Stat4

Summary

Gene Symbol: Stat4
Description: signal transducer and activator of transcription 4
Alias: signal transducer and activator of transcription 4
Species: mouse

Top Publications

  1. pmc Generation of T follicular helper cells is mediated by interleukin-21 but independent of T helper 1, 2, or 17 cell lineages
    Roza I Nurieva
    Department of Immunology, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center and Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    Immunity 29:138-49. 2008
  2. pmc IL-1 family members and STAT activators induce cytokine production by Th2, Th17, and Th1 cells
    Liying Guo
    Laboratory of Immunology, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:13463-8. 2009
  3. pmc SDF-1/CXCR4 mediates acute protection of cardiac function through myocardial STAT3 signaling following global ischemia/reperfusion injury
    Chunyan Huang
    Department of Surgery, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA
    Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 301:H1496-505. 2011
  4. ncbi Airway exposure levels of lipopolysaccharide determine type 1 versus type 2 experimental asthma
    Yoon Keun Kim
    Department of Life Science, Postech Biotech Center, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Namgu, Pohang, Gyeongbuk, Republic of Korea
    J Immunol 178:5375-82. 2007
  5. ncbi Negative regulation of interleukin-12 signaling by suppressor of cytokine signaling-1
    Joanne L Eyles
    The Walter and Eliza Hall Institute for Medical Research and The Cooperative Research Center for Cellular Growth Factors, PO Royal Melbourne Hospital, VIC 3050, Australia
    J Biol Chem 277:43735-40. 2002
  6. ncbi Regulation of IFN-gamma production by B effector 1 cells: essential roles for T-bet and the IFN-gamma receptor
    David P Harris
    Trudeau Institute, Saranac Lake, NY 12983, USA
    J Immunol 174:6781-90. 2005
  7. pmc T helper type 1-specific Brg1 recruitment and remodeling of nucleosomes positioned at the IFN-gamma promoter are Stat4 dependent
    Fuping Zhang
    Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN 37232, USA
    J Exp Med 203:1493-505. 2006
  8. pmc The emerging role of T cell Ig mucin 1 in alloimmune responses in an experimental mouse transplant model
    Takuya Ueno
    Transplantation Research Center, Renal Division, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    J Clin Invest 118:742-51. 2008
  9. ncbi Stat4 and Stat6 signaling in hepatic ischemia/reperfusion injury in mice: HO-1 dependence of Stat4 disruption-mediated cytoprotection
    Xiu Da Shen
    Dumont UCLA Transplant Center, Division of Liver and Pancreas Transplantation, Department of Surgery, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    Hepatology 37:296-303. 2003
  10. pmc Transforming growth factor-beta1 enhances the interferon-gamma-dependent, interleukin-12-independent pathway of T helper 1 cell differentiation
    Ronald B Smeltz
    Laboratory of Immunology, National Institutes of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Immunology 114:484-92. 2005

Research Grants

  1. CAPACITATIVE CALCIUM ENTRY DEFECT IN IMMUNE DEFICIENCY
    Anjana Rao; Fiscal Year: 2002
  2. Induction of suppression for Islet Transplantation
    Zandong Yang; Fiscal Year: 2003
  3. Tumor cell antigen presentation to CD4 + T lymphocytes
    Suzanne Ostrand Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 2004
  4. FLUORESCENCE-ACTIVATED CELL SORTER
    Christian Schindler; Fiscal Year: 2004
  5. IL3,IL5, and GM-CSF Signaling and Asthma
    Christian Schindler; Fiscal Year: 2004
  6. Manipulation of T cell tolerance with small organic mol*
    Anjana Rao; Fiscal Year: 2005
  7. COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY ASTHMA AND ALLERGY CLINICAL RESEARCH
    Christian Schindler; Fiscal Year: 2005
  8. IFN-Is at the interface of Innate and Adapative Immunity
    Christian W Schindler; Fiscal Year: 2010
  9. PHI-381: A Novel Anti-Leukemic Agent
    Marina Cetkovic Cvrlje; Fiscal Year: 2003
  10. IMMUNOLOGICAL DISEASE MECHANISMS
    Sankar Ghosh; Fiscal Year: 2006

Scientific Experts

Detail Information

Publications127 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Generation of T follicular helper cells is mediated by interleukin-21 but independent of T helper 1, 2, or 17 cell lineages
    Roza I Nurieva
    Department of Immunology, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center and Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    Immunity 29:138-49. 2008
    ..This study thus demonstrates that Tfh is a distinct Th cell lineage...
  2. pmc IL-1 family members and STAT activators induce cytokine production by Th2, Th17, and Th1 cells
    Liying Guo
    Laboratory of Immunology, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:13463-8. 2009
    ..IL-17A in response to IL-1beta and a STAT3 activator and Th1 cells produce IFNgamma in response to IL-18 and a STAT4 inducer...
  3. pmc SDF-1/CXCR4 mediates acute protection of cardiac function through myocardial STAT3 signaling following global ischemia/reperfusion injury
    Chunyan Huang
    Department of Surgery, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA
    Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 301:H1496-505. 2011
    ..Our results represent the first evidence that the SDF-1/CXCR4 axis upregualtes myocardial STAT3 activation and, thereby, mediates acute cardioprotection in response to global I/R...
  4. ncbi Airway exposure levels of lipopolysaccharide determine type 1 versus type 2 experimental asthma
    Yoon Keun Kim
    Department of Life Science, Postech Biotech Center, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Namgu, Pohang, Gyeongbuk, Republic of Korea
    J Immunol 178:5375-82. 2007
    ..mice, whereas the asthma phenotypes induced by high-dose LPS were abolished in the homozygous null mutation of the STAT4 gene...
  5. ncbi Negative regulation of interleukin-12 signaling by suppressor of cytokine signaling-1
    Joanne L Eyles
    The Walter and Eliza Hall Institute for Medical Research and The Cooperative Research Center for Cellular Growth Factors, PO Royal Melbourne Hospital, VIC 3050, Australia
    J Biol Chem 277:43735-40. 2002
    ..IL-12 signaling to the SOCS-1(-/-) disease, we generated mice lacking both SOCS-1 and signal transducer and activator of transcription 4 (STAT4), an essential component of the IL-12 signaling pathway...
