Genomes and Genes
proto oncogene proteins
Summary: Products of proto-oncogenes. Normally they do not have oncogenic or transforming properties, but are involved in the regulation or differentiation of cell growth. They often have protein kinase activity.
Publications312 found, 100 shown here
- Akt promotes cell survival by phosphorylating and inhibiting a Forkhead transcription factorA Brunet
Children s Hospital and Department of Neurobiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
Cell 96:857-68. 1999..Within the nucleus, FKHRL1 triggers apoptosis most likely by inducing the expression of genes that are critical for cell death, such as the Fas ligand gene...
- Proapoptotic BAX and BAK: a requisite gateway to mitochondrial dysfunction and deathM C Wei
Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Departments of Pathology and Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Science 292:727-30. 2001..Thus, activation of a "multidomain" proapoptotic member, BAX or BAK, appears to be an essential gateway to mitochondrial dysfunction required for cell death in response to diverse stimuli...
- Bcl-2 heterodimerizes in vivo with a conserved homolog, Bax, that accelerates programmed cell deathZ N Oltvai
Howard Hughes Medical Institute Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110
Cell 74:609-19. 1993..Overexpressed Bax also counters the death repressor activity of Bcl-2. These data suggest a model in which the ratio of Bcl-2 to Bax determines survival or death following an apoptotic stimulus...
- Cellular survival: a play in three AktsS R Datta
Division of Neuroscience, Children s Hospital and Department of Neurobiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115 USA
Genes Dev 13:2905-27. 1999
- Role of histone H2A ubiquitination in Polycomb silencingHengbin Wang
Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 7295, USA
Nature 431:873-8. 2004..Thus, our studies identify the H2A ubiquitin ligase, and link H2A ubiquitination to Polycomb silencing...
- Negative regulation of PKB/Akt-dependent cell survival by the tumor suppressor PTENV Stambolic
Amgen Institute, and Department of Medical Biophysics, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Cell 95:29-39. 1998..Our results show that PTEN may exert its role as a tumor suppressor by negatively regulating the PI3'K/PKB/Akt signaling pathway...
- Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) as a biomarker for acute renal injury after cardiac surgeryJaya Mishra
Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH 45229 3039, USA
Lancet 365:1231-8. 2005..We tested the hypothesis that neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) is an early biomarker for ischaemic renal injury after cardiopulmonary bypass...
- Fluorouracil, leucovorin, and oxaliplatin with and without cetuximab in the first-line treatment of metastatic colorectal cancerCarsten Bokemeyer
University Hospital, Hamburg Eppendorf, Hamburg Eppendorf, Germany
J Clin Oncol 27:663-71. 2009..The influence of KRAS mutation status was investigated...
- Mitochondria primed by death signals determine cellular addiction to antiapoptotic BCL-2 family membersMichael Certo
Department of Medical Oncology, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, 44 Binney Street, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
Cancer Cell 9:351-65. 2006..Our data allow us to distinguish a cellular state we call "primed for death," which can be determined by BH3 profiling and which correlates with dependence on antiapoptotic family members for survival...
- Wild-type KRAS is required for panitumumab efficacy in patients with metastatic colorectal cancerRafael G Amado
Amgen, Inc, One Amgen Center Dr, MS 38 2 B, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320 1799, USA
J Clin Oncol 26:1626-34. 2008..Although activating mutations in KRAS, a small G-protein downstream of EGFR, correlate with poor response to anti-EGFR antibodies in mCRC, their role as a selection marker has not been established in randomized trials...
- BH3 domains of BH3-only proteins differentially regulate Bax-mediated mitochondrial membrane permeabilization both directly and indirectlyTomomi Kuwana
La Jolla Institute for Allergy and Immunology, 10355 Science Center Drive, San Diego, CA 92121, USA
Mol Cell 17:525-35. 2005..In this model, the simple inhibition of antiapoptotic functions is insufficient to induce apoptosis unless a direct activator of Bax or Bak is present...
- Oncoprotein MDM2 is a ubiquitin ligase E3 for tumor suppressor p53R Honda
School of Life Science, Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Science, Japan
FEBS Lett 420:25-7. 1997..These data suggest that the MDM2 protein, which is induced by p53, functions as a ubiquitin ligase, E3, in human papillomavirus-uninfected cells which do not have E6 protein...
- Bmi1 is expressed in vivo in intestinal stem cellsEugenio Sangiorgi
Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Department of Human Genetics, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, Utah 84112, USA
Nat Genet 40:915-20. 2008..Unexpectedly, the distribution of Bmi1-expressing stem cells along the length of the small intestine suggested that mammals use more than one molecularly distinguishable adult stem cell subpopulation to maintain organ homeostasis...
- A system for stable expression of short interfering RNAs in mammalian cellsThijn R Brummelkamp
Division of Molecular Carcinogenesis, Division of Tumor Biology, The Netherlands Cancer Institute, Plesmanlaan 121, 1066 CX Amsterdam, Netherlands
Science 296:550-3. 2002..Therefore, the pSUPER vector constitutes a new and powerful system to analyze gene function in a variety of mammalian cell types...
- Proapoptotic Bcl-2 relative Bim required for certain apoptotic responses, leukocyte homeostasis, and to preclude autoimmunityP Bouillet
The Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, Melbourne, Victoria 3050, Australia
Science 286:1735-8. 1999..Thus, Bim is required for hematopoietic homeostasis and as a barrier to autoimmunity. Moreover, particular death stimuli appear to activate apoptosis through distinct BH3-only proteins...
- Hedgehog signaling and Bmi-1 regulate self-renewal of normal and malignant human mammary stem cellsSuling Liu
Comprehensive Cancer Center, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 0946, USA
Cancer Res 66:6063-71. 2006..These studies support a cancer stem cell model in which the hedgehog pathway and Bmi-1 play important roles in regulating self-renewal of normal and tumorigenic human mammary stem cells...
- Insulin resistance and a diabetes mellitus-like syndrome in mice lacking the protein kinase Akt2 (PKB beta)H Cho
Department of Biology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
Science 292:1728-31. 2001..These data establish Akt2 as an essential gene in the maintenance of normal glucose homeostasis...
