electrolytes

Summary

Summary: Substances that dissociate into two or more ions, to some extent, in water. Solutions of electrolytes thus conduct an electric current and can be decomposed by it (ELECTROLYSIS). (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Electrolytes and NA(+)-K(+)-ATPase: potential risk factors for the development of diabetic nephropathy
    Syed Muhammad Shahid
    Department of Biotechnology, University of Karachi, Karachi 75270, Pakistan
    Pak J Pharm Sci 21:172-9. 2008
  2. doi Increasing the open-circuit voltage of photoprotein-based photoelectrochemical cells by manipulation of the vacuum potential of the electrolytes
    Swee Ching Tan
    Nanoscience Centre, University of Cambridge, 11 JJ Thomson Avenue, Cambridge CB3 0FF, UK
    ACS Nano 6:9103-9. 2012
  3. doi Superionic glass-ceramic electrolytes for room-temperature rechargeable sodium batteries
    Akitoshi Hayashi
    Department of Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Engineering, Osaka Prefecture University, Naka ku, Sakai, Osaka 599 8531, Japan
    Nat Commun 3:856. 2012
  4. ncbi Trace elements and electrolytes homeostasis and their relation to antioxidant enzyme activity in brain hyperexcitability of epileptic patients
    Sherifa A Hamed
    Department of Neurology, Assiut University Hospital
    J Pharmacol Sci 96:349-59. 2004
  5. doi Electrolyte-gated graphene field-effect transistors for detecting pH and protein adsorption
    Yasuhide Ohno
    The Institute of the Scientific and Industrial Research, Osaka University, Ibaraki, Osaka 567 0047, Japan
    Nano Lett 9:3318-22. 2009
  6. ncbi Wnk4 controls blood pressure and potassium homeostasis via regulation of mass and activity of the distal convoluted tubule
    Maria D Lalioti
    Department of Genetics, Howard Hughes Medical, Institute, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, USA
    Nat Genet 38:1124-32. 2006
  7. ncbi The time course and effect on serum electrolytes of oral sodium phosphates solution in healthy male and female volunteers
    Michael Caswell
    C B Fleet Company, Inc
    Can J Clin Pharmacol 14:e260-74. 2007
  8. doi High-temperature solid-state dye-sensitized solar cells based on organic ionic plastic crystal electrolytes
    Qing Li
    Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Advanced Functional Polymer Design and Application, Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, College of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, Soochow University, Suzhou, China
    Adv Mater 24:945-50. 2012
  9. ncbi Assembly of collagen into microribbons: effects of pH and electrolytes
    Fengzhi Jiang
    BioTechnological Center, University of Technology Dresden, 01062 Dresden, Germany
    J Struct Biol 148:268-78. 2004
  10. doi Excluded volume effect and orientational ordering near charged surface in solution of ions and Langevin dipoles
    Ales Iglic
    Laboratory of Biophysics, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, University of Ljubljana, Trzaska 25, SI 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
    Bioelectrochemistry 79:223-7. 2010

Detail Information

Publications343 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Electrolytes and NA(+)-K(+)-ATPase: potential risk factors for the development of diabetic nephropathy
    Syed Muhammad Shahid
    Department of Biotechnology, University of Karachi, Karachi 75270, Pakistan
    Pak J Pharm Sci 21:172-9. 2008
    ..Their fasting blood samples were drawn and analyzed for the estimations of intra erythrocyte and serum electrolytes and NA(+)-K(+)-ATPase activity...
  2. doi Increasing the open-circuit voltage of photoprotein-based photoelectrochemical cells by manipulation of the vacuum potential of the electrolytes
    Swee Ching Tan
    Nanoscience Centre, University of Cambridge, 11 JJ Thomson Avenue, Cambridge CB3 0FF, UK
    ACS Nano 6:9103-9. 2012
    ..steady-state short-circuit current (J(SC)) obtained under continuous illumination also varied with different electrolytes by a factor of ~6-fold...
  3. doi Superionic glass-ceramic electrolytes for room-temperature rechargeable sodium batteries
    Akitoshi Hayashi
    Department of Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Engineering, Osaka Prefecture University, Naka ku, Sakai, Osaka 599 8531, Japan
    Nat Commun 3:856. 2012
    ..All-solid-state batteries with inorganic solid electrolytes and electrodes are promising power sources for a wide range of applications because of ..
  4. ncbi Trace elements and electrolytes homeostasis and their relation to antioxidant enzyme activity in brain hyperexcitability of epileptic patients
    Sherifa A Hamed
    Department of Neurology, Assiut University Hospital
    J Pharmacol Sci 96:349-59. 2004
    ..Various experimental and human studies suggested that the homeostasis of trace elements, electrolytes, membrane lipid peroxidation, and antioxidants is crucial for brain function, and they were directly or ..
  5. doi Electrolyte-gated graphene field-effect transistors for detecting pH and protein adsorption
    Yasuhide Ohno
    The Institute of the Scientific and Industrial Research, Osaka University, Ibaraki, Osaka 567 0047, Japan
    Nano Lett 9:3318-22. 2009
    ..The GFETs thus acted as highly sensitive electrical sensors for detecting pH and biomolecule concentrations...
  6. ncbi Wnk4 controls blood pressure and potassium homeostasis via regulation of mass and activity of the distal convoluted tubule
    Maria D Lalioti
    Department of Genetics, Howard Hughes Medical, Institute, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, USA
    Nat Genet 38:1124-32. 2006
    ..These findings establish that Wnk4 is a molecular switch that regulates the balance between NaCl reabsorption and K+ secretion by altering the mass and function of the DCT through its effect on NCC...
  7. ncbi The time course and effect on serum electrolytes of oral sodium phosphates solution in healthy male and female volunteers
    Michael Caswell
    C B Fleet Company, Inc
    Can J Clin Pharmacol 14:e260-74. 2007
    ..Although oral sodium phosphates solution is used extensively for bowel preparation, the pharmacokinetic profile of 2 x 45 mL oral sodium phosphates solution has not been reported...
  8. doi High-temperature solid-state dye-sensitized solar cells based on organic ionic plastic crystal electrolytes
    Qing Li
    Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Advanced Functional Polymer Design and Application, Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, College of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, Soochow University, Suzhou, China
    Adv Mater 24:945-50. 2012
    Organic ionic plastic crystal, 1-ethyl-1-methyl pyrrolidinium iodide (P(12) I), is employed as the solid-state electrolytes for dye-sensitized solar cells...
  9. ncbi Assembly of collagen into microribbons: effects of pH and electrolytes
    Fengzhi Jiang
    BioTechnological Center, University of Technology Dresden, 01062 Dresden, Germany
    J Struct Biol 148:268-78. 2004
    ..In addition to providing insight into the mechanism of collagen assembly, the ultraflat collagen matrices may also offer novel ways to bio-functionalize surfaces...
  10. doi Excluded volume effect and orientational ordering near charged surface in solution of ions and Langevin dipoles
    Ales Iglic
    Laboratory of Biophysics, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, University of Ljubljana, Trzaska 25, SI 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
    Bioelectrochemistry 79:223-7. 2010
    ....
  11. ncbi Mortality and serum urea and electrolytes on admission for hip fracture patients
    J R Lewis
    University Hospital, Nottingham, United Kingdom
    Injury 37:698-704. 2006
    ..To assess the relationship between pre-operative serum urea and electrolyte concentrations and mortality in patients with hip fractures requiring surgery...
  12. ncbi Treatment of olive mill effluents Part II. Complete removal of solids by direct flocculation with poly-electrolytes
    Roika Sarika
    Department of Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Crete, Polytechneioupolis, GR 73100 Chania, Greece
    Environ Int 31:297-304. 2005
    ..e. without prior coagulation) was investigated. Four cationic and two anionic poly-electrolytes were tested and most of them were found capable of removing nearly completely total suspended solids (TSS) as ..
