aluminum compounds

Summary

Summary: Inorganic compounds that contain aluminum as an integral part of the molecule.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Antibacterial activity of two MTA-based root canal sealers
    R D Morgental
    Department of Endodontics, School of Dentistry, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
    Int Endod J 44:1128-33. 2011
  2. ncbi Hydration mechanisms of mineral trioxide aggregate
    J Camilleri
    Department of Building and Civil Engineering, Faculty of Architecture and Civil Engineering, University of Malta, Msida, Malta
    Int Endod J 40:462-70. 2007
  3. ncbi Mineral trioxide aggregate: a comprehensive literature review--part II: leakage and biocompatibility investigations
    Mahmoud Torabinejad
    Endodontic Residency Program, Department of Endodontics, School of Dentistry, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, California 92350, USA
    J Endod 36:190-202. 2010
  4. ncbi Physicochemical basis of the biologic properties of mineral trioxide aggregate
    N K Sarkar
    Operative Dentistry and Biomaterials Department, LSU, School of Dentistry, 1100 Florida Ave, New Orleans, LA 70119, USA
    J Endod 31:97-100. 2005
  5. ncbi Mineral trioxide aggregate: a comprehensive literature review--Part I: chemical, physical, and antibacterial properties
    Masoud Parirokh
    Department of Endodontics, School of Dentistry, Oral and Dental Diseases Research Center, Neuroscience Research Center, Iranian Center for Endodontic Research, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
    J Endod 36:16-27. 2010
  6. ncbi Effect of pH on sealing ability of white mineral trioxide aggregate as a root-end filling material
    Mohammad Ali Saghiri
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
    J Endod 34:1226-9. 2008
  7. ncbi Comparison of the physical and mechanical properties of MTA and portland cement
    Intekhab Islam
    Department of Restorative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, National University of Singapore, Singapore
    J Endod 32:193-7. 2006
  8. ncbi A multiparametric assay to compare the cytotoxicity of endodontic sealers with primary human osteoblasts
    M Z Scelza
    Laboratory of Experimental Cell Culture, Department of Endodontics, Fluminense Federal University UFF, Niteroi, RJ Brazil
    Int Endod J 45:12-8. 2012
  9. ncbi Rat tissue reaction to MTA FILLAPEX®
    João Eduardo Gomes-Filho
    Department of Endodontics, Araçatuba School of Dentistry, University of Estadual Paulista, R Jose Bonifacio 1193, Aracatuba, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Dent Traumatol 28:452-6. 2012
  10. ncbi Effects of mineral trioxide aggregate on cell survival, gene expression associated with mineralized tissues, and biomineralization of cementoblasts
    Sema S Hakki
    Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Periodontology, Selcuk University, Konya, Turkey
    J Endod 35:513-9. 2009

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications287 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Antibacterial activity of two MTA-based root canal sealers
    R D Morgental
    Department of Endodontics, School of Dentistry, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
    Int Endod J 44:1128-33. 2011
    ..To evaluate the pH and antibacterial activity of Endo CPM Sealer and MTA Fillapex by two different methods, using white MTA and Endofill as references for comparison...
  2. ncbi Hydration mechanisms of mineral trioxide aggregate
    J Camilleri
    Department of Building and Civil Engineering, Faculty of Architecture and Civil Engineering, University of Malta, Msida, Malta
    Int Endod J 40:462-70. 2007
    ..To report the hydration mechanism of white mineral trioxide aggregate (White MTA, Dentsply, Tulsa Dental Products, Tulsa, OK, USA)...
  3. ncbi Mineral trioxide aggregate: a comprehensive literature review--part II: leakage and biocompatibility investigations
    Mahmoud Torabinejad
    Endodontic Residency Program, Department of Endodontics, School of Dentistry, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, California 92350, USA
    J Endod 36:190-202. 2010
    ..The purpose of part II of this review is to present a comprehensive list of articles regarding the sealing ability and biocompatibility of this material...
  4. ncbi Physicochemical basis of the biologic properties of mineral trioxide aggregate
    N K Sarkar
    Operative Dentistry and Biomaterials Department, LSU, School of Dentistry, 1100 Florida Ave, New Orleans, LA 70119, USA
    J Endod 31:97-100. 2005
    ..The dentin-mineral trioxide aggregate interfacial layer results from a similar reaction. The sealing ability, biocompatibility, and dentinogenic activity of mineral trioxide aggregate is attributed to these physicochemical reactions...
  5. ncbi Mineral trioxide aggregate: a comprehensive literature review--Part I: chemical, physical, and antibacterial properties
    Masoud Parirokh
    Department of Endodontics, School of Dentistry, Oral and Dental Diseases Research Center, Neuroscience Research Center, Iranian Center for Endodontic Research, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
    J Endod 36:16-27. 2010
    ..The aim of Part I of this literature review is to present investigations regarding the chemical, physical, and antibacterial properties of MTA...
  6. ncbi Effect of pH on sealing ability of white mineral trioxide aggregate as a root-end filling material
    Mohammad Ali Saghiri
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
    J Endod 34:1226-9. 2008
    ..4 followed by pH values of 5.4, 6.4, and 7.4, respectively. There was a significantly longer time necessary for leakage to occur in samples stored in higher pH values (P < .000)...
  7. ncbi Comparison of the physical and mechanical properties of MTA and portland cement
    Intekhab Islam
    Department of Restorative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, National University of Singapore, Singapore
    J Endod 32:193-7. 2006
    ..Further in vitro and in vivo tests, especially with regards its biocompatibility, should be conducted to ascertain if it meets the FDA requirements for use as a medical device...
  8. ncbi A multiparametric assay to compare the cytotoxicity of endodontic sealers with primary human osteoblasts
    M Z Scelza
    Laboratory of Experimental Cell Culture, Department of Endodontics, Fluminense Federal University UFF, Niteroi, RJ Brazil
    Int Endod J 45:12-8. 2012
    ....
