dietary sucrose


Summary: Sucrose present in the diet. It is added to food and drinks as a sweetener.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Intake of sugar-sweetened beverages and weight gain: a systematic review
    Vasanti S Malik
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 84:274-88. 2006
  2. pmc Consuming fructose-sweetened, not glucose-sweetened, beverages increases visceral adiposity and lipids and decreases insulin sensitivity in overweight/obese humans
    Kimber L Stanhope
    Department of Molecular Biosciences, UCD, Davis, California 95616, USA
    J Clin Invest 119:1322-34. 2009
  3. pmc Sugar-sweetened beverages and risk of metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes: a meta-analysis
    Vasanti S Malik
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, and Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA, USA
    Diabetes Care 33:2477-83. 2010
  4. ncbi Sugar-sweetened beverages, weight gain, and incidence of type 2 diabetes in young and middle-aged women
    Matthias B Schulze
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Mass, USA
    JAMA 292:927-34. 2004
  5. ncbi Fructose overconsumption causes dyslipidemia and ectopic lipid deposition in healthy subjects with and without a family history of type 2 diabetes
    Kim Anne Le
    Department of Physiology, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:1760-5. 2009
  6. pmc Sweetened beverage consumption and risk of coronary heart disease in women
    Teresa T Fung
    Department of Nutrition, Simmons College, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:1037-42. 2009
  7. ncbi Increasing consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages among US adults: 1988-1994 to 1999-2004
    Sara N Bleich
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:372-81. 2009
  8. pmc Consumption of added sugars and indicators of cardiovascular disease risk among US adolescents
    Jean A Welsh
    Nutrition and Health Science Program, Children s Healthcare of Atlanta, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Circulation 123:249-57. 2011
  9. ncbi Intake of added sugars and selected nutrients in the United States, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2003-2006
    Bernadette P Marriott
    Abt Associates Inc, Durham, NC 27703, USA Bernadette
    Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 50:228-58. 2010
  10. ncbi Sugar-sweetened soft drinks and obesity: a systematic review of the evidence from observational studies and interventions
    Sigrid Gibson
    Sig Nurture Ltd, 11 Woodway, Guildford, Surrey GU1 2TF, UK
    Nutr Res Rev 21:134-47. 2008

Detail Information

Publications249 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Intake of sugar-sweetened beverages and weight gain: a systematic review
    Vasanti S Malik
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 84:274-88. 2006
    ..Although more research is needed, sufficient evidence exists for public health strategies to discourage consumption of sugary drinks as part of a healthy lifestyle...
  2. pmc Consuming fructose-sweetened, not glucose-sweetened, beverages increases visceral adiposity and lipids and decreases insulin sensitivity in overweight/obese humans
    Kimber L Stanhope
    Department of Molecular Biosciences, UCD, Davis, California 95616, USA
    J Clin Invest 119:1322-34. 2009
    ..These data suggest that dietary fructose specifically increases DNL, promotes dyslipidemia, decreases insulin sensitivity, and increases visceral adiposity in overweight/obese adults...
  3. pmc Sugar-sweetened beverages and risk of metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes: a meta-analysis
    Vasanti S Malik
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, and Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA, USA
    Diabetes Care 33:2477-83. 2010
  4. ncbi Sugar-sweetened beverages, weight gain, and incidence of type 2 diabetes in young and middle-aged women
    Matthias B Schulze
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Mass, USA
    JAMA 292:927-34. 2004
  5. ncbi Fructose overconsumption causes dyslipidemia and ectopic lipid deposition in healthy subjects with and without a family history of type 2 diabetes
    Kim Anne Le
    Department of Physiology, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:1760-5. 2009
    ..Both nutritional and genetic factors are involved in the pathogenesis of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and insulin resistance...
  6. pmc Sweetened beverage consumption and risk of coronary heart disease in women
    Teresa T Fung
    Department of Nutrition, Simmons College, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:1037-42. 2009
    ..Previous studies have linked full-calorie sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) with greater weight gain and an increased risk of type 2 diabetes...
  7. ncbi Increasing consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages among US adults: 1988-1994 to 1999-2004
    Sara N Bleich
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:372-81. 2009
    ..Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) has been linked to obesity and type 2 diabetes...
  8. pmc Consumption of added sugars and indicators of cardiovascular disease risk among US adolescents
    Jean A Welsh
    Nutrition and Health Science Program, Children s Healthcare of Atlanta, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Circulation 123:249-57. 2011
    ..Whereas increased carbohydrate and sugar consumption has been associated with higher cardiovascular disease risk among adults, little is known about the impact of high consumption of added sugars (caloric sweeteners) among US adolescents...
  9. ncbi Intake of added sugars and selected nutrients in the United States, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2003-2006
    Bernadette P Marriott
    Abt Associates Inc, Durham, NC 27703, USA Bernadette
    Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 50:228-58. 2010
    ..With over 80% of the population at risk for select nutrient inadequacy, guidance may need to focus on targeted healthful diet communication to reach the highest risk demographic groups for specific life stage nutrient inadequacies...
  10. ncbi Sugar-sweetened soft drinks and obesity: a systematic review of the evidence from observational studies and interventions
    Sigrid Gibson
    Sig Nurture Ltd, 11 Woodway, Guildford, Surrey GU1 2TF, UK
    Nutr Res Rev 21:134-47. 2008
    ..Of the six reviews, two concluded that the evidence was strong, one that an association was probable, while three described it as inconclusive, equivocal or near zero. Reasons for some discrepancies are presented...
  11. pmc Consumption of fructose-sweetened beverages for 10 weeks reduces net fat oxidation and energy expenditure in overweight/obese men and women
    C L Cox
    Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA, USA
    Eur J Clin Nutr 66:201-8. 2012
  12. pmc Caloric sweetener consumption and dyslipidemia among US adults
    Jean A Welsh
    Nutrition and Health Science Program, Graduate Division of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA
    JAMA 303:1490-7. 2010
    ..No known studies have examined the association between the consumption of added sugars and lipid measures...