  13. ncbi Calcium nephrolithiasis: effect of water hardness on urinary electrolytes
    Bradley F Schwartz
    North Texas Center for Laparoscopy and Stone Disease, Fort Worth, Texas 76104, USA
    Urology 60:23-7. 2002
    ..Investigators have documented an inverse relationship between water hardness and calcium lithogenesis. Others have found no such association...
  14. ncbi Blood levels of trace elements, electrolytes, and oxidative stress/antioxidant systems in epileptic patients
    Sherifa A Hamed
    Department of Neurology and Psychiatry, Assiut University Graduate School of Medicine, Assiut, Egypt
    J Pharmacol Sci 96:465-73. 2004
    Epileptic patients exhibited variably altered status of trace elements, electrolytes, and free radical scavenging enzyme activities...
  15. doi Iron-based cathode catalyst with enhanced power density in polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells
    Eric Proietti
    Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique, Energie, Materiaux et Telecommunications, Varennes, Quebec, Canada
    Nat Commun 2:416. 2011
    ..75 W cm(-2) at 0.6 V, a meaningful voltage for polymer-electrolyte-membrane fuel cells operation, comparable with that of a commercial Pt-based cathode tested under identical conditions...
  16. ncbi Elevations of serum phosphorus and potassium in mild to moderate chronic renal insufficiency
    Chi yuan Hsu
    Division of Nephrology, University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
    Nephrol Dial Transplant 17:1419-25. 2002
    ..However, the extent of these changes and their magnitude in relation to renal function is not well defined, especially among individuals with mild to moderate chronic renal insufficiency (CRI)...
  17. ncbi Polyelectrolyte-protein complexes: structure and conformation of each specie revealed by SANS
    Fabrice Cousin
    Laboratoire Leon Brillouin, CEA Saclay, 91191 Gif sur Yvette Cedex, France
    Langmuir 21:9675-88. 2005
    ..The two chainlike objects are finally organized in a homogeneous costructure. Macroscopically, samples are liquids...
  18. doi Correlation between serum electrolytes and fasting glucose and Hb1Ac in Saudi diabetic patients
    Khalid Al-Rubeaan
    University Diabetes Center, King Abdul Aziz University Hospital, King Saud University, P O Box 18397, Riyadh, 11415, Saudi Arabia
    Biol Trace Elem Res 144:463-8. 2011
    ..this study was conducted to compare the fasting blood glucose and HbA1c levels with those of the serum electrolytes. Blood samples were collected for assessment of HbA1c, fasting blood glucose (FBS), and electrolytes using ..
  19. doi Randomized trial of low-volume PEG solution versus standard PEG + electrolytes for bowel cleansing before colonoscopy
    Christian Ell
    Dr Horst Schmidt Kliniken GmbH, Wiesbaden, Germany
    Am J Gastroenterol 103:883-93. 2008
    ..We compared a new 2 L solution of PEG plus ascorbic acid (PEG + Asc) with standard 4 L PEG with electrolytes (PEG + E) for bowel cleansing before colonoscopy to determine efficacy, safety, and patient acceptability.
  20. pmc Polyelectrolyte multilayers in tissue engineering
    Christopher J Detzel
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia, USA
    Tissue Eng Part B Rev 17:101-13. 2011
    ....
  21. doi Flexible asymmetric supercapacitors with high energy and high power density in aqueous electrolytes
    Yingwen Cheng
    Department of Chemistry, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA
    Nanoscale 5:1067-73. 2013
    ....
  22. doi Evaluation of interactive effects on the ionic conduction properties of polymer gel electrolytes
    Yuria Saito
    National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, 1 8 31, Midorigaoka, Ikeda, Osaka, 563 8577 Japan
    J Phys Chem B 116:10089-97. 2012
    ..We quantitatively evaluated the interactive situation of the lithium polymer gel electrolytes through the measurements of ionic conductivity and diffusion coefficients of the mobile species of the lithium ..
  23. pmc Keratins modulate colonocyte electrolyte transport via protein mistargeting
    Diana M Toivola
    Palo Alto VA Medical Center, 3801 Miranda Ave, Mail code 154J, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA
    J Cell Biol 164:911-21. 2004
    ..Therefore, colonic keratins have a novel function in regulating electrolyte transport, likely by targeting ion transporters to their cellular compartments...
  24. doi The effect of different crystalloid solutions on acid-base balance and early kidney function after kidney transplantation
    Necmiye Hadimioglu
    Department of Anesthesiology, Faculty of Medicine, Akdeniz University, Antalya, Turkey
    Anesth Analg 107:264-9. 2008
    ..This study aimed to quantify changes in acid-base balance, potassium and lactate levels as a function of administration of different crystalloid solutions during kidney transplantation, and to determine the ideal fluid for such patients...
  25. ncbi Effect of electrolytes on bubble coalescence in columns observed with visualization techniques
    María Eugenia Aguilera
    Departamento de Termodinámica y Fenómenos de Transferencia Universidad Simón Bolívar, Caracas Venezuela
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 972:242-6. 2002
    Bubble coalescence and the effect of electrolytes on this phenomenon have been previously studied. This interfacial phenomenon has attracted attention for reactor design/operation and enhanced oil recovery...
  26. ncbi Gender disparities in serum electrolytes levels after subarachnoid hemorrhage
    Shinji Fukui
    Department of Neurosurgery, National Defense Medical College, Tokorozawa, Saitama, Japan
    J Clin Neurosci 11:606-9. 2004
    ..133 patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) to assess whether there was any gender disparity in serum electrolytes levels throughout the clinical course...
  27. doi Efficacy and safety of hydroxyethyl starch 6% 130/0.4 in a balanced electrolyte solution (Volulyte) during cardiac surgery
    Eva M Base
    Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Medical University, Vienna, Austria
    J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 25:407-14. 2011
    ..The equivalence of 2 hydroxyethyl starch (HES) solutions and the influence on chloride levels and acid-base status by selectively changing the carrier of rapidly degradable modern 6% HES 130/0.4 were studied in cardiac surgery patients...
  28. pmc Water, electrolytes, vitamins and trace elements - Guidelines on Parenteral Nutrition, Chapter 7
    H K Biesalski
    Institute for Biochemistry und Nutrition Science, University of Stuttgart Hohenheim, Germany
    Ger Med Sci 7:Doc21. 2009
    ..A standard dosage of vitamins and trace elements based on current dietary reference intakes for oral feeding is generally recommended unless certain clinical situations require other intakes...
  29. doi Influences of electrolytes and glucose on formulation of carbonate apatite nanocrystals for efficient gene delivery to mammalian cells
    Sharif Hossain
    Department of Biomolecular Engineering, Graduate School of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Yokohama 226 8501, Japan
    Anal Biochem 397:156-61. 2010
    ..Moreover, CaCl(2) and NaCl, existing as the major electrolytes in the bicarbonate-buffered solution, dose-dependently govern particle size and eventually internalization and ..
  30. doi Blood electrolytes exhibit a strong influence on the mobility of artificial catalytic microengines
    Hong Wang
    Division of Chemistry and Biological Chemistry, School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore 637371, Singapore
    Phys Chem Chem Phys 15:17277-80. 2013
    ..We show here that blood electrolytes, such as Na(+), K(+), Ca(2+), Cl(-), SO4(2-) and phosphates, decrease the mobility of the Pt catalyzed tubular ..
  31. doi Aligned electrospun nanofiber composite membranes for fuel cell electrolytes
    Takuya Tamura
    Department of Applied Chemistry, Tokyo Metropolitan University, Hachioji, Tokyo, Japan
    Nano Lett 10:1324-8. 2010
    ..Consequently, nanofibers proved to be promising materials as a proton exchange membrane and the composite membrane containing nanofibers may have potential application for use in fuel cells...
  32. ncbi Relation of ventricular late potentials and intradialytic changes in serum electrolytes, ultrafiltration, left ventricular ejection fraction and left ventricular mass index in haemodialysis patients
    J Dubrava
    Department of Noninvasive Cardiologic Diagnostics, St Cyril and Method University Hospital, Bratislava, Slovakia
    Bratisl Lek Listy 104:388-92. 2003
    ..the influence of HD on SAECG, 2. the correlation of intradialytic changes of serum electrolytes, weight change and ultrafiltration with intradialytic changes of LP, 3...
