radioactive soil pollutants

Summary

Summary: Pollutants, present in soil, which exhibit radioactivity.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Measurement of 129 I and 137 Cs in soils from Belarus and reconstruction of 131I deposition from the Chernobyl accident
    T Straume
    University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84108, USA
    Health Phys 91:7-19. 2006
  2. ncbi 1. Chernobyl contamination through time and space
    Alexey V Yablokov
    Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninsky Prospect 33, Office 319, 119071 Moscow, Russia
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1181:5-30. 2009
  3. pmc Exposure from the Chernobyl accident had adverse effects on erythrocytes, leukocytes, and, platelets in children in the Narodichesky region, Ukraine: a 6-year follow-up study
    Eugenia Stepanova
    Scientific Center for Radiation Medicine, Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
    Environ Health 7:21. 2008
  4. ncbi Plant uptake of radiocaesium: a review of mechanisms, regulation and application
    Y G Zhu
    Department of Soil and Water, and CRC for Molecular Plant Breeding, The University of Adelaide, Glen Osmond, SA 5064, Australia
    J Exp Bot 51:1635-45. 2000
  5. ncbi Movement of radionuclides in terrestrial ecosystems by physical processes
    Lynn R Anspaugh
    Department of Radiology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City 84108, USA
    Health Phys 82:669-79. 2002
  6. ncbi (137)Cs and (90)Sr uptake by sunflower cultivated under hydroponic conditions
    Petr Soudek
    Department of Plant Tissue Cultures, Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Flemingovo nam 2, CZ 166 10 Prague 6, Czech Republic
    J Environ Radioact 88:236-50. 2006
  7. ncbi Chernobyl accident: retrospective and prospective estimates of external dose of the population of Ukraine
    Ilya A Likhtarev
    Radiation Protection Institute, Ukrainian Academy of Technological Sciences, Kyiv
    Health Phys 82:290-303. 2002
  8. ncbi Soil-to-plant and soil-to-grain transfer of (137)Cs in field-grown maize hybrids during two contrasting seasons: assessing the phenotypic variability and its genetic component
    Katharina Schneider
    Helmholtz Center Munich, German Research Center for Environmental Health GmbH, Institute for Radiation Protection, Ingolstadter Landstrasse 1, 85764 Neuherberg, Germany
    Radiat Environ Biophys 47:241-52. 2008
  9. ncbi 8. Atmospheric, water, and soil contamination after Chernobyl
    Alexey V Yablokov
    Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninsky Prospect 33, Office 319, 119071 Moscow, Russia
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1181:223-36. 2009
  10. ncbi Soil-to-grain transfer of fallout 90Sr for 28 winter wheat cultivars
    U C Gerstmann
    Institute of Radiation Protection, GSF National Research Center for Environment and Health, Ingolstadter Landstr 1, Neuherberg 85758, Germany
    Radiat Environ Biophys 45:187-94. 2006

Detail Information

Publications217 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Measurement of 129 I and 137 Cs in soils from Belarus and reconstruction of 131I deposition from the Chernobyl accident
    T Straume
    University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84108, USA
    Health Phys 91:7-19. 2006
    ..It was also noted that total iodine concentrations in topsoil from Belarus are low compared with other regions of the world where radiogenic thyroid cancer has been studied...
  2. ncbi 1. Chernobyl contamination through time and space
    Alexey V Yablokov
    Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninsky Prospect 33, Office 319, 119071 Moscow, Russia
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1181:5-30. 2009
    ....
  3. pmc Exposure from the Chernobyl accident had adverse effects on erythrocytes, leukocytes, and, platelets in children in the Narodichesky region, Ukraine: a 6-year follow-up study
    Eugenia Stepanova
    Scientific Center for Radiation Medicine, Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
    Environ Health 7:21. 2008
    ....
  4. ncbi Plant uptake of radiocaesium: a review of mechanisms, regulation and application
    Y G Zhu
    Department of Soil and Water, and CRC for Molecular Plant Breeding, The University of Adelaide, Glen Osmond, SA 5064, Australia
    J Exp Bot 51:1635-45. 2000
    ..Phytoremediation may be a possible option to decontaminate radiocaesium-contaminated soils, but its major limitation is that it takes an excessively long time (tens of years) and produces large volumes of waste...
  5. ncbi Movement of radionuclides in terrestrial ecosystems by physical processes
    Lynn R Anspaugh
    Department of Radiology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City 84108, USA
    Health Phys 82:669-79. 2002
    ..Chernobyl-related results on the movement of radionuclides into the soil column are presented, as is a revised model for this process based upon recent results from Ukraine...
  6. ncbi (137)Cs and (90)Sr uptake by sunflower cultivated under hydroponic conditions
    Petr Soudek
    Department of Plant Tissue Cultures, Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Flemingovo nam 2, CZ 166 10 Prague 6, Czech Republic
    J Environ Radioact 88:236-50. 2006
    ..Accumulation of about 22% of initial activity of (90)Sr was determined in plants grown on the medium with 8 mM calcium ions...
  7. ncbi Chernobyl accident: retrospective and prospective estimates of external dose of the population of Ukraine
    Ilya A Likhtarev
    Radiation Protection Institute, Ukrainian Academy of Technological Sciences, Kyiv
    Health Phys 82:290-303. 2002
    ..A critical group of 22,500 persons who received individual doses of >20 mSv is identified for consideration of increased social and medical attention...
