Zhu Ming Zhang

Summary

Publications

  1. pmc Race and Sex Differences in the Incidence and Prognostic Significance of Silent Myocardial Infarction in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study
    Zhu Ming Zhang
    From Epidemiological Cardiology Research Center, Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Division of Public Health Sciences Z M Z, P M R, R J P, E Z S, Department of Internal Medicine, Section of Cardiology C J R, D K, E Z S, and Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Division of Public Health Sciences C J R, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC and Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health L L, W D R and Gillings School of Global Public Health D C, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
    Circulation 133:2141-8. 2016
  2. pmc A wide QRS/T angle in bundle branch blocks is associated with increased risk for coronary heart disease and all-cause mortality in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study
    Zhu Ming Zhang
    Epidemiological Cardiology Research Center EPICARE, Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina Electronic address
    J Electrocardiol 48:672-7. 2015
  3. pmc Ventricular conduction defects and the risk of incident heart failure in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study
    Zhu Ming Zhang
    Epidemiological Cardiology Research Center EPICARE, Division of Public Health Sciences, Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina Electronic address
    J Card Fail 21:307-12. 2015
  4. pmc Usefulness of electrocardiographic QRS/T angles with versus without bundle branch blocks to predict heart failure (from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study)
    Zhu Ming Zhang
    Epidemiological Cardiology Research Center EPICARE, Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina Electronic address
    Am J Cardiol 114:412-8. 2014
  5. pmc Different patterns of bundle-branch blocks and the risk of incident heart failure in the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) study
    Zhu Ming Zhang
    Epidemiological Cardiology Research Center, Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    Circ Heart Fail 6:655-61. 2013
  6. pmc United States national prevalence of electrocardiographic abnormalities in black and white middle-age (45- to 64-Year) and older (≥65-Year) adults (from the Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke Study)
    Ronald J Prineas
    Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina, USA
    Am J Cardiol 109:1223-8. 2012
  7. pmc The association of spatial T wave axis deviation with incident coronary events. The ARIC cohort
    Georgeta D Vaidean
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA
    BMC Cardiovasc Disord 5:2. 2005
  8. pmc Progression of Electrocardiographic Abnormalities in Type 1 Diabetes During 16 Years of Follow-up: The Epidemiology of Diabetes Interventions and Complications (EDIC) Study
    Elsayed Z Soliman
    Epidemiological Cardiology Research Center EPICARE, Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC Section on Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC
    J Am Heart Assoc 5:e002882. 2016
  9. pmc Comparison of the prognostic significance of the electrocardiographic QRS/T angles in predicting incident coronary heart disease and total mortality (from the atherosclerosis risk in communities study)
    Zhu Ming Zhang
    Department of Epidemiology, Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina, USA
    Am J Cardiol 100:844-9. 2007
  10. pmc Prognostic significance of serial Q/ST-T changes by the Minnesota Code and Novacode in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study
    Zhu Ming Zhang
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Blvd, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA
    Eur J Prev Cardiol 19:1430-6. 2012

Detail Information

Publications43

  1. pmc Race and Sex Differences in the Incidence and Prognostic Significance of Silent Myocardial Infarction in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study
    Zhu Ming Zhang
    From Epidemiological Cardiology Research Center, Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Division of Public Health Sciences Z M Z, P M R, R J P, E Z S, Department of Internal Medicine, Section of Cardiology C J R, D K, E Z S, and Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Division of Public Health Sciences C J R, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC and Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health L L, W D R and Gillings School of Global Public Health D C, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
    Circulation 133:2141-8. 2016
    ..Race and sex differences in silent myocardial infarction (SMI) are not well established...
  2. pmc A wide QRS/T angle in bundle branch blocks is associated with increased risk for coronary heart disease and all-cause mortality in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study
    Zhu Ming Zhang
    Epidemiological Cardiology Research Center EPICARE, Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina Electronic address
    J Electrocardiol 48:672-7. 2015
    ..Repolarization abnormality in bundle branch blocks (BBB) is traditionally ignored. This study evaluated the prognostic value of QRS/T angle for mortality in the presence and absence of BBB...
