soil

Summary

Summary: The loose surface material of the earth in which plants grow. (Webster, 3d ed)

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Impact of nitrogen deposition on the species richness of grasslands
    Carly J Stevens
    Department of Earth Sciences, The Open University, Milton Keynes MK7 6AA, UK
    Science 303:1876-9. 2004
  2. pmc Pyrosequencing-based assessment of soil pH as a predictor of soil bacterial community structure at the continental scale
    Christian L Lauber
    Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, 80309, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 75:5111-20. 2009
  3. ncbi Soil-transmitted helminth infections: ascariasis, trichuriasis, and hookworm
    Jeffrey Bethony
    Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Tropical Medicine, The George Washington University, Washington, DC, 20037, USA
    Lancet 367:1521-32. 2006
  4. pmc Examining the global distribution of dominant archaeal populations in soil
    Scott T Bates
    Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA
    ISME J 5:908-17. 2011
  5. pmc The global limits and population at risk of soil-transmitted helminth infections in 2010
    Rachel L Pullan
    Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Parasit Vectors 5:81. 2012
  6. ncbi Soil carbon sequestration impacts on global climate change and food security
    R Lal
    Carbon Management and Sequestration Center, Ohio State University Columbus, OH 43210, USA
    Science 304:1623-7. 2004
  7. ncbi Temperature sensitivity of soil carbon decomposition and feedbacks to climate change
    Eric A Davidson
    The Woods Hole Research Center, PO Box 296, Woods Hole, Massachusetts 02543, USA
    Nature 440:165-73. 2006
  8. ncbi Soil bacterial and fungal communities across a pH gradient in an arable soil
    Johannes Rousk
    Department of Microbial Ecology, Lund University, Ecology Building, Lund, Sweden
    ISME J 4:1340-51. 2010
  9. pmc Effect of sanitation on soil-transmitted helminth infection: systematic review and meta-analysis
    Kathrin Ziegelbauer
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland
    PLoS Med 9:e1001162. 2012
  10. ncbi Agricultural sustainability and intensive production practices
    David Tilman
    Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota, St Paul, Minnesota 55108, USA
    Nature 418:671-7. 2002

Detail Information

Publications345 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Impact of nitrogen deposition on the species richness of grasslands
    Carly J Stevens
    Department of Earth Sciences, The Open University, Milton Keynes MK7 6AA, UK
    Science 303:1876-9. 2004
    ..At the mean chronic nitrogen deposition rate of central Europe (17 kg Nha-1 year-1), there is a 23% species reduction compared with grasslands receiving the lowest levels of nitrogen deposition...
  2. pmc Pyrosequencing-based assessment of soil pH as a predictor of soil bacterial community structure at the continental scale
    Christian L Lauber
    Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, 80309, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 75:5111-20. 2009
    Soils harbor enormously diverse bacterial populations, and soil bacterial communities can vary greatly in composition across space...
  3. ncbi Soil-transmitted helminth infections: ascariasis, trichuriasis, and hookworm
    Jeffrey Bethony
    Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Tropical Medicine, The George Washington University, Washington, DC, 20037, USA
    Lancet 367:1521-32. 2006
    The three main soil-transmitted helminth infections, ascariasis, trichuriasis, and hookworm, are common clinical disorders in man...
  4. pmc Examining the global distribution of dominant archaeal populations in soil
    Scott T Bates
    Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA
    ISME J 5:908-17. 2011
    Archaea, primarily Crenarchaeota, are common in soil; however, the structure of soil archaeal communities and the factors regulating their diversity and abundance remain poorly understood...
  5. pmc The global limits and population at risk of soil-transmitted helminth infections in 2010
    Rachel L Pullan
    Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Parasit Vectors 5:81. 2012
    Understanding the global limits of transmission of soil-transmitted helminth (STH) species is essential for quantifying the population at-risk and the burden of disease...
  6. ncbi Soil carbon sequestration impacts on global climate change and food security
    R Lal
    Carbon Management and Sequestration Center, Ohio State University Columbus, OH 43210, USA
    Science 304:1623-7. 2004
    ..The rate of soil organic carbon sequestration with adoption of recommended technologies depends on soil texture and structure, ..
  7. ncbi Temperature sensitivity of soil carbon decomposition and feedbacks to climate change
    Eric A Davidson
    The Woods Hole Research Center, PO Box 296, Woods Hole, Massachusetts 02543, USA
    Nature 440:165-73. 2006
    ..Disagreement exists, however, regarding the effects of climate change on global soil carbon stocks...
  8. ncbi Soil bacterial and fungal communities across a pH gradient in an arable soil
    Johannes Rousk
    Department of Microbial Ecology, Lund University, Ecology Building, Lund, Sweden
    ISME J 4:1340-51. 2010
    ..minimized, were used to investigate the direct influence of pH on the abundance and composition of the two major soil microbial taxa, fungi and bacteria...
  9. pmc Effect of sanitation on soil-transmitted helminth infection: systematic review and meta-analysis
    Kathrin Ziegelbauer
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland
    PLoS Med 9:e1001162. 2012
    In countries of high endemicity of the soil-transmitted helminth parasites Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura, and hookworm, preventive chemotherapy (i.e...
  10. ncbi Agricultural sustainability and intensive production practices
    David Tilman
    Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota, St Paul, Minnesota 55108, USA
    Nature 418:671-7. 2002
    ..New incentives and policies for ensuring the sustainability of agriculture and ecosystem services will be crucial if we are to meet the demands of improving yields without compromising environmental integrity or public health...
  11. ncbi Efficacy of current drugs against soil-transmitted helminth infections: systematic review and meta-analysis
    Jennifer Keiser
    Department of Medical Parasitology and Infection Biology, Swiss Tropical Institute, PO Box, CH 4002 Basel, Switzerland
    JAMA 299:1937-48. 2008
    More than a quarter of the human population is likely infected with soil-transmitted helminths (Ascaris lumbricoides, hookworm, and Trichuris trichiura) in highly endemic areas...
  12. pmc PCR-targeted Streptomyces gene replacement identifies a protein domain needed for biosynthesis of the sesquiterpene soil odor geosmin
    Bertolt Gust
    Department of Molecular Microbiology, John Innes Centre, Colney, Norwich NR4 7UH, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:1541-6. 2003
    Streptomycetes are high G+C Gram-positive, antibiotic-producing, mycelial soil bacteria. The 8.7-Mb Streptomyces coelicolor genome was previously sequenced by using an ordered library of Supercos-1 clones...
  13. pmc Comparative metagenomic, phylogenetic and physiological analyses of soil microbial communities across nitrogen gradients
    Noah Fierer
    Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA
    ISME J 6:1007-17. 2012
    ..inputs of nitrogen (N) from anthropogenic sources and understanding how these increases in N availability affect soil microbial communities is critical for predicting the associated effects on belowground ecosystems...
