cesium radioisotopes

Summary

Summary: Unstable isotopes of cesium that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. Cs atoms with atomic weights of 123, 125-132, and 134-145 are radioactive cesium isotopes.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Assessment of spatial variation of cesium-137 in small catchments
    Marcel van der Perk
    Utrecht Centre for Environment and Landscape Dynamics UCEL, Faculty of Geographical Sciences, Utrecht University, P O Box 80115, 2508 TC Utrecht, The Netherlands
    J Environ Qual 31:1930-9. 2002
  2. ncbi Comparison of the accumulation of (137)Cs and (90)Sr by six spring wheat varieties
    Yuri V Putyatin
    Laboratory of Radioecology, Research Institute for Soil Science and Agrochemistry BRISSA, Kazintsa str 62, 220108 Minsk, Belarus
    Radiat Environ Biophys 44:289-98. 2006
  3. pmc Cesium-137 deposition and contamination of Japanese soils due to the Fukushima nuclear accident
    Teppei J Yasunari
    Universities Space Research Association, Goddard Earth Sciences Technology and Research, Columbia, MD 21044, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:19530-4. 2011
  4. pmc Assessment of individual radionuclide distributions from the Fukushima nuclear accident covering central-east Japan
    Norikazu Kinoshita
    Accelerator Mass Spectrometry Group, University of Tsukuba, 1 1 1 Ten nodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 8577, Japan
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:19526-9. 2011
  5. ncbi Tracking of airborne radionuclides from the damaged Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear reactors by European networks
    O Masson
    Institut de Radioprotection et de Sûreté Nucléaire, IRSN, BP 3, 13115, Cadarache, Saint Paul lez Durance, France
    Environ Sci Technol 45:7670-7. 2011
  6. pmc Fukushima-derived radionuclides in the ocean and biota off Japan
    Ken O Buesseler
    Department of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:5984-8. 2012
  7. pmc The total amounts of radioactively contaminated materials in forests in Fukushima, Japan
    Shoji Hashimoto
    Soil Resources Laboratory, Department of Forest Site Environment, Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute, 1 Matsunosato, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 8687, Japan
    Sci Rep 2:416. 2012
  8. ncbi Food safety regulations: what we learned from the Fukushima nuclear accident
    Nobuyuki Hamada
    Radiation Safety Research Center, Nuclear Technology Research Laboratory, Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry, 2 11 1 Iwado Kita, Komae, Tokyo 201 8511, Japan
    J Environ Radioact 111:83-99. 2012
  9. ncbi Specific activity and activity ratios of radionuclides in soil collected about 20 km from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant: Radionuclide release to the south and southwest
    Keiko Tagami
    National Institute of Radiological Sciences, Anagawa 4 9 1, Inage Ku, Chiba 263 8555, Japan
    Sci Total Environ 409:4885-8. 2011
  10. ncbi Radiocesium contaminations of 20 wood species and the corresponding gamma-ray dose rates around the canopies at 5 months after the Fukushima nuclear power plant accident
    Toshihiro Yoshihara
    Plant Molecular Biology, Laboratory of Environmental Science, Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry CRIEPI, 1646 Abiko, Chiba 270 1194, Japan
    J Environ Radioact 115:60-8. 2013

Research Grants

  1. INDUCTION OF GENOMIC INSTABILITY IN HUMAN LYMPHOBLASTS
    Helen Evans; Fiscal Year: 2001
  2. Gene silencing in mammalian cells induced by environmental exposure
    MITCHELL TURKER; Fiscal Year: 2007
  3. Autosomal Mutagenesis and Polycystic Kidney Disease
    MITCHELL TURKER; Fiscal Year: 2007
  4. Prostate Edema in Permanent Interstitial Brachytherapy
    Zhe Chen; Fiscal Year: 2010
  5. Gene Silencing in Cancer--A Model System
    MITCHELL TURKER; Fiscal Year: 2003
  6. SPECTRUM OF MUTATION INDUCED BY IONIZING RADIATION
    MITCHELL TURKER; Fiscal Year: 2002
  7. Automation of the vitro Micronucleus Assay
    Stephen Dertinger; Fiscal Year: 2004
  8. In vivo mutation assay based on pig-a locus
    Stephen Dertinger; Fiscal Year: 2004
  9. Measuring Cytogenetic Damage in Human Blood
    Stephen Dertinger; Fiscal Year: 2003
  10. Versatile Mutation Assay Platform
    Stephen Dertinger; Fiscal Year: 2007

Detail Information

Publications232 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Assessment of spatial variation of cesium-137 in small catchments
    Marcel van der Perk
    Utrecht Centre for Environment and Landscape Dynamics UCEL, Faculty of Geographical Sciences, Utrecht University, P O Box 80115, 2508 TC Utrecht, The Netherlands
    J Environ Qual 31:1930-9. 2002
    ..Besides erosion and deposition processes, the initial pattern of 137Cs deposition, floodplain sedimentation, and short-range spatial variation were identified as the major sources of spatial variation of the 137Cs inventory...
  2. ncbi Comparison of the accumulation of (137)Cs and (90)Sr by six spring wheat varieties
    Yuri V Putyatin
    Laboratory of Radioecology, Research Institute for Soil Science and Agrochemistry BRISSA, Kazintsa str 62, 220108 Minsk, Belarus
    Radiat Environ Biophys 44:289-98. 2006
    ....
  3. pmc Cesium-137 deposition and contamination of Japanese soils due to the Fukushima nuclear accident
    Teppei J Yasunari
    Universities Space Research Association, Goddard Earth Sciences Technology and Research, Columbia, MD 21044, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:19530-4. 2011
    ..7 and 1.3 PBq, [corrected] respectively.We hope our (137)Cs deposition maps will help to coordinate decontamination efforts and plan regulatory measures in Japan...
  4. pmc Assessment of individual radionuclide distributions from the Fukushima nuclear accident covering central-east Japan
    Norikazu Kinoshita
    Accelerator Mass Spectrometry Group, University of Tsukuba, 1 1 1 Ten nodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 8577, Japan
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:19526-9. 2011
    ....