- The combined functions of proapoptotic Bcl-2 family members bak and bax are essential for normal development of multiple tissuesT Lindsten
Department of Medicine, Abramson Family Cancer Research Institute, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
Mol Cell 6:1389-99. 2000..Thus, Bax and Bak have overlapping roles in the regulation of apoptosis during mammalian development and tissue homeostasis...
- Wnt5a signaling directly affects cell motility and invasion of metastatic melanomaAshani T Weeraratna
National Human Genome Research Institute, Cancer Genetics Branch, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
Cancer Cell 1:279-88. 2002..Furthermore, Wnt5a expression in human melanoma biopsies directly correlated to increasing tumor grade. These observations support a role for Wnt5a in human melanoma progression...
- Intestinal polyposis in mice with a dominant stable mutation of the beta-catenin geneN Harada
Banyu Tsukuba Research Institute Merck, Tsukuba 300 2611, Japan
EMBO J 18:5931-42. 1999..Some nascent microadenomas were also found in the colon. These results present experimental genetic evidence that activation of the Wnt signaling pathway can cause intestinal and colonic tumors...
- The mdm-2 oncogene product forms a complex with the p53 protein and inhibits p53-mediated transactivationJ Momand
Department of Molecular Biology, Lewis Thomas Laboratory, Princeton University, New Jersey 08544 1014
Cell 69:1237-45. 1992..Thus, a product of the mdm-2 oncogene forms a tight complex with the p53 protein, and the mdm-2 oncogene can inhibit p53-mediated transactivation...
- Bmi-1 is a novel molecular marker of nasopharyngeal carcinoma progression and immortalizes primary human nasopharyngeal epithelial cellsLi Bing Song
State Key Laboratory of Oncology in Southern China, Sun Yat sen University Cancer Center, Guangzhou, China
Cancer Res 66:6225-32. 2006....
- Targeting of the Bmi-1 oncogene/stem cell renewal factor by microRNA-128 inhibits glioma proliferation and self-renewalJakub Godlewski
Dardinger Laboratory for Neuro oncology and Neurosciences, Department of Neurological Surgery, The Ohio State University Medical Center and James Comprehensive Cancer Center, Columbus, Ohio 43210
Cancer Res 68:9125-30. 2008....
- BCL-2, BCL-X(L) sequester BH3 domain-only molecules preventing BAX- and BAK-mediated mitochondrial apoptosisE H Cheng
Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Harvard Medical School, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Mol Cell 8:705-11. 2001..Thus, in mammals, BH3 domain-only molecules activate multidomain proapoptotic members to trigger a mitochondrial pathway, which both releases cytochrome c to activate caspases and initiates caspase-independent mitochondrial dysfunction...
- NF-kappaB activation by tumour necrosis factor requires the Akt serine-threonine kinaseO N Ozes
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Indiana University School of Medicine, The Walther Oncology Center, Indianapolis 46202, USA
Nature 401:82-5. 1999..Mutation of this amino acid blocks phosphorylation by Akt or TNF and activation of NF-kappaB. These findings indicate that Akt is part of a signalling pathway that is necessary for inducing key immune and inflammatory responses...
- Linking colorectal cancer to Wnt signalingM Bienz
MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, United Kingdom
Cell 103:311-20. 2000
- Microarray analysis identifies a death-from-cancer signature predicting therapy failure in patients with multiple types of cancerGennadi V Glinsky
Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center, San Diego, California 92121, USA
J Clin Invest 115:1503-21. 2005....
- Bim: a novel member of the Bcl-2 family that promotes apoptosisL O'Connor
The Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, PO Royal Melbourne Hospital, Victoria, Australia
EMBO J 17:384-95. 1998..Hence, Bim appears to act as a 'death ligand' which can only neutralize certain members of the pro-survival Bcl-2 sub-family...
- Female development in mammals is regulated by Wnt-4 signallingS Vainio
Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, The Biolabs, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
Nature 397:405-9. 1999..Wnt-4 may also be required for maintenance of the female germ line. Thus, the establishment of sexual dimorphism is under the control of both local and systemic signals...
- JNK phosphorylation of Bim-related members of the Bcl2 family induces Bax-dependent apoptosisKui Lei
Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Program in Molecular Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01605, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:2432-7. 2003..These proapoptotic BH3-only proteins therefore provide a molecular link between the JNK signal transduction pathway and the Bax/Bak-dependent mitochondrial apoptotic machinery...
- Structure of Bcl-xL-Bak peptide complex: recognition between regulators of apoptosisM Sattler
Pharmaceutical Discovery Division, Abbott Laboratories, Abbott Park, IL 60064, USA
Science 275:983-6. 1997..Mutations in full-length Bak that disrupt either type of interaction inhibit the ability of Bak to heterodimerize with Bcl-xL...
- Tumor suppressor p53 is a regulator of bcl-2 and bax gene expression in vitro and in vivoT Miyashita
La Jolla Cancer Research Foundation, Cancer Research Center, CA 92037
Oncogene 9:1799-805. 1994..The findings suggest a potential mechanism by which p53 regulates apoptosis, as well as responses to radiation and chemotherapeutic drugs in cancer...
- The Bcl-2 family: roles in cell survival and oncogenesisSuzanne Cory
The Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, 1G Royal Parade, Parkville 3050, Victoria, Australia
Oncogene 22:8590-607. 2003..Finally, it discusses the promise of novel anticancer therapeutics that target these vital regulators...
- Stepwise reprogramming of B cells into macrophagesHuafeng Xie
Department of Developmental and Molecular Biology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine Cancer Research Center, 1300 Morris Park Avenue, Bronx, NY 10461, USA
Cell 117:663-76. 2004..Our observations indicate that C/EBPalpha and beta remodel the transcription network of B cells into that of macrophages through a series of parallel and sequential changes that require endogenous PU.1...
- Wnt signaling: a common theme in animal developmentK M Cadigan
Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Department of Developmental Biology, Beckman Center, Stanford University Medical Center, Stanford, California 94305 5323, USA
Genes Dev 11:3286-305. 1997
- Molecular characterization and pattern of tissue expression of the gene for neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin from humansJ B Cowland
Granulocyte Research Laboratory, Finsen Center, Department of Hematology, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospital, Denmark
Genomics 45:17-23. 1997..1, and the LPS-inducible factor NF-kappa B...
