Keratin Gene Targeting for the Treatment of Epidermolysis Bullosa
Principal Investigator: Daniel G Miller
Abstract: DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Epidermolysis Bullosa Simplex (EBS) is a debilitating, dominantly inherited skin blistering condition without an effective treatment. We propose to correct the phenotype of EBS-patient keratinocytes and prepare them for autologous transplantation by using a gene targeting approach. This method allows transcription from genes producing toxic proteins to be disrupted by targeted insertion of vector sequences into the mutant allele. Adeno-Associated Virus (AAV) vectors efficiently transduce primary cells in culture, and their single stranded DNA genomes have been shown to recombine with homologous chromosomal sequences. Furthermore, keratinocytes expressing abnormal keratins may be at a growth disadvantage making gene targeting strategies a plausible approach because of the growth advantage conferred to phenotypically corrected cells. The concept of growth differences of cells expressing normal and abnormal keratins is further supported by reports of revertant somatic mosaicism in patients with epidermolysis bullosa suggesting that even infrequent back mutations, or second site "suppressor" mutations can be therapeutic. Experiments described in this proposal will demonstrate the feasibility of gene targeting as a treatment approach for EBS and serve as a foundation for future studies that may lead to clinical trials for a variety of debilitating skin diseases. PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Epidermolysis Bullosa Simplex (EBS) is an extremely debilitating disease characterized by recurrent painful skin blisters beginning at birth and continuing throughout life. Medical complications of this blister formation include infection, scarring, and even death. There is currently no effective therapy for preventing these blisters. This proposal describes experiments designed to test gene therapy strategies for the treatment of epidermolysis bullosa simplex.
Funding Period: 2010-01-15 - 2014-12-31
more information: NIH RePORT
- Efficient KRT14 targeting and functional characterization of transplanted human keratinocytes for the treatment of epidermolysis bullosa simplexLisa M Petek
Department of Pediatrics, Division of Genetic Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98109, USA
Mol Ther 18:1624-32. 2010..Single epidermal stem cell clones produced histologically normal skin grafts after transplantation to athymic mice and could generate a sufficient number of cells to transplant the entire skin surface of an individual...