radioactive air pollutants

Summary

Summary: Pollutants, present in air, which exhibit radioactivity.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Radon variations during treatment in thermal spas of Lesvos Island (Greece)
    Efstratios Vogiannis
    Department of Environmental Studies, University of the Aegean, 81100 Mytilene, Greece
    J Environ Radioact 75:159-70. 2004
  2. ncbi Indoor radon concentration forecasting in South Tyrol
    L Verdi
    APPA Bolzano Environmental Protection Agency of South Tyrol, Via Amba Alagi 5, I 39100 Bolzano, Italy
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 111:435-8. 2004
  3. ncbi ICRP draft recommendations 2005 and radon exposure
    A R Denman
    J Radiol Prot 24:423-5. 2004
  4. ncbi Radon-thoron discriminative measurements in Gansu Province, China, and their implication for dose estimates
    Yuji Yamada
    Research Center for Radiation Safety, National Institute of Radiological Sciences, Chiba, Japan
    J Toxicol Environ Health A 69:723-34. 2006
  5. ncbi Study of a Greek area with enhanced indoor radon concentrations
    A Louizi
    Medical Physics Department, Medical School University of Athens, Mikras Asias 75, 115 27, Goudi, Athens, Greece
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 106:219-26. 2003
  6. ncbi Estimate of annual average radon concentration in the normal living area from short-term tests
    Jing Chen
    Radiation Protection Bureau, 6302D1, Health Canada, 775 Brookfield Road, Ottawa K1A 1C1, Canada
    Health Phys 85:740-4. 2003
  7. ncbi Assessment of health risks to skin and lung of elevated radon levels in abandoned mines
    A R Denman
    Medical Physics Department, Northampton General Hospital, Northampton, NN1 5BD, UK
    Health Phys 85:733-9. 2003
  8. ncbi Some remarks on the indoor radon distribution in a country
    K Hamori
    RAD Laboratory, Boronkay MKG, Kossuth tér 1, H 2600 Vác, Hungary
    Appl Radiat Isot 64:859-63. 2006
  9. ncbi Radon exposure assessment and dosimetry applied to epidemiology and risk estimation
    Jerome S Puskin
    Office of Radiation and Indoor Air, U S Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC 20460, USA
    Radiat Res 166:193-208. 2006
  10. ncbi Indoor radon in rural dwellings of the South-Pannonian region
    S Forkapic
    Department of Physics, Faculty of Sciences, University of Novi Sad, Trg Dositeja Obradovica 4, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia and Montenegro
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 123:378-83. 2007

Detail Information

Publications213 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Radon variations during treatment in thermal spas of Lesvos Island (Greece)
    Efstratios Vogiannis
    Department of Environmental Studies, University of the Aegean, 81100 Mytilene, Greece
    J Environ Radioact 75:159-70. 2004
    ..The doses delivered to the bathers during treatment were in the range of 0.00670 mSv per year to 0.1279 mSv per year, while the doses delivered to personnel were below 20 mSv per year...
  2. ncbi Indoor radon concentration forecasting in South Tyrol
    L Verdi
    APPA Bolzano Environmental Protection Agency of South Tyrol, Via Amba Alagi 5, I 39100 Bolzano, Italy
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 111:435-8. 2004
    ..The results confirm the complexity of the phenomenon...
  3. ncbi ICRP draft recommendations 2005 and radon exposure
    A R Denman
    J Radiol Prot 24:423-5. 2004
  4. ncbi Radon-thoron discriminative measurements in Gansu Province, China, and their implication for dose estimates
    Yuji Yamada
    Research Center for Radiation Safety, National Institute of Radiological Sciences, Chiba, Japan
    J Toxicol Environ Health A 69:723-34. 2006
    ..Excess relative risk of lung cancer per sievert may be much higher than the risk estimated from the LIH-NCI study, considering that discriminative measurements were not used in their study...
  5. ncbi Study of a Greek area with enhanced indoor radon concentrations
    A Louizi
    Medical Physics Department, Medical School University of Athens, Mikras Asias 75, 115 27, Goudi, Athens, Greece
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 106:219-26. 2003
    ..Mean soil gas concentration and soil radon concentration were (90 +/- 30) kBq m(-3) (p<0.05) and (30 +/- 5) kBq m(-3) (p<0.05) respectively. Mean uranium concentration of the water samples was (98 +/- 13) mBq l(-1) (p<0.05)...
  6. ncbi Estimate of annual average radon concentration in the normal living area from short-term tests
    Jing Chen
    Radiation Protection Bureau, 6302D1, Health Canada, 775 Brookfield Road, Ottawa K1A 1C1, Canada
    Health Phys 85:740-4. 2003
    ..The annual average radon level can be estimated by multiplying the result of a short-term screening test with the appropriate estimate factor given in this study...
  7. ncbi Assessment of health risks to skin and lung of elevated radon levels in abandoned mines
    A R Denman
    Medical Physics Department, Northampton General Hospital, Northampton, NN1 5BD, UK
    Health Phys 85:733-9. 2003
    ..The relative importance of dose limits for the lung, skin cancer, and deterministic effects is discussed in the light of practical experience...
  8. ncbi Some remarks on the indoor radon distribution in a country
    K Hamori
    RAD Laboratory, Boronkay MKG, Kossuth tér 1, H 2600 Vác, Hungary
    Appl Radiat Isot 64:859-63. 2006
    ..The sample for the analysis is provided by the measurement of radon level in 15,619 Hungarian homes...