- Chemotherapy, bevacizumab, and cetuximab in metastatic colorectal cancerJolien Tol
Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
N Engl J Med 360:563-72. 2009..We studied the effect of adding the anti-epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) antibody cetuximab to a combination of capecitabine, oxaliplatin, and bevacizumab for metastatic colorectal cancer...
- Requirement of JNK for stress-induced activation of the cytochrome c-mediated death pathwayC Tournier
Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Program in Molecular Medicine, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01605, USA
Science 288:870-4. 2000..These data indicate that mitochondria are influenced by proapoptotic signal transduction through the JNK pathway...
- Bcl-2 family proteins regulate the release of apoptogenic cytochrome c by the mitochondrial channel VDACS Shimizu
Osaka University Medical School, Biomedical Research Center, Department of Medical Genetics, Suita, Japan
Nature 399:483-7. 1999..Our results indicate that the Bcl-2 family of proteins bind to the VDAC in order to regulate the mitochondrial membrane potential and the release of cytochrome c during apoptosis...
- Axin, a negative regulator of the Wnt signaling pathway, forms a complex with GSK-3beta and beta-catenin and promotes GSK-3beta-dependent phosphorylation of beta-cateninS Ikeda
Department of Biochemistry, Hiroshima University School of Medicine, 1 2 3, Kasumi, Minami Ku, Hiroshima 734 8551, Japan
EMBO J 17:1371-84. 1998..These results suggest that rAxin negatively regulates the Wnt signaling pathway by interacting with GSK-3beta and beta-catenin and mediating the signal from GSK-3beta to beta-catenin...
- Isolation and primary structure of NGAL, a novel protein associated with human neutrophil gelatinaseL Kjeldsen
Departments of Hematology, University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark
J Biol Chem 268:10425-32. 1993..It is thus a new member of the lipocalin family. The function of the 25-kDa protein, named neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), remains to be determined...
- The Wnt signaling pathway in development and diseaseCatriona Y Logan
Department of Developmental Biology, Beckman Center, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
Annu Rev Cell Dev Biol 20:781-810. 2004..The next few years are likely to see novel therapeutic reagents aimed at controlling Wnt signaling in order to alleviate these conditions...
- Interleukin-3-induced phosphorylation of BAD through the protein kinase AktL del Peso
Department of Pathology and Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
Science 278:687-9. 1997..Thus, the proapoptotic function of BAD is regulated by the PI 3-kinase-Akt pathway...
- Functional interaction of an axin homolog, conductin, with beta-catenin, APC, and GSK3betaJ Behrens
Max Delbruck Center for Molecular Medicine, Robert Rossle Strasse 10, 13122 Berlin, Germany
Science 280:596-9. 1998..Thus, conductin is a component of the multiprotein complex that directs beta-catenin to degradation and is located downstream of APC. In Xenopus embryos, conductin interfered with wnt-induced axis formation...
- NF-kappa B: ten years afterP A Baeuerle
Tularik Inc, South San Francisco, California 94080, USA
Cell 87:13-20. 1996
- Genome-wide mapping of Polycomb target genes unravels their roles in cell fate transitionsAdrian P Bracken
Biotech Research and Innovation Centre BRIC, 2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark
Genes Dev 20:1123-36. 2006....
- PKB/Akt: a key mediator of cell proliferation, survival and insulin responses?M A Lawlor
MRC Protein Phosphorylation Unit, Department of Life Sciences, University of Dundee, UK
J Cell Sci 114:2903-10. 2001..There are, however, a number of pitfalls of methodologies currently employed to study PKB function, and therefore caution should be used in interpretation of such experiments...
- Akt1/PKBalpha is required for normal growth but dispensable for maintenance of glucose homeostasis in miceH Cho
Department of Biology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 19104, USA
J Biol Chem 276:38349-52. 2001....
- Bid induces the oligomerization and insertion of Bax into the outer mitochondrial membraneR Eskes
Serono Pharmaceutical Research Institute, Ares Serono International S A, CH 1228 Plan les Ouates, Geneva, Switzerland
Mol Cell Biol 20:929-35. 2000..Bax mitochondrial membrane insertion triggered by Bid may represent a key step in pathways leading to apoptosis...
- Akt/protein kinase B is constitutively active in non-small cell lung cancer cells and promotes cellular survival and resistance to chemotherapy and radiationJ Brognard
Developmental Therapeutics Department, Medicine Branch, Division of Clinical Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20889, USA
Cancer Res 61:3986-97. 2001....
- Armadillo coactivates transcription driven by the product of the Drosophila segment polarity gene dTCFM van de Wetering
Department of Immunology, University Hospital, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Cell 88:789-99. 1997..Epistasis analysis positions dTCF downstream of armadillo. The Armadillo-dTCF complex mediates Wingless signaling as a bipartite transcription factor...
- Serine phosphorylation of death agonist BAD in response to survival factor results in binding to 14-3-3 not BCL-X(L)J Zha
Department of Medicine, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
Cell 87:619-28. 1996..The rapid phosphorylation of BAD following IL-3 connects a proximal survival signal with the BCL-2 family, modulating this checkpoint for apoptosis...
- Hox cofactors in vertebrate developmentCecilia B Moens
Division of Basic Science and HHMI, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA 98115, USA
Dev Biol 291:193-206. 2006....
- HER-2/neu induces p53 ubiquitination via Akt-mediated MDM2 phosphorylationB P Zhou
Department of Molecular and Cellular Oncology, Breast Cancer Basic Research Program, The University of Texas M D Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
Nat Cell Biol 3:973-82. 2001..Our study indicates that blocking the Akt pathway mediated by HER-2/neu would increase the cytotoxic effect of DNA-damaging drugs in tumour cells with wild-type p53...
- The high molecular weight urinary matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity is a complex of gelatinase B/MMP-9 and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL). Modulation of MMP-9 activity by NGALL Yan
Department of Surgery, Children s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
J Biol Chem 276:37258-65. 2001..In summary, this study identifies the 125-kDa urinary gelatinase as being a complex of MMP-9 and NGAL and provides evidence that NGAL modulates MMP-9 activity by protecting it from degradation...
