An Exploratory Center for Obesity Research (RMI)

Summary

Principal Investigator: A Drewnowski
Abstract: [unreadable] DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): [unreadable] This Exploratory Center for Obesity Research will address biomedical, public health, and policy aspects of the obesity epidemic. The social problem of obesity can only be solved using a transdisciplinary approach that blends biomedical research with broader social, economic, environmental, and policy concerns. The proposed "Lab to Leadership" model will be built on sustained interactions among researchers, clinicians, public health professionals, local and state government agencies, policy makers, and communities at risk. To create such alliances, two sets of activities are proposed. The first will cross disciplines to bring diverse groups of stakeholders into new research teams; the second will align research projects with policy priorities and public health goals. In order to enrich and transform the research environment, the Exploratory Center will provide funding for activities that integrate biomedical and social sciences research with public policy. These will include commissioned papers, workshops, forums, and conferences. Each activity will have clear goals and objectives, and well-defined criteria for success. Funds will be provided for pilot/feasibility studies that actively promote cross-disciplinary thought by applying insights from laboratory and clinical research to environmental and policy studies - and vice versa. Leadership workshops, supported by the University Administration, will build faculty leadership, capacity, and skills. The second set of activities will prepare investigators to submit an application for a Center of Excellence for Obesity Research. Among these will be strategic planning with diverse stakeholders to develop a blueprint for the Center; the creation of networks and panels to assist local and State agencies with obesity projects in Washington State; and the creation of an ongoing forum for researchers, policy makers, and community groups to advance the mutual integration of research priorities with state-level policy objectives and community goals. The planning activities will start with a formative evaluation of the research environment and will be guided by a rigorous evaluation component. The planning process will itself be the object of evaluation and study. The existing research base at the University of Washington; the commitment of local and state agencies, Public Health-Seattle & King County and the Washington State Department of Health, to furthering public health agenda, and the administrative experience of the Center for Public Health Nutrition make a compelling argument for why the new integrative approach ought to be nurtured here. By promoting interagency collaborations, these efforts will help the NIH develop a roadmap on how to effectively translate research findings into national, state, and local health policy. [unreadable] [unreadable]
Funding Period: 2004-09-20 - 2010-07-31
more information: NIH RePORT

Top Publications

  1. pmc Modulation of food reward by adiposity signals
    Dianne P Figlewicz
    VA Puget Sound Health Care System 151, Seattle WA 98108, USA
    Physiol Behav 91:473-8. 2007
  2. pmc Residential property values are associated with obesity among women in King County, WA, USA
    Colin D Rehm
    Center for Public Health Nutrition, Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    Soc Sci Med 75:491-5. 2012
  3. pmc The geographic distribution of obesity by census tract among 59 767 insured adults in King County, WA
    A Drewnowski
    Center for Public Health Nutrition, University of Washington, Seattle WA, USA
    Int J Obes (Lond) 38:833-9. 2014
  4. pmc Lower-energy-density diets are associated with higher monetary costs per kilocalorie and are consumed by women of higher socioeconomic status
    Pablo Monsivais
    Nutritional Sciences Program, School of Public Health, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 109:814-22. 2009
  5. pmc Energy allowances for solid fats and added sugars in nutritionally adequate U.S. diets estimated at 17-33% by a linear programming model
    Matthieu Maillot
    Nutritional Sciences Program and Center for Public Health Nutrition, School of Public Health, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 3410
    J Nutr 141:333-40. 2011
  6. pmc Child obesity associated with social disadvantage of children's neighborhoods
    H Mollie Greves Grow
    University of Washington and Seattle Children s Research Institute, Seattle, WA 98101, USA
    Soc Sci Med 71:584-91. 2010
  7. pmc Spatial cluster detection for weighted outcomes using cumulative geographic residuals
    Andrea J Cook
    Biostatistics Unit, Group Health Research Institute, Seattle, Washington 98101, USA
    Biometrics 66:783-92. 2010
  8. ncbi Liquid calories, sugar, and body weight
    Adam Drewnowski
    Center for Public Health Nutrition, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 3410, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 85:651-61. 2007
  9. pmc Campus-community-school partnerships to evaluate a multicomponent nutrition intervention
    Mary Podrabsky
    University of Washington, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Nutritional Sciences Program, Seattle 98195, USA
    Public Health Rep 122:566-9. 2007
  10. ncbi The real contribution of added sugars and fats to obesity
    Adam Drewnowski
    Center for Public Health Nutrition and Nutritional Sciences Program, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    Epidemiol Rev 29:160-71. 2007

Scientific Experts

  • A Drewnowski
  • Andrea J Cook
  • H Mollie Greves Grow
  • DAVID ERIC ARTERBURN
  • Dianne P Figlewicz
  • Colin D Rehm
  • Matthieu Maillot
  • Pablo Monsivais
  • Amy M Naleid
  • Alfred J Sipols
  • Mary Podrabsky
  • Anne V Moudon
  • Philip M Hurvitz
  • Sepideh Aliakbari
  • Jennifer L Bennett
  • Jeffrey W Grimm
  • David A Kessler
  • Jason Wells
  • Amy MacDonald Naleid
  • Donna B Johnson
  • David Levinger
  • Laura C Streichert