  13. pmc Soft drink and juice consumption and risk of physician-diagnosed incident type 2 diabetes: the Singapore Chinese Health Study
    Andrew O Odegaard
    University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 171:701-8. 2010
    ..34, 2.16) compared with those who gained less weight (RR = 1.20, 95% CI: 1.03, 1.41). Relatively frequent intake of soft drinks and juice is associated with an increased risk for development of type 2 diabetes in Chinese men and women...
  14. ncbi Straight talk about high-fructose corn syrup: what it is and what it ain't
    John S White
    White Technical Research, Argenta, IL 62501, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 88:1716S-1721S. 2008
    ..I conclude that the HFCS-obesity hypothesis is supported neither in the United States nor worldwide...
  15. ncbi The plausibility of sugar addiction and its role in obesity and eating disorders
    David Benton
    Department of Psychology, University of Swansea, Swansea SA2 8PP, Wales, United Kingdom
    Clin Nutr 29:288-303. 2010
    ..To consider the hypothesis that addiction to food, or more specifically sucrose, plays a role in obesity and eating disorders...
  16. ncbi Diet, nutrition and the prevention of dental diseases
    Paula Moynihan
    WHO Collaborating Centre for Nutrition and Oral Health, School of Dental Sciences, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
    Public Health Nutr 7:201-26. 2004
    ..It is the responsibility of national authorities to ensure implementation of feasible fluoride programmes for their country...
  17. pmc The effects of four hypocaloric diets containing different levels of sucrose or high fructose corn syrup on weight loss and related parameters
    Joshua Lowndes
    Rippe Lifestyle Institute, 215 Celebration Place, Celebration, FL 34747, USA
    Nutr J 11:55. 2012
    ..The objective of this study was to examine the effects of four equally hypocaloric diets containing different levels of sucrose or high fructose corn syrup (HFCS)...
  18. ncbi Does tracking of dietary behaviours differ by parental education in children during the transition into adolescence?
    Torunn H Totland
    Department of Nutrition, University of Oslo, PO Box 1046 Blindern, 0317 Oslo, Norway
    Public Health Nutr 16:673-82. 2013
    ..The present study investigates the changes and tracking of dietary behaviours in Norwegian 11-year-olds and examines the association between parental education and dietary tracking over a time period of 20 months...
  19. pmc Fructose toxicity: is the science ready for public health actions?
    Luc Tappy
    Department of Physiology, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care 15:357-61. 2012
    ..This review evaluates the scientific basis for such action...
  20. pmc Sucrose, high-fructose corn syrup, and fructose, their metabolism and potential health effects: what do we really know?
    James M Rippe
    University of Central Florida Medical School, Orlando, FL and Rippe Lifestyle Institute, Shrewsbury, MA, USA
    Adv Nutr 4:236-45. 2013
    ..The purpose of this review is to summarize current knowledge about the metabolism, endocrine responses, and potential health effects of sucrose, HFCS, and fructose...
  21. ncbi Changes of skeletal muscle adiponectin content in diet-induced insulin resistant rats
    Baichun Yang
    GlaxoSmithKline, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
    Biochem Biophys Res Commun 341:209-17. 2006
    ..This provides the first evidence for a connection between tissue adiponectin and diet-induced hyperinsulinemia and dyslipidemia...
  22. pmc Sugar-sweetened beverage, sugar intake of individuals, and their blood pressure: international study of macro/micronutrients and blood pressure
    Ian J Brown
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Imperial College London, London W2 1PG, United Kingdom
    Hypertension 57:695-701. 2011
    ..These findings, plus adverse nutrient intakes among SSB consumers, and greater sugar-BP differences for persons with higher sodium excretion lend support to recommendations that intake of SSBs, sugars, and salt be substantially reduced...
  23. ncbi Chronic intake of high-fat and high-sucrose diets differentially affects glucose intolerance in mice
    Maho Sumiyoshi
    Division of Functional Histology, Department of Integrated Basic Medical Science, Ehime University, Shitsukawa, Toon City, Japan
    J Nutr 136:582-7. 2006
    ..It is important to consider the effects of macronutrients in lean as well as obese mice to clarify the pathogenesis of the metabolic disorders...
  24. pmc Point-of-purchase price and education intervention to reduce consumption of sugary soft drinks
    Jason P Block
    Department of Population Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Am J Public Health 100:1427-33. 2010
    ..We investigated whether a price increase on regular (sugary) soft drinks and an educational intervention would reduce their sales...
  25. ncbi The diet of adolescents can be improved by school intervention
    Ulla Hoppu
    National Institute for Health and Welfare, PO Box 30, FI 00271 Helsinki, Finland
    Public Health Nutr 13:973-9. 2010
    ..To decrease the intake of sucrose, increase the intake of fibre and the consumption of fruit and vegetables among secondary-school pupils...
  26. ncbi Role of fructose-containing sugars in the epidemics of obesity and metabolic syndrome
    Kimber L Stanhope
    Department of Molecular Biosciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, California, USA
    Annu Rev Med 63:329-43. 2012
  27. ncbi Effects of sugar intake on body weight: a review
    S H F Vermunt
    TNO Nutrition and Food Research, Department of Nutritional Physiology, Zeist, The Netherlands
    Obes Rev 4:91-9. 2003
    ..In the long term, this might be beneficial for weight maintenance. However, the number of studies is small and overall conclusions, in particular for the long term, cannot be drawn...
  28. pmc Diet soda intake and risk of incident metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA)
    Jennifer A Nettleton
    Division of Epidemiology, University of Texas Health Sciences Center, Houston, Texas, USA
    Diabetes Care 32:688-94. 2009
    ..We determined associations between diet soda consumption and risk of incident metabolic syndrome, its components, and type 2 diabetes in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis...
  29. ncbi Evidence-based review on the effect of normal dietary consumption of fructose on development of hyperlipidemia and obesity in healthy, normal weight individuals
    Laurie C Dolan
    Burdock Group, Orlando, FL 32801, USA
    Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 50:53-84. 2010
    ..The results of the analysis indicate that fructose does not cause biologically relevant changes in TG or body weight when consumed at levels approaching 95th percentile estimates of intake...