  14. pmc Diagnosis of soil-transmitted helminths in the era of preventive chemotherapy: effect of multiple stool sampling and use of different diagnostic techniques
    Stefanie Knopp
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, Swiss Tropical Institute, Basel, Switzerland
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2:e331. 2008
    b>Soil-transmitted helminth infections are common throughout the tropics and subtropics and they disproportionately affect the poorest of the poor...
  15. ncbi Ecological linkages between aboveground and belowground biota
    David A Wardle
    Landcare Research, Post Office Box 69, Lincoln, New Zealand
    Science 304:1629-33. 2004
    ..are closely interlinked at the community level, reinforced by a greater degree of specificity between plants and soil organisms than has been previously supposed...
  16. pmc Cultivation of an obligate acidophilic ammonia oxidizer from a nitrifying acid soil
    Laura E Lehtovirta-Morley
    Institute of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen AB24 3UU, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:15892-7. 2011
    ..acidophilic thaumarchaeal ammonia oxidizer, "Candidatus Nitrosotalea devanaterra," from an acidic agricultural soil. Phylogenetic analysis places the organism within a previously uncultivated thaumarchaeal lineage that has been ..
  17. pmc IRT1, an Arabidopsis transporter essential for iron uptake from the soil and for plant growth
    Grégory Vert
    Biochimie et Physiologie Moleculaire des Plantes, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique Unité Mixte de Recherche 5004, Universite Montpellier II, 2 place Viala, F 34060 Montpellier Cedex 1, France
    Plant Cell 14:1223-33. 2002
    ..Here, we present genetic evidence that IRT1 is essential for the uptake of iron from the soil. An Arabidopsis knockout mutant in IRT1 is chlorotic and has a severe growth defect in soil, leading to death...
  18. ncbi Population resequencing reveals local adaptation of Arabidopsis lyrata to serpentine soils
    Thomas L Turner
    Molecular and Computational Biology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA
    Nat Genet 42:260-3. 2010
    ..content and low calcium-to-magnesium ratios, are a classic context for studying adaptation of plants to local soil conditions...
  19. ncbi Acclimatization of soil respiration to warming in a tall grass prairie
    Y Luo
    Department of Botany and Microbiology, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma 73019, USA
    Nature 413:622-5. 2001
    ..The feedback mechanism is usually based on the assumption that observed sensitivity of soil respiration to temperature under current climate conditions would hold in a warmer climate...
  20. pmc Towards an effective control programme of soil-transmitted helminth infections among Orang Asli in rural Malaysia. Part 1: prevalence and associated key factors
    Nabil A Nasr
    Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, 50603, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
    Parasit Vectors 6:27. 2013
    ..The first part of this study aimed at determining the prevalence of soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections and identifying their associated factors among rural Orang Asli children.
  21. ncbi Temperature-associated increases in the global soil respiration record
    Ben Bond-Lamberty
    Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Joint Global Change Research Institute at the University of Maryland College Park, 5825 University Research Court, Suite 3500, College Park, Maryland 20740, USA
    Nature 464:579-82. 2010
    b>Soil respiration, R(S), the flux of microbially and plant-respired carbon dioxide (CO(2)) from the soil surface to the atmosphere, is the second-largest terrestrial carbon flux...
  22. ncbi The bacterial biogeography of British soils
    Robert I Griffiths
    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Maclean Building, Benson Lane, Crowmarsh Gifford, Wallingford, Oxfordshire, OX10 8BB, UK
    Environ Microbiol 13:1642-54. 2011
    Despite recognition of the importance of soil bacteria to terrestrial ecosystem functioning there is little consensus on the factors regulating belowground biodiversity...
  23. ncbi Significant acidification in major Chinese croplands
    J H Guo
    College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China
    Science 327:1008-10. 2010
    b>Soil acidification is a major problem in soils of intensive Chinese agricultural systems...
  24. pmc Ammonia concentration determines differential growth of ammonia-oxidising archaea and bacteria in soil microcosms
    Daniel T Verhamme
    Institute of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Aberdeen, UK
    ISME J 5:1067-71. 2011
    ..of ammonia to nitrite, is performed by both ammonia-oxidising archaea (AOA) and ammonia-oxidising bacteria (AOB) in soil, but their relative contributions to ammonia oxidation and existence in distinct ecological niches remain to be ..
  25. ncbi Global patterns of the dynamics of soil carbon and nitrogen stocks following afforestation: a meta-analysis
    Dejun Li
    Department of Botany and Microbiology, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019, USA
    New Phytol 195:172-81. 2012
    ..has been proposed as an effective method of carbon (C) sequestration; however, the magnitude and direction of soil carbon accumulation following afforestation and its regulation by soil nitrogen (N) dynamics are still not well ..
  26. ncbi 454 Pyrosequencing analyses of forest soils reveal an unexpectedly high fungal diversity
    M Buee
    INRA, UMR 1136 INRA Nancy Université Interactions Arbres Microorganismes, INRA Nancy, 54280 Champenoux, France
    New Phytol 184:449-56. 2009
    b>Soil fungi play a major role in ecological and biogeochemical processes in forests...
  27. pmc Pyrosequencing-based assessment of bacterial community structure along different management types in German forest and grassland soils
    Heiko Nacke
    Department of Genomic and Applied Microbiology, Institute of Microbiology and Genetics, Georg August University Gottingen, Gottingen, Germany
    PLoS ONE 6:e17000. 2011
    b>Soil bacteria are important drivers for nearly all biogeochemical cycles in terrestrial ecosystems and participate in most nutrient transformations in soil...
  28. ncbi Nitrogen additions and microbial biomass: a meta-analysis of ecosystem studies
    Kathleen K Treseder
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697, USA
    Ecol Lett 11:1111-20. 2008
    ..I also predicted that changes in biomass would parallel changes in soil CO2 emissions...
  29. pmc Efficacy of single-dose and triple-dose albendazole and mebendazole against soil-transmitted helminths and Taenia spp.: a randomized controlled trial
    Peter Steinmann
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland
    PLoS ONE 6:e25003. 2011
    The control of soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections currently relies on the large-scale administration of single-dose oral albendazole or mebendazole...
  30. ncbi Similar response of labile and resistant soil organic matter pools to changes in temperature
    Changming Fang
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen AB24 3UU, UK
    Nature 433:57-9. 2005
    Our understanding of the relationship between the decomposition of soil organic matter (SOM) and soil temperature affects our predictions of the impact of climate change on soil-stored carbon...