  33. doi High-efficiency dye-sensitized solar cells with ferrocene-based electrolytes
    Torben Daeneke
    School of Chemistry and ARC Centre of Excellence for Electromaterials Science, Monash University, Victoria 3800, Australia
    Nat Chem 3:211-15. 2011
    Dye-sensitized solar cells based on iodide/triiodide (I(-)/I(3)(-)) electrolytes are viable low-cost alternatives to conventional silicon solar cells. However, as well as providing record efficiencies of up to 12...
  34. ncbi Effects of follicle size and electrolytes and glucose in maturation medium on nuclear maturation and developmental competence of bovine oocytes
    Hisataka Iwata
    Kobe Minori Public Corporation, Kobe 651 2204, Japan
    Reproduction 127:159-64. 2004
    The concentrations of electrolytes (Na, K, Cl, Mg and Ca) and glucose in small follicle (SF) follicular fluid (SFF) and large follicle (LF) follicular fluid (LFF) from slaughterhouse-derived ovaries were studied...
  35. doi Loss of protein, immunoglobulins, and electrolytes in exudates from negative pressure wound therapy
    Leslie A Hourigan
    Nutr Clin Pract 25:510-6. 2010
    ..A relatively new technology in wound care, negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT), has become widely used for the management of open abdomens and soft tissue wounds and provides a means to collect wound exudate to quantify protein loss...
  36. doi The development of a new type of rechargeable batteries based on hybrid electrolytes
    Haoshen Zhou
    Energy Technology Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology AIST, Tsukuba 305 8568, Japan
    ChemSusChem 3:1009-19. 2010
    ..Recently, new types of lithium-air and lithium-copper batteries that employ hybrid electrolytes have attracted significant attention; these batteries are expected to succeed lithium ion batteries as next-..
  37. doi Dietary electrolytes are related to mood
    Susan J Torres
    School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Highway, Burwood 3125, Australia
    Br J Nutr 100:1038-45. 2008
    ..We also assessed the relationship between dietary electrolytes and cortisol, a stress hormone and marker of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activity...
  38. doi Ultramicroelectrode voltammetry and scanning electrochemical microscopy in room-temperature ionic liquid electrolytes
    Darren A Walsh
    School of Chemistry, The University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
    Chem Soc Rev 39:4185-94. 2010
    ..In this tutorial review, we highlight the recent progress in the use of RTILs as electrolytes for ultramicroelectrode voltammetry and SECM...
  39. ncbi Thermodynamic models of aqueous solutions containing inorganic electrolytes and dicarboxylic acids at 298.15 K. 1. The acids as nondissociating components
    Simon L Clegg
    School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK
    J Phys Chem A 110:5692-717. 2006
    ..1008-1017) for estimating water activities and solute activity coefficients in aqueous mixtures containing both electrolytes and uncharged solutes are then evaluated from comparisons with literature data...
  40. ncbi Hypoproteinemia, strong-ion difference, and acid-base status in critically ill patients
    P Wilkes
    University of Ottawa Heart Institute, Ottawa Civic Hospital, Ontario, Canada
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 84:1740-8. 1998
    ..A total of 219 arterial blood samples reviewed from 91 patients was analyzed for arterial blood gas, electrolytes, lactate, and total protein...
  41. ncbi Thermodynamic models of aqueous solutions containing inorganic electrolytes and dicarboxylic acids at 298.15 K. 2. Systems including dissociation equilibria
    Simon L Clegg
    School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK
    J Phys Chem A 110:5718-34. 2006
    ..A practical modeling scheme is proposed for aqueous atmospheric aerosols containing both electrolytes and dissociating (organic) nonelectrolytes.
  42. ncbi Evaluation of volatile eluents and electrolytes for high-performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization mass spectrometry and capillary electrophoresis-electrospray ionization mass spectrometry of proteins. II. Capillary electrophoresis
    C G Huber
    Institute of Analytical Chemistry and Radiochemistry, Leopold Franzens University, Innsbruck, Austria
    J Chromatogr A 849:175-89. 1999
    ..00, was shown to yield equivalent separation efficiency. Investigation of the influence of buffered electrolytes on the ESI-MS signal of lysozyme at pH 2.70-4...
  43. doi Ionic liquid-nanoparticle hybrid electrolytes and their application in secondary lithium-metal batteries
    Yingying Lu
    School of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 5201, USA
    Adv Mater 24:4430-5. 2012
    Ionic liquid-tethered nanoparticle hybrid electrolytes comprised of silica nanoparticles densely grafted with imidazolium-based ionic liquid chains are shown to retard lithium dendrite growth in rechargeable batteries with metallic ..
  44. doi Randomized, double-blind trial of the effect of fluid composition on electrolyte, acid-base, and fluid homeostasis in patients early after subarachnoid hemorrhage
    Laura Lehmann
    Department of Intensive Care Medicine, Bern University Hospital Inselspital and University of Bern, 3010, Bern, Switzerland
    Neurocrit Care 18:5-12. 2013
    ..We hypothesized that the fluid regimen in these patients is associated with distinct changes in serum electrolytes, acid-base disturbances, and fluid balance.
  45. doi Size control of laser-fabricated surfactant-free gold nanoparticles with highly diluted electrolytes and their subsequent bioconjugation
    Christoph Rehbock
    Technical Chemistry I, University of Duisburg Essen and Center for Nanointegration Duisburg Essen CeNIDE, Universtitaetsstrasse 7, 45141 Essen, Germany
    Phys Chem Chem Phys 15:3057-67. 2013
    ..By subsequent delayed bioconjugation in liquid-flow using bovine serum albumin as a stabilizing agent, nano-bioconjugates with good stability in cell culture media were obtained, which are applicable in toxicology and cell biology...
  46. ncbi Pre dialysis of blood prime in continuous hemodialysis normalizes pH and electrolytes
    Deborah A Pasko
    College of Pharmacy, University of Michigan, Michigan, USA
    Pediatr Nephrol 18:1177-83. 2003
    ..Unlike some blood preparation regimens that have been published, the technique used in this trial requires no special equipment or added medications that are not already used in CRRT...
  47. doi Hofmeister phenomena in nonaqueous media: the solubility of electrolytes in ethylene carbonate
    Niccolò Peruzzi
    Department of Chemistry and CSGI, University of Florence, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino Firenze, Italy
    J Phys Chem B 116:14398-405. 2012
    ..As for water, the effects are due to solute (ion, dipolar) induced solvent structure not accounted for by electrostatic forces. Cooperative quantum mechanical forces are necessary to understand the phenomena...
  48. ncbi Electrolytes in bovine prepartum mammary secretions and their usefulness for predicting parturition
    U Bleul
    Clinic of Reproductive Medicine, Department of Farm Animals, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 260, 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
    J Dairy Sci 89:3059-65. 2006
    ..The results of a phosphate field test positively and significantly correlated with those of the photometric analysis (r = 0.69) and the time of parturition (r = 0.41)...
  49. doi Determination of degree of ionization of poly(allylamine hydrochloride) (PAH) and poly[1-[4-(3-carboxy-4 hydroxyphenylazo)benzene sulfonamido]-1,2-ethanediyl, sodium salt] (PAZO) in layer-by-layer films using vacuum photoabsorption spectroscopy
    Q Ferreira
    CEFITEC, Departamento de Fisica, Faculdade de Ciencias e Tecnologia, UNL, Campus de Caparica, 2829 516, Caparica, Portugal
    Langmuir 29:448-55. 2013
    ....
  50. doi Ultrasound assisted design of sulfur/carbon cathodes with partially fluorinated ether electrolytes for highly efficient Li/S batteries
    Wei Weng
    Electrochemical Energy Storage Department, Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439, USA
    Adv Mater 25:1608-15. 2013
    ....
