sorbic acid

Summary

Summary: Mold and yeast inhibitor. Used as a fungistatic agent for foods, especially cheeses.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi In vivo evaluation of induction of abnormal sperm morphology in mice by an unsaturated aldehyde crotonaldehyde
    Anand M Jha
    Genetic Toxicology Laboratory, Department of Botany and Biotechnology, Samastipur College, Samastipur 848134, India
    Mutat Res 603:159-63. 2006
  2. ncbi Inhibition of spoilage mould conidia by acetic acid and sorbic acid involves different modes of action, requiring modification of the classical weak-acid theory
    Malcolm Stratford
    School of Biology, University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham, United Kingdom
    Int J Food Microbiol 136:37-43. 2009
  3. ncbi NMR analysis of ion pair formation between timolol and sorbic acid in ophthalmic preparations
    Masayo Higashiyama
    Senju Pharmaceutical Co Ltd, 1 5 4 Murotani, Nishi ku, Kobe 651 2241, Japan
    J Pharm Biomed Anal 43:1335-42. 2007
  4. pmc The weak acid preservative sorbic acid inhibits conidial germination and mycelial growth of Aspergillus niger through intracellular acidification
    Andrew Plumridge
    School of Biology, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, NG7 2RD, United Kingdom
    Appl Environ Microbiol 70:3506-11. 2004
  5. ncbi Simultaneous determination of preservatives (benzoic acid, sorbic acid, methylparaben and propylparaben) in foodstuffs using high-performance liquid chromatography
    Bahruddin Saad
    School of Chemical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Penang, Malaysia
    J Chromatogr A 1073:393-7. 2005
  6. ncbi The decarboxylation of the weak-acid preservative, sorbic acid, is encoded by linked genes in Aspergillus spp
    Andrew Plumridge
    School of Biology, University Park, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
    Fungal Genet Biol 47:683-92. 2010
  7. ncbi Modelling of the growth-no growth interface of Issatchenkia occidentalis, an olive spoiling yeast, as a function of the culture media, NaCl, citric and sorbic acid concentrations: study of its inactivation in the no growth region
    F N Arroyo López
    Department of Food Biotechnology, Instituto de la Grasa C S I C, Av Padre García Tejero no 4 41012, Seville, Spain
    Int J Food Microbiol 117:150-9. 2007
  8. pmc Decarboxylation of sorbic acid by spoilage yeasts is associated with the PAD1 gene
    Malcolm Stratford
    School of Biology, University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD, United Kingdom
    Appl Environ Microbiol 73:6534-42. 2007
  9. pmc Simultaneous determination of EDTA, sorbic acid, and diclofenac sodium in pharmaceutical preparations using high-performance liquid chromatography
    Rouhollah Heydari
    Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Khorramabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Khorramabad, Iran
    AAPS PharmSciTech 14:764-9. 2013
  10. ncbi Parallel and comparative analysis of the proteome and transcriptome of sorbic acid-stressed Saccharomyces cerevisiae
    H de Nobel
    Swammerdam Institute for Life Sciences, University of Amsterdam, 1098 SM Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Yeast 18:1413-28. 2001

Detail Information

Publications250 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi In vivo evaluation of induction of abnormal sperm morphology in mice by an unsaturated aldehyde crotonaldehyde
    Anand M Jha
    Genetic Toxicology Laboratory, Department of Botany and Biotechnology, Samastipur College, Samastipur 848134, India
    Mutat Res 603:159-63. 2006
    Crotonaldehyde, a highly reactive unsaturated aldehyde is used for the manufacture of sorbic acid, synthesis of butyl alcohol, butylaldehyde, quinaldine, thiophenes, pyridines, dyes, pesticides, pharmaceuticals, rubber antioxidants, ..
  2. ncbi Inhibition of spoilage mould conidia by acetic acid and sorbic acid involves different modes of action, requiring modification of the classical weak-acid theory
    Malcolm Stratford
    School of Biology, University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham, United Kingdom
    Int J Food Microbiol 136:37-43. 2009
    Fungal spoilage of many foods is prevented by weak-acid preservatives such as sorbic acid or acetic acid...
  3. ncbi NMR analysis of ion pair formation between timolol and sorbic acid in ophthalmic preparations
    Masayo Higashiyama
    Senju Pharmaceutical Co Ltd, 1 5 4 Murotani, Nishi ku, Kobe 651 2241, Japan
    J Pharm Biomed Anal 43:1335-42. 2007
    Ion pair formation between timolol and sorbic acid was investigated using NMR spectroscopy in order to clarify their interactions within ophthalmic preparation...
  4. pmc The weak acid preservative sorbic acid inhibits conidial germination and mycelial growth of Aspergillus niger through intracellular acidification
    Andrew Plumridge
    School of Biology, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, NG7 2RD, United Kingdom
    Appl Environ Microbiol 70:3506-11. 2004
    ..fungus Aspergillus niger, a common food spoilage organism, is inhibited by the weak acid preservative sorbic acid (trans-trans-2,4-hexadienoic acid). Conidia inoculated at 10(5)/ml of medium showed a sorbic acid MIC of 4...
  5. ncbi Simultaneous determination of preservatives (benzoic acid, sorbic acid, methylparaben and propylparaben) in foodstuffs using high-performance liquid chromatography
    Bahruddin Saad
    School of Chemical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Penang, Malaysia
    J Chromatogr A 1073:393-7. 2005
    ..The range of preservatives found were from not detected (nd)--1260, nd--1390, nd--44.8 and nd--221 mg kg(-1) for BA, SA, MP and PP, respectively...
  6. ncbi The decarboxylation of the weak-acid preservative, sorbic acid, is encoded by linked genes in Aspergillus spp
    Andrew Plumridge
    School of Biology, University Park, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
    Fungal Genet Biol 47:683-92. 2010
    ..of a phenylacrylic acid decarboxylase (encoded by padA1) for the decarboxylation of the weak-acid preservative sorbic acid (2,4-hexadienoic acid) to 1,3-pentadiene...
