waste products

Summary

Summary: Debris resulting from a process that is of no further use to the system producing it. The concept includes materials discharged from or stored in a system in inert form as a by-product of vital activities. (From Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary, 1981)

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Recycling of aged refuse from a closed landfill
    Youcai Zhao
    The State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai, China
    Waste Manag Res 25:130-8. 2007
  2. ncbi Closed cycle construction: an integrated process for the separation and reuse of C&D waste
    Evert Mulder
    TNO Science and Industry, Department of Separation Technology, P O Box 342, 7300 AH Apeldoorn, The Netherlands
    Waste Manag 27:1408-15. 2007
  3. ncbi From waste products to ecochemicals: fifty years research of plant secondary metabolism
    Thomas Hartmann
    Institut für Pharmazeutische Biologie der Technischen, Universität Braunschweig, Mendelssohnstrasse 1, D 38106 Braunschweig, Germany
    Phytochemistry 68:2831-46. 2007
  4. ncbi Production of lactic acid from food wastes
    Kwang Il Kim
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Kyungwon University, Sungnam, Korea 461 701
    Appl Biochem Biotechnol 105:637-47. 2003
  5. ncbi Enhanced saccharification of rice straw and hull by microwave-alkali pretreatment and lignocellulolytic enzyme production
    Anita Singh
    Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Guru Jambheshwar University of Science and Technology, Hisar 125001, Haryana, India
    Bioresour Technol 102:1773-82. 2011
  6. ncbi National inventory of organic wastes for use as growing media for ornamental potted plant production: case study in Spain
    M Abad
    Departamento de Producción Vegetal, Universidad Politecnica de Valencia, P O Box 22012, E46071 Valencia, Spain
    Bioresour Technol 77:197-200. 2001
  7. ncbi Origin and abundance of marine litter along sandy beaches of the Turkish Western Black Sea Coast
    Eda N Topçu
    Istanbul University Fisheries Faculty, Ordu Cad No 200, 34130 Laleli Istanbul, Turkey
    Mar Environ Res 85:21-8. 2013
  8. ncbi Comparative culturing of Pleurotus spp. on coffee pulp and wheat straw: biomass production and substrate biodegradation
    Dulce Salmones
    Laboratorio de Hongos Comestibles, Departamento de Hongos, Instituto de Ecologia, P O Box 63, 91070 Xalapa, Mexico
    Bioresour Technol 96:537-44. 2005
  9. ncbi Strigolactones in chemical ecology: waste products or vital allelochemicals?
    Andrew J Humphrey
    Crop Performance and Improvement Division, Rothamsted Research, West Common, Harpenden, Herts AL5 2JQ, UK
    Nat Prod Rep 23:592-614. 2006
  10. ncbi Survival of Escherichia coli O157 in abattoir waste products
    N F Hepburn
    Applied Food Microbiology Group, Department of Medical Microbiology, University of Aberdeen, Foresterhill, UK
    Lett Appl Microbiol 35:233-6. 2002

Detail Information

Publications268 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Recycling of aged refuse from a closed landfill
    Youcai Zhao
    The State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai, China
    Waste Manag Res 25:130-8. 2007
    ..Hence, the evaluation of mined landfill waste and consideration of its potential uses is of great significance...
  2. ncbi Closed cycle construction: an integrated process for the separation and reuse of C&D waste
    Evert Mulder
    TNO Science and Industry, Department of Separation Technology, P O Box 342, 7300 AH Apeldoorn, The Netherlands
    Waste Manag 27:1408-15. 2007
    ..The aim is to optimise the different process steps of the Closed Cycle Construction process on a laboratory scale, and then to verify them on a large scale. The results of the project are promising, so far...
  3. ncbi From waste products to ecochemicals: fifty years research of plant secondary metabolism
    Thomas Hartmann
    Institut für Pharmazeutische Biologie der Technischen, Universität Braunschweig, Mendelssohnstrasse 1, D 38106 Braunschweig, Germany
    Phytochemistry 68:2831-46. 2007
    ..rich diversity of secondary metabolites comprising more than 200,000 structures? For a long time regarded as waste products or assigned with various other attributes their indispensable role as components of the survival strategy of ..
  4. ncbi Production of lactic acid from food wastes
    Kwang Il Kim
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Kyungwon University, Sungnam, Korea 461 701
    Appl Biochem Biotechnol 105:637-47. 2003
    ..The overall performance of the SSF, however, was not significantly affected by the elimination of mineral supplements...
  5. ncbi Enhanced saccharification of rice straw and hull by microwave-alkali pretreatment and lignocellulolytic enzyme production
    Anita Singh
    Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Guru Jambheshwar University of Science and Technology, Hisar 125001, Haryana, India
    Bioresour Technol 102:1773-82. 2011
    ..Cellulases and xylanase reached the highest enzyme activity at 6th day of fermentation while maximum manganese peroxidase (MnP) and laccase activity occurred at 12th day...
  6. ncbi National inventory of organic wastes for use as growing media for ornamental potted plant production: case study in Spain
    M Abad
    Departamento de Producción Vegetal, Universidad Politecnica de Valencia, P O Box 22012, E46071 Valencia, Spain
    Bioresour Technol 77:197-200. 2001
    ..Finally, a computerised data bank has been created which can be found in the home page of the Spanish Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (http://agritel2.mapya.es/sustratos/)...
  7. ncbi Origin and abundance of marine litter along sandy beaches of the Turkish Western Black Sea Coast
    Eda N Topçu
    Istanbul University Fisheries Faculty, Ordu Cad No 200, 34130 Laleli Istanbul, Turkey
    Mar Environ Res 85:21-8. 2013
    ..Standardized methodology and indicators need to be designated all over the Black Sea basin in order to quantify and qualify coastal litter pollution, monitor compliance with MARPOL and develop regionally effective mitigation measures...
  8. ncbi Comparative culturing of Pleurotus spp. on coffee pulp and wheat straw: biomass production and substrate biodegradation
    Dulce Salmones
    Laboratorio de Hongos Comestibles, Departamento de Hongos, Instituto de Ecologia, P O Box 63, 91070 Xalapa, Mexico
    Bioresour Technol 96:537-44. 2005
    ..A decrease was observed in caffeine content of the coffee pulp samples during fruiting stage, which could mean that some caffeine accumulates in the fruiting bodies...
  9. ncbi Strigolactones in chemical ecology: waste products or vital allelochemicals?
    Andrew J Humphrey
    Crop Performance and Improvement Division, Rothamsted Research, West Common, Harpenden, Herts AL5 2JQ, UK
    Nat Prod Rep 23:592-614. 2006
  10. ncbi Survival of Escherichia coli O157 in abattoir waste products
    N F Hepburn
    Applied Food Microbiology Group, Department of Medical Microbiology, University of Aberdeen, Foresterhill, UK
    Lett Appl Microbiol 35:233-6. 2002
    ..This study monitored survival and growth of Escherichia coli O157 in ovine and bovine abattoir waste...
  11. ncbi Effect of endoxylanase and α-L-arabinofuranosidase supplementation on the enzymatic hydrolysis of steam exploded wheat straw
    P Alvira
    CIEMAT Renewable Energies Division, Biofuels Unit, Av Complutense 22, 28040 Madrid, Spain
    Bioresour Technol 102:4552-8. 2011
    ..A degree of synergism of 29.5% and increases up to 10% in the EH yields were obtained, showing the potential of accessory activities to improve the EH step and make the whole process more effective...