  5. ncbi Tracking of airborne radionuclides from the damaged Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear reactors by European networks
    O Masson
    Institut de Radioprotection et de Sûreté Nucléaire, IRSN, BP 3, 13115, Cadarache, Saint Paul lez Durance, France
    Environ Sci Technol 45:7670-7. 2011
    ..A rough estimate of the total (131)I inventory that has passed over Europe during this period was <1% of the released amount. According to the measurements, airborne activity levels remain of no concern for public health in Europe...
  6. pmc Fukushima-derived radionuclides in the ocean and biota off Japan
    Ken O Buesseler
    Department of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:5984-8. 2012
    ....
  7. pmc The total amounts of radioactively contaminated materials in forests in Fukushima, Japan
    Shoji Hashimoto
    Soil Resources Laboratory, Department of Forest Site Environment, Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute, 1 Matsunosato, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 8687, Japan
    Sci Rep 2:416. 2012
    ....
  8. ncbi Food safety regulations: what we learned from the Fukushima nuclear accident
    Nobuyuki Hamada
    Radiation Safety Research Center, Nuclear Technology Research Laboratory, Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry, 2 11 1 Iwado Kita, Komae, Tokyo 201 8511, Japan
    J Environ Radioact 111:83-99. 2012
    ..This paper focuses on the logic behind such food safety regulations, and discusses its underlying issues. The outlines of the food monitoring results for 24,685 samples and the enforced restrictions will also be described...
  9. ncbi Specific activity and activity ratios of radionuclides in soil collected about 20 km from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant: Radionuclide release to the south and southwest
    Keiko Tagami
    National Institute of Radiological Sciences, Anagawa 4 9 1, Inage Ku, Chiba 263 8555, Japan
    Sci Total Environ 409:4885-8. 2011
    ..The average activity ratios of (131)I/(137)Cs, (134)Cs/(137)Cs, (136)Cs/(137)Cs and (129m)Te/(137)Cs were 55, 0.90, 0.22 and 4.0 (corrected to March 11, 2011) in the 0-2cm soil samples of April 20 and 28, 2011...
  10. ncbi Radiocesium contaminations of 20 wood species and the corresponding gamma-ray dose rates around the canopies at 5 months after the Fukushima nuclear power plant accident
    Toshihiro Yoshihara
    Plant Molecular Biology, Laboratory of Environmental Science, Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry CRIEPI, 1646 Abiko, Chiba 270 1194, Japan
    J Environ Radioact 115:60-8. 2013
    ..This may be due to differences in the balance between the attenuation resulting from a shielding effect of the plant bodies and the higher radiocesium accumulation in the leaves...
  11. pmc Pacific bluefin tuna transport Fukushima-derived radionuclides from Japan to California
    Daniel J Madigan
    Hopkins Marine Station, Stanford University, Pacific Grove, CA 93950, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:9483-6. 2012
    ..These results reveal tools to trace migration origin (using the presence of (134)Cs) and potentially migration timing (using (134)Cs:(137)Cs ratios) in highly migratory marine species in the Pacific Ocean...
  12. ncbi Distribution of oceanic 137Cs from the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant simulated numerically by a regional ocean model
    Daisuke Tsumune
    Environmental Science Research Laboratory, Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry, 1646 Abiko, Abiko shi, Chiba ken 270 1194, Japan
    J Environ Radioact 111:100-8. 2012
    ....
  13. pmc Absorption of radionuclides from the Fukushima nuclear accident by a novel algal strain
    Hiroki Shimura
    Department of Environmental Medicine, Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Medicine and Engineering, University of Yamanashi, Chuo, Yamanashi Japan
    PLoS ONE 7:e44200. 2012
    ..Our results demonstrate that Binos could be applied to the decontamination of iodine, strontium and cesium radioisotopes, which are most commonly encountered after nuclear reactor accidents.
  14. pmc Radionuclide analysis on bamboos following the Fukushima nuclear accident
    Takumi Higaki
    Department of Integrated Biosciences, Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba, Japan
    PLoS ONE 7:e34766. 2012
    ..5 Bq/kg DW. In the radiocesium contaminated samples, the radiocesium activity was higher in mature and fallen leaves than in young leaves, branches and culms...
  15. ncbi Measurements of long-term external and internal radiation exposure of inhabitants of some villages of the Bryansk region of Russia after the Chernobyl accident
    C Bernhardsson
    Department of Clinical Sciences Malmo, Medical Radiation Physics, Lund University, Skåne University Hospital Malmö, 205 02, Malmo, Sweden
    Sci Total Environ 409:4811-7. 2011
    ..These variations and differences are presented and discussed in this paper...
  16. ncbi Possible role of organic matter in radiocaesium adsorption in soils
    S Staunton
    Unité de Science du Sol, INRA, Montpellier, France
    J Environ Radioact 58:163-73. 2002
    ..We suggest that the nature of the organic matter and its interaction with mineral surfaces are as important as the amount present...
  17. ncbi Attenuation coefficients of soils and some building materials of Bangladesh in the energy range 276-1332 keV
    M N Alam
    Radiactivity Testing and Monitoring Laboratory, Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission, Chittagong
    Appl Radiat Isot 54:973-6. 2001
    ..The measured mass attenuation coefficient values were compared with measurements made in other countries for similar kinds of materials. The values are in good agreement with each other in most cases...
  18. ncbi Radiological impact in Korea following the Fukushima nuclear accident
    Chang Kyu Kim
    Living and Environmental Radioactivity Assessment Laboratory, Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety, 62 Gwahak ro, Yusong gu, Daejeon 305 338, Republic of Korea
    J Environ Radioact 111:70-82. 2012
    ..These radionuclides were also detected in dry and wet deposition samples, while the significant increase of (131)I, (134)Cs and (137)Cs activity concentrations were not observed in seawater and marine biota samples...
  19. pmc Distribution of artificial radionuclides in abandoned cattle in the evacuation zone of the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant
    Tomokazu Fukuda
    Graduate School of Agricultural Sciences, Tohoku University, Sendai, Miyagi, Japan
    PLoS ONE 8:e54312. 2013
    ..This study is the first to reveal the detailed systemic distribution of radionuclides in cattle attributed to the FNPP accident...
