Genomes and Genes
Summary: Sucrose present in the diet. It is added to food and drinks as a sweetener.
Publications249 found, 100 shown here
- Intake of sugar-sweetened beverages and weight gain: a systematic reviewVasanti S Malik
Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 84:274-88. 2006..Although more research is needed, sufficient evidence exists for public health strategies to discourage consumption of sugary drinks as part of a healthy lifestyle...
- Consuming fructose-sweetened, not glucose-sweetened, beverages increases visceral adiposity and lipids and decreases insulin sensitivity in overweight/obese humansKimber L Stanhope
Department of Molecular Biosciences, UCD, Davis, California 95616, USA
J Clin Invest 119:1322-34. 2009..These data suggest that dietary fructose specifically increases DNL, promotes dyslipidemia, decreases insulin sensitivity, and increases visceral adiposity in overweight/obese adults...
- Sugar-sweetened beverages and risk of metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes: a meta-analysisVasanti S Malik
Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, and Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA, USA
Diabetes Care 33:2477-83. 2010....
- Sugar-sweetened beverages, weight gain, and incidence of type 2 diabetes in young and middle-aged womenMatthias B Schulze
Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Mass, USA
JAMA 292:927-34. 2004....
- Fructose overconsumption causes dyslipidemia and ectopic lipid deposition in healthy subjects with and without a family history of type 2 diabetesKim Anne Le
Department of Physiology, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
Am J Clin Nutr 89:1760-5. 2009..Both nutritional and genetic factors are involved in the pathogenesis of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and insulin resistance...
- Sweetened beverage consumption and risk of coronary heart disease in womenTeresa T Fung
Department of Nutrition, Simmons College, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 89:1037-42. 2009..Previous studies have linked full-calorie sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) with greater weight gain and an increased risk of type 2 diabetes...
- Increasing consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages among US adults: 1988-1994 to 1999-2004Sara N Bleich
Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 89:372-81. 2009..Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) has been linked to obesity and type 2 diabetes...
- Consumption of added sugars and indicators of cardiovascular disease risk among US adolescentsJean A Welsh
Nutrition and Health Science Program, Children s Healthcare of Atlanta, Atlanta, GA, USA
Circulation 123:249-57. 2011..Whereas increased carbohydrate and sugar consumption has been associated with higher cardiovascular disease risk among adults, little is known about the impact of high consumption of added sugars (caloric sweeteners) among US adolescents...
- Intake of added sugars and selected nutrients in the United States, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2003-2006Bernadette P Marriott
Abt Associates Inc, Durham, NC 27703, USA Bernadette
Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 50:228-58. 2010..With over 80% of the population at risk for select nutrient inadequacy, guidance may need to focus on targeted healthful diet communication to reach the highest risk demographic groups for specific life stage nutrient inadequacies...
- Sugar-sweetened soft drinks and obesity: a systematic review of the evidence from observational studies and interventionsSigrid Gibson
Sig Nurture Ltd, 11 Woodway, Guildford, Surrey GU1 2TF, UK
Nutr Res Rev 21:134-47. 2008..Of the six reviews, two concluded that the evidence was strong, one that an association was probable, while three described it as inconclusive, equivocal or near zero. Reasons for some discrepancies are presented...
- Consumption of fructose-sweetened beverages for 10 weeks reduces net fat oxidation and energy expenditure in overweight/obese men and womenC L Cox
Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA, USA
Eur J Clin Nutr 66:201-8. 2012....
- Caloric sweetener consumption and dyslipidemia among US adultsJean A Welsh
Nutrition and Health Science Program, Graduate Division of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA
JAMA 303:1490-7. 2010..No known studies have examined the association between the consumption of added sugars and lipid measures...
- Soft drink and juice consumption and risk of physician-diagnosed incident type 2 diabetes: the Singapore Chinese Health StudyAndrew O Odegaard
University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA
Am J Epidemiol 171:701-8. 2010..34, 2.16) compared with those who gained less weight (RR = 1.20, 95% CI: 1.03, 1.41). Relatively frequent intake of soft drinks and juice is associated with an increased risk for development of type 2 diabetes in Chinese men and women...
- Straight talk about high-fructose corn syrup: what it is and what it ain'tJohn S White
White Technical Research, Argenta, IL 62501, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 88:1716S-1721S. 2008..I conclude that the HFCS-obesity hypothesis is supported neither in the United States nor worldwide...
- The plausibility of sugar addiction and its role in obesity and eating disordersDavid Benton
Department of Psychology, University of Swansea, Swansea SA2 8PP, Wales, United Kingdom
Clin Nutr 29:288-303. 2010..To consider the hypothesis that addiction to food, or more specifically sucrose, plays a role in obesity and eating disorders...
- Diet, nutrition and the prevention of dental diseasesPaula Moynihan
WHO Collaborating Centre for Nutrition and Oral Health, School of Dental Sciences, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
Public Health Nutr 7:201-26. 2004..It is the responsibility of national authorities to ensure implementation of feasible fluoride programmes for their country...
- The effects of four hypocaloric diets containing different levels of sucrose or high fructose corn syrup on weight loss and related parametersJoshua Lowndes
Rippe Lifestyle Institute, 215 Celebration Place, Celebration, FL 34747, USA
Nutr J 11:55. 2012..The objective of this study was to examine the effects of four equally hypocaloric diets containing different levels of sucrose or high fructose corn syrup (HFCS)...
- Does tracking of dietary behaviours differ by parental education in children during the transition into adolescence?Torunn H Totland
Department of Nutrition, University of Oslo, PO Box 1046 Blindern, 0317 Oslo, Norway
Public Health Nutr 16:673-82. 2013..The present study investigates the changes and tracking of dietary behaviours in Norwegian 11-year-olds and examines the association between parental education and dietary tracking over a time period of 20 months...