  31. ncbi Soil warming and carbon-cycle feedbacks to the climate system
    J M Melillo
    The Ecosystems Center, Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
    Science 298:2173-6. 2002
    In a decade-long soil warming experiment in a mid-latitude hardwood forest, we documented changes in soil carbon and nitrogen cycling in order to investigate the consequences of these changes for the climate system...
  32. pmc A comprehensive survey of soil acidobacterial diversity using pyrosequencing and clone library analyses
    Ryan T Jones
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA
    ISME J 3:442-53. 2009
    Acidobacteria are ubiquitous and abundant members of soil bacterial communities...
  33. ncbi The effects of chronic nitrogen fertilization on alpine tundra soil microbial communities: implications for carbon and nitrogen cycling
    Diana R Nemergut
    Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research, Environmental Studies Program, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado, USA
    Environ Microbiol 10:3093-105. 2008
    ..productivity in a variety of terrestrial systems, but less is known about the effects of the changing N cycle on soil organic matter (SOM) decomposition...
  34. ncbi Plants integrate information about nutrients and neighbors
    James F Cahill
    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2E9, Canada
    Science 328:1657. 2010
    ..Individually grown plants fully explored the pot by using a broad and uniform rooting distribution regardless of soil resource distributions...
  35. pmc Soil transmitted helminths and scabies in Zanzibar, Tanzania following mass drug administration for lymphatic filariasis--a rapid assessment methodology to assess impact
    Khalfan A Mohammed
    NTD Control Programme Manager, Ministry of Health, Zanzibar, United Republic of Tanzania
    Parasit Vectors 5:299. 2012
    ..filariasis elimination programmes in African countries co-endemic for onchocerciasis, but have additional impact on soil transmitted helminths and the ectoparasitic mite which causes scabies...
  36. ncbi Determinants of woody cover in African savannas
    Mahesh Sankaran
    Natural Resource Ecology Laboratory, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523, USA
    Nature 438:846-9. 2005
    ..stable' systems in which water constrains woody cover and permits grasses to coexist, while fire, herbivory and soil properties interact to reduce woody cover below the MAP-controlled upper bound...
  37. pmc Physiological genomics of response to soil drying in diverse Arabidopsis accessions
    David L Des Marais
    Section of Integrative Biology and Institute of Cellular and Molecular Biology, University of Texas, Austin, Texas 78712, USA
    Plant Cell 24:893-914. 2012
    ..Here, we document physiological and transcriptomic response to soil drying in 17 natural accessions of Arabidopsis...
  38. ncbi Biogeography and variability of eleven mineral elements in plant leaves across gradients of climate, soil and plant functional type in China
    W X Han
    Key Laboratory for Earth Surface Processes, Ministry of Education, Department of Ecology, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
    Ecol Lett 14:788-96. 2011
    ..these elements show significant latitudinal and longitudinal trends, driven by significant influences of climate, soil and plant functional type...
  39. pmc Using network analysis to explore co-occurrence patterns in soil microbial communities
    Albert Barberan
    Department of Continental Ecology Biogeodynamics and Biodiversity Group, Centre d Estudis Avançats de Blanes CEAB CSIC, Blanes, Spain
    ISME J 6:343-51. 2012
    ..a 16S rRNA gene barcoded pyrosequencing dataset containing >160 000 bacterial and archaeal sequences from 151 soil samples from a broad range of ecosystem types...
  40. ncbi Microbial nitrogen limitation increases decomposition
    Joseph M Craine
    Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior, 100 Ecology, 1987 Upper Buford Circle, Saint Paul, Minnesota 55108, USA
    Ecology 88:2105-13. 2007
    ..the effects of exogenous nitrogen and phosphorus inputs on litter decomposition across a broad suite of litter and soil types...
  41. pmc Root exudates regulate soil fungal community composition and diversity
    Corey D Broeckling
    Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 74:738-44. 2008
    Plants are in constant contact with a community of soil biota that contains fungi ranging from pathogenic to symbiotic...
  42. pmc Insights into the effect of soil pH on N(2)O and N(2) emissions and denitrifier community size and activity
    Jiri Cuhel
    Biology Centre of the ASCR, v v i, Institute of Soil Biology, and University of South Bohemia, Faculty of Science, Na Sadkach 7, 370 05 Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic
    Appl Environ Microbiol 76:1870-8. 2010
    The objective of this study was to investigate how changes in soil pH affect the N(2)O and N(2) emissions, denitrification activity, and size of a denitrifier community...
  43. pmc Functional gene diversity of soil microbial communities from five oil-contaminated fields in China
    Yuting Liang
    Changzhou University, Jiangsu, China
    ISME J 5:403-13. 2011
    ..in different oil-contaminated fields and to know the effects of oil contaminant and environmental factors, soil samples were taken from typical oil-contaminated fields located in five geographic regions of China...
  44. ncbi Soil-transmitted helminth infections: updating the global picture
    Nilanthi R de Silva
    Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Kelaniya, PO Box 6, Ragama, Sri Lanka
    Trends Parasitol 19:547-51. 2003
  45. pmc Changes in gene expression during adaptation of Listeria monocytogenes to the soil environment
    Pascal Piveteau
    Universite de Bourgogne, UMR 1229, Dijon, France
    PLoS ONE 6:e24881. 2011
    ..In order to study the processes underlying its ability to adapt to the soil environment, whole-genome arrays were used to analyse transcriptome modifications 15 minutes, 30 minutes and 18 h ..
  46. pmc Belowground carbon allocation by trees drives seasonal patterns of extracellular enzyme activities by altering microbial community composition in a beech forest soil
    Christina Kaiser
    University of Vienna, Department of Chemical Ecology and Ecosystem Research, Vienna, Austria
    New Phytol 187:843-58. 2010
    Plant seasonal cycles alter carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) availability for soil microbes, which may affect microbial community composition and thus feed back on microbial decomposition of soil organic material and plant N availability...
  47. ncbi Persistence of soil organic matter as an ecosystem property
    Michael W I Schmidt
    Department of Geography, University of Zurich, 8050 Zurich, Switzerland
    Nature 478:49-56. 2011
    Globally, soil organic matter (SOM) contains more than three times as much carbon as either the atmosphere or terrestrial vegetation...
  48. ncbi Volatile mediated interactions between bacteria and fungi in the soil
    Uta Effmert
    Institute of Biological Sciences, University of Rostock, Albert Einstein Str 3, 18059, Rostock, Germany
    J Chem Ecol 38:665-703. 2012
    b>Soil is one of the major habitats of bacteria and fungi. In this arena their interactions are part of a communication network that keeps microhabitats in balance...