  9. ncbi Rat tissue reaction to MTA FILLAPEX®
    João Eduardo Gomes-Filho
    Department of Endodontics, Araçatuba School of Dentistry, University of Estadual Paulista, R Jose Bonifacio 1193, Aracatuba, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Dent Traumatol 28:452-6. 2012
    ..Mineralization and granulation birefringent to polarized light were observed with all materials. It was concluded that MTA FILLAPEX® was biocompatible and stimulated mineralization...
  10. ncbi Effects of mineral trioxide aggregate on cell survival, gene expression associated with mineralized tissues, and biomineralization of cementoblasts
    Sema S Hakki
    Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Periodontology, Selcuk University, Konya, Turkey
    J Endod 35:513-9. 2009
    ..02 and 0.002 mg/mL. Based on these results MTA can be considered as a favorable material regarding cell-material interaction...
  11. ncbi Ex vivo cytotoxicity of a new calcium silicate-based canal filling material
    W Zhang
    Key Lab for Oral Biomedical Engineering of Ministry of Education, School of Stomatology, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China
    Int Endod J 43:769-74. 2010
    ..To evaluate the biocompatibility of iRoot SP root canal filling material to L929 mouse fibroblasts...
  12. ncbi Optimal cytocompatibility of a bioceramic nanoparticulate cement in primary human mesenchymal cells
    Gustavo De-Deus
    Department of Endodontics, Veiga de Almeida University, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    J Endod 35:1387-90. 2009
    ..White Pro-Root MTA (Dentsply, Tulsa Dental, Tulsa, OK) was used as a reference for comparison...
  13. ncbi Comparison of the root-end seal provided by bioceramic repair cements and White MTA
    F Leal
    Department of Endodontics, State University of Rio de Janeiro UERJ, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Int Endod J 44:662-8. 2011
    ..To compare the ability of Ceramicrete, BioAggregate and white ProRoot MTA (mineral trioxide aggregate) to prevent glucose leakage through root-end fillings...
  14. ncbi Apexification: a review
    Mary Rafter
    University of Michigan School of Dentistry, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 1078, USA
    Dent Traumatol 21:1-8. 2005
    ..Success rates for calcium hydroxide apexification are high although risks such as reinfection and tooth fracture exist. Prospective clinical trials comparing this and one-visit apexification techniques are required...
  15. ncbi The sealing ability and retention characteristics of mineral trioxide aggregate in a model of apexification
    Darlene R Hachmeister
    Department of Endodontics, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, 78229 3900, USA
    J Endod 28:386-90. 2002
    ..MTA shows promise in our proposed treatment option of immature pulpless teeth if the sealing ability can be enhanced by improving the delivery technique...
  16. ncbi Mineral trioxide aggregate: a review of the constituents and biological properties of the material
    J Camilleri
    Department of Conservative Dentistry, Dental Institute, King s College London, London, UK
    Int Endod J 39:747-54. 2006
    ..Relatively few articles addressed the constituents of MTA, whilst cytological evaluation was the most widely used biocompatibility test...
  17. ncbi The use of MTA in teeth with necrotic pulps and open apices
    Valentina Giuliani
    Department of Endodontics, The University of Florence, Italy
    Dent Traumatol 18:217-21. 2002
    ..MTA appears to be a valid option for apexification with its main advantage being the speed at which the treatment can be completed...
  18. ncbi Comparative study of white and gray mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) simulating a one- or two-step apical barrier technique
    Gary D Matt
    Naval Postgraduate Dental School, Bethesda, MD, USA
    J Endod 30:876-9. 2004
    ..01). Results suggested that a 5 mm apical barrier of gray MTA, using two-steps, provided the best apical barrier...
  19. ncbi Effect of acidic environment on the push-out bond strength of mineral trioxide aggregate
    Noushin Shokouhinejad
    Department of Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry Dental Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
    J Endod 36:871-4. 2010
    ..In this study, the effect of an acidic environment on the push-out strength of MTA was evaluated...
  20. ncbi The effect of pH on surface hardness and microstructure of mineral trioxide aggregate
    M S Namazikhah
    Private Practice, Beverly Hills, CA, USA
    Int Endod J 41:108-16. 2008
    ..In addition, the morphological microstructure features of samples were studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM)...
  21. ncbi A mineral trioxide aggregate sealer stimulated mineralization
    João Eduardo Gomes-Filho
    Department of Endodontics, Araçatuba School of Dentistry, Sao Paulo State University, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    J Endod 35:256-60. 2009
    ..Mineralization and granulations birefringent to the polarized light were observed with all materials. It was possible to conclude that Endo-CPM-Sealer was biocompatible and stimulated mineralization...
  22. ncbi The effects of sodium hypochlorite (5.25%), Chlorhexidine (2%), and Glyde File Prep on the bond strength of MTA-dentin
    Ping Yan
    Department of Endodontics, School of Stomatology, Wuhan University, Luoyu Road 237, Wuhan City, China 430079
    J Endod 32:58-60. 2006
    ..05) and there was no significant difference in the chlorhexidine group or in the NaOCl group (p > 0.05). This study suggested that Glyde File Prep could negatively affect the bond strengths of MTA-dentin...
  23. ncbi Treatment of tooth discoloration after the use of white mineral trioxide aggregate
    Ilya Belobrov
    Melbourne Dental School, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia
    J Endod 37:1017-20. 2011
    ..This case report describes the treatment of tooth discoloration caused by white MTA (WMTA) used for the management of a complicated crown fracture...
