J M Flack

Summary

Affiliation: Wayne State University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint New salt-sensitivity metrics: variability-adjusted blood pressure change and the urinary sodium-to-creatinine ratio
    John M Flack
    Department of Internal Medicine, Wayne State University School of Medicine and the Detroit Medical Center, Michigan 48201, USA
    Ethn Dis 12:10-9. 2002
  2. pmc Maximising antihypertensive effects of angiotensin II receptor blockers with thiazide diuretic combination therapy: focus on irbesartan/hydrochlorothiazide
    J M Flack
    Department of Internal Medicine, Wayne State University and the Detroit Medical Center, Detroit, MI 48201, USA
    Int J Clin Pract 61:2093-102. 2007
  3. ncbi request reprint Calcium antagonist strategies for coronary artery disease
    John M Flack
    Wayne State University Health Center, 4201 St Antoine, 2E, Detroit, MI 48201, USA
    Curr Hypertens Rep 6:161-3. 2004
  4. ncbi request reprint Prevention of hypertension and its complications: theoretical basis and guidelines for treatment
    John M Flack
    Department of Internal Medicine, College of Nursing, Divisions of General Internal Medicine, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan, USA
    J Am Soc Nephrol 14:S92-8. 2003
  5. ncbi request reprint Efficacy and tolerability of eplerenone and losartan in hypertensive black and white patients
    John M Flack
    Department of Internal Medicine, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan 48201, USA
    J Am Coll Cardiol 41:1148-55. 2003
  6. ncbi request reprint Therapeutic considerations in the African-American patient with hypertension: considerations with calcium channel blocker therapy
    John M Flack
    Wayne State University, University Health Center 2E, 4201 St Antoine, Detroit, MI 48201, USA
    J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) 7:9-14. 2005
  7. ncbi request reprint Epidemiology of hypertension and cardiovascular disease in African Americans
    John M Flack
    Department of Internal Medicine, Cardiovascular Epidemiology and Clinical Applications Program, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48201, USA
    J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) 5:5-11. 2003
  8. ncbi request reprint Hypertension in special populations
    John M Flack
    Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism, and Hypertension, Department of Community Medicine, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48201, USA
    Cardiol Clin 20:303-19, vii. 2002
  9. ncbi request reprint The rapidity of drug dose escalation influences blood pressure response and adverse effects burden in patients with hypertension: the Quinapril Titration Interval Management Evaluation (ATIME) Study. ATIME Research Group
    J M Flack
    Department of Internal Medicine, Wayne State University Medical School, The Detroit Medical Center, Mich 48201, USA
    Arch Intern Med 160:1842-7. 2000
  10. ncbi request reprint Anthropometric and physiologic correlates of mitral valve prolapse in a biethnic cohort of young adults: the CARDIA study
    J M Flack
    Wayne State University School of Medicine, The Detroit Medical Center, John D Dingell Veteran s Affairs Administration Medical Center, MI 48201, USA
    Am Heart J 138:486-92. 1999

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications59

  1. ncbi request reprint New salt-sensitivity metrics: variability-adjusted blood pressure change and the urinary sodium-to-creatinine ratio
    John M Flack
    Department of Internal Medicine, Wayne State University School of Medicine and the Detroit Medical Center, Michigan 48201, USA
    Ethn Dis 12:10-9. 2002
    ..Estimated 24-hour urinary sodium excretion was 133.6 mmol; the average urinary sodium-to-creatinine ratio was 0.74...
  2. pmc Maximising antihypertensive effects of angiotensin II receptor blockers with thiazide diuretic combination therapy: focus on irbesartan/hydrochlorothiazide
    J M Flack
    Department of Internal Medicine, Wayne State University and the Detroit Medical Center, Detroit, MI 48201, USA
    Int J Clin Pract 61:2093-102. 2007
    ..Evidence-based guidelines for the management of hypertension are now well established. Studies have shown that more than 60% of patients with hypertension will require two or more drugs to achieve current treatment targets...
