- Scaling of connectivity in marine populations
R K Cowen
Marine Biology and Fisheries, Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, University of Miami, 4600 Rickenbacker Causeway, Miami, FL 33149, USA
Science 311:522-7. 2006
..The results reveal distinct regions of population isolation based on larval dispersal that also correspond to genetic and morphological clines observed across a range of marine organisms...
- Fragmentation and flow regulation of the world's large river systems
Landscape Ecology Group, Department of Ecology and Environmental Science, Umea University, SE 901 87 Umea, Sweden
Science 308:405-8. 2005
..In view of projected changes in climate and water resource use, these findings can be used to identify ecological risks associated with further impacts on large river systems...
- Grain size distribution of road-deposited sediment and its contribution to heavy metal pollution in urban runoff in Beijing, China
State Key Laboratory of Urban and Regional Ecology, Research Center for Eco Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shuangqing Road 18, Beijing 100085, China
J Hazard Mater 183:203-10. 2010
..The heavy metal content in the TSS was 2.21-6.52% of that in the RDS. These findings will facilitate our understanding of the importance of RDS grain size distribution in heavy metal pollution caused by urban storm runoff...
- Ontogenetic development of migration: Lagrangian drift trajectories suggest a new paradigm for sea turtles
Graeme C Hays
Institute of Environmental Sustainability, Swansea University, Singleton Park, Swansea SA2 8PP, UK
J R Soc Interface 7:1319-27. 2010
..This environmental forcing may allow the rapid evolution of new migration destinations if ocean currents alter with climate change...
- Modeling water exchange and contaminant transport through a Baltic coastal region
Department of Systems Ecology, Stockholm University, Sweden
Ambio 35:435-47. 2006
..It is shown that backward in time trajectories and AvA-times are basically equipollent methods, yielding correlated results within the limits set by the diffusivity...
- Constrained circulation at Endeavour ridge facilitates colonization by vent larvae
Richard E Thomson
Institute of Ocean Sciences, 9860 West Saanich Road, Sidney, British Columbia, V8L 4B2, Canada
Nature 424:545-9. 2003
..Larvae are then exported preferentially down-ridge during regional flow events that intermittently over-ride the currents within the valley...
- Ocean circulation and climate during the past 120,000 years
Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, PO Box 601203, 14412 Potsdam, Germany
Nature 419:207-14. 2002
- Flow patterns generated by oblate medusan jellyfish: field measurements and laboratory analyses
John O Dabiri
Bioengineering and Graduate Aeronautical Laboratories, California Institute of Technology, Mail Code 301 46, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
J Exp Biol 208:1257-65. 2005
..These effects are shown to be advantageous for feeding and swimming performance, and are an important consequence of vortex interactions that have been previously neglected...
- A review of factors affecting the release and bioavailability of contaminants during sediment disturbance events
Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science Cefas, Remembrance Avenue, Burnham on Crouch, Essex CM0 8HA, UK
Environ Int 30:973-80. 2004
- Arsenic pollution of groundwater in Vietnam exacerbated by deep aquifer exploitation for more than a century
Lenny H E Winkel
Eawag, Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, Ueberlandstrasse 133, 8600 Dubendorf, Switzerland
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:1246-51. 2011
..The present situation in the Red River Delta is a warning for other As-affected regions where groundwater is extensively pumped from uncontaminated aquifers underlying high arsenic aquifers or zones...
- Persistent leatherback turtle migrations present opportunities for conservation
George L Shillinger
Hopkins Marine Station, Stanford University, Pacific Grove, California, USA
PLoS Biol 6:e171. 2008
..We identify high seas locations for focusing future conservation efforts within the leatherback dispersal zone in the South Pacific Gyre...
- Upwelling-driven nearshore hypoxia signals ecosystem and oceanographic changes in the northeast Pacific
Brian A Grantham
Washington State Department of Ecology, Coastal and Estuarine Assessment Unit, Olympia, Washington 98504, USA
Nature 429:749-54. 2004
..Our findings highlight the sensitivity of inner-shelf ecosystems to variation in ocean conditions, and the potential impacts of climate change on marine communities...
- Watershed discharge modulates relationships between landscape components and nutrient ratios in stream seston
Paul C Frost
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana 46556, USA
Ecology 90:1631-40. 2009
..At times of high discharge, there are strong connections to catchment sources while in-stream processes appear to predominate at time of low discharge...