  7. ncbi Modelling of the growth-no growth interface of Issatchenkia occidentalis, an olive spoiling yeast, as a function of the culture media, NaCl, citric and sorbic acid concentrations: study of its inactivation in the no growth region
    F N Arroyo López
    Department of Food Biotechnology, Instituto de la Grasa C S I C, Av Padre García Tejero no 4 41012, Seville, Spain
    Int J Food Microbiol 117:150-9. 2007
    ..the estimation of the growth-no growth interface of Issatchenkia occidentalis as a function of NaCl, citric and sorbic acid concentrations...
  8. pmc Decarboxylation of sorbic acid by spoilage yeasts is associated with the PAD1 gene
    Malcolm Stratford
    School of Biology, University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD, United Kingdom
    Appl Environ Microbiol 73:6534-42. 2007
    The spoilage yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae degraded the food preservative sorbic acid (2,4-hexadienoic acid) to a volatile hydrocarbon, identified by gas chromatography mass spectrometry as 1,3-pentadiene...
  9. pmc Simultaneous determination of EDTA, sorbic acid, and diclofenac sodium in pharmaceutical preparations using high-performance liquid chromatography
    Rouhollah Heydari
    Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Khorramabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Khorramabad, Iran
    AAPS PharmSciTech 14:764-9. 2013
    ..liquid chromatographic method for simultaneous determination of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), sorbic acid, and diclofenac sodium was developed and validated. Separation was achieved on a C(18) column (10 cm×4...
  10. ncbi Parallel and comparative analysis of the proteome and transcriptome of sorbic acid-stressed Saccharomyces cerevisiae
    H de Nobel
    Swammerdam Institute for Life Sciences, University of Amsterdam, 1098 SM Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Yeast 18:1413-28. 2001
    Exposure of Saccharomyces cerevisiae to 0.9 mM sorbic acid at pH 4...
  11. ncbi New dithiolopyrrolone antibiotics induced by adding sorbic acid to the culture medium of Saccharothrix algeriensis NRRL B-24137
    Rabiâa Merrouche
    Laboratoire de Recherche sur les Produits Bioactifs et la Valorisation de la Biomasse LPBVB, Ecole Normale Supérieure de Kouba, Alger, Algeria
    FEMS Microbiol Lett 318:41-6. 2011
    ..These new dithiolopyrrolone antibiotics were induced by adding sorbic acid, as precursor, at a concentration of 5 mM to the semi-synthetic medium...
  12. pmc Impact of sorbic acid on germinant receptor-dependent and -independent germination pathways in Bacillus cereus
    C C J van Melis
    Top Institute Food and Nutrition, Nieuwe Kanaal 9A, 6709 PA Wageningen, Netherlands
    Appl Environ Microbiol 77:2552-4. 2011
    ..germination of Bacillus cereus ATCC 14579 spores was reversibly inhibited in the presence of 3 mM undissociated sorbic acid. Exposure to high hydrostatic pressure, Ca-dipicolinic acid (DPA), and bryostatin, an activator of PrkC kinase, ..
  13. ncbi Role of cis-cis muconic acid in the catalysis of Pseudomonas putida chlorocatechol 1,2-dioxygenase
    Fernando A Melo
    Departamento de Fisica e Informatica, Instituto de Fisica de Sao Carlos, Universidade de Sao Paulo, C P 369, CEP 13560 970, Sao Carlos, SP, Brazil
    Int J Biol Macromol 47:233-7. 2010
    ....
  14. ncbi High Pdr12 levels in spoilage yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) correlate directly with sorbic acid levels in the culture medium but are not sufficient to provide cells with acquired resistance to the food preservative
    Minas N B Papadimitriou
    Microbiological Control, Unilever Foods Research Centre, Olivier van Noortlaan 120, 3133 AT Vlaardingen, The Netherlands
    Int J Food Microbiol 113:173-9. 2007
    b>Sorbic acid is a commonly used food preservative against yeast and fungal food spoilage...
  15. ncbi Lack of specificity of trans,trans-muconic acid as a benzene biomarker after ingestion of sorbic acid-preserved foods
    V M Weaver
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 9:749-55. 2000
    ..of MA as a benzene biomarker is complicated by the fact that it is also a metabolite of the food preservative, sorbic acid. To better assess the extent of this interference, MA was measured in sequential spot urine samples over a 2-..
  16. pmc Benzene exposure near the U.S. permissible limit is associated with sperm aneuploidy
    Caihong Xing
    Life Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 118:833-9. 2010
    ..Recent reports have identified health effects at exposure levels < 1 ppm, the permissible exposure limit (PEL; 8 hr) set by the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration...
  17. ncbi Using urinary biomarkers to elucidate dose-related patterns of human benzene metabolism
    Sungkyoon Kim
    School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, and National Cancer Institute NCI, National Institutes of Health NIH, Department of Health and Human Services DHHS, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Carcinogenesis 27:772-81. 2006
    ..027 and 15.4 p.p.m. Reductions in metabolite production were most pronounced for CA and PH<1 p.p.m., indicating that metabolism favored production of the toxic metabolites, HQ and MA, at low exposures...
  18. ncbi Validation of biomarkers in humans exposed to benzene: urine metabolites
    Q Qu
    Nelson Institute of Environmental Medicine, New York University School of Medicine, Tuxedo, NY 10987, USA
    Am J Ind Med 37:522-31. 2000
    ..The metabolites monitored were S-phenylmercapturic acid (S-PMA), trans, trans-muconic acid (t,t-MA), hydroquinone (HQ), catechol (CAT), 1,2, 4-trihydroxybenzene (benzene triol, BT), and phenol...
  19. pmc Transcriptome analysis of sorbic acid-stressed Bacillus subtilis reveals a nutrient limitation response and indicates plasma membrane remodeling
    Alex Ter Beek
    Laboratory for Molecular Biology and Microbial Food Safety, Swammerdam Institute for Life Sciences, University of Amsterdam, Nieuwe Achtergracht 166, 1018 WV Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Bacteriol 190:1751-61. 2008
    The weak organic acid sorbic acid is a commonly used food preservative, as it inhibits the growth of bacteria, yeasts, and molds...
  20. ncbi Food preservatives sodium sulfite and sorbic acid suppress mitogen-stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells
    Christiana Winkler
    Biocenter, Division of Biological Chemistry, Innsbruck Medical University, Fritz Pregl Strasse 3, A 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
    Food Chem Toxicol 44:2003-7. 2006
    ..Effects of sodium sulfite (E221) and sorbic acid (E200) were investigated in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) which were purified from blood of ..
