sex attractants

Summary

Summary: Pheromones that elicit sexual attraction or mating behavior usually in members of the opposite sex in the same species.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Sex pheromones and their impact on pest management
    Peter Witzgall
    SLU, Chemical Ecology Group, Alnarp, Sweden
    J Chem Ecol 36:80-100. 2010
  2. ncbi A single class of olfactory neurons mediates behavioural responses to a Drosophila sex pheromone
    Amina Kurtovic
    Research Institute of Molecular Pathology IMP, Dr Bohr Gasse 7, A 1030 Vienna, Austria
    Nature 446:542-6. 2007
  3. ncbi Insect sex-pheromone signals mediated by specific combinations of olfactory receptors
    Takao Nakagawa
    Department of Integrated Biosciences, Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Chiba 277 8562, Japan
    Science 307:1638-42. 2005
  4. ncbi Insect pheromones--an overview of biosynthesis and endocrine regulation
    J A Tillman
    Department of Biochemistry 330, University of Nevada, Reno 89557 0014, USA
    Insect Biochem Mol Biol 29:481-514. 1999
  5. pmc Sex pheromone receptor specificity in the European corn borer moth, Ostrinia nubilalis
    Kevin W Wanner
    Department of Plant Sciences and Plant Pathology, Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana, USA
    PLoS ONE 5:e8685. 2010
  6. ncbi Enhancement of attraction to sex pheromones of Spodoptera exigua by volatile compounds produced by host plants
    Jian Yu Deng
    Institute of Plant Physiology and Ecology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 300 Fenglin Road, Shanghai 200032, PR China
    J Chem Ecol 30:2037-45. 2004
  7. ncbi Allelic variation in a fatty-acyl reductase gene causes divergence in moth sex pheromones
    Jean Marc Lassance
    Department of Biology, Lund University, 22362 Lund, Sweden
    Nature 466:486-9. 2010
  8. pmc General principles of attraction and competitive attraction as revealed by large-cage studies of moths responding to sex pheromone
    J R Miller
    Department of Entomology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:22-7. 2010
  9. pmc A general odorant background affects the coding of pheromone stimulus intermittency in specialist olfactory receptor neurones
    Angela Rouyar
    UMR1272, PISC, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Versailles, France
    PLoS ONE 6:e26443. 2011
  10. ncbi Functional characterization of pheromone receptors in the tobacco budworm Heliothis virescens
    G Wang
    State Key Laboratory for Biology of Plant Disease and Insect Pests, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing, China
    Insect Mol Biol 20:125-33. 2011

Research Grants

  1. Neurobiology of Social Attraction and Preference
    Aras Petrulis; Fiscal Year: 2009
  2. Vasopressin Effects on Social Communication
    RICHMOND THOMPSON; Fiscal Year: 2004
  3. NEURAL MECHANISMS OF SOCIAL RECOGNITION AND MEMORY
    Robert Johnston; Fiscal Year: 2009
  4. Gradient Coils to Enhance MRI Research in Mental Health
    Craig Ferris; Fiscal Year: 2005
  5. SYNTHESIS OF ANTITUMOR AGENTS AND RELATED CHEMISTRY
    Steven Burke; Fiscal Year: 2004
  6. Expeditious Synthesis of Complexity and Diversity
    Steven Burke; Fiscal Year: 2007
  7. Genetics and evolution of gene copy number polymorphism
    Erik Dopman; Fiscal Year: 2008
  8. Adnesion Receptors of the Insect Immune System
    JAMES NARDI; Fiscal Year: 2003
  9. The Third RGS Protein Colloquium
    MICHAEL KOELLE; Fiscal Year: 2008
  10. FGF receptor signaling specificity in C.elegans
    MICHAEL KOELLE; Fiscal Year: 2007

Detail Information

Publications252 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Sex pheromones and their impact on pest management
    Peter Witzgall
    SLU, Chemical Ecology Group, Alnarp, Sweden
    J Chem Ecol 36:80-100. 2010
    ....
  2. ncbi A single class of olfactory neurons mediates behavioural responses to a Drosophila sex pheromone
    Amina Kurtovic
    Research Institute of Molecular Pathology IMP, Dr Bohr Gasse 7, A 1030 Vienna, Austria
    Nature 446:542-6. 2007
    ..Thus, activation of a single ORN class is both necessary and sufficient to mediate behavioural responses to the Drosophila sex pheromone cVA...
  3. ncbi Insect sex-pheromone signals mediated by specific combinations of olfactory receptors
    Takao Nakagawa
    Department of Integrated Biosciences, Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Chiba 277 8562, Japan
    Science 307:1638-42. 2005
    ..The same effects were also observed for general ORs. Both odorant and pheromone signaling pathways are mediated by means of a common mechanism in insects...
  4. ncbi Insect pheromones--an overview of biosynthesis and endocrine regulation
    J A Tillman
    Department of Biochemistry 330, University of Nevada, Reno 89557 0014, USA
    Insect Biochem Mol Biol 29:481-514. 1999
    ....
  5. pmc Sex pheromone receptor specificity in the European corn borer moth, Ostrinia nubilalis
    Kevin W Wanner
    Department of Plant Sciences and Plant Pathology, Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana, USA
    PLoS ONE 5:e8685. 2010
    ..To further knowledge of the molecular mechanisms of pheromone detection and its evolution among closely related species we identified and characterized sex pheromone receptors from ECB(Z)...
  6. ncbi Enhancement of attraction to sex pheromones of Spodoptera exigua by volatile compounds produced by host plants
    Jian Yu Deng
    Institute of Plant Physiology and Ecology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 300 Fenglin Road, Shanghai 200032, PR China
    J Chem Ecol 30:2037-45. 2004
    ..These results suggest that some host plant volatiles enhance the orientation response of S. exigua male moths to sex pheromone sources...
