strontium radioisotopes

Summary

Summary: Unstable isotopes of strontium that decay or disintegrate spontaneously emitting radiation. Sr 80-83, 85, and 89-95 are radioactive strontium isotopes.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Absorption of radionuclides from the Fukushima nuclear accident by a novel algal strain
    Hiroki Shimura
    Department of Environmental Medicine, Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Medicine and Engineering, University of Yamanashi, Chuo, Yamanashi Japan
    PLoS ONE 7:e44200. 2012
  2. ncbi Radiostrontium in the western North Pacific: characteristics, behavior, and the Fukushima impact
    Pavel P Povinec
    Department of Nuclear Physics and Biophysics, Comenius University, Bratislava, Slovakia
    Environ Sci Technol 46:10356-63. 2012
  3. ncbi Artificial radionuclides database in the Pacific Ocean: HAM database
    Michio Aoyama
    Geochemical Research Department, Meteorological Research Institute, Nagamine 1 1, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 0052, Japan
    ScientificWorldJournal 4:200-15. 2004
  4. ncbi Long-term results of fractionated strontium-90 radiation therapy for pterygia
    Y Nishimura
    Department of Radiology, Kinki University School of Medicine, Osaka Sayama, Japan
    Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 46:137-41. 2000
  5. ncbi (137)Cs and (90)Sr uptake by sunflower cultivated under hydroponic conditions
    Petr Soudek
    Department of Plant Tissue Cultures, Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Flemingovo nam 2, CZ 166 10 Prague 6, Czech Republic
    J Environ Radioact 88:236-50. 2006
  6. ncbi The role of radiotherapy in the treatment of pterygium: a review of the literature including more than 6000 treated lesions
    A M Ali
    Department of Radiation Oncology, Anti cancer Center Antoine Lacassagne, 33 Avenue de Valombrose, 06189 Nice Cedex 2, France
    Cancer Radiother 15:140-7. 2011
  7. ncbi Soil-to-grain transfer of fallout 90Sr for 28 winter wheat cultivars
    U C Gerstmann
    Institute of Radiation Protection, GSF National Research Center for Environment and Health, Ingolstadter Landstr 1, Neuherberg 85758, Germany
    Radiat Environ Biophys 45:187-94. 2006
  8. ncbi Phytoremediation of radiostrontium ((90)Sr) and radiocesium ((137)Cs) using giant milky weed (Calotropis gigantea R.Br.) plants
    Susan Eapen
    Nuclear Agriculture and Biotechnology Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400085, India
    Chemosphere 65:2071-3. 2006
  9. ncbi The investigation of 137Cs and 90Sr background radiation levels in soil and plant around Tianwan NPP, China
    Ji Gen Lu
    Department of Physics, Nanjing University, Nanjing, Jiangshu 210093, China
    J Environ Radioact 90:89-99. 2006
  10. ncbi Prevention of pterygium recurrence by postoperative single-dose beta-irradiation: a prospective randomized clinical double-blind trial
    Ina M Jürgenliemk-Schulz
    Department of Radiation Oncology, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Heidelberglaan 100, NL 3584 CX Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 59:1138-47. 2004

Detail Information

Publications198 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Absorption of radionuclides from the Fukushima nuclear accident by a novel algal strain
    Hiroki Shimura
    Department of Environmental Medicine, Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Medicine and Engineering, University of Yamanashi, Chuo, Yamanashi Japan
    PLoS ONE 7:e44200. 2012
    ..Our results demonstrate that Binos could be applied to the decontamination of iodine, strontium and cesium radioisotopes, which are most commonly encountered after nuclear reactor accidents...
  2. ncbi Radiostrontium in the western North Pacific: characteristics, behavior, and the Fukushima impact
    Pavel P Povinec
    Department of Nuclear Physics and Biophysics, Comenius University, Bratislava, Slovakia
    Environ Sci Technol 46:10356-63. 2012
    ..To better assess the impact of about 4-5 orders of magnitude increased radiostrontium levels on the marine environment, more detail measurements in seawater and biota of the western North Pacific are required...
  3. ncbi Artificial radionuclides database in the Pacific Ocean: HAM database
    Michio Aoyama
    Geochemical Research Department, Meteorological Research Institute, Nagamine 1 1, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 0052, Japan
    ScientificWorldJournal 4:200-15. 2004
    ..Furthermore, these radionuclides can be used to verify the oceanic general circulation models in the time scale of several decades...
  4. ncbi Long-term results of fractionated strontium-90 radiation therapy for pterygia
    Y Nishimura
    Department of Radiology, Kinki University School of Medicine, Osaka Sayama, Japan
    Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 46:137-41. 2000
    ..The long-term safety and effectiveness of fractionated strontium-90 radiation therapy (RT) for pterygium were reviewed retrospectively...
  5. ncbi (137)Cs and (90)Sr uptake by sunflower cultivated under hydroponic conditions
    Petr Soudek
    Department of Plant Tissue Cultures, Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Flemingovo nam 2, CZ 166 10 Prague 6, Czech Republic
    J Environ Radioact 88:236-50. 2006
    ..Accumulation of about 22% of initial activity of (90)Sr was determined in plants grown on the medium with 8 mM calcium ions...
  6. ncbi The role of radiotherapy in the treatment of pterygium: a review of the literature including more than 6000 treated lesions
    A M Ali
    Department of Radiation Oncology, Anti cancer Center Antoine Lacassagne, 33 Avenue de Valombrose, 06189 Nice Cedex 2, France
    Cancer Radiother 15:140-7. 2011
    ....