- Fructose toxicity: is the science ready for public health actions?Luc Tappy
Department of Physiology, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care 15:357-61. 2012..This review evaluates the scientific basis for such action...
- Sucrose, high-fructose corn syrup, and fructose, their metabolism and potential health effects: what do we really know?James M Rippe
University of Central Florida Medical School, Orlando, FL and Rippe Lifestyle Institute, Shrewsbury, MA, USA
Adv Nutr 4:236-45. 2013..The purpose of this review is to summarize current knowledge about the metabolism, endocrine responses, and potential health effects of sucrose, HFCS, and fructose...
- Changes of skeletal muscle adiponectin content in diet-induced insulin resistant ratsBaichun Yang
GlaxoSmithKline, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
Biochem Biophys Res Commun 341:209-17. 2006..This provides the first evidence for a connection between tissue adiponectin and diet-induced hyperinsulinemia and dyslipidemia...
- Sugar-sweetened beverage, sugar intake of individuals, and their blood pressure: international study of macro/micronutrients and blood pressureIan J Brown
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Imperial College London, London W2 1PG, United Kingdom
Hypertension 57:695-701. 2011..These findings, plus adverse nutrient intakes among SSB consumers, and greater sugar-BP differences for persons with higher sodium excretion lend support to recommendations that intake of SSBs, sugars, and salt be substantially reduced...
- Chronic intake of high-fat and high-sucrose diets differentially affects glucose intolerance in miceMaho Sumiyoshi
Division of Functional Histology, Department of Integrated Basic Medical Science, Ehime University, Shitsukawa, Toon City, Japan
J Nutr 136:582-7. 2006..It is important to consider the effects of macronutrients in lean as well as obese mice to clarify the pathogenesis of the metabolic disorders...
- Point-of-purchase price and education intervention to reduce consumption of sugary soft drinksJason P Block
Department of Population Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215, USA
Am J Public Health 100:1427-33. 2010..We investigated whether a price increase on regular (sugary) soft drinks and an educational intervention would reduce their sales...
- The diet of adolescents can be improved by school interventionUlla Hoppu
National Institute for Health and Welfare, PO Box 30, FI 00271 Helsinki, Finland
Public Health Nutr 13:973-9. 2010..To decrease the intake of sucrose, increase the intake of fibre and the consumption of fruit and vegetables among secondary-school pupils...
- Role of fructose-containing sugars in the epidemics of obesity and metabolic syndromeKimber L Stanhope
Department of Molecular Biosciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, California, USA
Annu Rev Med 63:329-43. 2012....
- Effects of sugar intake on body weight: a reviewS H F Vermunt
TNO Nutrition and Food Research, Department of Nutritional Physiology, Zeist, The Netherlands
Obes Rev 4:91-9. 2003..In the long term, this might be beneficial for weight maintenance. However, the number of studies is small and overall conclusions, in particular for the long term, cannot be drawn...
- Diet soda intake and risk of incident metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA)Jennifer A Nettleton
Division of Epidemiology, University of Texas Health Sciences Center, Houston, Texas, USA
Diabetes Care 32:688-94. 2009..We determined associations between diet soda consumption and risk of incident metabolic syndrome, its components, and type 2 diabetes in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis...
- Evidence-based review on the effect of normal dietary consumption of fructose on development of hyperlipidemia and obesity in healthy, normal weight individualsLaurie C Dolan
Burdock Group, Orlando, FL 32801, USA
Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 50:53-84. 2010..The results of the analysis indicate that fructose does not cause biologically relevant changes in TG or body weight when consumed at levels approaching 95th percentile estimates of intake...
- Sugary drinks in the pathogenesis of obesity and cardiovascular diseasesC M Brown
Division of Physiology, Department of Medicine, University of Fribourg, Fribourg, Switzerland
Int J Obes (Lond) 32:S28-34. 2008..This review focuses on the potential role of sugar drinks, particularly the fructose component, in the pathogenesis of obesity and cardiovascular diseases...
- Socio-demographic correlates of early childhood caries prevalence and severity in a developing country--South AfricaThomas C Postma
Department of Community Dentistry, School of Dentistry, University of Pretoria, 0001, South Africa
Int Dent J 58:91-7. 2008..To describe Early Childhood Caries (ECC) severity in South Africa and examine the association between ECC and socio-demographic factors, area-based measures of sugar consumption and water fluoride levels...
- Soft drink consumption linked with fatty liver in the absence of traditional risk factorsNimer Assy
Liver Unit, Ziv Medical Center, Safed, Israel
Can J Gastroenterol 22:811-6. 2008..Little is known about dietary habits and their relationships with liver disease in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) patients, particularly in the absence of obesity, diabetes or hyperlipidemia...
- The role of added sugars in pediatric obesityJean A Welsh
Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine, 2015 Uppergate Drive, Northeast, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
Pediatr Clin North Am 58:1455-66, xi. 2011..Primary health care providers play an important role in assessing the added sugar intake of their patients and in providing nutrition and behavior change counselling to high-risk children and their families...
- Water fluoridation and the association of sugar-sweetened beverage consumption and dental caries in Australian childrenJason M Armfield
Australian Research Centre for Population Oral Health, School of Dentistry, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
Am J Public Health 103:494-500. 2013..We examined demographic and socioeconomic differences in the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs), its association with dental caries in children, and whether exposure to water fluoridation modifies this association...
- Oral health status and oral health behaviour of urban and rural schoolchildren in Southern ThailandP E Petersen
University of Copenhagen, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department for Community Dentistry, Denmark
Int Dent J 51:95-102. 2001....
- Metabolic and behavioral effects of a high-sucrose diet during weight lossR S Surwit
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 65:908-15. 1997..01). Results showed that a high sucrose content in a hypoenergetic, low-fat diet did not adversely affect weight loss, metabolism, plasma lipids, or emotional affect...
