Genomes and Genes
Summary: Chemicals used to destroy pests of any sort. The concept includes fungicides (FUNGICIDES, INDUSTRIAL); INSECTICIDES; RODENTICIDES; etc.
Publications362 found, 100 shown here
- Mechanism of toxicity of pesticides acting at complex I: relevance to environmental etiologies of Parkinson's diseaseTodd B Sherer
Center for Neurodegenerative Disease, Rollins School of Public Health, Atlanta, Georgia 15213, USA
J Neurochem 100:1469-79. 2007..the in vitro toxicity and mechanism of action of several putative complex I inhibitors that are commonly used as pesticides. The rank order of toxicity of pesticides to neuroblastoma cells was pyridaben > rotenone > fenpyroximate > ..
- High levels of miticides and agrochemicals in North American apiaries: implications for honey bee healthChristopher A Mullin
Department of Entomology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, United States of America
PLoS ONE 5:e9754. 2010..A broad survey of pesticide residues was conducted on samples from migratory and other beekeepers across 23 states, one Canadian province and several agricultural cropping systems during the 2007-08 growing seasons...
- The sublethal effects of pesticides on beneficial arthropodsNicolas Desneux
Department of Entomology, University of Minnesota, St Paul, Minnesota 55108, USA
Annu Rev Entomol 52:81-106. 2007Traditionally, measurement of the acute toxicity of pesticides to beneficial arthropods has relied largely on the determination of an acute median lethal dose or concentration...
- Prenatal exposure to organophosphate pesticides and IQ in 7-year-old childrenMaryse F Bouchard
University of California Berkeley, Center for Environmental Research and Children s Health, School of Public Health, Berkeley, California 94704, USA
Environ Health Perspect 119:1189-95. 2011Organophosphate (OP) pesticides are neurotoxic at high doses. Few studies have examined whether chronic exposure at lower levels could adversely affect children's cognitive development.
- Seven-year neurodevelopmental scores and prenatal exposure to chlorpyrifos, a common agricultural pesticideVirginia Rauh
Heilbrunn Center for Population and Family Health, Mailman School of Public Health, New York, NY 10032 USA
Environ Health Perspect 119:1196-201. 2011....
- Genotoxicity of pesticides: a review of human biomonitoring studiesClaudia Bolognesi
Toxicological Evaluation Unit, National Cancer Research Institute, Genova, Italy
Mutat Res 543:251-72. 2003b>Pesticides constitute a heterogeneous category of chemicals specifically designed for the control of pests, weeds or plant diseases...
- The E-SCREEN assay as a tool to identify estrogens: an update on estrogenic environmental pollutantsA M Soto
Tufts University School of Medicine, Department of Anatomy and Cellular Biology, Boston, MA 02111, USA
Environ Health Perspect 103:113-22. 1995....
- Wildlife ecotoxicology of pesticides: can we track effects to the population level and beyond?Heinz R Köhler
Animal Physiological Ecology, Institute of Evolution and Ecology, University of Tubingen, Tubingen, Germany
Science 341:759-65. 2013..However, the productive arable area has increased by just 10%; thus the increased use of pesticides has been a consequence of the demands of human population growth, and its impact has reached global significance...
- Dopamine transporter genetic variants and pesticides in Parkinson's diseaseBeate R Ritz
Department of Epidemiology, Center for Occupational and Environmental Health, UCLA School of Public Health, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90095 1772, USA
Environ Health Perspect 117:964-9. 2009Research suggests that independent and joint effects of genetic variability in the dopamine transporter (DAT) locus and pesticides may influence Parkinson's disease (PD) risk.
- Low dose organochlorine pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls predict obesity, dyslipidemia, and insulin resistance among people free of diabetesDuk Hee Lee
Department of Preventative Medicine, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea
PLoS ONE 6:e15977. 2011..The current study examined if low dose POPs predicted future adiposity, dyslipidemia, and insulin resistance among controls without diabetes in that study...
- Persistent organic pollutant exposure leads to insulin resistance syndromeJérôme Ruzzin
National Institute of Nutrition and Seafood Research NIFES, Bergen, Norway
Environ Health Perspect 118:465-71. 2010..However, experimental evidence demonstrating a causal link between POPs and the development of insulin resistance is lacking...
- A cocktail of contaminants: how mixtures of pesticides at low concentrations affect aquatic communitiesRick A Relyea
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, 101 Clapp Hall, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
Oecologia 159:363-76. 2009..mesocosms, I examined each pesticide alone, a mix of insecticides, a mix of herbicides, and a mix of all ten pesticides. Individual pesticides had a wide range of direct and indirect effects on all trophic groups. For some taxa (i.e...
- Reaching for the bottle of pesticide--a cry for help. Self-inflicted poisonings in Sri LankaFlemming Konradsen
University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
Soc Sci Med 62:1710-9. 2006..Using or threatening to use pesticides for self-harm has become a response to stressful events and a powerful message towards a specific individual, or ..
- Crop pollination exposes honey bees to pesticides which alters their susceptibility to the gut pathogen Nosema ceranaeJeffery S Pettis
Bee Research Laboratory, USDA ARS, Beltsville, Maryland, United States of America
PLoS ONE 8:e70182. 2013..Such findings are of great concern given the large numbers and high levels of pesticides found in honey bee colonies...
- Cholinergic pesticides cause mushroom body neuronal inactivation in honeybeesMary J Palmer
Division of Neuroscience, Medical Research Institute, Ninewells Medical School, University of Dundee, Dundee, UK
Nat Commun 4:1634. 2013b>Pesticides that target cholinergic neurotransmission are highly effective, but their use has been implicated in insect pollinator population decline...
- Global DNA hypomethylation is associated with high serum-persistent organic pollutants in Greenlandic InuitJennifer A Rusiecki
Department of Preventive Medicine and Biometrics, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
Environ Health Perspect 116:1547-52. 2008..DNA methylation, an epigenetic mechanism, has been associated with cancer initiation and progression. Greenlandic Inuit have some of the highest reported POP levels worldwide...
- Toxic influence of organophosphate, carbamate, and organochlorine pesticides on cellular metabolism of lipids, proteins, and carbohydrates: a systematic reviewSomayyeh Karami-Mohajeri
Faculty of Pharmacy, and Pharmaceutical Sciences Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Hum Exp Toxicol 30:1119-40. 2011b>Pesticides, including organophosphate (OP), organochlorine (OC), and carbamate (CB) compounds, are widely used in agricultural and indoor purposes...
- Monitoring and reducing exposure of infants to pollutants in house dustJohn W Roberts
US Environmental Protection Agency, Reston, VA 22091, USA
Rev Environ Contam Toxicol 201:1-39. 2009..is the main exposure source for infants to allergens, lead, and PBDEs, as well as a major source of exposure to pesticides, PAHs, Gram-negative bacteria, arsenic, cadmium, chromium, phthalates, phenols, and other EDCs, mutagens, and ..
