High quality CTC isolation using microbubbles for downstream molecular analysis

Summary

Principal Investigator: Yu Tsueng Liu
Abstract: ABSTRACT Early cancer detection and intervention are crucial for long-term survival of either primary or recurrent tumors. Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) could be isolated for the diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment planning of cancer. Genetic profiling and expression analysis of CTC could provide additional invaluable information for accurate diagnosis and prognosis. Moreover, in vitro culture of CTC can be applied for functional analysis of cancer cells, such as drug sensitivity test. To achieve this goal, a transformative technology must be able to unmistakably isolate a few cancer cells using cost-effective and non-invasive procedures. Under the previous R21 IMAT award, we developed a novel technology for rare tumor cell isolation. Lipid shell-perfluorocarbon buoyant microbubbles (MBs) coated with anti-EpCAM antibody immediately attached to tumor cells in unfractionated blood, and isolated the cells after a quick centrifugation step (Shi et al., PLoS One, 2013). A short video clip to demonstrate this technology is included in this application. In conclusion, MB technique offers unique advantages over the existing immuno-enrichment technologies: (a) Short processing time can avoid RNA and protein degradation;(b) Scalability (isolation of cells from large volume sample) can help obtain large numbers of CTCs;(c) Specificity (minimal carryover of leukocytes) can improve sensitivity and specificity of molecular analysis;(d) Flexibility (cells are collected in a very concentrated volume of 5-10 [unreadable]l and could be used for cell growth, immunostaining and/or molecular analysis. The R33 phase of this proposal is focused to further develop MB isolation method to achieve high purity isolation of CTCs from metastatic brain cancers for enumeration and molecular and functional analyses. We set the following specific aims of the study: (1) Optimize MB method to achieve high speed, high purity harvesting of tumor cells spiked in 7-20ml blood sample;(2) Applications of MB isolated CTCs for PCR analysis and culturing;(3) Validate the MB method for sensitivity and specificity of CTC enumeration from blood of metastatic brain tumor patients using CellSearch system as a benchmark. Simple but robust CTC isolation technologies that result in high quality CTC sample for downstream analysis will have transformative impact on clinical management of malignancies and early diagnostics of asymptomatic cancers.
Funding Period: 2013-09-18 - 2016-08-31
more information: NIH RePORT

Top Publications

  1. pmc Binding and isolation of tumor cells in biological media with perfluorocarbon microbubbles
    Guixin Shi
    Solid Tumor Therapeutics Program, Moores UCSD Cancer Center, UC San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
    Methods 64:102-7. 2013

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications1

  1. pmc Binding and isolation of tumor cells in biological media with perfluorocarbon microbubbles
    Guixin Shi
    Solid Tumor Therapeutics Program, Moores UCSD Cancer Center, UC San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
    Methods 64:102-7. 2013
    ..In conclusion, MB-assisted cell isolation is a promising method for rapid enrichment of cells and biomarkers from biological samples...

Research Grants30

  1. The Shelf Live Evaluation of Investigational Dosage Forms
    Jonathan White; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This contract is essential for continued assurance of the quality of drugs undergoing clinical investigation for different types of cancer by Cancer Therapeutics Evaluation Program. ..
  2. WINCART: Weaving an Islander Network for Cancer Awareness, Research and Training
    Sora P Tanjasiri; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  3. JHU ICMIC PROGRAM
    Zaver M Bhujwalla; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The Career Development Component is structured with the purpose of creating independently funded investigators who will, in the future, become leaders in the field. ..
  4. University of Maryland Greenebaum Cancer Center Support Grant
    Kevin J Cullen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Reflecting our remarkable and continued growth, UMGCC seeks to renew its CCSG to enhance and expand its efforts in high-quality and clinically relevant cancer research. ..
  5. Isolating circulating tumor cells using a centrifuge on a chip
    Dino Di Carlo; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Ultimately, such a device may provide a cost-effective and rapid 'liquid biopsy'sample which can be utilized for downstream genetic analyses in order to more effectively personalize anti-cancer therapy. ..
  6. UNMC EPPLEY CANCER CENTER SUPPORT GRANT
    Kenneth H Cowan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  7. Mechanisms and Markers of Prostate Cancer Metastases
    ROBERT LOUIS VESSELLA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..It also conducts pre-clinical xenograft studies and provides statistical support to the overall P01 program. Core B is the Administrative Core which provides overall administrative support to the investigators. ..