  7. ncbi Allelic variation in a fatty-acyl reductase gene causes divergence in moth sex pheromones
    Jean Marc Lassance
    Department of Biology, Lund University, 22362 Lund, Sweden
    Nature 466:486-9. 2010
    ..Accumulation of substitutions in the coding region of a single biosynthetic enzyme can produce pheromone differences resulting in reproductive isolation, with speciation as a potential end result...
  8. pmc General principles of attraction and competitive attraction as revealed by large-cage studies of moths responding to sex pheromone
    J R Miller
    Department of Entomology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:22-7. 2010
    ..This analysis system also offers a unique approach to quantifying animal foraging behaviors and could find applications across the natural and social sciences...
  9. pmc A general odorant background affects the coding of pheromone stimulus intermittency in specialist olfactory receptor neurones
    Angela Rouyar
    UMR1272, PISC, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Versailles, France
    PLoS ONE 6:e26443. 2011
    ..Rapid recovery of behavior shows that change of perceived intensity is more important than absolute stimulus intensity. While decreasing the response intensity, background odor preserved the temporal parameters of the specific signal...
  10. ncbi Functional characterization of pheromone receptors in the tobacco budworm Heliothis virescens
    G Wang
    State Key Laboratory for Biology of Plant Disease and Insect Pests, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing, China
    Insect Mol Biol 20:125-33. 2011
    ..Based on our results and previous research we can now assign pheromone receptors in H. virescens males to each of the critical H. virescens agonistic pheromone compounds and two antagonistic compounds produced by heterospecific females...
  11. ncbi Identification of receptors of main sex-pheromone components of three Lepidopteran species
    Hidefumi Mitsuno
    Division of Applied Biosciences, Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan
    Eur J Neurosci 28:893-902. 2008
    ....
  12. ncbi Pheromones of the male sea lamprey, Petromyzon marinus L.: structural studies on a new compound, 3-keto allocholic acid, and 3-keto petromyzonol sulfate
    Sang Seon Yun
    Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, Michigan State University, 13 Natural Resources Building, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    Steroids 68:297-304. 2003
    ..The possibility that a mixture of 3kACA and 3kPZS might be a more potent pheromonal attractant than either compound alone is discussed...
  13. ncbi Comparative study of sex pheromone composition and biosynthesis in Helicoverpa armigera, H. assulta and their hybrid
    Hong lei Wang
    State Key Laboratory of Integrated Management of Pest Insects and Rodents, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080, China
    Insect Biochem Mol Biol 35:575-83. 2005
    ..armigera. The evolutionary relationships between the desaturases in several Helicoverpa species are also discussed in this paper...
  14. ncbi Differential expression of odorant receptor genes involved in the sexual isolation of two Heliothis moths
    G M Vasquez
    Department of Entomology and W M Keck Center for Behavioral Biology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695 7634, USA
    Insect Mol Biol 20:115-24. 2011
    ..subflexa antennae suggests that interspecific sequence differences, rather than gene regulation differences, underly the species-specific male response to pheromone components...
  15. pmc L-Kynurenine, an amino acid identified as a sex pheromone in the urine of ovulated female masu salmon
    Hidenobu Yambe
    Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, University of Tokyo, Bunkyo ku, Tokyo 113 8657, Japan
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:15370-4. 2006
    ..This pheromone elicits a male-specific behavior at even picomolar concentrations; its electrophysiological threshold is 10(-14) M. L-Kynurenine is a reasonable substance for female masu salmon to advertise their readiness for mating...
  16. ncbi Identification of a male-produced aggregation pheromone in the western flower thrips Frankliniella occidentalis
    James G C Hamilton
    Centre for Applied Entomology and Parasitology, School of Life Sciences, Keele University, Staffordshire, ST5 5BG, UK
    J Chem Ecol 31:1369-79. 2005
    ..This is the first identification of an aggregation pheromone in the order Thysanoptera. The possible role of (R)-lavandulyl acetate is discussed...
  17. ncbi Male sex pheromone release and female mate choice in a butterfly
    Johan Andersson
    KTH, School of Chemistry and Engineering, Department of Chemistry, Organic Chemistry, Ecological Chemistry Group, SE 100 44 Stockholm, Sweden
    J Exp Biol 210:964-70. 2007
    ..Hence, these behavioral and electrophysiological tests provide strong evidence that citral is a signal from the male directed to the female during courtship, and that it functions as a male sex pheromone...
  18. pmc Moth sex pheromone receptors and deceitful parapheromones
    Pingxi Xu
    Honorary Maeda Duffey Laboratory, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e41653. 2012
    ....
  19. pmc Evolution of moth sex pheromones via ancestral genes
    Wendell L Roelofs
    Department of Entomology, Cornell University, Geneva, NY 14456, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99:13621-6. 2002
    ..Their presence would allow for asymmetric tracking of male response to the new blend and, thus, evolution of an Ostrinia species with structurally different sex pheromone components...
  20. ncbi Refining the dual olfactory hypothesis: pheromone reward and odour experience
    Fernando Martinez-Garcia
    Department de Biologia Funcional i Antropologia Física, Facultat de Ciencies Biologiques, Universitat de Valencia, Burjassot, Spain
    Behav Brain Res 200:277-86. 2009
    ....
  21. ncbi Characterisation of Bombyx mori Odorant-binding proteins reveals that a general odorant-binding protein discriminates between sex pheromone components
    Jing Jiang Zhou
    Department of Biological Chemistry, Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, AL5 2JQ, UK
    J Mol Biol 389:529-45. 2009
    ..Binding to BmorGOBP2 involves hydrogen bonding to Arg110 rather than to Ser56 as found for BmorPBP1...
  22. pmc Chiral discrimination of the Japanese beetle sex pheromone and a behavioral antagonist by a pheromone-degrading enzyme
    Yuko Ishida
    Honorary Maeda Duffey Laboratory, Department of Entomology, University of California, 1 Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:9076-80. 2008
    ....
  23. ncbi Mating-induced differential coding of plant odour and sex pheromone in a male moth
    Romina B Barrozo
    INRA, UMR 1272 Physiologie de l Insecte Signalisation et Communication, Route de St Cyr, 78000 Versailles, France
    Eur J Neurosci 33:1841-50. 2011
    ....
