G M Vilke

Summary

Affiliation: University of California
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Spirometry in normal subjects in sitting, prone, and supine positions
    G M Vilke
    Department of Emergency Medicine, UC San Diego Medical Center 92103, USA
    Respir Care 45:407-10. 2000
  2. ncbi request reprint The predictive value of field versus arrival Glasgow Coma Scale score and TRISS calculations in moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury
    Daniel P Davis
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California San Diego, San Diego, California 92103 8676, USA
    J Trauma 60:985-90. 2006
  3. doi request reprint Excited delirium syndrome (ExDS): treatment options and considerations
    Gary M Vilke
    Department of Emergency Medicine San Diego, University of California, San Diego Medical Center, 200 West Arbor Drive, San Diego, CA 92103, USA
    J Forensic Leg Med 19:117-21. 2012
  4. doi request reprint Physiologic effects of the TASER after exercise
    Gary M Vilke
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California, San Diego Medical Center, San Diego, CA
    Acad Emerg Med 16:704-10. 2009
  5. ncbi request reprint Follow-up of elderly patients who refuse transport after accessing 9-1-1
    Gary M Vilke
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California, San Diego 92103, USA
    Prehosp Emerg Care 6:391-5. 2002
  6. ncbi request reprint Twelve-lead electrocardiogram monitoring of subjects before and after voluntary exposure to the Taser X26
    Gary M Vilke
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California, San Diego Medical Center, San Diego, CA 92103, USA
    Am J Emerg Med 26:1-4. 2008
  7. ncbi request reprint Physiological effects of a conducted electrical weapon on human subjects
    Gary M Vilke
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California, San Diego Medical Center, San Diego, CA 92103, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 50:569-75. 2007
  8. ncbi request reprint Assessment for deaths in out-of-hospital heroin overdose patients treated with naloxone who refuse transport
    Gary M Vilke
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California San Diego Medical Center, 200 West Arbor Drive, Mailcode 8676, San Diego, CA 92103, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 10:893-6. 2003
  9. ncbi request reprint Postpartum coronary artery dissection
    G M Vilke
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California, San Diego Medical Center, 92103, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 32:260-2. 1998
  10. ncbi request reprint Impact of the San Diego county firestorm on emergency medical services
    Gary M Vilke
    University of California, San Diego Medical Center, Department of Emergency Medicine, San Diego, California 92103, USA
    Prehosp Disaster Med 21:353-8. 2006

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications78

  1. ncbi request reprint Spirometry in normal subjects in sitting, prone, and supine positions
    G M Vilke
    Department of Emergency Medicine, UC San Diego Medical Center 92103, USA
    Respir Care 45:407-10. 2000
    ..Determine whether pulmonary function testing is affected by patient positioning...
  2. ncbi request reprint The predictive value of field versus arrival Glasgow Coma Scale score and TRISS calculations in moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury
    Daniel P Davis
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California San Diego, San Diego, California 92103 8676, USA
    J Trauma 60:985-90. 2006
    ..This study explores the predictive value of field GCS (fGCS) and arrival GCS (aGCS) as well as TRISS calculations using field (fTRISS) and arrival (aTRISS) data in patients with moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury (TBI)...
  3. doi request reprint Excited delirium syndrome (ExDS): treatment options and considerations
    Gary M Vilke
    Department of Emergency Medicine San Diego, University of California, San Diego Medical Center, 200 West Arbor Drive, San Diego, CA 92103, USA
    J Forensic Leg Med 19:117-21. 2012
    ..In this paper, we present a typical ExDS case and then review existing literature for current treatment options...
  4. doi request reprint Physiologic effects of the TASER after exercise
    Gary M Vilke
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California, San Diego Medical Center, San Diego, CA
    Acad Emerg Med 16:704-10. 2009
    ..The authors studied the effects of a single TASER exposure on markers of physiologic stress in humans...
  5. ncbi request reprint Follow-up of elderly patients who refuse transport after accessing 9-1-1
    Gary M Vilke
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California, San Diego 92103, USA
    Prehosp Emerg Care 6:391-5. 2002
    ..To obtain medical follow-up and determine reasons why elderly patients access paramedics via 9-1-1 and then refuse transport...
