sunscreening agents

Summary

Summary: Chemical or physical agents that protect the skin from sunburn and erythema by absorbing or blocking ultraviolet radiation.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Prevalence of sunburn, sun protection, and indoor tanning behaviors among Americans: review from national surveys and case studies of 3 states
    David B Buller
    Klein Buendel Inc, Golden, Colorado 80439, USA
    J Am Acad Dermatol 65:S114-23. 2011
  2. ncbi Skin cancer-related prevention and screening behaviors: a review of the literature
    Nadine A Kasparian
    School of Women s and Children s Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales, Kensington, NSW, Australia
    J Behav Med 32:406-28. 2009
  3. ncbi Text-message reminders to improve sunscreen use: a randomized, controlled trial using electronic monitoring
    April W Armstrong
    Teledermatology Program, Department of Dermatology, University of California Davis Health System, 3301 C St, Ste1400, Sacramento, CA 95816, USA
    Arch Dermatol 145:1230-6. 2009
  4. ncbi Sunscreens in human plasma and urine after repeated whole-body topical application
    N R Janjua
    Department of Dermatology, Bispebjerg Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark
    J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 22:456-61. 2008
  5. ncbi Effects of video-based, online education on behavioral and knowledge outcomes in sunscreen use: a randomized controlled trial
    April W Armstrong
    Department of Dermatology, University of California, Davis, School of Medicine, Sacramento, CA 95816 USA
    Patient Educ Couns 83:273-7. 2011
  6. ncbi Primary prevention of skin cancer: a review of sun protection in Australia and internationally
    Warren R Stanton
    School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Queensland, St Lucia, Queensland 4072, Australia
    Health Promot Int 19:369-78. 2004
  7. pmc Lack of significant dermal penetration of titanium dioxide from sunscreen formulations containing nano- and submicron-size TiO2 particles
    Nakissa Sadrieh
    Office of Pharmaceutical Science, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, Food and Drug Administration, Silver Spring, Maryland 20993, USA
    Toxicol Sci 115:156-66. 2010
  8. ncbi Behavioral counseling to prevent skin cancer: a systematic review for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force
    Jennifer S Lin
    Center for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente Northwest, 3800 North Interstate Avenue, Portland, OR 97227, USA
    Ann Intern Med 154:190-201. 2011
  9. ncbi Sunburn, sunscreens, and phenotypes: some risk factors for cutaneous melanoma in southern Brazil
    Lucio Bakos
    Service of Dermatology, Hospital de Clinicas, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil
    Int J Dermatol 41:557-62. 2002
  10. ncbi Social cognitive predictors of sun protection intention and behavior
    Lynn B Myers
    School of Social Sciences and Law, Brunel University, Uxbridge, United Kingdom
    Behav Med 32:57-63. 2006

Detail Information

Publications304 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Prevalence of sunburn, sun protection, and indoor tanning behaviors among Americans: review from national surveys and case studies of 3 states
    David B Buller
    Klein Buendel Inc, Golden, Colorado 80439, USA
    J Am Acad Dermatol 65:S114-23. 2011
    ..Exposure to ultraviolet radiation (from solar and nonsolar sources) is a risk factor for skin cancer...
  2. ncbi Skin cancer-related prevention and screening behaviors: a review of the literature
    Nadine A Kasparian
    School of Women s and Children s Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales, Kensington, NSW, Australia
    J Behav Med 32:406-28. 2009
    ..It is also recommended that specific targeted interventions are developed to increase the prevalence of preventative and early intervention behaviors for the control of skin cancer...
  3. ncbi Text-message reminders to improve sunscreen use: a randomized, controlled trial using electronic monitoring
    April W Armstrong
    Teledermatology Program, Department of Dermatology, University of California Davis Health System, 3301 C St, Ste1400, Sacramento, CA 95816, USA
    Arch Dermatol 145:1230-6. 2009
    ..To evaluate the effectiveness of cellular telephone text messaging as a reminder tool for improving adherence to sunscreen application...
  4. ncbi Sunscreens in human plasma and urine after repeated whole-body topical application
    N R Janjua
    Department of Dermatology, Bispebjerg Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark
    J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 22:456-61. 2008
    ..For all three compounds, only sporadic measurements of percutaneous absorption and excretion after topical application in humans have been described...
  5. ncbi Effects of video-based, online education on behavioral and knowledge outcomes in sunscreen use: a randomized controlled trial
    April W Armstrong
    Department of Dermatology, University of California, Davis, School of Medicine, Sacramento, CA 95816 USA
    Patient Educ Couns 83:273-7. 2011
    ..To compare online video and pamphlet education at improving patient comprehension and adherence to sunscreen use, and to assess patient satisfaction with the two educational approaches...
  6. ncbi Primary prevention of skin cancer: a review of sun protection in Australia and internationally
    Warren R Stanton
    School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Queensland, St Lucia, Queensland 4072, Australia
    Health Promot Int 19:369-78. 2004
    ....
  7. pmc Lack of significant dermal penetration of titanium dioxide from sunscreen formulations containing nano- and submicron-size TiO2 particles
    Nakissa Sadrieh
    Office of Pharmaceutical Science, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, Food and Drug Administration, Silver Spring, Maryland 20993, USA
    Toxicol Sci 115:156-66. 2010
    ..At most, the few isolated particles represent a tiny fraction of the total amount of applied TiO(2). These findings indicate that there is no significant penetration of TiO(2) nanoparticles through the intact normal epidermis...
  8. ncbi Behavioral counseling to prevent skin cancer: a systematic review for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force
    Jennifer S Lin
    Center for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente Northwest, 3800 North Interstate Avenue, Portland, OR 97227, USA
    Ann Intern Med 154:190-201. 2011
    ..More than 2 million cases of skin cancer are diagnosed annually in the United States, and melanoma incidence is increasing...
  9. ncbi Sunburn, sunscreens, and phenotypes: some risk factors for cutaneous melanoma in southern Brazil
    Lucio Bakos
    Service of Dermatology, Hospital de Clinicas, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil
    Int J Dermatol 41:557-62. 2002
    ..There are no published studies on the risk factors for this malignancy in Brazil, the largest country in South America...
  10. ncbi Social cognitive predictors of sun protection intention and behavior
    Lynn B Myers
    School of Social Sciences and Law, Brunel University, Uxbridge, United Kingdom
    Behav Med 32:57-63. 2006
    ..The authors discuss the implications of the findings for potential interventions to improve sun protection behavior..
  11. ncbi Evaluation of a multicomponent appearance-based sun-protective intervention for young women: uncovering the mechanisms of program efficacy
    Kristina M Jackson
    Department of Psychology, Arizona State University, AZ, USA
    Health Psychol 25:34-46. 2006
    ..A mediational model of intervention outcomes revealed distinct mediators for sun protection versus sunbathing...