- Organophosphate pesticide exposure and attention in young Mexican-American children: the CHAMACOS studyAmy R Marks
Center for Children s Environmental Health Research, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, California 94720, USA
Environ Health Perspect 118:1768-74. 2010Exposure to organophosphate (OP) pesticides, well-known neurotoxicants, has been associated with neurobehavioral deficits in children.
- Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and urinary metabolites of organophosphate pesticidesMaryse F Bouchard
Department of Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Harvard University, Boston, MA, USA
Pediatrics 125:e1270-7. 2010..The goal was to examine the association between urinary concentrations of dialkyl phosphate metabolites of organophosphates and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children 8 to 15 years of age...
- Maternal residence near agricultural pesticide applications and autism spectrum disorders among children in the California Central ValleyEric M Roberts
Public Health Institute, Oakland, California 94804, USA
Environ Health Perspect 115:1482-9. 2007Ambient levels of pesticides ("pesticide drift") are detectable at residences near agricultural field sites.
- Mechanisms by which pesticides affect insect immunityR R James
USDA ARS, Pollinating Insects Research Unit, Dept Biology UMC 5310, Utah State University, Logan, UT 84322 5310, USA
J Invertebr Pathol 109:175-82. 2012The current state of knowledge regarding the effect of pesticides on insect immunity is reviewed here...
- Exposure to multiple cholinergic pesticides impairs olfactory learning and memory in honeybeesSally M Williamson
Institute of Neuroscience, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 7RU, UK
J Exp Biol 216:1799-807. 2013b>Pesticides are important agricultural tools often used in combination to avoid resistance in target pest species, but there is growing concern that their widespread use contributes to the decline of pollinator populations...
- Impaired reproductive development in sons of women occupationally exposed to pesticides during pregnancyHelle R Andersen
Institute of Public Health, Department of Environmental Medicine, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark
Environ Health Perspect 116:566-72. 2008..The aim of this prospective study was to investigate whether occupational pesticide exposure during pregnancy causes adverse effects on the reproductive development in the male infants...
- Pesticides in dust from homes in an agricultural areaMartha E Harnly
Environmental Health Investigations Branch, California Department of Public Health, Richmond, California, USA
Environ Sci Technol 43:8767-74. 2009We collected indoor dust samples from homes in the Salinas Valley of California. Of 22 pesticides measured in 504 samples, permethrins and the organophosphate chlorpyrifos were present in highest amounts...
- Organophosphate pesticide exposure and neurodevelopment in young Mexican-American childrenBrenda Eskenazi
Center for Children s Environmental Health Research, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 7380, USA
Environ Health Perspect 115:792-8. 2007Organophosphate (OP) pesticides are widely used in agriculture and homes. Animal studies suggest that even moderate doses are neurodevelopmental toxicants, but there are few studies in humans.
- Polychlorinated biphenyls and organochlorine pesticides in plasma predict development of type 2 diabetes in the elderly: the prospective investigation of the vasculature in Uppsala Seniors (PIVUS) studyDuk Hee Lee
Department of Preventative Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea
Diabetes Care 34:1778-84. 2011..However, evidence from prospective studies is sparse. This study was performed to evaluate prospective associations of type 2 diabetes with selected POPs among the elderly...
- Comparative sublethal toxicity of nine pesticides on olfactory learning performances of the honeybee Apis melliferaA Decourtye
Association de Coordination Technique Agricole, Maison des Agriculteurs, La Tour de Salvagny, France
Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 48:242-50. 2005..studies have shown that observations of conditioned PER were of interest for assessing the behavioral effects of pesticides on the honeybee...
- Pest toxicology: the primary mechanisms of pesticide actionJohn E Casida
Department of Environmental Science, Policy and Management, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 3112, USA
Chem Res Toxicol 22:609-19. 2009b>Pesticides are used to control pests before they harm us or our crops. They are selective toxicants in the form and manner used. Pesticides must be effective without human or crop injury...
- Obesity and persistent organic pollutants: possible obesogenic effect of organochlorine pesticides and polychlorinated biphenylsEveline Dirinck
Department of Endocrinology, Diabetology and Clinical Pharmacology, Antwerp University Hospital and University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium
Obesity (Silver Spring) 19:709-14. 2011..for the presence of polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) congeners 153, 138, 180, and 170 and for the organochlorine pesticides, dichloro-diphenyl-dichloroethylene (pp-DDE), and β-hexachlorocyclohexane (βHCH)...
- Bee honey as an environmental bioindicator of pesticides' occurrence in six agricultural areas of GreeceGeorge Balayiannis
Laboratory of Chemical Control of Pesticides and Laboratory of Pollution Control of the Environment by Pesticides, Benaki Phytophathological Institute, 151 46, Kifissia, Greece
Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 55:462-70. 2008..It also shows that, very often, the chemicals used by apiculturists inside the hives in order to control disease are the main pollutants of the produced honey...
- Ultrasonic and LIDAR sensors for electronic canopy characterization in vineyards: advances to improve pesticide application methodsJordi Llorens
Department of Agri Food Engineering and Biotechnology, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya Campus del Baix Llobregat, Edifici D4, Esteve Terradas, 8, 08860 Castelldefels, Spain
Sensors (Basel) 11:2177-94. 2011..The proposed new technologies seems very appropriate as complementary tools to improve the efficiency of pesticide applications, although further improvements are still needed...
- Using organic-certified rather than synthetic pesticides may not be safer for biological control agents: selectivity and side effects of 14 pesticides on the predator Orius laevigatusAntonio Biondi
University of Catania, Department of Agri Food and Environmental Systems Management, Via Santa Sofia 100, 95123 Catania, Italy
Chemosphere 87:803-12. 2012..The accurate assessment of the compatibility of various pesticides with predator activity is key for the success of this strategy...
- Gene expression in honey bee (Apis mellifera) larvae exposed to pesticides and Varroa mites (Varroa destructor)Ales Gregorc
Honey Bee Research and Extension Laboratory, Department of Entomology and Nematology, University of Florida, Natural Area Drive, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
J Insect Physiol 58:1042-9. 2012Honey bee (Apis mellifera) larvae reared in vitro were exposed to one of nine pesticides and/or were challenged with the parasitic mite, Varroa destructor...
- Indirect effects of contaminants in aquatic ecosystemsJohn W Fleeger
Department of Biological Sciences, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA
Sci Total Environ 317:207-33. 2003Contaminants such as petroleum hydrocarbons, heavy metals and pesticides can cause direct toxic effects when released into aquatic environments...
- Organophosphate pesticide metabolite levels in pre-school children in an agricultural community: within- and between-child variability in a longitudinal studyW Griffith
Department of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 7234, USA
Environ Res 111:751-6. 2011..The goal of this analysis was to investigate these variability components during periods when organophosphate pesticides were and were not actively applied to orchards in that community...