  6. ncbi Regulation of IFN-gamma production by B effector 1 cells: essential roles for T-bet and the IFN-gamma receptor
    David P Harris
    Trudeau Institute, Saranac Lake, NY 12983, USA
    J Immunol 174:6781-90. 2005
    ....
  7. pmc T helper type 1-specific Brg1 recruitment and remodeling of nucleosomes positioned at the IFN-gamma promoter are Stat4 dependent
    Fuping Zhang
    Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN 37232, USA
    J Exp Med 203:1493-505. 2006
    ..and positioned nucleosomes are remodeled, in a Th1-specific manner that is dependent on the transcription factor Stat4 and calcineurin phosphatase activity...
  8. pmc The emerging role of T cell Ig mucin 1 in alloimmune responses in an experimental mouse transplant model
    Takuya Ueno
    Transplantation Research Center, Renal Division, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    J Clin Invest 118:742-51. 2008
    ..TIM-1-specific antibody treatment was more effective in Th1-type cytokine-deficient Stat4(-/-) recipients as compared with Th2-type cytokine-deficient Stat6(-/-) recipients...
  9. ncbi Stat4 and Stat6 signaling in hepatic ischemia/reperfusion injury in mice: HO-1 dependence of Stat4 disruption-mediated cytoprotection
    Xiu Da Shen
    Dumont UCLA Transplant Center, Division of Liver and Pancreas Transplantation, Department of Surgery, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    Hepatology 37:296-303. 2003
    ..This study analyzes the role of signal transducer and activator of transcription 4 (Stat4) and Stat6 signaling in liver I/R injury...
  10. pmc Transforming growth factor-beta1 enhances the interferon-gamma-dependent, interleukin-12-independent pathway of T helper 1 cell differentiation
    Ronald B Smeltz
    Laboratory of Immunology, National Institutes of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Immunology 114:484-92. 2005
    ..These data have important implications for strategies being considered for the use of TGF-beta-producing T cells for the treatment of autoimmune disorders...
  11. pmc A crucial role for T-bet in selectin ligand expression in T helper 1 (Th1) cells
    Greg H Underhill
    Department of Microbiology Immunology, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, 303 E Chicago Ave, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    Blood 106:3867-73. 2005
    ..Further, we show that T-bet is responsible for the signal transducer and activator of transcription 4 (Stat4)-independent increase in Th1 cells of fucosyltransferase VII (FucT-VII)...
  12. pmc Effector mechanisms of the autoimmune syndrome in the murine model of autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type 1
    Jason J DeVoss
    Diabetes Center, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
    J Immunol 181:4072-9. 2008
    ..Depletion of CD4(+) T cells using a neutralizing Ab ameliorated the disease process. Thus, therapies targeted specifically at the CD4(+) T cell subset may help control autoimmune disease in patients with APS1...
  13. pmc Stat3 and Stat4: members of the family of signal transducers and activators of transcription
    Z Zhong
    Laboratory of Molecular Cell Biology, Rockefeller University, New York, NY 10021
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 91:4806-10. 1994
    ..While Stat1 and Stat3 are widely expressed, Stat4 expression is restricted to testis, thymus, and spleen...
  14. ncbi Requirement for Stat4 in interleukin-12-mediated responses of natural killer and T cells
    W E Thierfelder
    Department of Biochemistry, St Jude Children s Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee 38105, USA
    Nature 382:171-4. 1996
    ..b>Stat4 was initially cloned as a result of its homology with Stat1 (refs 4, 5) and is widely expressed, although it is ..
  15. ncbi STATs and gene regulation
    J E Darnell
    Laboratory of Molecular Cell Biology, Rockefeller University, New York, NY 10021, USA
    Science 277:1630-5. 1997
    ..The discovery of a STAT in Drosophila, and most recently in Dictyostelium discoideum, implies an ancient evolutionary origin for this dual-function set of proteins...
  16. ncbi Th2 cells are required for the Schistosoma mansoni egg-induced granulomatous response
    M H Kaplan
    Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Immunol 160:1850-6. 1998
    ..mansoni ova in Stat4- and Stat6-deficient mice, which lack Th1 and Th2 cells, respectively...
  17. ncbi JAK/STAT signaling by cytokine receptors
    K D Liu
    Gladstone Institute of Virology and Immunology, San Francisco, California 94141, USA
    Curr Opin Immunol 10:271-8. 1998
    ..This signaling pathway influences normal cell survival and growth mechanisms and may contribute to oncogenic transformation...
  18. ncbi Inhibition of Th1 development mediated by GATA-3 through an IL-4-independent mechanism
    W Ouyang
    Department of Pathology and Center for Immunology, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Immunity 9:745-55. 1998
    ..Here, we show that loss of GATA-3 expression by developing Th1 cells requires IL-12 signaling through Stat4 and does not simply result from an absence of IL-4...
  19. ncbi Modulation of chromatin structure regulates cytokine gene expression during T cell differentiation
    S Agarwal
    Department of Pathology, Harvard Medical School, Center for Blood Research, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Immunity 9:765-75. 1998
    ..We propose that chromatin remodeling of cytokine gene loci is functionally associated with productive T cell differentiation and may explain the coordinate regulation of Th2 cytokine genes...
  20. ncbi STAT-4 mediated IL-12 signaling pathway is critical for the development of protective immunity in cutaneous leishmaniasis
    L M Stamm
    Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, USA
    Eur J Immunol 29:2524-9. 1999
    Recent studies have demonstrated that two IL-12 signaling pathways, a STAT 4 - dependent and STAT4 - independent, are involved in the development of a Th1-like response...
  21. ncbi Disruption of the STAT4 signaling pathway protects from autoimmune diabetes while retaining antiviral immune competence
    A Holz
    Department of Neuropharmacology, Division of Virology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    J Immunol 163:5374-82. 1999
    The role of the STAT4 signaling pathway in autoimmune diabetes was investigated using the rat insulin promoter lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus model of virally induced autoimmune diabetes...
