beta carotene 15 15 dioxygenase

Summary

Gene Symbol: beta carotene 15 15 dioxygenase
Description: beta-carotene oxygenase 1
Alias: Bcdo, Bcdo1, Bcmo1, CMO1, Cmoi, beta-CD, betaCMOOX, beta,beta-carotene 15,15'-dioxygenase, beta,beta-carotene 15,15'-monooxygenase, beta-carotene 15, 15'-dioxygenase 1, beta-carotene 15,15' dioxygenase, beta-carotene 15,15'-monooxygenase, beta-carotene cleavage enzyme, beta-carotene dioxygenase 1, carotenoid-15,15'-oxygenase
Species: mouse

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Expression and characterization of a murine enzyme able to cleave beta-carotene. The formation of retinoids
    J Paik
    Department of Medicine, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032, USA
    J Biol Chem 276:32160-8. 2001
  2. ncbi Identification, expression, and substrate specificity of a mammalian beta-carotene 15,15'-dioxygenase
    T M Redmond
    Laboratory of Retinal Cell and Molecular Biology, NEI, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA
    J Biol Chem 276:6560-5. 2001
  3. pmc Knockout of the Bcmo1 gene results in an inflammatory response in female lung, which is suppressed by dietary beta-carotene
    Yvonne G J van Helden
    Department of Human and Animal Physiology, Wageningen University, PO Box 338, 6700 AH, Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Cell Mol Life Sci 67:2039-56. 2010
  4. pmc ISX is a retinoic acid-sensitive gatekeeper that controls intestinal beta,beta-carotene absorption and vitamin A production
    Glenn P Lobo
    Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44160, USA
    FASEB J 24:1656-66. 2010
  5. pmc Lycopene biodistribution is altered in 15,15'-carotenoid monooxygenase knockout mice
    Brian L Lindshield
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    J Nutr 138:2367-71. 2008
  6. pmc In vitro and in vivo characterization of retinoid synthesis from beta-carotene
    Yvette Fierce
    Department of Comparative Medicine, University of Washington, Raitt Hall 324, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    Arch Biochem Biophys 472:126-38. 2008
  7. ncbi CMO1 deficiency abolishes vitamin A production from beta-carotene and alters lipid metabolism in mice
    Susanne Hessel
    Institute of Biology I, Animal Physiology and Neurobiology, Hauptstrasse 1, D 79104 Freiburg, Germany
    J Biol Chem 282:33553-61. 2007
  8. ncbi Identification of beta-carotene 15, 15'-monooxygenase as a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor target gene
    Ana Boulanger
    Laboratory of Retinal Cell and Molecular Biology, National Eye Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 2740, USA
    FASEB J 17:1304-6. 2003
  9. ncbi Key role of conserved histidines in recombinant mouse beta-carotene 15,15'-monooxygenase-1 activity
    Eugenia Poliakov
    Laboratory of Retinal Cell and Molecular Biology, NEI, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 0706, USA
    J Biol Chem 280:29217-23. 2005
  10. pmc Evidence for compartmentalization of mammalian carotenoid metabolism
    Grzegorz Palczewski
    Department of Biochemistry
    FASEB J 28:4457-69. 2014

Scientific Experts

  • Alexander R Moise
  • Kingsley Osuala
  • T Michael Redmond
  • Eugenia Poliakov
  • Johannes von Lintig
  • Jaume Amengual
  • Susanne Hessel
  • Yvonne G J van Helden
  • Adrian Wyss
  • Youn Kyung Kim
  • Nikki A Ford
  • Grzegorz Palczewski
  • M Airanthi K Widjaja-Adhi
  • William S Blaner
  • Jaap Keijer
  • Marcin Golczak
  • Loredana Quadro
  • Glenn P Lobo
  • John W Erdman
  • Frederik J Van Schooten
  • M Luisa Bonet
  • Seung Ah Lee
  • Dingbo Lin
  • Joseph L Dixon
  • Sara E Billings
  • Hongfeng Jiang
  • Robert W Curley
  • Earl H Harrison