  3. ncbi request reprint Calcium antagonist strategies for coronary artery disease
    John M Flack
    Wayne State University Health Center, 4201 St Antoine, 2E, Detroit, MI 48201, USA
    Curr Hypertens Rep 6:161-3. 2004
  4. ncbi request reprint Prevention of hypertension and its complications: theoretical basis and guidelines for treatment
    John M Flack
    Department of Internal Medicine, College of Nursing, Divisions of General Internal Medicine, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan, USA
    J Am Soc Nephrol 14:S92-8. 2003
    ..Low therapeutic target BP levels <130/80 mmHg in persons with type 2 diabetes mellitus also appear warranted based on available data mostly for reducing the risk of nonrenal cardiovascular disease and overall mortality...
  5. ncbi request reprint Efficacy and tolerability of eplerenone and losartan in hypertensive black and white patients
    John M Flack
    Department of Internal Medicine, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan 48201, USA
    J Am Coll Cardiol 41:1148-55. 2003
    ..The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of monotherapy with the selective aldosterone blocker eplerenone in both black and white patients with hypertension...
  6. ncbi request reprint Therapeutic considerations in the African-American patient with hypertension: considerations with calcium channel blocker therapy
    John M Flack
    Wayne State University, University Health Center 2E, 4201 St Antoine, Detroit, MI 48201, USA
    J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) 7:9-14. 2005
    ....
  7. ncbi request reprint Epidemiology of hypertension and cardiovascular disease in African Americans
    John M Flack
    Department of Internal Medicine, Cardiovascular Epidemiology and Clinical Applications Program, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48201, USA
    J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) 5:5-11. 2003
    ..This most likely would result in a reduction of cardiovascular disease complications...
  8. ncbi request reprint Hypertension in special populations
    John M Flack
    Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism, and Hypertension, Department of Community Medicine, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48201, USA
    Cardiol Clin 20:303-19, vii. 2002
    ....
  9. ncbi request reprint The rapidity of drug dose escalation influences blood pressure response and adverse effects burden in patients with hypertension: the Quinapril Titration Interval Management Evaluation (ATIME) Study. ATIME Research Group
    J M Flack
    Department of Internal Medicine, Wayne State University Medical School, The Detroit Medical Center, Mich 48201, USA
    Arch Intern Med 160:1842-7. 2000
    ..Antihypertensive medication doses are typically increased within several weeks after initiation of therapy because of inadequate blood pressure (BP) control and/or adverse effects...
  10. ncbi request reprint Anthropometric and physiologic correlates of mitral valve prolapse in a biethnic cohort of young adults: the CARDIA study
    J M Flack
    Wayne State University School of Medicine, The Detroit Medical Center, John D Dingell Veteran s Affairs Administration Medical Center, MI 48201, USA
    Am Heart J 138:486-92. 1999
    ..To describe the epidemiology of echocardiographic mitral valve prolapse (MVP) and its anthropometric, physiologic, and psychobehavioral correlates with a cross-sectional analysis at 4 urban clinical centers...
  11. ncbi request reprint Determinants of blood pressure response to quinapril in black and white hypertensive patients: the Quinapril Titration Interval Management Evaluation trial
    Evan Mokwe
    Department of Internal Medicine, Wayne State University, Detroit, Mich 48201, USA
    Hypertension 43:1202-7. 2004
    ....
  12. ncbi request reprint Difficult-to-treat hypertensive populations: focus on African-Americans and people with type 2 diabetes
    J M Flack
    Department of Internal Medicine, Wayne State University School of Medicine, John D Dingell VA Medical Center, and The Detroit Medical Center, Michigan 48201, USA
    J Hypertens Suppl 17:S19-24. 1999
    ..The renin-angiotensin-aldo-sterone-kinin system is therefore an attractive therapeutic target that might conceivably provide target-organ protection over and above that attributable solely to lowering the blood pressure...