  22. ncbi The Jak-STAT pathway
    K Imada
    Laboratory of Molecular Immunology, National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 1674, USA
    Mol Immunol 37:1-11. 2000
    ..Moreover, the recent discovery of the CIS/SOCS/JAB/SSI family of inhibitors has contributed to understanding how this pathway is negatively regulated...
  23. ncbi The biology of Stat4 and Stat6
    A L Wurster
    Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, MA 02115, USA
    Oncogene 19:2577-84. 2000
    ..Stat6 and Stat4 are two STAT family members that specifically mediate signals that emanate from the IL-4 and IL-12 receptors, ..
  24. ncbi Increased susceptibility of Stat4-deficient and enhanced resistance in Stat6-deficient mice to infection with Trypanosoma cruzi
    R L Tarleton
    Department of Cellular Biology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
    J Immunol 165:1520-5. 2000
    ..cruzi, mice with induced deficiencies in the Stat4 or Stat6 genes were infected with T. cruzi...
  25. ncbi Identification of STAT4-dependent and independent mechanisms of resistance to Toxoplasma gondii
    G Cai
    Department of Pathobiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Immunol 165:2619-27. 2000
    ..To identify the transcription factors involved in this mechanism of resistance, mice deficient in STAT4, a protein involved in IL-12 signaling, were infected with T. gondii and their immune responses were analyzed...
  26. ncbi T-bet is a STAT1-induced regulator of IL-12R expression in naïve CD4+ T cells
    Maryam Afkarian
    Department of Pathology and Immunology, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Washington University School of Medicine, Box 8118, 660 S Euclid Ave, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Nat Immunol 3:549-57. 2002
    ..through signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (STAT1) and interleukin-12 (IL-12) signaling through STAT4 activation...
  27. ncbi Cutting edge: a murine, IL-12-independent pathway of IFN-gamma induction by gram-negative bacteria based on STAT4 activation by Type I IFN and IL-18 signaling
    Marina A Freudenberg
    Max Planck Institut fur Immunbiologie, Freiburg, Germany
    J Immunol 169:1665-8. 2002
    ..pathway is based on a synergism of IFN-alphabeta and IL-18, and is independent of IL-12 signaling yet dependent on STAT4. In contradiction to current dogma, we show further that IFN-alphabeta alone induces tyrosine phosphorylation of ..
  28. ncbi Critical role for STAT4 activation by type 1 interferons in the interferon-gamma response to viral infection
    Khuong B Nguyen
    Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, Division of Biology and Medicine, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA
    Science 297:2063-6. 2002
    ..Here we show that IFN-alpha/beta activate STAT4 directly (STAT, signal transducers and activators of transcription) and that this is required for IFN-gamma ..
  29. ncbi Coordinated and distinct roles for IFN-alpha beta, IL-12, and IL-15 regulation of NK cell responses to viral infection
    Khuong B Nguyen
    Deparment of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA
    J Immunol 169:4279-87. 2002
    ..IL-12/STAT4 was critical for NK cell IFN-gamma expression, whereas IFN-alphabeta/STAT1 were required for induction of ..
  30. ncbi STAT4 signal pathways regulate inflammation and airway physiology changes in allergic airway inflammation locally via alteration of chemokines
    Kavita Raman
    Department of Pathology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    J Immunol 170:3859-65. 2003
    Mice homozygous for the STAT4-null mutation were sensitized to cockroach Ag, challenged intratracheally 21 days later, and compared with STAT4-competent allergic mice...
  31. ncbi GATA-3 suppresses Th1 development by downregulation of Stat4 and not through effects on IL-12Rbeta2 chain or T-bet
    Takashi Usui
    Mucosal Immunity Section, Laboratory of Clinical Investigation, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Immunity 18:415-28. 2003
    To further understand the interaction among GATA-3, Stat4, and T-bet in helper T cell development, we first showed that retroviral expression of GATA-3 in developing Th1 cells suppresses Th1 development through downregulation of Stat4 ..
  32. pmc Distinct requirements for the naturally occurring splice forms Stat4alpha and Stat4beta in IL-12 responses
    Timothy Hoey
    Tularik, Inc, South San Francisco, CA 94080, USA
    EMBO J 22:4237-48. 2003
    ..We have isolated an alternatively spliced isoform of Stat4, termed Stat4beta, which lacks 44 amino acids at the C-terminus, encompassing the putative transcriptional ..
  33. ncbi Type I IFNs provide a third signal to CD8 T cells to stimulate clonal expansion and differentiation
    Julie M Curtsinger
    Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, Center for Immunology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    J Immunol 174:4465-9. 2005
    ..We show that IFN-alpha beta can provide the third signal directly to CD8 T cells via a STAT4-dependent pathway to stimulate survival, development of cytolytic function, and production of IFN-gamma...
  34. ncbi Interleukin 17-producing CD4+ effector T cells develop via a lineage distinct from the T helper type 1 and 2 lineages
    Laurie E Harrington
    Department of Pathology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35294, USA
    Nat Immunol 6:1123-32. 2005
    ..naive precursor cells to differentiate into T(H)-17 cells independently of the transcription factors STAT1, T-bet, STAT4 and STAT6...
  35. ncbi IL-27 limits IL-2 production during Th1 differentiation
    Alejandro V Villarino
    Department of Pathobiology, University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Immunol 176:237-47. 2006
    ....
  36. ncbi STAT4/6-dependent differential regulation of chemokine receptors
    Soon Ha Kim
    Department of Immunology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Clin Immunol 118:250-7. 2006
    ..Signal transducers and activators of transcription (STATs), in particular STAT4 and STAT6, are essential for the development of Th1 and Th2 cells, respectively...
  37. ncbi Tyk2 negatively regulates adaptive Th1 immunity by mediating IL-10 signaling and promoting IFN-gamma-dependent IL-10 reactivation
    Michael H Shaw
    Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, Brown University, Providence, RI 02906, USA
    J Immunol 176:7263-71. 2006
    ..Thus, Tyk2 can be viewed as a dual-function Jak, mediating both pro and anti-inflammatory cytokine responses...
