter pylori (..
  25. Circulating fatty acids and breast cancer risk: a prospective study
    A Heather Eliassen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..reflect intake of dairy fat and meat (15:0, 16:1n- 7t, 18:1n-7t) and trans fatty acids from partially hydrogenated oils (18:1 and 18:2) with breast cancer risk...
  26. Neural Mechansims of Oil Reward
    Ralph Norgren; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Detection, discrimination, and even the appeal of fats and oils have been presumed to be within the purview of the somatosensory system, but the recent finding that fatty acids ..
  27. Assessing Workplace Phthalate Exposures Among Massage Therapy Students
    VICTORIA PAK; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..of this research study is to explore the extent of phthalate exposure related to skincare products such as lotions, oils, and creams used in therapeutic massage...
  28. Development of a High Performance Bioprocess for Eliminating 1,4-Dioxane in Water
    Joseph Salanitro; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..3) ingredient in pesticides and fumigants, (4), purifying agent in pharmaceuticals, and (5) solvent in resins, oils, plastics, adhesives, waxes, and cement...
  29. DIETARY LIPIDS--EFFECTS ON LIPID-LIPOPROTEIN METABOLISM
    D Illingworth; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..The influence of fish oils on prostanoid formation will be examined in collaborative studies...
  30. Renal disease kidney cancer and metalworking fluid exposure in autoworkers
    Katie M Applebaum; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..MWFs consisting of straight mineral oils (also called straight MWFs) are a source of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs)...
  31. Pilot Study on Mammary Expression of Novel Desaturases
    ALISON VAN EENENNAAM; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..acids present in the diet of industrial societies has increased as a result of the greater consumption of vegetable oils containing omega-6 fatty acids and reduced consumption of foods rich in the omega-3 fatty acids...
  32. Cholestasis Prevention: Efficacy of IV Fish Oil
    Mark Puder; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..discontinuing soy based IFE and switching to a product comprised of omega-3 fatty acids (FAs) derived from fish oils may be effective in reversing preexisting PN associated liver disease through a combination of factors, including ..
  33. Walnuts vs. Walnut-Oil, Glucose Homeostasis, PCOS
    Sidika Kasim Karakas; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] 3. Effects of walnut-oil on glucose homeostasis differ from those of the fish-oils. [unreadable] [unreadable] This hypothesis will be tested in 96 women with PCOS...
  34. OMEGA-3 FATTY ACIDS AND THE CEREBRAL CIRCULATION
    EARL ELLIS; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..Some evidence suggests that fish oils also alter formation of the vasodilator prostaglandins (PGs) E2 and I2...
  35. FISH OILS AND LIPOPROTEIN METABOLISM
    William Harris; Fiscal Year: 1992
    The low incidence of cardiovascular diseases among fish-eating populations has led to the hypothesis that fish oils containing omega-3 fatty acids (w3 FA) may be protective agents...
  36. POLYUNSATURATES AND KC1 TO CONTROL MILD HYPERTENSION
    Frank Sacks; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..favorably affect the balance between vasodilating and vasoconstricting prostanoids, and hypotensive effects of fish oils have been found in normal volunteers...
  37. NUTRITIONAL SIGNIFICANCE OF POLYUNSATURATED FATTY ACIDS
    Vincent Ziboh; Fiscal Year: 1990
    Enthusiasm that certain dietary oils are capable of influencing eicosanoid biosynthesis and some clinical conditions, have prompted a variety of studies, notably, that the dietary intake of Fish oil (which contains polyunsaturates: EPA (..
  38. DIET AND CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE
    Carlos Camargo; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..g., vitamin C, vitamin E, and carotenoids), magnesium, potassium, and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (e.g., fish oils) decrease risk of COPD, whereas high intakes of specific fatty acids (e.g., linoleic acid) increase risk...
  39. Timing of Dietary Exposures and Breast Cancer Risk
    Leena Hilakivi Clarke; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..We therefore propose that prepubertal exposure to some fatty acids (fish oils) and phytoestrogens reduce the risk of developing breast cancer...
  40. A NOVEL ASSAY FOR MEASUREMENT OF PCB AROCLORS
    Stephen Friedman; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..We have developed sample processing methodology that allows PCB-containing oils/solvents to be tested in aqueous assays...
  41. Cardiovascular Effects of lyengar Yoga
    Raymond Townsend; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..of the research to date has been on dietary (low sodium) and activity advice, and dietary supplements (garlic, fish oils)...
  42. EFFECTS OF CHD PREVENTION ON LIPOPROTEIN SUBCLASSES
    Paul Williams; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..colestipol, nicotinic acid, clofibrate, probucol, gemfibrozil, fenofibrate, lovastatin, guar gum or fish oils? 4...
  43. ATHEROSCLEROSIS & W-3 FATTY ACIDS IN ALASKAN NATIVES
    William Newman; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..but also will help in making a decision whether to recommend to the general public the inclusion of fish oils, which contain large amounts of these fatty acids in the diet, for prevention and/or reduction of atherosclerotic ..
  44. Psychoneuroimmunology and Mind-Body Medicine
    Janice Kiecolt Glaser; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..in behavioral, autonomic, endocrine, immune, and cutaneous responses to sedative and stimulant essential oils, and if behavioral and physiological responses to both relaxant and stimulant odors differ from a no-odor control ..
