fertilizers

Summary

Summary: Substances or mixtures that are added to the soil to supply nutrients or to make available nutrients already present in the soil, in order to increase plant growth and productivity.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Forecasting agriculturally driven global environmental change
    D Tilman
    Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota, 1987 Upper Buford Circle, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Science 292:281-4. 2001
  2. ncbi Significant acidification in major Chinese croplands
    J H Guo
    College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China
    Science 327:1008-10. 2010
  3. ncbi Nitrogen limitation of net primary productivity in terrestrial ecosystems is globally distributed
    David S LeBauer
    Department of Earth System Science, University of California, Irvine, California 92054, USA
    Ecology 89:371-9. 2008
  4. ncbi Nitrogen inputs accelerate phosphorus cycling rates across a wide variety of terrestrial ecosystems
    Alison R Marklein
    Department of Land, Air, and Water Resources, University of California Davis, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    New Phytol 193:696-704. 2012
  5. pmc Nutrient additions to a tropical rain forest drive substantial soil carbon dioxide losses to the atmosphere
    Cory C Cleveland
    Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:10316-21. 2006
  6. ncbi Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria allow reduced application rates of chemical fertilizers
    A O Adesemoye
    Department of Entomology and Plant Pathology, Auburn University, 209 Life Science Building, Auburn, AL 36849, USA
    Microb Ecol 58:921-9. 2009
  7. ncbi Ecosystem carbon storage in arctic tundra reduced by long-term nutrient fertilization
    Michelle C Mack
    Department of Botany, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611, USA
    Nature 431:440-3. 2004
  8. ncbi Consistent effects of nitrogen fertilization on soil bacterial communities in contrasting systems
    Kelly S Ramirez
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309, USA
    Ecology 91:3463-70; discussion 3503-14. 2010
  9. ncbi Cadmium and zinc in soil solution extracts following the application of phosphate fertilizers
    Raphaël Lambert
    Environmental Chemistry Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Universite de Montreal, PO 6128 Centre ville, Montreal, QC, Canada H3C 3J7
    Sci Total Environ 378:293-305. 2007
  10. ncbi The Asian nitrogen cycle case study
    Xunhua Zheng
    Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, P R China
    Ambio 31:79-87. 2002

Detail Information

Publications316 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Forecasting agriculturally driven global environmental change
    D Tilman
    Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota, 1987 Upper Buford Circle, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Science 292:281-4. 2001
    ..Significant scientific advances and regulatory, technological, and policy changes are needed to control the environmental impacts of agricultural expansion...
  2. ncbi Significant acidification in major Chinese croplands
    J H Guo
    College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China
    Science 327:1008-10. 2010
    ..In comparison, acid deposition (0.4 to 2.0 kilomoles of H+ per hectare per year) made a small contribution to the acidification of agricultural soils across China...
  3. ncbi Nitrogen limitation of net primary productivity in terrestrial ecosystems is globally distributed
    David S LeBauer
    Department of Earth System Science, University of California, Irvine, California 92054, USA
    Ecology 89:371-9. 2008
    ..These results suggest that the global N and C cycles interact strongly and that geography can mediate ecosystem response to N within certain biome types...
  4. ncbi Nitrogen inputs accelerate phosphorus cycling rates across a wide variety of terrestrial ecosystems
    Alison R Marklein
    Department of Land, Air, and Water Resources, University of California Davis, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    New Phytol 193:696-704. 2012
    ....
  5. pmc Nutrient additions to a tropical rain forest drive substantial soil carbon dioxide losses to the atmosphere
    Cory C Cleveland
    Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:10316-21. 2006
    ....
  6. ncbi Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria allow reduced application rates of chemical fertilizers
    A O Adesemoye
    Department of Entomology and Plant Pathology, Auburn University, 209 Life Science Building, Auburn, AL 36849, USA
    Microb Ecol 58:921-9. 2009
    ..soil fertility and enhance plant nutrition has continued to attract attention due to the increasing cost of fertilizers and some of their negative environmental impacts...
  7. ncbi Ecosystem carbon storage in arctic tundra reduced by long-term nutrient fertilization
    Michelle C Mack
    Department of Botany, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611, USA
    Nature 431:440-3. 2004
    ..Our study suggests that projected release of soil nutrients associated with high-latitude warming may further amplify carbon release from soils, causing a net loss of ecosystem carbon and a positive feedback to climate warming...
  8. ncbi Consistent effects of nitrogen fertilization on soil bacterial communities in contrasting systems
    Kelly S Ramirez
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309, USA
    Ecology 91:3463-70; discussion 3503-14. 2010
    ....
  9. ncbi Cadmium and zinc in soil solution extracts following the application of phosphate fertilizers
    Raphaël Lambert
    Environmental Chemistry Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Universite de Montreal, PO 6128 Centre ville, Montreal, QC, Canada H3C 3J7
    Sci Total Environ 378:293-305. 2007
    This study investigated the solubility of cadmium and zinc in soils after the application of phosphate fertilizers containing those two metals...
  10. ncbi The Asian nitrogen cycle case study
    Xunhua Zheng
    Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, P R China
    Ambio 31:79-87. 2002
    ..This problem may be finally solved by substituting synthetic nitrogen fertilizers with new high-efficiency nitrogen sources, but solutions are dependent on advances in biological technology.
  11. ncbi Environmental and plant community determinants of species loss following nitrogen enrichment
    Chris M Clark
    Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Ecol Lett 10:596-607. 2007
    ..Our results indicate sensitivity to N addition is co-determined by environmental conditions and production responsiveness, which overwhelm the effects of initial community structure and composition...