  38. ncbi Dendritic-cell maturation alters intracellular signaling networks, enabling differential effects of IFN-alpha/beta on antigen cross-presentation
    Randy S Longman
    Rockefeller University, New York, NY, USA
    Blood 109:1113-22. 2007
    ..STAT1 in response to IFN-alpha/beta, whereas exposure of mature DCs to IFN-alpha/beta results in signaling via STAT4. Microarray analysis revealed numerous transcriptional changes resulting from the altered signaling...
  39. ncbi Microenvironment-dependent requirement of STAT4 for the induction of P-selectin ligands and effector cytokines on CD4+ T cells in healthy and parasite-infected mice
    Uta Syrbe
    Charite, Campus Mitte, Experimentelle Rheumatologie, c o Deutsches Rheumaforschungszentrum, Schumannstrasse 21 22, 10117 Berlin, Germany
    J Immunol 177:7673-9. 2006
    ..b>STAT4 is strongly involved in these processes...
  40. pmc Helper T cell IL-2 production is limited by negative feedback and STAT-dependent cytokine signals
    Alejandro V Villarino
    Department of Pathobiology, University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Exp Med 204:65-71. 2007
    ..by several signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) family transcription factors, namely STAT5, STAT4, and STAT6...
  41. ncbi Role of Stat4-mediated signal transduction events in the generation of aggressor CD4+ T cells in herpetic stromal keratitis pathogenesis
    Kaustuv Banerjee
    Comparative and Experimental Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37916, USA
    J Interferon Cytokine Res 27:65-75. 2007
    ..involved in the development of aggressor CD4(+) T cells, ocular HSV infection was followed in mice deficient in Stat4 (Stat4(-/-) mice), the signal transducer for the cytokine interleukin-12 (IL-12)...
  42. pmc High basal STAT4 balanced by STAT1 induction to control type 1 interferon effects in natural killer cells
    Takuya Miyagi
    Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA
    J Exp Med 204:2383-96. 2007
    ..Regulation of their access to particular signaling pathways is poorly understood. STAT4 is important for IFN-gamma induction, and NK cells are major producers of this cytokine...
  43. pmc Signal transducer and activator of transcription 4 limits the development of adaptive regulatory T cells
    John T O'Malley
    Department of Pediatrics, Herman B Wells Center for Pediatric Research, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA
    Immunology 127:587-95. 2009
    ..b>Signal transducer and activator of transcription 4 (STAT4) is critical for the response to IL-12, although there is a parallel pathway ..
  44. pmc Interleukin-10 production by Th1 cells requires interleukin-12-induced STAT4 transcription factor and ERK MAP kinase activation by high antigen dose
    Margarida Saraiva
    Division of Immunoregulation, MRC National Institute for Medical Research, The Ridgeway, London NW7 1AA, UK
    Immunity 31:209-19. 2009
    ..high T cell receptor (TCR) ligation, sustained ERK1 and ERK2 MAP kinases phosphorylation, and IL-12-induced STAT4 transcription factor activation...
  45. pmc Temporal induction pattern of STAT4 target genes defines potential for Th1 lineage-specific programming
    Seth R Good
    School of Informatics, Indiana University Purdue University Indianapolis, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA
    J Immunol 183:3839-47. 2009
    b>STAT4 is a critical component in the development of inflammatory adaptive immune responses. It has been extensively characterized as a lineage-determining factor in Th1 development...
  46. pmc Epigenetic instability of cytokine and transcription factor gene loci underlies plasticity of the T helper 17 cell lineage
    Ryuta Mukasa
    Department of Pathology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    Immunity 32:616-27. 2010
    ..but were rapidly reversed downstream of IL-12-induced silencing of the Rorc gene by the transcription factors STAT4 and T-bet...
  47. pmc Discrete roles of STAT4 and STAT6 transcription factors in tuning epigenetic modifications and transcription during T helper cell differentiation
    Lai Wei
    Molecular Immunology and Inflammation Branch, NIAMS, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda MD 20892, USA
    Immunity 32:840-51. 2010
    b>Signal transducer and activator of transcription 4 (STAT4) and STAT6 are key factors in the specification of helper T cells; however, their direct roles in driving differentiation are not well understood...
  48. pmc Cutting edge: a novel mechanism bridging innate and adaptive immunity: IL-12 induction of CD25 to form high-affinity IL-2 receptors on NK cells
    Seung Hwan Lee
    Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, Division of Biology and Medicine and Warren Alpert Medical School, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA
    J Immunol 189:2712-6. 2012
    ..The cytokines act ex vivo to increase CD25 levels, and IL-12, IL-12R, and STAT4, but not the NK activating receptor Ly49H, are required for peak induction in vivo...
  49. pmc Regulating type 1 IFN effects in CD8 T cells during viral infections: changing STAT4 and STAT1 expression for function
    M Pilar Gil
    Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, Brown University, Providence, RI 02903, USA
    Blood 120:3718-28. 2012
    ..conditionally activate all of the signal transducers and activators of transcription molecules (STATs), including STAT4. The best-characterized signaling pathways use STAT1, however, and type 1 IFN inhibition of cell proliferation is ..
  50. ncbi Impaired IL-12 responses and enhanced development of Th2 cells in Stat4-deficient mice
    M H Kaplan
    Department of Cancer Biology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Nature 382:174-7. 1996
    ..b>STAT4 is one member of this family, and is activated only in response to the cytokine interleukin (IL)-12 (refs 5, 6)...
  51. ncbi Distinct characteristics of murine STAT4 activation in response to IL-12 and IFN-alpha
    Lisa S Berenson
    Department of Pathology and Center for Immunology, Washington University of School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    J Immunol 177:5195-203. 2006
    The role of type I IFN in Th1 development, STAT4 activation, and IFN-gamma production in murine T cells has remained unresolved despite extensive examination...