  8. ncbi Soil-to-plant and soil-to-grain transfer of (137)Cs in field-grown maize hybrids during two contrasting seasons: assessing the phenotypic variability and its genetic component
    Katharina Schneider
    Helmholtz Center Munich, German Research Center for Environmental Health GmbH, Institute for Radiation Protection, Ingolstadter Landstrasse 1, 85764 Neuherberg, Germany
    Radiat Environ Biophys 47:241-52. 2008
    ..The findings are discussed with respect to new approaches towards a better understanding of (137)Cs accumulation and its potential reduction in plants...
  9. ncbi 8. Atmospheric, water, and soil contamination after Chernobyl
    Alexey V Yablokov
    Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninsky Prospect 33, Office 319, 119071 Moscow, Russia
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1181:223-36. 2009
    ..This transfer is one of the important mechanisms, observed in recent years, that leads to increased doses of internal irradiation among people in the contaminated territories...
  10. ncbi Soil-to-grain transfer of fallout 90Sr for 28 winter wheat cultivars
    U C Gerstmann
    Institute of Radiation Protection, GSF National Research Center for Environment and Health, Ingolstadter Landstr 1, Neuherberg 85758, Germany
    Radiat Environ Biophys 45:187-94. 2006
    ..The results suggest that 90Sr rather than 137Cs might be the limiting radionuclide concerning the use of contaminated land for wheat production. Thus, more efforts might be necessary identifying wheat cultivars with minimum 90Sr uptake...
  11. ncbi Soil-to-grain transfer of fallout 137Cs for 28 winter wheat cultivars as observed in field experiments
    W Schimmack
    GSF National Research Center for Environment and Health, Institute of Radiation Protection, Ingolstadter Landstrasse 1, 85764 Neuherberg, Germany
    Radiat Environ Biophys 42:275-84. 2004
    ....
  12. ncbi Doses to members of the general public and observed effects on biota: Chernobyl Forum update
    Lynn R Anspaugh
    Division of Radiobiology, Department of Radiology, University of Utah, 729 Arapeen Way, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA
    J Environ Radioact 96:13-9. 2007
    ..Effects on non-human biota were observed that ranged from minor to lethal; the current increase in the number and diversity of species in the most contaminated area is due to absence of human pressure...
  13. ncbi Deposition and distribution of Chernobyl fallout fission products and actinides in a Russian soil profile
    P Carbol
    European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Transuranium Elements, PO Box 2340, D 76125 Karlsruhe, Germany
    J Environ Radioact 68:27-46. 2003
    ..The results presented in this article are valid for this single soil profile and should not be generalised unless validated in a more rigorous study of a larger number of soil profiles...
  14. ncbi Genetic consequences of radioactive contamination by the Chernobyl fallout to agricultural crops
    S A Geraskin
    Russian Institute of Agricultural Radiology and Agroecology, 249020, Obninsk, Kaluga Region, Russia
    J Environ Radioact 66:155-69. 2003
    ..Analysis of genetic variability in three sequential generations of rye and wheat revealed increased cytogenetic damage in plants exposed to chronic irradiation during the 2nd and 3rd years...
  15. ncbi Immobilization of cesium-137 and uranium in contaminated sediments using soil amendments
    J C Seaman
    Advanced Analytical Center for Environmental Sciences, Savannah River Ecology Lab, Univ of Georgia, Aiken, SC 29802, USA
    J Environ Qual 30:1206-13. 2001
    ..The current results demonstrate the effectiveness of soil amendments in reducing the mobility of U and Cs+, which makes in-place immobilization an effective remediation alternative...
  16. ncbi Fallout strontium and caesium transfer from vegetation to cow milk at two lowland and two Alpine pastures
    M Gastberger
    Institute of Physics and Biophysics, University of Salzburg, Hellbrunnerstr 34, A 5020 Salzburg, Austria
    J Environ Radioact 54:267-73. 2001
    ..0005 to 0.0012 dl-1 and correlated with the stable strontium transfer coefficient (0.0006-0.0013 dl-1) with the lower values found on the intensively managed pastures. The 137Cs transfer coefficient ranged from 0.0009-0.0045 dl-1...
  17. ncbi Effect of soil amendments on radiocesium transfer to alfalfa
    K G Ioannides
    Nuclear Physics Laboratory, The University of Ioannina, 451 10 Ioannina, Greece
    Health Phys 84:637-41. 2003
    ..Prussian Blue supplements had practically no effect on soil-to-alfalfa transfer of the radionuclide...
  18. ncbi [Radioecological environment in the territory of Yakutia]
    P I Sobakin
    Radiats Biol Radioecol 44:283-8. 2004
    ..It was revealed that the radiation environment was not good in some regions of Yakutia...
  19. ncbi [The content in soil and the mobility of artificial radionuclides in the region of the regional radioactive waste storage situation]
    A N Vasil'eva
    Radiats Biol Radioecol 48:102-9. 2008
    ..Essential irregularity of soil surface and vegetation contamination at the test points disposed at a short distances from each other also was found. The interpretation of obtained results is presented...
  20. ncbi A new generic sub-model for radionuclide fixation in large catchments from continuous and single-pulse fallouts, as used in a river model
    Lars Håkanson
    Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala University, Villav 16, 752 36 Uppsala, Sweden
    J Environ Radioact 77:247-73. 2004
    ..2 for 90Sr in river water. The obtained characteristic uncertainty factors for 137Cs from the Chernobyl fallout is 2.4, for 137Cs from the NWT fallout it is 1.3 and for the 90Sr results from the NWT fallout it is 3 using the new model...
  21. ncbi Influence of radionuclides distributed in the whole body on the thyroid dose estimates obtained from direct thyroid measurements made in Belarus after the Chernobyl accident
    A Ulanovsky
    GSF National Research Centre, Institute for Radiation Protection, D 85764 Neuherberg, Germany
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 112:405-18. 2004
    ..Using this information when processing the thyroid measurements made in May 1986 would improve the accuracy of the thyroid dose estimates, and may make it possible to use a larger proportion of the thyroid measurements made in June 1986...