  12. ncbi A psychosocial model of sun protection and sunbathing in young women: the impact of health beliefs, attitudes, norms, and self-efficacy for sun protection
    K M Jackson
    Department of Psychology, Arizona State University, USA
    Health Psychol 19:469-78. 2000
    ..Susceptibility and advantages of tanning predicted both intention constructs, which, in turn, predicted behavior. These findings distinguish sun protection from sunbathing and provide a basis for intervention design...
  13. pmc The genetic and molecular basis for sunscreen biosynthesis in cyanobacteria
    Emily P Balskus
    Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Science 329:1653-6. 2010
    ..In addition to clarifying the origin of the MAAs, these efforts have revealed two unprecedented enzymatic strategies for imine formation...
  14. ncbi Prevention of skin cancer in primary healthcare: an evaluation of three different prevention effort levels and the applicability of a phototest
    Magnus Falk
    Unit of Research and Development in Local Healthcare, County of Ostergotland, Linkoping, Sweden
    Eur J Gen Pract 14:68-75. 2008
    ..Additionally, the impact of the performance of a phototest to determine individual sun sensitivity was evaluated...
  15. pmc Anti-photoaging and photoprotective compounds derived from marine organisms
    Ramjee Pallela
    Department of Chemistry, Pukyong National University, Busan 608 737, Korea
    Mar Drugs 8:1189-202. 2010
    ..The present review depicts various other photoprotective compounds from algae and other marine sources for further elaborative research and their probable use in cosmeceutical and pharmaceutical industries...
  16. ncbi Distribution of sunscreens on skin
    J Schulz
    R and D Cosmed, Beiersdorf AG, Function 4243, Unnastrasse 48, D 20245, Hamburg, Germany
    Adv Drug Deliv Rev 54:S157-63. 2002
    ..Micronised titanium dioxide is solely deposited on the outermost surface of the stratum corneum and cannot be detected in deeper stratum corneum layers, the human epidermis and dermis...
  17. pmc Sun protection intervention for highway workers: long-term efficacy of UV photography and skin cancer information on men's protective cognitions and behavior
    Michelle L Stock
    Department of Psychology, The George Washington University, Washington, DC 20052, USA
    Ann Behav Med 38:225-36. 2009
    ..The risk for skin cancer is increased among older males and outdoor workers who have high levels of ultraviolet (UV) exposure...
  18. ncbi Outdoor workers' perceptions of the risks of excess sun-exposure
    Judith P McCool
    School of Population Health, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, University of Auckland, New Zealand
    J Occup Health 51:404-11. 2009
    ..We also examined the relationship between perceived skin type and perceived risk of developing skin cancer...
  19. ncbi Skin cancer risk factors among primary school children: investigations in Western Hungary
    Katalin Fehér
    Western Transdanubian Regional Institute of National Public Health and Medical Officers Service, Gyor, Hungary
    Prev Med 51:320-4. 2010
    ..To evaluate the factors associated with sunburns and with sun protection practice in Hungarian primary school children...
  20. ncbi Study of the efficacy of 18 sun filters authorized in European Union tested in vitro
    C Couteau
    Faculty of Pharmacy, Universite de Nantes, France
    Pharmazie 62:449-52. 2007
    ..31) < octyldimethyl PABA (8.71) < octocrylene (10.41) < octylmethoxycinnamate (10.42) < diethylhexylbutamidotriazone (12.58) <isoamylparamethoxycinnamate (15.14) < anisotriazine (20.0)...
  21. ncbi Identifying latent classes of adults at risk for skin cancer based on constitutional risk and sun protection behavior
    Alana D Steffen
    Cancer Research Center of Hawaii, 1960 East West Road, Biomed C 105, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 16:1422-7. 2007
    ....
  22. ncbi Occurrence of some organic UV filters in wastewater, in surface waters, and in fish from Swiss Lakes
    Marianne E Balmer
    Agroscope FAW, Swiss Federal Research Station, CH 8820 Wadenswil, Switzerland
    Environ Sci Technol 39:953-62. 2005
    ..The lipid-based bioconcentration factor (BCF(L)) estimated from the fish (roach) data and SPMD-derived water concentrations was about 1-2.3 x 10(4) and thus approximately 1 order of magnitude lower than expected from its Kow value...
  23. ncbi TiO₂-based nanoparticles released in water from commercialized sunscreens in a life-cycle perspective: structures and quantities
    Celine Botta
    Aix Marseille Universite, CEREGE UMR 6635, CNRS, Europole Mediterraneen de l Arbois, BP 80, F 13545 Aix en Provence cedex 04, France
    Environ Pollut 159:1543-50. 2011
    ..These results were put in perspective with consumption and life cycle of sunscreens to estimate the amount of nano-TiO₂ potentially released into AQUATIC environment...
  24. ncbi Workplace sun protection policies and employees' sun-related skin damage
    Torres Woolley
    Skin Cancer Research Group, North Queensland Centre for Cancer Research, School of Public Health, Tropical Medicine and Rehabilitation Sciences, James Cook University, Townsville QLD, Australia
    Am J Health Behav 32:201-8. 2008
    ..To investigate whether mandatory sun protection for outdoor workers in tropical regions is associated with reduced sun damage...
  25. ncbi Occurrence of UV filter compounds from sunscreens in surface waters: regional mass balance in two Swiss lakes
    Thomas Poiger
    Agroscope, Swiss Federal Research Station for Horticulture, CH 8820 Wadenswil, Switzerland
    Chemosphere 55:951-63. 2004
    ..No UV filters were detected above blank levels in SPMDs deployed at a remote mountain lake used for background measurements...
  26. ncbi Medical students and sun prevention: knowledge and behaviours in France
    A Isvy
    Department of Dermatology, Ambroise Pare University Hospital, University of Versailles Saint Quentin en Yvelines, Assistance Publique Hopitaux de Paris, 9, avenue Charles de Gaulle, Boulogne Billancourt, France
    J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 27:e247-51. 2013
    ..High sun exposure is a major risk factor of skin cancer, and physicians are first-line players in a sun-risk prevention campaign...
  27. pmc A randomized trial of tailored skin cancer prevention messages for adults: Project SCAPE
    Karen Glanz
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6021, USA
    Am J Public Health 100:735-41. 2010
    ..We evaluated the impact of a mailed, tailored intervention on skin cancer prevention and skin self-examination behaviors of adults at moderate and high risk for skin cancer...
  28. ncbi Measuring risk perceptions of skin cancer: reliability and validity of different operationalizations
    Eva Janssen
    School for Public Health and Primary Care CAPHRI, Department of Health Promotion, Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Br J Health Psychol 16:92-112. 2011
    ....
  29. pmc Validity of self-reported sunscreen use by parents, children, and lifeguards
    Karen Glanz
    Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    Am J Prev Med 36:63-9. 2009
    ..This study examined the agreement between verbal reports of sunscreen use from survey and diary measures and objectively measured sunscreen use...