  49. ncbi Factors affecting survival of Listeria monocytogenes and Listeria innocua in soil samples
    Heather P McLaughlin
    Department of Microbiology, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland
    Arch Microbiol 193:775-85. 2011
    We investigated the ability of several strains of L. monocytogenes and Listeria innocua strains to survive in local soil samples in vitro. Survival of three L. monocytogenes strains, EGDe, CD83, and CD1038, and three L...
  50. ncbi Cultivation of a highly enriched ammonia-oxidizing archaeon of thaumarchaeotal group I.1b from an agricultural soil
    Jong Geol Kim
    Department of Microbiology, Chungbuk National University, 12 Gaeshin Dong, Heungduk gu, Cheongju, Korea
    Environ Microbiol 14:1528-43. 2012
    Nitrification of excess ammonia in soil causes eutrophication of water resources and emission of atmospheric N(2) O gas. The first step of nitrification, ammonia oxidation, is mediated by Archaea as well as Bacteria...
  51. ncbi Soil erosion and the global carbon budget
    R Lal
    School of Natural Resources, The Ohio State University, 2021 Coffey Road, Columbus, OH 43210 1085, USA
    Environ Int 29:437-50. 2003
    b>Soil erosion is the most widespread form of soil degradation...
  52. ncbi Long-term sensitivity of soil carbon turnover to warming
    W Knorr
    Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, PO Box 100164, D 07701 Jena, Germany
    Nature 433:298-301. 2005
    The sensitivity of soil carbon to warming is a major uncertainty in projections of carbon dioxide concentration and climate...
  53. ncbi Relative roles of niche and neutral processes in structuring a soil microbial community
    Alex J Dumbrell
    Department of Biology, University of York, York, UK
    ISME J 4:337-45. 2010
    ..or niche-based mechanisms best explain the composition and structure of communities of a functionally important soil microbe, the arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi...
  54. ncbi Nematode infections: soil-transmitted helminths and trichinella
    Stefanie Knopp
    University of Basel, Petersplatz 1, CH 4003 Basel, Switzerland
    Infect Dis Clin North Am 26:341-58. 2012
    Infection with soil-transmitted helminths occurs via ingestion of nematode eggs with contaminated food and water, via hands, or inhalation of dust, or by penetration of larvae through the skin...
  55. ncbi Carbon and nitrogen dynamics during forest stand development: a global synthesis
    YuanHe Yang
    Department of Botany and Microbiology, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019, USA
    New Phytol 190:977-89. 2011
    ..Our results showed that C accumulated in aboveground vegetation, litter and forest floor pools, while the mineral soil C pool did not exhibit significant changes in most studies...
  56. ncbi Nutritional impact of intestinal helminthiasis during the human life cycle
    D W T Crompton
    WHO Collaborating Centre for Soil Transmitted Helminthiasis, Graham Kerr Building, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, G12 8QQ, Scotland
    Annu Rev Nutr 22:35-59. 2002
    Poor people in developing countries endure the burden of disease caused by four common species of soil-transmitted nematode that inhabit the gastrointestinal tract...
  57. pmc Rapid re-infection with soil-transmitted helminths after triple-dose albendazole treatment of school-aged children in Yunnan, People's Republic of China
    Peiling Yap
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 89:23-31. 2013
    Post-treatment soil-transmitted helminth re-infection patterns were studied as part of a randomized controlled trial among school-aged children from an ethnic minority group in Yunnan province, People's Republic of China...
  58. pmc Movement of soil-applied imidacloprid and thiamethoxam into nectar and pollen of squash (Cucurbita pepo)
    Kimberly A Stoner
    Department of Entomology, The Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e39114. 2012
    ..One concern is that systemic insecticides may translocate from the soil into pollen and nectar of plants, where they would be ingested by pollinators...
  59. ncbi Pattern and predictors of soil-transmitted helminth reinfection among aboriginal schoolchildren in rural Peninsular Malaysia
    M Hesham Al-Mekhlafi
    Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
    Acta Trop 107:200-4. 2008
    Data on soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections and reinfection among Orang Asli (aborigine) schoolchildren and their nutritional and socioeconomic status were analyzed to investigate the pattern and the possible predictors of STH ..
  60. ncbi Deworming drugs for soil-transmitted intestinal worms in children: effects on nutritional indicators, haemoglobin and school performance
    David C Taylor-Robinson
    International Health Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, UK
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev 11:CD000371. 2012
    ..Given the important health and societal benefits attributed to this intervention, we sought to determine whether they are based on reliable evidence...
  61. ncbi Soil-transmitted helminth infection in South America: a systematic review and geostatistical meta-analysis
    Frédérique Chammartin
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    Lancet Infect Dis 13:507-18. 2013
    The four common soil-transmitted helminth species-Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura, and the two hookworm species Ancylostoma duodenale and Necator americanus-are endemic in South America, but their distribution, infection ..
  62. ncbi Deworming drugs for soil-transmitted intestinal worms in children: effects on nutritional indicators, haemoglobin and school performance
    David C Taylor-Robinson
    International Health Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, UK
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev 7:CD000371. 2012
    ..Given the important health and societal benefits attributed to this intervention, we sought to determine whether they are based on reliable evidence...
  63. pmc The impact of a school-based hygiene, water quality and sanitation intervention on soil-transmitted helminth reinfection: a cluster-randomized trial
    Matthew C Freeman
    Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Nairobi, Kenya Great Lakes University of Kisumu, Kisumu, Kenya University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 89:875-83. 2013
    ..to assess the impact of a school-based water treatment, hygiene, and sanitation program on reducing infection with soil-transmitted helminths (STHs) after school-based deworming...
  64. pmc Soil transmitted helminths and schistosoma mansoni infections among school children in Zarima town, northwest Ethiopia
    Abebe Alemu
    Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia
    BMC Infect Dis 11:189. 2011
    ..Indeed, there is a scarcity of information on the prevalence of soil transmitted helminths and Schistosomiasis in Ethiopia, special in study area...
  65. ncbi Land clearing and the biofuel carbon debt
    Joseph Fargione
    The Nature Conservancy, 1101 West River Parkway, Suite 200, Minneapolis, MN 55415, USA
    Science 319:1235-8. 2008
    ..In contrast, biofuels made from waste biomass or from biomass grown on degraded and abandoned agricultural lands planted with perennials incur little or no carbon debt and can offer immediate and sustained GHG advantages...
  66. pmc Long-term survival of pathogenic and sanitation indicator bacteria in experimental biowaste composts
    Melanie Lemunier
    Laboratoire de Microbiologie Equipe PG2MA, UMR INRA Université de Bourgogne 1232, ENSBANA, 1 Esplanade Erasme, 21000 Dijon, France
    Appl Environ Microbiol 71:5779-86. 2005
    ..One approach to limiting the potential risk from bacterial food-borne illnesses is to ensure that soil amendments and organic fertilizers are disinfected...