  12. pmc Functional- and abundance-based mechanisms explain diversity loss due to N fertilization
    Katharine N Suding
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697 2525, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:4387-92. 2005
    ..As N availability continues to increase globally, management that focuses on locally susceptible functional groups and generally susceptible rare species will be essential to maintain biodiversity...
  13. ncbi Microbial nitrogen limitation increases decomposition
    Joseph M Craine
    Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior, 100 Ecology, 1987 Upper Buford Circle, Saint Paul, Minnesota 55108, USA
    Ecology 88:2105-13. 2007
    ....
  14. ncbi Influence of fertilization on acrylamide formation during frying of potatoes harvested in 2003
    Tineke De Wilde
    Laboratory of Food Chemistry and Human Nutrition, Department of Food Safety and Food Quality, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University, Coupure Links 653, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    J Agric Food Chem 54:404-8. 2006
    ..All results reported should be seen in the perspective of the warm growing season of 2003...
  15. pmc Effects of tillage and nitrogen fertilizers on CH4 and CO2 emissions and soil organic carbon in paddy fields of central China
    Li Cheng-Fang
    College of Plant Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, Hubei, China
    PLoS ONE 7:e34642. 2012
    ..Hence, our results suggest that the potential of SOC sequestration in NT paddy fields may be overestimated in central China if only surface soil samples are considered...
  16. ncbi Ecology. Soil fertility and hunger in Africa
    Pedro A Sanchez
    International Center for Research in Agroforestry, Post Office Box 30677, Nairobi, Kenya
    Science 295:2019-20. 2002
  17. ncbi Fertilizer nitrogen isotope signatures
    Alison S Bateman
    School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK
    Isotopes Environ Health Stud 43:237-47. 2007
    ..A prerequisite of this approach is that there is a difference in the nitrogen isotope compositions of the fertilizers used in organic and conventional agriculture...
  18. ncbi Changes in free amino acids and sugars in potatoes due to sulfate fertilization and the effect on acrylamide formation
    J Stephen Elmore
    Department of Food Biosciences, University of Reading, Whiteknights, Reading, United Kingdom
    J Agric Food Chem 55:5363-6. 2007
    ....
  19. ncbi Response of sugar maple to calcium addition to northern hardwood forest
    Stephanie M Juice
    Department of Natural Resources, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA
    Ecology 87:1267-80. 2006
    ....
  20. ncbi The effect of nutrient deposition on bacterial communities in Arctic tundra soil
    Barbara J Campbell
    College of Earth, Ocean, and Environment, University of Delaware, Lewes, DE 19958, USA
    Environ Microbiol 12:1842-54. 2010
    ..The combined data indicate that long-term fertilization resulted in a significant change in microbial community structure and function linked to changes in carbon and nitrogen availability and shifts in above-ground plant communities...
  21. ncbi Biofortification of UK food crops with selenium
    Martin R Broadley
    Plant Sciences Division, Univerisity of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington, Loughborough LE12 5RD, UK
    Proc Nutr Soc 65:169-81. 2006
    ..The present paper will review the potential for biofortification of UK food crops with Se...
  22. ncbi Competition for light causes plant biodiversity loss after eutrophication
    Yann Hautier
    Institute of Environmental Sciences, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, CH 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
    Science 324:636-8. 2009
    ..Our conclusions have implications for grassland management and conservation policy and underscore the need to control nutrient enrichment if plant diversity is to be preserved...
  23. ncbi Agroecosystems, nitrogen-use efficiency, and nitrogen management
    Kenneth G Cassman
    Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE 68583 0915, USA
    Ambio 31:132-40. 2002
    ....
  24. ncbi Synthetic nitrogen fertilizers deplete soil nitrogen: a global dilemma for sustainable cereal production
    R L Mulvaney
    Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Sciences, Turner Hall, 1102 S Goodwin Ave, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    J Environ Qual 38:2295-314. 2009
    ..past 40 yr, concurrent with an increase from 12 to 104 Tg yr(-1) of synthetic N applied largely in ammoniacal fertilizers. These fertilizers have been managed as a cost-effective form of insurance against low yields, without regard ..
  25. ncbi Influence of sulfur fertilization on the amounts of free amino acids in wheat. correlation with baking properties as well as with 3-aminopropionamide and acrylamide generation during baking
    Michael Granvogl
    Chair for Food Chemistry, Technical University of Munich, Lichtenbergstrasse 4, D 85748 Garching, Germany
    J Agric Food Chem 55:4271-7. 2007
    ..Two commercial flours showed relatively low concentrations of acrylamide after a thermal treatment...
  26. pmc Plastic traits of an exotic grass contribute to its abundance but are not always favourable
    Jennifer Firn
    School of Earth, Environment and Biological Sciences, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    PLoS ONE 7:e35870. 2012
    ..E. curvula also displayed a higher resource use efficiency than the native grasses. These findings suggest resource conditions and disturbance regimes can be manipulated to disadvantage the success of even plastic exotic species...
  27. ncbi Enhanced bioremediation of crude oil utilizing lipophilic fertilizers combined with biosurfactants and molasses
    Maria Nikolopoulou
    Department of Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Crete, Polytechneioupolis, 73100 Chania, Greece
    Mar Pollut Bull 56:1855-61. 2008
    ..Previous work has demonstrated that biodegradation processes are enhanced by the addition of lipophilic fertilizers of natural origin (uric acid and lecithin)...
  28. ncbi Rhizodeposition shapes rhizosphere microbial community structure in organic soil
    Eric Paterson
    Macaulay Institute, Craigiebuckler, Aberdeen AB15 8QH, Scotland, UK
    New Phytol 173:600-10. 2007
    ..Although rhizodeposition was not the quantitatively dominant C source for microbes in L. perenne rhizospheres, relative utilization of this C source was an important driver of microbial group abundance in organic soil...