  30. ncbi Sun protection practices among offspring of women with personal or family history of skin cancer
    Alan C Geller
    Department of Dermatology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02118, USA
    Pediatrics 117:e688-94. 2006
    ..Family history of skin cancer is an important determinant of skin cancer risk for offspring. No previous study of the effect of personal or family history of skin cancer on the sun protection behaviors of the offspring has been published...
  31. ncbi Prevention of the ultraviolet effects on clinical and histopathological changes, as well as the heat shock protein-70 expression in mouse skin by topical application of algal UV-absorbing compounds
    F de la Coba
    Department of Ecology, University of Malaga, Spain
    J Dermatol Sci 55:161-9. 2009
    ..Recent studies have focused on marine organisms as a source of natural bioactive molecules and some UV-absorbing algal compounds are under investigation as candidates for new natural sunscreens...
  32. ncbi Safety assessment of personal care products/cosmetics and their ingredients
    Gerhard J Nohynek
    L Oreal R and D, Global Safety Evaluation, 92600 Asnières, France
    Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 243:239-59. 2010
    ..In the interest of all stakeholders, consumers, regulatory bodies and producers, there is an urgent need for an international harmonization on the status and safety requirements of these products and their ingredients...
  33. ncbi Liposomes as alternative vehicles for sun filter formulations
    E Ramon
    IIQAB CSIC, Jordi Girona 18 26, 08034 Barcelona, Spain
    Drug Deliv 12:83-8. 2005
    ..Finally, an acceptable correlation was obtained using both in vitro and in vivo methodologies to evaluate the corresponding skin absorption profile...
  34. ncbi Biotechnological and industrial significance of cyanobacterial secondary metabolites
    Rajesh P Rastogi
    Laboratory of Photobiology and Molecular Microbiology, Centre of Advanced Study in Botany, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221005, India
    Biotechnol Adv 27:521-39. 2009
    ..Overall CSMs are striking targets in biotechnology and biomedical research, because of their potential applications in agriculture, industry, and especially in pharmaceuticals...
  35. pmc Prevalence and correlates of indoor tanning among US adults
    Carolyn J Heckman
    Division of Population Science, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Am Acad Dermatol 58:769-80. 2008
    ..Little is known about the prevalence of indoor tanning among the US general adult population...
  36. ncbi In vitro approaches to evaluation of Sun Protection Factor
    H Bendová
    National Institute of Public Health NIPH, Srobarova 48, 100 42 Prague 10, Czech Republic
    Toxicol In Vitro 21:1268-75. 2007
    ..The in vitro screening methods may represent a fast and reasonable tool reducing the number of in vivo experiments and risks related to UV exposure of human subjects, when the technical test parameters are adjusted and optimized...
  37. ncbi Use of sunscreen, sunburning rates, and tanning bed use among more than 10 000 US children and adolescents
    Alan C Geller
    Department of Dermatology, School of Medicine, Cancer Prevention and Control Center, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts 02118, USA
    Pediatrics 109:1009-14. 2002
    ....
  38. pmc Reconceptualizing decisional balance in an adolescent sun protection intervention: mediating effects and theoretical interpretations
    Marc A Adams
    Joint Doctoral Program in Public Health Health Behavior Science, San Diego State University University of California, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
    Health Psychol 28:217-25. 2009
    ..Understanding interrelationships between decisions, behavior, and consequences from multiple-theoretical perspectives can advance theory and inform development of more effective interventions...
  39. ncbi Reduced melanoma after regular sunscreen use: randomized trial follow-up
    Adele C Green
    Queensland Institute of Medical Research, PO Royal Brisbane Hospital, Queensland 4029, Australia
    J Clin Oncol 29:257-63. 2011
    ..Regular sunscreen use prevents cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma long term, but the effect on melanoma is highly controversial. We evaluated whether long-term application of sunscreen decreases risk of cutaneous melanoma...
  40. ncbi Effect of nanoparticle encapsulation on the photostability of the sunscreen agent, 2-ethylhexyl-p-methoxycinnamate
    P Perugini
    Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University of Pavia, V le Taramelli 12, Italy
    Int J Pharm 246:37-45. 2002
    ..3% for free trans-EHMC) whereas the EC nanoparticle system had no significant effect. Therefore, PLGA nanoparticles loaded with trans-EHMC improve the photostability of the sunscreen agent...
  41. ncbi Sunscreen use and increased duration of intentional sun exposure: still a burning issue
    Philippe Autier
    International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France
    Int J Cancer 121:1-5. 2007
    ..In conclusion, sunscreen use leads to longer duration of sun exposure when sun exposure is intentional, but not when sun exposure is non intentional...
  42. ncbi Systemic absorption of the sunscreens benzophenone-3, octyl-methoxycinnamate, and 3-(4-methyl-benzylidene) camphor after whole-body topical application and reproductive hormone levels in humans
    Nadeem Rezaq Janjua
    Department of Dermatology, Bispebjerg Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark
    J Invest Dermatol 123:57-61. 2004
    ..A minor difference in serum estradiol and inhibin B levels were observed in men only. These differences in hormone levels were not related to sunscreen exposure...
  43. ncbi Do sunscreens increase risk of melanoma in populations residing at higher latitudes?
    Edward D Gorham
    Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of California San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive 0613C, La Jolla, CA 92093 0631, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 17:956-63. 2007
    ..Sunscreens may allow overexposure to ultraviolet A (UVA) in fair-skinned persons and prevent symptoms of sunburn, but their benefits for the prevention of melanoma are uncertain...
  44. ncbi Photoprotection
    Prisana Kullavanijaya
    Department of Dermatology, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, MI 48202, USA
    J Am Acad Dermatol 52:937-58; quiz 959-62. 2005
    ..In addition, there are agents that can modulate the effects of ultraviolet light on the skin (antioxidants and others). All of the above are reviewed in this article...
  45. ncbi Sun-protective behavior among individuals with a family history of melanoma
    Lora M Azzarello
    Department of Psychology, University of South Florida, Health Outcomes and Behavior Program, H Lee Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, FL 33612, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 15:142-5. 2006
    ..These findings suggest that interventions to increase the frequency of SPB in at-risk individuals should highlight risk information as well as methods to improve individuals' confidence in their abilities to engage in SPB...
  46. pmc Investigating the initial steps in the biosynthesis of cyanobacterial sunscreen scytonemin
    Emily P Balskus
    Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    J Am Chem Soc 130:15260-1. 2008
    ..A regioselective acyloin reaction between indole-3-pyruvic acid (4) and p-hydroxyphenylpyruvic acid (5) is a key step in assembling the carbon framework of a proposed monomeric scytonemin precursor (2)...
  47. ncbi Sun protection and skin surveillance practices among relatives of patients with malignant melanoma: prevalence and predictors
    Sharon Manne
    Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA 19111, USA
    Prev Med 39:36-47. 2004
    ....
