Tony W Wilson

Summary

Publications

  1. pmc Neuroimaging with magnetoencephalography: A dynamic view of brain pathophysiology
    Tony W Wilson
    Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Neuroscience, University of Nebraska Medical Center UNMC, Omaha, Neb Center for Magnetoencephalography, UNMC, Omaha, Neb Department of Neurological Sciences, UNMC, Omaha, Neb Electronic address
    Transl Res 175:17-36. 2016
  2. pmc Circadian modulation of motor-related beta oscillatory responses
    Tony W Wilson
    Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Neuroscience, University of Nebraska, Medical Center UNMC, Omaha, NE, USA Department of Neurological Sciences, UNMC, Omaha, NE, USA Center for Magnetoencephalography, UNMC, Omaha, NE, USA Electronic address
    Neuroimage 102:531-9. 2014
  3. pmc Functional specialization within the supplementary motor area: a fNIRS study of bimanual coordination
    Tony W Wilson
    Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Neuroscience, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA Department of Neurological Sciences, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA Center for Magnetoencephalography, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA Department of Physical Therapy, Munroe Meyer Institute, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA Electronic address
    Neuroimage 85:445-50. 2014
  4. pmc Abnormal MEG oscillatory activity during visual processing in the prefrontal cortices and frontal eye-fields of the aging HIV brain
    Tony W Wilson
    Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Neuroscience, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska, USA
    PLoS ONE 8:e66241. 2013
  5. pmc Functional brain abnormalities during finger-tapping in HIV-infected older adults: a magnetoencephalography study
    Tony W Wilson
    Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Neuroscience, University of Nebraska Medical Center, 988422 Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198, USA
    J Neuroimmune Pharmacol 8:965-74. 2013
  6. doi request reprint Broadband neurophysiological abnormalities in the medial prefrontal region of the default-mode network in adults with ADHD
    Tony W Wilson
    Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Neuroscience, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA
    Hum Brain Mapp 34:566-74. 2013
  7. doi request reprint Gamma-frequency neuronal activity is diminished in adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a pharmaco-MEG study
    Tony W Wilson
    Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Neuroscience, University of Nebraska Medical Center UNMC, Omaha, NE, USA
    J Psychopharmacol 26:771-7. 2012
  8. pmc Potential role for magnetoencephalography in distinguishing low- and high-grade gliomas: a preliminary study with histopathological confirmation
    Tony W Wilson
    Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Neuroscience, Center for Magnetoencephalography, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198, USA
    Neuro Oncol 14:624-30. 2012
  9. pmc Abnormal gamma and beta MEG activity during finger movements in early-onset psychosis
    Tony W Wilson
    Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Neuroscience, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska 68198 8422, USA
    Dev Neuropsychol 36:596-613. 2011
  10. doi request reprint Oscillatory MEG motor activity reflects therapy-related plasticity in stroke patients
    Tony W Wilson
    Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina, USA
    Neurorehabil Neural Repair 25:188-93. 2011

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications47

  1. pmc Neuroimaging with magnetoencephalography: A dynamic view of brain pathophysiology
    Tony W Wilson
    Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Neuroscience, University of Nebraska Medical Center UNMC, Omaha, Neb Center for Magnetoencephalography, UNMC, Omaha, Neb Department of Neurological Sciences, UNMC, Omaha, Neb Electronic address
    Transl Res 175:17-36. 2016
    ..MEG imaging has had a major impact on how clinical neuroscientists understand the brain basis of these disorders, and its translational influence is rapidly expanding with new discoveries and applications emerging continuously. ..
  2. pmc Circadian modulation of motor-related beta oscillatory responses
    Tony W Wilson
    Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Neuroscience, University of Nebraska, Medical Center UNMC, Omaha, NE, USA Department of Neurological Sciences, UNMC, Omaha, NE, USA Center for Magnetoencephalography, UNMC, Omaha, NE, USA Electronic address
    Neuroimage 102:531-9. 2014
    ....
  3. pmc Functional specialization within the supplementary motor area: a fNIRS study of bimanual coordination
    Tony W Wilson
    Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Neuroscience, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA Department of Neurological Sciences, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA Center for Magnetoencephalography, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA Department of Physical Therapy, Munroe Meyer Institute, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA Electronic address
    Neuroimage 85:445-50. 2014
    ....
  4. pmc Abnormal MEG oscillatory activity during visual processing in the prefrontal cortices and frontal eye-fields of the aging HIV brain
    Tony W Wilson
    Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Neuroscience, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska, USA
    PLoS ONE 8:e66241. 2013
    ..Previous neuroimaging studies have shown greater activation in HIV-infected patients during strenuous tasks in frontal and parietal cortices, and less activation in the primary sensory cortices during rest and sensory stimulation...