  30. ncbi Sugary drinks in the pathogenesis of obesity and cardiovascular diseases
    C M Brown
    Division of Physiology, Department of Medicine, University of Fribourg, Fribourg, Switzerland
    Int J Obes (Lond) 32:S28-34. 2008
    ..This review focuses on the potential role of sugar drinks, particularly the fructose component, in the pathogenesis of obesity and cardiovascular diseases...
  31. ncbi Socio-demographic correlates of early childhood caries prevalence and severity in a developing country--South Africa
    Thomas C Postma
    Department of Community Dentistry, School of Dentistry, University of Pretoria, 0001, South Africa
    Int Dent J 58:91-7. 2008
    ..To describe Early Childhood Caries (ECC) severity in South Africa and examine the association between ECC and socio-demographic factors, area-based measures of sugar consumption and water fluoride levels...
  32. pmc Soft drink consumption linked with fatty liver in the absence of traditional risk factors
    Nimer Assy
    Liver Unit, Ziv Medical Center, Safed, Israel
    Can J Gastroenterol 22:811-6. 2008
    ..Little is known about dietary habits and their relationships with liver disease in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) patients, particularly in the absence of obesity, diabetes or hyperlipidemia...
  33. ncbi The role of added sugars in pediatric obesity
    Jean A Welsh
    Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine, 2015 Uppergate Drive, Northeast, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Pediatr Clin North Am 58:1455-66, xi. 2011
    ..Primary health care providers play an important role in assessing the added sugar intake of their patients and in providing nutrition and behavior change counselling to high-risk children and their families...
  34. pmc Water fluoridation and the association of sugar-sweetened beverage consumption and dental caries in Australian children
    Jason M Armfield
    Australian Research Centre for Population Oral Health, School of Dentistry, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    Am J Public Health 103:494-500. 2013
    ..We examined demographic and socioeconomic differences in the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs), its association with dental caries in children, and whether exposure to water fluoridation modifies this association...
  35. ncbi Oral health status and oral health behaviour of urban and rural schoolchildren in Southern Thailand
    P E Petersen
    University of Copenhagen, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department for Community Dentistry, Denmark
    Int Dent J 51:95-102. 2001
  36. ncbi Metabolic and behavioral effects of a high-sucrose diet during weight loss
    R S Surwit
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 65:908-15. 1997
    ..01). Results showed that a high sucrose content in a hypoenergetic, low-fat diet did not adversely affect weight loss, metabolism, plasma lipids, or emotional affect...
  37. pmc Antiobesity effect of eicosapentaenoic acid in high-fat/high-sucrose diet-induced obesity: importance of hepatic lipogenesis
    Ayumi Sato
    Development Research, Pharmaceutical Research Center, Mochida Pharmaceutical, Shizuoka, Japan
    Diabetes 59:2495-504. 2010
    ..Given the pleiotropic effect of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), it is interesting to know whether EPA is capable of improving obesity. Here we examined the anti-obesity effect of EPA in mice with two distinct models of obesity...
  38. ncbi Diurnal metabolic profiles after 14 d of an ad libitum high-starch, high-sucrose, or high-fat diet in normal-weight never-obese and postobese women
    A Raben
    Research Department of Human Nutrition, Center for Food Research, The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Frederiksberg, and the Department of Medical Physiology, The Panum Institute, The University of Copenhagen, Denmark
    Am J Clin Nutr 73:177-89. 2001
    ..The influence of the amount and type of carbohydrates in the diet on risk factors for obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease remains unclear...
  39. ncbi Acute effects on insulin sensitivity and diurnal metabolic profiles of a high-sucrose compared with a high-starch diet
    M E Daly
    Human Nutrition Research Centre, the Department of Biological and Nutritional Sciences, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 67:1186-96. 1998
    ..001). Plasma fatty acid concentrations showed a late postprandial rise with the sucrose-rich diet relative to the starch-rich diet, which was mirrored with a fractionally later peak in triacylglycerol concentrations...
  40. ncbi Effects of sucrose drinks on macronutrient intake, body weight, and mood state in overweight women over 4 weeks
    Marie Reid
    Psychology Department, Queen Margaret University, Edinburgh, UK
    Appetite 55:130-6. 2010
    ..Alternative explanations for the correlation between sugary soft drink intake and weight gain are discussed...
  41. pmc Young adults and eating away from home: associations with dietary intake patterns and weight status differ by choice of restaurant
    Nicole Larson
    Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 111:1696-703. 2011
    ..Young adults report frequent away-from-home eating; however, little is known regarding what types of restaurants are patronized or whether associations with dietary intake and weight status differ according to restaurant type...
  42. pmc Sugar-added beverages consumption among kindergarten children of Crete: effects on nutritional status and risk of obesity
    Manolis Linardakis
    Preventive Medicine and Nutrition Clinic, Faculty of Medicine, University of Crete, Greece
    BMC Public Health 8:279. 2008
    ..To assess the intake of sugar-added beverages such as soft drinks and commercially available fruit juices in kindergarten children, and to examine its association with obesity indices, physical activity levels and dietary habits...
  43. ncbi Dietary sugars and body weight: systematic review and meta-analyses of randomised controlled trials and cohort studies
    Lisa Te Morenga
    Departments of Human Nutrition and Medicine, University of Otago, PO Box 56, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand
    BMJ 346:e7492. 2013
    ..To summarise evidence on the association between intake of dietary sugars and body weight in adults and children...
  44. ncbi Associations between added sugars and micronutrient intakes and status: further analysis of data from the National Diet and Nutrition Survey of Young People aged 4 to 18 years
    Sigrid Gibson
    Sig Nurture Ltd, 11 Woodway, Guildford, Surrey GU1 2TF, UK
    Br J Nutr 101:100-7. 2009
    ..Further work is needed to explore the impact of different sources of added sugars and to refine assessments of inadequate intakes and status...
  45. ncbi Sugar-sweetened soft drinks, obesity, and type 2 diabetes
    Caroline M Apovian
    JAMA 292:978-9. 2004
  46. ncbi A critical examination of the evidence relating high fructose corn syrup and weight gain
    Richard A Forshee
    Center for Food, Nutrition, and Agriculture Policy, University of Maryland College Park, 1122 Patapsco Building, College Park, MD, USA
    Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 47:561-82. 2007
    ..Research recommendations were made to improve our understanding of the association of HFCS and weight gain...