  6. ncbi request reprint Twelve-lead electrocardiogram monitoring of subjects before and after voluntary exposure to the Taser X26
    Gary M Vilke
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California, San Diego Medical Center, San Diego, CA 92103, USA
    Am J Emerg Med 26:1-4. 2008
    ..The Taser (Taser International, Scottsdale, Ariz) uses high-voltage electricity to incapacitate subjects. We sought to evaluate cardiac rhythm changes during deployment of the Taser on healthy volunteers...
  7. ncbi request reprint Physiological effects of a conducted electrical weapon on human subjects
    Gary M Vilke
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California, San Diego Medical Center, San Diego, CA 92103, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 50:569-75. 2007
    ..Sudden death after a conducted electrical weapon exposure has not been well studied. We examine the effects of a single Taser exposure on markers of physiologic stress in healthy humans...
  8. ncbi request reprint Assessment for deaths in out-of-hospital heroin overdose patients treated with naloxone who refuse transport
    Gary M Vilke
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California San Diego Medical Center, 200 West Arbor Drive, Mailcode 8676, San Diego, CA 92103, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 10:893-6. 2003
    ..The authors' emergency medical services system has operated a policy of allowing these patients, when successfully treated, to sign out against medical advice (AMA) in the field...
  9. ncbi request reprint Postpartum coronary artery dissection
    G M Vilke
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California, San Diego Medical Center, 92103, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 32:260-2. 1998
    ..She underwent emergency coronary artery bypass grafting and has subsequently done well...
  10. ncbi request reprint Impact of the San Diego county firestorm on emergency medical services
    Gary M Vilke
    University of California, San Diego Medical Center, Department of Emergency Medicine, San Diego, California 92103, USA
    Prehosp Disaster Med 21:353-8. 2006
    ..This study assessed the impact of patients with fire-related complaints on the emergency medical services (EMS) system during and after the firestorm...
  11. ncbi request reprint Paramedic self-reported medication errors
    Gary M Vilke
    San Diego County Division of Emergency Medical Services, San Diego, CA, USA
    Prehosp Emerg Care 10:457-62. 2006
    ..Continuing quality improvement (CQI) reviews reflect that medication administration errors occur in the prehospital setting. These include errors involving dose, medication, route, concentration, and treatment...
  12. ncbi request reprint Paramedic self-reported medication errors
    Gary M Vilke
    San Diego County Division of Emergency Medical Services, Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California San Diego Medical Center, San Diego Children s Hospital, California 92103, USA
    Prehosp Emerg Care 11:80-4. 2007
    ..Continuing quality improvement (CQI) reviews reflect that medication administration errors occur in the prehospital setting. These include errors involving dose, medication, route, concentration, and treatment...
  13. ncbi request reprint 9-1-1 responses for shopping cart and stroller injuries
    Gary M Vilke
    County of San Diego Division of Emergency Medical Services, San Diego, CA, USA
    Pediatr Emerg Care 20:660-3. 2004
    ..The authors sought to evaluate the incidence and outcomes of children in the community evaluated by paramedics because they were injured in shopping cart or stroller-related incidences...
  14. ncbi request reprint Community trial to decrease ambulance diversion hours: the San Diego county patient destination trial
    Gary M Vilke
    County of San Diego, Division of Emergency Medical Services, San Diego, CA, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 44:295-303. 2004
    ..We seek to evaluate a community intervention to reduce ambulance diversion...
  15. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of pediatric glucose monitoring and hypoglycemic therapy in the field
    Gary M Vilke
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California, San Diego Medical Center, San Diego, CA, USA
    Pediatr Emerg Care 21:1-5. 2005
    ..7%). In the prehospital setting, the need to treat hypoglycemia in pediatric patients is infrequent. The chief complaints associated with the highest frequencies of hypoglycemia are seizures and altered neurologic status...
  16. ncbi request reprint Food-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis
    Gary M Vilke
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California, San Diego Medical Center, 92103, USA
    Prehosp Emerg Care 6:348-50. 2002
  17. ncbi request reprint Midazolam for the treatment of out-of-hospital pediatric seizures
    Gary M Vilke
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California, San Diego Medical Center, 92103, USA
    Prehosp Emerg Care 6:215-7. 2002
    ..To assess the effectiveness and safety of intravenous (IV) and intramuscular (IM) midazolam in the treatment of pediatric seizures by paramedics...
  18. ncbi request reprint Are heroin overdose deaths related to patient release after prehospital treatment with naloxone?
