pyrantel pamoate

Summary

Summary: Broad spectrum antinematodal anthelmintic used also in veterinary medicine.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Efficacy of pyrantel embonate, febantel and praziquantel against Giardia species in naturally infected adult dogs
    A Giangaspero
    Dipartimento di Strutture, Funzioni, Patologie animali e Biotecnologie, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Teramo, Italy
    Vet Rec 150:184-6. 2002
  2. ncbi Strongyloides stercoralis infection with bloody pericardial effusion in a non-immunosuppressed patient
    Cha Po Lai
    Department of Cardiology, Tzu Chi Buddhist General Hospital, Hualien, Taiwan
    Circ J 66:613-4. 2002
  3. ncbi Comparison of the structures of natural and re-established populations of Ascaris in humans in a rural community of Jiangxi, China
    W Peng
    Jiangxi Medical Science Research Institute, Nanchang, PR China
    Parasitology 124:641-7. 2002
  4. ncbi Evaluation of parasiticidal activity of fenbendazole, ivermectin, oxibendazole, and pyrantel pamoate in horse foals with emphasis on ascarids (Parascaris equorum) in field studies on five farms in Central Kentucky in 2007
    E T Lyons
    Department of Veterinary Science, Gluck Equine Research Center, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40546 0099, USA
    Parasitol Res 103:287-91. 2008
  5. ncbi Embryonation and infectivity of Ascaris suum eggs isolated from worms expelled by pigs treated with albendazole , pyrantel pamoate, ivermectin or piperazine dihydrochloride
    J Boes
    Danish Centre for Experimental Parasitology, Department of Veterinary Microbiology, The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Frederiksberg
    Vet Parasitol 75:181-90. 1998
  6. ncbi Electron and video-light microscopy analysis of the in vitro effects of pyrantel pamoate on Giardia lamblia
    L Campanati
    Department of Histology and Embryology, Laboratory of Microscopy and Image Processing, State University of Rio de Janeiro, Av. Prof. Manoel de Abreu, 48 3 degrees andar, , Rio de Janeiro, CEP 20550-170, Brazil
    Exp Parasitol 97:9-14. 2001
  7. ncbi Macrocyclic lactone-resistant Parascaris equorum on stud farms in Canada and effectiveness of fenbendazole and pyrantel pamoate
    J Owen D Slocombe
    Department of Pathobiology, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, N1G 2W1 Slocombe Canada
    Vet Parasitol 145:371-6. 2007
  8. ncbi Pyrantel pamoate resistance in horses receiving daily administration of pyrantel tartrate
    Emily L Brazik
    Carolina Coastal Equine Veterinary Service, 1286 Hwy 117 N, Burgaw, NC 28425, USA
    J Am Vet Med Assoc 228:101-3. 2006
  9. ncbi Necator americanus: optimization of the golden hamster model for testing anthelmintic drugs
    Jian Xue
    National Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Chinese Center for Disease Control CCDC, 207 Rui Jin Er Lu, Shanghai 200025, PR China
    Exp Parasitol 111:219-23. 2005
  10. ncbi Efficacy of pyrantel pamoate against a macrocyclic lactone-resistant isolate of Parascaris equorum in horses
    Craig R Reinemeyer
    East Tennessee Clinical Research, Inc, 80 Copper Ridge Farm Road, Rockwood, TN 37854, United States
    Vet Parasitol 171:111-5. 2010

Scientific Experts

Detail Information

Publications113 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Efficacy of pyrantel embonate, febantel and praziquantel against Giardia species in naturally infected adult dogs
    A Giangaspero
    Dipartimento di Strutture, Funzioni, Patologie animali e Biotecnologie, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Teramo, Italy
    Vet Rec 150:184-6. 2002
  2. ncbi Strongyloides stercoralis infection with bloody pericardial effusion in a non-immunosuppressed patient
    Cha Po Lai
    Department of Cardiology, Tzu Chi Buddhist General Hospital, Hualien, Taiwan
    Circ J 66:613-4. 2002
    ..After treatment with anti-nematodal agents, the eosinophilia decreased from 26% to 1% and the patient's symptoms improved. This is a rare case of Strongyloides-induced bloody pericardial effusion in a non-immunosuppressed patient...
  3. ncbi Comparison of the structures of natural and re-established populations of Ascaris in humans in a rural community of Jiangxi, China
    W Peng
    Jiangxi Medical Science Research Institute, Nanchang, PR China
    Parasitology 124:641-7. 2002
    ..in humans, universal (mass) chemotherapy was carried out at the beginning and the end of the study year using pyrantel pamoate. Worms expelled within 48 h of treatment were collected, their sex determined, and measurements made of ..
  4. ncbi Evaluation of parasiticidal activity of fenbendazole, ivermectin, oxibendazole, and pyrantel pamoate in horse foals with emphasis on ascarids (Parascaris equorum) in field studies on five farms in Central Kentucky in 2007
    E T Lyons
    Department of Veterinary Science, Gluck Equine Research Center, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40546 0099, USA
    Parasitol Res 103:287-91. 2008
    ..activity of paste formulations of four compounds (fenbendazole-FBZ, ivermectin-IVM, oxibendazole-OBZ, and pyrantel pamoate-PRT) against internal parasites with emphasis on ascarids (Parascaris equorum)...
  5. ncbi Embryonation and infectivity of Ascaris suum eggs isolated from worms expelled by pigs treated with albendazole , pyrantel pamoate, ivermectin or piperazine dihydrochloride
    J Boes
    Danish Centre for Experimental Parasitology, Department of Veterinary Microbiology, The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Frederiksberg
    Vet Parasitol 75:181-90. 1998
    ..Four groups of two naturally infected pigs were dosed with albendazole, pyrantel pamoate, ivermectin or piperazine dihydrochloride, respectively...