  7. ncbi Soil-to-grain transfer of fallout 90Sr for 28 winter wheat cultivars
    U C Gerstmann
    Institute of Radiation Protection, GSF National Research Center for Environment and Health, Ingolstadter Landstr 1, Neuherberg 85758, Germany
    Radiat Environ Biophys 45:187-94. 2006
    ..The results suggest that 90Sr rather than 137Cs might be the limiting radionuclide concerning the use of contaminated land for wheat production. Thus, more efforts might be necessary identifying wheat cultivars with minimum 90Sr uptake...
  8. ncbi Phytoremediation of radiostrontium ((90)Sr) and radiocesium ((137)Cs) using giant milky weed (Calotropis gigantea R.Br.) plants
    Susan Eapen
    Nuclear Agriculture and Biotechnology Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400085, India
    Chemosphere 65:2071-3. 2006
    ..The present study suggests that C. gigantea could be used as a potential candidate plant for phytoremediation of (90)Sr and (137)Cs...
  9. ncbi The investigation of 137Cs and 90Sr background radiation levels in soil and plant around Tianwan NPP, China
    Ji Gen Lu
    Department of Physics, Nanjing University, Nanjing, Jiangshu 210093, China
    J Environ Radioact 90:89-99. 2006
    ..The soil-to-plant transfer factor (TF) values of (90)Sr and (137)Cs are, respectively, 0.022 and 0.031 for rice, 0.066 and 3.83 for China cabbage, 0.0088 and 0.089 for wheat, and 0.037 and 0.56 for grass...
  10. ncbi Prevention of pterygium recurrence by postoperative single-dose beta-irradiation: a prospective randomized clinical double-blind trial
    Ina M Jürgenliemk-Schulz
    Department of Radiation Oncology, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Heidelberglaan 100, NL 3584 CX Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 59:1138-47. 2004
    ..Depending on the technique used for surgery, recurrence is described in up to 70% of cases-a reason to combine the initial treatment with radiotherapy or chemotherapy...
  11. ncbi Postoperative irradiation for pterygium: retrospective analysis of 1,253 patients from the Osaka University Hospital
    Fumiaki Isohashi
    Department of Radiation Oncology, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan
    Strahlenther Onkol 182:437-42. 2006
    ..Since prospective randomized trials are scare and only limited patient data are available, the aim of this study was to evaluate the patient population treated with fractioned 90Sr irradiation after surgical pterygium resection...
  12. ncbi Phytoremediation of 137cesium and 90strontium from solutions and low-level nuclear waste by Vetiveria zizanoides
    Shraddha Singh
    Nuclear Agriculture and Biotechnology Division, Mumbai 400085, India
    Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 69:306-11. 2008
    ..The results of the present study indicate that V. zizanoides may be a potential candidate plant for phytoremediation of (90)Sr and (137)Cs...
  13. ncbi Beta irradiation: new uses for an old treatment: a review
    J F Kirwan
    Department of Epidemiology and International Eye Health Institute of Ophthamology, London, UK
    Eye (Lond) 17:207-15. 2003
    ..In this latter role, beta radiation may be particularly appropriate for use in developing countries to improve the results of trabeculectomy while potentially avoiding some of the side effects of other antimetabolites...
  14. ncbi Low or high fractionation dose β-radiotherapy for pterygium? A randomized clinical trial
    Gustavo Arruda Viani
    Department of Radiation Oncology, Marilia Medicine School, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 82:e181-5. 2012
    ....
  15. ncbi Long term results of non-surgical, exclusive strontium-/yttrium-90 beta-irradiation of pterygia
    Bojan Pajic
    Department of Ophthalmology, Klinik Pallas, Louis Giroud Strasse 20, 4600 Olten, Switzerland
    Radiother Oncol 74:25-9. 2005
    ..To evaluate long term results and to demonstrate safety and efficacy of non-surgical, exclusive strontium-/yttrium-90 beta irradiation of non-operated pterygia...
  16. ncbi Postoperative irradiation of primary or recurrent pterygium: results and sequelae
    I Monteiro-Grillo
    Department of Radiation Oncology, University Hospital of Santa Maria, Lisbon, Portugal
    Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 48:865-9. 2000
    ..To evaluate the efficacy of postoperative beta irradiation and to analyze treatment sequelae in patients with primary and recurrent pterygium...
  17. ncbi Postoperative beta irradiation for control of pterygium
    R A Smith
    North Central Mississippi Regional Cancer Center, 1401 River Road, Greenwood, MS 38930, USA
    J Miss State Med Assoc 42:167-9. 2001
    ..The purpose of this retrospective analysis is to assess the effectiveness of postoperative irradiation with a strontium 90 (Sr-90) contact applicator in the prevention of recurrence of resected pterygia...
  18. ncbi Comparison of the accumulation of (137)Cs and (90)Sr by six spring wheat varieties
    Yuri V Putyatin
    Laboratory of Radioecology, Research Institute for Soil Science and Agrochemistry BRISSA, Kazintsa str 62, 220108 Minsk, Belarus
    Radiat Environ Biophys 44:289-98. 2006
    ....
  19. ncbi Minimum detectable dose as a measure of bioassay programme capability
    E H Carbaugh
    Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, PO Box 999, Richland, WA 99352, USA
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 105:391-4. 2003
    ..MDDs can be readily tabulated or plotted to demonstrate the effectiveness of different types of monitoring programmes. The inclusion of cost factors for bioassay measurements can allow optimisation...
  20. ncbi Assessment of doses to the offspring of the Techa River cohort due to intakes of radionuclides by the mother
    M O Degteva
    Urals Research Center for Radiation Medicine, Medgorodok, 454076, Chelyabinsk, Russia
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 105:609-14. 2003
    ..This paper presents an analysis of these basic assumptions that could be useful for further improvements in fetal dosimetry...