  24. ncbi The chemical constitution and biocompatibility of accelerated Portland cement for endodontic use
    J Camilleri
    Department of Conservative Dentistry, and Biomaterials Research of the Guy s, King s and St Thomas Dental Institute, King s College London, UK
    Int Endod J 38:834-42. 2005
    ..To evaluate the biocompatibility of mineral trioxide aggregate and accelerated Portland cement and their eluants by assessing cell metabolic function and proliferation...
  25. ncbi Characterization and analyses of acid-extractable and leached trace elements in dental cements
    J Camilleri
    Department of Restorative Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Surgery, University of Malta, Msida, Malta
    Int Endod J 45:737-43. 2012
    ..Determination of the elemental constitution and investigation of the total and leachable arsenic, chromium and lead in Portland cement, pure tricalcium silicate, Biodentine, Bioaggregate and mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) Angelus...
  26. ncbi Analyses of heavy metals in mineral trioxide aggregate and Portland cement
    Matthew Schembri
    Department of Chemistry, University of Malta, Msida, Malta
    J Endod 36:1210-5. 2010
    ..Heavy metal inclusion can be of concern because MTA is in contact with hard and soft tissues...
  27. ncbi Biocompatibility of new calcium aluminate cement (EndoBinder)
    Fabiano Gamero Aguilar
    Department of Dental Materials and Prosthodontics, Ribeirao Preto School of Dentistry, University of Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    J Endod 38:367-71. 2012
    ..The purpose of this study was to evaluate the biocompatibility of calcium aluminate cement (EndoBinder) in subcutaneous tissue of rats...
  28. ncbi Effect of various chemicals as solvents on the dissolution of set white mineral trioxide aggregate: an in vitro study
    Suresh Nandini
    Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Meenakshi Ammal Dental College, Maduravoyal, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
    J Endod 36:135-8. 2010
    ..Because MTA is alkaline in nature, it might interact with acids or chemicals and could disintegrate. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of various chemicals on dissolution of white MTA (WMTA)...
  29. ncbi Changes in the surface of four calcium silicate-containing endodontic materials and an epoxy resin-based sealer after a solubility test
    R P Borges
    Department of Endodontics, University of Ribeirao Preto, Ribeirao Preto, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Int Endod J 45:419-28. 2012
    ....
  30. ncbi Push-out bond strength of mineral trioxide aggregate in the presence of alkaline pH
    Mohammad Ali Saghiri
    Department of Dental Material, School of Dentistry, Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
    J Endod 36:1856-9. 2010
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a range of alkaline pH values on the push-out strength of white mineral trioxide aggregate (WMTA)...
  31. ncbi Bond strength of composite to astringent-contaminated dentin using self-etching adhesives
    Kathy L O'Keefe
    Department of Restorative Dentistry and Biomaterials, The University of Texas Dental Branch at Houston, 6516 M D Anderson Blvd, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
    Am J Dent 18:168-72. 2005
    ..To determine the effects of contamination by ferric sulfate and aluminum chloride astringents on the bond strength of composite bonded to superficial dentin using self-etching adhesives...
  32. ncbi Comparison of microleakage with three different thicknesses of mineral trioxide aggregate as root-end filling material
    Saeed Rahimi
    Department of Endodontics, Tabriz Dental School, Tabriz University Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
    J Oral Sci 50:273-7. 2008
    ..1 mm accuracy. The microleakage in the 3-mm and 2-mm root-end cavities was less than at 1 mm depth, but analysis of variance revealed no significant differences among the three different thicknesses...
  33. ncbi Bond strengths of two adhesive systems to dentin contaminated with a hemostatic agent
    Watcharaporn Kuphasuk
    Department of Operative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
    Oper Dent 32:399-405. 2007
    ..The bond strength of CB20 to contaminated dentin was significantly lower than that to normal dentin. The extension of primer application time from 20 to 40 seconds significantly increased the bond strength of CB to contaminated dentin...
  34. ncbi Repair of furcal perforation using a new endodontic cement
    Mohammad Samiee
    Dental School, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
    Clin Oral Investig 14:653-8. 2010
    ..MTA and CEM cement showed similar favorable biological response in furcation perforation repair, especially in inducing the formation of cementum-like hard tissue...
  35. ncbi Hard-tissue healing after application of fresh or set MTA as root-end-filling material
    Erol S Apaydin
    Loma Linda University School of Dentistry, CA, USA
    J Endod 30:21-4. 2004
    ..028), there is no significant difference in the quantity of cementum or osseous healing associated with freshly placed or set MTA when used as root-end-filling material...
  36. pmc A novel facile method of labeling octreotide with (18)F-fluorine
    Peter Laverman
    Department of Nuclear Medicine, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    J Nucl Med 51:454-61. 2010
    ..The method is characterized by the labeling of NOTA-octreotide (NOTA-d-Phe-cyclo[Cys-Phe-d-Trp-Lys-Thr-Cys]-Throl (MH(+) 1305) [IMP466]) with (18)F...
  37. ncbi Calcium phosphate phase transformation produced by the interaction of the portland cement component of white mineral trioxide aggregate with a phosphate-containing fluid
    Franklin R Tay
    Department of Oral Biology and Maxillofacial Pathology, School of Dentistry, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, Georgia 30912 1129, USA
    J Endod 33:1347-51. 2007
    ..Thus, the clinical manifestations of bioactivity with the use of MTA may at least be partially attributed to the mineralization induction capacity of its Portland cement component...
  38. ncbi Characterization of hydration products of mineral trioxide aggregate
    J Camilleri
    Department of Building and Civil Engineering, Faculty of Architecture and Civil Engineering, University of Malta, Malta
    Int Endod J 41:408-17. 2008
    ..To characterize the hydration products of white mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA)...
  39. ncbi Mineral trioxide aggregate obturation: a review and case series
    George Bogen
    J Endod 35:777-90. 2009
    ..The review introduces clinicians to an alternative treatment strategy that might improve the healing outcomes for patients presenting with complex and challenging endodontic conditions...