  • Krzysztof Palczewski
  • A Wyss
  • Wei Zhang
  • Evelien Kramer
  • Roger W L Godschalk
  • Joan Ribot
  • Georg Lietz
  • Igor Shmarakov
  • Xing Hua Li
  • Sandra G Heil
  • Yuxia Cui
  • Roseann Piantedosi
  • Anne Eichinger
  • Brian L Lindshield
  • Yvette Fierce
  • Yusuke Seino
  • Regina Goralczyk
  • Atsuko Takeda
  • Ana Boulanger
  • Johanna M Lampert
  • Rebeka Rodas
  • Brianna K Costabile
  • Michael V Zuccaro
  • Anita Brinker
  • Jing Han
  • Ira J Goldberg
  • Chad M Trent
  • Yongzhang Liu
  • Jason J Yuen
  • Hua Ji
  • Yu Jiang
  • Sureshbabu Narayanasamy
  • Logan Wark
  • Mathew S Maurer
  • Jordan Willis
  • Bin Lu
  • Hui He
  • Lloyd Willard
  • Denis M Medeiros
  • Charles L Hoppel
  • Amy C Elsen
  • Keely Pierzchalski
  • Naomi E Butler Tjaden
  • Susana Rodriguez-Santiago
  • Paul A Trainor
  • Xiao Yan Pang
  • MAUREEN A KANE
  • Joshua W Smith
  • W Yan
  • J Paik
  • Steven K Clinton
  • Nancy Engelmann Moran
  • H Bachmann
  • Beata Kiec-Wilk
  • Lesley Wassef
  • Mingi Hong
  • Jean Francois Landrier
  • A Friedlein
  • Aldona Dembinska-Kiec
  • Peter C H Hollman
  • Robert S Krauss
  • Jong Sun Kang

Detail Information

Publications36

  1. ncbi Expression and characterization of a murine enzyme able to cleave beta-carotene. The formation of retinoids
    J Paik
    Department of Medicine, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032, USA
    J Biol Chem 276:32160-8. 2001
    ..5 and 8.5 days postcoitus. This work offers new insights for understanding the biochemistry of carotene cleavage to retinoids...
  2. ncbi Identification, expression, and substrate specificity of a mammalian beta-carotene 15,15'-dioxygenase
    T M Redmond
    Laboratory of Retinal Cell and Molecular Biology, NEI, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA
    J Biol Chem 276:6560-5. 2001
    ..Identification of beta-CD in an accessible model organism will create new opportunities to study vitamin A metabolism...
  3. pmc Knockout of the Bcmo1 gene results in an inflammatory response in female lung, which is suppressed by dietary beta-carotene
    Yvonne G J van Helden
    Department of Human and Animal Physiology, Wageningen University, PO Box 338, 6700 AH, Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Cell Mol Life Sci 67:2039-56. 2010
    Beta-carotene 15,15'-monooxygenase 1 knockout (Bcmo1 (-/-)) mice accumulate beta-carotene (BC) similarly to humans, whereas wild-type (Bcmo1 (+/+)) mice efficiently cleave BC...
  4. pmc ISX is a retinoic acid-sensitive gatekeeper that controls intestinal beta,beta-carotene absorption and vitamin A production
    Glenn P Lobo
    Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44160, USA
    FASEB J 24:1656-66. 2010
    ..ISX then repressed the expression of SR-B1 and the carotenoid-15,15'-oxygenase Bcmo1. BCMO1 acts downstream of SR-BI and converts absorbed beta,beta-carotene to the retinoic acid precursor, ..
  5. pmc Lycopene biodistribution is altered in 15,15'-carotenoid monooxygenase knockout mice
    Brian L Lindshield
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    J Nutr 138:2367-71. 2008
    ..In conclusion, CMO I KO mice fed low levels of vitamin A have altered lycopene biodistribution and isomer patterns and do not cleave beta-carotene to vitamin A at appreciable levels...
  6. pmc In vitro and in vivo characterization of retinoid synthesis from beta-carotene
    Yvette Fierce
    Department of Comparative Medicine, University of Washington, Raitt Hall 324, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    Arch Biochem Biophys 472:126-38. 2008
    ..dietary provitamin A carotenoids, like beta-carotene, through the actions of beta-carotene-15,15'-monooxygenase (BCMO1)...