  21. ncbi A novel role for the yeast protein kinase Dbf2p in vacuolar H+-ATPase function and sorbic acid stress tolerance
    Vasso Makrantoni
    Centre for Biomolecular Sciences, School of Biology, University of St Andrews, North Haugh, St Andrews, Fife KY16 9ST, UK
    Microbiology 153:4016-26. 2007
    ..the serine-threonine protein kinase activity of Dbf2p is required for tolerance to the weak organic acid sorbic acid. Here we show that Dbf2p is required for normal phosphorylation of the vacuolar H(+)-ATPase (V-ATPase) A and B ..
  22. ncbi Improvement of the ocular bioavailability of timolol by sorbic acid
    Masayo Higashiyama
    Research Laboratories, Senju Pharmaceutical Co, Ltd, 1 5 4 Murotani, Nishi ku, Kobe 651 2241, Japan
    Int J Pharm 272:91-8. 2004
    The ocular bioavailability of timolol increased in sorbic acid solution due to ion pair formation. Its octanol/water partition coefficient also increased, suggesting the formation of a more lipophilic complex...
  23. ncbi Urinary 1-hydroxypyrene and t,t-muconic acid as biomarkers of exposure to environmental pollutants in two areas in Italy (EPIC-Florence and Ragusa)
    Calogero Saieva
    Molecular and Nutritional Epidemiology Unit, CSPO, Scientific Institute of Tuscany, Florence, Italy
    Tumori 89:679-86. 2003
    ..Int J Cancer, 87: 444-451, 2000) and showed that mean DNA adduct levels varied considerably among different centers, being highest in Florence (a large metropolitan area in Tuscany) and lowest in Ragusa (a small town in Sicily)...
  24. ncbi trans,trans-Muconic acid excretion in relation to environmental exposure to benzene
    Pierluigi Cocco
    Occupational Health Section, Department of Public Health, University of Cagliari, Via San Giorgio 12, 09124 Cagliari, Italy
    Int Arch Occup Environ Health 76:456-60. 2003
    ..sources of benzene exposure, and intake of foods and beverages susceptible to being preserved with sorbic acid, were investigated in relation to their contribution to the inter-individual variation in background urinary ..
  25. ncbi Potential antimicrobials to control Listeria monocytogenes in vacuum-packaged cold-smoked salmon pâté and fillets
    Hudaa Neetoo
    Department of Animal and Food Sciences, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716 2150, United States
    Int J Food Microbiol 123:220-7. 2008
    ..S. and Europe in their efforts to control L. monocytogenes as they are effective against even the most antimicrobial-resistant strains tested in this study...
  26. ncbi Simultaneous determination of trans, transmuconic acid and s-phenylmercapturic acid by high pressure liquid chromatography and its application
    Prapin Tharnpoophasiam
    Department of Social and Environmental Medicine, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
    Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 35:717-23. 2004
    ..20+/-0.18 ppm. Significant differences in pre-shift and post-shift urinary t,t-MA between smokers and non-smokers were found...
  27. ncbi A sensitive liquid chromatographic method for the spectrophotometric determination of urinary trans,trans-muconic acid
    Bee Lan Lee
    Department of Community, Occupational and Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, National University of Singapore, 16 Medical Drive, Singapore 117597, Singapore
    J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci 818:277-83. 2005
    ..A correlation coefficient, r=0.99 was found with 14 external quality specimens for ttMA ranged from 0.4 to 6.8 mg/l. The recovery and reproducibility were generally over 90% and the detection limit was 5 microg/l...
  28. ncbi [Personal exposures of benzene treated workers and a simple biological monitoring]
    Tsuneyuki Yamauchi
    Division of Research and Analysis, Occupational Health Research and Development Center, Japan Industrial Safety and Health Association, Minato ku, Tokyo 108 0014, Japan
    J UOEH 27:97-104. 2005
    ..5 and 1.8 (mg/g creatinine) for non-smokers and smokers, respectively. These values are in agreement with some investigators. This indicates that our simple method for biological monitoring of benzene exposure can be of great service...
  29. ncbi Validation of an HPLC/MS/MS method with isotopic dilution for quantitative determination of trans,trans-muconic acid in urine samples of workers exposed to low benzene concentrations
    Giovanna Tranfo
    Institute for Occupational Safety and Prevention ISPESL, Via di Fontana Candida, 00141 Monteporzio Catone, Rome, Italy
    J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci 867:26-31. 2008
    ..22 microg/L. We used this method to test 200 urine samples, 175 of them collected at end-of-shift from workers in an oil refinery...
  30. ncbi High background levels of urinary benzene metabolites found in a volunteer study
    Dennis J Paustenbach
    ChemRisk Inc, San Francisco, CA, USA
    J Occup Environ Hyg 4:71-7. 2007
  31. ncbi Combinations of antimycotics to inhibit the growth of molds capable of producing 1,3-pentadiene
    David A Mann
    Department of Food Science and Technology, University of Georgia, 1109 Experiment Street, Griffin, GA 30223 1797, USA
    Food Microbiol 25:144-53. 2008
    Some species of molds are capable of degrading sorbic acid to produce 1,3-pentadiene, a volatile compound with an unpleasant hydrocarbon-like odor...
  32. ncbi Benzene exposure assessed by metabolite excretion in Estonian oil shale mineworkers: influence of glutathione s-transferase polymorphisms
    Mette Sørensen
    Institute of Public Health, Department of Pharmacology, Panum Institute, Room 18 5 42, Blegdamsvej 3, DK 2200 Copenhagen N, Denmark
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 13:1729-35. 2004
    ..The results support the use of benzene metabolites as biomarkers for assessment of exposure at modest levels and warrant for further investigations of health risks of occupational benzene exposure in shale oil mines...
  33. ncbi Occupational benzene exposure from vehicular sources in India and its effect on hematology, lymphocyte subsets and platelet P-selectin expression
    M R Ray
    Experimental Hematology Unit, Chittaranjan National Cancer Institute, 37, S P Mukherjee Road, Kolkata 700 026, India
    Toxicol Ind Health 23:167-75. 2007
    ..05), indicating upregulation of platelet activity. In summary, the study revealed high level of benzene exposure from vehicular sources in India, and the exposed subjects had hematological and immunological alterations...