    G M Vilke
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California, San Diego Medical Center, 92103, USA
    Prehosp Emerg Care 3:183-6. 1999
    ..The authors' EMS system has operated a policy of allowing these patients, once successfully treated, to sign out against medical advice (AMA) in the field. This study was performed to evaluate the safety of this practice...
  19. doi request reprint Excited delirium syndrome (ExDS): redefining an old diagnosis
    Gary M Vilke
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California at San Diego Medical Center, 200 West Arbor Drive Mailcode 8676, San Diego, CA 92103, USA
    J Forensic Leg Med 19:7-11. 2012
    ..It is important for law enforcement, medical and other healthcare professionals to be familiar with current knowledge about the syndrome. This paper summarizes the current state and knowledge of ExDS...
  20. ncbi request reprint Outcome study of minors after parental refusal of paramedic transport
    A G Seltzer
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California, San Diego, Medical Center, 92103, USA
    Prehosp Emerg Care 5:278-83. 2001
    ..CONCLUSIONS: Children whose parents refused EMS transport received medical follow-up in the majority of cases, with a small group requiring admission...
  21. ncbi request reprint The use of midazolam for prehospital rapid-sequence intubation may be associated with a dose-related increase in hypotension
    D P Davis
    Department of Emergency Medicine, UCSD, San Diego, California, USA
    Prehosp Emerg Care 5:163-8. 2001
    ..To investigate the incidence of hypotension associated with the use of midazolam for prehospital rapid-sequence intubation (RSI)...
  22. pmc Review of prehospital sodium bicarbonate use for cyclic antidepressant overdose
    T Calkins
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California San Diego Medical Center, San Diego, USA
    Emerg Med J 20:483-6. 2003
    ..To describe the clinical presentation of patients with cyclic antidepressant (CA) and use of sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO(3)) in the treatment of this overdose in the prehospital setting...
  23. ncbi request reprint The effects of minimizing ambulance diversion hours on emergency departments
    Murdoc Khaleghi
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California, San Diego Medical Center, San Diego, California, USA
    J Emerg Med 33:155-9. 2007
    ..Hospitals in a given geographic area may successfully reduce the number of hours on bypass with possible minor shifting in the number of ambulance runs and admissions that are within ED capacity...
  24. ncbi request reprint Estimation of pediatric patient weight by EMT-PS
    G M Vilke
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California, San Diego Medical Center, San Diego, California 92103-8676, USA
    J Emerg Med 21:125-8. 2001
    ..Overall, paramedics were accurate in estimating pediatric weights, and use of the Broselow tape improved the precision of these estimations...
  25. ncbi request reprint The prehospital electrocardiogram
    R J Patel
    The University of California San Diego School of Medicine, UCSD Medical Center, 200 West Arbor Drive, San Diego, CA 92103-8676, USA
    J Emerg Med 21:35-9. 2001
    ..Moreover, questions remain about the overall clinical and cost benefit of expanding this resource universally. The following article reviews the role of prehospital EKG in caring for patients with acute coronary syndromes...
  26. ncbi request reprint Exercise-associated hyponatremia in marathon runners: a two-year experience
    D P Davis
    Department of Emergency Medicine, UCSD Medical Center, 200 West Arbor Drive, San Diego, CA 92103-8676, USA
    J Emerg Med 21:47-57. 2001
    ..Additional risk factors include female gender, slower race times, and NSAID use. The use of HTS in selected patients seems to be safe and efficacious...
  27. ncbi request reprint Weight force during prone restraint and respiratory function
    Theodore C Chan
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and Medical Center, San Diego, California, USA
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 25:185-9. 2004
    ..We conclude that PMRP with and without 25 and 50 lbs of weight force resulted in a restrictive pulmonary function pattern but no evidence of hypoxia or hypoventilation...
  28. ncbi request reprint Impact of the San Diego Serial Inebriate Program on use of emergency medical resources
    James V Dunford
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California, San Diego Medical Center, San Diego, CA 92103, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 47:328-36. 2006
    ....
  29. ncbi request reprint Head-injured patients who "talk and die": the San Diego perspective
    Daniel P Davis
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California San Diego, CA 92103 8676, USA
    J Trauma 62:277-81. 2007
    ..This study uses a large, comprehensive database to explore risk factors for head-injured patients who deteriorate after their initial presentation...
  30. doi request reprint Effect of mandated nurse-patient ratios on patient wait time and care time in the emergency department
    Theodore C Chan
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California, San Diego, CA, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 17:545-52. 2010
    ..The objective was to evaluate the effect of mandated nurse-patient ratios (NPRs) on emergency department (ED) patient flow...