  24. ncbi Switching attraction to inhibition: mating-induced reversed role of sex pheromone in an insect
    Romina B Barrozo
    INRA, UMR 1272 Physiologie de l Insecte Signalisation et Communication, Route de St Cyr, F 78000 Versailles, France
    J Exp Biol 213:2933-9. 2010
    ....
  25. pmc Key biosynthetic gene subfamily recruited for pheromone production prior to the extensive radiation of Lepidoptera
    Marjorie A Liénard
    Chemical Ecology and Ecotoxicology, Department of Ecology, Lund University, Ecology Building, SE 22362, Lund, Sweden
    BMC Evol Biol 8:270. 2008
    ....
  26. ncbi Putative chemical signals about sex, individuality, and genetic background in the preputial gland and urine of the house mouse (Mus musculus)
    Jian Xu Zhang
    State Key Laboratory of Integrated Management of Pest Insects and Rodents in Agriculture, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 25 Beisihuanxi Road, Haidian District, Beijing 100080, China
    Chem Senses 32:293-303. 2007
    ..Hence, these 2 compounds might code for information about their genetic background...
  27. pmc A mutation with major effects on Drosophila melanogaster sex pheromones
    Fabrice Marcillac
    Unité de Recherche 5548 Associée au Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Faculte des Sciences, Universite de Bourgogne, 6 Boulevard Gabriel, 21000 Dijon, France
    Genetics 171:1617-28. 2005
    ..simulans, which shows no sexually dimorphic hydrocarbons. We also induced a larval-lethal allele that lacked all transcripts and failed to complement the defective hydrocarbon phenotype of mutant alleles...
  28. ncbi Plant terpenes affect intensity and temporal parameters of pheromone detection in a moth
    Virginie Party
    Unité Mixte de Recherche 1272 Physiologie de l Insecte, Signalisation et Communication, Institut National de Recherche Agronomique, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, Route de Saint Cyr, 78000 Versailles Cedex, France
    Chem Senses 34:763-74. 2009
    ..This modulation might positively affect mate location at high pheromone density especially nearby a pheromone source...
  29. ncbi Broadly and narrowly tuned odorant receptors are involved in female sex pheromone reception in Ostrinia moths
    Nami Miura
    Department of Agricultural and Environmental Biology, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113 8657, Japan
    Insect Biochem Mol Biol 40:64-73. 2010
    ..scapulalis. The findings of the present study are discussed with reference to knowledge on electrophysiological response profiles of olfactory receptor neurons in Ostrinia moths...
  30. pmc A new male sex pheromone and novel cuticular cues for chemical communication in Drosophila
    Joanne Y Yew
    Department of Neurobiology, Harvard Medical School, 220 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Curr Biol 19:1245-54. 2009
    ....
  31. pmc Evolution of multicomponent pheromone signals in small ermine moths involves a single fatty-acyl reductase gene
    Marjorie A Liénard
    Chemical Ecology and Ecotoxicology, Department of Biology, Lund University, SE 22362 Lund, Sweden
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:10955-60. 2010
    ....
  32. ncbi Male sea lampreys, Petromyzon marinus L., excrete a sex pheromone from gill epithelia
    Michael J Siefkes
    Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824, USA
    Biol Reprod 69:125-32. 2003
    ..These results demonstrate that 3ketoPZS is released through the gill epithelia and suggest that this pheromone or its precursor may be produced in the liver...
  33. ncbi Detection of female mating status using chemical signals and cues
    Melissa L Thomas
    Centre for Evolutionary Biology, The University of Western Australia, Australia
    Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 86:1-13. 2011
    ..This transfer of substances by males may be part of their strategy to suppress reproduction by competing males, particularly in species where females mate more than once...
  34. pmc Involvement of a bifunctional fatty-acyl desaturase in the biosynthesis of the silkmoth, Bombyx mori, sex pheromone
    Ken ichi Moto
    RIKEN, Hirosawa 2 1, Wako, Saitama 351 0198, Japan
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:8631-6. 2004
    ..Consequently, we have concluded that B. mori Desat1 is not only a bifunctional desaturase involved in bombykol biosynthesis but that it is also the enzyme responsible for both desaturation steps...
  35. ncbi Isolation and identification of petromyzestrosterol, a polyhydroxysteroid from sexually mature male sea lamprey (Petromyzon marinus L.)
    Ke Li
    Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    Steroids 77:806-10. 2012
    ..The concentration-response curve of 3k PZS was exponential in shape with steep slopes between 10(-10) and 10(-6) mol L(-1). The concentration-response curve for 1 was shallower than that for 3k PZS...
  36. ncbi Multiple functions of a multi-component mating pheromone in sea lamprey Petromyzon marinus
    N S Johnson
    Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    J Fish Biol 80:538-54. 2012
    ..It is concluded that the sea lamprey male mating pheromone has multiple functions and is composed of multiple components...
  37. pmc A multifunctional desaturase involved in the biosynthesis of the processionary moth sex pheromone
    Montserrat Serra
    Research Unit on BioActive Molecules RUBAM, Departament de Química Orgànica Biològica, Institut d Investigacions Quimiques i Ambientals de Barcelona, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas CSIC, Barcelona, Spain
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:16444-9. 2007
    ..Therefore, this single desaturase may account for the three desaturation steps involved in the sex pheromone biosynthetic pathway of the processionary moth...
  38. ncbi Cuticular hydrocarbons: their evolution and roles in Drosophila pheromonal communication
    Jean François Ferveur
    Unité de Recherche 5548 Associée au Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Faculte des Sciences, Universite de Bourgogne, 6 Bd Gabriel, 21000, Dijon, France
    Behav Genet 35:279-95. 2005
    ....
  39. ncbi Bile Acid secreted by male sea lamprey that acts as a sex pheromone
    Weiming Li
    Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    Science 296:138-41. 2002
    ..Hence, the male of this fish species signals both its reproductive status and location to females by secreting a pheromone that can act over long distances...