- microRNA-155 regulates the generation of immunoglobulin class-switched plasma cellsElena Vigorito
Laboratory of Lymphocyte Signalling and Development, The Babraham Institute, Cambridge, CB22 3AT, UK
Immunity 27:847-59. 2007..1 regulation is a contributing factor to the miR-155-deficient phenotype. Our results implicate post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression for establishing the terminal differentiation program of B cells...
- PKB/Akt phosphorylates p27, impairs nuclear import of p27 and opposes p27-mediated G1 arrestJiyong Liang
Molecular and Cell Biology, Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre, St Mary s Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec
Nat Med 8:1153-60. 2002..Thus, we show a novel mechanism whereby Akt impairs p27 function that is associated with an aggressive phenotype in human breast cancer...
- Acute myeloid leukemia induced by graded reduction of a lineage-specific transcription factor, PU.1Frank Rosenbauer
Harvard Institutes of Medicine, Room 954, 77 Avenue Louis Pasteur, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
Nat Genet 36:624-30. 2004..1 expression rescued myeloid differentiation of mutant progenitors and AML blasts. These results suggest that tightly graded reduction, rather than complete loss, of a lineage-indispensable transcription factor can induce AML...
- LDL-receptor-related protein 6 is a receptor for Dickkopf proteinsB Mao
Division of Molecular Embryology, Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum, Heidelberg, Germany
Nature 411:321-5. 2001..Thus, DKKs inhibit Wnt co-receptor function, exemplifying the modulation of LRP signalling by antagonists...
- The protein kinase encoded by the Akt proto-oncogene is a target of the PDGF-activated phosphatidylinositol 3-kinaseT F Franke
Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19111, USA
Cell 81:727-36. 1995..These results identify Akt as a novel target of PI 3-kinase and suggest that the Akt PH domain may be a mediator of PI 3-kinase signaling...
- p27, a novel inhibitor of G1 cyclin-Cdk protein kinase activity, is related to p21H Toyoshima
Molecular Biology and Virology Laboratory, Salk Institute, La Jolla, California 92037
Cell 78:67-74. 1994..p27 is identical to p27Kip1, a cyclin-Cdk inhibitor present in TGF beta-treated cells. p27 has the hallmarks of a negative regulator of G1 progression and may mediate TGF beta-induced G1 arrest...
- Akt phosphorylates and negatively regulates apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1A H Kim
Molecular Neurobiology Program, Skirball Institute for Biomolecular Medicine, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York 10016, USA
Mol Cell Biol 21:893-901. 2001..These results provide the first direct link between Akt and the family of stress-activated kinases...
- Posterior transformation, neurological abnormalities, and severe hematopoietic defects in mice with a targeted deletion of the bmi-1 proto-oncogeneN M van der Lugt
Department of Molecular Genetics, The Netherlands Cancer Institute, Amsterdam
Genes Dev 8:757-69. 1994..Furthermore, these data provide the first evidence of functional conservation of a mammalian Polycomb group homolog...
- NF-kappa B and Rel proteins: evolutionarily conserved mediators of immune responsesS Ghosh
Section of Immunobiology, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, USA
Annu Rev Immunol 16:225-60. 1998..In this review, we discuss some of these recent findings and their implications for the study of NF-kappa B...
- Bax-deficient mice with lymphoid hyperplasia and male germ cell deathC M Knudson
Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
Science 270:96-9. 1995..Multinucleated giant cells and dysplastic cells accompanied massive cell death. Thus, the loss of Bax results in hyperplasia or hypoplasia, depending on the cellular context...
- Function of PI3Kgamma in thymocyte development, T cell activation, and neutrophil migrationT Sasaki
Amgen Institute, 620 University Avenue, Toronto M5G 2C1, Ontario, Canada
Science 287:1040-6. 2000..Thus, PI3Kgamma regulates thymocyte development, T cell activation, neutrophil migration, and the oxidative burst...
- Endocytic delivery of lipocalin-siderophore-iron complex rescues the kidney from ischemia-reperfusion injuryKiyoshi Mori
Department of Medicine, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, New York, USA
J Clin Invest 115:610-21. 2005..We reveal what we believe to be a novel pathway of iron traffic that is activated in human and mouse renal diseases, and it provides a unique method for their treatment...
- BH3 profiling identifies three distinct classes of apoptotic blocks to predict response to ABT-737 and conventional chemotherapeutic agentsJing Deng
Department of Medical Oncology, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Cancer Cell 12:171-85. 2007..BCL-2 dependence correlates with high levels of proapoptotic BIM sequestered by BCL-2. Strikingly, BH3 profiling can also predict sensitivity to conventional chemotherapeutic agents like etoposide, vincristine, and adriamycin...
- Mechanism of activation of protein kinase B by insulin and IGF-1D R Alessi
MRC Protein Phosphorylation Unit, Department of Biochemistry, University of Dundee, UK
EMBO J 15:6541-51. 1996..We propose a model whereby PKBalpha becomes phosphorylated and activated in insulin/IGF-1-stimulated cells by an upstream kinase(s)...
- Bax directly induces release of cytochrome c from isolated mitochondriaJ M Jurgensmeier
Program on Apoptosis and Cell Death Research, The Burnham Institute, 10901 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 95:4997-5002. 1998....
- A Wnt5a pathway underlies outgrowth of multiple structures in the vertebrate embryoT P Yamaguchi
Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Biological Laboratories, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
Development 126:1211-23. 1999..The reduced number of proliferating cells in both the progress zone and the primitive streak mesoderm suggests that one function of Wnt5a is to regulate the proliferation of progenitor cells...
- Targeted disruption of the PU.1 gene results in multiple hematopoietic abnormalitiesS R McKercher
Burnham Institute, La Jolla, CA, USA
EMBO J 15:5647-58. 1996..While the PU.1 protein appears not to be essential for myeloid and lymphoid lineage commitment, it is absolutely required for the normal differentiation of B cells and macrophages...