  20. ncbi Decision making framework for application of forest countermeasures in the long term after the Chernobyl accident
    S V Fesenko
    International Atomic Energy Agency, Agency s Laboratories Seibersdorf, 1400 Vienna, Austria
    J Environ Radioact 82:143-66. 2005
    ..The results prove and emphasize the need for a flexible technique to provide the optimised forest countermeasures taking into account radioecological, social and economic features of contaminated forests...
  21. ncbi 2011 Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant accident: summary of regional radioactive deposition monitoring results
    Katsumi Hirose
    Department of Materials and Life Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology, Sophia University, 7 1 Kioicho, Chiyodaku, Tokyo 102 8554, Japan
    J Environ Radioact 111:13-7. 2012
    ..The temporal change of the Fukushima-derived (137)Cs revealed that the apparent atmospheric residence time of the Fukushima-derived (137)Cs in sites within 300 km from the Fukushima Dai-ichi NPPis about 10 d...
  22. ncbi Identification of processes governing long-term accumulation of 137Cs by forest trees following the Chernobyl accident
    S V Fesenko
    Russian Institute of Agricultural Radiology and Agroecology RIARAE, Obninsk, Kaluga Region
    Radiat Environ Biophys 40:105-13. 2001
    ....
  23. ncbi Plant uptake of radiocaesium: a review of mechanisms, regulation and application
    Y G Zhu
    Department of Soil and Water, and CRC for Molecular Plant Breeding, The University of Adelaide, Glen Osmond, SA 5064, Australia
    J Exp Bot 51:1635-45. 2000
    ..Phytoremediation may be a possible option to decontaminate radiocaesium-contaminated soils, but its major limitation is that it takes an excessively long time (tens of years) and produces large volumes of waste...
  24. ncbi Deposition in Chiba prefecture, Japan, of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant fallout
    Nobuyoshi Ishii
    Research Center for Radiation Protection, National Institute of Radiological Sciences, Anagawa 4 9 1, Inage, Chiba 263 8555, Japan
    Health Phys 104:189-94. 2013
    ..For the vertical profile of those radionuclides in soil at NIRS, about 94% of the total deposition was distributed in the top 10 mm depth on 26 April 2011...
  25. ncbi Plant uptake of 134Cs in relation to soil properties and time
    I Massas
    Agricultural University of Athens, Greece
    J Environ Radioact 59:245-55. 2002
    ....
  26. ncbi Evidence for an increase in trisomy 21 (Down syndrome) in Europe after the Chernobyl reactor accident
    Karl Sperling
    Institute of Medical and Human Genetics, Charite Universitaetsmedizin Berlin, Germany
    Genet Epidemiol 36:48-55. 2012
    ....
  27. ncbi Long-term variations of 14C and 137Cs in the Bratislava air--implications of different atmospheric transport processes
    P P Povinec
    Department of Nuclear Physics and Biophysics, Faculty of Mathematics, Physics and Informatics, Comenius University, Mlynska dolina F 1, SK 842 48 Bratislava, Slovakia
    J Environ Radioact 108:33-40. 2012
    ..A correlation was found between the (137)Cs activity concentration and the dust level in the air (the correlation coefficient r = 0.74), as well as an anticorrelation with the temperature (r = -0.56)...
  28. ncbi External and internal irradiation of a rural Bryansk (Russia) population from 1990 to 2000, following high deposition of radioactive caesium from the Chernobyl accident
    C Thornberg
    Department of Radiation Physics, Lund University, Malmo University Hospital, 205 02 Malmo, Sweden
    Radiat Environ Biophys 44:97-106. 2005
    ..The highest E during a life-time received by single individuals living in the area may amount to around 500 mSv considering the individual variations in E...
  29. ncbi Chronic Cs-137 incorporation in children's organs
    Y I Bandazhevsky
    Institute for Radiportection, Belrad Chairty House, Minsk, Belarus
    Swiss Med Wkly 133:488-90. 2003
    ..The highest accumulation of Cs-137 was found in the endocrine glands, in particular the thyroid, the adrenals and the pancreas. High levels were also found in the heart, the thymus and the spleen...
  30. ncbi Current concentration of artificial radionuclides and estimated radiation doses from 137Cs around the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant, the Semipalatinsk Nuclear Testing Site, and in Nagasaki
    Yasuyuki Taira
    Department of Radiation Epidemiology, Nagasaki University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Nagasaki, Japan
    J Radiat Res 52:88-95. 2011
    ....
  31. ncbi Distribution of radiocesium and stable elements within a pine tree
    Satoshi Yoshida
    Environmental Radiation Effects Research Group, Research Center for Radiation Protection, National Institute of Radiological Sciences, 4 9 1 Anagawa, Inage Ku, Chiba shi, Chiba 263 8555, Japan
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 146:326-9. 2011
    ..A similar distribution was also observed for phosphorus. Distributions of alkaline earth metals and several heavy metals were different from those of alkaline metals...
  32. ncbi Lateral variation of 134Cs and 137Cs concentrations in surface seawater in and around the Japan Sea after the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident
    M Inoue
    Low Level Radioactivity Laboratory, Institute of Nature and Environmental Technology, Kanazawa University, Nomi, Ishikawa 923 1224, Japan
    J Environ Radioact 109:45-51. 2012
    ..5mBq/L). These higher concentrations in the northeastern Japan Sea could be ascribed to the atmospheric transport of nuclides from the FDNPP as aerosols and subsequent transport and dilution after delivery to the sea surface...
  33. ncbi 134Cs and 137Cs activities in coastal seawater along Northern Sanriku and Tsugaru Strait, northeastern Japan, after Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident
    M Inoue
    Low Level Radioactivity Laboratory, Institute of Nature and Environmental Technology, Kanazawa University, Nomi, Ishikawa 923 1224, Japan
    J Environ Radioact 111:116-9. 2012
    ..These results can be plausibly explained by surface infusion of these isotopes into the sea by atmospheric transport from Fukushima and their subsequent reduction by water migration to off-shore and deeper regions...
  34. ncbi Depth distribution of 137Cs, 134Cs, and 131I in soil profile after Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant Accident
    Hiroaki Kato
    Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, 1 1 1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 8572, Japan
    J Environ Radioact 111:59-64. 2012
    ..However, further analysis is required to clarify the effect of clay content on the initial penetration depth of deposited (137)Cs in soil profile...
