Stem cell research and treatment is viewed by the medical community as the future of curing many diseases. Embryonic stem cells (ES cells) which are used for research and treatment raise moral and religious issues worldwide. These issues illustrate the need for religion to make decisions regarding various medical advances in the western world. Islam as a religion must give guidelines to these divisive issues in accordance to Shari'ah law, while enabling treatment that may improve the quality of life of many Muslims. This work presents the view of Islam on the subject of embryonic stem cell treatment as an example of modern western medical advances.
In general most Islamic scholars approve research that includes stem cell research to protect and increase the greater good. The future treatments will be able to bring better quality of life for mankind. This opportunity outweighs the negative aspects of these medical procedures. Islamic scholars approach Ijtihad (religious law making) in the matter of ES cell research based on Qiyas (reasoning through analogy) that take many different aspects into consideration. These aspects include the respect to western medicine and the importance of finding cures for disease as part of Muslim religion and culture in accordance to the Qur'an and Hadith. This approach enables a far more progressive attitude in Islam towards stem cell research and future treatment then in Christianity and Judaism. As advances in the research of Stem Cell progress so must the research of the view of Islam on these medical breakthroughs.