April D Thames

Summary

Affiliation: University of California
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Marijuana effects on changes in brain structure and cognitive function among HIV+ and HIV- adults
    April D Thames
    Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, University of California Los Angeles, 740 Westwood Plaza 28 263, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA Electronic address
    Drug Alcohol Depend 170:120-127. 2017
  2. doi request reprint Effects of social adversity and HIV on subcortical shape and neurocognitive function
    April D Thames
    David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles, 760 Westwood Plaza, 28 263, Los Angeles, CA, 90095, USA
    Brain Imaging Behav . 2017
  3. pmc Increased subcortical neural activity among HIV+ individuals during a lexical retrieval task
    April D Thames
    Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, University of California Los Angeles, 740 Westwood Plaza C8 746, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA Electronic address
    Neurobiol Dis 92:175-82. 2016
  4. pmc Cannabis use and neurocognitive functioning in a non-clinical sample of users
    April D Thames
    Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, University of California Los Angeles, 740 Westwood Plaza C8 226, Los Angeles, CA 90095, United States Electronic address
    Addict Behav 39:994-9. 2014
  5. pmc Effects of stereotype threat, perceived discrimination, and examiner race on neuropsychological performance: simple as black and white?
    April D Thames
    Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 19:583-93. 2013
  6. pmc Functional disability in medication management and driving among individuals with HIV: a 1-year follow-up study
    April D Thames
    Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 35:49-58. 2013
  7. pmc Basal ganglia structures differentially contribute to verbal fluency: evidence from Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)-infected adults
    April D Thames
    UCLA School of Medicine, 760 Westwood Blvd, Los Angeles, CA 90024, United States
    Neuropsychologia 50:390-5. 2012
  8. pmc Depression, cognition, and self-appraisal of functional abilities in HIV: an examination of subjective appraisal versus objective performance
    April D Thames
    Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, School of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    Clin Neuropsychol 25:224-43. 2011
  9. pmc Medication and finance management among HIV-infected adults: the impact of age and cognition
    April D Thames
    UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA 90024
    J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 33:200-9. 2011
  10. pmc The aggregate effects of multiple comorbid risk factors on cognition among HIV-infected individuals
    Sapna M Patel
    Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 35:421-34. 2013