  22. ncbi Radioactive contamination of the Balchug (Upper Yenisey) floodplain, Russia in relation to sedimentation processes and geomorphology
    V G Linnik
    Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry, Kosygin Street 19, 117975, Moscow, Russia
    Sci Total Environ 339:233-51. 2005
    ..Lithological analysis combined with radiometric assay indicates a total 137Cs floodplain inventory of 33.7 GBq...
  23. ncbi Aerial measurements of artificial radionuclides in Germany in case of a nuclear accident
    I Winkelmann
    Federal Office for Radiation Protection, Kopenicker Allee 120 130, D 10318 Berlin, Germany
    J Environ Radioact 72:225-31. 2004
    ..During this exercise the gamma dose rate, soil contamination due to 137Cs and the specific activities of natural radionuclides in soil were determined...
  24. ncbi Monitoring of radionuclides contamination of soils in Shatsk National Natural Park (Volyn region, Ukraine) during 1994-2001
    V Hrabovskyy
    Department of Physics, Ivan Franko Lviv National University, 19 Dragomanov Str, 79005 Lviv, Ukraine
    J Environ Radioact 72:25-33. 2004
    ....
  25. ncbi Reduction of crop contamination by soil resuspension within the 30-km zone of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant
    Teresa Sauras-Yera
    Departament Biologia Vegetal, Universitat de Barcelona, Diagonal 645, E 08028 Barcelona, Spain
    Environ Sci Technol 37:4592-6. 2003
    ..Results obtained in these experiments suggest that soil resuspension was a significant mechanism for plant contamination and that mulching was effective in reducing that contamination...
  26. ncbi Assessment of natural and anthropogenic radioactivity levels in rocks and soils in the environs of Swieradow Zdroj in Sudetes, Poland, by in situ gamma-ray spectrometry
    D Malczewski
    Faculty of Earth Sciences, University of Silesia, Bedzinska 60, 41 200 Sosnowiec, Poland
    J Environ Radioact 73:233-45. 2004
    ..Relatively low deposits of 137Cs were noted in the investigated area, where the activity concentrations ranged from 4001 (hornfelses) Bq m(-2) to less than 154 Bq m(-2) (leucogranites)...
  27. ncbi 90Sr migration to the geo-sphere from a waste burial in the Chernobyl exclusion zone
    L Dewiere
    Institute for Radiological Protection and Nuclear Safety IRSN, BP17, 92262 Fontenay aux Roses Cedex, France
    J Environ Radioact 74:139-50. 2004
    ..The observed negative correlation between hydraulic conductivity and K(d) of aquifer sediments suggests that (90)Sr could be subjected to larger dispersion in the subsurface compared with (36)Cl...
  28. ncbi Global analysis of the riverine transport of 90Sr and 37Cs
    Jim T Smith
    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Winfrith Technology Centre, Dorchester, Dorset, DT2 8ZD, UK
    Environ Sci Technol 38:850-7. 2004
    ..This can be used to predict the long-term riverine transport of these radiologically important radionuclides following any large-scale nuclear incident in North America, Europe, or (European and Asian) Russia...
  29. ncbi A new method to account for the depth distribution of 137Cs in soils in the calculation of external radiation dose-rate
    D N Timms
    SEES, Burnaby Building, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth PO1 3QL, UK
    J Environ Radioact 72:323-34. 2004
    ....
  30. ncbi [Basic features of seasonal and multi-year dynamics of Cs-137 and Sr-90 in wood]
    A I Shcheglov
    M V Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Soil Science, Radioecology Laboratory, Moscow, 119992 Russia
    Radiats Biol Radioecol 44:113-7. 2004
    ....
  31. ncbi [Development of a strategy for countermeasures application aimed at remediation of consequences of radioactive contamination of forest ecosystems]
    S I Spiridonov
    Russian Institute of Agricultural Radiology and Agroecology, Russian Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Obninsk, 249020 Russia
    Radiats Biol Radioecol 44:104-12. 2004
    ..The derived results have been formalized as indices of countermeasures effectiveness for different combinations of criteria...
  32. ncbi 137Cs concentration in meat of wild boars (Sus scrofa) in Croatia a decade and half after the Chernobyl accident
    M Vilic
    Department of Physiology and Radiobiology, The Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Zagreb, Heinzelova 55, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
    J Environ Radioact 81:55-62. 2005
    ....
  33. ncbi Soil-fungi transfer coefficients: Importance of the location of mycelium in soil and of the differential availability of radionuclides in soil fractions
    A Baeza
    Department of Physics, Faculty of Veterinary, University of Extremadura, Avda Universidad s n, Caceres 10071, Spain
    J Environ Radioact 81:89-106. 2005
    ..With these modifications, we were able to analyze Cs-K competition in several species of mycorrhizal and saprophytic fungi...
  34. ncbi Activity ratios of 137Cs, 90Sr and 239+240Pu in environmental samples
    P Bossew
    European Commission DG Joint Research Centre, Institute for Environment and Sustainability IES, I 21020 Ispra VA, Italy
    J Environ Radioact 97:5-19. 2007
    ..Results are given for Sr:Cs, Sr:Pu and Cs:Pu ratios. Comparison with fallout data shows a strong depletion of Sr against Cs and Pu...
  35. ncbi Concentration and vertical distribution of 137Cs in the undisturbed soil of southwestern Nigeria
    I R Ajayi
    Institute of Environmental Physics, University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany
    Health Phys 92:73-7. 2007
    ..17-0.18 cm y(-1). The mean value of effective dose commitment due to the presence of cesium in soil in the entire region was found to be 10.77 microSv...