  21. ncbi Soil-fungi transfer coefficients: Importance of the location of mycelium in soil and of the differential availability of radionuclides in soil fractions
    A Baeza
    Department of Physics, Faculty of Veterinary, University of Extremadura, Avda Universidad s n, Caceres 10071, Spain
    J Environ Radioact 81:89-106. 2005
    ..With these modifications, we were able to analyze Cs-K competition in several species of mycorrhizal and saprophytic fungi...
  22. ncbi Assessment of current exposure of the population living in the Techa River basin from radioactive releases of the Mayak facility
    Mikhail I Balonov
    Institute of Radiation Hygiene IRH, St Petersburg, Russia
    Health Phys 92:134-47. 2007
    ..In order to avoid substantial increases in the dose received by Muslumovo residents, it is expedient to prolong the current policy of restriction of some river-related population activities in this village...
  23. ncbi [Migration characteristics and forms of 90Sr and 137Cs observed in the bottom sediments of certain lacustrine ecosystems on the East Urals Radioactive Trace]
    V V Deriagin
    Radiats Biol Radioecol 46:531-6. 2006
    ..Coefficients of radionuclide accumulation in the bottom deposits of the lakes of interest were estimated. A conclusion was drawn about the dependences influencing radionuclide distribution by layers of the lake bottom sediments...
  24. ncbi Measured TG-60 dosimetric parameters of the Novoste Beta-Cath 90Sr/Y source trains for intravascular brachytherapy
    D Eduardo Roa
    Department of Therapeutic Radiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06510, USA
    Cardiovasc Radiat Med 3:199-204. 2002
    ..G. Soares et al. 90Sr/Y single seed data. However, larger differences were observed at distances shorter than 1 mm when compared to radial dose functions from the Novoste Monte Carlo data...
  25. ncbi A new generic sub-model for radionuclide fixation in large catchments from continuous and single-pulse fallouts, as used in a river model
    Lars Håkanson
    Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala University, Villav 16, 752 36 Uppsala, Sweden
    J Environ Radioact 77:247-73. 2004
    ..2 for 90Sr in river water. The obtained characteristic uncertainty factors for 137Cs from the Chernobyl fallout is 2.4, for 137Cs from the NWT fallout it is 1.3 and for the 90Sr results from the NWT fallout it is 3 using the new model...
  26. ncbi A model testing study for the transfer of radioactivity to fruit
    Z Ould-Dada
    Food Standards Agency, Radiological Protection and Research Management Division, Room 715B, Aviation House, 125 Kingsway, London WC2B 6NH, UK
    J Environ Radioact 70:207-21. 2003
    ....
  27. ncbi Soil-water distribution coefficients and plant transfer factors for (134)Cs, (85)Sr and (65)Zn under field conditions in tropical Australia
    J R Twining
    Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation, PMB 1, NSW 2234, Menai, Australia
    J Environ Radioact 71:71-87. 2004
    ..The results indicate that transfer factors depend on climatic region together with soil type and chemistry and underline the value of specific bioaccumulation data for radionuclides in tropical soils...
  28. ncbi Assessment of the suitability of soil amendments to reduce 137Cs and 90Sr root uptake in meadows
    Marta Camps
    Departament de Quimica Analitica, Universitat de Barcelona, Av Diagonal 647, 3a Planta, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
    Environ Sci Technol 37:2820-8. 2003
    ..This methodology was first proposed for the correct selection of the suitable materials to be used to decrease radionuclide root uptake in future remediation actions and then validated with data of the previous field experiments...
  29. ncbi Intra-cultivar variability of the soil-to-grain transfer of fallout 137Cs and 90Sr for winter wheat
    W Schimmack
    GSF National Research Center for Environment and Health, Institute of Radiation Protection, Ingolstadter Landstrasse 1, D 85764 Neuherberg, Germany
    J Environ Radioact 94:16-30. 2007
    ..To find wheat cultivars with minimal uptake of fallout radionuclides it may be better to examine the molecular mechanisms of their root uptake in order to identify targets for breeding "safer" plants...
  30. ncbi Calibration and validation of a quality assurance system for 90Sr/90Y radiation source trains
    P Rosenthal
    Department of Radiation Therapy and Oncology, Freie Universitat Berlin, Benjamin Franklin University Medical Centre, Hindenburgdamm 30, D 12200 Berlin, Germany
    Phys Med Biol 48:573-85. 2003
    ..Deviation between both the methods is less than 3.1%. These results confirm that the calibrated OPTIDOS dosimetry system can be considered suitable for quality assurance of both types of RST used in the BetaCath systems...
  31. ncbi Weather-dependent change of cesium, strontium, barium and tellurium contamination deposited as aerosols on various cultures
    C Madoz-Escande
    Laboratory of Radioecology and Ecotoxicology, Institute for Radioprotection and Nuclear Safety, DEI SECRE LRE, Cadarache, Bld 186, BP 3, 13115, St Paul lez Durance Cedex, France
    J Environ Radioact 84:417-39. 2005
    ....
  32. ncbi [Meteorological data and risk assessment in France after the Chernobyl accident (26 April 1986). Historical update]
    Pierre Galle
    Laboratoire de physique et chimie de l Ecole nationale vétérinaire d Alfort, 7, Av du général De Gaulle, 94704 Maisons Alfort, France
    C R Biol 326:699-715. 2003
    ....
  33. ncbi Lower variability of radionuclide activities in upland dairy products compared to soils and vegetation: implication for environmental survey
    L Pourcelot
    Institut de Radioprotection et de Surete Nucleaire, CEA Cadarache Bat 153, 13108 St Paul lez Durance, France
    Chemosphere 66:1571-9. 2007
    ..The relationship between the altitude of grazing and the 90Sr content of milk and cheese can also be used to assess the authenticity of dairy products...