- Salt marsh as a coastal filter for the oceans: changes in function with experimental increases in nitrogen loading and sea-level rise
Joanna L Nelson
Environmental Studies Department, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, California, United States of America
PLoS ONE 7:e38558. 2012
..However, if the marsh is drowned by rising seas, as in our most extreme sea-level rise treatment, marsh plants will no longer provide the ecosystem service of buffering the coastal ocean from eutrophication...
- Loss and recovery potential of marine habitats: an experimental study of factors maintaining resilience in subtidal algal forests at the Adriatic sea
Dipartimento di Biologia Evoluzionistica Sperimentale and Centro Interdipartimentale di Ricerca per le Scienze Ambientali, University of Bologna, Ravenna, Italy
PLoS ONE 5:e10791. 2010
..We tested hypotheses regarding triggers for decline and recovery potential in subtidal forests of canopy-forming algae of the genus Cystoseira...
- Optimal swim speeds for traversing velocity barriers: an analysis of volitional high-speed swimming behavior of migratory fishes
S O Conte Anadromous Fish Research Center, USGS Leetown Science Center, PO Box 796, One Migratory Way, Turners Falls, MA 01376, USA
J Exp Biol 208:421-32. 2005
..Because of this, these species failed to maximize distance of ascent. The observed behavioral variability has important implications both for distributional limits and fishway design...
- Rapid behavioral responses of an invertebrate larva to dissolved settlement cue
Michael G Hadfield
Kewalo Marine Laboratory, University of Hawaii, 41 Ahui St, Honolulu, Hawaii 96813, USA
Biol Bull 207:28-43. 2004
..1 cm s(-1). The ability of larvae to rapidly respond (by sinking) to brief encounters with dissolved settlement cues can enhance their rapid transport to the substratum, even in wave-driven turbulent flow...
- Global pattern of trends in streamflow and water availability in a changing climate
P C D Milly
US Geological Survey, Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory NOAA, PO Box 308, Princeton, New Jersey 08542, USA
Nature 438:347-50. 2005
..Such changes in sustainable water availability would have considerable regional-scale consequences for economies as well as ecosystems...
- Strong genetic clines and geographical variation in gene flow in the rocky intertidal barnacle Balanus glandula
Erik E Sotka
Stanford University, Department of Biological Sciences, Hopkins Marine Station, Pacific Grove, CA 93950, USA
Mol Ecol 13:2143-56. 2004
- Effects of weather and river flow on cryptosporidiosis
Iain R Lake
School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK
J Water Health 3:469-74. 2005
..This study therefore indicates the importance of an animal to human transmission pathway for all cases of cryptosporidiosis...
- A review of the possible impacts of long-term oceanic and climate changes and fishing mortality on recruitment of anguillid eels of the Northern Hemisphere
University of Westminster, 115 New Cavendish Street, W1M 8JS, London, UK
Sci Total Environ 310:237-44. 2003
..Predictions for the future are made and multidisciplinary and integrated monitoring and research are recommended for managing eel stocks and fisheries...
- Seascape genetics: a coupled oceanographic-genetic model predicts population structure of Caribbean corals
Heather M Galindo
Department of Biological Sciences, Stanford University, Pacific Grove, CA 93950, USA
Curr Biol 16:1622-6. 2006
..This new approach provides both a valuable tool for predicting genetic structure in marine populations and a means of explicitly testing these predictions with empirical data...
- Increases in deep ocean ambient noise in the Northeast Pacific west of San Nicolas Island, California
Mark A McDonald
WhaleAcoustics, 11430 Rist Canyon Road, Bellvue, Colorado 80512, USA
J Acoust Soc Am 120:711-8. 2006
..Increases in commercial shipping are believed to account for the observed low-frequency ambient noise increase...
- Endangered species: where leatherback turtles meet fisheries
Centre d Ecologie et Physiologie Energetiques, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, CEPE CNRS UPR 9010, 67087 Strasbourg, France
Nature 429:521-2. 2004
..But we are able to identify a few 'hot spots' where leatherbacks meet fisheries and where conservation efforts should be focused...