- Argosomes: a potential vehicle for the spread of morphogens through epitheliaV Greco
Max Planck Institute for Molecular Cell Biology and Genetics, Pfotenhauerstrasse 108, 01307, Dresden, Germany
Cell 106:633-45. 2001..Wingless protein colocalizes with argosomes derived from Wingless-producing cells. The properties of argosomes are consistent with their being a vehicle for the spread of Wingless protein...
- Cytoplasmic localization of p21Cip1/WAF1 by Akt-induced phosphorylation in HER-2/neu-overexpressing cellsB P Zhou
Department of Molecular and Cellular Oncology, Breast Cancer Basic Research Program, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
Nat Cell Biol 3:245-52. 2001..Our results indicate that HER-2/neu induces cytoplasmic localization of p21Cip1/WAF1 through activation of Akt to promote cell growth, which may have implications for the oncogenic activity of HER-2/neu and Akt...
- Bmi1 regulates mitochondrial function and the DNA damage response pathwayJie Liu
Translational Medicine Branch, National Heart Lung and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA
Nature 459:387-92. 2009....
- The alternative product from the human CDKN2A locus, p14(ARF), participates in a regulatory feedback loop with p53 and MDM2F J Stott
Imperial Cancer Research Fund Laboratories, P O Box 123, 44 Lincoln s Inn Fields, London WC2A 3PX, UK
EMBO J 17:5001-14. 1998..However, p14(ARF) expression is not involved in the response to DNA damage. These results place p14(ARF) in an independent pathway upstream of p53 and imply that CDKN2A encodes two proteins that are involved in tumour suppression...
- Wnt-5a inhibits the canonical Wnt pathway by promoting GSK-3-independent beta-catenin degradationLilia Topol
Genetic Disease Research Branch, National Human Genome Research Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
J Cell Biol 162:899-908. 2003..Furthermore, we provide evidence that Wnt-5a also acts in vivo to promote beta-catenin degradation in regulating mammalian limb development and possibly in suppressing tumor formation...
- Notch signaling is essential for vascular morphogenesis in miceL T Krebs
The Jackson Laboratory, Bar Harbor, Maine 04609 USA
Genes Dev 14:1343-52. 2000....
- Positional cloning of the gene for multiple endocrine neoplasia-type 1S C Chandrasekharappa
Laboratory of Gene Transfer, National Human Genome Research Institute NHGRI, National Institutes of Health NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
Science 276:404-7. 1997..The identification of MEN1 will enable improved understanding of the mechanism of endocrine tumorigenesis and should facilitate early diagnosis...
- Phosphorylation of Bim-EL by Erk1/2 on serine 69 promotes its degradation via the proteasome pathway and regulates its proapoptotic functionFrederic Luciano
INSERM Unit 526, LNC Label, Faculte de Medecine, 28 Avenue de Valombrose, 06107 Nice Cedex 02, France
Oncogene 22:6785-93. 2003..Altogether, our findings demonstrate that phosphorylation of Bim-EL by Erk1/2 on serine 69 selectively leads to its proteasomal degradation and therefore represents a new and important mechanism of Bim regulation...
- JNK-mediated BIM phosphorylation potentiates BAX-dependent apoptosisGirish V Putcha
Department of Neurology and Department of Molecular Biology and Pharmacology, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO 63110, USA
Neuron 38:899-914. 2003..Thus, JNKs regulate the proapoptotic activity of BIM(EL) during TFD, both transcriptionally and posttranslationally...
- Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/AKT-mediated activation of estrogen receptor alpha: a new model for anti-estrogen resistanceR A Campbell
Department of Surgery, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis 46202, USA
J Biol Chem 276:9817-24. 2001..Taken together, these results define a molecular link between activation of the PI 3-kinase/AKT survival pathways, hormone-independent activation of ERalpha, and inhibition of tamoxifen-induced apoptotic regression...
- Germ-line mutations of the RET proto-oncogene in multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2AL M Mulligan
Department of Pathology, University of Cambridge, UK
Nature 363:458-60. 1993..Further, 19 of these 20 mutations affect the same conserved cysteine residue at the boundary of the RET extracellular and transmembrane domains...
- Combined activation of Ras and Akt in neural progenitors induces glioblastoma formation in miceE C Holland
Department of Neurosurgery, MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas, USA
Nat Genet 25:55-7. 2000..11), and we show here that Akt activity is increased in most of these tumours, implying that combined activation of these two pathways accurately models the biology of this disease...
- KRAS mutation is an important predictor of resistance to therapy with epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors in non-small-cell lung cancerErminia Massarelli
Department of Thoracic Head and Neck Medical Oncology, The University of Texas M D Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030 4009, USA
Clin Cancer Res 13:2890-6. 2007..In contrast, KRAS mutation has been shown to predict poor response to such therapy. We tested the utility of combinations of these three markers in predicting response and survival in patients with NSCLC treated with EGFR-TKIs...
- Activation of the ERK1/2 signaling pathway promotes phosphorylation and proteasome-dependent degradation of the BH3-only protein, BimRebecca Ley
Inositide Laboratory, Signalling Programme, The Babraham Institute, Cambridge CB2 4AT, United Kingdom
J Biol Chem 278:18811-6. 2003..Our findings provide new insights into the regulation of Bim and the role of the ERK pathway in cell survival...
- ER stress triggers apoptosis by activating BH3-only protein BimHamsa Puthalakath
The Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, Melbourne, Australia
Cell 129:1337-49. 2007..These results define the molecular mechanisms of ER stress-induced apoptosis and identify targets for therapeutic intervention in ER stress-related diseases...
- Redox regulation of forkhead proteins through a p66shc-dependent signaling pathwayShino Nemoto
Cardiovascular Branch, National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Building 10 6N 240, 10 Center Drive, Bethesda, MD 20892 1622, USA
Science 295:2450-2. 2002..These results demonstrate an important functional relation between three distinct elements linked to aging: forkhead proteins, p66shc, and intracellular oxidants...
- T cell-specific loss of Pten leads to defects in central and peripheral toleranceA Suzuki
Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Osaka University, 565 0871, Osaka, Japan
Immunity 14:523-34. 2001..Peripheral tolerance to SEB is also impaired in Pten(flox/-) mice. PTEN is thus an important regulator of T cell homeostasis and self-tolerance...