  47. ncbi Mechanisms for the acute effect of fructose on postprandial lipemia
    Mary F F Chong
    Oxford Centre for Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 85:1511-20. 2007
    ..A high fructose intake can lead to postprandial hypertriacylglycerolemia. The underlying mechanism is unclear...
  48. ncbi Increasing caloric contribution from sugar-sweetened beverages and 100% fruit juices among US children and adolescents, 1988-2004
    Y Claire Wang
    Columbia Mailman School of Public Health, Department of Health Policy and Management, 600 West 168th St, 6th Floor, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Pediatrics 121:e1604-14. 2008
    ..We sought to document increases in caloric contributions from sugar-sweetened beverages and 100% fruit juice among US youth during 1988-2004...
  49. ncbi Effects of decreasing sugar-sweetened beverage consumption on body weight in adolescents: a randomized, controlled pilot study
    Cara B Ebbeling
    Division of Endocrinology, Department of Medicine, Children s Hospital Boston, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Pediatrics 117:673-80. 2006
    ..We conducted a pilot study to examine the effect of decreasing SSB consumption on body weight...
  50. ncbi Sugar consumption and caries risk: a systematic review
    B A Burt
    University of Michigan, School of Public Health, Ann Arbor 48109 2029, USA
    J Dent Educ 65:1017-23. 2001
    ..Controlling the consumption of sugar remains a justifiable part of caries prevention, however, if not always the most important aspect...
  51. pmc Dietary sources of energy, solid fats, and added sugars among children and adolescents in the United States
    Jill Reedy
    Risk Factor Monitoring and Methods Branch, Applied Research Program, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 110:1477-84. 2010
    ..The objective of this research was to identify top dietary sources of energy, solid fats, and added sugars among 2- to 18-year-olds in the United States...
  52. ncbi Early childhood caries lesions in preschool children in Kerala, India
    Babu Jose
    Faculty of Dentistry, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR
    Pediatr Dent 25:594-600. 2003
    ..Therefore, the aims of this study were: (1) to gather data on caries lesion frequency and distribution; (2) to determine any possible associations with feeding habits and oral health care practices...
  53. ncbi School vending machine use and fast-food restaurant use are associated with sugar-sweetened beverage intake in youth
    Jean L Wiecha
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 106:1624-30. 2006
    ..To examine associations between use of school vending machines and fast-food restaurants and youth intake of sugar-sweetened beverages...
  54. pmc 'Junk food' diet and childhood behavioural problems: results from the ALSPAC cohort
    N J Wiles
    Department of Community Based Medicine, Academic Unit of Psychiatry, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Eur J Clin Nutr 63:491-8. 2009
    ..To determine whether a 'junk food' diet at age 4(1/2) is associated with behavioural problems at age 7...
  55. ncbi Prevalence of caries among preschool-aged children in a northern Manitoba community
    Robert J Schroth
    Department of Diagnostic and Surgical Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg
    J Can Dent Assoc 71:27. 2005
    ..ECC is multifactorial in origin, and the notion that the principal etiology is inappropriate feeding modalities is no longer tenable...
  56. ncbi Is sugar-sweetened beverage consumption associated with increased fatness in children?
    Laura Johnson
    MRC Human Nutrition Research, Cambridge, United Kingdom
    Nutrition 23:557-63. 2007
    ..We assessed whether sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption increases fatness in British children...
  57. ncbi Changes in consumption of sugars by English adolescents over 20 years
    A J Rugg-Gunn
    Human Nutrition Research Centre, School of Clinical Medical Sciences, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 4LP, UK
    Public Health Nutr 10:354-63. 2007
    ..This study reports dietary sugars consumption in 2000 and compares it with data collected in 1980 and 1990, using identical methods...
  58. pmc Sugar receptors in Drosophila
    Jesse Slone
    Duke University Medical Center, Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
    Curr Biol 17:1809-16. 2007
    ..Finally, we present evidence that some members of the Gr64 gene family are transcribed as a polycistronic mRNA, providing a mechanism for the coexpression of multiple sugar receptors in the same taste neurons...
  59. ncbi High dietary sucrose triggers hyperinsulinemia, increases myocardial beta-oxidation, reduces glycolytic flux and delays post-ischemic contractile recovery
    D Gonsolin
    Laboratoire de Bioénergétique Fondamentale et Appliquée, INSERM E221, Universite J Fourier, BP 53, 38041, Grenoble Cedex 09, France
    Mol Cell Biochem 295:217-28. 2007
    ..Although fasting plasma glucose levels were not affected by increased dietary sucrose, high sucrose intake resulted in increased plasma insulin levels, without significant rise in plasma ..
  60. pmc Comparison of free fructose and glucose to sucrose in the ability to cause fatty liver
    Laura G Sanchez-Lozada
    Division of Nephrology, Hypertension and Transplantation, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA
    Eur J Nutr 49:1-9. 2010
  61. ncbi Sucrose compared with artificial sweeteners: different effects on ad libitum food intake and body weight after 10 wk of supplementation in overweight subjects
    Anne Raben
    Research Department of Human Nutrition, Centre for Advanced Food Studies, The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Frederiksberg, Denmark
    Am J Clin Nutr 76:721-9. 2002
    ..The role of artificial sweeteners in body-weight regulation is still unclear...
  62. ncbi Determinants and patterns of soft drink consumption in young adults: a qualitative analysis
    Libby Hattersley
    NSW Centre for Overweight and Obesity, University of Sydney K25, New South Wales 2006, Australia
    Public Health Nutr 12:1816-22. 2009
    ..To explore knowledge, attitudes and behaviours regarding caloric soft drinks in a group of young adults attending university and to identify opportunities for a health promotion intervention aimed at reducing consumption...
  63. pmc Not enough fruit and vegetables or too many cookies, candies, salty snacks, and soft drinks?
    Deborah A Cohen
    RAND Corporation, 1776 Main St, Santa Monica, CA 90407, USA
    Public Health Rep 125:88-95. 2010
    ..This study contrasted physical activity, fruit/vegetable consumption, and discretionary calorie consumption from selected foods relative to the 2005 dietary guidelines...
