Affiliation: Washington University School of Medicine
- Methods for Performing Survival Curve Quality-of-Life AssessmentsWalton Sumner
Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA WS, IDF American Board of Family Medicine, Inc, Lexington, KY, USA ED, MDH Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Kentucky College of Medicine, Lexington, KY, USA MDH
Med Decis Making 34:787-99. 2014..Many medical decisions involve an implied choice between alternative survival curves, typically with differing quality of life. Common preference assessment methods neglect this structure, creating some risk of distortions...
- A randomized controlled trial of directive and nondirective smoking cessation coaching through an employee quitlineWalton Sumner
Washington University School of Medicine, 660 S Euclid Ave, Campus Box 8005, St Louis, Missouri, 63110, USA
BMC Public Health 16:550. 2016..Call-2-Quit used a worksite-sponsored quitline to compare directive and nondirective coaching modes, and evaluated employee race and income as potential moderators...
- Variation over time in preventable hospitalization rates across countiesWalton Sumner
Department of Internal Medicine and General Medical Sciences, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
J Am Board Fam Med 24:639-46. 2011..Quality indicators vary across counties, but variation over time has not been described...
- Health and life insurance as an alternative to malpractice tort lawWalton Sumner
Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri, USA
BMC Health Serv Res 10:150. 2010..Tort law could be counterproductive in medicine, encouraging costly defensive practices that harm some patients, restricting access to care in some settings and discouraging innovation...
- Diuretic of choice in ABFM hypertension self-assessment module simulationsMichael D Hagen
American Board of Family Medicine, Lexington, KY 40511, USA
J Am Board Fam Med 25:805-9. 2012....
- Using county-level public health data to prioritize medical education topicsWalton Sumner
Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
J Contin Educ Health Prof 28:197-204. 2008..Medical education topics might be locally prioritized using public health data on health outcomes and risk factors unrelated to quality of care...
- In vitro particle size distributions in electronic and conventional cigarette aerosols suggest comparable deposition patternsYaping Zhang
School of Engineering and Applied Science, Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, MO 633110, USA
Nicotine Tob Res 15:501-8. 2013..Electronic cigarette users ("vapers") inhale aerosols of water, nicotine, and propylene glycol (PG) or vegetable glycerin (VG). Aerosol particle sizes should affect deposition patterns in vapers and bystanders...
- On-Line Chemical Composition Analysis of Refillable Electronic Cigarette Aerosol-Measurement of Nicotine and NicotyrineRaul E Martinez
School of Engineering and Applied Science, Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, MO
Nicotine Tob Res 17:1263-9. 2015..Electronic cigarettes (e-cigs) generate aerosols that users inhale. Analyses of e-liquids inconsistently report nicotyrine, a nicotine analog that could impede nicotine metabolism, raising questions about nicotyrine formation...
- Family physicians' completion of scoring criteria in Virtual Patient encountersWalton Sumner
Washington University, St Louis, MO, USA
AMIA Annu Symp Proc 2011:1355-60. 2011..Asthma MCQ content affects Diplomate performance on asthma VP: this translational step suggests that MOC exercises could result in improved care for real patients...
- Interviews with "vapers": implications for future research with electronic cigarettesAmy McQueen
Department of Medidicne School of Medicine, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63108, USA
Nicotine Tob Res 13:860-7. 2011..Scant research exists to evaluate the efficacy and safety of such devices, and only one quantitative survey of European users (N = 81) has been published. This qualitative study explores e-cig users' ("vapers") experiences...
- Beliefs, experience, and interest in pharmacotherapy among smokers with HIVAmy McQueen
Washington University School of Medicine, Department of Medicine, Division of Health Behavior Research, St Louis MO, USA
Am J Health Behav 38:284-96. 2014..To examine beliefs, prior use, and interest in using pharmacotherapy among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA)...
- Analysis of comments in a petition defending electronic cigarettesHolly Marie Sumner
St Louis University, St Louis, MO
Nicotine Tob Res 16:1503-11. 2014..A 2009 petition opposing a Food and Drug Administration (FDA) ban on electronic cigarettes (e-cigs) garnered international attention from e-cig users (vapers). Petitioners' comments described the perceived benefits of vaping...
- Electronic cigarettes: The nicotyrine hypothesisAaron Abramovitz
School of Medicine, Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, MO, USA
Med Hypotheses 85:305-10. 2015..The risks of nicotyrine exposure include impaired clearance of all CYP2A substrates and any effects of the metabolic products of nicotyrine. CYP2A inhibitors like nicotyrine may be useful for future smoking cessation therapy. ..
- Adding flexible temporal constraints to identify chronic comorbid conditions in ambulatory claims dataWalton Sumner
Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO
AMIA Annu Symp Proc 2014:1088-97. 2014..The contrast between rarely recorded, high prevalence diagnoses (smoking and obesity) and frequently recorded but not necessarily chronic diagnoses (musculoskeletal complaints) demonstrated the advantage of flexible temporal criteria. ..