  40. ncbi Pulp revascularization of immature teeth with apical periodontitis: a clinical study
    Rui Yu Ding
    Special Department, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology, Beijing, China
    J Endod 35:745-9. 2009
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a pulpal revascularization procedure for immature necrotic teeth with apical periodontitis...
  41. ncbi Chemical differences between white and gray mineral trioxide aggregate
    Saeed Asgary
    Endodontic Department, Shahid Beheshti Dental School, Tehran, Iran
    J Endod 31:101-3. 2005
    ....
  42. ncbi Clinical outcomes of artificial root-end barriers with mineral trioxide aggregate in teeth with immature apices
    David T Holden
    Department of Endodontics, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas 78229 3900, USA
    J Endod 34:812-7. 2008
    ..Overall, these results indicated that the mineral trioxide aggregate apical barrier technique is a successful method for obturating teeth with immature apices...
  43. ncbi MTA for obturation of mandibular central incisors with open apices: case report
    Mikako Hayashi
    Department of Restorative Dentistry and Endodontology, Osaka University Graduate School of Dentistry, Suita, Japan
    J Endod 30:120-2. 2004
    ..MTA can be considered a very effective material to promote regeneration of apical tissue, even in teeth with large open apices...
  44. ncbi Chemical and physical surface and bulk material characterization of white ProRoot MTA and two Portland cements
    Till Dammaschke
    Department of Operative Dentistry, University of Munster, Munster, Germany
    Dent Mater 21:731-8. 2005
    ..The chemical and physical properties of white ProRoot MTA were analyzed in the bulk and at the surface and compared with two common Portland cements types CEM1 and CEM2...
  45. ncbi Biomineralization ability and interaction of mineral trioxide aggregate and white portland cement with dentin in a phosphate-containing fluid
    Jessie F Reyes-Carmona
    Postgraduate program of the Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianopolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil
    J Endod 35:731-6. 2009
    ..This study analyzed the interaction of MTA and white Portland cement with dentin after immersion in phosphate-buffered saline (PBS)...
  46. ncbi Curcumin improves learning and memory ability and its neuroprotective mechanism in mice
    Rui Pan
    Department of Orthopedics, The First Affiliated Hospital, Medical College of Jinan University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China
    Chin Med J (Engl) 121:832-9. 2008
    ..In this study, we observed the memory improving properties of curcumin in mice and investigated the neuroprotective effect of curcumin in vitro and in vivo...
  47. ncbi Antimicrobial and chemical study of MTA, Portland cement, calcium hydroxide paste, Sealapex and Dycal
    C Estrela
    Faculdade de Odontologia, Universidade Federal de Goias, Goiania, GO, Brasil
    Braz Dent J 11:3-9. 2000
    ..Dycal did not show inhibition or diffusion zones. Portland cements contain the same chemical elements as MTA except that MTA also contains bismuth...
  48. ncbi Effects of storage temperature on surface hardness, microstructure, and phase formation of white mineral trioxide aggregate
    Mohammad Ali Saghiri
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
    J Endod 36:1414-8. 2010
    ....
  49. ncbi Dentin bond strength of two mineral trioxide aggregate-based and one epoxy resin-based sealers
    Eloísa Assmann
    Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
    J Endod 38:219-21. 2012
    ..This study aimed at evaluating the bond strength to root dentin of 2 mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA)-based sealers (Endo-CPM sealer and MTA Fillapex) and of 1 epoxy resin-based sealer (AH Plus sealer)...
  50. ncbi Bioactive materials in endodontics
    Benedicte Enkel
    Nantes University Hospital, Pôle Odontologie, ERT 10 51 Equipe de Recherche Clinique en Odontologie et Chirurgie Osseuse, Faculté de Chirurgie Dentaire 1 Place Alexis Ricordeau, Nantes Cedex 01, France
    Expert Rev Med Devices 5:475-94. 2008
    ..They could also be used as drug-delivery vehicles (e.g., for antibiotics and growth factors) or as scaffolds in pulp tissue engineering...
  51. ncbi The effect of acidity on dislodgment resistance of mineral trioxide aggregate and bioaggregate in furcation perforations: an in vitro comparative study
    Ahmed Abdel Rahman Hashem
    Endodontic Department, Ain Shams University, Egypt, Cairo
    J Endod 38:245-9. 2012
    ..The aim of this study was to compare the effect of acidic environment on the dislodgement resistance of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) and Bioaggregate (Innovative BioCeramix, Vancouver, Canada) when used as perforation repair materials...
  52. ncbi Effect of different radiopacifying agents on the physicochemical properties of white Portland cement and white mineral trioxide aggregate
    Marco Antonio Hungaro Duarte
    Department of Operative Dentistry, Dental Materials and Endodontics, Dental School of Bauru, University of Sao Paulo, Bauru, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    J Endod 38:394-7. 2012
    ....
  53. ncbi Histological, ultrastructural and quantitative investigations on the response of healthy human pulps to experimental capping with mineral trioxide aggregate: a randomized controlled trial
    P N R Nair
    Institute of Oral Biology, Section of Oral Structures and Development, Centre of Dental and Oral Medicine, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    Int Endod J 41:128-50. 2008
    ..To investigate the pulpal response to direct pulp capping in healthy human teeth with mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) as against calcium hydroxide cement (Dycal) as control...
  54. ncbi Root canal filling with cements based on mineral aggregates: an in vitro analysis of bacterial microleakage
    Marcos Jacobovitz
    Department of Endodontics, Hadassa Dental Medicine School, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel
    Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 108:140-4. 2009
    ..Both materials when used as the root canal filling were efficient in sealing root canals and preventing E. faecalis microleakage for the 30-day evaluation period using an in vitro model...