  29. pmc Differential effects of nitrogenous fertilizers on methane-consuming microbes in rice field and forest soils
    Santosh R Mohanty
    Max Planck Institute for Terrestrial Microbiology, Department of Biogeochemistry, Karl von Frisch Str, 35043 Marburg, Germany
    Appl Environ Microbiol 72:1346-54. 2006
    The impact of environmental perturbation (e.g., nitrogenous fertilizers) on the dynamics of methane fluxes from soils and wetland systems is poorly understood...
  30. ncbi Effect of nitrogen fertilization on methane oxidation, abundance, community structure, and gene expression of methanotrophs in the rice rhizosphere
    Minita Shrestha
    Department of Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Institute for Terrestrial Microbiology, Marburg, Germany
    ISME J 4:1545-56. 2010
    ..Rice microcosms, planted in the greenhouse, were treated with the N-fertilizers urea (UPK) and ammonium sulfate (APK) or were only treated with phosphorous and potassium (PK)...
  31. ncbi Increased primary production shifts the structure and composition of a terrestrial arthropod community
    Gina M Wimp
    Biology Department, Georgetown University, Washington, DC 20057, USA
    Ecology 91:3303-11. 2010
    ....
  32. ncbi Plant winners and losers during grassland N-eutrophication differ in biomass allocation and mycorrhizas
    Nancy Collins Johnson
    Center for Environmental Sciences and Education, Northern Arizona University, P O Box 5694, Flagstaff, Arizona 86011 5694, USA
    Ecology 89:2868-78. 2008
    ....
  33. ncbi Greenhouse gas fluxes in an eastern Corn Belt soil: weather, nitrogen source, and rotation
    Guillermo Hernandez-Ramirez
    USDA ARS, National Soil Tilth Lab, Ames, IA 50011 3120, USA
    J Environ Qual 38:841-54. 2009
    ..These results suggest fall manure application, corn-soybean rotation, and restoration of prairies may diminish N(2)O emissions and hence contribute to global warming mitigation...
  34. pmc Two decades of experimental manipulations of heaths and forest understory in the subarctic
    Anders Michelsen
    Department of Biology, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen Ø, Denmark
    Ambio 41:218-30. 2012
    ..Here we give an overview of some of the experiments and main results...
  35. ncbi Long-term effects of short-term perturbation in a subalpine grassland
    Thomas Spiegelberger
    CABI Bioscience Switzerland, Rue des Grillons 1, CH 2800 Delémont, Switzerland
    Ecology 87:1939-44. 2006
    ..The results of this long-term study indicate that the resilience of mountain ecosystems may be particularly low in response to perturbations that substantially alter soil pH or other key determinants of belowground processes...
  36. ncbi Analysing nitrogen responses of cereals to prioritize routes to the improvement of nitrogen use efficiency
    Roger Sylvester-Bradley
    ADAS Boxworth, Cambridge CB23 4NN, UK
    J Exp Bot 60:1939-51. 2009
    ..It is also suggested that, instead of using empirical functions, N responses might be analysed more effectively using functions based on explanations of yield determination for which the parameters have some physiological meaning...
  37. ncbi The effect of Chinese tallow tree (Sapium sebiferum) ecotype on soil-plant system carbon and nitrogen processes
    Jianwen Zou
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Rice University, Houston, TX 77005, USA
    Oecologia 150:272-81. 2006
    ..The results of this study suggest that soil and ecosystem processes accelerated by variation in traits of invasive plants may have implications for their invasiveness...
  38. pmc Survival of Ascaris eggs and hygienic quality of human excreta in Vietnamese composting latrines
    Peter K M Jensen
    Department of International Health, Immunology and Microbiology, Faculty of Health, University of Copenhagen, Øster Farimagsgade 5, PO Box 2099, 1014 Copenhagen K, Denmark
    Environ Health 8:57. 2009
    ..This study aimed to investigate whether hygienically safe fertilizer could be produced in the latrines within this period of time...
  39. ncbi Indirect emissions from biofuels: how important?
    Jerry M Melillo
    The Ecosystems Center, Marine Biological Laboratory MBL, 7 MBL Street, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
    Science 326:1397-9. 2009
    ..A global greenhouse gas emissions policy that protects forests and encourages best practices for nitrogen fertilizer use can dramatically reduce emissions associated with biofuels production...
  40. ncbi The challenge of improving nitrogen use efficiency in crop plants: towards a more central role for genetic variability and quantitative genetics within integrated approaches
    Bertrand Hirel
    Unité de Nutrition Azotée des Plantes, UR 511, INRA de Versailles, Route de St Cyr, F 78026 Versailles Cedex, France
    J Exp Bot 58:2369-87. 2007
    ..plant nitrogen economy is vital for improving nitrogen use efficiency and for reducing excessive input of fertilizers, while maintaining an acceptable yield...
  41. ncbi Selenium uptake, translocation and speciation in wheat supplied with selenate or selenite
    Hua Fen Li
    College of Resources and Environmental Science, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100094, China
    New Phytol 178:92-102. 2008
    ..Selenite uptake is an active process likely mediated, at least partly, by phosphate transporters. Selenite and selenate differ greatly in the ease of assimilation and xylem transport...
  42. ncbi Ecological impacts of arable intensification in Europe
    C Stoate
    Allerton Research and Educational Trust, Loddington House, Loddington, Leicestershire LE7 9XE, UK
    J Environ Manage 63:337-65. 2001
    ..To alleviate the problems described in this paper, such measures should take account of opportunities for public/private partnerships and should integrate social, cultural, economic and ecological objectives for multifunctional land use...