  35. ncbi The transfer of radiocesium from soil to plants: Mechanisms, data, and perspectives for potential countermeasures in Japan
    Erik Smolders
    Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Katholieke Universiteit, Kasteelpark Arenberg 20, 3001 Leuven, Belgium
    Integr Environ Assess Manag 7:379-81. 2011
    ..This transfer has been studied extensively in Europe following the Chernobyl accident, in Soviet Ukraine in 1986. This article briefly discusses whether that transfer may be different in Japan in the aftermath of the Fukushima accident...
  36. ncbi Artificial radionuclides database in the Pacific Ocean: HAM database
    Michio Aoyama
    Geochemical Research Department, Meteorological Research Institute, Nagamine 1 1, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 0052, Japan
    ScientificWorldJournal 4:200-15. 2004
    ..Furthermore, these radionuclides can be used to verify the oceanic general circulation models in the time scale of several decades...
  37. ncbi Development and deployment of an underway radioactive cesium monitor off the Japanese coast near Fukushima Dai-ichi
    J A Caffrey
    Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA
    J Environ Radioact 111:120-5. 2012
    ..The concentration of (137)Cs was low but detectable, reaching a peak of 3.8 ± 0.2 Bq/L...
  38. ncbi Urinary bladder carcinogenesis induced by chronic exposure to persistent low-dose ionizing radiation after Chernobyl accident
    Alina Romanenko
    Department of Pathology, Institute of Urology, Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine, 9a, Yu Kotzubinsky Street, 04053 Kiev, Ukraine
    Carcinogenesis 30:1821-31. 2009
    ..Based on the available findings, new strategies have been developed for predicting and treatment of Chernobyl cystitis-a first step in urinary bladder carcinogenesis in humans...
  39. ncbi Evidence of the radioactive fallout in the center of Asia (Russia) following the Fukushima Nuclear Accident
    A Bolsunovsky
    Radioecology Laboratory, Institute of Biophysics, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Akademgorodok, 50 50, 660036 Krasnoyarsk, Russian Federation
    J Environ Radioact 102:1062-4. 2011
    ....
  40. ncbi Radioiodine and radiocesium in Thessaloniki, Northern Greece due to the Fukushima nuclear accident
    M Manolopoulou
    Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Atomic and Nuclear Physics Laboratory, Greece
    J Environ Radioact 102:796-7. 2011
    ....
  41. ncbi (137)Cs and (90)Sr uptake by sunflower cultivated under hydroponic conditions
    Petr Soudek
    Department of Plant Tissue Cultures, Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Flemingovo nam 2, CZ 166 10 Prague 6, Czech Republic
    J Environ Radioact 88:236-50. 2006
    ..Accumulation of about 22% of initial activity of (90)Sr was determined in plants grown on the medium with 8 mM calcium ions...
  42. ncbi Laboratory analyses of 137Cs uptake by sunflower, reed and poplar
    Petr Soudek
    Department of Plant Tissue Cultures, Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Flemingovo nam 2, 166 10 Praha 6, Czech Republic
    Chemosphere 55:1081-7. 2004
    ..2%) and in case of ammonium ions for concentration ratio 6 mM NH4Cl : 3 mM NH4NO3 (13.2%). The obtained results make it possible to compare the capability and rate of 137Cs phytoremediation of different plant species...
  43. ncbi Fukushima fallout in Northwest German environmental media
    Daniela Pittauerova
    University of Bremen, Institute of Environmental Physics, Otto Hahn Allee 1, D 28359 Bremen, Germany
    J Environ Radioact 102:877-80. 2011
    ..Expected (136)Cs values fell below the detection limits of the instrumentation, despite large sample masses and long counting times...
  44. ncbi Phytoremediation of radiostrontium ((90)Sr) and radiocesium ((137)Cs) using giant milky weed (Calotropis gigantea R.Br.) plants
    Susan Eapen
    Nuclear Agriculture and Biotechnology Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400085, India
    Chemosphere 65:2071-3. 2006
    ..The present study suggests that C. gigantea could be used as a potential candidate plant for phytoremediation of (90)Sr and (137)Cs...
  45. ncbi Soil-to-grain transfer of fallout 137Cs for 28 winter wheat cultivars as observed in field experiments
    W Schimmack
    GSF National Research Center for Environment and Health, Institute of Radiation Protection, Ingolstadter Landstrasse 1, 85764 Neuherberg, Germany
    Radiat Environ Biophys 42:275-84. 2004
    ....
  46. ncbi Role of the fungal mycelium in the retention of radiocaesium in forest soils
    Mykhaylo M Vinichuk
    Department of General Ecology, University of Agriculture and Ecology, Stary Blvd 7, 10001, Zhytomyr, Ukraine
    J Environ Radioact 78:77-92. 2005
    ..In fruit bodies of mycorrhizal fungi, 68% of the total 137Cs inventory was found to be water soluble at room temperature and 93% at 80 degrees C...
  47. ncbi Trends in the human sex odds at birth in Europe and the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant accident
    Hagen Scherb
    Institute of Biomathematics and Biometry, GSF National Research Centre for Environment and Health, Ingolstaedter Landstrasse 1, D 85764 Neuherberg, Germany
    Reprod Toxicol 23:593-9. 2007
    ..0145 per mSv/a (1.0021-1.0271, p=0.0218). These findings suggest a possible long-term chronic influence of the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant accident on the human sex odds at birth in several European countries...
  48. ncbi Phytoremediation of 137cesium and 90strontium from solutions and low-level nuclear waste by Vetiveria zizanoides
    Shraddha Singh
    Nuclear Agriculture and Biotechnology Division, Mumbai 400085, India
    Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 69:306-11. 2008
    ..The results of the present study indicate that V. zizanoides may be a potential candidate plant for phytoremediation of (90)Sr and (137)Cs...
  49. ncbi The investigation of 137Cs and 90Sr background radiation levels in soil and plant around Tianwan NPP, China
    Ji Gen Lu
    Department of Physics, Nanjing University, Nanjing, Jiangshu 210093, China
    J Environ Radioact 90:89-99. 2006
    ..The soil-to-plant transfer factor (TF) values of (90)Sr and (137)Cs are, respectively, 0.022 and 0.031 for rice, 0.066 and 3.83 for China cabbage, 0.0088 and 0.089 for wheat, and 0.037 and 0.56 for grass...