  12. ncbi Error analysis of equilibrium studies for the almond shell activated carbon adsorption of Cr(VI) from aqueous solutions
    E Demirbas
    Gebze Institute of Technology, Department of Chemistry, 41400 Gebze, Turkey
    J Hazard Mater 154:787-94. 2008
    ..The highest correlation for the isotherm equations in this system was obtained for the Freundlich isotherm. ASC is found to be inexpensive and effective adsorbent for removal of Cr(VI) from aqueous solutions...
  13. ncbi Sorption kinetics and isotherm studies of a cationic dye using agricultural waste: broad bean peels
    B H Hameed
    School of Chemical Engineering, Engineering Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 14300 Nibong Tebal, Penang, Malaysia
    J Hazard Mater 154:639-48. 2008
    ..7 mg/g and the equilibrium adsorption constant Ka is 0.07145 l/mg at 30 degrees C. The results revealed that BBP was a promising sorbent for the removal of methylene blue from aqueous solutions...
  14. ncbi Pretreated waste landfilling: relation between leachate characteristics and mechanical behaviour
    Maria Rosaria Boni
    Department of Hydraulics, Transportation and Roads, University of Rome La Sapienza, Via Eudossiana, 18, 00184 Rome, Italy
    Waste Manag 26:1156-65. 2006
    ..Besides, similar behaviour of FT and MX was observed, and also a strong correlation between the settlement and the biochemical parameters time profiles was identified...
  15. ncbi Equilibrium and kinetic studies of methyl violet sorption by agricultural waste
    B H Hameed
    School of Chemical Engineering, Engineering Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 14300 Nibong Tebal, Penang, Malaysia
    J Hazard Mater 154:204-12. 2008
    ..The results indicated that sunflower seed hull was an attractive candidate for removing methyl violet from aqueous solution...
  16. ncbi Investigation of 1,4-dioxane originating from incineration residues produced by incineration of municipal solid waste
    Taku Fujiwara
    Faculty of Agriculture, Kochi University, 200 Monobe Otsu, Nankoku, Kochi 783 8502, Japan
    Chemosphere 71:894-901. 2008
    ..Rapid leaching of 1,4-dioxane observed from fly ash in a sequential batch extraction indicated that the incorporation of a waste washing process could also be effective for the removal of 1,4-dioxane in fly ash...
  17. ncbi Preparation and sorption properties of porous materials from refuse paper and plastic fuel (RPF)
    Z Kadirova
    Department of Metallurgy and Ceramics Science, Tokyo Institute of Technology, O Okayama, Meguro, Tokyo 152 8552, Japan
    J Hazard Mater 137:352-8. 2006
    ....
  18. ncbi Removal of Cr(VI) from aqueous solutions by low-cost biosorbents: marine macroalgae and agricultural by-products
    Xue Song Wang
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Huaihai Institute of Technology, Lianyungang, Jiangsu 222005, China
    J Hazard Mater 153:1176-84. 2008
    ..An intraparticle diffusion model was applied to investigate the adsorption mechanisms. The adsorption capacities for various biosorbents studied in this work were inversely proportional to the adsorbent concentrations...
  19. ncbi Water regime of mechanical-biological pretreated waste materials under fast-growing trees
    Björn Rüth
    Institute for Land Use, University of Rostock, Rostock, Germany
    Waste Manag Res 25:408-16. 2007
    ..Although a MBP layer in conjunction with water-consumptive trees can reduce vertical water losses as compared to mineral substrates, the effect is not sufficient to meet legal regulations...
  20. ncbi Municipal solid waste management in the Southern Province of Sri Lanka: problems, issues and challenges
    Chandana K Vidanaarachchi
    Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC 3010, Australia
    Waste Manag 26:920-30. 2006
    ..Urgent and immediate improvement of the waste disposal sites is necessary to meet the current demand for improved waste collection. The study also revealed that there is a high willingness of people for home composting...
  21. ncbi Production of biodiesel from waste frying oils
    Pedro Felizardo
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Instituto Superior Tecnico, Lisboa, Portugal
    Waste Manag 26:487-94. 2006
    ....
  22. ncbi Estimation of maturity of compost from food wastes and agro-residues by multiple regression analysis
    Miyuki Chikae
    School of Materials Science, Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, 1 1, Asahidai, Nomi, Ishikawa 923 1292, Japan
    Bioresour Technol 97:1979-85. 2006
    ....
  23. ncbi Water-soluble characteristics of chlorine in char derived from municipal solid wastes
    I H Hwang
    Laboratory of Solid Waste Disposal Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Hokkaido University, Kita 13, Nishi 8, Sapporo 060 8628, Japan
    Waste Manag 26:571-9. 2006
    ..Therefore, the presence of non-water-soluble chlorine is likely to originate from its chemical property rather than simply from its physical one...
  24. ncbi Effect of carbon dioxide injection on production of wood cement composites from waste medium density fiberboard (MDF)
    H Qi
    Faculty of Forestry, University of Toronto, Earth Sciences Center, Ont, Canada
    Waste Manag 26:509-15. 2006
    ..Incorporation of recycled MDF fibers into wood cement composites with CO(2) injection during the production stage presents a viable option for recycling of this difficult to manage waste material...
  25. ncbi Management approaches to integrated solid waste in industrialized zones in Jordan: a case of Zarqa City
    Bassam Mrayyan
    Faculty of Natural Resources and Environment, Hashemite University, P O Box 150459, 13115 Zarqa, Jordan
    Waste Manag 26:195-205. 2006
    ..Ensuring proper management of solid wastes, enforcing regulations, and implementing proper environmental awareness programs that will enhance the public understanding and achieve greater efficiency, are the findings of this study...
  26. ncbi Research on solid waste management system: to improve existing situation in Corlu Town of Turkey
    Esra Tinmaz
    Trakya University, Corlu Engineering Faculty, Department of Environmental Engineering, 59860 Corlu Tekirdağ, Turkey
    Waste Manag 26:307-14. 2006
    ..The profit of the recommended system is estimated to be about 80 million US dollars...
  27. ncbi Health survey of residents living near farm fields permitted to receive biosolids
    Sadik Khuder
    Department of Public Health and Homeland Security, Health Science Campus, University of Toledo, OH 43614, USA
    Arch Environ Occup Health 62:5-11. 2007
    ..However, further studies are needed to address the limitations cited in this study...
  28. ncbi Removal of cadmium (II) from aqueous solutions by adsorption on agricultural waste biomass
    Umesh Garg
    Department of Chemistry, Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering and Technology, Longowal 148106, Punjab, India
    J Hazard Mater 154:1149-57. 2008
    ..These results can be helpful in designing a batch mode system for the removal of cadmium from dilute wastewaters...
  29. ncbi Plastic bottles and moral codes
    Tamara Galloway
    Mar Pollut Bull 56:163-5. 2008
  30. ncbi Effect of pre-composting on vermicomposting of kitchen waste
    Jaya Nair
    Environmental Technology Centre, Murdoch University, Perth, WA 6150, Australia
    Bioresour Technol 97:2091-5. 2006
    ..The results showed that pre-thermocomposting improved vermicomposting of kitchen waste. A 9-day thermocomposting prior to vermicomposting helped in mass reduction, moisture management and pathogen reduction...