- Biophysical controls on community succession in stream biofilms
Department of Freshwater Ecology, University of Vienna, Althanstr 14, Vienna, Austria
Appl Environ Microbiol 73:4966-74. 2007
..Our results thus suggest a shift from a predominantly physical control to coupled biophysical controls on bacterial community succession in stream biofilms...
- Review of highway runoff characteristics: comparative analysis and universal implications
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of California, Davis One Shields Avenue, Ghausi Hall, Davis, CA 95616, USA
Water Res 46:6609-24. 2012
- Characteristics of washed-off pollutants and dynamic EMCs in parking lots and bridges during a storm
Lee Hyung Kim
Department of Civil and Environ Engr, Disaster Prevention Research Center, Kongju National University, Kongju, Chungnamdo, 314 701, South Korea
Sci Total Environ 376:178-84. 2007
..The first flush criteria, a new concept explaining the relationship between EMC and the first flush effect, is also suggested using dynamic EMCs...
- Comparing ecosystem engineering efficiency of two plant species with contrasting growth strategies
T J Bouma
Netherlands Institute of Ecology, P O Box 140, 4400 AC Yerseke, The Netherlands
Ecology 91:2696-704. 2010
..Analyzing ecosystem engineering by quantifying trade-offs offers a useful way toward developing a better understanding of different engineering strategies...
- Resistance, resilience and recovery: aquatic bacterial dynamics after water column disturbance
Microbiology Doctoral Training Program, Microbial Sciences Building, 1550 Linden Drive, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, WI 53706, USA
Environ Microbiol 13:2752-67. 2011
..These results imply that aquatic bacterial assemblages are generally stable in the face of disturbance...
- Near-surface wetland sediments as a source of arsenic release to ground water in Asia
Matthew L Polizzotto
School of Earth Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA
Nature 454:505-8. 2008
- Heavy metal contents of road-deposited sediment along the urban-rural gradient around Beijing and its potential contribution to runoff pollution
State Key Laboratory of Urban and Regional Ecology, Research Center for Eco Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shuangqing Road 18, Beijing 100085, China
Environ Sci Technol 45:7120-7. 2011
- Salt marsh ecosystem biogeochemical responses to nutrient enrichment: a paired 15N tracer study
D C Drake
The Ecosystems Center Marine Biological Laboratory, 7 MBL Street, Woods Hole, Massachusetts 02543, USA
Ecology 90:2535-46. 2009
..ha(-1).d(-1)). Nitrogen processing efficiency decreased with NO3- load in all pools, suggesting that the nutrient processing capacity of the marsh ecosystem was exceeded in the fertilized marsh...
- Plankton distribution and ocean dispersal
Margaret Anne McManus
Department of Oceanography, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA
J Exp Biol 215:1008-16. 2012
..The research reviewed here provides a mechanistic understanding of how organism behavior in response to the physical environment produces planktonic aggregations, which has a direct impact on the way marine ecosystems function...
- Removal of barometric pressure effects and earth tides from observed water levels
Nathanial J Toll
Sandia National Laboratories, Carlsbad, NM 88220, USA
Ground Water 45:101-5. 2007
..The program is demonstrated for two data sets collected at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, Carlsbad, New Mexico. The program is available free by request at http://www.hydrology.uga.edu/tools.html...
- Coastal changes at the Sulina mouth of the Danube River as a result of human activities
National Institute of Marine Geology and Geoecology GeoEcoMar, Street Dimitrie Onciul 23 25, sector 2, 70318, Bucharest, Romania
Mar Pollut Bull 55:555-63. 2007
..Thus, the bay located here suffers from a rapid transformation into a lagoon...
- Estimating hydraulic properties using a moving-model approach and multiple aquifer tests
Keith J Halford
U S Geological Survey, 333 West Nye Lane, Room 203, Carson City, NV 89706, USA
Ground Water 44:284-91. 2006
..Hydraulic property estimates for all of the aquifers and confining units were consistent and reasonable because results from multiple aquifers and pumping events were analyzed simultaneously...
- Oceanic biology: spawning of eels near a seamount
Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo, Nakano, Tokyo 164 8639, Japan
Nature 439:929. 2006
- Using recovery data to extend the effective duration of pumping tests
Christopher J Neville
Papadopulos and Associates, Inc, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
Ground Water 50:804-7. 2012
..The method can greatly increase the value of pumping tests by extending the effective duration of the tests for as long as significant residual drawdowns are observed...