  5. pmc Functional brain abnormalities during finger-tapping in HIV-infected older adults: a magnetoencephalography study
    Tony W Wilson
    Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Neuroscience, University of Nebraska Medical Center, 988422 Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198, USA
    J Neuroimmune Pharmacol 8:965-74. 2013
    ....
  6. doi request reprint Broadband neurophysiological abnormalities in the medial prefrontal region of the default-mode network in adults with ADHD
    Tony W Wilson
    Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Neuroscience, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA
    Hum Brain Mapp 34:566-74. 2013
    ..These results indicate that neurophysiological aberrations in the DMN of patients with ADHD are not limited to ultra slow oscillations, and that they may be primarily attributable to abnormal broadband activity in the MPFC...
  7. doi request reprint Gamma-frequency neuronal activity is diminished in adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a pharmaco-MEG study
    Tony W Wilson
    Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Neuroscience, University of Nebraska Medical Center UNMC, Omaha, NE, USA
    J Psychopharmacol 26:771-7. 2012
    ..These results suggest that ADHD is associated with reduced cortical gamma activity and that stimulants may ameliorate this abnormality...
  8. pmc Potential role for magnetoencephalography in distinguishing low- and high-grade gliomas: a preliminary study with histopathological confirmation
    Tony W Wilson
    Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Neuroscience, Center for Magnetoencephalography, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198, USA
    Neuro Oncol 14:624-30. 2012
    ..Although these results should be considered preliminary and are only correlative in nature, these data suggest that MEG can potentially detect neurophysiological signatures or markers that predict the inherent grade of a glial tumor...
  9. pmc Abnormal gamma and beta MEG activity during finger movements in early-onset psychosis
    Tony W Wilson
    Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Neuroscience, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska 68198 8422, USA
    Dev Neuropsychol 36:596-613. 2011
    ..Such aberrations likely contribute to the decreased motor control exhibited by patients with psychosis, and may reflect GABAergic-based inhibitory deficits comparable to those seen in cellular and system-level studies...
  10. doi request reprint Oscillatory MEG motor activity reflects therapy-related plasticity in stroke patients
    Tony W Wilson
    Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina, USA
    Neurorehabil Neural Repair 25:188-93. 2011
    ..A goal of stroke rehabilitation is to harness the capacity of the brain to reorganize following neurological damage and enable restoration of function...
  11. pmc An extended motor network generates beta and gamma oscillatory perturbations during development
    Tony W Wilson
    Center for Magnetoencephalography, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198, USA
    Brain Cogn 73:75-84. 2010
    ..Lastly, these data suggest several additional neural regions including the SMA and cerebellum are involved in basic movements during development...
  12. pmc Aberrant high-frequency desynchronization of cerebellar cortices in early-onset psychosis
    Tony W Wilson
    The MEG Center, Department of Neurological Sciences, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198 2045, USA
    Psychiatry Res 174:47-56. 2009
    ....
  13. pmc A MEG investigation of somatosensory processing in the rhesus monkey
    Tony W Wilson
    Department of Neurology, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, USA
    Neuroimage 46:998-1003. 2009
    ....
  14. pmc Aberrant functional organization and maturation in early-onset psychosis: evidence from magnetoencephalography
    Tony W Wilson
    Neuromagnetic Imaging Center, Department of Psychiatry, University of Colorado, Health Sciences Center, Denver, CO 80262, USA
    Psychiatry Res 156:59-67. 2007
    ..These findings suggest aberrant maturation underlies the reduction in cerebral laterality associated with psychosis...
  15. pmc Cortical gamma generators suggest abnormal auditory circuitry in early-onset psychosis
    Tony W Wilson
    Magnetoencephalography Laboratory, Department of Neurology, Wake Forest University Health Sciences, Winston Salem, NC 27103, USA
    Cereb Cortex 18:371-8. 2008
    ..e., ear-of-stimulation effects) potentially suggesting that multiple stages along auditory pathways contribute to connectivity aberrations found in patients with psychosis...
  16. pmc Decreased MEG beta oscillations in HIV-infected older adults during the resting state
    Katherine M Becker
    Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Neuroscience, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA
    J Neurovirol 19:586-94. 2013
    ..These findings also suggest that resting-state MEG recordings may hold significant promise as a functional biomarker for identifying HAND and monitoring disease progression...
