An Exploratory Center for Obesity Research (RMI)
Principal Investigator: A Drewnowski
Abstract: [unreadable] DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): [unreadable] This Exploratory Center for Obesity Research will address biomedical, public health, and policy aspects of the obesity epidemic. The social problem of obesity can only be solved using a transdisciplinary approach that blends biomedical research with broader social, economic, environmental, and policy concerns. The proposed "Lab to Leadership" model will be built on sustained interactions among researchers, clinicians, public health professionals, local and state government agencies, policy makers, and communities at risk. To create such alliances, two sets of activities are proposed. The first will cross disciplines to bring diverse groups of stakeholders into new research teams; the second will align research projects with policy priorities and public health goals. In order to enrich and transform the research environment, the Exploratory Center will provide funding for activities that integrate biomedical and social sciences research with public policy. These will include commissioned papers, workshops, forums, and conferences. Each activity will have clear goals and objectives, and well-defined criteria for success. Funds will be provided for pilot/feasibility studies that actively promote cross-disciplinary thought by applying insights from laboratory and clinical research to environmental and policy studies - and vice versa. Leadership workshops, supported by the University Administration, will build faculty leadership, capacity, and skills. The second set of activities will prepare investigators to submit an application for a Center of Excellence for Obesity Research. Among these will be strategic planning with diverse stakeholders to develop a blueprint for the Center; the creation of networks and panels to assist local and State agencies with obesity projects in Washington State; and the creation of an ongoing forum for researchers, policy makers, and community groups to advance the mutual integration of research priorities with state-level policy objectives and community goals. The planning activities will start with a formative evaluation of the research environment and will be guided by a rigorous evaluation component. The planning process will itself be the object of evaluation and study. The existing research base at the University of Washington; the commitment of local and state agencies, Public Health-Seattle & King County and the Washington State Department of Health, to furthering public health agenda, and the administrative experience of the Center for Public Health Nutrition make a compelling argument for why the new integrative approach ought to be nurtured here. By promoting interagency collaborations, these efforts will help the NIH develop a roadmap on how to effectively translate research findings into national, state, and local health policy. [unreadable] [unreadable]
Funding Period: 2004-09-20 - 2010-07-31
more information: NIH RePORT
- Modulation of food reward by adiposity signalsDianne P Figlewicz
VA Puget Sound Health Care System 151, Seattle WA 98108, USA
Physiol Behav 91:473-8. 2007....
- Residential property values are associated with obesity among women in King County, WA, USAColin D Rehm
Center for Public Health Nutrition, Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
Soc Sci Med 75:491-5. 2012..Property values may represent a novel and objective measure of SES at the individual level in the US. Measures based on tax assessment data will provide a valuable resource for future health studies...
- The geographic distribution of obesity by census tract among 59 767 insured adults in King County, WAA Drewnowski
Center for Public Health Nutrition, University of Washington, Seattle WA, USA
Int J Obes (Lond) 38:833-9. 2014..To evaluate the geographic concentration of adult obesity prevalence by census tract (CT) in King County, WA, in relation to social and economic factors...
- Lower-energy-density diets are associated with higher monetary costs per kilocalorie and are consumed by women of higher socioeconomic statusPablo Monsivais
Nutritional Sciences Program, School of Public Health, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
J Am Diet Assoc 109:814-22. 2009..This study examined associations among dietary energy density, energy-adjusted diet costs, and socioeconomic indicators of study participants...
- Energy allowances for solid fats and added sugars in nutritionally adequate U.S. diets estimated at 17-33% by a linear programming modelMatthieu Maillot
Nutritional Sciences Program and Center for Public Health Nutrition, School of Public Health, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 3410
J Nutr 141:333-40. 2011..All nutrient goals were met. In contrast to the much lower USDA estimates, the 2 models placed SoFAS allowances at between 17 and 33% of total energy, depending on energy needs...
- Child obesity associated with social disadvantage of children's neighborhoodsH Mollie Greves Grow
University of Washington and Seattle Children s Research Institute, Seattle, WA 98101, USA
Soc Sci Med 71:584-91. 2010..S. urban county. These results contribute new information on relationships between broader social and economic context and child obesity risk using robust spatial analyses...
- Spatial cluster detection for weighted outcomes using cumulative geographic residualsAndrea J Cook
Biostatistics Unit, Group Health Research Institute, Seattle, Washington 98101, USA
Biometrics 66:783-92. 2010..The proposed method is then applied to assess spatial clustering of high Body Mass Index in a health maintenance organization population in the Seattle, Washington, USA area...
- Liquid calories, sugar, and body weightAdam Drewnowski
Center for Public Health Nutrition, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 3410, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 85:651-61. 2007..The effect of sugar consumption on body weight can also depend on behavioral intent, context, and the mode of use, availability, and cost of sweetened liquids...
- Campus-community-school partnerships to evaluate a multicomponent nutrition interventionMary Podrabsky
University of Washington, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Nutritional Sciences Program, Seattle 98195, USA
Public Health Rep 122:566-9. 2007
- The real contribution of added sugars and fats to obesityAdam Drewnowski
Center for Public Health Nutrition and Nutritional Sciences Program, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
Epidemiol Rev 29:160-71. 2007..Examining past studies of the contribution of added sugars and fats to obesity rates through the prism of food prices and diet costs is the purpose of this review...
- Insurance coverage and incentives for weight loss among adults with metabolic syndromeDavid Arterburn
Group Health Center for Health Studies, Seattle, Washington, USA
Obesity (Silver Spring) 16:70-6. 2008..To describe how insured adults with metabolic syndrome respond to various options for insurance coverage and financial incentives for weight management...
- Disparities in obesity rates: analysis by ZIP code areaAdam Drewnowski
University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
Soc Sci Med 65:2458-63. 2007..Geocoding of health data provides new insights into the nature of social determinants of health. Disparities in obesity rates by ZIP code area were greater than disparities associated with individual income or race/ethnicity...
- Deconstructing the vanilla milkshake: the dominant effect of sucrose on self-administration of nutrient-flavor mixturesAmy M Naleid
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98108, USA
Appetite 50:128-38. 2008..4% oil solutions. These data suggest that, calorie-for-calorie, sucrose is the dominant reinforcing component of novel foods that contain a mixture of fat, sucrose, and flavor...
- Poverty and childhood overweight in California Assembly districtsAdam Drewnowski
Center for Public Health Nutrition, 305 Raitt Hall 353410, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 3410, USA
Health Place 15:631-5. 2009..The goal of the present study was to determine the association between childhood overweight and area-based socioeconomic indicators in California Assembly districts...