  31. ncbi Solid waste management techniques for the waste generated and brought down from campsites in the hill spots, trails and expedition tops
    Jagdish C Kuniyal
    G B Pant Institute of Himalayan Environment and Development, Himachal Unit, Mohal Kullu H P, India
    Waste Manag Res 23:182-98. 2005
    ..This can be done in various ways including biocomposting, and the reuse and recycling of waste otherwise considered valueless and useless...
  32. ncbi Assessment of wool waste and hair waste as soil amendment and nutrient source
    Valtcho D Zheljazkov
    Department of Plant and Animal Sciences, Nova Scotia Agricultural College, Cox Institute R 151, Truro, Canada
    J Environ Qual 34:2310-7. 2005
    ..In addition, the effect of wool and hair waste on other environmental end points should also be further investigated before specific recommendations for growers are provided...
  33. ncbi Composting of partially decomposed agroresidues
    Himali Desai
    Sardar Patel Renewable Energy Research Institute, Vallabh Vidyanagar
    J Environ Sci Eng 46:10-4. 2004
    ..Composting of these residues was attempted and the quality of final product was analysed. A stabilized and very good quality compost was produced. The details of the experiments and results are discussed in the paper...
  34. ncbi A choice experiment of the residential preference of waste management services - the example of Kagoshima city, Japan
    Yusuke Sakata
    Department of Economics, Kinki University, Kowakae, 3 4 1 Higashi Osaka City, Osaka 577 8502, Japan
    Waste Manag 27:639-44. 2007
    ..74) and a 1% increase in the recycling rate raises the cost of service by 53 yen (US$ 0.46). In addition, the results show the need for communications about risks between municipal authorities and residents...
  35. ncbi Towards new indicators for the prediction of solid waste anaerobic digestion properties
    P Buffiere
    INRA, Laboratoire de Biotechnologie de l Environnement, Avenue des Etangs, 11100 Narbonne, France
    Water Sci Technol 53:233-41. 2006
    ....
  36. ncbi Resource recovery potential from secondary components of segregated municipal solid wastes
    H N Chanakya
    Centre for Sustainable Technologies, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, 560 012, India
    Environ Monit Assess 135:119-27. 2007
    ..Bagasse produced the largest fraction of anaerobic compost (fermentation residue) and has the potential for reuse in many ways...
  37. ncbi COD and BOD removal from domestic wastewater generated in decentralised sectors
    - Rani Devi
    Centre for Energy Studies, Indian Institute of Technology, Hauz Khas, Delhi, India
    Bioresour Technol 99:344-9. 2008
    ..87% and 97.45%; and 99.05% and 99.54%, respectively. Results showed that MAC offered potential benefits for COD and BOD removal from wastewater...
  38. ncbi Combination of three-stage sink-float method and selective flotation technique for separation of mixed post-consumer plastic waste
    Sangobtip Pongstabodee
    Department of Chemical Technology, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330, Thailand
    Waste Manag 28:475-83. 2008
    ..1 mg l(-1) CaCl2 at pH 7 were used as a flotation solution. Wettability of plastic increases when adding CaCl2 and corresponds to a decrease in its contact angles and to a reduction in the recovery of plastic in the floated product...
  39. ncbi Emissions from baled municipal solid waste: I. Methodological approach for investigation of gaseous emissions
    Diauddin R Nammari
    Environmental Engineering, Department of Technology, University of Kalmar, SE 391 82 Kalmar, Sweden
    Waste Manag Res 25:39-48. 2007
    ..This is due to the interdisciplinary nature of the subject that relies heavily on various areas of science and information technology...
  40. ncbi Development of a new quality fair access best value performance indicator (BVPI) for recycling services
    M K Harder
    Waste and Energy Research Group, University of Brighton, Lewes Road, Brighton BN2 4GJ, United Kingdom
    Waste Manag 28:299-309. 2008
    ..Further work is now being carried out on this...
  41. ncbi Solid waste management in Abuja, Nigeria
    A Imam
    Centre for Environmental Control and Waste Management, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Imperial College, London SW7 2BU, United Kingdom
    Waste Manag 28:468-72. 2008
    ..Accurate population data is necessary so that waste management systems and infrastructure can be properly planned. Funding and affordability remain major constraints and challenges...
  42. ncbi On the effect of MSW moisture content on meeting target recycling rates
    Alexandre Magrinho
    Mechanical Engineering Department, Escola Superior de Tecnologia de Setubal, Campus IPS, Estefanilha, Setubal, Portugal
    Waste Manag 28:310-7. 2008
    ..Moreover, accounting for all relevant masses in the dry basis yields higher recycling rate values: increases of 32.8% for paper, 50% for plastics and 44.6% glass are observed...
  43. ncbi Municipal solid waste management in Indian cities - A review
    Mufeed Sharholy
    Department of Civil Engineering, Jamia Millia Islamia, Central University, Jamia Nagar, New Delhi 110025, India
    Waste Manag 28:459-67. 2008
    ..The study is concluded with a few fruitful suggestions, which may be beneficial to encourage the competent authorities/researchers to work towards further improvement of the present system...
  44. ncbi Potentials for the prevention of municipal solid waste
    Stefan Salhofer
    Institute of Waste Management, Department of Water, Atmosphere and Environment, BOKU University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Muthgasse 107, 1190 Vienna, Austria
    Waste Manag 28:245-59. 2008
    ....
  45. ncbi Monitoring quantity and characteristics of municipal solid waste in Dhaka City
    Tariq Bin Yousuf
    Waste Management Division, Dhaka City Corporation, 13th Floor, Nagar Bhaban, Dhaka, 1000, Bangladesh
    Environ Monit Assess 135:3-11. 2007
    ..The data show that the moisture content in city waste is significantly higher and the calorific value is much lower, which determines the viability of composting or anaerobic digestions rather than waste combustion...
  46. ncbi The effects of a polyacrylamide-derived water treatment residue on the hydraulic conductivity, water retention and evaporation of four contrasting South African soils and implications for land disposal
    M Moodley
    CSIR Environmentek, c o Agrometeorology, School of Environmental Sciences, University of KwaZulu Natal, Private Bag X01, Scottsville 3209, South Africa
    Water Sci Technol 54:227-34. 2006
    ..Therefore, very large amounts of WTR would have to be applied in order to markedly change these inherent physical properties of the soils. In view of this finding, the land treatment of WTR appears possible...
  47. ncbi Statistical optimization of adsorption processes for removal of 2,4-dichlorophenol by activated carbon derived from oil palm empty fruit bunches
    M Zahangir Alam
    Bioenvironmental Engineering Research Unit, Department of Biotechnology Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, International Islamic University Malaysia, Jalan Gombak, 53100 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
    J Environ Sci (China) 19:674-7. 2007
    ..Adsorption isotherms were conducted to evaluate biosorption process. Langmuir isotherm was more favorable (R2 = 0.93) for removal of 2,4-dichlorophenol by the activated carbon rather than Freundlich isotherm (R2 = 0.88)...
  48. ncbi Kinetics and dynamic modelling of batch anaerobic digestion of municipal solid waste in a stirred reactor
    Annop Nopharatana
    Division of Environmental of Engineering, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia
    Waste Manag 27:595-603. 2007
    ..The kinetics of hydrolysis of insoluble fraction could be adequately described by a Contois equation and the kinetics of acidogenesis, and aceticlastic and hydrogen utilising methanogenesis by Monod equations...