- Antiobesity effect of eicosapentaenoic acid in high-fat/high-sucrose diet-induced obesity: importance of hepatic lipogenesisAyumi Sato
Development Research, Pharmaceutical Research Center, Mochida Pharmaceutical, Shizuoka, Japan
Diabetes 59:2495-504. 2010..Given the pleiotropic effect of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), it is interesting to know whether EPA is capable of improving obesity. Here we examined the anti-obesity effect of EPA in mice with two distinct models of obesity...
- Diurnal metabolic profiles after 14 d of an ad libitum high-starch, high-sucrose, or high-fat diet in normal-weight never-obese and postobese womenA Raben
Research Department of Human Nutrition, Center for Food Research, The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Frederiksberg, and the Department of Medical Physiology, The Panum Institute, The University of Copenhagen, Denmark
Am J Clin Nutr 73:177-89. 2001..The influence of the amount and type of carbohydrates in the diet on risk factors for obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease remains unclear...
- Acute effects on insulin sensitivity and diurnal metabolic profiles of a high-sucrose compared with a high-starch dietM E Daly
Human Nutrition Research Centre, the Department of Biological and Nutritional Sciences, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom
Am J Clin Nutr 67:1186-96. 1998..001). Plasma fatty acid concentrations showed a late postprandial rise with the sucrose-rich diet relative to the starch-rich diet, which was mirrored with a fractionally later peak in triacylglycerol concentrations...
- Effects of sucrose drinks on macronutrient intake, body weight, and mood state in overweight women over 4 weeksMarie Reid
Psychology Department, Queen Margaret University, Edinburgh, UK
Appetite 55:130-6. 2010..Alternative explanations for the correlation between sugary soft drink intake and weight gain are discussed...
- Young adults and eating away from home: associations with dietary intake patterns and weight status differ by choice of restaurantNicole Larson
Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA
J Am Diet Assoc 111:1696-703. 2011..Young adults report frequent away-from-home eating; however, little is known regarding what types of restaurants are patronized or whether associations with dietary intake and weight status differ according to restaurant type...
- Sugar-added beverages consumption among kindergarten children of Crete: effects on nutritional status and risk of obesityManolis Linardakis
Preventive Medicine and Nutrition Clinic, Faculty of Medicine, University of Crete, Greece
BMC Public Health 8:279. 2008..To assess the intake of sugar-added beverages such as soft drinks and commercially available fruit juices in kindergarten children, and to examine its association with obesity indices, physical activity levels and dietary habits...
- Dietary sugars and body weight: systematic review and meta-analyses of randomised controlled trials and cohort studiesLisa Te Morenga
Departments of Human Nutrition and Medicine, University of Otago, PO Box 56, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand
BMJ 346:e7492. 2013..To summarise evidence on the association between intake of dietary sugars and body weight in adults and children...
- Associations between added sugars and micronutrient intakes and status: further analysis of data from the National Diet and Nutrition Survey of Young People aged 4 to 18 yearsSigrid Gibson
Sig Nurture Ltd, 11 Woodway, Guildford, Surrey GU1 2TF, UK
Br J Nutr 101:100-7. 2009..Further work is needed to explore the impact of different sources of added sugars and to refine assessments of inadequate intakes and status...
- Sugar-sweetened soft drinks, obesity, and type 2 diabetesCaroline M Apovian
JAMA 292:978-9. 2004
- A critical examination of the evidence relating high fructose corn syrup and weight gainRichard A Forshee
Center for Food, Nutrition, and Agriculture Policy, University of Maryland College Park, 1122 Patapsco Building, College Park, MD, USA
Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 47:561-82. 2007..Research recommendations were made to improve our understanding of the association of HFCS and weight gain...
- Mechanisms for the acute effect of fructose on postprandial lipemiaMary F F Chong
Oxford Centre for Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
Am J Clin Nutr 85:1511-20. 2007..A high fructose intake can lead to postprandial hypertriacylglycerolemia. The underlying mechanism is unclear...
- Increasing caloric contribution from sugar-sweetened beverages and 100% fruit juices among US children and adolescents, 1988-2004Y Claire Wang
Columbia Mailman School of Public Health, Department of Health Policy and Management, 600 West 168th St, 6th Floor, New York, NY 10032, USA
Pediatrics 121:e1604-14. 2008..We sought to document increases in caloric contributions from sugar-sweetened beverages and 100% fruit juice among US youth during 1988-2004...
- Effects of decreasing sugar-sweetened beverage consumption on body weight in adolescents: a randomized, controlled pilot studyCara B Ebbeling
Division of Endocrinology, Department of Medicine, Children s Hospital Boston, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
Pediatrics 117:673-80. 2006..We conducted a pilot study to examine the effect of decreasing SSB consumption on body weight...
- Sugar consumption and caries risk: a systematic reviewB A Burt
University of Michigan, School of Public Health, Ann Arbor 48109 2029, USA
J Dent Educ 65:1017-23. 2001..Controlling the consumption of sugar remains a justifiable part of caries prevention, however, if not always the most important aspect...
- Dietary sources of energy, solid fats, and added sugars among children and adolescents in the United StatesJill Reedy
Risk Factor Monitoring and Methods Branch, Applied Research Program, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
J Am Diet Assoc 110:1477-84. 2010..The objective of this research was to identify top dietary sources of energy, solid fats, and added sugars among 2- to 18-year-olds in the United States...
- Early childhood caries lesions in preschool children in Kerala, IndiaBabu Jose
Faculty of Dentistry, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR
Pediatr Dent 25:594-600. 2003..Therefore, the aims of this study were: (1) to gather data on caries lesion frequency and distribution; (2) to determine any possible associations with feeding habits and oral health care practices...
- School vending machine use and fast-food restaurant use are associated with sugar-sweetened beverage intake in youthJean L Wiecha
Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
J Am Diet Assoc 106:1624-30. 2006..To examine associations between use of school vending machines and fast-food restaurants and youth intake of sugar-sweetened beverages...