  51. ncbi Changes in the SUSPPUP ratio and fractional excretion of strong monovalent electrolytes in hospitalized dogs with canine babesiosis
    W Zygner
    Division of Parasitology, Department of Preclinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Ciszewskiego 8, 02 786 Warsaw, Poland
    Pol J Vet Sci 15:791-2. 2012
    ..A significant increase in strong monovalent electrolyte fractional excretions in azotaemic dogs infected with B. canis probably resulted from acute tubular necrosis...
  52. doi Efficient p-type dye-sensitized solar cells based on disulfide/thiolate electrolytes
    Xiaobao Xu
    Michael Grätzel Center for Mesoscopic Solar Cells, Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics, School of Optical and Electronic Information, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 1037 Luoyu Road, Wuhan, 430074, PR China
    Nanoscale 5:7963-9. 2013
    ..5 G 100 mW cm(-2) light illumination which, to the best of our knowledge, represents the highest efficiency that has so far been reported for p-type DSCs using organic redox couples. ..
  53. ncbi Chloroplast-generated reactive oxygen species are involved in hypersensitive response-like cell death mediated by a mitogen-activated protein kinase cascade
    Yidong Liu
    Department of Biochemistry, University of Missouri Columbia, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    Plant J 51:941-54. 2007
    ..These results suggest that activation of the SIPK/Ntf4/WIPK cascade by pathogens actively promotes the generation of ROS in chloroplasts, which plays an important role in the signaling for and/or execution of HR cell death in plants...
  54. ncbi IFCC guideline for sampling, measuring and reporting ionized magnesium in plasma
    Mohammed C Ben Rayana
    Department of Chemistry, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
    Clin Chem Lab Med 46:21-6. 2008
    ....
  55. doi Nanostructure of complexes between cationic lipids and an oppositely charged polyelectrolyte
    Sharon Golan
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Technion Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa 32000, Israel
    Langmuir 28:1668-72. 2012
    ..Our findings suggest that the onion-like packing may be energetically favorable for a wide range of polyelectrolyte-liposome systems, from oligonucleotides and DNA to PAA...
  56. doi High-energy supercapacitors based on hierarchical porous carbon with an ultrahigh ion-accessible surface area in ionic liquid electrolytes
    Hui Zhong
    Materials Science Institute, PCFM Lab and DSAPM Lab, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Sun Yat Sen University, Guangzhou 510275, PR China
    Nanoscale 5:4678-82. 2013
    ..e., 118 W h kg(-1) at a power density of 100 W kg(-1). This is ascribed to its unique hierarchical nanonetwork structure with a large number of small-sized nanopores for IL storage and an ideal meso-/macroporous network for IL transfer...
  57. ncbi Recrystallization of bacterial S-layers on flat polyelectrolyte surfaces and hollow polyelectrolyte capsules
    Jose Luis Toca-Herrera
    Rovira i Virgili University, Department of Chemical Engineering, Campus Sescelades, Av Paisos Catalans 26, 43007 Tarragona, Spain
    Small 1:339-48. 2005
    ..The results also demonstrate that the versatility of the PE multilayer membranes can be successfully combined with the well-defined surface chemistry and structure of 2D protein crystals...
  58. doi Salt dependent stability of stearic acid Langmuir-Blodgett films exposed to aqueous electrolytes
    Naveen Kumar
    Physics of Complex Fluids Group and MESA Institute, Faculty of Science and Technology, University of Twente, PO Box 217, 7500 AE Enschede, The Netherlands
    Langmuir 29:5150-9. 2013
    ..We discuss the relevance of our findings in the context of enhanced oil recovery...
  59. ncbi Plasma and urine levels of electrolytes, urea and steroid hormones involved in osmoregulation of cetaceans
    Naoko Birukawa
    Division of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Hokkaido 060 0810, Japan
    Zoolog Sci 22:1245-57. 2005
    ..brydei), and toothed whales of sperm whales (Physeter macrocephalus) were analyzed for osmolality, major electrolytes, urea, steroid hormones and glucose...
  60. pmc Electrolytes in the aging
    LYNN E SCHLANGER
    Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Adv Chronic Kidney Dis 17:308-19. 2010
    ..Therefore, it is important to be aware of the potential electrolyte abnormalities in the elderly that can arise under these various conditions to prevent adverse outcomes...
  61. doi Fluids, pH, ions and electrolytes
    Lewis J Kaplan
    Yale University School of Medicine, Department of Surgery, Section of Trauma, Surgical Critical Care and Surgical Emergencies, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
    Curr Opin Crit Care 16:323-31. 2010
    ..Accordingly, a focused review of the properties of crystalloid and colloid fluids, their expected benefits, and potential deleterious side effects is appropriate and timely...
  62. ncbi Impact of preservation solution on the extent of blood-air barrier damage and edema formation in experimental lung transplantation
    Christian Mühlfeld
    Institute of Anatomy, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland
    Anat Rec (Hoboken) 290:491-500. 2007
    ..Celsior was not effective in preserving the lung from morphological I/R injury...
  63. doi Factors affecting paramagnetic contrast enhancement in synovial fluid: effects of electrolytes, protein concentrations, and temperature on water proton relaxivities from Mn ions and Gd chelated contrast agents
    S Noordin
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
    Osteoarthritis Cartilage 18:964-70. 2010
    ..These characteristics can be utilized by magnetic resonance technology to provide a potentially significant diagnostic modality through quantitative assessments of inherent water relaxation rates and their response to contrast agents...
  64. doi Encapsulation of bacterial spores in nanoorganized polyelectrolyte shells
    Shantanu S Balkundi
    Institute for Micromanufacturing and Biomedical Engineering Program, Louisiana Tech University, Ruston, Louisiana, USA
    Langmuir 25:14011-6. 2009
    ..The spores can be made dormant for a desired amount of time using the LbL encapsulation technique and can be made active when appropriate...
  65. doi Cyborg cells: functionalisation of living cells with polymers and nanomaterials
    Rawil F Fakhrullin
    Biomaterials and Nanomaterials Group, Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Biology and Soil, Kazan Idel buye Volga region Federal University, Kreml urami 18, Kazan, 420008, Republic of Tatarstan, RF
    Chem Soc Rev 41:4189-206. 2012
    ..The cell toxicity issues are considered for many practical applications in terms of possible adverse effects of the deposited polymers, polyelectrolytes and nanoparticles on the cell surface...
  66. ncbi Fluid and electrolytes in the elderly
    Simon P Allison
    Section of Surgery, University Hospital, Queen s Medical Centre, Nottingham, UK
    Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care 7:27-33. 2004
    The intake of water and electrolytes is inseparable from the ingestion of nutrients by normal or artificial means...
  67. ncbi Electrolytes and electrophoretic studies of tear proteins in tears of patients with nasolacrimal duct obstruction
    Helen Lew
    Department of Ophthalmology, Pochun CHA University College of Medicine, Pundang CHA Hospital, Sungnam, Korea
    Ophthalmologica 219:142-6. 2005
    ..These results may improve our understanding of tear physiology and the pathogenesis of PANDO...
  68. doi Clinical efficacy of intravenous hypertonic saline solution or hypertonic bicarbonate solution in the treatment of inappetent calves with neonatal diarrhea
    A Koch
    Clinic for Cattle, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Hannover, Germany
    J Vet Intern Med 22:202-11. 2008
    ..The clinical efficacy of IV administered hypertonic saline solution and hypertonic bicarbonate solution (HBS) in the treatment of inappetent diarrheic calves has not been compared yet...
  69. ncbi Evaluation of polyethylene glycol plus electrolytes in the treatment of severe constipation and faecal impaction in adults
    Chun Chia Chen
    Taipei Veteran s General Hospital, Taipei 111, Taiwan
    Curr Med Res Opin 21:1595-602. 2005
    ..The objective of this trial was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Movicol, a polyethylene glycol (PEG) + electrolyte solution (PEG+E), as treatment for severe constipation and faecal impaction...
