industrial fungicides

Summary

Summary: Chemicals that kill or inhibit the growth of fungi in agricultural applications, on wood, plastics, or other materials, in swimming pools, etc.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Impact of vinclozolin on reproductive behavior and endocrinology in Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica)
    S McGary
    Department of Animal and Avian Sciences, University of Maryland, College Park 20742, USA
    Environ Toxicol Chem 20:2487-93. 2001
  2. ncbi Systemic activity of simeconazole and its derivatives in plants
    Mikio Tsuda
    Agroscience Research Laboratories, Sankyo Agro Co Ltd, 894 Yasu, Yasu cho, Yasu gun, Shiga 520 2342, Japan
    Pest Manag Sci 60:881-6. 2004
  3. pmc Overexpression of the 14alpha-demethylase target gene (CYP51) mediates fungicide resistance in Blumeriella jaapii
    Zhonghua Ma
    Department of Plant Pathology, Michigan State University, 103 Center for Integrated Plant Systems, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 72:2581-5. 2006
  4. ncbi Sensitivity of Uncinula necator to quinoxyfen: evaluation of isolates selected using a discriminatory dose screen
    Elizabeth A Green
    Dow AgroSciences, European Development Centre, 2nd Floor, 3 Milton Park, Abingdon, UK
    Pest Manag Sci 62:492-7. 2006
  5. ncbi Effect of the anti-androgenic endocrine disruptor vinclozolin on embryonic testis cord formation and postnatal testis development and function
    Mehmet Uzumcu
    Center for Reproductive Biology, School of Molecular Biosciences, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164 4231, USA
    Reprod Toxicol 18:765-74. 2004
  6. ncbi Mechanisms of resistance to fungicides in field strains of Botrytis cinerea
    Pierre Leroux
    INRA, Unite de Phytopharmacie et Mediateurs Chimiques, 78026 Versailles, France
    Pest Manag Sci 58:876-88. 2002
  7. pmc Tandem repeat of a transcriptional enhancer upstream of the sterol 14alpha-demethylase gene (CYP51) in Penicillium digitatum
    H Hamamoto
    Department of Agricultural and Environmental Biology, The University of Tokyo, Bunkyo ku, Japan
    Appl Environ Microbiol 66:3421-6. 2000
  8. ncbi Behavioral responses of rats exposed to long-term dietary vinclozolin
    K M Flynn
    Divisions of Neurotoxicology and Biochemical Toxicology, National Center for Toxicological Research, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, 3900 NCTR Road, Jefferson, AR 72079, USA
    J Agric Food Chem 49:1658-65. 2001
  9. ncbi An environmental antiandrogen, vinclozolin, alters the organization of play behavior
    A K Hotchkiss
    Department of Zoology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695, USA
    Physiol Behav 79:151-6. 2003
  10. ncbi The ABC transporter AtrB from Aspergillus nidulans mediates resistance to all major classes of fungicides and some natural toxic compounds
    A C Andrade
    Laboratory of Phytopathology, Wageningen University, PO Box 8025, 6700 EE Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Microbiology 146:1987-97. 2000

Research Grants

  1. CHEMICAL INDUCED NEPHROTOXICITY--SUCCINIMIDES
    GARY RANKIN; Fiscal Year: 2001
  2. Identification of Anti-Viral Compounds from Plants
    Shiyou Li; Fiscal Year: 2005
  3. INTERESTING BIOACTIVE SUBSTANCES
    David Williams; Fiscal Year: 2006
  4. Sequence Effects of Arylamine-DNA Adducts: Repair and Replication
    BONGSUP CHO; Fiscal Year: 2008
  5. NMDA RECEPTOR AND BEHAVIORAL TOXICITY OF LEAD
    Deborah Cory Slechta; Fiscal Year: 2002
  6. Molecular mechanisms of RyR activation by 4-CmC
    JAMES FESSENDEN; Fiscal Year: 2007
  7. CHEMICAL SYNTHESIS OF NOVEL NATURAL PRODUCTS
    David Williams; Fiscal Year: 2009
  8. Inductively Coupled Plasma- Mass Spectrometer
    SHANE QUE HEE; Fiscal Year: 2003
  9. PERMEATION OF IRRITANT MIXTURES THRU PROTECTIVE MATERIAL
    SHANE QUE HEE; Fiscal Year: 2002

Detail Information

Publications215 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Impact of vinclozolin on reproductive behavior and endocrinology in Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica)
    S McGary
    Department of Animal and Avian Sciences, University of Maryland, College Park 20742, USA
    Environ Toxicol Chem 20:2487-93. 2001
    ..05) lower in the VIN-treated males. This could have an extreme negative impact on wild avian species that are routinely exposed to similar EDCs...
  2. ncbi Systemic activity of simeconazole and its derivatives in plants
    Mikio Tsuda
    Agroscience Research Laboratories, Sankyo Agro Co Ltd, 894 Yasu, Yasu cho, Yasu gun, Shiga 520 2342, Japan
    Pest Manag Sci 60:881-6. 2004
    ..Therefore, the silicon atom of simeconazole may contribute to its selectivity between fungi and plants...
  3. pmc Overexpression of the 14alpha-demethylase target gene (CYP51) mediates fungicide resistance in Blumeriella jaapii
    Zhonghua Ma
    Department of Plant Pathology, Michigan State University, 103 Center for Integrated Plant Systems, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 72:2581-5. 2006
    ..Similar inserts upstream of CYP51 were not present in any of 22 DMI(S) isolates examined...
  4. ncbi Sensitivity of Uncinula necator to quinoxyfen: evaluation of isolates selected using a discriminatory dose screen
    Elizabeth A Green
    Dow AgroSciences, European Development Centre, 2nd Floor, 3 Milton Park, Abingdon, UK
    Pest Manag Sci 62:492-7. 2006
    ..Thus, for an exclusively protectant fungicide such as quinoxyfen, a leaf disc sporulation assay may overestimate the frequency of isolates with significantly reduced sensitivity and the threat of decreased performance due to resistance...