- 'Junk food' diet and childhood behavioural problems: results from the ALSPAC cohortN J Wiles
Department of Community Based Medicine, Academic Unit of Psychiatry, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
Eur J Clin Nutr 63:491-8. 2009..To determine whether a 'junk food' diet at age 4(1/2) is associated with behavioural problems at age 7...
- Prevalence of caries among preschool-aged children in a northern Manitoba communityRobert J Schroth
Department of Diagnostic and Surgical Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg
J Can Dent Assoc 71:27. 2005..ECC is multifactorial in origin, and the notion that the principal etiology is inappropriate feeding modalities is no longer tenable...
- Is sugar-sweetened beverage consumption associated with increased fatness in children?Laura Johnson
MRC Human Nutrition Research, Cambridge, United Kingdom
Nutrition 23:557-63. 2007..We assessed whether sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption increases fatness in British children...
- Changes in consumption of sugars by English adolescents over 20 yearsA J Rugg-Gunn
Human Nutrition Research Centre, School of Clinical Medical Sciences, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 4LP, UK
Public Health Nutr 10:354-63. 2007..This study reports dietary sugars consumption in 2000 and compares it with data collected in 1980 and 1990, using identical methods...
- Sugar receptors in DrosophilaJesse Slone
Duke University Medical Center, Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
Curr Biol 17:1809-16. 2007..Finally, we present evidence that some members of the Gr64 gene family are transcribed as a polycistronic mRNA, providing a mechanism for the coexpression of multiple sugar receptors in the same taste neurons...
- High dietary sucrose triggers hyperinsulinemia, increases myocardial beta-oxidation, reduces glycolytic flux and delays post-ischemic contractile recoveryD Gonsolin
Laboratoire de Bioénergétique Fondamentale et Appliquée, INSERM E221, Universite J Fourier, BP 53, 38041, Grenoble Cedex 09, France
Mol Cell Biochem 295:217-28. 2007..Although fasting plasma glucose levels were not affected by increased dietary sucrose, high sucrose intake resulted in increased plasma insulin levels, without significant rise in plasma ..
- Comparison of free fructose and glucose to sucrose in the ability to cause fatty liverLaura G Sanchez-Lozada
Division of Nephrology, Hypertension and Transplantation, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA
Eur J Nutr 49:1-9. 2010....
- Sucrose compared with artificial sweeteners: different effects on ad libitum food intake and body weight after 10 wk of supplementation in overweight subjectsAnne Raben
Research Department of Human Nutrition, Centre for Advanced Food Studies, The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Frederiksberg, Denmark
Am J Clin Nutr 76:721-9. 2002..The role of artificial sweeteners in body-weight regulation is still unclear...
- Determinants and patterns of soft drink consumption in young adults: a qualitative analysisLibby Hattersley
NSW Centre for Overweight and Obesity, University of Sydney K25, New South Wales 2006, Australia
Public Health Nutr 12:1816-22. 2009..To explore knowledge, attitudes and behaviours regarding caloric soft drinks in a group of young adults attending university and to identify opportunities for a health promotion intervention aimed at reducing consumption...
- Not enough fruit and vegetables or too many cookies, candies, salty snacks, and soft drinks?Deborah A Cohen
RAND Corporation, 1776 Main St, Santa Monica, CA 90407, USA
Public Health Rep 125:88-95. 2010..This study contrasted physical activity, fruit/vegetable consumption, and discretionary calorie consumption from selected foods relative to the 2005 dietary guidelines...
- Advertising and obesity: a behavioral perspectiveJanet Hoek
Department of Marketing, College of Business, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand
J Health Commun 11:409-23. 2006..We also review the New Zealand government's response to obesity and suggest policy interventions that would foster healthier eating behaviors...
- Impact of school district sugar-sweetened beverage policies on student beverage exposure and consumption in middle schoolsDonna B Johnson
Center for Public Health Nutrition, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 3410, USA
J Adolesc Health 45:S30-7. 2009..To determine the associations between 1) exposure to sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) in middle schools and student consumption of SSB during the school day; and 2) school district policies about SSB and exposure to SSB in schools...
- Caries and associated factors in a group of Swedish children 2- 3 years of ageMarie Bankel
Public Dental Service Clinic in Majorna, Goteborg, Sweden
Swed Dent J 30:137-46. 2006..The study provided insight into various factors, useful for monitoring children at risk of developing early childhood caries...
- Caries and its association with infant feeding and oral health-related behaviours in 3-4-year-old Brazilian childrenE L Dini
Universidade Estadual Paulista, Araraquara, Sao Paulo, Brazil
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 28:241-8. 2000..To investigate the relationships between socio-demographic factors, infant feeding habits, oral hygiene and the prevalence and patterns of caries in Brazilian 3-4-year-olds...
- Adolescent screen-viewing behaviour is associated with consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages: the role of habit strength and perceived parental normsStef P J Kremers
Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, Universiteit Maastricht, P O Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
Appetite 48:345-50. 2007..Consequences of the identified role of habit and parental norms in the interplay between sedentary behaviour and consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages among adolescents are discussed...
- Are the low protein requirements of nectarivorous birds the consequence of their sugary and watery diet? A test with an omnivoreElla Tsahar
Department of Biology, Technion Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel
Physiol Biochem Zool 78:239-45. 2005..We hypothesize that ureteral ammonia was reabsorbed in the lower intestine, indicating a postrenal modification of the urine...
- Consumption of sugars and body weightM A van Baak
NUTRIM, Department of Human Biology, Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
Obes Rev 10:9-23. 2009..There is currently no convincing evidence for a role of GI independent of GL...
- Associations between dietary added sugar intake and micronutrient intake: a systematic reviewKirsten L Rennie
Northern Ireland Centre for Food and Health, School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Ulster, Coleraine BT52 ISA, UK
Br J Nutr 97:832-41. 2007..Analyses should take into account the magnitude of any observed associations to determine their true biological significance...
