Jonathan M Chase
Affiliation: Washington University School of Medicine
- Community assembly: when should history matter?Jonathan M Chase
Department of Biology, Washington University, Campus Box 1137, St Louis, MO 63130 4899, USA
Oecologia 136:489-98. 2003..I illustrate preliminary evidence for these predictions from an observational study of small pond communities, and show important effects on community similarity, as well as on local and regional species richness...
- Drought mediates the importance of stochastic community assemblyJonathan M Chase
Deptartment of Biology, Washington University, Box 1229, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:17430-4. 2007..These results implicate the critical role for understanding the processes of community assembly when examining patterns of biodiversity at different spatial scales...
- Predators temper the relative importance of stochastic processes in the assembly of prey metacommunitiesJonathan M Chase
Department of Biology, Washington University in St Louis, MO 63130, USA
Ecol Lett 12:1210-8. 2009..Thus, the presence of predators can alter fundamental mechanisms of community assembly and the scaling of diversity within metacommunities...
- Stochastic community assembly causes higher biodiversity in more productive environmentsJonathan M Chase
Department of Biology and Tyson Research Center, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
Science 328:1388-91. 2010..Thus, shifts in community assembly mechanisms across a productivity gradient may underlie one of the most prominent biodiversity gradients on the planet...
- Invasive plants have scale-dependent effects on diversity by altering species-area relationshipsKristin I Powell
Department of Biology, Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
Science 339:316-8. 2013..Our study provides a synthetic perspective on the threat of invasions to biodiversity loss across spatial scales...
- Complex population dynamics and control of the invasive biennial Alliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)Eleanor A Pardini
Department of Biology, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63130, USA
Ecol Appl 19:387-97. 2009..We suggest that management should focus on managing adults rather than rosettes, and on creating efficient control in targeted areas of the population, rather than spreading less efficient efforts widely...
- Predator-dependent species-area relationshipsWade A Ryberg
Department of Biology, Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, Missouri 63130, USA
Am Nat 170:636-42. 2007..Our results emphasize that anthropogenic activities yield simultaneous changes in processes altering diversity and that it is critical that we understand how these components of anthropogenic change interact to impact diversity...
- Selecting for extinction: nonrandom disease-associated extinction homogenizes amphibian biotasKevin G Smith
Tyson Research Center, Washington University in St Louis, 6750 Tyson Valley Rd, Eureka, MO 63025, USA
Ecol Lett 12:1069-78. 2009....
- Habitat isolation moderates the strength of top-down control in experimental pond food websJonathan M Chase
Department of Biology and Tyson Research Center, Washington University in Saint Louis, Saint Louis, Missouri 63130, USA
Ecology 91:637-43. 2010..In all, our experiment showed that habitat isolation can alter the structure of communities by a combination of direct effects of the species in question, as well as effects mediated through their interactions in the food web...
- Trophic cascades across ecosystemsTiffany M Knight
Department of Zoology, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611, USA
Nature 437:880-3. 2005..Our results confirm that strong species interactions can reverberate across ecosystems, and emphasize the importance of landscape-level processes in driving local species interactions...
- Beta-diversity in temperate and tropical forests reflects dissimilar mechanisms of community assemblyJonathan A Myers
Department of Biology and Tyson Research Center, Washington University, Saint Louis, MO 63130, USA
Ecol Lett 16:151-7. 2013..We suggest that biogeographical differences in the relative importance of different community assembly mechanisms contribute to these striking gradients in global biodiversity...
- A synthesis of plant invasion effects on biodiversity across spatial scalesKristin I Powell
Department of Biology, Washington University in Saint Louis, 1 Brookings Drive, Campus Box 1137, Saint Louis, Missouri 63130, USA
Am J Bot 98:539-48. 2011..We aim to synthesize the seemingly conflicting literature in plant invasion biology by evaluating the effects of invasive plant species across spatial scales...
- Ecological succession: out of the ashTiffany M Knight
Department of Biology, Washington University in St Louis, MO 63110, USA
Curr Biol 15:R926-7. 2005..A new study of plants recolonising the land devasted when Mount St. Helens erupted in 1980 is providing important new insights into the interactions with herbivores that determine the pattern and outcome of ecological succession...
- Invasive honeysuckle eradication reduces tick-borne disease risk by altering host dynamicsBrian F Allan
Tyson Research Center, Washington University, Eureka, MO 63025, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:18523-7. 2010..We conclude that disease risk is likely to be reduced when honeysuckle is eradicated, and suggest that management of biological invasions may help ameliorate the burden of vector-borne diseases on human health...
- Ecological correlates of risk and incidence of West Nile virus in the United StatesBrian F Allan
Department of Biology, Washington University, One Brookings Drive, Campus Box 1137, Saint Louis, MO, 63130, USA
Oecologia 158:699-708. 2009..Our results suggest that conservation of avian diversity might help ameliorate the current West Nile virus epidemic in the USA...
- Disentangling the importance of ecological niches from stochastic processes across scalesJonathan M Chase
Department of Biology and Tyson Research Center, Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 366:2351-63. 2011..By embracing processes across scales, we can build a more synthetic framework for understanding how niches structure patterns of biodiversity in the face of stochastic processes that emerge from local and biogeographic factors...
- Predation on mutualists can reduce the strength of trophic cascadesTiffany M Knight
Department of Biology, Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
Ecol Lett 9:1173-8. 2006....
- Effects of interspecific competition, predation, and their interaction on survival and development time of immature Anopheles quadrimaculatusTiffany M Knight
Department of Biology, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
J Vector Ecol 29:277-84. 2004....
- Interactions between mosquito larvae and species that share the same trophic levelLeon Blaustein
Community Ecology Laboratory, Institute of Evolution, Faculty of Sciences, University of Haifa, Haifa 31905, Israel
Annu Rev Entomol 52:489-507. 2007..We conclude that more extensive theoretical and empirical studies in elucidating the roles of controphic species will better allow us to predict mosquito population dynamics and allow for better management of mosquitoes...
- Alternative stable states and regional community structureJonathan B Shurin
National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis, University of California Santa Barbara, 735 State St, Suite 300 Santa Barbara, CA 93101, USA
J Theor Biol 227:359-68. 2004..Broad environmental gradients in resource supply favor regional coexistence of species that exhibit local ASE...
- The role of size-specific predation in the evolution and diversification of prey life historiesTroy Day
Department of Zoology, University of Toronto, ON, Canada
Evolution 56:877-87. 2002..Moreover, under strong coupling it is also possible for natural selection to favor an evolutionary diversification of life histories, possibly resulting in two coexisting species with divergent life-history strategies...
- Aquatic eutrophication promotes pathogenic infection in amphibiansPieter T J Johnson
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Colorado, Ramaley N122, Boulder, CO 80309 0334, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:15781-6. 2007..Given forecasted increases in global eutrophication, amphibian extinctions, and similarities between Ribeiroia and important human and wildlife pathogens, our results have broad epidemiological and ecological significance...
- Spatial scale dictates the productivity-biodiversity relationshipJonathan M Chase
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260, USA
Nature 416:427-30. 2002..This dependence on scale results because dissimilarity in local species composition within regions increased with productivity...