  40. ncbi Expression and evolution of delta9 and delta11 desaturase genes in the moth Spodoptera littoralis
    Sergio Rodriguez
    Department of Biological Organic Chemistry, IIQAB CSIC, IBMB CSIC, Jordi Girona 18, 08034 Barcelona, Spain
    Insect Biochem Mol Biol 34:1315-28. 2004
    ..Despite having all the characteristics of a desaturase gene, no function could be found for Sls-FL4...
  41. ncbi Desaturases from the spotted fireworm moth (Choristoneura parallela) shed light on the evolutionary origins of novel moth sex pheromone desaturases
    Weitian Liu
    Department of Entomology, Cornell University, Geneva, NY 14456, USA
    Gene 342:303-11. 2004
    ....
  42. ncbi Age-dependent plasticity of sex pheromone response in the moth, Agrotis ipsilon: combined effects of octopamine and juvenile hormone
    David Jarriault
    INRA, UMR 1272 Physiologie de l Insecte Signalisation et Communication, Versailles, France
    Horm Behav 56:185-91. 2009
    ..Results show that both JH and OA are necessary to elicit a behavioral response of A. ipsilon males to sex pheromone...
  43. ncbi Modelling the dynamics of the yeast pheromone pathway
    Bente Kofahl
    Humboldt University Berlin, Theoretical Biophysics, Invalidenstrasse 43, 10115 Berlin, Germany
    Yeast 21:831-50. 2004
    ..Furthermore, we can explain the phenotype of more than a dozen well-characterized mutants and also the graded response of yeast cells to varying concentrations of the stimulating pheromone...
  44. pmc A male-specific odorant receptor conserved through the evolution of sex pheromones in Ostrinia moth species
    Nami Miura
    Department of Agricultural and Environmental Biology, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113 8657, Japan
    Int J Biol Sci 5:319-30. 2009
    ..The present findings suggest that the male-specific receptor of E11-14:OH was acquired before the divergence of the genus Ostrinia, and functionally retained through the evolution of this genus...
  45. ncbi Quantitative analysis of sex-pheromone coding in the antennal lobe of the moth Agrotis ipsilon: a tool to study network plasticity
    David Jarriault
    INRA, UMR1272, Physiologie de l Insecte Signalisation et Communication, Versailles, F 78000, France
    J Exp Biol 212:1191-201. 2009
    ..The data presented will serve as a basis for comparison with those of immature and mated males...
  46. pmc Targeted disruption of genes in the Bombyx mori sex pheromone biosynthetic pathway
    Atsushi Ohnishi
    Molecular Entomology Laboratory, The Institute of Physical and Chemical Research RIKEN, Hirosawa 2 1, Wako, Saitama 351 0198, Japan
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:4398-403. 2006
    ....
  47. pmc The consequences of regulation of desat1 expression for pheromone emission and detection in Drosophila melanogaster
    Benjamin Houot
    Centre des Sciences du Gout et de l Alimentation, UMR6265 Centre National de Recherche Scientifique, UMR1324 Institut National de Recherche Agronomique, Universite de Bourgogne, AgroSup Dijon, F 21000 Dijon, France
    Genetics 185:1297-309. 2010
    ..This suggests that the pleiotropic action of desat1 on pheromonal communication depends on the fine regulation of its transcriptional activity...
  48. ncbi Mixture interactions in moth olfactory physiology: examining the effects of odorant mixture, concentration, distal stimulation, and antennal nerve transection on sensillar responses
    N K Hillier
    Department of Biology, Acadia University, Wolfville, Nova Scotia B4P2R6, Canada
    Chem Senses 36:93-108. 2011
    ..virescens ORNs...
  49. ncbi Coding and interaction of sex pheromone and plant volatile signals in the antennal lobe of the codling moth Cydia pomonella
    Federica Trona
    IASMA Research and Innovation Center, Fondazione E Mach, Via E Mach 1, 38010 S Michele a A TN, Italy
    J Exp Biol 213:4291-303. 2010
    ..The lack of a clear segregation between the pheromone and general odour subsystems in the AL of the codling moth suggests a level of interaction that has not been reported from other insects...
  50. ncbi Sexual differentiation of the neuroendocrine mechanisms regulating mate recognition in mammals
    J Bakker
    Centre for Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology, Research Group in Behavioural Neuroendocrinology, University of Liege, B 4020 Liege, Belgium
    J Neuroendocrinol 15:615-21. 2003
    ..Thus, sex differences in mate recognition and sexual partner preference may reflect sex differences in the perception of odours by the main olfactory system...
  51. pmc Male-produced aggregation pheromones of the cerambycid beetles Xylotrechus colonus and Sarosesthes fulminans
    Emerson S Lacey
    Department of Entomology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    J Chem Ecol 35:733-40. 2009
    ....
  52. pmc A blend of small molecules regulates both mating and development in Caenorhabditis elegans
    Jagan Srinivasan
    Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Biology Division, California Institute of Technology, 1200 E California Boulevard, Pasadena, California 91125, USA
    Nature 454:1115-8. 2008
    ..The ascaroside signalling system thus connects reproductive and developmental pathways and represents a unique example of structure- and concentration-dependent differential activity of signalling molecules...
  53. ncbi Male sex pheromones and the phylogeographic structure of the Lutzomyia longipalpis species complex (Diptera: Psychodidae) from Brazil and Venezuela
    Phillip C Watts
    School of Biological Sciences, Liverpool University, Liverpool, United Kingdom
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 73:734-43. 2005
    ..cruzi (Brazil) and Lu. pseudolongipalpis (Venezuela) as separate species, two (mostly 9-methyl-germacrene-B) Venezuelan and Brazilian groups, and a very distinct cluster of Brazilian cembrene populations...