- The impact of added sugar consumption on overall dietary quality in Irish children and teenagersT Joyce
UCD Institute of Food and Health, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland
J Hum Nutr Diet 21:438-50. 2008..There is concern that added sugar may dilute micronutrients and displace nutrient dense foods from the diet...
- Dietary intakes and caries experience in children in Limpopo Province, South AfricaU E MacIntyre
Institute for Human Nutrition, University of Limpopo Medunsa Campus
SADJ 61:058-63. 2006....
- Prevalence of salivary Streptococcus mutans in mothers and in their preschool childrenI Thorild
Public Dental Clinic, Varberg, Sweden
Int J Paediatr Dent 12:2-7. 2002..To establish the prevalence and possible relationship of oral Streptococcus mutans colonization in mother-child pairs...
- Moderate increase in dietary sucrose does not influence fasting or postprandial serum lipids regardless of the presence of apolipoprotein E2 allele in healthy subjectsA T Erkkilä
School of Public Health and Clinical Nutrition, University of Kuopio, Kuopio, Finland
Eur J Clin Nutr 61:1094-101. 2007To investigate whether a moderate increase in dietary sucrose intake induces different serum lipid responses in normolipidemic subjects with the epsilon 2 allele compared with subjects without the epsilon 2 allele.
- Dietary determinants of dental caries and dietary recommendations for preschool childrenNorman Tinanoff
Dept of Pediatric Dentistry, Dental School, University of Maryland, Baltimore, USA
Refuat Hapeh Vehashinayim 20:8-23, 78. 2003....
- Changes in caries prevalence in JapanH Miyazaki
Department of Preventive Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Nligata University, Japan
Eur J Oral Sci 104:452-8. 1996..An excellent correlation (r = 0.91; P < 0.01) is observed between the DMFT in 12-year-olds and per capita sugar consumption per year between 1957 and 1987 in Japan...
- Evidence to support a food-based dietary guideline on sugar consumption in South AfricaN P Steyn
Chronic Disease of Lifestyle Unit, WHO Collaborating Centre for Chronic Diseases of Lifestyle, South African Medical Research Council, Tygerberg, South Africa
Bull World Health Organ 81:599-608. 2003..This paper summarizes the evidence available for such a guideline and the nature of that evidence. Other low- and middle-income countries, particularly those in Africa, may face a similar dilemma and might learn from our experience...
- Caries prevalence and its association with brushing habits, water availability, and the intake of sugared beveragesJoseph A Guido
Private Practice, Ft Collins, CO, USA
Int J Paediatr Dent 21:432-40. 2011..CONCLUSIONS. Drinking sugared beverages, poor oral hygiene habits, and lack of access to tap water were identified as risk factor for caries in this sample of residents of rural Mexico...
- Effects of short-term low- and high-carbohydrate diets on postprandial metabolism in non-diabetic and diabetic subjectsK S Culling
Oxford Centre for Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism, University of Oxford, Churchill Hospital, Oxford, UK
Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 19:345-51. 2009..To test whether the nature of the carbohydrate affects metabolic responses, we conducted a randomized cross-over study using a short-term, intensive dietary modification...
- Direction of associations between added sugar intake in early childhood and body mass index at age 7 years may depend on intake levelsAntje Herbst
Hospital of Leverkusen, Department of Pediatrics, 51375 Leverkusen, Germany
J Nutr 141:1348-54. 2011..However, detrimental effects on BMI development may emerge when added sugar intakes are increased to higher levels...
- Taste-independent detection of the caloric content of sugar in DrosophilaMonica Dus
Molecular Neurobiology Program, Skirball Institute for Biomolecular Medicine, Department of Cell Biology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:11644-9. 2011..Thus, the need to replenish depleted energy stores during periods of starvation may be met through the activity of a taste-independent metabolic sensing pathway...
- A high-sucrose isocaloric pair-fed model induces obesity and impairs NDUFB6 gene function in rat adipose tissueA Lomba
Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Physiology and Toxicology, University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain
J Nutrigenet Nutrigenomics 2:267-72. 2009....
- Endocrine and metabolic effects of consuming beverages sweetened with fructose, glucose, sucrose, or high-fructose corn syrupKimber L Stanhope
Department of Molecular Biosciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 88:1733S-1737S. 2008....
- Perceived parenting style and practices and the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages by adolescentsKlazine van der Horst
Department of Public Health, Erasmus University Medical Center, PO Box 1738, NL 3000 DR Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Health Educ Res 22:295-304. 2007..Interventions aimed at the promotion of healthy parenting practices will improve when they are tailored to the general parenting style of the participants...
- Diabetes, insulin resistance and sugarsM Laville
Centre de Recherche en Nutrition Humaine Rhône Alpes, Univ de lyon, Lyon, France
Obes Rev 10:24-33. 2009..But its effect on lipogenesis and triglyceridemia has to be taken into account, considering the growing use of fructose in food industry and sugar-sweetened drinks...
- The real contribution of added sugars and fats to obesityAdam Drewnowski
Center for Public Health Nutrition and Nutritional Sciences Program, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
Epidemiol Rev 29:160-71. 2007..Examining past studies of the contribution of added sugars and fats to obesity rates through the prism of food prices and diet costs is the purpose of this review...
- Food selection associated with sense of coherence in adultsUlrika Lindmark
Department of Natural Sciences and Biomedicine, University of Jönköping, Jonkoping, Sweden
Nutr J 4:9. 2005..However, understanding what determines an individual's dietary preferences and how to change his/her behavior remains limited. The aim of the present study was to evaluate associations between dietary intake and SOC in adults...