  7. ncbi CMO1 deficiency abolishes vitamin A production from beta-carotene and alters lipid metabolism in mice
    Susanne Hessel
    Institute of Biology I, Animal Physiology and Neurobiology, Hauptstrasse 1, D 79104 Freiburg, Germany
    J Biol Chem 282:33553-61. 2007
    ..Two different carotenoid-cleaving enzymes were identified in mammals, the classical carotenoid-15,15'-oxygenase (CMO1) and a putative carotenoid-9',10'-oxygenase (CMO2)...
  8. ncbi Identification of beta-carotene 15, 15'-monooxygenase as a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor target gene
    Ana Boulanger
    Laboratory of Retinal Cell and Molecular Biology, National Eye Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 2740, USA
    FASEB J 17:1304-6. 2003
    ....
  9. ncbi Key role of conserved histidines in recombinant mouse beta-carotene 15,15'-monooxygenase-1 activity
    Eugenia Poliakov
    Laboratory of Retinal Cell and Molecular Biology, NEI, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 0706, USA
    J Biol Chem 280:29217-23. 2005
    Alignment of sequences of vertebrate beta-carotene 15,15'-monooxygenase-1 (BCMO1) and related oxygenases revealed four perfectly conserved histidines and five acidic residues (His172, His237, His308, His514, Asp52, Glu140, Glu314, Glu405,..
  10. pmc Evidence for compartmentalization of mammalian carotenoid metabolism
    Grzegorz Palczewski
    Department of Biochemistry
    FASEB J 28:4457-69. 2014
    ..Thus, we provide evidence for a compartmentalization of carotenoid metabolism that prevents competition between BCO1 and BCO2 for the provitamin and the production of noncanonical β-carotene metabolites...
  11. pmc Cardiac dysfunction in β-carotene-15,15'-dioxygenase-deficient mice is associated with altered retinoid and lipid metabolism
    Seung Ah Lee
    Department of Medicine, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, New York
    Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 307:H1675-84. 2014
    ..Thus, BCO1 modulates heart metabolism and function, possibly by altering levels of cofactors required for the actions of nuclear hormone receptors. ..
  12. doi Wolfberries potentiate mitophagy and enhance mitochondrial biogenesis leading to prevention of hepatic steatosis in obese mice: the role of AMP-activated protein kinase α2 subunit
    Dingbo Lin
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK, USA
    Mol Nutr Food Res 58:1005-15. 2014
    ..The aim of this study is to investigate whether AMP-activated protein kinase α2 (AMPKα2) is essential for wolfberry's protective effects on mitochondrial dysfunction and subsequent hepatic steatosis in mice...
  13. pmc Tissue- and sex-specific effects of β-carotene 15,15' oxygenase (BCO1) on retinoid and lipid metabolism in adult and developing mice
    Youn Kyung Kim
    Department of Food Science and Rutgers Center for Lipid Research, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08091, USA
    Arch Biochem Biophys 572:11-8. 2015
    ....
  14. pmc Two carotenoid oxygenases contribute to mammalian provitamin A metabolism
    Jaume Amengual
    From the Department of Pharmacology, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio 44106
    J Biol Chem 288:34081-96. 2013
    ..In conclusion, our study provides evidence that mammals employ both carotenoid oxygenases to synthesize retinoids from provitamin A carotenoids. ..
  15. pmc Genetic ablation of carotene oxygenases and consumption of lycopene or tomato powder diets modulate carotenoid and lipid metabolism in mice
    Nikki A Ford
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Texas at Austin, Austin TX 78723, USA
    Nutr Res 33:733-42. 2013
    ....
  16. pmc A genetic dissection of intestinal fat-soluble vitamin and carotenoid absorption
    M Airanthi K Widjaja-Adhi
    Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, 10900 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA
    Hum Mol Genet 24:3206-19. 2015
    ..Thus, our findings provide a molecular framework for the controversial relationship between genetics and fat-soluble vitamin status in the human population. ..
  17. pmc Genetic dissection in a mouse model reveals interactions between carotenoids and lipid metabolism
    Grzegorz Palczewski
    Departments of Biochemistry School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH
    J Lipid Res 57:1684-95. 2016
    ..Thus, we observed that accumulation of parent carotenoids interacts with lipid metabolism and that structurally related carotenoids display distinct biological functions in mammals. ..
