Child & Family Disaster Research Training & Education
Principal Investigator: Betty J Pfefferbaum
Abstract: DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The Terrorism and Disaster Branch (TDB) of the National Center for Child Traumatic Stress (NCCTS) proposes a five year program of child focused disaster mental health research education. The goal of this program is to enhance the nation's capacity for conducting rapid post-event disaster mental health research related to children and families through training of researchers and responder organizations in state-of-the-art research methods, particularly in up-to-date methods of needs assessment, data collection for triage and tracking, clinical evaluation, surveillance treatment and intervention, and evaluations of effectiveness. The TDB will use the infrastructure of the National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN) to develop and provide child disaster mental health research training for local, state and national professionals, including psychologists, psychiatrists, mental health educators, nurses and other public health staff, disaster response services, and research personnel, creating 10 fully trained Local Multidisciplinary Research Teams (LMRTs) over 5 years. Ultimately, this training will enhance knowledge in a variety of areas of disaster mental health. Such a step forward will lead to informed clinical interventions and program and policy development to improve the effectiveness of pre-event mitigation, including resilience building for children and families, post-event response and immediate and long-term recovery activities. The goals of this project are: 1) To generate understanding of, and demand for, child- and family-focused rapid research activities in the aftermath of an event through a Universal Training Program (UTP) tailored to the needs of those constituencies that provide review and oversight of proposed research activities and who are positioned to facilitate large-scale implementation of a child and family disaster research agenda. 2) To conduct an Integrated Training Program (ITP) employing a staged modular curriculum for Local Multidisciplinary Research Teams (LMRTs) that will include mental health and other professional personnel, creating a total of 10 LMRTs. 3) To establish a specialized mentoring and technical assistance capacity, through Regional Mentoring Teams (RMTs) that draw from existing resources within the TDB and Network. 4) To use the relationships established between the Local Multidisciplinary Research Teams and the TDB and Network Mentoring Teams to integrate the LMRTs into the TDB and Network structure. 5) To design and implement flexible, cost-effective delivery mechanisms for training. 6) To design a modular, multidisciplinary research-training curriculum on child and family disaster mental health incorporating modern principles of public mental health and a scientifically informed developmental psychopathology model.
Funding Period: 2004-04-15 - 2010-07-31
more information: NIH RePORT
- Universal preventive interventions for children in the context of disasters and terrorismBetty Pfefferbaum
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Terrorism and Disaster Center, College of Medicine, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, 920 Stanton L Young Boulevard, Oklahoma City, OK 73104, USA Electronic address
Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am 23:363-82, ix-x. 2014..A literature search identified 17 empirical studies that were analyzed to examine the timing and setting of intervention delivery, providers, conditions addressed and outcomes, and intervention approaches and components. ..
- Children of terrorism survivors: physiological reactions seven years following a terrorist incidentBetty Pfefferbaum
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK, USA Electronic address
Compr Psychiatry 55:749-54. 2014..The aim of this study was to examine psychiatric illness and physiological indicators in the children of Oklahoma City bombing survivors seven years after the event...
- Issues in the assessment of children's coping in the context of mass traumaBetty Pfefferbaum
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK, USA
Prehosp Disaster Med 27:272-9. 2012..This article examines the theoretical and practical issues in assessing coping in children exposed to mass trauma, and includes recommendations to guide assessment and research of children's coping within this specialized context...
- Toward the way forward: the national children's disaster mental health concept of operationsMerritt Schreiber
Center for Disaster Medical Sciences, Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California Irvine School of Medicine, Orange, California 92868, USA
Disaster Med Public Health Prep 6:174-81. 2012....
- Framework for research on children's reactions to disasters and terrorist eventsBetty Pfefferbaum
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, College of Medicine, Terrorism and Disaster Center, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73126, USA
Prehosp Disaster Med 27:567-76. 2012..The use of this approach is illustrated with examples from disaster mental health studies in children, thus simultaneously providing a review of the literature...
- Practical legal and ethical considerations for the provision of acute disaster mental health servicesJohn A Call
Crisis Management Consultants, Inc, in Edmond, Oklahoma, USA
Psychiatry 75:305-22. 2012..Thus, the purpose of the present article is to outline and discuss an analysis framework and suggest recommendations that mental health professionals can use to help guide their actions during the chaos immediate post disaster...
- The burden of disaster: part II. applying interventions across the child's social ecologyRose L Pfefferbaum
Phoenix Community College and Terrorism and Disaster Center University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73126 0901, USA
Int J Emerg Ment Health 14:175-87. 2012....
- Autonomic reactivity and hypothalamic pituitary adrenal axis dysregulation in spouses of Oklahoma City bombing survivors 7 years after the attackBetty Pfefferbaum
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, PO Box 26901, WP 3470 Oklahoma City, OK 73126 0901, USA
Compr Psychiatry 53:901-6. 2012..The objective of this exploratory pilot study was to examine autonomic reactivity and hypothalamic pituitary adrenal axis dysregulation in spouses of highly exposed survivors of the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing...
- The burden of disaster: Part I. Challenges and opportunities within a child's social ecologyMary A Noffsinger
Courtroom Sciences, Inc, Irving, Texas, USA
Int J Emerg Ment Health 14:3-13. 2012..L. Pfefferbaum et al., in press) describes interventions across the child's social ecology...
- Enhancing national capacity to conduct child and family disaster mental health researchBetty Pfefferbaum
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, USA
Nurs Educ Perspect 31:237-41. 2010..This article describes the creation and training of 10 specialized research teams, curriculum development, implementation of the program, and progress to date as well as lessons learned and challenges to sustainability...
- Qualitative methods in the development of a national child and family disaster mental health research training programCarla A Maida
University of California, Los Angeles, USA
Int J Emerg Ment Health 11:145-54. 2009..The results were then used to refine the curriculum...
- The role of public health in mental and behavioral health in children and families following disastersRandal D Beaton
Schools of Nursing and Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle 98195, USA
J Public Health Manag Pract 15:E1-11. 2009....
- Research with children exposed to disastersBetty Pfefferbaum
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK, USA
Int J Methods Psychiatr Res 17:S49-56. 2008..As the field matures, greater attention to the sophistication of research methods and design will increase our understanding of children in the context of disasters...