- Leukemia proto-oncoprotein MLL forms a SET1-like histone methyltransferase complex with menin to regulate Hox gene expressionAkihiko Yokoyama
Department of Pathology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
Mol Cell Biol 24:5639-49. 2004..These studies link the menin tumor suppressor protein with the MLL histone methyltransferase machinery, with implications for Hox gene expression in development and leukemia pathogenesis...
- BIM mediates EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor-induced apoptosis in lung cancers with oncogenic EGFR mutationsDaniel B Costa
Division of Hematology Oncology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
PLoS Med 4:1669-79; discussion 1680. 2007..The objective of this study was to identify the mechanism of EGFR TKI-induced apoptosis and secondary resistant mutations that affect this process...
- Dominant-negative c-Jun promotes neuronal survival by reducing BIM expression and inhibiting mitochondrial cytochrome c releaseJ Whitfield
Eisai London Research Laboratories, Bernard Katz Building, University College London, Gower Street, WC1E 6BT, London, United Kingdom
Neuron 29:629-43. 2001....
- Phosphatidylinositol-3-OH Kinase (PI3K)/AKT2, activated in breast cancer, regulates and is induced by estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) via interaction between ERalpha and PI3KM Sun
Department of Pathology and Programs of Molecular Oncology and Drug Discovery, University of South Florida College of Medicine and H Lee Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, Florida 33612, USA
Cancer Res 61:5985-91. 2001....
- The protein kinase B/Akt signalling pathway in human malignancyKarleen M Nicholson
Division of Cancer Studies, School of Medicine, University of Manchester, G 38, Stopford Building, Oxford Road, M13 9PT, Manchester, UK
Cell Signal 14:381-95. 2002..This review surveys recent developments in understanding the mechanisms and consequences of PKB/Akt activation in human malignancy...
- A unique clonal JAK2 mutation leading to constitutive signalling causes polycythaemia veraChloe James
INSERM U362, Institut Gustave Roussy, Paris XI University, PR1, 39 rue Camille Desmoulins, 94805 Villejuif Cedex, France
Nature 434:1144-8. 2005..As this mutation is also found in other myeloproliferative disorders, this unique mutation will permit a new molecular classification of these disorders and novel therapeutical approaches...
- American Society of Clinical Oncology provisional clinical opinion: testing for KRAS gene mutations in patients with metastatic colorectal carcinoma to predict response to anti-epidermal growth factor receptor monoclonal antibody therapyCarmen J Allegra
Division of Hematology Oncology, Department of Medicine, University of Florida Shands CancerCenter, Gainesville, FL, USA
J Clin Oncol 27:2091-6. 2009....
- The phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase AKT pathway in human cancerIgor Vivanco
Department of Medicine and Molecular Biology Institute, UCLA School of Medicine, 11 935 Factor Building, 10833 LeConte Avenue, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA
Nat Rev Cancer 2:489-501. 2002
- Wnt/beta-catenin/Tcf signaling induces the transcription of Axin2, a negative regulator of the signaling pathwayEek Hoon Jho
Department of Genetics and Development, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032, USA
Mol Cell Biol 22:1172-83. 2002..Our results suggest that Axin2 participates in a negative feedback loop, which could serve to limit the duration or intensity of a Wnt-initiated signal...
- bantam encodes a developmentally regulated microRNA that controls cell proliferation and regulates the proapoptotic gene hid in DrosophilaJulius Brennecke
European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Meyerhofstr 1, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
Cell 113:25-36. 2003..bantam microRNA simultaneously stimulates cell proliferation and prevents apoptosis. We identify the pro-apoptotic gene hid as a target for regulation by bantam miRNA, providing an explanation for bantam's anti-apoptotic activity...
- The MDM2 gene amplification databaseJ Momand
Department of Cell and Tumor Biology, Beckman Research Institute, National Medical Center, 1450 East Duarte Road, Duarte, CA 91010 3000, USA
Nucleic Acids Res 26:3453-9. 1998..infosci.coh.org/mdm2 . Charts of MDM2 amplification frequencies and comparisons with p53 genetic alterations are also available at this Web site...
- X-linked IAP is a direct inhibitor of cell-death proteasesQ L Deveraux
The Burnham Institute, Program on Apoptosis and Cell Death Research, La Jolla, California 92037, USA
Nature 388:300-4. 1997....
- EXPRESSION OF MATRIX METALLOPROTEINASE AND P53Yubo Sun; Fiscal Year: 2004..Once the molecular mechanism addressed in this proposal is clearly defined, it may be possible to exploit the information gained for the development of an effective strategy for RA treatment. ..
- METABOLIC DETERMINANTS OF HEMATOPOIETIC CELL DEVELOPMENTDaniel Wright; Fiscal Year: 1999..also determine whether guanylate depletion and repletion affect the turnover and supply of short-lived proto oncogene proteins (e.g., c-myb) that influence hematopoietic cell growth and development...
- Growth Factors and Colon CancerMARTHA OR MARTY SLATTERY; Fiscal Year: 2006..This study builds on a unique existing resource to study genetic and environmental associations with colorectal cancer. It will provide insight into colon cancer etiology and therefore avenues to disease prevention. ..
- FOUR-CORNERS BREAST AND ENDOMETRIAL CANCER STUDYMARTHA OR MARTY SLATTERY; Fiscal Year: 2003..C-peptide, glycosylated hemoglobin, IGF-1, and IGFBP3 will be evaluated with respect to breast and endometrial cancer in a subset of women. ..
- A PROSPECTIVE STUDY OF ALASKA NATIVES & AMERICAN INDIANSMARTHA OR MARTY SLATTERY; Fiscal Year: 2006..The AIAN cohort will serve as a resource to enhance research and training activities of AIAN students interested in health research, health education, and general public health. ..
- DIET AND SOMATIC MUTATIONS IN COLON CANCERMARTHA OR MARTY SLATTERY; Fiscal Year: 2007..e. p53, K-ras, and microsatellite instability). Differences in colon and rectal tumors will be compared. Additionally data from rectal tumors will be combined with that from colon tumors to define disease pathways. ..
