Ustilago maydis 521

Summary

Alias:

Top Publications

  1. pmc Pep1, a secreted effector protein of Ustilago maydis, is required for successful invasion of plant cells
    Gunther Doehlemann
    Max Planck Institute for Terrestrial Microbiology, Marburg, Germany
    PLoS Pathog 5:e1000290. 2009
  2. ncbi Insights from the genome of the biotrophic fungal plant pathogen Ustilago maydis
    Jörg Kämper
    Department of Organismic Interactions, Max Planck Institute for Terrestrial Microbiology, Karl von Frisch Strasse, D 35043 Marburg, Germany
    Nature 444:97-101. 2006
  3. pmc Endocytosis is essential for pathogenic development in the corn smut fungus Ustilago maydis
    Uta Fuchs
    Max Planck Institut fur terrestrische Mikrobiologie, D 35043 Marburg, Germany
    Plant Cell 18:2066-81. 2006
  4. pmc The O-mannosyltransferase PMT4 is essential for normal appressorium formation and penetration in Ustilago maydis
    Alfonso Fernández-Alvarez
    Centro Andaluz de Biologia del Desarrollo, Universidad Pablo de Olavide Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, 41013 Sevilla, Spain
    Plant Cell 21:3397-412. 2009
  5. pmc The transcription factor Rbf1 is the master regulator for b-mating type controlled pathogenic development in Ustilago maydis
    Kai Heimel
    Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institute for Applied Biosciences, Department of Genetics, Karlsruhe, Germany
    PLoS Pathog 6:e1001035. 2010
  6. pmc Polar localizing class V myosin chitin synthases are essential during early plant infection in the plant pathogenic fungus Ustilago maydis
    Isabella Weber
    Max Planck Institut fur terrestrische Mikrobiologie, Marburg, Germany
    Plant Cell 18:225-42. 2006
  7. doi Hap2 regulates the pheromone response transcription factor prf1 in Ustilago maydis
    Artemio Mendoza-Mendoza
    Max Planck Institute for Terrestrial Microbiology, Karl von Frisch Str, Marburg, Germany
    Mol Microbiol 72:683-98. 2009
  8. pmc An Ustilago maydis gene involved in H2O2 detoxification is required for virulence
    Lazaro Molina
    Max Planck Institute for Terrestrial Microbiology, D 35043 Marburg, Germany
    Plant Cell 19:2293-309. 2007
  9. pmc Draft Genome Sequence of Ustilago trichophora RK089, a Promising Malic Acid Producer
    Thiemo Zambanini
    Institute of Applied Microbiology iAMB, Aachen Biology and Biotechnology ABBt, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany
    Genome Announc 4:. 2016
  10. pmc Replication protein A: single-stranded DNA's first responder: dynamic DNA-interactions allow replication protein A to direct single-strand DNA intermediates into different pathways for synthesis or repair
    Ran Chen
    Department of Biochemistry, Carver College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA
    Bioessays 36:1156-61. 2014

Patents

  1. Method for producing a transgenic plant cell, a plant or a part thereof with increased resistance biotic stress
  2. Process for the production of a fine chemical
  3. Manipulation of the nitrogen metabolism using ammoniunm transporter or glucose 6-phosphate deshydogenses or farnesy phospahate synthetase (fpp)
  4. Proteins associated with abiotic stress response and homologs
  5. RECOMBINANT HOST CELLS COMPRISING PHOSPHOKETOLASES
  6. No title supplied
  7. Proteins associated with abiotic stress response and homologs
  8. Process for the control of production of fine chemicals
  9. Process for the production of fine chemicals
  10. Plants with increased yield (nue)