  36. ncbi Plutonium isotopes in the Hungarian environment
    Beata Varga
    Hungarian Agricultural Authority, Food and Feed Safety Directorate, P O Box 1740, H 1465 Budapest 94, Hungary
    J Environ Radioact 99:641-8. 2008
    ..The isotope ratios 241Pu/239+240Pu prove that the origin of the plutonium in Hungary is the global fallout determined by the atmospheric nuclear weapon tests...
  37. ncbi External radiation in Dolon village due to local fallout from the first USSR atomic bomb test in 1949
    Tetsuji Imanaka
    Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University, Osaka, Japan
    J Radiat Res 47:A121-7. 2006
    ..Finally, 0.50 Gy of absorbed dose in air was derived as our tentative estimate for 1-year cumulative external dose in Dolon due to local fallout from the first USSR test in 1949...
  38. ncbi Radiological situation in the vicinity of Semipalatinsk nuclear test site: Dolon, Mostik, Cheremushka and Budene settlements
    Aya Sakaguchi
    Low Level Radioactivity Laboratory, K INET, Kanazawa University, Ishikawa, Japan
    J Radiat Res 47:A101-16. 2006
    ..The obtained data will be helpful for evaluating the current and future radiation risks to the people living around there...
  39. ncbi An Overview of 137Cs Contamination in a Southeastern Swamp Environment
    Peter D Fledderman
    Environmental Services Section, Savannah River Site, Aiken, SC 29808, USA
    Health Phys 93:S160-4. 2007
    ..Initial survey results indicated maximum Cs concentrations of 19.5 Bq g in soil and 8.7 Bq g in vegetation. By the 2004-2005 surveys, maximum concentrations had declined to 1-2 Bq g in soil and 0.4 Bq g in vegetation...
  40. ncbi Width and center-axis location of the radioactive plume that passed over Dolon and nearby villages on the occasion of the first USSR A-bomb test in 1949
    Tetsuji Imanaka
    Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University, Osaka, Japan
    J Radiat Res 46:395-9. 2005
    ..5 km. Additional soil contamination data around Dolon and other villages are necessary for more detailed discussion...
  41. ncbi Evaluation of 137Cs fallout from the Chernobyl accident in a forest soil and its impact on Alpine Lake sediments, Mercantour Massif, S.E. France
    S Rezzoug
    Laboratoire de Radiochimie, Sciences Analytiques et Environnement, University of Nice Sophia Antipolis, 28, avenue Valrose, 06108 Nice Cedex 02, France
    J Environ Radioact 85:369-79. 2006
    ..Thus the 137Cs external exposure impact was evaluated at 2 mSvy(-1) for 2002 in the most contaminated point...
  42. ncbi Gamma-dose rates from terrestrial and Chernobyl radionuclides inside and outside settlements in the Bryansk Region, Russia in 1996-2003
    Valery Ramzaev
    Institute of Radiation Hygiene, Mira Street, 8, 197101 St Petersburg, Russia
    J Environ Radioact 85:205-27. 2006
    ..39-1.34 mSvy(-1) in 2001. The average external effective doses from natural radionuclides appeared to be lower than those from the Chernobyl fallout ranging from 0.15 to 0.27 mSvy(-1)...
  43. ncbi MUD: a Model to investigate the migration of 137Cs in the Urban environment and Drainage and sewage treatment systems
    Eduardo Gallego
    Universidad Politecnica de Madrid, E T S Ing Industriales, Nuclear Engineering Department, José Gutiérrez Abascal, 2, E 28006 Madrid, Spain
    J Environ Radioact 85:247-64. 2006
    ..Moreover, the model uncertainty is driven by a few parameters; therefore, additional research could be necessary into these parameters, aiming at simplifying the model without losing its predictive power...
  44. ncbi Long-term stability of decontamination effect in recreational areas near the town Novozybkov, Bryansk Region, Russia
    V Ramzaev
    St Petersburg Institute of Radiation Hygiene, Mira Street 8, 197101 St Petersburg, Russia
    J Environ Radioact 85:280-98. 2006
    ..There are two main reasons for the sustainment of the effects: careful implementation of adequate clean-up procedures and natural strong fixation of radiocaesium in soil-associated matrices of the ecosystems...
  45. ncbi Activity Concentration of 137Cs in soil samples from Punjab province (Pakistan) and estimation of gamma-ray dose rate for external exposure
    S N A Tahir
    Postgraduate Center for Earth Sciences, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 118:345-51. 2006
    ..48 mSv y(-1) received per head from the natural sources of radiation assessed by UNSCEAR (2000). It is concluded that 137Cs soil contamination does not pose radiation hazards to the population in the investigated areas...
  46. ncbi Reduction of external dose in a wet-contaminated housing area in the Bryansk Region, Russia
    J Roed
    Riso National Laboratory, Nuclear Safety Department, P O Box 49, DK 4000 Roskilde, Denmark
    J Environ Radioact 85:265-79. 2006
    ..The replacement of a roof was found to reduce the dose rate considerably inside the house. A cost analysis of the operation is presented...
  47. ncbi Estimation of doses received in a dry-contaminated residential area in the Bryansk region, Russia, since the Chernobyl accident
    K G Andersson
    Risø National Laboratory, Nuclear Safety Department, P O Box 49, DK 4000 Roskilde, Denmark
    J Environ Radioact 85:228-40. 2006
    ..g., from contaminated roofs and inhalation of contaminants during the passage of the contaminated plume, were of the same order of magnitude...