  31. ncbi request reprint The Combitube as a salvage airway device for paramedic rapid sequence intubation
    Daniel P Davis
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California San Diego, San Diego, CA 92103 8676, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 42:697-704. 2003
    ..Here we describe our experience with the Combitube (esophageal-tracheal twin-lumen airway device) as a salvage airway device for paramedic rapid sequence intubation...
  32. ncbi request reprint The use of etomidate for prehospital rapid-sequence intubation
    Sean Deitch
    UCSD Emergency Medicine, San Diego, California 92103 8676, USA
    Prehosp Emerg Care 7:380-3. 2003
    ..These data suggest that the use of etomidate as part of a prehospital RSI protocol is associated with hemodynamic stability and a low incidence of hypotension...
  33. ncbi request reprint Impact of an after-hours on-call emergency physician on ambulance transports from a county jail
    Theodore C Chan
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California San Diego Medical Center, San Diego, California 92103, USA
    Prehosp Emerg Care 7:327-31. 2003
    ....
  34. ncbi request reprint The effect of oleoresin capsicum "pepper" spray inhalation on respiratory function
    Theodore C Chan
    Department of Emergency Medicine, 2 University of California, San Diego 92103, USA
    J Forensic Sci 47:299-304. 2002
    ..There was no evidence of hypoxemia or hypercapnia in either groups. OC exposure did not result in abnormal spirometry, hypoxemia, or hypoventilation when compared to placebo in either sitting or PMRP...
  35. doi request reprint Impact of an internet-based emergency department appointment system to access primary care at safety net community clinics
    Theodore C Chan
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California San Diego Medical Center and School of Medicine, San Diego, CA, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 54:279-84. 2009
    ....
  36. doi request reprint A retrospective analysis of intramuscular haloperidol and intramuscular olanzapine in the treatment of agitation in drug- and alcohol-using patients
    Kai MacDonald
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, San Diego, CA 92093, USA
    Gen Hosp Psychiatry 32:443-5. 2010
    ..The treatment of agitation in drug- and alcohol-using emergency patients is understudied...
  37. ncbi request reprint Cardiac monitoring of human subjects exposed to the taser
    Saul D Levine
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California, San Diego UCSD Medical Center, San Diego, California, USA
    J Emerg Med 33:113-7. 2007
    ..Alterations in the QT interval were observed in some subjects but their true incidence and clinical significance are unknown...
  38. doi request reprint Serum troponin I measurement of subjects exposed to the Taser X-26
    Christian M Sloane
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California, San Diego Medical Center, San Diego, California 92103 8676, USA
    J Emerg Med 35:29-32. 2008
    ..It was concluded that human volunteers exposed to a single shock from the Taser did not develop an abnormal serum troponin I level 6 h after shock, suggesting that there was no myocardial necrosis or infarction...
  39. ncbi request reprint The inadvertent administration of anticoagulants to ED patients ultimately diagnosed with thoracic aortic dissection
    Daniel P Davis
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California, San Diego, CA 92103 8676, USA
    Am J Emerg Med 23:439-42. 2005
    ..Aortic dissection (AD) may present similarly to acute coronary syndrome or pulmonary embolus; however, anticoagulation may be detrimental to patients with AD...
  40. ncbi request reprint The impact of prehospital endotracheal intubation on outcome in moderate to severe traumatic brain injury
    Daniel P Davis
    Department of Emergency Medicine, School of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, 92103 8676, USA
    J Trauma 58:933-9. 2005
    ..Although early intubation to prevent the mortality that accompanies hypoxia is considered the standard of care for severe traumatic brain injury (TBI), the efficacy of this approach remains unproven...
  41. ncbi request reprint The clinical presentation and impact of diagnostic delays on emergency department patients with spinal epidural abscess
    Daniel P Davis
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California, San Diego, San Diego, California 92103 8676, USA
    J Emerg Med 26:285-91. 2004
    ..The ESR may be a useful screening test before magnetic resonance imaging in selected patients...
  42. ncbi request reprint Effect of surgical cricothyrotomy on the unstable cervical spine in a cadaver model of intubation
    M C Gerling
    University of California at San Diego School of Medicine, UCSD Medical Center, San Diego, California, USA
    J Emerg Med 20:1-5. 2001
    ..In conclusion, cricothyrotomy results in a small but significant amount of movement across an unstable c-spine injury in a cadaver model. This degree of movement is less than the threshold for clinical significance...