  49. ncbi Kinetics and equilibrium studies of malachite green adsorption on rice straw-derived char
    B H Hameed
    School of Chemical Engineering, Engineering Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Nibong Tebal, Penang, Malaysia
    J Hazard Mater 153:701-8. 2008
    ..The results indicated that RSC was an attractive adsorbent for removing basic dye from aqueous solutions...
  50. ncbi The household garbage in the western coast region of Turkey and its relationship with the socio-economic characterstics
    G Atasoylu
    Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Adnan Menderes University, Aydin 09100, Turkey
    J Environ Biol 28:225-9. 2007
    ..05). In further analysis, number of workplaces increased the daily amount of garbage by 9.9 times (p < 0.001; 95% confidence Interval: 4.538-15.189), whereas population 0.6 times (p < 0.05; 95% confidence interval: 0.407-0.708)...
  51. ncbi Co-digestion of mixed industrial sludge with municipal solid wastes in anaerobic simulated landfilling bioreactors
    Osman Nuri Ağdağ
    Pamukkale University, Engineering Faculty, Environmental Engineering Department, Kinikli Campus, Denizli, Turkey
    J Hazard Mater 140:75-85. 2007
    ..Furthermore, TN and TP removals in waste were higher in reactors containing industrial sludge compared to control. The toxicity test results showed that toxicity was observed in reactors containing industrial mixed sludge...
  52. ncbi Recovery and recycling practices in municipal solid waste management in Lagos, Nigeria
    O F Kofoworola
    Environment Division, Joint Graduate School of Energy and Environment, King Mongkuts University of Technology Thonburi, 91 Prachauthit Road, Bangmod, Tungkru, Bangkok 10140, Thailand
    Waste Manag 27:1139-43. 2007
    ..Based on these, strategies for improving recovery and recycling practices in the management of MSW in Lagos, Nigeria are suggested...
  53. ncbi Chemical recycling of plastic wastes made from polyethylene (LDPE and HDPE) and polypropylene (PP)
    D S Achilias
    Laboratory of Organic Chemical Technology, Department of Chemistry, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 541 24 Thessaloniki, Greece
    J Hazard Mater 149:536-42. 2007
    The recycling of either model polymers or waste products based on low-density polyethylene (LDPE), high-density polyethylene (HDPE) or polypropylene (PP) is examined using the dissolution/reprecipitation method, as well as pyrolysis...
  54. ncbi Architects' perspectives on construction waste reduction by design
    M Osmani
    Department of Civil and Building Engineering, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leicestershire LE11 3TU, United Kingdom
    Waste Manag 28:1147-58. 2008
    ....
  55. ncbi Report: waste refinery in the municipality of Borås
    Andreas Johansson
    Technical Research Institute of Sweden SP, Boras, Sweden
    Waste Manag Res 25:296-300. 2007
    ..Heat, electricity, vehicle fuel and fertilizers, metals and construction materials are recovered from the local waste in Borås, with less than 4% of domestic waste being sent to landfill...
  56. ncbi A multiple criteria analysis for household solid waste management in the urban community of Dakar
    Ka Mbayu Kapepula
    University of Liege, B 4000 Liege, Belgium
    Waste Manag 27:1690-705. 2007
    ..Based on field knowledge and on the literature, we suggest applying general and area-specific remedies to the household solid waste problems...
  57. ncbi Solid waste characteristics and their relationship to gas production in tropical landfill
    C Chiemchaisri
    Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Kasetsart University, 50 Phaholyothin Road, Chatuchak, Bangkok, 10900, Thailand
    Environ Monit Assess 135:41-8. 2007
    ..05 and 0.89 l kg(-1) volatile solids day(-1). Average emission rate of methane through the final cover soil layer was estimated as 23.95 g(-2)day(-1) and 1.17 g(-2)day(-1) during the dry and rainy seasons, respectively...
  58. ncbi Exploitation of biological wastes for the production of value-added products under solid-state fermentation conditions
    Susana Rodríguez Couto
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Rovira i Virgili University, Tarragona, Spain
    Biotechnol J 3:859-70. 2008
    ..In addition, it is an environmentally friendly method of waste management. This paper reviews the reutilization of biological wastes for the production of value-added products using the SSF technique...
  59. ncbi Utilizing waste products from the food production and processing industries
    Winfried Russ
    Center for Life and Food Sciences, Technische Universitat Munchen, Weihenstephanir Steig 22, Freising D 85350, Germany
    Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 44:57-62. 2004
    ..Additionally, alternative methods of waste management have emerged, which target the most important contents of the waste. In conclusion, new possibilities for the utilization of food industry waste are described...
  60. ncbi A systems analysis tool for construction and demolition wastes management
    James Y Wang
    Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Northeastern University, 360 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Waste Manag 24:989-97. 2004
    ..A case study illustrating the application of this model for Massachusetts is also presented...
  61. ncbi Managing electronic waste: the California approach
    Steven Korenstein
    Department of Toxic Substances Control, California Environmental Protection Agency, Northridge, CA 91326, USA
    J Environ Health 67:36-7. 2005
  62. ncbi Waste-to-energy plant for paper industry sludges disposal: technical-economic study
    A C Caputo
    Faculty of Engineering, University of L'Aquila, 67040 L'Aquila, Monteluco, Italy
    J Hazard Mater 81:265-83. 2001
    ..Moreover, many environmental benefits result such as the remediation of existing landfill, the avoidance of new landfills opening and very low air pollutants emissions...
  63. ncbi Environment: trash trends
    Kendall Powell
    Nature 419:891. 2002
  64. ncbi Life cycle assessment of wood wastes: A case study of ephemeral architecture
    Beatriz Rivela
    Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Santiago de Compostela, C Lope de Marzoa s n, E 15782 Santiago de Compostela, Spain
    Sci Total Environ 357:1-11. 2006
    ..Between the two proposed alternatives, the recycling of wood waste for particleboard manufacture seems to be more favorable under an environmental perspective...
  65. ncbi Microbial detoxification of waste rubber material by wood-rotting fungi
    Katarina Bredberg
    Department of Biotechnology, Center for Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Lund University, Sweden
    Bioresour Technol 83:221-4. 2002
    ..Increase in growth of the desulfurising bacterium Thiobacillus ferrooxidans in presence of the rubber treated with Resinicium bicolor compared to untreated rubber demonstrated that detoxification with fungi is possible...
  66. ncbi Development of an inverse method to identify the kinetics of heavy metal release during waste incineration in fluidized bed
    S Abanades
    Processes, Materials, and Solar Energy Laboratory PROMES CNRS, UPR 8521, B P 5 Odeillo, F 66125 Font Romeu Cedex, France
    J Hazard Mater 124:19-26. 2005
    ..The inverse method was then applied to realistic artificial wastes (derived from real wastes) to identify the HM vaporization kinetics from the on-line analysis results...
  67. ncbi Estimating the demand for municipal waste compost via farmers' willingness-to-pay in Ghana
    G Danso
    International Water Management Institute, PMB CT 112, Accra, Ghana
    Waste Manag 26:1400-9. 2006
    ..The experience in Ghana shows that this is hardly possible except through private-public partnerships...
  68. ncbi Aquatic modules for bioregenerative life support systems based on the C.E.B.A.S. biotechnology [correction of biotechnilogy]
    V Bluem
    Ruhr University of Bochum, Faculty of Biology, Comparative Endocrinology Research Section and C E B A S Center of Excellence
    Acta Astronaut 48:287-97. 2001
    ..Other essential ions derive from biological degradation of animal waste products and dead organic matter. The C.E.B.A.S. exists in 2 basic versions: the original C.E.B.A.S...