  48. ncbi Soil redistribution model for undisturbed and cultivated sites based on Chernobyl-derived cesium-137 fallout
    Markus Hrachowitz
    Univ of Natural Resources and Applied Life Science BOKU, Dep für Wald und Bodenwissenschaften, Institut für Bodenforschung, Peter Jordanstrasse 92, 1190 Vienna, Austria
    J Environ Qual 34:1302-10. 2005
    ..Additionally, the model allows to quantify soil redistribution in good correspondence with already existing models...
  49. ncbi Transfer and behaviour of 137Cs in two Finnish lakes and their catchments
    Ritva Saxén
    STUK Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority, PO Box 14, FIN 00881 Helsinki, Finland
    Sci Total Environ 394:349-60. 2008
    ..Perch and pike were more efficient accumulators of caesium than the best indicators among the aquatic plants. In the terrestrial environment, caesium was most effectively accumulated by mushrooms...
  50. ncbi 137Cs in French soils: deposition patterns and 15-year evolution
    Sylvie Roussel-Debel
    Institute for Radioprotection and Nuclear Safety, France
    Sci Total Environ 374:388-98. 2007
    ..Although the differences between sites tend to diminish with time, surface specific activity in agricultural and meadow soil varies on average from a few Bq to several tens of Bq per kg of dry matter...
  51. ncbi Determination of irradiated reactor uranium in soil samples in Belarus using 236U as irradiated uranium tracer
    Vladislav P Mironov
    Institute of Radiobiology, 220141 Minsk, Belarus
    J Environ Monit 4:997-1002. 2002
    ....
  52. ncbi Evaluation of radioactive exposure from 137Cs in contaminated areas of Northern Ukraine
    J Handl
    Zentrum für Strahlenschutz und Radioökologie, Universitat Hannover, Herrenhaeuser Str 2, D 30419 Hannover, Germany
    Health Phys 84:502-17. 2003
    ..2 mSv y(-1) with a geometric standard deviation of 2.6. Excluding extreme habits, the geometric mean of the total exposure was 1.0 mSv y(-1) with a geometric standard deviation of 1.3...
  53. ncbi Laboratory experiments to predict changes in radiocaesium root uptake after flooding events
    Marta Camps
    Departament de Quimica Analitica, Universitat de Barcelona UB, Av Diagonal 647, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
    J Environ Radioact 67:247-59. 2003
    ..Therefore, the changes in the root uptake would depend on the resulting situation from changes in RIP, K+ and NH(4)(+) values in the soil solution...
  54. ncbi Monte-Carlo prediction of changes in areas of west Cumbria requiring restrictions on sheep following the Chernobyl accident
    S M Wright
    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology Merlewood, Windermere Road, Grange Over Sands, Cumbria, LA11 6JU, United Kingdom
    Radiat Environ Biophys 42:41-7. 2003
    ..This work represents a novel implementation of a spatial radioecological model using a Monte-Carlo approach...
  55. ncbi Accumulation of radionuclides from radioactive substrata by some micromycetes
    N N Zhdanova
    D K Zabolotny Institute of Microbiology and Virology, Kiev, Ukraine
    J Environ Radioact 67:119-30. 2003
    ..It could be shown that the main factors influencing Cs and Eu accumulation in fungi are: fungal species and strains and the size and composition of the hot particle...
  56. ncbi A comparison of 90Sr and 137Cs uptake in plants via three pathways at two Chernobyl-contaminated sites
    M A Malek
    Savannah River Ecology Laboratory, University of Georgia, Aiken, SC 29802, USA
    J Environ Radioact 58:129-41. 2002
    ..3 mSv from 137Cs), while at Polesskoye the dose from 137Cs (66 mSv) was 30 times greater than from 90Sr (2 mSv)...
  57. ncbi Depleted uranium in Kosovo: results of a survey by gamma spectrometry on soil samples
    J Uyttenhove
    Ghent University, Physics Lab, Gent, Belgium
    Health Phys 83:543-8. 2002
    ....
  58. ncbi [Radiation effects of the Chernobyl accident on the Hungarian population]
    Bela Kanyár
    Veszprémi Egyetem, Mérnöki Kar, Radiokémia Tanszék, Veszprem
    Orv Hetil 143:1007-12. 2002
    ..10 mSv and the external radiation provided 0.19 mSv. The contributions of the external exposure from the contaminated air and inhalation are less than 5% of the total one...
  59. ncbi Assessment of spatial variation of cesium-137 in small catchments
    Marcel van der Perk
    Utrecht Centre for Environment and Landscape Dynamics UCEL, Faculty of Geographical Sciences, Utrecht University, P O Box 80115, 2508 TC Utrecht, The Netherlands
    J Environ Qual 31:1930-9. 2002
    ..Besides erosion and deposition processes, the initial pattern of 137Cs deposition, floodplain sedimentation, and short-range spatial variation were identified as the major sources of spatial variation of the 137Cs inventory...
  60. ncbi Formation of radioactivity enriched soils in mountain areas
    Laurent Pourcelot
    Institut de Radioprotection et de Surete Nucleaire IRSN, CEA Cadarache Bat 153, 13108, St Paul Lez Durance, France
    J Environ Radioact 68:215-33. 2003
    ..The transfer of beryllium occurs rapidly to the grass and litter, where the strongest pollutant accumulations were measured. However, (7)Be transport to the soil required more than 8 months...
  61. ncbi Leachability of radionuclides from cement-solidified waste form produced at Korean nuclear power plant
    Jae Min Lee
    Department of Nuclear Engineering, Kyunghee University, Kiheung, Yongin kyunggi, Korea
    J Environ Sci Health A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng 37:201-12. 2002
    ..Averaged leachability indexes were 8.6 for cesium and 11.4 for cobalt. Compressive strength after leach/ immersion test was 7.34 MPa for the sample immersed in simulated seawater and 8.34MPa for the sample immersed in deionized water...