  48. ncbi Percutaneous absorption of benzophenone-3, a common component of topical sunscreens
    H Gustavsson Gonzalez
    Departments of Dermatology, and Clinical Chemistry, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, SE 413 45 Goteborg, Sweden
    Clin Exp Dermatol 27:691-4. 2002
    ..However, we do not know at what age the ability to conjugate is fully developed, and therefore for children physical filters such as titanium dioxide and/or zinc oxide might still be considered a more appropriate sunscreen component...
  49. ncbi Improving sun-protection behavior among children: results of a cluster-randomized trial in Italian elementary schools. The "SoleSi SoleNo-GISED" Project
    Luigi Naldi
    CentroStudi GISED, Bergamo, Italy
    J Invest Dermatol 127:1871-7. 2007
    ..No significant impact of the proposed educational program was documented at 1-year follow-up. Innovative strategies need to be developed to increase the effectiveness of future educational interventions in this area...
  50. ncbi Sun exposure and sun protection behaviours among young adult sport competitors
    Sheleigh Lawler
    Cancer Prevention Research Centre, School of Population Health, Level 3, Public Health Building, University of Queensland, Herston Road, Herston, Queensland
    Aust N Z J Public Health 31:230-4. 2007
    ..To explore the relationship between sun protection and physical activity in young adults (18-30 years) involved in four organised sports...
  51. ncbi Community perceptions of adequate levels and reasons for skin protection
    Warren R Stanton
    Cancer Prevention Research Centre, School of Population Health and Division of Psychotherapy, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences at the University of Queensland
    Behav Med 31:5-15. 2005
    ..Health promotion campaigns could reinforce appropriate risk assessment and shape an individual's decision about how much sun protection is needed...
  52. pmc Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D status of the US population: 1988-1994 compared with 2000-2004
    Anne C Looker
    National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Hyattsville, MD 20782, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 88:1519-27. 2008
    ..Changes in serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations in the US population have not been described...
  53. ncbi The safety of nanosized particles in titanium dioxide- and zinc oxide-based sunscreens
    Marissa D Newman
    Department of Dermatology, State University of New York Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York 11203, USA
    J Am Acad Dermatol 61:685-92. 2009
    ....
  54. pmc Factors associated with risky sun exposure behaviors among operating engineers
    Sonia A Duffy
    University of Michigan School of Nursing, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Am J Ind Med 55:786-92. 2012
    ..The objective of this study was to determine the factors associated with sun exposure behaviors among Operating Engineers (heavy equipment operators)...
  55. pmc Evaluation of octyl p-methoxycinnamate included in liposomes and cyclodextrins in anti-solar preparations: preparations, characterizations and in vitro penetration studies
    Mariana Sato de Souza de Bustamante Monteiro
    Medicines Department, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Int J Nanomedicine 7:3045-58. 2012
    ..The inclusion of sunscreen molecules in different release systems, like liposomes (lipo) and cyclodextrins (CD) is therefore required...
  56. pmc Octyl methoxycinnamate modulates gene expression and prevents cyclobutane pyrimidine dimer formation but not oxidative DNA damage in UV-exposed human cell lines
    Nur Duale
    Department of Chemical Toxicology, Division of Environmental Medicine, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Nydalen, NO 0403 Oslo, Norway
    Toxicol Sci 114:272-84. 2010
    ..The experimental approach applied in this study, using a panel of 17 genes in an in vitro cellular system together with genotoxicity assays, may be useful in the initial screening of active ingredients in sunscreens...
  57. ncbi Ineffectiveness of sun awareness posters in dermatology clinics
    G W Jung
    Division of Dermatology and Cutaneous Sciences, Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada
    J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 24:697-703. 2010
    ..Although sun awareness posters have been used in doctors' offices and clinics for decades to promote sun protective behaviour, there is no evidence of their usefulness...
  58. ncbi The cyanobacterial UV-absorbing pigment scytonemin displays radical-scavenging activity
    Kei Matsui
    Division of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Natural Science and Technology, Kanazawa University, Kakuma, Kanazawa 920 1192, Japan
    J Gen Appl Microbiol 58:137-44. 2012
    ..commune. These results suggest that the extracellular UV-absorbing pigment scytonemin has multiple roles, functioning as a UV sunscreen and an antioxidant relevant to anhydrobiosis in N. commune...
  59. ncbi Sunscreens: an overview and update
    Divya R Sambandan
    Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York 10032, USA
    J Am Acad Dermatol 64:748-58. 2011
    ..In addition, novel technologies and ultraviolet filters are improving the aesthetics and efficacy of modern products...
  60. pmc The multicentre south European study 'Helios'. I: Skin characteristics and sunburns in basal cell and squamous cell carcinomas of the skin
    R Zanetti
    , Escuela Andaluza de Salud Publica, Spain
    Br J Cancer 73:1440-6. 1996
    ..Nevertheless, its association with BCC suggests, by analogy with melanoma, a relationship with intense sun exposure. Conversely, SCC would require prolonged exposure to sunlight...
  61. ncbi Ecotoxicological effect characterisation of widely used organic UV filters
    D Kaiser
    Goethe University Frankfurt am Main, Institute for Ecology, Evolution and Diversity, Department Aquatic Ecotoxicology, Siesmayerstrasse 70, 60054 Frankfurt am Main, Germany
    Environ Pollut 163:84-90. 2012
    ..At high concentrations sublethal effects could be observed for D. rerio after exposure to EHMC (NOEC 100 mg/kg). B-MDM and OCR showed no effects on any of the tested organism...
  62. ncbi Analytical methods for the determination of persistent ingredients of personal care products in environmental matrices
    Aaron M Peck
    Analytical Chemistry Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Hollings Marine Laboratory, 331 Fort Johnson Road, Charleston, SC, 29412, USA
    Anal Bioanal Chem 386:907-39. 2006
    ..The primary focus is on sample extraction and preparation methods for these compounds. Instrumental methods commonly used for these compounds are also discussed...
  63. ncbi Photostability of sunscreen products influences the efficiency of protection with regard to UV-induced genotoxic or photoageing-related endpoints
    L Marrot
    Genotoxicity Group, L Oreal Recherche, 1 Avenue E Schueller, 93600 Aulnay sous Bois, France
    Br J Dermatol 151:1234-44. 2004
    ..Ultraviolet (UV)A radiation is involved in this process; it is therefore important that sunscreen products provide efficient and stable protection in this range of wavelengths...
  64. ncbi Multiparticulate carriers for sun-screening agents
    S K Jain
    SLT Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Guru Ghasidas University, Chhattisgarh, India
    Int J Cosmet Sci 32:89-98. 2010
    ..Amongst various approaches utilized to improve performance of sunscreening agents, the use of multiparticulate delivery systems is gaining increasing attention amongst researchers...
  65. ncbi Sunburn reduction through parental role modeling and sunscreen vigilance
    David L O'Riordan
    Department of Dermatology, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    J Pediatr 142:67-72. 2003
    ..To identify characteristics associated with child sunburn experience and sun protection practices, including parent and child demographics, phenotype, and sun-related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors...