  69. ncbi Bioregenerative [correction of bioregnerative] life support: not a picnic
    W M Knott
    National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Kennedy Space Center, FL, USA
    Gravit Space Biol Bull 11:31-9. 1998
    ..system-types can recycle water, remove carbon dioxide, produce oxygen, and recover essential elements from waste products. Bioregenerative can also produce food, thus, making it essential if humans are to exist in space independent ..
  70. ncbi Demodex folliculorum and Demodex brevis as a cause of chronic marginal blepharitis
    Damian Czepita
    Katedra i Klinika Okulistyki Pomorskiej Akademii Medycznej w Szczecinie al Powstańców Wlkp 72, 70 111 Szczecin
    Ann Acad Med Stetin 53:63-7; discussion 67. 2007
    ..Based on the growing interest in the role of Demodex spp. in chronic blepharitis we decided to present and discuss the results of the latest experimental and clinical studies...
  71. ncbi Effects of selected pharmaceutical products on phagocytic activity in Elliptio complanata mussels
    F Gagne
    Environment Canada, St Lawrence Centre, Montreal, Quebec
    Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol 143:179-86. 2006
    ..This study sought to examine the immunotoxic effects of pharmaceutical and urban waste products on the freshwater mussel Elliptio complanata...
  72. pmc Multipotent stem cells in the Malpighian tubules of adult Drosophila melanogaster
    Shree Ram Singh
    Mouse Cancer Genetics Program, National Institutes of Health, National Cancer Institute, MD 21702, USA
    J Exp Biol 212:413-23. 2009
    Excretion is an essential process of an organism's removal of the waste products of metabolism to maintain a constant chemical composition of the body fluids despite changes in the external environment...
  73. pmc Molecular biology of the blood-brain and the blood-cerebrospinal fluid barriers: similarities and differences
    Zoran Redzic
    Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Kuwait University, Safat 13110, Kuwait
    Fluids Barriers CNS 8:3. 2011
    ..of electrolytes between brain extracellular fluids and blood, as well as on efficient removal of metabolic waste products and excess neurotransmitters from the brain ISF...
  74. ncbi Effect of extract of Withania Somnifera on dehydration-induced oxidative stress-related uremia in male rats
    Koushik Das
    Department of Physiology, Raja N L Khan Women s College, Midnapore, Dist Paschim Medinipur, Pin 721102, West Bengal, India
    Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl 21:75-80. 2010
    Dehydration or water deprivation in the body decreases urinary excretion and allows urea and other protein waste products to accumulate in the blood...
  75. ncbi Analysis of expressed sequence tags from subtracted and unsubtracted Ctenocephalides felis hindgut and Malpighian tubule cDNA libraries
    P J Gaines
    Heska Corporation, 1613 Prospect Parkway, Fort Collins, CO 80525, USA
    Insect Mol Biol 11:299-306. 2002
    ..hindgut and Malpighian tubule (HMT) tissues regulate the contents of the haemolymph through the excretion of waste products and the specific reabsorption of nutrients...
  76. pmc Impacts of anthropogenic activity on the ecology of class 1 integrons and integron-associated genes in the environment
    William H Gaze
    School of Life Sciences, University of Warwick, Gibbet Hill Campus, Coventry, Warwickshire, UK
    ISME J 5:1253-61. 2011
    ..residues, specifically in sewage sludge and pig slurry compared with agricultural soils to which these waste products are amended. We also show that QAC resistance genes are more prevalent in the presence of detergents...
  77. ncbi Dogmas and controversies in the handling of nitrogenous wastes: the effect of feeding and fasting on the excretion of ammonia, urea and other nitrogenous waste products in rainbow trout
    Makiko Kajimura
    Department of Biology, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, L8S 4K1
    J Exp Biol 207:1993-2002. 2004
    ..metabolism and assumes that all protein (and amino acid) fuels are converted by oxidation to nitrogenous waste products that are excreted...
  78. ncbi Clathrin-coated vesicles form a unique net-like structure in liver sinusoidal endothelial cells by assembling along undisrupted microtubules
    Berit Falkowska-Hansen
    Department of Dermatology, University Medical Center Mannheim, Ruprecht Karls University Heidelberg, Theodor Kutzer Ufer 1 3, 68163 Mannheim, Germany
    Exp Cell Res 313:1745-57. 2007
    ..active professional scavenger cells using clathrin-mediated endocytosis to clear the blood from macromolecular waste products. Using confocal microscopy, we observed a remarkable net-like distribution of clathrin heavy chain (CHC) in ..
  79. ncbi Regulation of the cardiorespiratory system of common carp (Cyprinus carpio) during severe hypoxia at three seasonal acclimation temperatures
    J A W Stecyk
    Department of Zoology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    Physiol Biochem Zool 79:614-27. 2006
    ..This means that glycogen stores will be used and waste products will accumulate at faster rates, a finding that may help explain why the common carp cannot tolerate such ..
  80. ncbi The "multiple hormone deficiency" theory of aging: is human senescence caused mainly by multiple hormone deficiencies?
    T Hertoghe
    University Centre of Charleroi, Belgium
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1057:448-65. 2005
    ..free radical formation, glycation, cross-linking of proteins, imbalanced apoptosis system, accumulation of waste products, failure of repair systems, deficient immune system, may be caused or favored by hormone deficiencies...
  81. ncbi Growth and function of the normal human placenta
    Neil M Gude
    Department of Perinatal Medicine, Royal Women s Hospital, 132 Grattan Street, Carlton, VIC 3053, Australia
    Thromb Res 114:397-407. 2004
    ..and function of the placenta are precisely regulated and coordinated to ensure the exchange of nutrients and waste products between the maternal and fetal circulatory systems operates at maximal efficiency...
  82. ncbi The heme oxygenase system and its functions in the brain
    M D Maines
    University of Rochester Medical Center, Department of Biochemistry Biophysics, New York 14642, USA
    Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) 46:573-85. 2000
    ..only as a "molecular wrecking ball" (Lane, 1998) for degradation of the heme molecule and production of toxic waste products, CO and bile pigments. For those years, the HO system remained relatively unknown to the research community...
  83. ncbi Ganglioside/glycosphingolipid turnover: new concepts
    G Tettamanti
    Department of Medical Chemistry, Biochemistry and Biotechnology, and Study Center for the Functional Biochemistry and Biotechnology of Glycolipids, The Medical School, University of Milan, Italy
    Glycoconj J 20:301-17. 2004
    ..of these fragments for biosynthetic purposes (salvage pathways); and (g) further degradation of fragments to waste products. Noteworthy, the correct course of ganglioside/glycosphingolipid metabolism requires the presence of the ..
  84. ncbi Nutrition in terrestrial isopods (Isopoda: Oniscidea): an evolutionary-ecological approach
    Martin Zimmer
    Zoologisches Institut Limnologie, Biologiezentrum der Christian Albrechts Universität zu Kiel, Kiel, Germany
    Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 77:455-93. 2002
    ..Heavy metals are stored in special organelles of the hepatopancreatic tissue. Nitrogenous waste products are excreted via ammonia in its gaseous form, with only little egested along with the faeces...