  50. ncbi Soil-to-plant and soil-to-grain transfer of (137)Cs in field-grown maize hybrids during two contrasting seasons: assessing the phenotypic variability and its genetic component
    Katharina Schneider
    Helmholtz Center Munich, German Research Center for Environmental Health GmbH, Institute for Radiation Protection, Ingolstadter Landstrasse 1, 85764 Neuherberg, Germany
    Radiat Environ Biophys 47:241-52. 2008
    ..The findings are discussed with respect to new approaches towards a better understanding of (137)Cs accumulation and its potential reduction in plants...
  51. ncbi Vertical radionuclide transfer by infiltration water in forest soils in the 30-km Chernobyl accident zone
    A L Kliashtorin
    Radioecology Laboratory, Soil Science Faculty, Moscow State University, Russia
    Sci Total Environ 157:285-8. 1994
    ..The regularity of radionuclide migration within the flow has been found to be dependent on the contamination density, the type of radionuclide, and the type of ecosystem and depth...
  52. ncbi Chernobyl accident: retrospective and prospective estimates of external dose of the population of Ukraine
    Ilya A Likhtarev
    Radiation Protection Institute, Ukrainian Academy of Technological Sciences, Kyiv
    Health Phys 82:290-303. 2002
    ..A critical group of 22,500 persons who received individual doses of >20 mSv is identified for consideration of increased social and medical attention...
  53. ncbi Rice uptake and distributions of radioactive 137Cs, stable 133Cs and K from soil
    H Tsukada
    Department of Radioecology, Institute for Environmental Sciences, Kamikita gun, Aomori, Japan
    Environ Pollut 117:403-9. 2002
    ..Findings suggest that the transfer and distribution of 133Cs, not of K, provide better information on the long-term fate of 137Cs in an agricultural environment...
  54. ncbi Bioaccumulation of cesium-137 by biota in different aquatic environments
    S Topcuoglu
    Cekmece Nuclear Research and Training Center, Radiobiology Department, Ataturk Airport, Istanbul, Turkey
    Chemosphere 44:691-5. 2001
    ..At the same time, the bioaccumulation rate in macroalgae species also showed slight increase at low salinity. On the other hand, the bioaccumulation rate of 137Cs in the fish species in sea water was higher than in brackish water...
  55. ncbi Use of 129I and 137Cs in soils for the estimation of 131I deposition in Belarus as a result of the Chernobyl accident
    V Mironov
    Institute of Radiobiology, National Academy of Sciences of Belarus, Minsk
    J Environ Radioact 59:293-307. 2002
    ..For sites having 137Cs > 300 Bq/kg, 129I can potentially give more reliable retroactive estimates of Chernobyl 131I deposition. However, our results suggest that 137Cs can also give reasonably good (+/-50%) estimates for 131I in Belarus...
  56. ncbi Transfer and behaviour of 137Cs in two Finnish lakes and their catchments
    Ritva Saxén
    STUK Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority, PO Box 14, FIN 00881 Helsinki, Finland
    Sci Total Environ 394:349-60. 2008
    ..Perch and pike were more efficient accumulators of caesium than the best indicators among the aquatic plants. In the terrestrial environment, caesium was most effectively accumulated by mushrooms...
  57. ncbi [The agroecosystems flora status in restricted zone 20 years after the Chernobyl NPP accident]
    L M Sapegin
    Radiats Biol Radioecol 48:67-75. 2008
    ..The limiting factor on using of meadow agroecosystems herbages is their high level of contamination by 90Sr. The herbage can be used only for obtaining of milk-raw material for processing...
  58. ncbi Evaluation of 137Cs fallout from the Chernobyl accident in a forest soil and its impact on Alpine Lake sediments, Mercantour Massif, S.E. France
    S Rezzoug
    Laboratoire de Radiochimie, Sciences Analytiques et Environnement, University of Nice Sophia Antipolis, 28, avenue Valrose, 06108 Nice Cedex 02, France
    J Environ Radioact 85:369-79. 2006
    ..Thus the 137Cs external exposure impact was evaluated at 2 mSvy(-1) for 2002 in the most contaminated point...
  59. ncbi Gamma-dose rates from terrestrial and Chernobyl radionuclides inside and outside settlements in the Bryansk Region, Russia in 1996-2003
    Valery Ramzaev
    Institute of Radiation Hygiene, Mira Street, 8, 197101 St Petersburg, Russia
    J Environ Radioact 85:205-27. 2006
    ..39-1.34 mSvy(-1) in 2001. The average external effective doses from natural radionuclides appeared to be lower than those from the Chernobyl fallout ranging from 0.15 to 0.27 mSvy(-1)...
  60. ncbi MUD: a Model to investigate the migration of 137Cs in the Urban environment and Drainage and sewage treatment systems
    Eduardo Gallego
    Universidad Politecnica de Madrid, E T S Ing Industriales, Nuclear Engineering Department, José Gutiérrez Abascal, 2, E 28006 Madrid, Spain
    J Environ Radioact 85:247-64. 2006
    ..Moreover, the model uncertainty is driven by a few parameters; therefore, additional research could be necessary into these parameters, aiming at simplifying the model without losing its predictive power...
  61. ncbi Long-term stability of decontamination effect in recreational areas near the town Novozybkov, Bryansk Region, Russia
    V Ramzaev
    St Petersburg Institute of Radiation Hygiene, Mira Street 8, 197101 St Petersburg, Russia
    J Environ Radioact 85:280-98. 2006
    ..There are two main reasons for the sustainment of the effects: careful implementation of adequate clean-up procedures and natural strong fixation of radiocaesium in soil-associated matrices of the ecosystems...
  62. ncbi A general approach to transform a lake model for one radionuclide (radiocesium) to another (radiostrontium) and critical model tests using data for four Ural lakes contaminated by the fallout from the Kyshtym accident in 1957
    Lars Håkanson
    Uppsala University, Sweden
    J Environ Radioact 60:319-50. 2002
    ....