  18. pmc The retinaldehyde reductase DHRS3 is essential for preventing the formation of excess retinoic acid during embryonic development
    Sara E Billings
    1Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, School of Pharmacy, 5060 Malott Hall, 1251 Wescoe Hall Dr, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66045, USA
    FASEB J 27:4877-89. 2013
    ..These data demonstrate that the reduction of retinaldehyde by DHRS3 is critical for preventing formation of excess ATRA during embryonic development...
  19. pmc Loss of β-carotene 15,15'-oxygenase in developing mouse tissues alters esterification of retinol, cholesterol and diacylglycerols
    Joseph L Dixon
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA Rutgers Center for Lipid Research, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
    Biochim Biophys Acta 1841:34-43. 2014
    We provide novel insights into the function(s) of β-carotene-15,15'-oxygenase (CMOI) during embryogenesis...
  20. pmc An interaction between carotene-15,15'-monooxygenase expression and consumption of a tomato or lycopene-containing diet impacts serum and testicular testosterone
    Nikki A Ford
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, University of Illinois Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Int J Cancer 131:E143-8. 2012
    ..Furthermore, carefully controlled studies with tomato products and lycopene in genetically defined murine models may elucidate important diet × genetic interactions that may impact prostate cancer risk...
  21. pmc Physiological and genomic consequences of adrenergic deficiency during embryonic/fetal development in mice: impact on retinoic acid metabolism
    Kingsley Osuala
    Burnett School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Central Florida College of Medicine, Orlando, Florida 32827, USA
    Physiol Genomics 44:934-47. 2012
    ....
  22. pmc Hepatic stellate cells are an important cellular site for β-carotene conversion to retinoid
    Igor Shmarakov
    Department of Medicine, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Arch Biochem Biophys 504:3-10. 2010
    ..To gain understanding of this, we investigated whether β-carotene-15,15'-monooxygenase (Bcmo1) and β-carotene-9',10'-monooxygenase (Bcmo2) are expressed in HSCs...
  23. ncbi Cloning and expression of beta,beta-carotene 15,15'-dioxygenase
    A Wyss
    Vitamins and Fine Chemicals Division, F Hoffmann LaRoche Ltd, Basel, 4070, Switzerland
    Biochem Biophys Res Commun 271:334-6. 2000
    ..We cloned the first eukaryotic beta,beta-carotene 15,15'-dioxygenase which symmetrically cleaves beta-carotene at the 15,15'-double bond...
  24. pmc Expression pattern and localization of beta,beta-carotene 15,15'-dioxygenase in different tissues
    A Wyss
    F Hoffmann La Roche Ltd, Vitamins and Fine Chemicals Division, 4070 Basel, Switzerland
    Biochem J 354:521-9. 2001
    ..These new findings demonstrate that beta,beta-carotene 15,15'-dioxygenase is also expressed in epithelial structures, where it serves to provide the tissue-specific vitamin A supply...
  25. ncbi Cloning and characterization of a human beta,beta-carotene-15,15'-dioxygenase that is highly expressed in the retinal pigment epithelium
    W Yan
    Department of Ophthalmology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, 21287, USA
    Genomics 72:193-202. 2001
    ..beta,beta-Carotene-15,15'-dioxygenase (Bcdo), the enzyme that catalyzes the oxidative cleavage of beta,beta-carotene into two retinal molecules, plays an ..
  26. ncbi Provitamin A conversion to retinal via the beta,beta-carotene-15,15'-oxygenase (bcox) is essential for pattern formation and differentiation during zebrafish embryogenesis
    Johanna M Lampert
    Neurobiology and Animal Physiology, Institute of Biology I, University of Freiburg, D 79104 Freiburg, Germany
    Development 130:2173-86. 2003
    ....
  27. ncbi Measurement of retinoids and beta-carotene 15,15'-dioxygenase activity in HR-1 hairless mouse skin with UV exposure
    Atsuko Takeda
    Department of Pediatrics, Osaka Medical College, 2 7 Daigakumachi, Takatsuki, Osaka 569 8686, Japan
    J Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo) 49:69-72. 2003
    ..In conclusion, the elevation of beta-carotene 15,15'-dioxygenase activity in hairless mice after UV exposure may be a response to reduction of the skin retinoid concentration...