  52. pmc Signal transducer and activator of transcription 4 is required for the transcription factor T-bet to promote T helper 1 cell-fate determination
    Vivian T Thieu
    Department of Pediatrics, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA
    Immunity 29:679-90. 2008
    ..The transcription factors signal tranducer and activator of transcription 4 (Stat4) and T-bet are required for the interleukin-12 (IL-12)-stimulated development of T helper 1 (Th1) cells, although ..
  53. pmc A signal transducer and activator of transcription (Stat)4-independent pathway for the development of T helper type 1 cells
    M H Kaplan
    Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    J Exp Med 188:1191-6. 1998
    ..We have generated mice lacking both Stat4 and Stat6 to examine the ability of Th cells to develop in the absence of these two transcription factors...
  54. ncbi A point mutation in the IL-12R beta 2 gene underlies the IL-12 unresponsiveness of Lps-defective C57BL/10ScCr mice
    A Poltorak
    The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037 Max Planck Institut für Immunbiologie, Freiburg, Germany
    J Immunol 167:2106-11. 2001
    ..phosphorylation of Janus kinase 2, but, unlike the wild-type IL-12R, can no longer mediate phosphorylation of STAT4. Because the phosphorylation of STAT4 is a prerequisite for the IL-12-mediated induction of IFN-gamma, its absence ..
  55. ncbi Distribution of the mammalian Stat gene family in mouse chromosomes
    N G Copeland
    Mammalian Genetics Laboratory, ABL Basic Research Program, NCI Frederick Cancer Research and Development Center, Maryland 21702 1201, USA
    Genomics 29:225-8. 1995
    ..The data suggest that the family has arisen via a tandem duplication of the ancestral locus, followed by dispersion of the linked loci to different mouse chromosomes...
  56. ncbi Association of STATs with relatives and friends
    M Chatterjee-Kishore
    Dept of Molecular Biology, Lerner Research Institute, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA
    Trends Cell Biol 10:106-11. 2000
    ..This review explores the diverse protein-protein interactions that underlie the multiple functions of the STATs...
  57. ncbi Susceptibility to Leishmania mexicana infection is due to the inability to produce IL-12 rather than lack of IL-12 responsiveness
    M Rodriguez-Sosa
    Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Immunol Cell Biol 79:320-2. 2001
    ..mexicana. Moreover, the data also demonstrate that the STAT4-mediated pathway is critical for the development of protective immunity against cutaneous leishmaniasis, ..
  58. ncbi Synergy of IL-12 and IL-18 for IFN-gamma gene expression: IL-12-induced STAT4 contributes to IFN-gamma promoter activation by up-regulating the binding activity of IL-18-induced activator protein 1
    Masakiyo Nakahira
    Department of Oncology, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, 2 2, Yamada oka, Suita, Osaka 565 0871, Japan
    J Immunol 168:1146-53. 2002
    IL-12 and IL-18 synergistically enhance IFN-gamma mRNA transcription by activating STAT4 and AP-1, respectively. However, it is still unknown how STAT4/AP-1 elicit IFN-gamma promoter activation...
  59. ncbi STAT4- and STAT6-signaling molecules in a murine model of multiple sclerosis
    Moses Rodriguez
    Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
    FASEB J 20:343-5. 2006
    ..While investigating the role of CD4+ T cell responses following Theiler's virus infection in mice deficient in STAT4 or STAT6, we discovered a model in which virus infection was followed by demyelination after a very prolonged ..
  60. pmc Contribution of IL-12R mediated feedback loop to Th1 cell differentiation
    Attila Becskei
    Institute of Molecular Biology, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse, 190, 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
    FEBS Lett 581:5199-206. 2007
    ..We identified a simple positive feedback loop in the STAT4 signaling pathway, whereby activation by IL-12 leads to the increased expression in IL-12 receptor...
  61. pmc STAT4 isoforms differentially regulate Th1 cytokine production and the severity of inflammatory bowel disease
    John T O'Malley
    Department of Pediatrics, HB Wells Center for Pediatric Research and Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA
    J Immunol 181:5062-70. 2008
    b>STAT4, a critical regulator of inflammation in vivo, can be expressed as two alternative splice forms, a full-length STAT4alpha, and a STAT4beta isoform lacking a C-terminal transactivation domain...
  62. pmc Stat4 isoforms differentially regulate inflammation and demyelination in experimental allergic encephalomyelitis
    Caiqing Mo
    Neuroscience Research Laboratory, Methodist Research Institute, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA
    J Immunol 181:5681-90. 2008
    ..b>Signal transducer and activator of transcription 4 (Stat4) is a transcription factor activated by IL-12 and IL-23, two cytokines known to play ..
  63. pmc Cutting edge: Eosinophils do not contribute to respiratory syncytial virus vaccine-enhanced disease
    Elaine M Castilow
    Interdisciplinary Graduate Program in Immunology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    J Immunol 181:6692-6. 2008
    ..These measures of RSV vaccine-enhanced disease are dependent upon STAT4. Interestingly, neither IL-12 nor IL-23, the two most common STAT4-activating cytokines, proved necessary for the ..
  64. pmc MOG(35-55) i.v suppresses experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis partially through modulation of Th17 and JAK/STAT pathways
    Zhilong Jiang
    Department of Neurology, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
    Eur J Immunol 39:789-99. 2009
    ..administration of exogenous IL-17 slightly broke immune tolerance, which was associated with reduced activation of STAT4 and NF-kappaB...
  65. pmc Involvement of STAT4 in IgG subtype switching and ocular HSV-1 replication in mice
    Sariah J Allen
    Department of Surgery, CSMC Burns and Allen Research Institute, Center for Neurobiology and Vaccine Development, Ophthalmology Research Laboratories, Los Angeles, CA 90048, USA
    Mol Vis 16:98-104. 2010
    ..To assess the relative impact of elevated T-helper 2 (T(H)2)- and reduced T-Helper 1 (T(H)1)-dependent immune responses on ocular herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) infection...