  63. ncbi Artificial radionuclides in sediments of the Don River Estuary and Azov Sea
    Genady G Matishov
    Murmansk Marine Biological Institute, Russia
    J Environ Radioact 59:309-27. 2002
    ....
  64. ncbi Soil redistribution model for undisturbed and cultivated sites based on Chernobyl-derived cesium-137 fallout
    Markus Hrachowitz
    Univ of Natural Resources and Applied Life Science BOKU, Dep für Wald und Bodenwissenschaften, Institut für Bodenforschung, Peter Jordanstrasse 92, 1190 Vienna, Austria
    J Environ Qual 34:1302-10. 2005
    ..Additionally, the model allows to quantify soil redistribution in good correspondence with already existing models...
  65. ncbi Transfer of 137Cs and stable Cs from paddy soil to polished rice in Aomori, Japan
    Hirofumi Tsukad
    Department of Radioecology, Institute for Environmental Sciences, Kamikita gun, Aomori, Japan
    J Environ Radioact 59:351-63. 2002
    ..However, the transfer factors of 137Cs and stable Cs were independent of the amount of organic materials in soils...
  66. ncbi Estimation of doses received in a dry-contaminated residential area in the Bryansk region, Russia, since the Chernobyl accident
    K G Andersson
    Risø National Laboratory, Nuclear Safety Department, P O Box 49, DK 4000 Roskilde, Denmark
    J Environ Radioact 85:228-40. 2006
    ..g., from contaminated roofs and inhalation of contaminants during the passage of the contaminated plume, were of the same order of magnitude...
  67. ncbi Reduction of external dose in a wet-contaminated housing area in the Bryansk Region, Russia
    J Roed
    Riso National Laboratory, Nuclear Safety Department, P O Box 49, DK 4000 Roskilde, Denmark
    J Environ Radioact 85:265-79. 2006
    ..The replacement of a roof was found to reduce the dose rate considerably inside the house. A cost analysis of the operation is presented...
  68. ncbi [The estimation of 90Sr and 137Cs excretion parameters from the organism of wild and laboratory small mammals in vivo, after natural contamination of them in the Chernobyl zone]
    Iu A Makliuk
    Radiats Biol Radioecol 47:530-42. 2007
    ..7%), whereas 90Sr one--with feces and urine in approximately equal amounts. Due to the birth of babies and consequent feeding female lose appreciably less amount of radionuclides body burden than at daily loss with urine and feces...
  69. ncbi 137Cs in French soils: deposition patterns and 15-year evolution
    Sylvie Roussel-Debel
    Institute for Radioprotection and Nuclear Safety, France
    Sci Total Environ 374:388-98. 2007
    ..Although the differences between sites tend to diminish with time, surface specific activity in agricultural and meadow soil varies on average from a few Bq to several tens of Bq per kg of dry matter...
  70. ncbi Intra-cultivar variability of the soil-to-grain transfer of fallout 137Cs and 90Sr for winter wheat
    W Schimmack
    GSF National Research Center for Environment and Health, Institute of Radiation Protection, Ingolstadter Landstrasse 1, D 85764 Neuherberg, Germany
    J Environ Radioact 94:16-30. 2007
    ..To find wheat cultivars with minimal uptake of fallout radionuclides it may be better to examine the molecular mechanisms of their root uptake in order to identify targets for breeding "safer" plants...
  71. ncbi Radiostrontium hot spot in the Russian Arctic: ground surface contamination by (90)Sr at the "Kraton-3" underground nuclear explosion site
    Valery Ramzaev
    St Petersburg Institute of Radiation Hygiene, Mira Street 8, 197101 St Petersburg, Russian Federation
    J Environ Radioact 95:107-25. 2007
    ..This phenomenon seems to be a reason for the significant enrichment of the soil surface layers by radiostrontium at some sites, with variations occurring in accordance with small-scale irregularities of landscape...
  72. ncbi Measurement of 129 I and 137 Cs in soils from Belarus and reconstruction of 131I deposition from the Chernobyl accident
    T Straume
    University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84108, USA
    Health Phys 91:7-19. 2006
    ..It was also noted that total iodine concentrations in topsoil from Belarus are low compared with other regions of the world where radiogenic thyroid cancer has been studied...
  73. ncbi Assessment of state-of-the-art models for predicting the remobilisation of radionuclides following the flooding of heavily contaminated areas: the case of Pripyat River floodplain
    Luigi Monte
    ENEA CR Casaccia, via P Anguillarese, 301 cp 2400, 00100 Rome, Italy
    J Environ Radioact 88:267-88. 2006
    ..The necessary model improvements for a more accurate prediction of radiocaesium contamination levels include a reassessment of the values of the model parameters controlling the remobilisation process...
  74. ncbi A comparison of 90Sr and 137Cs uptake in plants via three pathways at two Chernobyl-contaminated sites
    M A Malek
    Savannah River Ecology Laboratory, University of Georgia, Aiken, SC 29802, USA
    J Environ Radioact 58:129-41. 2002
    ..3 mSv from 137Cs), while at Polesskoye the dose from 137Cs (66 mSv) was 30 times greater than from 90Sr (2 mSv)...
  75. ncbi Activity ratios of 137Cs, 90Sr and 239+240Pu in environmental samples
    P Bossew
    European Commission DG Joint Research Centre, Institute for Environment and Sustainability IES, I 21020 Ispra VA, Italy
    J Environ Radioact 97:5-19. 2007
    ..Results are given for Sr:Cs, Sr:Pu and Cs:Pu ratios. Comparison with fallout data shows a strong depletion of Sr against Cs and Pu...
  76. ncbi [The transfer of 90Sr and of 137Cs radionuclides in the chain of soil-fodder-animal products in the area contaminated as a consequence of the Chernobyl AES accident]
    E V Spirin
    Radiats Biol Radioecol 46:77-81. 2006
    ..83% and 0.16%. 137Cs transfer factor into beef (adult animals) is about to 2.4% from the daily uptake with fodder per 1 kg meat...