  6. ncbi Electron and video-light microscopy analysis of the in vitro effects of pyrantel pamoate on Giardia lamblia
    L Campanati
    Department of Histology and Embryology, Laboratory of Microscopy and Image Processing, State University of Rio de Janeiro, Av. Prof. Manoel de Abreu, 48 3 degrees andar, , Rio de Janeiro, CEP 20550-170, Brazil
    Exp Parasitol 97:9-14. 2001
    Electron and video-light microscopy analysis of the in vitro effects of pyrantel pamoate on Giardia lamblia. Experimental Parasitology 97, 9-14...
  7. ncbi Macrocyclic lactone-resistant Parascaris equorum on stud farms in Canada and effectiveness of fenbendazole and pyrantel pamoate
    J Owen D Slocombe
    Department of Pathobiology, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, N1G 2W1 Slocombe Canada
    Vet Parasitol 145:371-6. 2007
    ..nematode was resistant to ivermectin and moxidectin, and (ii) confirm the effectiveness of fenbendazole and pyrantel pamoate for the parasite...
  8. ncbi Pyrantel pamoate resistance in horses receiving daily administration of pyrantel tartrate
    Emily L Brazik
    Carolina Coastal Equine Veterinary Service, 1286 Hwy 117 N, Burgaw, NC 28425, USA
    J Am Vet Med Assoc 228:101-3. 2006
    ..16 horses treated daily with pyrantel tartrate (2.64 mg/kg [1.2 mg/lb], PO) as part of a prophylactic anthelmintic program...
  9. ncbi Necator americanus: optimization of the golden hamster model for testing anthelmintic drugs
    Jian Xue
    National Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Chinese Center for Disease Control CCDC, 207 Rui Jin Er Lu, Shanghai 200025, PR China
    Exp Parasitol 111:219-23. 2005
    ..infectious dose and then evaluating the anthelminthic effects of the drugs albendazole, tribendimidine, and pyrantel pamoate on days 21-28 post-infection...
  10. ncbi Efficacy of pyrantel pamoate against a macrocyclic lactone-resistant isolate of Parascaris equorum in horses
    Craig R Reinemeyer
    East Tennessee Clinical Research, Inc, 80 Copper Ridge Farm Road, Rockwood, TN 37854, United States
    Vet Parasitol 171:111-5. 2010
    ..The objective was to evaluate the efficacy of pyrantel pamoate in 14 suckling foals that had been infected orally with approximately 600 larvated eggs of a P...
  11. ncbi Strongyle egg shedding consistency in horses on farms using selective therapy in Denmark
    M K Nielsen
    Department of Large Animal Sciences, Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, 48 Dyrlaegevej, DK 1870 Frederiksberg C, Denmark
    Vet Parasitol 135:333-5. 2006
    ..In conclusion, these data demonstrate consistent shedding from one grazing season to another in a majority of horses despite treatment of horses exceeding 200 EPG...
  12. ncbi Comparative effects of milbemycin oxime-based and febantel-pyrantel embonate-based anthelmintic tablets on Toxocara canis egg shedding in naturally infected pups
    R Schenker
    Novartis Animal Health Inc, CH 4002 Basel, Switzerland
    Vet Parasitol 137:369-73. 2006
    ..The pups in Group 1 showed lower average faecal egg counts and were found more frequently shedding no eggs than the pups in Group 2...
  13. ncbi Poor efficacy of the most commonly used anthelmintics in sport horse nematodes in Morocco in relation to resistance
    H Zouiten
    Faculte des Sciences, Departement de Biologie, Avenue Ibn Battouta, BP 1014, Rabat, Maroc
    Parasite 12:347-51. 2005
    ..organophosphates (dichlorvos), benzimidazoles (mostly thiabendazole) or tetrahydropyrimidines (mostly pyrantel pamoate) against nematodes. We studied three horse stables in Rabat, one in Meknes and one in Bouznika...
  14. ncbi Controlled tests of activity of several antiparasitic compounds against natural infections of Haemonchus contortus and other helminths in lambs from a flock established in 1962
    E T Lyons
    Department of Veterinary Science, Gluck Equine Research Center, University of Kentucky, Lexington 40546 0099
    Am J Vet Res 54:406-10. 1993
    ..5 or 10 mg/kg), oxibendazole (OBZ: 10 mg/kg); parbendazole (PBZ: 15 mg/kg), phenothiazine (PTZ: 550 mg/kg); pyrantel pamoate (PRT: 25 mg base/kg), tetramizole (TET: 15 mg/kg); thiabendazole (TBZ: 30 or 44 mg/kg), and trichlorfon (TCF: ..
  15. ncbi Adverse drug reactions to anthelmintics
    Haleh Bagheri
    Department of Pharmacology, Midi Pyrenees Center of Pharmacovigilance, Faculty of Medicine, Toulouse University Hospital, Toulouse, France
    Ann Pharmacother 38:383-8. 2004
    ..Anthelmintics are commonly used in tropical areas, but are also prescribed in Western countries with other climates. However, pharmacoepidemiologic studies of these drugs are rare...
  16. ncbi Parasite field study in central Kentucky on thoroughbred foals (born in 2004) treated with pyrantel tartrate daily and other parasiticides periodically
    E T Lyons
    Department of Veterinary Science, University of Kentucky, Gluck Equine Research Center, Lexington, KY 40546 0099, USA
    Parasitol Res 100:473-8. 2007
    ..parasiticides [fenbendazole (FBZ), ivermectin (IVM) alone or with praziquantel (PRAZ), oxibendazole (OBZ), pyrantel pamoate (PRT), and moxidectin (MOX)] were given periodically. All treatments were administered by farm personnel...
  17. ncbi Field studies indicating reduced activity of ivermectin on small strongyles in horses on a farm in Central Kentucky
    E T Lyons
    Department of Veterinary Science, Gluck Equine Research Center, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 4056 0099, USA
    Parasitol Res 103:209-15. 2008
    ..An exception was that during the foal's period of life fenbendazole, pyrantel pamoate, and oxibendazole were given occasionally besides ivermectin...