- Food away from home, sugar-sweetened drink consumption and juvenile obesityLinda J Gillis
Children s Exercise and Nutrition Centre, Evel 4, Room 464A, Chedoke Division, Hamilton Health Sciences, Hamilton, Ontario L8N 3Z5, Canada
J Am Coll Nutr 22:539-45. 2003..To identify if particular foods or food groups may be associated with obesity in children and adolescents and to determine if consuming food away from home (FAFH) has an effect on the nutritional quality of their diets...
- The interplay of public health law and industry self-regulation: the case of sugar-sweetened beverage sales in schoolsMichelle M Mello
Department of Health Policy and Management, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Am J Public Health 98:595-604. 2008....
- Consumption of sugar and sugar-sweetened foods and the risk of pancreatic cancer in a prospective studySusanna C Larsson
Division of Nutritional Epidemiology, National Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
Am J Clin Nutr 84:1171-6. 2006..Frequent consumption of sugar and high-sugar foods may increase the risk of pancreatic cancer by inducing frequent postprandial hyperglycemia, increasing insulin demand, and decreasing insulin sensitivity...
- Regular sugar-sweetened beverage consumption between meals increases risk of overweight among preschool-aged childrenLise Dubois
Department of Epidemiology and Community Medicine, Institute of Population Health, University of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
J Am Diet Assoc 107:924-34; discussion 934-5. 2007..To examine the relationship between consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (eg, nondiet carbonated drinks and fruit drinks) and the prevalence of overweight among preschool-aged children living in Canada...
- Is sugar consumption detrimental to health? A review of the evidence 1995-2006C H S Ruxton
Nutrition Communications, Front Lebanon, Cupar KY15 4EA, UK
Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 50:1-19. 2010..Overall, the available evidence did not support a single quantitative sugar guideline covering all health issues...
- On the role and fate of sugars in human nutrition and health. IntroductionA Palou
Molecular Biology, Nutrition and Biotechnology Nutrigenomics, University of the Balearic Islands UIB, Palma de Mallorca, Spain
Obes Rev 10:1-8. 2009....
- Sugar and cardiovascular disease: A statement for healthcare professionals from the Committee on Nutrition of the Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism of the American Heart AssociationBarbara V Howard
Circulation 106:523-7. 2002
- Sugar and fat intake among children in Scotland: what is needed to reach the dietary targets?Geraldine McNeill
Population Health Section, Institute of Applied Health Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Foresterhill, Aberdeen AB25 2ZD, UK
Public Health Nutr 13:1286-94. 2010..To assess the intake and sources of non-milk extrinsic sugars (NMES) and fat among children in Scotland in relation to socio-economic status, and to estimate the changes in diet required to achieve recommended levels of intake...
- The effect of soft drink availability in elementary schools on consumptionMeenakshi M Fernandes
RAND Corporation, 1775 Main St, Santa Monica, CA 90403, USA
J Am Diet Assoc 108:1445-52. 2008..To quantify the association among soft drink availability, school-based purchases, and overall consumption for elementary school children in the United States...
- Macronutrient disposal during controlled overfeeding with glucose, fructose, sucrose, or fat in lean and obese womenR M McDevitt
Medical Research Council Dunn Clinical Nutrition Centre, Cambridge, United Kingdom
Am J Clin Nutr 72:369-77. 2000..Previous short-term studies (< or =6 h) showed differences in energy expenditure (EE) and macronutrient oxidation in response to overfeeding with different types of dietary carbohydrate. This finding could have implications for obesity...
- Metabolic effects of dietary sucrose and fructose in type II diabetic subjectsD A Malerbi
Endocrine and Nutrition Services, Hospital das Clinicas, University of Sao Paulo Medical School, Brazil
Diabetes Care 19:1249-56. 1996..To investigate the metabolic effects of dietary fructose and sucrose in type II diabetic patients...
- Prevalence of dental caries in obese and normal-weight Brazilian adolescents attending state and private schoolsPatrícia Vasconcelos Leitão Moreira
Departamento Nutrição, Universidade Federal da Paraiba, Joao Pessoa, Brazil
Community Dent Health 23:251-3. 2006..To measure the association between dental caries and obesity in adolescents aged 12 to 15 years attending state and private schools...
- Feed intolerance in critical illness is associated with increased basal and nutrient-stimulated plasma cholecystokinin concentrationsNam Q Nguyen
Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and General Medicine, Royal Adelaide Hospital, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
Crit Care Med 35:82-8. 2007..Cholecystokinin (CCK) slows gastric emptying. The aim of this study was to determine plasma CCK concentrations during fasting and in response to small-intestine nutrient infusion in critically ill patients...
- NUTRITIONAL EFFECTS OF SUGARS ON LIVER LIPIDSCHARLES SPARKS; Fiscal Year: 1990..We propose to study effects of dietary sucrose or constituent monosaccharides, fructose or glucose on plasma lipoproteins over a twenty week period ..
- A Drosophila Model Linking Diet-induced Obesity and Cancer (PQ 1)ROSS LEIGH CAGAN; Fiscal Year: 2013..Feeding a high dietary sucrose to Ras/Src co- activated Drosophila cancer model developed aggressive tumor with emergent metastasis in a ..
- Regulation of gtf Gene Expression in S mutansSteven Goodman; Fiscal Year: 2005..to inflict damage is strongly linked to the production of long chain glucose polymers (glucans) derived from dietary sucrose which allow the bacteria possesses a family of genes that express enzymes called glucosyltransferases (GTF)...
- An Exploratory Center for Obesity Research (RMI)Adam Drewnowski; Fiscal Year: 2006..By promoting interagency collaborations, these efforts will help the NIH develop a roadmap on how to effectively translate research findings into national, state, and local health policy. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Effects of Light at Night on Circadian System in NursesEva Schernhammer; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Young Adult Environmental and Physical Activity DynamicsBarry Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2008..No study heretofore has had large-scale groupings and in-depth environmental measures over time to examine these issues in a dynamic manner. ..
- Physical Environment Dynamics, Inequality and ObesityBarry Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2006..We will also consider issues related to sample selectivity, within race heterogeneity and acculturation. ..