- Interactive marine spatial planning: siting tidal energy arrays around the Mull of Kintyre
Karen A Alexander
Scottish Association for Marine Science, Scottish Marine Institute, Oban, Argyll, United Kingdom
PLoS ONE 7:e30031. 2012
..The workshops developed a degree of consensus between conflicting users on the best areas for potential development suggesting that this approach should be adopted during MSP...
- Particles and associated metals in road runoff during snowmelt and rainfall
Division of Sanitary Engineering, Lulea University of Technology, S 971 87 Lulea, Sweden
Sci Total Environ 362:143-56. 2006
..During the rain period, the correlations between total metal concentrations and the different particle sizes were not as significant...
- The ecological value of constructed wetlands for treating urban runoff
Environmental Science and Engineering Program, School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
Water Sci Technol 55:63-9. 2007
..Since the primary Sweetwater Authority goal is to maintain good water quality for drinking, any secondary utilization of URDS habitat by species (endangered or otherwise) is deemed an added benefit...
- The influence of extensive vegetated roofs on runoff water quality
Justyna Czemiel Berndtsson
University of Lund, Department of Water Resources Engineering, Box 118, S 221 00 Lund, Sweden
Sci Total Environ 355:48-63. 2006
..The maintenance of the vegetation systems on the roofs has to be carefully designed in order to avoid storm-water contamination; for instance, the use of easily dissolvable fertilizers should be avoided...
- Modeling of leachate generation from MSW landfills by a 2-dimensional 2-domain approach
Vienna University of Technology, Institute for Water Quality, Resources and Waste Management, Karlsplatz 13 226, A 1040 Vienna, Austria
Waste Manag 30:2084-95. 2010
..1m/d) and high retention capacity. The most sensitive parameters of the model are the hydraulic conductivities of the channel domain and the matrix domain, and the anisotropy of the matrix domain...
- Comparison of total mercury and methylmercury cycling at five sites using the small watershed approach
James B Shanley
US Geological Survey, PO Box 628, Montpelier, VT 05601, USA
Environ Pollut 154:143-54. 2008
..Quantification and interpretation of Hg dynamics was facilitated by the small watershed approach with emphasis on event sampling...
- A long-term view of nutrient transfers through the Seine river continuum
UMR Sisyphe, CNRS Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France
Sci Total Environ 375:80-97. 2007
..This represents an unprecedented situation for the marine coastal system, i.e. a shift from nitrogen to phosphorus limitation, as nitrogen is still delivered far in excess of the amount of silica available for diatom blooms...
- Combined sewer overflows to surface waters detected by the anthropogenic marker caffeine
Ignaz J Buerge
Plant Protection Chemistry, Swiss Federal Research Station Agroscope, CH 8820 Wadenswil, Switzerland
Environ Sci Technol 40:4096-102. 2006
..but its sensitivity depends on regional conditions and decreases with decreasing elimination efficiency in WWTPs...
- Nearshore larval retention in a region of strong upwelling and recruitment limitation
Steven G Morgan
Bodega Marine Laboratory, University of California, 2099 Westside Drive, Bodega Bay, California 94923 0247, USA
Ecology 90:3489-502. 2009
- Past and future trends in nutrients export by rivers to the coastal waters of China
Hong juan Qu
Environmental Systems Analysis Group, Wageningen University, P O Box 47, 6700, AA Wageningen, The Netherlands
Sci Total Environ 408:2075-86. 2010
..This illustrates how the NEWS models can be useful in regional analyses for decision making...
- Mesoscale eddies drive increased silica export in the subtropical Pacific Ocean
Claudia R Benitez-Nelson
Department of Geological Sciences and Marine Science Program, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
Science 316:1017-21. 2007
..Instead, the system functioned as a selective silica pump. Strong trophic coupling and inefficient organic export may be general characteristics of community perturbation responses in the warm waters of the Pacific Ocean...
- Temporal trends of triclosan contamination in dated sediment cores from four urbanized estuaries: evidence of preservation and accumulation
Mark G Cantwell
US Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, National Health Effects Environmental Research Laboratory, Atlantic Ecology Division, 27 Tarzwell Drive, Narragansett, RI 02882, United States
Chemosphere 78:347-52. 2010
..One location adjacent to a major combined sewer overflow had high sediment concentrations of triclosan, confirming their potential as a source of triclosan to estuaries...