  67. ncbi Microbial diversity in soil: selection microbial populations by plant and soil type and implications for disease suppressiveness
    P Garbeva
    Netherlands Institute of Ecology, NIOO KNAW, Center for Terrestrial Ecology, Heteren, The Netherlands
    Annu Rev Phytopathol 42:243-70. 2004
    An increasing interest has emerged with respect to the importance of microbial diversity in soil habitats...
  68. ncbi Carbon-negative biofuels from low-input high-diversity grassland biomass
    David Tilman
    Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Science 314:1598-600. 2006
    ..4 megagram hectare(-1) year(-1) of carbon dioxide in soil and roots) exceeds fossil carbon dioxide release during biofuel production (0.32 megagram hectare(-1) year(-1))...
  69. ncbi Elevated CO2 stimulates net accumulations of carbon and nitrogen in land ecosystems: a meta-analysis
    Yiqi Luo
    Department of Botany and Microbiology, University of Oklahoma, Norman 73019, USA
    Ecology 87:53-63. 2006
    ..To predict long-term ecosystem C storage, it is essential to examine whether soil N becomes progressively limiting as C and N are sequestered in long-lived plant biomass and soil organic matter...
  70. ncbi Prevalence, intensity and risk factors for soil-transmitted helminth infection in a South Indian fishing village
    S Naish
    Queensland Institute of Medical Research, The University of Queensland, Herston Road, Brisbane, QLD 4029, Australia
    Acta Trop 91:177-87. 2004
    A study of the prevalence, intensity and risk factors for soil-transmitted helminth infection was undertaken among school children aged 5-9 years attending a primary school in the fishing village in Peda Jalaripet, Visakhapatnam, South ..
  71. pmc Autotrophic growth of nitrifying community in an agricultural soil
    Weiwei Xia
    State Key Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing, China
    ISME J 5:1226-36. 2011
    ..bacteria (AOB), ammonia-oxidizing archaea (AOA) and nitrite-oxidizing bacteria (NOB) in agricultural soil upon ammonium fertilization...
  72. ncbi Ammonia-oxidizing bacteria and archaea grow under contrasting soil nitrogen conditions
    Hong J Di
    Centre for Soil and Environmental Research, Lincoln University, Lincoln, Christchurch, New Zealand
    FEMS Microbiol Ecol 72:386-94. 2010
    Nitrification is a key process of the nitrogen (N) cycle in soil with major environmental implications...
  73. ncbi Soil bacterial diversity in the Arctic is not fundamentally different from that found in other biomes
    Haiyan Chu
    Department of Biology, Queen s University, Kingston, ON K7L 3N6, Canada
    Environ Microbiol 12:2998-3006. 2010
    The severe environmental stresses of the Arctic may have promoted unique soil bacterial communities compared with those found in lower latitude environments...
  74. ncbi Long-distance signals regulating stomatal conductance and leaf growth in tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) plants subjected to partial root-zone drying
    Wagdy Y Sobeih
    Department of Biological Sciences, Lancaster Environment Centre, University of Lancaster, Lancaster LA1 4YQ, UK
    J Exp Bot 55:2353-63. 2004
    Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. cv. Ailsa Craig) plants were grown with roots split between two soil columns...
  75. pmc Targeted discovery of glycoside hydrolases from a switchgrass-adapted compost community
    Martin Allgaier
    Deconstruction Division, Joint BioEnergy Institute, Emeryville, California, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 5:e8812. 2010
    ....
  76. pmc Molecular study of worldwide distribution and diversity of soil animals
    Tiehang Wu
    Department of Cell Biology, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL 33620, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:17720-5. 2011
    The global distribution of soil animals and the relationship of below-ground biodiversity to above-ground biodiversity are not well understood...
  77. ncbi Growth of ammonia-oxidizing archaea in soil microcosms is inhibited by acetylene
    Pierre Offre
    Institute of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK
    FEMS Microbiol Ecol 70:99-108. 2009
    Autotrophic ammonia-oxidizing bacteria were considered to be responsible for the majority of ammonia oxidation in soil until the recent discovery of the autotrophic ammonia-oxidizing archaea...
  78. pmc Metatranscriptomics reveals the diversity of genes expressed by eukaryotes in forest soils
    Coralie Damon
    Ecologie Microbienne, UMR CNRS 5557, USC INRA 1193, Universite de Lyon, Universite Lyon 1, Villeurbanne, France
    PLoS ONE 7:e28967. 2012
    ..To get a global picture of the activities carried out by soil eukaryotes we sequenced 2×10,000 cDNAs synthesized from polyadenylated mRNA directly extracted from soils sampled ..
  79. pmc The burden of moderate-to-heavy soil-transmitted helminth infections among rural malaysian aborigines: an urgent need for an integrated control programme
    Abdulhamid Ahmed
    Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, 50603, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
    Parasit Vectors 4:242. 2011
    b>Soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections, among the most common neglected tropical diseases, continue to be a major threat to the health and socioeconomic wellbeing of infected people especially children in developing countries.
  80. pmc Horizon-specific bacterial community composition of German grassland soils, as revealed by pyrosequencing-based analysis of 16S rRNA genes
    Christiane Will
    Department of Genomic and Applied Microbiology and Göttingen Genomics Laboratory, Institute of Microbiology and Genetics, Georg August Universitat Gottingen, Grisebachstr 8, D 37077 Gottingen, Germany
    Appl Environ Microbiol 76:6751-9. 2010
    The diversity of bacteria in soil is enormous, and soil bacterial communities can vary greatly in structure...
  81. ncbi Potassium, phosphorus, or nitrogen limit root allocation, tree growth, or litter production in a lowland tropical forest
    S Joseph Wright
    Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Apartado 0843 03092, Balboa, Republic of Panama
    Ecology 92:1616-25. 2011
    ..P), and potassium (K) addition experiment for 11 years in a humid lowland forest growing on a relatively fertile soil in Panama to evaluate potential nutrient limitation of tree growth rates, fine-litter production, and fine-root ..
  82. pmc Effects of soil nutrient heterogeneity on intraspecific competition in the invasive, clonal plant Alternanthera philoxeroides
    Jian Zhou
    College of Nature Conservation, Beijing Forestry University, China
    Ann Bot 109:813-8. 2012
    Fine-scale, spatial heterogeneity in soil nutrient availability can increase the growth of individual plants, the productivity of plant communities and interspecific competition...