  5. ncbi Effect of the anti-androgenic endocrine disruptor vinclozolin on embryonic testis cord formation and postnatal testis development and function
    Mehmet Uzumcu
    Center for Reproductive Biology, School of Molecular Biosciences, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164 4231, USA
    Reprod Toxicol 18:765-74. 2004
    ..Observations indicate that transient exposure to an anti-androgenic endocrine disruptor during embryonic development causes delayed effects later in adult life on spermatogenic capacity...
  6. ncbi Mechanisms of resistance to fungicides in field strains of Botrytis cinerea
    Pierre Leroux
    INRA, Unite de Phytopharmacie et Mediateurs Chimiques, 78026 Versailles, France
    Pest Manag Sci 58:876-88. 2002
    ..Increased sensitivity to inhibitors of sterol 14 alpha-demethylase recorded in Hyd R1 strains was related to two amino-acid changes at positions 15 and 105 of this enzyme...
  7. pmc Tandem repeat of a transcriptional enhancer upstream of the sterol 14alpha-demethylase gene (CYP51) in Penicillium digitatum
    H Hamamoto
    Department of Agricultural and Environmental Biology, The University of Tokyo, Bunkyo ku, Japan
    Appl Environ Microbiol 66:3421-6. 2000
    ..This is a new fungicide resistance mechanism for filamentous fungi...
  8. ncbi Behavioral responses of rats exposed to long-term dietary vinclozolin
    K M Flynn
    Divisions of Neurotoxicology and Biochemical Toxicology, National Center for Toxicological Research, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, 3900 NCTR Road, Jefferson, AR 72079, USA
    J Agric Food Chem 49:1658-65. 2001
    ..However, exposure may cause subtle alterations in locomotor activity and consumption of saccharin-flavored solution...
  9. ncbi An environmental antiandrogen, vinclozolin, alters the organization of play behavior
    A K Hotchkiss
    Department of Zoology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695, USA
    Physiol Behav 79:151-6. 2003
    ..Hence, this study suggests that perinatal exposure to vinclozolin, an environmental antiandrogen, can alter androgen-dependent behavior, such as play, in the male rat...
  10. ncbi The ABC transporter AtrB from Aspergillus nidulans mediates resistance to all major classes of fungicides and some natural toxic compounds
    A C Andrade
    Laboratory of Phytopathology, Wageningen University, PO Box 8025, 6700 EE Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Microbiology 146:1987-97. 2000
    ....
  11. ncbi Genetically engineered Fusarium as a tool to evaluate the effects of environmental factors on initiation of trichothecene biosynthesis
    Noriyuki Ochiai
    Plant and Microbial Metabolic Engineering Research Unit, Discovery Research Institute, RIKEN, Saitama, Japan
    FEMS Microbiol Lett 275:53-61. 2007
    ..The real-time monitoring system described here may help predict the risks of trichothecene contamination by the fungus under various environmental conditions...
  12. ncbi Environmental antiandrogens: low doses of the fungicide vinclozolin alter sexual differentiation of the male rat
    L E Gray
    Reproductive Toxicology Division, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, US Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711, USA
    Toxicol Ind Health 15:48-64. 1999
    ....
  13. ncbi The fungicide procymidone alters sexual differentiation in the male rat by acting as an androgen-receptor antagonist in vivo and in vitro
    J Ostby
    Endocrinology Branch, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, US EPA, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711, USA
    Toxicol Ind Health 15:80-93. 1999
    ....
  14. ncbi A fetal risk factor for Parkinson's disease
    Brian K Barlow
    Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, NY, USA
    Dev Neurosci 26:11-23. 2004
    ..This study implicates a role for developmental neurotoxicant exposure in the induction of neurodegenerative disorders such as PD...
  15. ncbi Antiandrogenic effects in vitro and in vivo of the fungicide prochloraz
    Anne Marie Vinggaard
    Institute of Food Safety and Nutrition, Danish Veterinary and Food Administration, Mørkhøj Bygade 19, DK 2860 Søborg, Denmark
    Toxicol Sci 69:344-53. 2002
    ..However, differential effects on levels of FSH, T(4), and TSH indicate that other modes of action apart from the pure AR antagonism might play a role in vivo...
  16. ncbi Allergic contact dermatitis due to thiuram exposure from a fungicide
    H Saunders
    Department of Medicine (Dermatology, Royal Hobart Hospital, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia
    Australas J Dermatol 42:217-8. 2001
    ..The fungicide contained tetramethylthiuram disulphide, a thiuram chemical. Thiurams are widely recognized as a cause of rubber-glove allergy; however, they are also used extensively in fungicides...
  17. ncbi Persistent inhibition of human natural killer cell function by ziram and pentachlorophenol
    Thyneice R Taylor
    Department of Biological Sciences, Tennessee State University, Nashville, Tennessee 37209, USA
    Environ Toxicol 20:418-24. 2005
    ..Exposure to 10 microM PCP for 1 h caused a progressive loss (greater than 80%) of lytic function within 6 days of exposure. In contrast to ziram, PCP exposure caused no accompanying loss of binding function...
  18. ncbi Microbial degradation of mefenoxam in rhizosphere of Zinnia angustifolia
    S G Pai
    Department of Microbiology and Molecular Medicine, Clemson University, SC 29634-0377, USA
    Chemosphere 44:577-82. 2001
    ..Pure cultures of Pseudomonas fluorescens and Chrysobacterium indologenes isolated from the rhizosphere system could degrade the applied fungicide (10 microg/ml) almost completely to the free acid within 54 h...
  19. ncbi Impact of fungicides on active oxygen species and antioxidant enzymes in spring barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) exposed to ozone
    Yue Xuan Wu
    Department of Phytomedicine, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Rostock, Germany
    Environ Pollut 116:37-47. 2002
    ..The antioxidant effect of modern fungicides widely used in intense cereal production in many countries represents an important factor when evaluating potential air pollution effects in agriculture...
  20. ncbi Environmental behavior of the chiral acetamide pesticide metalaxyl: enantioselective degradation and chiral stability in soil
    Hans Rudolf Buser
    Swiss Federal Research Station, Wädenswil
    Environ Sci Technol 36:221-6. 2002
    ..Furthermore, the conversion of metalaxyl to MX-acid proceeded with retention of configuration. Degradation followed approximate first-order kinetics but showed significant lag phases...