  28. ncbi Isx participates in the maintenance of vitamin A metabolism by regulation of beta-carotene 15,15'-monooxygenase (Bcmo1) expression
    Yusuke Seino
    Division of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe 650 0017, Japan
    J Biol Chem 283:4905-11. 2008
    ..14.99.36 Bcmo1) and the class B type I scavenger receptor, which are involved in vitamin A synthesis and carotenoid uptake, ..
  29. pmc Cadmium induces retinoic acid signaling by regulating retinoic acid metabolic gene expression
    Yuxia Cui
    Comparative Genomics Group, Laboratory of Molecular Toxicology, NIEHS, National Institutes of Health, Durham, North Carolina 27709, USA
    J Biol Chem 284:24925-32. 2009
    ..In C. elegans, bcmo-1 was expressed in the intestine and was cadmium inducible. Similarly, in Hepa 1-6 cells, Bcmo1 was induced by cadmium...
  30. pmc Biochemical evidence for the tyrosine involvement in cationic intermediate stabilization in mouse beta-carotene 15, 15'-monooxygenase
    Eugenia Poliakov
    National Eye Institute, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892 0608, USA
    BMC Biochem 10:31. 2009
    beta-carotene 15,15'-monooxygenase (BCMO1) catalyzes the crucial first step in vitamin A biosynthesis in animals...
  31. pmc Beta-carotene affects gene expression in lungs of male and female Bcmo1 (-/-) mice in opposite directions
    Yvonne G J van Helden
    Human and Animal Physiology, Wageningen University, PO Box 338, 6700 AH Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Cell Mol Life Sci 68:489-504. 2011
    ..gene expression analysis on lung tissue of BC supplemented beta-carotene 15,15'-monooxygenase 1 knockout (Bcmo1 (-/-)) mice, which are-like humans-able to accumulate BC...
  32. doi Downregulation of Fzd6 and Cthrc1 and upregulation of olfactory receptors and protocadherins by dietary beta-carotene in lungs of Bcmo1-/- mice
    Yvonne G J van Helden
    Wageningen University, The Netherlands
    Carcinogenesis 31:1329-37. 2010
    ..We used a beta-carotene 15,15'-monooxygenase 1 (Bcmo1) knockout mouse (Bcmo1(-/-)) model, unable to convert BC to retinoids, and wild-type mice (Bcmo1(+/+)) mice to ..
  33. pmc Beta-carotene reduces body adiposity of mice via BCMO1
    Jaume Amengual
    Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Nutrition and Biotechnology, Universitat de les Illes Balears and CIBER de Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y Nutrición CIBEROBN, Palma de Mallorca, Spain
    PLoS ONE 6:e20644. 2011
    ..Two BC metabolizing enzymes, the BC-15,15'-oxygenase (Bcmo1) and the BC-9',10'-oxygenase (Bcdo2) are expressed in adipocytes...
  34. pmc β-Carotene and its cleavage enzyme β-carotene-15,15'-oxygenase (CMOI) affect retinoid metabolism in developing tissues
    Youn Kyung Kim
    Department of Food Science, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey 08901, USA
    FASEB J 25:1641-52. 2011
    ..Carotene is the major human dietary provitamin A. β-Carotene-15,15'-oxygenase (CMOI) has been proposed as the main enzyme generating retinoid from β-carotene in vivo...
  35. pmc Boc modifies the holoprosencephaly spectrum of Cdo mutant mice
    Wei Zhang
    Department of Developmental and Regenerative Biology, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Dis Model Mech 4:368-80. 2011
    ....
  36. ncbi An electrokinetic route to rapid synthesis of nickel hydroxide and nickel oxide nanotubes
    Xing Hua Li
    Key Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry for Life Science, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, PR China
    J Nanosci Nanotechnol 10:5191-5. 2010
    ..The transmission electron microscope (TEM) and scanning electron microscope (SEM) were used to characterize the morphology and structure of the nanotubes...