- BACKTRACKING TRANSLOCATIONS IN CHILDHOOD LEUKEMIAJoseph Wiemels; Fiscal Year: 2006..We are ultimately working to elucidate the origin and causes of a cancer that might be preventable. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Developmental Checkpoints of Murine Mast CellsKoichi Akashi; Fiscal Year: 2009..Results obtained from this project will be critical to study mast cell biology, which eventually will help develop new therapeutic strategies for a variety of allergic and autoimmune disorders. ..
- TWO NOVEL CPLA2 BINDING PROTEINS AND CELL DEATHJOSEPH VINCENT BONVENTRE; Fiscal Year: 2010..Given the large number of patients that are initiated on dialysis each year, this addresses a critical public health problem. ..
- Mouse Models to Elucidate p53 Regulatory MechanismsGeoffrey Wahl; Fiscal Year: 2007..The data obtained and systems developed have relevance for p53-targeted therapies, and they provide a paradigm for how transcription factors convert complex inputs into distinct regulatory decisions. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Lineage decision in blood stem and progenitor cellsKoichi Akashi; Fiscal Year: 2007..Thus, we hope these studies will help understand mechanistic effects of these transcription factors on lineage decision in normal and malignant hematopoietic development. ..
- Meningioma: Risk Factors and Quality of LifeJOSEPH LEO WIEMELS; Fiscal Year: 2010..This study represents the first concentrated effort to examine environmental and genetic risk factors for meningioma. ..
- Mechanisms of Genetic Instability and Tumor SuppressionGEOFFREY MYLES WAHL; Fiscal Year: 2010..Only then can we develop therapies to target the genetic defects that disable P53 in a particular tumor. This proposal is designed to provide such information. ..
- MOLECULAR GENETIC ANALYSIS OF MAMMALIAN DNA REPLICATIONGeoffrey Wahl; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- New Approach Towards Mapping of Complex Human DisordersShaw Hwa Lo; Fiscal Year: 2009..The proposed aims intend to remove the barriers current researchers face in approaching non-Mendelian diseases for information, provide routine guidelines for future investigators, and promote the quality of public welfare. ..
- Commitment mechanisms in hemato/lymphopoiesisMotonari Kondo; Fiscal Year: 2008..The results obtained from this research proposal will allow us to better understand not only normal hematopoiesis but also aberrant hemato/lymphopoiesis that can result in leukemia or immunodeficiency. ..
- Pathogenesis of Ovarian Serous Borderline TumorsRobert J Kurman; Fiscal Year: 2010..This will refine diagnostic and prognostic markers of advanced stage tumors. These results will be expected to have a significant impact on the clinical management of patients with this disease. ..
- Studies of a Novel Therapeutic Target in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC)Ravi Salgia; Fiscal Year: 2011..Conduct an anti-c-Met phase I/I I clinical trial against NSCLC. Through the achievement of the goals proposed in these specific aims, we will arrive at novel therapy against c- Met in lung cancer. ..
- Cytokinesis and the Cytoskeleton in C. elegans EmbryosBRUCE A BOWERMAN; Fiscal Year: 2010..Matthias Peter at the ETH in Zurich, Switzerland. The processes and genes we propose to investigate are relevant to important human diseases, including cancer and neurodegenerative disease. ..
- CIS-REGULATORY ANALYSIS OF PU.1 BY IN VITRO ES CELL DIFFERENTIATIONELLEN ROTHENBERG; Fiscal Year: 2007..This should permit faster and cheaper experiments to reveal how powerful regulatory genes are themselves controlled. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Physiologic Genomics of Pulmonary Hypertension & RVHSINA GHARIB; Fiscal Year: 2008..Ultimately, this mentored research career award will allow the PI to develop into an independent computational molecular biologist and pursue an academic research career in the physiologic genomics of the cardiopulmonary system. ..
- Cellular Regulation of Angiotensin Converting Enzyme 2 (ACE2)Patricia Gallagher; Fiscal Year: 2009..The regulation of ACE2 may be critical to maintaining the normal function of the renin-angiotensin system in the brain. ..
- Bone Strength Phenotypes in men: Genes and EnvironmentJoseph Zmuda; Fiscal Year: 2008..The improved understanding of the genetic regulation of bone strength that will emerge from the proposed project will yield fundamental insight into the basic mechanisms of male osteoporosis. ..
- 2008 Biomolecular Interactions and Methods Gordon Research ConferenceMichelle Arkin; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Estrogen, ACE2 and Salt-SensitivityMark Chappell; Fiscal Year: 2008..Lewis strain. ..
- Epithelial-stromal cell interactions in breast cancerKornelia Polyak; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- KLF4, TGF-b1, and transplantation arteriosclerosisMark W Feinberg; Fiscal Year: 2010..The results of these studies are of considerable scientific interest and may serve as the basis for novel therapeutic strategies to modulate TAA and the macrophage response to cytokine stimulation. ..
- ROLE OF THE BCL 6 PROTO ONCOGENE IN B CELL LYMPHOMASBIHUI HILDA YE; Fiscal Year: 2010..abstract_text> ..
- GENETIC MECHANISMS OF HINDBRAIN SEGMENTATIONCecilia Moens; Fiscal Year: 2009..Aim 2 addresses the mechanism of plasticity. Finally, in Aim 3, we consider the mechanism by which long-range signals interact to specify the positions of specific hindbrain boundaries. ..
- Mapping RGC susceptibility alleles Robert Nickells; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- COAT-PlateletsGeorge Dale; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Role of PAX2 in Mammary Development and CancerGARY SILBERSTEIN; Fiscal Year: 2005..Finally, the possibility that PAX2 is a mammary tumor promoter will be evaluated, providing insights into mechanisms of breast cancer progression. ..
- Determinants of Bone Strength in Afro-Caribbean FamiliesJoseph Zmuda; Fiscal Year: 2004..The identification of these genes will likely yield fundamental insight on bone biology and may lead to the development of novel approaches to the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of osteoporosis. ..
- Arsenic Trioxide Down-Regulates STAT3 Activity in AMLMeir Wetzler; Fiscal Year: 2004..In addition, we will attempt to identify the mode by which ATO controls the activity of STAT3 and how this effect alters the gene profile patterns and induces apoptosis. ..