  18. pmc Targeting of the orphan receptor GPR35 by pamoic acid: a potent activator of extracellular signal-regulated kinase and β-arrestin2 with antinociceptive activity
    Pingwei Zhao
    Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Center for Substance Abuse Research, Temple University School of Medicine, 3420 North Broad St, Philadelphia, PA 19140, USA
    Mol Pharmacol 78:560-8. 2010
    ..that enables long-acting formulations of numerous drugs, such as the antihelminthics oxantel pamoate and pyrantel pamoate; the psychoactive compounds hydroxyzine pamoate (Vistaril) and imipramine pamoate (Tofranil-PM); and the ..
  19. ncbi Chemotherapy of enterobiasis (oxyuriasis)
    V St Georgiev
    National Institute of Allergy and Infectious, Disease, NIH, 6700 B Rockledge Drive, Room 2102, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA
    Expert Opin Pharmacother 2:267-75. 2001
    ..Anthelmintic therapies for enterobiasis are successful and include mebendazole, albendazole and pyrantel pamoate. Mass medication of affected groups reduced symptoms rapidly, progressively and in a cost-effective way.
  20. ncbi Ascaris lumbricoides: an overview of therapeutic targets
    Isabel Hagel
    Seccion de Inmunoquimica, Instituto de Biomedicina Facultad de Medicina, UCV San Nicolás a Providencia, Parroquia Altagracia, Distrito Capital Apartado Postal 4043, Caracas 1010 A Venezuela
    Infect Disord Drug Targets 10:349-67. 2010
    ..In addition to the WHO recommended drugs (albendazole, mebendazole, levamisole, and pyrantel pamoate), new anthelmintic alternatives such as tribendimidine and Nitazoxanide have proved to be safe and effective ..
  21. ncbi Presence of immunoglobulins and antigens in serum, lung and small intestine in Ascaris suum infected and immunised pigs
    E Frontera
    Parasitology Section, Department of Medicine and Animal Health, Faculty of Veterinary, University of Extremadura, 10071 Caceres, Spain
    Vet Parasitol 119:59-71. 2004
    ..suum eggs and Group 4 was additionally treated with pyrantel pamoate. Groups 5, 6 and 7 were immunised with the 14, 42 or 97 kDa fractions from adult worms, respectively...
  22. ncbi [Risk markers in subjects with high loads of Ascaris lumbricoides in a rural community of the Cojedes State , Venezuela]
    G Morales
    Laboratorio de Parasitologia, Instituto de Investigaciones Veterinarias, CENIAP FONAIAP, Estado Aragua, Venezuela
    Bol Chil Parasitol 54:88-96. 1999
    ..lumbricoides was recovered after the treatment of the individuals sampled with Pyrantel pamoate at a dose of 10 mg/kg body weight in children and 15 mg/kg in adults...
  23. ncbi Occurrence of anthelmintic resistant equine cyathostome populations in central and southern Italy
    Donato Traversa
    Department of Comparative Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Teramo, Piazza Aldo Moro 45, 64100, Teramo, Italy
    Prev Vet Med 82:314-20. 2007
    ..Groups were treated with fenbendazole, pyrantel pamoate, ivermectin or moxidectin. Resistance to fenbendazole was declared on six farms (37...
  24. ncbi [Dipylidium caninum infection in an infant]
    Naoki Tsumura
    Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, Kurume University School of Medicine
    Kansenshogaku Zasshi 81:456-8. 2007
    ..Despite antiparasitic therapy wiht pyrantel pamoate, the problem persisted and was eventually referred for further workup to Kurume University Hospital...
  25. ncbi Predisposition of mice to Heligmosomoides polygyrus and Aspiculuris tetraptera (Nematoda)
    M E Scott
    Institute of Parasitology, Macdonald College of McGill University, Ste Anne de Bellevue, Quebec, Canada
    Parasitology 97:101-14. 1988
    ..A group of 73 mice was treated with pyrantel pamoate, and the expelled worms were counted. Mice were returned to the arena...
  26. ncbi Management of biliary ascariasis in pregnancy
    Omar Javed Shah
    Department of General Surgery, Sher I Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Srinagar, Kashmir, India
    World J Surg 29:1294-8. 2005
    ..Though ascariasis is a problem in developing countries, because of increased travel and population migration, clinicians elsewhere should be aware of the problems associated with ascariasis...
  27. ncbi [A case report of a patient repeatedly infected with Ancylostoma duodenale, probably from himself through his artificial anus, and resistant against a single dose of pyrantel pamoate]
    K Koga
    Department of Parasitology, Gifu University School of Medicine
    Kansenshogaku Zasshi 65:883-7. 1991
    ..Though he was treated with pyrantel pamoate and mebendazole several times, reinfections developed in each time...
  28. ncbi Comparison of various anthelmintic therapies for the treatment of Trypanoxyuris microon infection in owl monkeys (Aotus nancymae)
    David E Bentzel
    Laboratory Animal Program, Naval Medical Research Center Detachment, Lima, Peru
    Comp Med 57:206-9. 2007
    ..microon by perianal tape test were treated twice (on days 0 and 14) with pyrantel pamoate, ivermectin, or thiabendazole and evaluated for eggs by daily perianal tape test throughout the entire 28-d ..
  29. ncbi [A case of ascariasis in the gallbladder successfully treated with an anthelmintic injection into the gallbladder via a percutaneous transhepatic catheter]
    Syuzo Ikuta
    Department of Digestive Internal Medicine, Tokyo Rosai Hospital, Japan
    Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi 107:768-74. 2010
    ..b>Pyrantel pamoate was directly injected into the gallbladder via a percutaneous transhepatic catheter...
  30. ncbi Anthelmintic resistance in non-strongylid parasites of horses
    Craig R Reinemeyer
    East Tennessee Clinical Research, Inc, Rockwood, TN 37854, USA
    Vet Parasitol 185:9-15. 2012
    ..and/or benzimidazole anthelmintics, but a few M/L-resistant populations have recently exhibited resistance to pyrantel pamoate as well...