- Population-level effects of pesticides and other toxicants on arthropodsJohn D Stark
Department of Entomology, Washington State University, 7612 Pioneer Way East, Puyallup, Washington 98371, USA
Annu Rev Entomol 48:505-19. 2003New developments in ecotoxicology are changing the way pesticides and other toxicants are evaluated...
- Effect of endocrine disruptor pesticides: a reviewWissem Mnif
Laboratoire de Biochimie, Unité de Recherche 02 UR 09 01, Institut Superieur de Biotechnologie, de Monastir, BP 74, 5019 Monastir, Tunisia
Int J Environ Res Public Health 8:2265-303. 2011..A huge number of chemicals have been identified as endocrine disruptors, among them several pesticides. Pesticides are used to kill unwanted organisms in crops, public areas, homes and gardens, and parasites in ..
- Does the clock make the poison? Circadian variation in response to pesticidesLouisa A Hooven
Department of Zoology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, United States of America
PLoS ONE 4:e6469. 2009..To determine whether reported XM gene expression rhythms result in functional rhythms, we examined daily profiles of enzyme activity and dose responses to the pesticides propoxur, deltamethrin, fipronil, and malathion.
- Significance of urban and agricultural land use for biocide and pesticide dynamics in surface watersI K Wittmer
Eawag, Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, 8600 Dubendorf, Switzerland
Water Res 44:2850-62. 2010Biocides and pesticides are designed to control the occurrence of unwanted organisms. From their point of application, these substances can be mobilized and transported to surface waters posing a threat to the aquatic environment...
- American Healthy Homes Survey: a national study of residential pesticides measured from floor wipesDaniel M Stout
National Exposure Research Laboratory, U S Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27711, USA
Environ Sci Technol 43:4294-300. 2009..22 ng/cm2 and GM 0.14 ng/ cm2) and cypermethrin (mean 2.9 ng/cm2 and GM 0.03 ng/ cm2). Results show that most floors in occupied homes in the U.S. have measurable levels of insecticides that may serve as sources of exposure to occupants...
- Subchronic exposure of honeybees to sublethal doses of pesticides: effects on behaviorYassine Aliouane
Centre de Recherches sur la Cognition Animale UMR CNRS 5169, Universite Paul Sabatier, 118 route de Narbonne, 31062 Toulouse Cedex, France
Environ Toxicol Chem 28:113-22. 2009..Our data on the intrinsic toxicity of the compounds after chronic exposure have to be taken into account for evaluation of risk to honeybees in field conditions...
- Association of pesticide exposure with neurologic dysfunction and diseaseFreya Kamel
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709, USA
Environ Health Perspect 112:950-8. 2004Poisoning by acute high-level exposure to certain pesticides has well-known neurotoxic effects, but whether chronic exposure to moderate levels of pesticides is also neurotoxic is more controversial...
- Association of low-dose exposure to persistent organic pollutants with global DNA hypomethylation in healthy KoreansKeon Yeop Kim
Department of Preventative Medicine, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea
Environ Health Perspect 118:370-4. 2010..Whether these associations extend to a population with much lower concentrations of POPs is not known...
- Plantation work and risk of Parkinson disease in a population-based longitudinal studyHelen Petrovitch
Department of Medicine, University of Hawaii John A Burns School of Medicine, USA
Arch Neurol 59:1787-92. 2002Parkinson disease (PD) has an unknown cause; however, convincing evidence is emerging that indicates pesticides can selectively injure the dopaminergic system in laboratory animals...
- Pesticides and Parkinson's disease--is there a link?Terry P Brown
Medical Research Council Institute for Environment and Health, University of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom
Environ Health Perspect 114:156-64. 2006..It has been postulated that exogenous toxicants, including pesticides, might be involved in the etiology of PD...
- Parkinson's disease and residential exposure to maneb and paraquat from agricultural applications in the central valley of CaliforniaSadie Costello
Department of Environmental Health Sciences, University of California, Berkeley, 94720 7360, USA
Am J Epidemiol 169:919-26. 2009Evidence from animal and cell models suggests that pesticides cause a neurodegenerative process leading to Parkinson's disease (PD)...
- Strong associations between low-dose organochlorine pesticides and type 2 diabetes in KoreaH K Son
Department of Preventive Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Jung Gu, Daegu, South Korea
Environ Int 36:410-4. 2010Low-dose organochlorine (OC) pesticides have recently been associated with type 2 diabetes in several non-Asian general populations...
- Analyzing effects of pesticides on invertebrate communities in streamsMatthias Liess
UFZ Centre for Environmental Research, Permoserstrasse 15, D 04318 Leipzig, Germany
Environ Toxicol Chem 24:954-65. 2005..was to find patterns in aquatic invertebrate community composition that are related to the effects of pesticides. Investigations were carried out in 20 central European streams...
- Prenatal organophosphate metabolite and organochlorine levels and performance on the Brazelton Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale in a multiethnic pregnancy cohortStephanie M Engel
Department of Community and Preventive Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
Am J Epidemiol 165:1397-404. 2007Prenatal exposures to organophosphate pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls have been associated with abnormal neonatal behavior and/or primitive reflexes...
- Use of agricultural pesticides and prostate cancer risk in the Agricultural Health Study cohortMichael C R Alavanja
Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Rockville, MD 20892, USA
Am J Epidemiol 157:800-14. 2003The authors examined the relation between 45 common agricultural pesticides and prostate cancer incidence in a prospective cohort study of 55,332 male pesticide applicators from Iowa and North Carolina with no prior history of prostate ..
- Associations of pesticides, HCV, HBV, and hepatocellular carcinoma in EgyptSameera Ezzat
National Liver Institute, Menoufiya University, Shibin El Kom, Egypt
Int J Hyg Environ Health 208:329-39. 2005..A major segment of the population is employed in agriculture, raising the possibility that exposure to pesticides is an additional risk factor for HCC...
- Maternal and fetal exposure to pesticides associated to genetically modified foods in Eastern Townships of Quebec, CanadaAziz Aris
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Sherbrooke Hospital Centre, Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada
Reprod Toxicol 31:528-33. 2011b>Pesticides associated to genetically modified foods (PAGMF), are engineered to tolerate herbicides such as glyphosate (GLYP) and gluphosinate (GLUF) or insecticides such as the bacterial toxin bacillus thuringiensis (Bt)...
- Can pesticides and larval competition alter susceptibility of Aedes mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) to arbovirus infection?Ephantus J Muturi
Illinois Natural History Survey, University of Illinois, 1816 S Oak Street, Champaign, IL 61820, USA
J Med Entomol 48:429-36. 2011..The application of pesticides used for control may alter these density-dependent interactions with consequences for the number of survivors ..