- Swimming obstructed by dead-water
Sander P M Ganzevles
Research Institute MOVE, Faculty of Human Movement Sciences, VU University, Van der Boechorststraat 9, 1081 BT, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Naturwissenschaften 96:449-56. 2009
..Our findings indicate that swimmers' anecdotal evidence on 'water behaving strangely' may have to be taken more seriously than previously thought...
- Undamming rivers: a review of the ecological impacts of dam removal
A T Bednarek
Department of Biology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 19104-6018, USA
Environ Manage 27:803-14. 2001
..Dam removal, although controversial, is an important alternative for river restoration...
- High-latitude controls of thermocline nutrients and low latitude biological productivity
J L Sarmiento
Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences Program, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544, USA
Nature 427:56-60. 2004
..Our analysis has important implications for our understanding of large-scale controls on the nature and magnitude of low-latitude biological productivity and its sensitivity to climate change...
- Modeling of highway stormwater runoff
Lee Hyung Kim
Dept of Civil and Environ Engr, Kongju National University, Kongju si, Chungnam Do, Korea
Sci Total Environ 348:1-18. 2005
..Improved definitions of first flush criteria are also presented...
- Smelling home can prevent dispersal of reef fish larvae
Boston University Marine Program, Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:858-63. 2007
..As a consequence, reef populations can develop genetic differences that might lead to reproductive isolation...
- Evaluation of land use/land cover datasets for urban watershed modeling
S J Burian
Department of Civil Engineering, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville 72701, USA
Water Sci Technol 45:269-76. 2002
..The relative differences did not have a predictable relationship with catchment size...
- Swimming against the flow: a mechanism of zooplankton aggregation
Interuniversity Institute for Marine Sciences and the Hebrew University, Eilat, Israel
Science 308:860-2. 2005
..This mechanism explains how oceanic fronts become major feeding grounds for predators and targets for fishermen...
- Components of the total water balance of an urban catchment
V Grace Mitchell
CSIRO Manufacturing and Infrastructure Technology, PO Box 56, Highett, Victoria 3190, Australia
Environ Manage 32:735-46. 2003
- The influence of urban density and drainage infrastructure on the concentrations and loads of pollutants in small streams
Belinda E Hatt
Cooperative Research Centre for Freshwater Ecology, Water Studies Centre, Monash University, Victoria 3800, Australia
Environ Manage 34:112-24. 2004
..Priority should be given to low-impact urban design, which primarily involves reducing drainage connection, to minimize urbanization-related pollutant impacts on streams...
- Computer simulation of leachate quality by recirculation in a sanitary landfill bioreactor
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, The University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, Texas 76019, USA
J Environ Sci Health A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng 39:493-505. 2004
..The model results are used to estimate the active life of landfill with and without leachate recirculation. Such information is valuable in the operation, maintenance, and closure plan of a sanitary landfill...
- [Preliminary analysis of the characteristics of red tide areas in Changjiang River estuary and its adjacent sea]
Key Laboratory of Marine Ecology and Environment Sciences, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 14:1031-8. 2003
..Some preliminary results from recent cruises carried out in the investigated sea area, where red tides were frequently occurring, were introduced...
- Modelling for environmental assessment of municipal solid waste landfills (part 1: hydrology)
Amaya Lobo García de Cortázar
Environmental Engineering Group, University of Cantabria, Spain
Waste Manag Res 20:198-210. 2002
..The final adjustment of the results makes it possible to obtain a reliable simulation of the degradation processes...
- Public health effects of inadequately managed stormwater runoff
Stephen J Gaffield
Office of Children s Health Protection, US Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC, USA
Am J Public Health 93:1527-33. 2003
..This study investigated the scale of the public health risk from stormwater runoff caused by urbanization...
- Caffeine, an anthropogenic marker for wastewater comtamination of surface waters
Ignaz I Buerge
Plant Protection Chemistry, Swiss Federal Research Station, CH 8820 Wadenswil, Switzerland
Environ Sci Technol 37:691-700. 2003
..radicals as elimination processes and caffeine inputs as fitting variables...
- Land-use dynamics in a southern Illinois (USA) watershed
Department of Geography, Southern Illinois University Carbondale, 62901 4514, USA
Environ Manage 28:325-40. 2001
..The approach developed can be adapted for use by local governments and watershed associations whose goals are to improve watershed resources and environmental quality...