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications25

  1. pmc Marijuana effects on changes in brain structure and cognitive function among HIV+ and HIV- adults
    April D Thames
    Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, University of California Los Angeles, 740 Westwood Plaza 28 263, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA Electronic address
    Drug Alcohol Depend 170:120-127. 2017
    ..The current study examined the independent and interactive effects of HIV and marijuana (MJ) use on brain structure and cognitive function among a sample of HIV-positive (HIV+) and HIV-negative (HIV-) individuals...
  2. doi request reprint Effects of social adversity and HIV on subcortical shape and neurocognitive function
    April D Thames
    David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles, 760 Westwood Plaza, 28 263, Los Angeles, CA, 90095, USA
    Brain Imaging Behav . 2017
    ....
  3. pmc Increased subcortical neural activity among HIV+ individuals during a lexical retrieval task
    April D Thames
    Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, University of California Los Angeles, 740 Westwood Plaza C8 746, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA Electronic address
    Neurobiol Dis 92:175-82. 2016
    ..Coupling frontal-striatal tasks such as lexical retrieval with functional neuroimaging may help delineate the pathophysiologic mechanisms underlying HIV-associated neurological dysfunction...
  4. pmc Cannabis use and neurocognitive functioning in a non-clinical sample of users
    April D Thames
    Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, University of California Los Angeles, 740 Westwood Plaza C8 226, Los Angeles, CA 90095, United States Electronic address
    Addict Behav 39:994-9. 2014
    ..The current study used a cross-sectional design to examine relationships between recent and past cannabis use on neurocognitive functioning in a non-clinical adult sample...
  5. pmc Effects of stereotype threat, perceived discrimination, and examiner race on neuropsychological performance: simple as black and white?
    April D Thames
    Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 19:583-93. 2013
    ..24, 0.72]. The current study underscores the importance of considering the role of contextual variables in neuropsychological performance, as these variables may obscure the validity of results among certain racial/ethnic groups...
  6. pmc Functional disability in medication management and driving among individuals with HIV: a 1-year follow-up study
    April D Thames
    Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 35:49-58. 2013
    ....
  7. pmc Basal ganglia structures differentially contribute to verbal fluency: evidence from Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)-infected adults
    April D Thames
    UCLA School of Medicine, 760 Westwood Blvd, Los Angeles, CA 90024, United States
    Neuropsychologia 50:390-5. 2012
    ..We examined BG integrity in relation to lexico-semantic verbal fluency performance among older HIV infected adults...
  8. pmc Depression, cognition, and self-appraisal of functional abilities in HIV: an examination of subjective appraisal versus objective performance
    April D Thames
    Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, School of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    Clin Neuropsychol 25:224-43. 2011
    ..Together, these results suggest that over-reliance on self-reported functional status poses risk for error when diagnoses require documentation of both cognitive impairment and associated functional disability in everyday life...
  9. pmc Medication and finance management among HIV-infected adults: the impact of age and cognition
    April D Thames
    UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA 90024
    J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 33:200-9. 2011
    ....
  10. pmc The aggregate effects of multiple comorbid risk factors on cognition among HIV-infected individuals
    Sapna M Patel
    Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 35:421-34. 2013
    ..Cognitive reserve was found to be the most robust predictor of neurocognition...
  11. pmc The role of HIV infection, cognition, and depression in risky decision-making
    April D Thames
    Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci 24:340-8. 2012
    ..Depression partially mediated the relationship between executive functioning and gambling performance. Our findings suggest that HIV infection, executive dysfunction, and depression place individuals at risk for poor decision-making...
  12. pmc Apolipoprotein-E genotype and human immunodeficiency virus-associated neurocognitive disorder: the modulating effects of older age and disease severity
    Stella E Panos
    Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, University of California Los Angeles, David Geffen School of Medicine VA Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System
    Neurobehav HIV Med 5:11-22. 2013
    ..The aim of this study was to assess the interactions and contributions of APOE genotype, age, and HIV disease severity as risk factors for HAND in HIV-infected adults...
  13. pmc The impact of neurobehavioral features on medication adherence in HIV: evidence from longitudinal models
    Stella E Panos
    a Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, UCLA Geffen School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    AIDS Care 26:79-86. 2014
    ..Adherence behavior is multidetermined. Adequate assessment of these factors, combined with timely intervention, appears to be warranted in order to boost adherence rates. ..
  14. pmc A deconstruction of gambling task performance among HIV+ individuals: the differential contributions of problem solving and risk taking
    Alyssa Arentoft
    a Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 35:1036-47. 2013
    ..Our results support a novel measure of GT task performance and suggest that failure to develop/implement a strategy reflects cognitive dysfunction. ..
  15. pmc Differential predictors of medication adherence in HIV: findings from a sample of African American and Caucasian HIV-positive drug-using adults
    April D Thames
    Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, University of California Los Angeles, USA
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 26:621-30. 2012
    ....
  16. pmc Neurobehavioral Manifestations of Human Immunodeficiency Virus/AIDS: Diagnosis and Treatment
    Elyse J Singer
    NeuroInfectious Diseases Program, UCLA National Neurological AIDS Bank, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, 710 Westwood Plaza, Room A129, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA Electronic address
    Neurol Clin 34:33-53. 2016
    ..Treatment strategies must take into account the coadministration of antiretroviral therapy and the specific neurologic problems common in patients infected with HIV. ..
  17. pmc The effects of HIV and aging on subcortical shape alterations: A 3D morphometric study
    Taylor Kuhn
    Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, University of California Los Angeles, 740 Westwood Plaza, C8 746, Los Angeles, California
    Hum Brain Mapp . 2016
    ..These findings may suggest that age and HIV infection conferred additional deleterious effects on subcortical shape abnormalities beyond the independent effects of these factors. Hum Brain Mapp, 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc...
  18. pmc Neurocognitive functioning in HIV-1 infection: effects of cerebrovascular risk factors and age
    Jessica Foley
    UCLA Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, Los Angeles, CA 90095 8353, USA
    Clin Neuropsychol 24:265-85. 2010
    ..The cognitive impact of risk appears to be more pronounced in the absence of adequate pharmacological treatment...
  19. pmc Combined effects of HIV and marijuana use on neurocognitive functioning and immune status
    April D Thames
    a Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    AIDS Care 28:628-32. 2016
    ..67; 95% CI: 9.48-265.85). The current study findings extend the literature by demonstrating the complex relationship between HIV status and MJ use on neurocognitive and clinical outcomes. ..
  20. pmc Comparing the unmatched count technique and direct self-report for sensitive health-risk behaviors in HIV+ adults
    Alyssa Arentoft
    a Department of Psychology, California State University, Northridge, CA, USA
    AIDS Care 28:370-5. 2016
    ..However, our results also suggest that contextual factors should be considered and investigated further, as they may influence perception of sensitive behavior. ..
  21. pmc Disorganization and reality distortion in schizophrenia: a meta-analysis of the relationship between positive symptoms and neurocognitive deficits
    Joseph Ventura
    UCLA Department of Psychiatry, 300 Medical Plaza, Room 2243, Los Angeles CA 90095 6968, United States
    Schizophr Res 121:1-14. 2010
    ..Although some studies have found that disorganization is more strongly linked to neurocognitive deficits and poor functional outcomes than reality distortion, the findings are not always consistent...
  22. pmc Symptoms as mediators of the relationship between neurocognition and functional outcome in schizophrenia: a meta-analysis
    Joseph Ventura
    UCLA Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, Los Angeles, CA 90095 6968, USA
    Schizophr Res 113:189-99. 2009
    ..The high degree of intercorrelation among all of these variables leaves unclear whether neurocognition has a direct effect on functional outcome or whether that relationship to functional outcome is partially mediated by symptoms...
  23. pmc The role of chemokine C-C motif ligand 2 genotype and cerebrospinal fluid chemokine C-C motif ligand 2 in neurocognition among HIV-infected patients
    April D Thames
    aDepartment of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences bDepartment of Family Medicine cDepartment of Obstetrics and Gynecology dDepartment of Epidemiology and Microbiology eDepartment of Immunology and Human Genetics fDepartment of Neurology, University of California, Los Angeles gGreater Los Angeles VA Healthcare System, Los Angeles, California hDepartment of Neurology iDepartment of Pathology jDepartment of Neuroscience, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York kDepartment of Pathology lDepartment of Neuroscience mDepartment of Cell Biology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas nDepartment of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, California, USA
    AIDS 29:1483-91. 2015
    ....
  24. pmc Quality of education predicts performance on the Wide Range Achievement Test-4th Edition Word Reading subtest
    Philip Sayegh
    Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA VA Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Arch Clin Neuropsychol 29:731-6. 2014
    ..Future research should examine these findings in larger, more diverse samples to determine their robust nature...
  25. pmc 2D MR Spectroscopy Combined with Prior-Knowledge Fitting Is Sensitive to HCV-Associated Cerebral Metabolic Abnormalities
    Rajakumar Nagarajan
    Department of Radiological Sciences, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1721, USA
    Int J Hepatol 2012:179365. 2012
    ..Hence, glutathione and myo-inositol should be considered along with other metabolites as important markers of inflammation...