  17. pmc Attention training improves aberrant neural dynamics during working memory processing in veterans with PTSD
    Timothy J McDermott
    Department of Psychology, Creighton University, 2500 California Plaza, Omaha, NE, 68178, USA
    Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 16:1140-1149. 2016
    ..This study provides initial evidence that attention training improves aberrant neural activity in brain networks serving WM processing...
  18. pmc Multimodal neuroimaging evidence of alterations in cortical structure and function in HIV-infected older adults
    Tony W Wilson
    Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Neurosciences, University of Nebraska Medical Center UNMC, Omaha, Nebraska Department of Neurological Sciences, UNMC, Omaha, Nebraska Center for Magnetoencephalography, UNMC, Omaha, Nebraska
    Hum Brain Mapp 36:897-910. 2015
    ..These MEG findings had excellent sensitivity and specificity for HIV-associated cognitive impairment, and may hold promise as a potential disease marker...
  19. pmc Male veterans with PTSD exhibit aberrant neural dynamics during working memory processing: an MEG study
    Timothy J McDermott
    From the Department of Psychology, Creighton University, Omaha, NE, USA McDermott, Badura Brack, Ryan, Khanna the Center for Magnetoencephalography, University of Nebraska Medical Center UNMC, Omaha, NE, USA McDermott, Becker, Heinrichs Graham, Wilson the Department of Psychology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, USA Becker the Department of Psychology, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC, Canada Ryan the Department of Psychology, University of Nebraska Omaha, Omaha, NE, USA Heinrichs Graham, Wilson the Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Neuroscience, UNMC, Omaha, NE, USA Wilson and the Department of Neurological Sciences, UNMC, Omaha, NE, USA Wilson
    J Psychiatry Neurosci 41:251-60. 2016
    ..In this study, we examined the neural dynamics of working memory processing in veterans with PTSD and a matched healthy control sample using magnetoencephalography (MEG)...
  20. doi request reprint Amphetamines modulate prefrontal γ oscillations during attention processing
    John D Franzen
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska, USA
    Neuroreport 23:731-5. 2012
    ..These results suggest that psychostimulants strongly modulate γ activity in frontal and parietal cortical areas, which are known to be central to the brain's core attentional networks...
  21. doi request reprint Neuromagnetic activity of the somatosensory cortices associated with body weight-supported treadmill training in children with cerebral palsy
    Max J Kurz
    Department of Physical Therapy, Munroe Meyer Institute for Genetics and Rehabilitation, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198, USA
    J Neurol Phys Ther 36:166-72. 2012
    ..We explored whether BWSTT has the potential to promote parallel changes in the motor behavior of children with CP and the activity of the somatosensory cortices...
  22. pmc Children and adolescents with autism exhibit reduced MEG steady-state gamma responses
    Tony W Wilson
    Department of Psychiatry, Neuromagnetic Imaging Center, University of Colorado, Health Sciences Center, Denver, Colorado 80262, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 62:192-7. 2007
    ..This study examines the integrity of local circuitry by focusing on gamma band activity in auditory cortices of children and adolescents with autism...
  23. ncbi request reprint Developmental Trajectory of Beta Cortical Oscillatory Activity During a Knee Motor Task
    Max J Kurz
    Department of Physical Therapy, Munroe Meyer Institute for Genetics and Rehabilitation, University of Nebraska Medical Center, 68198 5450, Omaha, NE, USA
    Brain Topogr 29:824-833. 2016
    ..Altogether our results suggest that there are notable maturational changes during childhood and adolescence in beta cortical oscillatory activity that are associated with the planning and execution of leg motor actions...
  24. pmc Hypersynchrony despite pathologically reduced beta oscillations in patients with Parkinson's disease: a pharmaco-magnetoencephalography study
    Elizabeth Heinrichs-Graham
    Department of Psychology, University of Nebraska, Omaha, Nebraska Center for Magnetoencephalography, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska
    J Neurophysiol 112:1739-47. 2014
    ..These results are consistent with the known functionality of the basal ganglia-thalamic-cortical motor circuit and the likely consequences of beta hypersynchrony in the subthalamic nucleus of patients with PD. ..
  25. pmc Pharmaco-MEG evidence for attention related hyper-connectivity between auditory and prefrontal cortices in ADHD
    Elizabeth Heinrichs-Graham
    Department of Psychology, University of Nebraska, Omaha, NE, USA Center for Magnetoencephalography MEG, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA
    Psychiatry Res 221:240-5. 2014
    ..Stimulant medication attenuated these differences, but did not fully eliminate them. These results suggest that aberrant bottom-up processing may engulf executive resources in ADHD...
