Principles of Behavior Change: Choice and Context

Summary

Principal Investigator: EDMUND J FANTINO
Abstract: DESCRIPTION: Scientific understanding of the processes underlying choice will contribute to the development of interventions that address motivation, impulsivity, treatment adherence, and health behaviors. This project investigates choice from several perspectives: (1) Operant studies examining how temporal features of reinforcement affect subsequent choices as well as the conditions under which the reinforcement values attached to particular options transfer to new contexts; (2) Studies of choices made within structured interpersonal transactions that characterize the effects of such variables as gender, age, personality, nature of reward, and temporal features of the transactions; (3) Development of methods to train people to adopt optimal choices (such as avoiding base-rate neglect), including comparisons of overt teaching versus self-induction methods. The outcomes of these studies are expected to influence the development of improved and individualized forms of behavioral and cognitive therapy as well as guide future research on the neural bases of choice.
Funding Period: ----------------1998 - ---------------2011-
more information: NIH RePORT

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Influence of budget and reinforcement location on risk-sensitive preference
    Matthew O'Daly
    Department of Psychology 0109, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0109, USA
    Behav Processes 73:125-35. 2006
  2. ncbi Hyperbolic discounting of delayed social interaction
    Shawn R Charlton
    Department of Psychology and Counseling, University of Central Arkansas, 201 Donaghey Avenue, Conway, AR 72035, USA
    Learn Behav 41:159-67. 2013
  3. pmc The effect of conditioned reinforcement rate on choice: a review
    Edmund Fantino
    Department of Psychology 0109, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093 0109, USA
    J Exp Anal Behav 87:409-21. 2007
  4. ncbi How reinforcer type affects choice in economic games
    Edmund Fantino
    Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0109, USA
    Behav Processes 75:107-14. 2007
  5. ncbi Use of base rates and case cue information in making likelihood estimates
    Stephanie Stolarz-Fantino
    University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 0109, USA
    Mem Cognit 34:603-18. 2006
  6. pmc Influence of temporal context on value in the multiple-chains and successive-encounters procedures
    Matthew O'Daly
    University of California at San Diego, USA
    J Exp Anal Behav 85:309-28. 2006
  7. ncbi Choices between segmented and unsegmented schedules and the self-control paradigm
    Jérôme Alessandri
    University of Lille 3, France
    Behav Processes 94:26-31. 2013
  8. pmc Sharing the wealth: factors influencing resource allocation in the sharing game
    Edmund Fantino
    University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0109, USA
    J Exp Anal Behav 91:337-54. 2009
  9. pmc Observing responses: maintained by good news only?
    Alan Silberberg
    American University, United States
    Behav Processes 85:80-2. 2010
  10. pmc Revisiting the role of bad news in maintaining human observing behavior
    Edmund Fantino
    Department of Psychology 0109, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093 0109, USA
    J Exp Anal Behav 93:157-70. 2010

Scientific Experts

Detail Information

Publications14

  1. ncbi Influence of budget and reinforcement location on risk-sensitive preference
    Matthew O'Daly
    Department of Psychology 0109, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0109, USA
    Behav Processes 73:125-35. 2006
    ....
  2. ncbi Hyperbolic discounting of delayed social interaction
    Shawn R Charlton
    Department of Psychology and Counseling, University of Central Arkansas, 201 Donaghey Avenue, Conway, AR 72035, USA
    Learn Behav 41:159-67. 2013
    ..Similar to previous findings for nonsocial outcomes, the hyperbolic-shaped models provide a fit to the data superior to that of the exponential model...
  3. pmc The effect of conditioned reinforcement rate on choice: a review
    Edmund Fantino
    Department of Psychology 0109, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093 0109, USA
    J Exp Anal Behav 87:409-21. 2007
    ..This result is not surprising, since the additional putative conditioned reinforcers in the terminal link are not correlated with a reduction in time to primary reinforcement nor with an increase in value...
  4. ncbi How reinforcer type affects choice in economic games
    Edmund Fantino
    Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0109, USA
    Behav Processes 75:107-14. 2007
    ....
  5. ncbi Use of base rates and case cue information in making likelihood estimates
    Stephanie Stolarz-Fantino
    University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 0109, USA
    Mem Cognit 34:603-18. 2006
    ..The results suggest that when base rate information is made salient by experience (multiple trials and within-subjects variation) or by other manipulations, base rate neglect is minimized...
  6. pmc Influence of temporal context on value in the multiple-chains and successive-encounters procedures
    Matthew O'Daly
    University of California at San Diego, USA
    J Exp Anal Behav 85:309-28. 2006
    ....
  7. ncbi Choices between segmented and unsegmented schedules and the self-control paradigm
    Jérôme Alessandri
    University of Lille 3, France
    Behav Processes 94:26-31. 2013
    ....
  8. pmc Sharing the wealth: factors influencing resource allocation in the sharing game
    Edmund Fantino
    University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0109, USA
    J Exp Anal Behav 91:337-54. 2009
    ..The nature of the putative other participant did not affect the allocation: students allocated in a comparable fashion whether the other participant was said to be male, female, or a computer...
  9. pmc Observing responses: maintained by good news only?
    Alan Silberberg
    American University, United States
    Behav Processes 85:80-2. 2010
    ....
  10. pmc Revisiting the role of bad news in maintaining human observing behavior
    Edmund Fantino
    Department of Psychology 0109, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093 0109, USA
    J Exp Anal Behav 93:157-70. 2010
    ..The results support the conclusion that information is reinforcing only when it is positive or useful. As required by the conditioned-reinforcement hypothesis, useless information does not maintain observing...
  11. pmc The role of context in risky choice
    Stephen F Meyer
    University of California San Diego, UCSD, San Diego, CA 92093, United States
    Behav Processes 87:100-5. 2011
    ..e., FR 1) is enhanced the greater the temporal context in which the FR1 is embedded...