- Effects of pesticides on human peripheral lymphocytes in vitro: induction of DNA damageU Undeger
Department of Pharmaceutical Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Hacettepe University, 06100, Ankara, Turkey
Arch Toxicol 79:169-76. 2005Because of the widespread use of pesticides for domestic and industrial applications the evaluation of their genotoxic effects is of major concern to public health...
- Impacts of climate change on the fate and behaviour of pesticides in surface and groundwater--A UK perspectiveJ P Bloomfield
Maclean Building, British Geological Survey, Crowmarsh Gifford, Wallingford, Oxfordshire, OX10 8BB, UK
Sci Total Environ 369:163-77. 2006Over the last two decades significant effort has been dedicated to understanding the fate and transport of pesticides in surface water and groundwater and to use this understanding in the development of environmental policy and regulation...
- Pesticide exposure as a risk factor for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: a meta-analysis of epidemiological studies: pesticide exposure as a risk factor for ALSAngela M Malek
Department of Neurosciences, College of Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC 29425, USA
Environ Res 117:112-9. 2012Exposure to pesticides and agricultural chemicals has been linked to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) although findings have been inconsistent...
- Exposure patterns of UV filters, fragrances, parabens, phthalates, organochlor pesticides, PBDEs, and PCBs in human milk: correlation of UV filters with use of cosmeticsMargret Schlumpf
GREEN Tox and Institute of Anatomy, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, Zurich, Switzerland
Chemosphere 81:1171-83. 2010..e., organochlor pesticides and metabolites, polybrominated diphenylethers and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs)...
- Neuropsychological and psychiatric functioning in sheep farmers exposed to low levels of organophosphate pesticidesSarah Jane Mackenzie Ross
Research Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom
Neurotoxicol Teratol 32:452-9. 2010The study aim was to determine whether low level exposure to organophosphate pesticides (OPs) causes neuropsychological or psychiatric impairment...
- Pesticides, chromosomal aberrations, and non-Hodgkin's lymphomaBrian C H Chiu
Department of Preventive Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois 60611 4402, USA
J Agromedicine 14:250-5. 2009..of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) has been reported among farmers and other occupational groups working with pesticides. Some pesticides exhibit immunotoxic and genotoxic activities...
- A gene-environment study of the paraoxonase 1 gene and pesticides in amyotrophic lateral sclerosisJulia M Morahan
The Stacey MND Laboratory, Department of Pathology, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
Neurotoxicology 28:532-40. 2007..SALS has been associated with exposure to environmental toxins, including pesticides and chemical warfare agents, many of which are organophosphates...
- The risk of adverse reproductive and developmental disorders due to occupational pesticide exposure: an overview of current epidemiological evidenceWojciech Hanke
Department of Environmental Epidemiology, Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Lodz, Poland
Int J Occup Med Environ Health 17:223-43. 2004..In general, no effect of exposure to pesticides on sexual hormones was observed...
- High rates of suicide and attempted suicide using pesticides in Nickerie, Suriname, South AmericaT Graafsma
Department of Medical Psychology, General Hospital in Nickerie, Suriname
Crisis 27:77-81. 2006..Particularly remarkable is the high number of attempted suicides among males (49%), and the use of pesticides in both fatal (55%) and nonfatal suicidal behavior (44%)...
- Entomopathogenic fungus as a biological control for an important vector of livestock disease: the Culicoides biting midgeMinshad Ali Ansari
Pure and Applied Ecology, Swansea University, Swansea, United Kingdom
PLoS ONE 6:e16108. 2011..nubeculosus in laboratory and greenhouse studies...
- Associations of prenatal exposure to organophosphate pesticide metabolites with gestational age and birth weightStephen A Rauch
Child and Family Research Institute, BC Children s Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
Environ Health Perspect 120:1055-60. 2012Prenatal exposure to organophosphate (OP) insecticides, a widely used class of pesticides, may be associated with decreased gestational age and lower birth weight...
- Effects of model organophosphorous pesticides on DNA damage and proliferation of HepG2 cellsIrena Hreljac
Department for Genetic Toxicology and Cancer Biology, National Institute of Biology, Ljubljana, Slovenia
Environ Mol Mutagen 49:360-7. 2008Organophosphorous compounds (OPs) are commonly used pesticides. The primary mechanism of OP toxicity is the inhibition of acetylcholine esterase in the nervous system leading to a variety of acute and chronic effects...
- Patterns of pesticide use in California and the implications for strategies for reduction of pesticidesLynn Epstein
Department of Plant Pathology, University of California, Davis, California 95616 8680, USA
Annu Rev Phytopathol 41:351-75. 2003....
- Determination of chlorinated pesticides, polychlorinated biphenyls, and polybrominated diphenyl ethers in human milk from Bizerte (Tunisia) in 2010Sihem Ben Hassine
Laboratory of Environmental Analytical Chemistry 05 UR 12 03, University of Carthage, 7021 Zarzouna, Tunisia
Chemosphere 89:369-77. 2012Thirty persistent organohalogen compounds including organochlorine pesticides (OCPs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) were determined in breast milk samples (n=36) of primipara and multipara ..
- Tipping the balance of autism risk: potential mechanisms linking pesticides and autismJanie F Shelton
Graduate Group in Epidemiology, Department of Public Health Science, University of California, Davis, Davis, California 95616, USA
Environ Health Perspect 120:944-51. 2012..replicated findings have yet to appear on any specific exposure; however, mounting evidence suggests gestational pesticides exposures are strong candidates...
- Lower birth weight and increased body fat at school age in children prenatally exposed to modern pesticides: a prospective studyChristine Wohlfahrt-Veje
University Dept, of Growth and Reproduction, Rigshospitalet, Blegdamsvej 9, 2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark
Environ Health 10:79. 2011..Long-term effects of prenatal exposure to non-persistent pesticides on body composition have so far not been investigated...
- Variability of organophosphorous pesticide metabolite levels in spot and 24-hr urine samples collected from young children during 1 weekAsa Bradman
Center for Environmental Research and Children s Health, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, California 94704, USA
Environ Health Perspect 121:118-24. 2013..in spot urine samples are frequently used to characterize children's exposures to organophosphorous (OP) pesticides. However, variable exposure and short biological half-lives of OP pesticides could result in highly variable ..
- Exposure to pesticides as risk factor for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and hairy cell leukemia: pooled analysis of two Swedish case-control studiesLennart Hardell
Department of Oncology, Orebro University Hospital, Sweden
Leuk Lymphoma 43:1043-9. 2002Increased risk for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) following exposure to certain pesticides has previously been reported...
- Biological monitoring of exposure to pesticides: current issuesF He
Institute of Occupational Medicine, Chinese Academy of Preventive Medicine, Beijing, P R China
Toxicol Lett 108:277-83. 1999..Selection of suitable biomarkers of exposure to pesticides, development of detection methods, validation of measurement and interpretation of results are of utmost concern ..