  66. ncbi A new sunscreen of the cinnamate class: synthesis and enzymatic hydrolysis evaluation of glyceryl esters of p-methoxycinnamic acid
    Zaida Maria Faria de Freitas
    Departamento de Medicamentos, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, CCS bloco K, 2 andar, Sala 50, Ilha do Fundao, CEP 21941 590, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Eur J Pharm Sci 25:67-72. 2005
    ..This finding suggests that this triacylglycerol can possibly have a longer retention time in the skin and consequently promote a more intense and effective antisolar action than the commercial sunscreen...
  67. ncbi Estrogenic activity of UV filters determined by an in vitro reporter gene assay and an in vivo transgenic zebrafish assay
    Richard Schreurs
    Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences, PO Box 80 176, 3508 TD Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Arch Toxicol 76:257-61. 2002
    ..Our findings suggest that one should be aware of over-interpretation when predicting in vivo effects from weak in vitro data. However, it can not be ruled out that these UV filters have long-term effects in the environment...
  68. ncbi Estrogenic activity and estrogen receptor beta binding of the UV filter 3-benzylidene camphor. Comparison with 4-methylbenzylidene camphor
    Margret Schlumpf
    Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, CH 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
    Toxicology 199:109-20. 2004
    ..Their activity on immature rat uterus is not easily explained by ERbeta activation. It cannot be excluded that active metabolites with possibly different receptor binding characteristics are formed in vivo...
  69. ncbi Predictors of sun protection in Canadian adults
    Mark P Purdue
    Division of Preventive Oncology, Cancer Care Ontario, 620 University Avenue, Suite 1500, Toronto, ON M5G 2L7
    Can J Public Health 93:470-4. 2002
    ..An analysis of Canadian survey data was performed to identify independent predictors of different protective behaviours and of their use in combination...
  70. ncbi Use of protective equipment among California farmers
    Marc B Schenker
    Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of California, Davis, California 95616 8636, USA
    Am J Ind Med 42:455-64. 2002
    ..Agriculture is a hazardous industry associated with many occupational injuries and illnesses. We describe California farmers' self-reported exposure to five agricultural hazards and their use of protective equipment...
  71. ncbi The children and sunscreen study: a crossover trial investigating children's sunscreen application thickness and the influence of age and dispenser type
    Abbey Diaz
    School of Public Health, Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Kelvin Grove, Australia
    Arch Dermatol 148:606-12. 2012
    ....
  72. ncbi Biodegradable polymer nanocapsules containing a sunscreen agent: preparation and photoprotection
    R Alvarez-Román
    Centre interuniversitaire de recherche et d enseignement, Pharmapeptides, Universities of Geneva and Lyon, 74166 Archamps, France
    Eur J Pharm Biopharm 52:191-5. 2001
    ..The OMC-nanocapsules provided partial protection against UV-induced erythema, in a manner significantly better than a conventional gel...
  73. ncbi Healthcare providers' sun-protection promotion and at-risk clients' skin-cancer-prevention outcomes
    J D Robinson
    Department of Communication Arts and Sciences, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    Prev Med 38:251-7. 2004
    ..This study aims to determine whether healthcare providers' (HCPs') communication dealing with sun-protection (i.e., counseling) is associated with clients' skin-cancer-related prevention practices, detection self-efficacy, and knowledge...
  74. ncbi A sunscreen's labeled sun protection factor may overestimate protection at temperate latitudes: a human in vivo study
    Antony R Young
    Division of Genetics and Molecular Medicine, St John s Institute of Dermatology, King s College London School of Medicine, Guy s Hospital, London, UK
    J Invest Dermatol 130:2457-62. 2010
    ..They also show that labeled SPF is much more reliable with broad-spectrum sunscreens because SPF with primarily UVB sunscreens is dependent on time of day and latitude...
  75. ncbi Determination and validation of six sunscreen agents in suncare products by UPLC and HPLC
    So Mi Lee
    Pacific Corporation, R and D Center, 314 1 Bora dong, Giheung gu, Yongin si, Gyeonggi Do, 446 729 Korea
    J Cosmet Sci 59:469-80. 2008
    ..Consequently, HPLC and UPLC determination methods could be rapid, selective, and proper applications for the assay of sunscreen agents in suncare products...
  76. pmc Beliefs and intentions for skin protection and UV exposure in young adults
    Carolyn J Heckman
    Cancer Prevention and Control Program, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Am J Health Behav 35:699-711. 2011
    ..To evaluate Fishbein's integrative model in predicting young adults' skin protection, sun exposure, and indoor tanning intentions...
  77. ncbi Social cognitive correlates of young adult sport competitors' sunscreen use
    Nadine C Berndt
    Open University of the Netherlands, Heerlen, The Netherlands
    Health Educ Behav 38:6-14. 2011
    ..0, 3.2). These findings provide insight into the attributes that enable or inhibit the use of sunscreen among young competitors and as a result may be useful in informing behavior change interventions within the sporting context...
  78. ncbi Self-reported skin cancer protection strategies and location of skin cancer in retired cricketers: a case study from membership of the Emu Cricket Club
    Janelle Noble-Jerks
    Department of Exercise Science and Sport Management, School of Health and Human Sciences, Southern Cross University, Lismore, Australia
    J Sci Med Sport 9:441-5. 2006
    ..9, (n=14) 22.2 and (n=39) 61.9%, respectively. The results suggest that skin protection strategies, such as wearing a wide brimmed hat, long sleeved shirt and the use of sunscreen, may help to reduce the risk of skin cancer in cricketers...
  79. ncbi Melanoma risk in relation to use of sunscreen or other sun protection methods
    DeAnn Lazovich
    Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 20:2583-93. 2011
    ..Sunscreen usage patterns or alternative sun protection methods have rarely been studied in relation to melanoma...
  80. ncbi Design of a photostabilizer having built-in antioxidant functionality and its utility in obtaining broad-spectrum sunscreen formulations
    Ratan K Chaudhuri
    EMD Chemicals, Hawthorne, NY, USA
    Photochem Photobiol 82:823-8. 2006
    ..In short, the multiplicity of effects and formulation benefits seen with DESM makes it an ideal choice as a unique antioxidant photostabilizer for a variety of cosmetic products targeting young and mature skin alike...
  81. ncbi Effects of a sun protection program targeting elementary school children and their parents
    B Barankin
    The University of Western Ontario, London, Canada
    J Cutan Med Surg 5:2-7. 2001
    ....
  82. ncbi Sun protecting and sun exposing behaviors: testing their relationship simultaneously with indicators of ultraviolet exposure among adolescents
    Melinda Williams
    Centre for Health Initiatives, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW, Australia
    Photochem Photobiol 87:1179-83. 2011
    ..This research has important implications for conceptualizing outcomes in programs designed to reduce UV exposure...