Detail Information

Publications14

  1. pmc Modulation of food reward by adiposity signals
    Dianne P Figlewicz
    VA Puget Sound Health Care System 151, Seattle WA 98108, USA
    Physiol Behav 91:473-8. 2007
    ....
  2. pmc Residential property values are associated with obesity among women in King County, WA, USA
    Colin D Rehm
    Center for Public Health Nutrition, Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    Soc Sci Med 75:491-5. 2012
    ..Property values may represent a novel and objective measure of SES at the individual level in the US. Measures based on tax assessment data will provide a valuable resource for future health studies...
  3. pmc The geographic distribution of obesity by census tract among 59 767 insured adults in King County, WA
    A Drewnowski
    Center for Public Health Nutrition, University of Washington, Seattle WA, USA
    Int J Obes (Lond) 38:833-9. 2014
    ..To evaluate the geographic concentration of adult obesity prevalence by census tract (CT) in King County, WA, in relation to social and economic factors...
  4. pmc Lower-energy-density diets are associated with higher monetary costs per kilocalorie and are consumed by women of higher socioeconomic status
    Pablo Monsivais
    Nutritional Sciences Program, School of Public Health, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 109:814-22. 2009
    ..This study examined associations among dietary energy density, energy-adjusted diet costs, and socioeconomic indicators of study participants...
  5. pmc Energy allowances for solid fats and added sugars in nutritionally adequate U.S. diets estimated at 17-33% by a linear programming model
    Matthieu Maillot
    Nutritional Sciences Program and Center for Public Health Nutrition, School of Public Health, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 3410
    J Nutr 141:333-40. 2011
    ..All nutrient goals were met. In contrast to the much lower USDA estimates, the 2 models placed SoFAS allowances at between 17 and 33% of total energy, depending on energy needs...
  6. pmc Child obesity associated with social disadvantage of children's neighborhoods
    H Mollie Greves Grow
    University of Washington and Seattle Children s Research Institute, Seattle, WA 98101, USA
    Soc Sci Med 71:584-91. 2010
    ..S. urban county. These results contribute new information on relationships between broader social and economic context and child obesity risk using robust spatial analyses...
  7. pmc Spatial cluster detection for weighted outcomes using cumulative geographic residuals
    Andrea J Cook
    Biostatistics Unit, Group Health Research Institute, Seattle, Washington 98101, USA
    Biometrics 66:783-92. 2010
    ..The proposed method is then applied to assess spatial clustering of high Body Mass Index in a health maintenance organization population in the Seattle, Washington, USA area...
  8. ncbi Liquid calories, sugar, and body weight
    Adam Drewnowski
    Center for Public Health Nutrition, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 3410, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 85:651-61. 2007
    ..The effect of sugar consumption on body weight can also depend on behavioral intent, context, and the mode of use, availability, and cost of sweetened liquids...
  9. pmc Campus-community-school partnerships to evaluate a multicomponent nutrition intervention
    Mary Podrabsky
    University of Washington, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Nutritional Sciences Program, Seattle 98195, USA
    Public Health Rep 122:566-9. 2007
  10. ncbi The real contribution of added sugars and fats to obesity
    Adam Drewnowski
    Center for Public Health Nutrition and Nutritional Sciences Program, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    Epidemiol Rev 29:160-71. 2007
    ..Examining past studies of the contribution of added sugars and fats to obesity rates through the prism of food prices and diet costs is the purpose of this review...
  11. ncbi Insurance coverage and incentives for weight loss among adults with metabolic syndrome
    David Arterburn
    Group Health Center for Health Studies, Seattle, Washington, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 16:70-6. 2008
    ..To describe how insured adults with metabolic syndrome respond to various options for insurance coverage and financial incentives for weight management...
  12. pmc Disparities in obesity rates: analysis by ZIP code area
    Adam Drewnowski
    University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
    Soc Sci Med 65:2458-63. 2007
    ..Geocoding of health data provides new insights into the nature of social determinants of health. Disparities in obesity rates by ZIP code area were greater than disparities associated with individual income or race/ethnicity...
  13. pmc Deconstructing the vanilla milkshake: the dominant effect of sucrose on self-administration of nutrient-flavor mixtures
    Amy M Naleid
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98108, USA
    Appetite 50:128-38. 2008
    ..4% oil solutions. These data suggest that, calorie-for-calorie, sucrose is the dominant reinforcing component of novel foods that contain a mixture of fat, sucrose, and flavor...
  14. pmc Poverty and childhood overweight in California Assembly districts
    Adam Drewnowski
    Center for Public Health Nutrition, 305 Raitt Hall 353410, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 3410, USA
    Health Place 15:631-5. 2009
    ..The goal of the present study was to determine the association between childhood overweight and area-based socioeconomic indicators in California Assembly districts...