  31. ncbi [A survey of intestinal parasites of the foreign laborers (Indonesians and Filipinos) in Ishikawa Prefecture]
    N Akao
    Department of Parasitology, School of Medicine, Kanazawa University
    Kansenshogaku Zasshi 66:1256-61. 1992
    ..histolytica. Sixty-three cases of trichuriasis were treated with mebendazole at a dose of 200 mg/day x 3 consecutive days. Re-examination revealed that 53 (85.5%) of them were cured...
  32. ncbi Chemometric quality inspection control of pyrantel pamoate, febantel and praziquantel in veterinary tablets by mid infrared spectroscopy
    Mário S Piantavini
    Laboratório de Controle de Qualidade, Departamento de Farmacia, Universidade Federal do Parana, 80210 170 Curitiba, PR, Brazil
    Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 125:396-403. 2014
    ..mid infrared spectroscopy for direct and simultaneous determination of three veterinary pharmaceutical drugs, pyrantel pamoate, praziquantel and febantel, in commercial tablets...
  33. ncbi Antiparasitic efficacy of a novel plant-based functional food using an Ascaris suum model in pigs
    R M Kaplan
    University of Georgia, Department of Infectious Diseases, College of Veterinary Medicine, Athens, GA 30602, USA Electronic address
    Acta Trop 139:15-22. 2014
    ..Chemotherapy with synthetic anthelmintics such as albendazole, mebendazole, and pyrantel pamoate is the current method of treatment; however, the emergence of anthelmintic resistance could substantially ..
  34. pmc Prevalence of the intestinal flukes Haplorchis taichui and H. yokogawai in a mountainous area of Phongsaly Province, Lao PDR
    Jong Yil Chai
    Department of Parasitology and Tropical Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
    Korean J Parasitol 48:339-42. 2010
    ..fish and had gastrointestinal troubles were treated with a single dose of praziquantel (40 mg/kg) and pyrantel pamoate (10 mg/kg) and purged with magnesium sulfate to recover any worm parasites...
  35. ncbi Treatment of naturally occurring, asymptomatic Giardia sp. in dogs with Drontal Plus flavour tablets
    Dwight D Bowman
    Department of Microbiology and Immunology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, USA
    Parasitol Res 105:S125-34. 2009
    ..Since the prepatent period of Giardia sp. can be as short as 4 days, shedding of Giardia sp. cysts 6 days after treatment could be caused by a reinfection...
  36. ncbi The little-known scenario of anthelmintic resistance in equine cyathostomes in Italy
    Donato Traversa
    University of Teramo, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Teramo, Italy
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1149:167-9. 2008
    ..Cyathostomes resistant to fenbendazole and pyrantel pamoate were found, while macrocyclic lactones remained 98-100% effective...
  37. ncbi Pinning down pinworms
    Michelle Snow
    Kaysville, UT, USA
    Nursing 36:17. 2006
  38. ncbi Cyathostomes in horses in Canada resistant to pyrantel salts and effectively removed by moxidectin
    J Owen D Slocombe
    Department of Pathobiology, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ont, Canada
    Vet Parasitol 140:181-4. 2006
    ..yearlings were randomised into three groups; continuation of daily pyrantel tartrate or one treatment with pyrantel pamoate or moxidectin. Two of three yearlings given pyrantel tartrate or pamoate had no reduction in the eggs/g feces...
  39. ncbi Population-S benzimidazole- and tetrahydropyrimidine-resistant small strongyles in a pony herd in Kentucky (1977-1999): effects of anthelmintic treatment on the parasites as determined in critical tests
    Eugene Lyons
    Department of Veterinary Science, Gluck Equine Research Center, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40546 0099, USA
    Parasitol Res 91:407-11. 2003
    ..were treated approximately every 8 weeks with cambendazole (1974-1978), oxibendazole (OBZ) (1978-1992), or pyrantel pamoate (PRT) (1992-1999)...
  40. ncbi Efficacy of Drontal Flavour Plus (50 mg praziquantel, 144 mg pyrantel embonate, 150 mg febantel per tablet) against Giardia sp in naturally infected dogs
    Ana Montoya
    Departamento de Sanidad Animal, Facultad de Veterinaria, UCM, Avd Puerta de Hierro s n, 28040, Madrid, Spain
    Parasitol Res 103:1141-4. 2008
    ..Efficacy of treatment for five consecutive days was not statistically better than treatment for three consecutive days...
  41. ncbi Computed tomography (CT) observation of pulmonary emboli caused by long-term administration of ivermectin in dogs experimentally infected with heartworms
    Ayuto Takahashi
    Department of Clinical Veterinary Science, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Obihiro, Hokkaido 080 8555, Japan
    Vet Parasitol 155:242-8. 2008
    ..The dogs were orally administered a formulation containing 272 microg of IVM and 652 mg of pyrantel pamoate (Panamectin Chewables P272; Meiji Seika, Tokyo, Japan) at monthly intervals, beginning from 10 months after ..
  42. ncbi Field evaluation of the efficacy and the safety of a combination of oxantel/pyrantel/praziquantel in the treatment of naturally acquired gastrointestinal nematode and/or cestode infestations in dogs in Europe
    E Grandemange
    VETOQUINOL Research Centre, BP189, 70204 LURE Cedex, France
    Vet Parasitol 145:94-9. 2007
    ..3%, 97.2% and 98.4% against Trichuris vulpis, 98.4%, 98.8% and 98.8% against Uncinaria stenocephala, 98.9%, 99.5% and 99.9% against Toxascaris leonina, 97.1%, 100% and 100% against Dipylidium caninum and 100% against Taenia spp...
  43. ncbi Residues of dimethoate in the liver and AchE activity in blood of rats after exposure to dimethoate, and dimethoate and pyrantel embonate
    D Barski
    Division of Veterinary and Environmental Toxicology, Department of Pathology and Pharmacology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Oczapowskiego 14, 10 719 Olsztyn, Poland
    Pol J Vet Sci 9:43-9. 2006
    ..Co-administration of pyrantel embonate and dimethoate, slightly influenced changes of the parameters analysed, which have been dependent not only on a dose and manner of pyrantel application but also on time which lapsed from exposure...