  62. ncbi Retrospective evaluation of 131I deposition density and thyroid dose in Poland after the Chernobyl accident
    Zofia Pietrzak-Flis
    Central Laboratory for Radiological Protection, Department of Radiation Hygiene, Ul Kowaliowa 7, 03 194 Warsaw, Poland
    Health Phys 84:698-708. 2003
    ..The highest thyroid doses from inhalation and ingestion without countermeasures were 178 mSv, 120 mSv, and 45 mSv for 5-y-old children, 10-y-old children, and adults, respectively. The countermeasures reduced these doses by about 30%...
  63. ncbi Transfer of 137Cs and stable Cs from paddy soil to polished rice in Aomori, Japan
    Hirofumi Tsukad
    Department of Radioecology, Institute for Environmental Sciences, Kamikita gun, Aomori, Japan
    J Environ Radioact 59:351-63. 2002
    ..However, the transfer factors of 137Cs and stable Cs were independent of the amount of organic materials in soils...
  64. ncbi Use of 129I and 137Cs in soils for the estimation of 131I deposition in Belarus as a result of the Chernobyl accident
    V Mironov
    Institute of Radiobiology, National Academy of Sciences of Belarus, Minsk
    J Environ Radioact 59:293-307. 2002
    ..For sites having 137Cs > 300 Bq/kg, 129I can potentially give more reliable retroactive estimates of Chernobyl 131I deposition. However, our results suggest that 137Cs can also give reasonably good (+/-50%) estimates for 131I in Belarus...
  65. ncbi Current contamination by 137Cs and 90Sr of the inhabited part of the Techa river basin in the Urals
    V N Shutov
    Research Institute of Radiation Hygiene, St Petersburg, Russia
    J Environ Radioact 61:91-109. 2002
    ....
  66. ncbi Characterization of uranium and plutonium containing particles originating from the nuclear weapons accident in Thule, Greenland, 1968
    O C Lind
    Isotope Laboratory, Department of Plant and Environmental Sciences, Norwegian 10 University of Life Sciences, P O Box 5003, N 1432 As, Norway
    J Environ Radioact 81:21-32. 2005
    ..U was found to be in oxidation state IV whereas Pu apparently is a mixture of Pu(III) and Pu(IV). As previous assessments are based on PuO2 only, revisions should be made, taking Pu(III) into account...
  67. ncbi Mapping of 137Cs deposition over eastern France 16 years after the Chernobyl accident
    Philippe Renaud
    Institut de Radioprotection et de Sûreté Nucléaire Health Physics and Nuclear Safety Institute, CE Cadarache, Bat 153, 13108 Saint Paul lez Durance Cedex, France
    Sci Total Environ 309:257-64. 2003
    ..Hence, only the relationship between 137Cs deposition and the rainfall of the first week of May 1986 can be used to construct a map depicting the Chernobyl fallout over eastern France...
  68. ncbi Significant radioactive contamination of soil around a coal-fired thermal power plant
    Z Papp
    Isotope Laboratory, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Debrecen, Hungary
    J Environ Radioact 59:191-205. 2002
    ..A high emanation rate of 222Rn from the contaminated soil layers and significant disequilibrium between 238U and 226Ra activities in some kinds of samples have been found...
  69. ncbi Deposition of tritiated water vapour to water surface in an outdoor field
    H Noguchi
    Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute, Tokai-mura, Naka-gun, Ibaraki 319-1195, Japan
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 93:167-72. 2001
    ..The wind speed was strongly correlated with the exchange velocity and the air temperature appeared to have an enhancing effect on the velocity. These observations were supported by a follow-up experiment conducted on a laboratory scale...
  70. ncbi Measurements of fast neutrons in Hiroshima by use of (39)Ar
    Eckehart Nolte
    Physics Department, Technical University of Munich, 85747 Garching, Germany
    Radiat Environ Biophys 44:261-71. 2006
    ..Additionally, the method can be used to reconstruct the fast neutron fluence in Nagasaki, where no experimental data exist...
  71. ncbi Behavior of 210Po and 210Pb in high background areas of coastal Kerala on the south west coast of India
    Y Narayana
    Department of Studies in Physics, Mangalore University, Mangalagangothri 574199, India
    Appl Radiat Isot 64:396-401. 2006
    ..The activity concentration of (210)Po and (210)Pb in surface beach sand shows good correlation, with a correlation coefficient 0.81...
  72. ncbi Modelling multiple dispersion of radionuclides through the environment
    Luigi Monte
    ENEA CR Casaccia, via P Anguillarese, 301, CP 2400, 00100 Rome, Italy
    J Environ Radioact 101:134-9. 2010
    ..This result can be useful for the development of generic predictive models...
  73. ncbi [New dosimetry system for atomic bombs: DS02]
    Masaharu Hoshi
    Nihon Hoshasen Gijutsu Gakkai Zasshi 61:1087-93. 2005
  74. ncbi Effects of hydrodynamic chromatography on colloid-facilitated migration of radionuclides in the fractured rock
    C P Jen
    Department of Engineering and System Science, National Tsing-Hua University, Taiwan, ROC
    Waste Manag 21:499-509. 2001
    ..In addition, the size distributions of colloids are utilized to investigate the effects of polydispersed colloids...
  75. ncbi Determination of the natural and anthropogenic radioactivity in the soil of Gilgit--a town in the foothills of Hindukush range
    Manzoor Ali
    Karakoram International University, Gilgit, Pakistan
    Health Phys 98:S69-75. 2010
    ..The median annual effective dose rate produced by 137Cs was 0.11 microSv y-1...