  21. pmc Evaluation of urinary porphyrin excretion in neonates born to mothers exposed to airborne hexachlorobenzene
    Dolores Ozalla
    Porphyria Unit, Department of Dermatology, Hospital Clinic, IDIBAPS, Faculty of Medicine, Universitat de Barcelona, Villaroel 170, 08036 Barcelona, Spain
    Environ Health Perspect 110:205-9. 2002
    ..However, we observed an association between maternal smoking and coproporphyrin excretion. Although high environmental levels of HCB are reported in the town of Flix, we found no alteration in urinary porphyrin excretion...
  22. ncbi The drug transporter MgMfs1 can modulate sensitivity of field strains of the fungal wheat pathogen Mycosphaerella graminicola to the strobilurin fungicide trifloxystrobin
    Ramin Roohparvar
    Laboratory of Phytopathology, Wageningen University, PO Box 8025, 6700 EE Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Pest Manag Sci 64:685-93. 2008
    ..The data presented in this paper indicate that, in addition to the predominant cause of strobilurin resistance, cytochrome b G143A subsititution, MgMfs1 can play a role in sensitivity of field strains of this pathogen to trifloxystrobin...
  23. ncbi Developmental exposure to the pesticides paraquat and maneb and the Parkinson's disease phenotype
    Mona Thiruchelvam
    Department of Environmental Medicine, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, NY 14642, USA
    Neurotoxicology 23:621-33. 2002
    ....
  24. ncbi Cloning and characterization of a plant defensin VaD1 from azuki bean
    Gan Hong Chen
    Institute of Microbiology and Biochemistry and Department of Agricultural Chemistry, National Taiwan University, Taipei 106, Taiwan
    J Agric Food Chem 53:982-8. 2005
    ..sp. pisi, Staphylococcus epidermidis, and Salmonella typhimurium. VaD1 also inhibited in vitro protein synthesis and bruchid larval development, but was less active than the recombinant VrD1...
  25. ncbi Transformation pathways of 14c-chlorothalonil in tropical soils
    J B Regitano
    Departamento de Ecotoxicologia, Centro de Energia Nuclear na Agricultura, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Caixa Postal 96, CEP 13400 970, Piracicaba, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 40:295-302. 2001
    ....
  26. ncbi Persistence, fate, and metabolism of [(14)C]metalaxyl in typical Indian soils
    P Sukul
    Institute of Environmental Research, University of Dortmund, D-44221 Dortmund, Germany
    J Agric Food Chem 49:2352-8. 2001
    ..However, soil total organic carbon did not correlate with metalaxyl persistence. Five metabolites detected by thin-layer chromatography were more polar than metalaxyl...
  27. pmc A novel ATP-binding cassette transporter involved in multidrug resistance in the phytopathogenic fungus Penicillium digitatum
    R Nakaune
    Department of Agricultural and Environmental Biology, The University of Tokyo, Bunkyo ku, Tokyo 113 8657, Japan
    Appl Environ Microbiol 64:3983-8. 1998
    ..These results suggested that the toxicant efflux system comprised of PMR1 participates directly in the DMI resistance of the fungus...
  28. ncbi Exposure of juvenile guppies to three antiandrogens causes demasculinization and a reduced sperm count in adult males
    Mark Bayley
    Department of Zoology, Institute of Biological Sciences, University of Aarhus, Aarhus, Denmark
    Aquat Toxicol 56:227-39. 2002
    ..The altered characters are all considered to be important for male mating success and their impairment indicates that antiandrogens may seriously compromise male reproductive fitness...
  29. ncbi The ABC transporter BcatrB from Botrytis cinerea is a determinant of the activity of the phenylpyrrole fungicide fludioxonil
    T Vermeulen
    Department of Phytopathology, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Pest Manag Sci 57:393-402. 2001
    ..Therefore, we propose that various ABC and MFS transporters function in protection of the fungus against fungicides and are involved in multi-drug resistance development...
  30. pmc Bcmfs1, a novel major facilitator superfamily transporter from Botrytis cinerea, provides tolerance towards the natural toxic compounds camptothecin and cercosporin and towards fungicides
    Keisuke Hayashi
    Laboratory of Phytopathology, Wageningen University, 6700 EE Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Appl Environ Microbiol 68:4996-5004. 2002
    ..Bcmfs1 may be involved in protection of B. cinerea against plant defense compounds during the pathogenic phase of growth on host plants and against fungitoxic antimicrobial metabolites during its saprophytic phase of growth...
  31. ncbi Transplacental carcinogenic potential of the carbamate fungicide mancozeb
    Y Shukla
    Environmental Carcinogenesis Division, Industrial Toxicology Research Centre, Lucknow, India
    J Environ Pathol Toxicol Oncol 20:127-31. 2001
    ....
  32. ncbi Effects of vinclozolin administration on sperm production and testosterone biosynthetic pathway in adult male rat
    Kunihiro Kubota
    Molecular and Cellular Toxicology Section, National Institute for Environmental Studies, 16 2 Onogawa, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 0053, Japan
    J Reprod Dev 49:403-12. 2003
    ..These results indicate that VCZ affects the pituitary in a similar manner as FM, but functions differently on testicular gene expression...
  33. ncbi Fungicide residues in strawberry processing
    F Will
    Department of Wine Analysis and Beverage Research and Department of Fruit Growing, Research Institute Geisenheim, P O Box 1154, D 65358 Geisenheim, Germany
    J Agric Food Chem 47:858-61. 1999
    ..If the whole fruit is processed, as in fruit preparations or jam, the residue levels remain higher due to missing processing steps...
  34. ncbi Transfer of the fungicide vinclozolin from treated to untreated plants via volatilization
    M Baumeister
    Department of Agricultural Sciences, Fachhochschule Osnabrück University of Applied Sciences, Germany
    Chemosphere 48:75-82. 2002
    ..Our data clearly show that unintended contamination of plants growing in the vicinity of vinclozolin-treated plants can occur even if the fungicide layer is completely dry. Implications for safety testing and food plants are discussed...
  35. ncbi Cancer and occupational exposure to pentachlorophenol and tetrachlorophenol (Canada)
    Paul A Demers
    School of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    Cancer Causes Control 17:749-58. 2006
    ..The objective of this study is to assess the carcinogenicity of pentachlorophenol and tetrachlorophenol using data from the BC sawmill workers cohort study...