  34. pmc A note on urine trans, trans muconic acid level among a sample of Thai police: implication for an occupational health issue
    Viroj Wiwanitkit
    Department of Laboratory Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand
    Yale J Biol Med 76:103-8. 2003
    ..05). Working in the air pollution in the urban area can be health hazard for the police. Exposure to the benzene from automobile exhaust can be an important occupational problem for these police...
  35. ncbi Effect of weak acid preservatives on growth of bakery product spoilage fungi at different water activities and pH values
    K I Suhr
    Mycology Group, BioCentrum DTU, Technical University of Denmark, Søltofts Plads, Building 221, DK 2800 Lyngby, Denmark
    Int J Food Microbiol 95:67-78. 2004
    ..Higher water activity levels as well as higher pH values decreased spoilage-free times of the fungi. The preservative calcium propionate was less effective than potassium sorbate and sodium benzoate...
  36. ncbi Effects of cetylpyridinium chloride, acidified sodium chlorite, and potassium sorbate on populations of Escherichia coli O157:H7, Listeria monocytogenes, and Staphylococcus aureus on fresh beef
    Kyungwha Lim
    Department of Food Science, 256 William C Stringer Wing, Eckles Hall, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri 65211 5160, USA
    J Food Prot 67:310-5. 2004
    ..coli O157:H7, L. monocytogenes, or S. aureus numbers, higher (> 0.1%) concentrations of PS were necessary. Loss of redness and light color of beef surfaces consistently coincided with decreases in pH for ASC-treated beef samples...
  37. ncbi Controlling Listeria monocytogenes on sliced ham and turkey products using benzoate, propionate, and sorbate
    Kathleen A Glass
    Food Research Institute, University of Wisconsin Madison, 1925 Willow Drive, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA
    J Food Prot 70:2306-12. 2007
    ..These results verify that antimycotic agents inhibit the growth of L. monocytogenes on ready-to-eat meats but aremore effective when used in combination with nitrite...
  38. ncbi Modelling the behaviour of Listeria monocytogenes in ground pork as a function of pH, water activity, nature and concentration of organic acid salts
    V Zuliani
    IFIP Institut de la filière porcine Antenne de Maisons Alfort, Maisons Alfort, France
    J Appl Microbiol 103:536-50. 2007
    ..to study and model the effect of sodium acetate, sodium lactate, potassium sorbate and combination of acid salts on the behaviour of Listeria monocytogenes in ground pork...
  39. ncbi Study of benzoate, propionate, and sorbate salts as mould spoilage inhibitors on intermediate moisture bakery products of low pH (4.5-5.5)
    M E Guynot
    Food Technology Department, UTPV CeRTA, University of Lleida, Rovira Roure 191, 25198 Lleida, Spain
    Int J Food Microbiol 101:161-8. 2005
    ..5) by xerophilic fungi. Further studies have to be done in order to adjust the minimal inhibitory concentration necessary to obtain a product with the required shelf life...
  40. ncbi An attempt to optimize potassium sorbate use to preserve low pH (4.5-5.5) intermediate moisture bakery products by modelling Eurotium spp., Aspergillus spp. and Penicillium corylophilum growth
    M Elena Guynot
    Food Technology Department, Lleida University, UTPV CeRTA, Rovira Roure 191, 25198, Lleida, Spain
    Int J Food Microbiol 101:169-77. 2005
    ..5 fungal growth was observed even by adding 0.3% of potassium sorbate. However, this preservative could be a valuable alternative as antifungal in such bakery product, of slightly acidic pH, if a long shelf life has not to be achieved...
  41. ncbi Comparison of exposure assessment methods in occupational exposure to benzene in gasoline filling-station attendants
    Mariella Carrieri
    Department of Environmental Medicine and Public Health, University of Padova, Via Giustiniani 2, Padova 35128, Italy
    Toxicol Lett 162:146-52. 2006
    ..At these low benzene levels, environmental monitoring seems to be the best method of evaluating individual exposure. However, biological monitoring remains useful, as a mean of assessing group exposure...
  42. ncbi High-performance liquid chromatographic determination of urinary trans, trans-muconic acid excreted by workers occupationally exposed to benzene
    Xia Min Hu
    Department of Pharmacology, Medical College of Wuhan University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430080, Hubei, China
    Biomed Environ Sci 19:292-6. 2006
    ..To investigate the relationship between trans, trans-muconic acid (ttMA) as benzene metabolite of occupational workers and benzene concentration in air...
  43. ncbi The use of S-phenylmercapturic acid as a biomarker in molecular epidemiology studies of benzene
    Peter B Farmer
    Cancer Biomarkers and Prevention Group, Biocentre, University of Leicester, University Road, Leicester LE1 7RH, UK
    Chem Biol Interact 153:97-102. 2005
    ..55 ppm) benzene). All three biomarkers were positively correlated with smoking as measured by urinary cotinine)...
  44. ncbi Classification of risk occupation for benzene exposure by urine trans, trans-munconic acid level
    Viroj Wiwanitkit
    Department of Laboratory Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, 10330 Thailand
    Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 7:149-50. 2006
    ..Of interest, the high risk occupations were found to be those which have direct contact with benzene in environmental ambient air, with petroleum fuel as the common source...
  45. ncbi Microbial evolution during storage of seasoned olives prepared with organic acids with potassium sorbate, sodium benzoate, and ozone used as preservatives
    F N Arroyo López
    Department of Food Biotechnology, Instituto de la Grasa, Seville, Spain
    J Food Prot 69:1354-64. 2006
    ..The behavior of yeasts and lactic acid bacteria populations in commercial products were similar to those found in experimental treatments...
  46. ncbi High-performance liquid chromatography method for urinary trans,trans-muconic acid. Application to environmental exposure to benzene
    Valentina Olmos
    Cátedra de Toxicología y Química Legal, Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquimica, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina
    J Anal Toxicol 30:258-61. 2006
    ..The method is suitable for evaluation of occupational and environmental benzene exposure in humans. The study of urinary trans,trans-muconic acid of two populations of children to evaluate environmental benzene exposure is presented...