  44. ncbi Anthelmintic treatment in horses: the extra-label use of products and the danger of under-dosing
    S Matthee
    Department of Zoology, University of Stellenbosch, Private Bag X1, Matieland 7602, South Africa
    J S Afr Vet Assoc 74:53-6. 2003
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of doramectin, pyrantel pamoate, ivermectin and moxidectin on a Thoroughbred stud farm in the Western Cape Province, South Africa...
  45. ncbi A field survey on anthelmintic resistance in equine small strongyles in Norway
    C F Ihler
    Department of Large Animal Sciences, Norwegian College of Veterinary Medicine, Oslo
    Acta Vet Scand 36:135-43. 1995
    ..The horses were allocated into treatment groups, and resistance to fenbendazole (FBZ), pyrantel pamoate (PYR) and ivermectin (IVM) was tested by the faecal egg count reduction test (FECR-test)...
  46. ncbi Determination of fenbendazole, praziquantel and pyrantel pamoate in dog plasma by high-performance liquid chromatography
    G Morovjan
    State Institute for the Control of Veterinary Biologicals, Drugs and Feeds, Budapest, Hungary
    J Chromatogr A 797:237-44. 1998
    ..liquid chromatographic methods were developed for the determination of fenbendazole, praziquantel and pyrantel pamoate in dog plasma. The combination of these drugs is the most powerful treatment against most types of worms...
  47. ncbi The response of adult and free-living stages of Necator americanus, in vitro, to anthelmintics
    S Kumar
    Department of Zoology, Meerut University, India
    Rev Biol Trop 35:73-6. 1987
    ..0002 and 0.0007 mg/l for pyrantel pamoate and tricofenol piperazine respectively to about 8.47 and 7...
  48. ncbi The distribution of Ascaris lumbricoides in human hosts: a study of 1765 people in Bangladesh
    A Hall
    International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 93:503-10. 1999
    ..in a poor urban community in Bangladesh were recovered and counted after the subjects had been treated with pyrantel pamoate. The subjects were divided into 22 classes by age and sex (mean n = 80) to examine how prevalence, mean worm ..
  49. ncbi Bioactivity studies on beta-sitosterol and its glucoside
    Irene M Villaseñor
    Institute of Chemistry, University of the Philippines, Diliman, Quezon City 1101, Philippines
    Phytother Res 16:417-21. 2002
    ..An in vivo micronucleus test showed that beta-sitosterol inhibited the mutagenicity of tetracycline by 65.3% at a dose of 0.5 mg /kg mouse. At the same dose, it did not exhibit chromosome-breaking activity...
  50. ncbi Pinworm in pregnancy
    Lauren Vose
    Women s Healthcare Associates, Oregon City, OR 97045, USA
    J Midwifery Womens Health 57:184-7. 2012
    ..Treatment includes an antihelminthic agent for the patient and members of the household as well as home hygiene measures to prevent transmission...
  51. ncbi Case Report: Left Dorsal Displacement of the Large Colon Manifested as Increased y-Glutamyl Transferase Activity in a Horse
    Heidi E Banse
    The University of Georgia
    Compend Contin Educ Vet 34:E1-3. 2012
    ..2 mg/kg PO), which resulted in appreciable weight gain. One month before presentation, the gelding was dewormed with pyrantel pamoate (6.6 mg/kg PO).
  52. ncbi Common intestinal parasites
    Corry Jeb Kucik
    Naval Hospital Jacksonville, Jacksonville, Florida, USA
    Am Fam Physician 69:1161-8. 2004
    ..Finding eggs in the feces is diagnostic. Treatments include albendazole, mebendazole, pyrantel pamoate, iron supplementation, and blood transfusion. Preventive measures include wearing shoes and treating sewage...
  53. pmc Parasitic zoonoses: one health surveillance in northern Saskatchewan
    Janna M Schurer
    University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 7:e2141. 2013
    ..Echinococcus/Taenia, Cryptosporidium spp. and Giardia spp. Administration of pyrantel pamoate to a subset of dogs (N = 122) in the community in the first year was followed by reduced shedding of T...
  54. ncbi Hierarchical model for evaluating pyrantel efficacy against strongyle parasites in horses
    M K Nielsen
    M H Gluck Equine Research Center, Department of Veterinary Science, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA Electronic address
    Vet Parasitol 197:614-22. 2013
    ..data from multiple farms to evaluate the role of biological factors in determining the strongyle efficacy of pyrantel pamoate in a study performed in Denmark...
  55. pmc Activity of oxantel pamoate monotherapy and combination chemotherapy against Trichuris muris and hookworms: revival of an old drug
    Jennifer Keiser
    Department of Medical Parasitology and Infection Biology, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 7:e2119. 2013
    ..The re-evaluation of old, forgotten drugs is a promising strategy to identify alternative anthelminthic drug candidates or drug combinations...
  56. ncbi Heart failure caused by hookworm infection possibly associated with organic food consumption
    Takashi Kajiya
    Department of General Internal Medicine, Ichihino Memorial Hospital, Kagoshima
    Intern Med 45:827-9. 2006
    ..After a single dose of pyrantel pamoate, his symptoms including dyspnea on exertion and edema diminished...
  57. ncbi [A survey on anthelmintic resistance in Strongyles to ivermectin and pyrantel and macrocyclic lactone-resistance in Parascaris equorum]
    Veli Yilgör Cirak
    Uludag Universitesi, Veteriner Fakultesi, Parazitoloji Anabilim Dali, Bursa, Turkiye
    Turkiye Parazitol Derg 34:35-9. 2010
    ..equorum. Subsequently, horses which were Parascaris-positive after abamectin treatment received pyrantel pamoate and its efficacy was 0-80% in 3 animals and 96-100% 8...