  34. ncbi [The transfer of 90Sr and of 137Cs radionuclides in the chain of soil-fodder-animal products in the area contaminated as a consequence of the Chernobyl AES accident]
    E V Spirin
    Radiats Biol Radioecol 46:77-81. 2006
    ..83% and 0.16%. 137Cs transfer factor into beef (adult animals) is about to 2.4% from the daily uptake with fodder per 1 kg meat...
  35. ncbi Quantitative assessment of the effects of agricultural practices designed to reduce 137Cs and 90Sr soil-plant transfer in meadows
    M Camps
    Departament de Química Analítica Universitat de Barcelona, Av Diagonal 647, 3a Planta, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
    Sci Total Environ 332:23-38. 2004
    ..98 and 0.86, respectively, between calculated and experimental log transfer factors...
  36. ncbi [Prognosis of accumulation of 137Cs and 90Sr in the herbage of the main types of the Belarus Polessje meadows using agrochemical soil properties]
    A G Podoliak
    Radiats Biol Radioecol 45:100-11. 2005
    ....
  37. ncbi Radionuclides in fruit systems: model prediction-experimental data intercomparison study
    Z Ould-Dada
    Food Standards Agency, Radiological Protection and Research Management Division, Aviation House, 125 Kingsway, Room 715B, London WC2B 6NH, United Kingdom
    Sci Total Environ 366:514-24. 2006
    ..Performance of models against experimental data is discussed together with the lessons learned from this exercise...
  38. ncbi Assessment of state-of-the-art models for predicting the remobilisation of radionuclides following the flooding of heavily contaminated areas: the case of Pripyat River floodplain
    Luigi Monte
    ENEA CR Casaccia, via P Anguillarese, 301 cp 2400, 00100 Rome, Italy
    J Environ Radioact 88:267-88. 2006
    ..The necessary model improvements for a more accurate prediction of radiocaesium contamination levels include a reassessment of the values of the model parameters controlling the remobilisation process...
  39. ncbi Transuranic and fission product contamination in lake sediments from an alpine wetland, Boréon (France)
    M Schertz
    Laboratoire de Radiochimie, Sciences Analytiques et Environnement, Universite de Nice Sophia Antipolis, 28 Avenue Valrose, 06108 Nice, France
    J Environ Radioact 85:380-8. 2006
    ..As the selected study area is in a recreational area used by urban populations, a rough estimate was made of the mean external dose from 137Cs for comparison with the French regulation...
  40. ncbi [Estimation of rate constant for dissolution of radioactive fuel particles]
    E K Garger
    Institute for Agroecology and Biotechnology, Kiev, Ukraine
    Radiats Biol Radioecol 44:229-35. 2004
    ..1 mol/l HCl is also shown (dissolution time was 3 days). A radionuclide transition to HCl solution decreases in line 90Am 241Am >> 137Cs > 239 + 240Pu. A transition degree reached 21% for 90Sr and extraction of 241Am was 3-17%...
  41. ncbi Long-term consequences for Northern Norway of a hypothetical release from the Kola nuclear power plant
    B J Howard
    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology Lancaster Environment Centre, Library Avenue, Bailrigg, Lancaster LA1 4AP, UK
    Sci Total Environ 327:53-68. 2004
    ..The results show the need for an effective emergency response, with appropriate countermeasures, should an accident of the scale considered in this paper occur at the KNPP...
  42. ncbi 90Sr, 137Cs and (239,240)Pu concentration surface water time series in the Pacific and Indian Oceans--WOMARS results
    Pavel P Povinec
    International Atomic Energy Agency, Marine Environment Laboratory, 4 Quai Antoine 1 er, Monte Carlo 98000, Monaco
    J Environ Radioact 81:63-87. 2005
    ....
  43. ncbi [Basic features of seasonal and multi-year dynamics of Cs-137 and Sr-90 in wood]
    A I Shcheglov
    M V Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Soil Science, Radioecology Laboratory, Moscow, 119992 Russia
    Radiats Biol Radioecol 44:113-7. 2004
    ....
  44. ncbi The contents and forms of solid-phase species of radioactive strontium and cesium in Taiwan soils
    S W Chang Chien
    Department of Environmental Engineering and Management, Chaoyang University of Technology, 168 Jifong E Rd, Wufong Township, Taichung County, Taiwan, ROC
    Environ Monit Assess 125:29-39. 2007
    ..On the contrary, due to shorter reaction period (<60 d) of (85)Sr with soil components, (85)Sr was mainly in exchangeable form and partially in the forms bound to carbonates and oxides in the soils amended with (85)Sr...
  45. ncbi Assessment of the current internal dose due to 137Cs and 90Sr for people living within the Semipalatinsk Test Site, Kazakhstan
    N Semiochkina
    GSF Institut für Strahlenschutz, 85764 Neuherberg, Germany
    Health Phys 86:187-92. 2004
    ..Internal doses based on food monitoring and whole body measurements were calculated for adults and are in the range of 13-500 microSv y(-1) due to radiocesium and radiostrontium...
  46. ncbi Levels of 90Sr and 137Cs in the urine of Finnish people
    M Puhakainen
    STUK Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority, PO Box 14, FIN 00881 Helsinki, Finland
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 103:255-62. 2003
    ..Based on these estimated intake values, the respective annual effective internal doses from 90Sr and 90Y varied from 0.3 to 1.0 microSv and from 137Cs from 4 to 350 microSv during the sampling period...
  47. ncbi Radiostrontium hot spot in the Russian Arctic: ground surface contamination by (90)Sr at the "Kraton-3" underground nuclear explosion site
    Valery Ramzaev
    St Petersburg Institute of Radiation Hygiene, Mira Street 8, 197101 St Petersburg, Russian Federation
    J Environ Radioact 95:107-25. 2007
    ..This phenomenon seems to be a reason for the significant enrichment of the soil surface layers by radiostrontium at some sites, with variations occurring in accordance with small-scale irregularities of landscape...