  55. ncbi Effects of pH and mixing agents on the temporal setting of tooth-colored and gray mineral trioxide aggregate
    J Dustin Watts
    Department of Endodontics, Wilford Hall Medical Center, Lackland AFB, TX 78236 5346, USA
    J Endod 33:970-3. 2007
    ..001). There were no consistent differences in compressive strength for WMTA or GMTA when mixed with sterile water. Variability of results suggests both types of MTA be mixed with sterile water in acidic and neutral environments...
  56. ncbi Mineral trioxide aggregate-based endodontic sealer stimulates hydroxyapatite nucleation in human osteoblast-like cell culture
    Loise Pedrosa Salles
    Department of Restorative Dentistry, Dental School of São Paulo State University, Araraquara, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    J Endod 38:971-6. 2012
    ..The main purpose of this study was to evaluate the biocompatibility and bioactivity of a new mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA)-based endodontic sealer, MTA Fillapex (MTA-F; Angelus, Londrina, Brazil), in human cell culture...
  57. ncbi Effect of bioaggregate on mineral-associated gene expression in osteoblast cells
    Zhenglin Yuan
    State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Basic Science of Stomatology Hubei MOST, School and Hospital of Stomatology, Wuhan University, Wuhan, PR China
    J Endod 36:1145-8. 2010
    ..This study investigated the cytotoxicity of bioaggregate (BA) and the effect of BA on mineral associated gene expression in osteoblast cells...
  58. ncbi Apatite-forming ability (bioactivity) of ProRoot MTA
    M G Gandolfi
    Laboratory of Biomaterials and Oral Pathology, Endodontic Clinical Section, Department of Odontostomatological Science, University of Bologna Department of Biochemistry, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
    Int Endod J 43:917-29. 2010
    ..Apatite-forming ability, considered as an index of bioactivity (bond-to-bone ability), was tested on ProRoot MTA cement after immersion in phosphate-containing solution (DPBS)...
  59. ncbi Sealing ability of MTA and radiopaque Portland cement with or without calcium chloride for root-end filling
    Eduardo Antunes Bortoluzzi
    Department of Endodontics, Bauru Dental School, University of Sao Paulo, Bauru, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    J Endod 32:897-900. 2006
    ..CaCl(2) improved the sealing ability of all three MTA cements...
  60. ncbi Cytotoxicity comparison of mineral trioxide aggregates and EndoSequence bioceramic root repair materials
    Beth Ann Damas
    Department of Endodontics, University of Detroit Mercy, Detroit, Michigan 48208 2576, USA
    J Endod 37:372-5. 2011
    ....
  61. ncbi Capillary flow porometry to assess the seal provided by root-end filling materials in a standardized and reproducible way
    Mieke A A De Bruyne
    Department of Operative Dentistry and Endodontology, Dental School, Ghent University, Ghent University Hospital, Gent, Belgium
    J Endod 32:206-9. 2006
    ..This maximum pore diameter, which corresponds to the largest leak in the sample, together with the size of bacteria and their metabolites, will be indicative of the eventual leakage along the root-end filling materials...
  62. ncbi Effect of bismuth oxide radioopacifier content on the material properties of an endodontic Portland cement-based (MTA-like) system
    Kristian S Coomaraswamy
    Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, University of Birmingham, St Chad s Queensway, Birmingham, United Kingdom
    J Endod 33:295-8. 2007
    ..The cement system was also found to be comparable in composition and strength to commercial MTA but had lower porosity because of the better workability of the Portland cement component...
  63. ncbi Development of the foremost light-curable calcium-silicate MTA cement as root-end in oral surgery. Chemical-physical properties, bioactivity and biological behavior
    Maria Giovanna Gandolfi
    Laboratory of Biomaterials and Oral Pathology, Department of Odontostomatological Sciences, University of Bologna, Via San Vitale 59, 40125 Bologna, Italy
    Dent Mater 27:e134-57. 2011
    ..An innovative light-curable calcium-silicate cement containing a HEMA-TEGDMA-based resin (lc-MTA) was designed to obtain a bioactive fast setting root-end filling and root repair material...
  64. ncbi Characterization and hydration kinetics of tricalcium silicate cement for use as a dental biomaterial
    J Camilleri
    Department of Dental Surgery, Faculty of Dental Surgery, University of Malta, Msida MSD 2080, Malta
    Dent Mater 27:836-44. 2011
    ..Investigation and characterization of the replacement of the Portland cement component in mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) with tricalcium silicate cement which is manufactured using the sol-gel method from pure raw materials...
  65. ncbi Scanning electron micrograph and surface hardness of mineral trioxide aggregate in the presence of alkaline pH
    Mohammad Ali Saghiri
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, Islamic Azad University Science and Research Branch, Azad University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
    J Endod 35:706-10. 2009
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate morphologic microstructure and surface hardness of white mineral trioxide aggregate (WMTA) after exposure to a range of alkaline environments during hydration...
  66. ncbi The effect of a physiologic solution pH on properties of white mineral trioxide aggregate
    Ming You Shie
    Institute of Stomatology, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan, Republic of China
    J Endod 35:98-101. 2009
    ..4 (11.2 and 12.0 MPa) but significantly higher (p < 0.05) than day 0 samples (4.4 and 4.8 MPa). Mixing WMTA with the accelerator did not significantly affect the microstructure, solubility, or strength in an acidic environment...
  67. ncbi Push-out bond strength of two new calcium silicate-based endodontic sealers to root canal dentine
    B Sagsen
    Department of Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Erciyes University, Kayseri, Turkey
    Int Endod J 44:1088-91. 2011
    ..To assess the push-out bond strength of two new calcium silicate-based endodontic sealers in the root canals of extracted teeth...