  43. pmc Cellular and hormonal disruption of fetal testis development in sheep reared on pasture treated with sewage sludge
    Catriona Paul
    MRC Human Reproductive Sciences Unit, Centre for Reproductive Biology, Queen s Medical Research Institute, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
    Environ Health Perspect 113:1580-7. 2005
    ....
  44. ncbi Enrichment of fertilizers with zinc: An excellent investment for humanity and crop production in India
    Ismail Cakmak
    Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Sabanci University, 34956 Istanbul, Turkey
    J Trace Elem Med Biol 23:281-9. 2009
    ..Zn; these soils are under intensive cultivation of wheat and rice with no or little application of Zn fertilizers. Consequently, cereal crops grown on such Zn-deficient soils contribute only marginally to daily Zn intake...
  45. ncbi Effect of foliar application of zinc, selenium, and iron fertilizers on nutrients concentration and yield of rice grain in China
    Yong Fang
    Key Laboratory of Food Processing and Quality Control, College of Food Science and Technology, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, People s Republic of China
    J Agric Food Chem 56:2079-84. 2008
    ..Moreover, in the confirmation experiment on rice cultivar Ninggeng 1, the optimal fertilization could increase the Zn, Se, and Fe content of rice up to 17.4, 0.123, and 14.2 mg kg(-1), respectively...
  46. ncbi Breaking the sod: humankind, history, and soil
    J R McNeill
    Edmund A Walsh School of Foreign Service, Intercultural Center 600, Box 571035, Georgetown University, 3700 O Street, N W, Washington, DC 20057 1035, USA
    Science 304:1627-9. 2004
    ....
  47. ncbi Analyzing indicator microorganisms, antibiotic resistant Escherichia coli, and regrowth potential of foodborne pathogens in various organic fertilizers
    Cortney Miller
    Department of Biological Sciences, Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina, USA
    Foodborne Pathog Dis 10:520-7. 2013
    This study analyzed various organic fertilizers for indicator microorganisms, pathogens, and antibiotic-resistant Escherichia coli, and evaluated the growth potential of E. coli O157:H7 and Salmonella in fertilizers...
  48. ncbi Stimulation by ammonium-based fertilizers of methane oxidation in soil around rice roots
    P L Bodelier
    Max Planck Institute for Terrestrial Microbiology, Department of Biogeochemistry, Marburg, Germany
    Nature 403:421-4. 2000
    ..fertilizer application will be necessary: but it is known that an increase of the commonly used ammonium-based fertilizers can enhance methane emission from rice agriculture...
  49. ncbi Evaluation of phosphate fertilizers for the stabilization of cadmium in highly contaminated soils
    Usarat Thawornchaisit
    Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, King Mongkut s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang, Ladkrabang, Bangkok, Thailand
    J Hazard Mater 165:1109-13. 2009
    The efficiency of three phosphate fertilizers including triple superphosphate (TSP), diammonium phosphate (DAP), and phosphate rock (PR) as stabilizing agents of cadmium-contaminated soils has been assessed in this study...
  50. ncbi Agriculture, fertilizers and life history of a coastal seabird
    A P Møller
    Laboratoire de Parasitologie Evolutive, CNRS UMR 7103, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, Bat A, 7eme etage, 7 quai St Bernard, Case 237, F 75252 Paris Cedex 05, France
    J Anim Ecol 76:515-25. 2007
    1. Leakage of fertilizers from farmland has affected levels of nitrogen and phosphorus in many coastal areas, reducing limitation of primary productivity with consequences for timing and magnitude of the annual peak in phytoplankton and ..
  51. ncbi Fertilizer residence time affects nitrogen uptake efficiency and growth of sweet corn
    L Zotarelli
    Univ of Florida, IFAS, Agricultural and Biological Engineering Dep, 234 Fraziers Rogers Hall, Gainesville, FL 32611 0570, USA
    J Environ Qual 37:1271-8. 2008
    ....
  52. pmc Too much of a good thing? Nitrate from nitrogen fertilizers and cancer
    Mary H Ward
    Occupational and Environmental Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Executive Plaza South, Room 8006, 6120 Executive Boulevard, Bethesda 20892 7240, Maryland, USA
    Rev Environ Health 24:357-63. 2009
    ..Studies should account for the potentially different effects of dietary and water sources of nitrate and should include the population using private wells for whom exposure levels are often higher than public supplies...
  53. ncbi Quantifying benefits associated with land application of organic residuals in Washington State
    Sally Brown
    School of Forest Resources, University of Washington, Box 352100, Seattle, Washington 98195, United States
    Environ Sci Technol 45:7451-8. 2011
    ..Using a 50 Mg ha application rate, benefits of application of biosolids and compost ranged from 7 to 33 Mg C ha. This estimate does not account for yield increases or water conservation savings...
  54. ncbi Sewage sludge fertiliser use: implications for soil and plant copper evolution in forest and agronomic soils
    Nuria Ferreiro-Domínguez
    Departamento de Producción Vegetal, Escuela Politécnica Superior de Lugo, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, Campus Universitario, 27002 Lugo, Spain
    Sci Total Environ 424:39-47. 2012
    ..Therefore, the use of high quality sewage sludge as fertiliser may improve the global productivity of forest, agronomic and silvopastoral systems without creating environmental hazards...
  55. ncbi Capillary electrophoretic determination of selected phenolic compounds in humic substances of well waters and fertilizers
    Mei Ying Chen
    Department of Family Medicine, E Da Hospital, No 1, Yi Da Rd, Jiau Shu Tsuen, Yan Chau Shiang, Kaohsiung County 42445, Taiwan
    Anal Sci 26:561-7. 2010
    Humic substances (HS) from well waters, fertilizers, and synthetic phenolic polymers were characterized by elemental and UV-VIS spectroscopic analyses...