  36. ncbi Quality and safety assessment of ginseng extracts by determination of the contents of pesticides and metals
    J M Durgnat
    Quality and Safety Assurance Department, Nestle Research Center, PO Box 44, Vers chez les Blanc, CH 1000 Lausanne 26, Switzerland
    Food Addit Contam 22:1224-30. 2005
    ..3-918 microg kg(-1)) were present in most samples at concentrations lower than the MRL imposed for flavouring substances. Among the other elements, aluminium (0.3-1068 mg kg(-1)) was the most abundant...
  37. ncbi Field studies to determine mancozeb based spray programmes with minimal impact on predatory mites in European vine cultivation
    M Miles
    Dow AgroSciences, 3 Milton Park, Abingdon, OX14 4RN, UK
    Commun Agric Appl Biol Sci 70:559-67. 2005
    ..6 kg a.i./ha as part of a spray programme caused minimal impact on naturally occurring populations of predatory mites which in turn was compatible with Integrated Pest Management programmes and the conservation of predatory mites...
  38. pmc Inhibition of efflux transporter-mediated fungicide resistance in Pyrenophora tritici-repentis by a derivative of 4'-hydroxyflavone and enhancement of fungicide activity
    Sven Reimann
    Martin Luther University Halle Wittenberg, Faculty of Agriculture, Phytopathology and Plant Protection, D 06099 Halle Saale, Germany
    Appl Environ Microbiol 71:3269-75. 2005
    ..These results highlight the role of energy-dependent efflux transporters in fungicide resistance and could enable a novel disease management strategy based on the inhibition of fungicide efflux to be developed...
  39. ncbi Lymphohematopoietic cancers in the United Farm Workers of America (UFW), 1988-2001
    Paul K Mills
    Cancer Registry of Central California Public Health Institute, 1320 E Shaw Avenue, Suite 160, Fresno, CA 93710, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 16:823-30. 2005
    ..Agricultural risk factors for lymphohematopoietic cancers (LHC) in Hispanic farm workers in California were examined in a nested case-control study embedded in a cohort of 139,000 ever members of a farm worker labor union in California...
  40. ncbi Toxicity of chemicals commonly used in Indonesian vegetable crops to Liriomyza huidobrensis populations and the Indonesian parasitoids Hemiptarsenus varicornis, Opius sp., and Gronotoma micromorpha, as well as the Australian parasitoids Hemiptarsenus vari
    Djoko Prijono
    Department of Plant Pests and Diseases, Faculty of Agriculture, Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor 16680, Indonesia
    J Econ Entomol 97:1191-7. 2004
    ..Local Australian parasitoids should help control L. huidobrensis as long as only cyromazine and nontoxic fungicides are applied...
  41. ncbi Effectiveness of some means using against root rot on parsley seedling root
    J Nawrocki
    Department of Plant Protection, Agricultural University, PL 31 425 Krakow, Poland
    Commun Agric Appl Biol Sci 69:693-6. 2004
    ..Spring dressing was better, but not only in controls were many parsley plants decaying in the fields. Among substances used for spring dressing of seedling roots, the best efficacy exhibited Zaprawa Funaben T and Sportak Alpha 380 EC...
  42. ncbi Chitosan (biochikol 020 PC) in the control of some ornamental foliage diseases
    A T Wojdyła
    Research Institute of Pomology and Floriculture, Pomologiczna 18, PL 96 100 Skierniewice, Poland
    Commun Agric Appl Biol Sci 69:705-15. 2004
    ..Observations made during next spring showed that effectiveness of chitosan (Biochikol 020 PC) was more than 50% (long programme) and below 50% (short programme)...
  43. ncbi Activity in vitro and in vivo against plant pathogenic fungi of grifolin isolated from the basidiomycete Albatrellus dispansus
    Du Qiang Luo
    Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650204, P R China
    Z Naturforsch C 60:50-6. 2005
    ..graminearum, Gloeosporium fructigenum and Pyricularia oryzae was almost completely inhibited by 38.1microM grifolin. In vivo, the curative effect of grifolin against E. graminis was 65.5% at 304.9 microM after 8 days...
  44. ncbi The benefits of combining elemental sulfur with a DMI fungicide to control Monilinia fructicola isolates resistant to propiconazole
    Imre J Holb
    University of Debrecen, Centre of Agricultural Sciences, PO Box 36, H 4015 Debrecen, Hungary
    Pest Manag Sci 64:156-64. 2008
    ..The goal of this study was to investigate potential benefits of a sulfur/propiconazole mixture for the control of propiconazole-resistant isolates...
  45. ncbi Characterization and PCR-based detection of benzimidazole-resistant isolates of Monilinia laxa in California
    Zhonghua Ma
    Department of Plant Pathology, University of California, Davis, Kearney Agricultural Center, 9240 South Riverbend Ave, Parlier, CA 93648, USA
    Pest Manag Sci 61:449-57. 2005
    ..Thus, both allele-specific PCR and the PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) methods could be useful for rapidly detecting benzimidazole-resistant isolates of M laxa from stone fruit and almond crops in California...
  46. ncbi Sequence variation in the CYP51 gene of Blumeria graminis associated with resistance to sterol demethylase inhibiting fungicides
    R A Wyand
    Department of Disease and Stress Biology, John Innes Centre, Colney Lane, Norwich, Norfolk NR4 7UH, UK
    Fungal Genet Biol 42:726-35. 2005
    ..However, genetic analysis of resistance to the DMI triadimenol indicates that mutation of the CYP51 gene is not the only mechanism of resistance operating in B. graminis...
  47. ncbi Individual and combined effects of dosages of azoxystrobin and epoxiconazole in wheat
    M Moreau
    Centre Wallon de Recherches Agronomiques, Département Phytopharmacie Rue du Bordia 11, BE 5030 Gembloux, Belgium
    Commun Agric Appl Biol Sci 70:91-9. 2005
    ..The combinations of these products were better than individual applications only when high dosages of both compounds were used...