- The effects of seasonal and interannual variability of oceanic structure in the western Pacific North Equatorial Current on larval transport of the Japanese eel Anguilla japonica
Ocean Research Institute, Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, University of Tokyo, Nakanoku, Tokyo 164 8639, Japan
J Fish Biol 74:1878-90. 2009
..japonica but further studies are required, including comparisons with the effects on larval survival of fluctuations in temperature and food availability...
- Physical heterogeneity increases biofilm resource use and its molecular diversity in stream mesocosms
Department of Freshwater Ecology, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
PLoS ONE 5:e9988. 2010
..Yet, the interactions between microbial biodiversity and the molecular diversity of resource use are poorly understood...
- Gene flow of Acanthaster planci (L.) in relation to ocean currents revealed by microsatellite analysis
National Research Institute of Fisheries and Environment of Inland Sea, Fisheries Research Agency, 2 17 5 Maruishi, Hatsukaichi, Hiroshima, Japan
Mol Ecol 18:1574-90. 2009
..These results suggest that the western boundary currents have strong influence on gene flow of this species and may trigger secondary outbreaks...
- Climate change and latitudinal patterns of intertidal thermal stress
University of South Carolina, Department of Biological Sciences and Marine Sciences Program, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
Science 298:1015-7. 2002
..Patterns of exposure to extreme climatic conditions are temporally variable, and tidal predictions suggest that in the next 3 to 5 years "hot spots" are likely to appear at several northern sites...
- Colonisation of fish and crabs of wave energy foundations and the effects of manufactured holes - a field experiment
Department of Animal Ecology, Uppsala University, Norbyvagen 18D, 752 39 Uppsala, Sweden
Mar Environ Res 68:151-7. 2009
..g. C. pagurus). These results suggest a species-specific response to enhanced habitat complexity...
- Bacterial community composition of stream biofilms in spatially variable-flow environments
Department of Freshwater Ecology, University of Vienna, Althanstrasse 14, A 1090 Vienna, Austria
Appl Environ Microbiol 75:7189-95. 2009
..Our results underscore the necessity to maintain small-scale physical heterogeneity for community composition and biodiversity of biofilms in stream ecosystems...
- Seascape genetics along a steep cline: using genetic patterns to test predictions of marine larval dispersal
Heather M Galindo
Department of Biology, Stanford University, Hopkins Marine Station, Pacific Grove, CA 93950, USA
Mol Ecol 19:3692-707. 2010
..Our results suggest that integrating population genetic models with coupled biological-physical oceanographic models can provide new insights and a new means of verifying model predictions...
- Test of APEX for nine forested watersheds in East Texas
Texas Agricultural Experiment Stn, Blackland Research and Extension Center, 720 E Blackland Rd, Temple, TX 76502, USA
J Environ Qual 36:983-95. 2007
..Overall, the results show that APEX was able to predict the effects of silvicultural practices with BMPs on water quantity and quality and that the model is a useful tool for simulating a variety of responses to forest conditions...
- Eddy/wind interactions stimulate extraordinary mid-ocean plankton blooms
Dennis J McGillicuddy
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543 1541, USA
Science 316:1021-6. 2007
..In contrast, eddy/wind interactions dampen eddy-induced upwelling in cyclones. Carbon export inferred from oxygen anomalies in eddy cores is one to three times as much as annual new production for the region...
- Coastal ecosystem-based management with nonlinear ecological functions and values
Edward B Barbier
Department of Economics and Finance, University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY 82071, USA
Science 319:321-3. 2008
..This result suggests that reconciling competing demands on coastal habitats should not always result in stark preservation-versus-conversion choices...
- Geochemical quantification of semiarid mountain recharge
Arun K Wahi
SAHRA, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
Ground Water 46:414-25. 2008
..Such geochemical constraints can be used to further refine hydrogeologic models in similar high-elevation relief basins and can provide practical first estimates of MSR rates for basins lacking extensive prior hydrogeologic measurements...