  3. pmc Ventricular conduction defects and the risk of incident heart failure in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study
    Zhu Ming Zhang
    Epidemiological Cardiology Research Center EPICARE, Division of Public Health Sciences, Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina Electronic address
    J Card Fail 21:307-12. 2015
    ..We evaluated the risk of incident heart failure (HF) associated with various categories of ventricular conduction defects (VCDs) and examined the impact of QRS duration on the risk of HF...
  4. pmc Usefulness of electrocardiographic QRS/T angles with versus without bundle branch blocks to predict heart failure (from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study)
    Zhu Ming Zhang
    Epidemiological Cardiology Research Center EPICARE, Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina Electronic address
    Am J Cardiol 114:412-8. 2014
    ..These findings suggest that repolarization abnormalities in the setting of BBB should not be considered benign or an expected consequence of BBB. ..
  5. pmc Different patterns of bundle-branch blocks and the risk of incident heart failure in the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) study
    Zhu Ming Zhang
    Epidemiological Cardiology Research Center, Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    Circ Heart Fail 6:655-61. 2013
    ..We evaluated the risk of incident heart failure (HF) associated with bundle-branch blocks (BBBs) in postmenopausal women...
  6. pmc United States national prevalence of electrocardiographic abnormalities in black and white middle-age (45- to 64-Year) and older (≥65-Year) adults (from the Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke Study)
    Ronald J Prineas
    Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina, USA
    Am J Cardiol 109:1223-8. 2012
    ....
  7. pmc The association of spatial T wave axis deviation with incident coronary events. The ARIC cohort
    Georgeta D Vaidean
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA
    BMC Cardiovasc Disord 5:2. 2005
    ....
  8. pmc Progression of Electrocardiographic Abnormalities in Type 1 Diabetes During 16 Years of Follow-up: The Epidemiology of Diabetes Interventions and Complications (EDIC) Study
    Elsayed Z Soliman
    Epidemiological Cardiology Research Center EPICARE, Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC Section on Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC
    J Am Heart Assoc 5:e002882. 2016
    ..The electrocardiogram (ECG) is an objective tool for cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk assessment...
  9. pmc Comparison of the prognostic significance of the electrocardiographic QRS/T angles in predicting incident coronary heart disease and total mortality (from the atherosclerosis risk in communities study)
    Zhu Ming Zhang
    Department of Epidemiology, Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina, USA
    Am J Cardiol 100:844-9. 2007
    ..In conclusion, frontal plane QRS/T angle as an easily derived risk measure is a suitable clinical substitute for spatial QRS/T angle for risk prediction...
  10. pmc Prognostic significance of serial Q/ST-T changes by the Minnesota Code and Novacode in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study
    Zhu Ming Zhang
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Blvd, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA
    Eur J Prev Cardiol 19:1430-6. 2012
    ....
  11. pmc Ethnic distribution of ECG predictors of atrial fibrillation and its impact on understanding the ethnic distribution of ischemic stroke in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study
    Elsayed Z Soliman
    Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Epidemiological Cardiology Research Center, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27104, USA
    Stroke 40:1204-11. 2009
    ..Hence, this study aimed to use the ethnic distribution of ECG predictors of AF as measures of AF propensity in different ethnic groups...
  12. pmc Electrocardiographic predictors of incident heart failure in men and women free from manifest cardiovascular disease (from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities [ARIC] study)
    Pentti M Rautaharju
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Epidemiological Cardiology Research Center, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC, USA
    Am J Cardiol 112:843-9. 2013
    ....
  13. doi request reprint Mortality risk associated with bundle branch blocks and related repolarization abnormalities (from the Women's Health Initiative [WHI])
    Zhu Ming Zhang
    Epidemiological Cardiology Research Center, Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina, USA
    Am J Cardiol 110:1489-95. 2012
    ..In conclusion, prevalent LBBB in CVD-free women and LBBB and RBBB in women with CVD were significant predictors of CHD death. In women with LBBB, ST J-point depression in lead aVL was a strong independent predictor of CHD death...
  14. pmc Gender differences between the Minnesota code and Novacode electrocardiographic prognostication of coronary heart disease in the cardiovascular health study
    Zhu Ming Zhang
    Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC, USA
    Am J Cardiol 107:817-820.e1. 2011
    ..In conclusion, ECG classification systems for myocardial infarction/ischemia abnormalities by MC or Nova are valuable and useful for men and women in clinical trials and epidemiologic studies...