- Degradation of contrasting pesticides by white rot fungi and its relationship with ligninolytic potentialGary D Bending
Horticulture Research International, Wellesbourne, Warwick CV35 9EF, UK
FEMS Microbiol Lett 212:59-63. 2002..of nine species of white rot fungus from a variety of basidiomycete orders to degrade contrasting mono-aromatic pesticides was investigated...
- Use of a terrestrial LIDAR sensor for drift detection in vineyard sprayingEmilio Gil
Department of Agri Food Engineering and Biotechnology, Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain
Sensors (Basel) 13:516-34. 2013..In general; the use of the LIDAR sensor presents an interesting and easy technique to establish the potential drift of a specific spray situation as an adequate alternative for the evaluation of drift potential...
- Ecological models in support of regulatory risk assessments of pesticides: developing a strategy for the futureValery E Forbes
Centre for Integrated Population Ecology, Department of Environmental, Social and Spatial Change, Roskilde University, Roskilde, Denmark
Integr Environ Assess Manag 5:167-72. 2009..Europe, the United States, and Asia, to discuss the role of ecological modeling in risk assessments of pesticides, particularly under the European regulatory framework...
- Occupational exposure of farm workers to pesticides: biochemical parameters and evaluation of genotoxicityAline Pértile Remor
Departamento de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Regional Integrada do Alto Uruguai e das Missões URI, Erechim, RS, Brazil
Environ Int 35:273-8. 2009To assess the effects of exposure to complex mixtures of pesticides in farm workers from two communities from Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, we evaluated the activities of butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) and delta-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase ..
- The implications of using a physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model for pesticide risk assessmentChensheng Lu
Exposure, Epidemiology, and Risk Program, Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Environ Health Perspect 118:125-30. 2010....
- Exposure to multiple pesticides and risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma in men from six Canadian provincesKarin Hohenadel
Occupational Cancer Research Centre, 505 University Avenue, 14th Floor, Toronto, Ontario M5G 1X3, Canada
Int J Environ Res Public Health 8:2320-30. 2011Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) has been linked to several agricultural exposures, including some commonly used pesticides. Although there is a significant body of literature examining the effects of exposure to individual pesticides on NHL, ..
- Broken sperm, cytoplasmic droplets and reduced sperm motility are principal markers of decreased sperm quality due to organophosphorus pesticides in ratsAi Okamura
Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Aichi 467 8601, Japan
J Occup Health 51:478-87. 2009..The aim of this study was to clarify the effects of OP exposure on detailed sperm toxicity markers, i.e., motility, morphology and sperm adenine nucleotide contents, and the histopathology of the testis and epididymis...
- Potential of 11 pesticides to initiate downstream drift of stream macroinvertebratesMikhail A Beketov
Dept System Ecotoxicology, UFZ Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research, Permoserstrasse 15, 04318, Leipzig, Germany
Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 55:247-53. 2008..The aim of the present study was to evaluate potential drift-initiating action of 11 pesticides having different target groups and modes of action...
- The use of developmental neurotoxicity data in pesticide risk assessmentsKathleen C Raffaele
Office of Research and Development, U S Environmental Protection Agency, 1200 Pennsylvania Ave, Washington, DC 20460, USA
Neurotoxicol Teratol 32:563-72. 2010..of the Food Quality Protection Act, which mandated an increased focus on evaluating the potential toxicity of pesticides to children, the number of guideline developmental neurotoxicity (DNT) studies (OPPTS 870...
- Effects of pesticides on community composition and activity of sediment microbes--responses at various levels of microbial community organizationAnneli Widenfalk
Department of Environmental Assessment, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, P O Box 7050, SE 750 07 Uppsala, Sweden
Environ Pollut 152:576-84. 2008A freshwater sediment was exposed to the pesticides captan, glyphosate, isoproturon, and pirimicarb at environmentally relevant and high concentrations...
- Pesticides and atopic and nonatopic asthma among farm women in the Agricultural Health StudyJane A Hoppin
NIEHS Epidemiology Branch, MD A3 05, P O Box 12233, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 2233, USA
Am J Respir Crit Care Med 177:11-8. 2008..Risk factors for asthma among farm women are understudied...
- CYP 1A1 polymorphism and organochlorine pesticides levels in the etiology of prostate cancerVivek Kumar
Environmental Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Laboratory, Department of Biochemistry, University College of Medical Sciences and GTB Hospital, University of Delhi, Dilshad Garden, Delhi 110 095, India
Chemosphere 81:464-8. 2010Organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) and polymorphisms of xenobiotic metabolizing enzymes are reported to be associated with the possible risk of prostate cancer...
- Environmental context determines community sensitivity of freshwater zooplankton to a pesticideNathalie C Stampfli
Department of System Ecotoxicology, Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research UFZ, Permoserstraße 15, 04318 Leipzig, Germany
Aquat Toxicol 104:116-24. 2011..These findings indicate that environmental context is more important for ecotoxicological evaluation than assumed previously...
- Impact of pesticides used in agriculture and vineyards to surface and groundwater quality (North Spain)Alain Hildebrandt
Department of Environmental Chemistry, IIQAB Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Jordi Girona 18 26, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
Water Res 42:3315-26. 2008An environmental monitoring program was carried out to determine the impact of eight pesticides on the surface and groundwater quality of agricultural areas within the Ebro, Duero and Miño river basins...
- Prostate cancer and ambient pesticide exposure in agriculturally intensive areas in CaliforniaMyles Cockburn
Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, 1441 Eastlake Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 90089 9175, USA
Am J Epidemiol 173:1280-8. 2011..Past ambient exposures to pesticides/fungicides were derived from residential history and independently recorded pesticide and land-use data, using a ..
- China: forward to the green pesticides via a basic research programXuhong Qian
Shanghai Key Laboratory of Chemical Biology, Institute of Pharmaceuticals and Pesticides, School of Pharmacy, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237, China
J Agric Food Chem 58:2613-23. 2010..1, stage 2 (2010-2014) of this program will focus on the molecular target-oriented innovation of green chemical pesticides. This commentary presents key learnings and accomplishments from the stage 1 of China's green chemical pesticide ..
- Pyrethroid and organophosphorus pesticides in composite diet samples from Atlanta, USA adultsAnne M Riederer
Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, 1518 Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
Environ Sci Technol 44:483-90. 2010..permethrin, cyfluthrin, cypermethrin, deltamethrin) and 3 organophosphorus (chlorpyrifos, diazinon, malathion) pesticides were measured in 4 days of 24 h duplicate diet samples collected from 12 Atlanta adults over two cycles (2005-..