  83. pmc Correlates of sunscreen use among high school students: a cross-sectional survey
    Carolyn J Heckman
    Cancer Prevention and Control Program, Fox Chase Cancer Center, 333 Cottman Avenue, Philadelphia, PA 19111, USA
    BMC Public Health 11:679. 2011
    ..The purpose of the current study was to determine which of the Integrative Model constructs are most closely associated with sunscreen use among high school students...
  84. ncbi Trends in sunburns, sun protection practices, and attitudes toward sun exposure protection and tanning among US adolescents, 1998-2004
    Vilma Cokkinides
    Department Epidemiology and Surveillance Research, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, GA 30329 4251, USA
    Pediatrics 118:853-64. 2006
    ..The aim of this study was to describe nationally representative trend data on sunburns, sun protection, and attitudes related to sun exposure among US youth...
  85. ncbi Sunscreen and melanoma: is our prevention message correct?
    Margaret B Planta
    Sutter Medical Group, Roseville, CA, USA
    J Am Board Fam Med 24:735-9. 2011
    ..This paper discusses current information regarding the relationship between sunscreen use and CMM, and how providers may need to alter their advice regarding sunscreen use for CMM prevention...
  86. ncbi Trends in sun protection behaviour among Australian young adults
    P E Schofield
    Department of Haematology and Medical Oncology, Peter MacCallum Cancer Institute, Victoria
    Aust N Z J Public Health 25:62-5. 2001
    ..Implications: It is recommended that health promotion programs capitalise on the trend of improved sun-protective behaviours during the transition from adolescence to young adulthood, with a particular focus on young men...
  87. ncbi Sunscreen use and sun protection practices in students and personnel of Celal Bayar University
    Aylin Turel Ermertcan
    Department of Dermatology, Medical Faculty, Celal Bayar University, Manisa, Turkey
    Photodermatol Photoimmunol Photomed 21:191-7. 2005
    ..In this study, we aimed to determine the prevalence of sunscreen use and other sun protection behaviors in a large sample of students and personnel of Celal Bayar University, Manisa, Turkey...
  88. ncbi Prevalence of sunburn and sun-related behaviour in the Danish population: a cross-sectional study
    Brian Køster
    Department of Prevention and Documentation, Danish Cancer Society, Strandboulevarden, Denmark
    Scand J Public Health 38:548-52. 2010
    ..We describe the association between use of protective measures, sun-related behaviour and experience of sunburn in the Danish population three months after the start of the campaign...
  89. pmc Acculturation and sun-safe behaviors among US Latinos: findings from the 2005 Health Information National Trends Survey
    Valentina A Andreeva
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Am J Public Health 99:734-41. 2009
    ..We examined the relationship between acculturation and sun safety among US Latinos...
  90. ncbi Comparative studies of the influence of cyclodextrins on the stability of the sunscreen agent, 2-ethylhexyl-p-methoxycinnamate
    Santo Scalia
    Dipartimento di Scienze Farmaceutiche, Universita di Ferrara, via Fossato di Mortara 17, 44100, Ferrara, Italy
    J Pharm Biomed Anal 30:1181-9. 2002
    ..Therefore, the complex of beta-CD with trans-EHMC enhances the chemical- and photo-stability of the sunscreen agent. Moreover, it limits adverse interactions of the UV filter with other formulation ingredients...
  91. ncbi Legally brown: using ethnographic methods to understand sun protection attitudes and behaviours among young Australians 'I didn't mean to get burnt--it just happened!'
    Sofia Potente
    Health Strategies Division, Cancer Council NSW, 153 Dowling Street, Woolloomoolloo, New South Wales 2011 Australia
    Health Educ Res 26:39-52. 2011
    ..The paper concludes by discussing the implications for health promotion with this hard to reach group...
  92. ncbi Prospective trial on a school-based skin cancer prevention project
    Gaelle Quereux
    Unit of Skin Cancer, Nantes University Hospital, INSERM 892, Nantes, France
    Eur J Cancer Prev 18:133-44. 2009
    ..The programme had a beneficial effect on the children's knowledge persisting for at least a few months but had no impact on their behaviour towards the sun...
  93. ncbi Complexation of the sunscreen agent, 4-methylbenzylidene camphor with cyclodextrins: effect on photostability and human stratum corneum penetration
    Santo Scalia
    Dipartimento di Scienze Farmaceutiche, Universita di Ferrara, via Fossato di Mortara 17, 44100 Ferrara, Italy
    J Pharm Biomed Anal 44:29-34. 2007
    ..Therefore, RM-beta-CD complexation did not alter the retention of 4-MBC in the superficial layers of the stratum corneum, where its action is more desirable...
  94. ncbi Photostabilization of butyl methoxydibenzoylmethane (Avobenzone) and ethylhexyl methoxycinnamate by bis-ethylhexyloxyphenol methoxyphenyl triazine (Tinosorb S), a new UV broadband filter
    E Chatelain
    Department of Biopharmacy, Spirig Pharma Ltd, CH 4622 Egerkingen, Switzerland
    Photochem Photobiol 74:401-6. 2001
    ..Here too Tinosorb S showed photoprotective properties toward both UV filters. Thus, Tinosorb S can be used successfully to improve the photostability and efficiency of sunscreens containing AVB and EHM...
  95. pmc Measured occupational solar UVR exposures of lifeguards in pool settings
    Peter Gies
    Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency, Yallambie, Victoria, Australia
    Am J Ind Med 52:645-53. 2009
    ..The aim of this study was to measure ultraviolet radiation (UVR) exposures of lifeguards in pool settings and evaluate their personal UVR protective practices...
  96. ncbi The sun protection factor (SPF) inadequately defines broad spectrum photoprotection: demonstration using skin reconstructed in vitro exposed to UVA, UVBor UV-solar simulated radiation
    Francoise Bernerd
    L Oreal Recherche, C Zviak Centre, 90 rue du General Roguet, 92583 Clichy, France
    Eur J Dermatol 13:242-9. 2003
    ..This study strikingly illustrates the fact that the photoprotection afforded by two sunscreen formulations having similar SPF values is not equal with regard to dermal damage related to photoaging...
  97. ncbi The Environmental Protection Agency's National SunWise School Program: sun protection education in US schools (1999-2000)
    Alan C Geller
    Department of Dermatology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02118, USA
    J Am Acad Dermatol 46:683-9. 2002
    ..Childhood exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light increases the risk for skin cancer as an adult; thus starting positive sun protection habits early may be key to reducing incidence...
  98. ncbi Interventional study in 1,232 young German children to prevent the development of melanocytic nevi failed to change sun exposure and sun protective behavior
    Jurgen Bauer
    Department of Dermatology, Eberhard Karls University, Tubingen, Germany
    Int J Cancer 116:755-61. 2005
    ..High prevalence of sunscreen use at study commencement, social desirability, and inadequate application of sunscreens might have partially covered their effect...
  99. ncbi The state of nano-sized titanium dioxide (TiO2) may affect sunscreen performance
    K M Tyner
    Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, Food and Drug Administration, Silver Spring, MD 20993, USA
    Int J Cosmet Sci 33:234-44. 2011
    ..This indicates that nanoscale TiO(2) may have better efficacy while lacking toxicity...