  70. doi A 4-h hyperglycaemic excursion induces rapid and slow changes in major electrolytes in blood in healthy human subjects
    Andreas Caduff
    Solianis Monitoring AG, Zurich, Switzerland
    Acta Diabetol 49:333-9. 2012
    ..The combination of elevated K(+) and decreased Mg(2+) and Ca(2+) levels may lead to an altered excitability, which is particularly relevant for diabetic patients with heart disease...
  71. ncbi Macrogol 3350 plus electrolytes for chronic constipation in children: a single-centre, open-label study
    Winita Hardikar
    Department of Gastroenterology and Clinical Nutrition, Royal Children s Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, Australia
    J Paediatr Child Health 43:527-31. 2007
    ..This open-label, non-randomised study aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of this preparation in the treatment of chronic constipation in children...
  72. doi Analysis of major alkaloids in Rhizoma coptidis by capillary electrophoresis-electrospray-time of flight mass spectrometry with different background electrolytes
    Junhui Chen
    QingDao Key Laboratory of Analytical Technology Development and Standardization of Chinese Medicines, First Institute Oceanography of SOA, Qingdao, PR China
    Electrophoresis 29:2135-47. 2008
    ..The CE method, as a viable alternative to HPLC, is suitable for use as a routine procedure for the rapid identification and quantification of basic compounds in herbal or natural product applications...
  73. ncbi The effects of saline or albumin resuscitation on acid-base status and serum electrolytes
    Rinaldo Bellomo
    Department of Intensive Care, Austin Hospital, Melbourne, Australia
    Crit Care Med 34:2891-7. 2006
    To test whether fluid resuscitation with normal saline or 4% albumin is associated with differential changes in acid-base status and serum electrolytes.
  74. doi Layer-by-layer assembly of polysaccharide-based polyelectrolyte multilayers: a spectroscopic study of hydrophilicity, composition, and ion pairing
    Jorge Almodóvar
    Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523 1370, USA
    Biomacromolecules 12:2755-65. 2011
    ..By this combination of techniques, we are able to compose a unified description of how the PEM swelling is dictated by the ion pairing in thin polysaccharide-based PEMs...
  75. doi Electrolyte-balanced heparin in blood gas syringes can introduce a significant bias in the measurement of positively charged electrolytes
    Miranda van Berkel
    Clinical Laboratory, Catharina Hospital Eindhoven, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
    Clin Chem Lab Med 49:249-52. 2011
    Heparin binds positively charged electrolytes. In blood gas syringes, electrolyte-balanced heparin is used to prevent a negative bias in electrolyte concentrations...
  76. doi Development of a diagnostic diagram for rapid field assessment of acidosis severity in diarrheic calves
    Claudio Bellino
    Department of Animal Pathology, Clinical Section, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Turin, 10095 Grugliasco TO, Italy
    J Am Vet Med Assoc 240:312-6. 2012
    ..To develop a diagnostic diagram for rapid field assessment of acidosis severity in diarrheic calves...
  77. ncbi Estimation of postmortem interval from human pericardial fluid electrolytes concentrations in Chandigarh zone of India: log transformed linear regression model
    Dalbir Singh
    Department of Forensic Medicine, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
    Leg Med (Tokyo) 8:279-87. 2006
    Estimation of postmortem interval from changes in postmortem pericardial fluid electrolytes concentration is the topic of discussion in the study. Querido [Querido D...
  78. doi "Face-lifting" and "make-up" for microorganisms: layer-by-layer polyelectrolyte nanocoating
    Rawil F Fakhrullin
    Department of Microbiology, Kazan Idel buye Volga region Federal University, Kreml urami 18, Kazan, Republic of Tatarstan, 420008, Russia
    ACS Nano 6:4557-64. 2012
    ....
  79. doi Release of electrolytes from W/O/W double emulsions stabilized by a soluble complex of modified pectin and whey protein isolate
    Rachel Lutz
    Casali Institute of Applied Chemistry, The Institute of Chemistry, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem 91904, Israel
    Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces 74:178-85. 2009
    ..WPI) and modified pectins were investigated in relation to their stability and the release of two types of electrolytes, NaCl and sodium ascorbate. WPI alone cannot properly stabilize the DEs...
  80. ncbi Permeability and conductivity of red blood cell templated polyelectrolyte capsules coated with supplementary layers
    Radostina Georgieva
    Institute of Transfusion Medicine, Medical Faculty, Charite, Humboldt University Berlin, D 10098 Berlin, Germany
    Langmuir 20:1895-900. 2004
    ..Conclusions are drawn concerning the mechanism of permeability through cell templated polyelectrolyte multilayer capsules...
  81. ncbi Thermal behavior of polyelectrolyte multilayer microcapsules. 1. The effect of odd and even layer number
    Karen Köhler
    Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces, 14424 Potsdam, Germany
    J Phys Chem B 109:18250-9. 2005
    ..At a certain temperature, the polyelectrolyte material softens thus facilitating any rearrangement. Besides incubation temperature, the duration of heating has an influence on the restructuring of the multilayers...
  82. ncbi Effects of hypercalcemia on serum concentrations of magnesium, potassium, and phosphate and urinary excretion of electrolytes in horses
    Ramiro E Toribio
    Department of Veterinary Biosciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
    Am J Vet Res 68:543-54. 2007
    To determine effects of experimentally induced hypercalcemia on serum concentrations and urinary excretion of electrolytes, especially ionized magnesium (iMg), in healthy horses.
  83. ncbi Biorecognition through layer-by-layer polyelectrolyte assembly: in-situ hybridization on living cells
    Anna L Hillberg
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, and Faculty of Dentistry, Duff Medical Science Building, 3775 University Street, McGill University, Montreal, H3A 2B4, Canada
    Biomacromolecules 7:2742-50. 2006
    ....
  84. ncbi Electrolytes in stimulated whole saliva in individuals with hyposalivation of different origins
    Annica Almståhl
    Department of Oral Microbiology, Institute of Odontology, Goteborg University, P O Box 450, 405 30 Goteborg, Sweden
    Arch Oral Biol 48:337-44. 2003
    ..Knowledge of the electrolytes in the saliva of those with hyposalivation might therefore be of value in designing oral health-promoting ..
  85. ncbi The synergic effects of various electrolytes and electroporation on the in vitro skin permeation of calcein
    Yoshihiro Tokudome
    Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Josai University, 1 1 Keyakidai, Sakado, Saitama 350 0295, Japan
    J Control Release 92:93-101. 2003
    Various electrolytes in test solutions applied to the skin were evaluated with regard to their effects on enhanced skin permeation of calcein as a model permeant by electroporation (EP), which is a physical means to increase skin ..
  86. doi Separation of propranolol enantiomers by CE using sulfated beta-CD derivatives in aqueous and non-aqueous electrolytes: comparative CE and NMR study
    Anne Catherine Servais
    Department of Analytical Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Institute of Pharmacy, University of Liege, CHU, Liege, Belgium
    Electrophoresis 31:1467-74. 2010
    ..The possible molecular mechanisms leading to this reversal of enantiomer migration order were studied by using nuclear overhauser effect spectroscopy in both aqueous and non-aqueous BGEs...
  87. ncbi Solubilization of monovalent weak electrolytes by micellization or complexation
    Yan He
    College of Pharmacy, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
    Int J Pharm 314:15-20. 2006
    ..Thus, the total drug solubility for a weak electrolyte solubilized by micellization or complexation can be predicted at any pH...
  88. ncbi Aggregation kinetics of alginate-coated hematite nanoparticles in monovalent and divalent electrolytes
    Kai Loon Chen
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Environmental Engineering Program, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520 8286, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 40:1516-23. 2006
    ..Varying concentrations of monovalent (NaCl) and divalent (MgCl2 and CaCl2) electrolytes are employed to induce aggregation...