  68. ncbi A predictable gingival retraction system
    Christopher Pescatore
    Compend Contin Educ Dent 23:7-12; quiz 18. 2002
    ..This article demonstrates the use of this paste retraction system to control tissue for impression making as well as for the insertion of adhesively placed nonmetal restorations...
  69. ncbi A comparative study of selected properties of ProRoot mineral trioxide aggregate and two Portland cements
    G Danesh
    Department of Orthodontics, University of Munster, Munster, Germany
    Int Endod J 39:213-9. 2006
    ..To compare solubility, microhardness and radiopacity of ProRoot mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) with two Portland cements (PC: CEM I and CEM II)...
  70. ncbi The use of a setting accelerator and its effect on pH and calcium ion release of mineral trioxide aggregate and white Portland cement
    Eduardo Antunes Bortoluzzi
    Department of Endodontics, Bauru Dental School, University of Sao Paulo, Bauru, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    J Endod 32:1194-7. 2006
    ..05). The results revealed that the addition of CaCl2 to MTA enhanced the physicochemical properties of this product. Thus, materials mixed with CaCl2 became easier to handle and needed lower amounts of water in the mixing process...
  71. ncbi A quantitative comparison of the fill density of MTA produced by two placement techniques
    Priscilla Yeung
    Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, 23298, USA
    J Endod 32:456-9. 2006
    ..Hand condensation with indirect US activation resulted in an MTA fill that was statistically significantly heavier, and thus denser, than that accomplished by hand condensation alone in both curved and straight canals (p < 0.0001)...
  72. ncbi Nanomodification of mineral trioxide aggregate for enhanced physiochemical properties
    M A Saghiri
    Kamal Asgar Research Center KARC, Azad University, Dental Branch, Tehran, Iran
    Int Endod J 45:979-88. 2012
    ..To analyse the physicochemical properties of a Nano white mineral trioxide aggregate (NWMTA) and compare it with white mineral trioxide aggregate (WMTA)...
  73. ncbi Histologic assessment of human pulp response to capping with mineral trioxide aggregate and a novel endodontic cement
    Mohammad Hassan Zarrabi
    Department of Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry and Dental Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
    J Endod 36:1778-81. 2010
    ..This study was conducted to compare human pulp response to mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) and a novel endodontic cement (NEC) when used as pulp capping materials after a time period of 2 and 8 weeks...
  74. ncbi Push-out bond strength of a nano-modified mineral trioxide aggregate
    Mohammad Ali Saghiri
    Department of Dental Materials and Craniofacial Research Center, Dental School, Azad University Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran
    Dent Traumatol 29:323-7. 2013
    ..To analyze the push-out bond strength of Angelus WMTA (Angelus Dental Products), a nano-modification of WMTA (Kamal Asgar Research Center) and Bioaggregate (Innovative Bioceramix)...
  75. ncbi The constitution of mineral trioxide aggregate
    Josette Camilleri
    Department of Conservative Dentistry and Dental Biomaterials, Guy s, King s and St Thomas Dental Institute, King s College London, Guy s Hospital, London SE1 9RT, UK
    Dent Mater 21:297-303. 2005
    ..The surface morphology of the material with various treatment conditions was also evaluated...
  76. ncbi Effects of physiological environments on the hydration behavior of mineral trioxide aggregate
    Yuan Ling Lee
    School of Dentistry, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Chang Te Street, Taipei 10016, Taiwan, ROC
    Biomaterials 25:787-93. 2004
    ..In particular, an acidic environment of pH 5 adversely affects both the physical properties and the hydration behavior of MTA...
  77. ncbi Evaluation of mineral trioxide aggregate and calcium hydroxide cement as pulp-capping agents in human teeth
    Maria de Lourdes R Accorinte
    Department of Dental Materials, School of Dentistry, University Brás Cubas, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
    J Endod 34:1-6. 2008
    ..Although the pulp healing with calcium hydroxide was slower than that of MTA, both materials were successful for pulp capping in human teeth...
  78. ncbi Cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of root canal sealers based on mineral trioxide aggregate
    Claudia V Bin
    Department of Restorative Dentistry, Sao Paulo State University UNESP, Sao Jose dos Campos, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    J Endod 38:495-500. 2012
    ..The purpose of this study was to evaluate the cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of MTA canal sealer (Fillapex) compared with white MTA cement and AH Plus...
  79. ncbi Evaluation of the dimensional changes of mineral trioxide aggregate sealer
    J Camilleri
    Department of Building and Civil Engineering, Faculty for Built Environment, University of Malta, Msida, Malta
    Int Endod J 44:416-24. 2011
    ..To evaluate the setting time, early age restrained dimensional stability, fluid uptake, microstructure and porosity of a root canal sealer based on mineral trioxide aggregate (MTAS)...
  80. ncbi A clinical study on the effects of cordless and conventional retraction techniques on the gingival and periodontal health
    Khaled Q Al Hamad
    Department of Restorative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irhid, Jordan
    J Clin Periodontol 35:1053-8. 2008
    ..To investigate the influence of two cordless techniques on the periodontium in comparison with conventional cords...
  81. ncbi Biocompatibility and mineralization activity of fresh or set white mineral trioxide aggregate, biomimetic carbonated apatite, and synthetic hydroxyapatite
    Farzad Danesh
    Department of Endodontics, Dental School, Tehran Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
    J Endod 36:1036-41. 2010
    ....
  82. ncbi Influence of white versus gray mineral trioxide aggregate on inflammatory cells
    Sepideh Vosoughhosseini
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
    J Endod 34:715-7. 2008
    ..Both kinds of MTA provoked severe inflammatory reaction after 7 days, which significantly differed from control group (p < 0.05). However, there were no significant differences at any time period beyond 15 days (p > 0.05)...