  48. ncbi Soil and sediment sample analysis for the sequential determination of natural and anthropogenic radionuclides
    H Michel
    Laboratoire de Radiochimie, Sciences Analytiques et Environnement LRSAE, Universite de Nice Sophia Antipolis, 06108 Nice Cedex, France
    Talanta 74:1527-33. 2008
    ..Plutonium isotopes in alpha spectrometry planchet deposits could be also analysed by ICPMS...
  49. ncbi [The main radionuclides and dose formation in fish of the Chernobyl NPP exclusion zone]
    D I Gudkov
    Radiats Biol Radioecol 48:48-58. 2008
    ..Now about 90% of internal dose rate of fish from closed aquatic ecosystems within the Chernobyl NPP exclusion zone is caused by 90Sr incorporation...
  50. ncbi [The agroecosystems flora status in restricted zone 20 years after the Chernobyl NPP accident]
    L M Sapegin
    Radiats Biol Radioecol 48:67-75. 2008
    ..The limiting factor on using of meadow agroecosystems herbages is their high level of contamination by 90Sr. The herbage can be used only for obtaining of milk-raw material for processing...
  51. ncbi Current contamination by 137Cs and 90Sr of the inhabited part of the Techa river basin in the Urals
    V N Shutov
    Research Institute of Radiation Hygiene, St Petersburg, Russia
    J Environ Radioact 61:91-109. 2002
    ....
  52. ncbi Foliar and root uptake of 134Cs, 85Sr and 65Zn in processing tomato plants (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.)
    M Brambilla
    Department of Agriculture and Environmental Chemistry, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Universita Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Piacenza, Italy
    J Environ Radioact 60:351-63. 2002
    ..Only when deposition affects fruits, as at the second phenological stage, are transfer coefficients to fruits similar for the three radionuclides...
  53. ncbi A general approach to transform a lake model for one radionuclide (radiocesium) to another (radiostrontium) and critical model tests using data for four Ural lakes contaminated by the fallout from the Kyshtym accident in 1957
    Lars Håkanson
    Uppsala University, Sweden
    J Environ Radioact 60:319-50. 2002
    ....
  54. ncbi [The content in soil and the mobility of artificial radionuclides in the region of the regional radioactive waste storage situation]
    A N Vasil'eva
    Radiats Biol Radioecol 48:102-9. 2008
    ..Essential irregularity of soil surface and vegetation contamination at the test points disposed at a short distances from each other also was found. The interpretation of obtained results is presented...
  55. ncbi Uptake of cesium-137 and strontium-90 from contaminated soil by three plant species; application to phytoremediation
    Mark Fuhrmann
    Environmental and Waste Technology Group, Brookhaven National Lab, Upton, NY 11973 5000, USA
    J Environ Qual 31:904-9. 2002
    ..Uptake of 90Sr exhibits no relationship to 90Sr concentrations in the soil. Estimates of time required for removal of 50% of the two contaminants, assuming two crops of redroot pigweed per year, are 7 yr for 90Sr and 18 yr for 137Cs...
  56. ncbi Short rotation coppice as alternative land use for Chernobyl-contaminated areas of Belarus
    Hildegarde Vandenhove
    Belgian Nuclear Research Centre SCK CEN, Radioecology Section, Belgium
    Int J Phytoremediation 6:139-56. 2004
    ..On the sandy soils, first-year yields were 0.25 t ha(-1) y(-1). These soils are not suitable for SRC production and should better be dedicated to pine forests or drought-resistant grasses...
  57. ncbi Content of artificial radionuclides in the birds of the Barents Sea and the Sea of Azov
    D G Matishov
    Murmansk Institute of Marine Biology, Kola Research Center, Russian Academy of Sciences, ul Vladimirskaya 17, Murmansk, 183010 Russia
    Dokl Biol Sci 389:157-9. 2003
  58. ncbi Effects of low chronic doses of ionizing radiation on antioxidant enzymes and G6PDH activities in Stipa capillata (Poaceae)
    R Zaka
    UMR CNRS 6553 Ecobio, Equipe Evolution des Populations et des Espèces, Universite de Rennes 1, Campus de Beaulieu, F 35042 Rennes Cedex, France
    J Exp Bot 53:1979-87. 2002
    ....
  59. ncbi Radionuclide sorption-desorption pattern in soils from Spain
    C J Gil-García
    Departament de Quimica Analitica, Universitat de Barcelona, Marti i Franques 1 11, 3a Planta, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
    Appl Radiat Isot 66:126-38. 2008
    ..The data obtained overlapped with those found in soils from other climatic areas, suggesting identical interaction mechanisms and allowing the extrapolation of parameterisations and prediction models among different scenarios...
  60. ncbi [Radiological estimation of the protective measures used in agricultural complex of Belarus Republic in 2000-2005 (20 years after the accident on the Chernobyl NPP)]
    A G Podoliak
    Radiats Biol Radioecol 47:356-70. 2007
    ....
  61. ncbi Radionuclide contamination of sediment deposits in the Ob and Yenisey estuaries and areas of the Kara Sea
    W J F Standring
    Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority, Grini Naeringspark 13, P O Box 55, N 1332 Østerås, Norway
    J Environ Radioact 99:665-79. 2008
    ..However, the aggregate contamination from different sources is not radioecologically significant in sediments within the study area, maximum Cs-137 levels being approximately 80 Bq kg(-1) dry weight...
  62. ncbi Translocation studies of 137Cs and 90Sr in bean plants (Phaseolus vulgaris): simulation of fallout
    José Flávio Macacini
    Poços de Caldas Laboratory, Brazilian National Commission for Nuclear Energy, DILAB CNEN, Poços de Caldas MG
    Environ Pollut 120:151-5. 2002
    ..Translocation factors obtained for 137Cs and 90Sr were 0.16 and less than 0.005, respectively...