  89. doi Effects of red blood cell transfusions during the first week of life on acid-base, glucose, and electrolytes in preterm neonates
    Carlo Dani
    Department of Surgical and Medical Critical Care, Section of Neonatology, Careggi University Hospital of Florence, Florence, Italy
    Transfusion 48:2302-7. 2008
    ..The objective was to assess if RBC transfusions may induce significant changes of plasma acid-base, electrolyte, and glucose status in extremely preterm infants...
  90. doi Effects of electrolytes on virus inactivation by acidic solutions
    Mitsunori Nishide
    Division of Virology, Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, Wakayama Medical University Graduate School of Medicine, Wakayama, Japan
    Int J Mol Med 27:803-9. 2011
    ..of superficial virus infection at body surfaces and fixtures, herein we have examined the effects of various electrolytes on the acid-induced inactivation of the herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and type 2 (HSV-2), the influenza A ..
  91. pmc Clinical review: the meaning of acid-base abnormalities in the intensive care unit part I - epidemiology
    Kyle J Gunnerson
    The Virginia Commonwealth University Reanimation Engineering and Shock Center VCURES Laboratory, Department of Anesthesiology, Virginia Commonwealth University Medical Center, Richmond, Virginia, USA
    Crit Care 9:508-16. 2005
    ..Without controlling for these factors it is difficult to appreciate the full effect that acid-base disorders have on patient outcomes, ultimately making results of outcome studies hard to compare...
  92. doi Sweat electrolyte concentrations obtained from within occlusive coverings are falsely high because sweat itself leaches skin electrolytes
    Louise B Weschler
    J Appl Physiol 105:1376-7. 2008
  93. pmc Citrate- vs. acetate-based dialysate in bicarbonate haemodialysis: consequences on haemodynamics, coagulation, acid-base status, and electrolytes
    Luca Gabutti
    Division of Nephrology, Ospedale La Carita, Via Ospedale, 6600 Locarno, Switzerland
    BMC Nephrol 10:7. 2009
    ..The aim of this study was to compare the impact of citrate- and acetate-based dialysates on systemic haemodynamics, coagulation, acid-base status, calcium balance and dialysis efficiency...
  94. ncbi [Comparative study of the use of sennoside A and B vs polyethylene glycol and electrolytes in anterograde preparation of the colon]
    A Farca Belsaguy
    Servicio de Gastroenterologia, Hospital Dr Manuel Gea Gonzalez, Mexico, D F
    Rev Gastroenterol Mex 64:85-8. 1999
    Compare effectiveness of antegrade bowel preparation by liquid diet, polyethylenglycol (PEG) and electrolytes solution plus sennosides A and B, vs. liquid diet plus sennosides A and B only.
  95. ncbi Clinical and economic impact of using macrogol 3350 plus electrolytes in an outpatient setting compared to enemas and suppositories and manual evacuation to treat paediatric faecal impaction based on actual clinical practice in England and Wales
    Julian F Guest
    CATALYST Health Economics Consultants, Northwood, Middlesex, UK
    Curr Med Res Opin 23:2213-25. 2007
    To estimate the clinical and economic impact of using macrogol 3350 plus electrolytes (macrogol 3350; Movicol; Movicol Paediatric Plain) in an outpatient setting compared to enemas and suppositories and manual evacuation to treat ..
  96. ncbi Estimation of the aqueous solubility of weak electrolytes
    Neera Jain
    Wyeth Ayerst Research, Pearl River, NY 10965, United States
    Int J Pharm 319:169-71. 2006
    ..Yalkowsky, S.H., 2001. Estimation of the aqueous solubility. I. Application to organic non-electrolytes. J. Pharm. Sci. 90, 234-252...
  97. doi Comparison of polyethylene glycol with and without electrolytes in the treatment of constipation in elderly institutionalized patients: a randomized, double-blind, parallel-group study
    Lauri Seinelä
    Pirkanmaan Erikoislääkäripalvelu, Tampere, Finland
    Drugs Aging 26:703-13. 2009
    Polyethylene glycol (PEG) is a commonly used osmotic laxative. PEG with electrolytes is mixed with water, but PEG without electrolytes can also be mixed with, for example, juice, coffee or tea, making it more palatable...
  98. ncbi Enzyme stabilization strategies based on electrolytes and polyelectrolytes for biosensor applications
    Nikolas A Chaniotakis
    Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, University of Crete, 71 409 Iraklion, Crete, Greece
    Anal Bioanal Chem 378:89-95. 2004
    The achievements in the area of enzyme stabilization based on electrolytes, polyelectrolytes and polyols is reviewed, in the context of biosensor applications...
  99. ncbi Long-term efficacy and cost-effectiveness of polyethylene glycol 3350 plus electrolytes in chronic constipation: a retrospective study in a disabled population
    I Migeon-Duballet
    CHU de Poitiers, Hopital La Miletrie, Poitiers, France
    Curr Med Res Opin 22:1227-35. 2006
    ..the objectives of the study were to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of polyethylene glycol 3350 plus electrolytes (Movicol; PEG+E) by comparing clinical data collected before and after its introduction to a stable population ..
  100. ncbi Induction of the epithelial Na+ channel via glucocorticoids in mineralocorticoid receptor knockout mice
    A Schulz-Baldes
    Physiologisches Institut, Albert Ludwigs Universitat, 79104 Freiburg, Germany
    Pflugers Arch 443:297-305. 2001
    ..These data show that MR is no prerequisite for the activation of ENaC transcription and activity, and that the respective mechanisms can be stimulated via GR...
  101. ncbi Capillary zone electrophoresis and artificial neural networks for estimation of the post-mortem interval (PMI) using electrolytes measurements in human vitreous humour
    G Bocaz-Beneventi
    Department of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Masaryk, Brno, Czech Republic
    Int J Legal Med 116:5-11. 2002
    ..98) and in comparison to the traditional linear least squares (LLS) method applied only to K+ levels in the vitreous humour, the prediction of PMI with ANN was improved by a factor of 5 from approximately +/- 15 h to less than 3 h...

Research Grants66

  1. METABOLISM, MICRONUTRIENTS, AND ANTIRETROVIRAL THERAPY OUTCOMES IN ZAMBIA
    DOUGLAS CORBETT HEIMBURGER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This will enable us to diagnose RS more definitively by distinguishing it from disorders of hydration and electrolytes, to document the effects of ART on food and nutrient intakes, and to detect effects of micronutrient ..
  2. Zot, Zonulin, and Pathophysiology of Intestinal Tight Junctions
    Alessio Fasano; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..functions of the gastrointestinal tract traditionally include digestion and absorption of nutrients, and electrolytes and water homeostasis...
  3. Central Biochemistry Laboratory of the CKiD Consortium
    George J Schwartz; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Blood analytes include electrolytes, BUN, creatinine, glucose, calcium, phosphorus, albumin, uric acid, lipid screen, hsCRP, intact PTH, and ..
  4. Ionic Liquid Gas Sensors for Detection of Flammable Gases In Workplace
    Xiangqun Zeng; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Additionally, many ILs are proven to be excellent non-aqueous electrolytes due to their large intrinsic conductivity and wide electrochemical potential windows...
  5. Analysis of distal conboluted tubule function in vivo
    James A McCormick; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Blood pressure measurements, and analysis of urinary and plasma electrolytes will be performed in conjunction with proteomic analysis...
  6. Transcriptional Control of Submucosal Gland Formation and Function
    Jeffrey A Whitsett; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..trachea and bronchi, and the formation of submucosal glands (SMGs) that secrete the majority of fluids, electrolytes, and host defense proteins onto the airway surface and 2) that patterning, growth, diferentiation, and gene ..
  7. Photocrosslinking characterization of heat-labile toxin glycoreceptors
    Amberlyn M Wands; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..called the heat labile toxin (LT) can lead to these disease symptoms by detrimentally upsetting the balance of electrolytes in the intestine...
  8. MECHANISM OF LACRIMAL GLAND SECRETION
    Darlene A Dartt; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..proposal the neurally-activated signaling mechanisms that regulate lacrimal gland secretion of proteins, electrolytes, and water will be compared in healthy and diseased lacrimal glands...