  64. ncbi Advertising and obesity: a behavioral perspective
    Janet Hoek
    Department of Marketing, College of Business, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand
    J Health Commun 11:409-23. 2006
    ..We also review the New Zealand government's response to obesity and suggest policy interventions that would foster healthier eating behaviors...
  65. ncbi Impact of school district sugar-sweetened beverage policies on student beverage exposure and consumption in middle schools
    Donna B Johnson
    Center for Public Health Nutrition, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 3410, USA
    J Adolesc Health 45:S30-7. 2009
    ..To determine the associations between 1) exposure to sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) in middle schools and student consumption of SSB during the school day; and 2) school district policies about SSB and exposure to SSB in schools...
  66. ncbi Caries and associated factors in a group of Swedish children 2- 3 years of age
    Marie Bankel
    Public Dental Service Clinic in Majorna, Goteborg, Sweden
    Swed Dent J 30:137-46. 2006
    ..The study provided insight into various factors, useful for monitoring children at risk of developing early childhood caries...
  67. ncbi Caries and its association with infant feeding and oral health-related behaviours in 3-4-year-old Brazilian children
    E L Dini
    Universidade Estadual Paulista, Araraquara, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 28:241-8. 2000
    ..To investigate the relationships between socio-demographic factors, infant feeding habits, oral hygiene and the prevalence and patterns of caries in Brazilian 3-4-year-olds...
  68. ncbi Adolescent screen-viewing behaviour is associated with consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages: the role of habit strength and perceived parental norms
    Stef P J Kremers
    Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, Universiteit Maastricht, P O Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Appetite 48:345-50. 2007
    ..Consequences of the identified role of habit and parental norms in the interplay between sedentary behaviour and consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages among adolescents are discussed...
  69. ncbi Are the low protein requirements of nectarivorous birds the consequence of their sugary and watery diet? A test with an omnivore
    Ella Tsahar
    Department of Biology, Technion Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel
    Physiol Biochem Zool 78:239-45. 2005
    ..We hypothesize that ureteral ammonia was reabsorbed in the lower intestine, indicating a postrenal modification of the urine...
  70. ncbi Consumption of sugars and body weight
    M A van Baak
    NUTRIM, Department of Human Biology, Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Obes Rev 10:9-23. 2009
    ..There is currently no convincing evidence for a role of GI independent of GL...
  71. ncbi Associations between dietary added sugar intake and micronutrient intake: a systematic review
    Kirsten L Rennie
    Northern Ireland Centre for Food and Health, School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Ulster, Coleraine BT52 ISA, UK
    Br J Nutr 97:832-41. 2007
    ..Analyses should take into account the magnitude of any observed associations to determine their true biological significance...
  72. ncbi The impact of added sugar consumption on overall dietary quality in Irish children and teenagers
    T Joyce
    UCD Institute of Food and Health, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland
    J Hum Nutr Diet 21:438-50. 2008
    ..There is concern that added sugar may dilute micronutrients and displace nutrient dense foods from the diet...
  73. ncbi Dietary intakes and caries experience in children in Limpopo Province, South Africa
    U E MacIntyre
    Institute for Human Nutrition, University of Limpopo Medunsa Campus
    SADJ 61:058-63. 2006
  74. ncbi Prevalence of salivary Streptococcus mutans in mothers and in their preschool children
    I Thorild
    Public Dental Clinic, Varberg, Sweden
    Int J Paediatr Dent 12:2-7. 2002
    ..To establish the prevalence and possible relationship of oral Streptococcus mutans colonization in mother-child pairs...
  75. ncbi Moderate increase in dietary sucrose does not influence fasting or postprandial serum lipids regardless of the presence of apolipoprotein E2 allele in healthy subjects
    A T Erkkilä
    School of Public Health and Clinical Nutrition, University of Kuopio, Kuopio, Finland
    Eur J Clin Nutr 61:1094-101. 2007
    To investigate whether a moderate increase in dietary sucrose intake induces different serum lipid responses in normolipidemic subjects with the epsilon 2 allele compared with subjects without the epsilon 2 allele.
  76. ncbi Dietary determinants of dental caries and dietary recommendations for preschool children
    Norman Tinanoff
    Dept of Pediatric Dentistry, Dental School, University of Maryland, Baltimore, USA
    Refuat Hapeh Vehashinayim 20:8-23, 78. 2003
  77. ncbi Changes in caries prevalence in Japan
    H Miyazaki
    Department of Preventive Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Nligata University, Japan
    Eur J Oral Sci 104:452-8. 1996
    ..An excellent correlation (r = 0.91; P < 0.01) is observed between the DMFT in 12-year-olds and per capita sugar consumption per year between 1957 and 1987 in Japan...
  78. pmc Evidence to support a food-based dietary guideline on sugar consumption in South Africa
    N P Steyn
    Chronic Disease of Lifestyle Unit, WHO Collaborating Centre for Chronic Diseases of Lifestyle, South African Medical Research Council, Tygerberg, South Africa
    Bull World Health Organ 81:599-608. 2003
    ..This paper summarizes the evidence available for such a guideline and the nature of that evidence. Other low- and middle-income countries, particularly those in Africa, may face a similar dilemma and might learn from our experience...
  79. ncbi Caries prevalence and its association with brushing habits, water availability, and the intake of sugared beverages
    Joseph A Guido
    Private Practice, Ft Collins, CO, USA
    Int J Paediatr Dent 21:432-40. 2011
    ..CONCLUSIONS. Drinking sugared beverages, poor oral hygiene habits, and lack of access to tap water were identified as risk factor for caries in this sample of residents of rural Mexico...
  80. ncbi Effects of short-term low- and high-carbohydrate diets on postprandial metabolism in non-diabetic and diabetic subjects
    K S Culling
    Oxford Centre for Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism, University of Oxford, Churchill Hospital, Oxford, UK
    Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 19:345-51. 2009
    ..To test whether the nature of the carbohydrate affects metabolic responses, we conducted a randomized cross-over study using a short-term, intensive dietary modification...