  56. ncbi Inputs of trace elements in agricultural soils via phosphate fertilizers in European countries
    Generose Nziguheba
    Division Soil and Water Management, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Kasteelpark Arenberg 20, 3001 Leuven, Belgium
    Sci Total Environ 390:53-7. 2008
    Mineral fertilizers are sources of diffuse metal enrichment of agricultural soils...
  57. ncbi Accumulation of endocrine disrupting compounds in sheep fetal and maternal liver tissue following exposure to pastures treated with sewage sludge
    S M Rhind
    Macaulay Institute, Craigiebuckler, Aberdeen, UK
    J Environ Monit 11:1469-76. 2009
    ..Differential accumulation of individual pollutants may have important implications for the assessment of risk from exposure...
  58. ncbi Occurrence of priority organic pollutants in the fertilizers, China
    Ce Hui Mo
    Department of Environmental Engineering, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632, China
    J Hazard Mater 152:1208-13. 2008
    The use of large quantities of chemical fertilizers is usually associated with environmental problems...
  59. ncbi Various forms of organic and inorganic P fertilizers did not negatively affect soil- and root-inhabiting AM fungi in a maize-soybean rotation system
    M S Beauregard
    Institut de recherche en biologie végétale, Université de Montréal and Jardin botanique de Montréal, 4101 Sherbrooke street east, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H1X 2B2
    Mycorrhiza 23:143-54. 2013
    ..This study demonstrated that roots and soil host distinct AM fungal communities and that these are very temporally stable. The influence of contrasting forms of P fertilizers was not significant over 3 years of crop rotation.
  60. ncbi The myth of nitrogen fertilization for soil carbon sequestration
    S A Khan
    Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Sciences, Turner Hall, 1102 S Goodwin Ave, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    J Environ Qual 36:1821-32. 2007
    Intensive use of N fertilizers in modern agriculture is motivated by the economic value of high grain yields and is generally perceived to sequester soil organic C by increasing the input of crop residues...
  61. ncbi Nitrogen fertilizers: meeting contemporary challenges
    Paul E Fixen
    Potash and Phosphate Institute, 772 22nd Ave S, Brookings, SD 57006, USA
    Ambio 31:169-76. 2002
    ..It stands ready to meet the challenge of adopting new practices and technologies that will allow it to do so with greater efficiency and in a way that not only sustains life, but also sustains the quality of life...
  62. ncbi Efficiency of urease and nitrification inhibitors in reducing ammonia volatilization from diverse nitrogen fertilizers applied to different soil types and wheat straw mulching
    Sara San Francisco
    CIPAV TAI Roullier Group, Polígono Arazuri Orkoien, 31160 Orkoien, Spain
    J Sci Food Agric 91:1569-75. 2011
    ....
  63. ncbi Effect of fertilizers on galanthamine and metabolite profiles in Narcissus bulbs by 1H NMR
    Andrea Lubbe
    Division of Pharmacognosy, Section Metabolomics, Institute of Biology, Leiden University, P O Box 9502, 2333 CC Leiden, The Netherlands
    J Agric Food Chem 59:3155-61. 2011
    ..This study shows how (1)H NMR-based metabolic profiling can provide insight into the response of plant metabolism to agricultural practices...
  64. ncbi Surface water phosphorus dynamics in rice fields receiving fertiliser and manure phosphorus
    K Wang
    College of Natural Resources and Environmental Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, People's Republic of China
    Chemosphere 42:209-14. 2001
    ..Hand harrowing should also be avoided during wet weather to protect water quality...
  65. ncbi Interaction between heavy metals and nitrogen fertilizers applied to soil-vegetable systems
    Q Zhou
    Key Laboratory of Terrestrial Ecological Process, Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016, People s Republic of China
    Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 71:338-44. 2003
  66. ncbi Biomass burning in the Amazon-fertilizer for the mountaineous rain forest in Ecuador
    Peter Fabian
    Technical University of Munich, TUM Life Science Center Weihenstephan WZW, Am Hochanger 13, 85354 Freising, Germany
    Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 12:290-6. 2005
    ..As significant anthropogenic sources are lacking at the research site it is suspected that biomass burning upwind in the Amazon basin is the major source of the enhanced sulfate and nitrate imput...
  67. ncbi [Influence of plant matter and NPK fertilizer on the biology of Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae)]
    F Darriet
    Institut de recherche pour le developpement IRD, Laboratoire de Lutte contre les Insectes Nuisibles, 911, Avenue Agropolis, BP 64501, 34394 Montpellier Cedex 5, France
    Parasite 17:149-54. 2010
    ..These findings could lead to the development of new traps that could attract females mosquitoes and killed hatched larvae if mix with appropriate larvicides...
  68. ncbi Nitrogen use in the United States from 1961-2000 and potential future trends
    Robert W Howarth
    Cornell University, USA
    Ambio 31:88-96. 2002
    ..However, substantial reductions are possible...
  69. ncbi Differentiation of nitrous oxide emission factors for agricultural soils
    Jan Peter Lesschen
    Alterra, Wageningen UR, P O Box 47, 6700 AA Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Environ Pollut 159:3215-22. 2011
    ..The use of differentiated EFs, including different regional conditions, allows accounting for the effects of more mitigation measures and offers European countries a possibility to use a Tier 2 approach...
  70. ncbi Radioactive rock phosphate: the feed stock of phosphate fertilizers used in Pakistan
    M Tufail
    Pakistan Institute of Engineering and Applied Sciences, P O Nilore, Islamabad, Pakistan
    Health Phys 90:361-70. 2006
    The existence of natural radioactivity in phosphate fertilizers originates from the rock phosphate that is used as a feed stock for the manufacturing of various types of phosphate fertilizers...