  83. ncbi Genotoxicity and cytotoxicity of mineral trioxide aggregate and regular and white Portland cements on Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells in vitro
    Daniel Araki Ribeiro
    Department of Pathology, Botucatu Medical School, Botucatu, Brazil
    Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 101:258-61. 2006
    ..The goal of this study was to examine the genotoxicity and cytotoxicity of MTA and Portland cements in vitro by the single-cell gel (comet) assay and trypan blue exclusion test...
  84. ncbi Haemostatic agents used in periradicular surgery: an experimental study of their efficacy and tissue reactions
    T von Arx
    Department of Oral Surgery and Stomatology, School of Dental Medicine, University of Berne, Berne, Switzerland
    Int Endod J 39:800-8. 2006
    ..To evaluate the haemostatic efficacy and the histologic tissue responses after the application of different haemostatic agents used in periradicular surgery...
  85. ncbi A comparative analysis of Mineral Trioxide Aggregate and Portland cement
    U R Funteas
    University of Pittsburgh School of Dental Medicine, Endodontic Department, 3501 Terrace St, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
    Aust Endod J 29:43-4. 2003
    ..Quantitative results are given in both parts per million (p.p.m.) and wt%. It was concluded that there is no significant difference between the 14 different elements in both Portland cement and MTA...
  86. ncbi Comparative SEM study of the marginal adaptation of white and grey MTA and Portland cement
    Maryam Bidar
    Department of Endodontics, Mashad Dental School, Mashad, Iran
    Aust Endod J 33:2-6. 2007
    ..6, 349 and 326.3 microm, respectively. The results indicate that the gap between grey MTA and the dentinal wall is less than other materials, but there was no significant difference between the materials tested in this study (P > 0.05)...
  87. ncbi Tissue responses to an experimental calcium phosphate cement and mineral trioxide aggregate as materials for furcation perforation repair: a histological study in dogs
    Jörn Noetzel
    Department of Operative Dentistry and Periodontology, University School of Dental Medicine, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Charite Universitatsmedizin Berlin, Germany
    Clin Oral Investig 10:77-83. 2006
    ..Perforations located in the furcation of teeth remain an endodontic and a periodontal problem with an uncertain prognosis, in spite of the promising modern materials applied...
  88. ncbi The effect of mineral trioxide aggregate on the apexification and periapical healing of teeth with incomplete root formation
    W T Felippe
    School of Dentistry, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianopolis, SC, Brazil
    Int Endod J 39:2-9. 2006
    ....
  89. ncbi Gingival inflammatory response induced by chemical retraction agents in beagle dogs
    Igor Kopac
    Centre of Fixed Prosthodontics and Occlusion, Dental Department, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ljubljana, Hrvatski trg 6, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
    Int J Prosthodont 15:14-9. 2002
    ..The aim of this in vivo study on dogs was to investigate and compare the inflammatory potential of four different retraction agents on the gingival connective tissue...
  90. ncbi A comparative study of the biocompatibility of three root-end filling materials in rat connective tissue
    Shahriar Shahi
    Department of Endodontics, Tabriz Faculty of Dentistry, Azarbaidjan Shargi, Iran
    J Endod 32:776-80. 2006
    ..After 1 week, gray MTA was more biocompatible than white MTA and Amalgam. After 3 wk, there were no significant differences between experimental groups and the control group...
  91. ncbi Expanded clinical uses of a novel tissue-retraction material
    Andrew Shannon
    Compend Contin Educ Dent 23:3-6; quiz 18. 2002
    ..This article describes an expanded use of Expa-syl, a newly introduced tissue retraction material, as it relates to minimally invasive tissue management, while still providing an ideal gingival tissue environment for long-term health...
  92. ncbi Periapical tissue responses and cementum regeneration with amalgam, SuperEBA, and MTA as root-end filling materials
    Seung Ho Baek
    Department of Conservative Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Korea
    J Endod 31:444-9. 2005
    ..MTA showed the most favorable periapical tissue response, with neoformation of cemental coverage over MTA. SuperEBA was superior to amalgam as a root-end filling material...
  93. ncbi Comparative analysis of the particle size and shape of commercially available mineral trioxide aggregates and Portland cement: a study with a flow particle image analyzer
    Takashi Komabayashi
    Division of Endodontology, Department of Oral Health and Diagnostic Sciences, School of Dental Medicine, University of Connecticut, Farmington, CT 06030 1715, USA
    J Endod 34:94-8. 2008
    ..White MTA contains smaller particles with a narrower range of size distribution than Gray MTA. MTA Angelus particles have relatively low circularity and wide size distribution and are less homogeneous than ProRoot MTA...
  94. ncbi Antibacterial effect of two mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) preparations against Enterococcus faecalis and Streptococcus sanguis in vitro
    Khalid Al-Hezaimi
    King Saud University, College of Dentistry, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
    J Endod 32:1053-6. 2006
    ..001). It appears that the susceptibility of E. faecalis and S. sanguis to MTA differed and that GMTA requires lower concentrations than WMTA to exert the same antibacterial effect against each of the microorganisms tested...
  95. ncbi Chemical analysis of powder and set forms of Portland cement, gray ProRoot MTA, white ProRoot MTA, and gray MTA-Angelus
    Jin Seon Song
    Department of Endodontics, School of Dental Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6030, USA
    Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 102:809-15. 2006
    ..To evaluate the chemical composition and crystalline structures of Portland cement, gray ProRoot MTA (gray MTA), white ProRoot MTA (white MTA), and gray MTA-Angelus...
  96. ncbi Reactions of connective tissue to mineral trioxide aggregate and amalgam
    Mehmet Yaltirik
    Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Oral Surgery and Medicine, Istanbul University, Turkey
    J Endod 30:95-9. 2004
    ..One notable finding is the presence of dystrophic calcification in connective tissue adjacent to MTA; this finding is consistent with the hypothesis of hard tissue induction by this material...