  54. ncbi Potential of mass trapping for long-term pest management and eradication of invasive species
    A M El-Sayed
    HortResearch, Canterbury Research Centre, Lincoln 7640, New Zealand
    J Econ Entomol 99:1550-64. 2006
    ....
  55. ncbi Transformation of the sex pheromone signal in the noctuid moth Agrotis ipsilon: from peripheral input to antennal lobe output
    David Jarriault
    Unité Mixte de Recherches 1272 Physiologie de l Insecte, Signalisation et Communication, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Route de Saint Cyr, F 78000 Versailles, France
    Chem Senses 35:705-15. 2010
    ..Moreover, MGC neurons showed a wider tuning and a higher sensitivity to single pheromone components than ORNs...
  56. pmc The use of chemical and visual cues in female choice in the butterfly Bicyclus anynana
    Katie Costanzo
    Department of Biological Sciences, University at Buffalo, 109 Cooke Hall, Buffalo, NY 14260, USA
    Proc Biol Sci 274:845-51. 2007
    ..We discuss the possible functions of these signals and how this bimodal system may be used in intra- and interspecific mate evaluation...
  57. pmc Interaction of cellular and network mechanisms for efficient pheromone coding in moths
    Hana Belmabrouk
    Laboratoire Lorrain de Recherche en Informatique et ses Applications LORIA Unité Mixte de Recherche 7503, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 54506 Vandoeuvre les Nancy, France
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:19790-5. 2011
    ..The first inhibition plays the role of a reset to limit variability in the time to first spike. The second inhibition prevents responses of excessive duration to allow tracking of intermittent stimuli...
  58. ncbi Effects of aromatase mutation (ArKO) on the sexual differentiation of kisspeptin neuronal numbers and their activation by same versus opposite sex urinary pheromones
    Julie Bakker
    GIGA Neurosciences, University of Liege, B36 1st floor Avenue de l Hopital, 1 4000, Liege, Belgium
    Horm Behav 57:390-5. 2010
    ..By contrast, the ability of male urinary pheromones to activate kisspeptin neurons in WT females may not depend on the organizational action of estradiol since ArKO females still showed some Fos/kisspeptin co-activation...
  59. pmc Genetics of differences in pheromonal hydrocarbons between Drosophila melanogaster and D. simulans
    J A Coyne
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, University of Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA
    Genetics 143:353-64. 1996
    ..simulans and its closer relative D. sechellia, implying either an evolutionary convergence or the retention in D. sechellia of an ancestral sexual dimorphism...
  60. pmc Olfactory proteins mediating chemical communication in the navel orangeworm moth, Amyelois transitella
    Walter S Leal
    Department of Entomology, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 4:e7235. 2009
    ..Some constituents of the sex pheromone are unstable and could be replaced with parapheromones, which may be designed on the basis of molecular interaction of pheromones and pheromone-detecting olfactory proteins...
  61. ncbi Balanced olfactory antagonism as a concept for understanding evolutionary shifts in moth sex pheromone blends
    Thomas C Baker
    Center for Chemical Ecology, Department of Entomology, Penn State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    J Chem Ecol 34:971-81. 2008
    ....
  62. ncbi Male-produced aggregation pheromone of the cerambycid beetle Rosalia funebris
    Ann M Ray
    Department of Entomology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 61801, USA
    J Chem Ecol 35:96-103. 2009
    ..This is the first pheromone identified for a species in the tribe Rosaliini...
  63. ncbi Analysis of the sex pheromone extract of individual male Lutzomyia longipalpis sandflies from six regions in Brazil
    J G C Hamilton
    Chemical Ecology Medical Entomology Group, Centre for Applied Entomology and Parasitology, Institute of Science and Technology in Medicine, Keele University, Staffordshire, UK
    Med Vet Entomol 19:480-8. 2005
    ..Evidence of a fifth chemotype in Brazil is also presented...
  64. ncbi Extreme sensitivity in an olfactory system
    Anna Maria Angioy
    Department of Experimental Biology, Section of General Physiology, University of Cagliari, Monserrato Cagliari, Italy
    Chem Senses 28:279-84. 2003
    ..The behavioural significance of this extreme sensitivity most likely lies in the creation of awareness and readiness to respond behaviourally at higher concentration levels...
  65. pmc The male sex pheromone of the butterfly Bicyclus anynana: towards an evolutionary analysis
    Caroline M Nieberding
    Evolutionary Biology Group, Institute of Biology, Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands
    PLoS ONE 3:e2751. 2008
    ..Here we assess whether the African butterfly Bicyclus anynana, for which genetic, genomic, phylogenetic, ecological and ethological tools are available, represents a relevant model to contribute to such comparative studies...
  66. ncbi Genetic feminization of brain structures and changed sexual orientation in male Drosophila
    J F Ferveur
    Department of Biology, New York University, NY 10003
    Science 267:902-5. 1995
    ..These two brain structures, both of which are involved in olfactory processing, may function in the recognition of sex-specific pheromones, in the control of sex-specific behaviors, or both...
  67. ncbi Genetic identification of two sibling species of Lutzomyia longipalpis (Diptera: Psychodidae) that produce distinct male sex pheromones in Sobral, Ceará State, Brazil
    R D C Maingon
    Centre for Applied Entomology and Parasitology, School of Life Sciences, Keele University, ST5 5BG, UK
    Mol Ecol 12:1879-94. 2003
    ..This microsatellite data together with previously reported reproductive isolation between the two Sobral populations confirm that premating barriers are important in speciation of L. longipalpis...
  68. ncbi A set of female pheromones affects reproduction before, during and after mating in Drosophila
    Fabrice Marcillac
    Unité de Recherche 5548 Associée au Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Faculte des Sciences, Universite de Bourgogne, 6, Boulevard Gabriel, 21 000 Dijon, France
    J Exp Biol 207:3927-33. 2004
    ..The fact that female pheromones induced reciprocal effects on the frequency of the genes contributed by females and males suggests that these substances regulate coevolutionary processes between the sexes...