  85. ncbi An experimental study investigating the effects of intraperitoneal human neonatal urine and meconium on rat intestines
    F M Akgur
    Department of Pediatric Surgery, Dokuz Eylul University, Medical Faculty, Izmir, Turkey
    Res Exp Med (Berl) 198:207-13. 1998
    Urinary waste products (UWP) in the amniotic fluid have been held responsible for the intestinal damage (ID) in gastroschisis, based on the fact that the fetus urinates physiologically into the amniotic cavity...
  86. ncbi Effect of molecular adsorbent recirculating system in hepatitis C virus-related intractable pruritus
    Cataldo Doria
    Department of Surgery, Thomas E Starzl Transplantation Institute, University of Pittsburgh, and the National Liver Transplant Center of the Department of Veterans Affairs, PA 15213, USA
    Liver Transpl 9:437-43. 2003
    ..MARS is an artificial liver support system that aims to clear the blood of metabolic waste products normally metabolized by the liver. Each patient underwent seven MARS sessions...
  87. ncbi Gated myocardial perfusion imaging of double-chambered left ventricle
    Alper O Karacalioglu
    Department of Nuclear Medicine, Gulhane Military Medical Academy and School of Medicine, 06018, Etlik Ankara, Turkey
    Hell J Nucl Med 13:293-4. 2010
    ..to sustain an arterial blood pressure necessary to provide adequate perfusion, facilitating the excretion of waste products. Cardiac dysfunction can thus be non compatible with life...
  88. ncbi Dietary carotenoids, connexins and cancer: what is the connection?
    J S Bertram
    Cancer Etiology Program, Cancer Research Center of Hawaii, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, HI 9681, USA
    Biochem Soc Trans 32:985-9. 2004
    ..the structural unit of gap junctions, organelles which allow direct transfer of signals, nutrients and waste products between contacting cells...
  89. ncbi Imaging complex nutrient dynamics in mycelial networks
    M D Fricker
    Department of Plant Sciences, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3RB, United Kingdom
    J Microsc 231:317-31. 2008
    Transport networks are vital components of multi-cellular organisms, distributing nutrients and removing waste products. Animal cardiovascular and respiratory systems, and plant vasculature, are branching trees whose architecture is ..
  90. doi The legacy of fossil fuels
    Nicola Armaroli
    Molecular Photoscience Group, Istituto per la Sintesi Organica e la Fotoreattivita, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche via Gobetti 101, 40129 Bologna, Italy
    Chem Asian J 6:768-84. 2011
    ..anywhere can extract and use in any fashion, and Earth's atmosphere, soil and oceans as a dump for their waste products, including more than 30 Gt/y of carbon dioxide...
  91. ncbi Soil factors exhibit greater influence than bacterial inoculation on alfalfa growth and nitrogen fixation
    Ute Neumann
    Department of Soil Ecology, Institute of Biology I, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany
    FEMS Microbiol Ecol 77:590-9. 2011
    ..One soil was contaminated with chemical waste products; the other was an arable soil...
  92. ncbi Morquio disease: the role of cartilage canals in the pathogenesis of chondrogenic dwarfism
    Jozef Zustin
    Institute of Pathology, University Medical Centre Hamburg Eppendorf, Martinistr 52, 20246 Hamburg, Germany
    Med Hypotheses 75:642-4. 2010
    ..been suggested to be strongly linked to the abnormal lysosomal storage of cartilaginous extracellular matrix waste products within chondrocytes and fibroblasts...
  93. ncbi Antioxidant activity of bovine and porcine meat treated with extracts from edible lotus (Nelumbo nucifera) rhizome knot and leaf
    Bo Huang
    Institute of the Traditional and Chinese Medicine and Natural Products, College of Pharmacy, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430071, PR China
    Meat Sci 87:46-53. 2011
    ..Both lotus rhizome knot (LRK) and lotus leaf (LL) are waste products of the lotus industry. Extracts from LRK and LL are proposed as antioxidants for meat...
  94. ncbi Biodegradation potential of the genus Rhodococcus
    Ludmila Martinkova
    Centre of Biocatalysis and Biotransformation, Institute of Microbiology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Videnska 1083, CZ 142 20 Prague 4, Czech Republic
    Environ Int 35:162-77. 2009
    ..nitriles, the two groups of compounds covered in this review, are intermediates, products, by-products or waste products of the chemical and pharmaceutical industries, agriculture and the processing of fossil fuels...
  95. ncbi Complex nitrogen cycling in the sponge Geodia barretti
    Friederike Hoffmann
    Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology, Celsiusstrasse 1, Bremen, Germany
    Environ Microbiol 11:2228-43. 2009
    ..interactions of aerobic, anaerobic, autotrophic and heterotrophic microbial processes are fuelled by metabolic waste products of the sponge host, and enable efficient utilization and recirculation of nutrients within the sponge-microbe ..
  96. ncbi Maternal manipulation of hatching asynchrony limits sibling cannibalism in the predatory mite Phytoseiulus persimilis
    P Schausberger
    Institute of Plant Protection, Department of Applied Plant Sciences and Plant Biotechnology, University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Vienna, Austria
    J Anim Ecol 77:1109-14. 2008
    ..discriminate sites containing young (24-h old) and old (48-h old) eggs, fresh and old traces (metabolic waste products and possibly pheromones) left by the same female (24 h and 48 h ago), or young eggs plus fresh female traces ..
  97. ncbi Mapping of a locus for progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis (Byler disease) to 18q21-q22, the benign recurrent intrahepatic cholestasis region
    V E Carlton
    Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of California, San Francisco, USA
    Hum Mol Genet 4:1049-53. 1995
    ..of its vital importance in digestion of dietary fats as well as in secretion of xenobiotics and metabolic waste products. Cloning of the gene (or genes) responsible for PFIC and BRIC will likely provide important insights into this ..
  98. ncbi Alternative materials for adsorption of heavy metals and petroleum hydrocarbons from contaminated leachates
    Y Kalmykova
    Water Environment Technology, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology, SE 412 96 Goteborg, Sweden
    Environ Technol 29:111-22. 2008
    In the present work, waste products from forest industries (sawdust, pine bark and fibre sludge ash), as well as some biological materials (peat, shrimp shells and seaweed), have been investigated with respect to their capacities to ..
  99. ncbi Phytoplankton and water quality characterization: experiences from the Swedish large lakes Mälaren, Hjälmaren, Vättern and Vänern
    E Willen
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Environmental Assessment, P O Box 7050, SE 75007 Uppsala, Sweden
    Ambio 30:529-37. 2001
    ..Measures to reduce phosphorus input and industrial waste products were taken during the 1970s...
  100. ncbi Advances in peritoneal dialysis: towards improved efficacy and safety
    R T Krediet
    Department of Medicine, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Blood Purif 16:1-14. 1998
    ..The long-term challenge is the prevention of the development of structural abnormalities of the peritoneum leading to ultrafiltration failure and sometimes peritoneal sclerosis...
  101. ncbi Degradation of tertiary alkylamines during chlorination/chloramination: implications for formation of aldehydes, nitriles, halonitroalkanes, and nitrosamines
    William A Mitch
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Yale University, Mason Lab 313b, 9 Hillhouse Avenue, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 42:4811-7. 2008
    ..Tertiary alkylamines are important functional groups in human waste products and various consumer products that can be released to drinking water supplies via wastewater effluents...

Research Grants62

  1. DNA Damage and Response in the Bladder Microenvironment.
    Bradley P Dixon; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Exposure of cells inside the bladder to high concentrations of waste products like urea, which are normally present in the urine, can interfere with the ability of the body to recognize ..