  97. ncbi Effect of white mineral trioxide aggregate mixed with disodium hydrogen phosphate on inflammatory cells
    Mehrdad Lotfi
    Research Center for Pharmaceutical Nanotechnology, Tabriz University Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
    J Endod 35:703-5. 2009
    ..The aim of this study was subjective evaluation of inflammatory cells subsequent to subcutaneous implantation of white mineral trioxide aggregate (WMTA) mixed with disodium hydrogen phosphate (Na(2)HPO(4)) in rats...
  98. ncbi Effect of white-colored mineral trioxide aggregate in different concentrations on Candida albicans in vitro
    Khalid Al-Hezaimi
    King Saud University, College of Dentistry, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
    J Endod 31:684-6. 2005
    ..It appears that under the conditions of this study, white-colored MTA in concentration of 50 mg/ml is effective in killing C. albicans for periods of up to 3 days. Lower MTA concentrations may not be effective...
  99. ncbi A comparative histological evaluation of the biocompatibility of materials used in apical surgery
    C J A Sousa
    Department of Endodontics, University of Uberlandia, CEP 38405 320 Uberlandia, Minas Gerais, Brazil
    Int Endod J 37:738-48. 2004
    ..To evaluate the biological properties of a variety of materials that could be used in apical surgery...
  100. ncbi The use of mineral trioxide aggregate in one-visit apexification treatment: a prospective study
    S Simon
    Laboratory of Oro facial Biology and Pathology, INSERM U714, University of Paris 6, Paris, France
    Int Endod J 40:186-97. 2007
    ..To assess the outcome of apexification using mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA)...
  101. ncbi The biochemistry and physiology of metallic fluoride: action, mechanism, and implications
    Liang Li
    Faculty of Dentistry, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, Canada
    Crit Rev Oral Biol Med 14:100-14. 2003
    ..The aim of this review is to discuss the basic chemical, biochemical, and toxicological properties of metallic fluoride, to explore its potential physiological and clinical implications...

Research Grants20

  1. HMGB1-Derived Peptides As Vaccine Adjuvants
    Bradley T Messmer; Fiscal Year: 2012
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Currently, aluminum compounds and more recently MPL are the only adjuvants approved by the FDA for use in humans in the U.S...
  2. A novel vaccine/adjuvant for Streptococcus pneumoniae
    M A Westerink; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..S. Food and Drug Administration. Although, they have an extensive safety record, aluminum compounds are considered poor mucosal adjuvants...
  3. Aluminum bioavailability from foods
    Robert Yokel; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  4. A device containing immobilized chelator to remove aluminum from TPN solutions
    Robert Yokel; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  5. LENGTH REGULATION OF CARDIAC CONTRACTION
    Donald Martyn; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  6. PRACTICAL CHEMICAL SYNTHESIS OF COMPLEX ALKALOIDS
    LARRY OVERMAN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  7. New Methods for the Synthesis of Neurological Agents
    LARRY OVERMAN; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..oryzae at 90 nM, suggesting potential antitumor activity. Because of the scarcity of these natural products from their natural sources, little biological evaluation has been carried out. ..
  8. High Toughness Textured Ceramics for Biomedical Use
    Isabelle Denry; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Potential applications include dental restorations, dental implant superstructures, and bone replacement implants. ..
  9. Pseudopteroxazole and Related Antitubercular Agents
    Michael Harmata; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..More generally, the methodology to be developed should have extremely broad impact, as it can be applied to the generation of stereogenic centers in a large number of compounds of biological and medicinal interest. ..
  10. CD47/IAP Modulation of Immune Cell Functions
    William Frazier; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..3. Use CD47 null mice to define the role of CD47 in development of immune cells, in class switching during an immune response and in autoimmunity. ..
  11. REGULATION OF ANGIOGENESIS BY THROMBOSPONDIN
    William Frazier; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The TSP/CD36 system provides a normally functioning entre into the control of angiogenesis in which the ligand and receptor are well defined and whose mechanism will be elucidated as indicated above. ..
  12. BENZANNULATION APPROACH TO BIARYL ETHERS
    Michael Harmata; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..abstract_text> ..
  13. XYLITOL FOR ACUTE OTITIS MEDIA PROPHYLAXIS
    Louis Vernacchio; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..A preliminary estimate of the effect size of xylitol treatment from the pilot RCT will suggest whether the effect if sufficiently large to warrant a large formal RCT to be proposed. ..
  14. SYNTHESIS OF THE TEDANOLIDES, CYTOTOXIC POLYPROPIONATES
    Michael Jung; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  15. AMID in Apoptosis and p53-Mediated Downstream Effects
    Philippa Marrack; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Successful completion of the proposed studies will help to understand the molecular mechanisms of caspase-independent apoptosis and roles of AMID in p53-mediated biological effects and tumorigenesis. ..
  16. Methyl Mercury Evaluation in Dental Waste Water
    James Drummond; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Hypothesis: Element mercury released in DWW is converted to Hg(lI) and then in more limited amounts to methyl-mercury by specific biofilm bacterial species in the Dental sewage pipes. ..
  17. Control of Chemokine Production by Memory T Cells
    Philippa Marrack; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Memory T cells may use these stores of preformed chemokine mRNA for very rapid responses to antigen. A protocol will be established to find out whether this is so, in animals. ..
  18. Metal-Mediated Routes to Biaryls
    Bruce Lipshutz; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..A particular, albeit representative, application of a novel substituted cyclo-NOBIN will be studied for selected asymmetric aldol reactions. ..
  19. FINE TUNING BINOLS AND BINAPS FOR ASYMMETRIC SYNTHESIS
    Bruce Lipshutz; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..From ligands of this type come further options, such as opportunities for polymer mounting, and potentially of greatest attention, conversion to substituted cyclo BINAPs. ..