  100. ncbi Influence of Transcutol CG on the skin accumulation and transdermal permeation of ultraviolet absorbers
    Donald A Godwin
    University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center, College of Pharmacy, 2502 Marble NE, Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA
    Eur J Pharm Biopharm 53:23-7. 2002
    ..The results of this study demonstrate that the inclusion of Transcutol CG in sunscreen formulations increases the skin accumulation of the UV absorbers oxybenzone and cinnamate without a concomitant increase in transdermal permeation...
  101. pmc Consistency of reported tanning behaviors and sunburn history among sorority and fraternity students
    Leslie K Dennis
    Department of Epidemiology, College of Public Health, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Photodermatol Photoimmunol Photomed 24:191-8. 2008
    ..Reliable measurements of behavior are crucial to evaluating health promotion efforts. The goal of this reliability study was to examine the consistency of recalled tanning behaviors in a population with a potentially high use...

Research Grants70

  1. Measurement of Cancer Related Risk Perceptions
    Jennifer Hay; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..It would also provide a basis for standardized comparison of risk perceptions across a variety of cancer sites with diverse populations. ..
  2. Probing Sunscreen Failure Through Energy Transfer to DNA
    THOMAS NORDLUND; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Changes upon addition of sunscreen can then be precisely measured and the efficiency of energy transfer (or other interaction) determined (Xu and Nordlund, 2000). DNA damage would be directly proportional to this efficiency. ..
  3. Prevention of UV-induced carcinogenesis by cyanidin-3-glucoside
    Xianglin Shi; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Present study attempts to identify cyanidin-3-glucoside, a plant-derived compound, as a mechanism-based preventive agent against UV-induced skin cancers. ..
  4. Role of exogenous melatonin in skin biology
    Andrzej T Slominski; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g. vitiligo or hyperpigmentation), proliferative processes (including precancerous states, epidermal cancer or even melanoma), UVB-induced pathology, inflammatory dermatoses and skin aging. ..
  5. Chemoprevention of basal cell carcinoma with vitamin D
    Jean Y Tang; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Our goal is to determine whether vitamin D is an effective and safe agent to prevent basal cell carcinomas. ..
  6. A rapid label-free sensor for immune markers of environmental exposure for applic
    Christopher Striemer; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  7. Skin Cancer Chemoprevention by Silibinin: Mechanisms and Efficacy
    Rajesh Agarwal; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  8. Cytoxic and Genotoxic Effects of Manufactured Nanoparticles on Stem Cells
    Yiling Hong; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Aim3. Using an endogenous molecular marker adenine phosphoribosyltransferase (Aprt) as a reporter to study genotoxic effect to these selected nanoparticles. ..
  9. Schiff base forming sunscreen filters for long-wear UV protection
    Steven Isaacman; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..This project seeks to advance the use of long-wear sunscreen filters that will protect the consumer from the harmful effects of radiation, without the need for constant reapplication. ..
  10. Development of New therapies for Advanced Prostate Cancer
    Kimberly M Jackson; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..abstract_text> ..
  11. CYSTEINE THERAPY FOR ERYTHROPOIETIC PROTOPORPHYRIA
    MICHELINE MATHEWS ROTH; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..Given the success of this objective assessment, we will then study the effects of cysteine in 30 patients using a placebo-control cross-over design...
  12. Cancer Chemoprevention by Pomegranate Fruit Extract
    Farrukh Afaq; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..HEALTH RELEVANCE: This proposal intends to define a novel photochemo- preventive agent against skin cancer for its possible use in humans. ..
  13. INDUCTION OF MELANOMA WITH UV-A
    Ronald Ley; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Archival melanoma samples from previous UV-B and DMBA studies are available to initiate tumor suppressor gene analysis. ..
  14. IN VITRO MODEL FOR MEASURING SUNSCREEN PROTECTION
    Patrick Hayden; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Companies which produce over the counter sunscreen drug products, or other pharmaceutical, cosmetic or household consumer products which may come in contact with skin or are intended for topical use will utilize this technology. ..
  15. PRECANCEROUS EVENTS IN CLINICALLY NORMAL SKIN
    Douglas Brash; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  16. OLIGOSACCHORIDE TECHNOLOGY TO PREVENT SKIN CANCER
    TODD WALLER; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Such a preparation has potential for the prevention of sun- induced skin cancer. ..
  17. Multispectral Optical Tissue Imager for Skin
    GILBERTO ZAMORA; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  18. PROMOTING SUNSCREEN AT THE POINT OF PURCHASE
    Joni Mayer; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..The outcome measures will be obtained from computerized sales data from each chain. Process data will be collected via exit interviews of drugstore customers. ..
  19. DNA MUTATION BIOMARKERS FOR NONMELANOMA SKIN CANCER
    James Gale; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Such a dosimeter may also be useful in determining the role and timing of p53 mutations in non-melanoma skin cancer development and the effectiveness of sunscreens in preventing DNA mutations and skin cancer. ..
  20. Randomized Trial on Web-based Quit Smoking Program
    David B Buller; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Cost-effectiveness analyses will be performed at follow-up. ..
  21. WEB BASED SUPPORT--COMMUNITY TOBACCO CONTROL COALITIONS
    David Buller; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  22. Disseminating Go Sun Smart to a Recreation Industry
    David Buller; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  23. INTERNET--A CHANGE AGENT FOR RURAL MULTICULTURAL ADULTS
    David Buller; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..They will be posttested by telephone by AMC's Computer-assisted Telephone Interviewing Core. Adults in the control condition will be wait-listed for the intervention, which will be available after they complete the posttest. ..
  24. ARRESTING SMOKING UPTAKE USING INTERACTIVE MULTIMEDIA
    David Buller; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..A feasibility study will be conducted that monitors access and use of it by community organizations and schools serving adolescents, especially those at high risk (e.g., low academic attainment, truancy). ..
  25. SUNNY DAYS HEALTHY WAYS GRADES 6-8 SUN SAFETY CURRICULUM
    David Buller; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  26. SUN SAFETY FOR HIGH ALTITUDE SKI AREA STAFF AND GUESTS
    David Buller; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Program implementation will be monitored by telephone at the control ski areas and intervention ski areas in the 2002-03 ski season to assess adoption and institutionalization. ..
  27. Dissemination: Increasing Physical Activity
    David Buller; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Students and young scientists will be encouraged to submit proposals for a poster session at the conference, and awards for the best submitted posters will be made. ..
  28. Diffusing Sun Safe Policies and Environments to Schools
    David Buller; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..On-site observations of sun protection policies, environmental features, and employee clothing will validate principal reports. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  29. Tobacco Prevention/Cessation Education: Medical Students
    Alan Geller; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..modules, plans for integration, and faculty training Aim3 - Conduct trial implementation Aim4 - Conduct a comprehensive, formative, process and impact evaluation Aim5 - Disseminate teaching guides to other medical schools ..