  9. ncbi Radon exposure assessment and dosimetry applied to epidemiology and risk estimation
    Jerome S Puskin
    Office of Radiation and Indoor Air, U S Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC 20460, USA
    Radiat Res 166:193-208. 2006
    ..Measurements of exposure in these indoor case-control studies rely on different types of detectors than those used in mines, and the estimates of exposure are again a major source of uncertainty in these studies...
  10. ncbi Indoor radon in rural dwellings of the South-Pannonian region
    S Forkapic
    Department of Physics, Faculty of Sciences, University of Novi Sad, Trg Dositeja Obradovica 4, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia and Montenegro
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 123:378-83. 2007
    ..The elevated radon levels could not be explained by elevated uranium levels of surface soil...
  11. ncbi Regular radon activity concentration and effective dose measurements inside the great pyramid with passive nuclear track detectors
    A F Hafez
    Faculty of Science, Department of Physics, University of Alexandria, 21511, Alexandria, Egypt
    Health Phys 85:210-5. 2003
    ..05 mSv to tour guides and varied from 0.19 to 0.36 mSv for the pyramid guards; for visitors the average effective dose was 0.15 microSv per visit. These are lower than the 3-10 mSv y(-1) dose limit recommend by ICRP 65...
  12. ncbi The effectiveness of radon remediation in Irish schools
    Hugh Synnott
    Radiological Protection Institute of Ireland, 3 Clonskeagh Square, Clonskeagh Road, Dublin 14, Ireland
    Health Phys 92:50-7. 2007
    ..This study showed an apparent increase in sump effectiveness with time as indicated by an increase in radon reduction factors during this period...
  13. ncbi Seasonal correction factors for estimating radon exposure in dwellings in France
    H Baysson
    Institut de Radioprotection et de Surete Nucleaire, Département de Protection de la santé de l Homme et de Dosimétrie, Laboratoire d Epidémiologie, BP n o 17, 92262 Fontenay aux Roses Cedex, France
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 104:245-52. 2003
    ..For 6-month measurements, the correction factors vary from 0.87 to 1.17 and agree with those previously published. These results might be applicable when assessing indoor radon concentrations with regard to recommended action levels...
  14. ncbi Exposure to residential radon causes lung cancer. Against the proposition
    Philippe J Duport
    University of Ottawa, International Centre for Low Dose Radiation Research, Institute of the Environment, Canada
    Med Phys 30:486-8. 2003
  15. ncbi Exposure to residential radon causes lung cancer. For the proposition
    R William Field
    University of Iowa, College of Public Health, Department of Epidemiology, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    Med Phys 30:485-6. 2003
  16. ncbi Metakaolin as a radon retardant from concrete
    B M F Lau
    Department of Physics and Materials Science, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Kowlxon Tong, Hong Kong
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 103:273-6. 2003
    ..Therefore, metakaolin is a simple material to reduce the indoor radon concentration and the radon dose...
  17. ncbi Long-term measurements of radon equilibrium factor in Greek dwellings
    A Clouvas
    Nuclear Technology Laboratory, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, GR 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 103:269-72. 2003
    ..The mean value of the equilibrium factor F is 0.47 +/- 0.09, close to the typical value of 0.4 adopted by UNSCEAR...
  18. ncbi Indoor radon levels in buildings in the Autonomous Community of Extremadura (Spain)
    A Baeza
    Departamento de Fisica, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad de Extremadura, Av de la Universidad, s n E10071 Cáceres, Spain
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 103:263-8. 2003
    ..The temporal evolution of the radon concentration was analysed, as this aspect could be particularly important in a Continental-Mediterranean climate such as that of the two provinces of the study...
  19. ncbi Nationwide survey of radon levels in Korea
    Chang Kyu Kim
    Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety, P O Box 114, Yusong, Daejeon 305 338, Korea
    Health Phys 84:354-60. 2003
    ..The average annual outdoor radon concentration was 23.3 Bq m(-3). The average annual effective dose to the general public from radon was 1.63 mSv y(-1)...
  20. ncbi A very low-background gamma-ray counting facility in the Baradello underground laboratory
    M Pellicciari
    Dipartimento di Fisica e Matematica, Universita dell Insubria, Via Valleggio 11, 22100 Como, Italy
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 116:359-62. 2005
    ..Sensitivities to radioactivity in typical environmental matrices are evaluated, confirming the very low-gamma background attained in the laboratory...
  21. ncbi Radon concentrations in elementary schools in Kuwait
    A F Maged
    Kuwait University, Faculty of Science, Physics Department, P O Box 5969, Safat 13060, Kuwait
    Health Phys 90:258-62. 2006
    ..These values lead to average effective dose equivalent rates of 0.40 +/- 0.10 and 0.48 +/- 0.12 mSv y, respectively. The equilibrium factor between radon and its progeny was found to be 0.6 +/- 0.2...
  22. ncbi Fraction of the positive 218Po and 214Pb clusters in indoor air
    J Porstendörfer
    Institute of Physical Chemistry, Georg August University Gottingen, Tammannstrasse 6, D 37077 Gottingen, Germany
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 113:342-51. 2005
    ..For a typical average concentration of radon (50 Bq m(-3)) and thoron (10 Bq m(-3)) in homes, 48% of 218Po clusters and 45% of 214Pb clusters are positively charged...