  2. Pluripotent Stem Cells: Modeling syncytiotrophoblast development and pathogenesis
    Danny J Schust; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and is responsible for the production of endocrine factors such as hCG and exchange of gases, nutrients and waste products The second goal is to demonstrate the utility of the BMP-hESC model to examine the molecular events ..
  3. Endogenous Gas Molecules As Transcription Factors
    Leo E Otterbein; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..carried the dogma of simply being necessary to either fulfill metabolic requirements of the cell or as simple waste products of enzymatic processes...
  4. XF24-3 Extracellular Flux Analyzer
    Karen Reue; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..energy pathways in small numbers of cells in real time, without the generation of radioactive or toxic waste products. Studies with this technology may lead to greater understanding of mechanisms underlying human diseases, and ..
  5. Cytoskeletal regulation of endothelial barrier function by WAVE2
    Sunil K Shaw; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..They regulate the passage between blood and tissues of macromolecules, nutrients and waste products. During inflammation, endothelial barrier function is reduced, leading to accumulation of leukocytes and ..
  6. Cell-Matrix Interactions in Epithelial Polarization
    Karl S Matlin; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..responsible for absorptive and secretory events that recover fluid and ions from filtered blood and discharge waste products into the forming urine. The key property of epithelial cells that underlies all others is their polarity...
  7. Characterization of a novel protein required for glomerular podocyte function
    LORI L O'BRIEN; Fiscal Year: 2012
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Podocytes are specialized cells of the kidney involved in filtering waste products from the blood...
  8. Environment, Fetal Tissue DNA Methylation &Birthweight
    Robert O Wright; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..growth depends on maternal transport of nutrients as well as the transport and excretion of toxicants and waste products. Logical target tissues for fetal growth would be tissues of the vascular system (vessels, blood and placenta)...
  9. iPS cells-derived progenitor cells for angiomyogenesis
    Yigang Wang; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..lineage cells, immune compatibility between donor and recipient tissues, and rapid transport of nutrients and waste products to new and developing tissue (via blood vessel formation)...
  10. Failure of metabolite clearance in a model of multi-lacunar infarcts
    Maiken Nedergaard; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..organ - can function without such an organized network for the removal of interstitial fluid-borne metabolic waste products. We questioned this position, seeking to define the pathways by which the brain removes the potentially toxic ..
  11. Age-related Changes in Epithelial Microvilli
    Vera L Bonilha; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..phagocytosis of photoreceptors shed outer segments, directional transport of nutrients into and removal of waste products from photoreceptor cells and visual pigment transport and regeneration...
  12. Oxidative Stress and Lysosomal Function in the Outflow Pathway
    PALOMA LITON; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Understanding how malfunction of the cellular machinery responsible for the degradation of waste products may contribute to the pathology of POAG will open new therapeutic target strategies.
  13. Vascularization of polymeric tissue beds
    Horst A von Recum; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..in tissue-engineered constructs capable of timely delivery of oxygen and nutrients, and removal of waste products. To address this major challenge, the proposed research seeks to elucidate mechanisms that direct ..
  14. Microfluidic devices for studying genetic competence in Streptococcus mutans
    STEPHEN JAMES HAGEN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..for example, the metabolic activity of acid-tolerant bacteria such as Streptococcus mutans generates acid waste products that accumulate near the tooth surface, leading to dental caries...
  15. The glymphatic system, a new concept in glia biology
    Maiken Nedergaard; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of neural tissue, there exists no effective understanding of the means by which interstitial fluid and waste products are removed from the CNS...
  16. 3-D microtissues with perfused human capillaries
    STEVEN CARL GEORGE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..create a high throughput platform of 3-D human microtissues (~ 1 mm3) that receive nutrients and eliminate waste products by perfused human capillaries...
  17. Protein-Releasing Microporous Scaffolds for Cell Replacement Therapy
    Lonnie D Shea; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..hypoxic environment following transplantation, connect with the host vasculature for exchange of nutrients and waste products and also deliver secreted factors into the circulation...
  18. An integrated in vitro model of perfused tumor and cardiac tissue
    STEVEN CARL GEORGE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..capillaries and larger microvessels), which is necessary to overcome diffusion limitations of nutrients and waste products in realistic 3-D cultures, and serves to integrate multiple organ systems...
  19. Lupus Glomenulonephritis and NK T cells
    Samuel Strober; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..with self antigens, and the complexes injure the kidney after deposition in the glomeruli that filter waste products from the blood. Autoantibodies are produced by B cells that are activated by a rare immune cell, the NK T cell...
  20. Functional Fluid Flow Regulated Bone Regeneration
    Yi Xian Qin; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of cells in vivo and to rebuild vascular networks capable of delivering oxygen and nutrients while removing waste products after the implantation...
  21. Self-Organized Tissue Microvasculature
    David Wood; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..tissues require a developed vascular network to deliver nutrients and oxygen and to remove metabolic waste products. This is particularly important in highly metabolic and complex tissues like the liver...
  22. Regiocontrolled Intermolecular Hydroamination of Olefins
    SARAH MARIE BRONNER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..may complement and may even prove more useful than existing methodologies that often produce stoichiometric waste products, require drastic reaction conditions, or rely on expensive starting materials...
  23. FRET-based Ultrasound-Switchable Fluorescence Imaging
    Baohong Yuan; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..angiogenesis (the growth of a network of blood vessels for supplying nutrients and oxygen to and removing waste products from the tumor tissue). Therefore, inhibiting tumor angiogenesis becomes a potential way to treat cancer...
  24. The 18th Hemoglobin Switching Conference
    James Douglas Engel; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..function of the red blood cells that carry oxygen to tissues to execute basic metabolism and that also carry waste products back to the lungs for exchange for fresh oxygen...
  25. ENDOSTATIN RECEPTOR CDNA CLONING AND IONIC SIGNALING
    Seth Alper; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..a critical, usually nonlethal, mass determined by supply of nutrients and oxygen, and removal of metabolic waste products. Among the many substances Folkman and others subsequently identified as activators and inhibitors of ..
  26. Dynamics of Peritoneal Dialysis Associated Peritonitis
    John Hotchkiss; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..During this dwell time, waste products, excess salts, and water diffuse into the PDF...
  27. Enhanced Fluoropolymer Membrane Reactors for Production of Pharmaceutical Interme
    Ning Shangguan; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..costs for the products, option for synthesis at lower temperature to maximize API efficacy, minimization of waste products and elimination of the transport and storage of strong mineral acids...
  28. Enhanced Fluoropolymer Membrane Reactors for Production of Pharmaceutical Interme
    Ning Shangguan; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..costs for the products, option for synthesis at lower temperature to maximize API efficacy, minimization of waste products and elimination of the transport and storage of strong mineral acids...
  29. PRODUCTION OF URSODIOL FROM TURKEY BILE
    Tibor Sipos; Fiscal Year: 1991
    The overall goal of this project is to commercially produce ursodeoxycholic acid (ursodiol) from waste products (turkey bile) of the poultry industry by either a one-step microbial transformation process or by a chemical epimerization of ..
  30. Repiratory Health and Community Asbestos Exposure
    Bruce Alexander; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..1. Non-occupational exposure to asbestos contaminated vermiculite products and waste products is associated with increased prevalence of non-malignant asbestos related respiratory disease, specifically ..