  58. ncbi Determination of the efficacy of pyrantel pamoate at the therapeutic dose rate against the tapeworm Anoplocephala perfoliata in equids using a modification of the critical test method
    E T Lyons
    Department of Veterinary Science, College of Agriculture, University of Kentucky, Gluck Equine Research Center, Lexington 40546 0099
    Vet Parasitol 31:13-8. 1989
    A total of 59 equids (54 horses and five Shetland ponies) were treated with pyrantel pamoate once, at the dose rate of approximately 6.6 mg base kg-1, during the period November 1985-January 1988...
  59. ncbi Influence of Bi 58 Nowy (38% dimethoate) on pyrantel embonate concentration in the liver of rats
    D Barski
    Department Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Oczapowskiego 14, 10 719 Olsztyn, Poland
    Pol J Vet Sci 12:509-14. 2009
    ....
  60. ncbi Response of dogs treated with ivermectin or milbemycin starting at various intervals after Dirofilaria immitis infection
    C A Rawlings
    Department of Small Animal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602 7390, USA
    Vet Ther 2:193-207. 2001
    ..larvae of Dirofilaria immitis and started on preventative programs (monthly treatment) with ivermectin/pyrantel pamoate (IVM/PP) or milbemycin oxime (MO) 3.5, 4.5, 5.5, or 6.5 months after infection...
  61. pmc High prevalence of Haplorchis taichui, Phaneropsolus molenkampi, and other helminth infections among people in Khammouane province, Lao PDR
    Jong Yil Chai
    Department of Parasitology and Tropical Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, and Institute of Endemic Diseases, Seoul National University Medical Research Center, Seoul, Korea
    Korean J Parasitol 47:243-7. 2009
    ..people who were positive for small trematode eggs were treated with 20-30 mg/kg praziquantel and 10-15 mg/kg pyrantel pamoate, and then purged...
  62. ncbi The importance of host age and sex to patterns of reinfection with Ascaris lumbricoides following mass anthelmintic treatment in a South Indian fishing community
    D B Elkins
    Department of Pure and Applied Biology, Imperial College, University of London
    Parasitology 96:171-84. 1988
    ..The relevance of the results to helminth control and the monitoring of reinfection is discussed...
  63. ncbi Field effectiveness of pyrantel and failure of Parascaris equorum egg count reduction following ivermectin treatment in Italian horse farms
    Fabrizia Veronesi
    Dip di Scienze Biopatologiche ed Igiene delle Produzioni Animali e Alimentari, Sez di Parassitologia, Universita degli Studi di Perugia, Italy
    Vet Parasitol 161:138-41. 2009
    A study was carried out to assess the field efficacy of ivermectin (IVM) and pyrantel pamoate (PYR) against Parascaris equorum...
  64. ncbi The prevalence of anthelmintic resistance of horse strongyles in The Netherlands
    J H Boersema
    Department of Infectious Diseases and Immunology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Vet Q 13:209-17. 1991
    ..It can be concluded that benzimidazoleresistance of cyathostomes is very common and widespread in the Netherlands. This means that benzimidazoles and pro-benzimidazoles should be excluded for strategic use in horses...
  65. ncbi Soil-transmitted helminthiasis among mothers and their pre-school children on Unguja Island, Zanzibar with emphasis upon ascariasis
    J R Stothard
    Department of Zoology, Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London SW7 5BD, UK
    Parasitology 135:1447-55. 2008
    ..From a perspective of control, in such locations, intervention efforts should be stepped up and greater efforts placed upon improving household sanitation...
  66. ncbi Periodic deworming with pyrantel in an industrial township
    G Anjaneyulu
    Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Osmania Medical College, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh
    Indian J Public Health 33:5-8. 1989
    ..05). There were no side effects reported to pyrantel treatment. Thus quarterly treatment with pyrantel was found to be effective in keeping roundworm and hookworm prevalence at 0% in an industrial township...
  67. ncbi Adsorption of pyrantel pamoate on mercury from aqueous solutions: studies by stripping voltammetry
    Vinod K Gupta
    Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee 247 667, India
    J Colloid Interface Sci 350:330-5. 2010
    Adsorption and electrochemical reduction of pyrantel pamoate are studied in Britton Robinson buffer medium at hanging mercury drop electrode (HMDE) by Adsorptive Stripping Voltammetric technique...
  68. ncbi Field trial of Saussurea lappa roots against nematodes and Nigella sativa seeds against cestodes in children
    M S Akhtar
    Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
    J Pak Med Assoc 41:185-7. 1991
    ..amount of its methanolic extract produced on days 7 and 15 percentage EPG reduction similar to 10 mg/kg of pyrantel pamoate. Similarly, single oral administration of 40 mg/kg of N...
  69. ncbi Genetic diversity of Ascaris in southwestern Uganda
    Martha Betson
    Disease Control Strategy Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, Liverpool, UK
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 106:75-83. 2012
    ..Adult Ascaris worms were collected from infected individuals by chemo-expulsion using pyrantel pamoate treatment...
  70. ncbi [Albendazole in Japanese juvenile with enterobiasis in whom pyrantel pamoate is not effective]
    Kenji Ohnishi
    Department of Infectuous Diseases, Tokyo Metropolitan Bokutoh General Hospital
    Kansenshogaku Zasshi 85:520-2. 2011
    A 18-year-old Japanese woman seen as an outpatient for refractory enterobiasis had been treated with pyrantel pamoate over 40 times since the age of 11...
  71. ncbi Evaluation of the efficacy and safety of two formulations of pyrantel pamoate in cats
    C R Reinemeyer
    Department of Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tennessee, Knoxville 37901 1071
    Am J Vet Res 51:932-4. 1990
    The efficacy of paste and granule formulations of pyrantel pamoate against concurrent infections of Toxocara cati and Ancylostoma tubaeforme in cats was examined in a controlled trial...
  72. ncbi Massive proteinuria: a possible side effect of pyrantel pamoate?
    Pietro Ferrara
    Department of Pediatric Sciences, A Gemelli Hospital, Catholic University, Rome, Italy
    Ren Fail 33:534-6. 2011
    ..The only relevant anamnestic data was the administration of pyrantel pamoate due to oxyuriasis 7 days before the proteinuria development...