  9. Climate Change and Health: Assessing the Risk of Preterm Delivery
    Rupa Basu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Precautions may include drinking more fluids and electrolytes, staying indoors in air conditioned environments, and being with others during the warm season, especially ..
  10. Three-dimensional Human Kidney Tissue System for Studying Renal Diseases
    Jeannine Coburn; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..applicant): The kidney's primary functions are to filter blood in the glomeruli, and retain or eliminate electrolytes, water and other solutes in the tubules...
  11. MECHANISMS OF NA+ TRANSPORT IN THE HUMAN INTESTINE
    Pradeep K Dudeja; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..expression by these cytokines may lead to suppression of NHE activity coupled with the loss of absorption of electrolytes and water in diarrhea...
  12. Central Kappa Opioid Neural Regulation of Cardiovascular and Renal Function
    Helmut B Gottlieb; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..changes in the integrity of arterial circulation can lead to profound changes in renal excretion of fluid and electrolytes via the activation of neuronal and humoral mechanisms in the CNS and periphery...
  13. Biocompatible Chemical Sensors Via Nitric Oxide Release/Generation
    Mark E Meyerhoff; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..To date, efforts to develop clinically viable in vivo chemical sensors for real-time monitoring of blood gases, electrolytes, glucose, lactate, etc...
  14. Membrane Trafficking of Renal Ion Transport Proteins in Potassium Homeostasis
    Chou Long Huang; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Renal Na+ and K+ transport in these mice will be studied by measuring blood and urinary electrolytes and expression of Na+ and K+ transporters in response to dietary Na+ or K+ perturbations and to diuretics...
  15. Endoplasmic reticulum stress in diabetic brain
    Gerald A Dienel; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..brain cells are believed to include trafficking of nutrients, energy metabolites, signaling molecules, and electrolytes. Although trafficking of biological molecules within the cellular syncytia in brain is not well understood due ..
  16. The effects of engineered nanoparticle ingestion on mineral absorption and small
    Gretchen Mahler; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..a selective barrier that protects the host from harmful luminal content while allowing essential nutrients, electrolytes, and water to pass into circulation...
  17. REGULATION OF NA-NUTRIENT CO-TRANSPORT
    UMA SUNDARAM SUNDARAM; Fiscal Year: 2010
    The morbidity of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) stems from its effect on electrolytes, nutrients and fluid absorption;thus, patients with IBD sustain malabsorption and diarrhea with attendant malnutrition and weight loss...
  18. Initiating Factors for Hypertension
    Steven C Hunt; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Acute saline infusions while on a low-salt diet (50 mmol/day) will elicit acute changes in hormones and electrolytes in pathways directly related to renal sodium excretion including the catecholamine-dopamine, renin-angiotensin-..
  19. Long-term impact of higher vs. lower calorie refeeding in anorexia nervosa
    Andrea Garber; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This syndrome is caused by rapid shifts in fluids and electrolytes in response to nutrients and can result in cardiac failure, delirium and death...
  20. Relex Pathways Controlling Intestinal Motility
    TERENCE KEITH SMITH; Fiscal Year: 2012
    Functions of the large bowel include the recovery of water and electrolytes from the intestinal lumen and the use of bacteria to digest nutrients...
  21. Electropolishing of Nitinol Stents in Aqueous, Acid Free Solutions
    MARIA E INMAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..worker safety hazards associated with conventional electropolishing, that uses mixed high concentration acid electrolytes, including sulfuric, phosphoric, hydrofluoric and perchloric acids...
  22. Neuroimaging of Purinergic Pathways in the Human ENS
    FEDIAS LEONTIOU CHRISTOFI; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..an ENS reflex where multiple purines act at these receptors to modulate neurogenic secretion of fluid and electrolytes. ADO inhibits immune activation of the ENS by biopsy supernatants (SUP)...
  23. PHYSIOLOGICAL MECHANISMS OF VERTEBRATE FREEZE TOLERANCE
    RICHARD LEE JR; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..organ dehydration on plasma and tissue osmotic concentrations, pH, levels of anaerobic metabolites, and electrolytes. The second hypothesis is that glucose functions as a cryoprotectant during freezing...
  24. Developing a ClO2 Compliance Service: Minimizing Water Borne Microbial Infection
    SPENDEL U WOLFGANG; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..device (EC Probe) that is enabled by the research team's seminal innovations in solid-phase electrolytes and sol-gel process technology...
  25. A New Low Cost Ammonia Sensor for Environmental Health Monitoring
    MICHAEL T CARTER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..While amperometric NH3 monitoring is relatively common, the electrolytes used in them have not improved over the years...
  26. ElectroPolishing for Cost Effective, High Yield Nitinol Stent Fabrication
    MARIA E INMAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..high reject rates associated with [conventional electropolishing of stents using mixed high concentration acid electrolytes, including sulfuric, phosphoric, hydrofluoric and perchloric acids...
  27. EPIDEMIC HYPERTENSION IN NIGERIAN WORKERS
    Clareann Bunker; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..g. psychosocial, electrolytes, reactivity, macronutrient intake, to change in blood pressure...
  28. ROLE OF CHLORIDE IN SODIUM-DEPENDENT HYPERTENSION
    Theodore Kurtz; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..The changes in body weight, extracellular fluid volume, plasma volume, external balances of minerals and electrolytes, and plasma concentrations of renin, aldosterone, catecholamines, parathyroid hormone and calcitriol (1,25-D) ..
  29. Home Ozone Monitor Incorporating Low Cost High Performance Printed Gas Sensors
    MICHAEL T CARTER; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..are about the size of a micro-SD cell phone card, are able to use a variety of conventional and developmental electrolytes. This provides unprecedented access to a wide range of tunable selectivity, sensitivity and robustness to ..
  30. WATER AND ELECTROLYTE TRANSPORT BY THE INTESTINE
    KENNETH HUBEL; Fiscal Year: 1990
    Studies are proposed in Part I to determine the influence of the enteric nervous system on the transport of electrolytes and water by the small and large intestine of rabbit...
  31. Long-life, High-Voltage Lithium-Ion Battery for Portable Cardiac Defibrillators
    Robert C McDonald; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Giner, Inc. has developed new battery electrolytes with exceptional chemical stability, non- flammability and wide temperature range, which will be evaluated with ..
  32. ABSORPTION, SECRETION, MALABSORPTION AND DIARRHEA
    JOHN FORDTRAN; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..metabolic balance methods to measure net gastrointestinal absorption or secretin of nutrients, minerals and electrolytes; or steady state intestinal perfusion which allows detailed examination of mucosal absorption or secretion rate ..
  33. Brain K+ Dynamics, BBB Breakdown & Hemorrhagic Transformation in Ischemic Stroke
    Stephen Jones; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Indirect factors (including temperature and serum electrolytes) will be used to change the time of the K+ drop: BBB changes are hypothesized to follow suit...
  34. Direct Peritoneal Resuscitation from Hypovolemic Shock
    Richard Garrison; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..of the cellular metabolic functions endothelial barrier properties, redistribution of body fluids and electrolytes, a systemic inflammatory response, and a deleterious intestinal vasoconstriction and a disproportionate ..
  35. ALLOSTERIC INHIBITION OF GUANYLYL CYCLASE BY NUCLEOTIDES
    Scott Waldman; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Binding of ST to guanylyl cyclase C (G Cyclase-C) results in the secretion of fluid and electrolytes in the intestine and is a principal cause of diarrheal disease in animals and humans...
  36. Upgrade of a 500 MHz NMR Spectrometer for Applications in Biomedical Research
    Thomas R Hoye; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..vaccines, and other bioactive compounds;creation of new sensors for monitoring levels of clinically relevant electrolytes;exploration of important enzyme pathways and functions;bioinorganic studies of models of metalloenzymes;..
  37. VIBRIO CHOLERAE TCP AND LPS SUBUNIT VACCINE, EPITOPES AN
    William Wade; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..the small intestine and secrete cholera toxin, which is responsible for the extensive loss of fluid and electrolytes from infected individuals. Cholera remains a worldwide problem...