Scientific Experts

  • Regine Kahmann
  • Milorad Kojic
  • Qingwen Zhou
  • William K Holloman
  • Alberto Elías-Villalobos
  • Gero Steinberg
  • Alfonso Fernández-Alvarez
  • Gunther Doehlemann
  • Jose I Ibeas
  • Kai Heimel
  • Artemio Mendoza-Mendoza
  • Jörg Kämper
  • Christoph Hemetsberger
  • Jose Ruiz-Herrera
  • Karina van der Linde
  • Mario Scherer
  • Nayef Mazloum
  • Ninghui Mao
  • Steven J Klosterman
  • Thiemo Zambanini
  • Lazaro Molina
  • Hongjuan Han
  • Daniela Assmann
  • Sofia C Guimaraes
  • Juan Manuel González-Prieto
  • Uta Fuchs
  • Ran Chen
  • Isabel Schuchardt
  • Eun Young Yu
  • Jose L Martinez-Salgado
  • Nadia Chacko
  • Henrike Brundiek
  • Yanbin Liu
  • Daniel Lanver
  • David Schuler
  • E Sierra-Campos
  • Miroslav Vranes
  • Volker Vincon
  • Scott E Gold
  • Guanggan Hu
  • Michael Lisby
  • Jose Perez-Martin
  • James W Kronstad
  • J H Lenz
  • Isabella Weber
  • Eckhard Thines
  • Guido Meurer
  • Joerg M Buescher
  • Nick Wierckx
  • Lars M Blank
  • Quanhong Yao
  • Martin Schuster
  • Ewa Bielska
  • Ben R A Meadows
  • Lei Chen
  • Bo Zhu
  • Xiaoyan Fu
  • Rihe Peng
  • Michael Schrader
  • Gulay Dagdas
  • Ismael Moreno-Sánchez
  • Dominique Helmlinger
  • Jin Qiu
  • Chengye Yu
  • Shuang You
  • Baihui Sun
  • Sreedhar Kilaru
  • Raymundo Rosas-Quijano
  • Angel Dominguez
  • Marc S Wold
  • Claudia G León-Ramírez
  • Neal F Lue
  • Alberto Barrera Pacheco
  • Ana P Barba de la Rosa
  • Christine Kastner
  • Christian Herrberger
  • Uwe T Bornscheuer
  • Morten Hillmer
  • Robert Kourist
  • Scott Gold
  • Bernd Zechmann
  • Stefan Saß
  • Renier A L van der Hoorn
  • Jochen Kumlehn
  • Andrew Evitt
  • Farnusch Kaschani
  • Lianghui Ji
  • Longhua Sun
  • Chong Mei John Koh
  • Chetsada Pothiratana