  73. ncbi Further evaluation in field tests of the activity of three anthelmintics (fenbendazole, oxibendazole, and pyrantel pamoate) against the ascarid Parascaris equorum in horse foals on eight farms in Central Kentucky (2009-2010)
    Eugene T Lyons
    Department of Veterinary Science, Gluck Equine Research Center, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40546 0099, USA
    Parasitol Res 109:1193-7. 2011
    The activity of three anthelmintics (fenbendazole-FBZ; oxibendazole-OBZ; and pyrantel pamoate-PRT) was ascertained against the ascarid Parascaris equorum in horse foals on eight farms in Central Kentucky (2009-2010) in field tests...
  74. ncbi Comparative efficacy of four commercially available heartworm preventive products against the MP3 laboratory strain of Dirofilaria immitis
    B L Blagburn
    Department of Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Auburn University, Auburn, AL, USA
    Vet Parasitol 176:189-94. 2011
    ..On SD 0, the dogs assigned to Group 1 were treated orally with ivermectin/pyrantel pamoate chewable tablets, Group 2 dogs were treated orally with milbemycin oxime flavored tablets, Group 3 dogs were ..
  75. ncbi Effectiveness of various anthelmintics in the treatment of moniliformiasis in experimentally infected Wistar rats
    Dennis J Richardson
    Department of Biological Sciences, Quinnipiac University, Hamden, Connecticut 06518, USA
    Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 11:1151-6. 2011
    ..The effectiveness of pyrantel pamoate, ivermectin, praziquantel, niclosamide, thiabendazole, and mebendazole was evaluated in the treatment of ..
  76. ncbi Field efficacy of ivermectin, fenbendazole and pyrantel embonate paste anthelmintics in horses
    G G Lumsden
    Royal Dick School of Veterinary Studies, Summerhall, Edinburgh
    Vet Rec 125:497-9. 1989
    ....
  77. ncbi Synergic effect of metronidazole and pyrantel pamoate on Giardia lamblia
    Moema A Hausen
    Departamento de Histologia e Embriologia, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
    Parasitol Int 60:54-8. 2011
    ..In veterinary treatment, one of the best options is pyrantel pamoate (Pm), which the mode of action has not elucidated yet...
  78. ncbi Mechanisms underlying gut dysfunction in a murine model of chronic parasitic infection
    Yasuaki Motomura
    Farncombe Family Digestive Health Research Institute, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada
    Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 299:G1354-60. 2010
    ....
  79. ncbi Response of adult Necator americanus to some known anthelminthics in hamsters
    G R Rajasekariah
    Pharma Division, Hindustan Ciba Geigy Ltd, Bombay, India
    Ann Trop Med Parasitol 83:279-85. 1989
    ..It is considered that the hamster-hookworm model will prove of value in identifying and characterizing possible new anthelminthics...
  80. ncbi Evaluation of albendazole, pyrantel, bephenium, pyrantel-praziquantel and pyrantel-bephenium for single-dose mass treatment of necatoriasis
    J Nahmias
    Zevulun Clinic, Kupal Holim, Haifa, Israel
    Ann Trop Med Parasitol 83:625-9. 1989
    ..The drugs tested sequentially in single-doses were pyrantel pamoate (20 mg kg-1, 81 subjects); bephenium hydroxynaphthoate (2...
  81. ncbi The kinetic disposition of pyrantel citrate and pamoate and their efficacy against pyrantel-resistant Oesophagostomum dentatum in pigs
    H Bjørn
    Department of Pharmacology and Pathobiology, Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Frederiksberg, Denmark
    Int J Parasitol 26:1375-80. 1996
    ..dentatum the mean efficacy of pyrantel citrate was only 23%, whereas the efficacy of the lesser absorbed pyrantel pamoate was 75%...
  82. ncbi Failure of pyrantel in treatment of human hookworm infections (Ancylostoma duodenale) in the Kimberley region of north west Australia
    J A Reynoldson
    World Health Organization Collaborating Centre for the Molecular Epidemiology of Parasitic Infections, Murdoch University, Western Australia
    Acta Trop 68:301-12. 1997
    ..9%) were present. A total of 29 individuals infected with hookworm were offered treatment with either pyrantel pamoate at a single dose rate of 10 mg/kg body weight or albendazole (single 400 mg dose)...
  83. ncbi Efficacy of current drugs against soil-transmitted helminth infections: systematic review and meta-analysis
    Jennifer Keiser
    Department of Medical Parasitology and Infection Biology, Swiss Tropical Institute, PO Box, CH 4002 Basel, Switzerland
    JAMA 299:1937-48. 2008
    ..Preventive chemotherapy is the mainstay of control, but only 4 drugs are available: albendazole, mebendazole, levamisole, and pyrantel pamoate.
  84. ncbi Field studies on endoparasites of Thoroughbred foals on seven farms in central Kentucky in 2004
    E T Lyons
    Department of Veterinary Science, Gluck Equine Research Center, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40546 0099, USA
    Parasitol Res 98:496-500. 2006
    ..IVM) and other commercially available compounds [fenbendazole, moxidectin (MOX), oxibendazole (OBZ), and pyrantel pamoate]. In addition, interest was on prevalence of foal parasites...
  85. ncbi Coprological study on intestinal helminths in Swiss dogs: temporal aspects of anthelminthic treatment
    H Sager
    Institute of Parasitology, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland
    Parasitol Res 98:333-8. 2006
    ..This finding implicates that an infection risk with potential zoonotic pathogens cannot be ruled out for the dog owner despite regular deworming four times a year...
  86. ncbi Assessment of frequency, transmission, and genitourinary complications of enterobiasis (pinworms)
    Craig N Burkhart
    Department of Dermatology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    Int J Dermatol 44:837-40. 2005
    ..Pinworms generally live in the gastrointestinal tract, and helminth infestations have been noted in over one-quarter of acute appendectomies on histologic examination...
