Work injury and young people: A prospective survey
Principal Investigator: F Curtis Breslin
Abstract: DESCRIPTION: Population-based data from the U.S. and Canada show elevated work injury rates among adolescents (15 to 19 year olds) and young adults (20 to 24 year olds) as compared to their adult counterparts. The intermediate goals of this project are to provide more precise estimates for risk factors and identify consequences of work-related injuries and illnesses among adolescents and young adults. The long-term goals of the proposed research are to reduce the number of injuries occurring in the workplace by aiding in the development of effective countermeasures and to aid in the development of fair and equitable workers' compensation. The objectives fall directly into three of the research priorities recognized by the National Occupational Research Agenda, special populations (i.e., young workers), traumatic injuries, and the social and economic consequences of work injury. Using longitudinal data, the proposed research on young workers has two specific aims: a) to better estimate the relative contribution of sociodemographic factors, working conditions, and work experience on work injuries among young people; b) to evaluate the initial labor market trajectories of injured young workers. We conducted a review of longitudinal studies of youth in the U.S. and found no dataset that provided sufficient information on both work activity and work-related injuries. Therefore, the Survey of Labour and Income Dynamics (SLID), an ongoing, longitudinal survey of representative samples of Canadians, constitutes a unique opportunity to examine the possible antecedents and consequences of work injuries among young people. The three SLID panels available provide up to six years of data in a subsample of approximately 14,958 respondents who were working while aged 16 to 24 during their follow-up period. For the first study aim regarding possible antecedents, our survival analyses will examine multiple risk factors, some of which vary over time. The availability of longitudinal data affords us the opportunity to begin to answer the question, under what working conditions, for whom, and at what point in the job tenure is one's risk for injury the greatest? For the second aim regarding labor market outcomes, we will compare injured workers' income during the 12 months after returning to work to their matched uninjured counterparts in the SLID. No study to date has examined the impact of work injuries on earnings losses among young workers, thereby addressing a notable gap in this research area.
Funding Period: 2004-06-01 - 2006-05-31
more information: NIH RePORT
- Work disability absence among young workers with respect to earnings losses in the following yearF Curtis Breslin
Institute for Work and Health, 481 University Avenue, Suite 800, Toronto, Ontario, M5G 2E9, Canada
Scand J Work Environ Health 33:192-7. 2007..The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the earnings losses that young workers experience in the year after a work disability absence...
- Antecedents of work disability absence among young people: a prospective studyF Curtis Breslin
Institute for Work and Health, University of Toronto, Canada
Ann Epidemiol 17:814-20. 2007..This study examined the relative contribution of individual factors, job characteristics, and temporal factors to the likelihood of lost days of work due to a work-related disability or illness among Canadians 16 to 24 years old...
- The relationship between job tenure and work disability absence among adults: a prospective studyF Curtis Breslin
Institute for Work and Health, Toronto, ON, Canada
Accid Anal Prev 40:368-75. 2008..This may be due to inadequate job training or increased hazard exposure even in the same broad job category...