  45. THE PHARMACOLOGY OF OMEGA-3 FATTY ACIDS
    HOWARD KNAPP; Fiscal Year: 1991
    The potential health benefits of omega-3 fatty acids from marine oils are being intensively investigated and some of the most promising areas are those of ameliorating vascular disease and lowing blood pressure...
  46. Omega-3 Fatty Acids and Heart Failure
    William Stanley; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..a major clinical problem and frequently leads to chronic heart failure (HF) The omega-3 fatty acids found in fish oils (eicosapentanoic acid (EPA) and docohexanoic acid (DHA)) and in some plants (1-linolenic acid (ALA) in flax seed or ..
  47. FISH OIL, LIPOPROTEINS AND ATHERIOGENESIS
    Dong Kim; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..plasma LP distributions and reducing atherosclerosis development is far greater than that of omega-6 rich vegetable oils; (4) TBARS levels in the plasma which are elevated with fish oil are not reflecting increased necrosis or other ..
  48. EPIDEMIOLOGY OF PLASMA FATTY ACIDS AND ATHEROSCLEROSIS
    John Eckfeldt; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..saturated fatty acid consumption raises plasma cholesterol and atherosclerosis risk, while consumption of vegetable oils high in polyunsaturated fatty acids appear to lower them...
  49. The Evolution of Specialists and Generalists
    ANTHONY DEAN; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..the physiological basis for the evolution of specialists and generalists, and to determine the molecular causes of trade-oils. Mutational changes will be sequenced to determine the predictably of evolution at the molecular level.
  50. FATTY ACID ANTIARRYTHMIA TRIAL (FAAT)
    Alexander Leaf; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..if the dietary n-3 class of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), provided in our diet largely from marine fish oils, will prevent fatal ventricular tachycardia (VT) and fibrillation (VF) in humans...
  51. CARDIOVASCULAR SURGICAL STUDIES OF OMEGA-3 FATTY ACIDS
    D Miller; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..The objectives are to define the therapeutic potential of OMEGA-3 fish oils in cardiovascular disease and support these clinical implications with a more solid understanding of the mechanics ..
  52. DIETARY ETHER-LINKED LIPIDS AND N-3 FATTY ACIDS
    FRED SNYDER; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..Abstract): The O-alkyl ether linkage in glycerolipids was originally discovered as a significant component of fish oils. As with the n-3 fatty acids, fish from the ocean are thought to be highly enriched in ether lipids...
  53. Nostalgia in the WNT signaling pathway; fatty acids, epigenetics and leukemia
    Vincent Sollars; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This proposal will draw connections between exposure to specific types of fatty acids, such as those present in fish oils, to protection from cancer. A mechanism has been proposed for the basis of this interaction and will be tested.
  54. MARINE LIPIDS AND ENDOTHELIAL CELLS IN ATHEROSCLEROSIS
    Paul Fox; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..early and critical event in the formation of occlusive atherosclerotic lesions; (2) that ingestion of fish or fish oils containing n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) inhibits intimal thickening in experimental animals, and may ..
  55. Cellulose-Based Strips for Human Taste Evaluation
    Lloyd Hastings; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..their capacity to rapidly disintegrate when placed on the tongue, thereby releasing an array of flavors, essential oils, and other compounds sequestered in the strip...
  56. PREVENTION OF MITOCHONDRIAL AGING BY OMEGA-3 FATTY ACIDS
    William Stillwell; Fiscal Year: 1991
    DESCRIPTION (Investigator's Abstract): Fish oils, a rich source of long chain polyunsaturated omega-3 fatty acids, have been linked through epidemiologic studies to the prevention of a number of important human afflictions including ..
  57. DO FISH OILS PREVENT RESTENOSIS POST-CORONARY ANGIOPLAST
    Alexander Leaf; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..There is much confusion in the minds of both the public and physicians regarding possible beneficial health effects of fish oil. This study is undertaken to establish factual information on which to judge this issue...
  58. LIPID DIET EFFECTS ON COLON TUMOR GROWTH AND METASTASES
    SELWYN BROITMAN; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..to inhibition of arachidonic acid metabolism in the cyclooxygenase pathway by the constituents of dietary marine oils, eicosopentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), which are utilized for PG's of the 3 series...
  59. Development of liposomal fenretinide and safingol
    William Ernst; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..improving the tumor distribution; (2) elimination of side effects associated with the use of the solvents, such as oils and alcohols necessary for the solubilization of hydrophobic compounds; and (3) a fundamental understanding of the ..
  60. CHEMORECEPTION FOR INSOLUBLE SUBSTANCES--STARCH & OIL
    Israel Ramirez; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..used to determine whether different forms of starch taste similar to each other, and whether different triglyceride oils taste similar to each other...
  61. Nisin-based topical formulation for treatment of anthrax
    John Kokai Kun; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Formulation development will combine nisin with chelators, non-ionic surfactants, and essential oils that have been shown to enhance nisin activity against Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria, including spores...
  62. Relevance of fish oil derived PGE3 to lung cancer
    Robert Newman; Fiscal Year: 2004
    We hypothesize that the fish oils, EPA and DHA, can serve as effective chemopreventive agents against lung cancer and that this protective effect is mediated by selective alteration of arachidonate metabolism through cyclooxygenase ..