  71. ncbi Richness and species composition of arboreal arthropods affected by nutrients and predators: a press experiment
    Daniel S Gruner
    Department of Zoology, University of Hawai i, Manoa, Hawaii, USA
    Oecologia 147:714-24. 2006
    ..This study demonstrates that species composition, biological invasions, and the individuality of species traits may complicate efforts to predict the interactive effects of resources and predation on species diversity in food webs...
  72. ncbi Influence of fertilizers applied to a paddy-upland rotation on characteristics of soil organic carbon and humic acids
    S W Chang Chien
    Department of Environmental Engineering and Management, Chaoyang University of Technology, Wufong Township, Taichung County 41349, Taiwan, Republic of China
    J Agric Food Chem 54:6790-9. 2006
    ..Various fertilizer treatments are correlated with turnover rate of SOC and related HAs, which are associated with concerned carbon sequestration as well as mitigation of CO2 emission in the soil environment...
  73. ncbi Leaching potential of heavy metals (Cd, Ni, Pb, Cu and Zn) from acidic sandy soil amended with dolomite phosphate rock (DPR) fertilizers
    G C Chen
    Department of Natural Resource Science, College of Environmental and Resource Sciences, Huajiachi Campus, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310029, China
    J Trace Elem Med Biol 20:127-33. 2006
    ..metals (Cd, Ni, Pb, Cu and Zn) from an acidic sandy soil amended with different dolomite phosphate rock (DPR) fertilizers (an application rate of 1% fertilizers) developed from DPR and N-Viro (consisting of biosolids and fly ash) at ..
  74. ncbi Phosphorus interception in floodwater of paddy field during the rice-growing season in TaiHu Lake Basin
    Zhijian Zhang
    Center of Eco environmental Sciences, College of Environmental and Resource Sciences, Zhejiang University, KuanXian Avenue 268, Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, 310029, China
    Environ Pollut 145:425-33. 2007
    ..No P export was found from the paddy fields, but a retention of 0.65kgha(-1), mainly due to soil P sorption. The results recommend the zero-drainage water management for full-scale areas for minimizing P export...
  75. ncbi Nutrients can enhance phytoremediation of copper-polluted soil by Indian mustard
    L H Wu
    Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China
    Environ Geochem Health 26:331-5. 2004
    ..Thus, a combination of low N and high P produced a yield increase in Indian mustard that was more than adequate to compensate for a slight decrease in Cu concentration, resulting in the highest Cu removal from the contaminated soil...
  76. ncbi [Aedes aegypti oviposition in response to NPK fertilizers]
    F Darriet
    Institut de recherche pour le developpement IRD, Laboratoire de Lutte contre les Insectes Nuisibles LIN, 911, Avenue Agropolis, BP 64501, 34934 Montpellier 5, France
    Parasite 15:89-92. 2008
    b>Fertilizers are mineral associations intended to bring to the plants nutritive complements necessary to their growth. Modern fertilizers (NPK) combine the three basic elements which are the nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K)...
  77. ncbi Nitrogen isotopes as a screening tool to determine the growing regimen of some organic and nonorganic supermarket produce from New Zealand
    Karyne M Rogers
    National Isotope Centre, GNS Science, Lower Hutt, New Zealand
    J Agric Food Chem 56:4078-83. 2008
    ....
  78. ncbi Nitrogen additions and microbial biomass: a meta-analysis of ecosystem studies
    Kathleen K Treseder
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697, USA
    Ecol Lett 11:1111-20. 2008
    ..Altogether, these results suggest that N enrichment could reduce microbial biomass in many ecosystems, with corresponding declines in soil CO2 emissions...
  79. ncbi Nitrogen isotope relationships between crops and fertilizer: implications for using nitrogen isotope analysis as an indicator of agricultural regime
    Alison S Bateman
    School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK
    J Agric Food Chem 53:5760-5. 2005
    ..Wider implications of using crop delta15N more generally as an indicator of whether synthetic nitrogen fertilizers have been applied to a crop and the possible application and limitations of using crop delta15N as an indicator ..
  80. ncbi Nitrogen isotopic signature of vegetables from the Slovenian market and its suitability as an indicator of organic production
    Martina Sturm
    Department of Environmental Sciences, Jozef Stefan Institute, Ljubljana, Slovenia
    Isotopes Environ Health Stud 47:214-20. 2011
    ..The results obtained indicate that the method has several limitations. Hence, δ(15)N could be a reliable indicator for organic production, but nevertheless, the conclusion has to be validated by background information...
  81. ncbi Effects of nitrogen fertilizer application on greenhouse gas emissions and economics of corn production
    Seungdo Kim
    Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 1226, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 42:6028-33. 2008
    ..Therefore, an appropriate NAR could enhance profitability as well as reduce greenhouse gas emissions associated with corn grain...
  82. ncbi Economically optimal nitrogen rate reduces soil residual nitrate
    Nan Hong
    Division of Plant Science, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    J Environ Qual 36:354-62. 2007
    ..Our results suggest that applying the EONR will produce environmental benefits in an economically sound manner, and that continued attempts to develop methods for accurately predicting EONR are justified...
  83. ncbi Technical note: nitrogen fertilization effects on the degradation of aged diesel oil in composted drilling wastes
    Woo Jung Choi
    Department of Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology, Chonnam National University, Gwangju, Korea
    Int J Phytoremediation 11:441-50. 2009
    ..3%) and 4Y composts (from 14.3 to 22.6%) that had low initial NH4+ concentrations. Our results show that application of NH4+ -based fertilizers may enhance the degradation of TPH when initial NH4+ concentrations in the compost are low.