  43. ncbi request reprint Electrocardiographic manifestations: pulmonary embolism
    T C Chan
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California San Diego Medical Center, San Diego, California 92103-8676, USA
    J Emerg Med 21:263-70. 2001
    ....
  44. ncbi request reprint The three-phase model of cardiac arrest as applied to ventricular fibrillation in a large, urban emergency medical services system
    Gary M Vilke
    Division of Emergency Medicine, University of California at San Diego, 200 West Arbor Drive, San Diego, CA 92103 8676, USA
    Resuscitation 64:341-6. 2005
    ..Recent evidence suggests a period of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) prior to defibrillation attempts may improve outcomes in patients with moderate time since collapse (4-10 min)...
  45. ncbi request reprint Out-of-hospital pediatric intubation by paramedics: the San Diego experience
    Gary M Vilke
    The Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California, San Diego Medical Center, San Diego, California 92103, USA
    J Emerg Med 22:71-4. 2002
    ..We conclude that pediatric endotracheal intubation by out-of-hospital paramedics in an established EMS system has a low occurrence of unrecognized esophageal placements...
  46. pmc Increased survival after EMS witnessed cardiac arrest. Observations from the Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium (ROC) Epistry-Cardiac arrest
    David Hostler
    University of Pittsburgh, Department of Emergency Medicine, Suite 400A, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
    Resuscitation 81:826-30. 2010
    ..We examined EMS witnessed OHCA from the Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium (ROC) to determine the effect of EMS witnessed vs. bystander witnessed and unwitnessed OHCA...
  47. doi request reprint Tactical and subject considerations of in-custody deaths proximal to use of conductive energy devices
    Gary M Vilke
    Department of Emergency Medicine, San Diego Medical Center, University of California, San Diego, CA 92124, USA
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 30:23-5. 2009
    ..Undesirable behaviors were also common with 58 (75%) exhibiting noncompliance, 53 (69%) with severe aggression, and 39 (51%) with mild aggression...
  48. ncbi request reprint The positive predictive value of paramedic versus emergency physician interpretation of the prehospital 12-lead electrocardiogram
    Daniel P Davis
    UC San Diego, Department of Emergency Medicine, San Diego, CA 92103 8676, USA
    Prehosp Emerg Care 11:399-402. 2007
    ..Whether the ECG should undergo physician review prior to activation of a percutaneous intervention (PCI) team is unclear...
  49. ncbi request reprint Approach to decreasing emergency department ambulance diversion hours
    Gary M Vilke
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California, San Diego Medical Center, San Diego, California 92103, USA
    J Emerg Med 26:189-92. 2004
    ..05) compared to the weeks before and after. We conclude that reciprocating effects can be decreased with one institution's commitment to avoid diversion, thus decreasing the need for diversion at a neighboring facility...
  50. ncbi request reprint Adult foreign body airway obstruction in the prehospital setting
    Arash Soroudi
    County of San Diego, Division of Emergency Medical Services, and Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California, San Diego Medical Center, San Diego, California 92103, USA
    Prehosp Emerg Care 11:25-9. 2007
    ..Although the treatment of foreign body airway obstruction in adults has been well studied, few data exist on the characterization of prehospital experiences...
  51. ncbi request reprint The ability of paramedics to predict aspiration in patients undergoing prehospital rapid sequence intubation
    Tyler F Vadeboncoeur
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California San Diego UCSD Medical Center, San Diego, California 92103 8676, USA
    J Emerg Med 30:131-6. 2006
    ..The vast majority of aspiration events seem to occur before the arrival of prehospital personnel. Alteration in consciousness from TBI may carry a higher risk of aspiration than with other causes, such as alcohol intoxication...
  52. ncbi request reprint The association between field Glasgow Coma Scale score and outcome in patients undergoing paramedic rapid sequence intubation
    Daniel P Davis
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California San Diego UCSD, San Diego, California 92103 8676, USA
    J Emerg Med 29:391-7. 2005
    ..Other factors should be considered to screen TBI patients for prehospital RSI...
  53. ncbi request reprint Toomey syringe aspiration may be inaccurate in detecting esophageal intubation after gastric insufflation
    Gordon S Chew
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California, San Diego, Medical Center, San Diego, California 92103, USA
    J Emerg Med 23:337-40. 2002
    ..001). In the thawed fresh frozen cadaveric model, the Toomey syringe was unreliable in detecting an esophageal intubation after gastric distention insufflation...