  47. ncbi [Determination of urine muconic acid and biological limit in workers occupationally exposed to benzene]
    Shi zhen Song
    Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi 24:676-9. 2006
  48. ncbi Environmental and biological monitoring of benzene exposure in a cohort of Italian taxi drivers
    Paola Manini
    Laboratory of Industrial Toxicology, Department of Clinical Medicine, Nephrology and Health Sciences, University of Parma, Via Gramsci 14, 43100 Parma, Italy
    Toxicol Lett 167:142-51. 2006
    ..61 (1.15) microg/gcreat.] excreted significantly higher S-PMA concentrations than GSTM1null subjects [2.19 (1.18) microg/gcreat., p < 0.05]...
  49. ncbi Biological monitoring among benzene-exposed workers in Bangalore city, India
    S Raghavan
    Regional Occupational Health Center S, Indian Council of Medical Research, Bangalore Medical College, Bangalore, India
    Biomarkers 10:336-41. 2005
    ..Correlation is significant at 5% level (p<0.05) between personal air benzene concentration and urinary t,t-MA in the study group. Based on these findings, the t,t-MA can be used as a biomarker for benzene exposure...
  50. ncbi [Integration of biological and workplace monitoring as an efficient control of chemical exposure]
    A Gelormini
    Polimeri Europa S p A, Medicina ed Igiene del Lavoro, Piazza Boldrini 1, 20097 San Donato Milanese
    G Ital Med Lav Ergon 27:329-31. 2005
    ....
  51. ncbi Specific immune responses in workers exposed to benzene
    Nelia D Dimitrova
    National Center of Public Health Protection, Sofia, Bulgaria
    Int Immunopharmacol 5:1554-9. 2005
    ..There was a good correlation between benzene exposure and formation of antibodies against benzene metabolites...
  52. ncbi A correlative study on red blood cell parameters and urine trans, trans-muconic acid in subjects with occupational benzene exposure
    Viroj Wiwanitkit
    Department of Laboratory Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand
    Toxicol Pathol 35:268-9. 2007
    ..Combinations between biomarker and hematological test are recommended...
  53. ncbi Occupational exposure to benzene in South Korea
    Seong Kyu Kang
    Occupational Safety and Health Research Institute OSHRI, Korea Occupational Safety and Health Agency KOSHA, 34 4 Gusan dong, Bupyeong gu, Incheon 403 711, Republic of Korea
    Chem Biol Interact 153:65-74. 2005
    ..However, there might be an excessive risk of hematopoietic disorders due to relatively high past exposure. The OEL value of benzene was amended to 1 ppm from 10 ppm in 2002 and was effective since July 2003...
  54. ncbi Environmental and occupational exposure to benzene in Thailand
    Panida Navasumrit
    Laboratory of Environmental Toxicology, Chulabhorn Research Institute, Vipavadee Rangsit Highway, Lak Si, Donmuang, Bangkok 10210, Thailand
    Chem Biol Interact 153:75-83. 2005
    ....
  55. ncbi Biomarkers of benzene: urinary metabolites in relation to individual genotype and personal exposure
    Qingshan Qu
    Nelson Institute of Environmental Medicine, New York University School of Medicine, USA
    Chem Biol Interact 153:85-95. 2005
    ..Therefore, the individual genotype of GSTT1 needs to be identified and considered while using S-PMA as a marker to estimate the personal exposure levels of benzene in future population studies...
  56. ncbi Assessment of potential cancer risk in children exposed to urban air pollution in Bangkok, Thailand
    Mathuros Ruchirawat
    Laboratory of Environmental Toxicology, Chulabhorn Research Institute, Vipavadee Rangsit Highway, Lak Si, Donmuang, Bangkok 10210, Thailand
    Toxicol Lett 168:200-9. 2007
    ....
  57. ncbi Biomarkers of exposure and effect in Bulgarian petrochemical workers exposed to benzene
    Seymour Garte
    School of Public Health, UMDNJ, 330 George St, New Brunswick, NJ 08903, USA
    Chem Biol Interact 153:247-51. 2005
    ..NQO1 genotype had a significant effect on SSB. We conclude that the pathways for these metabolites may be distinct from those involved in some forms of genotoxic damage induced by benzene...
  58. ncbi Urinary t,t-muconic acid, S-phenylmercapturic acid and benzene as biomarkers of low benzene exposure
    Silvia Fustinoni
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, University of Milan and Fondazione Policlinico, Mangiagalli e Regina Elena, Via S Barnaba, 8, 20122 Milan, Italy
    Chem Biol Interact 153:253-6. 2005
    ..15 ppm), the smoking habit may be regarded as a major source of benzene intake; among the study indices, U-benzene is the marker of choice for the biological monitoring of occupational and environmental exposure...
  59. ncbi Measurement of genotoxic air pollutant exposures in street vendors and school children in and near Bangkok
    Mathuros Ruchirawat
    Laboratory of Environmental Toxicology, Chulabhorn Research Institute, Bangkok 10210, Thailand
    Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 206:207-14. 2005
    ..01, respectively) in Bangkok school children (0.23 micromol/mol creatinine and 0.27 mg/g creatinine, respectively) than in school children from outside Bangkok (0.10 micromol/mol creatinine and 0.08 mg/g creatinine, respectively)...
  60. ncbi Modeling human metabolism of benzene following occupational and environmental exposures
    Sungkyoon Kim
    School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, CB 7431, Chapel Hill, NC 27599
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 15:2246-52. 2006
    ..Our results also suggest that GLM + NS models are ideal for evaluating nonlinear relationships between environmental exposures and levels of human biomarkers...
  61. ncbi [Assessment of urinary trans, trans-muconic acid as a biomarker of exposure to benzene]
    Flávia Cristina S de Paula
    Departamento de Analises Clinicas e Toxicologicas, Faculdade de Farmacia, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil
    Rev Saude Publica 37:780-5. 2003
    ..To assess the use of trans, trans-muconic acid as a biomarker of occupational exposure to benzene...
  62. ncbi Assessment of the correlation between exposure to benzene and urinary excretion of t, t-muconic acid in workers from a petrochemical plant
    Teodor Panev
    Department of Toxicology, National Center of Hygiene, 15 D Nestorov Boulevard, 1431 Sofia, Bulgaria
    Int Arch Occup Environ Health 75:S97-100. 2002
    ..The investigation covered 148 workers from three plants with different levels of benzene exposure. The aim of the study was to assess the correlation between workers' personal exposure and urinary excretion of t, t-muconic acid (TTMA)...