  15. pmc Electrocardiographic predictors of coronary heart disease and sudden cardiac deaths in men and women free from cardiovascular disease in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study
    Pentti M Rautaharju
    Epidemiological Cardiology Research Center, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC, USA
    J Am Heart Assoc 2:e000061. 2013
    ..We evaluated predictors of coronary heart disease (CHD) death and sudden cardiac death (SCD) in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study...
  16. pmc Normal standards for computer-ECG programs for prognostically and diagnostically important ECG variables derived from a large ethnically diverse female cohort: the Women's Health Initiative (WHI)
    Pentti M Rautaharju
    Epidemiological Cardiology Research Center EPICARE, Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC, USA Electronic address
    J Electrocardiol 46:707-16. 2013
    ..The objective of the present study was to establish reference standards for these novel risk predictors in a large, ethnically diverse cohort of healthy women from the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) study...
  17. doi request reprint Race- and sex-associated differences in rate-adjusted QT, QTpeak, ST elevation and other regional measures of repolarization: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study
    Pentti M Rautaharju
    Epidemiological Cardiology Research Center EPICARE, Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC Electronic address
    J Electrocardiol 47:342-50. 2014
    ..Data are limited about race-and sex-associated differences in prognostically important ECG measures of regional repolarization...
  18. pmc Intensive lifestyle intervention improves physical function among obese adults with knee pain: findings from the Look AHEAD trial
    Capri G Foy
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 19:83-93. 2011
    ..The ILI condition also resulted in significant weight loss and improved fitness, which are possible mechanisms through which the ILI condition improved physical function...
  19. ncbi request reprint Electrocardiographic predictors of new-onset heart failure in men and in women free of coronary heart disease (from the Atherosclerosis in Communities [ARIC] Study)
    Pentti M Rautaharju
    Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University, Winston Salem, NC, USA
    Am J Cardiol 100:1437-41. 2007
    ..In conclusion, several ECG abnormalities are manifestations of evolving HF in men and women considered free of coronary heart disease...
  20. doi request reprint Bundle branch blocks and the risk of mortality in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study
    Zhu Ming Zhang
    aEpidemiological Cardiology Research Center EPICARE, Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston Salem bDepartment of Epidemiology, Galling s School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill cDepartment of Internal Medicine, Section of Cardiology, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina, USA
    J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown) 17:411-7. 2016
    ..The main objective of our study was to evaluate the associations between different categories of bundle branch blocks (BBBs) and mortality and to consider possible impact of QRS prolongation in these associations...
  21. pmc Constructing common cohorts from trials with overlapping eligibility criteria: implications for comparing effect sizes between trials
    David L Mount
    Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC, USA
    Clin Trials 6:416-29. 2009
    ..Comparing findings from separate trials is necessary to choose among treatment options, however differences among study cohorts may impede these comparisons...
  22. doi request reprint Electrocardiographic repolarization-related predictors of coronary heart disease and sudden cardiac deaths in men and women with cardiovascular disease in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study
    Pentti M Rautaharju
    Epidemiological Cardiology Research Center EPICARE, Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC, USA Electronic address
    J Electrocardiol 48:101-11. 2015
    ..We evaluated repolarization-related predictors of coronary heart disease (CHD) death and sudden cardiac death (SCD) in men and women with cardiovascular disease (CVD) in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study...
  23. pmc Determinants of developing widened spatial QRS-T angle in HIV-infected individuals: results from the Strategies for Management of Antiretroviral Therapy [SMART] Study
    Farah Z Dawood
    Department of Internal Medicine, Secion on Cardiology, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC, USA
    J Electrocardiol 47:264-71. 2014
    ..However, determinants and risk factors of developing widened QRS-T angle over time in this population remain unknown...
  24. pmc Electrocardiographic Advanced Interatrial Block and Atrial Fibrillation Risk in the General Population
    Wesley T O'Neal
    Department of Medicine, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina Electronic address
    Am J Cardiol 117:1755-9. 2016
    ..09, 95% CI 2.51 to 3.79). In conclusion, aIAB is not uncommon in the general population. Risk factors for developing aIAB are similar to those for AF, and the presence of aIAB is associated with an increased risk for AF. ..