Detail Information

Publications35

  1. pmc Pep1, a secreted effector protein of Ustilago maydis, is required for successful invasion of plant cells
    Gunther Doehlemann
    Max Planck Institute for Terrestrial Microbiology, Marburg, Germany
    PLoS Pathog 5:e1000290. 2009
    ..maydis Deltapep1 mutant. Based on these results, we conclude that Pep1 has a conserved function essential for establishing compatibility that is not restricted to the U. maydis / maize interaction...
  2. ncbi Insights from the genome of the biotrophic fungal plant pathogen Ustilago maydis
    Jörg Kämper
    Department of Organismic Interactions, Max Planck Institute for Terrestrial Microbiology, Karl von Frisch Strasse, D 35043 Marburg, Germany
    Nature 444:97-101. 2006
    ..Genomic analysis is, similarly, likely to open up new avenues for the discovery of virulence determinants in other pathogens...
  3. pmc Endocytosis is essential for pathogenic development in the corn smut fungus Ustilago maydis
    Uta Fuchs
    Max Planck Institut fur terrestrische Mikrobiologie, D 35043 Marburg, Germany
    Plant Cell 18:2066-81. 2006
    ..Thus, we conclude that endocytosis is essential for recognition of the partner at the beginning of the pathogenic program but has additional roles in mating as well as spore formation and germination...
  4. pmc The O-mannosyltransferase PMT4 is essential for normal appressorium formation and penetration in Ustilago maydis
    Alfonso Fernández-Alvarez
    Centro Andaluz de Biologia del Desarrollo, Universidad Pablo de Olavide Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, 41013 Sevilla, Spain
    Plant Cell 21:3397-412. 2009
    ....
  5. pmc The transcription factor Rbf1 is the master regulator for b-mating type controlled pathogenic development in Ustilago maydis
    Kai Heimel
    Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institute for Applied Biosciences, Department of Genetics, Karlsruhe, Germany
    PLoS Pathog 6:e1001035. 2010
    ..Rbf1 is a novel master regulator in a multilayered network of transcription factors that facilitates the complex regulatory traits of sexual and pathogenic development...
  6. pmc Polar localizing class V myosin chitin synthases are essential during early plant infection in the plant pathogenic fungus Ustilago maydis
    Isabella Weber
    Max Planck Institut fur terrestrische Mikrobiologie, Marburg, Germany
    Plant Cell 18:225-42. 2006
    ..Our data show that the polar class IV CHSs are essential for morphogenesis ex planta, whereas the class V myosin-CHS is essential during plant infection...
  7. doi Hap2 regulates the pheromone response transcription factor prf1 in Ustilago maydis
    Artemio Mendoza-Mendoza
    Max Planck Institute for Terrestrial Microbiology, Karl von Frisch Str, Marburg, Germany
    Mol Microbiol 72:683-98. 2009
    ..In a solopathogenic strain hap2 deletion affected filamentation and the mutants showed reduced pathogenicity symptoms. These data suggest that Hap2 is a novel regulator of prf1 with additional functions after cell fusion...
  8. pmc An Ustilago maydis gene involved in H2O2 detoxification is required for virulence
    Lazaro Molina
    Max Planck Institute for Terrestrial Microbiology, D 35043 Marburg, Germany
    Plant Cell 19:2293-309. 2007
    ..Deletion mutants of these genes were attenuated in virulence. These results suggest that U. maydis is using its Yap1-controlled H(2)O(2) detoxification system for coping with early plant defense responses...
  9. pmc Draft Genome Sequence of Ustilago trichophora RK089, a Promising Malic Acid Producer
    Thiemo Zambanini
    Institute of Applied Microbiology iAMB, Aachen Biology and Biotechnology ABBt, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany
    Genome Announc 4:. 2016
    ..A comparison to the genome of Ustilago maydis 521 revealed all essential genes for malate production from glycerol contributing to metabolic engineering for improving malate production. ..
  10. pmc Replication protein A: single-stranded DNA's first responder: dynamic DNA-interactions allow replication protein A to direct single-strand DNA intermediates into different pathways for synthesis or repair
    Ran Chen
    Department of Biochemistry, Carver College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA
    Bioessays 36:1156-61. 2014
    ..Together, these findings suggest a new paradigm where RPA acts as a first responder at sites with ssDNA, thereby actively coordinating DNA repair and DNA synthesis. ..
  11. doi The UmGcn5 gene encoding histone acetyltransferase from Ustilago maydis is involved in dimorphism and virulence
    Juan Manuel González-Prieto
    Biotecnologia Vegetal, Centro de Biotecnología Genómica, Instituto Politecnico Nacional, Reynosa, Tam 88710, México Departamento de Ingeniería Genética, Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del I P N, Unidad Irapuato, Irapuato, Gto 36500, Mexico
    Fungal Genet Biol 71:86-95. 2014
    ..This phenotype was not reverted by cAMP addition. Mutants were not virulent to maize plants, and were unable to form teliospores. These phenotypic alterations of the mutants were reverted by their transformation with the wild-type gene. ..
  12. doi Characterization and high expression of recombinant Ustilago maydis xylanase in Pichia pastoris
    Hongjuan Han
    Shanghai Key Laboratory of Agricultural Genetics and Breeding, Agro Biotechnology Research Institute, Shanghai Academy of Agricultural Sciences, 2901 Beidi Rd, Shanghai, 201106, People s Republic of China