  23. ncbi Radon mapping in south Tyrol: comparison between two different procedures
    L Verdi
    APPA Bolzano, Via Amba Alagi 5, I 39100 Bolzano, Italy
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 111:439-43. 2004
    ....
  24. ncbi An extensive indoor 222Rn/220Rn monitoring in Shillong, India
    R Mishra
    Department of Physics, North Eastern Hill University, Shillong 769022, Meghalaya, India
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 112:429-33. 2004
    ..The north-east region of India being a zone of high seismicity, the indoor radon and thoron map of the region will provide a better insight and a valuable database for any study related to radon and thoron anomalies...
  25. ncbi Health and environmental impacts of a fertilizer plant--Part II: assessment of radiation exposure
    Serena Righi
    Interdepartment Centre for Research in Environmental Science, University of Bologna, via dell Agricoltura 5, 48100 Ravenna, Italy
    J Environ Radioact 82:183-98. 2005
    ..The maximum individual dose rate is estimated to be about 4 microSv y(-1)...
  26. ncbi Radon and thoron exposures for cave residents in Shanxi and Shaanxi provinces
    Shinji Tokonami
    Radon Research Group, Research Center for Radiation Safety, National Institute of Radiological Sciences, 4 9 1 Anagawa, Inage, Chiba 263 8555, Japan
    Radiat Res 162:390-6. 2004
    ..More systematic studies are necessary for a better understanding of thoron and its decay products...
  27. ncbi Radon exposure in the thermal spas of Lesvos Island--Greece
    E Vogiannis
    Waste Management Laboratory, Department of Environmental Studies, University of the Aegean, 81100 Mytilene, Greece
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 111:121-7. 2004
    ..The additional doses delivered to bathers during bath treatment were found to be very low and for personnel did not exceed the value of 5 mSv per year...
  28. ncbi Assessment of the radiological impacts of a zircon sand processing plant
    Serena Righi
    Interdepartmental Centre for Research in Environmental Science, University of Bologna, via dell Agricoltura 5, 48100 Ravenna, Italy
    J Environ Radioact 82:237-50. 2005
    ..Finally, the annual effective doses, calculated as provided for by Directive 96/29/Euratom, were estimated to be 1.7 mSv y(-1) for workers and 4.4 microSv y(-1) for members of the public...
  29. ncbi Uranium-238 and thorium-232 series concentrations in soil, radon-222 indoor and drinking water concentrations and dose assessment in the city of Aldama, Chihuahua, Mexico
    L Colmenero Sujo
    Centro de Investigacion en Materiales Avanzados, S C, Complejo Industrial Chihuahua, Miguel de Cervantes 120, Chihuahua, 31109 Chih, Mexico
    J Environ Radioact 77:205-19. 2004
    ..The estimated annual effective dose of gamma radiation from the soil and radon inhalation was 3.83 mSv...
  30. ncbi Multiple radon survey in spa of Loutra Edipsou (Greece)
    Athanasios Geranios
    Nuclear and Particle Physics Sections, Physics Department, University of Athens, Panepistimioupoli, 157 71 Athens, Greece
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 112:251-8. 2004
    ..97 J s m(-3)). The PAEE of the working personnel lies in the range between (34 +/- 3) and (100 +/- 20) mWLM...
  31. ncbi Study on radon and radon progeny in some living rooms
    A Mohamed
    Physics Department, Faculty of Science, El Minia University, Egypt
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 117:402-7. 2005
    ..These activities amount to a radium equivalent (Ra(eq)) of 126 Bq kg(-1) and to a mean value of external hazard index of 0.34...
  32. ncbi Final results of the Austrian Radon Project
    Harry Friedmann
    University of Vienna, Institute of Isotope Research and Nuclear Physics, Austria
    Health Phys 89:339-48. 2005
    ..The uncertainty and the reliability of the classification of municipalities according to the radon potential are discussed in more detail and compared with results from Switzerland...
  33. ncbi Development and management of a radon assessment strategy suitable for underground railway tunnelling projects
    C J Purnell
    Envex Company Limited, 43 Albany Park Drive, Winnersh, Berkshire, RG41 5HZ, UK
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 108:353-64. 2004
    ..Exposure dose estimates based on the TED results showed that the exposure of tunnel workers to radon did not exceed 3 mSv per annum for the duration of each project...
  34. ncbi Waterborne radon in seven Maine schools
    M J Norris
    The University of Maine, Department of Physics and Astronomy, 5709 Bennett Hall, Orono, Maine, 04469 5709, USA
    Health Phys 86:528-35. 2004
    ..6 x 10(-6) to 2.0 x 10(-2). Multiple detectors showed that the radon concentration varied throughout a room. These measurements represent the first of this type to be done in schools in Maine...
  35. ncbi Measurement of the equilibrium factor between radon and its progeny in the underground mining environment
    O M Ntwaeaborwa
    Department of Physics, University of the Free State, P O Box 339, Bloemfontein, 9300, South Africa
    Health Phys 86:374-7. 2004
    ....
  36. ncbi Indoor radon levels and lung cancer risk estimates in seven cities of the Bahawalpur Division, Pakistan
    - Matiullah
    Pakistan Institute of Engineering and Applied Sciences, P O Nilore, Islamabad, Pakistan
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 107:269-76. 2003
    ..This variation is from 16-114 and 26-62 per million per year if UNSCEAR and ICRP limits are applied respectively...