  81. ncbi Direction of associations between added sugar intake in early childhood and body mass index at age 7 years may depend on intake levels
    Antje Herbst
    Hospital of Leverkusen, Department of Pediatrics, 51375 Leverkusen, Germany
    J Nutr 141:1348-54. 2011
    ..However, detrimental effects on BMI development may emerge when added sugar intakes are increased to higher levels...
  82. pmc Taste-independent detection of the caloric content of sugar in Drosophila
    Monica Dus
    Molecular Neurobiology Program, Skirball Institute for Biomolecular Medicine, Department of Cell Biology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:11644-9. 2011
    ..Thus, the need to replenish depleted energy stores during periods of starvation may be met through the activity of a taste-independent metabolic sensing pathway...
  83. ncbi A high-sucrose isocaloric pair-fed model induces obesity and impairs NDUFB6 gene function in rat adipose tissue
    A Lomba
    Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Physiology and Toxicology, University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain
    J Nutrigenet Nutrigenomics 2:267-72. 2009
  84. pmc Endocrine and metabolic effects of consuming beverages sweetened with fructose, glucose, sucrose, or high-fructose corn syrup
    Kimber L Stanhope
    Department of Molecular Biosciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 88:1733S-1737S. 2008
  85. ncbi Perceived parenting style and practices and the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages by adolescents
    Klazine van der Horst
    Department of Public Health, Erasmus University Medical Center, PO Box 1738, NL 3000 DR Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Health Educ Res 22:295-304. 2007
    ..Interventions aimed at the promotion of healthy parenting practices will improve when they are tailored to the general parenting style of the participants...
  86. ncbi Diabetes, insulin resistance and sugars
    M Laville
    Centre de Recherche en Nutrition Humaine Rhône Alpes, Univ de lyon, Lyon, France
    Obes Rev 10:24-33. 2009
    ..But its effect on lipogenesis and triglyceridemia has to be taken into account, considering the growing use of fructose in food industry and sugar-sweetened drinks...
  87. ncbi The real contribution of added sugars and fats to obesity
    Adam Drewnowski
    Center for Public Health Nutrition and Nutritional Sciences Program, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    Epidemiol Rev 29:160-71. 2007
    ..Examining past studies of the contribution of added sugars and fats to obesity rates through the prism of food prices and diet costs is the purpose of this review...
  88. pmc Food selection associated with sense of coherence in adults
    Ulrika Lindmark
    Department of Natural Sciences and Biomedicine, University of Jönköping, Jonkoping, Sweden
    Nutr J 4:9. 2005
    ..However, understanding what determines an individual's dietary preferences and how to change his/her behavior remains limited. The aim of the present study was to evaluate associations between dietary intake and SOC in adults...
  89. ncbi Food away from home, sugar-sweetened drink consumption and juvenile obesity
    Linda J Gillis
    Children s Exercise and Nutrition Centre, Evel 4, Room 464A, Chedoke Division, Hamilton Health Sciences, Hamilton, Ontario L8N 3Z5, Canada
    J Am Coll Nutr 22:539-45. 2003
    ..To identify if particular foods or food groups may be associated with obesity in children and adolescents and to determine if consuming food away from home (FAFH) has an effect on the nutritional quality of their diets...
  90. pmc The interplay of public health law and industry self-regulation: the case of sugar-sweetened beverage sales in schools
    Michelle M Mello
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Public Health 98:595-604. 2008
  91. ncbi Consumption of sugar and sugar-sweetened foods and the risk of pancreatic cancer in a prospective study
    Susanna C Larsson
    Division of Nutritional Epidemiology, National Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
    Am J Clin Nutr 84:1171-6. 2006
    ..Frequent consumption of sugar and high-sugar foods may increase the risk of pancreatic cancer by inducing frequent postprandial hyperglycemia, increasing insulin demand, and decreasing insulin sensitivity...
  92. ncbi Regular sugar-sweetened beverage consumption between meals increases risk of overweight among preschool-aged children
    Lise Dubois
    Department of Epidemiology and Community Medicine, Institute of Population Health, University of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    J Am Diet Assoc 107:924-34; discussion 934-5. 2007
    ..To examine the relationship between consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (eg, nondiet carbonated drinks and fruit drinks) and the prevalence of overweight among preschool-aged children living in Canada...
  93. ncbi Is sugar consumption detrimental to health? A review of the evidence 1995-2006
    C H S Ruxton
    Nutrition Communications, Front Lebanon, Cupar KY15 4EA, UK
    Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 50:1-19. 2010
    ..Overall, the available evidence did not support a single quantitative sugar guideline covering all health issues...
  94. ncbi On the role and fate of sugars in human nutrition and health. Introduction
    A Palou
    Molecular Biology, Nutrition and Biotechnology Nutrigenomics, University of the Balearic Islands UIB, Palma de Mallorca, Spain
    Obes Rev 10:1-8. 2009
  95. ncbi Sugar and cardiovascular disease: A statement for healthcare professionals from the Committee on Nutrition of the Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism of the American Heart Association
    Barbara V Howard
    Circulation 106:523-7. 2002
  96. ncbi Sugar and fat intake among children in Scotland: what is needed to reach the dietary targets?
    Geraldine McNeill
    Population Health Section, Institute of Applied Health Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Foresterhill, Aberdeen AB25 2ZD, UK
    Public Health Nutr 13:1286-94. 2010
    ..To assess the intake and sources of non-milk extrinsic sugars (NMES) and fat among children in Scotland in relation to socio-economic status, and to estimate the changes in diet required to achieve recommended levels of intake...
  97. ncbi The effect of soft drink availability in elementary schools on consumption
    Meenakshi M Fernandes
    RAND Corporation, 1775 Main St, Santa Monica, CA 90403, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 108:1445-52. 2008
    ..To quantify the association among soft drink availability, school-based purchases, and overall consumption for elementary school children in the United States...
  98. ncbi Macronutrient disposal during controlled overfeeding with glucose, fructose, sucrose, or fat in lean and obese women
    R M McDevitt
    Medical Research Council Dunn Clinical Nutrition Centre, Cambridge, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 72:369-77. 2000
    ..Previous short-term studies (< or =6 h) showed differences in energy expenditure (EE) and macronutrient oxidation in response to overfeeding with different types of dietary carbohydrate. This finding could have implications for obesity...