  63. ncbi Effect of sorbic acid administration on urinary trans,trans-muconic acid excretion in rats exposed to low levels of benzene
    G Marrubini
    Laboratory for Pharmacokinetics and Analytical Toxicology, Clinical Toxicology Division, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Pavia, Via Brodolini 7, 27028 San Martino Siccomario, Italy
    Food Chem Toxicol 40:1799-806. 2002
    ..Actually, sorbic acid (SA) is known to influence background excretion of t,t-MA in man, but only a few examples suggest that SA ..
  64. ncbi Benzene exposure monitoring of Tunisian workers
    Radhouane Chakroun
    Biology and Occupational Toxicology Laboratories Department at the Institute of Occupational Health and Safety, Tunisia
    J Occup Environ Med 44:1173-8. 2002
    ..76. In the nonexposed group, average t,t-MA concentrations is significantly higher among smokers than nonsmokers (P < 0.02). Analysis of urinary t,t-MA offers a relatively simple and suitable method for benzene exposure monitoring...
  65. ncbi Feasibility of urinary trans, trans-muconic acid determination using high performance liquid chromatography for biological monitoring of benzene exposure
    V Wiwanitkit
    Department of Laboratory Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand
    J Med Assoc Thai 84:S263-8. 2001
    ..The flow rate was started at 1.2 ml/min. The ttMA and IS were detected at 4.2 to 4.4 and 12.6-13.3 minutes, respectively. The lowest detection limit was 0.05 mg/L...
  66. ncbi Lack of sensitivity of urinary trans,trans-muconic acid in determining low-level (ppb) benzene exposure in children
    Anna Barbieri
    Safety, Hygiene and Occupational Medicine Service, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
    Arch Environ Health 57:224-8. 2002
    ..e., traffic and environmental tobacco smoke) and, consequently, (2) the lack of specificity of t,t-MA as a biological indicator for the study of a population's exposure...
  67. ncbi Biological monitoring of low benzene exposure in Italian traffic policemen
    Paola Manini
    Laboratory of Industrial Toxicology, Department of Clinical Medicine, Nephrology and Health Sciences, University of Parma, Via Gramsci 14, 43100 Parma, Italy
    Toxicol Lett 181:25-30. 2008
    ..0001 and p = 0.003, respectively) suggesting that these biomarkers are enough sensitive and specific to detect changes in airborne benzene concentration even at few microg/m(3)...
  68. ncbi [Biological monitoring in oil refinery workers]
    M Valentino
    Dipartimento di Patologia Molecolare e Terapie Innovative, Clinica di Medicina del Lavoro, Universita Politecnica delle Marche, Ancona, Italia
    G Ital Med Lav Ergon 29:555-6. 2007
    ..Each worker has been questioned regarding smoking habit, consumption of food containing sorbic acid and non-occupational exposure to benzene. Values of biological index were: t,t-MA 88 +/- 94...
  69. ncbi [Genetic polymorphisms (GSTT1 e GSTM1) and urinary excretion of t,t-muconic acid among refinery workers]
    D Sapienza
    Dipartimento di Medicina Sociale del Territorio, Universita degli Studi di Messina
    G Ital Med Lav Ergon 29:541-2. 2007
    ....
  70. ncbi High urine ttMA levels among fishermen from a Thai rural village
    Supaporn Thummachinda
    Ministry of Science and Technology, Bangkok, Thailand
    Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 33:878-80. 2002
    ..015 +/- 0.053 mg/g creatinine) (p < 0.05). We recommend the monitoring of urine ttMA in these workers. The monitoring of the possible benzene contamination of the water and fish is recommended for further study...
  71. ncbi Microbial growth and the effects of mild acidification and preservatives in refrigerated sweet potato puree
    Ilenys M Pérez-Díaz
    US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, North Carolina State University, Raleigh 27695 7624, USA
    J Food Prot 71:639-42. 2008
    ..Supplementation of the sweet potato puree with 0.06% (wt/vol) sorbic acid or benzoic acid plus mild acidification of the sweet potato puree with citric acid to pH 4...
  72. ncbi Determination of urinary t-t muconic acid as biomarker of environmental benzene intake and its interference factors
    Teresio Valente
    Sez Medicina del Lavoro, Università degli Studi di Genova Largo R Benzi 10, 16132 Genova
    Ann Chim 92:911-7. 2002
    ..The study showed that it is strictly necessary carry out a thorough anamnesis before sampling with the objective of finding eventual interference factors such as smoking, diet and drugs taken...
  73. ncbi Efficacy of sorbates on the control of the growth of Eurotium species in bakery products with near neutral pH
    S Marin
    Food Technology Department, UTPV CeRTA, University of Lleida, Rovira Roure 191, 25198 Lleida, Spain
    Int J Food Microbiol 87:251-8. 2003
    The effects of sorbic acid and potassium sorbate on growth of different Eurotium isolates when added to a bakery product analogue were tested under different environmental conditions...
  74. ncbi [Trans-muconic (t,t-MA) and S-phenilmercapturic acid: two biologic markers of benzene low dose exposure]
    S Abbate
    Dip di Medicina Sociale del Territorio, Sez di Medicina del Lavoro, Universita di Messina
    G Ital Med Lav Ergon 29:538-9. 2007
    ..The comparison between biomarkers didn't point out particular differences and this data is probably connected to low found levels of exposure...
  75. ncbi Metabolic polymorphisms and urinary biomarkers in subjects with low benzene exposure
    A Verdina
    Regina Elena Institute for Cancer Research, Rome, Italy
    J Toxicol Environ Health A 64:607-18. 2001
    ....
  76. ncbi A note on urinary trans,trans-muconic acid level among Thai press workers
    Viroj Wiwanitkit
    Department of Laboratory Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand
    Biomarkers 8:339-42. 2003
    ....
  77. ncbi Estimated intake of benzoic and sorbic acids in Denmark
    T Leth
    Food Chemistry, National Food Institute, DTU, Søborg, Denmark
    Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess 27:783-92. 2010
    ..in the categories soft drinks, dressings, fat-based salads, pickled herrings, and marmalade contain benzoic and sorbic acid, and sliced bread also contains in some cases sorbic acid...