  48. ncbi Tolylfluanide + tebuconazole in the control of some ornamental foliage diseases
    A T Wojdyła
    Research Institute of Pomology and Floriculture Pomologiczna 18, PL 96 100 Skiemiewice, Poland
    Commun Agric Appl Biol Sci 70:231-40. 2005
    ..Spores of B. cinerea, collected from protected plants germinated at about 10%, whereas on control leaves at 90%...
  49. ncbi Degradation kinetics and safety evaluation of tetraconazole and difenoconazole residues in grape
    Kaushik Banerjee
    National Research Centre for Grapes, PO Manjri Farm, PB No 3, Solapur Road, Pune 412 307, Maharashtra, India
    Pest Manag Sci 64:283-9. 2008
    ..A confirmatory residue analysis method was validated for trace-level determination of both the compounds...
  50. ncbi Yeast adaptation to mancozeb involves the up-regulation of FLR1 under the coordinate control of Yap1, Rpn4, Pdr3, and Yrr1
    Miguel Cacho Teixeira
    IBB CEBQ, Instituto Superior Tecnico, Av Rovisco Pais, 1049 001 Lisboa, Portugal
    Biochem Biophys Res Commun 367:249-55. 2008
    ....
  51. pmc The cytochrome P450 lanosterol 14alpha-demethylase gene is a demethylation inhibitor fungicide resistance determinant in Monilinia fructicola field isolates from Georgia
    Chao Xi Luo
    Department of Entomology, Soils, and Plant Sciences, Clemson University, 120 Long Hall, Clemson, SC 29634, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 74:359-66. 2008
    ..fructicola field isolates from Georgia and that this overexpression is correlated with Mona located upstream of the MfCYP51 gene...
  52. ncbi First occurrence of strobilurin-resistant isolates of Stemphylium vesicarium in an Italian pear orchard
    M Collina
    Department of Agri food Protection and Improvement Diproval, University of Bologna, Viale G Fanin 46, IT 40127 Bologna, Italy
    Commun Agric Appl Biol Sci 72:735-8. 2007
  53. ncbi Evaluation of the users value of salts against apple scab and powdery mildew for the integrated fruit production
    P Creemers
    Proefcentrum Fruitteelt v z w, De Brede Akker 13, BE 3800 Sint Truiden, Belgium
    Commun Agric Appl Biol Sci 72:917-23. 2007
    ..The variation in efficacy with K(HCO3)2 observed is higher for powdery mildew. Chitosan was also included in the trials against powdery mildew, however chitosan had no effect on the infestation...
  54. ncbi Study on the sensitivity of Venturia inaequalis to anilinopyrimidine fungicides in Italy
    R Fiaccadori
    Department of Agri food Protection and Improvement Diproval, University of Bologna, Viale G Fanin 46, IT 40127 Bologna, Italy
    Commun Agric Appl Biol Sci 72:997-1001. 2007
  55. ncbi Antagonistic potential of fluorescent pseudomonads and control of charcoal rot of chickpea caused by Macrophomina phaseolina
    Vinod Kumar
    Mycopathology Laboratory, Center of Advanced Studies in Botany, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221 005, India
    J Environ Biol 28:15-20. 2007
    ....
  56. ncbi Evaluation of multiwavelength chromatograms for the quantification of mixtures of pesticides by high-performance liquid chromatography-diode array detection with multivariate calibration
    M Martinez Galera
    Department of Analytical Chemistry, University of Almeria, Spain
    J Chromatogr A 778:139-49. 1997
    ..In all cases, the PLS-1 calibration method showed superior quantitative prediction ability than the PLS-2 or principal component regression methods...
  57. pmc Treatment of a clinically relevant plant-pathogenic fungus with an agricultural azole causes cross-resistance to medical azoles and potentiates caspofungin efficacy
    Albrecht Serfling
    Faculty of Agriculture, Institute of Agricultural and Nutritional Sciences, Phytopathology and Plant Protection, Martin Luther University Halle Wittenberg, D 06099, Halle Saale, Germany
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 51:3672-6. 2007
    ..Azole-adapted strains were less sensitive to all azoles tested but showed increased sensitivity to caspofungin, amphotericin B, and nystatin. Viability staining and infection assays with excised human skin confirmed these data...
  58. ncbi Assessment of pesticide susceptibility for Typhlodromus exhilaratus and Typhlodromus phialatus strains (Acari: Phytoseiidae) from vineyards in the south of France
    Ziad Barbar
    Montpellier Sup Agro INRA, Unité Mixte de Recherche Centre de Biologie et de Gestion des Populations n 1062, bâtiment 16, 2 Place Pierre Viala, 34060 Montpellier Cedex 1, France
    Exp Appl Acarol 42:95-105. 2007
    ..Possible explanations other than pesticides for the poor settlement of T. phialatus in vine plots are discussed...
  59. ncbi Sexual reproduction facilitates the adaptation of parasites to antagonistic host environments: Evidence from empirical study in the wheat-Mycosphaerella graminicola system
    J Zhan
    Scottish Crop Research Institute, Invergowrie, Dundee DD2 5DA, Scotland, UK
    Int J Parasitol 37:861-70. 2007
    ..Our results provide empirical support for the hypothesis that sexual reproduction facilitates the evolution of parasites to overcome host resistance...
  60. ncbi Fungicidal activity of volatile oil from eucalyptus Citriodora Hook. against Alternaria triticina
    Hesamedin Ramezani
    Department of Plant Protection, Yasuj University, Yasuj 75914 353, Iran
    Commun Agric Appl Biol Sci 71:909-14. 2006
    ..Based on these observations, it was therefore concluded that eucalypt volatile oil has potential to suppress the phytopathogenic fungi...
  61. ncbi Results from two years of field studies to determine Mancozeb based spray programmes with minimal impact on predatory mites in European vine cultivation
    M Miles
    Dow AgroSciences, 3 Milton Park, Abingdon, OX14 4RN, UK
    Commun Agric Appl Biol Sci 71:285-93. 2006
    ..6 kg a.i./ha as part of a spray programme caused minimal impact on naturally occurring populations of predatory mites which in turn was compatible with Integrated Pest Management programmes and the conservation of predatory mites...