  76. ncbi Establishment of control site baseline data for erosion studies using radionuclides: a case study in East Slovenia
    Lionel Mabit
    Soil Science Unit, FAO IAEA Agriculture and Biotechnology Laboratory, IAEA Laboratories Seibersdorf, PO Box 100, Wagramerstrasse 5, A 1400 Vienna, Austria
    J Environ Radioact 101:854-63. 2010
    ..In addition, this information will be used to determine the impact of soil erosion processes and agricultural practices on soil quality and redistribution within agricultural landscapes in Slovenia...
  77. ncbi Impact of phosphate industry on the environment: a case study
    I Othman
    Department of Protection and Safety, Atomic Energy Commission of Syria, Damascus, P O Box 6091, Syrian Arab Republic
    Appl Radiat Isot 65:131-41. 2007
    ..These results can be considered as baseline data and can be used to prove the effectiveness of any future pollution controls adopted...
  78. ncbi Implementation of a radiochemical procedure for the analysis of isotopes of Pu, Am and Cm in food and environmental samples
    E L Cooper
    AECL Research, Chalk River Laboratories, Ontario, Canada
    Sci Total Environ 130:177-86. 1993
    ..Sources were prepared for alpha spectrometry by coprecipitation with CeF3. The procedure was tested with a wide variety of sample types and good chemical yields and separations were obtained in most cases...
  79. ncbi Radionuclides in marine fishes and birds from Amchitka and Kiska Islands in the Aleutians: establishing a baseline
    Joanna Burger
    Division of Life Sciences, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 08854 8082, USA
    Health Phys 92:265-79. 2007
    ....
  80. ncbi [An analysis of the cytogenetic sequelae of chronic low-dose irradiation in plantings of agricultural crops]
    S A Geras'kin
    All Russian Research Institute of Agricultural Radiology and Agroecology, Obninsk, Russia
    Radiats Biol Radioecol 38:367-74. 1998
    ..Analysis of genetic changeability in three sequential generations of winter rye and wheat revealed increased cytogenetic damage in crops grown on contaminated sites during 2 and 3 years...
  81. ncbi External doses to humans from 137Cs in soil
    D Krstic
    University of Kragujevac, Faculty of Science, R Domanovica 12, 34000 Kragujevac, Serbia and Montenegro
    Health Phys 91:249-57. 2006
    ..17 microSv y. This value was rather small in comparison with other sources of natural ionizing radiation. One may conclude that Cs was a negligible source of external exposure in the area around the city...
  82. ncbi The effects of plant traits and phylogeny on soil-to-plant transfer of 99Tc
    N J Willey
    Centre for Research in Plant Science, University of the West of England, Coldharbour Lane, Frenchay, Bristol, BS16 1QY, UK
    J Environ Radioact 101:757-66. 2010
    ..There was a significant phylogenetic signal in soil-to-plant transfer of (99)Tc. This phylogenetic signal is used to suggest that, for example, a nominal Tc Transfer Factor of 5 could be adjusted to 2.3 for Monocots and 5.3 for Eudicots...
  83. ncbi Radioactivity in the environment around past radium and uranium mining sites of Portugal
    F P Carvalho
    Instituto Tecnologico e Nuclear, Departamento de Protecção Radiológica e Segurança Nuclear, Estrada Nacional 10, 2686 953 Sacavem, Portugal
    J Environ Radioact 96:39-46. 2007
    ....
  84. ncbi 137Cs and 40K in the terrestrial vegetation of the Yenisey Estuary: landscape, soil and plant relationships
    Elena M Korobova
    V I Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry, Russian Ac of Sci, 119991 Kosygin Str, 19 Moscow, Russia
    J Environ Radioact 96:144-56. 2007
    ..Horsetail and willow leaves were noted for higher (40)K content and lower (137)Cs Tag compared to mosses and alder, respectively. This makes the latter plant types more appropriate indicators of (137)Cs contamination...
  85. ncbi Long-term studies on transfer of 137Cs from soil to vegetation and to grazing lambs in a mountain area in northern Sweden
    I Andersson
    Department of Agricultural Biosystems and Technology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, S-230 53 Alnarp, Sweden
    J Environ Radioact 52:45-66. 2001
    ..It can be concluded that natural areas are vulnerable to 137Cs contamination, resulting in high concentrations in plants, fungi and lamb meat for a long time...
  86. ncbi Soil to plant transfer of 137Cs and 60Co in Ferralsol, Nitisol and Acrisol
    M A Wasserman
    Instituto de Radioprotecao e Dosimetria, CNEN, Av Salvador Allende s n degree, Recreio, CEP 22780 160, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
    J Environ Radioact 99:546-53. 2008
    ..This information should provide support for adequate choices of countermeasures to be applied on tropical soils in case of accident or for remediation purposes...
  87. ncbi Environmental radioactivity measurements in Kastamonu region of northern Turkey
    Erol Kam
    TAEK, Cekmece Nuclear Research and Training Centre, Altinsehir Yolu 5 km, Halkali, 34303 Istanbul, Turkey
    Appl Radiat Isot 65:440-4. 2007
    ..83 microSv. The measurement results obtained in this study indicate that the region has a background radiation level that is within the natural limits and shows no significant departure from the other parts of the country...
  88. ncbi Natural radioactivity in phosphates, phosphogypsum and natural waters in Morocco
    M Azouazi
    Laboratoire de Radiochimie, Université Hassan II Mohammédia, Faculté des Sciences Ben M sik, Departement de Physique, Sidi Othmane, Casablanca, BP 7955, Morocco
    J Environ Radioact 54:231-42. 2001
    ..The results show that only the water sample from the mine area reveals the presence of 226Ra at a level of about 0.2 Bq l-1...