  83. ncbi Integrated assessment of heavy metal (Pb, Zn, Cd) highway pollution: bioaccumulation in soil, Graminaceae and land snails
    Bénédicte Viard
    Laboratoire BFE Equipe PEE, Universite de Metz, Campus Bridoux, 2 rue du général Delestraint, 57070 Metz, France
    Chemosphere 55:1349-59. 2004
    ..Concentrations of zinc, lead and cadmium were measured by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in deposits, roadside soil and autochthonous plants (Graminaceae) gathered at the vicinity of the highway (1-320 m), and in the viscera of ..
  84. ncbi Ecotoxicity of silver nanoparticles on the soil nematode Caenorhabditis elegans using functional ecotoxicogenomics
    Ji Yeon Roh
    Faculty of Environmental Engineering, College of Urban Science, University of Seoul, 90 Jeonnong dong, Dongdaemun Gu, Seoul 130 743, Korea
    Environ Sci Technol 43:3933-40. 2009
    ..elegans and that oxidative stress may have been an important mechanism in AgNPs toxicity...
  85. pmc Accessing the soil metagenome for studies of microbial diversity
    Tom O Delmont
    Environmental Microbial Genomics, Laboratoire AMPERE, Ecole Centrale de Lyon, Universite de Lyon, 36 Avenue Guy de Collongue, 69134 Ecully, France
    Appl Environ Microbiol 77:1315-24. 2011
    b>Soil microbial communities contain the highest level of prokaryotic diversity of any environment, and metagenomic approaches involving the extraction of DNA from soil can improve our access to these communities...
  86. ncbi From the soil to the seeds: the long journey of nitrate in plants
    Julie Dechorgnat
    Institut Jean Pierre Bourgin, UMR 1318 INRA AgroParisTech, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Route de St Cyr, F 78026 Versailles, France
    J Exp Bot 62:1349-59. 2011
    ..take up nitrate, through high- and low-affinity systems (HATS and LATS) depending on nitrate concentrations in the soil solution...
  87. ncbi Impacts of day versus night warming on soil microclimate: results from a semiarid temperate steppe
    Jianyang Xia
    State Key Laboratory of Vegetation and Environmental Change, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xiangshan, Beijing 100093, China
    Sci Total Environ 408:2807-16. 2010
    ..Changes in soil microclimate in response to the asymmetrically diurnal warming scenarios can help to explain responses of ecosystem ..
  88. ncbi Shifts between Nitrospira- and Nitrobacter-like nitrite oxidizers underlie the response of soil potential nitrite oxidation to changes in tillage practices
    E Attard
    Laboratoire d Ecologie Microbienne, Universite de Lyon, Universite Lyon 1, UMR CNRS 5557, USC INRA 1193, bat G Mendel, 43 Boulevard du 11 Novembre 1918, 69622 Villeurbanne, France
    Environ Microbiol 12:315-26. 2010
    Despite their role in soil functioning, the ecology of nitrite-oxidizing bacteria, NOB, and their response to disturbances such as those generated by agricultural practices are scarcely known...
  89. ncbi Stability of organic carbon in deep soil layers controlled by fresh carbon supply
    Sébastien Fontaine
    INRA, UR 874 Agronomie, 234 avenue du Brezet, 63100 Clermont Ferrand, France
    Nature 450:277-80. 2007
    ..Little is known, however, about the factors controlling the stability of soil organic carbon stocks and the response of the soil carbon pool to climate change remains uncertain...
  90. pmc Incorporating plant functional diversity effects in ecosystem service assessments
    Sandra Diaz
    Instituto Multidisciplinario de Biología Vegetal, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Tecnicas de Argentina, Universidad Nacional de Cordoba, Casilla de Correo 495, 5000 Cordoba, Argentina
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:20684-9. 2007
    ..We claim that our framework contributes to opening a new area of research at the interface of land change science and fundamental ecology...
  91. pmc Assessment of bias associated with incomplete extraction of microbial DNA from soil
    Larry M Feinstein
    Department of Biological Sciences, Kent State University, Kent, OH 44242, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 75:5428-33. 2009
    ..To assess the bias of a commonly used soil DNA extraction kit, we varied the cell lysis protocol and conducted multiple extractions on subsamples of clay, ..
  92. ncbi Negative plant-soil feedback predicts tree-species relative abundance in a tropical forest
    Scott A Mangan
    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Wisconsin Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53201, USA
    Nature 466:752-5. 2010
    ..Both experiments provide strong evidence for negative plant-soil feedback mediated by soil biota...
  93. ncbi Respiration as the main determinant of carbon balance in European forests
    R Valentini
    University of Tuscia, Department of Forest Environment and Resources, Viterbo, Italy
    Nature 404:861-5. 2000
    ..Also, for an accurate assessment of the carbon balance in a particular forest ecosystem, remote sensing of the normalized difference vegetation index or estimates based on forest inventories may not be sufficient...
  94. ncbi Characterization of novel antibiotic resistance genes identified by functional metagenomics on soil samples
    Gloria Torres-Cortés
    Genetic Ecology Group, Estacion Experimental del Zaidin, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Calle Profesor Albareda 1, 18008 Granada, Spain
    Environ Microbiol 13:1101-14. 2011
    The soil microbial community is highly complex and contains a high density of antibiotic-producing bacteria, making it a likely source of diverse antibiotic resistance determinants...
  95. ncbi Comparison of the Kato-Katz and FLOTAC techniques for the diagnosis of soil-transmitted helminth infections
    Kassahun Habtamu
    Menelik II College of Health Science, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Parasitol Int 60:398-402. 2011
    ..of a single Kato-Katz thick smear and a single FLOTAC for the determination of the prevalence and intensity of soil-transmitted helminth infections...
  96. ncbi Long-term effects of plant diversity and composition on soil nematode communities in model grasslands
    Maria Viketoft
    Department of Ecology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences SLU, Box 7044, SE 750 07 Uppsala, Sweden
    Ecology 90:90-9. 2009
    An important component of plant-soil feedbacks is how plant species identity anddiversity influence soil organism communities...
  97. ncbi Changing patterns of soil-transmitted helminthiases in Zanzibar in the context of national helminth control programs
    Stefanie Knopp
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, Swiss Tropical Institute, Basel, Switzerland
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 81:1071-8. 2009
    ..To consolidate achievements made, additional control measures such as health education and environmental sanitation are needed...
  98. ncbi Bacterial diversity in rhizosphere soil from Antarctic vascular plants of Admiralty Bay, maritime Antarctica
    Lia C R S Teixeira
    Laboratório de Ecologia Microbiana Molecular, Departamento de Microbiologia Geral, Instituto de Microbiologia Professor Paulo de Goes, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    ISME J 4:989-1001. 2010
    ..To the best of our knowledge, this is the first major bacterial sequencing effort of this kind of soil, and it revealed more than expected diversity within these rhizospheres of both maritime Antarctica vascular plants ..