  77. ncbi 137Cs soil-to-plant transfer for individual species in a semi-natural grassland. Influence of potassium soil content
    Liliana Ciuffo
    Universidad Nacional de San Luis, Instituto de Matemática Aplicada San Luis IMASL, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Tecnicas, Argentina
    J Radiat Res 44:277-83. 2003
    ..For most of the species analyzed, we observed a gradual decrease in the individual (137)Cs TF(sp) when the (40)K soil activity concentration was increased, with the exception of Taraxacum officinale at one of the sampling sites...
  78. ncbi An extended critical review of twenty years of countermeasures used in agriculture after the Chernobyl accident
    Sergey V Fesenko
    International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, Austria
    Sci Total Environ 383:1-24. 2007
    ..Current and future needs for remediation, including a consideration of various strategies of rehabilitation of affected areas are presented...
  79. ncbi [Radiological estimation of the protective measures used in agricultural complex of Belarus Republic in 2000-2005 (20 years after the accident on the Chernobyl NPP)]
    A G Podoliak
    Radiats Biol Radioecol 47:356-70. 2007
    ....
  80. ncbi Radioisotope contaminations from releases of the Tomsk-Seversk nuclear facility (Siberia, Russia)
    F Gauthier-Lafaye
    Centre de Geochimie de la Surface, EOST, CNRS ULP, 1 rue Blessig, 67083 Strasbourg, France
    J Environ Radioact 99:680-93. 2008
    ..It is estimated that the proportion of plutonium from SCC source can reach 45% for 239Pu and 60% for 241Pu in the sediments...
  81. ncbi Soil-fungi transfer coefficients: Importance of the location of mycelium in soil and of the differential availability of radionuclides in soil fractions
    A Baeza
    Department of Physics, Faculty of Veterinary, University of Extremadura, Avda Universidad s n, Caceres 10071, Spain
    J Environ Radioact 81:89-106. 2005
    ..With these modifications, we were able to analyze Cs-K competition in several species of mycorrhizal and saprophytic fungi...
  82. ncbi 137Cs concentration in meat of wild boars (Sus scrofa) in Croatia a decade and half after the Chernobyl accident
    M Vilic
    Department of Physiology and Radiobiology, The Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Zagreb, Heinzelova 55, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
    J Environ Radioact 81:55-62. 2005
    ....
  83. ncbi A new method to account for the depth distribution of 137Cs in soils in the calculation of external radiation dose-rate
    D N Timms
    SEES, Burnaby Building, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth PO1 3QL, UK
    J Environ Radioact 72:323-34. 2004
    ....
  84. ncbi Global analysis of the riverine transport of 90Sr and 37Cs
    Jim T Smith
    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Winfrith Technology Centre, Dorchester, Dorset, DT2 8ZD, UK
    Environ Sci Technol 38:850-7. 2004
    ..This can be used to predict the long-term riverine transport of these radiologically important radionuclides following any large-scale nuclear incident in North America, Europe, or (European and Asian) Russia...
  85. ncbi Cesium-137 concentrations in marine macroalgae from different biotopes in the Aegean Sea (Greece)
    Thomas Sawidis
    Department of Botany, Faculty of Biology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, P O Box 109, GR 54006 Thessaloniki, Greece
    Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 54:249-54. 2003
    ..Levels decrease to the south and east, but increase again to the west of Crete where the Black Sea water mass can be periodically traced...
  86. ncbi Monte-Carlo prediction of changes in areas of west Cumbria requiring restrictions on sheep following the Chernobyl accident
    S M Wright
    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology Merlewood, Windermere Road, Grange Over Sands, Cumbria, LA11 6JU, United Kingdom
    Radiat Environ Biophys 42:41-7. 2003
    ..This work represents a novel implementation of a spatial radioecological model using a Monte-Carlo approach...
  87. ncbi Laboratory experiments to predict changes in radiocaesium root uptake after flooding events
    Marta Camps
    Departament de Quimica Analitica, Universitat de Barcelona UB, Av Diagonal 647, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
    J Environ Radioact 67:247-59. 2003
    ..Therefore, the changes in the root uptake would depend on the resulting situation from changes in RIP, K+ and NH(4)(+) values in the soil solution...
  88. ncbi Evaluation of radioactive exposure from 137Cs in contaminated areas of Northern Ukraine
    J Handl
    Zentrum für Strahlenschutz und Radioökologie, Universitat Hannover, Herrenhaeuser Str 2, D 30419 Hannover, Germany
    Health Phys 84:502-17. 2003
    ..2 mSv y(-1) with a geometric standard deviation of 2.6. Excluding extreme habits, the geometric mean of the total exposure was 1.0 mSv y(-1) with a geometric standard deviation of 1.3...
  89. ncbi [Meteorological data and risk assessment in France after the Chernobyl accident (26 April 1986). Historical update]
    Pierre Galle
    Laboratoire de physique et chimie de l Ecole nationale vétérinaire d Alfort, 7, Av du général De Gaulle, 94704 Maisons Alfort, France
    C R Biol 326:699-715. 2003
    ....
  90. ncbi Reduction of crop contamination by soil resuspension within the 30-km zone of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant
    Teresa Sauras-Yera
    Departament Biologia Vegetal, Universitat de Barcelona, Diagonal 645, E 08028 Barcelona, Spain
    Environ Sci Technol 37:4592-6. 2003
    ..Results obtained in these experiments suggest that soil resuspension was a significant mechanism for plant contamination and that mulching was effective in reducing that contamination...
  91. ncbi Depth profiling of Pu, 241Am and 137Cs in soils from southern Belarus measured by ICP-MS and alpha and gamma spectrometry
    Sergei F Boulyga
    Institute of Inorganic and Analytical Chemistry, University of Mainz, Duesbergweg 10 14, 55099 Mainz, Germany
    J Environ Monit 5:661-6. 2003
    ....
  92. ncbi Assessment of the suitability of soil amendments to reduce 137Cs and 90Sr root uptake in meadows
    Marta Camps
    Departament de Quimica Analitica, Universitat de Barcelona, Av Diagonal 647, 3a Planta, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
    Environ Sci Technol 37:2820-8. 2003
    ..This methodology was first proposed for the correct selection of the suitable materials to be used to decrease radionuclide root uptake in future remediation actions and then validated with data of the previous field experiments...