  38. THE ROLE OF RETINOIDS IN LACRIMAL GLAND FUNCTION
    John Ubels; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The lacrimal gland fluid provides the ocular surface with lubrication, anti-bacterial proteins, electrolytes and nutrients...
  39. TRANSPORT MECHANISMS IN CORNEAL ENDOTHELIUM
    Jorge Fischbarg; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..We propose to use fluorescent dyes to monitor intracellular electrolytes and intracellular potential of cultured cells, and radiolabeled Na+ to determine the sidedness of Na+ entry via ..
  40. ION CHANNEL REGULATION IN CYSTIC FIBROSIS
    JEFFREY WINE; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..S. Caucasian population is about 1 in 23. The clinical syndrome includes elevated sweat electrolytes, pancreatic insufficiency, thickened cervical mucus in females and blockage and eventual degeneration of the ..
  41. Calcium Signaling in Developing Intestinal Epithelium
    Mrinalini Rao; Fiscal Year: 2005
    DESCRIPTION (Applicant's Abstract): The major function of the colonic epithelium is to conserve water and electrolytes by maintaining a balance between fluid secretion and absorption...
  42. Rescue of CFTR-deltaF508 misfolding by pharmacological and genetic suppressors
    RYAN TYLER; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..by applicant): Cystic fibrosis is a life-threatening genetic disease characterized by the altered secretion of electrolytes by the secretory epithelial cells of the body...
  43. Molecular Pathogenesis of Cystic Fibrosis Liver Disease
    Martin Carey; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..wild-type (WT) mice will be studied: 1) to explore the hepatobiliary secretory abnormalities of pH, bilirubins, electrolytes and biliary lipids utilizing biophysical, pathophysiological and physical-chemical approaches; 2) to determine ..
  44. ION TRANSPORT IN SMALL INTESTINE
    William Armstrong; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..the cell and cell membrane, the mechanisms by which the small intestine transports ions and water-soluble non-electrolytes (where the transport of these is coupled to that of ions, e.g...
  45. ASTROCYTE MEDIATED ETHANOL NEUROTOXICITY
    Michael Aschner; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..In response, the intracellular levels of electrolytes and EtOH will rapidly decrease, with a much slower adaptation to the release of accumulated compensatory ..
  46. ROLE OF MATRIX VESICLES IN CALCIFICATION
    ROY WUTHIER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Our goal is to elucidate how key proteins, lipids, and electrolytes interact to form MV with the ability to induce calcium phosphate mineral formation...
  47. A 10-um resolution imager for soft X-ray emitters
    Roberto Accorsi; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..e. on the same space scale as individual cells. Diffusion mechanisms of electrolytes and metabolites, the biochemistry of elements such as K, Ca, Fe, Cu and I, and cell migration, signaling and ..
  48. MYOCARDIAL MEMBRANE PATHOPHYSIOLOGY
    KAREN BURTON; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..alterations due to the activation of phospholipases; and 3) an evaluation of cellular and subcellular electrolytes, including documentation of shifts that occur relatively early during ischemia, and evaluation of the role of ..
  49. HORMONAL REGULATION OF BRAIN MATURATION
    BARBARA STONESTREET; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Brain volume, water and electrolytes, are measured by standard methods and graded osmotic stress achieved with mannitol...
  50. REGULATION OF AMNIOTIC FLUID VOLUME
    ROBERT BRACE; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..In addition, the movement of fluid and electrolytes across the fetal membranes will be explored under a number of conditions...
  51. DIAGNOSTIC TEST TO EVALUATE IRRITABLE BOWEL SYNDROME
    BRIAN CRAINE; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..to undergo a series of expensive tests such as endoscopy, complete blood counts, liver function tests, serum electrolytes, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, urine analysis, stool cultures and X-ray studies...
  52. NOVEL LITHIUM POLYMER ELECTROLYTE BATTERIES FOR MEDICAL
    H VENKATASETTY; Fiscal Year: 2000
    The overall objective of this research and development project is to synthesize novel solid polymer electrolytes (SPEs) of lithium and characterize them for high conductivity and electrochemical stability...
  53. RECHARGEABLE LI ION CELLS FOR VAS APPLICATION
    Victor Koch; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..The investigators showed that their electrolytes comprising these new solvents could substantially outperform the benchmark state-of-the-art electrolytes for ..
  54. BIOCOMPATIBLE CHEMICAL SENSORS VIA NITRIC OXIDE RELEASE
    MARK MEYERHOFF; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..of intravascular chemical sensors capable of continuously monitoring blood gases (pH, P02, PCO2) and electrolytes (e.g., K(+), Ca(+2), etc...
  55. COLONIC PROTON PUMP--ROLE IN ELECTROLYTE ABSORPTION
    Jonathan Kaunitz; Fiscal Year: 1990
    The major function of the colon is conservation of water and electrolytes. To accomplish this end, sodium and chloride are actively absorbed by transport proteins on the colonic surface cell luminal membrane...
  56. ELECTROLYTE TRANSDUCTION MECHANISMS
    M Herness; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..To distinguish between electrolytes, the taste cell must possess different early transduction mechanisms which must ultimately converge at the ..
  57. MEMBRANE TRANSPORT PROCESSES IN RED BLOOD CELLS
    Joseph Hoffman; Fiscal Year: 1991
    Our primary aim is to gain insight into the molecular mechanisms responsible for the membrane transport of electrolytes in red blood cells and the function these mechanisms have in the regulation of cell volume...
  58. Lithium-Ion Batteries for Implanted Medical Devices
    Victor Koch; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Specifically, we proposed to prepare and evaluate a group of gel polymer electrolytes comprising ionic liquids that are non-flammable, electrochemically stable, and thermally robust...
  59. Lithium Ion Batteries for Implanted Medical Devices
    Victor Koch; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..In Phase I we formulated a new family of ionic liquid-based gel-polymer electrolytes with remarkable properties including non-flammability, enhanced oxidative stability, and resistance to thermal ..
  60. NEURAL & 2ND MESSENGER CONTROL OF INTESTINAL TRANSPORT
    Charles Yeo; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..The small intestine serves the functions of nutrition and maintenance of homeostasis via the absorption of water, electrolytes, nutrients and drugs. Intestinal transport is linked to intestinal blood flow and motility...
  61. REGULATION OF EPITHELIAL FLUID TRANSPORT
    Michael Field; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..for a grant investigating the role of Na-coupled anion transport processes in the absorption and secretion of electrolytes by intestine and other epithelia (kidney, trachea)...
  62. QUANTITATIVE LOCALIZATION OF ELECTROLYTES IN HEART
    JOHN TORMEY; Fiscal Year: 1991
    The goal of this project is to understand the roles of electrolytes in cardiac function by directly quantitating their distribution among the anatomical compartments of heart muscle...
  63. Targeting the Tumor pH Gradient for the Treatment of Ca.
    Leo Gerweck; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This study determines if the pH gradient governs the cytotoxicity of weak electrolytes in the complex and dynamic tumor microenvironment, and therefore whether the pH gradient difference between ..
  64. Time Resolved Ocular Fluorometer
    BRUCE ISHIMOTO; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..probes designed for microscopy and analytical chemistry to measure cell volume, oxygen, concentration of electrolytes, pH, and other variables of importance in and on live eyes in animals and eventually humans...
  65. KETOACID THERAPY OF RENAL FAILURE
    Mackenzie Walser; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..are progression of renal insufficiency, protein nutrition, PTH levels, and plasma levels of amino acids and electrolytes. A 20-25 gm mixed quality protein diet low in phosphorus will be used, and the composition of a supplement ..
  66. Time Resolved Ocular Fluorometer
    BRUCE ISHIMOTO; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..will take advantage of fluorescence lifetime probes designed for microscopy and analytical chemistry to measure electrolytes, pH, glucose, oxygen and more in and on live eyes in animals and eventually humans...