  69. pmc Rapid evolution of sex pheromone-producing enzyme expression in Drosophila
    Troy R Shirangi
    Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Wisconsin, Madison, United States of America
    PLoS Biol 7:e1000168. 2009
    ....
  70. ncbi Odor-modulated upwind flight of the sphinx moth, Manduca sexta L
    M A Willis
    Arizona Research Laboratories, University of Arizona, Tucson
    J Comp Physiol A 169:427-40. 1991
    ..This temporal regularity of turning appears to be one of the most stereotyped features of odor-modulated flight in M. sexta...
  71. ncbi Mating-induced transient inhibition of responses to sex pheromone in a male moth is not mediated by octopamine or serotonin
    Romina B Barrozo
    UMR 1272 INRA UPMC Physiologie de l Insecte Signalisation et Communication, F 78000 Versailles, France
    J Exp Biol 213:1100-6. 2010
    ..Altogether, these results show that, although biogenic amines modulate the olfactory system in moths, OA and 5-HT are probably not involved in the post-mating inhibition of responses to sex pheromone in A. ipsilon males...
  72. ncbi Cuticular hydrocarbons as sex pheromone of the bee Colletes cunicularius and the key to its mimicry by the sexually deceptive orchid, Ophrys exaltata
    Jim Mant
    Geobotanical Institute, ETH Zurich, Zollikerstrasse 107, 8008 Zurich, Switzerland
    J Chem Ecol 31:1765-87. 2005
    ..Thus, linalool appears to function as a long-range attractant, whereas cuticular hydrocarbons are necessary for inducing short-range mating behavior...
  73. ncbi Expression of pheromone biosynthesis activating neuropeptide and its receptor (PBANR) mRNA in adult female Spodoptera exigua (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)
    Yunxia Cheng
    State Key Laboratory for Plant Diseases and Insect Pests, Institute of Plant Protection Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing, China
    Arch Insect Biochem Physiol 75:13-27. 2010
    ..exigua moths during the same period. We infer from these results that pheromone biosynthesis and release in S. exigua is regulated by PBAN via up-regulating synthesis...
  74. ncbi Axillary pheromones modulate pulsatile LH secretion in humans
    K Shinohara
    Department of Physiology, Yokohama City University School of Medicine, Yokohama, Japan
    Neuroreport 12:893-5. 2001
    ..Therefore, in humans, pheromones may play a role in the modulation of the timing of ovulation by changing the frequency of pulsatile LH secretion...
  75. ncbi Changes of sex pheromone communication systems associated with tebufenozide and abamectin resistance in diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella (L.)
    Zhen Xu
    Entomology Department Key Laboratory of Monitoring and Management of Plant Diseases and Insects, Ministry of Agriculture, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, 210095, China
    J Chem Ecol 36:526-34. 2010
    ..The implications of this non-random mating for insect speciation and insecticide resistance management are discussed...
  76. ncbi Evidence of female-produced sex pheromone of Adelphocoris suturalis (Hemiptera: Miridae): effect of age and time of day
    Zhilin Zhang
    Hubei Insect Resources Utilization and Sustainable Pest Management Key Laboratory, College of Plant Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, Hubei, China
    J Econ Entomol 104:1189-94. 2011
    ..These results improve our understanding of the sexual communication behavior of A. suturalis and provide evidence of female-produced sex pheromone in this species...
  77. ncbi A bug's smell--research into insect olfaction
    Bill S Hansson
    Department of Crop Science, Division of Chemical Ecology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, PO Box 44, SE 230 53 Alnarp, Sweden
    Trends Neurosci 25:270-4. 2002
    ..From the late 1950s until very recently, research into the structure and function of the insect olfactory system has often preceded similar investigations in vertebrates and has been important in the formulation of general principles...
  78. ncbi Molecular genetic analysis and ecological evidence reveals multiple cryptic species among thynnine wasp pollinators of sexually deceptive orchids
    Kate E Griffiths
    Evolution, Ecology and Genetics, Research School of Biology, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 59:195-205. 2011
    ..The diversity of Neozeleboria may have enabled, rather than constrained, pollinator-driven speciation in these orchids...
  79. ncbi Glomerular targets of Heliothis subflexa male olfactory receptor neurons housed within long trichoid sensilla
    Seong Gyu Lee
    Department of Entomology, Chemical Ecology Lab, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    Chem Senses 31:821-34. 2006
    ....
  80. ncbi Identification of critical secondary components of the sex pheromone of the navel orangeworm (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae)
    L P S Kuenen
    USDA ARS, 9611 South Riverbend Ave, Parlier, CA 93648, USA
    J Econ Entomol 103:314-30. 2010
    ..This suggests that careful reexamination of pheromone gland contents for both type I and type II compounds may prove fruitful in species that have been studied but for which full attractant blends have eluded identification...
  81. ncbi Chemical ecology and management of Lobesia botrana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae)
    C Ioriatti
    Fondazione Edmund Mach, Via E Mach 1, I 38010 San Michele a A TN, Italy
    J Econ Entomol 104:1125-37. 2011
    ....
  82. ncbi Male chemosignals inhibit the neural responses of male mice to female chemosignals
    Reno Reyes
    Department of Biology, San Francisco State University, San Francisco, CA 94132, USA
    Brain Res Bull 63:301-8. 2004
    ..The specific pattern of Fos-ir in the olfactory bulbs suggests that this may be due to an inhibition in the responses of mitral cells to female urine...
  83. ncbi Intraspecific communication through chemical signals in female mice: reinforcing properties of involatile male sexual pheromones
    Joana Martínez-Ricós
    Departament de Biologia Funcional i Antropologia Física, Facultat de Ciencies Biologiques, Universitat de Valencia, C Dr Moliner, 50, ES 46100, Burjassot, Valencia, Spain
    Chem Senses 32:139-48. 2007
    ..The present work constitutes the first demonstration of the unconditioned reinforcing properties of involatile (likely detected by the vomeronasal organ) steroid-dependent chemical signals in mammals...