  31. Model-driven Media Optimization in Hybridoma Cell Line
    Iman Famili; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..In addition, mammalian cell lines produce significant amounts of waste products such as lactate, alanine, and ammonia, which reduce biomass yield and protein production, cause toxic ..
  32. Commercialization of Human Omental Mesothelial Cells for Research
    YOLANDA LEA CURRIE; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Peritoneal dialysis relies on the intact transport function of mesothelial cells to allow transfer of waste products from the underlying vasculature to the dialysis fluid in the peritoneal cavity...
  33. ION AND WATER TRANSPORT IN CILIARY EPITHELIUM
    NASSER FARAHBAKHSH; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..humor for nutrition of the cornea, lens, vitreous and trabecular meshwork, as well as the removal of the waste products of metabolism from these tissues...
  34. Commercialization of Human Mesothelial Cells for Research
    YOLANDA RENEE LEA CURRIE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Peritoneal dialysis relies on the intact transport function of mesothelial cells to allow transfer of waste products from the underlying vasculature to the dialysis fluid in the peritoneal cavity...
  35. Engineering Vascularized Bone Tissues By Microfabrication And Scaffolding
    Yunzhi Yang; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..is the formation of a complete vascular network capable of delivering oxygen and nutrients and removing waste products that limits the maximum effective size of tissue engineered constructs...
  36. Effects of dietary agents on lysosomes in mucolipidosis
    Peter Vassilev; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..likely to function in the removal of cellular debris near sites of cellular damage and in removal of certain waste products from the cell...
  37. A Cerebral Functional Unit Model for Multimodal Imaging of Neurovascular Coupling
    THEODORE JAMES HUPPERT; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..to balance the use of energy by neural and synaptic processes and the supply of substrates and removal of waste products by the vascular system...
  38. Tissue-Engineered Skin with Built-in Capillary Flow Newtworks
    Harihara Baskaran; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..TEproducts with inte- grated microvascular systemfor convective delivery of nutrients and removal of metabolic waste products. Our strate- gic goal is to develop such an approach...
  39. Microelectrode oxygenation control of tumor necrosis
    Neil Forbes; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..to HIF1-a-containing and null in vitro tumors while preserving other concentration gradients (glucose, acidic waste products, etc.)...
  40. HORMONAL CONTROLS OF PLACENTAL ANGIOGENESIS
    DANIEL LINZER; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..uterus and placenta upon implantation of the mammalian embryo is required for the exchange of nutrients and waste products between the mother and the fetus...
  41. Advanced Mercury Free Restorative Alloys Technology
    David Lashmore; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Using these mercury free alloys, Dentists would no longer need to handle, breath, or dispose of mercury containing waste products.
  42. MATERNO-FETAL RESPONSE TO REDUCED UTERINE BLOOD FLOW
    Kenneth Clark; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..nutrients and oxygen from the maternal to fetal circulation and a movement of fetal carbon dioxide and other waste products in the opposite direction...
  43. FluorImager/Storm System
    Robert Weinberg; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..laboratory personnel, this instrumentation offers the prospect of dramatic decreases in both the expenses and waste products that are entailed by the use of X-ray film and the associated chemicals needed to develop exposed film...
  44. High Efficiency Dialyzer Development - Phase 2
    Mark Gartner; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..During each dialysis session, only a portion of the waste products normally eliminated by the kidneys is actually removed...
  45. Engineering cartilage: an approach to joint repair
    JEAN WELTER; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..before tissue engineering can become a routine treatment for cartilage defects: transport of nutrients and waste products to and from the cells within the construct, and mechanical conditioning of the constructs to allow function in ..
  46. 3D Culture of mES Cells in Four-Compartment Bioreactors
    JOERG GERLACH; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The design of the bioreactors allows integral oxygenation and efficient transfer of nutrients and waste products to and from the cells, cultured at high density involving minimal solute gradients within the cell compartment...
  47. Individual Predoctoral Dental Scientist Fellowship
    Darnell Kaigler; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..However, the survival of these cells is dependent on diffusion of nutrients and waste products between the transplanted cells on the matrix and the vasculature existing in the surrounding host tissue...
  48. The Osteoblastic Monolayer as a 'Gatekeeper' in Bone
    MELISSA KNOTHE TATE; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..g., water, nutrients, ions, waste products and growth factors, into and out of bone tissue...
  49. Muller Cell Domains in the Retina
    David DiLoreto; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..in aberrant glial and neuronal signaling, insufficient delivery of substrates and/or less efficient removal of waste products, which would ultimately contribute to neuronal degeneration...
  50. STRUCTURE/FUNCTION OF RESPIRATORY HEMOPROTEINS
    Takashi Yonetani; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..by efficiently transporting O2, the vital oxidant, from the lung to the tissues and CO2, one of the major waste products of metabolism, from the tissues to the lung...
  51. IMMUNOISOLATION BIOCAPSULES FOR PANCREATIC ISLET CELLS
    Francis Martin; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..The 10-30 nm uniform pore sizes allow the exchange of nutrients, waste products, and secreted insulin between host (patient) and implanted cells...
  52. The Mouse dc-Electroretinogram
    Neal Peachey; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..critically involved in many functions required for normal retinal function including the flow of nutrients and waste products between the photoreceptors and the choroidal circulation, the visual cycle, and the phagocytosis of shed outer ..
  53. RADIATION AND DRUG EFFECTS ON TUMOR CELL SUBPOPULATIONS
    Dietmar Siemann; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Ultimately we hope that these approaches can be reliably developed to an extent where the use of human tumor biopsy material may lead to radiotherapy treatments more tailored to the individual patient. ..
  54. CARDIOMYOPATHY, HIV1 AND CHEMOKINES
    Milan Fiala; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The results of this research could lead to development of new strategies for preventing or ameliorating the effects of HIV infection on the heart. ..
  55. Exposure Intervention in a Rural Pediatric Asthma Cohort
    Peter Thorne; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Detailed health and home hygiene questionnaires and home inspections will be conducted at baseline and one year later, as will child spirometry. ..
  56. MULTIDISCIPLINARY MICRO CT-3D IMAGING FACILITY
    Erik Ritman; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..AIM IV - Continue to provide the 3D micro-CT imaging service to investigator-users so that this experience will guide innovation, improvement and/or expansion of the imaging repertoire of the micro-CT methodology. ..
  57. Feasibility of assessing bone architecture by i-DQC MRI
    Felix Wehrli; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  58. Controlled Drug Delivery to Colon Tumors Via Ultrasound
    WILLIAM PITT; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The research outcomes will prove hypotheses, which will become the basis for understanding and exploiting this therapy in the treatment of localized cancers, hopefully paving the way for clinical application. ..
  59. Analysis of Large-Scale Biochemical Systems
    DANIEL BEARD; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In addition, the computational tools that are developed by this research program will be disseminated through a partnership with a software company. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  60. ALPHA-2 ADRENERGIC CONTROL OF COLONIC FUNCTION IN IBS
    Michael Camilleri; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  61. Proximal Tubule Transport Defect in Hyp Mice
    Michel Baum; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..These studies will not only examine the pathogenesis of this disorder, but will directly examine if indomethacin potentially represents a novel therapy for this disease. ..
  62. Cannabinoid Mechanisms in Human Gastrointestinal Motor and Sensory Functions
    MICHAEL L CAMILLERI; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..These actions may be relevant to develop new treatments for IBS. The studies will also provide further understanding of the potential of medications like medical marijuana on stomach function that may be relevant to appetite control. ..