  78. ncbi Inhibition of Penicillium digitatum and Penicillium italicum by hydroxypropyl methylcellulose-lipid edible composite films containing food additives with antifungal properties
    Silvia A Valencia-Chamorro
    Centro de Tecnologia Poscosecha, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Agrarias, Moncada, Valencia, Spain
    J Agric Food Chem 56:11270-8. 2008
    ..Results showed that HPMC-lipid films containing an appropriate food additive should promise as potential commercial antifungal edible coatings for fresh citrus fruit...
  79. ncbi Evaluation of food additives as alternative or complementary chemicals to conventional fungicides for the control of major postharvest diseases of stone fruit
    Lluis Palou
    Centre de Tecnologia Postcollita, Institut Valencià d Investigacions Agràries, Apartat Oficial, 46113 Montcada, Valencia, Spain
    J Food Prot 72:1037-46. 2009
    ..In semicommercial trials, mixtures of fludioxonil with PS, SB, or 2-deoxy-D-glucose applied as fruit coatings on a packing line were not synergistic in their effect on brown rot, gray mold, and sour rot...
  80. ncbi Control of Listeria monocytogenes on ham steaks by antimicrobials incorporated into chitosan-coated plastic films
    Mu Ye
    Department of Animal and Food Sciences, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716 2150, USA
    Food Microbiol 25:260-8. 2008
    ..monocytogenes being slightly lower than the initial inoculum. Chitosan-coated plastic films containing 0.001 g/cm(2) of SL have a potential to be used on ham steaks to control L. monocytogenes...
  81. ncbi Risk assessment of combined photogenotoxic effects of sunlight and food additives
    Fadhil M Salih
    Department of Clinical and Biomedical Physics, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Sultan Qaboos University, P O Box 35, Al Khod 123, Sultanate of Oman
    Sci Total Environ 362:68-73. 2006
    ..The impact of this investigation reflects the significance of combination of sunlight and chemical food additives as potential risk, which requires special attention and necessitates further investigations to evaluate the risk...
  82. ncbi Microencapsulated sorbic acid and nature-identical compounds reduced Salmonella Hadar and Salmonella Enteritidis colonization in experimentally infected chickens
    E Grilli
    Dipartimento Scienze Mediche Veterinarie, University of Bologna, 40064 Ozzano Emilia, Provincia di Bologna, Italy
    Poult Sci 90:1676-82. 2011
    ..Two trials were conducted to evaluate the efficacy of a microencapsulated blend of sorbic acid and nature-identical compounds (i.e...
  83. ncbi Association between quality of cheap and unrecorded alcohol products and public health consequences in Poland
    Dirk W Lachenmeier
    Chemisches und Veterinaruntersuchungsamt Karlsruhe, Germany
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 33:1757-69. 2009
    ..The research aimed to study the quality of cheap alcohol products in Poland. These included unrecorded alcohols (i.e., home-produced or illegally imported), estimated to constitute more than 25% of total consumption and fruit wines...
  84. ncbi Paraoxonase activity against nerve gases measured by capillary electrophoresis and characterization of human serum paraoxonase (PON1) polymorphism in the coding region (Q192R)
    Mieko Kanamori-Kataoka
    National Research Institute of Police Science, 6 3 1, Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba 277 0882, Japan
    Anal Biochem 385:94-100. 2009
    ..were quantified by capillary electrophoresis of reversed osmotic flow using cationic detergent and sorbic acid. This method was applied to the characterization of human serum PON1 polymorphism for nerve gas hydrolytic ..
  85. pmc Effect of immersion solutions containing enterocin AS-48 on Listeria monocytogenes in vegetable foods
    Antonio Cobo Molinos
    Area de Microbiologia, Departamento de Ciencias de la Salud, Facultad de Ciencias Experimentales, Universidad de Jaen, Campus Las Lagunillas s n, 23071 Jaen, Spain
    Appl Environ Microbiol 71:7781-7. 2005
    ..Significant increases of antimicrobial activity were also detected for AS-48 plus potassium permanganate and in some combinations with acetic acid, citric acid, sodium propionate, and potassium sorbate...
  86. ncbi Food preservative potential of essential oils and fractions from Cymbopogon citratus, Ocimum gratissimum and Thymus vulgaris against mycotoxigenic fungi
    J Nguefack
    Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Yaounde I, Box 812, Yaounde, Cameroon
    Int J Food Microbiol 131:151-6. 2009
    ..citratus and O. gratissimum, and two active fractions from T. vulgaris. These active fractions exhibited a NDR cfu, two to seven folds higher than that of the complete essential oils...
  87. ncbi Computer aided boar semen motility analysis for cereulide detection in different food matrices
    Andreja Rajkovic
    Laboratory of Food Microbiology and Food Preservation, Department of Food Safety and Food Quality, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University, Belgium
    Int J Food Microbiol 114:92-9. 2007
    ..Test evaluation in 33 samples suspected to hold cereulide showed actual cereulide presence in ten samples and no interference of food matrix with the assay...
  88. ncbi In vitro antifungal effect of black cumin seed quinones against dairy spoilage yeasts at different acidity levels
    Katerina Halamova
    Department of Crop Sciences and Agroforestry, Institute of Tropics and Subtropics, Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Agrobiology, Food and Nature Resources, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Kamycka 129, Prague 6 Suchdol, 165 21, Czech Republic
    J Food Prot 73:2291-5. 2010
    ..0 and 5.5, respectively. These findings suggest that HQ and TQ are effective antiyeast agents that could be used in the dairy industry as chemical preservatives of natural origin...
  89. ncbi Incorporation of preservatives in polylactic acid films for inactivating Escherichia coli O157:H7 and extending microbiological shelf life of strawberry puree
    Tony Jin
    Food Safety Intervention Technologies Research Unit, U S Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Eastern Regional Research Center, 600 East Mermaid Lane, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania 19038, USA
    J Food Prot 73:812-8. 2010
    ..The film formulas developed here can be used to make bottles or as coatings on the surface of bottles for use in liquid food packaging...
  90. ncbi Effectiveness of chitosan-coated plastic films incorporating antimicrobials in inhibition of Listeria monocytogenes on cold-smoked salmon
    Mu Ye
    Department of Animal and Food Sciences, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716 2150, USA
    Int J Food Microbiol 127:235-40. 2008
    ..monocytogenes on smoked salmon for at least 6 weeks. Chitosan-coated plastic films containing 4.5 mg/cm(2) SL can potentially assist the smoked-salmon processing industry in their efforts to control L. monocytogenes...