- Access to farming pesticides and risk for suicide in Chinese rural young peopleYuanyuan Kong
Department of Epidemiology and Statistics, School of Public Health, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong 250012, China
Psychiatry Res 179:217-21. 2010Suicide is a leading cause of death in individuals 15-34 years of age in China. Highly lethal pesticides are a common method used for suicide in Chinese rural areas...
- Ecological models and pesticide risk assessment: current modeling practiceAmelie Schmolke
UFZ, Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research, Department of Ecological Modelling, Permoserstrasse 15, 04318 Leipzig, Germany
Environ Toxicol Chem 29:1006-12. 2010Ecological risk assessments of pesticides usually focus on risk at the level of individuals, and are carried out by comparing exposure and toxicological endpoints...
- Association of organophosphate pesticide exposure and paraoxonase with birth outcome in Mexican-American womenKim G Harley
Center for Environmental Research and Children s Health, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, California, United States of America
PLoS ONE 6:e23923. 2011..We explored whether paraoxonase (PON1), a key enzyme involved in detoxification of OPs, could be an effect modifier in this association...
- Prenatal pesticide and PCB exposures and birth outcomesMary S Wolff
Department of Community and Preventive Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York 10029, USA
Pediatr Res 61:243-50. 2007..polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), 1,1'-dichloro-2,2'-bis(4-chlorophenyl)ethylene (DDE), and organophosphate (OP) pesticides and adverse pregnancy outcomes, although they are known developmental toxicants...
- Occupational exposure to pesticides increases the risk of incident AD: the Cache County studyK M Hayden
Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA
Neurology 74:1524-30. 2010Commonly used organophosphate and organochlorine pesticides inhibit acetylcholinesterase at synapses in the somatic, autonomic, and central nervous systems and may therefore have lasting effects on the nervous system...
- Amphibians and agricultural chemicals: review of the risks in a complex environmentReinier M Mann
Centre for Ecotoxicology, Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Technology Sydney, NSW, Australia
Environ Pollut 157:2903-27. 2009..the persistence and health of amphibian populations are likely to be compromised by the escalating use of pesticides and other agricultural chemicals...
- Development of a framework based on an ecosystem services approach for deriving specific protection goals for environmental risk assessment of pesticidesKarin M Nienstedt
European Food Safety Authority, Largo N Palli 5 A, 43121 Parma, Italy
Sci Total Environ 415:31-8. 2012..EFSA) as well as examples of resulting SPGs obtained so far for environmental risk assessment (ERA) of pesticides is presented...
- Associations of serum concentrations of organochlorine pesticides with breast cancer and prostate cancer in U.S. adultsXiaohui Xu
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, College of Public Health and Health Professions, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA
Environ Health Perspect 118:60-6. 2010Organochlorine (OC) pesticides are a group of environmental endocrine disruptors that may be associated with an increased risk for hormone-related cancers including cancers of the breast and prostate...
- Exposure to pesticides and risk of childhood cancer: a meta-analysis of recent epidemiological studiesFlorence Vinson
INRA, UMR1089 Xenobiotiques, 180 chemin de Tournefeuille, BP93173, F 31027 Toulouse cedex 3, France
Occup Environ Med 68:694-702. 2011The authors performed a meta-analysis of case-control and cohort studies to clarify the possible relationship between exposure to pesticides and childhood cancers.
- Pesticides and their metabolites in the homes and urine of farmworker children living in the Salinas Valley, CAAsa Bradman
Center for Children s Environmental Health Research, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 7380, USA
J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 17:331-49. 2007..We measured 29 common agricultural and home use pesticides in multiple exposure media samples...
- Assessment of a pesticide exposure intensity algorithm in the agricultural health studyKent W Thomas
US Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27711, USA
J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 20:559-69. 2010..cohort study of pesticide applicators who provided detailed questionnaire information on their use of specific pesticides. A field study was conducted for a subset of the applicators enrolled in the AHS to assess a pesticide exposure ..
- ORGANOPHOSPHATE PESTICIDES AND HUMAN REPRODUCTIVE HEALTHXiping Xu; Fiscal Year: 2003..follow a cohort of women and their husbands to assess the effects of exposure to organophosphate (OP) pesticides on adverse reproductive outcomes in both men and women in agricultural workers...
- Prenatal Exposures & Procarcinogenic MutationsManuela Orjuela; Fiscal Year: 2007..varying levels of environmental exposures including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) and organophosphate pesticides such as chlorpyrifos. Prenatal exposures have been assessed by questionnaires, air monitoring, and biomarkers...
- SUPPORT CONTRACT FOR THE NTP INTERAGENCY CENTER/VALIDATION OF ALT METHODSDavid Allen; Fiscal Year: 2011..mission, agencies need to determine whether adverse effects might result from exposures to substances such as pesticides, consumer products, medicines, medical devices, workplace chemicals, food additives, or to contaminants in air, ..
- SUPPORT CONTRACT FOR THE NTP INTERAGENCY CENTER/VALIDATION OF ALT METHODSDavid Allen; Fiscal Year: 2012..mission, agencies need to determine whether adverse effects might result from exposures to substances such as pesticides, consumer products, medicines, medical devices, workplace chemicals, food additives, or to contaminants in air, ..
- NIEHS SUPPORT OF THE AHS COHORT STUDY AT NCICharles Knott; Fiscal Year: 2010The Agricultural Health Study (AHS) is a major effort which is designed to evaluate the relationship between pesticides and other agricultural factors and the risk of cancer and other diseases...
- THE AGRICULTURAL HEALTH STUDY - FIELD STATIONSCharles Lynch; Fiscal Year: 2010The Agricultural Health Study (AHS) is a major effort which is designed to evaluate the relationship between pesticides and other agricultural factors and the risk of cancer and other diseases...
- Multi-targeted Countermeasures against Acute and Delayed Effects of OP ExposureJohn A Butera; Fiscal Year: 2013..The classic OP nerve agents such as sarin, soman, tabun, and VX, along with related OP pesticides represent some of the most toxic materials known to humankind...
- SUPPORT CONTRACT FOR THE NTP INTERAGENCY CENTER/VALIDATION OF ALT METHODSDavid Allen; Fiscal Year: 2009..mission, agencies need to determine whether adverse effects might result from exposures to substances such as pesticides, consumer products, medicines, medical devices, workplace chemicals, food additives, or to contaminants in air, ..
- Dietary Lipids and Silica-Accelerated AutoimmunityJames J Pestka; Fiscal Year: 2013..risk of autoimmunity from exposures to toxicants such as asbestos, heavy metals, trichloroethylene, and pesticides. Finally, it is expected that these studies will reveal additional potential benefits of n-3 PUFA consumption on ..
- Novel Zebrafish Models to Study Toxicity of PCBs and Pesticides During PregnancyLisa Satterwhite; Fiscal Year: 2009..Strikingly, the PCB- induced HLH and pesticide associated birth defects may be related because PCBs and some pesticides disrupt cells by the same mechanism: activation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) signaling pathway which ..