- A Pilot Trial of Oral Melatonin Supplementation in Breast Cancer SurvivorsEva Schernhammer; Fiscal Year: 2007..This pilot data could lay the groundwork for a large scale trial to assess the chemopreventive potential of melatonin in women, both with and without a personal history of breast cancer. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- An innovative psychoeducational method & ECC preventionKarin Weber Gasparoni; Fiscal Year: 2005..If successful, widespread use of this psychoeducational intervention could have a profound impact in efforts to reduce oral health disparities. ..
- An Interdisciplinary Strategy for Obesity (RMI)Barry Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2006..We will apply the knowledge gained from our interdisciplinary research to achieve our long-term goal of developing novel treatment and prevention interventions for obesity. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- BEYOND RACE--EXPLAINING INEQUALITY MANIFESTED AS OBESITYBarry Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2003..This work will provide important insights in the relative importance of genetic and environmental determinants of overweight and activity. ..
- Benefits & hazards of ketogenic low carbohydrate dietsNjeri Karanja; Fiscal Year: 2002..We will use information gained in this pilot study to design more comprehensive studies that evaluate these alternative diets in a more rigorous fashion. ..
- Economic Contextual Influences on Population Diet and ObesityLisa Powell; Fiscal Year: 2010..abstract_text> ..
- Away From Home and Out of SchoolDeborah A Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2010..The findings will be useful to inform future community and population level interventions to promote healthy eating, active living, and obesity control. ..
- CHILD HEALTH EFFECTS OF RAPID SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGEBarry Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2004..Finally, we will compare results across countries to determine whether there is a consistent pattern or structure of relationships across countries at different levels of development. ..
- Diet, Activity, Obesity & The Built Environment DynamicsBarry Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2009..A central issue is determining modifiable environment factors that may reduce ethnic and socioeconomic differentials in health status. ..
- ALCOHOL OUTLETS, BROKEN WINDOWS, GONORRHEA AND HIV RISKDeborah Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2003..The findings will inform future HIV prevention interventions and provide guidance to CBOs as to whether control of alcohol outlets and neighborhood development may enhance the prevention of HIV transmission. ..
- Clock Genes, Night Work, and Breast Cancer RiskEva Schernhammer; Fiscal Year: 2008..The results from this study could help identify individuals who are more susceptible to night work than others, based on their genetic profile. ..
- GIS, ALCOHOL MARKETING, AND ALCOHOL-RELATED OUTCOMESDeborah Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2006..Because alcohol marketing is already regulated, if certain marketing techniques are disproportionately associated with alcohol consumption and alcohol-related mortality, the findings can be used to inform public policy. ..
- Metabolic Consequences of Low & High Carbohydrate DietsNjeri Karanja; Fiscal Year: 2008..The primary outcome is a change in weight between the beginning of the study and the end of 30 months of follow-up. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Aspartame Intake and the Risk of CancerEva Schernhammer; Fiscal Year: 2008..Our results may help decision-makers formulate guidelines and direct future aspartame studies. Even a null finding would be important in this context. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- CB1 Receptors: Cocaine Reinforcement and RelapseSara Ward; Fiscal Year: 2007..The second goal is to employ this set of procedures to assess the role of the CB1 receptor system in cocaine's reinforcing effects and relapse to cocaine seeking. ..
- Longitudinal study of caries in a rural WIC populationJohn Warren; Fiscal Year: 2004..Data from this pilot study will be of great value and will position the study team to effectively conduct future intervention studies to reduce oral health disparities. ..
- Understanding Disparities in Obesity and its Comorbidities in the USYoufa Wang; Fiscal Year: 2010..S. using an interdisciplinary approach. ..
- Team COOL Pilot StudyMartha Kubik; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- LABORATORY ANALYSIS OF COCAINE ABSTINENCERICHARD FOLTIN; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Worksite Environmental Interventions for Weight ControlSimone French; Fiscal Year: 2007..The effect of the intervention on health claims costs, work absenteeism and worker's compensation claims will be evaluated as a secondary outcome. ..
- Food reinforcement-genotype interactions and eatingLeonard H Epstein; Fiscal Year: 2010..The findings are relevant to a greater understanding of behavioral and genetic factors related to obesity, as well as providing ideas that may be relevant for treatment interventions for those high in food reinforcement. ..
- Glucolipotoxicity and Cardiac Dysfunction in ObesityHeinrich Taegtmeyer; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- DIETARY OBESITYGeorge Bray; Fiscal Year: 2007..We now propose these well founded, important and exciting studies which will provide critical new insights into anatomical, physiological and molecular mechanisms by which high levels of dietary fat induce obesity. ..
- NEUROBEHAVIORAL PHARMACOLOGY OF STIMULANTSKathryn A Cunningham; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Effect of high dairy, high non-dairy and low calcium diet on weight and fat lossJANET WHATLEY BLUM; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Habituation to food in childrenLeonard Epstein; Fiscal Year: 2009..These studies are designed to understand how individual differences in habituation may be an important factor that differentiates overweight and non-overweight youth. ..
- AN FMRI STUDY OF RELATIVE REWARD PROCESSING IN ADOLESCENTS AND ADULTSJatin Vaidya; Fiscal Year: 2008..Based on this research, it will be possible to develop prevention and treatment programs that take into consideration motivational processes that may be unique to adolescents. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- EFFECTS OF CHANGING SEDENTARY BEHAVIOR IN OBESE CHILDRENLeonard Epstein; Fiscal Year: 2008..Developing a better understanding of why obese youth increase physical activity or decrease energy intake when sedentary behaviors are reduced is important for the treatment of pediatric obesity. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- OCULAR DEVELOPMENT IN INFANCY/EARLY CHILDHOODDonald Mutti; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Effects of Natural Agents with Fluoride on CariesHyun Koo; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- Impact of Non-Commercialism Policy in Seattle SchoolsDonna Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2004..Helping to implement and evaluate a real-life policy holds greater promise for sustainability and for building coalitions between researchers, public health agencies and public schools . ..