  84. ncbi New sex pheromone blend for the lightbrown apple moth, Epiphyas postvittana
    Ashraf M El-Sayed
    The New Zealand Institute for Plant and Food Research Limited, Gerald Street, 7608, Lincoln, New Zealand
    J Chem Ecol 37:640-6. 2011
    ..e., in newly invaded habitats). In addition, this new blend may enhance pheromone control of this pest, through approaches such as mating disruption, lure and kill, and mass trapping...
  85. pmc Sex-linked pheromone receptor genes of the European corn borer, Ostrinia nubilalis, are in tandem arrays
    Yuji Yasukochi
    Insect Genome Research Unit, National Institute of Agrobiological Sciences, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan
    PLoS ONE 6:e18843. 2011
    ..Odorant receptors (ORs) play a critical role in recognition of female sex pheromones; eight types of OR genes expressed in male antennae were previously reported in Ostrinia moths...
  86. ncbi Defining a synthetic pheromone blend attractive to male Heliothis subflexa under wind tunnel conditions
    Neil J Vickers
    Department of Biology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City 84112, USA
    J Chem Ecol 28:1255-67. 2002
    ..subflexa males. The effects of Z11-16:Ac are more subtle, but at the dosage tested in these experiments, this compound does not have an antagonistic effect on upwind flight and source location by H. subflexa males...
  87. ncbi A pheromonotropic peptide of Helicoverpa zea, with melanizing activity, interaction with PBAN, and distribution of immunoreactivity
    Ashok K Raina
    Formosan Subterranean Termite Research Unit, USDA, ARS, New Orleans, Louisiana 70179, USA
    Arch Insect Biochem Physiol 53:147-57. 2003
    ..Whole-mount immunocytochemical studies revealed PMP-like immunoreactivity in frontal ganglion, subesophageal, thoracic, and abdominal ganglia as well as the esophageal nerve...
  88. pmc Ventromedial hypothalamic nucleus lesions disrupt olfactory mate recognition and receptivity in female ferrets
    Daniel W Robarts
    Department of Biology, Boston University, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Horm Behav 51:104-13. 2007
    ..Estrogen-sensitive neurons in the VMH appear to play a central role in female-typical neural processing of odor inputs leading to a preference to seek out a male sex partner, in addition to facilitating females' sexual receptivity...
  89. ncbi A few chemical words exchanged by Drosophila during courtship and mating
    J M Jallon
    Behav Genet 14:441-78. 1984
  90. ncbi Differentiation of competitive vs. non-competitive mechanisms mediating disruption of moth sexual communication by point sources of sex pheromone (part I): Theory
    J R Miller
    Department of Entomology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    J Chem Ecol 32:2089-114. 2006
    ..An application activity (D(Aa)) for a given dispenser can be calculated by multiplying D(a) by the number of such dispensers applied per hectare of crop...
  91. ncbi An overlooked component: (Z)-9-tetradecenal as a sex pheromone in Helicoverpa armigera
    Jin Ping Zhang
    State Key Laboratory of Integrated Management of Pest Insects and Rodents, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, PR China
    J Insect Physiol 58:1209-16. 2012
    ..armigera, it should be added to sex pheromone lure formulations to improve pheromone trap sensitivity and the efficacy of commercial mating disruption...
  92. ncbi Evolutionary replacement of components in a salamander pheromone signaling complex: more evidence for phenotypic-molecular decoupling
    Catherine A Palmer
    Department of Biology, Portland State University, Portland, Oregon 97201, USA
    Evolution 61:202-15. 2007
    ..Overall, these two pheromone genes provide a revealing window on the dynamics that drive the evolution of multiple traits in a signaling complex...
  93. ncbi Identification of components of the female sex pheromone of the Simao pine caterpillar moth, Dendrolimus kikuchii Matsumura
    Xiang Bo Kong
    Research Institute of Forest Ecology, Environment and Protection, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Key Laboratory of Forest Protection, State Forestry Administration, Beijing, 100091, China
    J Chem Ecol 37:412-9. 2011
    ..Our results demonstrated that the blend of Z5,E7-12:OAc, Z5,E7-12:OH, and Z5-12:OAc comprise the sex pheromone of D. kikuchii. The optimized three-component lure blend is recommended for monitoring D. kikuchii infestations...
  94. ncbi Milt production in goldfish: regulation by multiple social stimuli
    N Stacey
    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6G 2E9
    Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol 130:467-76. 2001
    ....
  95. pmc Endosulfan exposure disrupts pheromonal systems in the red-spotted newt: a mechanism for subtle effects of environmental chemicals
    D Park
    Department of Biological Sciences, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, AZ 86011 5640 USA
    Environ Health Perspect 109:669-73. 2001
    ..Our findings suggest that the amphibian pheromonal system is one of the systems subject to subtle negative effects of environmental chemicals...
  96. ncbi Terminal fatty-acyl-CoA desaturase involved in sex pheromone biosynthesis in the winter moth (Operophtera brumata)
    Bao Jian Ding
    Functional Zoology, Department of Biology, Lund University, Solvegatan 37, SE 22362 Lund, Sweden
    Insect Biochem Mol Biol 41:715-22. 2011
    ..These results provide evidence that a terminal desaturation step is involved in the winter moth pheromone biosynthesis, prior to the decarboxylation...
  97. ncbi Female sex pheromone of the Yunnan pine caterpillar moth Dendrolimus houi: first (E,Z)-isomers in pheromone components of Dendrolimus spp
    Xiang Bo Kong
    Research Institute of Forest Ecology, Environment and Protection, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing 100091, China
    J Chem Ecol 33:1316-27. 2007
    ..The optimum ratio of acetate to aldehyde was 1:1, and this ratio was more critical than the ratio of either compound to the alcohol. This represents the first example of (E,Z)-isomers in pheromone blends of Dendrolimus species...