  66. doi STAT4 is required for IFN-β-induced MCP-1 mRNA expression in murine mast cells
    Kazuma Iida
    Department of Molecular Genetics, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, Chiba, Japan
    Int Arch Allergy Immunol 155:71-6. 2011
    ..However, it is still largely unknown whether signal transducers and activators of transcription 4 (STAT4), one of the STAT proteins under type I IFN signaling, is involved in type I IFN-mediated gene expression in mast ..
  67. pmc Activation mechanisms of natural killer cells during influenza virus infection
    Ilwoong Hwang
    Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA
    PLoS ONE 7:e51858. 2012
    ..flu infection, STAT1 activation in NK cells was completely dependent on direct type I IFN signaling, whereas STAT4 activation was only partially dependent...
  68. pmc Lung airway-surveilling CXCR3(hi) memory CD8(+) T cells are critical for protection against influenza A virus
    Bram Slütter
    Department of Microbiology, University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Immunity 39:939-48. 2013
    ..Neutralization of IL-12 or adjuvants that did not induce high amounts of IL-12 enhanced CXCR3 expression, sustained airway localization of memory CD8(+) T cells, and resulted in superior protection against IAV. ..
  69. doi Ubiquitin-hepatitis B core antigen-cytoplasmic transduction peptide enhances HBV-specific humoral and CTL immune responses in vivo
    Linlin Song
    Department of Infectious Disease, Shanghai JiaoTong University Affiliated Sixth People s Hospital, Shanghai 200233, China
    Int Immunopharmacol 23:1-7. 2014
    ..Ub-HBcAg-CTP could also upregulate the expressions of Jak2, Tyk2, STAT1, and STAT4 in T lymphocytes...
  70. doi H3K4me3 Demethylase Kdm5a Is Required for NK Cell Activation by Associating with p50 to Suppress SOCS1
    Dezhi Zhao
    Institute of Immunology, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou 310058, China
    Cell Rep 15:288-99. 2016
    ..During NK cell activation, loss of Kdm5a profoundly impairs phosphorylation and nuclear localization of STAT4, along with increased expression of suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 (SOCS1)...
  71. pmc STAT4 regulates antiviral gamma interferon responses and recurrent disease during herpes simplex virus 2 infection
    Alexandra Svensson
    Department of Rheumatology and Inflammation Research, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden
    J Virol 86:9409-15. 2012
    b>STAT4 is an important transcription factor that contributes to the incidence and severity of different autoimmune diseases and is implicated in the antiviral immune responses in mice...
  72. doi Unlike αβ T cells, γδ T cells, LTi cells and NKT cells do not require IRF4 for the production of IL-17A and IL-22
    Hartmann Raifer
    Institut für Medizinische Mikrobiologie und Krankenhaushygiene, Philipps Universitat Marburg, Marburg, Germany
    Eur J Immunol 42:3189-201. 2012
    ..IL-17A-producing WT and Irf4(-/-) γδ T cells equally express CCR6 and lack CD27. The underlying IRF4-independent pathway partially involves STAT3 during in vitro stimulation...
  73. pmc Spatial congregation of STAT binding directs selective nuclear architecture during T-cell functional differentiation
    Ofir Hakim
    Laboratory of Receptor Biology and Gene Expression, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Genome Res 23:462-72. 2013
    ..Such subnuclear environments have significant implications for efficient functioning of the mature effector lymphocytes...
  74. pmc The transcription factor STAT5 is critical in dendritic cells for the development of TH2 but not TH1 responses
    Bryan D Bell
    Immunology Program, Benaroya Research Institute at Virginia Mason, Seattle, Washington, USA
    Nat Immunol 14:364-71. 2013
    ..Our results show that the TSLP-STAT5 axis in DCs is a critical component for the promotion of type 2 immunity at barrier surfaces...
  75. pmc STAT4 and T-bet are required for the plasticity of IFN-γ expression across Th2 ontogeny and influence changes in Ifng promoter DNA methylation
    Christopher L Williams
    Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville TN 37232, USA
    J Immunol 191:678-87. 2013
    ..by a loss of the repressive DNA methylation of the Ifng promoter acquired during Th2 polarization yet requires STAT4 along with T-box expressed in T cells...
  76. ncbi Orally induced peripheral nonresponsiveness is maintained in the absence of functional Th1 or Th2 cells
    H N Shi
    Mucosal Immunology Laboratory, Massachusetts General Hospital, Charlestown 02129, USA
    J Immunol 162:5143-8. 1999
    ..In the mucosa, however, the absence of Th1 and Th2 cytokines can markedly affect this response, perhaps by regulation of TGF-beta-secreting cells...
  77. pmc Th1 and Th2 mediate acute graft-versus-host disease, each with distinct end-organ targets
    B Nikolic
    Bone Marrow Transplantation Section, Transplantation Biology Research Center, Surgical Service, Massachusetts General Hospital Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02129, USA
    J Clin Invest 105:1289-98. 2000
    b>STAT4 and STAT6 are transcription factors that play crucial roles in responding to IL-12 and IL-4, respectively. STAT4 gene knockout (STAT4(-/-)) mice have markedly reduced Th1 responses and enhanced Th2 responses...
  78. ncbi Selective loss of type I interferon-induced STAT4 activation caused by a minisatellite insertion in mouse Stat2
    J D Farrar
    Department of Pathology and Center for Immunology, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 S Euclid, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Nat Immunol 1:65-9. 2000
    ..immunity to direct the development of T helper subsets, for example toward subset 1 (TH1) development through STAT4 activation...
  79. ncbi T helper-cell phenotype regulates atherosclerosis in mice under conditions of mild hypercholesterolemia
    S A Huber
    Department of Pathology, University of Vermont, Burlington, USA
    Circulation 103:2610-6. 2001
    ..T cells are implicated in atherosclerosis, but little is known about the genetic control or molecular pathways, especially under conditions of mild hypercholesterolemia...