- Conference on Cellular Senescene and Cell DeathDouglas Green; Fiscal Year: 2005..The interconnections between these biological events and the overlapping principles that emerge represent an emerging field in biology and biomedical research. ..
- REGULATION OF NEUTROPHIL OXIDATIVE RESPONSES IN TRAUMAJoseph Solomkin; Fiscal Year: 2004..Together, these studies will define potential points for therapeutic intervention and provide important insight into regulation of the acute inflammatory response. ..
- FUNCTIONAL STUDIES OF TYRO 3 FAMILY RECEPTORSGreg Lemke; Fiscal Year: 2004..Together, these studies will reveal the basics of cell-to-cell signaling through Tyro 3, Axl, and Mer -- three receptors of genuine biological importance. ..
- Brain Structure & Function after Fetal Cocaine ExposurePat Levitt; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- THE ROLE OF PL3K IN THROMBOPOIETIN SIGNALINGAmy Geddis; Fiscal Year: 2005..A defined plan of training is presented in which the applicant will develop the experience and skills necessary for success as an independent investigator in Hematology. ..
- BH3-only protein BNIP3 in tumor progressionGOVINDASWAMY CHINNADURAI; Fiscal Year: 2006..Our results may also provide the experimental support to suggest that BNIP3 may be a new prognostic marker for human cancer. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Hypoxia-induced Proteins as Lung Cancer BiomarkersPhilip Mack; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Genomic profiling of AIDS-related Plasmablastic lymphomaChung Che Chang; Fiscal Year: 2006..Ultimately, we may be able to eliminate suffering of AIDS patients from this currently deadly disease. ..
- Role and Regulation of BLIMP-1 in Myeloid CellsKathryn Calame; Fiscal Year: 2006..Finally, the signals and mechanisms responsible for regulation of Blimp-1 expression in myeloid cells will be studied. ..
- LISTERIA MONOCYTOGENES AND PHAGOSOME MEMBRANE TRAFFICPhilip Stahl; Fiscal Year: 2003..We will determine the effects of IFNgamma treatment on vesicular traffic into and out of LM phagosomes using GFP-Rab5, GFP-Rab7 and GFP-Rab11. ..
- Il-7 receptor signaling in lymphopoiesisMotonari Kondo; Fiscal Year: 2010..The goal of this project is to elucidate the signaling pathways downstream of IL-7 receptor, which drive specific steps in lymphocyte development, and to determine the genes involved in this process. ..
- LINEAGE ANALYSIS OF FUNCTION IN MURINE LYMPHOCYTESELLEN ROTHENBERG; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- Small Molecule Inhibitors of BcI xL Survival ProteinDavid Hockenbery; Fiscal Year: 2004..3. Determine the role of endogenous pro-apoptotic dimer partners of Eel-if in the cytotoxic mechanism of antimycin A. ..
- Integrin alpha6beta4 Signaling in Prostate Carcinoma Growth and InvasionFilippo G Giancotti; Fiscal Year: 2010..We will study the expression of alpha6beta4 during human prostate cancer progression and test the effect of beta4 signaling-inhibitory antibodies in xenograft models. ..
- Aberrant Crypt Foci as a Biomarker for ChemopreventionFrank Sinicrope; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- Role of Proteases in Therapy-Induced ApoptosisScott H Kaufmann; Fiscal Year: 2010..Collectively, these studies are designed to improve current understanding of the biology of death ligand-induced apoptosis and provide new information that should be helpful in designing more effective cancer treatments. ..
- ROLE OF IRON-OXO CLUSTERS IN FATTY ACID DESATURATIONBrian Fox; Fiscal Year: 2007..The potential of using related molecules to inactivate other position-specific desaturases will be determined. ..
- B LYMPHOCYTE INDUCED MATURATION PROTEINKathryn Calame; Fiscal Year: 2007..We will purify Blimp-1-containing repression complexes and identify the components of the complexes. ..
- Molecular Determinants of Acquired Erlotinib ResistanceVincent Miller; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Gene networks specifying cell lineages in a polychaeteBruce Bowerman; Fiscal Year: 2007..Newly discovered and conserved loci will also be studied in C. elegans and Drosophila. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Targeting the PEX Domain of MT1-MMP: Novel Cancer TherapyJian Cao; Fiscal Year: 2010..I propose that the current project will help us to better understand cancer progression and lead to the development of novel basic tools for treatment of early stage cancer. ..
- International Network and Registry for TMAHoward Trachtman; Fiscal Year: 2007..These include essential hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, myocardial infarction, and chronic kidney disease. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- role of adipokines in colon epithelial cell homeostasisJENIFER FENTON; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Apoptosis Signaling: BH3 to BH123 ProteinsGOVINDASWAMY CHINNADURAI; Fiscal Year: 2008..The knowledge gained would be valuable in modulating the activity of BAX in cancer and in degenerative diseases. ..
- Defining How a Variant in TCF7L2 Confers Increased Risk for Type 2 DiabetesJennifer Hall; Fiscal Year: 2008..The long term goal is to understand basic mechanisms leading to type 2 diabetes and use this information to improve health care. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Cell Metabolism and Myc induced growth, death, and neoplasiaDavid Hockenbery; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- Interaction of age and gender on NO bioavailabilityJennifer Sullivan; Fiscal Year: 2005..We will then determine the affects of age and gender on antioxidant systems and the sources of oxidative stress in the mesenteric vasculature. ..
- Viral Genes Essential for MHV-68 Persistent Infection in the SpleenRen Sun; Fiscal Year: 2008..These viruses will strongly stimulate immune responses but will not establish persistent infection to cause diseases, thus a potential vaccine strategy. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Viral Lysis of Kaposi's Sarcoma Tumor CellsRen Sun; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- Genetic networks that regulate the mast lineageClifford Takemoto; Fiscal Year: 2009..This proposal will provide insights into the mechanisms of lineage-selection during mast cell development and may lead to therapeutic targets for mast cell-related diseases. ..
- MECHANISMS OF ACROLEIN ON PROLIFERATION AND APOPTOSISJAMES KEHRER; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..