  99. ncbi Metabolic effects of dietary sucrose and fructose in type II diabetic subjects
    D A Malerbi
    Endocrine and Nutrition Services, Hospital das Clinicas, University of Sao Paulo Medical School, Brazil
    Diabetes Care 19:1249-56. 1996
    ..To investigate the metabolic effects of dietary fructose and sucrose in type II diabetic patients...
  100. ncbi Prevalence of dental caries in obese and normal-weight Brazilian adolescents attending state and private schools
    Patrícia Vasconcelos Leitão Moreira
    Departamento Nutrição, Universidade Federal da Paraiba, Joao Pessoa, Brazil
    Community Dent Health 23:251-3. 2006
    ..To measure the association between dental caries and obesity in adolescents aged 12 to 15 years attending state and private schools...
  101. ncbi Feed intolerance in critical illness is associated with increased basal and nutrient-stimulated plasma cholecystokinin concentrations
    Nam Q Nguyen
    Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and General Medicine, Royal Adelaide Hospital, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    Crit Care Med 35:82-8. 2007
    ..Cholecystokinin (CCK) slows gastric emptying. The aim of this study was to determine plasma CCK concentrations during fasting and in response to small-intestine nutrient infusion in critically ill patients...

Research Grants67

    CHARLES SPARKS; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..We propose to study effects of dietary sucrose or constituent monosaccharides, fructose or glucose on plasma lipoproteins over a twenty week period ..
  2. A Drosophila Model Linking Diet-induced Obesity and Cancer (PQ 1)
    ROSS LEIGH CAGAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Feeding a high dietary sucrose to Ras/Src co- activated Drosophila cancer model developed aggressive tumor with emergent metastasis in a ..
  3. Regulation of gtf Gene Expression in S mutans
    Steven Goodman; Fiscal Year: 2005 inflict damage is strongly linked to the production of long chain glucose polymers (glucans) derived from dietary sucrose which allow the bacteria possesses a family of genes that express enzymes called glucosyltransferases (GTF)...
  4. An Exploratory Center for Obesity Research (RMI)
    Adam Drewnowski; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..By promoting interagency collaborations, these efforts will help the NIH develop a roadmap on how to effectively translate research findings into national, state, and local health policy. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  5. Effects of Light at Night on Circadian System in Nurses
    Eva Schernhammer; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  6. Young Adult Environmental and Physical Activity Dynamics
    Barry Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..No study heretofore has had large-scale groupings and in-depth environmental measures over time to examine these issues in a dynamic manner. ..
  7. Physical Environment Dynamics, Inequality and Obesity
    Barry Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..We will also consider issues related to sample selectivity, within race heterogeneity and acculturation. ..
  8. A Pilot Trial of Oral Melatonin Supplementation in Breast Cancer Survivors
    Eva Schernhammer; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This pilot data could lay the groundwork for a large scale trial to assess the chemopreventive potential of melatonin in women, both with and without a personal history of breast cancer. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  9. An innovative psychoeducational method & ECC prevention
    Karin Weber Gasparoni; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..If successful, widespread use of this psychoeducational intervention could have a profound impact in efforts to reduce oral health disparities. ..
  10. An Interdisciplinary Strategy for Obesity (RMI)
    Barry Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..We will apply the knowledge gained from our interdisciplinary research to achieve our long-term goal of developing novel treatment and prevention interventions for obesity. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
    Barry Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This work will provide important insights in the relative importance of genetic and environmental determinants of overweight and activity. ..
  12. Benefits & hazards of ketogenic low carbohydrate diets
    Njeri Karanja; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..We will use information gained in this pilot study to design more comprehensive studies that evaluate these alternative diets in a more rigorous fashion. ..
  13. Economic Contextual Influences on Population Diet and Obesity
    Lisa Powell; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  14. Away From Home and Out of School
    Deborah A Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The findings will be useful to inform future community and population level interventions to promote healthy eating, active living, and obesity control. ..
    Barry Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Finally, we will compare results across countries to determine whether there is a consistent pattern or structure of relationships across countries at different levels of development. ..
  16. Diet, Activity, Obesity & The Built Environment Dynamics
    Barry Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..A central issue is determining modifiable environment factors that may reduce ethnic and socioeconomic differentials in health status. ..
    Deborah Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The findings will inform future HIV prevention interventions and provide guidance to CBOs as to whether control of alcohol outlets and neighborhood development may enhance the prevention of HIV transmission. ..
  18. Clock Genes, Night Work, and Breast Cancer Risk
    Eva Schernhammer; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The results from this study could help identify individuals who are more susceptible to night work than others, based on their genetic profile. ..
    Deborah Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Because alcohol marketing is already regulated, if certain marketing techniques are disproportionately associated with alcohol consumption and alcohol-related mortality, the findings can be used to inform public policy. ..
  20. Metabolic Consequences of Low & High Carbohydrate Diets
    Njeri Karanja; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The primary outcome is a change in weight between the beginning of the study and the end of 30 months of follow-up. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  21. Aspartame Intake and the Risk of Cancer
    Eva Schernhammer; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Our results may help decision-makers formulate guidelines and direct future aspartame studies. Even a null finding would be important in this context. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  22. CB1 Receptors: Cocaine Reinforcement and Relapse
    Sara Ward; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The second goal is to employ this set of procedures to assess the role of the CB1 receptor system in cocaine's reinforcing effects and relapse to cocaine seeking. ..
  23. Longitudinal study of caries in a rural WIC population
    John Warren; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Data from this pilot study will be of great value and will position the study team to effectively conduct future intervention studies to reduce oral health disparities. ..
  24. Understanding Disparities in Obesity and its Comorbidities in the US
    Youfa Wang; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..S. using an interdisciplinary approach. ..
  25. Team COOL Pilot Study
    Martha Kubik; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
    RICHARD FOLTIN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  27. Worksite Environmental Interventions for Weight Control
    Simone French; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The effect of the intervention on health claims costs, work absenteeism and worker's compensation claims will be evaluated as a secondary outcome. ..