  80. ncbi An absolute requirement for STAT4 and a role for IFN-gamma as an amplifying factor in IL-12 induction of the functional IL-18 receptor complex
    M Nakahira
    Department of Oncology, Biomedical Research Center, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, 2 2 Yamada oka, Suita, Osaka 565 0871, Japan
    J Immunol 167:1306-12. 2001
    ..IL-12 induction of an IL-18R complex and IL-18Rbeta mRNA expression was not observed in STAT4-deficient (STAT4(-/-)) T cells and was substantially decreased in IFN-gamma(-/-) T cells...
  81. ncbi Cysteine protease B of Leishmania mexicana inhibits host Th1 responses and protective immunity
    Laurence U Buxbaum
    Department of Pathobiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Immunol 171:3711-7. 2003
    ..Lesion resolution was Th1 dependent, as Deltacpb-infected IL-12p40(-/-) and STAT4(-/-) mice developed high parasite burdens and progressive disease. Moreover, when L...
  82. pmc Regulatory functions of CD8+CD28- T cells in an autoimmune disease model
    Nader Najafian
    Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    J Clin Invest 112:1037-48. 2003
    ..These are the first data establishing that regulatory CD8+CD28- T cells occur in normal mice and play a critical role in disease resistance in CD28-/- animals...
  83. ncbi Different competitive capacities of Stat4- and Stat6-deficient CD4+ T cells during lymphophenia-driven proliferation
    Vanesa Sanchez-Guajardo
    Lymphocyte Population Biology Unit, Institute Pasteur, France
    J Immunol 174:1178-87. 2005
    ..Because Stat4 and Stat6 proteins are implicated in the Th1 vs Th2 generation and maintenance, respectively, we compare in this ..
  84. ncbi Effect of targeted disruption of signal transducer and activator of transcription (Stat)4 and Stat6 genes on the autoimmune diabetes development induced by multiple low doses of streptozotocin
    Marina Cetkovic-Cvrlje
    Department of Immunology, Parker Hughes Institute, 2720 Patton Road, St Paul, MN 55113, USA
    Clin Immunol 114:299-306. 2005
    The MLDS (multiple low doses of streptozotocin) model of diabetes was induced in Stat4(-/-), Stat6(-/-), and double-deficient Stat4(-/-)/6(-/-) mice to examine the role of STAT4/STAT6 deficiency in development of autoimmune diabetes...
  85. ncbi A role for IL-27 in early regulation of Th1 differentiation
    Toshiyuki Owaki
    Intractable Immune System Disease Research Center, Tokyo Medical University, Japan
    J Immunol 175:2191-200. 2005
    ..of IL-27 to induce Th1 differentiation was most prominent under Th1-polarizing conditions, but without IL-12 in a STAT4- and IFN-gamma-independent manner, and was overruled by IL-12 dose dependently...
  86. ncbi Inhibition of hormone and cytokine-stimulated osteoclastogenesis and bone resorption by interleukin-4 and interleukin-13 is associated with increased osteoprotegerin and decreased RANKL and RANK in a STAT6-dependent pathway
    Py Palmqvist
    Departments of Oral Cell Biology and Periodontics, Umea University, Umeå S 901 87, Sweden
    J Biol Chem 281:2414-29. 2006
    ..The data indicate that IL-4 and IL-13, via a STAT6-dependent pathway, inhibit osteoclast differentiation and bone resorption by activating receptors on osteoblasts and osteoclasts that affect the RANKL/RANK/OPG system...
  87. ncbi IL-12 is required for anti-OX40-mediated CD4 T cell survival
    Carl E Ruby
    Earle A Chiles Research Institute, Providence Portland Medical Center, Portland, OR 97213, USA
    J Immunol 180:2140-8. 2008
    ..this window of IL-12Rbeta2 expression, was required for enhanced T cell survival and survival was associated with STAT4-specific signaling...
  88. pmc Toll-like receptor and IL-12 signaling control susceptibility to contact hypersensitivity
    Stefan F Martin
    Allergy Research Group, Department of Dermatology, University Medical Center Freiburg, D 79104 Freiburg, Germany
    J Exp Med 205:2151-62. 2008
    ..Finally, CHS was inducible in germ-free wild-type and IL-12Rbeta2-deficient mice, but not in germ-free TLR4/IL-12Rbeta2 double deficient mice, suggesting that the necessary TLR activation may proceed via endogenous ligands...
  89. doi CD4+ T-cell-mediated anti-tumor immunity can be uncoupled from autoimmunity via the STAT4/STAT6 signaling axis
    Sheng Zhang
    Department of Pathology and Molecular Medicine, McMaster University, Ontario, Canada
    Eur J Immunol 39:1252-9. 2009
    ..demonstrated that CD4(+) T-cell-mediated anti-tumor immunity and autoimmunity could be separated by modulating the STAT4/STAT6 signaling axis...
  90. doi IL-23 drives pathogenic IL-17-producing CD8+ T cells
    Bogoljub Ciric
    Department of Neurology, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
    J Immunol 182:5296-305. 2009
    ..Both STAT1 and STAT4 are required for optimal development of Tc17 cells and maximal secretion of cytokines...
  91. pmc Type I IFN controls chikungunya virus via its action on nonhematopoietic cells
    Clementine Schilte
    Department of Immunology, Unité Immunobiologie des Cellules Dendritiques, Institut Pasteur, 75724 Paris, Cedex 15, France
    J Exp Med 207:429-42. 2010
    ..This study defines an essential role for type I IFN, produced via cooperation between multiple host sensors and acting directly on nonhematopoietic cells, in the control of CHIKV...
  92. pmc Vaccine-induced protection against 3 systemic mycoses endemic to North America requires Th17 cells in mice
    Marcel Wuthrich
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA
    J Clin Invest 121:554-68. 2011
    ..These data suggest that human vaccines against systemic fungal infections should be designed to induce Th17 cells if they are to be effective...
  93. pmc Stat4 is critical for the balance between Th17 cells and regulatory T cells in colitis
    Jiangnan Xu
    Center for Vascular and Inflammatory Diseases, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    J Immunol 186:6597-606. 2011
    ..In this study, by adding Stat4 deficiency to Stat6/T-bet double knockout, we further dissected the role of Stat4 in Th1 development and colitis ..