- GI Endotoxin as an Environmental Trigger in an alpha-Synuclein Transgenic MouseRobert L Nussbaum; Fiscal Year: 2012..viral infection, heavy metals, bacterial toxins, microbe-induced inflammation, and chemical agents including pesticides. The balance between genetic predisposition and environmental insult is likely to be different depending on the ..
- Vascular and Skeletal Muscle Function in Gulf War Veterans IllnessScott Kinlay; Fiscal Year: 2013..Symptoms and exposure to pesticides, pyridostigmine bromide, and low level sarin exposure are well documented in these cohorts...
- NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY - CACHE COUNTY STUDY CENTEREdward Clark; Fiscal Year: 2012..environmental exposures compared to adults;known ongoing exposures, such as prevalent levels of non-persistent pesticides or hours of media exposure per day in young children;and evidence for environmental contributions or causes to ..
- Oxidative stress and neurogenetic networks in DrosophilaRobert R H Anholt; Fiscal Year: 2010..standing challenge in environmental health science is to assess the effects of environmental chemicals such as pesticides or herbicides on genetic risk for neurodegenerative diseases as manifest through locomotor dysfunction (e.g...
- Lipid glyceryl ester homeostasis in macrophages and perturbation by environmentalMatthew K Ross; Fiscal Year: 2012..b>Pesticides, such as organophosphates (OPs), are environmental toxicants that can be detoxified by CES;however, CES are ..
- Detection of engineered nanomaterials in drinking water, food, commercial productPaul K Westerhoff; Fiscal Year: 2010..is rapidly resulting in the production of nanomaterials (NMs) that will be used in everything from toothpaste to pesticides, yet the research community lacks adequate techniques to measure the size and concentration of nanomaterials in ..
- DNA methylation alterations in response to pesticides exposureLifang Hou; Fiscal Year: 2010..In the US, exposure to pesticides is ubiquitous, and over one million people are subjected to high occupational exposure...
- The role of human DNA polymerase eta in the mutagenic response to oxidative stresSCOTT DAVID MCCULLOCH; Fiscal Year: 2013..caused by a number of environmental agents such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons like dioxin, heavy metals, pesticides, and ultraviolet and ionizing radiation...
- Epidemiological Research on Autism in Jamaica - Phase IIMohammad H Rahbar; Fiscal Year: 2013..In the proposed project, we will assess the levels of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and organochlorine (OC) pesticides in the cord-blood isolated from 144 newborns enrolled in the 2011 Jamaican birth cohort to test the hypothesis ..
- Paternal Environmental Exposures and Reproductive Outcomes: A Comparison of in ViDEBORAH ANN HANSEN; Fiscal Year: 2013..and biochemical abnormalities have been reported in F1 and F2 generations following paternal exposures to pesticides, herbicides, and radiation...
- Memory and Mood Enhancing Therapies for Gulf War IllnessAshok K Shetty; Fiscal Year: 2013..Intake of the prophylactic drug pyridostigmine bromide (PB), prolonged exposure to pesticides (such as DEET and permethrin), and the combat-related stress during the Persian Gulf War-1 are believed to be ..
- NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY -CLINICAL BIOLOGICAL ANALYSISVELAZQUEZ FRANCISCO; Fiscal Year: 2011..environmental exposures compared to adults;known ongoing exposures, such as prevalent levels of non-persistent pesticides or hours of media exposure per day in young children;and evidence for environmental contributions or causes to ..
- NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY SUPPORTBetty Wood; Fiscal Year: 2013..environmental exposures compared to adults;known ongoing exposures, such as prevalent levels of non-persistent pesticides or hours of media exposure per day in young children;and evidence for environmental contributions or causes to ..
- NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY SUPPORTBetty Wood; Fiscal Year: 2012
- NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY SUPPORTBetty Wood; Fiscal Year: 2011
- Environmental Endocrine Disruptors and Human Sperm Chromosomal AbnormalitiesMelissa Perry; Fiscal Year: 2012..from our group has found associations between organochlorines and inferior semen quality and contemporary use pesticides and DNA damage. The question remains as to whether these exposures impact sperm aneuploidy...
- NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY COORDINATING CENTERElaine D Eaker; Fiscal Year: 2009..environmental exposures compared to adults;known ongoing exposures, such as prevalent levels of non-persistent pesticides or hours of media exposure per day in young children;and evidence for environmental contributions or causes to a ..
- System for Decontaminating Well Water for DrinkingGIRISH SRINIVAS; Fiscal Year: 2010..g. lead), organic contaminants (e.g. pesticides), as well as trace amounts of hazardous materials such as arsenic, perchlorate, nitrates and nitrites...
- International Training and Research in Environmental and Occupational HealthNELSON K STEENLAND; Fiscal Year: 2012..pesticide applicators in the Majes valley of Peru do not use protective equipments when using organophosphate pesticides. Two other Peruvian Fogarty studies funded via Emory showed a similar situation with informal gold miners using ..
- Design of a high-throughput screen for chemicals that cause meiotic aneuploidyPatrick Allard; Fiscal Year: 2011..contribution in the etiology of meiotic chromosome segregation errors as compounds as diverse as plastics, pesticides and anti-anxiety drugs have been shown to cause meiotic aneuploidies in mammals...
- NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDYWilliam Hogan; Fiscal Year: 2013
- SUPPORT OF THE NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY INFORMATION SYSTEMJAMES TER MAAT; Fiscal Year: 2012
- NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDYHelen Koo; Fiscal Year: 2013
- NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDYKristina Lewis; Fiscal Year: 2013
- NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY SUPPORTRussell Walker; Fiscal Year: 2012
- NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY BIOMEDICAL (APPLIED/EXPLORATORY)Lee Smith; Fiscal Year: 2011
- PHAHs and Thyroid Cancer Risk in DoDSR CohortYawei Zhang; Fiscal Year: 2013..polyhalogenated aromatic hydrocarbons (PHAHs), including polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and organochlorine pesticides, are able to alter thyroid hormone homeostasis and cause thyroid dysfunction...
- NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY BIOMEDICAL (APPLIED/EXPLORATORY)Lee Smith; Fiscal Year: 2012
- NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDYHelen Koo; Fiscal Year: 2012
- NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDYDANA DABALEA; Fiscal Year: 2012
- Training in Environmental Health to Reduce Chronic Disease in Latin AmericaPhilip J Landrigan; Fiscal Year: 2013..3) exposure to lead and other heavy metals and neurotoxins such as pesticides continue in the developing world and contribute to neurobehavioral effects later in life...
- Indicators of early neurodegeneration: gene-toxin interactions at the syanpseFelix E Schweizer; Fiscal Year: 2010..We find that environmental toxins such as pesticides that are implicated in Parkinson's disease (PD) rapidly affect synaptic transmission and synaptic ..