  28. Food reinforcement-genotype interactions and eating
    Leonard H Epstein; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The findings are relevant to a greater understanding of behavioral and genetic factors related to obesity, as well as providing ideas that may be relevant for treatment interventions for those high in food reinforcement. ..
  29. Glucolipotoxicity and Cardiac Dysfunction in Obesity
    Heinrich Taegtmeyer; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
    George Bray; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..We now propose these well founded, important and exciting studies which will provide critical new insights into anatomical, physiological and molecular mechanisms by which high levels of dietary fat induce obesity. ..
    Kathryn A Cunningham; Fiscal Year: 2010
  32. Effect of high dairy, high non-dairy and low calcium diet on weight and fat loss
    JANET WHATLEY BLUM; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  33. Habituation to food in children
    Leonard Epstein; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..These studies are designed to understand how individual differences in habituation may be an important factor that differentiates overweight and non-overweight youth. ..
    Jatin Vaidya; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Based on this research, it will be possible to develop prevention and treatment programs that take into consideration motivational processes that may be unique to adolescents. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
    Leonard Epstein; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Developing a better understanding of why obese youth increase physical activity or decrease energy intake when sedentary behaviors are reduced is important for the treatment of pediatric obesity. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
    Donald Mutti; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  37. Effects of Natural Agents with Fluoride on Caries
    Hyun Koo; Fiscal Year: 2004
  38. Impact of Non-Commercialism Policy in Seattle Schools
    Donna Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Helping to implement and evaluate a real-life policy holds greater promise for sustainability and for building coalitions between researchers, public health agencies and public schools . ..
  39. Obesity Prevention in African American Schoolchildren
    Youfa Wang; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..If the intervention proves effective, a full-scale study will be developed. Findings from this study will provide insights into the prevention of obesity among Iow-SES and minority students. ..
    Amy Davidoff; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The development of cellular insulin resistance is likely to be a key factor in the etiology of diabetic cardiomyopathy and may represent the recapitulation of fetal gene expression, as shown for hypertrophic myocardium. ..
    Susan Reisine; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
    Heinrich Taegtmeyer; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
    ROLAND GRIFFITHS; Fiscal Year: 2002
  44. The Delayed Effects of Phencyclidine: Mechanisms
    Sarah Turgeon; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..These experiments will begin to identify the mechanisms by which PCP produces schizophrenia-like behaviors in animals, providing insight into potential pathophysiologies underlying schizophrenia in humans. ..
    Amy Davidoff; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The adult myocyte culture system provides a well-defined method from elucidating fundamental mechanisms of high glucose that may contribute to the development of myocyte dysfunction in diabetes. ..
    Manoocher Soleimani; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Insight into regulation and gene structure of Na-coupled HCO3 transporters should enhance our knowledge on cell regulation and acid-base homeostasis. ..
    David Levy; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..abstract_text> ..
    James Young; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..A principal tenet of this proposal is that early life events which predispose animals to become obese differ from those which promote subsequent development in insulin resistance. ..
  49. AIAN Cohort Physical Activity Questionaire Validation
    Maureen Murtaugh; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Validation of the physical activity questionnaire for this population is the main objective of this proposal. The availability of a valid instrument could potentially enhance future lifestyle surveillance efforts. ..
  50. UConn Craniofacial Tissue Repair Regeneration Program
    Susan Reisine; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Our vision is to create a rich environment of interdisciplinary research that spans basic, translational and community based research. ..
  51. Periodontal Disease and Prematurity
    Ananda Dasanayake; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The collective expertise of the investigative team and the excellent clinical and research facilities are additional strengths. ..
    Dale Schoeller; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..In addition, this new instrument will provide new capacity in the form of the solids combustion inlet. This expands our potential users group in the area of development of dietary biomarkers. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  53. Targeted Proteomics of Stress and Addiction
    KATHRYN CUNNINGHAM; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  54. Oral Health Outcomes of Early Childhood Malnutrition
    Walter Psoter; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Given the universality of PEM pathophysiology, this study's findings will be generalizable to subsets of U.S. children having 9 oral health disparities. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
    Leonard Epstein; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This study will yield important information on new ways to treat pediatric obesity, minimizing dietary restriction and maximizing children learning healthier eating habits. ..
  56. Polyamine metabolism in heart and kidney ischemic injury
    Manoocher Soleimani; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  57. Erythrocytes, immuno-modulation and G6PD deficiency
    Zoltan Spolarics; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Elucidation of macrophage and T-cell cytokine responses to infection in G6PD deficiency may also be important in providing a mechanism of malaria protection alternative to currently accepted notions. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  58. International Caries Detection and Assessement System
    Amid Ismail; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Finding of the workshop will be used in a second workshop, to be organized by Dr. George Stookey, which will focus on the design of caries clinical trials and new diagnostic technology. ..
  59. Calcium Buffering Mechanisms in Taste Cells
    Kathryn Medler; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This data will further our understanding about how taste cells generate a signal in response to a taste stimuli. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  60. Walnuts vs. Walnut-Oil, Glucose Homeostasis, PCOS
    Sidika Kasim Karakas; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  61. Neurobehavioral Control of Body Fluid Balance in Mouse
    Alan Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..heat) challenges. These studies will be especially important for understanding mechanisms underlying pathological conditions such as hypertension and congestive heart failure where excess thirst and sodium intake have been documented. ..
  62. Uric Acid and Hypertension in African-Americans
    Mark Segal; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..In Aim 3 we test the hypothesis that prevention of chlorthalidone induced hyperuricemia with allopurinol improves renal blood flow and GFR and prevents microalbumineria. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  63. Dental Caries Traits: The Genetic Contribution
    Walter Bretz; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The results obtained in this study, by identifying the most heritable traits, will inform research that will employ molecular genetic analyses for dental caries surface-specific traits in the same twin sample. ..
  64. Validation of the EARTH Study Diet History Questionnaire
    Maureen Murtaugh; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..traditional). [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  65. Industry-Sponsored Research Contracts:An Empirical Study
    Michelle Mello; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The data will be analyzed descriptively and with chi-squared tests and regression analysis. ..