  25. pmc Advanced interatrial block and ischemic stroke: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study
    Wesley T O'Neal
    From the Department of Medicine W T O and Epidemiological Cardiology Research Center, Department of Epidemiology and Prevention Z M Z, E Z S, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC Department of Neurology H K, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY and Department of Medicine, Cardiovascular Division L Y C, and Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health A A, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN W T O is currently with the Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA and A A is currently with the Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA
    Neurology 87:352-6. 2016
    ..Given that recent reports have suggested left atrial disease to be an independent risk factor for ischemic stroke, we sought to examine if advanced interatrial block (aIAB) is an independent stroke risk factor...
  26. pmc Electrocardiographic repolarization-related variables as predictors of coronary heart disease death in the women's health initiative study
    Pentti M Rautaharju
    Epidemiological Cardiology Research Center EPICARE, Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC P M R, Z M Z, E Z S
    J Am Heart Assoc 3:. 2014
    ..We evaluated 25 repolarization-related ECG variables for the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) death in 52 994 postmenopausal women from the Women's Health Initiative study...
  27. pmc Atrial Fibrillation and Risk of ST-Segment-Elevation Versus Non-ST-Segment-Elevation Myocardial Infarction: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study
    Elsayed Z Soliman
    From Epidemiological Cardiology Research Center, Department of Epidemiology and Prevention E Z S, Z M Z, Department of Internal Medicine, Section on Cardiology E Z S, and Department of Internal Medicine W T O, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis F L, L B, A A Cardiovascular Division, Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis L Y C Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill L L and Department of Medicine, University of Vermont, Burlington M C
    Circulation 131:1843-50. 2015
    ..Further study of the relationship of AF with the type of MI (ST-segment-elevation MI [STEMI] versus non-ST-segment-elevation MI [NSTEMI]) might shed light on the potential mechanisms...
  28. pmc Electrocardiographic spatial QRS-T angle and incident cardiovascular disease in HIV-infected patients (from the Strategies for the Management of Antiretroviral Therapy [SMART] study)
    Farah Z Dawood
    Department of Internal Medicine, Section on Cardiology, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC, USA
    Am J Cardiol 111:118-24. 2013
    ..This highlights the potential role of routine electrocardiography as a simple noninvasive CVD risk-screening tool in HIV-infected patients...
  29. doi request reprint Evaluation and comparison of the Minnesota Code and Novacode for electrocardiographic Q-ST wave abnormalities for the independent prediction of incident coronary heart disease and total mortality (from the Women's Health Initiative)
    Zhu Ming Zhang
    EPICARE, Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University, School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina, USA
    Am J Cardiol 106:18-25.e2. 2010
    ..ST-T abnormalities are stronger predictors for CHD events and total mortality than isolated Q-wave abnormalities...
  30. doi request reprint Bidirectional association between atrial fibrillation and congestive heart failure in the elderly
    Wesley T O'Neal
    aDepartment of Internal Medicine bDepartment of Internal Medicine, Section on Cardiology cEpidemiological Cardiology Research Center EPICARE, Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina, USA
    J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown) 17:181-6. 2016
    ..The aim of this study was to examine the bidirectional association between atrial fibrillation and congestive heart failure (CHF) in older adults...
  31. pmc Usefulness of Maintaining a Normal Electrocardiogram Over Time for Predicting Cardiovascular Health
    Elsayed Z Soliman
    Epidemiological Cardiology Research Center EPICARE, Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina Department of Internal Medicine, Cardiology Section, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina Electronic address
    Am J Cardiol 119:249-255. 2017
    ..01). In conclusion, maintaining a normal ECG status over time is associated with low risk of CV disease in a dose-response fashion, suggesting its potential use as a monitoring tool for programs promoting CV health...
  32. ncbi request reprint Linearly scaled, rate-invariant normal limits for QT interval: eight decades of incorrect application of power functions
    Pentti M Rautaharju
    EpiCare Center, Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University, Winston Salem, North Carolina, USA
    J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 13:1211-8. 2002
    ..Normal limits for QT traditionally are derived as mean +/- 2*SD, with rate adjustment done by dividing QT values by power functions such as RR 1/2 (proportional scaling)...