  99. ncbi Plant diversity enhances ecosystem responses to elevated CO2 and nitrogen deposition
    P B Reich
    Department of Forest Resources, University of Minnesota, St Paul, Minnesota 55108, USA
    Nature 410:809-12. 2001
    ..The study experimentally controlled plant diversity (1, 4, 9 or 16 species), soil nitrogen (unamended versus deposition of 4 g of nitrogen per m2 per yr) and atmospheric CO2 concentrations using ..
  100. pmc Soil type is the primary determinant of the composition of the total and active bacterial communities in arable soils
    Martina S Girvan
    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Essex, Wivenhoe Park, Colchester CO4 3SQ, England, UK
    Appl Environ Microbiol 69:1800-9. 2003
    Degradation of agricultural land and the resulting loss of soil biodiversity and productivity are of great concern. Land-use management practices can be used to ameliorate such degradation...
  101. pmc Genesis of hexavalent chromium from natural sources in soil and groundwater
    Christopher Oze
    Department of Geological and Environmental Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 2115, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:6544-9. 2007
    ..Our results demonstrate that Cr(III) within ultramafic- and serpentinite-derived soils/sediments can be oxidized and dissolved through natural processes, leading to hazardous levels of aqueous Cr(VI) in surface and groundwater...

Research Grants73

  1. Membrane Ion-channels in Helminth Parasites: Anthelmintic Resistance and Sites of
    RICHARD JOHN MARTIN; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Parasites: Resistance and Sites of Action for Anthelmintics'The Neglected Tropical Diseases include the Soil-Transmitted Nematode (STN) parasites (ascariasis, hookworm, and trichuriasis), filariasis (river blindness and ..
  2. NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY - CACHE COUNTY STUDY CENTER
    Edward Clark; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Anticipated environmental samples include air, dust, soil, food, and water ...
  3. Human developmental toxicity of metal mixture exposure from e-waste recycling
    Aimin Chen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The applicants will assess the environmental (air, dust, soil) and biological (maternal blood, urine, hair, cord blood) exposure markers of e-waste metal mixtures (Pb, Hg, Cd, ..
  4. Biosynthesis of Microbial Isoprenoids
    David E Cane; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..bacterial organics geosmin and methylisoborneol, which are responsible for the characteristic odor of moist soil, are also the cause of periodic, widely occurring, and costly episodes of unpleasant taste and odor in public ..
  5. CSHL 2010 Conference on Molecular Genetics and Bacteria & Phages
    David J Stewart; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..and survive, and how these colonies adapt to changes in their environment, in niches as varied as in the soil, under the sea, or in an animal or human host...
  6. 2012 CSHL Bacteria &Phages Conference
    David J Stewart; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..and survive, and how these colonies adapt to changes in their environment, in niches as varied as in the soil, under the sea, or in an animal or human host...
  7. CYCLE REGULATION IN THE SYMBIONT SINORHIZOBIUM MELILOTI
    KATHERINE ELISABETH GIBSON; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..To this end, we study Sinorhizibium meliloti because it can colonize the soil rhizosphere as a free-living bacterium and invade the roots of leguminous plants as a symbiont to establish a ..
  8. Coenzyme F420-dependent enzymes in mycobacteria
    Biswarup Mukhopadhyay; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Since the mycobacteria face low redox environments within the human granuloma and soil, they could derive more reducing power from lipid degradation if they use F420 in place of NAD(P);the mid- point ..
  9. Eicosanoids and Endothelial Cell Dysfunction
    Gadiparthi N Rao; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..EC barrier function promotes paracellular movement of inflammatory cells into sub-endothelial space and sets the soil for the development of atherosclerosis...
  10. The Role of Syntrophic Bacteria in Methanogenic Metabolism in the Human Gut
    Catherine Lozupone; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The laboratory component draws upon my experience in performing culture-independent analysis of microbes in soil, and extends my training in FISH and flow-cytometry, for the generation of genomic information from uncultured ..
  11. Nonheme Diiron Centers and the Biological Oxidation of Hydrocarbons
    Stephen J Lippard; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..ability to degrade hydrocarbons, BMMs have been applied for the bioremediation of contaminated seawater, polluted soil environments, and impure drinking water...
  12. NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY -CLINICAL BIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS
    VELAZQUEZ FRANCISCO; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Anticipated environmental samples include air, dust, soil, food, and water...
  13. NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY SUPPORT
    Betty Wood; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Anticipated environmental samples include air, dust, soil, food, and water...
  14. NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY SUPPORT
    Betty Wood; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Anticipated environmental samples include air, dust, soil, food, and water...
  15. NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY SUPPORT
    Betty Wood; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Anticipated environmental samples include air, dust, soil, food, and water...
  16. Roles for Global Chromatin Structure in C. elegans Longevity
    Siu Sylvia Lee; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..comprehensive approaches to examine how changes in these features affect longevity in the powerful model system soil nematode...
  17. The Molecular Basis of Allorecognition in Social Amoeba
    Gad Shaulsky; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In the previous grant period we found an allorecognition system in the social soil amoeba Dictyostelium discoideum...
  18. NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY COORDINATING CENTER
    Elaine D Eaker; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Anticipated environmental samples include air, dust, soil, food, and water...
  19. International Training and Research in Environmental and Occupational Health
    NELSON K STEENLAND; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..We also plan on research regarding the effect of interventions. ..
  20. Isolation of new phage enzymes to kill B. anthracis
    Vincent A Fischetti; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..with major changes in their capacity to sporulate, produce exopolysaccharide, form biofilms, survive in the soil, and colonize the earthworm gut. Thus, for B...
  21. NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY
    William Hogan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Anticipated environmental samples include air, dust, soil, food, and water...
  22. NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY BIOMEDICAL (APPLIED/EXPLORATORY)
    Lee Smith; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Anticipated environmental samples include air, dust, soil, food, and water...
  23. NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY
    DANA DABALEA; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Anticipated environmental samples include air, dust, soil, food, and water...
  24. NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY
    Kristina Lewis; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Anticipated environmental samples include air, dust, soil, food, and water...
  25. SUPPORT OF THE NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY INFORMATION SYSTEM
    JAMES TER MAAT; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Anticipated environmental samples include air, dust, soil, food, and water...
  26. NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY SUPPORT
    Russell Walker; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Anticipated environmental samples include air, dust, soil, food, and water...
  27. NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY
    Helen Koo; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Anticipated environmental samples include air, dust, soil, food, and water...