- Effects of streambed morphology and biofilm growth on the transient storage of solutes
Department of Hydraulic, Maritime, Environmental and Geotechnical Engineering, University of Padova, Via Loredan 20, I 35131 Padova, Italy
Environ Sci Technol 43:7337-42. 2009
- Intertidal invertebrates locally enhance primary production
Catherine A Pfister
Department of Ecology and Evolution, University of Chicago, 1101 E 57th Street, Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA
Ecology 88:1647-53. 2007
- Assessment of groundwater pollution in Tokyo using PPCPs as sewage markers
Department of Urban Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, 7 3 1 Hongo, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113 8656, Japan
Environ Sci Technol 46:1455-64. 2012
..coli contamination. Using carbamazepine as a sewage marker, we estimated that 0.8%-1.7% of the dry-weather flow of sewage was leaking out into the unconfined aquifers...
- Contribution of combined sewer overflows to trace contaminant loads in urban streams
KompetenzZentrum Wasser Berlin, Cicerostrasse 24, 10709 Berlin, Germany
Water Res 44:4451-62. 2010
..The presented methodology is suggested for a first assessment, since it is based solely on urban drainage data, which is available in most cities...
- First flush of storm runoff pollution from an urban catchment in China
Li Qing Li
State Key Laboratory of Environmental Aquatic Chemistry, Research Center for Eco Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, China
J Environ Sci (China) 19:295-9. 2007
..4% of TSS load, 59.4% of COD load, 46.8% of TN load, and 54.1% of TP load, respectively, according to all the storm events. It is suggested that controlling the first flush is a critical measure in reduction of urban stormwater pollution...
- Nitrate losses in subsurface drainage from a corn-soybean rotation as affected by time of nitrogen application and use of nitrapyrin
G W Randall
University of Minnesota Southern Research and Outreach Center, 35838 120th Street, Waseca, MN 56093 4521, USA
J Environ Qual 32:1764-72. 2003
..Under these conditions NO3 losses from a corn-soybean rotation into subsurface drainage can be reduced by 13 to 18% by either applying N in the spring or using NP with late fall-applied ammonia...
- Endangered species: Pan-Atlantic leatherback turtle movements
Graeme C Hays
School of Biological Sciences, Institute of Environmental Sustainability, University of Wales Swansea, Singleton Park, Swansea SA2 8PP, UK
Nature 429:522. 2004
- Herbicide transport to surface waters at field and watershed scales in a Mediterranean vineyard area
Laboratory of Soil Science, INRA, Montpellier, France
J Environ Qual 30:982-91. 2001
..2 g ha(-1). The patterns of the loads at the field and watershed scales suggested that a major part of the herbicides leaving the fields reinfiltrated to the ground water by seepage through the ditches, and was there degraded or adsorbed...
- Interactions between behaviour and physical forcing in the control of horizontal transport of decapod crustacean larvae
Departmento de Biologia, Universidade de Aveiro, Campus Universitario de Santiago, 3810 193 Aveiro, Portugal
Adv Mar Biol 47:107-214. 2005
- Linked hydrologic and climate variations in British Columbia and Yukon
P H Whitfield
Environment Canada, Vancouver, BC
Environ Monit Assess 67:217-38. 2001
..The spatial distribution of these patterns suggests that in different ecozones, small variations in climate, particularly temperature, elicit different hydrologic responses...
- Influence of surfactant-facilitated interfacial tension reduction on chlorinated solvent migration in porous media: observations and numerical simulation
Klaus M Rathfelder
GeoSyntec Consultants, 838 S W First Avenue, Suite 530, Portland, OR 97204, USA
J Contam Hydrol 64:227-52. 2003
..Simulations highlight the substantial sensitivity of model predictions to the capillary pressure-scaling factor, grid resolution, and small-scale porosity variations at interfaces of permeability contrast under reduced IFT conditions...
- Water quality modeling to evaluate BMPs in rice paddies
J H Jeon
Research Division, Korea Environment Institute, 613 2 Bulgwang Dong, Eunpyeong gu, Seoul 122 706, Korea
Water Sci Technol 53:253-61. 2006
..These methods were effective in reducing surface drainage and are suggested as "best management practices" (BMPs) if applied based on site-specific paddy conditions...
- Comparison of several methods for BAP measurement
Department of Environmental Systems Engineering, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Ritsumeikan Univ, 1 1 1 Nojihigashi, Kusatsu, Shiga 525 8577, Japan
Water Sci Technol 53:329-36. 2006
..As HBAP contents were almost similar to B-BAP contents in the river SS, HBAP can be a suitable index of phosphorus indicating easily and rapidly the bioavailable fraction in SS...