  84. ncbi Influence of different organic fertilizers on quality parameters and the delta(15)N, delta(13)C, delta(2)H, delta(34)S, and delta(18)O values of orange fruit (Citrus sinensis L. Osbeck)
    Paolo Rapisarda
    CRA Centro di Ricerca per l Agrumicoltura e le Colture Mediterranee, Corso Savoia 190, Acireale CT, Italy
    J Agric Food Chem 58:3502-6. 2010
    To investigate the influence of different types of fertilizers on quality parameters, N-containing compounds, and the delta(15)N, delta(13)C, delta(2)H, delta (34)S, and delta(18)O values of citrus fruit, a study was performed on the ..
  85. ncbi Carbon dioxide efflux from soil with poultry litter applications in conventional and conservation tillage systems in northern Alabama
    T Roberson
    Dep of Natural Resources and Environmental Sciences, Alabama A and M Univ, Normal, AL 35762, USA
    J Environ Qual 37:535-41. 2008
    ..In general, cotton produced with NT conservation tillage in conjunction with PL and winter rye cover cropping reduced CO2 emissions and sequestered more soil C compared with control treatments...
  86. ncbi Influence of N doses and form on ¹⁵N natural abundance of pepper plants: considerations for using δ¹⁵N values as indicator of N source
    Pilar Flores
    Instituto Murciano de Investigacion y Desarrollo Agrario y Alimentario, La Alberca, Murcia 30150, Spain
    J Sci Food Agric 91:2255-8. 2011
    ..To this end, different N concentrations (applied as NO(3) (-) ), N forms (NO(3) (-) versus NH(4) (+) ), and increasing NO(3) (-) applications to an organic N-based fertilization regime were studied...
  87. ncbi The feasibility of using delta15N and delta13C values for discriminating between conventionally and organically fertilized pepper (Capsicum annuum L.)
    Pilar Flores
    Departamento Calidad y Garantía Alimentaria, Instituto Murciano de Investigación y Desarrollo Agrario y Alimentario IMIDA, c Mayor s n 30150 La Alberca, Murcia, Spain
    J Agric Food Chem 55:5740-5. 2007
    ..All of the treatments involved adding horse manure to the soil before applying different rates of synthetic N fertilizers: 0 (T1 and T2), 150 (T3), and 300 kg ha(-1) (T4)...
  88. ncbi Isotopic discrimination as a tool for organic farming certification in sweet pepper
    Francisco M Del Amor
    Instituto Murciano de Investigacion y Desarrollo Agrario y Alimentario, 30150 La Alberca, Murcia, Spain
    J Environ Qual 37:182-5. 2008
    Organic farming is a form of agriculture that excludes the use of synthetic fertilizers, pesticides, and genetically modified organisms...
  89. ncbi The evolving science of chemical risk assessment for land-applied biosolids
    Rosalind A Schoof
    Integral Consulting, Inc, 7900 SE 28th Street, Suite 300, Mercer Island, WA 98040, USA
    J Environ Qual 34:114-21. 2005
    ..While risks of chemicals in land-applied biosolids and other residuals need to be periodically re-evaluated, such re-evaluations may take forms other than full risk assessments...
  90. ncbi Solid-state fermentation of agro-industrial wastes to produce bioorganic fertilizer for the biocontrol of Fusarium wilt of cucumber in continuously cropped soil
    Lihua Chen
    Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Solid Organic Waste Utilization, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China
    Bioresour Technol 102:3900-10. 2011
    ..fermented by inoculation with Trichoderma harzianum SQR-T037 (SQR-T037) for production of bioorganic fertilizers containing SQR-T037 and 6-pentyl-α-pyrone (6PAP) to control Fusarium wilt of cucumber in a continuously ..
  91. ncbi Biosolids increase soil aggregation and protection of soil carbon five years after application on a crested wheatgrass pasture
    Brian M Wallace
    Faculty of Land and Food Systems, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, V6T 1Z4 Canada
    J Environ Qual 38:291-8. 2009
    ....
  92. ncbi Influence of nitrogen fertilizers on the yield and composition of thyme (Thymus vulgaris)
    Renata Baranauskiene
    Department of Food Technology, Kaunas University of Technology, Radvilenucedil pl 19, LT 3028 Kaunas, Lithuania
    J Agric Food Chem 51:7751-8. 2003
    The influence of nitrogen fertilizers on the yield of crop, as well as on the production and composition of the essential oil and some other chemical characteristics of thyme, was investigated...
  93. ncbi [Mitigation effect of several controlled-release N fertilizers on ammonia volatilization and related affecting factors]
    Kejun Sun
    College of Resources and Environment, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou, China
    Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 15:2347-50. 2004
    ..absorption and soil column leaching methods, this paper studied the behaviors of several controlled-release N fertilizers in soil under laboratory conditions...
  94. ncbi Changes in cropland topsoil organic carbon with different fertilizations under long-term agro-ecosystem experiments across mainland China
    Chengji Wang
    Institute of Resources, Ecosystem and Environment of Agriculture, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China
    Sci China Life Sci 53:858-67. 2010
    ..into six categories: N (inorganic nitrogen fertilizer only), NP (compound inorganic nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizers), NPK (compound inorganic nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium fertilizers), O (organic fertilizers only), OF (..
  95. ncbi Differential responses to guano fertilization among tropical tree species with varying functional traits
    Hillary S Young
    Department of Biology, Stanford University, 371 Serra Mall, Stanford, California 94305, USA
    Am J Bot 98:207-14. 2011
    ....
  96. ncbi Can δ(15)N in lettuce tissues reveal the use of synthetic nitrogen fertiliser in organic production?