  63. ncbi [The accumulation of radionuclides 137Cs and 90Sr by different kinds and grades legumes crops]
    A G Podoliak
    Radiats Biol Radioecol 47:625-36. 2007
    ..0-40.0 ci/km2): 90sr--18.5-37.0 kbq/m2 (0.50-1.00 ci/km2)...
  64. ncbi Uptake and distribution of 137Cs and 90Sr in salix viminalis plants
    Y von Firck
    Department of Short Rotation Forestry, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala
    J Environ Radioact 63:1-14. 2002
    ..The activity concentration of 137Cs in the plants was significantly affected by K-supply and was higher in the 0 kg K treatment than in the 80 or 240kg K treatment. Leaves contained more 90Sr than stems and cuttings...
  65. ncbi Reconstruction and forecast of doses due to ingestion of 137Cs and 90Sr after the Chernobyl accident
    A P Kravets
    National Academy of Science of Ukraine, Department of Radiobiology, Institute of Cell Biology and Genetic Engineering, Vasilcovskaya st 31 17, Kiev 03022, Ukraine
    Radiat Environ Biophys 47:213-23. 2008
    ..Maximal doses were estimated for persons who were 3, 9 and 11 years old, at the time of the accident and these doses exceed those for adults by a factors of 1, 5 for (90)Sr, and 1.4 for (137)Cs...
  66. ncbi The current content of artificial radionuclides in the water of the Tobol-Irtysh river system (from the mouth of the Iset River to the confluence with the Ob River)
    Alexander I Nikitin
    SI RPA Typhoon of the Roshydromet, 82, Lenin Avenue, Obninsk, Kaluga Region 249038, Russia
    J Environ Radioact 96:138-43. 2007
    ..It is shown that the impact of "Mayak" PA waste transport by (90)Sr is distinctly traced as far as the area of the Irtysh and Ob confluence...
  67. ncbi Investigation of a 90Sr/90Y source for intra-ocular treatment of wet age-related macular degeneration
    Shannon M Holmes
    University of Wisconsin Medical Radiation Research Center, Madison, Wisconsin 53705, USA
    Med Phys 36:4370-8. 2009
    ..The purpose of this study is to perform an extensive investigation of an approximately 2.5 mm long 90Sr/90Y source designed for treating wet age-related macular degeneration...
  68. ncbi Temporal variations of 90Sr and 137Cs concentrations and the 137Cs/90Sr activity ratio in marine brown algae, Undaria pinnatifida and Laminaria longissima, collected in coastal areas of Japan
    Takami Morita
    Marine Productivity Division, National Research Institute of Fisheries Science, Fisheries Research Agency, Fukuura 2 12 4, Kanazawa Ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa, 236 8648, Japan
    J Environ Monit 12:1179-86. 2010
    ..The combined data also suggested that wakame seaweed responded differently to the source of 137Cs...
  69. ncbi Dosimetry of beta-ray ophthalmic applicators: comparison of different measurement methods
    C G Soares
    National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899, USA
    Med Phys 28:1373-84. 2001
    ..e., sensitive volume and amount of insensitive covering material. From the results of these measurements, functions which describe the relative dose rate along and perpendicular to the source axes are suggested...
  70. ncbi Discharge of 137Cs and 90Sr by Finnish rivers to the Baltic Sea in 1986-1996
    R Saxén
    STUK Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority, P O Box 14, FIN 00881 Helsinki, Finland
    J Environ Radioact 54:275-91. 2001
    ..This emphasizes the importance of 90Sr while considering radiation doses from surface waters and 137Cs while estimating doses via pathways from catchment soil, lake sediments and biota after a fallout situation...
  71. ncbi [Contamination of the food chain with caesium-137 and strontium-90 in Switzerland]
    J L Riond
    Arztinnen und Arzte für soziale Verantwortung und zur Verhütung des Atomkrieges PSR IPPNW, Basel
    Schweiz Arch Tierheilkd 146:547-54. 2004
    ..The interpretation of the measurements and the directives of this division are designed to protect primarily human health, but also that of animals...
  72. ncbi Production and separation of no-carrier-added radioactive tracers of yttrium, strontium and rubidium from heavy-ion irradiated germanium target: applicability to the standardization of a separation technique for production of positron-emitting radionuclid
    Sujit Pal
    Analytical Chemistry Division of Bhabha Atomic Research Centre BARC, Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre VECC, 1 AF, Bidhan Nagar, Kolkata 700 064, India
    Appl Radiat Isot 64:1521-7. 2006
    ..The standardized separation technique could be utilized for the production of the positron-emitting (86)Y from an enriched (86)Sr target irradiated at a medical cyclotron...
  73. ncbi A general methodology for structuring models to predict the long-term migration of radionuclides from catchments
    Luigi Monte
    ENEA CR Casaccia, Roma, Italy
    J Environ Radioact 59:153-68. 2002
    ..The methodology was validated for 90Sr and 137Cs by using data for water contamination in some European rivers. Values of migration parameters for Pu, Tc, I and Cd isotopes were obtained...
  74. ncbi [Development of radioadaptive properties for microscopic fungi, long time located on terrains with a heightened background radiation after emergency on Chernobyl NPP]
    T I Tugaĭ
    Radiats Biol Radioecol 47:543-9. 2007
    ..Nevertheless fungal strains have shown varied response to presence of ionizing radiation depending on its type and absorbed dose...
  75. ncbi A new internal pair production branching ratio of 90Y: the development of a non-destructive assay for 90Y and 90Sr
    R G Selwyn
    Department of Medical Physics, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, WI 57306, USA
    Appl Radiat Isot 65:318-27. 2007
    ..A high-purity germanium detector was used to determine the branching ratio to be (31.86+/-0.47) x 10(-6)...