  62. ncbi Mechanisms of resistance to QoI fungicides in phytopathogenic fungi
    Dolores Fernández-Ortuño
    Experimental Station La Mayora, CSIC, Algarrobo Costa, Malaga, Spain
    Int Microbiol 11:1-9. 2008
    ....
  63. ncbi Molecular characterization of the two-component histidine kinase gene from Monilinia fructicola
    Zhonghua Ma
    Institute of Biotechnology, Zhejiang University, 268 Kaixuan Road, Hangzhou 310029, China
    Pest Manag Sci 62:991-8. 2006
    ..Comparison of DNA sequences of the Mfos-1 from LIR mutants and the wild-type sensitive (S) isolate showed that LIR mutants had single point mutations in the coiled coil region of Mfos-1...
  64. ncbi Production of Trichoderma strains with pesticide-polyresistance by mutagenesis and protoplast fusion
    Lóránt Hatvani
    Department of Microbiology, University of Szeged, PO Box 533, H 6701, Szeged, Hungary
    Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek 89:387-93. 2006
    ..atroviride. These pesticide-polyresistant progenies are potential candidates for application in an integrated pest management system...
  65. ncbi Field resistance to QoI fungicides in Podosphaera fusca is not supported by typical mutations in the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene
    Dolores Fernández-Ortuño
    Estacion Experimental La Mayora CSIC, Algarrobo Costa, 29750 Málaga, Spain
    Pest Manag Sci 64:694-702. 2008
    ..nov. [ = Sphaerothecafusca (Fr.) S Blumer], the main causal agent of cucurbit powdery mildew in Spain. In the present study the underlying resistance mechanism to QoI fungicides in the Spanish populations of P. fusca was investigated...
  66. ncbi Method development and fate determination of pesticide-treated hops and their subsequent usage in the production of beer
    Matt J Hengel
    University of California, Davis, One Shields Avenue, Davis, California 95616, USA
    J Agric Food Chem 50:3412-8. 2002
    ....
  67. ncbi Quantitative PCR monitoring of the effect of azoxystrobin treatments on Mycosphaerella graminicola epidemics in the field
    Eric A Rohel
    INRA Centre de Recherches Agronomiques de Rennes, UMR BiO3P, Domaine de la Motte, BP 35327, 35653 Le Rheu, France
    Pest Manag Sci 58:248-54. 2002
    ..Information generated in this way is useful for optimal positioning of azoxystrobin treatments on M graminicola...
  68. pmc Identification and characterization of benzimidazole resistance in Monilinia fructicola from stone fruit orchards in California
    Zhonghua Ma
    Department of Plant Pathology, University of California, Kearney Agricultural Center, Parlier, California 93648, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 69:7145-52. 2003
    ..Based on these point mutations in the beta-tubulin gene, allele-specific PCR assays were developed for rapid detection of benzimidazole-resistant isolates of M. fructicola from stone fruit...
  69. ncbi Sensitivity of Venturia inaequalis to trifloxystrobin
    Ruth B Küng Färber
    Syngenta Crop Protection Münchwilen AG, Research Biology, 4332 Stein, Switzerland
    Pest Manag Sci 58:261-7. 2002
    ..Nevertheless these results demonstrate a risk for the development of practical resistance in V inaequalis to Qo inhibitors and therefore a need to apply resistance management principles strictly...
  70. ncbi Levels of DDT, HCH, and HCB residues in human blood in Ahmedabad, India
    V K Bhatnagar
    Division of Pesticide Toxicology, National Institute of Occupational Health, Indian Council of Medical Research, Meghani Nagar, Ahmedabad 380 016, India
    Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 72:261-5. 2004
  71. ncbi Synthesis of 1-triazolyl-4-trimethylsilyl-2-butanol and 1-triazolyl-5-trimethylsilyl-2-pentanol derivatives and an investigation of their fungicidal activities
    Hiroyuki Itoh
    Agroscience Research Laboratories, Sankyo Co, Ltd, Shiga, Japan
    Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) 51:1113-6. 2003
    ..The derivatives of 2,4-difluorobenzene exhibited high antifungal activities when applied by spray, but exhibited no fungicidal activity by submerged application...
  72. ncbi Cytotoxic and endocrine-disrupting potential of atrazine, diazinon, endosulfan, and mancozeb in adrenocortical steroidogenic cells of rainbow trout exposed in vitro
    Marjolaine Bisson
    Departement des Sciences Biologiques, TOXEN Research Center, Universite du Quebec a Montreal, Succ Centre Ville, Montreal, Quebec, H3C 3P8, Canada
    Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 180:110-7. 2002
    ..The in vitro adrenal bioassay can be used for screening of adrenotoxicants and for mechanistic studies of adrenotoxicity...
  73. ncbi Postharvest treatments for the reduction of mancozeb in fresh apples
    E S Hwang
    Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Institute for Environmental Toxicology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    J Agric Food Chem 49:3127-32. 2001
    ..ETU was completely degraded at 500 ppm of HPA after 30 min of reaction time. These treatments indicated good potential for the removal of pesticide residues on fruit and in processed products...
  74. ncbi Quinoxyfen--resistance management and sensitivity monitoring in wheat: 1995-2000
    Uli Bernhard
    Dow AgroSciences GmbH, Truderinger Str 15, 81677 Munich, Germany
    Pest Manag Sci 58:972-4. 2002
    ..The monitoring programme will continue to assess the long-term impact of the management recommendations on the resistance status of quinoxyfen...
  75. ncbi Effect of dose rate and mixtures of fungicides on selection for QoI resistance in populations of Plasmopara viticola
    Jean Luc Genet
    DuPont Crop Protection, European Research and Development Centre, F 68740 Nambsheim, France
    Pest Manag Sci 62:188-94. 2006
    ..These results suggest that the choice of the fungicide partner and its dosage in the mixture can significantly affect the success of QoI resistance management strategies under practical conditions...
  76. ncbi Chlorine and chlorine dioxide treatment to reduce or remove EBDCs and ETU residues in a solution
    E Hwang
    Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Institute for Environmental Toxicology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824, USA
    J Agric Food Chem 50:4734-42. 2002
    ..Treatment with both chlorine and chlorine dioxide at pH 4.6, yielded no ETU residues at both 10 and 21 degrees C. The results show that chlorine dioxide gives excellent degradation effects at lower concentrations than liquid chlorine...