  13. ncbi request reprint Antihypertensive efficacy and safety of losartan alone and in combination with hydrochlorothiazide in adult African Americans with mild to moderate hypertension
    J M Flack
    Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan, USA
    Clin Ther 23:1193-208. 2001
    ..Losartan monotherapy and the losartan/HCTZ regimens were generally as well tolerated as placebo...
  14. doi request reprint Efficacy and safety of initial combination therapy with amlodipine/valsartan compared with amlodipine monotherapy in black patients with stage 2 hypertension: the EX-STAND study
    J M Flack
    Department of Internal Medicine, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI 48201, USA
    J Hum Hypertens 23:479-89. 2009
    ....
  15. ncbi request reprint Effects of nurse-managed telemonitoring on blood pressure at 12-month follow-up among urban African Americans
    Nancy T Artinian
    College of Nursing, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan, USA
    Nurs Res 56:312-22. 2007
    ..Nearly one in three adults in the United States has hypertension. Hypertension is one of the largest risk factors for cardiovascular diseases, and it is growing in prevalence, especially among African Americans...
  16. ncbi request reprint Using angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors in African-American hypertensives: a new approach to treating hypertension and preventing target-organ damage
    J M Flack
    Department of Internal Medicine, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, USA
    Curr Med Res Opin 16:66-79. 2000
    ..Rather, we should recognise the importance of adequate drug dosing and modest reductions in dietary sodium intake in augmenting the BP lowering effect of ACE inhibitors in hypertensive African-Americans...
  17. doi request reprint Hypertension in special populations: chronic kidney disease, organ transplant recipients, pregnancy, autonomic dysfunction, racial and ethnic populations
    John M Flack
    Department of Medicine, Wayne State University, Detroit Medical Center, MI 48201, USA
    Cardiol Clin 28:623-38. 2010
    ..The treatment of hypertension in African Americans optimally consists of comprehensive lifestyle modifications along with pharmacologic treatments, most often with combination, not single-drug, therapy...
  18. ncbi request reprint Poor nutrient intake and high obese rate in an urban African American population with hypertension
    K L Catherine Jen
    Department of Nutrition and Food Science, 3009 Science Hall, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48202, USA
    J Am Coll Nutr 26:57-65. 2007
    ..To describe the nutrient intake patterns and general health conditions in an African American (AA) hypertensive population living in Detroit, MI...
  19. ncbi request reprint Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy
    Rosalind M Peters
    College of Nursing, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48202, USA
    J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs 33:209-20. 2004
    ..To prevent hypertension-induced problems in pregnant women, nurses must have strong assessment, advocacy, and counseling skills. Nurses also must provide care based on the latest national standards as described in this article...
  20. ncbi request reprint Depression, stress, and blood pressure in urban African-American women
    Nancy T Artinian
    College of Nursing, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48202, USA
    Prog Cardiovasc Nurs 21:68-75. 2006
    ..Depression mediated the relationship between stress and diastolic BP. The findings emphasize the importance of assessing both behavioral and psychosocial factors in urban African-American women with hypertension...
  21. ncbi request reprint Violence exposure and optimism predict task-induced changes in blood pressure and pulse rate in a normotensive sample of inner-city black youth
    Rodney Clark
    Department of Psychology, Wayne State University, Biobehavioral Research Laboratory, Program for the Advancement of Youth and Urban Health, Detroit, MI 48202, USA
    Psychosom Med 68:73-9. 2006
    ..This investigation examined the association of violence exposure (home and neighborhood) and optimism to task-induced changes in systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and pulse rate (PR)...
  22. pmc Relationship of vitamin D and parathyroid hormone with obesity and body composition in African Americans
    Anna Liza B Valiña-Tóth
    Department of Physiology, Wayne State University, School of Medicine, Detroit, MI 48201, USA
    Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) 72:595-603. 2010
    ..The relationship of 25-OH D and PTH with body composition and size in AA is not well known...
  23. ncbi request reprint Epidemiology and unmet needs in hypertension
    John M Flack
    Department of Internal Medicine, Wayne State University, 4160 John R, Suite 1002, Detroit, MI 48201, USA
    J Manag Care Pharm 13:2-8. 2007
    ..The persistent control of blood pressure (BP) to levels below current recommended levels is an important but often elusive goal for patients with hypertension...