    Biotechnol Lett 37:697-703. 2015
    A recombinant xylanase gene (rxynUMB) from Ustilago maydis 521 was expressed in Pichia pastoris, and the enzyme was purified and characterized. Phylogenetic analysis demonstrated that rxynUMB belongs to glycosyl hydrolase family 11...
  13. pmc The Hos2 Histone Deacetylase Controls Ustilago maydis Virulence through Direct Regulation of Mating-Type Genes
    Alberto Elías-Villalobos
    Centro Andaluz de Biologia del Desarrollo, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, de Sevilla Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas Junta de Andalucía, Sevilla, Spain Centre de Recherche de Biochimie Macromoléculaire, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique UMR5237 Université de Montpellier, Montpellier, France
    PLoS Pathog 11:e1005134. 2015
    ..Overall, our results provide new insights into the role of HDACs in fungal phytopathogenesis. ..
  14. pmc Peroxisomes, lipid droplets, and endoplasmic reticulum "hitchhike" on motile early endosomes
    Sofia C Guimaraes
    Biosciences, University of Exeter, Exeter EX4 4QD, England, UK
    J Cell Biol 211:945-54. 2015
    ..Collectively, our results show that moving EEs interact transiently with other organelles, thereby mediating their directed transport and distribution in the cell. ..
  15. pmc Brh2 and Rad51 promote telomere maintenance in Ustilago maydis, a new model system of DNA repair proteins at telomeres
    Eun Young Yu
    Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, 1300 York Avenue, New York, NY 10065, USA
    DNA Repair (Amst) 12:472-9. 2013
    ..Our results indicate that factors involved in DNA repair are probably also needed for optimal telomere maintenance in U. maydis, and that this fungus is a useful alternative model system for telomere research...
  16. doi Analysis of the regulation of the Ustilago maydis proteome by dimorphism, pH or MAPK and GCN5 genes
    Jose L Martinez-Salgado
    IPICYT, Instituto Potosino de Investigación Científica y Tecnológica Camino a La Presa San José No 2055, Lomas 4ª Sección, 78216, San Luis Potosi, SLP, Mexico
    J Proteomics 79:251-62. 2013
    ..Our results complement the information about the genes and proteins related with the dimorphic transition in U. maydis and changes in proteins affected by mutations in a MAPK pathway and GCN5 gene...
  17. pmc Ortholog of BRCA2-interacting protein BCCIP controls morphogenetic responses during DNA replication stress in Ustilago maydis
    Ninghui Mao
    Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Hearst Microbiology Research Center, Cornell University, Weill Medical College, New York, NY 10021, USA
    DNA Repair (Amst) 6:1651-60. 2007
    ..These results suggest that Bcp1 could be involved in coordinating morphogenetic events with DNA processing during replication...
  18. pmc Dss1 interaction with Brh2 as a regulatory mechanism for recombinational repair
    Qingwen Zhou
    Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Cornell University Weill Medical College, 1300 York Avenue, New York, NY 10021, USA
    Mol Cell Biol 27:2512-26. 2007
    ..We propose that cooperation between BRC and CRE domains and the Dss1-provoked dissociation of Brh2 complexes are requisite features of Brh2's molecular mechanism...
  19. pmc Rec2 interplay with both Brh2 and Rad51 balances recombinational repair in Ustilago maydis
    Milorad Kojic
    Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Hearst Microbiology Research Center, Box 62, Cornell University Weill Medical College, 1300 York Avenue, New York, New York 10021, USA
    Mol Cell Biol 26:678-88. 2006
    ..The results demonstrate that the importance of Rec2 function is not only in stimulating recombination activity but also in ensuring that recombination is properly controlled...
  20. ncbi The BRCA2-interacting protein DSS1 is vital for DNA repair, recombination, and genome stability in Ustilago maydis
    Milorad Kojic
    Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Hearst Microbiology Research Center, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, NY 10021, USA
    Mol Cell 12:1043-9. 2003
    ..maydis, and imply that it plays a similar key role in the recombination systems of organisms in which recombinational repair is BRCA2 dependent...
  21. pmc The Ustilago maydis effector Pep1 suppresses plant immunity by inhibition of host peroxidase activity
    Christoph Hemetsberger
    Max Planck Institute for Terrestrial Microbiology, Marburg, Germany
    PLoS Pathog 8:e1002684. 2012
    ..We conclude that Pep1 acts as a potent suppressor of early plant defenses by inhibition of peroxidase activity. Thus, it represents a novel strategy for establishing a biotrophic interaction...
  22. pmc The general transcriptional repressor Tup1 is required for dimorphism and virulence in a fungal plant pathogen
    Alberto Elías-Villalobos
    Centro Andaluz de Biologia del Desarrollo, Universidad Pablo de Olavide Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Sevilla, Spain
    PLoS Pathog 7:e1002235. 2011
    ..Our findings establish Tup1 as a key factor coordinating dimorphism in the phytopathogen U. maydis and support a conserved role for Tup1 in the control of hypha-specific genes among animal and plant fungal pathogens...
  23. doi The short form of the recombinant CAL-A-type lipase UM03410 from the smut fungus Ustilago maydis exhibits an inherent trans-fatty acid selectivity