  54. doi request reprint Use of a urine dipstick and brief clinical questionnaire to predict an abnormal serum creatinine in the emergency department
    Daniel N Firestone
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California San Diego, San Diego, CA, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 16:699-703. 2009
    ..The authors hypothesized that a brief historical questionnaire coupled with a urine dipstick would have high sensitivity for renal dysfunction, potentially eliminating the need for a serum creatinine prior to contrast administration...
  55. ncbi request reprint The feasibility of a regional cardiac arrest receiving system
    Daniel P Davis
    University of California San Diego, Department of Emergency Medicine, San Diego, CA 92103 8676, United States
    Resuscitation 74:44-51. 2007
    ..The safety of bypassing non-designated facilities with such a regional system is not known...
  56. ncbi request reprint Great toe pain
    Gary M Vilke
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California, San Diego Medical Center, San Diego, California 92103, USA
    J Emerg Med 24:59-60. 2003
  57. ncbi request reprint Airway obstruction in children aged less than 5 years: the prehospital experience
    Gary M Vilke
    San Diego County Division of Emergency Medical Services, San Diego, California, USA
    Prehosp Emerg Care 8:196-9. 2004
    ..Treatment of choking in children has been well studied, but few data are available on the various causes of the choking episodes in the pediatric population...
  58. ncbi request reprint The impact of aeromedical response to patients with moderate to severe traumatic brain injury
    Daniel P Davis
    The UC San Diego Emergency Medicine, San Diego, CA 92103 8676, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 46:115-22. 2005
    ..Here we explore the impact of aeromedical response in patients with moderate to severe traumatic brain injury...
  59. ncbi request reprint The safety and efficacy of prehospital needle and tube thoracostomy by aeromedical personnel
    Daniel P Davis
    Department of Emergency Medicine, UCSD, San Diego, CA 92103, USA
    Prehosp Emerg Care 9:191-7. 2005
    ..Aeromedical crews routinely use needle thoracostomy (NT) and tube thoracostomy (TT) to treat major trauma victims (MTVs) with potential tension pneumothorax; however, the efficacy of prehospital NT and TT is unclear...
  60. doi request reprint Evaluation and treatment of acute urinary retention
    Gary M Vilke
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California, San Diego Medical Center, San Diego, California 92103, USA
    J Emerg Med 35:193-8. 2008
    ..This article will review the causes of urinary obstruction and systematically review emergent techniques and procedures used to treat this condition...
  61. ncbi request reprint Can urine dipstick be used as a surrogate for serum creatinine in emergency department patients who undergo contrast studies?
    Daniel Firestone
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California, San Diego Medical Center, San Diego, California, USA
    J Emerg Med 33:119-22. 2007
    ..5 mg/dL). However, combining Udip results with risk factor screening may allow a rapid method for predicting which patients may safely undergo contrast CT scanning in the ED, but this needs prospective evaluation...
  62. ncbi request reprint The efficacy of nebulized albuterol/ipratropium bromide versus albuterol alone in the prehospital treatment of suspected reactive airways disease
    Daniel P Davis
    The Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California, San Diego, San Diego, California 92103 8676, USA
    Prehosp Emerg Care 9:386-90. 2005
    ..Ipratropium bromide has demonstrated efficacy when added to albuterol for the treatment of reactive airways disease (RAD). Its prehospital use has not been explored...
  63. ncbi request reprint An evaluation of the risk for latex allergy in prehospital EMS providers
    Gary M Vilke
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California, San Diego Medical Center, San Diego, California 92103, USA
    J Emerg Med 22:345-8. 2002
    ..A greater number of respondents report having factors that have been established to be associated with increased risk for latex allergies, indicating the need for more vigilant monitoring for the development of such reactions...
  64. doi request reprint Asphyxia: a rare cause of death for motor vehicle crash occupants
    Carol Conroy
    Department of Surgery, University of California, San Diego, San Diego, California, USA
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 29:14-8. 2008
    ..This study suggests classifying the mechanism of asphyxia for these fatalities may be a challenge to forensic pathologists who seldom see these rare deaths...
  65. doi request reprint Mandibular reduction
    Theodore C Chan
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California San Diego Medical Center, San Diego, California 92103, USA
    J Emerg Med 34:435-40. 2008
    ..This article will review the pathophysiology and clinical presentation of acute mandibular dislocations, as well as discuss the various closed reduction methods available for the practitioner...