  24. pmc Screening and prevention of chronic kidney disease
    Errol D Crook
    Wayne State University School of Medicine, Harper University Hospital, Detroit, Michigan 48201, USA
    J Natl Med Assoc 94:55S-62S. 2002
    ....
  25. doi request reprint Improved attainment of blood pressure and cholesterol goals using single-pill amlodipine/atorvastatin in African Americans: the CAPABLE trial
    John M Flack
    Department of Medicine, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48201, USA
    Mayo Clin Proc 83:35-45. 2008
    ..To investigate the efficacy and safety of single-pill amlodipine/atorvastatin therapy for the simultaneous treatment of hypertension (HTN) and dyslipidemia in African Americans...
  26. doi request reprint Single-pill combination of amlodipine and valsartan in the management of hypertension
    John M Flack
    Department of Internal Medicine, Wayne State University School of Medicine, 4201 St Antoine, Suite 2E, Detroit, MI 48201, USA
    Expert Opin Pharmacother 10:1979-94. 2009
    ..Amlodipine/valsartan is indicated as initial therapy in patients who are unlikely to be controlled with a single drug and as second-line therapy in patients not responding adequately to monotherapy...
  27. ncbi request reprint Cardiovascular disease costs associated with uncontrolled hypertension
    John M Flack
    Department of Internal Medicine, Wayne State University, Detroit, USA
    Manag Care Interface 15:28-36. 2002
    ..These results reflect the importance of adequate BP control--in particular, systolic BP control--in reducing cardiovascular morbidity, mortality, and overall health care expenditures among patients with hypertension...
  28. ncbi request reprint Does earlier attainment of blood pressure goal translate into fewer cardiovascular events?
    Samar A Nasser
    Division of Translational Research and Clinical Epidemiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Wayne State University, 4201 St Antoine, UHC 4H 33, Detroit, MI 48201, USA
    Curr Hypertens Rep 10:398-404. 2008
    ..03). Thus, patient characteristics influence speed of BP control and practitioners should avoid therapeutic inertia...
  29. doi request reprint Management of high blood pressure in Blacks: an update of the International Society on Hypertension in Blacks consensus statement
    John M Flack
    Department of Internal Medicine, Wayne State University, Detroit, Mich, USA
    Hypertension 56:780-800. 2010
    ....
  30. ncbi request reprint Diagnosis and treatment of hypertension in children and adolescents
    Rosalind M Peters
    College of Nursing, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, USA
    J Am Acad Nurse Pract 15:56-63. 2003
    ..To provide nurse practitioners (NPs) with updated information regarding the etiology, diagnosis, and treatment of childhood hypertension...
  31. ncbi request reprint Advancing the science of health disparities research
    Nancy T Artinian
    National Centers for Population Health and Health Disparities, The College of Nursing, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48202, USA
    Ethn Dis 17:427-33. 2007
    ....
  32. pmc Influence of albuminuria and glomerular filtration rate on blood pressure response to antihypertensive drug therapy
    John M Flack
    Department of Internal Medicine, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan 48201, USA
    Vasc Health Risk Manag 3:1029-37. 2007
    ..Albuminuria and glomerular filtration rate (GFR), two factors linked to kidney and vascular function, may influence longitudinal blood pressure (BP) responses to complex antihypertensive drug regimens...
  33. ncbi request reprint Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone-kinin system influences on diabetic vascular disease and cardiomyopathy
    J M Flack
    Cardiovascular Epidemiology and Clinical Applications Program, Department of Medicine, Wayne State University Medical School, Detroit, Mich 48201, USA
    Miner Electrolyte Metab 24:412-22. 1998
    ..Thus, pharmacological modulation of the RAAK system is an attractive therapeutic target in diabetes mellitus. Indeed, emerging data from human clinical studies appear to confirm this thesis...