  37. ncbi Diffusive sampling of radon
    Dwight W Underhill
    School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
    Health Phys 84:287-95. 2003
    ....
  38. ncbi Seasonality of 214Bi activity in the human body and of 222Rn concentration in home ambient air
    Berislav Momcilović
    Institute for Medical Research and Occupational Health, POB 291, Ksaverska cesta 2, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
    Health Phys 92:484-7. 2007
    ..Apart from their common seasonal pattern, human WB (214)Bi activity (lnBq) was comparatively higher than that for the ambient air (222)Rn activity in a human-equivalent volume of 72 L...
  39. ncbi Radon diagnosis procedures focused on dwellings with ineffective measures against radon
    Ladislav Moucka
    Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical Engineering, Czech Technical University, Brehova 7, 115 19 Praha 1, Czech Republic
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 130:60-3. 2008
    ..A description of additional measures application is presented and results of the final efficiency evaluation are discussed...
  40. ncbi Mitigation of ineffective measures against radon
    M Jiránek
    Faculty of Civil Engineering, Czech Technical University, Thakurova 7, 166 29 Praha 6, Czech Republic
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 130:68-71. 2008
    ..3 times. Costs for additional mitigation were at least four times cheaper compared with costs required for installation of original measures...
  41. ncbi Integrated natural radiation exposure studies in stable Yugoslav rural communities
    Z S Zunic
    Radiation Medicine Department, Institute of Nuclear Sciences Vinca, Belgrade, Yugoslavia
    Sci Total Environ 272:253-9. 2001
    ..It is shown that at least one stable rural community receiving high natural radiation exposures, has been clearly identified and plans for future health investigations of the population there are outlined...
  42. ncbi Soil gas radon, indoor radon and gamma dose rate in CZ: contribution to geostatistical methods for European atlas of natural radiations
    Ivan Barnet
    Czech Geological Survey CGS, Klarov 3, 11821 Prague 1
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 130:81-4. 2008
    ..On the other hand, the third method can be used for the overview coverage of the continental areas with lack of input information...
  43. ncbi [An assay of the current exposure to radon of spa workers in Poland]
    Jerzy Olszewski
    Zakład Ochrony Radiologicznej, Instytut Medycyny Pracy im prof J Nofera, Lodz
    Med Pr 59:35-8. 2008
    ..Radon released from water into the ambient atmosphere is a source of health hazard to the workers handling mineral water in Spa facilities...
  44. ncbi Radon in soil gas--investigation and data standardisation at radon reference sites, Czech Republic
    M Matolin
    Faculty of Science, Charles University in Prague, Albertov 6, 128 43 Praha 2, Prague, Czech Republic
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 130:52-5. 2008
    ..The radon reference sites have been used for various investigations of radon in soil gas during the period 2000-07...
  45. ncbi Radon in the creswell crags Permian limestone caves
    G K Gillmore
    Department of Environmental Science, University of Bradford, West Yorkshire, UK
    J Environ Radioact 62:165-79. 2002
    ..This survey also investigated the effect of seasonal variations on recorded radon concentration. From this work summer to winter ratios of between 1.1 and 9.51 were determined for different locations within the largest cave system...
  46. ncbi Investigation and remediation of houses affected by radon phenomena connected with earlier exploration of silver and uranium ore
    Tomas Cechak
    Czech Technical University, Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical Engineering, Brehova 7, 115 19 Praha 1, Czech Republic
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 130:64-7. 2008
    ....
  47. ncbi Exposure to radon in dwellings in the Sharri community, Kosovo
    M Bahtijari
    Faculty of Education, University of Prishtina, Prishtina, Kosovo
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 130:244-8. 2008
    ..89 to 4.7 mSv y(-1), with the geometric mean and geometric standard deviation of 1.5 mSv y(-1) and 2.2, respectively. No mitigation measures are planned to be undertaken...
  48. ncbi [Importance of studying exposure of the population to radon and its daughters]
    M Jevtic
    Institut za zastitu zdravlja, Medicinski fakultet, Novi Sad
    Med Pregl 54:140-5. 2001
    ..On average, the dose to the basal cell layer in the lung is about 5 to 8 times higher than the dose in the pulmonary region...
  49. ncbi Radon concentration measurements and personnel exposure levels in Bavarian water supply facilities
    M Trautmannsheimer
    Bavarian Environmental Protection Agency, D 86177 Augsburg, Germany
    Health Phys 84:100-10. 2003
    ..This study also reveals no clear relationship between radon indoor air concentrations and the personnel exposure levels of a supply facility...
  50. ncbi Indoor radon levels in primary schools of Patras, Greece
    H Papaefthymiou
    Division of Physical, Inorganic and Nuclear Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, University of Patras, Patras, Greece
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 124:172-6. 2007
    ..4 and occupancy factor of 12 and 14%, respectively. The research was also focused on parameters affecting radon concentration levels such as floor number of the classrooms and the age of the buildings in relation to building materials...
  51. ncbi Effective and organ doses from thoron decay products at different ages
    G M Kendall
    Health Protection Agency, Radiation Protection Division, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon OX11 0RQ, UK
    J Radiol Prot 27:427-35. 2007
    ..Dose coefficients for children are somewhat higher than those for adults. However, breathing rates for children are lower than those for adults and there are no great differences in annual doses...