    Henrike Brundiek
    Institute of Biochemistry, Department of Biotechnology and Enzyme Catalysis, Ernst Moritz Arndt University of Greifswald, Felix Hausdorff Str 4, 17487 Greifswald, Germany
    Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 94:141-50. 2012
    ..Therefore, the short form of this U. maydis lipase is the only other currently known lipase with a distinct trans-fatty acid selectivity...
  24. pmc A maize cystatin suppresses host immunity by inhibiting apoplastic cysteine proteases
    Karina van der Linde
    Max Planck Institute for Terrestrial Microbiology, D 35043 Marburg, Germany
    Plant Cell 24:1285-300. 2012
    ..Moreover, we identified cystatin CC9 as a novel compatibility factor that suppresses Cys protease activity to allow biotrophic interaction of maize with the fungal pathogen U. maydis...
  25. doi Deletion of the Ustilago maydis ortholog of the Aspergillus sporulation regulator medA affects mating and virulence through pheromone response
    Nadia Chacko
    Department of Plant Pathology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30605, USA
    Fungal Genet Biol 49:426-32. 2012
    ..Additionally, indicative of a role in secondary metabolism regulation, deletion of the med1 gene de-represses the production of glycolipids in U. maydis...
  26. pmc Dss1 regulates interaction of Brh2 with DNA
    Qingwen Zhou
    Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, New York 10065, USA
    Biochemistry 48:11929-38. 2009
    ..Conversely, the Brh2-Dss1 complex dissociates more quickly when DNA is present. These findings suggest a model in which binding of Brh2 to DNA is subject to allosteric regulation by Dss1...
  27. pmc Tartronate semialdehyde reductase defines a novel rate-limiting step in assimilation and bioconversion of glycerol in Ustilago maydis
    Yanbin Liu
    Biomaterials and Biocatalysts Group, Temasek Life Sciences Laboratory, 1 Research Link, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore
    PLoS ONE 6:e16438. 2011
    ..Currently, it has limited applications with low bioconversion efficiency to most metabolites reported. This is partly attributed to the poor knowledge on the glycerol metabolic pathway in bacteria and fungi...
  28. pmc The Ustilago maydis Clp1 protein orchestrates pheromone and b-dependent signaling pathways to coordinate the cell cycle and pathogenic development
    Kai Heimel
    Department of Genetics, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, 76187 Karlsruhe, Germany
    Plant Cell 22:2908-22. 2010
    ..The concerted interaction of Clp1 with Rbf1 and bW coordinates a- and b-dependent cell cycle control and ensures cell cycle release and progression at the onset of biotrophic development...
  29. pmc Sho1 and Msb2-related proteins regulate appressorium development in the smut fungus Ustilago maydis
    Daniel Lanver
    Max Planck Institute for Terrestrial Microbiology, D 35043 Marburg, Germany
    Plant Cell 22:2085-101. 2010
    ..These data suggest that Sho1 and the transmembrane mucin Msb2 are involved in plant surface sensing in U. maydis...
  30. doi Functional properties of the Ustilago maydis alternative oxidase under oxidative stress conditions
    E Sierra-Campos
    Departamento de Bioquimica, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Apartado Postal 70 159, Coyoacan 04510, Mexico DF, Mexico
    Mitochondrion 9:96-102. 2009
    ..Our results suggest that the in vivo operation of AOX in U. maydis depends on the mitochondrial antioxidant machinery, including the glutathione linked systems...
  31. pmc D-loop formation by Brh2 protein of Ustilago maydis
    Nayef Mazloum
    Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Cornell University Weill Medical College, New York, NY 10065, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:524-9. 2008
    ..However, the mutant protein was unable to enhance the Rad51-catalyzed reaction. The results suggest a model in which Brh2 binding to plasmid DNA attracts and helps capture Rad51-coated ssDNA...
  32. ncbi Ubc2, an ortholog of the yeast Ste50p adaptor, possesses a basidiomycete-specific carboxy terminal extension essential for pathogenicity independent of pheromone response
    Steven J Klosterman
    Department of Plant Pathology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
    Mol Plant Microbe Interact 21:110-21. 2008
    ....
  33. pmc Transcriptional regulation by protein kinase A in Cryptococcus neoformans
    Guanggan Hu
    The Michael Smith Laboratories, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    PLoS Pathog 3:e42. 2007
    ....
  34. pmc A dynein loading zone for retrograde endosome motility at microtubule plus-ends
    J H Lenz
    Max Planck Institut fur terrestrische Mikrobiologie, Marburg, Germany
    EMBO J 25:2275-86. 2006
    ..These results suggest an apical dynein loading zone in the hyphal tip, which ensure that endosomes reach the expanding growth region before they reverse direction...
  35. pmc Myosin-V, Kinesin-1, and Kinesin-3 cooperate in hyphal growth of the fungus Ustilago maydis
    Isabel Schuchardt
    Max Planck Institut fur terrestrische Mikrobiologie, Karl von Frisch Strasse, D 35043 Marburg, Germany
    Mol Biol Cell 16:5191-201. 2005
    ..Quantitative assays revealed a role of Kin3 in secretion of acid phosphatase, whereas Kin1 was not involved. Our data demonstrate that just two kinesins and at least one myosin support hyphal growth...