  77. ncbi First detection of resistance to QoI fungicides in Mycosphaerella graminicola on winter wheat in Belgium
    O Amand
    Unité de phytopathologie, Faculte d Ingenierie Biologique, agronomique et environnementale, Universite Catholique de Louvain, Croix du Sud 2 3, B 1348 Louvain la Neuve, Belgium
    Commun Agric Appl Biol Sci 68:519-31. 2003
    ....
  78. ncbi What impact will EPPO's new resistance risk assessment guideline have on selection pressure in the European Union?
    Paul K Leonard
    BASF, Avenue Hamoir 14, B 1180 Brussels, Belgium
    Pest Manag Sci 58:939-43. 2002
    ..It is critical that all stakeholders in the crop protection process are made aware of the importance of resistance management and of complying with prescribed strategies...
  79. ncbi EU regulatory aspects of resistance risk assessment
    Udo Heimbach
    Biological Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry, Messeweg 11 12, D 38104 Braunschweig, Germany
    Pest Manag Sci 58:935-8. 2002
    ....
  80. ncbi Surface photochemistry of pesticides: an approach using diffuse reflectance and chromatography techniques
    José P Da Silva
    Centro de Quimica Fisica Molecular, Instituto Superior Tecnico, 1049 001 Lisboa, Portugal
    Environ Sci Technol 38:2849-56. 2004
    ..Photoproduct distribution of triadimenol and triadimefon is similar for the different irradiation conditions, indicating an intramolecular energy transfer from the chlorophenoxyl moiety to the carbonyl group in the latter pesticide...
  81. ncbi Effect of turfgrass cover and irrigation on soil mobility and dissipation of mefenoxam and propiconazole
    D S Gardner
    Dep. of Horticultural and Crop Science, The Ohio State University, Columbus 43210-1086, USA
    J Environ Qual 30:1612-8. 2001
    ..The t1/2 of propiconazole was 12 to 15 d in turfgrass and 29 d in bare soil. Little movement of propiconazole was observed in either bare soil or turf...
  82. ncbi Application of comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography with nitrogen-selective detection for the analysis of fungicide residues in vegetable samples
    Weeraya Khummueng
    Australian Centre for Research on Separation Science, School of Applied Sciences, RMIT University, GPO Box 2476V, Melbourne 3001, Australia
    J Chromatogr A 1131:203-14. 2006
    ....
  83. ncbi Influence of the spraying system on fungicides distribution on wheat plants
    F Henriet
    Département Phytopharmacie, Centre Wallon de Recherches Agronomiques Rue du Bordia 11, BE 5030 Gembloux, Belgium
    Commun Agric Appl Biol Sci 71:193-5. 2006
    ..In the same way, neither the used equipments, nor the mixture volume per hectare, nor the air flow of the Hardi TwinFlow sprayer did not significantly influence the distribution of fungicide...
  84. ncbi High-performance liquid chromatographic/tandem mass spectrometric identification of the phototransformation products of tebuconazole on titanium dioxide
    Paola Calza
    Dipartimento di Chimica Analitica, Universita di Torino, Via P Giuria 5, 10125 Turin, Italy
    J Mass Spectrom 37:566-76. 2002
    ....
  85. ncbi Fate of epoxiconazole and kresoxim-methyl in wheat according to time of application
    F Henriet
    Pesticide Research Department, Walloon Agricultural Research Centre CRA W, rue du Bordia 11, BE 5030 Gembloux, Belgium
    Commun Agric Appl Biol Sci 70:1013-22. 2005
    ..With split treatments, the last spraying appears to be very significant in terms of final fungicide quantities. Redistribution appears possible, especially in the case of epoxiconazole, though in very small quantities...
  86. ncbi Determination of fungicide residues in fruits by coupled-column liquid chromatography
    Tatiana Zamora
    Analytical Chemistry, Experimental Sciences Dept, University Jaume I, P O Box 8029 AP, Castellon, Spain
    J Sep Sci 27:645-52. 2004
    ..The procedure developed was finally applied to orange and banana samples from different geographical locations and the results were confirmed by GC-MS...
  87. ncbi Determination of imidazole and triazole fungicide residues in honeybees using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry
    Andrew J A Charlton
    Wildlife Incident Unit, Central Science Laboratory, Sand Hutton Lane, Sand Hutton, York, UK
    J Chromatogr A 1141:117-22. 2007
    ..3% or less. Mean recoveries of imazalil were 51% at 0.01 micro g/bee and 81% at 0.05 micro g/bee. Limits of detection for the analytes investigated ranged from 0.005 to 0.001 micro g/bee...
  88. ncbi Determination of tetraconazole and diniconazole fungicide residues in tomatoes and green beans by capillary gas chromatography
    Mohamed M Amer
    Analytical Chemistry Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, Cairo University, Egypt
    Yakugaku Zasshi 127:993-9. 2007
    ..5 to 6.5 days for tetraconazole. No residues could be detected in the plants during the period of study of 21 days after field application. Hence, the plants could be used safely after that period of time...
  89. ncbi The dissipation of tebuconazole and propiconazole in boronia (Boronia megastigma Nees)
    Sandra M Garland
    School of Agricultural Science, University of Tasmania, Private Bag 54, Hobart, Tasmania 7001, Australia
    J Agric Food Chem 52:6200-4. 2004
    ..At harvest, 279 days after the final application of tebuconazole, residues were recorded at 0.30 +/- 0.09 mg/kg in the leaves (DMB) while the oil produced had 0.20 +/- 0.07 mg/kg...
  90. ncbi Behavior of myclobutanil, propiconazole, and nuarimol residues during lager beer brewing
    Simón Navarro
    Department of Agricultural Chemistry, Geology and Pedology, School of Chemistry, University of Murcia, Campus Universitario de Espinardo, E 30100 Murcia, Spain
    J Agric Food Chem 53:8572-9. 2005
    ..Finally, during storage of the beer (3 months), the amounts of fungicides fell by 25-50% of their respective concentrations in the finished beer...