  33. pmc Ambient fine particulate matter exposure and myocardial ischemia in the Environmental Epidemiology of Arrhythmogenesis in the Women's Health Initiative (EEAWHI) study
    Zhu Ming Zhang
    Epidemiologic Cardiology Research Center, Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27104, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 117:751-6. 2009
    ..Ambient particulate matter (PM) air pollution is associated with coronary heart disease, but the pathways underlying the association remain to be elucidated...
  34. pmc The sensitivity of the method used to detect atrial fibrillation in population studies affects group-specific prevalence estimates: ethnic and regional distribution of atrial fibrillation in the REGARDS study
    Ronald J Prineas
    Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27104, USA
    J Epidemiol 19:177-81. 2009
    ..We hypothesized that the reported ethnic and regional distributions of AF are affected by the sensitivity of the methods that were used to detect AF in previous reports...
  35. ncbi request reprint Comparison of mortality risk for electrocardiographic abnormalities in men and women with and without coronary heart disease (from the Cardiovascular Health Study)
    Pentti M Rautaharju
    the Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University, Winston Salem, North Carolina, USA
    Am J Cardiol 97:309-15. 2006
    ..In conclusion, we found no evidence that the relative risk of mortality for ECG abnormalities is lower in women than in men...
  36. ncbi request reprint Assessment of prolonged QT and JT intervals in ventricular conduction defects
    Pentti M Rautaharju
    EpiCare Center, Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina, USA
    Am J Cardiol 93:1017-21. 2004
    ..Thus, detection of prolonged repolarization in VCD requires the use of the JT interval or a bivariate model for QT with RR and QRS intervals as covariates...
  37. pmc Frontal QRS-T Angle and the Risk of Atrial Fibrillation in the Elderly
    Hanumantha R Jogu
    Department of Hospital Medicine, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC, USA
    Ann Noninvasive Electrocardiol . 2016
    ..Although it has been suggested that abnormal ventricular repolarization predisposes to atrial arrhythmias, it is unknown whether abnormal frontal QRS-T angle is associated with an increased risk of atrial fibrillation (AF)...
  38. doi request reprint Relation of Higher Resting Heart Rate to Risk of Cardiovascular Versus Noncardiovascular Death
    Lubna Alhalabi
    Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Epidemiological Cardiology Research Center
    Am J Cardiol . 2017
    ..29, respectively). In conclusion, higher RHR is associated with both cardiovascular mortality and noncardiovascular mortality suggesting that RHR is probably a marker of overall well-being rather than a marker of cardiovascular health...
  39. pmc Action for Health in Diabetes (Look AHEAD) trial: baseline evaluation of selected nutrients and food group intake
    Mara Z Vitolins
    Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27104, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 109:1367-75. 2009
    ..Little has been reported regarding food and nutrient intake in individuals diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, and most reports have been based on findings in select groups or individuals who self-reported having diabetes...
  40. ncbi request reprint A simple procedure for estimation of the spatial QRS/T angle from the standard 12-lead electrocardiogram
    Pentti M Rautaharju
    EpiCare Center, Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC, USA
    J Electrocardiol 40:300-4. 2007
    ..It is concluded that this simple method may provide a satisfactory substitute for QRS/T from the matrix transformation method...
  41. ncbi request reprint Long-term prognostic significance of isolated minor electrocardiographic T-wave abnormalities in middle-aged men free of clinical cardiovascular disease (The Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial [MRFIT])
    Ronald J Prineas
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27104, USA
    Am J Cardiol 90:1391-5. 2002
  42. doi request reprint Atrial fibrillation and incident myocardial infarction in the elderly
    Wesley T O'Neal
    Department of Internal Medicine, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina
    Clin Cardiol 37:750-5. 2014
    ..Atrial fibrillation (AF) has been shown to be independently associated with an increased risk of myocardial infarction (MI) in a predominantly middle-aged population; however, this association has not been examined in older populations...
  43. pmc Describing patterns of weight changes using principal components analysis: results from the Action for Health in Diabetes (Look AHEAD) research group
    Mark A Espeland
    Department of Biostatistical Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine and Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 19:701-10. 2009
    ..To demonstrate how principal components analysis can be used to describe patterns of weight changes in response to an intensive lifestyle intervention...