  34. ncbi request reprint Longitudinal Study of the National Kidney Foundation's (NKF) Kidney Early Evaluation Program (KEEP)
    Suzanne E Ohmit
    Department of Internal Medicine, College of Nursing, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan, USA
    J Am Soc Nephrol 14:S117-21. 2003
    ....
  35. ncbi request reprint Large arterial elasticity varies as a function of gender and racism-related vigilance in black youth
    Rodney Clark
    Department of Psychology, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan, USA
    J Adolesc Health 39:562-9. 2006
    ..This exploratory study examined the relationship of gender and racism-related vigilance to baseline and task-induced changes in large arterial elasticity (LAE)...
  36. ncbi request reprint Higher prevalence of anemia with diabetes mellitus in moderate kidney insufficiency: The Kidney Early Evaluation Program
    Tarek M El-Achkar
    Department of Internal Medicine, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan 48201, USA
    Kidney Int 67:1483-8. 2005
    ..The Kidney Early Evaluation Program (KEEP 2.0) cross-sectional, community-based study, targeted individuals at increased risk for kidney disease and measured blood glucose, creatinine, and hemoglobin...
  37. ncbi request reprint From 1960s Evans County Georgia to present-day Jackson, Mississippi: an exploration of the evolution of cardiovascular disease in African Americans
    Errol D Crook
    Department of Medicine, Wayne State University School of Medicine and John D Dingell Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Detroit, Michigan 48302, USA
    Am J Med Sci 325:307-14. 2003
    ....
  38. ncbi request reprint Lipid abnormalities and renal disease: is dyslipidemia a predictor of progression of renal disease?
    Errol D Crook
    Department of Medicine, Wayne State University School of Medicine and John D Dingell Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Detroit, Michigan 48302, USA
    Am J Med Sci 325:340-8. 2003
    ..Therefore, examining the effects of dyslipidemia on the development or progression or renal disease will be an important question for the Jackson Heart Study and is the topic of this review...
  39. pmc African American culture and hypertension prevention
    Rosalind M Peters
    Wayne State University, College of Nursing
    West J Nurs Res 28:831-54; discussion 855-63. 2006
    ..Findings provide an expanded perspective of the TPB by demonstrating the influence of culture and collective identity on attitude formation and health-related behaviors among African Americans...
  40. ncbi request reprint The effect of doxazosin on sexual function in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia, hypertension, or both
    J M Flack
    Wayne State University, University Health Center, Detroit, MI 48201, USA
    Int J Clin Pract 56:527-30. 2002
    ..Doxazosin, an alpha1-adrenoceptor antagonist indicated for the treatment of patients with BPH and/or hypertension, is not associated with the occurrence of ED compared with other antihypertensive treatments...
  41. ncbi request reprint Early detection of kidney disease in community settings: the Kidney Early Evaluation Program (KEEP)
    Wendy Weinstock Brown
    Division of Nephrology, St Louis VA Medical Center, St Louis University School of Medicine, St Louis 63106 1621, USA
    Am J Kidney Dis 42:22-35. 2003
    ....
  42. ncbi request reprint Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors in black patients
    Jay S Kaufman
    Ann Intern Med 142:589; author reply 589-90. 2005
  43. ncbi request reprint Management of high blood pressure in African Americans: consensus statement of the Hypertension in African Americans Working Group of the International Society on Hypertension in Blacks
    Janice G Douglas
    Case Western Reserve University, Department of Medicine, Room W 165, 10900 Euclid Ave, Cleveland, Ohio 44106, USA
    Arch Intern Med 163:525-41. 2003
  44. ncbi request reprint Primary renal disease as a cardiovascular risk factor
    Errol D Crook
    Department of Medicine, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, USA
    Am J Med Sci 324:138-45. 2002
    ..We conclude that it is important to screen for renal disease in those with hypertension, diabetes, and other CVD risk factors because it predicts those who are at high risk for major CVD events...