  76. ncbi Increased dosage during intracoronary irradiation due to overlapped source stepping shows no long-term adverse changes in vessel morphology
    Bonni Syeda
    Department of Internal Medicine II, Division of Cardiology, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
    J Interv Cardiol 17:143-9. 2004
    ..The purpose of this analysis was to evaluate if overdosage during intracoronary irradiation due to overlapped source stepping may result in long-term morphologic changes in vessel anatomy...
  77. ncbi Strontium and samarium therapy for bone metastases from prostate carcinoma
    G J Dickie
    Department of Radiation Oncology, Royal Brisbane Hospital, Herston, Queensland, Australia
    Australas Radiol 43:476-9. 1999
    ....
  78. ncbi A multiinstitutional, concurrent chemoradiation trial of strontium-89, estramustine, and vinblastine for hormone refractory prostate carcinoma involving bone
    Wallace Akerley
    Boston University Medical Center, Oncology Hematology, Boston, Massachusetts 02118, USA
    Cancer 94:1654-60. 2002
    ..2 MBq/kg on Day 1. Courses were repeated every 12 weeks. Response assessment was based on a change in the serum prostate specific antigen (PSA) levels, correlated with change in measurable disease and bone scan appearance...
  79. ncbi [Pain control for bone metastasis using radioactive strontium]
    Keiichirou Yamaguchi
    Department of Radiology, Sendai Kousei Hospital, Sendai, Japan
    Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 37:1868-71. 2010
    ..At present, the uses of 89Sr are limited to end-stage patients. The use of 89Sr should change from end stage to early stage in combination with chemotherapy...
  80. ncbi Evaluation on the environmental radioactivity in Shanghai city during the normal operational condition of Qinshan nuclear power station
    Heqing Lu
    Institute of Radiation Medicine, Fudan University, 2094 Xietu Road, Shanghai 200032, China
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 155:432-8. 2013
    ..1 mSv, and the annual exposure from intakes of (90)Sr and (137)Cs in food was ∼0.5 μSv. In the past 19 y, no significant impact on the environmental radioactivity in Shanghai was observed due to the operation of QNPS. ..
  81. ncbi [Long-term disease stabilization by Strontium 89 (89Sr) for castration and docetaxel-resistant prostate cancer : a case report]
    Yuki Kamiyama
    The Department of Urology, Nishi Kobe Medical Center, Japan
    Hinyokika Kiyo 58:515-8. 2012
    ..89Sr therapy was started in 2009. The therapy could be performed 5 times without any side effects. Good pain control and decreasing PSA was obtained at each dose...
  82. pmc Low-dose strontium-90 irradiation is effective in preventing the recurrence of pterygia: a ten-year study
    Xue Jiao Qin
    Department of Ophthalmology, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University, Jinan, China
    PLoS ONE 7:e43500. 2012
    ..To study the long-term effects of low-dosage strontium-90 (Sr90) irradiation on the recurrence of pterygium...
  83. ncbi Revascularisation of bone grafts in rats
    O J Kirkeby
    Institute for Surgical Research, University of Oslo, Norway
    J Bone Joint Surg Br 73:501-5. 1991
    ..The ingrowth of new vessels is impaired in allogeneic bone, and this probably inhibits the rate of bone formation and resorption of the grafts...
  84. ncbi Root uptake of radionuclides following their acute soil depositions during the growth of selected food crops
    Yong Ho Choi
    Nuclear Environment Safety Research Division, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Yuseong, Daejeon, Republic of Korea
    J Environ Radioact 100:746-51. 2009
    ..The obtained T(ag)(a) values varied considerably with the radionuclides, plant species, and times of deposition. Recommendations about, and limitations in, the use of the T(ag)(a) values were discussed...
  85. ncbi Concentration of selected radionuclides in seawater from Kuwait
    Saif Uddin
    Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, P O Box 24885, 13109 Safat, Kuwait
    Mar Pollut Bull 64:1261-4. 2012
    ..The present baseline concentration of the four considered radionuclide's show low concentration of tritium, polonium, strontium and cesium; their concentration is comparable to most oceanic waters...
  86. ncbi Extraction paper chromatography technique for the radionuclidic purity evaluation of 90Y for clinical use
    Usha Pandey
    Radiopharmaceuticals Division and Fuel Reprocessing Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400085, India
    Anal Chem 80:801-7. 2008
    ..This novel, innovative, and simple technique offers a reliable solution to the unanswered problem of estimation of 90Sr content in 90Y used for cancer therapy...
  87. ncbi The "AQUASCOPE" simplified model for predicting 89,90Sr, 131I, and 134,137Cs in surface waters after a large-scale radioactive fallout
    J T Smith
    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Winfrith Technology Centre, Dorchester, Dorset DT2 8ZD, UK
    Health Phys 89:628-44. 2005
    ..The AQUASCOPE models (implemented in EXCEL spreadsheets) and model documentation are available free of charge from the corresponding author...
  88. ncbi [Pterygium surgery. Complication following adjuvant radiotherapy]
    C Lange
    Universitäts Augenklinik Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany
    Ophthalmologe 107:762-5. 2010
    ..Despite severe blepharoconjunctivitis the patient is now free of recurrence of pterygium for 3 years supporting the use of amnion membranes for covering scleromalacia in inflammatory conditions...
  89. ncbi Use of strontium-90 plesiotherapy for the treatment of a lingual plasmacytoma in a dog
    K Ware
    Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Louisiana State University School of Veterinary Medicine, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA
    J Small Anim Pract 52:220-3. 2011
    ..Treatment with one 150 Gy dose of radiation delivered with strontium-90 plesiotherapy was performed. Side effects were not noted and there was no visible evidence of tumour remaining at 2 months and 1 year after therapy...