  52. ncbi Field comparison of two different passive radon detectors
    C Giovani
    ARPA Regional Environmental Protection Agency, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Department of Udine, via Colugna 42, 33100 Udine, Italy
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 113:438-41. 2005
    ..Finally, the accuracy of their responses has been evaluated by exposing them under extreme humidity conditions and/or together with other radon measurement instruments...
  53. ncbi The study of activity median aerodynamic diameter using imaging plate technique for assessment of effective dose from radon and its decay products
    Naureen Mahbub Rahman
    Department of Energy Engineering and Science, Graduate School of Engineering, Nagoya University, Furo cho, Chikusa ku, Nagoya, 464 8603 Japan
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 124:360-71. 2007
    ..26 mSv y(-1). The two approaches differs on an average by a factor 2.3- approximately 4.7. The AMAD of obtained particle size distribution at NU has an average total deposition of 23% in human respiratory tract and 20% at HU...
  54. ncbi Examination of underground miner data for radon progeny size reduction as cause of high radon "inverse" dose rate effect
    Bobby E Leonard
    International Academy of Hi Tech Services, Inc, 693 Wellerburn Avenue, Severna Park, MD 21146, USA
    Health Phys 93:133-50. 2007
    ..We offer the only currently plausible answer for IDRE. This does not negate any bystander effects at the very low radon concentrations where other data are least accurate...
  55. ncbi Radon progeny in Egyptian underground phosphate mines
    M A el-Hady
    Physics Department, Faculty of Science, El-Minia University, El-Minia, Egypt
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 95:63-8. 2001
    ..According to the obtained results, some countermeasures were recommended in this study to minimise these exposure levels...
  56. ncbi [Uranium exposure and cancer risk: a review of epidemiological studies]
    M Tirmarche
    Service de Radiobiologie et d Epidemiologie, Direction de la RadioProtection de l Homme, Institut de Radioprotection et de Surete Nucleaire IRSN, Fontenay aux Roses
    Rev Epidemiol Sante Publique 52:81-90. 2004
    ..Its radiotoxicity is close to that of natural uranium. This paper reviews the epidemiological knowledge of uranium, the means of exposure and the associated risk of cancer...
  57. ncbi Indoor radon and lung cancer
    Bernard Lachet
    Epidemiology 17:121; author reply 121-2. 2006
  58. ncbi The use of effective dose in retrospective dose assessment
    Keith Baverstock
    Health Phys 85:110-1; author reply 111-2. 2003
  59. ncbi Reduction of external dose in a wet-contaminated housing area in the Bryansk Region, Russia
    J Roed
    Riso National Laboratory, Nuclear Safety Department, P O Box 49, DK 4000 Roskilde, Denmark
    J Environ Radioact 85:265-79. 2006
    ..The replacement of a roof was found to reduce the dose rate considerably inside the house. A cost analysis of the operation is presented...
  60. ncbi Geological controls to the indoor radon distribution in southern Belgium
    H C Zhu
    Faculte Polytechnique de Mons, Service GEFA, Belgium
    Sci Total Environ 220:195-214. 1998
    ..1700 short-term measurements. The sediments in the study region are divided into 11 geological series or 43 stages and 16 rock types. The results show a striking relation between indoor Rn concentration and the geological factors...
  61. ncbi Analysis of outdoor radon progeny concentration measured at the Spanish radioactive aerosol automatic monitoring network
    D Arnold
    Institute of Energy Technologies, Technical University of Catalonia, Barcelona, Spain
    Appl Radiat Isot 67:833-8. 2009
    ..Monthly averaged values show lower concentrations during months with higher atmospheric instability...
  62. ncbi Design of an air sampler for a small unmanned aerial vehicle
    K Peräjärvi
    STUK Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority, Helsinki, Finland
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 132:328-33. 2008
    ..23 m(3) h(-1), respectively. The present article introduces the developed air sampler using fluid dynamic simulations and wind tunnel data. The operation of the system was validated by collecting airborne radioactive aerosols from air...
  63. ncbi Seasonal variations of aerosol residence time in the lower atmospheric boundary layer
    A A Ahmed
    Physics Department, Faculty of Science, El Minia University, El Minia, Egypt
    J Environ Radioact 77:275-83. 2004
    ..The MRT data together with relative humidity (RH), air temperature (T) and wind speed (WS), were used for a comprehensive regression analysis of its seasonal variation in the atmospheric air...
  64. ncbi Radon permeability and radon exhalation of building materials
    G Keller
    Institute of Biophysics, Universitaetskliniken, University of Saarland, Homburg, Germany
    Sci Total Environ 272:85-9. 2001
    ..no statement can be made about working at the construction site of a building. Also the fabrication and processing of the materials has to be considered, because the material characteristics may have changed...
  65. ncbi Using Microsoft Excel to compute the 5% overall site X/Q value and the 95th percentile of the distribution of doses to the nearest maximally exposed offsite individual (MEOI)
    Linda D Vickers
    B and W Pantex, P O Box 30020, Hwy 60 FM 2373, MS 12 101, Amarillo, TX 79120 0020, USA
    Health Phys 98:S48-55. 2010
    ..S. DOE Evaluation Guide of 25 rem to determine the relative severity of hazard to the public from a postulated, unmitigated design basis accident that involves an offsite release of radioactive material...