  91. ncbi [Contact sensitization to pharmaceutic aids in dermatologic cosmetic and external use preparations]
    E Dastychova
    I Dermatovenerologická klinika Lékarské fakulty Masarykovy univerzity a Fakultní nemocnice u sv Anny, Brno
    Ceska Slov Farm 53:151-6. 2004
    ..4%, glutaraldehyde in 1.2%, DMDM-hydantoin in 1.0%, dichlorophen in 0.8%, sorbic acid, phenoxyethanol and triclosan in 0.6%, benzalkonium chloride, Quaternium-15 and chlorocresol in 0...
  92. ncbi Identification of TLC markers and quantification by HPLC-MS of various constituents in noni fruit powder and commercial noni-derived products
    Olivier Potterat
    Institute of Pharmaceutical Biology, University of Basel, Klingelbergstrasse 50, CH 4056 Basel, Switzerland
    J Agric Food Chem 55:7489-94. 2007
    ..3-Methyl-1,3-butanediol was identified as a typical marker in noni juices. The presence of sorbic acid (E200) was detected in one juice declared as additive free. Quantitative data have been obtained by HPLC-MS...
  93. ncbi Simultaneous determination of antioxidants, preservatives and sweeteners permitted as additives in food by mixed micellar electrokinetic chromatography
    M C Boyce
    School of Natural Sciences, Edith Cowan University, Mount Lawley, Australia
    J Chromatogr A 847:369-75. 1999
    ..butylhydroquinone, p-hydroxybenzoic acid methyl ester, p-hydroxybenzoic acid ethyl ester, benzoic acid, sorbic acid, saccharin, aspartame and acesulfame-K, was not resolved using single surfactant micellar systems consisting of ..
  94. ncbi [Simultaneous determination of various aseptics and sweeteners in milk and dairy products]
    Ge Song
    National Dairy Testing Center, Northeast Agriculture University, Harbin 150086, China
    Se Pu 28:323-6. 2010
    A method for simultaneous determination of acesulfame, benzoic acid, sodium saccharin, sorbic acid, and aspartame in milk and dairy products using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was developed...
  95. ncbi Simultaneous determination of artificial sweeteners, preservatives, caffeine, theobromine and theophylline in food and pharmaceutical preparations by ion chromatography
    Q C Chen
    China Import and Export Commodity Inspection Technology Institute, Beijing
    J Chromatogr A 937:57-64. 2001
    ..of artificial sweeteners (sodium saccharin, aspartame, acesulfame-K), preservatives (benzoic acid, sorbic acid), caffeine, theobromine and theophylline...
  96. ncbi Inactivation of Salmonella enteritidis and Salmonella senftenberg in liquid whole egg using generally recognized as safe additives, ionizing radiation, and heat
    Ignacio Alvarez
    Tecnologia de los Alimentos, Facultad de Veterinaria, University of Zaragoza, 50013, Zaragoza, Spain
    J Food Prot 70:1402-9. 2007
    ..Enteritidis and Salmonella Senftenberg inoculated into liquid whole egg (LWE) with added nisin, EDTA, sorbic acid, carvacrol, or combinations of these GRAS (generally recognized as safe) additives was investigated...
  97. ncbi Rapid determination of cyclamate in foods by solid-phase extraction and capillary electrophoresis
    Masao Horie
    Department of Food Safety, Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Public Health, 3 24 1 Hyakunin cho, Shinjuku ku, Tokyo 169 0073, Japan
    J Chromatogr A 1154:423-8. 2007
    ..40 g/kg and 3.51 g/kg, respectively). This analytical method for cyclamate using CE is especially suitable for use in the field...
  98. ncbi Zygosaccharomyces lentus: a significant new osmophilic, preservative-resistant spoilage yeast, capable of growth at low temperature
    H Steels
    Microbiology Section, Unilever Research, Bedford, UK
    J Appl Microbiol 87:520-7. 1999
    ..namely temperature range, pH range, osmotolerance, sugar fermentation, resistance to food preservatives such as sorbic acid, benzoic acid and dimethyldicarbonate (DMDC; Velcorin)...
  99. ncbi Comprehensive analysis of polar and apolar constituents of butter and margarine by nuclear magnetic resonance, reflecting quality and production processes
    Jan Schripsema
    Analytical Biotechnology, Department of Biotechnology, Delft University of Technology, Julianalaan 67, 2628 BC Delft, The Netherlands
    J Agric Food Chem 56:2547-52. 2008
    ..In the polar fraction the preservatives benzoic and sorbic acid, the organic acids citric, lactic, butyric, acetic, and formic acid, and, furthermore, the carbohydrate lactose ..
  100. ncbi Aspergillus flavus growth in the presence of chemical preservatives and naturally occurring antimicrobial compounds
    Aurelio López-Malo
    Departamento de Ingeniería Química y Alimentos, Universidad de las Américas, Puebla, Cholula, Puebla, 72820, Mexico
    Int J Food Microbiol 99:119-28. 2005
    ..A. flavus exhibited higher sensitivity to thymol, eugenol, carvacrol, potassium sorbate, sodium bisulfite, and sodium benzoate (at pH 3.5) than to vanillin or citral...

Research Grants4

  1. SCANNING TUNNELING MICROSCOPY OF ORGANIC MOLECULES
    TERJE VOLD; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Other molecules to be studied include liquid crystals, porphyrins, and sorbic acid. This work will contribute to development of STMs as analytical tools for more routine use by biochemists, with ..
  2. The 17th Annual Conference of the International Society of Exposure of Analysis
    Clifford Weisel; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The primary outcome of the meeting will be the advancement of knowledge of human exposure science. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  3. Implications of Genomics Research on Racial Definition
    Seymour Garte; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..A new paradigm of gene-specific variation will be developed for a biomedically useful method of division of the human population into groups based on criteria different from current definitions of race. ..
  4. Environmental & Genetic Risk Factors for Renal Function
    Virginia Weaver; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..We believe the proposed work will allow a more complete understanding of the causes of renal function decline and lead to the development of public health interventions to prevent this considerable public health problem. ..