  90. ncbi Separation and measurement of thorium, plutonium, americium, uranium and strontium in environmental matrices
    Jennifer J Harrison
    Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation, Menai
    J Environ Radioact 102:896-900. 2011
    ..Sample sizes of up to 10 L for water, 5 g for dry soil and sediment and 10 g for dry vegetation and seaweed can be processed using this technique...
  91. ncbi 90Sr in deciduous teeth from 1950 to 2002: the Swiss experience
    P Froidevaux
    Institute of Applied Radiophysics, University of Lausanne, Grand pré 1, CH 1007 Lausanne, Switzerland
    Sci Total Environ 367:596-605. 2006
    ..This paper emphasizes the necessity of a very high purity chemical separation of 90Sr or 90Y to determine 90Sr activity in milk teeth or other samples...
  92. ncbi [Changes of immunologic parameters in patients with simple bone metastases treated with 89SrCl2]
    Yong Li
    Department of Radiology, China Japan Union Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun 130033, China
    Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi 27:731-3. 2005
    ..To investigate the influence of (89)SrCl(2) (strontium-89 chloride) on immune functions in patients with simple bone metastases...
  93. ncbi Design and characterization of a directly polarized radioluminescent light source
    James H Barnes IV
    Department of Chemistry, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA
    Analyst 129:779-82. 2004
    ..The RL source with the highest degree of polarization was constructed from polystyrene and anthracene...
  94. ncbi Brachytherapy two years out
    Ruth SoRelle
    Circulation 106:e9009. 2002
  95. ncbi Dose due to mushroom ingestion in Spain
    A Baeza
    Department of Physics, University of Extremadura, Avda Universidad s n, 10071 Caceres, Spain
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 111:97-100. 2004
    ..Finally, on the basis of the results, we determined the dose due to 137Cs, 90Sr and (239+240)Pu for several mushroom species collected in different natural and semi-natural ecosystems in Spain...
  96. ncbi Distribution of 90Sr in coastal seawater, sediments and organisms off two atomic power stations in Korea
    Han Soeb Yan
    Department of Oceanography, Pukyong National University, Pusan, South Korea
    J Environ Radioact 59:105-12. 2002
    ..The enrichment of 90Sr in fish (5.5 +/- 2.6 mBq/kg, n = 5) and shellfish (7.1 +/- 1.2 mBq/kg, n = 2) was much lower than that in seaweed (57 +/- 33 mBq/kg, n = 5)...
  97. ncbi Sr and Pb isotopes as environmental indicators in environmental studies
    G Charalampides
    Department of Geotechnology and Environmental Engineering, Technological Educational Institute of Western Macedonia, Kozani, Greece
    Environ Int 28:147-51. 2002
    ..An illustrative example is presented where lead isotopes are used to understand the source of pollution in Kozani, a small rural area in Greece. Conclusions are derived in terms of the source of the pollution in the specific area...
  98. ncbi A mathematical model for calculation of 90Sr absorbed dose in dental tissues: elaboration and comparison to EPR measurements
    E A Shishkina
    Urals Research Center for Radiation Medicine, Medogorodok, Chelyabinsk, Russia
    Appl Radiat Isot 55:363-74. 2001
    ..The model has shown agreement with experimental data which allows to determine further directions of the human tooth model development...
  99. ncbi The correlation between palliation of bone pain by intravenous strontium-89 and external beam radiation to linked field in patients with osteoblastic bone metastases
    Ilan Gil Ron
    Department of Oncology, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Israel
    Am J Clin Oncol 27:500-4. 2004
    ..No significant correlation was found between strontium efficacy and gender, location of metastases to weight-bearing bones, duration of hormonal therapy or chemotherapy, or type of primary neoplasm...
  100. ncbi Studies of strontium biokinetics in humans. Part 1: optimisation of intrinsic labelling of foodstuffs with stable isotopes of strontium
    Vera Höllriegl
    Institute of Radiation Protection, GSF National Research Center for Environment and Health, Ingolstadter Landstrasse 1, 85764 Neuherberg, Germany
    Radiat Environ Biophys 41:179-83. 2002
    ..For the biokinetic investigations on humans, applying stable isotopes of Sr as tracers, about 0.1-1 mg strontium is required per volunteer, i.e. a few grams of the edible parts of the labelled material are sufficient...
  101. ncbi Does body size contribute to sensitivity of bone tumor induction by radionuclide exposure?
    R D Lloyd
    Department of Radiology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City 84108 1218, USA
    Health Phys 79:199-202. 2000
    ..We conclude that, for the conditions in our experiment, relative size within a species does not contribute importantly to the sensitivity (lifetime occurrence) for induction of skeletal malignancy...

Research Grants5

  1. POPULATION RISK MODEL FOR ALPHA-INDUCED BONE NEOPLASMS
    RAY LLOYD; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..7) To develop a general risk model for alpha-induced neoplasms. For this, data in human and experimental studies on radium will be used as a basis for extrapolation to other alpha-emitting nuclides. ..
  2. RADIOLOGICAL RESEARCH ACCELERATOR FACILITY (RARAF)
    David Brenner; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  3. High Stability Accelerator for Sub-Cellular Microbeam
    David Brenner; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..We have considerably more demand for microbeam time than we can cope with, primarily because of limited physicist manpower. ..
  4. Cancer Risks Attributable To Radiation from Pediatric CT
    David Brenner; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The target audiences will be radiologists, pediatricians, family physicians, and the CT industry. We will use telephone interviews supplemented with survey questions, to aid in web content decisions. ..
  5. Biomaterials as Decorporation Agents for Radionuclides
    TATIANA LEVITSKAIA; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..