- Next Generation Oxime Therapeutic for Chemical Agent Inhibited CNS (Brain) ChEsRichard K Gordon; Fiscal Year: 2010..b>Pesticides and OPs are significant terrorist threats to civilian populations...
- Perinatal Exposure to Environmental DDT and Risk of Metabolic SyndromeMichele La Merrill; Fiscal Year: 2012..There are however, human and mechanistic laboratory data suggesting that organochlorine pesticides, DDT among them, are associated with increased risk of diabetes and the metabolic syndrome...
- Neurotoxicity of organophosphorus pesticides in developing guinea pigsWilliam Randall; Fiscal Year: 2013DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Organophosphorus (OP) pesticides are among the most heavily used pest control agents worldwide...
- Strategies for Heavy Metal DetoxificationGerard Parkin; Fiscal Year: 2013..Furthermore, the use of organomercurials as pesticides resulted in the death of ca 500 people in Iraq in the early 1970s when wheat seeds treated with these pesticides ..
- Endocrine Disruptors: Assessment of endocrine disruption activity, mechanism andSubhrangsu Mandal; Fiscal Year: 2010..Sources of EDCs may include daily foods, drinking water, plastics, pesticides, synthetic hormones etc...
- Transcriptomics and Population Genetics of Mosquito Resistance to PyrethroidsMariangela Bonizzoni; Fiscal Year: 2013..The same classes of insecticide used in vector control strategies also are used as pesticides for agricultural purposes...
- Environmental PPAR Agonists Accelerate Aging of Bone and Impair LymphopoiesisAMELIA RACHEL HAAS BAKER; Fiscal Year: 2013..concern in the marine environment due to its use as an anti-fouling agent;however the use of TBT in agricultural pesticides, wood preservatives and the manufacturing of plastics has resulted in significant land-based sources of this ..
- NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY - PROGRAM &PLANNING SUPPORT FOR THE NCS PROGRAM OFFICERAJNI SAMAVEDAM; Fiscal Year: 2012
- NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY - PROGRAM &PLANNING SUPPORT FOR THE NCS PROGRAM OFFICERAJNI SAMAVEDAM; Fiscal Year: 2013
- NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY - SCHUYLKILL COUNTY STUDY CENTERJennifer Culhane; Fiscal Year: 2012
- Impact of maternal work in the Ecuadorian flower industry on infant developmentAlexis Handal; Fiscal Year: 2011..This study will further our understanding of exposure to non-persistent, acutely toxic pesticides, which have become the most commonly used pesticides in agricultural industry in the Unites States and globally...
- LOGISTICS FOR NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDYDavid J Tollerud; Fiscal Year: 2009
- HEME PROTEIN REDUCTASESStephen G Sligar; Fiscal Year: 2012..including cholesterol and steroid structures, long chain alkanes, aromatics, fatty acids, drugs, insecticides, pesticides, critical signaling molecules and carcinogen precursors...
- NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDYJANUARY HRICISAK; Fiscal Year: 2013
- NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDYAnthony Mawson; Fiscal Year: 2012
- Mosquito Vector Control Using Bt Coupled to Seed Oil BodiesMohd Amir Abdullah; Fiscal Year: 2009..BtB and Bti can lead to substantially improved control of disease vectoring mosquito species by biological pesticides, lowering the amount of chemical pesticides entering aquatic environments. The U.S...
- Definitive Studies For Use Of Galantamine As A Pre-Treatment Countermeasure AgainBILL BASINGER; Fiscal Year: 2011..Track SBIR Phase I and Phase II Exposure to centrally acting military nerve agents and organophosphorus (OP) pesticides are known to cause death and neurological damage (Coupland 2005, Karalliedee 1989, Buckley 2004)...
- Novel Organophosphorous Hydrolases for DecontaminationAndrew Mesecar; Fiscal Year: 2007..neurotoxins such as paraoxon, sarin, soman, VX, and Russian-VX, are a broad class of chemicals commonly used as pesticides and chemical warfare (CW) agents...
- Mixture Modeling: Pesticide Drug InteractionsCharles Timchalk; Fiscal Year: 2009..Among pesticides, organophosphorus insecticides like chlorpyrifos have been of particular concern since they are widely utilized, ..
- PHYTOESTROGENS, ORGANOCHLORINES, AND FIBROID RISKStephen Schwartz; Fiscal Year: 1999Phytoestrogens (such as isoflavones and lignans) and organochlorine compounds (such as pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls) are two broad classes of putative endocnne disruptors -- chemicals that may have the capability to alter a ..
- Data Mining Assisted Discovery of Novel OrganophosphorouRobert Turner; Fiscal Year: 2005..In addition, thousands-of-tons of OP compounds are used as pesticides and are annually released into the environment...
- Molecular Mechanisms of Endocrine Disruption in BassNancy D Denslow; Fiscal Year: 2011..plasma hormone levels have been observed in largemouth bass living in ecosystems polluted with organochlorine pesticides (OCPs), including the Superfund site at Lake Apopka and its surrounding muck farms, suggesting that OCP exposure ..
- A Microfluidic Biochip for Rapid Screening of Pesticide ResidueXiaoli Su; Fiscal Year: 2010..Many pesticides, particularly herbicides, can inhibit photosynthesis in a concentration-dependent manner...
- Realtime Monitoring of Trace Amounts of Pesticides from Water Using CarboANNE M contact SCHWARTZ; Fiscal Year: 2010..Development of a Field Applicable Real-time Remote Monitoring Sensor Device Capable of Detecting multiple pesticides simultaneously in fluid or surface water...
- Novel Organophosphorous Hydrolases for DecontaminationAndrew Mesecar; Fiscal Year: 2004..neurotoxins such as paraoxon, sarin, soman, VX, and Russian-VX, are a broad class of chemicals commonly used as pesticides and chemical warfare (CW) agents...
- OTHER FUNCTIONS TAS::75 0849::TAS AGRICULTURAL HEALTH STUDY PHASE IV--MOD 3:Marsha Dunn; Fiscal Year: 2012..1993-1997 (during Phase I of the AHS) when they obtained or renewed their license to apply restricted use pesticides;spouses were recruited largely by questionnaires brought home by the pesticide applicator (81%)...
- CHLORINATED HYDROCARBONS EFFECTS ON MAMMALIAN SYSTEMSDavid Kupfer; Fiscal Year: 2003..This study will examine the interaction of environmental pollutants, primarily pro-estrogenic/estrogenic pesticides and structurally related compounds (e.g...
- Maternal Pesticide Exposure and Pregnancy OutcomesRuss Hauser; Fiscal Year: 2009Although the use of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and many of the chlorinated pesticides, including DDT, are now prohibited or restricted, there remains concern over their potential human health effects because they persist in the ..