  66. ncbi Radon and thoron progeny concentration variability in relation to meteorological conditions at Bucharest (Romania)
    Adriana Celestina Baciu
    National Commission for Nuclear Activities Control, Section for Radioprotection and Radiological Emergencies, Libertatii 14 Blvd, Bucharest 5, Romania
    J Environ Radioact 83:171-89. 2005
    ..The study on the temporal variability of natural atmospheric radioactivity near Bucharest is a starting point for further assessment of the radiological consequences resulting from human activities...
  67. ncbi Considerations for data processing by continuous air monitors based on accumulation sampling techniques
    Lu Zhengyong
    China Institute for Radiation Protection, Taiyuan, PR China
    Health Phys 94:S4-15. 2008
    ..Results show the importance of selecting a method that provides for a balance of response time, measurement interval, background compensation technique, and uncertainty for optimal protection of workers...
  68. ncbi Individual sensitivity to genotoxic effects of nickel and antimutagenic activity of ascorbic acid
    I N Perminova
    Group of Medical Ecological Studies, Institute of Industrial Ecology Problems of the North, Karelian Research Center, Russian Academy of Sciences, Apatity
    Bull Exp Biol Med 131:367-70. 2001
    ..Therapy with ascorbic acid (1 g/day for 1 month) led to a significant decrease in the number of micronuclei. The number of micronuclei before and after ascorbic acid treatment varied within a wide range in different individuals...
  69. ncbi Atmospheric deposition of 137Cs between 1994 and 2002 at Cienfuegos, Cuba
    C M Alonso-Hernandez
    Centro de Estudios Ambientales de Cienfuegos, AP 5 Ciudad Nuclear, Cienfuegos, Cuba
    J Environ Radioact 88:199-204. 2006
    ..62 Bq m(-2). Precipitation rates and raintime have proved to be the most important factors controlling the concentration and depositional flux of 137Cs in the atmosphere over Cienfuegos, showing a high correlation coefficient (R = 0.93)...
  70. ncbi A note on 207Bi in environmental samples
    P Bossew
    European Commission, DG Joint Research Centre, Institute of Environment and Sustainability, Radioactivity Environmental Monitoring Group, Via Fermi 1, I 21020 Ispra VA, Italy
    J Environ Radioact 91:160-6. 2006
    ..12)10(-3), which is in accordance with literature data. When low levels of (207)Bi are assessed by gamma spectrometry, corrections must be made for a gamma line produced in the lead shield by neutron activation due to cosmic neutrons...
  71. ncbi Distribution of plutonium particles in the lungs of Mayak workers
    F F Hahn
    Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute, 2425 Ridgecrest Drive S E, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87108, USA
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 105:81-4. 2003
    ..These results support the hypothesis that Pu activity is not uniformly distributed in the lung, with long-term retained particles concentrated in scars of the lung. The results may significantly affect estimates of dose from inhaled Pu...
  72. ncbi Dose assessment for inhalation intakes in complex, energetic environments: experience from the US Capstone study
    Raymond A Guilmette
    Los Alamos National Laboratory, MS G761, RP 2, Los Alamos, NM 87545, USA
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 127:516-20. 2007
    ..The approaches used to solve these problems along with example results are presented...
  73. ncbi Chlorine-39 in rainfall at a temperate latitude (40 degrees N)
    C Papastefanou
    Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Atomic and Nuclear Physics Laboratory, Thessaloniki 54124, Greece
    J Environ Radioact 92:175-82. 2007
    ..This is clearly less than that reported in the literature, 1.7 Bq L(-1) (100 dpm/L) of rainwater, for a southern latitude 31 degrees 54'N, 34 degrees 49'E (Rehovot, Israel), due to the latitudinal effect of cosmic radiation...
  74. ncbi Exposure to residential radon and lung cancer in Spain: a population-based case-control study
    Juan Miguel Barros-Dios
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, School of Medicine, University of Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela, Spain
    Am J Epidemiol 156:548-55. 2002
    ..5-fold rise in the risk of lung cancer. Furthermore, the synergy found between smoking and radon may prove useful when it comes to drafting public health recommendations...
  75. ncbi Radon survey in Greece--risk assesment
    Dimitrios Nikolopoulos
    Medical Physics Department, Medical School University of Athens, Greece
    J Environ Radioact 63:173-86. 2002
    ..024 +/- 0.009) and (8 +/- 1) WLM per year (P < 0.05) and effective doses between (0.09 +/- 0.04) and (28 +/- 4) mSv (P < 0.05). The mean lifetime risk for the Greek population due to radon was found to be 0.4%...
  76. ncbi Summertime short-term negative radon tests need to be retested in winter
    James L McNees
    Office of Radiation Control, Alabama Department of Public Health, P O Box 303017, Montgomery, AL 36130 3017, USA
    Health Phys 93:74-7. 2007
    ....
  77. ncbi Shooting the bearer of 'good news'
    Frederick A Fryer
    J R Soc Promot Health 122:270. 2002
  78. ncbi [Radon in Tunisian buildings]
    Michele V El May
    Centre National de Radio Protection, Hôpital d Enfants Place Bab Saadoun, Tunis
    Tunis Med 84:437-42. 2006
    ..The median of 1864 measurements was 36 Bq m(-3) (with a maximum of 512 Bq m(-3), most of them being less than 100 Bq m(-3). All results were under the International Instances recommended range...