  26. pmc Presence of strong harmonics during visual entrainment: a magnetoencephalography study
    Elizabeth Heinrichs-Graham
    Department of Psychology, University of Nebraska, Omaha, NE, USA
    Biol Psychol 91:59-64. 2012
    ..These findings suggest that spatially-overlapping subpopulations of neurons are simultaneously entrained at different harmonics of the stimulus frequency...
  27. doi request reprint Stride-time variability and sensorimotor cortical activation during walking
    Max J Kurz
    Department of Physical Therapy, Munroe Meyer Institute, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA
    Neuroimage 59:1602-7. 2012
    ..This neurobehavioral relationship supports the notion that the subtle variations found in the stride-time intervals are partly associated with processing demands by the motor cortices for regulating the forward temporal kinematics...
  28. doi request reprint Neuromagnetic activity in the somatosensory cortices of children with cerebral palsy
    Max J Kurz
    Department of Physical Therapy, Munroe Meyer Institute for Genetics and Rehabilitation, University of Nebraska Medical Center, 985450 Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198 5450, USA
    Neurosci Lett 490:1-5. 2011
    ..The results presented in this study are the first to show that activation of the somatosensory cortices representing the foot in children with spastic diplegic CP is diminished, but not latent...
  29. pmc Atypical coupling between posterior regions of the default mode network in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a pharmaco-magnetoencephalography study
    John D Franzen
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA
    J Psychiatry Neurosci 38:333-40. 2013
    ..Using magnetoencephalography (MEG), we evaluated phase coherence (i.e., functional connectivity) among regions of the DMN in healthy controls and adults with ADHD before and after stimulant therapy...
  30. pmc Quiet connections: Reduced fronto-temporal connectivity in nondemented Parkinson's Disease during working memory encoding
    Alex I Wiesman
    Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Neuroscience, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska
    Hum Brain Mapp 37:3224-35. 2016
    ..Hum Brain Mapp 37:3224-3235, 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. ..
  31. pmc Aberrant synchrony in the somatosensory cortices predicts motor performance errors in children with cerebral palsy
    Max J Kurz
    Department of Physical Therapy, Munroe Meyer Institute, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska
    J Neurophysiol 111:573-9. 2014
    ..These results are the first to show that the motor performance errors of children with CP are linked with neural synchronization within the somatosensory cortices. ..
  32. doi request reprint Decreased somatosensory activity to non-threatening touch in combat veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder
    Amy S Badura-Brack
    Department of Psychology, Creighton University, Omaha, NE, USA Electronic address
    Psychiatry Res 233:194-200. 2015
    ..Our findings are consistent with a resource allocation view of perceptual processing in PTSD, which directs attention away from nonthreatening sensory information...
  33. pmc Attention training normalises combat-related post-traumatic stress disorder effects on emotional Stroop performance using lexically matched word lists
    Maya M Khanna
    a Department of Psychology, Creighton University, Omaha, NE, USA
    Cogn Emot . 2015
    ....
  34. pmc The magnitude of the somatosensory cortical activity is related to the mobility and strength impairments seen in children with cerebral palsy
    Max J Kurz
    Department of Physical Therapy, Munroe Meyer Institute, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska Center for Magnetoencephalography, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska
    J Neurophysiol 113:3143-50. 2015
    ....
  35. pmc Neurophysiological abnormalities in the sensorimotor cortices during the motor planning and movement execution stages of children with cerebral palsy
    Max J Kurz
    Department of Physical Therapy, Munroe Meyer Institute, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA Center for Magnetoencephalography, College of Medicine, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA
    Dev Med Child Neurol 56:1072-7. 2014
    ....
  36. pmc Reading in a deep orthography: neuromagnetic evidence for dual-mechanisms
    Tony W Wilson
    Neuromagnetic Imaging Center, Department of Psychiatry, University of Colorado, Health Sciences Center, Denver, CO, USA
    Exp Brain Res 180:247-62. 2007
    ..We contend these results provide strong support for the existence of dual-mechanisms underlying reading in a deep orthographic language (i.e., English)...
  37. pmc Transcranial direct-current stimulation modulates offline visual oscillatory activity: A magnetoencephalography study
    Elizabeth Heinrichs-Graham
    Department of Neurological Sciences, University of Nebraska Medical Center UNMC, Omaha, NE, USA Center for Magnetoencephalography, UNMC, Omaha, NE, USA Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Neuroscience, UNMC, Omaha, NE, USA
    Cortex 88:19-31. 2016
    ..These findings also demonstrate the importance of electrode configuration on whole-brain dynamics, and highlight the deceptively complicated nature of tDCS in the context of neurophysiology...