  91. ncbi Residue evaluation of the azole fungicides prochloraz and tebuconazole in the white mushroom Agaricus bisporus
    M A Kastanias
    Pesticide Science Laboratory, Agricultural University of Athens, 75 Iera Odos, 118 55 Athens, Greece
    Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 77:149-54. 2006
  92. ncbi Effect of iprodione, a dicarboximide fungicide, on primary cultured rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) hepatocytes
    S Radice
    Department of Pharmacology, Chemotherapy and Medical Toxicology E Trabucchi, University of Milan, Via Vanvitelli 32, 20129 Milan, Italy
    Aquat Toxicol 54:51-8. 2001
    ..Moreover, our experiments also demonstrate that iprodione is able to induce "in vitro" CYP1A1, leading to the conclusion that the production of ROS is due to this phenomenon...
  93. ncbi Significance of soil properties in the adsorption and mobility of the fungicide metalaxyl in vineyard soils
    M S Andrades
    , CSIC, Apartado 257, 37071 Salamanca, Spain
    J Agric Food Chem 49:2363-9. 2001
    ..These results should be borne in mind when metalaxyl is to be used in the soils of this region...
  94. ncbi Human poisoning with hexastar: a hexaconazole-containing agrochemical fungicide
    Deepu David
    Christian Medical College and Hospital, Vellore, India
    Clin Toxicol (Phila) 46:692-3. 2008
    ..5% EC, a hexaconazole-containing product. Clinical toxicity consisted primarily of central nervous system depression and generalized trembling. The patient recovered without sequelae with supportive therapy...
  95. ncbi Identification of the major metabolites of prochloraz in rainbow trout by liquid chromatography and tandem mass spectrometry
    L Debrauwer
    Laboratoire des Xenobiotiques, INRA, B P 3, 31931 Toulouse Cedex 9, France
    J Agric Food Chem 49:3821-6. 2001
    ..On the basis of enzymatic hydrolysis by beta-glucuronidase and LC-MS analyses, this study demonstrates that rainbow trout are able to biotransform prochloraz, mainly as glucuronide conjugates...
  96. ncbi Study of the gastrointestinal biotransformation of zearalenone in a Caco-2 cell culture system with liquid chromatographic methods
    A Schaut
    Ghent University, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Laboratory of Food Analysis, Ghent, Belgium
    J Appl Toxicol 28:966-73. 2008
    ..This confirmed the formation of glucuronide conjugates and the hydroxylation of ZON during the incubation with Caco-2 cells...
  97. ncbi Determination of fungicide residues in fruits and vegetables by liquid chromatography-atmospheric pressure chemical ionization mass spectrometry
    C Blasco
    Laboratori de Bromatologia i Toxicologia, Facultat de Farmacia, Universitat de Valencia, Burjassot, Spain
    J Chromatogr A 947:227-35. 2002
    ..1% with relative standard deviations between 6.1 and 11.9%. The method was applied to the determination of residues in samples taken from agricultural cooperatives. The fungicides most often detected were o-phenylphenol and prochloraz...
  98. ncbi Development of newly formed nephrons in the goldfish kidney following hexachlorobutadiene-induced nephrotoxicity
    R Reimschuessel
    Department of Pathology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore 21201
    Toxicol Pathol 18:32-8. 1990
    ..The presence of large numbers of developing nephrons may provide a marker for renal injury in fish from contaminated waterways...
  99. ncbi Screening preharvest/postharvest strategies to prevent fruit rot decay
    B Vorstermans
    Proefcentrum Fruitteelt v z w, De Brede Akker 13, BE 3800 St Truiden, Belgium
    Commun Agric Appl Biol Sci 72:909-15. 2007
    ..The purpose was to select the optimal combination in use of preharvest fungicides with Philabuster as postharvest treatment, which offer full protection towards all key pathogens in apple and pear...
  100. ncbi Development and reproduction of the freshwater harpacticoid copepod Attheyella crassa for assessing sediment-associated toxicity
    Eva Ulfsdotter Turesson
    Department of Applied Environmental Science, Stockholm University, S 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
    Aquat Toxicol 83:180-9. 2007
    ....
  101. ncbi Development of a new controlled pesticide delivery system based on neem leaf powder
    Baljit Singh
    Department of Chemistry, Himachal Pradesh University, Shimla 171005, India
    J Hazard Mater 177:290-9. 2010
    ..5% NLP, 2.5% alginate and 0.1M crosslinker solution. In most of the formulations the values for the diffusion exponent 'n' have been obtained >1 and hence the release of fungicides occurred through Case II diffusion mechanism...

Research Grants9

  1. CHEMICAL INDUCED NEPHROTOXICITY--SUCCINIMIDES
    GARY RANKIN; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Collectively, the results of these studies should add important, new knowledge about the nephrotoxic and urotoxic species of succinimides, cellular targets of the toxicant species and potential mechanisms of nephrotoxicity. ..
  2. Identification of Anti-Viral Compounds from Plants
    Shiyou Li; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  3. INTERESTING BIOACTIVE SUBSTANCES
    David Williams; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The selective synthesis of contiguous stereotriads will advance basic methodology for asymmetric conjugate additions. ..
  4. Sequence Effects of Arylamine-DNA Adducts: Repair and Replication
    BONGSUP CHO; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Such knowledge will also be of help in the development of sensible prevention and risk assessment strategies. ..
  5. NMDA RECEPTOR AND BEHAVIORAL TOXICITY OF LEAD
    Deborah Cory Slechta; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  6. Molecular mechanisms of RyR activation by 4-CmC
    JAMES FESSENDEN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  7. CHEMICAL SYNTHESIS OF NOVEL NATURAL PRODUCTS
    David Williams; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Daphnicyclidin A. This recent discovery has revealed a new molecular architecture which exhibits significant antitumor activity. Our research will investigate strategies for chemical synthesis of these complex polycyclic systems. ..
  8. Inductively Coupled Plasma- Mass Spectrometer
    SHANE QUE HEE; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..A team of researchers has been assembled whose research needs for elemental analyses are in the broad areas of environmental health, nutrition, biomedical and behavioral research. ..
  9. PERMEATION OF IRRITANT MIXTURES THRU PROTECTIVE MATERIAL
    SHANE QUE HEE; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The relationship of the fundamental independent variables to the kinetic parameters of permeation and to the Corrositex rating as the index of irritation will be determined and compared. ..