    Martina Sturm
    Department of Environmental Sciences, Jozef Stefan Institute, Jamova cesta 39, SI 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
    J Sci Food Agric 91:262-7. 2011
    ..treated with synthetic and organic nitrogen fertilisers (single or split application). The effect of combined usage of synthetic and organic fertilisers on δ(15)N was also investigated...
  97. ncbi Effects of different N fertilizers on the activity of Glomus mosseae and on grapevine nutrition and berry composition
    N Karagiannidis
    Soil Science Lab, Technological and Educational Institute of Thessaloniki, 54101, Thessaloniki, Greece
    Mycorrhiza 18:43-50. 2007
    ..We studied the effects of different N fertilizers on AM fungal grapevine root colonization and sporulation, and on grapevine growth, nutrition, and berry ..
  98. ncbi Ammonia volatilization from surface-applied poultry litter under conservation tillage management practices
    R R Sharpe
    Southern Piedmont Conservation Research Unit, USDA ARS, 1420 Experiment Station Road, Watkinsville, GA 30677, USA
    J Environ Qual 33:1183-8. 2004
    ..Application of poultry to conservation-tilled cropland immediately before rainfall events would reduce N losses to the atmosphere but could also increase NO(3) leaching and runoff to streams and rivers...
  99. ncbi The future of anaerobic digestion and biogas utilization
    J B Holm-Nielsen
    Esbjerg Institute of Technology, Aalborg University, Esbjerg, Denmark
    Bioresour Technol 100:5478-84. 2009
    ..At least 25% of all bioenergy in the future can originate from biogas, produced from wet organic materials such as: animal manure, whole crop silages, wet food and feed wastes, etc...
  100. pmc Microbial diversity associated with odor modification for production of fertilizers from chicken litter
    Julie J Enticknap
    Center of Marine Biotechnology, Columbus Center Suite 236, 701 E Pratt Street, Baltimore, MD 21202, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 72:4105-14. 2006
    ..This system enables the odor production of individual isolates to be monitored, allowing for rational selection of strains for augmentation experiments to improve the odor of the final fertilizer product...
  101. ncbi Trace elements in soils fertilized with poultry litter
    G Gupta
    School of Agricultural and Natural Sciences, University of Maryland Eastern Shore, Princess Anne 21853, USA
    Poult Sci 78:1695-8. 1999
    ..Arsenic, Cd, Cu, and Mn concentrations were higher in the manured fields than in the control fields. Lead and Zn concentrations did not significantly change with the application of poultry litter...

Research Grants17

  1. Characterization of novel subcellular structures in Arabidopsis thaliana
    Ernest Y Kwok; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Crops can be genetically modified to produce food that is more nutritious and to require less chemical fertilizers and pesticides...
  2. Urinary cadmium and risk of breast cancer
    Jaymie R Meliker; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In addition to the natural levels in soil, increased application of phosphate fertilizers and sewage sludge to cropland beginning in the latter half of the late 20th century resulted in increased ..
  3. A systems approach to regulatory networks controlling N-assimilation
    Gloria M Coruzzi; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..testing how perturbations of the "system" may be used to enhance N-use efficiency, which impacts energy-use (fertilizers/biofuels), nitrate contamination of the environment and human nutrition...
  4. Arabidopsis N-regulatory network dynamics: Integrating metabolome &transcriptome
    AMY J MARSHALL COLON; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..modeling, predicting and testing how perturbations of the "system" may be used to enhance N-use efficiency, which impacts energy-use (fertilizers/biofuels), nitrate contamination of the environment and human nutrition.
  5. Naturally Occurring Agent for Alcohol Liver Diseases
    YUE WEI LEE; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..of the collection, processing, extraction, and contamination control (insecticides, herbicides, and chemical fertilizers) of the seed of Milk Thistle; (2) optimize the analytical HPLC conditions for qualitative and quantitative ..
  6. ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH CONFERENCE FOR THE MIDDLE EAST
    BARRY LEVY; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..chemicals used and produced by the petrochemical industry; the agricultural use of chemical pesticides and fertilizers; deteriorating conditions due to overcrowding, air pollution, and poor sanitation in cities; food contamination;..
  7. EPIDEMIOLOGY OF PARKINSONS DISEASE AND FARM RISK FACTORS
    Daniel Strickland; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..fungicides, and rodenticides); 2) occupational exposures (farm and non-farm) to other agents, including fertilizers, animal-related exposures, specific solvents, fuel and engine exhaust, lubricating and hydraulic fluids, ..
  8. Use of an Amphibian as an Alternative Model to Evaluate Effects of Contaminants o
    Michelle Boone; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  9. NEW METHODS FOR EVAL OF ORGANIC DUST AEROSOLS
    Stephen Reynolds; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  10. Comparative In Vivo Biodistribution of Characterized Manufactured Nanomaterials
    Nancy A Monteiro Riviere; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..These coordinated studies will provide data to link physical chemical characterizations to in vivo MNM disposition. ..
  11. Aptamer-based Microarray for the Detection of Environmental Allergens
    Jordan Peccia; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  12. INDUSTRIAL HYGIENE TRAINING PROGRAM - ERGONOMICS SUPPLEMENT
    Stephen Reynolds; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  13. Flavonoid Modulation of Epithelial Migration and Signal*
    NORMAN HORD; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Ultimately, this research will provide critical information necessary for specific and rational dietary recommendations to decrease colon cancer risk in humans. ..
  14. Modulation by dioxin of ovarian estrogen synthesis
    REINHOLD HUTZ; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..This AREA will serve as a "seed grant" to produce preliminary data and assist us in deciding the course of action to pursue in a R01 application. ..
  15. ETHANOL, INSULIN/IGF SIGNALING AND NEURONAL MIGRATION
    Suzanne de la Monte; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..