  94. ncbi STATs as activators of apoptosis
    C Schindler
    Dept of Microbiology, Columbia University, NY 10032, USA
    Trends Cell Biol 8:97-8. 1998
    ..However, STATs appear to have a dark side as well and contribute to programmed cell death. Intriguingly, a recent study suggests that this might occur in a manner that is distinct from the standard STAT signalling paradigm...
  95. ncbi Cytokines, Jaks, Stats, health and disease
    M P Brown
    Cell and Gene Therapy Program, St Jude Children s Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee, USA
    Aust N Z J Med 29:73-8. 1999
  96. ncbi Cutting edge: differential requirements for Stat4 in expression of glycosyltransferases responsible for selectin ligand formation in Th1 cells
    S J White
    Department of Microbiology Immunology, Northwestern University Medical School, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    J Immunol 167:628-31. 2001
    A role for Stat4 in IL-12-induced up-regulation of selectin ligands on Th1 cells was explored...
  97. pmc Role of interleukin-12 and stat-4 in the regulation of airway inflammation and hyperreactivity in respiratory syncytial virus infection
    K K Tekkanat
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Michigan Medical School, 1301 Catherine, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 0602, USA
    Am J Pathol 159:631-8. 2001
    ..These studies support the importance of IL-12 in the immune response to RSV infection resulting in resolution of disease and protection from inappropriate inflammatory responses...
  98. pmc Effect of targeted disruption of STAT4 and STAT6 on the induction of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis
    T Chitnis
    Center for Neurologic Diseases, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    J Clin Invest 108:739-47. 2001
    ..Here we used animals with targeted deletion of the STAT4 or STAT6 genes to determine the role of these signaling molecules in EAE...
  99. pmc STAT4 is required for antibacterial defense but enhances mortality during polymicrobial sepsis
    C J Godshall
    Veterans Affairs Medical Center and Department of Surgery, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, Kentucky 40292, USA
    Clin Diagn Lab Immunol 8:1044-8. 2001
    The signal transducer and activator of transcription factor 4 (STAT4) pathway mediates the intracellular effects of interleukin-12 (IL-12), leading to the production of gamma interferon, induction of a T helper type 1 response, and ..
  100. ncbi Physiological mechanisms of regulating alloimmunity: cytokines, CTLA-4, CD25+ cells, and the alloreactive T cell clone size
    Masayuki Sho
    Department of Medicine, Children s Hospital, Laboratory of Immunogenetics and Transplantation, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Immunol 169:3744-51. 2002
    ..D2 (minor mismatch) and C57BL/6 (major mismatch), into BALB/c recipients. Recipients were wild type, STAT4(-/-) (Th1 deficient), or STAT6(-/-) (Th2 deficient) mice...

Research Grants15

  1. CAPACITATIVE CALCIUM ENTRY DEFECT IN IMMUNE DEFICIENCY
    Anjana Rao; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Deletion mapping using spectral karyotyping and microsatellite markers will be used to further narrow down the chromosomal region involved in the defect and candidate genes in this region will be evaluated. ..
  2. Induction of suppression for Islet Transplantation
    Zandong Yang; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This study will provide an experimental strategy of using AAV vlL-10 gene therapy to investigate immunosuppression induction in islet transplantation. ..
  3. Tumor cell antigen presentation to CD4 + T lymphocytes
    Suzanne Ostrand Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..of anti-tumor immunity? Which effector cells, cytokines, and chemokines are induced during therapy? 5) Does tumor burden correlate with tumor-induced immuno-suppression? Does surgical removal of primary tumor reverse mmuno-suppression? ..
  4. FLUORESCENCE-ACTIVATED CELL SORTER
    Christian Schindler; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  5. IL3,IL5, and GM-CSF Signaling and Asthma
    Christian Schindler; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Specifically we propose to: 1. Further characterize StIP1. 2. Functionally characterize the STAT four-bundle-helix. 3. Explore the role of Stat5 signal decay in primary leukocytes. ..
  6. Manipulation of T cell tolerance with small organic mol*
    Anjana Rao; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The hope is that the 'information obtained from this pilot R21 proposal will eventually be extended to whole animal models of transplant and tumour rejection, allergy and autoimmune disease. ..
  7. COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY ASTHMA AND ALLERGY CLINICAL RESEARCH
    Christian Schindler; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The Scientific Core will provide technical expertise and assistance in murine models of asthma and allergic immune responses. The Administrative Core will assist in organizing the Center?s activities. ..
  8. IFN-Is at the interface of Innate and Adapative Immunity
    Christian W Schindler; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..2. Determine the unique role Stat2 exhibits in regulating MHC-II expression in macrophages 3. Explore the role SUMOylation may play in regulating the kinetics of IFN stimulated STATs. ..
  9. PHI-381: A Novel Anti-Leukemic Agent
    Marina Cetkovic Cvrlje; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The knowledge gained from these studies described under Specific Aims 1-2 is expected to facilitate the design of innovative treatment regimens employing COBRA-1 for the treatment of metastatic solid tumors. ..
  10. IMMUNOLOGICAL DISEASE MECHANISMS
    Sankar Ghosh; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..These accomplishments more than fulfill the promises made in our initial application to establish an NlAlD training program in immunology. In the next five years we expect to consolidate and expand on these gains. ..
  11. IMMUNE PROMOTION OF REMYELINATION
    Moses Rodriguez; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Our findings are expected to provide new insights into the enhancement of remyelination in diseases such as multiple sclerosis. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  12. T cell Function in Murine Model of Multiple Sclerosis
    Moses Rodriguez; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The findings are expected to provide new insights into the pathogenesis of axonal and neuronal injury in demyelinating disorders such as multiple sclerosis. ..
  13. Tumor-induced immune suppression.
    Suzanne Ostrand Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  14. CHARACTERIZATION OF A MAJOR OBESITY LOCUS
    Charles Farber; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Lastly, aim 3 uses a genetical genomics approach to map eQTL for genes within the congenic interval. Data from these aims will enhance our understanding of the genetics and physiology of obesity. ..