- Obesity Prevention in African American SchoolchildrenYoufa Wang; Fiscal Year: 2004..If the intervention proves effective, a full-scale study will be developed. Findings from this study will provide insights into the prevention of obesity among Iow-SES and minority students. ..
- DIABETIC CARDIOMYOPATHY - ROLE OF INSULIN RESISTANCEAmy Davidoff; Fiscal Year: 2003..The development of cellular insulin resistance is likely to be a key factor in the etiology of diabetic cardiomyopathy and may represent the recapitulation of fetal gene expression, as shown for hypertrophic myocardium. ..
- EMPLOYMENT AND HEALTH STATUS IN WOMEN WITH FIBROMYALGIASusan Reisine; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- MOLECULAR AND CELLULAR MECHANISMS OF HEART DISEASEHeinrich Taegtmeyer; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- ABUSE LIABILITY OF BENZODIAZEPINES AND CAFFEINEROLAND GRIFFITHS; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- The Delayed Effects of Phencyclidine: MechanismsSarah Turgeon; Fiscal Year: 2002..These experiments will begin to identify the mechanisms by which PCP produces schizophrenia-like behaviors in animals, providing insight into potential pathophysiologies underlying schizophrenia in humans. ..
- CALCIUM REGULATION IN THE DIABETIC HEARTAmy Davidoff; Fiscal Year: 2001..The adult myocyte culture system provides a well-defined method from elucidating fundamental mechanisms of high glucose that may contribute to the development of myocyte dysfunction in diabetes. ..
- CHARACTERIZATION OF NA-DEPENDENT HCO3-TRANSPORTERSManoocher Soleimani; Fiscal Year: 2001..Insight into regulation and gene structure of Na-coupled HCO3 transporters should enhance our knowledge on cell regulation and acid-base homeostasis. ..
- HEALTH SERVICES IMPACTS OF YOUTH ALCOHOL MEASURESDavid Levy; Fiscal Year: 2001..abstract_text> ..
- EPIDERMAL GROWTH FACTOR, OBESITY & INSULIN RESISTANCEJames Young; Fiscal Year: 2001..A principal tenet of this proposal is that early life events which predispose animals to become obese differ from those which promote subsequent development in insulin resistance. ..
- AIAN Cohort Physical Activity Questionaire ValidationMaureen Murtaugh; Fiscal Year: 2004..Validation of the physical activity questionnaire for this population is the main objective of this proposal. The availability of a valid instrument could potentially enhance future lifestyle surveillance efforts. ..
- UConn Craniofacial Tissue Repair Regeneration ProgramSusan Reisine; Fiscal Year: 2005..Our vision is to create a rich environment of interdisciplinary research that spans basic, translational and community based research. ..
- Periodontal Disease and PrematurityAnanda Dasanayake; Fiscal Year: 2006..The collective expertise of the investigative team and the excellent clinical and research facilities are additional strengths. ..
- ISOTOPE RATIO MASS SPECTROMETERDale Schoeller; Fiscal Year: 2006..In addition, this new instrument will provide new capacity in the form of the solids combustion inlet. This expands our potential users group in the area of development of dietary biomarkers. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Targeted Proteomics of Stress and AddictionKATHRYN CUNNINGHAM; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Oral Health Outcomes of Early Childhood MalnutritionWalter Psoter; Fiscal Year: 2006..Given the universality of PEM pathophysiology, this study's findings will be generalizable to subsets of U.S. children having 9 oral health disparities. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- A BEHAVIORAL ECONOMIC APPROACH TO CHILDHOOD OBESITYLeonard Epstein; Fiscal Year: 2005..This study will yield important information on new ways to treat pediatric obesity, minimizing dietary restriction and maximizing children learning healthier eating habits. ..
- Polyamine metabolism in heart and kidney ischemic injuryManoocher Soleimani; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Erythrocytes, immuno-modulation and G6PD deficiencyZoltan Spolarics; Fiscal Year: 2007..Elucidation of macrophage and T-cell cytokine responses to infection in G6PD deficiency may also be important in providing a mechanism of malaria protection alternative to currently accepted notions. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- International Caries Detection and Assessement SystemAmid Ismail; Fiscal Year: 2005..Finding of the workshop will be used in a second workshop, to be organized by Dr. George Stookey, which will focus on the design of caries clinical trials and new diagnostic technology. ..
- Calcium Buffering Mechanisms in Taste CellsKathryn Medler; Fiscal Year: 2006..This data will further our understanding about how taste cells generate a signal in response to a taste stimuli. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Walnuts vs. Walnut-Oil, Glucose Homeostasis, PCOSSidika Kasim Karakas; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Neurobehavioral Control of Body Fluid Balance in MouseAlan Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2009..heat) challenges. These studies will be especially important for understanding mechanisms underlying pathological conditions such as hypertension and congestive heart failure where excess thirst and sodium intake have been documented. ..
- Uric Acid and Hypertension in African-AmericansMark Segal; Fiscal Year: 2008..In Aim 3 we test the hypothesis that prevention of chlorthalidone induced hyperuricemia with allopurinol improves renal blood flow and GFR and prevents microalbumineria. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Dental Caries Traits: The Genetic ContributionWalter Bretz; Fiscal Year: 2007..The results obtained in this study, by identifying the most heritable traits, will inform research that will employ molecular genetic analyses for dental caries surface-specific traits in the same twin sample. ..
- Validation of the EARTH Study Diet History QuestionnaireMaureen Murtaugh; Fiscal Year: 2007..traditional). [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Industry-Sponsored Research Contracts:An Empirical StudyMichelle Mello; Fiscal Year: 2002..The data will be analyzed descriptively and with chi-squared tests and regression analysis. ..