  87. ncbi Ziprasidone and migraine headache
    Tom Boeker
    Am J Psychiatry 159:1435-6. 2002
  88. ncbi Effects of repeated anthelmintic treatment on Enterobius vermicularis infection in chimpanzees
    Tadao Nakano
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, Oita University, Hasama, Oita 879 5593, Japan
    J Parasitol 91:679-82. 2005
    Effects of repeated treatment with pyrantel pamoate on Enterobius vermicularis infection in chimpanzees were assessed by observing worms discharged in the feces after administration of anthelmintic treatment...
  89. ncbi Identification of strongyle eggs from anthelmintic-treated horses using a PCR-ELISA based on intergenic DNA sequences
    J E Hodgkinson
    Department of Veterinary Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, University of Liverpool, Pembroke Place, Liverpool, L3 5QA, UK
    Parasitol Res 95:287-92. 2005
    ..After anthelmintic treatment, C. catinatum and C. longibursatus were most frequently detected, followed by C. nassatus, C. goldi and C. ashworthi. C. insigne was detected at only one time point in a sample from a single horse...
  90. ncbi Prevalence of anthelmintic resistant cyathostomes on horse farms
    Ray M Kaplan
    Department of Infectious Diseases, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
    J Am Vet Med Assoc 225:903-10. 2004
    ..To determine prevalence of anthelmintic resistance in cyathostome nematodes of horses in the southern United States...
  91. ncbi Benzimidazole resistance in cyathostomin populations on horse farms in western Anatolia, Turkey
    V Y Cirak
    Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Uludag University, 16059 Gorukle Bursa, Turkey
    Parasitol Res 93:392-5. 2004
    ..The probable reasons for the occurrence of BZ resistance are discussed. Resistance to pyrantel embonate or macrocyclic lactones, evaluated on five and six farms, respectively, was not detected using the FECR test...
  92. pmc A modified critical test for the efficacy of pyrantel pamoate for Anoplocephala perfoliata in equids
    J Owen D Slocombe
    Department of Pathobiology, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario
    Can J Vet Res 68:112-7. 2004
    ..treatment to necropsy to assess the efficacy of an anthelmintic against the tapeworm, (ii) the efficacy of pyrantel pamoate oral paste at 13...
  93. ncbi Management of drug-resistant cyathostominosis on a breeding farm in central North Carolina
    D Little
    Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University, 4700 Hillsborough Street, Raleigh, North Carolina 27606, USA
    Equine Vet J 35:246-51. 2003
    ..Cyathostomins resistant to fenbendazole and pyrantel were documented by faecal worm egg count reduction test (FWECRT)...
  94. ncbi Schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminthiasis: common drugs for treatment and control
    Jurg Utzinger
    Office of Population Research, Princeton University, Princeton University, NJ 08544, USA
    Expert Opin Pharmacother 5:263-85. 2004
    ..oxamniquine and artemisinin derivatives (against schistosomes) and albendazole, mebendazole, levamisole, pyrantel pamoate and other compounds (against intestinal nematodes)...
  95. ncbi Growth of Enterobius vermicularis in a chimpanzee after anthelmintic treatment
    Tadao Nakano
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Oita Medical University, Hasama, Oita 879 5593, Japan
    J Parasitol 89:439-43. 2003
    ..vermicularis in a chimpanzee was investigated by observing worms discharged in feces after administration of pyrantel pamoate. Just after the final molting, immature adult male pinworms developed to a fully mature stage in 2 wk, after ..
  96. ncbi Serum mineral levels in children with intestinal parasitic infection
    José L Olivares
    Department of Paediatrics, University of Zaragoza, School of Medicine, Zaragoza, Spain
    Dig Dis 21:258-61. 2003
    ..Thirty-nine children with Enterobius vermicularis were treated with pyrantel pamoate and 25 children with Giardia lamblia with tinidazole and metronidazole...
  97. ncbi High transmission rates restore expression of genetically determined susceptibility of mice to nematode infections
    M E Scott
    Institute of Parasitology, Macdonald Campus of McGill University, 21 111 Lakeshore Road, Ste Anne de Bellevue, Quebec, Canada H9X 3V9
    Parasitology 132:669-79. 2006
    ..These data indicate that C57BL/6 mice are less able to regulate parasite numbers at high transmission rates compared with lower transmission rates...
  98. ncbi Vitamin B12 and folic acid in children with intestinal parasitic infection
    José L Olivares
    Department of Paediatrics, Lozano Blesa Hospital, University of Zaragoza School of Medicine, Spain
    J Am Coll Nutr 21:109-13. 2002
    ..To determine prospectively plasma levels of vitamin B12 and folic acid in children with intestinal parasitic infection before and three months after antiparasitic treatment...
  99. ncbi Efficacy of fenbendazole granules and pyrantel pamoate suspension against Toxocara canis in greyhounds housed in contaminated runs
    M W Dryden
    Department of Diagnostic Medicine Pathobiology, Kansas State University, Manhattan 66506, USA
    Vet Parasitol 82:311-5. 1999
    ..Greyhounds in Group 2 were treated with pyrantel pamoate suspension at 5.0 mg/kg per os once a month for 4 months...
  100. ncbi Epidemiology of human hookworm infections among adult villagers in Hejiang and Santai Counties, Sichuan Province, China
    L Changhua
    Sichuan Institute of Parasitic Diseases, PR China
    Acta Trop 73:243-9. 1999
    ..although the former predominated when adult hookworms were collected from 30 village residents treated with pyrantel pamoate. In contrast, among the 334 Xinjian villagers examined (Santai County) the majority harbored predominantly ..
  101. ncbi Study (1991 to 2001) of drug-resistant Population B small strongyles in critical tests in horses in Kentucky at the termination of a 40-year investigation
    E T Lyons
    Department of Veterinary Science, Gluck Equine Research Center, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40546 0099, USA
    Parasitol Res 101:689-701. 2007
    ..formulations) administered orally in critical tests (n = 36) reported in this paper were TBZ (@ 44 mg/kg), pyrantel pamoate (PRT @ 6...