  66. doi request reprint Thoracic spine compression fracture after TASER activation
    Christian M Sloane
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California, San Diego Medical Center, San Diego, California 92103, USA
    J Emerg Med 34:283-5. 2008
    ..We recommend that physicians consider obtaining back radiographs to rule out a vertebral compression fracture in any individual who has sustained a TASER discharge and has ongoing or persistent back pain...
  67. ncbi request reprint Deaths associated with choking in San Diego county
    Laura Dolkas
    Department of Emergency Medicine, San Diego Medical Center, University of California, San Diego, CA 92103, USA
    J Forensic Sci 52:176-9. 2007
    ..Most victims who choked to death had an underlying neurological deficit, and occurred at home or supervised facilities appear to have an appropriate initial-response intervention...
  68. ncbi request reprint Emergency evaluation and treatment of priapism
    Gary M Vilke
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California, San Diego Medical Center, San Diego, California 92103, USA
    J Emerg Med 26:325-9. 2004
    ..This article reviews the causes of priapism and systematically reviews techniques and procedures used to manage and treat priapism...
  69. ncbi request reprint The sensitivity and specificity of transcricothyroid ultrasonography to confirm endotracheal tube placement in a cadaver model
    Gene Ma
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California San Diego, San Diego, California 92103 8676, USA
    J Emerg Med 32:405-7. 2007
    ..This pilot study suggests that dynamic transcricothyroid US is a potentially accurate method of confirming ET placement during the intubation process. Further investigation in live humans is warranted to validate these data...
  70. ncbi request reprint Prospective randomized study of viscous lidocaine versus benzocaine in a GI cocktail for dyspepsia
    Gary M Vilke
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California San Diego Medical Center, 200 West Arbor Drive, Mailcode 8676, San Diego, CA 92103, USA
    J Emerg Med 27:7-9. 2004
    ..001). There were no statistical differences between the Benzocaine and viscous Lidocaine groups in terms of the relief of symptoms at each of the assessment times. There were no adverse outcomes in either group...
  71. ncbi request reprint Anterior shoulder dislocations: beyond traction-countertraction
    Jacob W Ufberg
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19004, USA
    J Emerg Med 27:301-6. 2004
    ..This article reviews some of the other techniques used to reduce anterior shoulder dislocations, variations reported on these techniques, and their success rates, advantages, and disadvantages...
  72. ncbi request reprint Safety and effectiveness of methohexital for procedural sedation in the emergency department
    Todd Austin
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Medical Center, University of California San Diego, 200 West Arbor Drive 8676, San Diego, CA 92103 8676, USA
    J Emerg Med 24:315-8. 2003
    ..All complications were transient and managed without sequelae. Use of concurrent parenteral opioid medications had no significant impact on success or complications...
  73. ncbi request reprint San Diego county wildfires: perspective of county officials
    Gary M Vilke
    Disaster Manag Response 2:99; author reply 99-100. 2004
  74. ncbi request reprint Patient restraint in EMS
    Gary M Vilke
    Prehosp Emerg Care 7:417-8; author reply 418-9. 2003
  75. ncbi request reprint Ventilatory and metabolic demands during aggressive physical restraint in healthy adults
    Betty A Michalewicz
    Department of Exercise and Nutritional Sciences, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92182 USA
    J Forensic Sci 52:171-5. 2007
    ..While prone with up to 90.1 or 102.3 kg on the back, the decrease in MVV was of no clinical importance in these subjects. Also, while maximally struggling in the PMRP, V(E) was still adequate to supply the ventilatory needs...
  76. ncbi request reprint Air medical transport of severely head-injured patients undergoing paramedic rapid sequence intubation
    Jennifer C Poste
    Air Med J 23:36-40. 2004
    ..This analysis explores the impact of air medical transport of trial patients on outcome...
  77. ncbi request reprint Temporary transvenous pacemaker placement in the Emergency Department
    Richard A Harrigan
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
    J Emerg Med 32:105-11. 2007
    ..Both blind and ECG-guided techniques of insertion are described. Methods of verification of pacemaker placement and function are discussed, as are the early complications of the procedure...
  78. ncbi request reprint Agitated delirium and sudden death
    Gary M Vilke
    Prehosp Emerg Care 6:259; author reply 259-60. 2002