  30. The Risk of Cancer in Fanconi Anemia Heterozygotes
    Marianne Berwick; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Analyses will be undertaken to evaluate the role of Fanconi anemia heterozygosity for cancer. If carriers are found to be at increased risk, this information can be used to target individuals for cancer prevention strategies. ..
  31. Solar Exposure and Melanoma Survival
    Marianne Berwick; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..2. Determine whether functional polymorphic variants in the vitamin D receptor affect survival from melanoma. 3. Investigate the interaction of lifetime solar exposure and polymorphisms in VDR and its effect on survival. ..
  32. ACTIVATING MULTIETHNIC YOUTH FOR SMOKING PREVENTION
    Karen Glanz; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  33. Community-based Skin Cancer Prevention Research
    Joni Mayer; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  34. Efficacy of Web-based Training in Skin Cancer Triage
    Martin Weinstock; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..If this course is found to be efficacious, it will be made freely available on the web, and we will plan efforts to encourage its broad dissemination. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  35. SKIN SELF EXAMINATION FOR EARLY DETECTION OF MELANOMA
    Martin Weinstock; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The knowledge and experiment thus gained will aid the continuing efforts to encourage SSE and reduce melanoma mortality. ..
  36. Prevention of Photocarcinogenesis by antioxidant
    Santosh Katiyar; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  37. Tailored Intervention for Melanoma Patients' Families
    Sharon Manne; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..396 family members will complete the study. Outcomes will be evaluated in terms of TCE, SSE and sun protection habits, as well as changes in attitudes and knowledge about CMM [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  38. Facilitating Informed Decisions for MSI Testing
    Sharon Manne; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The CD-ROM intervention will be developed with a view towards future dissemination. ..
  39. Prevention of skin cancer by green tea polyphenols
    Santosh Katiyar; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Importantly, worldwide interest in green tea as a cancer chemopreventive agent for humans is increasing because it is non-toxic, affordable, popular beverage and is effective in a wide range of organs. ..
  40. Multi-level Assessment of Indoor Tanning Practices
    Joni Mayer; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Findings will be used to inform future multi-level interventions for reducing risks associated with indoor tanning. ..
  41. Colon Cancer Screening for Cancer Patients' Families
    Sharon Manne; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..After receiving the intervention information, participants will be interviewed again six months later regarding CRC screening behaviors and attitudes to assess the impact of the intervention. ..
  42. Trace elements among Iowa pesticide applicators
    Leslie Dennis; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  43. Proanthocyanidins: Novel Skin Cancer Preventive Agent
    Santosh Katiyar; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Prevention of skin cancer risk will result to protect and prolong the human health and lives. ..
  44. Tanning bed use among UI Students
    Leslie Dennis; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  45. Prevention of UV-carcinogenesis by antioxidant
    Santosh Katiyar; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  46. Social Pyschological Interventions for UV Protection
    HEIKE MAHLER; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Thus, the studies should provide useful information about process as well as outcome. ..
  47. SUN SAFETY INTERVENTION FOR POSTAL CARRIERS
    Joni Mayer; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..If successful, this intervention package has a high potential for institutionalization within and dissemination throughout U.S.P.S. sites nationwide. ..
  48. SKIN CANCER PREVENTION IN NH MIDDLE SCHOOLS
    Ardis Olson; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The evaluation will also assess intermediate mediating variables in students and change in the health promotion and sun protection behaviors of adult role models. ..
  49. Promoting Healthy Families Through Enhanced Primary Care
    Ardis Olson; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..We will determine the respective impact of these two levels of post-visit support on stage of change, parental action on key obesity risk behaviors, child behaviors, and stabilization of BMI z scores after 6 months. ..
  50. UV Safe: New approaches to reduce teen UV exposure
    Ardis Olson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In these development activities, we will include objective measures of skin color to determine if this methodology is feasible as an outcome measure in a subsequent community study. ..
  51. A Web-Based Smoking Intervention for Cancer Survivors
    Karen Emmons; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Additionally, this study will make significant steps toward dissemination of tested smoking cessation interventions among cancer survivors. ..
  52. MOLECULAR CHEMOPREVENTION MECHANISMS OF TEA POLYPHENOLS
    Steven Stratton; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  53. Diffusion of an Effective Skin Cancer Prevention Program
    Karen Glanz; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The findings will make a significant contribution to our understanding of skin cancer prevention behaviors of individuals and aquatics organizations. ..
  54. MOTIVATING DIETARY CHANGES IN CHURCHES
    Deborah Bowen; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The primary outcome will be the difference in change in fat scores between intervention and comparison religious organizations. ..
  55. MULTIRISK FACTOR INTERVENTION FOR COLON POLYP PATIENTS
    Karen Emmons; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The intervention is suited to the managed care environment, thus increasing its potential generalize ability and disseminability. A process tracking system will enable a detailed cost-effectiveness evaluation. ..
  56. SunSmart America: Evaluating a School-based Curriculum
    Robert Kirsner; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The results will be used for planning to implement the SunSmart America curriculum throughout Florida and nationwide. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  57. Obesity and Negative Affect-Induced Eating
    Sherry Pagoto; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The University of Illinois at Chicago provides an ideal setting for training behavioral scientists and the mentoring team will provide a sound training experience for the PI from which an academic career can be launched. ..
  58. Visualizing Clonal Expansion in Living Mice
    Douglas Brash; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  59. Perception of Gene-Environment Cancer Risks in Melanoma
    Jennifer Hay; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  60. C-Reactive Protein in Extremely Low Birth Weight Neonates
    Namasivayam Ambalavanan; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  61. MMP-2 in Neonatal Hypoxic Pulmonary Vascular Remodeling
    Namasivayam Ambalavanan; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  62. MODULATION BY TEA OF EARLY EFFECTS OF UV ON SKIN
    Allan Conney; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  63. Increasing CRC Screening in Health Plan Members
    Karen Glanz; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  64. MELANOMA CONTROL FOR SIBLING OF MELANOMA PATIENTS
    Barbara Gilchrest; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  65. Smoking Relapse Among Lung Cancer and Head and Neck Cancer Patients
    VANI SIMMONS; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  66. Investigation of a Behavioral Substitute for Sunbathing
    Sherry Pagoto; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Prevention interventions that target high-risk segments of the community in settings where risk behavior occurs have potential for a large and focused public health impact. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  67. Prevention and Control of Diabetes in Families
    Anny Xiang; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The ratio of total cholesterol to HDL cholesterol, BMI, blood pressure, quality of life and mediational variables (e.g., perceived self-efficacy, spousal support) will also be measured. ..
  68. Telephone E-Health Communication for Improving Glaucoma Treatment Compliance
    Karen Glanz; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The findings from this study can inform future public health interventions for improving treatment compliance in vision health and other chronic conditions that require compliance with medication and other treatments. ..