Patents19

  1. Method for producing a transgenic plant cell, a plant or a part thereof with increased resistance biotic stress
    Patent Number: WO2010037714-A1; Date:2010-04-08
  2. Process for the production of a fine chemical
    Patent Number: WO2008034648-A1; Date:2008-03-27
  3. Manipulation of the nitrogen metabolism using ammoniunm transporter or glucose 6-phosphate deshydogenses or farnesy phospahate synthetase (fpp)
    Patent Number: WO2007137973-A; Date:2007-12-06
  4. Proteins associated with abiotic stress response and homologs
    Patent Number: WO2007110314-A; Date:2007-10-04
  5. RECOMBINANT HOST CELLS COMPRISING PHOSPHOKETOLASES
    Patent Number: KR1020130117753-A; Date:2013-10-28
  6. No title supplied
    Patent Number: WO2006056468-A1; Date:2006-06-01
  7. Proteins associated with abiotic stress response and homologs
    Patent Number: EP2221382-A2; Date:2010-08-25
  8. Process for the control of production of fine chemicals
    Patent Number: EP2199304-A1; Date:2010-06-23
  9. Process for the production of fine chemicals
    Patent Number: EP2194140-A2; Date:2010-06-09
  10. Plants with increased yield (nue)
    Patent Number: WO2010046221-A1; Date:2010-04-29
  11. Plants with increased tolerance and/or resistance to environmental stress and increased biomass production
    Patent Number: WO2008142034-A2; Date:2008-11-27
  12. Plants with increased yield (lt)
    Patent Number: WO2010034672-A1; Date:2010-04-01
  13. Plants with increased yield by increasing or generating one or more activities in a plant or a part thereof
    Patent Number: WO2010020654-A2; Date:2010-02-25
  14. Process for the production of lutein
    Patent Number: EP2096177-A2; Date:2009-09-02
  15. Process for the production of a fine chemical
    Patent Number: EP2090662-A2; Date:2009-08-19
  16. Plants with increased yield and/or increased tolerance to environmental stress (iy-bm)
    Patent Number: WO2009077611-A2; Date:2009-06-25
  17. Plants with increased yield
    Patent Number: WO2009037329-A2; Date:2009-03-26
  18. Plants with increased yield
    Patent Number: WO2009037279-A1; Date:2009-03-26
  19. Method for producing a transgenic plant cell, a plant or a part thereof with increased resistance to plant disease
    Patent Number: WO2009027539-A1; Date:2009-03-05