  89. ncbi Distribution of nuclear bomb Pu in Nishiyama area, Nagasaki, estimated by accurate and precise determination of 240Pu/239Pu ratio in soils
    S Yoshida
    National Institute of Radiological Sciences, Anagawa 4 9 1, Inage Ku, Chiba shi 263 8555, Japan
    J Environ Radioact 96:85-93. 2007
    ..Since the area is contaminated also by global fallout, the (240)Pu/(239)Pu atom ratio can be more sensitive indicator of bomb-derived Pu than Pu activity concentration...
  90. ncbi [Changes in liver of Apodemus sylvaticus mice from East-Ural radioactive territories]
    A A Ustinova
    Radiats Biol Radioecol 45:346-50. 2005
    ..On the increase of antioxidant activity we found the reduction of lipid peroxidation processes. The decrease of microsome oxidoreductases was found. Possible mechanisms of the observed effects are discussed...
  91. ncbi Ecological lessons from the Chernobyl accident
    J N B Bell
    Department of Biological Sciences, Imperial College London, Silwood Park Campus, Ascot, Berkshire SL5 7PY, UK
    Environ Int 31:771-7. 2005
    ..The overall message from this affair is the importance of a fundamental understanding of biogeochemical pathways in different ecosystems when attempting to predict the impacts of large-scale contamination...
  92. ncbi Determination of (129)I and (127)I concentration in soil samples from the Chernobyl 30-km zone by AMS and ICP-MS
    Sarata Kumar Sahoo
    Research Centre for Radiation Protection, National Institute of Radiological Sciences, Chiba, Japan
    J Radiat Res 50:325-32. 2009
    ..These results suggest the obtained data of (129)I to be useful for the reconstruction of the (131)I deposition in the contaminated areas...
  93. ncbi Vertical profile of 137Cs in soil
    D Krstic
    University of Kragujevac, Faculty of Science, R Domanovica 12 Kragujevac 34000, Serbia and Montenegro
    Appl Radiat Isot 61:1487-92. 2004
    ..Although the curves obtained by these two functions are very close to each other, there are some differences in the values of parameters acquired by them...
  94. ncbi Preliminary 3-D site-scale studies of radioactive colloid transport in the unsaturated zone at Yucca Mountain, Nevada
    G J Moridis
    Earth Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    J Contam Hydrol 60:251-86. 2003
    ..The importance of diffusion as a retardation mechanism increases with a decreasing colloid size, but appears to be minimal in large colloids...
  95. ncbi Natural radioactivity in beach sands from Doñana National Park and Mazagón (Spain)
    G González-Chornet
    Department of Applied Physics, University of Huelva, Campus El Carmen, 21005 Huelva, Spain
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 112:307-10. 2004
    ..The external radiation dose rate received by the population was estimated from these levels...
  96. ncbi Soil-plant transfer of plutonium and americium in contaminated regions of Belarus after the Chernobyl catastrophe
    G A Sokolik
    Laboratory of Radiochemistry, Belarusian State University, Skoriny Avenue, 4, Minsk 220050, Belarus
    Environ Int 30:939-47. 2004
    ..On the basis of these data, predictions of the contamination levels of the main grass species of natural and agricultural ecosystems by 241Am are presented...
  97. ncbi Multisyringe flow injection analysis of stable and radioactive strontium in samples of environmental interest
    Y Fajardo
    Department of Chemistry, University of the Balearic Islands, Palma E 07122, Spain
    Appl Radiat Isot 61:273-7. 2004
    ..The LLD of the stable and radioactive Sr were 10 microg/l and 0.01 Bq, respectively. The standard deviation of the separation procedure is 2% (n=10)...
  98. pmc Diversity and distribution of anaeromyxobacter strains in a uranium-contaminated subsurface environment with a nonuniform groundwater flow
    Sara H Thomas
    Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, 30332 0512, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 75:3679-87. 2009
    ..The combined applications of genus- and strain-level mqPCR approaches along with clone libraries provided novel information on patterns of microbial variability within a bacterial group relevant to uranium bioremediation...
  99. ncbi Survey of natural and anthropogenic radioactivity in environmental samples from Yugoslavia
    M Esposito
    Laboratorio di Radiodatazione, ENEA, Via dei Colli 16, 40136 Bologna, Italy
    J Environ Radioact 61:271-82. 2002
    ..With the aim of obtaining some indication about radioactivity migration in the food chain, several honey samples have been examined too. All samples show very low radioactivity content, often indistinguishable from natural background...
  100. ncbi Comparative advantages and limitations of the fallout radionuclides (137)Cs, (210)Pb(ex) and (7)Be for assessing soil erosion and sedimentation
    L Mabit
    Soil Science Unit, FAO IAEA Agriculture and Biotechnology Laboratory, IAEA Laboratories, A 1400 Vienna, Austria
    J Environ Radioact 99:1799-807. 2008
    ..These include the upscaling of the approach to the catchment scale and a shift from use of the approach as a research tool to a decision support tool...
  101. ncbi 137Cs soil-to-plant transfer for individual species in a semi-natural grassland. Influence of potassium soil content
    Liliana Ciuffo
    Universidad Nacional de San Luis, Instituto de Matemática Aplicada San Luis IMASL, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Tecnicas, Argentina
    J Radiat Res 44:277-83. 2003
    ..For most of the species analyzed, we observed a gradual decrease in the individual (137)Cs TF(sp) when the (40)K soil activity concentration was increased, with the exception of Taraxacum officinale at one of the sampling sites...