  45. ncbi request reprint Effect of ramipril versus amlodipine on renal outcomes in hypertensive nephrosclerosis
    John M Flack
    Curr Hypertens Rep 4:183-4. 2002
  46. ncbi request reprint The Metabolic Syndrome in African Americans: a review
    W Dallas Hall
    African American Lipid and Cardiovascular Council, USA
    Ethn Dis 13:414-28. 2003
    ..This comprehensive review is provided as part of the educational activities of the African-American Lipid and Cardiovascular Council (AALCC)...
  47. ncbi request reprint Noninvasive hemodynamic measurements: an important advance in individualizing drug therapies for hypertensive patients
    John M Flack
    Hypertension 47:646-7. 2006
  48. ncbi request reprint The role of therapeutic inertia and the use of fixed-dose combination therapy in the management of hypertension
    Jan Basile
    Ralph H Johnson VA Medical Center, Charleston, SC, USA
    J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) 9:636-45. 2007
  49. ncbi request reprint Guest editorial: Racial and ethnic disparities in kidney disease
    John M Flack
    Adv Ren Replace Ther 11:3-4. 2004
  50. ncbi request reprint A noninferiority comparison of valsartan/hydrochlorothiazide combination versus amlodipine in black hypertensives
    Matthew R Weir
    Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    Hypertension 46:508-13. 2005
    ..5 mg) is as effective as high-dose amlodipine (10 mg) in reducing blood pressure in blacks with stage 1 and stage 2 hypertension, and valsartan/hydrochlorothiazide is better tolerated...
  51. ncbi request reprint Efficacy and safety of coadministered amlodipine and atorvastatin in patients with hypertension and dyslipidemia: results of the AVALON trial
    Franz H Messerli
    St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital Center, New York, NY 10019, USA
    J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) 8:571-81; quiz 582-3. 2006
    ..Concomitant administration of amlodipine and atorvastatin is an effective and well tolerated treatment for coexisting hypertension and dyslipidemia...
  52. ncbi request reprint Discovering the full spectrum of cardiovascular disease: Minority Health Summit 2003: report of the Outcomes Writing Group
    Emelia J Benjamin
    Circulation 111:e124-33. 2005
  53. ncbi request reprint The metabolic syndrome: recognition and management
    W Dallas Hall
    Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Dis Manag 9:16-33. 2006
    ..Pharmacotherapy is typically needed for control of high blood pressure, hypercoagulability, and increased levels of blood glucose and triglycerides...
  54. ncbi request reprint Design of the Omapatrilat in Persons with Enhanced Risk of Atherosclerotic events (OPERA) trial
    John B Kostis
    University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick 08903 0019, USA
    Am J Hypertens 15:193-8. 2002
    ..Additional analyses will be conducted in men and women, in diabetic patients, in different risk classes and according to prior evidence of vascular disease...
  55. ncbi request reprint NKF's KEEP leads to [longitudinal study]
    Wendy W Brown
    St Louis University School of Medicine, St Louis VA Medical Center, St Louis MO, USA
    Nephrol News Issues 16:84-6. 2002
  56. ncbi request reprint Managing cardiovascular risk factors in high-risk African Americans
    Richard Allen Williams
    Ethn Dis 17:414-5. 2007
  57. ncbi request reprint Editorial commentary on fixed combination isosorbide dinitrate/hydralazine for nitric-oxide-enhancing therapy in heart failure
    John M Flack
    Expert Opin Pharmacother 8:275-7. 2007
    ..Thus, the thesis that the positive AHEFT findings apply only to African-Americans should be rejected, until compelling evidence is available to support this rather implausible notion...
  58. ncbi request reprint For the patient. What is the Metabolic Syndrome and why is it important?
    W Dallas Hall
    Ethn Dis 13:546. 2003
  59. ncbi request reprint Guidelines for management of high-risk African Americans with multiple cardiovascular risk factors: recommendations of an expert consensus panel
    Richard Allen Williams
    Department of Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California, USA
    Ethn Dis 17:214-20. 2007
    ..For dyslipidemia, statins alone will generally reach the goal, but for hypertension, multiple drugs are usually necessary. We conclude that further research in African Americans is necessary to complete the totality of evidence...