  79. ncbi Two case studies of highly insoluble plutonium inhalation with implications for bioassay
    E H Carbaugh
    Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, PO Box 999, MSIN P7 01, Richland, WA 99352, USA
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 105:133-8. 2003
    ....
  80. ncbi [Effect of some natural processes on the formation and characteristics of aerosols in regions polluted with radionuclides]
    A K Budyka
    Karpov Institute of Physical Chemistry, Moscow, 103064 Russia
    Radiats Biol Radioecol 41:695-9. 2001
    ..Some methodical aspects of the sampling and analyses of aerosols are considered. The recommendations for choice of the personal respirators are given...
  81. ncbi Radon concentrations in some dwellings of Tunisia
    Michele V El May
    Centre National de Radioprotection, Hôpital d Enfants, Place Bab Saadoun, 1006 Tunis, Tunisia
    Health Phys 86:150-4. 2004
    ..This first study showed that indoor air radon concentrations are low in Tunisia, but further studies should be performed in localized areas, taking into consideration the geology, the climatic variations, and the building material...
  82. ncbi A feasibility study for transportable 241Am-in-lung and 241Am-in-nose-blow monitoring systems for use following a weapons accident
    M J Youngman
    National Radiological Protection Board, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon, OX11 0RQ, UK
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 105:473-6. 2003
    ..The feasibility of a transportable 241Am-in-nose-blow and nasal swab measurement system has also been considered. This would be used to help select people for 241Am-in-lung measurements...
  83. ncbi AGHCF gaseous-effluent tritium sampling system: design considerations and performance testing results
    W J Munyon
    Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 S Cass Avenue, Argonne, IL 60439, USA
    Health Phys 94:75-85. 2008
    ..The overall uncertainty associated with the total quantity of tritium discharged to the environment based on the results of the performance testing was estimated to be +/-24% at the 95% confidence level...
  84. ncbi Factors contributing to elevated indoor radon in the Paso Del Norte region of the Texas-Mexico border: information for physicians
    Irina Cech
    Division of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences and Division of Epidemiology, The University of Texas School of Public Health, Houston, TX, USA
    South Med J 102:701-6. 2009
    ..We collected sample data on radon concentrations concurrently in the air, water, and soil in the northern part of the Texas-Mexico border (both sides) popularly known as Paso Del Norte...
  85. ncbi Determining the optimum sample volume for environmental airborne radioactivity monitoring
    Gary F Boothe
    Environmental Radiation Monitoring and Assessment, Office of Radiation Protection, Washington State Department of Health, 309 Bradley Blvd, Suite 201, Richland, WA 99352, USA
    Health Phys 94:S21-6. 2008
    ....
  86. ncbi Deposition of 137Cs in Rokkasho, Japan and its relation to Asian dust
    Naofumi Akata
    Department of Radioecology, Institute for Environmental Sciences, Rokkasho, Aomori 039 3212, Japan
    J Environ Radioact 95:1-9. 2007
    ..Backward trajectory analysis suggested southern Mongolian and northeastern China regions as sources of the significant (137)Cs depositions...
  87. ncbi Aerosol sampling system for collection of Capstone depleted uranium particles in a high-energy environment
    Thomas D Holmes
    Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute, 2425 Ridgecrest Drive SE, Albuquerque, NM 87108, USA
    Health Phys 96:221-37. 2009
    ..The aerosol sampling arrays and control systems for the Capstone study provided the needed aerosol samples for physicochemical analysis, and the resultant data were used for risk assessment of exposure to DU aerosol...
  88. ncbi National survey on the natural radioactivity and 222Rn exhalation rate of building materials in The Netherlands
    P de Jong
    Nuclear Research and Consultancy Group NRG, P O Box 9034, 6800 ES Arnhem, The Netherlands
    Health Phys 91:200-10. 2006
    ..080 nGy h per Bq kg for the U series, the Th series, and K, respectively. Model calculations on the external dose rate, based on the incidence of the various building materials in 1,336 living rooms, are in accordance with measured data...
  89. ncbi Variation of indoor radon progeny concentration and its role in dose assessment
    Manmohan Singh
    Department of Physics, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, Punjab, India
    J Environ Radioact 99:539-45. 2008
    ..Some major issues related to the uncertainties in dose calculations caused by the lack of knowledge of equilibrium factor and ignoring the effect of life style on the radon and its progeny concentrations are discussed...
  90. ncbi Investigations on indoor radon in Austria, Part 1: Seasonality of indoor radon concentration
    Peter Bossew
    European Commission DG Joint Research Centre, Institute for Environment and Sustainability IES, I 21020 Ispra VA, Italy
    J Environ Radioact 98:329-45. 2007
    ....
  91. ncbi Retrospective luminescence dosimetry: development of approaches to application in populated areas downwind of the Chernobyl NPP
    I K Bailiff
    Luminescence Laboratory, Environmental Research Centre, University of Durham, South Road, Durham DH1 3LE, UK
    Health Phys 89:233-46. 2005
    ..The sensitivity of the luminescence techniques for bricks from this region of Russia was sufficient to evaluate cumulative absorbed dose in brick due to fallout of less than 20 mGy...
  92. ncbi Dust particle size effects on absorbed fraction values in the anterior nose
    H M Moussa
    University of Tennessee, Department of Nuclear Engineering, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA
    Health Phys 93:307-11. 2007
    ..This effect depends on the dust particle size and the energies of the electrons emitted by the radionuclides carried within dust particles...