- TREX: spatially distributed model to assess watershed contaminant transport and fate
Mark L Velleux
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Colorado State Univ, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523, United States
Sci Total Environ 404:113-28. 2008
..TREX is an appropriate tool for investigating multimedia environmental problems that involve water, soils, and chemical interactions in a spatially distributed manner within a watershed...
- Study on purification mechanism in soil penetration facility for effluents from urban area and control strategies
Department of Environmental Systems Engineering, Ritsumeikan University, 1 1 1 Nojihigashi, Kusatsu, Shiga 525 8577, Japan
Water Sci Technol 53:163-74. 2006
..In addition, modeling the purification mechanism under changing characteristics of rainfall in the long-term was undertaken...
- Comparative study of two watershed scale models to calculate diffuse phosphorus pollution
Department of Sanitary and Environmental Engineering, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Muegyetem rakpart 3, H 1111 Budapest, Hungary
Water Sci Technol 53:281-8. 2006
..However, for detailed emission assessment and scenario development the physically based approach seems to be more appropriate...
- Nonlinear regression approach to evaluate nutrient delivery coefficient
M S Bae
Watershed Management Research Center, National Institute of Environmental Research, Kyongseo dong, Seo Gu, Incheon, South Korea
Water Sci Technol 53:271-9. 2006
- Evaluation of AnnAGNPS in cold and temperate regions
School of Engineering, University of Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada
Water Sci Technol 53:263-70. 2006
..The study is still in progress to assess its performance for estimation of TMDL and improvements needed for the model to use under Ontario conditions...
- The characteristics and measuring technique of refractory dissolved organic substances in urban runoff
Lake Biwa Yodo River Water Quality Preservation Organization, 1 1 30, Kitahama, Chuo Ku, Osaka 541 0041, Japan
Water Sci Technol 53:193-201. 2006
..In the result of the experiments, we found that soil infiltration reduced the refractory dissolved organic substance and we successfully designed a system for a simple and easy experimental facility to treat urban runoff...
- Correlation analysis among highway stormwater pollutants and characteristics
Y H Han
Civil and Environmental Engineering Department, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1593, USA
Water Sci Technol 53:235-43. 2006
..3) Total metals, COD and DOC were generally well correlated with mass first flush, suggesting that BMPs that treat the early portion of runoff have an opportunity to remove high concentrations of these pollutants...
- Characteristics of particle-associated PAHs in a first flush of a highway runoff
R K Aryal
Department of Urban Engineering, University of Tokyo 7 3 1 Hongo, Bunkyo ku, 113 8656 Tokyo, Japan
Water Sci Technol 53:245-51. 2006
..The loading of particle-associated PAHs from the first flush of highway runoff ranged from 0.06 to 0.22 g/ha in a total of 12 PAH species...
- Mass balance approach for assessment of pollution load in the Krishna River
Department of Civil Engineering, Water and Environment Division, National Institute of Technology Warangal, India
J Environ Sci Eng 46:159-71. 2004
..The non-point sources in the study area predominantly include pollution due to agricultural practices and activities, soil erosion, dissolution of soil minerals or combination of these sources...
- Regional patterns in the isotopic composition of natural and anthropogenic nitrate in groundwater, High Plains, U.S.A
P B McMahon
United States Geological Survey, Lakewood, Colorado 80225, USA
Environ Sci Technol 40:2965-70. 2006
..The relative importance of different isotope fractionating processes may be influenced by regional climate patterns as well as by local variation in soils, vegetation, topography, and moisture conditions...
- Analysis of parameter variations in L-Q equations for river runoff processes from the viewpoint of spatial and temporal conditions
Research Center for Environmental Quality Management, Graduate School of Engineering, Kyoto University 1 2, Yumihama, Otsu, 520 0811, Japan
Water Sci Technol 53:141-52. 2006
- Evaluation of groundwater flow patterns around a dual-screened groundwater circulation well
Richard L Johnson
Oregon Health and Science University, Department of Environmental and Biomolecular Systems, 20000 NW Walker Road, Beaverton, OR 97006, USA
J Contam Hydrol 93:188-202. 2007
..While not perfect, we believe that this approach represents the most efficient means for evaluating GCW performance...