  38. pmc Aging modulates the oscillatory dynamics underlying successful working memory encoding and maintenance
    Amy L Proskovec
    Department of Psychology, University of Nebraska Omaha, Omaha, Nebraska
    Hum Brain Mapp 37:2348-61. 2016
    ..Such differences in the oscillatory dynamics could reflect compensatory mechanisms, which would aid working memory performance in older age. Hum Brain Mapp 37:2348-2361, 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. ..
  39. doi request reprint Improving the motor skill of children with posterior fossa syndrome: a case series
    Regina Harbourne
    Department of Physical Therapy, Munroe Meyer Institute Drs Harbourne and Kurz and Mr Arpin, Center for Magnetoencephalography Ms Becker, and Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Medicine, College of Medicine Dr Wilson, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska
    Pediatr Phys Ther 26:462-8. 2014
    ..The positive outcomes in these cases suggest that further study is needed using neuromodulatory devices and long-term rehabilitation in children with balance and movement disorders resulting from cancer treatment. ..
  40. pmc An fNIRS exploratory investigation of the cortical activity during gait in children with spastic diplegic cerebral palsy
    Max J Kurz
    Department of Physical Therapy, Munroe Meyer Institute, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, United States Center for Magnetoencephalography MEG, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, United States Electronic address
    Brain Dev 36:870-7. 2014
    ..The primary aim of this exploratory investigation was to determine if there are differences in cortical activation of children with spastic diplegic cerebral palsy (CP) and typically developing children during gait...
  41. doi request reprint Whole-brain functional connectivity increases with extended duration of focal epileptiform activity
    Deepak Madhavan
    Department of Neurological Sciences, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198 2045, USA
    Neurosci Lett 542:26-9. 2013
    ..This suggests the presence of inhibitory GABAergic modulation of distal brain regions in response to chronic epileptiform activity...
  42. pmc Is an absolute level of cortical beta suppression required for proper movement? Magnetoencephalographic evidence from healthy aging
    Elizabeth Heinrichs-Graham
    Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Neuroscience, University of Nebraska, Medical Center UNMC, Omaha, NE, USA, Center for Magnetoencephalography, UNMC, Omaha, NE, USA
    Neuroimage 134:514-21. 2016
    ....
  43. pmc Coding complexity in the human motor circuit
    Elizabeth Heinrichs-Graham
    Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Neuroscience, University of Nebraska Medical Center UNMC, Omaha, Nebraska
    Hum Brain Mapp 36:5155-67. 2015
    ..These data further suggest that execution of complex motor behavior may recruit key regions of the fronto-parietal network, in addition to traditional sensorimotor regions...
  44. pmc Spatiotemporal oscillatory dynamics during the encoding and maintenance phases of a visual working memory task
    Elizabeth Heinrichs-Graham
    Department of Psychology, University of Nebraska Omaha, Omaha, NE, USA Center for Magnetoencephalography, University of Nebraska Medical Center UNMC, Omaha, NE, USA
    Cortex 69:121-30. 2015
    ..The presence of such dynamic oscillatory networks may be a potential source of inconsistent findings in this literature, as neural activity within these networks changes dramatically with time. ..
  45. pmc Neuromagnetic evidence of abnormal movement-related beta desynchronization in Parkinson's disease
    Elizabeth Heinrichs-Graham
    Department of Psychology, University of Nebraska, Omaha, NE, USA, Center for Magnetoencephalography
    Cereb Cortex 24:2669-78. 2014
    ..g. planning, execution, and termination) and indicates that these patients have significant difficulty suppressing cortical beta synchronization during movement planning, which may contribute to their diminished movement capacities...
  46. pmc Cognitive dimensions of orthographic stimuli affect occipitotemporal dynamics
    Tony W Wilson
    Brain Sciences Center, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, One Veterans Drive, Minneapolis, MN 55417, USA
    Exp Brain Res 167:141-7. 2005
    ..The dynamics in this brain region may indicate interactive processes unfolding later in the time course, when more anterior fronto-temporal circuits are activated by semantic correlates of real words...
  47. pmc The time and space of lexicality: a neuromagnetic view
    Tony W Wilson
    Brain Sciences Center, Minneapolis Veterans Affairs Medical Center, One Veterans Drive 11 B, Minneapolis, MN 55417, USA
    Exp Brain Res 162:1-13. 2005
    ..We conclude that the neural distinction in word/pseudoword processing is not in spatial localization, but is better conceptualized as a dynamic difference in processing time...