  93. ncbi Detection properties of a measuring system for a continuous soil radon concentrations monitoring
    A Fronka
    National Radiation Protection Institute, Bartoskova 28, 140 00 Praha 4, Czech Republic
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 130:56-9. 2008
    ..The system detection properties including applied experimental conditions and key results of pilot in situ measurements are reported in detail...
  94. ncbi Depleted uranium in military conflicts and the impact on the environment
    C Papastefanou
    Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Nuclear Physics Department, Greece
    Health Phys 83:280-2. 2002
    ..However, in most (80%) of the 145 soil (core) samples reported by UNEP, 238U was lower than 100 Bq per kg soil (the lowest was 8.8 Bq per kg soil) in 112 locations of widespread contamination...
  95. ncbi A new compilation of the atmospheric 85krypton inventories from 1945 to 2000 and its evaluation in a global transport model
    K Winger
    Max Planck Institut für Meteorologie, Bundesstrasse 55, D 20146 Hamburg, Germany
    J Environ Radioact 80:183-215. 2005
    ..Production of isotopes for radiopharmaceuticals like technetium-99m from highly enriched uranium is the most likely explanation...
  96. ncbi Modeling of an industrial environment: external dose calculations based on Monte Carlo simulations of photon transport
    Zoltan Kis
    GSF National Research Center for Environment and Health, Department of Radiation Protection, Ingolstaedter Landstrasse 1, D 85764 Neuherberg, Germany
    Health Phys 86:161-73. 2004
    ..The decontamination of the roof and the paved area results in about 80-90% of the total averted collective dose in each calculated time period (1, 10, 50 y)...
  97. ncbi Development of a quality assurance programme for external personal dosimetry in Slovenia
    B Breznik
    Krsko NPP, Vrbina 12 SI 8270 Krsko, Slovenia
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 96:49-52. 2001
    ..The components are quality assurance and routine quality control of monitoring systems, and the creation of a central state dose register of workers...
  98. ncbi Occupational and patient doses in the therapeutic cave, Tapolca (Hungary)
    N Kavasi
    Dept of Radiochemistry, University of Veszprem, POB 158, 8201 Veszprém, Hungary
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 106:263-6. 2003
    ..The only solution to reduce the dose to the staff seems to be decreasing the time they spend underground, because intensive ventilation would disturb the special microclimate of the cave...
  99. ncbi Relationship of perception of radon as a health risk and willingness to engage in radon testing and mitigation
    L Tammy Duckworth
    Center for Nursing Research, School of Nursing, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, USA
    Oncol Nurs Forum 29:1099-107. 2002
    ..To gather data on radon levels and determine correlations among subjects' characteristics, willingness to test for radon, and perceptions of radon as a health risk...
  100. ncbi A re-evaluation of the 131I atmospheric releases from the Hanford site
    B A Napier
    Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA 99352, USA
    Health Phys 83:204-26. 2002
    ..73 mSv; using the source term based on stack monitoring data in the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction project models, it is 0.51 mSv...
  101. ncbi Implications of human nasal clearance studies for the interpretation of nose blow and bioassay sample measurements
    J R H Smith
    National Radiological Protection Board, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon OX11 0RQ, UK
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 105:119-22. 2003
    ..The study has also shown that deliberate nose blow sampling might potentially be developed to determine the order of magnitude of intakes...

Research Grants12

  1. Community Health Effects of Industrial Hog Operations
    Steven Wing; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  2. IOWA AND MISSOURI RADON LUNG CANCER STUDIES
    R Field; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The pooling of data between two large-scale epidemiologic studies from a similar geographic area, Iowa and Missouri, will allow us to increase sample size and statistical power. ..
  3. Development of a Highly Efficient Personal Sampler to collect Viable Bioaerosols
    Yung Sung Cheng; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The new device will not only be beneficial in occupational settings, but may also have future potential in high risk areas such as those following any possible biological attack. ..
  4. Data Coordinating Center for Sleep Heart Health
    Marie Diener West; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  5. Inhalation Dosimetry/Exposure Index of Fiber Aerosol
    Yung Sung Cheng; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Sampling devices based on this size-selection definition can be developed in the future for improved assessment of worker exposure. ..
  6. COMMUNITY HEALTH & ENVIRONMENTAL REAWAKENING
    Steven Wing; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  7. Advances in Skeletal Dosimetry Through Microimaging
    Wesley Bolch; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  8. NIGHT SHIFT WORKERS AND HORMONE LEVELS IN WOMEN
    Scott Davis; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Urine samples will be assayed for the primary urinary metabolite of melatonin, 6-sulphatoxymelatonin, and levels of LH, FSH, and estradiol. ..
  9. Molecular Change and Thyroid Cancer Risk After Chernobyl
    Scott Davis; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..g. recurrence) and individual thyroid radiation dose, patient characteristics, and molecular markers of genetic change. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  10. AGRICULTURAL DUST AND CHILDHOOD ASTHMA SYMPTOMS
    Steve Wing; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  11. TOMOGRAPHIC DOSIMETRY PHANTOMS FOR PEDIATRIC RADIOLOGY
    Wesley Bolch; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  12. TOMOGRAPHIC DOSIMETRY PHANTOMS FOR PEDIATRIC RADIOLOGY
    Wesley Bolch; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....