  93. ncbi Iodine-129 and caesium-137 in Chernobyl contaminated soil and their chemical fractionation
    X L Hou
    Risø National Laboratory, NUK 202, DK 4000 Roskilde, Denmark
    Sci Total Environ 308:97-109. 2003
    ..Approximately 70% of (129)I is bound to oxides and organic matter, and 10-20% is in the readily available phase, while most of the 137Cs (73%) in Chernobyl soil remains in the extraction residue...
  94. ncbi Retrospective evaluation of 131I deposition density and thyroid dose in Poland after the Chernobyl accident
    Zofia Pietrzak-Flis
    Central Laboratory for Radiological Protection, Department of Radiation Hygiene, Ul Kowaliowa 7, 03 194 Warsaw, Poland
    Health Phys 84:698-708. 2003
    ..The highest thyroid doses from inhalation and ingestion without countermeasures were 178 mSv, 120 mSv, and 45 mSv for 5-y-old children, 10-y-old children, and adults, respectively. The countermeasures reduced these doses by about 30%...
  95. ncbi Mapping of 137Cs deposition over eastern France 16 years after the Chernobyl accident
    Philippe Renaud
    Institut de Radioprotection et de Sûreté Nucléaire Health Physics and Nuclear Safety Institute, CE Cadarache, Bat 153, 13108 Saint Paul lez Durance Cedex, France
    Sci Total Environ 309:257-64. 2003
    ..Hence, only the relationship between 137Cs deposition and the rainfall of the first week of May 1986 can be used to construct a map depicting the Chernobyl fallout over eastern France...
  96. ncbi Formation of radioactivity enriched soils in mountain areas
    Laurent Pourcelot
    Institut de Radioprotection et de Surete Nucleaire IRSN, CEA Cadarache Bat 153, 13108, St Paul Lez Durance, France
    J Environ Radioact 68:215-33. 2003
    ..The transfer of beryllium occurs rapidly to the grass and litter, where the strongest pollutant accumulations were measured. However, (7)Be transport to the soil required more than 8 months...
  97. ncbi Long-term flux of Chernobyl-derived 137Cs from soil to French rivers: a study on sediment and biological indicators
    F Vray
    Nuclear Safety and Radioprotection Institute IRSN Continental and Mediterranean Radioecological Research Laboratory, Bat 153, BP 3, 13115 Saint Paul lez Durance Cedex, France
    J Environ Radioact 68:93-114. 2003
    ..Comparing our results with similar ones published by other authors, it appeared possible that this kinetic varies with the time period over which the study is conducted, the longer the period the lower is the kinetic...
  98. ncbi Accumulation of 137Cs by fungal mycelium in forest ecosystems of Ukraine
    Mykhaylo M Vinichuk
    Department of General Ecology, State Academy of Agriculture and Ecology of Ukraine, 10001 Zhitomir, Ukraine
    J Environ Radioact 64:27-43. 2003
    ..1 to 66 and a mean of 9.9. The percentage of the total inventory of 137Cs in the soil found in the fungal mycelium ranged from 0.1 to 50%, with a mean value of 15%...
  99. ncbi [Radiation effects of the Chernobyl accident on the Hungarian population]
    Bela Kanyár
    Veszprémi Egyetem, Mérnöki Kar, Radiokémia Tanszék, Veszprem
    Orv Hetil 143:1007-12. 2002
    ..10 mSv and the external radiation provided 0.19 mSv. The contributions of the external exposure from the contaminated air and inhalation are less than 5% of the total one...
  100. ncbi Influence of radionuclides distributed in the whole body on the thyroid dose estimates obtained from direct thyroid measurements made in Belarus after the Chernobyl accident
    A Ulanovsky
    GSF National Research Centre, Institute for Radiation Protection, D 85764 Neuherberg, Germany
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 112:405-18. 2004
    ..Using this information when processing the thyroid measurements made in May 1986 would improve the accuracy of the thyroid dose estimates, and may make it possible to use a larger proportion of the thyroid measurements made in June 1986...
  101. ncbi Current contamination by 137Cs and 90Sr of the inhabited part of the Techa river basin in the Urals
    V N Shutov
    Research Institute of Radiation Hygiene, St Petersburg, Russia
    J Environ Radioact 61:91-109. 2002
    ....

Research Grants14

  1. INDUCTION OF GENOMIC INSTABILITY IN HUMAN LYMPHOBLASTS
    Helen Evans; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Knowledge of the target for the induction of instability and the nature of that instability is important for the development of better predictive models of risk and appropriate radiation protection measures. ..
  2. Gene silencing in mammalian cells induced by environmental exposure
    MITCHELL TURKER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  3. Autosomal Mutagenesis and Polycystic Kidney Disease
    MITCHELL TURKER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  4. Prostate Edema in Permanent Interstitial Brachytherapy
    Zhe Chen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The primary objective of this project is to develop a new method to consider the effects of edema in radiation dosimetry and treatment planning so that the efficacy of this therapy can be optimized for each patient. ..
  5. Gene Silencing in Cancer--A Model System
    MITCHELL TURKER; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The demonstration of each step of a multistep silencing pathway, which is currently undefined, will provide novel insight into this aberrant process in malignant cells. ..
  6. SPECTRUM OF MUTATION INDUCED BY IONIZING RADIATION
    MITCHELL TURKER; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  7. Automation of the vitro Micronucleus Assay
    Stephen Dertinger; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  8. In vivo mutation assay based on pig-a locus
    Stephen Dertinger; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  9. Measuring Cytogenetic Damage in Human Blood
    Stephen Dertinger; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  10. Versatile Mutation Assay Platform
    Stephen Dertinger; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  11. High Throughput Radiation Biodosimetry
    Stephen Dertinger; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..We propose to develop such a radiation biodosimetry assay based on the extremely high analysis rates that are possible with flow cytometry instrumentation. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  12. Rapid Screen for Genotoxicants, Chemoprotectors, and Radioprotectors
    Stephen Dertinger; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..In addition, this assay can be used to investigate agents designed to ameliorate the effects of radiation exposure, e.g. biological response modifiers. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  13. Redox Control of Radiation Response
    John Biaglow; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Ultimately, we hope to develop specific strategies for modifying thiol redox homeostasis in vivo, to make human tumors more sensitive to ionizing radiation. ..