  98. ncbi Simultaneous influence on male courtship of stimulatory and inhibitory pheromones produced by live sex-mosaic Drosophila melanogaster
    J F Ferveur
    U R A CNRS 1491, Universite Paris Sud, Orsay, France
    Proc Biol Sci 263:967-73. 1996
    ..The influence of secondary molecules on male behaviours was also evaluated. The role of these substances is discussed with regard to their structure, sexual specificity, and evolutionary function...
  99. pmc An inhibitory sex pheromone tastes bitter for Drosophila males
    Fabien Lacaille
    Universite de Bourgogne, CNRS UMR5548, Dijon, France
    PLoS ONE 2:e661. 2007
    ..Furthermore, the two substances induced similar behavioral responses both in courtship and feeding tests. We conclude that the inhibitory pheromone tastes bitter to the fly...
  100. ncbi Male-produced sex pheromone of the cerambycid beetle Hedypathes betulinus: chemical identification and biological activity
    Marcy G Fonseca
    Laboratório de Semioquímicos, Departamento de Quimica, Universidade Federal do Parana, CP 19081, CEP 81531 990, Curitiba, PR, Brazil
    J Chem Ecol 36:1132-9. 2010
    ..Addition of volatiles from the host plant greatly increased the attractiveness of the ternary pheromone mixture and of the major pheromone component alone...
  101. ncbi Identification and synthesis of a female-produced sex pheromone for the cerambycid beetle Prionus californicus
    Joshua Rodstein
    Department of Chemistry, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521, USA
    J Chem Ecol 35:590-600. 2009
    ..Thus, this pheromone and the associated methodology used in its identification should be useful in the identification of female-produced attractant pheromones from other members of the subfamily...

Research Grants22

  1. Neurobiology of Social Attraction and Preference
    Aras Petrulis; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This data will provide novel insights into how sexual attraction and preference is generated by the nervous system and how sensory and internal state cues interact to regulate motivated behavior. ..
  2. Vasopressin Effects on Social Communication
    RICHMOND THOMPSON; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  3. NEURAL MECHANISMS OF SOCIAL RECOGNITION AND MEMORY
    Robert Johnston; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..These mechanisms are essential building blocks in the social behavior of non-human animals and humans. ..
  4. Gradient Coils to Enhance MRI Research in Mental Health
    Craig Ferris; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The final product design will provide enhanced flexibility and usability, making it possible for the lay scientist to perform imaging on a range of research animals over a wide range of magnet field strengths and bore sizes. ..
  5. SYNTHESIS OF ANTITUMOR AGENTS AND RELATED CHEMISTRY
    Steven Burke; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..5. To exploit, at the strategic level, symmetry and novel strategies for symmetry-breaking to simplify complex targets and to provide short and efficient syntheses thereof. ..
  6. Expeditious Synthesis of Complexity and Diversity
    Steven Burke; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  7. Genetics and evolution of gene copy number polymorphism
    Erik Dopman; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..These long-term objectives have been formulated to test specific predictions for genes with variable copies. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  8. Adnesion Receptors of the Insect Immune System
    JAMES NARDI; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Understanding the molecular underpinnings of the insect immune response will clearly help in understanding the fate of pathogens in the blood of insect vectors of human diseases. ..
  9. The Third RGS Protein Colloquium
    MICHAEL KOELLE; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Meeting materials will be made available to the public via the conference web site to increase the impact of the Colloquium. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  10. FGF receptor signaling specificity in C.elegans
    MICHAEL KOELLE; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In this way, we will gain a clearer understanding of how specific responses are elicited by the activation of FGF receptors. ..
  11. Strategies for Efficient Routes to Bioactive Substances
    Steven Burke; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The proposed syntheses are one-third to one-half as long as comparative benchmarks for these targets, illustrating the effectiveness of this developing strategy for dramatically affecting synthetic efficiency. ..
  12. Regulators of Male Parental Care
    Toni Ziegler; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..With the development of parenting behavioral assays, the marmoset has the potential to be an ideal model system for studying parental care in primates and providing insights into the human condition. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  13. BREEDING BIOLOGY AND BEHAVIOR OF MONOGAMOUS PRIMATES
    Charles Snowdon; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..By understanding the interaction of experience and hormones in facilitating care of infants by fathers and non-reproductive helpers in tamarins we hope to provide information of value to human families. ..
  14. DIFFERENTIATION OF SEXUAL BEHAVIOR
    Michael Baum; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  15. Noninvasive Devices for fMRI Studies in Drug Abuse -II
    Craig Ferris; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This technology will greatly enhance preclinical research in developmental neurobiology, neurological diseases, mental illness and drug addiction. ..
  16. Androgenic And Antiandorgenic Interactions Of PC-SPES
    CHARLES ROSELLI; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Specific Aim 3: To evaluate the effect of PCSPES on Cytochrome P450-mediated metabolism of androgenic and antiandrogenic drugs by the liver, in order to identify possible interactions of PC-SPES with other hormone therapies. ..
  17. Neuropeptide Modulation of Aggression
    JOANNE YEW; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..melanogaster nervous system; and (II) that the co-expressed peptides or peptides that interact with amine neurons play a role in regulating aggression. ..
  18. Reflexive Testosterone Release in Males
    JOHN NYBY; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Moreover, we believe that our results may also be directly relevant for understanding the seemingly addictive (i.e., rewarding) properties of anabolic steroid use in humans as well. ..
  19. COMPLEX MIXTURE DISCRIMINATION IN OLFACTORY SIGNALING
    Charles Linn; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..These inter-species antennal transplants represent a new experimental paradigm for studying basic aspects of the structural and functional role of glomeruli in olfactory discrimination. ..
  20. Contribution of Estradiol to Female Neural Development
    Michael Baum; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Affirmation of a perinatal role for estradiol in brain sexual differentiation in female mice would raise the question of whether estradiol plays a similar role in female-typical psychosexual differentiation in women. ..
  21. BIAcore 3000 System
    LESLIE GRIFFITH; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The salary of the Principal Operator, as well as space in the Facility, and funds for maintenance of the instrument are guaranteed into the foreseeable future. ..