  28. NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY
    Helen Koo; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Anticipated environmental samples include air, dust, soil, food, and water...
  29. NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY BIOMEDICAL (APPLIED/EXPLORATORY)
    Lee Smith; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Anticipated environmental samples include air, dust, soil, food, and water...
  30. pH Regulation in Bacillus subtilis (AREA R15)
    JOAN SLONCZEWSKI; Fiscal Year: 2009
    pH Regulation in Bacillus subtilis. Acid and base stress are important for bacteria to survive in soil and aquatic environments, where pH varies drastically, as well as in the human host where pH change contributes to virulence...
  31. Using shared mechanisms of morphogenesis to study neural tube defects
    JESSICA LEE SULLIVAN-BROWN; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Therefore, I will study gene mutations that cause neural tube defects by using a tiny soil-dwelling worm, C...
  32. Impact of Microparticles on Oral TSE Infections
    Joel A Pedersen; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..We have recently demonstrated that prions bind to soil, clay minerals and silicon dioxide (Johnson et al., 2007)...
  33. EICOSANOIDS AND VASCULAR WALL REMODELING
    Gadiparthi N Rao; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and adhesion of macrophages to the aorta/artery under the influence of cardiovascular risk factors may set the soil for the development of atherosclerosis...
  34. Novel antifungals for Immunocompromised/HIV patients.
    ESTEBAN EDWARD MENA; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..These compounds have come from fermentation broths of soil samples cultured in sterile conditions...
  35. NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY - PROGRAM &PLANNING SUPPORT FOR THE NCS PROGRAM OFFICE
    RAJNI SAMAVEDAM; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Anticipated environmental samples include air, dust, soil, food, and water...
  36. Point-of-Care Diagnostic Assay for Direct Detection of Pathogenic Leptospira
    Jeffrey Smith; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Most often this occurs by contact with contaminated bodies of water or soil. The World Health Organization lists the groups of people at risk of the infection ranging from cattle and pig ..
  37. NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY - PROGRAM &PLANNING SUPPORT FOR THE NCS PROGRAM OFFICE
    RAJNI SAMAVEDAM; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Anticipated environmental samples include air, dust, soil, food, and water...
  38. NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY - SCHUYLKILL COUNTY STUDY CENTER
    Jennifer Culhane; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Anticipated environmental samples include air, dust, soil, food, and water...
  39. LOGISTICS FOR NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY
    David J Tollerud; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Anticipated environmental samples include air, dust, soil, food, and water. .
  40. Mechanisms and Treatment of Chronic, Latent Human Strongyloidiasis
    James B Lok; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..results in chronic enteritis, diarrhea and failure to thrive in children, a syndrome common to other soil-transmitted nematode infections. Unlike other parasitic nematodes, S...
  41. Understanding aromatic hydrocarbon uptake as the first step in biodegradation
    Bert van den Berg; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The results could potentially be used to design more efficient biodegrader and biocatalyst strains that utilize hydrophobic substrates. ..
  42. New Therapies for Pathogenic Free-Living Amoebae
    Dennis E Kyle; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Small, free-living amoebae (FLA) are ubiquitous in nature and are found in soil, fresh water, and marine environments...
  43. NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY
    JANUARY HRICISAK; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Anticipated environmental samples include air, dust, soil, food, and water. . Specific Aims:
  44. The Role of Cytokine Signaling in Arsenic Induced Insulin Resistance
    INGRID DRUWE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Knowledge of how arsenic interrupts normal blood-glucose regulation will help to elucidate the etiological factors behind the progression of Type 2 diabetes mellitus. ..
  45. A Heterologous Expression System for Apicomplexa Genes
    JOSE A FERNANDEZ ROBLEDO; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..occurs by oral transmission and the resistant oocysts shed by hosts can remain viable for long periods of time in soil and water...
  46. NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY
    MARTINEZ J FERNANDO; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Anticipated environmental samples include air, dust, soil, food, and water.
  47. NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY
    Stephen Buka; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Anticipated environmental samples include air, dust, soil, food, and water. .
  48. Antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, and antispore paints
    YUYU contact SUN; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Challenging conditions (e.g., heavy soil, flooding, etc.) may consume more chlorine and thus shorten the antimicrobial duration...
  49. Molecular Insight into Toxicant Degradation by Microbial Communities
    Gerben Zylstra; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Unique alkane degrading bacteria have been isolated from the ocean, from the Polar Regions, from soil, and from polluted sites...
  50. Carcinogenic Metals And Their Interactions With Other Toxicants
    Max Costa; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Finally, the Administrative Core is the liaison with the NIEHS and other governmental agencies, providing information to them on the research accomplishments of the NYU SBRP. ..
  51. Echinacea: Standardized Product & Supply Provision
    Xiping Wang; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Echinacea seeds will be tested and identified for purity, then germinated and cultivated at different seasons/soil/field conditions, and morphologic, organoleptic, chromosome/DNA, and microscopic characteristics will be ..
  52. Estrogenic activity of uranium in vitro and in vivo
    CHERYL DYER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..U mines on the Navajo Nation and having not closed these properly has led to widespread U contamination of the soil and water. According to the U.S...
  53. B.pseudomallei bioterrorism and quorum sensing
    DANIEL HASSETT; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Burkholderia pseudomallei (BP) is a Biosafety level 3 pathogen that is normally a saprophyte of soil and water in tropical areas of Southeast Asia, and causes a glanders-like disease called mellioidosis...
  54. PAH/Metal exposure and effects assessment in Chattanooga
    Sean Richards; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..dumping and deposition, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) and heavy metals have permeated South Chattanooga soil. In the 1950s and 1960's the Chattanooga government relocated thousands of people to South Chattanooga to ..
  55. STRATEGIES FOR INACTIVATING BACILLUS ANTHRACIS SPORES
    Arthur Aronson; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The spores can thus remain in the soil or phylloplane for many years...
  56. Nursing & Environmental Health Conference: Methymercury and Human Health Effects
    Jeanne Hewitt; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Before the site-visit, workshop participants used fate-and-transport models to understand how contaminants of the soil are transported to distant sites including ground- and surface waters...
  57. Molecular examination of the identity and activity of Po
    EUGENE MADSEN; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..populations Jsing a stable isotope probing (SIP) technique that traces the flow of 13C-labeled PAHs into the DNA of soil microbial populations--the procedure supplies 13C-labeled PAHs to soil, extracts microbial community DNA, separates ..
  58. Leptospirosis Transmission in the Peruvian Amazon
    Joseph Vinetz; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..domestic, occupational and recreational activities, which bring them into contact with fresh surface water or wet soil contaminated by the urine of chronically infected mammalian reservoir hosts...